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WSATRftlL Partly cloudy MrifMi tomorrow un settled, probably nowmi moderate temperature Temperature tot twenty-tour bourn ended 3 p.m. today! Highest <4, at 2 p.m. Marl l?w?rt, 41* at 4 a.nu todar. Fvtt report m pa?e II, Qorai New T?k Stock*, Pip 17. WITS STTirSAT XOBimrO EDITION Member of the Associated The Anoclated rnn If exrloalTot? ntttM to the n? fbt ropubUcatloa of all mm Mpatchee credited to It or eet otherwise credited Is this paper and alao tbo local aotra publlakoS betels. All rlckta of publlcatloa of apodal dispatches berrta ara alao reeerra4. Saturday's Net Circulation, 94,283 Sunday's Net Circulation, 89,1*4 No. 27,753. WASHINGTON, B. C., MONDAY, APRIL 19, 1920-TWENTY-TWO PAGES. TWO CENTS. HARRY L GESSFORD APPOINTED HEAD OF HSTHCT POLICE Succeeds Late R. W. Pullman as Major and Superin tendent. FIRST ELEVATION FROM RANKS IN FIFTY YEARS Satire of Washington and Had Been With Police Force Since 1881. HtMT L. SEMPOtD. ? * - < ?' * - - * * Inspector Barry I* Gessford. asslst Ut superintendent of police, today j was appointed major and superlntend , ' Announcement of the appointment | l?a* made by Commissioner Brownlow following a conference with Inspector Gessford this morning. MaJ. Gessford soooeeds MaJ. Raymond "W Pullman, whs died more than a month ago. As n?w? ?f the Gsmmlssionsrs* ?h flie tidings were 1r*l?on#e not only because thi new superintendent was known to them, but chiefly because be was chosen from the rgnks. Persons in touch with the members ?f the force predict that the appoint ment of a uniformed man to the posi tion of chief will stimulate th< men to greater efforts. Commissioner Brownlow said he of fered the position to MaJ. Gessford on March 15, but the assistant super intendent declined. It was only this morning, after another talk with the Commissioner, that he agreed to ac cept. "I will do my utmost." said the new superintendent, "to see that the peo ple of Washington get good police protection. That has always been my %!? tn the department." Takes Oath ?( Oflcf. MaJ. Gessford took the oath of of fice as superintendent in Commission er Brownlow's room at 12:30 o'clock this afternoon, the oath being admin istered by Daniel E. Garges, secre tary to the board of Commissioners. Commissionsrs Brownlow and Kuts extended their congratulations, and the former told of the new chief's modesty impelling him to decline the promotion a month ago. Among those who wltneased ?Ae taking of the oath were Corporation Counsel Stephens, Assistant Chief Nicholson of the Are department. Lieut. Charles A Evans, Chief Clerk E. B. Hesse of the police force. Assist ant Corporation Counsel ? Ringgold Hart and Dr. James J. Kilroy. mem ber of the board of police surgeons. Col. Kutx and Mr. Brownlow con gratulated the new chief and pre dicted for him a successful adminis tration. Lieut. Evans dispelled sny doubt the Commissioners might enter tain on that question and extended the thanks of the department to the Commissioners for taking a man from the ranks to All the position. first Fr*a Raaks la Fifty Years. "He's the first one to be taken from the ranks in fifty years," said the lieutenant, "and the department feels grateful for it." Commissioner Kuts said it rested with the new chief to continue the appointment of chiefs from the ranks. If he makes a success of his administration, the Commissioner add ed, It is probable that his sucoessors will be taken from the ranks. Commissioner Brownlow said he felt oerULln the new chief would have a successful administration, and told his hearers that MaJ. G^sftyd's father was an honored membet u ihe police force many years ago. Make* Other Vacancies. The promotion of Inspector Gov I ford leaves a vacancy of an inspecL.r, . the filling of which will leave otl cr j vacancies lower in the department, I Commissioner Brownlow said toruy ! sn Inspector will not be selected tm- I mediately. MaJ. Gessford has been acting h?