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Fair tonight; tomorrow fair and warmer. Temperature for twenty-four hours ended 2 p.m. today: Highest, 46, at 6:20 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 30, at 8 a.m. to day. Full report on page 11. Closing New York Stocks, Page 11. WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION No. 27,653. WASHINGTON, 1). C., SATURDAY, JANUARY 10, .Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of al! news dispatchea credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. Al! rights of publication of ep*?<*5aJ dispatches herein are also reserved. Yesterday's Net Circulation, 97,991 1920. - T WENTY-FO UR PAG ES. TWO CENTS. TOT OF PEACE NOW !N EFFECT; FROTOCOL SIGNED Ratification Exchange Cere monies in French Foreign Office Completed at 4:15. LEAGUE OF NATIONS BEGINS JANUARY 16 Clemenceau Assures Germany That Allies Do Not Intend to Injure Teutons' Economic Interests. the Associated Press. PARIS. January 10?The treaty of Versailles, making peace between Ger Jnany and the ratifying allied powers, ?was put into effect a.t 4:15 o'clock this afternoon by the exchange of ratifica tions. The entire ceremony, which took place jn the clock hall at the French foreign ministry, was completed at 4:15 o'clock. Previously Karon Kurt von Lersner, read of the German mission, signed the ) protocol of November 1, providing for r? pa rat ion for the sinking of the German | "warships at Scapa Flow and to insure the carrying: out of the armistice terms, i The s:gning of this document occurred ! in the office of the minister of foreign j affairs. \'on Lersner, the head of the ! <rman mission, atlixed his signature to' the protocol at 4:C? o'clock. I faRiie Functions* Soon. T he putting of the league of nations I into being. which will be one of the 1 fmn? diate consequences of the ex- j change of ratifications of the treatv ? <?; Versailles, will ocnir ;n Paris a*t i 1< ?<> o elock in the morning* of Fri- I <?: y. January l?j. the supreme council ! f!? ? 'ded tod iv. basmdor Wallace cabled this de- i ; 1 of the council k> President! W :-<?n so that the President might the forma] notice of the meet- ' ir.sr of ihe council of the league to be h' M on the date named. The first meeting of the council will > .; ;l-d to order and presided over w by Leon Rourgeoise, the representa tive of Kr. i:u- in the council. He will Of ive- i i-rie; address. Karl e^urzon. the British foreign secretary, who will represent Great Britain at the meeting, also will speak. tine* Hon of IVarc Relation*. Althougn the exchange of ratifica ti?" ..f ; he Versailles treaty this aft ? rn-? on was the final act that restored before-* hr-war relations between (i-Ti'iviny a .-id France, no arrange i1 ? nts ) ??.',-> been made by Germany, so far as can be ascertained here, to resume peace relations with this country. R : rts having b^en circulated un c ?: v: ? d for some time to the ef f. : - Kurt von Lersner. head of' tr Oersnan delegation, would be des- . 2 - *- *: man -i.artv ( > h d become accepted as a. T 1 told th*- Associated Press ' tod bad been nined for the ; r.d was ;n utter ignorance of ' -C '."fc'.iior of the government. He 1 ? ? '1 r? p< rts that at the head of th.- n e delegation he would leave; its ?-.rt-'s on Avenue Bourdonnais lo? th o;d embassy after the signa ture th*- protocol. < lemezieeau'K Letter. AH"r the exchange of ratifications oi" the treaty Premier Clemenceau tended to Baron von Lersner the fol-, lowing b tier: "Pans. January 10. Now that the I pro? >1 p. ov ;ded for by the note of I Xov^,; her - has been signed by qual ified j pr- s-i.*ativ'-s of the German goven . ? nt arid in consequence the ratiflcatii m oi the treaty of Ver- ; sat'?? -s h ive been deposited. the ' a Lied rr.d associated powers wish to ! ren a to the German government their assurance that while necessary 1 reparations for the sinking of the I ' m fV ? t i Sea pa Flow will be exact, d. they do not intend to injure til- vital economic interest of Ger many. < >n this point, by this letter. th?*y confirm the declaration which the general secretary of the peace com ; ?? renc was charged with maki ng '; oraiiy to the president of the German delegation on December 23." The letter gives details of the com pensation for the vessels sunk in! Scapa Ffow as modified, which al ready have bt en made public. President to Issue Ca!l for First League Meeting at Once President Wilson is expected to sign the e:; il for the first meeting of the , 1? agu- of nations council immediate };. af ? receiving notice from Ambas sador \Vnl:ac that lite first session 1 b?-i . fi\-d for next Friday. The ' >1 S- ? : < s. 1:we ver. will not be i' pre.-t!iied -t th" meeting, as the t r* : 'I s not yet been ratified by th. S":ate. ? for li " President to issue ; t? ? r \)initial meeting of the car?. :> ? rule in th. peace treaty, ? d < t! ? a Is explained that in sign ing th call Mr Wilson would not be j a-tT.g :?i hi - i-.acity a: President; of the United States. ie. t in- l. to force of the treaty thr-'T- ex< iiH'lur of ratification to *hi \ ?' ?i Gr< at 1-Jritain. France, Italy German;, will not a flee t the l.'i.ireo Slates, officials said. While' t? elm km ! 1 y the state of war between this country and Germany still exists. 1 between the countries was re- I sum? . months ago and is stead- . i part a. uh- rly the export 1 !) '.r 5 from th. I'nited States. The r ted States however, will not 1 : n: ;m:\ of the various c " n 1 ors set up 1 \ the treaty for ? its ;-rii'S nor can this ? ??!!:!?