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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 19, 1919, Image 2

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need, must have and will have coal,
and they will not be prevented by
anything the operators and miners
nay do. unless the government is ,
dissolved into a chaotic condition.
'"the people of the I'nited States I
ore willing to pay sufficient to main
tain American standards, hut the
question is what are American stand
ards? The people want the operators
to have a just return, but what is a
just return?"
SI.300.000.000 for Soft Coal in 18
During !H1*. the fuel administrator i
said? $|.3rtft.i?rt0.0(M? 4was paid for i
bituminous cohI. tho avera><? price)
being per ton. The production
cost was *2.15 per ton. the miners re
ceiving or an average of
fper ton. A total of $230,000,000
went t<? the mine owners, but l>r. < Jar- |
field said this wan not all profit, as
federal income and excess profits tax
fcad to be deducted.
"In 1!)17." Or. C?arfield continued,
"the taxes amounted to 30 cents a
ton average over the whole country,
but it is iliffi<-u:t to < st 1.. Pl e for *
Tile taxes in 1H18, however, to come
tint <>f the mare.I.s nr.' soine -.v ,...t
less, I believe, than in 11? 1T. but I
will continue my investigation to de
termine them accurately."
Lewis Queries Garfield.
"Dn von think the mine workers
should give consideration to the op
erators because they have to ptiy
taxes?" asked John i.. Lewis, presi
dent ?>f the I'nited Mine Workers.
"The question is whether the con
sumer should pav eno'ish to cover e
excess profits tax and at the same
time give the operators h-i- normal
profit, too." replied Dr. Garfield.
"If the federal governmen took all
the profi, s. by taxation, even that cir
cumstance should not prevent t.?e
?miners from asking reasonable in
creases." said i/fwia. ......
"Well, we must bear in mind that
the l ever act guarantees a r?a son
able proiit on the production ot fuel,
returned l>r. Garfield. "Con^r.ss is
responsible for ali .ax enactments.
Status as Basic Industry.
Contrasting mining with con fer- I
ci-.Vi n.l.,...sfs, i>r. Garfield said it
was necessary not to lose siRht of |
tho fact that coal mining w.is t..e
basic industry, necessary to IN ??' |
i in- of the war. and that reasonable !
profits had to be ma ntainetl. It was
because a fair return was guaranteed
under the i-ever act that Congiv**
could not ax away all the mine
owners' profits, he said.
"But the mine v?o...ers cannot be (
deterred from demanding higher ,
wasrfand better conditions as a|
result of the federal tax." Mr. Dews !
replied. "Tl.at is the government s j
responsibility.'*
liepiyiiiS t4- W^ii-v ? r^""1
tarv of the United Mine Workers, Dr.
Garfield explained li.ai .ii?s ??'
ministration in increasing the pri--<
of coal .luring the war had made an
allowance of 15 cents for overbear
bVcause there was not time to make
a mhjvjte examination ifito every case
and-for the same reason 10 cents was
*
Referring to the la cents allowi
f<?, .. . it. uaitieid said that was |
"a crude thing to do." out itiat ..
ivas later found that that amount was
in the average absorbed for wages.
Thomas T. Brewster, chairman o
the- operators' scale committee, ton
tie .. ..a tnat "a fauulous margi
In the . ,.al industry did not exist.'
Dr. Garfield's "impartial figures." i e
said, "had refuted the reports of
e ormous prcti s he ? oat s. ,
which, he said, had been "run on a i
Slender margin."
After Dr. (iartleid finished his main
adatuss. Air. Lewis mane o. suort sia.e- j
mint.
Statement of Mr. Lewis.
"I'call the attention of the chairman
to the fact that the workers never*
have alleged that the operators made
undue profits in 1918 under govern
ment control," he said. "We don't
question L>r. Garfield's figures. The
only way that they made- more was
that ney p, cduoeu muie coal.
??T?^f o ha^'e n'ade some re-narks
About profits in 1919. We are pre
pared to prove that some concerns
. .ne n.lues at $3
ji tan. f4 a ton?yes. and even $4.50 a
X ton.' We are prepared to demonstrate
thai in 1919 the operators have got
,ii.'it IOi coal
, ! .1 in 1914 and that wage
Increases to the workers has been
oni# 37 8-10 per cent above 1914 n
i. p ii..e uie cost of living ha?
inc:v?sed 110 per cent* in the mining
r? : That's our situation in a
nutshell."
.arfield said he had no com
j.]. f- ir res on the 1919 operations,
and-was suspicious of partial tu u e ^
but that lie did have some data which
ehofe-ed that in certain fle'ds op
: -viti--'ess in 1919 than
In 1918. though prices on a portion
, <?d uici eased sharp
ly during October.
? _.... .s true, why is it that
the selling price of coal to the con
sumer has increased $1 a ton this
year?" asked Percy Tetlow, statisti
cian- for the miners.
"I do r.ot know as to that. Dr. t.ar
field replied. "But even if that is so,
does it ? nter into our pro^ern here
exedpt as it affects the cost of living.
"Important to Consumer. '
"Well, it's a question of importance
to the consumer." Tetlow returned.
??Our figures show that the margin to
the retailer is more than $2 a ton on
coal. 1 is important that the public
be protected. We realize that one of
the greatest problems is thai of the
profit that is added to coal after it
leaves the mine, and that the pro
ducer is not receiving a fair propor
tion of what the consumer pays."
Operators and miners of the >ew
River district of West Virgin a will
meet Assistant Attorney General C. a.
Ames here tomorrow morning. Robert
Gilinour. organizer for the Lnited
jviin* Workers, announced this alter
noon. , .. ^
"The. operators claim the waiKout
on November 1 abrogated the con
tract under which the men were work
ing and have refused to take back
the union men." Mr. (lilmotir said.
?'The effect of this would be to create
an open shop."
