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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 19, 1919, Image 1

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Fair. colder tonipht: tomorrow fair.
Temperature for twenty-four hours
ended at - p.m. today: Highest. 66. at
2:*"> p.m. yesterday: 36, at S a.m.
Yesterday's Net Circulation, 95,198
No. 27,601.
Does Not Ratify,
lie Tells Pact
- j
Line Sharply Drawn in,
Final Clash at
Defeat of the Ijodgc resolution oft
ratification of the peace treaty was
urged by President Wilson in a let
tor to Administration Leader Hitch
cock which was laid today before a
conference of democratic senators.
The President said the resolution j
did not provide for ratification, "but j
rather for the nullification' of the I
Immediately the President's letter j
became public .Republican Leader j
Lodge declared he ?lid nut bleieve the j
Senate would "obey the orders" 01 ,
tho President, "who undertakes to j
* otnmand the Senate to ratify the treaty j
without the reservations which Anicr- j
icanize it and make it safe for the j
L nited States."
Lines Sharply Drawn.
Thus the lines were sharply drawn ?
v lien the Senate went into session
: i noon to consider final ratification
r. ed possibly to bring to an end today
t!~e long light over the treaty.
Just before the Senate convent*!, j
v hi!e the democratic senators were
rreeting, Republican Leader Lodge
held a conference with Will H. Hays,
chairman of the republican national
Immediately the Senate met. Sen
ator Lodge formally presented the
resolution of ratification containing j
the fifteen reservations adopted by a ?
majority of the Senate.
President's Letter.
The President's letter, addressed to j
Senator Hitchcock and dated yesterday, j
follows: ;
My Dear Senator:
You wvre good enough to bring
n?e word that the democratic sena
tors supporting tho treaty expected
10 hold a conference before the final
\ ote on the lx>dge resolution of rati
fication and that thy would be
glad to receive a word of counsel
from me.
1 should hesitate to offer it in
any detail, but I assume that the
senators only desire my judgment j
upon the all-important question of
tho final vo|e on the resolution con
taining the many reservations of
Sera tor Lodge. On that 1 cannot
hesitate, for. in my opinion, the reso- j
lution in that form does not pro
vide for ratification, but rather for
the nullification of the treaty. 1 sin
cerely hop' thnt the friends nnd sup
porters of the treaty will vote
* gainst the Lodge resolution of rati- i
1 understand that the door will
probably then he on- n for a genu- j
lne resolution of ratification.
! trust that all tru-- friends of the
treaty will refuse to support the i
Lodge resolution.
<*oroialIx' q??d s<nce**e'v vo***>
Senator Lodge Replies.
Tn reply to the President's letter,
Senator Lodge issued this statement
The Senate has e<iuai power and
responsibility with the President in
the making of treaties. It will
not. in my opinion, obey the orders
of the President, who undertakes
u? command the Senate to ratify
tile treaty without the reserva
tions, adopted by a large majority
of the Senate, which Americanize
it and make it ^afe for the f'nited '
.States. What he commands will }
not. in m> judgment, be ilohv.
Plan Apparently Blocked.
TJie President'* reference to an op- !
Purtunity to vote on n "jrenuine" rati- !
fi>-ation resolution reftrred to the
)ilaiis of the democrats to ?ei uctior. i
on an unreserved resolution after they J
bad voted down the Lodge proposal.
That plan apparently has been
blocked, however, by the decision of
the mild reservation republicans to
stand with Republican Leader Lodge
against providing su? h an oppor
tunity. j
The democratic leaders, how ever, f
say they have been promised & chance i
to vote on an unrcserve<l resolution '
before the committee resolution comes |
o a roli call, and should the latter'
ail they expec; the i.rld irroup to
bring the lomnutto dratt back be
fore the Senate on a motion to re
consider In the laitcr eventuality
their plan is to present amendments
which w ill make the reservation ac- '
ceptable. ?
Senator Lodge's Purpose.
It is known to be the purpose of
Senator Lodge, on the other hand, to
force the administration leaders to
make their compromise proposals be- I
fore the committee resolution is voted j
on. Today's conference took up that
situation with the leaders hopeful ,
that they might obtain such modifka- I
tion of the resolution as would enable
them to vote for it.
The democratic conference had been
called to decide upon the final admin
istration tactics in the fight lor rati
ticat ion.
The decision of democratic friends
of the* treaty to vote against a rati
fication resolution '?onfainint; he
,odge reservations was r? :?thrmc?! ai
i he conference. Senator J1 tchc?ek
said enough democrats to insure :?s
? lefeat had agreed t<? vote* against the
Lodge resolution.