> s ? !:' i eoiisular agents into ( unt)i the state of war is ? ' i?? ?!. Hegret Over America's Absention Voiced by Press of Britain LONDON. January 10? Regret over! America's absention from participat ing in the ratification of the treaty of "\e >Tilr > tg*ti?> ? xpressed in Vdi tori:<l: printed in this niorning's ! liewsp ipers. "Am? r.ea's absence," savs the Tele- i graj>h < oni.ls alik? the prospect of th- present and U future. It weak- i ? r .- p.ofou..-11> the moral authority of t - .gue ol nations and " onsequent Ijr th< sense ol security regarding the ? I?at ? hi i ii Instead of new 1 ' !t-' ? > the world's future g ii.i starid r.u r-:idy ami complete waiting only motive power to set it - !! l' nia not yet p^ut to ' '' ' ' ' ? ei Stai.-s still stands i' n- allies have waited until '"ould ua:t no longer, find must now go forw.ird alone, deeply sensible of the loss they have sustained, but still hoping ti^at sooner or later they m ill be rejoii.ed by the great repub lic. Tne Daily News contends: "A new ? orld r?rder from which America, or, ' or thrit matter, Germany or Russia 1 Continued ou Kighth Pa^e.j As a result of an investiprat ion by the Department of State of the kill in? of James "Wallace, an American citizen, by a Mexican soldier near Tampico, November 26, the Secre tary of State has sent telegraphic instructions to the American embas* sy at Mexico City to make energetic representations to the Mexican gov ernment for "the speedy and ade quate punishment of the murderer of Wallace." Wallace was shot by a Mexican soldier after his mule shied at a ma chine gun the soldier was guarding and overturned it. Th" claim was made that the American was intoxi cated. but the ?State Department an nounced today that its ir.vestigiiPon disclosed that Wallace was sober, and that the colonel commanding the Mexican troops had stated that the soldier who fired the shot was under the influence of liquor. BERGER BARRED FROM HOUSE FOR THE MOM Wisconsin Socialist Refused Seat, Despite His Recent Re-Election. I IS RULED INELIGIBLE UNDER CONSTITUTION j Vote Against Applicant Is 328 to ! 6?Representative Mann Speaks in His Defense. Victor Berger. socialist representa- ! tive-elect from Milwaukee, was tie- j nied a seat in the House today for ( the second time. The vote was 32S to 6. The six j who voted to seat Mr. Berger were: . Representatives Griffin of New York. Harreld of Oklahoma. Mann of Illi nois. Sherwood of Ohio. Sisson of Mississippi and Yoigt of Wisconsin, the latter being the only man who voted in favor of Berger when the same question was up the first time. Representative Sabath of Illinois was present, but did not vote. Berger declared in a statement after the vote that the House action was "one of the worst attacks on the representative form of govern- ; rnent ever witnessed in this country." j "It is inwUiy a denial of the right of people to elect the citizen of their | choice," he added. At?k? to Be Sworn In. Berger apreared and asked to be sworn j two months to a day after he had ; been denied his seat on the grounds . "that he gave aid and comfort to \ the enemy." Before Berger, who recently was i re-elected, could be recognized. Chair- . man Dallinger of the elections com- ! mittee offered a resolution proposing j denial of a seat to him on the same ground which caused his first rejec tion. The resolution said Berger present ed his credentials "to till the vacancy caused by his own ineligibility;" that the same facts exist now which the House determined made him ineligi ble to a seat, and that he be declared not entitled to a seat. 1 onwtitutionnl Bar. Speaking to his resolution Chair man Daliinger said Berger was ex cluded the first time "not because of his so-called radical views, not be cause he js a socialist, but because he is ineligible to membership under provisions of the Constitution." "This will disqualify him perma- j nently," he added. "The people of ' Wisconsin may re-elect him and there j are some who contend that if the peo ple want him in Congress he is en - ! titled to a seat, but a man excluded as Berger has been can never be i eligible for membership." Representative Mann of Illinois sup ported Burger's claim, declaring that Berger was elected anew by a ma jority. and that the question was whether a representative lorm of gov ernment should be retained inviolate. "This is not an enviable task." Mr. Mann said. "I do not share Berger's j views. But Berger believes there' should be fundamental changes in the j government. His people, his constitu-, ents desire him. It is our duty to ac cept him. When we propose to meet arguments by force we are losing str? nj^th." When Representative Mann had concluded there as insistent demand for . an immediate vote. Chairman Da.linger asked unanimous consent to permit Berger to speak for ten min utes, but a score of members objected. SAYS SHOT WAS ACCIDENTAL. Oil Company Explains How Gabriel Porter Was Killed in Mexico. SAN ANTONIO, Tex., January 10. Gabriel Porter, an American em ployed by the Penn-Mexico Oil Com pany, who was killed at Tux pa in. Mexico, December 21, was shot acci dentally by a Mexican federal officer, according to letters from officials of the oil company received by Porter's son here. Porter was returning from a dance with the officer, who was in toxicated, the letters said. A copy of the report of C. L. Car ter. acting American consul at Tux pam, and reports of Mexican and private