U. S. PEACE MEN WILL
START HOME DEC. 5 OR 6
PARIS. November 19.?The Ameri
can delegation to the peace confer
ence will sail for home on December
P or S. it was learned today. The Brit
ish delegation will probably leave
3'aris al out '.lie same time, althoush
tio official announcement has been
inade. The American delegates will
sail on the transport America from
Brest.
Government to Sell Frozen Meats.
NEW ORLEANS, November 19.?One
hundred cars of government beef and
pork will be sold in New Orleans
throuch butchers, Harry Armstrong-,
city commissioner of agriculture, an
nounce dtoday.
He said the first shipment will ar
rive late today. The Army frozen beef
r.-tail price will be 17'-i cents a pound,
|je announced
r~
The
Greatest
Breakfast
s&ys
I Nothin:
1^1300 made
beats
Post
Toasties
it
D. C. STOCKBROKER
HELD ON CHARGE OF
SECURITIES THEFT
More Arrests Expected to
Clear Up Big Wall Sltrset
Larcenies.
\ormnn S. Bowie*. member the
bar nnd wald by the police to bf the
?*h'ef member of the firm of Sul
livan ?V Co.. Ui under arrest thl*
afternoon In connwt'on \v'tl? the
in^P'lisnf'on of the theft of we# ur
it lew in Vew York. He was p!rt *e?t
miller nrrest when he >iwited . he
office of InKpeetor t;rant. Oett f
tlvr JONcph Morsnn went with h ni
to I'ollee t'ourt, where urmnp
mentf* nre belnjc made for h'x rt -
leime on ln?nd. ln?i?eetor tJrnn t
n*ked that bond be filed at (MH1
the amount sr*ven by "Winfl^ld I>.
WflllatTi*. who was arre^t^d several
j dayM n?o. Amsls'nnt I'nited Stafew
Attorney .Ia?ne*? Archer said Mr.
| Howies would be charged w*Hh eon
*pir?wy to brln<c Into the lllst-let
I property nll^cred to have been
N<o,rtn and transferred in another
juried 'etlon.
| Moro arrest were exp^e'ed today in
; the round-up ivi this city. New York
'???*d other c*;tf^<5 of persons suspected
of having b^err implicated in the theft
of from $"An.^00 to $1,000,000 worth
of securities in New York's financial
district in the last few months, ac
cording to an Associated Press dis
patch from New York.
David W. Sullivan of this city, ar
rested yesterday in New York, is
charged wl'h larceny and with crim
irally receiving two C ucible Steel J
certificates valued at $4") 000. With :
I his arrest the New York police ex- j
p: essed confidence that they had hit;
-pon a trail that would clear up rob
beries that had mystified Wall street !
and in which disappearing messenger |
boys had played prominent parts.
i
Transactions Unexplained.
Sullivan, who formerly operated a j
eafe at 12th and E streets, this |
has offices in the Southern building and j
is a member of th Consolidated Stock
Exchange. Investigation of his books,
made at the demand of Alfred J. Tai
ley. acting district attorney in New
^oik, is said to have shown transac
tions representing half a million dol
lars in securities, of which Subivan so
far has given no -n:r:'t;on.
The arrest of Sullivan. it is stated,
W.11 W.uno on .1 't cna.Ke of
larceny. Detective I'at O'Brien of the
Washington police department identiiy
ing Su livan in the latt. r's office at 10
Wall street, when Detective Serjeant
i Grover C. B.own of New York made
! the arrest.
j Several days ago Winfield D. \\ il
liams, a propioter who gave his resi
dence as 3033 Franklin street, I'hiia
Uelphia, was arrested here on a charge
of bringing alleged stolen certificates
of stock to this city. He was released
on 525,000 bond. Inspector Clifford U
Grr.nt. chief of detectives, at that time
oommunlcated with Acting District At
t... i.iii.y in -\'ew York, promising
co-operation of the Wash' -ton pOiice
department in the inv. stigatian of the
s$:en souurities ease. It was in pursu
ance of that promise that Detective
CTBrien went to New York M ' 'ry
' night to aid i it .the investigation there.
I Certificates of depos.t ui stye; ai
: leged to have been stolen in New
j YoFk. the inspector stated, had been
f deposited in local banks in the name
of S"'i'Ynn & Co, brokers, amonfc the
certificates already located being a
I SijO-sni'.ri- ceiriifietLt'e of the Pennsyl
vania Railroad Company, a 100-share
! certificate of th" Republic 1 ron and Steel
! Comiany, a 100-share certificate of the
i Studebaker Corporation and the certifi
| cates of the Crucible St<-el Company, on
: which, it is charged, Williams obtained
' $14,000. Harry Lamson, a local broker, !
the inspector stated, had given a check
for $4,000 on certain certificates, but had
i stopped payment of it before it was
i presented fnr collection.
! While Sullivan and Williams were
! i.i >r tor '!r;'nt's office, it is stated.
the former denied any knowledge of
: < ,? c ? trfica' s of stock of 'he Cruci
' bie Steel Company, on which the
I .- . y was borrowed, but in New
j York yesterday, according to press
jd.spat'hes, he admitted giving them
to Williams.
; $45,000 Advanced ?on Certificates.
! The chief of detectives said that
$45,000 had been advanced on the
; certificates of stock of the Pennsyl
; vania Railroad Company, Republic
j Iron and Steel Company and the
j Studebaker Corporation, and Monday
l afternoon the banking firm that ad
vanced the money on a time loan
I served notice that the deal must he
I closed. According to statements made
to Inspector Grant, the bank was told
j to dispose of the certificates and to
deposit the balance in a New York
bank to the credit of the local
h-nken?*e firm.
No additional loans have as yet been
uncovered amorg Washington banks.
\<-tth alleired sto'en collateral as se
cuirty, the two cases heretofore men
tioned being the only on<-s in which
hanks were involved, although it is
possible that at least one individual
has been made the victim of the al
, le^ed sharperB for quite a large sum
; of monev.