No Compromise Drafted.
.\o compromise plan was drafted L.y
the democrats, but it was suggested
that after the prospective defeat of
the Lodge reservations a committee of
democrat# would be appointed to con
fer with the republicans t?. that end.
Democrats who attended the confer
ence were not bound by any confer
ence agreement and said they were
willing to accept many of the m-?
jority's reservations, but could not
cept the preamble or those dealing
with article X, Shantung, equality
of voting and one or two others. If
possible a motion to strike out the
obj? cti??nable ones will be made. jf
'he majority declined to compromise,
it was said, responsibility for, failure
of the treaty would r< st on that side
of the chamber.
Various compromise measures were
considered at the conference- Some
iCoiitinu^dTn Second Pas*T.)
Lawrence Analyzes Fifteen
Reservations and States
Objectionable Features.
f I'resident Wilson calls the Lodtje i
resolution a nullification of the peace '
treaty, and plainly intimates that
after it has failed to get two thirds J
votes, another resolution of ratifica- I
tion, which he hopes will be "gen
uine," can be brought before the Sen- I
ate. The President in his letter to j
Senator Hitchcock does not go into !
detai! as to why he regards the Lodge i
resolution as a nullification, but 1
!U\j able to present today an analysis
made by those conversant with his !
viewpoint, any it is inevitable that
the points made shall be incorporated
either in a new resolution of ratifica
tion or that they shall be put into tile i
Lodge resolution and objectionable
parts thereof eliminated when the j
hour for compromise does arrive.
it will be n^ted by the analysis
that some of the reservations in the
Lodge resolution do not meet with ob- '
jection. anil would be accepted if
other changes were made. Only a
stubborn pride of opinion on each "side
'?an prevent ratification, and the
points on which the 'wo sides differ
involve on the&ne hand a limitation
of the rights ol the executive, anil <?n
the other hand a prospect of making '
the league of nations so clum.-y and
unworkable that the provisions of
the peace treaty itself may nut be I
Begarding Preamble.
Reservation 1 of the preamble
which requires three of the allied j
powers to accept by an exchange of!
notes all the reservations in order that '
the latter may be made part of the i
treaty. There is no objection to inak- i
ing the reservations binding upon ?
other powers, but considerable etn- '
barrassment and delay will be saved j
if the Senate does not insist on an I
atfirmative expression from the four;
allied powers, but simply changes the!
t'-xt of the preamble to read that the
United States will regard the reserva
tions as having been adopted If by the
time an exchange of ratifications is I
made no exception has been taken by I
any of the powers to the reservation's
submitted to them.
This would permit acquiescence and ?
would make the reservations legally i
binding on the other powers, for un
der international law formal notice
that a certain action will be taken in
a sepcifU-d time means acquiescence I
on the part of all concerned if they '
remain silent.
Heservation Held Illegal.
Reservation 2 is plainly unconsi- i
tutional. It provides that notice of
withdrawal front the league of na
lions can be accomplished merely by !
a "concurrent resolution of i.'on
sivss." Cut a concurrent resolution
is one that is adopted by both houses'
oi Congress without submitting it to
the President for signature. Such
resolutions are not the law of the !
land, while a treaty is. An amend
ment or abrogation of a treaty in or
der to be legal must be accomplished
by such an act of-Conpress as permits
ot the President's signature. Con
gress cannot deprive the executive of
the right of veto. which it would
be attempting to do if only a concur
rent resolution were needed to with
draw irom the league of nations.
Also under the Constitution the
; , is charged with tile conduct
"f diplomatic relations, and a concur
rent resolution cannot deprive him of
Ihose rights. The law can b- fixed
>> making withdrawal from the
? ague subject to the same rules as !
hav? hitherto governed the abroga- ;
ton of ireaties to winch the United!
fctales lias been or is a party.
As to Article X.
Keservation 3. which wpulil inter- I
pret article X so as to prevent ?
tile I nited States from assuming any '
obligation to preserve the territorial
integrity or political independence of
any member country of the league
unless Congress shall so authoriz , is
unobjectionable if it means that the
military or naval forces shall not be
used without the consent of Congress,
but it goes further and would pro
hibit the executive branch of the gov
ernment "from interferi ? i
troversies between nations." N'obody
knows what might be interpreted as
"interference." Whenever war r.
j threatened, friendly? nations have ex
! ercised the right lo suggest mediation
or to urge conciliation.
j What has been intended by the ono I
I side as an act of friendship and medi- i
ation has sometimes been construed :
by belligerents as "interference." The '
adoption of the Lodge reservation on
article 10 is considered embarrassing
I because it would weaken the moral.
