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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 09, 1919, Image 80

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SOME COAL STRIKE INSURANCE.
//? K you saw tho ocean creeping
I upon your property at the rate
I of about a foot a month you
would do something about It.
With our forests being replenished at
about one-third the rate they are be
ing cut down for lumber and destroy
?4 by fire every year, very little Is
done about it."
There, io a paragraph, is the reason
f*r a national forest policy, us ex
pressed by Charles Lathrop Pack,
president of the American Forestry
Association. Last year the fore?t fire
loss was estimated at $28,500,000, and
the United States used six billion feet
of lumber for war work ulone, to say
nothing of the regular annual demand.
Rlther of these items is well worth
considering.
"A coal strike brings home to us an
other great reason for a national for
est policy," says Mr. i'ack. "Where
are the wood lots that once were so
common? Supposing'that every farm
er and thousands upon thousands of
onr towns had wood lots. livery mu
nicipality should have a wood lot that
could be used for a recreation ground
and intelligently cut from time to
time. This would be coal strike in
surance of the best kind. I>o you
know that without trees there would
not be any coal? Our forests are like
a back; we must deposit in them If
we expect to draw out now and then.
Ask any publisher who buys print pa
per where he is to get paper in future
years if our forests disappear. That
is another phase of the greatest prob
lem before the country today?tho
perpetuation of our forests, our great
est natural resource.
Kl?. .. *?.<<<???*!? " ?'
Then there is still another very
Important phase, and that is the butld
a-home campaign and the high cost of
living. Wood enters into every phase
of our economic life almost without
exception. The barrel In which the
flour is shipped costs more than it
? ever did. but you cannot cat the bar
rel. The paper bag In which your
sugar comes?if you are getting any
sugar?costs more than ever, but you
cannot eat the bag. I doubt if any*
thing can be named into which the
cost of wood does not enter. What
are we going to do about It?
"A hundred years ago France saw
parts of her neacoast being washed
away. Did France sit down and
weepf No, she began planting trees,
and with what result? During the
one of tfc.? higgcai'luKibfel-' camps
o'f the 80th Engineers was located on
those one-time sand heaps, and they
were cutting down the forests for the
trenches for the boys at the front!
Today the people of France get two
sevenths of their fuel wood from cut
tings made of roadside and canalside
tree planting. These are being con
stantly thinned, but when France cuts
she also plants.
'There is a great saving campaign
?a in this country, but all the thrift
stamps in the world will not buy lum
ber if there Is no lumber to buy. The
center of tho lumber industry is fast
moving to the Pacific coast. That
means long hauls and high freight
rates. New England is no longer
self-supporting in a lumber way. Tho
iako states were once the ccnter of
the lumber industry, but go up along
the shores of Michigan and Wisconsin
new and look at the old sawmills
falling into decay. Here are some
figures that will give an idea of just
where we stand:
Tho original forest urea of the
United States was 850,000,000 acrcs.
"There now remains in virgin tim
ber about 210,000,000 acres; about
one-fourth the original.
"Oar total present acreage of forest
and out-over lands Is about 500,000,
?00 acres.
"One hundred million acres of this
is waste land which produces nothing,
uA 189,100,000 acres more contain
mere or less second growth timber.
A targe percentage of this is inferior
quality.
The new growth of timber is not
more than one-third of the amount
Whtah U being used or destroyed
?very year.
^ # -t1 #
?The United States rautt decide upon
a national forest policy in order to
perpetuate its timber supply. We
have no adequate forest policy now.
We are far behind France. Clreat Brit
ain, Germany, Japan and other na
tions in this respect. The United
States has only about one-fourth of
Its original forest and this is now
disappearing three times faster than
It Is being reproduced. We must, be
fore It Is all gone, provide for a tim
ber supply for our future needs, and
we can do so If foresters get to
gether with the lumbermen und tira
boriand owners and agreo upon a
practical, workable forest policy.
'The national and state govern
ments hold only some 25 per cent of
?ui forest land and cut only 8 per
esat of our annual supply of lumber.
,c. XMrofoTO) the -.majority! nf .th*> ?wn
. tiul ?< t I w , I i t t
AS ROOSEVELT SAW A COALLESS AGE.