investigations all agree that the shooting was accidental, accord ing to advices here. AUTO BANDITS' HAUL, $10,000. Steal Jewelry With Police Only Twenty Yards Distant. PHILADELPHIA, Pa.. January 10.? ; Three automobile bandits last night broke a show window in the store of j i Press & Sons at 8th and Chestnut ; streets here and got away with jew | elry valued at $10,000, while a police j man and the store detective stood only | twenty yards away. As the automobile moved slowly past the store two of the men leaped j out smashed the window with an iron bar. grabbed the jewelry and then ran i down the street and hopped into the (automobile. The detective fired at the , bandits, but apparently without effect. $5,500,000 for Vanderbilt Home. | NEW YOKK, January 10.?The Cor nelius Vanilerbile home, fronting 5th avenue from 57th to r.sth street, has been sold for $5,500,000 cash.' It was said that the residence will make way for a $20,000,000 structure, the nature ol wlncU ha.u uul been iliscloscd. Tax Rate Plus Full Valuation Not a Safe or Accurate ; Measure. PER CAPITA TAX LEVY THE SAFEST STANDARD "Minority" Report on Mapes Bill Sets Forth thr Soundest Principle. THEODORE W. NOYES. [ Kdi* tr:.iI Corresjwinlence of The S!;ir. I I | What is the reliable yardstick for | measuring accurately the comparative i tax burdens ot' cities? Can it be made by joining tax rate to assess* d valuation of taxable prop erty. when full valuation is command \ ed by law.' Or by joining tax rate 10 full valuation of taxable property, j as reported, estimated or guessed by Tom. Dick and Harry, officially or un j officially? Is there any other reliable method I of measurement than by comparison ! of the dollars of actual tax levies and I I tax receipts in the respective cities i which constitute -their real tax bur |dens? The nominal majority of the House District committee have adopted the [ tax rate-plus-alleged-full-valuation standard of measurement. The nom inal minority repudiate this yardstick j as fluctuating in length, worthless and misleading, and insist upon measuring relative lax burdens by comparing the dollars of the tax money actually levied or collected in the various ; cities and per capitas based upon and i derived from these dollars of actual j tax burden. Representative Mapes. reporting I favorably upon his bill to repeal the i half-and-half law. says for the nomt- j nal majority of the committee that ; "the taxes paid by the residents of i the District of Columbia, based upon j a true valuation of their property, are ; very much less than the taxes, figured ; upon th- same basis, paid by the resi- ; dents of any other city of the United j States which approached Washington j in population and advantages. ? Its (Washington's) tax rate is about one-half the tax rate of the I average city of its size in the United j States, based upon the same valua- ; tion of its property. "It requires no extensive argument j to convince the impartial student of j affairs that the citizens of no other , city in the United States which ap- | proaches Washington in size or ad- . vantages enjoys anywhere near as ; low taxes as do th^se of the District ' of Columbia. The truth of that state ment ha3 been demonstrated time and time again and the experience of those who pay taxes in other mu nicipalities confirms it." How "l ndrrlulng" la Shown. The "demonstrations" of this al leged undertaxing of the Washing tonian have been based on compari- . sons of tax rates, modified by guesses . at the relation of assessed to true! value in the different cities. The real I ilemonstration of the census figures.; of the confessions of tax officials and > of practical experience is that the re ports of what constitutes true valua tion in the various states and cities. | with few exceptions, vary widely from j the truth and from one another, and ; are absolutely unreliable and mislead- ! ing as an accurate standard of nyas uring comparative tax burdens. The confirming "experiences of those who pay taxes In other mu nicipalities" were much in evidence in the recent House committee hear ings. and. coming from members of the District or appropriations com mittees, evidently constituted the foundation upon which the report is based. For instance. Representative Lanham reported that in respect to a $4.ij0<> Texas property he paid a tax rate of $31! per $1,000 on "full valua tion." Representative Drane report ed that on "full valuation" Jackson ville, Kla.. paid $33.33 per thousand; Tampa and Lakeland. Fla.. $30 per thousand. Representative Sisson report ed lhat on "full valuation" Winona, Miss., paid $42.50 per $1,000; Rouisville. Kv? $27.20; Memphis, Tenn., $34.80, and Dallas. Tex.. $2?.7<?. Since Washington pays $1.50 on "not less than two-thirds" of full valuation, ; it is concluded that the cities named bear tax burdens twice, three times and j four times that of Washington, and that j the capital is, therefore, only half taxed j or one-third taxed or one-fourth taxed, j Meanurc Plainly Faulty. Rut there are two other alternative I conclusions that one may reach; (1) ; That th- yardstick of measurement is , faulty and does not measure accurate ly; or (2) that if the cities named are really so mui-li more heavily .tax-bur- j dcr.ed than Washington, the latter is not undertaxed, but the former are grossly and inexcusably overtaxed. Ret us take the cities of a western, a northern and a southern state which, like Washington, have a low rate and a high standard of assessment, and