: It developed that the Crucible Steel
! put up as collateral with the local
I t .-*? ccm"-'ny wps not the result of
'direct dealing with Sullivan Sr. 1 "o..
th" New York firm with local branch
? office., that has figured conspicuously
i in the developments.
] A regular customer of the bank
j whose name has not been disclosed is
; 30 i<1 to have deposited the stock cer
tificate as collateral, and as he is in
a position to make good on the loan.
: irrespective of the security, the bank
j is amply protected
j Sullivan Held in $75,000 Bail.
NEW YORK. November 19.?Sulli
van today was held in $75,000 bail by
a magistrate for hearing Monday.
' The amount was first fixed at $30,000
and raised when Assistant District
Attorney Dooling pro'ested, telling
the court he had a list of stolen se
curities valued at $500,000.
"Sullivan knows something of
' them," he added.
! .
SANDERSON UNDER BOND
; NOT TO LEAVE DISTRICT
Must Stay and Face Limited Di
vorce Suit Filed by
Wife.
Declaring that her husband. Quince
E. Sanderson, who v. as twice brought
back to Washington after indictment
for non-support, once frotn Hono.ulu
and once from Tampa, Fla.. has again
threatened to leave the District of
1 Columbia to avoid paying her ali
I monv. Mrs Ivy M. Sanderson today
asked the District Supreme Court to
, put her husband under bond to stay
; in Washington until the disposition
I of a suit for a limited divorce filed
| by her.
Justice Bailey issued an order di
recting I'nited States Marshal Splain
to take the huvhaml into custody and
to require a bond of *::00 for his
stay in Washington.
The Sandersons were married in
June. 1S97, and have three children.
Desertion and non-support are al
leged. Sanderson escaped prosecu
tion In the criminal cases by prom
ising to support his family and was
placc-U on probation.
J
DECLARES LODGE
TREATY CHANGES'
MUST BE REV ISED
(Continued from First Page. )
1 domestic matter, and Italy might ^on
strue the iume issue as purely do
mestic because Italians live theret All
the advantages which the frier* Is ot
Ireland were to T?e piven under a? rticie
i eleven of the covenant, which pel "nuts
> the councii-of the league "to cons: id er
anything* that disturbs friendly rela
tion would be swept aside by the e,pe"
ciflc exclusion of "domestic affair: i.
Indeed, any nation could simplS' in
voke this, article and exclude que; ition
after question from the domain o c in
ternational conference. This rece
tion might not be so invoked by the
United States, but it would most as
suredly be invoked by certain gov
ments in Kurope. The purpose w bach.
the senators have in mind name! jr to
exclude immigration and the t anff
i from the consideration of the leag lie-?
J can be accomplished by a simple
I ervation stating that questions w hich
| have hitherto been regarded uni ver
} sally as domestic under international
! law shall not be subject to the con
sideration of the league of nations.
Reservation six pertains to the Hon*
roe' doctrine. Foreign governments
will hardly object to this, as it al ways
was an American doctrine.
Reservation seven withholds imer
ica's consent from the Shantunj ? 8?J*"
tleinent While this is a commendable
object, su h a reservation doesn t help
China. The Senate could help .China
by insisting that it will withhold its
consent until Japan ha* fulfil ied the
promises she made in Phris, namely,
to return Kiachow to China. More
over. if the preamble is unmodified,
i then Croat l'.ritain and .France and
1 Italy wi!l hesitate to go >n record as
! permitting America! to dissent be
cause an affirmative e* uression on
tlieir part' might be. cons dered an af
front to Japan, with whom they have
a treaty covering the Si lantung set
ri'ement. The powers would be re
lieved of this embarrassment if the
preamble simply left it to them to ac
quiescence within a speci lied time.
.Seen as Restricting ? Citizens.
Res ervation S would gi ve Congress
a vol-e in selecting the personnel of
American representation on all commis
sions o r bodies that may b e created by
the Va,Tue of nations. Th is is not ob
jectionable. but the last pa ragraph goes
011 to /orbid any Ame rican citizen
from ser vit.g on an interr ational com
miss'on without the appi uval of the
Senate. This would preve it Americans
from sitting as arbitrators or mediators
in disputes in which our government is
rot at all concerned, but in which the
dis'nterested judgment of n ten like Elihu
Hoot William Howard T Bit or other
i,,d"\iduals m-ght be sougj it by foreign
countries ill an effort to jn B-intain peace
between tln tnseives. The re is grave
Uoubt whether Congress I ns the right
under the Constitution to interfere
with the freedom of actit m of Ameri
can citizens in this conn jction.
Reservation nine woui d give Con
gress a voice in the acts of the repa
ration commission. Many in admin
istration quarters rega id this as
weakening An-erica's powe r, but this is
a moot question, and time alone can
answer it: In its present form this
reservation cannot be regarded as
one on which friends o f the treaty
could afford to take a s (and against
th- adoption of the who ie treaty.
Reservation ten relates to expenses,
and is not objectionable.
Viewed as Permitting Arming.
reservation eleven is vi fweda* giv
ing any nation the rigl U to refuse
to disarm, because they can all con
tend that they are "thr* atened with
invasion." which was Germany's ar
gument for many years concerning
Francis. This might be modified, to
permit a nation to increase its arma
ment only after dip'omatic rent'ons
have been broken with an unfriendly
nation or when engaged in war.
Reservation twelve is a reasonable
interpretation of that article of the
covenant which relates to the right
of aliens in the United States to car
ry on trat'.e with persons in this coun
t-v or abroad exclusive ot' the particu
lar localities which ar>> being sub
jected to an economic boycott.
ReservatiiOi. 13 isviewed by lawyers
in the adm inistratioi* as a "joker"
that gives American citlsens a blan
ket right to remain unaffected legally
bv any of the provisions of the peace
tre-ity It was intended to permit re
opening of cases wherein the alien
property custodian jeized property
partly owned by Germans and partly
bv American citliens. But' it has not
been carefully drawn and may give
rise to years of dispute and litiga
tion. .