<-pHEUE can be no greater memorial to the memory of Tlicodore
Itooscvelt than a national forest policy, in the opinion of Charles
Lathrop Pack, president of the American Forestry Association. Col.
Roosevelt called the first conference of governors to take up the ques
tion of our natural renourccs. No man saw further. Mr. Paclc bays,
than did Col. Roosevelt, for iu calling the governors together the colonel
said:
"Every step of the progress of mankind Is marked by the
discovery and use of natural resources. Without such pro
gressive knowledge and utilization of natural resources
population could not grow, new industries multiply nor the
hidden wealth of the earth be developed for the benefit
of mankind. We want to take action that will prevent
the advent of a woodless age and defer as long as possible
the advent of an ironleus age."
"What greater mei&orlal Indeed," asks Mr. Pack, "can be erected
to the memory of that man than the adoption of a national forest
policy?"
ClURLES LATHKOP PACK,
PinMnt of Americas I'orMtry Association.
era of the timber must be In accord
with any policy dictating: the man
agement, the protection anrl the re
forestation of their land beforo it
can be successful. You cannot com
pel an owner to develop and per
petuate his timberland at a financial
loss. If you -wish to reforest his land
you must make it pay liim, as other
countries do.
"One most important feature of a
national forest policy on which
agreement Is possible is lire protec
tion. Forest fires have tills year
caused millions of dollars of damage
In the northwest. The United States
forest service spent more than a mil
lion dollars fighting these fires In
July alone. Private agencies spent
lavishly in protecting their lands, but
A New Game.
COME friends of Senator Walsh of
^ Massachusetts, who drove into
Washington from Boston this week, told
him of a now outdoor game for boys
that is much superior to ring-around
the-rosy, croquet and other thrilling
outdoor sports.
The game is "find the automobile
tire." Walsh's friends discovered it
whon they were driving into Washing
ton at night and suddenly saw a brand
new automobile tire laying at the side
of the road. Backing up their car with
the intention of picking up the tire, they
were somewhat surprised to find that a
rope was attached to It and some boys
behind a hedge fence were controlling
the rope. Walsh's friends were wise
enough not to attempt to pick up the
tire, but a score of other persons, tt
later developed, tried to pick up the
tire, only to find It Jerked out of their
bands and through tho hedge fence amid
tho laughter of the boys.
Talking and Walking.
tF Undo Joe Cannon had a cook
stove attached to each of his feet
it Is doubtful if he could prevent him
self from walking all over the floor
of the House when-he makes a speech.
When he gets going good ho swings
his left arm to the great danger of
all the ink bottles, water pitchers
and other loose equipment in the
House and paces up and down the
aisles and all about.
One day beforo Representative (Jil
lott of Massachusetts became Speaker
of the House, Cannon was running
up and down the aisles and Oiliett,
who is a most solemn-\isaged man,
suddenly halted tho Illinois states
man and said:
"For heaven's sake, Joe, are you
making this speech on mllcago?"
Cannon paused for just a moment
and then continued swinging up and
down the aisle.
? r11 ? i { * ? * <3 < > i ?. 11
tho fire protection measures in neither
national, state nor private forests are
sufficient to properly protect them.
Get together, then, on a national,
state and private forest fire protection
program, It is the need of the hour,
and when this has been done the first
step toward a mutually satisfactory
national forest policy will have been
made. Other features of this policy
are certain to follow in due course.
"It Is time the people were awake
to this question. The, forests of
France saved her and civilization, for
her forests held back the Hun until
America could get over there and de
liver the knockout blow. It may be
that our own forests wjjl be called
upon some day to perform a like
service for us."
Victory at Sea.
(Continued from First I'age.)
the British food supplies would have
been exhausted. There would have
been an early end to the soldiers and
ammunition which Britain was con
stantly sending to France.
The United States could have sent
no forces to the western front and
the result would have been the sur
render which the allies themselves. In
the spring of 1917, regarded as not a
remote possibility. America would
then have been compelled to face the
German power alone, and to faco It
long before we had had an opportunity
to assemble our resources and equip
our armies. The world wan preserved
from all these calamities bccause tho
destroyer and the convoy solved the
problem of the submarine and because
back of these agencies of victory lay
Admiral Ueatty's squadrons, holding at
arin'H length the German surface ships
while these comparatively fragile craft
were saving the liberties of the world.