! power of the government to exercise *
any good offices even in Central and!
South America without the specific:
'consent of Congress, and it is often!
the case that Congress is not in ses- j
sinn when an emergency arises and '
there are some emergencies which can
In straightened out easily by the ex
ecutive branch of the government
w ithout all the trouble of an extra i
session of Congress.
A specific definition of this reser- I
vat ion to apply only to the use of
military and naval forces as provided
under the Constitution and to leave !
tii? executive branch of the govern- 1
merit free to exert moral power to !
preserve peace, but preventing it from
using the Army or Navy until Con- I
wress has said so. would easily bring
suppyrt from the democratic side of I
tiie Senate.
lleservation four, saying that no
mandate shall be accepted without the
consent of Congress, is not considered i
Seen as "Loading-" Change.
lleservation five. ""Saying the United
States "reserves to itselr exclusively
the right to decide what questions are
within domestic jurisdiction" and de
claring that ail such questions may
not even be considered by the council
of the league, is not viewed as ob
jectionable from any legalistic view
point. but simply that when accepted
by other foreign governments it
would give them the same right, and
then England could call the Irish
question a domestic affair and Japan
might callthe Shantung_question a i
(Continued on Second i'aL'< j "
107,000 U. S. Employes Af
fected by Subcommittee's
Proposal. .
Thorough Reclassification of Serv
ice Provides for Adequate
I?-iilv.[.-sum .impropriations for sal
aries ms opposed to statutory fixing of
individual wages for the 107.000 federal ,
workers in the National Capital was
1 ecomniended to the joint congressional
commission on reclassification of sala
ries in the District today l>y a special
subcommittee composed of A an II. Man- |
ning. chief of the bureau of mines, chair
man; Paul Myers, chief clerk of tlie'
Treasury: \\". Carson Ryan, jr.. bureau
of education, and Dr. 15. B. Rosa of the
bureau of standards. ^ ;
"The object of Congress in establish
ing statutory positions is to retain con- i
trol of the salary schedules of the gov
(rnment service." declared the sum
mary of the elaborate report. "The ob
ject of the administrators in advocat- i
ing lump-sum appropriations is to se
cure sufficient freedom to do the gov- <
ernment work efficiently.
Objects Not to Conflict.
"The two objects are not necessarily
in conflict," continued the summary. ;
thorough reclassification oi the sei\- I
ice. with adequate provision for pro
motion and a strict supervision by a
central agency, will accomplish both
objects. ~ i.l,, vorv
?? (b i The commission, by the very ,
fact of making a complete classifica- '?
tion of all positions will answer the
demand of Congress by assign.ngdeti- ,
nite salarv scales for all positions. ;
which will be approved by < ''"Sress- ;
The question of lump .->um or statutory
will, therefore, if the commission s re- .
classification report is adopted and a
budget svstem introduced, be settled ,
by incorporating the best features of j
each into the new system i
"(c) The central agency that will ?
bet set up to carry on the classifica
tion?supposedly the (nil Service (
Commission?should have represe ta- ,
tive"\n every department to ?.o-oper-,
ate with the department heads in I'?""- ;
sonnel matters and to check up the (
whole system for the government. ,
Full reports should be made to i
gress annually showing the working |
of the system and suggesting anj ,
necessary amendments of it
The reclassification commission has
taken no action as yet upon the rec
ommendations. The tull report. With
the exception of the summary r.lreud>
given, follows:
"I. Statutory Salarifm
??Statutory positions are fix^u _ y j
Congress for each bureau or admin
iotrative unit In the service in the |
annual appropriation bills, the "^m- |
her of positions of each k'nd and
the salaries of each being specnl' d in
detail These positions are of two
kinds ta) where the salaries an
f'w' hive been standardized, and j
/b where the salaries and tit.es are ;
recommended by. the hureauchefor ^
lifail of the particular branch ot til t
seA ice concerned. No change c^bc ,
po^aonaf'ter lt'ta Rallied except by
Congress, and this is done only in Ui_
oVer *1 n v*increase of salary^is subject '
io T point of order in Congress and ,
hence even if the appropriations com
mittee has recommended an
in anv given case it can oni}
granted l>y unanimous consent
?This fact alone. namel>. that < "n .
. nrovided no regular method
Sst ?statutory "position?, P?i
motions i? single member ob- I
r"<1ofrthe personnel of any particular
or ot the per. bureau, accurately !
""'i Hint vear or more in advance.
,n detail a ?e carefully the work ,
No matter ho^ n,IulitU>nli change j
and it is usually nece^ary t^modify
^nietimesTery considerably, to meet
,-h intred conditions.
