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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 12, 1920, Image 1

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Fair tonight; tomorrow partly
cloudy, with rising- temperature.
Temperature for twer.ty-four hours
ended 2 p.m. today: Highest, 41, at
?:30 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 30, at 8
a.m. today.
Full report on page 18.
dosing New York Stocks, Page 18.
Member of the Associated PreM
The Associated Press Is etcluslTelj ratified to
the use for republication of all news dispntehe*
credited to It or not otherwise credited in
paper and also the local news published herein.
All riphts of publication of sp^clnl
dispatches herein are al?o reserved.
Saturday's Net Circulation, 93,939
Sunday's Net Circulation, 86,.?S9
No. 27,655.
Commissioners Write Chair
men of Senate and House
District Committees.
Increases Ranging From 10 to 40
Per Cent Are Provided
For in Measure.
Urgent recommendation that the
fcill providing for salary increases
ranging from 10 to 40 per cent in
salaries of employes of the District
of Columbia be passed is made in a
letter from the District Commission
ers to Chairman Sherman of the Sen
ate DistriC committee and Chairman
Mapes of the House District commit
tee In their communication the Com
missioners ask that the measure be
made a law at once, without a?ail
ing the result of the la.iors of the
congressional joint commission on re
classification of salaries, and "rse
that the increases recommended, with j
a few minor amendments, would in
crease the monthly pay roll only
about $95,734. ...
Increases contained in the bill Pro"
vide that salaries of employes whose
basic pay is $1,000 or less per annum
shall be increased 40 per cent. Tne
increase to employes whose basic pa> .
is $1,200 or less is fixed at 30 per i
cent- to employes whose basic pay I
is $1,500 or less. 20 per cent, and to
those drawing $2,500 or less, 10 per.
Xot Satisfactory to Teacher*.
Teachers in the public schools of the
District, being employes of the Dis
trict government, are included in the
hill providing for pay increases. The
teachers, however, are not satisfied
with the progressive increases provid
ed in the bill, nor with the amounts
of the increases, and it is expected a
separate bill will be introduced in
Congress providing a flat increase of
SO per cent in salaries of all teachers,
pending reclassification.
The Commissioners in their commu
nication ask that the class to be given
a 10 per cent increase be changed so
as to include employes of the District
whose basic pay is $4,000 or less.
Existing salaries are so low, the
Commissioners say in the communi
cation to the chairmen of the Senate
.and House District committees, that
the Commissioners believe some ac
tion should be taken at once to tide
over the interval until the joint com
mission on reclassification of salaries
can complete its work and Congress
can take some . action on its re
WnM A Kind Measures.
In their communtwatiew- the Com- i
missioners say:
"The Commissioners, in order more I
clearly to present their views regard- |
ing the proposed legislation, reeom- 1
mend that lines six to thirteen (of
t-. 3364, Sixty-sixth Congress, first ses
sion i, be amended to read as follows:
"Forty per centum to those whose
present basic pay is $1,000 or less per
annum: 30 per centum to those whose
present basic pay is more than $1,000.
1 >ut not exceeding $1,200 per annum;
t'o per centum to those whose present
basic pay is more than $1,200. but not
exceeding $1,500 .per annum; 10 per
? entum to those whose present basic
pay is more than $1,500. but not ex
ceeding $4,000 per annum.
"Provided, that in computing in
creases in each of the foregoing
groups the maximum compensation
paid in any one group shall not ex
ceed the minimum compensation paid
in the group next above."
Tables showing the aggregate
amount required to pay the increased
compensation to District employes,
compiled by the auditor for the Dis
trict of Columbia, were appended to
the communication. These tables,
however, do not include the amount
required to pay the additional 10 per
? nt to employes whose present basic
pay is more than $1,500. but less than
S4.< *10. To increase salaries of this
group, the Commissioners state in the
communication, would require $13,830
Auditor's Recapitulation.
The auditor's recapitulation by
groups follows: ?
Statutory salaries.
10 per centum $20,696.00
2t> per centum 32.174.00
ij" per <'?'!:t lim 9S.008.50
40 per centum 240.319.20
Kmployes paid from lump sum
10 per centum $10,162.90
20 per centum lfi.R2B.B0
30 per rentum 17,928.30
-to i>er centum 18,670.40
Public school employes S18.344.00
Water department employes 20,208.62
Sewer department employes 11.7S8.72
Surface division employes 4,311.81
!:? pair shop employes 9,514!si
City refuse employes,
i.arbage disposal $30,741.60
Transfer station 37.S84.97
Carliage collection 38.3S1.16
$1.134,986. S9
GENE\ A. Kriday, January 9 ?
Twenty-five deserters who reached
Switzerland during the war have
formed a "league," the object of which
is stated by its founders to be "de
fense of our interests." The inembers
are chiefly from the central powers,
none being American or British.
The Swiss authorities say they would
be glad to get rid of the deserters,
some of whom served as spies.
The Swiss newspapers remark that,
although Knglish and American troops
were on leave near the Swiss frontier,
not one deserted. On American blun
dered into Switzerland in 1916. having
lost his way. He complained that Eu
rope was so small that its frontiers
could be crossed in a day's walk.