(To be Continued Next Sunday.)
(Copyright, 1910, bj the World m Work. I'IIt>
lt?h*<l U.t arrangement with the M.'Oliire
Newspaper 8/n<llcatt'.)
Senatorial Pipes.
fj'OR a long time nobody ever thought
of smoking a pipe In the Senate
cloak room, ltecently, however, any
number of senators have produced
pipes and now the use of cigars In the
cloak room Is very much on the wane,
one of the sturdiest friends that the
pipe has in public life Is Senator
Hiram Johnson of California. He
would rather have a good pipe to
smoke than the best clgei' tliJt over
WkM 1 o(1e?. : r . , . . , .
i i )< *? ' 1 ' ""?* f 1 ? ' 1
Around the City.
A WOMAN ww wheeling' a man
In ? rolling chair. As they
reached the back of the Sher
man statue she parked the
chair and helped the man out.
And as they crept along in the yel
low sunshine the w:oman with smiling
face and cheerfulest voice described
things as they went along?the art
gallery, the Monument, the bushes
that were green and trees that were
almost leaf] east and the stretches
and stretches of grass that was just
beginning to show symptoms of frost
nipped brown.
She was seeing for two.
And the beautiful thing about the
little trip waa that both were happy.
Yon could teiL ?
? ? * *
A WOMAN aaka this column to
thank tho fine, strong man who
picked her up in the street and the
friendly-voiced woman who stood by.
Also, she would like them to know
that stumbling over curbings isn't
her way of beginning the week?not
as a regular thing.
There was a splendid tang to the
air that morning, like chilled wine,
so she decided to walk the forty
eleven squares that began on Capi
tol HllL And tho way was such a
jumbled-up show of dancing leaves
that were dead and didn't know it,
joyously mendicant squirrels, pic
turesque fortune-tellers, babies with
foreign eyes and earrings, and souve
nir shops?not counting the conven
tional rush of crowds going and com
ing?that she had reached 10th street
before it suddenly popped in her mind
that she had forgotten her morning
prayers.
Of course, you mustn't miss your
prayers, and as there was only one
more square to aay them in, she put
in such belated concentration that the
first thing she knew ahe had stumbled
over a curb, skeeted ahead to a tree,
scraped her cheek against its wire
retting and crumpled In a heap at its
roots.
Thanks to the Una, strong man and
the friendly-voiced woman, she was
on her way In a Jiffy?not jitney,
please?and had reached her office,
a big place high up In the air, be
fore she realized what a stony
hearted street can do if you don't
keep it where it belongs?under your
feet Like some humans all of us
know about, who land a whack
whenever they get the chance.
And at that, she failed to take in
what the wire bad done to her facc
until a kindly hand began to mop
it up. With the ministration went
comments like this:
"Shows what asphalt can do to even
a newspaper cheekt
"Saying your prayers, huh? Well,
seeing it's you. well let the state
ment pass without editing."
The good book tells you to watch
and pray, but my own advice is to
watch your step whils you do it."
"As our sensible old Zrlcnd Ma
homet remarks, 'Praise Allah, but tie
your camel.'"
And that was all there was to it.
except for her very appreciative
memory of the friendly-voiced wom
an and the fine^ strong man.
* * * *
rpHK city had turned on Its right
side for an all-night sleep when
a woman and her escort came up to a
lone woman who was sprinting out
of the Capitol grounds.
Being a spontaneous sort of per
son, the woman who had an escort on
the side paid admlrln* tribute to the
courage of tho solo lady who wasn't
afraid to go through the grounds
after midnight The solo lady sniffed
humorously.
"I'd like to see the thing that could
frighten me! I came through because
it is shorter than going around. Say'
If you want to see a pretty sight take
a look around when you top the stops.
The view's great!*
lhis gnat of an Incident is resj>cct
fully dedicated to the scaredy-cat sis
ter whose name is legion in tho city
directory of life.
? * ? *
BANK is a quiet place on Satur
day afternoon. As a woman paus
ed one she noticed an elderly man
standing panic-stricken before Its
closed doors. He was so pathetically
bewildered that she felt she could
remind him without being officious.
