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rieuriy with rain probably late tn nlaht and tomorrow, warmer tontfcht Temperat lire for t wenty- foilr hour* ended 2 |?in today IIik'McnI. f>f?, ttt 4 pm yenterday; loweat. 3.1, at 4 am today Full report on pane 1*. Closing New York Stocks, Page 19. Miwhir *f Km AmmIiIH Prtu T*? iavtiM rim I* i?fl?inl> mliM ? tk? ? tmt r*|wMtnttM ?t all im IdfalrkN "HIW la II >t M ?tttrala m4lla< I* Ik to HP" ??! Il? Ik* Ur?l M*i paMlikH kmh All H(kl* mt nUlfillM ?f tpmml 4l<f?irkfi k*?*ia in il? minit Saturday'* Net Circulation, ?l,m Sunday's Net Circulation, H7.U7 No. 127,.") 92. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1919-TWENTY-FOUR PAGES. TWO CENTS. SENATE DEBATES A F. OF L'S SUPPORT OF MINERS WHILE AWAITING ACTION OF STRIKE LEADERS AT INDIANAPOLIS Reading of Council's Statement Stirs 1 Legislators. MR. MYERS FOR FIGHT TO FINISH j i I "Would Freeze Rath er Than See Govern ment Recede." ! No Time for Cold Feet, j Says Secretary Tumulty Wkllr Hotmr official, rcfnncd , today to comment on the nldr mrnt of the Av.icrican Krdrra tion of Labor upholding the xtrlklng coal miner* and de manding that the government withdraw the injunction pro ceeding* aealnut the official* of the miner*' anion. '?The altuatlon 1* in the hand* of the court*," Secretary Tum ulty *ald. pddlngt "Thi* i* no time to get cold , feet." The reading of the statement of the executive council of the A. F. of L. on the coal strike, at the request of Senator La Follette, precipitated a de bate in the Senate today in which Sena- j tor Myers of Montana declared himself in favor of a finish tight to ascertain whether law and the courts or the labor union control the.country. "I would rather freeze to death than fee the government recede from the position it has taken in this coal strike." said Senator Myers. "I believe the country is fronting the most serious time since '61. The passage of the Adanuon law, at the time of the threat ened railroad strike. I think is the ! cause of most of our trouble today I hope that mistake wiU not be repeated. Wants Issue Decided. % am in favor of having this Issue decided now, without any compro mise. Delay will only postpone the ?vil day. There is nothing in the statement of the executive council of LhHe.?hAmer,??n, Federation of Labor Which would In any way justify any jjody of citjsens defying the laws and ine court#. Senator La Follette asked for the reading of the statement, in which the American ^ration of Labor aligns the? ,trlkinK' coal miners immediately after the Senate met. After the reading had proceeded for some time and the buzz of conversa i}?J! the chamber indicated that little attention was being paid to it. Senator La Follette arose and in in dignation. requested that the reading t?e not continued, since the senators Were paying no attention to it. Sena- I tor Norris of Nebraska, however, in- I ?isted that the reading continue. conclusion Senator Owen of Oklahoma put into the record letters . he had received from the geolbgical ! survey showing that the coal miners are not employed throughout the year, but are laid off many days, senator Owen suggested that the op er*tor? d'd not permit the miners to work full time, because if they did larger production of coal would force the prices down. Blames Lack of Cars. Senator Cummins of Iowa said that while he was one of those that did 1 not believe the miners receive suffl- j cient wage, yet he was of the opinion /that the reason the miners were laid ! off was due to the failure of the rail- ! road administration to furnish suffi cient coal cars and a disinclination of the people to buy coal at certain times of the year. Senator Owen re torted that the disinclination of the people was due to the high price of coal To this Senator Cummins re plied that the prices had been fixed by Fuel Administrator Garfield, and he admitted that he had marveled at I these high prices. Senator Owen said that he had pre- j sented the letters from the geologi- I cal survey so that the Senate might have information regarding the sit uation. and expressed the hope that something might be done by Congress to meet the serious situation con fronting the country. Held More Important Than Treaty, i Senator Cummins said he would be ! ^lad to see the time which is being 1 ?wasted in consideration of the Ger- i man treaty used to discuss these im- I pcrtant domestic problems "I agree with the senator from i Jowa. said Senator Owen. "I think ' we are fiiddling while Rome is burn- ! ing. J BRITISH OVERTURES WITH REDS DENIED' LONDON, November 10.?Great Brit- i nin has no intention of opening peace! negotiations with I,enin and Trotsky I until the house of commons has had s?n opportunity to discuss the subject. Mr. Bonar Law, the government lead er. declared in thS house of commons today. Mr. Bonar Law made this statement In answering questions