^ Dimeulty ?f Fortellln? Statutory
1-oHitlon. conditions did
"K>e e"' ;? is i.tipossible to foretell
not change, 't develop and just how
bow work ?' ' t kinds and grades ,
n.any men of dittereni investigation.
will be needed an invcsUga
Suppose. t"Ij(.rUlk,.n which requires ;
llon . . , chemists, mechanical en-.
Physicists, chemi^ - and cU.rka. To I
gineer.s. advancc how many j
estimate a nei.dtti, am|
of. (^L of each, would be littl- !
the salaries ot vork. When the
better ? keIl the men in charge
if''the several branches of the work
of the several gradually, and
develop tb p personnel as needed
th'7 gil5{??v can It is partly a ques
and as tht> needed to do the work
M K'and partly a question
of whit men can be found who are
competent and available at
a "ffS aman'who ^"splendidly equip
r1 dfHrwho?mecanPabe.T&oft
n?or it is very awkward if the
????>??' statutory salary available
& MOW* and only statutory salaries
ih *a.u ?. pcrlips two chemists
:;E ^ -??e b-?
estimated for; or perhaps tv;o me
i J, .?i . nirineers were provided and
'it' is found that one would bpter be
:iIl electrical engineer. Jn v,"'rt- to
be hampered and embarrassed by re
strictions of this kind which do no
L'oodand make it impossible to carry
tut work efficiently is exceedingly
" "lfnderba lump fund appropriation
the bureau chief is free to employ
the men most needed and to make
salaries fit the men. instead of try
i lie to fit the men to predetermined
salaries Under this plan, the serv
'iee of any one may be discontinued
I when not required and the money
1 uaed for some other position. The
i.i'nis for the work may be developed
! gradually and the division of funds
i between salaries and other expense
! ,,,ay be determined by the needs of,
the work and not by a guess made a
;year in advanefc.
. Promotion*:
"Under a statutory salary plan
' promotions are made by advancing
' men to vacancies at higher grades.
! These vacancies usually arise either
bv the securing of new positions at
higher salaries, or by resignations. In
a bureau that is growing rapidly there
are apt to be many new positions, ancj
(.Continued c-:i Second Page )
Coroner's Jury Recommends,
D. C. Heads Act ? Finds
Child's Death Accidental, i
??In view of tlic increased number of i
fatalities on the public streets, the Jury
recommends that the District Comm s
sioners enact a police regulation requir
ing pedestrians to cross at street in- (
tersections and provide adequate mean:- .
for its enforcement.
"Also that public school officials con- >
duct a campaign of education in an ef- ,
fort to make children more careful ,
while^on the -etreetfr." i ,
This was the recommendation made !
by a coroner s Jury at an Inquest at the ;
morgue yesterday afternoon in the case j
of Marion. Da vine Maguire, nine years
old, 1114 K street southeast, who was |
killed by the automobile of Thomas J. ;
T eonard. 1438 Minnesota avenue south- j
east, on 11th street southeast Mondaj |
night. i
Death Held Unavoidable.
Testimony of several witnesses fur- ,
nished the Jury information that the
death of the child was the result of 1
an unavoidable accident, and it was so j
stated in the verdict. Witnesses said
that Leonard was driving north on lUi
between 1 and K streets, where a mound
was left on the east side of the street
by workmen who had made an exca\a- .
lion for the installation of an under- ;
ground cable system. j
Paving stones were piled on the .
sidewalk, and it was whe/i the child |
ran from behind such an obstruction j
that she was knocked down and
fatal'y hurt. Mr. Leonard did not
see the child until after she was hurt.
The jury visited the scene of the
accident before taking testimony. Mr.
Leonard and the dead child s father
pointing out the spot where the child
was fatally injured while hurrying
across the street to summon a com
panion to her birthday party.
Coroner Nevitt Approves Step.
Coroner Nevitt said he thought the J
recommendation of the jury was a j
K??Sometiiing must be (lone to de- j
crease the number of street l^tali- ;
ties" the coroner remarked to a Mar ,
reporter. "Had the child crossed at
one of the street intersections she
probably would not have lost her
life but crossing where she did it ,
apparently was impossible for the
occupant of the car to sec her in J
time to prevent the ai?~i(len . ,
Or D. P Walter, vice . resident j
of the Washington Safety M-rst As-,
?relation and chairman o. uu. police
committee of East Washington Citi
zens" Association, has p.an.ned a
safety first educational dri\e amon?
SCy"stcrdayrUe told a Star reporter
of the two organizations with which
j he is affiliated.
Several Injured in Accidents.