Reservation 14 would prevent Amer
ica from participating in the Interna
tional labor conferences unless Con
gress agre.-d by act or joint resolu
tion This is another reservation to
w hich much amiunent can ba directed
by both sides, but it would not be held
as nullifying the treaty if adopted.
Might Offend British Colonies.
Reservation IS. which endeavors to
put on record President Wilson's
construction of what the six votes- of
Great Britain mean in the assembly
of the league, is not in Itself objec
tionable. though it may offend the
British colonies. It is hardly likely
that Great Britain would refuse to
accept the reservation, however.
! Many changes can be made which
?do not affect the purpose ot the re
i publicans, who want to see American
j interests safeguarded by reserva
i tions, and these can be made accept
able to the democrats. Within the
! next few days such a compromise can
and will be worked out.
(Copyright, 1919.)
HAND GRENADES THROWN
AT ADMIRAL KOLCHAK
Attempt to Kill Him Results in
Death of Six Soldiers?Beds
Report Successes.
LONDON". November 19.?An ..t
tempt to assassinate Admiral Kol
chak, head of the all-Russian govern
ment which up until recently main
tained its capital at Omsk, is report
ed in a wireless dispatch receivert
here from Moscow. Hand grenades
were thrown at him. Six soldiers
were killed and twelve wounded.
The capture of Karak, south of
Orel, is reported in the dispatch. In
capturing Tobolsk. Ishim. Zukalinsk.
Petropavlovsk, Koktzhetoff and Omsk,
the dispatch asserts, the bolsheviki
took 28,000 prisoners, including 1,000
officers.
The foregoing soviet report regard
ing Admiral Kolchak is almost Identi
cal with one mentioned in a press dis
patch from London September 23,
? quoting a wireless telegram from
I Moscow. The September report had it
that in an attempt to assassinate Kol
chak a bomb was thrown into a
guardroom, killing six and injuring
twelve soldiers.
j National Grange Heart Reports.
I GRAND RAPIDS. Mich., November
j 19.?Reports of special committees of
| the National Grange occupied all of
j today's session of the annual oonven
| tion. A1I of the meetings ware held
1 behind closed doors. An effort was to
I be made to clear up much of the re-'
, mainlng business in preparation for
adjournment Friday.
Mark Fisher Honored.
I.ONDON, November 18.?Mark
Fisher, the artist, formerly of Boston,
has been elected a member of tbo
Royal Academy. He was elected an
associate of the Royal Academy in
1911.
Courthouse in Ireland Burns.
CORK. November 18.?The Uscar
rol courthouse was burned to the
ground Sunday. It is believed to have
been a case of incendlartsa.
LODGE RESOLUTION TO RA TIFY
TREATY. WITH RESERVATIONS
The I.,odge resolution of ratification
of the peace treaty, with fifteen res
ervations. adopted by the Senate in
committee of the whole follows:
Resolved (two-thirds of the sen
ators present concurring therein).
That the Senate do advise and con
sent to the ratification of the treaty
of peace with Germany concluded
at Versailles on the 2Sth day of
June. 1919, subject to the follow
ing reservations, understandings
and interpretations which shall be
made a part of the instrument of
ratification, etc.
1. The reservations and under
standings adopted by the Senate
are to be made a part and a condi
tion of the resolution of ratifica
tion, which ratification is not to
take effect or bind tin- United
States until the said reservations
and understandings adopted by the
Senate have been accepted by an
exchange u; notes as a part and a
j condit.on of said resolution of rati
fication by at least three of the
four principal allied and associat
ed gowers. to wit: Great l'.ritain,
France, Italy and Japan.
Construes Article I.
2. The United States so under
stands and construes-article I that
in case of notice of withdrawal
from the league of nations as pro
vided in said article, the United
States shall be the sole judge as
to whether all its international ob
ligations and all its obligations
under the said covenant have been
fulfilled,.and nntl-'e of withdrawal
by the United States may be given
by a concurrent resolution, of the
Congress of the United States.
3. Th? United States assumes no
obligation to preserve the territorial
Integrity or political independence
of any other country or to in erfere
In controversies between nations?
whether members of the league or
not?under the provisions of article
10, or to employ the military or
naval forces of the United States
under any article of the treaty for
any purpose, unless in any partic
ular case the Congress, which, un
der the Constitution, has the sole
power to declare war or authorize
the employment of the military or
naval forces of the United States,
shall by act or joint resolution so
provide.
4. No mandate shall be accepted
by the United States under article
22, part 1, or any other provision of
the treaty of peace with Germany,
except by action of the Congress of
the United States.
Domestic Jurisdiction.
5k The United States reserves to
itself exclusively the riffht to decide
what questions are within its domes
tic jurisdiction and declares th.it all
domestic and political questions re
lating wholly or in part to its in
ternal affairs, including immigration,
labor, coastwise traffic, the tariff,
commerce, the suppression of traffic
In women and children and in opium
and o.her dangerous druns. and nil
other domestic questions, are solely
within the Jurisdiction of the United
Stat?s and are not under this treaty
to be submitted in any way ? ith.-r to
arbitration or to the consideration of
the council or of the assembly of the
league of nations, or any agency
thereof, or to the derision or recom
mendation of any other power.
6. The United States will not sub
mit to arbitration pr to inquiry by
the assembly or hf the council of
the league of nations, provided for
in said treaty of tyeace, any ques
tions which in the Judgment of the
United States depend upon or re
late to its long established policy
ooirrmonly known ;is the Monroe
doctrine: said doctrine is to be in
terpreted by the United States
alone and is hereby declared to be
wholly o.utside the jurisdiction of
said league of nations and entirely
unaffected by any provision con
tained in the said treaty of peace
with Germany.
7. The United States withholds its
assent to articles IS6, 157 and 15S
and reserves full liberty of action
with respect to any controversy
which may arise under said articles
between the republic of China and
the empire of Japan.