com p.'i.' their tax burdens measured by the; Sisson yardstick with those of the sain- ' pie cities cited in House committee "ex- j perience meeting." If this comparison demonstrates that these sample cities of Florida, Mississippi. Texas and Kentucky are taxed twice and three times aj heavily as all the cities of Ohio, Rhode ; Island and Virginia, as well as the District of Columbia, will not the in evitable conclusion be either that the District committee's sample cities are grossly and shamefully overtaxed or (Continued oil Third Rage.) Pictorial ' News of the World The Rotogravure Section of tomorrow's Star is a won- * derful accomplishment in the art of printing?reproduc tions of photographs that challenge comparison. The subject matter is carefully selected from the best and most unusual work of a corps of photographers who "cover" the entire world. Among the Editorial Sec tion features will be Kay Stannard Baker's article, "Quack Remedies for Indus trial Tils"; "Why Depart ment of Justice Thinks Cost of Living Is Coming Down" and "Members of Congress as Producers." In Tomorrow's Star "Break" Unlikely to Affect Final Settlement of Treaty Question. BY DAVID LAHHKVCE. This is the story of Bryan versus Wilson. Once upon a time Woodrow Wilson, college president, wrote a letter ex pressing the profound hope that some body would knock the political per sonality of William Jennings Bryan into "a cocked hat." Tlje commoner had Just come hack from a'trip around the world and advocated what then seemed socialistic doctrine ? namely, government ownership of railroads. I Not more than four years later Mr. j Wilson, President-elect of the 1'nited I States, was resolving that for the I benefit of party solidarity bygones i had better be bygones, and that the ' man who helped swing the Baltimore ' convention for a progressive candi- I date coulld not he ignored. So he | made him Secretary of State. Despite the inevitable conflict ex- ] pected to arise daily between the two ! men they managed to stay affiliated j for about two years. Then they broke. ! Mr. Wilson wanted to send and did I send a note to Germany over the ! sinking of the I^usitania and plainly implied the use of force to compel compliance with American demands. Mr. Bryan abhorred the idea of war and resigned. Nevertheless in the campaign of 1916 Brother Bryan went from the Mississippi river to the Pa cific coast extolling Mr. Wilson on the he-kcpt-us-out-of-war platform. Tendency Tannrd Kcunlo>i. For a little while there was a tend ency toward reunion. Occasionally Mr. Bryan dropped In at the White House, left his card, expressed a few thoughts! if the President happened to be in.i or wrote long memoranda if he wasn't. | Presently the answers and acknowl-l edgments got fewer and fewer anil the commoner became correspondingly discouraged. After the armistice he hoped to have something to do with the peace negotiations and even made some suggestion about the personnel of the American peace commission. Mr. Bryan complained to his friends later that since his advice wasn't ap-; parently welcome, he wouldn't offer it i any more. And he said sundry other! things about the unwisdom of ig-| noring the republican party in the; make-up of the peace mission and tilt terrible incumberance which the democratic party was being compelled to bear in the form of Wilson arbi trariness and self-sufficiency. Indeed. Mr. Bryan's observations differed very little from what one might hear in the republican cloakroom, only the commoner wept as a parent over the! errant ways of the democratic child, j while the republicans rejoiced over| the discomfort of their chief oppo nent. Again and again Mr. Bryan told his friends that the President should ac cept reservations to the peace treaty. This conclusion he reached after a careful examination of public opinion. He deemed it much more effective help for. the President to say that the treaty should be ratified with rcser-1 vations than to argue for unqualified j adoption and be dismissed by the press as a mere echo of the Wilson' chorus. Hon I'rearhed Renervntloim. Mr. Bryan's idea when he resigned from the cabinet was that he could help Mr. Wilson outside the cabinet by building up a public opinion against war that would :iid Mr. Wilson inside the cabinet. So Mr. Bryan has been preaching reservations. And now because Mr. Wilson isn't willing to compromise?though Mr. Bryan thinks the country wants compromise?the commoner plans to go on helping the President by building up a public opinion that will help the President see how wrong he is. Another thing: Mr. Bryan cam paigned In 1912 with repeated men tion of the single-trrm plank of the Baltimore convention. Soldier-like, he accepted the verdict of the St. I.ouis convention in 1918. not even be ing a delegate. Privately he hadn't changed his view that one term was enough. Anyway, he campaigned for democratic success. When Mr. Wilson failed to say definitely on liis return from Europe that he wasn't a candidate for a third term, Mr. Bryan grew lestive and im patient. And so he fin. ily decided to help the President again, this time by teling his fellow democrats what the issues should be. so that they could pick their man to fit the issues. As veteran politician of the party, as candidate for the presidency on the democratic ticket in 1S96, when everybody being mentioned for the presidency today had not even been heard of in public life, Mr. Bryan considered himself entitled to say a few words. Mr. Wilson says h? Is willing to allow the country to decide the treaty lasue at "a solemn referendum." Mr. r (Continued onTSlghth l'age.)7T PROSPECT OF RESUMING ICE SKATING TOMORROW Ice skating probably will be resumed at the tidal basin tomorrow morning. Officials said today that unless there is an unusual thawing this evening, which is not expected, the ice would be in condition for skating at the time stated. AHTI HALF-AND-HALF Chairman Mapes' Measure Is Op posed by 9 of 12 Republican Committeemen. Tlie half-and-half system of financing the National Capital will be threshed out in the House Monday. Chairman Mapes of the House District committee said today that he would call up Monday his bill which proposes to abolish the time hoirored hal?