with reference to Premier Lloyd George's speech at the Guild Hall on Saturday, in which he was supposed to have hinlerl of an attempt to negotiate peace with the bolsheviki in Itussia. He declared the premier had simply expressed the how that there would be some method found of achieving peace with Russia. DOCTORS OF SOUTH MEET. Medical Association, With 750 At tending, Assembles at Asheville. ASHEVTLLE. X. C., November 10.? tVith approximately 750 present, the lirst session of the thirteenth annual convention of the Southern Medical Association convened here this morn ing. with five different gatherings in session at the same time. The gen eral sessions of the association will be presided over by Dr. Llewellyn Barker of Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, president. LABOR FIGHT BECOMES TEST OF GOVERNMENT'S AUTHORITY \ .? All Three Constitutional Branches Agree as to Illegality of Strike and Question of _ Sovereignty Is Made Issue, BY X. O. MESSENGER. It is held in administration quar ters here that the threatened in dustrial controversy has ceased to be a contest between labor and capital and is now a test of author ity as between labor and the gov ernment of the United States. "It is now a question of the sovereignty of the United States," said one high official today. He is believed to voice the opinion gen erally held in administrative cir cles. ? The three constitutional branches of the government have held the coal miners' strike to be illegal. The President of the United States, with the unanimous ap proval of his cabinet, so declared in a formal and official announce ment. The Congress of the United States, through a resolution adopted by formal vote?the House unani mously and the Senate with but six dissenting votes?approved the action of the executive branch and pledged the support of Congress to all legal measures. The federal court has. after hear ing in_which labor was given its day in court, sustained the position taken by the executive and declar ed the strike to be illegal. In Complete Agreement. Thus the legislative, judicial and executive branches of the govern ment, the three co-ordinate govern ing powers set up by the Constitution of the United States for the people of this ?ountry, have functioned and have agreed in entirety. The repre sentatives of the people?that is to say, the Congress wsich makes the laws, the judicial branch which con strues the laws and the executive branch, sworn to execute the laws? are in accord upon this particular question. Now comes the American Federa tion of Labor to declare:, "By all the facts in the case; the miners' ' DJL LABOR MAY GO OUT IF OMRS DO C. L. U. Secretary Declares 'Government by Injunction' May Be Protested Here. Prospects for a general '"strike of organized labor In the National Capi tal loomed today when officials of the j Central tabor Union declared that i body would support the American Federation In case a nation-wide strike of all union labor were called. Newton A. James, secretary of the Central Labor Union, stated today that in case the American Federation of Labor's statement, made by the executive council last night, me^ns there is to be a general strike, the Central Labor Union will back the striking coal miners bv making such, a protest against a policy'of "govern- j inent by injunction." Calling of such a strike by the Cen- | tral Labor Union, it was stated, would : bring out every union man and worn- i an in Washington who is a member of a labor organization affiliated, with the Central Labor Union. i Radicals Likely to Control. At tonight's meeting of the Central j Labor Union it is expected the ag- | gressive element will hold the reins. It is expected that the organization j will place itself on record as com- ! pletely indorsing the stand of the 1 American Federation of Labor. even : if that means calling out every mem- j ber of organized labor in the city. i Strong opposition is expected from 1 the more conservative element in i the Central Labor Union to adoption '? of a policy of antagonism to govern- ! inent. Hut men at the head of the organization believe the aggressive ' and militant element will be in con- | trol. C. Jj. U.'s Indorsement Reiterated. | "The Central Labor Union stands pat in its indorsement of the action of the American Federation of Labor ! yesterday in regard to the coal j miners' strike," said Secretary tames . today. "We are preparing resolutions ! to be presented at tonight's meeting j of the central body, giving our un- I equivocal indorsement to the strikers ! and pledging our moral and financial } support to our struggling brothers i in the coal fields. If the dec.aration j of support of the executive council j of the American Federation of Labor is to be interpreted to mean that I there is to be a nation-wide general ! strike, we shall back the coal miners | bv making such a