I George Kline. 619 2d street north
! past, was driving a motor cycle that
1 struck Mrs. Kheta Childs Dorr. P5w
hatan Hotel. at Pennsylvania avenue
and 18th street, about 2:16 o'clock
this morning. Kline's Jawbone was
fractured and Wallace Kendrick, 488
Maryland avenue southwest, and
Howard Roberts, 806 18th street, who
accompanied him. received pa.nfu
fnluries Mrs. Dorr received a deep
j gash in her forehead. AU were taken ,
i 1 A^two-horse team of"the American!
let Company and two Capital Trac-I
lion cars were involved in an accident
?at Pennsylvania avenue and lJtl
I street this morning. One horse had!
to be killed! One car was derailed
'and the front of the other demolished-1
Traffic was interrupted for about
i twenty minutes. Many passenger*
' were in the cars, but none was hurt
Sanford P. Tennyson, twelve years
old 218 Liinworth place southwest,
fell from a car of the Washington
Virirtnia Railway Company in South,
Washington yesterday afternoon andj
received minor injur^ Tenn while'
limine from a street car at New l
York avenue and 9th street last night,.
Je\\ and received severe injuries to his
lefamaue1 S^Dudlum. 7 West Under
Tutreet Chevy Chase, was owner|
^driverof >n automobile that col
lided with an Army motor oycle ope
rated by Karl Fernendez. 363. M
street cn West Kxecutive avenue yes
terday afternoon. The motor cycle
was damaged.
Moves to Stop Beckless Driving.
Another move has been made by
War Department officials to put a stop
to reckless driving and speeding on
part of men driving Army motor
trucks. Civilian drivers arrested and
l ire in tilt comluits ot the
J'utomac Electric I'ower Com
pany. at the 14th street sub-%
station, this afternoon cut off
the current and resulted in ;i
delay in the publication of
The Star.
The Star's own power plant
was put into servicc as quickly I
as possible. j
That the "-cent fare, with four
tickets for a quarter, will not give
the Washington Railway and Electric
Company sufficient revenue to meet
expenses and pny a 6 per cent return
on its investment is further indicated
by figures given out by the company
today of operations during the sec
ond week of the new rate.
The revenue of the company last
week was $97,936.97. For the first '
week of November it was $9? 868. J
This is an average weekly increase
of $8,242.63 over the last two weeks;
of the 5-eent fare.
If this weekly average should con
tinue the increase in revenue at the j
end of a year wou'd be $428,616.76, I
whereas the Public Utilities Coramis- j
sion estimated that the company,
would need $850,000 additional revenue
to pay a 0 per cent return on the :
valuation of 1 he property.
Passengers Under New Bate. !
The total number of pay passengers i
carried by the Washington Kailway j
and Klectrie Company list week was 1
1.530.913. The total number carried
during tile first week was 1.543 228. 1
Of the passengers hauled last week j
I,313.664 used tickets and 186.467 paid ^
7 cents. n
During the first fourteen days of ,
November under the new rate of fare ;
there was a decrease of 257.077 in the j
number of passengers carried in com- j
parison with the last fourteen days !
of the 5-cent fare. This was h de- j
crease of 7.7 per cent in passengers
Tile increase in revenue for the first \
fourteen days of November over the j
last fourteen days of October was ]
$1*1.485.26. or $8,242.6?. per week. This ?
increase in revenue was 9.2 per cent, i
Capital Traction Figures.
The Capital Traction Company gave I
out figures showing that its revenue j
last week was $96,206, an increase of
II.8 per cent over the second week of
October, when the 3-cer.t fare was in
Th<> total number of passengers car
ried by the Capital Traction Company !
lust week was 1.499,198. a decrease of:
slightly more than 7 per cent from the !
number carried during the second week
of October.
Although the Capital Traction's reve
nue last week was- more than during j
she same week of October, it was slight- i
ly less than during the first week of |
the new fare. During the first week ,
of the new fare the- company's revenue |
amounted to $97,814. The number of ;
passengers carried by the Capital Trai -
tion last week was 1,499,198, as com
pared with 1.313.293 during the first
week of November.
Slight changes' from week to week
n the revenue of the Capital Traction
Company under the new fare are not
so important to the public as in the
case of the Washington Kailway
and Klectrie, however, because the
Capital Traction did not ask for the
new rate of fare.
Metal Tokens by January.
Officials of both companies said to- ;
day they did not expect to be able to
replace the paper tickets with the
metal tokens authorized by the utili
ties commission before January 1. It
was the original intention to put the
tokens into use on December 1. i
lioth companies have ordered new
coin boxes, which will not be ready
to be placcd on the cars until the
first of the year. It is probable that
the companies will put the new boxes
and the tokens Into service at the
same time. ? ;
convicted of speeding or reckless
drivers will l>e dismissed from the
service, while service men will be j
court martialed.