Ihe bewilderment was added a
look of absolute suffering
"I forgot that! I don't have rn.nl,
to do with banks these late veais
and I didn't thlnk-I wante,I t(J' cash'
this check
As he took the trouble to pa.? it
<o her the woman felt that it would
hurt him if she refused to look
"I finished a little job for a gen
tleman this morning, and as I've been
oft for I""* ? few months it
came like a godsend-wo need the
money so. I don't see how we can
tide over Sunday without It"
The chock was signed by a busi
ness man and carefully indorsed, and
the bank was to pay to bearer $S.7r,
J?" rn will wcuse me for
r *ot
mo (o where I can get this cashed
this afternoon? I know there are
places where they do It for a dis
count. I wouldn't ask you except
that my need for money is so
urgent."
If you had seen his face and heard
Ills voice you would have known that
he did, Indeed, need the money?es
pecially If you have ever needed it
yourself. And you would have dono
exactly as tho woman did.
She passed over the money as If
the honoring: of checks from elderly,
shabby strangers was a matter of
every day In the weok?Including Sat
urday afternoons, lie thanked her
and she said she was glad to be of
service. Monday she cashed the
check and?well, that's all- there was
to it, except to stato that she couldn't
have done It if the check had called
for big money?say an even-steven V.
NANNIES I.ANCASTEU.
Solve Your Problem This Way
When one of tho progressive mer
chants makes up his mind that he Is
going to secure women to work in his
store, no matter Jf there is a real
shortage of that sort of labor, he de
vises some scheme of inducing women
who have hitherto never worked at
that sort of work to give up their
present work or brand of Idleness and
take up the kind of work that he
wants done. He makes It appeal to
that kind of woman?the kind that
had never worked In a store before,
and having induced them to come to
work for him he keeps them by mak
ing the work appeal to them. Making
little changes here and there, little
halts as it were, to keep them nib
bling. Ho camouflages the parts that
might repel them. He assures them
that they are having a valuable train
ing, as indeed they are, that they
are really doing good by relieving the
shortage of labor?and they really
are doing that, too.
Now when you aro really up against
it, at tho turn of the road where you
must decide between breaking up
housekeeping, as the saying Is, or
going under with tho breakers of too
much housework to do, try the plan
of tho progressive merchant. You
have tried every agency In town. You
have advertised in a half dozen papers.
You have asked all your friends'
maids if they had friends?yes, you
have been known to liavo offered
temptations in the way of higher
wages to your neighbors' maids. And
still you aro maidless.
Well, why not try to get the woman
who has never done that sort of thing
before, tho woman who never would
think of doing it If you didn't camou
flage the work a little or offer induce
ments or keep little baits around to
make her keep on nlbbllngT
There are a lot of women who have
more spare time than they have spare
dollars?women who are not tralnod to
do anything outside tho lone of house
work. (live up the idea that the
woman who helps you is to be your
servant. That is one step toward got
tlng tills other type of woman; and
Rivo Ufv tlie idea that she is to be your
employe twelve hours u day.
One desperate housewife discovered
that right within a stone's throw of her
house there was a woman who really
wanted to lind some way of bringing
into her purse a few extra dollars. Ho
Ehe made an arrangement with her to
come into her kitchen every day
around dinner time to cook tho dinner
and clean up afterward. Every night
before leavhig she made an inspection
of the Ice box and left a little sug
gested menu with the noeessary things
for the woman who employed her to
order. She did not appear In the
dining room, but took the dishes as
far us the pantry, where members of
the family served themselves.
There are school girls and college
girls everywhere who would be willing
to help you out a little; there are
even collego boys who would do your
cleaning. Thore aro old men and old
women who would perform lighter
tasks for you at a reasonable rate.
Th,- thing for you to do is to get out
and And them and then convinco them
t'^fe'he work Is what they are willing
j"
His First King.
("yM-J of the Treasury officials who
helped put over the national liberty
loan campaigns and his colored man
servant \Cieorge wero coming through
Hock Creek I'ark the othor morning and
they met King Albert of Belgium taking
a constitutional afoot. The trio stopped
and chatted for a few minutes and the
king shook hands wit!^George the same
as he did with the official.
After the king had passed on the offi
cial turned to George and asked Mm
what he thought of his majesty.
"Afore Gawd,". Georgo said, "dat am
the first king I ever saw outside of a
deck "
i : ta /? t ? i \ i c t i i v 4 i ^ Li j i4.

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