protest against I the policy of government by injunc- I tion. even though such a general j strike is contrary to the policy of the American Federation of Labor up to I the present time, and also strongly opposed personally and officially in the past by President Gompers. Thinks Parting of Ways Is Here. "We intend to put through resolu tions to this efTect at tonight's meet- i ing of the Central Labor Union. We of the old leadership of local organ ized labor feel that the parting of the ways has come, when the fight of or ganized labor against capital backed by the courts and the weapon of gov ernment by injunction must be waged with weapons that will injure to the masses their rights in their fight for justice." The statement of Secretary James was Indorsed by Rd Toone of the Bak ery Salesmen, Henry Miller of the Brewery Workers, Charles Frazier of the Machinists, Thomas H. Jones of the Stationary Engineers. C. C. Coulter of the Retail Clerks' Union and oth ers of the official personnel of the Central Labor Union and business agents of local unions. strike is justified, We indorse it. Apparently the issue would seem to be joined by the officials of the Federation of l^abor, and the men in the ranks will now be face to face with the choice of supporting their leaders' declaration or the solemn and official pronouncement of the government of the Lmted St?*" through all of its constitutional branches that the facts in the case do not Justify the strike. . The statement was made toaaj, unofficially, in high official quarters, that there will be no weakening on the part of the soyernment * or the moment, the situation is in the hands of the executive and judicial branch es. with Congress standing in re serve. its position defined. No one in Washington expects Judge Ander son of the federal court to back track on his decision, nor to lack firmness in enforcing the court s or der. if the order is defied by the mine union leaders. Position of Workers. The administration at Washington, it can be stated by authority, has no intention of abating its position and will support the federal court if called upon. From today on. it is said, all interest will center in the action taken by the rank and file or labor as to the attitude assumed by the heads of the American Federa tion of Labor, together with drift of public sentiment in support of either the strikers or the government. It is thought here that public senti ment. outside of organized labor, will be affected by the outburst of anarchistic utterances by the '?reds.' which has come just at a time to call attention to their activities. While no fair-minded man will as sociate the criminal theories of the ?Teds" with the aims of organised labor, it is said that the people will hardly fail to take note of the fact that the "reds" are ready instantly to seize upon any widespread indus trial agitation to forward their Vicious ends for the destruction of government and society and will en deavor to "tail-on" to nation-wide strikes if they should be called. Gompers and Attorney Gen eral Were Near Agreement, Lawrence Holds. BY DAVID LAWRENCE. Responsibility for the continuance of the coal strike rests upon one man?John L. Lewis, acting president of the United Mine Workers of Amer ica. Conferences between Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, and Attorney General Palmer had proceeded to the point where-an.agreement was almost reached and needed only the approval of Mr. Lewis, but the latter blocked the settlement. Mr. Gompers was looking at tfie question from the broad point of view of the advantage or disadvantage to labor as a whole in the present con troversy. He wanted to see, the in junction proceedings dismissed be cause of the vital precedent that it was about to establish, and evidently thought that a rescinding of the strike order in the coal fields was not too great a price to pay. But Mr. Lewis thought otherwise, since he looked at the question from the point of view of the miners and his own relationship to the strike? a knowledge that should he falter in the course he had outlined for him self his own standing with the miners might be imperiled. "Boring From Within." So the statement issued by the American Federation of Labor de nouncing the injunction proceedings at Indianapolis and declaring that the American Federation thought the coal strike justified and would put all Its power and resources behind said strike must be viewed in the light of Friday's conference between the At torney General and Mr. Gompers. They reveal what ha? been all too apparent in Washington in recent months, namely, that Samuel Gompers is afraid he may lose his job and that the "boring from within," which Wil liam Z. Foster of the steel strikers urged upon his colleagues of the 1. W W faith, in asking them to get on the inside of the American Federa tion of Labor, is at last having