Such was th<' information imparted
in Police Court yesterday in the trial
of a soldier for ding. The court
held the soldier guilty, placed him on
probation and turned him over to the
military authorities.
It was said that the Arniy Motor
Transport Corps will accept the Po
lice Court judgment as conclusive in
cases in whieh eourt martial proceed
ings are instituted.
19.?Discovery of a "red" plot
to slay officials with explosive
, Christmas mail packages was
i announced today by Superinten
dent of Polite James Robinson.
Information of the plot, Which
he considers reliable, indicates
i it is nation-wide and directed
' against federal, state and , city
! authorities who took part in the
j national round-up of radicals
! planning the overthrow of the
! government.
Fire, which started ift 1 o'clock this
afternoon ill the conduits of the Po
tomac Electric Power Company at
the company's substation, at 14th and
C streets, U-ft the.downtown section
of the city without current.
The Star, in common with other
downtown office buildings, was de
prived of power for its elevators and
current for its light. typesetting
machines, presses, etc.. by the tire.
The paper was delayed in going to
press until The Stars own power
i plant was put in operation.
i Dense Clouds ol tjnioke.
There were practically no flames.
| but dense columns of smoke rolled out
! of a dozen manholes around the out
side of the building as the insulations
on the underground cables burned.
While firemen were still at work ex
tinguishing the flames the company
hurriedlv summoned crews of work
1 men from other substations and held
! them ready to go to work restoring
! service as soon as it Is possible for
them to go down into the manholes.
Vs the smoke poured out of the
openings before the arrival of the
Hremer it seemed from a distance
that the building itself which houses
huge dynamos and other costly ma
chinery was ablaze. The alarm was
sounded from the quarters of truck
company No. 3. which is only a block
from the power plant. As soon as the
first engines arrived two additional
truck companies were summoned.
Cannot Repair Until Fire Out.
John C. McLaughlin, superintendent
of -he commercial power department
of the Potomac Electric Power Com
said that until the burning |
cal. es in the big conduits had been
avtinB-uished it would be impossible
for amanto enter the conduits to
ascertain what damage the Are had
Sine or how long it would take to
reFroml the volume of smoke that
rolled out of the manholes on top
oft ne big conduits hack of the power
nlant it would appear. Mr Mcl-augb
Hn said, practically all of the feed
cables coming into the substation
from the Benning power plant had
XVS1 &E2KL fire Mr. M,
, aughlin could not say, but the nat
ural assumption in such cases is that
the fire must have been started l>> i
defective insulation of the cables ?r
a .short circuit among some of thj big I
feMr.?Walker K. Handy, another offl- j
Hal of the Potomac Electric Power,
Company, said that the probabilities
were that all of the feed cables had
besn burned out, which will necessi
tate extensive repairs. As soon ai> it (
is possible for men to enter the con- |
duits the feed cables to the substa
tion will be cut out and the circuits
arranged so as to permit the other
substations of the -company to sup
filv t he power and light circuits. -
The tire cut out all of the down
town power and light ^cuUs. U is
probable, Mr. Handy said, that tht
rompanv would be able to arrange
power for the street car lines and
icrht circuits for the streets and;
homes before night. Every effort was
being made by the management of ,
the company, Mr. Handy said, to re
store the power so as to permit the
operation of the W. It. & E. (Jo. lines
before the government clerks start
I for home this afternoon. ^ ?
Further Ci^t in Rail Service
Suggested^Mili'ary May
Act in Iowa,
IJv Ui, Associate! Pri's*.
I CHICAGO. Novenib.-r II'.?Til' grow
ing nienacc of the coal situation was
the subject today of further discus
sion by Walker IMines, director
general of railroads, and seven re- ^
I gional directors. Possible action
talked about included a further re
duction in passenger train service
and shutting off coal from non-es
1 sential industries.
i Mr. Hines indicated lie would issue
a statement after the meeting re
garding steps to be taken to conserve
' the coal supply now available.
\ "What we will consider is what
means can be employed, by elimma
' tion of consumption, except where it
; is indispensable, to conserve our coal
reserve," said Mr. Hines.
Reserve Supply Vanishing.
Meanwhile reports from virtually
all sources were of a vanishing sup
ply of bituminous coal as the ap
proximately 400,000 miners remained
1 firm in their disposition to await an
noun cement of un agreement >
apparently deadlocked miners-operat
ors' conference at Washington.
of the great union fields onl>
Virginia reported an appreciable
; amount of fuel brought out. it being
said 75 per cent of the mines in that
state were being operated.