-ae I of the department since the death ! of Maj. Pullman, and It is knoxr I that the Commissioners have been pleased with his management of the force during that time. The selection of MaJ. Gessford is particularly gratifying to the men. in view of the rumors which have been in circulation that a man outside of th* department was to be appointed. When Mrs. Katherlne Gessford callrd her husband by telephone to congratulate him a short time after he had been appointed she reminded him that tomorrow will be their thirty-third wedding anniversary. Sketch of New Chief. Harry Lincoln Gessford was born in Southwest Washington on Febru ary 1, 1861. He is now fifty-nine years old. He was educated In the public schools and has spent his en tire life In the District. On January 6. 18x1, he was appoint ed station clerk in what is now the fourth precinct, covering the southwest section. It was then the first precinct. He later served as desk sergeant at what are now the first and third pre clnets. Thus beginning at the bottom of the ladder, where he had an opportu nity to know the conditions under which all members of the force work, he has worked his way to the top. , Msj. Gyssfor.) said tod*_> that the VJyntiiiutd on l'us- 2. Column a.) HEARING SET FOR MAY 6 ON PHONE RATES RAISE Tha Public* UtttltiM Commission an nounced today that a hearing will be held In the board room of the Dis trict building at 10 o'clock Thurs day morning, May ?, to consider the application of the Chesapeake and Potomao Telephone Company for an lnorease in rates. The petition of the company asks the following raises In rates: Individual lines, resident, unlimited service, from 95 to |6.60 a month: for extension telephones, 75 Instead of 50 cents a month; party line, resident, thirty-five calls a month. $1.60 in stead of <2-26, with a o-cent flat for additional messages; Individual line, business or resident, fifty calls a month, M Instead of 13.60; Party line, business service, forty calls a month, t* Instead of $t.60, with 6 cent charge for additional messages. The company also seeks a revision In the rate for private branch ex changes. Germany to Be Told She Must Fulfill Treaty's Conditions. By the Auodated Pr*a?. SAN HEMO, April 19.?The inter allied supreme council began Its for mal sessions today in the Villa de Vauchau, on the hills to the north west of the main town. While the Turkish question was on the program for first consideration by the conference today, it develops that there already has been discussion over the question of enforcing the execution of the treaty of peace with Germany. There seems no doubt that the premiers are agreed a Joint dec laration must be sent to Germany re quiring her to fulfill the conditions of the Versailles treaty, and that If she does not do so the allies will take measures to compel her. The pre miers, however, have not yet agreed upon the form of pressure to be used should Germany continue negligent. Premiers Millerand, Nitti and Lloyd George, after their meeting with Foreign Minister Scialola of Italy. Philippe Berthelot. political director of vthe French foreign office; Earl Curson, British foreign minister, and numerous secretaries yesterday at the Villa de Vauchau, met again late In the afternoon at Premier NtttPs hotel. No outsiders were present, with the exception of three interpret ers?Col. Hankey for Mr. Lloyd George. M. Kammerling of the French foreign office for M. Millerand &nd Signor Tromponetti of the Italian foreign office for Sign or Nitti. Agreed German Staad* They were agreed without a mo Hient'a discussion that CHrfnany gfcoold be to!A ta ths most positive manner that ibs must observe ths treaty; that the allies were firmly united upon this and that she should a* warned of ths punitive eonss flUmSto iLhAd ?h* refuse or fall to observe" the treaty. Premier Lloyd George suggested economic pressure depriving of food, raw materials and intercourse with the allied countries. Premier Mlllorand Is describe? as having that such pressure, without the use of naval or military aid, would, In effect, be no pressure at all- He de clared It. would be another ?make be lieve " and that Germany couldjson duct* her economic business through the ne*'ral countries Just the same. ifkA only warning that would be re spected. the only pressure that *ould w, effective, he asserted, would be force?application of such force as the military and naval advisers might deem sufficient- . - l?^^tW8Ij?Sclusl<r'e'Premier^Ilttt toward the British prime and the matter rests SajHs? might take. San Remo's French Policy Toward Turkey Reported by a Correspondent gY PAUL SCOTT ?OWRER. B, cablegram ?? The Star Dally News, C*pnl?M> MO. PARIS. April 1?.