-and-h?lf system. House l.eader Mondell said that no effort will be made to set aside District day for the unfinished post oflice appropriation bill or any other landing legislation. Chairman Mapes faces an unusual condition in attempting to force his bill through the House, as he is op posed by nine of the twelve republican members of his own committee, and is making his appeal to the democratic minority in order to pass this measure. The nine republican members who are lighting the .Mapes bill and who will make speeches in favor of con tinuation of the half-and-half system are Representatives Lienjamin K. Focht of Pennsylvania, l.oron K ' Wheeler of Illinois. Norman J. Could of New York. Stuart F. Iteed of West 1 Virginia. Frederick N. Zihlman of .Maryland, Frank Murphy of Ohio. Kd win P. Hays of Missouri, Clark Burdiek of Rhode Island and Thomas1 S. Williams of Illinois. The three re-I publicans in favor of the bill are I Representatives Carl K Map'es of! Michigan. Florian A. l,ampert of! vY lsconsin and Anderson. H. Walters 1 of Pennsylvania. | Representative Could, who is takin an active interest in the light, and who has during his term in Congress taken an especial interest in the mu nicipal affairs or the National Capital ! will have control of the time for those opposed to the Mapes bill There are so many anxious to make speeches on this matter that .Mr. Gould said to day he would have difficulty in grant-' ? ng time to all those who want to ! express their views. < Representative .Stevenson of South < arolina and other minority members! have pledged themselves to assist the opposition. $25,000,000 FOR P0WEH PLANT FOR D. C., IS PLAN ate by Senator Norris of Nebraska i would appropriate $25,00(1.000 to be used in constructing a water-power' project at f.reat Falls on the Potomac nver to furnish light and heat and power for the people of Washington. The amendment provides that the fed eral power commission provided for in the water-power bill shall be directed to construct this power plant within one >ear after the approval of the act I he commission is directed to a'c ?luire by purchase or condemnation a suitable site for the dam or damo re quired, and for the purchase of all oilier real estate necessary to carrv out the project. FIREMEN'S INCREASE PAY BILL CONFEREES NAMED The Senate has appointed conferees on the firemen's increase pay bill and it is expected that they will meet with representatives of the House early next week in an effort to reach an adjustment of the differences be tween the two houses. The Senate conferees are Senators (""alder of New York, Sherman of J Illinois and Sheppard of Texas. Sen ator ('aider is out of town today, but is expected to return Monday! When the Senate passed the House bill it reduced the increases allowed by the House. In conference it is ex pected increases more nearly appoach ing those allowed by the House Willi be agreed upon. TIRES OF SITTING IN CELL, i Grover C. Bergdoll, Wealthy De- j serter Suspect. Wants Work. NEW YORK, January 10.?drover Cleveland Bergdoll, son of a wealthy I Philadelphia family, who is a prisoner ! at Fort Jay charged with desertion. aft?*r having been chased nearly two years by federal officers, asked today to be allowed to work with the other prisonehs. Labor has not been re quired of him because he has not been Convicted. Bergdoll told his counsel he was tired sitting in his cell, and envied ' the men he saw shoveling coal out- I side. His request will be granted. It was said. SENATORS MAKE ! FURTHER EFFORT TO COMIH President's Statement Has Not Changed Treaty Situa tion, It Is Believed. After a day of groping around to see where the President's Jackson day statement regarding the peace treaty leaves that important document. ? democratic and republican senators today settled down to further confer ences in an effort to reach a compro mise on the pact. The compromise reservation, sub mitted several days ago to the repub lican mild reservationists by Senator Kendriek of Wyoming, which was | said to have considerable support on j the democratic side, today was still ! before the republicans. These reser vations more nearly approach the so called Lodge reservations than anv | heretofore submitted by lhe demo I crats. Plans were on foot for a meeting of representatives of the various groups | of republicans for the purpose of con sidering these reservations aud mak j ir.g changes thought to be necessary before handing them back 10 the i democrats. Hesrard Situation I nrhanged. The judgment of many of the sena tors. including Senator Hitchcock of Nebraska, administration leader, and ? Senator McNary of Oregon, one of the mild reservationists. was that the I President's statement had not changed I the situation