Military May Control in Iowa.
An immediate prospect of a declara
, tion of military control in the mining
districts of Iowa, with state operation
of mines: a strike of returned miners
in Wyoming, said to have been due
mainlv to activities of radicals, and
; withdrawal of federal troops from
I West Virginia marked main develop
ments in the mining districts duriug
tbe last twenty-four hours. Lse ot
i state soldiers in Wyoming wasthrea.
en< d by the governor unless efforts of
! radicals to intimidate miners who de
sired to work ceased.
The regional directors generallj in
formed Mr. Ilines that the railroads
had sufficient fuel for several days,
the statement of the central west di
i rector being an exception.
No general freight embargo will be
1 considered. Mr. Hines said, adding
; that restricting the fuel supply ot
non-essential industries in itse'f
would s'harply curtail freight ship
Charges West Virginia Company.
V'H\RLESTON. W: Va.. "November
19 Vice President William Retry of
a subdistrict of district No. 17. United
Mine Workers, today made public a
telegram sent to Attorney Generai
l'alm^r. charging the Thompson Block
foal Company, at Dorfee, \\ . \ a.. with
discriminating against the miners in
"refusing to let them return to work. -
.Mr. Petrv further asked the Attorney
lieneral "if there was any action that
; could be taken relative to the alleged
Attorney General Palmer wired that
he had asked the Thompson company
to make an explanation regarding the
charges, Mr. Petry said.
For the first time since the coal
strike began, loading in the Chesa
peake and Ohio iields returned to nor
mal yesterday, according to advices
from Huntington. The day's loading
totaled 2.205 cars, which was above
the average of normal times and close
; ly approached the daily average for
the best month on record, according
to the reports from the office of E. 1.
Hock, superintendent of the wester:. ?
: division.
Pittsburgh Tightens Deliveries.
PITTSBURGH, November 19.?
Tightening up of coal deliveries in
the Pittsburgh district began today,
following the issuing of an appeal by
the Pittsburgh coal distributing com
mittee of the United States ltailroad
Administration, asking consumers to
i use the strictest economy in the con
sumption of fuel.
The appeal was made when it do
! veloped that th - district lias been
. drawing heavily upon the supply of
: Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. Now. this
: source has aiiiiost ceased to exist, on
account of failure of mines operating
i in those states. Notwithstanding en
1 couraging reports from West Virginia,
1 it is feareil the union men in that
? state may ail Quit work. too. and non
union mine supplies would be unavail
ing. according to reports received
! here.
Miners in the Pittsburgh district are
1 still maintaining the attitude that
they will not return to work until
they lind out what develops in the |
miners' and operators' joint confer- j
ence now in progress a' Washington. ;
I j
1 Conference Will Be Held on Water
Pressure in Downtown Section
South of H Street.
Engineer Commissioner Kutz .an
nounced today that he will meet a\i
committee of business men at the |
District building at 3 o'clock totnor- j
row afternoon to discuss tin-it* request !
for increased water pressure in the ?
downtown section south of 11 street.
The business men will be represented 1
at the conference by Robert N. i
Harper, president of the l>istrict Na- I
tional Bank; Frank Hight of the Wil
lard Hotel and William A. Carlin of;
the Harrington Hotel.
Commissioner Kutz hag had J. S. 1
Garland, superintendent of the water !
liepartment, investigate the water
pressure situation in the business]
section, and probably he will tell of
his findings at the conference.
In making the request for a confer
ence tjie business men pointed out
that at present the gravity pressure
in the business area south of H street
is only sufficient to force the water to
the third or fourth Moors of many of
the high stores, hotels and office build
ings. This makes it necessary for
these high buildings to install pumps
in the cellars and force the water into
tanks on the roofs, from which it is
distributed to the floors not reached
by the gravity pressure in the street
The business men are < mleavoring to
find out from the District heads if
this downtown area could be con
nected with the city pumping station !
as a means of increasing the prcs-1
Dr. Garfield Mrikes
Declaration to Wage
Administrator Says
Miner Is Entitled
to "Living."
Scale roinmiltcM of hitominuiio
minfrn and operator* in the rrn
Iral competitive field went into e*
ecotivc weNKion today to negotiate
a wage contract, after Federal
Fuel Adminintrator tiartleld had
nr^ed upon them the neceaaity for
adju?tingr thefir difference* and pro
ducing the coal the country need*.
Immediately after convening the
operator** and miner* decided
to continue their negotiation*
through a i?ul?commiftee of eight
from each wiile.