President Wilson today summoned
Secretary (Jlass to the White House
for a conference, at which, it was un
derstood. a successor to Mr. Glass
was to be discussed. An appointment
is expected soon, so Mr. Glass can
take his seat in the Senate, to which
ho was appointed to succeed the late
Senator Martin of Virginia.
Mr. Glass is known to favor the
selection of Assistant Secretary L?ef
tin^well to succeed him, and other
administration officials have urged
Mr. l-cftin^well's appointment.
Bulgar Socialists Demonstrative.
SAl.ONIKI. Sunday,. January 11 ?
Rim.-.irian socialists are organizing
Passive demonstrations, according
; .tifpatches. in order to bring about
a change in the government.
The nominations of James F. Ovster,
A^ I^eftwich Sinclair and Guy Mason to
constitute the membership of the Dis
trict of Columbia rent commission were
ordered favorably reported to the Senate
tl'l .r-L'y Senate District commit
' The v?t? o' the committee was
unanimous. The committee had given
. J hearing on the rent cora
today, but no witnesses ap
peared against the appointees.
'be M'k?fX.PeCted?that the St'nate wi?
l confirm the rent commis
hl ? S further delay. Mem
I ion?i th-^f fv,fenate havo been most anx
1 !l 8 c?mm?ssion should be ap
' a"d confirmed. so that the op
i eration of the Ball act creatine the
^SiTt'558!?" could begrin at once.
th* rlnt 78 a?*e-r the confirmation of
commission by the Sonate the
fen??""' A" Prevent eviction of
' ' ,n the District of Columbia for
rent T'6?1 for non-payment of
rent, goes out of operation. The rent
commission, thereafter, will deal with
all cases of disputes between land
lords and tenants, as it will in the mean
If Senate Agrees on Final
Form President Will
Pass It On.
recefvedber??f democratic senators
Wiflilm Tte'e^ram3 today from
tion o? th0 , ya" ur^nK ratifica
States ?aty so the United
states could enter the leatrue nf
nations by the timo .
a's ;?? k
?J telegram follows:
-ay Te> pTS* ^ecu'r^ ?
on the reservat?ons an2
next Friday?so trha'ification before
enter th! , hat our nation can
? lea&ue of nations at its
t session on January lfi Th**
Joy of the American people would
was X'n b?hr - U
' signed." armistice was
?? I.... " rXrX? *?SU .V
w. SK .1'?ZS&S^'?!?*.zl EK
t"*8 i?d ?e?an>- and the establish!
?f. th? of nations. Far
from being a document that can now
Wishls of Anm r?frame<1 to meet the.
1 1'f ?f. Amencan senators it is
a choice between American par
i two-thirds ?of'S?iati c"' and more than
iwo iniras of the Senate favor our
! joining the partnership that is to
I govern the peace of the w-orld Th?
i farl t'he^time States is outside
. ior the time being while other na
tions are going ahead with the job of
, operating the peace treaty has
' ?1^?F n a certain reaction. Xobody
! IS wholly pleased with what has han
deafh ns ' thVen the "battalion of
i In ; ? ihe senators have been
: fTi ,favor the absolute rejec
l fi? ?? e 'eague. can look with sat
I iph^i,1'"Jl ?n i UI,certainty that has
arisen abroad concerning the true in
j tent of America in foreign policy.
Feel Bryan Hit Xall on the Heatf.
.Th? situation in the Senate resolves
| itself into this: Democrats are even
more active than before in trving to
j get a compromise. Many republicans
, are working harmoniously with them
to reach an agreement on the reserva
. tions. No new-found reverence for the
views of William Jennings Brvan is
i responsible for the attitude of the
democrats, but most of them feel he
I hit the nail on the head in his Jack
son day speech, and that he sized
up public opinion accurately. As for
: the letter written by President Wil
: son, his friends still insist that it is
not up to the President to take the
initiative in the compromise process
and that he would stultify himself
betore foreign governments if, after
signing a contract with them, he
openly receded from his position be
fore the Senate acted. They declare
that whenever an American program
I of reservations is adopted, it will be
come the duty of the President to
argue in favor of acceptance of those
reservations and that he must clearly
demoTVSVrate to foreign governments
that he kept his own pledge in work
ing for the unqualified adoption of the
' peace treaty. All the allies now have
ratified without reservations and Mr.
I Wilson must go before them with a
Ulea for changes because while the
preamble of the treaty is going to
be modified to eliminate the necessity
' of a formal exchange of notes be
j tween the allies and America on the
1 reservations, the United States gov
ernment will be obliged to obtain,
nevertheless, the acquiescence of the
j powers.
President Mont Rnek Senate Art*.