its elT^ie apprehension that unless the conservatives like Mr. Gompers are permitted to .retain control of labor in America the radicals will get the upper hand and bring industrial chaos has seized the men in the high offices of the American Federation of L^"r. It cannot be dismissed merely as a desire on their part to retain political power inside' thPe big organization as ITth^r is?envery?rreasortoybrieve - "'"del- 'the' 'country ?nVthe' p'resen" render the country ln the crisis is to preserve * ranks of labor and hold the radicals in check from within. Sees Little Success by Gompers. But the evidence to date would seem to indicate that Mr. Gompers and his associates are having little success. The test came first in the steel strike, when Mr. Gompers ad mittedly failed to prevent the strike, which he himself disapproved. His efTorts last week at the Department of Justice were predicated on the as ?umDtlon that he could influence the judgment of the leaders of the miners, but that. too. has gone by the board, so that government officials are won dering how much pow^rjir. Gompers has in the ranks of labor. Thev were not, therefore, disposed to become unduly excited over the statement Issued by the executive * (rv}ntinued. on gecond PageQ t General Committee and Officers in Conference. CONSIDER RECALL OF STRIKE ORDER Refuse to Predict Out come Before Going Into Session. By the Associated Press. INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., November 10?The general committee of the Vnlted Mine Worker* of America, which met here today to take ac tion on the mandatory injunction of Federal Judge A. B. Anderson demanding that the strike order be rescinded before 6 p.m. tomorrow* was still In session at 1. o'clock this afternoon and no Intimation J what the action of the commit | tee would be was given ont. The meeting place of the com mittee, which includes Internation al officials, district presidents and members of the executive board and scale committee, representing 425,000 striking bituminous coal miners, wns kept secret until just a few minutes before the confer ence convened. A sergennt-at-arms was sta tioned at the entrance to the hall and only delegates were permitted to approach within twenty feet of the entrance. INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., November 10. ?All the members of the general com mittee of the mine workers, including international officers, district presi dents and members of the executive board and scale committee, were pres ent, it was said, when the conference assembled in the Lincoln Hotel short ly before 11 o'clock to discuss the court mandate that the strike order to the bituminous coal miners must be rescinded. It was found the executive board room at headquarters would not ac commodate the full membership of the general committee, and the meet in* was transferred to the h?tel as sembly room. Call of Today's Meeting. Today's meeting was called follow theJ.88u*nce Judge Andersen's order. The call sent out by the union heads was directed to all district presidents, members of the executive board of the organisation and the en tire personnel of the miners' scale committee. Members of the general committee would not comment on the strike situation. The majority of the miners' officials seemed to take their cue from the statement issued last night by John L. Lewis, acting president of the mine workers, in which he said: Statements to the effect that I shall or shall not comply with the man datory proceeding of the injunction writ are unauthorized and premature." While It was believed in some cir cles that an order rescinding the strike order issued October 15 would be ap proved by the miners' committee and sent on its way to the coil fields be ? fore 6 p.m. tomorrow, the time limit set by Judge Anderson, its reception I by the coal diggers was regarded as | problematical. In some districts, it was asserted, there was no question j that the miners would return to work immediately on receipt of the word ! from headquarters calling oft the strike, but in others the action of the men was- considered doubtful. Reports From Fields. Reports from the various coal fields since the strike was called indicate 'hat many union men contend that the general committee of the miners have no suthoritv to re?"in<l the or der for the strike, which, they as sert. was decided upon by the regu lar convention of the United Mine Workers meeting In Cleveland in September. In case the recall order should be issued* by the miners' general com- i mittee and some of the Individual i members of the union refused to I recognize the authority of the order I and remain idle any action contem- I plated by the government could not : be learned this morning. A hint, however, was given during i the proceedings in the United States! district court Saturday, when Judge ! nderson said "The Lever