The people of the United Stat- s
j must have and will have coal, and as
1 long as the government stands they
i will not he prevented from getting
j it. no matter what the operators and
j miners may do. *
Clothed with all his war-tim* po\v
I ers. Dr. Henry Garfield, fuel admin
istrator made that, declaration to tho
members of the joint wage scale oom
jirittee of the central competitive fleM
| today when he described to them
j .some of the principles they must ob
! serve in making a working: agrce
! ment.
[ The operator is entitled to a rea
! sonable profit based upon investment
arid cost, of production, said I?r. Gar
j field. He is not entitled to include in
! cost of production his federal tax and
his excess profit tax. although th ?
operator has claimed this should he
\ done.
J The miner is entitled to s^fe work
1 ing condition*!?so far as the nature
'of the industry permits, the fuel ad
! rninistrator continued. He is entitled
? to a wage that will enable him to live
i according" to a decent American
I standard. But this wagp musr h.
'computed in relation to cost of ltv*
I inf and not :n reM 'o" t
i scales prevailing in other industries
| employing skilled workers.
I Dr. Garfield made this position clear
! in reply to questions submitted by
j John L* Lewis, acting president of the
I nited Mine Workers of America.
! who said that steel workers, brick*
I layers, carpenters, and the like, arc
paid $1 an hour and more in the
larger cities of the country.
Base Wage on Living Cost.
I Mr. Lewis asked the fuel adminis
i trator if the miner isn't entitled to a
: certain wage, enabling him to inain
'tair. a certain standard of living. no
'matter whether the operator is or is
not making profit. is or is not boinR
? axed excessively by the jrovernn .nt.
T?r Garfield agree<j with th< union
leader in effect, hut he emphasized
i that the decent living wage should be
i based on cost of living and not based
Ion wage scales prevalent in other m
idustries. . ,. . ,
! The fuel administrator indicated .n
his speech that he woul sit in judg
' ment on whatever agreement the ope
rators and miners may reach, and de
! termine for the public in what part -
iculars it is equitable or inequitable
I to the consumers of the couiitrv He
'said his administration h?s gathered
?d digested a large amount of data
? .ncerniiig the oal industry uraim:
lie last two vears. and explained these
, t\ i would be furnished the con! con
ference for use in drawing up a w.i^
i scale. These same data, he said. 0!*.
i'b,> used by him in determining what
' wage advances, if any. agreed to by
I t he operators and miners could be
i borne properly by the puolic.
Kstablishment of a permanent
i ferenoe. composed of a representative
1 nf the operators, the mniers and tho
j government, to adjudicate disputes tn
fi,e coal industry was advocated b>
nr G-trfild. who expressed regret
' hat suc a body has not been for a
| long time in continuous operation.
! Summary of Workers' Demands.
' F??dlOWmade8 bvKUtT,eiarn,UdUMine
' Workers It wis furnished by Mr.
j Ti,at there be a 60'? '?}crpi!*e
1 upon all classifications of day la
I ! tonnage, yardage and dead
j work "" the central competitive
! fiC2d'That " six-hour day .five
I cVivs per week. be. established.
3 That all day labor be pai
1 time and a half for overtime and
| double time for Sundays and holi-?
Ua4ySThatv pay days shall "be upon
o weeklv basis.
a 5 That double shift work on
coal for commercial tonnagw be
"^'"'That automatic penalty
clause be abolished.
7 That all internal differences
not covered by joint interstate
agreement shall be referred back
> to the respective districts for ad
^ s 1 That any contract negotiated
be effective from and after No
vember 1. and run for *
period of two years from that date.
Thomas T. Hrewster. chairman of
tho operators' groups, said he eould
not state the counter proposal ex
pected to be submitted to the minerr:
until after the operators had dis
cussed Or. Garfield's speech
??I represent the people of the f nit?l
states in a different sense from the
Secretary of Kabor," l>r. Garfield said.
"It is part of Mr. Wilson's function to
effect conciliation. It is my sole func
tion to exercise those powers conferred
on the fuel administration: to see that
an adequate supply of coal is furnish
ed the people of the United States and
to see that in times of stress such as
we are still unhappily in the midst
of the prices asked and received for
coal are not excessive."
Public Partner in Coal Industry.
"We all realize now that in {he
great coal industry the public is au
important partner. At one time the
operators and mine workers. Ilk"
farmers, considered themselves pe
culiarly independent. Hut the publits
has a paramount interest.
?The people of the United States
will not consent to pay an excessive
price for coal. We are all agreed to
that, but the question now is. \\ hat
is an excessive price?" Nor will the
public agree to go without this com
ra"'Th"e people ot the United St!" -i

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