Mr. Wilnon will be required through
| the Secretary of State to plead for
; reservations or interpretations adopt
ed by the Senate. If these constitute
in effect a rejection of the treaty the
allies would refuse to exchange rati
fications with the United States. The
changes that are now being discussed
in the compromise conversa.ions are
designed to make It possible for for
eign powers to accept America's sig
j nature without debate. The President
| has heretofore said that when the
I reservations are adopted by the Sen
ate he must know whether the Senate
has ratified or rejected the treaty. It
is possible for him not to decide that
question himself, but to put it square
ly before the European powers. One
hears in the Senate corridors much
talk about the impossibility of crftn
I promise until Mr. Wilson says that
he will accept or reject. Those who
j don't want to do business with the
democrats of the compromising sort
, insist on written credentials from the
. I'resident himself. This is well nigh
; impossible, but ?he democratic sen
ators know that if the reservations do
! not nullify the provisions of the
! treaty of course the President will
I accept them. They are going ahead
Ion that assumption, and in seeking
i to fix the responsibility, not for whal
has happened in the treaty debate in
the past, but in the present, it will bt
! interesting to watch how far the re
j publican leaders go In insisting thai
j Mr. Wilson underwrite everything th<
(democratic, senators offer in the way
, of a compromise.
I One thing is clear: Mr. Wilson will
j not be a party to the compromise ne
I gotiations. but once a compromise is
effected and the treaty is adopted by
! the Senate with reservations satisfac
tory to two-thirds of the membership
of the Senate, it is an open secret that
Mr. Wilson will pass the document on
to the Kuropean powers, for it Is thes
who can now say whether the United
(Continued on Second Page.)
|New Central Home for For
| mer "Washington Diet
Kitchen" on G Street.
Washington is to have a central
home for its child welfare work soon,
thanks to the generous gift of Mrs.
E. H. G. Slater to the Child Welfare
Society, which, for over ten produc
^ tive years, has been known as the
j Washington Diet Kitchen.
In the sonorous legal words of the
dead "a certain tract or parcel of
land with all buildings thereon, at
-100 G street northwest, is hereby
given to the Child Welfare Society in
recognition ami appreciation of the
work of Mary Gwynn as president for
twelve years of the Washington Diet
Kitchen Association, and in order that
said corporation may have an admin
istration licyjse where it may carry on
its work more conveniently and ex
tensively and better centralize its
management and direction. ? " *
Said premises with all privilege
appurtenances thereunto to havj
I to hold forever."
Plans for Changes Ready.
The house is a corner one with four
floors and generous sized rooms. The
architect's plans have already been
drawn up for the many necessary
changes. New windows will pierce the
walls. Partitions will be thrown up
and torn down to provide conference
and demonstration rooms, a diet
kitche?i, cherrlical and pathological
laboratories and a photographic room.
| Here in this diagnostic house the ncu
l rologisf and thropologist. psycholo
gist and orthopedic surgeons will be
enabled to add to the fund of knowl
edge and formulate standard methods.
In the building will be incorporated
one of the welfare centers, which, in
its very latest devices for the pro
tection and convenience of the visit
ing mothers and children and the at
tending doctors and nurses, will serve
as a model for the nation. There is
an extensive back yard, which invites
plans foj- a glass-inclosed pavilion, a
day nursery and auditorium, all sur
rounding a flower-filled patio.
More Money Needed.
All of this means the need for more
money, it is pointed out. In 1918 Con
gress granted to the association $15.
000, which permitted it to enlarge the
scope of its-work to include the chil
dren from two years to the pre-school
period of six years. These four years
have been very generally neglected
and hence it is during this period that
many of the physical defects are al
lowed to develop which later retard
the mental growth of the school child
and add to the burden of school med
ical supervision. The hope is that
Congress of 19"0 will recognize the
need of the pre-school work and en
large the present appropriation.
But besides money there must be an
Intense and sustained interest in this
magnificent new institution in the na
tion's capital. This interest would
seem to be provided l^r-great part by
the distinguished medical board which
has already been appointed and the
notable women of the city who form
the officers and board of managers of
t the society.
? Medical Board Named.
The former are: Dr. S. S. Adams,
j Washington, D. C.. professor of the
ory and practice of medicine and dis
eases of children. Georgetown Uni
versity of Medicine; Dr. S. M. Hamill,
Philadelphia, Pa., professor of diseases
of children. University of Pennsyl
vania Medical School; Dr. Henry
Hclmholtz. Chicago. 111.; medical di
rector of the Chicago Infant Welfare
Society: Dr. W. P. Lucas. San Fran
N. Y., clinical professor of pediatrics.
University of California Medical
School; Dr. H. L. K. Shaw. Albany,
N. Y? clinical,professor of pediatries,
Albany Medical School; Dr. Richard
M. Smith and Dr. Fritz Talbot, Bos
ton. Mass., Harvard Medical School,
and Dr. B. S. Veeder. St. T.ouis. Mo
professor of pediatrics, Washington
University Medical School.
Officers and Managers.
The officers of the Child Welfare
Association are: Miss Gwynn, presi
dent; Mrs. Thomas R. Marshall, vice
president; Mrs. David Houston, sec
ond vice president: Mrs. William A.
