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Closing New York Stocks, Page 27.
No. 27,f>15. WASHINGTON, WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION Yesterday's Net Circulation, 95,850 WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1919-THIRTY-TWO PAGES. TWO CENTS. Secretary Glass Suggests Economic Policy to Facili tate War Debt Repayment. j Congress is advised to deny "every ; appropriation for expenditure In new , fields" in the annual report of Sec- j retary (5.ass of the Treasury Depart- : ment. made public today, and he sug gests the sanif policy should continue urtil the government has its sinking fund well under way and repayment of the war debt satisfactorily begun. The Secretary says that no ap- j preciable reduction of taxes in the j next fiscal year is to be thought of. as government receipts must be kept at their present figure in order to bring government borrowing to an end. 1 rce.i Rigid Eeonomj. Facing expenditures estimated at S">.629.4S6,3ri3 for the vear ending June , 1020. and S4.4T3.C9H.3SS for the j year ending June 30, 1921. the gov- ! ernment must enforce rigid economy, | Mr. Glass declared. He placed the | deficit for the current year at $3, 9f'5.0tro.0(i0 and for the year ending ] June 30. 1921, at approximately $2, 005.000.000. Mr. Glass charged that excessive government expenditures were "the ?most vital factors" in increasing the cost of living, and argued that it was urgently necessary to keep down public expenses for this reason as we'll as because of the drain on the | taxpayers. Revenue Inn Revision. The present revenue laws need re- ! vising to meet new conditions, he said. He referred particularly to the ! excess profits tax laws, whicli he de- j scribed as being "objectionable, even as a war-time expedient." It would be still more objectionable in peace j time, he added. "Less harmful forms" ; of deriving funds for the government should he employed, the Secretary i said, adding that the excess profits tax had been responsible for much . of the increase in living costs be- j cause it had been passed on to the consumer. Increased Living roils. "It encourages wasteful expendi tures. puts a premium on overcapi- I taliiation and a penalty on brains," | the Secretary continued. "It discourages new ventures and new enterprises and establishes old ventures ? in their monopolies. In many instances it acts as a consump tion tax, is added to the cost of pro duction. upon which profits are fig ured. determining prices. It has been and will, so long as it remains on the statute books, continue to be a ma terial factor in the increased cost of living." In this connection Mr. Glass also urged redrafting of the revenue laws to prevent the evasion of federal (taxes through the investment of wealth in the obligations of states and municipalities. He said laws should be enacted which would com > pel the reporting of such incomes, although they are wholly tax exempt, and that that sum. with other income of an individual, should be computed as the basis for assessing federal taxes on the amount derived from taxable sources. Relations 'With Europe. Relations between conditions in Eu rope and those in the United States were discussed also by Mr. Glass. He said that undoubtedly there was a very great need in Europe for finan- ; cial assistance, but that the situation i had been much exaggerated. 'TVs must all feel deep sympathy i for Europe today." he said, "but we I must not allow our sympathy to warp , our judgment and by exaggerating : European financial needs make them ; more difficult to fill. ? ? ? The i problem of financing Europe belongs largely to the exporter, because in dustries cannot be reopened without raw stocks. Government financial as sistance in the past and talk of fu ture government or bankine aid to finance exports have apparently led our industrial concerns to the erro neous expectation that their war profits, based lareelv on exports, will j continue indefinitely without any i risk on their part. To them will fall the profits of exports, and upon them will fall the consequences of failure to make the exports." Treasury to Continue Policy. The Treasury will continue its pol- ' ey. in effect since the armistice, to restore private initiative and remove ' Governmental control and interference ' with respect to the nation's foreign trade. Mr. Glass said. Only through! 