-The French policy at the San Remo conference so far as concerns Turkey Will. I am Informed. be aa follows: Turk* in 1 Maintenance of the T.urKs in Constantinople^! keep" ConsUnUnople from falling Into 05 2 h^Sconomlc,eb^t^?o administrative, C?,nCe&ni?onCoaf Prince Felsal as Kins of Arabia and of Syria as part of his kingdom- No military campaign in SyfST but if Feisal would accept French advisers in so far as he ac cepts any foreign aldf?r Syria the FrCThWe?U.lsdtaMls,S'm^tedof some real French regime in Lebanon, the senti ment of which are distinctly French. 5. Recognition of the present Greek and Italian zones on the coast of Asia M?|0r'The establishment of an Inde pendent Armenia under the mandate or the league of nations. This program shows a considerable modification of France's original ex pectations. There is absolutely no in clination to take any steps which may require military action. On the other hand France feels that her position among the nations is such that in the division of responsibilities this part Qf the world she should be permitted to have as her share. Hope has prac tically been abandoned of getting America to accept a mandate in the near east. Plans of Supreme Council's Meeting at San Remo Today I 8A.N REMO, April Its (by the Asso I ciated Press).?Questions in connec tion with the peace treaty with Tur key will comprise the first business i to be taken up by the supreme coun cil of the allies at its first formal ses sion here tomorrow. This was decided upon at a conference today In the Duvachan Palace, where the sessions are to be held, attended by premiers Nlttl of Italy. Lloyd George of Great Britain and Millerand of France, for the arrangement of the official pro cedure. With the premiers were For eign Minister Sclaldia of Italy, Earl Curxon. the British foreign secretary, and Gen. Berthelot. the French chief of staff. It was agreed that dally com muniques should be issued, as upon the occasion of previous sessions of the council. CsIM State* Net Preeeat. It developed definitely today that the United States would not be rep resetted at the conference. The ar rival of Robert l^nderwood Johnson, (Continued or. Pruro ? viumr, . * 'PUBLIC BE DAMNED' VAN SCHICK SAID. DECLARES OYSTER Was Board President's Com ment on Mr. Thurston's Removal. TOLD OF HIS PLAN TO OUST SCHOOLS' HEAD Cannot Get Representative Men on Board, Sayi Former President. Capt. James P. Oyster, former presl dent of the board of education, told the Benat* committee Investigating the public achoola at today'* hearing that Dr. Van Schalck, the preaent pres ident, three years ago aald to him that "he wa> going- to put Thurston out." "I asked why." aald Capt. Oyater. "I pointed out that Mr. Thurston had not been long In office and had been on probation. Dr. Van Schalck ad mitted that he had Improved. "I said 'Mr. Thurston Is a local man. If he Is Improving and the people here like to have him as superintend ent. don't you think you should con sider that?' His answer was: Tke Public Can Be Da?ed." " The public can be damned.' "I said to Dr. Van Schalck that re mark might sound all right coming from me. but that I was rather sur prised to hear It coming from him. Dr. Van Schalck replied that he had the courage of his conviction, that he believed he knew what was right and that he intended to carry out what he thought to be right." Capt. Oyster recommended to the committee that if any change la made In the method of appointing members of the board of education the appointments be made by the President and confirmed by the Senate. He rec ommended, too, that the membership of the board be reduced to Ave, Instead of the preaent nine. Logically, Capt. Oyster said, the appointment of the members of the board should be made by the District Commissioners. Make-Up of Member*. "But we don't have representative people on the board of Commission ers," continued Capt. Oyster. "We have not had them for a number of years. We do not have Commission ers who care for the people as well as they might. If we had our own people there, people who belong to Washington, then the appointment of the board could well be made by the District Commissioners. But the present Commlssoners are not enough interested In the people to know. I have no personal grievance. I ?? fond of Commissioner Brown low; hot he Is not a regular Washlngtontea. Col. Kuts is a Regular Army offlcjf, and. ?t ooon?