Hammond, secretary, and Mrs. Lewis
C. Ecker. treasurer.
The board of managers is composed
of Miss Aldis, Mrs. Frederick Ather
j ton. Mrs. Charles J. Bell. Mrs. Gist
1 Blair. Mme. Boris BakhmetefT, Mrs.
j Josenh H. Bradley, Mrs. Frederick
Brooke, Mrs. Louis Brownlow, Mrs.
Allerton Crshman, Mrs. Charles D.
Easton. Mrs. Lewis C. Ecker, Col.
William E. Fowler. Mrs. Klliott Good
win, Mrs. H. C. Graef, Miss Gwynn,
Mrs. William A. Hammond, Mrs.
' James S. Harlan, Mrs. Charles B.
: Henderson. Mrs. Charles M. Hinkle.
j Mrs. David F. Howston, Mrs. Henry
i F. Leonard. Mrs. Ezra B. McCagg,
' Mrs. Thomas R. Marshall. Mrs. James
1 F. Mitchell. Mrs. Newbo'd Noves. Miss
! Marion Oliver. Mrs. H. Cleveland Per
? kins, Mrs. William Phillips. Mrs.
: Atlec Pomerene, Mrs. John H. Purdv.
; Airs. IT. H. Ropers. Mrs. Charles Shel
' don. Mrs. A. L. Stavely, Mrs. Frank
! West, Mrs. Max West. Mrs. Walter
i Tuckerman and Mrs. John F. Wilklns.
ROME, January 10.?A semi-official
communication, issued by the Vatican
! today, states that the priests who pro
claimed a national church In Bohemia
Independent from that at Rome num
ber only 120, while the remainder of
the clergy there who remained faith
ful to ecclesiastical discipline have
sent to the lioly see a declaration of
loyalty and a protest against the ac
tion of the seceding priests.
It is announced that severe meas
ures are about to be taken against the
priests and that if they do not repent
they will be considered outside the
A wireless dispatch from Prague Fri
day announced that the Society of Re
formists I'riests of Prague, hy a vote
of 140 to 6G. decided on separation from
the Vatican and upon formation of a
Czechoslovak national church. Advices
: from Innsbruck last October said that
? j Papal Archbishop Ikordae had excom
i j municated a number of Catholic Czech
; priests because of their marriage in
, i spite of vows of celibacy. It was
. added that fifty-one priests had mar
I ried while continuing to exercise their
1 i churchly duties. They were said to be
supported by the population generally,
which prepared a petition to the Pope
to abolish the law prescribing celibacy
for priests so far as it concerned
President Wilson has requested Gay
lord M. Saltzgaber, commissioner of
pensions in the Interior Department,
to reconsider his resignation. In a
letter to Secretary Lane the President
said Mr. Saltzgaber was a most effi
cient official and that his services
could not well be dispensed with at
! this time.
No Jurisdiction, Decision of
i Supreme Court?Rhode
Island Case Heard.
! The Supreme Court of the United
States today denied permission for the
New Jersey Retail Liquor Dealers' Asso
ciation to bring original proceedings in
the Supreme Court to test the constitu
tionality of the national prohibition
amendment and enjoin its enforcement
in New Jersey. The court held it had
no jurisdiction.
State Police Powers.
In seeking to bring the original
proceedings, the association alleged
that the prohibition amendment in
terfered with the state police pow
ers. and was a violation of the fltth
amendment, prohibiting the taking of
private property1 '?"srlthoiit just com
pensation. Chief Justice White, in
disposing of the motion, however, ig
nored these contentions and devoted
himself entirely to the question of
He said the court held that no right
existed by which a citizen of a state
could sue that state without its con
sent. In this instance the state of
New Jersey denied that permission.
Arguments on the motion of the
state of Rhode Island for permission
to institute original proceedings to
test the constitutionality of the fed
eral prohibition constitutional amend
ment and enjoin its enforcement in
that state were heard today by the
Supreme Court.
Attorney General Herbert A. Rice
of Rhode Island attacked the manner
in which the amendment was ratified,
and contended that it was revolution
; ary and invalid. Solicitor General
King argued that the Supreme Court
was without jurisdiction.
State's Contention.
Replying to government contentions
that only a political question is in
volved, Attorney General Rice, in a
new brief filed today, said Rhode Is
land is only "seeking to test judicially
the exercise of power assailed, on the
ground that its exertion will inju
riously affect the rights of complain
ant (Rhode Island) because of repug
nancy to constitutional limitation."
"The exercise of political powej by
Congress is by virtue of constitutional
authority," the brief added. "Usurpa
tion of power has no warrant.
"The defendants threaten acts that
are in defiance of existing state
power and existing state law-. -In
so far as they are able to carry out
their threats, they will, in effect, in
terfere with the functions of the
state by illegal and unwarranted acts.
Under these circumstances it i? the
right and duty of the state to assert
its authority and seek to maintain it
in this court. Where, as in this case,
the wrongs are threatened, by officials
of the federal government, who are
beyond the territorial boundaries of
the state, this trib'unal is not merely
the proper !<ut the only tribunal in
which the authority of the state may
be vindicated.