1 his means, he argued, could ai "healthy economic life be gained." He i i, added that removal of any influence j by the government should provide the ? incentive for American commerce to j so into the world markets and estab- I lish itself. Ratifica'ion of the peace treaty will measurably stimulate ex- j port trade. Mr. Glass declared be- \ cause operation of the pact would eliminate numerous political risks and provide a surer investmert basis. Red Tape Justified. Closely related to any activities of the government in foreign trade is the subject of incorporated KQj'ern rmnt agencies, withdrawal of which Mr. Glass strongly uretd. He said their "manifest weaknesses" > were proof sufficient that such ar- ; rar.gements were not happy ones for the government nor for the persons . charged with administration of the corporations While not saying that any of the agencies created during the emergencies of war had been guilty of wastefulness, Mr. Glass pointed out that there was no objec tive. such as business profits, to hold expenditures down. On the other hand, officers managing the agencies operate on a capital for which there is no ! accountability or check and always have access to more funds if a real need exists. Cases where government i fund* are employed semi-independent !v. Mr Class declared "larqrelySusti fied government red tape in account- j ing." ? VICE PRESIDENT GIVES TREATY TO ALMA MATER of the treaty of Ver ?? i'les which was used by Vice Presi c -;it Marshall while he presided over i;>v- long ratification debate was sent wday to Wabash College. at Craw fordsville. Ind., of which Mr. Marshall h .t graduate and trustee. Somewhat the worse for wear and Waring many marginal penciling, the document had been rebound in leather nd was presented by the Vice Presi dent to his alma mater for preserva tion in the college archives. Walkout Causes Paper's Suspension ANACONDA, Mont.. December 3.? The Anaconda Standard, one of the oldest daily newspapers in Montana, in a statement last night announced its sil^pension due to a walkout of all but three printerw over a wage dispute. The statement declared this ijiorning's issue much curtailed would i,e the last for the present. The state ment says the walkout was in dijsre gard of instructions of the district representatives of the International Typographical Vnion and that the r-iopension is temporary. DUTCH MINISTER ILL, SONS CROSS OCEAN ON FREIGHTER Sun-browned and hardened by the exposure of having" shipped as common sailors on a freighter, in order to reach the bedside of their father, two sons of Minister Theor dore Cremer of the Netherlands ar rived in Washington yesterday. The young inen, Marx and Fries, both in the early twenties, were notified two weeks ago of the seri ous illness of their father, who was about to be operated upon for stomach trouble at that time. Be ing unable to secure passage on a liner, they signed as common sjiilors on the fast freighter Maadijk in order to reach Washington as soon Undercurrent in Congress Is j Toward Consideration of Present Unrest. BY DAVID LAWRENCE. Congress took the Wilson message, as usual, with an outward show of scorn, indifference and even captious ? doubt as to the true authorship of the ( document, but with an inward recog- i nition of certain fundamental issues , which the President had raised that could not very well be sidestepped, j No better illustration perhaps could . have been given of the conception which the two rival parties have now adays of the nature of their public utterances than the comment that was ? heard on the message. Instead of giv ing a careful analysis of the com- j munication and criticising it construc- . tively or destructively in the sense of offering an opposite point of view, the approach of the 1920 political cam paign makes it theoretically i sary for the republicans to toss off the . whole thing as of doubtful authenti- | city, while the democrats issue simul- ? taneously encomiums for the phrases of their White House leader. Republicans Differ* Many republicans preferred to ex press wonder whether Mr. Wilson wrote hi^/ own message. Others thought the message altogether too Wilsonian. They recognized too well the familiar phrases, the glittering generalities" and the excessive fond ness for the viewpoint of '^bor that, so often has characterized the Wilson , state papers. Nor did certain of the , thoughtful republicans d?u" !?I *! minute that the tendency toward free . trade exhibited by the indubitably a product of the Wjlwm mind. These evidences of WlUonlMn have become altogether too 7?'* known on CapitolHlH during the last seven yeSTs"WTJ#feM*l?'BU<Menly novel and surprising when signature of the democratic Incum hnnt of the presidency. . so while on the surface the state- , ssaS'svFSsVvr! had said, but pri kage on the door- ; he had_laid^a_big pa ^hat democratic I step of Co"f^!L were unquestionably , campaign orator commendations of J" Congress ifI tow^ar^remedytnsTthe domestic ill- of the country. Studied OmUslon. political game i d he say is enveloped. Not ao!*?ruThia was a ; about the peace trea y. days ' studied omission. ge ago, it JJrtll. oe National ator Borah came back to?n that " S:,cS???! President for absorption in foreign ?olicy to the neglect of domestic , po..??? Mr Wilson concentrated ; his entire attention on domestic poll- j , ips Dolitely reminding Congress of | what it had failed to do for the re-1 Turned soldier, what it had not. done J ?he railroad problem, what it had , not done about curbing radicals and | what it had not done about the vari- , OUF measures proposed by him to help , reduce the cost of living. 