materially, since he had merely reiterated statements made bv him ill the past. In fact. th*? mention of reservations, though merely re , ferred to as interpretative reserva tions in the President's statement, was seized upon as a straw showing that the. door was not closed to compromise reservations. (in the other hand some of the ad ministration Heritors frankly admitted they saw little chance of success in the efforts to bring about ratifica tion. "What is the use of passing a rati fication resolution." said one of these senators, "which we know that th?? President will not accept? He will merely pigeonhole tin treaty and w. will be in the same position that we were before. It is apparent to all that the republicans will insist upon reservations similar to those adopted by the Senate last session which the President will not accept." Agw With Col. Hrjnti. There is 110 doubt that many of the democratic senators, probably a large majority of them, agree with Col. Hryan's attitude on the treaty, ex pressed at the Jackson day banquet. They want the treaty ratified and the country returned to a peace basis. | They are willing to take the Senate reservations if they have to. it hap pens that Col. Bryan expressed their sentiments exactly, rather than that they are bolting the administration to follow Col. Bryan. The difficulty is that they don't see where they are going to obtain any advantage by following such a course as long as the titular head of their party, the President, persists in op posing these Senate reservations. Senator Underwood is still waiting to see if the present informal confer ence on the treaty will produce a compromise. He repeated, however, that if they do not. he will endeavor to call up his resolution providing for a special committee on conciliation consisting of ten senators in an effort to obtain a compromise. NAVAL AWARD PROBE DECLINED BY HOUSE The House naval committee today declined an invitation of the Senate naval committee for a joint congres sional investigation for war-time service, naval decorations for wartime service. The Senate committee already has appointed a subcommittee to make an inquiry. 2,000,000 POLES DEAD SINCE WAR'S OUTBREAK WARSAW. January 9.?More than I 000.000 civilians have died in Poland since the outbreak of the war. and 20 per cent of the country's present population of 20.000,000 are refugees, according to figures made public here by the American Ked Cross. Thry are based on a survey made to show that the burden of war has fallen more heavily 011 civilians than on the mil itary. The location of Poland between hos tile armies is described as responsible fbr the large number of refugees, as armies sweep back and forth and the inhabitants are forced to evacuate their homes again and again. The Red Cross estimate of 4.000,000 as the number thus driven from their homes Is held to be very conservative by .lgadiiiB Polish..statesmen. ? PUT $18136,413 INTO WAITS FIDS Figures Prepared by Star Cover Available Records; Others Not Compiled. Records compile*! today from offi cial figures show how :he ;-nv rnmrnt clerks ";:;ivc to the utmost" toward al! patriotic fin ds?' I r, , 1 ??una. K? <1 Cross, t'nitcd Yvir Work ? upaiqn. ! Kvi./hts of <Yj :::??? M- r;'? j Christian Association and other From the latest avaii:ib!? :t T hJ hy T V- St?', r, ;? ? . ?. ?mi |8? rated that at leas: * r?; :. 1 | ha:? cjtiie out of lh? pock?: <?' gov ernment *mp ?> .?? during h?- u .tr . :\A in 11sfirs: days of reconstruction, for patriotic campaigns. This sum d<-<s not represent all the money c :tri? - utcd by Kovirnment employes; i; is simply th^ most compN-' ? record available. It does not include the de partments of Labor and Justice, c.vil i Service Commission or Shipping , Hoard, records of which have not j been completed. i Temporary organizations. such as i the food administration, fuel admin istration. commission on training I camp activities, and the W,ir Trade i Hoard, where it is not possible to ob tain the records of achi'-v-nu t in ! so f.*r as contributing to i 11riot :?.? | causes is concerned. sw-lb d ?:".e total, it is believed, to more than ?.v0 (?' ?>. ! 000. j \avy Department read*. From the fierures obtainable. the Nav y Department heads the ! i ?= t <>f departments in the contribution to war-tiirp funds and campaigns. A to tal of SI 11.030.1*1.?2 was contributed 1 by Navy Department employes to the I various activities. In the 191S Red Cross membership drive. Navy I >ep? rt men* employes pave -5934; Red <'rr ss membership '' i \ e. IS 19. 15.322 01 second Red Cross war fund. $!?> ? united war work campaign. $-"? 907.4*: first lib erty loan ?3 00*\000: second liberty ? loan. $11,000 000: third iib^rty loan. | $1 s.624.700: fourth liberty loan. $4f. ! 239.600; fifth Iib^r'y loan, pprr ?> - I mately. $30,000,000; war savings stamps. S120.709.91. War Office Heeord. The avpliable fipures showine th<? ?activity of V.'ar nerartm^r.t employes Jin contributing to the various uatrfc ' otic funds eiv- a total for th s pur ! pose of 1 :? 874.23. | Contributions to the 1918 Red Cross membership drive were $4,3.>S: l'*19 j Red '"toss membership drive. j7''44: ! secord Red Cross war fund, $21.086 27: j united war work camraipn. $36,488.16: first libertv loan, no record; s- coni ' libertv loan. $2,815,500; third liberty 'loan. $7.074.700; fourth liberty loan. $14,341,400: tifth liberty loan. upward iof $30,000,000; war savings stamps. J48.397.80. Trra?arj- Department. I The Treasury Department "mnloyes I likewise pushed their contributions ! to the war-time activities well over , I the million-dollar mark, contributing . S11.037.239.47. Here is the record of employes of that department: ! i;ed" Cross membership drive for ! 