"The state not only seeks to pre
vent on interruption in the exercise
of its governmental powers, but also
? seeks the protection which this court
' may afford by injunctive relief from
irreparable damage to its property
interests. The state and its subdivi
sions have already lost considerable
sums by the refusal of its citizens to
take out licenses for the sale of non
intoxicating liquors, said non-intoxi
cating liquors under the laws of the
state of Rhode Island being intoxi
cating liquors under the so-called Vol
stead act. The state and its sub
divisions will continue to lose large
sums aggregating more than $600,000
per year."
Democratic senators who attended a
| conference iast night at the home of
Senator Owen, democrat, Oklahoma,
at which compromise suggestions
were considered, said a number of
points still were uhsettled and that
the conference would be continued.
! They said the conference was in har
i mony with the President's view of
ijtccepting reservations, which were
interpretative , -but not destructive.
' i Senator Lodge, the republican lead
i er, expects this week to confer with
many senators, including leaders of
the "mild reservation" republican
I group and democratic leaders. So far,
however, according to the repi*>lican
leaders, the negotiations for a com
promise have not reached a stage
promising an early agreement.
The State Department has been
, officially advised from Paris that the
first meeting of the council of the
. league of nations will lie held at the
. Quay d'Orsay, PariB, Friday, Janu
ary 16, at 10:30 a.m.
The formal call for the meeting will
I be issued by President Wilson, prob
ably today. It was announced at the
state Department.
\ v .
"There's nothing to it. Tommy
rot. Never heard of it before.
That is what Maj. Gen. L#eonaru
"Wood, commanding* the central de
partment at Chicago, said to a Star
reporter at the War Department
at 10 o'clock this morning, as he
was hurrying along the corridor to
attend the general military con
ference to be opened at that hour.
His brief statement was made in
response to an inquiry as to the
truth of a statement published this
morning that he "soon' will resign
his ^commission in the Army to
enter more completely into his
campaign for the presidency."
NORFOLK, Va., January 12.?City
sprinklers, railway tank cars and pri
vate artesian wells are bein^r pressed
into service today to g.uppjy Norfolk (
^rfth drinking W&ter. tfntil the exist
ing critical situation begins to im
prove water will be rationed, five gal
lons dally being the allotment for
each family.
More street sprinklers ate being
made ready for hauling water into
the citv. Pressure is being reduced on
all mains to the minimum and rigor
ous precautions are being taken ?
against ffre. j
Water Famine Impending.
Unless there is a heavy rain in the
next few days a water famine will
result. All of the government activities
here, including the naval and Army
bases, depend on Norfolk for water
and are aiding the city in hoarding
the present meager supply.
Portsmouth this morning came to
the aid of Norfolk by permitting
teams from'this city to use fire hy
drants and haul water to NorfolK.
Harbor boats were also sent over to
Newport News to fill their tanks, and
nearby towns are being called on for
The water famine here is attributed
to dependence on rain for an adequate
supply and the abnormal lack of pre
cipitation during the past three
months. The water question has been
before the city council for years, and
with the aid of the government was
temporarily solved during the war.
Source of Supply
Norfolk's present slim suppply of
water is being drawn from a group
of small lakes located near North
Landing, in Norfolk county. Water
out of only one lake is, however, fit
for human consumption, and that
from a smaller nearby lake, which is
brackish, is being pumped into it to
maintain a pumping level.
To relieve temporarily the situation
the railroads are sharing water from
their sources with the city, bringing
it here and storing it in stand pipes.
Surveys have recently been com
pleted for a new source of supply in
Norfolk county, experts estimating
? that this addition to the present sys
| terns will cost $3,000,000, but will not
be available for many months.
In the meantime, the city is abso
lutely dependent on rainfall, of which
there is no immediate prospect.
LONDON, January 12.?Lord Kil
marnock left London today to act
i as British diplomatic representative
; in Berlin.
His departure . marks an important
I step in the re-establishment of diplo
! matic relations between Great Britain
and Germany, which will be effected
almost immediately. Consuls and con
? suls ereneral will be appointed shortly
J bv the two governments. Germany
Will be first represented here by a
?charge d'affaires, but it is believed
'the rank will soon be raised to that
i of minister, instead of ambassador, as
PARIS, January 12.?The Spanish
ambassador at Berlin, who has been
representing the interests of France
at the German capital, notified the
German government yesterday that
France had taken action for the re
sumption of diplomatic relations with
Germany. France's charge d affaires
will probably leave Paris for Berlin
on January IS.
Germany has not yet given notice
of the nomination of.Baron Kurt von
Lersner, head of the German mission
(in Paris, as the German charge at
the French capital, nor of the nomina
tion of any one else. Meanwhile
B?Von von Lersner remains as the
provisional charge. It was said in
German delagation circles today that
Germany might refrain for (The pres
ent from naming a charge.
SALEM, Oregon,' January 12.?The
Oregon legislature in special session
here today ratified the amendment to
the federal Constitution granting
suffrage to women.
Protests Against Him as
Commissioner Laid Before
Senate D. C. Committee.