1 When these views on domestic questions have had a chance to sink , in it is apparently a part of the Wil | son strategy to draw particular at- | tention in another message not mere lv to the failure of Congress to pass , IvL neice treatv, but the ill effects whielT'the United States is suffering ?ind will suffer from a policy of po litical and economic isolation. Comparison With Tsft Regime. r?.ercss, on the other hand, while credited with a desire to tackle do mestic problems, is hardly In shape | to do so because of the political at-1 mo?phere that envelops nearly every, nroblem. It always happens when one party Is responsible for the man -dement of the legislative branch of the government and another party is Se control of executive branc^ it u-m the same when Mr. lait \%aa ? *11 White House and the democrats cont-oned Congress. Only Mr. Wilson taken the offensive. if will not ,)e forgotten that fhe dpmocrats u.ved to bombard the White! S, with tariff bills and other leg is 1 ailon which had for their object onfv the embarrassment of the execu ?ive?thev were tailed "shotgun hilfs"?intended only for a presiden ' veto Now, however. Mr. Wilson [i bombarding Congress. And un fortunately the republican party is not a cohesive institution as yet. I The troubles of deader Lodsre in Senaif are not less vexing than thos'- of deader Mondell in the House, l.ri^irtential candidates abound. In riividua ism is the slogan of the day I ^ , Lty solidarity and party re i spons bility are woefully absent i While the republicans may. there ,, " i?ue statements differing with Mr ,wn"on-s views, they will hardly I t'y to revise the tariff in the present ojinn nf Congress. Nor will they j try to reopen the tax bills. They will nostpone and defer, arguing that hey must have the presidency before they Tan function smooth y and redeem .arty pledges. Outside of the neces > !,.?rv appropriation bills it is doubtful : whether the new Congress will act on i many of the proposals made by the 1 President. Things like new egisla i tion are rare when a presidential campaign is at hand. 1 (.Copyright, 1919.) > l i as possible. They were twelve da>s An 'older brother. Herbert, thirty years of age. and his small daugh ter. arrived in Washington on Monday, having gone to England as soon as wor ! of the illness of Minister Cremer reached the Neth erlands, where he secured passage on a White Star liner. Minister Cremer is much im proved at this time, and is expected to be able to resume his duties within two weeks. He is being cared for at the ICmergency Hospi tal, where his three sons visited him this morning. The venerable minister says that one of the dearest things in his life is the devotion of his sons. 1 MAYBEEDICT FOR EMPLOYESOF U. S. Reclassification Commission Will Seek to Eliminate Lazy or Inefficient. "Work or quit." This successor to Provost Marshal General Crowder's famous "work or fight" order may confront government employes in the National Capital soon, as the result of the work of the joint congressional commission on reclassi fication of salaries in the District. While there is no disposition on the part of the reclassification commission to believe that the lazy or inefficient constitute any material portion of the 107,000 federal employes here, it be came known today that the commission probably will take a strong stand against any employes who are in the class mentioned. "There is no place in the government service for the inefficient and for the lazy," declared a member of the re classification commission today. "We do not want the government service to become a place for slackers." Check on Government Worker*. Close check on the work and general attitude of the federal workers will be kept, if the plans proposed to the re classification commission for a system of merit promotions, is finally adopted by the reclassiflcationists and O.K.'d by Congress. Under these plans, all chances for favoritism, that great specter of many government workers, would be done away with as far as humanly possible and administrators and workers alike will honestly work for the "good of the service." This constitutes the avowed aim of the reclassification workers and also of the federal employes who are co-operating with them to make the reclassification of employes a big suc cess in every sense of the word Members of the reclassification com mission, it may be stated, are not dis posed to believe that "administrative officials in the government service are are a band of cutthroats," as a member of the commission phrased it today. . Check on Promotions. This member of the commission had been told that some of the govern ment employes felt that even under reclassification no real benefit will come to many workers unless some absolute check is placed upon ad ministrative officials in the matter of promotions. "We have found the administrative officials a clean, decent set of men," declared the reclassification official referred to. "and are not supposed to act upon the theory that they cannot be trusted. "A certain amount of leeway must always be g-iven an administrator," the speaker continued. He indicated that in any system of merit promo tions, which may be set u"p in the government service here, as the re sult of reclassification, administrative officials will be given their fair share in the determination of those employes who