act makes it an unlawful conspiracy for two or I more persons to arrange to limit the production of coal. That is perfectly anparent to me. Everybody knows that." No action, it was said, is planned by the government until after the time limit set by Judge Anderson for the issuance of the strike rcfall order. Maanwhile attorneys for the union were said to be busy preparing their case for an appeal to the United States circuit court of appeals in Chi cago. CANADA MUST RESTRICT TO SECURE U. S. COAL Bailroad Administration's Commit tee So Bules as to Fuel-Other Than for Emergencies. In order to obtain more American coal than is needed for emergencies, Canada mus adopt restrictions on |he use of coal similar to those in effect in the United States. This statement was made today by the railroad administration's central coal committee after members had read the complaint in the Canada house of ! commons by J. D. Reid, minister of ? railways, that citizens of Alberta were i 1 sufferlnc from lack of fuel. I Canadian production l? small, com- ! I mittee members said, and consequent I ly the pincli of the strike was felt in ' I that country immediately after ship- I ments ceased. Replying to Mr. Reid's statement! that nearly 45,000 Canadian railway cars were held on this side of the boundary against 23,000 American cars in Canada railroad administra tion officials said the movement of cars was as free and unrestricted as before the strike began. Many of these cars were sent from Canadian roads to the coal-producing districts of this country before the strike be gan, it was stated, and they will be re turned to their home roads as rapidly as traffic mrtrliUnns permit. i CUMBERLAND MEN NOT UNIT ON COAL STRIKE QUESTION No Serious Grievance Found in Field Supplying Wasn ington With Fuel. (A staff correspondent of The Star was Bent to Investigate the condition in the Western Maryland coal field*, because Washington re ceives a large proportion of its supply of bitmuinous from that region.) from a Staff Correspondents CUMBERLAND, Md., November 10.? at most of U? mines in this section blew thi# morning, after beifg silent for a veek. None of the striking mlMrt itftOKWKl td ?<*k Ui4w#-.- tow ever, even though fires were started under the boilers at the mines ? and everything was in readiness for re sumption of work. Sentiment of the majority of the min er* on strike appears to be against re turning to work, even though the strike order should be withdrawn by the na tional officers of the mine workers' tihlon. If pn order is received at headquar ters here of district No. 1# from na tional officers of the United Mine Workers of America rescinding and recalling the strike order, many of the union miners in Georges Creek and Upper Potomac fields will return to work some time this week. Many others will not. It is safe to say there will be no general resumptioh of coal production immediately; also it is safe to say the miners are in a receptive mood, and would welcome reopening of negotiations with the operators. As regards the stand of the oper ators. willingness was expressed yes terday ?.nd today by all of them to reopen negotiations with the men as soon ap work is resumed. Not one representative. of the operators ex pressed any desire to stand for can cellation of wage scales existing prior to "the strike; all declared willingness to begin again just where work left off. Conservatives Want to Work. The conservative element in the lo cals of the miners' union in this dis trict wants the strike called off and work resumed. If this element pre vails reopening of the mines is a ques tion of a few days or a week. The fact that non-union mines in this and adjacent fields are working to the limit of their productive capacity and getting out hundreds of cars of coal daily, with production slowly in creasing, is a strong factor. Union miners do not like to set non-union men profiting at their expense; neither do operators whose mines are manned by union men like to see their non-union competitors making money while their own mines are closed and idle. Not a ton of coal has come out of union mines in the Georges Creek and Upper Potomac fields since the men walked out November 1. Soma Union Mines Resume. On the other hand, some of the union mines in other West Virginia fields have resumed operations. While dis trict officials deny absolutely that any union miners have deserted the strike, they are bitter in denuncia tion of "traitors," giving the impres sion that they know of defections from union ranks. Miners in this field have not as yet felt the effects of the strike. While I the yhave been idle fo rthe last week, they have been running along on their last pay and still have the pay they drew today. * This was the regular bi-weekly pay day at the mines in this district, the men drawing their money for the coal they mined up to midnight October 