Protests against the confirmation of
Dr. John Van Schaick, jr., to be a
member of the board of District Com
missioners were laid before the Sen
ate District committee at an open
hearing today. Chairman Sherman
ruled that those opposing the appoint
ment of Dr. Van Schaick would be
heard first and then those who sup
ported the appointment.
The reasons given for opposing Dr.
Van Schaick today included the fact
that he has been a clergyman and
that it is a mistake to have any con
nection between state and church in
government: that he has not been
Trresidentof the District continuous
ly for the last three ^ required
by law; that he has not hfcd the busi
ness experience requisite, anc that
during his term of office as president
of the school board there has been
much friction. .
C C Lancaster, representing the
Briehtwood Citizen* Association, was
the first witness heard. He presented
a written protest signed by himself
and Charles W. Ray, president of the
Brightwood Citizens' Association;
Warner Stutler, president of the Ben
ning Citizens' Association, and frul
ton R Gordon.
Read by Mr. Lancaater.
This statement, which was read by
Mr. Lancaster, in part, is a? follows.
"We charge that Rev. John van
Schaick. jr., is a regular ordained
minister of a religious denomination
and creed known as Universtlists, and
has been for many years the pastor
of the Church of Our Father, and Is
still unofficially connected with such
church and creed. By reason of this
well known fact, we protest against
his confirmation, not because, of in
dividual creed or religious belief, but
because of his official connection with
said religious denomination ana
further charge that the nom
ination of said Rev. Van Schaick is
la flagrant violation of a well known
and established principle of American
i civil policy against the dangerous
union of church and state, in the ad
j ministration of state and national
I ?i"We^<further charge that bjT reason
I of his sacredotal and ministerial hab
| its and training and his t?lal lack
experience in the ordinary affairs
commercial activities, the said \ an
I Schaick is wholly disqualified to d.?
! charge the important civil adminis
I , duties of a Commissioner of
I [he District of Columbia to tho sat.s
faction of the people of this District,
1 who want and/ by every S y,ave a
1 tice and fair dealing, should have a
I r\f well known business expe
ments of the office.
Political principles
?,r. charge that the said Rev. \ an
^\e, 7,? ?fpither a republican nor a
Schaick Is neither moose,
democrat and1 not ^ %e<m ab]e lo
but, s?.far as public utterances
ascertain from bis P toward the
I and socialist and single
I vagaries of the soc^ ^ ^ r
taxer. In political principles of
with n^flxedpoliucai pri v x
nartfe* ?and such a record is antag
p f the spirit of the act of ISiS
2nd the unbroken custom of the ex
and the un democrat and
ecutive to av. CornnljSSioners.
one republican ho hag no
We contend that a mans cannot be
Safely intrusted with public office
| particularly the office of Comm.s,
I Sl "We also Charge and so "present
? ., ?. thp said Rev. Van Schaick, as
i president of tlie school board by his
'visionary, impracticable and domi
? Conduct has created factions
"' nni? the teachers and instructors
Mnd has greatly demoralized the teach
?ng force and* greatly Impaired its
efficiency. In other words, his ap
pointment on the school board was a
fatal mistake and he should be re
111 "We havefbeen informed that the
said Rev. Van Schaiok in a recent
'written communication to a special
committee of the school board used
scurrilous and insulting language re
flecting upon the Colored Parents
League and colored patrons of the
public schools, a copy of which is on
f>le with your committee and will
lie brought to your attention by a
committee of the Colored Parents'
Leagu >on-Rraldrnrr.
"We further charge and so represent
that the said Rev. Van Schaick is le
gal! v disqualified from holding said
office of Commissioner, as
been an actual resident of the Dis
trict of Columbia for three years prior
to his appointment, as required by the
act of 1878. The record of th0?b,chP?J
board shows that Rev. Van Schaick
was absent from June 6, 191.i. to
1<11D about two yearB. and we are re
llabiy informed that during that pe
(Continued, oil Second Page.)
Political Leaders See Need-'
less Delay in Submitting
Question to Popular Vote.
NEW YORK. January 12.?The pro
dominant sentiment in all circles here
is utter intolerance of and absolute
impatience with the suggestion that
the league of nations shall be tossed
into the bear pit of the coming na
tional campaign to complicate do
mestic y<sues which will be clamoring
for adjustment then, and to delay
' peace indefinitely.
I Senators of both parties will hear
j from influential men in New York
i demanding that the Senate shall go
I over the heads of those senators who
j resist reasonable reservations or are
i irreconcilable to any reservation, and
I to disregard dictation from any
source which will prolong the situ
ation, now classed as highly detri
mental to the country, as well as
charged with grave menace for the
Set "Political Fortune*" Anlde.
j Men of importance in the political
, and business world declare that it is
| shocking to contemplate the idea that
i the political fortunes of any party, of
I any man or of any group should be
i made paramount for the next year
or fifteen months to the national in
terests concerned in the ratification
of the treaty. They are aghast at
the suggestion that political and per
sonal rivalry should be permitted to
hold back ratification.