deserve promotion. Under a new system it is likely that those who are in line for promotion will be given opportunity to take ex aminations and that the bureau heads will have their say in certifying the employes for these examinations. Thaae examinations will be given un der auspices of the Civil Service Com mission, in all probability. May State Grievances. Employes will be given, under plans recommended to the commission, a chance to state any grievance before a special board, which may or may not be a part of the Civil Service Commission. Every human way of doing away ?with favoritism, it is understood, will be put into effect, but after this is done each employe in the government service here must stand on his own feet, and the lazy employe and the inefficient one alike will meet with one fate?"work or quit." The public informatian and depart mental publications services probably will be heard before the commission Monday morning. The rural indus | tries service will be heard Saturday morning at 9:30 o'clock. COUNCIL ACT TODAY MAY RESTORE CARS IN TOLEDO 1 TOLEDO, Ohio, December 3.?City council will meet in special session at noon today to act on an emergency measure which, if passed, will result in almost immediate resumption of street car service. " The proposed ordinance would sus pend the ouster passed by council last June and ratified by the voters on November 4, which resulted four days later in the cars being with drawn. The document, drawn up by a mem ber of council, would give the Toledo Railways and Light Company a sev en-cent fare and 1 cent for transfer. .The prevailing rate when the cars were running was 6 cents and 2 cents for a transfer. The ouster was enacted originally by an aldermanic vote of 14 to 2. After the voters had ratified It, the cars had left the city and an attempt to repeal it. the vote stood 13 to 2 i against repeal, with one member of the body absent. Twelve votes are required under the city charter. WANT TREATY RATIFIED. Yale Professors Suggest Reserva tions Satisfactory to Other Nations NEW HAVEN, Conn., December 3.? A petition urging ratification of the peace treaty with reservations which will be acceptable to the other countries has been sent to the United States sen ators from Connecticut by the officers and professors of Yale University, It is announced. Fully 90 per cent of the officers and professors of Yale signed the petition, the announcement said. British Columbia's Salmon Falls Off VANCOUVER, December 3.?British | Columbia's total salmon pack for last year totaled l,393,l.r>6 cases, a decline of 239,000 cases, it was announced to. day. CARRANZA GIVEN ABSOLUTE POWER TO DEAIMH U. S. Mexican Senate, Whierti Acts at Secret Session, Declares Relations "Very Delicate." A resolution directing: that the recognition of the Carranza' pov ernnion* in Mexico be withdrawn and diplomatic relations broken off between the L'nited States and the Mexican government was intro duced in the Senate today by Sen ator Fall of New Mexico. The reso lution also approved of the note sent by Secretary Lansing; to the Carranza government. Senator Kail, who Has recently returned from the Mexican border, snid that he had evidence to show that the Carranza government was conducting? a propaganda for the spread of bolshevik doctrines in the l'nited States. He charged that the diplomatic and consular agents of Mexico now in this country were fostering this prop aganda. By tho Associated Pross. MEXICO CITY, December 2.?The solution of difficulties arising out of international affairs with the United States were intrusted to President Carranza without legislative intrusion by the senate at a secret session held today. Relations with the United States were declared during the session as being "very delicate." Officials Here Awaiting Effect of Latest Note to Mexican Government State Department officials were marking time today awaiting word I from Mexico City of the official de livery of the latest American note i to the Mexican Rovemment and the subsequent action inspired by it. The message was garbled in transmission | and this delayed its presentation to ! President Carranza. ! In some quarters it was believed that Carranza would order the release of Jenkins soon after receiving the message and prevent a complete break between his government and the United States. Private advices from Mexico indicated that some of the Mexican officials were not taking the negotiations seriously, and felt | that it involved only an interchange of diplomatic notes and would result i amioably. A different attitude was evident at I the State Department, however, where : the situation was being considered i gravely, and should t Carranza con tinue to hold out against the Amen ? can government's request to release American Consular Agent Jenkins without delay pressure was expected to be brought which would force Mexico to accede to the demands. Jenkins' Letter Asserts Mexicans Are Enacting an Unprecedent enforce j NASHVILLE. Tenn.. December 3.? | "I am now in prison because X refuse j : to give bail for 1 cent, as I will not even compromise with them under any circumstances," writes