31. It will be their last pay until the strike is settled, unless the men get back to work at once and earn a "short pay" covering the remainder of the present two weeks' period. Slight Settle Strike. From conversations with scores of miners in all parts of this 'field it is I apparent that so far as local condi-j tions are concerned the strike might be settled in an hour, if representa tives of the miners themselves?not salaried organizers and district offi cials?and of the operators would get together. The only questions that are actually, vital here, these conversa tions indicate, are open recognition of the union, elimination of dead time and some method of distributing work through the actual working season, so as to avoid successions of idleness and rush work. Open recognition of the union, the miners say, can be brought about by the operators agreeing to deduct union dues in the paymasters' offices, exactly as the fees for company doc tors are deducted. In making up pay rolls it is the custom of the companies ,to deduct- <1.25 a month j (.Continued on Seventh Pagp.) . THE MODERN AJAX. Mother-in-Law et al. May Visit a Month Only ' LONDON, October 30 (by the Associated Pre?i<).?Household er* In the I'nlted Kingdom are barred from entertaining their mothers-in-law or other irnests longer than four weeks by an order from the ministry of food. This edict, which Is part of the food eon nervation program, limits the stay of a visitor in a private house to one month. PRESIDENT MAY SEE ' ETQMORROW n. - Royal Guest to Call on Mrs. Wilson?Route From Sta tion Tomorrow Noon. Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, will call on Mr^ Wilson at the White House tomorrow afternoon and proba bly will see the President for a few moments in the chief executive's sick room. Dr. _Grayson Bald today that the President's health would permit him to see the royal visitor if the prince so desired, and it is thought that his highness will be glad to renew the acquaintance with President Wilson which was begun?in Europe. Prince to Arrive Tomorrow Noon. The special train bringing the prince from Refuses Point, N. T.. where he crossed from Canada into the United States today, is speeding toward Washington and will reach here at noon tomorrow, at which time Vice President Marshall and an imposing group of civil and military represent atives will meet the royal party at the Union station. Escorted by a squadron of cavalry, the prince will be taken to the Bel mont residence, 1618 New Hampshire avenue, where he will immediately entertain the members of his suite land the American officials attached to his party at an informal luncheon. He will receive and return official calls during the afternoon, the most important being his call at the White House at 3 o'clock. Prince's Party. The personnel of the prince's party follows: Rear Admiral Sir Lionel Halsey, "K. C. B.. K. C- M. G.. chief of staff. Maj. Gep. Sir Henry Burstall, K. C. B. K. C. M. G. Lieut. Col. B. W. M. Grigg. C. M. G.. D. S. O.. .M. C., military secretary. Sir-Godfrey Thomas, baronet, pri vate secretary. Commander Dudley North, C. M. O., R. N. ? I Capt. Lord Claud Hamilton, D. S. O., equerry. Capt. the Hon. Piers Legh, equerry A retinue of nineteen persons at tached to the suite. ; t - ? - - - U. S. Officials With Party. The following are the American officials attached to the prince s party: j ? Maj Gen. Btddle, military aid. Rear Admiral Nlblack. naval aid. Jefferson Caftery, first secretary of ; embassy, special represetnative of the i State Department. L. Lanier Winslow, second secretary of embassy: Myron Hofer, third secretary of em b Maj. R. A. Sharpe, special aid to the Secretary of State. Lieut. Commander A. B. Legare. U. S. N. R. F.. aid to Rear Admiral Niblack. ? ,. v , Capt. John N. Potter, aid to Maj. Gen. Biddle. J. M. Nye, special agent of the De partment of State. . _ Inspector Clifford L Grant, chief of detectives; Inspector Harry L. Cess ford. assistant superintendent of police; Detective Edward Kelly and | Senct W O. Holmes compose a detail of members of Maj. Pullman s squad to accompany the Prince of \Vales narty from the Canadian border to this city The detail was made at the request of the State Department. Detectives Keck, Lynn, Jett, Mor gan Grant and Kelly and a number of uniformed policemen will compose the guard in this city. Capt. George ! H Williams of the fourth precinct, a native of England, will have charge ! of the detail. He was in charge of the I nollce detail two years ago, when the I ! British mission, headed by Sir Arthur ( Balfour, visited this city. Route From Union Station. Maj Pullman has arranged for a de tail of police from the several pre cincts to escort the royal party from Union station to the Belmont resi dence, where they will stay while in this city. The party will reach Union i ' (Continued qn Second Pagq.l . . k 9 