They are no !<ffiger responsive to
the claim advanced tiy one group in
Washington that the protection of
American rights jnstifies delay indef
initely, because they are convinced
that it is entirely possible to protect
American rights through the reserva
tions. These views are shared by
democrats and republicans alike, and
it became possible to ascertain them
in the assembling in this city yester
day and Saturday of republican lead
ers from all over the state to attend
; a meeting of the state committee, and
democrats of prominence, from tlie
governor down, at a notable political
dinner Saturday night.
Hricrrt Prraldent'a Isolation.
In New York only profound sym
pathy is expressed for the ill health
of President Wilson, and one hears
no word of criticism of htm. But he
is visualized by political leaders as
holding an isolated position for the
i past three months. They picture him
j a lonely figure In his sick room or
study, perhaps brooding in bitterness
over the failure of his countrymen to
make good his promises to Kurope,
but still hugging to his breast the
memory of the plaudits that greeted
hLm on his western trip. They hear
that he sees but few people, and they
deduce that he hfcars probably only
what he wants to hear.
Thus they claim that It devolves
upon the wise men of both parties in
the Senate who know the sentiment
of the cojuAc*.-to come together on a
program of "reservations, ratify the
treaty with the covenant of the league
well guarded, and lay it before the
President.. They insist that the Sen
ate is as competent to judge what
would nullify the treaty as any in
dividual, and they believe that the
i declaration of two-thirds of the Sen
! ate that the treaty is valid and does
' carry out the spirit of the league of
nations would convince the President
i and induce him to exchange the rati
1 fication. There is practically unani
mous demand from men of influence
. and standing in both parties and of
: great importance in the business world
that at any rate the Senate should es
say the efTort. Then the responsibility
for pigeon holing the treaty would be
fixed, they say.
Discuss Suspension of Socialists.
New York republicans are deeply
concerned over the action of the legis
lature in suspending the five socialist
members, pending an investigation of
their views on government. It de
veloped at the meeting of the state
committee that upstate leaders were
disposed to indorse the action of
Speaker Sweet in having the social
ists stand aside until the committee on
judiciary could hear them, while prom
inent city leaders deprecate it.
Speaker Sweet stoutly defends his
course, claiming that he acted within
the law in halting them on prima
facie evidence until the facts could
be disclosed as to their attitude to
ward the government. Thus, with the
session of the legislature only four
days old. a split within the republican
party is threatened.
! The only thing that operates to take
the curse off is the fact that fhirty
three democrats in the legislature
voted with the republicans to suspend
them. What Boss Murphy of Tam
many Hall said to some of the up
' state democrats at Saturday night's
dinner wouldn't .pass through the
mails and would melt the glass in
sulators off the telegraph wires.
Forecast of Outcome.
The outcome is expectcd to be that
unless the socialists at the committee
hearing declare outright their ad
herence to views that are classed as
inimical to the American form of gov
ernment and advocate its overthrow
by violence, they will be allowed to
take their seats. If they follow the
example of Victor Berger, however, it
is thought likely the legislature will
oust them, and let politics and the so
cialist vote in Manhattan go hang. It
should be remembered, however, that
there is thus far no parallel between
the Berger case and the New York so
One fails to find among important
men here any spirit of despair or
pessimism over the state of the coiin
trv at large, socially, industrially or
politically. They are concerned, but
confident that, given any kind of
sensible leadership in Congress in
both parties, everything can he
i straightened out. Nobody but the
j bolsheviki discounts the U. S. A.
View of Mr. Bryan'* Action.
Mr Bryan's threatened split is
' viewed without dismay. One of the
' most noted democrats from upstate
; said to the writer:
"I wish Bryan would start a third
j party gather to him all the discon
tented elements, collect them all un
der one head so that the rest of the
people could crack it. and I would
not care very much whether it was
my own party or the republican
party that did the job."
Arguments Continue and Case May
Reach Jury Wednesday.
T..OS ANOELES, Calif.. January 12.
?The condition of the Juror whose
illness caused a recess over Saturday
of the trial of Harry 8. New for the
alleged murder of Miss Freda Lesser,
his fiancee, today was such that" the
attorneys could continue their closing
arguments. It was thought that the
case would go to the jury Wednes
The court's instructions to the jury
will be long, attorneys for both sides
believe. They say there are many
points on which they desire \hat the
Jurors be fully informed as to the
law. especially that applying in
M.sca in which insanitv U the defense.
Representative Mapes Urges
Measure: Mr. Williams
9peaks in Opposition.
Declares False the Charge on
Which Prinrinle Is Endeavored
j - to Be Destroyed.
The Mapes bill, proposing to abolish
the "half-and-half" law of appropria
tions for the support of the Ui-trict
of Columbia, was under delate in
House tiiis afternoon. ReprKsentat:
Mapes made the opening speech f?r
the bill arid he was follow- 'I 1>\
? Representative Williams of Illinois
as loader of the opposition.
i "The charge oil u hi< h those
] deavoring to destroy the half-and
j half principle of maintaining and de
I velopintf the National Capital b
j their contest is entirely false.' said
; Representative Thomas S. Williams of
Illinois, leading: the republican major
ity of the House District ?oinmitt-e
in opposition to the Mapes bit. "The\
claim that the District taxpayers are
undertaxed." continued Mr. Williams,
i "'but in reality they ate paying -? ?
j heavy a burden of taxation and have
' done so since the fathers >a'd out this
most beautiful city as do the residents
of any other community of compar
able size or advantages."