W. O. Jenkins, "the American consular agent, recently kidnaped by Mexican bandits, to his old school friend, John E. Edgerton , ! of Lebanon, captain of the Vanderbilt foot ball team in 1901, when Jenkins ; played tackle. i , Elsewhere in the letter, which is | i written from the prison in Puebla, I Mr. Jenkins says: ! "I regret very much the great i notoriety that has been given to my bit of hard luck in being carried away by some bandits who live near here, but it has been unavoidable, although the incident would have been forgot- I ten if the authorities had not tried to ; cover up their criminal responsibility i in allowing this city to be unguarded ! by charging me with my own ab i duction. So they have used every i means possible to get certain evidence to cover up their absurd pretensions, j "I have never in all my life seen 1 such a farce as they are carrying out here, for I have been condemned without being allowed to present a single witness in my behalf, though I had them ready, and even presented them to the courts, but was told that they were too busy to hear thetn. At the present moment (November 21) the secretary of the embassy of Mex ! ico City is here taking this testi many. that it may be presented to the i State Department, inasmuch as the ! courts refuse to accept it. i "The only witnesses that they have i been able to get are some poor devils 1 on a former farm of mine, i "Of course, the fact in itself is ab solutely non-important, as I could have been carried to any place, but as I was not there I so declared, and thev have seized on this false evi dence to say that I declared falsely. T have plenty of testimonies to offset ' v false evidence that they can pos sibly produce, but. as I say. Mexican lust ice is of a certain brand at the present time, and it can't be changed. French Investments in Mexico Dormant PARIS. December 3.?French news papers are paying some attention to the Mexican situation, printing the most important of the dispatches dealing with the possibility of military action by the United States. They point out, in con nection with the situation, that French , investors have about $400,000,000 in j Mexican enterprises which are not pay- ; ing dividends. The most prominent Mexican resident ; in France at present is Francisco de La Barra, former provisional president of j the Mexican republic, who naturally is | keenly interested in the developments ; in Mexico City and Washington. He ex- ! pressed the view today armed action , by the United States would be a great ; misfortune both to that country and to | Mexico. "Military intervention would delay the settlement of the fundamental Mexican problems, including proper distribution i of the land, orderly self-government and , public instruction," said Senor de La i Uarra. RELEASE OF A BRITON Was Seized for Ransom by Rebels. Brother of Puebla Governor Criticises United States. An interesting sidelight on the gen eral situation in Mexico is given in the case of Norman Rowe, a British subject, who recently was seized by rebel troops at Zacatecas and held for ransom. The British vice consul at Zacate cas promptly notified the Mexican authorities and reported the kidnap ing to t h e British consulate general (Continued on Second Pag?.) * ON RATIONS. DENOUNCES EFFORT TO UNIONIZE CLERKS | Senator King Also Reads Statement Made by Former Government Employe. Senator King of Utah read to the Senate today a letter from a former employe of one of the government departments here, in which the state i ment was made that the government employes "must join the union" if they want to get ahead. Senator King denounced the efforts of the representatives of the union to unionize the government employes. Quotation From the Lettfr. In the letter read to the Senate the former government employe, who was an officer in the Army before enter ing the other branch of the govern ment service, qald that soon after he came to work here in one of the fed eral - jl_ member, of t&e union aslted him If he belonged, say ing that the union was affiliated with the American Federation of Labor. | "I asked what union," s^id the writer. "He replied that the government clerks had a union affiliated with the A. F. of L." The writer ?aid that he said that he did not believe in unions which 1 used the strike, and that he did not ! think the government employes ! should belong to a union, and that, i therefore, he could not join. The I writer said the union's representative ! then said to him: "If you wish to get ahead you must i Join the union." "I replied." said the writer, "that if I such was the ease I would get out. | and I ^id get out some weeks later." SuKCtats Effecf on Promotion*. The writer sai<tthat his wife worked in one of the government depart ments, and that she was not a member of the union. He pointed out that if one of the subheads in a government ! bureau was a member of the union, ! and it came time to make recom mendations for promotion of those be low him. the members of the union would very likely receive the recom mendations for'promotion. Senator King said that if either the representatives of