SYMBOLIC EVENTS ON ARMISTICE DAY HERE TOMORROW Gen. Pershing, Army Flyers and Other Fighting Men in Local Program. American customs and symbolism | will mark the Armistice day celebra i tion at Lafayette Square tomorrow | morning:, when aerial maneuvers bj i Army flyers and an imitation battle by a platoon ol goldifera, sailors aqd marines will marC?We celebration ol the flrst anniversary of the-cessatior of hostilities. Leading; officials of the crovernmeni and citizens who have planned th< bis demonstration trill be grouped It a circle in the western pnd of th? square symbolic of the old "council circle" of the American Indians. Each State Represented. The firing- platoon, which will fire at | will for one minute before the striking of the hour of 11 o'clock, will be composed of forty-eight men. one for each state in the Union. Two redwood trees, a typical American species, will be planted as a living tribute to the i patriotic civic and military spirit of J the nation, and the roots will be cov ; ered with earth brought from every | part of the country. Gen. John J. Pershing will be pres | ent with his staff at the oelebration j and will assist in planting the "mili j tary tree." It is expected that President Wil i son will watch the proceedings from I one of the upper windows of the ; White House, and his autograph. ' along with that of Secretary of State i Lansing and a number.of others, will be placed with documents to be her metically sealed and placed at the roots of the trees. To Offer Aerial Prayer. The exercises IU the square are to begin at 10:30 o'clock in the morning, when the opening prayer will be made | by Rev. Henry N. Couden, blind chap I lain of the House of Representatives. A part of the program will be a moment of silence, which will be fol lowed by an "aerial prayer" made - by Lieut. Maynard, widely heralded i as "the Flying Parson." and an or I dained minister. The prayer will be I recorded and repeated to the assem I bly by wireless telephone, just as ut ! tered by Lieut. Maynard in his air plane overhead. In many respects the part of the firing platoon, simulating the last mo ments of the war. will be the most interesting, especially as the soldiers and marines will be in full field equip ment. including trench helmets. The platoon will be commant^fd by Col. Russell C. Langdon. who served In the infantry overseas, and there is a friendly rivalry between the three groups as to which shall present the smartest appearance. The expense of the celebration at Lafayette Square tomorrow will be met by private subscription, but the public is asked to attend. Every one from outside the District of Columbia is expected to answer "Present" whan the state name Is called by Fairfax Naulty, who will conduct the "roll call of the states." . Music for the occasion will- be fur nished by the Army band from Camp Meade, as the presence of the Marine Band will be required at the Union station, where the Prince of Wales will arive at noon. While the main celebration is in prgpress at Lafayette Square, tens of thousands of other celebrants in gov ernment offices, department stores, public schools and other places will be taking cognizance of the day. In most places the program has been ar ranged by the community service and Will consist of chorus singing from 11 o'clock until eleven minutes after the hour. In the schools the children will not leave their classrooms, but will put aside other work for eleven minutes to sing patriotic songs. The depart ment store employes have been or ganized to do their full part in ob serving the eleven-minute song pe riod, and in some of them customers who happen to be in the store at the time will be asked to join the cele bration. A special armistice meeting of the Park View citizens, open to all adults in the community,, will be held In the Park View School house tomorrow night at S o'clock. The feature of this meeting will be the welcome to the 171 Parkview men who have returned from service In France. Dr. John Van Schalck, president of the board of education will be the principal speaker. He will relate his personal knowledge of conditions con nected with the signing of the armis tice as witnessed by him while at the front one year ago with the Red Cross. Sergt. O. B. Miller of the Mo tor Transport Corps also will speak of his experiences-at the front. Spe cial music will be a feature -of the ftvpninc'a entertainment. TREATY STRUGGLE AT DECISIVE STAGE TOOAYjNSENATE Vote Expected on Reserva tion to Article X, Which President Rejected. The long: struggle to qualify article ten of the league of nations covenant approached the decisive stage today in the Senate. Before adjournment the leaders hoped to "bring a vote on the reservation proposed on, the sub ject by the foreign relations com mittee. Except for the transposition of one phrase, the reservation to article ten is the same