Provision for U. S. Representation.
8. The Congress of the United
States will provide by law for the
appointment of the representatives
of the United States in the assem
bly and the council of 'he len^'n1 of
nations and may in its discretion
provide for the participation of the
United States in any commission,
committee, tribunal, court, council
or conference, or in the selection
of any members thereof and for
the appointment of members of
s"com" ;ss ons, committees, tri
bunal*. courts, councils or confer
ences, or any other representatives
under the treaty of peace, or in
carrying out its provisions, and
until such participation and ap
pointment ha-ve been so provided
for and the powers and duties of
sach representatives have been de
fined by law, no person shall repre
sent the United States under either
said league of nations or the treaty
of peace with Germany or l>e
authorized to perform any act for
or on behalf of the United States
' thereunder and no citizen of the
United States shall be selected or
appointed as a member of said
commissions, committees, tribunals,
courts, councils or conferences, ex
cept with the approval of the Sen
ate of the United States.
9. The United States understands
that the reparation commission will
regulate or interfere with exports
from the United States to Ger
many, or from Germany to the
United States, only when the
United States by act or joint reso
lution of Congress approves such
regulation or interference.
Question of Expense.
10. The United Staffs shall not
h?* obligated to contribute to any
expenses of the league of nations.
or of (he secretariat, or of any com
mission, or committee, or confer
ence, or other agency, organized
under the league of nations or un
der the treaty or for the purpose
of carrying out the treaty provi
sions. unless and until an appro
priat.on of funds available for
KUeh expenses shall have been made
by the Congress of the United
States.
11. If the Uryted States shall at
any time adopt any plan for the
limitation of armaments proposed
by the council of the league of na
tions under the provisions of arti
cle S. it reserves the right to in
crease such armaments without the
consent of the council whenever
the I'nited States is threatened
with invasion or engaged in war.
12. The United States reserves
the rijcht to permit, in its discre
tion. the nationals of a covenant
breaking state, as defined in ar
ticle 16 of the covenant of the
league of nations, residing within
the I'nited States or in countries
other than that violating said ar
ticle lti. to continue tlieir commer
cial. financial and personal rela
tions with the nationals of the
United States.
13. Nothing in articles 29B. 297,
or in :.ny of the annexes thereto
or in any other article, section or
annex of the treaty of peace with
Germany shall, as auainst citi
zens of the I'nited States, be taken
to mean any confirmation, ratifica
tion or approval of any act other
wise illegal or in contravention
j of the rights of citizens of the
I United States
I W ithhold* Axurnt to Part XIII.
j 11. The United States withholds
; its ass nt I ,
387 to 4l7. inclusive) unh-w Con
gress by act or joint resolution
shall hereafter make provision for
representation in the organization
est >? i d '1
in such event the participation of
the United States will be governed
and conditioned by the provisions
of such act or joint resolution.
15. The United States assume*
no obligation to be bound by any
d'c's'on, report or finding of the
council or assembly in which any
member of the leaerue and i's self
governing dominions, colonies or
parts of empire ;n the aggregate
have cast more than one vote, and
assumes no obligation to be bound
by any decision, report sr finding
of the council or assembly arising
out of any dispute between the
I'nited States and any member of
i the league if such member, or any
j self-governing dominion, colony,
empire <>r part of empire united
witlt it politically has voted.
ARREST OF JENKINS
REPORTED ORDERED
Statement Denied,. However, That
He Was Not Allowed to
Leave Puebla.
MEXICO C1TT. Tuesday. November
18.?A formal order for the imprison
ment of William O. Jenkins, United
I States consular agent at Puebla, on
charges of having made false declara
| tions and threats against peons in
case they testified they saw him at
his hacienda in company with Frede
rico Cordova, the bandit chieftain, wa?
i issued today by Criminal Judge Gon
zales Franco at Puebla, according to
advices received from that city. Jen
kins, however, k? not yet in jail and,
i in a statement to the press, asserts
it is untrue that he is not allowed to
leave the city.
; The exact legal status of the Jen
kins affair is obscure, as apparently
he is under arrest, but is free in the
city of I'uebla without bail. The next
move in the case evidently devolves
upon the officials there, as Jenkins has
given his word he will be present in
court when needed.
Assertion is made at the foreign
office here that no formal note has
been received from the United States
demanding the release of Jenkins,
although it is known that representa
tions have been made to the Mexican
government regarding fcis "molesta
tion." Charges against Jenkins thus
far seem to he based on testimony of
peons who allege they saw him in
company with Cordova, but newspa
pers publish storlew to the effect that
there was coercion on both sides,
which will probably be developed if
Jenkins succeeds in securing a formal
trial on allegations that he conspired
with tlie bandit chieftain for his own
abduction.
The acting minister of foreign af
fairs at Mexico City has informed the
American embassy that the state au
thorities at Puebla had been instruct
ed not to molest William O. Jenkins,
the American consular agent, who re
cently was arrested on charges of col
lusion in connection with the kidnap
ing by bandits Jenkins was released
after his arrest, but restricted to his
home.
WlkL HOLD TESTS SOON
FOR REVENUE INSPECTORS
Plans of the government to build
up its prohibition enforcement ma
chinery are well under way. An an
nouncement today by John F. Kra
mer, prohibition commissioner, said
examinations for field revenue inspec
tion service of the enforcement staff
soon will be held. Appointments will
be made through the civil service.
LUMP SUM WAGE
APPROPRIATIONS
ARE FAVORED
(Continued from First Page.)