the A. F. of L. or of the government employes' Hnion are going about the departments seek ing to organize the government em ployes he considered that it was a matter into which the heads of the de partments should inquire. FORECASTER EXPECTS CONTINUED GOUl HERE Heavy Overcoats Will Be Needed by All Tonight?Moderation Later in Week. Those who failed to bring out their heavy overcoats today will probably do so tonight, for a temperature as low as 20 degrees above zero was pre dicted by the weather bureau for this evening. Moderation by Saturday. The cold weather which assailed the National Capital last night, sending thermometers down to 24 degrees early today, will last for at least thirty-six hours, the official forecaster at the weather bureau stated today. Mod eration may b^ expected by Saturday, to be followed by unsettled weather, when almost anything in the weather line may be expected. The cold wave hit Washington last night, cutting the temperature down from a maximum of 55 degrees at 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon to 24 de grees about 7 o'clock this morning. Below Seasonal Normal. This latter figure was eleven degrees below the seasonal normal for early December days. Although the coldest spell of the winter to date, no records were broken. The cold wave swept eastward from the upper Mississippi valley, the great plains staates ana the Rocky mountain region. Fourteen degrees above zero was recorded in northern New York state last night, the coldest registered in the east, over which the cold wave Is gen eral ' Additional Section Friday Advertising demands will make it necessary for The Star to print an Advance Section Friday, to be issued with the regular paper. In order to meet the situation all advertising, including CLAS SIFIED ADVERTISING, for Friday's Star must be received at The Star office by midnight Thursday. CHRISTMAS GIF1 HUNG SCHEDULE Prompt Delivery to All Parts of Country Will Be Facilitated. Dates for mailing Christmas par cels to various sections of the coun try, so that they will be insured prompt delivery on Christmas, were announced today by City Postmaster M. O. Chance, who also announced the establishment next Tuesday of two downtown postal stations to fa cilitate the mailing of Christmas par cels. Mr. Chance suggests to the people of Washington, owing to the great rush ot Ohrietnrms mail this season. that patrons observe the following schedule of dates for mailing parcels: For California and the far west, by December 12. Southwest. December 13. Illinois, Iowa and the middle west, December 14. Southern States, December 15. Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky, De cember IB. New England states. December 18. New York. Pennsylvania and New Jersey. December 18. Virginia. Maryland. West Virginia and North Carolina, December 19. Washington, D. C., December 20, 21 and 22. How to Avoid Congestion. Thus a person here who wants to make sure that his gift for a friend in California be delivered on Christ mas dav is advised to mail his par cel not later than December 12. Early mailing tends to relieve or avoid any possible congestion at post offices, in transit and in the delivery of par cels, consequently reducing to the minimum the likelihood of damage, it was pointed out. Not only does a patron assure that his parcel will arrive on time, by early mailing according to schedule. Mr. Chance declared, but he makes doubly sure that it will not be dam - afAdpostal station for the Christmas season will be opened next Tuesday in the basement of the Y. W. C. A. headquarters, on F street between 13th and 14th streets, and another station will be opened the same day in the main lobby of the Treasury De partment. entrance on 15th street. Equipped for All Bnslnesa. Both these stations will be open to the public. Mr. Chance announced, and will be equipped to handle all kinds of mail matter and to render full service to the people of the city. The "poat office on wheels. a miniature post office built on a three ton automobile truck, is rapidly rounding into shape, and will be ready for the streets Saturday morn ing This rolling station will sup plement the stationary ones. VORARLBERG ANNEXATION IS SWITZERLAND PLAN VIENNA. December 2 (by the Asso ciated Press).?Christian and socialist deputies have presented a formal resolution in the Vorarlberg diet de claring that province a free and in dependent state. This action was taken with a view to annexing Vorarlberg to Switzerland. SIX DIE IN FIRE. Mother and Four Children Among j Those Who Lose lives. PITTSBURGH, Pa.. December 3 ? Six persons, including a mother and her four children, were burned tr death and two tiremen were injured last night in a tire which destroyed a building at Natrona, near here. Mrs Frank Switala. her four chil dren and Joseph Banasik, another occupant of the building, were the i victims. I I Ya#ks With Canadians Organize. CHICAGO. December 3.?The Amer ican volunteers of the Canadian ex peditionary forces. composed of Americans who fought with the Ca nadians during the world war, war formed last night. A charter will be sought from the British Great