1 !> 1S. 54..".0: Red '"ross membership driv. for 1919. $1 1 531.60; Knights of Columbus war fund. $938.5t?: Young Chrlsth'ti Ass'Viation w:c- i ir.d Sl.9CO.7S: Emergency Hospital fund drive. $991.82: second Red Cress war fund. 545,051.83: united war work campaign. $46.774 75: Treasury ;iu\ iliarv 1917. $27,986 "4 : T; sury aux iliarv fund for 1918. S30.393.S1: first liberty loan, $509,300: second liberty loan. #723.250; third liberty loan. *1. 463.100; fourth 11- rty loan. $5,067. 1905: fifth liberty loan. $3,066,450: war savings stamps. ->249.869.92: Salvation Army campaign fund. $'.'.429.27. in the united war work campaign numerous pledges taken by Treasury Department employes to ;:?ve to that cause remain t'upaid. Th-s pledges to tal approximately $12.000. Tln*y ar? gradually being paid into the fund, it was said. Interior Employe*. Employes of the Department of the Interior raised throughout the war ana immediate!;, following the armistice a total of approximately $9,752,150,08. . Interior Department employes contrib j uted $3,746 to the 1918 Red Cross mem- , I bership campaign: 1919 Red Cross mem bership campaign. $2,979: second Red j j Cross war fund, $22.GSS.09: Knights of j 1 Columbus war fund, $435.20: Young j | Men's Christian Association war fund' ; campaign. $3.7:0.19; Erflorgencv Hospi tal fund. $524.!6: united \v:ir work cam paign. $15,809.47: fi:>t liberty loan. $t;St. 100: second liberty loan. $1,766,000: third liberty loan. $2,325,300; fourth liberty ? loan. *$2,769,400; fifth liberty Nan. more} ! than $2,000,000; war savings stamps, , | $177,477.67. I*. O. Department Contribution*. The Cost Office Department, if one i takes into consideration the activities of ! its field employes as apart from the ad ministrative employes in Washington, did excellent work ill fosterin.r patriot ism throughout the country. Not only ; did it contribute liberally to aii patriotic j drives, but its employes literally took I part in almost every endeavor which i tended to win the war. ! It is estimated by i'ost Office Dej>art- ' j ment officials that fully S3 per cent of | all the war savings stamps in th" coun ' try were sold by employes of the depart - J , ment. One postman personally sold ami ' j delivered $160,000 worth of war savings j i stamps and thrift stamps, and there ; were many similar cases of noteworthy individual effort in every branch of the , 1 service. I 1l is stated that more than $75,000. 000 has been contributed by employes: of the Post Office Department?field; ; and administrative?to every drive for war funds that was inaugurated Tnel i administrative end of the postal serv - 1 ? ice. consisting exclusively of employes located in Washington, gave a total of $714.018.>.5. ! The apportionment of this list fol-j j lows: Red Cross membership campaign for | 11918. $563.50; Red Cross membership1 I campaign for 1919. $9GS;.Youn.^ Men's ? Christian Association war fund, $366.35; second Red Cross war fund. $8,422.59: united war work campaign t fund. $2,800.76; first liberty loan drive I $63,600: second liberty loan. $146,000; third liberty loan, $12i?.350; fourth 1 libertv loan. $174,050; fifth liberty I loan $181,500: first Red Cross war i fund. $1,537.35; war savings stamps,; $8,820.30. State Department. The State Department employes, contributed a total of $500,949.66 to) all war-time activities. For the 1918 Red Cross membership. I campaign, employes of the State De-( partment raised $150; 1919 Red Cross1 membership campaign. $248; s-cond Red Cross war fund. $2,421 50; united war work campaign fund. $999.50; first liberty loan, $6,900: second liberty loan. $74,550: third liberty loan. $149 150: fourth liberty loan. $125,400; fifty liberty loan, approximately. $135,000; war savings stamps. $?. i 130.66. Trade C'omml?*ionj flnilrondK. i The Federal Trade Commission em ployes gave a total of $322,323.50, ap portioned as follows: First liberty loan campaign, no rec- j ord; second liberty loan, $56,000; third I liberty loan, $92,000; fourth liberty loan. $98,600: fifth liberty loan. $55, 650; second Red Croas war fund, $1S. t (.Continued ou KigliUi i'&ge.j M GLASS SEEKS EUROPEAN RELIEF Says U. S. Assistance in Aus tria, Poland and Armenia Is Imperative. Authority to advano $ 1 .",0.000,000 for food relief in Austria, Poland and Art.unia was ask*d of Gon^r* ss today Secret . iy Glass. Mr. Glass .said this r;n. unt would relieve the situation until n?*xt fall. Assistance b\ the United States "is if: i"-rativ? Iy required." he said, t?? ai b viate "a desperate situation" affect ing millions of J.i. I nd? r the plan proposed by the Secretary the loans would b?- made out of the $1,000,000,000 wheat guar anty fund and would be used in estab lishing credits in this country not only for Austria, Poland and Arn:?-nia. but for other suffering countries. Need* of ( ountrie*. 1'' land needs $50,000,000 worth of grain. Austria $70,000,000 of food stuffs. Armenia $1,000.00" of iktur. and other parts of Europe, outside r ; any. may require $?r?.00o.000 v.orth of food, the Secretary said ui - ! ?ter to tiu ways and means com ni itiee. An exact estimate ? f the EiiioiKin needs is "impossible.** he u??? ?1 .i red. adding later it m:? l;t be ?:e< ? s.-ary to ask Congress to giant >*;.? '.m?o additional. Trie food situation in Austria lias be?