'plj1!!80, ^ ^erurrd in (he- upper
??,?' '\r?niotions can be provided
fnrn.r, IS in,l)<#ss*ble. however, to
wh(J_ e a year or more in advance
'in,! 1 promotions are most nevded
' whit Vo'8 al?? impossible to foresee
! reHiirniti?? r?ar<? to occur by
i that it cnce il oftcn happens
' m'ikP fh'H or impossible to
.Teiervi.V* pr,onTO?'o?? that are most
to* maid' an<I one 18 obl'gp<l instead
is dt^T?.. a* can he That
Iv on '-annot be made strict -
to L 1 must be determined
miv hn^e oxLent '?>* accident. It
" th;lt two men of the
promotion J1"' ,H|,la|ly deserving of
varanrv r> there- is only one
v^Sncv'i, t^ap? ,he npxt higher
arv Th above the jfiven sal
give* eaTh%?i!i ?ct.io" would l>e to
With st-ifii*" ' fut 's impossible
cannot be r-y, Kalar.it>K- aK ltl(* salaries
Siven S4flA Ranged. <>no must be
or else neither nl llw nothing-,
position I ?, Pr,"noted and the
appointee frn V!U'a"L or filled ?>' **
"Such tuitr^ ?1lt8|de the bureau.
arise wherL ^^ "'tuations often
but do no, statutory salaries prevail.
Where ah.,-"" a. lumP ?um i'asm!
?r not :5 ,|| r?u ls f>'r"wing slowly
promotion.?!!. !hl>re ar,> vacancies for
at the ton r "f resignations occur
bv Oon-rV ??lar,et! ?? increased
due to den?? v*oanciee at the top
provide n^ ^T usua-llv too Blow to
the"! Tr"" hC ^.Pon!'^d"
iarS a-as
rf ?S,s
, sassyia '??"
r?hi^ chief chemist, chief eterk
retaryn'^taH-a,i- ?hi,ef
Jo on^ear ill" """onsT^ueZft
apssE
are transferred*8??' 3?/T",t,meR they
where th can b?? J r. Positions
>nfrequent, howeve^and' 1 h "1"VeJy
because the bure-a.ii Jhi2r partly
instructed not to frfr,^/"*0 often
in salary HnrL',!*?. ? increases
encouraged /~ur*alJ chief* should be
^ K,S;
and equalization^? Promotions
made for lumn =L Ianes! :u"e
for statutory employes "whci^** th'lnd
are vacancies. Xeverrheless^?ii
^r::^a'?r discontlnuing st^tul
"5:. S,"?rml'lr' "<????ory Vanudnt
not be filled Tt, c,JL they can
cannot be im^i fh cases the money
or purpose"lfu\ reverts 'to^fh D^Ui?"
under^"uVe3 tSfln,,St7U,Ve ?S
xK3t-5?ass
service to have m?-h hurts the
they never do cas? ^ur. and
sum plan? OCCur under * lump
VfZtZZ**?"*"? 0t SttrtWory
('ori^mtionC?" mpToyi'np thfhPa prJvate
iT^r^r
conduct o^th^U'rfTt0' efflCiC"t
iV^hrd^^srre^rthi0^^^'
'h*' I ' if'"qi^n t i ty* ^ 5^^t l( "
number of such di*rn,7^. J?Ly" As the
I wor'kCmor? of?"^ fto moTth!?fhe
l^d ea?
qualities to the6 saTar^fe^!11 ofthese
piojres lacking them In th> o em
i?aisCOnHUCt of some "Pt-cfal wo?km!t
S Jnot advisable to promote
the understudy for a na?*?^..i profvole
Of work to thi salaryDvarSarb,P,f^
i thi'ri ?i 'he division or section whe^l
I there is a wide range in salaries Thm
promotion should not he made ?n
the successor to the section nhio?? U
shown his ability. Tet ^jfWer a ^tatu
j tory system, it would often be neces
I sary to promote the understudy to the
l chief s position or leave the nosi
? tion vacant. Emergency work or work
in an overburdened section cannot be
' act pf o7VKeraU8t0f,the sP^i"l char!
iunv work, for which men in
8'ction are not properly
qualifled and even when so qualified
o^rlr ass,*"rnont to the overburdened
section will usually mean embarra6s
wh^V .K work *?f the action from
which they are taken.
Mill** I'osltlons sf Sprdal Cbar
artrri
"Probably never before has the
overwhelming importance of the per
sonal equation been so fuljy recotr
niKe?..ts 11 is today. One man makes
a brilliant success where another has
failed totally, although havin* the
same advantages at his disposal- an
other. surrounded by every advantage
which could reasonably be expected
permits the decay and dissolution of
LARGEST MAIL-CARRYING AIRPLANE IN WORLD.
Glut HiiMi fiOO horsepower tvln-Mwhie machine, whieh arrived here yeatrrday with 1.10? potsin of mIL
The doora at the front of the fiiil(|? are designed to drop has* of nil from the machine while in flight.
i t
great business built up by a pred
f &c?88or under the most adverse condi
tions. The reason for the success on
the. one hand and the failure on the
otllfcT is directly due to the man in
volved. Therefore, people universal
ly reA'Siize the importance of secur
ing and retaining the services of the
right anil no commercial organi
zation w<x'ld consider depriving itself
of the pox* er to pay a larger salary
than usual in order to obtain til
services ->f t fv > right man for a par
ticular line <>??' work. Therefore, ef
the head of a bureau is authorized to
make certain investigations whirn re
quired a man oi* \uusunl tal*int. who
could not be obtairl?.d for the salary
fixed by law he would lose the oppor
tunity of obtaining tfoK? man; wheie-.
as if some elasticity is provided the
services of the best man could be se
cured.
"S. OhfertiMM t? i.ubp Kufc-ds:
"Statutory salaries present so many
difficulties and disadvantages that in
I some bureaus lump funds are ill vogue,
much more than statutory funds, and
in some almost entirely. One of the
principal objections to lump funds
has been that the various bureaus aft
enabled to tlx salaries without con
j forming to a common .scaie, and con
? siderable inequalities arise. It is true
| that the character and quality of the
Iwork varies in different cases: and
the salary scales perhaps vary less
i than they appear to do. Hut it must
be granted that there are differences
for men of the same qualifications and
responsibilities, and if proper co-or
dination and standardization of posi
tions and salaries had been carried
into effect, the objections to lump
sum salaries /would have been less
felt.