?In leading the opposition to the
proposed abolition of th*? time-honor
ed half-and-half principle, as pro
vided in the organic act. Representa
tive Williams emphasized the fact
that it is the republican majority of
the House District committee that is
standing against the Mapes bill.
He charged Congress that it is a
1 sacred duty upon them not to disturb
i the fixed proportion In regard to
! financial relations between the resi
dents of the District and the federal
government until they have investi
gated most carefully anrV considered
with the utmost deliberation the
real facts in the ease.
The Mapes bill was called up by
Chairman Mapes of the House Dis
j trict committee and arrangement
' made for four hours of general de
bate, confined strictly to the bill.
Representative Foss of Ohio presided
in committee of the whole.
Addrpwi by Mr. Mnpra.
Chairman Mapes started the debate
and addressed the House for one hour
He pointed out that there is a surplus
of approximately $4,000,000 in the fed
eral treasury to the credit of the Dis
trict tax]>ayers. He said it would be
foolish to increase assessments when
what rfe called present low rates pro
duces a surplus which will be con
! stantly increasing.
Mr. Mapes quoted extensively from
j testimony before the Joint fiscal coin
; mission in 19l:>. notwithstanding that
I his own -ommittee had recently taken
I voluminous testimony which covers
J conditions up to the immediate pres
ent. During his statements he was
frequently interrupted by other re
publican members, who challenged
some of the statements and some of
his statistics. representative 55ih 1 -
man of Maryland arose to answer a
question regarding tile comparison of
assessed values with actual sales.
Representative Murphy of Ol*'" a-d
Representative Williams of Illinois
arose to discuss the reliability oi tax
rate3 and assessment presented by
Mr. Mapes as for their home cities
which he had received in reply to
telegrams sent by him to the home
cities of the eight republican mem
bers who had signed the report in
opposition to the Mapes bill.
Mr. Mapes' argument in general was
the same as that presented in his re
port on the bill from which he quoted
Applause for Mr. William*.
Representative Williams of Illinois
1 was given much applause as indicat
? ing the fi-eling of the House as opposed
: to the proposed abolition of the half
. and-half principle. He was the first
speaker among a dozen or more of the
! most prominent men in the House who
i have asked for time to speak in opposi
j tion io tjie Mapes bill. R. presentative
j Gould of New York, who has taken a
i most active part in legislation benefi
< cial to the District, is in charge of time
; for those opposed to the bill,
j Representative Williams said the
j one most important matter to be con
sidered in connection with the Mapes
i bill is that it endeavors to destroy
| the policy adopted in 1878, whereby
the government contracts to contrib
I ute a definite proportion toward the
! maintenance and development of the
! Capital city. He impressed upon his
j colleagues that this question of defi
nite proportion is of paramount im
portance and that the half-and-half
system is merely relative.
"Congress should consider most
carefully and act with the utmost de
liberation before it destroys this con
tract." said Mr. Williams. "livery
committee of Congress that has con
sidered this- matter in 120 years lias
reported that it is important that the
relations of the citizens to the na
tional government in the matter of
maintenance and development should
be definitely fixed," he said.
Old Haphazard Method.
For seventy-eight years following
the laying out of the Capital city.
Congress proceeded in a haphazard
method of contribution. Mr. W illiams
pointed out. "and this led." he said,
"to the people of the District being
frequently on the verge of bank
ruptcy. while this most elaborate and
beautifully designed city was wholly
undeveloped, insanitary, a reproach
and disgrace to the nation. It was
to correct this abuse that the definite
proportion of contribution between
the federal and local governments was
established under which has been built
up the most beautiful city in the
world." he said.
I t'omparlnon of Per Capita Tat.
! "The city of Washington pays a
1 greater tax per capita than 17fi of the
! 227 cities approximating it in size
I or advantages." declared Representa
tive Williams. He pointed out that
j the bureau of census establishes the
per capita tax as the proper method
j of computing tax burden. "This is
the only method whereby you can ar
? rive with any certainty regarding the
tax burden." said Mr. Williams, em
phasizing that those who charge
Washington with undertaxation fig
ure only upon the tax rate, or the as
sessment valuation, which mean noth
ing unless taken in proportion with
the population."
Lanham Arjcues for Mnpr* Bill.
Representative Lanham of Texas
argued in support of the Mapes bill.
Strong indorsement of th" assessment
system in Washington, as absolutely
fair and equitable, was given by Rep
resentative Rurdick, formerly mayor
of Newport. R. I.
"I nm one of those who came to the
consideration of this question prejudicial
against the city of Washington." Rep
resentative Rurdick admitt. d. "Due to
what.I believe the higher cost of living
and the many reports that had come
to me to the effect thi.t the citizens of
tCouUiiued ou Eighteenth l'agb_:

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