War Veterans, the parent military organization of English soldiers. Of ficers were elected. Will Have Socialist Mayor. BUENOS AIRES, Tuesday. December 2.?The city of Mar del Platu. situated on the east coast of Argentina and hav ing a population of 30.000, will have a socialist mayor as a result of the mu nicipal election held In the province of Buenos Aires Sunday. Socialist candi dates for councilmen will hold the bal ance of power in the new council, which will elect a mayor. It is claimed by the newspaper Vangurdia that this will be the first socialist mayor ever elected in South America. HIGH SCHOOLS FACE ADDED CONGESTION Midyear Grade Promotions Expected to Increase De mand for Room. TJlf local high schools, already , past their seating capacities, will face further congestion in Febru ary, when the midyear grade school promotions are made, school officials predicted today. ?At the present time there are 8,500 I pupils in the high schools, of which j number 6,547 are in the white build ' in?8' it?was estimated that between | 600 and 800 will be added to the high school enrollment in February, after allowing for those who will graduate at that time. Foresees Merlons SKuttoi. Supt. of Schools Thurston said the situation in the high schools will be serious in February. ntA?f? f?r suggestions as to means Thurston said the con fhf ? relleyed by opening the high schools as early as 8 o'clock and having different classes come at different hours, t'se of all available space in the Old Central High School also is being considered. Mr. Thurston predicted today that in five years the attendance of the high schools will reach 12.000. This situation makes the erection of the proposed new Eastern High School j an urgent necessity. Congress has I been asked to appropriate money to begin construction. Excess Enrollment TV*te<L McKinley Manual Training School furnishes a striking illustration of conditions in the high schools. At the present time the enrollment there is 1,236. The seating capacity is ap proximately 1.100. Only about thirty pupils are expected to graduate in February, yrhereas officials of that school estimate that 250 new pupils will apply for admission at the be ginning of the midyear term Central High School, with a maxi mum seating c??Rcity of 2,500, now has more than 2.600 pupils enrolled and expects several hundred more to japply in February. Here. too. the num ber scheduled to graduate after Christmas is comparatively small. Western has an enrollment of 710 with a maximum seati-ig capacity of 650. Eastern has approximately 575 pupils, and a seating capacity of about 400. Grade Schools Crowded. The situation is no less acute in the grade schools, and Superintendent Thurston is preparing now to make definite recommendations to the board ! of education for temporary measures ! of relief. The superintendent is giv j ing serious consideration to the pla toon plan, which, it is estimated, . would make it poteible to increase the capacity of the grade schools by 2.400. STILL FIGHTING BURNING PIERS IN BALTIMORE One Life Lost, Others Hurt?Eight Vessels Destroyed, Score Damaged. Special Dispatch to The Star. BALTIMORE, Md., December 3 ? Firemen are still fighting the fire which early today destroyed two piers I of the Canton Lumber Company, eight I large vessels and the wa,ys of the ISpedden Shipbuilding Company and damaged at least a score or more of small and large vessels, with loss of at least one life and several others injured. | The dead man is H. W. Train fifty ' years old. New York, whose charred ! body was found in the hull of the i steamer L'Enfant. J The total loss is roughly estimated! 'between 4750.000 and $1,000 000 i I Among the ships damaged are the; steamer Maj. L'Enfant of Washington I owned by the quartermaster depart- I ment, burned to the water's edge and the Dreamland, the Chesapeake Beach : steamer, which was badly damaged before it could be towed out of dan ger. The crew of the state steamer R. M McClane had a narrow escape. Awak ened from sleep they found their es cape cut off and were forced to jump overboard and swim ashore. The crew of the L'Enfant managed to get ashore with difficulty, and lost all their per sonal belongings. They were A W Kelly, mate; Joseph Ellis, William El lis. chief engineer; William Blanken ship, S. Gonzales. Wright Holmes. James Carson. James Johnson. David Anthony and Eli Caulk. Deny D'Annnnzio on Expedition. PA It IS, December 2?A dispatch to the Havas agency from Home says that reports that Gabriele D'Annun zlo and Lieut. Commander Rizzo are on an expedition, accompanied h\ 1,000 troops, to ^iebenico, on the Dal matian coast, are untrue. 1 GERMANY DECIDES SHE WILL NOT SiGN 1 TREATY PROTOCOL ! f Sharp Change in Sentirruent Indicated by Notice j Paris Conference/ U. S. FAILURE TO RATIFY SAID TO HAVE INFLUENCE Berlin Resists Indemnity Ordered for Sinking T/eet; Opposes Trial of Officers. Hy the Assoriat.il It/hi "'"?".i.'-r -I lirrmanv I. " nc lit ?ign ike |ir?torol putting ' l??