"Another objection to lump funds
has been that men could be trans-,
ferrrd to them at higher salaries thayl
they are getting <\i statutoryxo*<s.
This was so stronger felt thjjrfit led
to legislation forbidaine?Hrfs. How
ever. we bejieve that difficulty arises
primarily from the fact that because
promotions were impossible on stat
utory funds it was sought to do jus
tice to men in the only way possi
ble. Thus the legislation resulted in
either driving men out of the serv
ice or depriving them of promotions
to which they were entitled. It may
be in some cases that men have been
promoted who did not deservo it. Hut
that can happen under cither plan.
"Certainly the advantages of a
i lump-sum plan are very great, and if
its principal disadvantages can be
eliminated statutory salaries could be
largely or entirely dispensed with, to
the lasting benefi. . tha government
service. '
?*?. A Standardized Peritonei I
"The congressional reclassification
commission is engaged In classifying
all government positions In tne Dis
trict of Columbia and proposes to
make out a system of standardized
titles with the duties and qualifica
tions for each. A range of salaries
for these various positions will pre
sumably be suggested. If Congress
adopts the report and fixes the
salaries, it will be setting very definite
restrictions and giving very definite
instructions to the bureaus in making
appointments and promotions. If
funds are provided to the various
bureaus for their work in accordance
with some kind of a budget, in which
the work to be done is described and
the money to be spent is estimated,
together with an approximate list of
positions of various grades that it is
expected to fill, then the bureaus will
be free to spend the money as efficient
ly as possible and not be tied up by
fixed numbers of fixed salaries as
under the present statutory system,
nor left as free from restrictions as
to salaries as under the present lump
fund system. The disadvantages of
each plan will largely be done away
with and the best features of each
preserved. It will, of course, be
necessary under this plan that the
permanency and stability of statutory
places be secured for the permanent
positions in a bureau. Tt will also
be necessary to have some sort of
effective supervision of promotions,
such as the Civil Service Commission
gives to appointments, to see that the
scheme of standardized salaries is fol
lowed. that exceptions or special cases
are justified, and that the interpreta
tions of the terms expressing the
duties and qualifications of the
various positions are substantially
? uniform in the different bureaus and
departments of the government."
I "10. Promotions Fnder the \en Sys
tem;
"How promotions shall be made un
der the new -system has not yet been
decided. It is verv imnortant that
^hey be made according to merit, rap
idly for tlioa* who develon ranidly,
?slowly for those who progress slowly.
Any system which makes it impos
sible to promote men and women ac
cording to merit cannot be satisfac
tory or right. Automatic promotions
which put all in one class and offer
no incentive to industry and effort
are of course out of the question. On
the other hand, if there is no auto
matic promotion tbere should be pro
vision for systematic revision of sal
aries and frequent promotions for all
who deserve them. Some method of
recording the quantity a-id quality of
work done and the responsibilities
carried would seem to be necessary
for all grades of the service. If this
can be provided and the range of sal
aries sneeilled can be made adequate
and sufficiently flexible in some way
so that they can be maintained com
parable with salaries outside the gov
ernment service, it ought to be pos
sible to maintain a high grade of
personnel and to conduct the govern
ment efficiently on a business basis.
"11. Snpervlwlon of the Syatem:
"The Civil Service Coi.imission. if
enlarged and strengthened, could ef
fectively perform this function of su
pervising promotions and transfers as
they now do and see that the stand
ardized system of titles and salaries
is followed. It would be desiraol
to have a representative of the Civil
Service Commission permanently de
tailed to each one of the large bu
reaus to co-operate with the chief
clerk or appointment division in mat
ters of appointments and promotions.
Other representatives of the Civil
Service Commission could go about
among the smaller bureaus giving as
sistance where needed and seeing that
there is satisfactory compliance with
the system established by Congress.
This will give Congress more ade
quate control over salaries and po^i.
tions than heretofore, without unduly
embarrassing the bureaus in carrying
on their work."
FIREMEN'S INCREASE
GOES WITHOUT ACTION
Senator Calder Says He Will Uss
Every Effort to Push Bill at
Next Session.
While the legislative jam. due to
consideration of the peace treaty, haa
made it imiJossiMe to get final action
on the Nil to increase the pay of the
[firemen of the District of Columbia,',
! it is expected that the bill will go '
through soon after the regular ses- :
j sion of Congress opens December t.
Senator Calder of New York, in charge
|of the bill, madtt the following stale- i
ment:
I "With the House of Representatives
contemplating adjournment, and the
Senate concentrating its every effort
on the peace treaty, it may be found
impossible to pass the firemen's salary
bill before the end of the present ses>- ,
1 sion.
"This will only mean putting It off,
however, for a few wee4'8 The sti'i
eommittee of the committee on tha.
District of Columbia and the full com
mlttee Itself are favorable to the
measure, and in my Judgment there is
no possible doubt of lot being passed
In the very near future.
"Personally, I shall take advantage
of every opportunity to advance the i
bill."
Church Abolishes Collection Plate.
GASTONIA. X. C:, November 19.?
The time-honored collection plate
will be abolished by thn Main Street
Methodist Church on the iast Sun
day in this month and In its place
boxes wll lbe installed at thn church
entrance where members and others
may make their free wilt offerings be
fore or after the services.
Provisional Increase Granted
by I. C. C. in Fare Rate on
Maryland Lines.
The Interstate Commerce Commis
sion today granted the Washington
Railway and Electric Company and its
subsidiary companies, the Washing
ton and Rockville Railway Company,
the City and Suburban Company and
the Washington Interurban Company
a Hat increase in cash fare of 1 carttl
per zone per passenger in Maryland,
a.'; asked for by the companyjrffa pe
tition sent to the commimn threft
wee ks ago. The new fare f are effec
tive December 1, 1?19.