-a given serious consideration by -?v- supreme council at Paris, anil sui g est ions that the United States >aid in relief work there !uv ? been made. liar on Eichoff. head of the Aurtr.an p' ac ? delegation, appealed in a statement published in this country today for aid for his people, w Jio. lie saia. were threatened with anarchy and death by starvation during the winter. Treaxury \ itally Interested. Congress a year ago appropriated for food reli.-f i:i Europe, and this was distributed through an international commission headed by HerUrt Hoover. Assistant Se- rttary Davis. pr< seat ing Mr. Glass' letter, t dd th^ c.?t..t:i It tee that the Treasury "was vitally in terested." be, a';s?- "if those countries #ire nut fed disastrous rt suits are feared. which would seriously affect ti.e financial stability of the world" The British. said, "are willing to do all they can." adding that they wi I lik? ly transport the food, and* als ? supply some clothing. The burden, however*, fee said. ?:j??? be i laced on the United States becaus the Ameri can foodstuffs were the "only surplus supply." By th<- government grain corporation handling th - supplies. Mr Pavis said, the movement would be such as "not to disturb our own prices of food.'* Some form of securities would bo obtained from the foreign countries before any credits were established. Air. Davis tt>Td ih? committee, add ing that he did not want to "mislead the committee into thinking the lo ? are attractive as Investments. Dependent for Food. Austria. Mr. Pavis sa d. has ! ?-n i d for some time by a loan of $18,000. ??00 made b\ England. France . ?,?! Italy, together with donations <.?: f.. ?; by Switzerland and oth* r courar e To secure the $4$.000.000 loan :"i?l the $30.000.00o proposed to be ob tained by the United States. M:. Pavis said that the ini**re>t?*d com - tries were discussing plans for Aus tria to give "as security quite a b? of her public asset s." including her national forests., tobacco monopoly and waterpower sit* -. "It also has been proposed that the countries take charge of Austria s c ist nils duties, but we opitose this as unadvisable." Mr. Pavis added. Secretary Glass. i!i his letter, nave' the committee h summary of official advices regarding tin food situation in Europe. He said that 300.000 tons of grain would be the minimum re quirement to feed Poland until the next harvest, about October 1 Partial failure of the wheat crop and Ia< k of fuel for threshing, he said, caused this shortage. "Poland is at present living under a hand-to-mouth reglno . which can be remedied only by a steady flow "f imports from the only available sur plus stocks of food, namely, those in the United StaUs." said the Secre tary. The potato crop, which is tl -i.aple food of the poorer classes : .i-s been destroyed by frosts to the extent of per cent in many distr ts. as it is impossible properly to ?; re for po tatoes in transit, due to delays in transportat ion. \eedtt of Polnna. "Poland has been unable.'* continued the Secretary's letter, "to procure clothing since the beginning of the war. and the result is that during the past five years practically all clothing has been worn out nd has not yet been replaced. The food sit uation in Poland is so serious that the European children's relief fund has felt obliged to loan Poland small quantities of flour from the stocks intended for child feeding. "The assistance to the children of Poland rendered through this fund, which feeds 1..100.000 children daily, is claimed by its administrators there to have been a powerful means of averting revolutions up to the time, and the failure of the Polish govern ment properly to ration its adult population has already caused demon strations by the reds in Warsaw." In Austria. Mr. Glass said, "the a<*u'e misery and suffering are probably greater than in Poland." adding that the situation in Vienna "has become, exceedingly grave, due to the short age of coal and food." He explained that only two-tenths of the present Austrian state is self-supporting in food production. t annot Withstand Strain. "There is every indication." wrote the Secretary "thHt unless some re lief is afforded immediately the popu lation cannot withstand the strain of conditions that are already well nigh intelerable. Coal and food ra tions for domestic consumption have been reduced below a safety minimum, and it is only a question of days be fore existing stocks will be exhausted, when even the present reduced ra tions will become impossible unless new supplies are obtained. "Famine riots have broken out in some Austrian towns during the past months, and although the population r>f Vienna has shown admirable pa tience this city and large parts of Austria are faced with tho danger of * complete breakdown, which, accord ing to the chancellor. I?r. Rennet, must unavoidably occur by the end r>f January unless outside assistance is obtained. "What the effect of a general social breakdown in Austria wouid be. of course, can only be conjectured. That it would be confined to Austria, how ever. seems highly improbable, and if it spread to Germany. Poland and possibly all Europe, the result would f>e no less than a general d'sint. a:ra tion of political cohesion in western Europe. Such an event would be fraught with the most serious con sequences for the United States, and would certainly leave in its wake se vere suffering and thousands of rleaths among the poorer classes of the people.