-;ice treaty Unto effect tbe mo ment certain clause* object lonnhle to her in the protocol are cllnilnnl ? ' "ron Kurt tun L<*r?nrr, hend tJernuut delegation here. told the Aaaorluted Preaa thin nft crnoon. When the (German plenipoten tiary wan atonn the atntemcnt glv ?*-OHt <hh innrnfne that on Mon da> he had Informed Pnul Itutnata, aecretary of the peaee ronferener, that Germany had deelded not to sign the protoeol. Baron von l.era ner anid: "I have full power* to sign the proeotol and am ready to sign It at any moment when the queatlon of Sea pa Flow Is eliminated and re ferred to The Hague. and when there also are eliminated the para ^'"tlng *? evacuation *'f l.lthuanla, which we consider already nettled and flnal. and the imrovraph which would permit the invnaion off our country by armed force in tinea off peace on any trivial pretext." Baron von I.eraner pointed out that tbla wan the flrat time he had received a newspaper correspond ent here. He Maid he wan consent ing to talk in this Instance only because he thought that an er roneouH Impreaalon waa belnK cre ated by a mlalnterpretatlon off tier many'a intention. "We have represented to the supreme council." he continued, "what we consider nmple proofs that the (German Kovrrnment Is not responsible for the sinking of the ships at Scapa Flow, nnd yet In order not to delay the final con clusion of peace we will submit the matter to The Hague tribunal." The liermin plenipotentiary pointed out that the paragraphs of the protocol to which his govera ment objected were additions to the protocol as provided for In the peace treaty. While It waa not true, he said, that Germany waa seeking to profit from any clrcnm stances to delny making the peace effective, ahe did not consider It possible to sign the additional clauaea to the protocol uncondi tionally. PARIS. December 3.?Germany has i decided not to sign the protocol pre ! sented to her by the allies as a con I dition for putting the peace treaty j into effect, the peace conference has I been notified. | It was learned todav that Baron Burt von Lersner. heart" of the Ger man delegation here, called on Sec retary Dutasta of the conference on Monday and told him that Germany had made such a decision. li. S. Influence Diacuased. This attitude is taken as confirm ing reports of a sharp reaction in Germany within the last fortnight. Trained observers of German devel? opments have expressed to members of the peace conference the view that there has been a complete trans formation of the situation in Ger many and that it is due to the fail ure of he I'nited States Senate to ratify the peace treaty. These observers declare that while : the vast majority of the Germans, before the Senate's adjournment, de sired the peace treaty ratified as soon as possible, they are now supporting I the government's attitude in resist ing the demands of the allies for in demnity for the sinking of the Ger man fleet at Scapa Flow, recompense for which was provided in the pro tocol. Trial of Officers. The question, upon which the Ger man representatives here, however, appear most sensitive is the lnsist i ence upon the trial of German offl i cers accused of the commission of I crimes in France and Belgium. Thus far. it is stated, no indications have reached Paris yf any disposition on the part of the Germans to modify their attitude. 1 The supereme council today address ed a note to Germany protesting against the increase of Germany'* ! armament, contrary to the provisions of the peace treaty. U. S. Delegates to Sail for Home Next Week PARIS. December 3.?The American delegation to the peace conference, with most of its personnel, will sail for the United States from Brest next week. The day has not been fixed. The question whether one delegate shall remain to continue participation in the work of the supreme council rests, it is stated, entirely with the State Department at Washington. The understanding here, from the best obtainable information, is that if none of the delegates is left here. Ambassador Wallace will be given such powers as will make the Ameri can participation in the subsequent work of the peace conference quite j as effective as if the delegates were | to remain. At the State Department in Wash ington yesterday it was indicated that present plans were that the entire American delegation would leave Paris on December 9. leaving with Ambassador Wallace to take up the task of closing up any affairs re maining unsettled. CHINESE THANK SENATE FOj? SHANTUNG ACTION PEKING, Sunday. November 23 (by v the Associated Press).?At the re quest of the Chinese minister in Rome, the Chinese house of representatives has sent a telegrarp to the United States Senate expressing the "nation's gratitude for the valuable service rendered by the Senate in adopting a reservation to the Versailles treaty which reserves to America full liber ty of action relative to the Shan tung controversy." Twenty-five thousand students con ducted a demonstration here yester day as a protest against the landing of Japanese marines at Fuchow. Good order was preserved during the pa rade. but banners bearing inscriptions denouncing Japan's action were car ried by the students. These banners bore English, French, Russian and Chinese inscriptions. *