Proriso in Ord^r.
The otvler of the rft^rniswiow pro -
vided. h^vever,Hi at Fuch increased
fares/rfnd charges be limited to expire
I Majr I, 192V. and that tariff provis'.on
' f made hy 'he company so that on
r id after May t. 1920, fares not in ex
?ess of those in offect November 30.
919, applicable to interstate traffic
shall automatically become effective.
The commission also ordered that the
company shall file tariffs with the
commission containing a rule maklr.ir
the increased interstate fares appli
cable from and to all points in th<
District of Columbia on the lines of
the Washington Ra.ilwav and Electric
Company, including: the transfer priv
ilege.
Officers of the company stated in
their petition and in the course of a
hearing before the fifteenth section
board of the commission that the sob
object of their petition was to in
crease monthly commutation rates in
Maryland to include the increase
granted by the order of the Ptibli<
Utilities Commission of the District
raising cash fare in the District to 7
cents.
Bates of Fare Fixed.
The order fixes until May L 1920, a,
rate of fare of 14 cents one way be
tween Cabin John Bridge, Ml. an<l
Washington, or one District car ticket
and 7 cents cash and raises the price
of commutation books between thu
two points mentioned to $4.71. Be
tween Washington and Rlverdalo.
Md.. on the lines of the City and Su
burban railway the same cash far
will ho applicable and commutation
books will cost the same. Commuta
tion books, containing ? twenty-six
trip tickets, will be sold at Berwyn
for $6.14: to Beltsville, for J7.C5; to
Contee, for $8.55, and to Laurel, for
$9.15. An increase of one cent pe
zone per passenger on this line is
granted, as on the lines of the othei*
| roads named in the petition.
I Commutation, books on the Wash
ington and Rockville. Company be
tween Washington and Alta Vista.
Md.. will be sold for $4 46; to switch
No. 4, for $5.68, to Montrose for $<.89,
and to Rockville for $8.11. The same
cash fare increases are granted on
the Forest Glen line per zone as are al
lowed on the other Maryland lines of
the company. Monthly commutation
books of twenty-six round-trip tick
ets will be sold to Forest Glen for
$4.71. Monthly commutation books on
the line of the Washington Interurban
Railway Company to East Rivera ale
will be sold at $4.71. and to Bast Ber
wyn at $6.14. Transfers will be Issued
at 15th and H streets northeast, for
all lines of the company to passengers
coming into the city.
Files New Tariffs in Maryland.
New tariffs in Maryland, amending
the order of the commission today,
have been filed with thepublic utili
ties commission of Maryland by the
company.
PRESIDENT, IN LETTER,
ASKS DEFEAT OF LODGE
RATIFYING RESOLUTION
(Continued from First Page.)
of those present predicted that a
working agreement based on a com
bination of the Hitchcock and Me
Cumber proposals, modifying the com
mittee reservations, could be reached.
Although the democrats' stand was
I declared in republican quarters to
have diminished the chances of a com
? promise, it was learned that a pro
posal to modify the preamble reser
vation of the committee so that tho
reservations would not have to have
i affirmative acceptance by the other
! powers had been under serious cot, -
sideration by the republican leaders.
It was understood that the republi
cans had manifested a willingness to
insert a proviso by which the reser
vations could be accepted by the other
powers by their merely "not object
ing" to them.
Lodge Asks Ipunediate Vote.
At the outset of the Senate's deliber
ations Senator Lodge asked unani
mous consent for an immediate vote
on unqualified ratification. Adminis
tration IxJader Hitchcock said tt*?
democrats preferred to wait until the
Lodge resolution had been voted on.
Mr Hitchcock said: "It is the <?n
census of opinion of membere on th.s
side that it would bo inad\ isable to
take a vote on a resolution of un
qualified ratification while senator*
; are still bound by pledges U> vote for
! the majority resolution.
"Of course, if the senator from -?f'
1 braska objects," replied Senator
Lodge, "I Will withdraw my requebt
for unanimous consent. But I can as
sure the senator that there have been
no pledges given, but that the sen
ators on this side have given rree. un
dictated votes. I predict that*^l
not be modified by any happening
now."
Hoke Smith Gives Support.
As Senator Lodge resumed his sea'^
there were calls of "Vote, vote.
Senator Hoke Smith of Georgia, how
ever, obtained the floor and declared
his intention to support the Lodg? res
olution. of ratification.
He said that, while the reservations
did not entirely suit him. "the treaty
with these reservations is vatJtly bet
ter than the treaty without them. I
have no difficulty in reaching a de
cision as to how I shall vote.
Knox Still ''Irreconcilable."
Senator Knox of Pennsylvania, a.
republican member of the foreign re
lations committee, but one of the
"Irreconcilables" then announced that
he would vote against the Lodge reso
lution, because he was opposed to the
treaty even as modified by the reser
vations adopted by the Seiiat<*.
"I have supported the reservation
attached to this resolution. ' said Sen
ator Knox, -but 1 intend to vou
against the resolution. I supl>^t^
the reservations because 1 wanted t
make the treaty as little obnoxious ,*?
our country and to our constitution
as possible. While the
have helped to some extent. 1 an ?tm
opposed to the treaty. .. K-1
"f think that a senator wouldbe
Justified in basin* his J?1*.,
this treaty on the ground th*? tr &?
supported It he would be e?w?mtog
a deliberate perjury to tb? oatBi
took to support the C<>nyltutioo_ot
the United States: he would b*
ing a seat of honor in the Senate to
a seat of dishonor."
Lodge Beads Wilson Letter.
Senator Lodge then had read to tl. j
Senate the letter of the President
made public today by Senator HLtefc
cock, urging the JL*i'
against the Lodge resolution efrmt
Beat ion. At the conclusion oflthe
readtng Senator Lodge MH, "W
m rii l is superfluous.

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