as that which President Wilson declared during his western trip he would regard as a rejection of the treaty. Text of the Beservation. Its text follows: "The United States assumes no obli gation to preserve the territorial In tegrity or political independence of any other country or to interfere in controversies between nations, whether members of the league or not, under the provisions of article 10, or to em ploy the military or naval forces of the United States under any article of the treaty for any purpose, unless in any particular case the Congress, which, under the Constitution, has the sole power to declare war or author ise the employment of the military or naval forces of the United States, shall by act or joint resolution so provide." Numerous amendments had been prepared by senators who wanted to make the provision more drastic, and considerable debate was expected, but leaders hoped for a final roll call before adjournment tonight. Constitutional Issue Baised. A constitutional issue raised in con nection With the Senate's adoption Saturday of a withdrawal reservation continued a subject of interest while the article ten reservation was under discussion. Some senators expressed doubt as to the real effect of the withdrawal qualification. The question came up on the reser vation's provision that notice of with drawal from league membership could be given by a concurrent resolution of Congress. Under congressional practice a concurrent resolution Is not sent to the White House for the Pres ident's signature, and Senators Fall, republican. New Mexico; Smith, dem ocrat, Georgia, and other supporters. Proceedings Open Early. The Senate went to work on the ar ticle X reservation an hour and a half ahead of schedule, a motion by Re publican Leader Lodge to dispense with the usual Monday consideration of dm calendar being agreed to unan imously. Senator Thomas, democrat, Colorado, made the final attempt to modify the reservation, moving to substitute the draft orlgtnalljr drawn up by the group of mild reservation republicans. He would Construe article X as giv ing the league only "advisory" au thority in regard to use of force. An attack on the committee draft was made by Senator Walsh, demo crat, Montana, who said it would leave other nations bound to aid the United States, while this country i would dodge any responsibility to safeguard them. SNOWSTORM IN WEST SWEEPING EASTWARD SIOUX FALLS, S. D.. November 10. ?Snow, accompanied by sleet, de j m.oralized wire service in South Da | kota today. The storm started in i the Black hills and is sweeping east ward. The thermometer has dropped to zero at Bome points. DENVER, Col.. November 10.? Telegraph service out of Denver was crippled today by a severe blizzard that followed twelve hours of heavy snowfall throughout this section. Trains from the east, west and north ; are from three to five hours late. ' Eight miles of telegraph poles of ' the Mountain State Telephone and , Telegraph Company . were reported 1 down east of North Platte. Neb. I FARGO. N. D., Novtftnber 10.?A mild ' blixzard pervailed In western Min j nesota and eastern North Dakota to day. Snow, driven by a twenty-five mile wind, fell throughout the night and continued this forenoon. The tem perature is moderate. LINCOLN, Neb.. November 10.?High winds accompanied by snow in some parts of Nebraska interfered with transcontinental wire communication today. The resultant drop in temper ature found many communities fac ing fuel shortages, according to the state railway commission. mat seek peace with eeds. Baltics and Poland Expected to In vite Bolsheviki to Parley. HELSINGFORS. Sunday. November 9.?Opinion in political circles here is that the Baltic states and Poland, at ! the conference being held at Dorpet. wHl reach an agreement to invite the bolsheviki to send representative* to ' Dorpat on November 17 to discuss I peace It Is considered unlikely that | Finland will enter the negotiations at I the present time. NEW ORLEANS D0CKMEN BACK Begin Today Unloading Long De layed Cargoes. NEW ORLEANS. November 10.? Five thousand union longshoremen, on strike since October 10, returned to work today and started to unload vessels, many of which have been in the harbor for a month unable to dis charge cargoes. Most of the vessels originally sent here for loading were diverted to other ports. The longshoremen voted Saturday to return to work. GERMAN ELECTIONS IGNORED Votes Taken Will Have No Effect on Final Allied Settlement. PARIS. November 10.?The supreme council has decided not to interfere with the German municipal elections now being J>eld in areas where plebis cites are to be taken under the peace ^T^'has decided .however, that such elections will be in no way bindinr upon the allies, which will disregard I them when the final settlement of af fairs in the districts in question la ef I (ectad. . . _ -- .