% ca??no t dliur was not Wto suggest any appointments. I do not think that Ma). Newman had the in terest of the people at heart." ^ ^ Capt. Oyster said that he had been a member of the board of education from 190? to HIS, and that Mr. Thurs ton was assistant superintendent aqd not superintendent during his service on the board. ? Friction la IN*. "While you were on the board', was thtere any friction between the super intendent of schools and the board of education?" asked Senator Harrison. The witness said that there was none except in the first ypar with Supt. Chancellor. Capt. Oyster testified that the act of 1906 providing for the appointment of members of the board of education by the District Supreme Court judges had proved satisfactory while he was on the board. He said that prior to that the Commissioners had appointed the school board and that there had been trouble over the appointments. After the board had been appointed by the judges, Capt. Oyster said the board had trouble with the Commis sioners, and that the Commissioners had refused to co-operate with the board. He testified that the members of the board got along well together. In 1910. he said, there was an investiga tion of Asst. 8upt Bruce by Dr. Da vidson. lasting eight or nine months, in which Bruce was vindicated. He said that the schools grew quiet and the teachers were contented. Talked Wltk Van Sebalck li 1917. The conversation described by Capt. j Oyster between himself and Dr. Van Schalck took place in 1917. prior to the re-election of Mr. Thurston as superintendent. He said that Dr. Van Schalck called at his office and dis cussed the possibility of a change in the board membership. "He asked if I would care to go back on the board," said Capt. Oyster. 'I told him I would not. 1' asked him what he was going to do about the superintendent. Mr. Thurston. He said he was going to put him out, and I asked why." Later on In the conversation Capt. Oyster said he asked Dr. Van Schaiok if he had the votes to prevent the re election of Mr. Thurston. "He said he had, that he had five. I asked him who they were and he replied that he did not think that he cared to give the names. I asked him if he would tell me if I guessed the names and then I said that I would guess and he oould tell me or not as he liked. I said. They are Mrs. Rhodes, yourself and the three col ored members of the board.' Instated on Outlag Tbnrston. "Then I asked him if he wa? going to continue to insist on getting rid of Mr. Thurston. He said he would con sider It and the next day he called on me again and said he should go through with it. I said to him: Tou wish me to go on the board. Now I have one request to make of you. Will you promise me that you won't say anything to the board members until the meeting hour?" He said he would make the promise and I replied. Then I congratulate Mr. Thurston on hifl re-election."" In reply to a question Capt. Oyster said that at the time it was suggested he go back on the board it was sug gested that Mr. Lamer might not be reappointed. Capt. Oyster expressed the opinion that Assistant Supt. Bruce was a capable school officlftl. and had been so considered by the board. He.said that Mr. Bruce had a suave, kndly manner which sometime? had led per sons who had come to see him In re gard to appointments to think that he had promised them things when really he had not. Harry O. Hlne, secretary of the board of education, was the first witness at the hearing today, i He told the committee tnat in his opin ion. Supt. Thurston had entire right to go through the files of the board of education to obtain information re garding contested matters oomlng up it the Senate Investigation a Ut ter written by Dr. Van Schalck to Dr. Learned, which was produped by Mr. Thurston, which hsd not been given '.?'"iiionwl ou -? C.) THE REALLY EFFECTIVE OVERALL MOVEMENT. FORCEDTO CLOSE Depletion of Appropriation Causes Decision; Special Class Will Continue. Public night schools of the District will close some time this week, and thousands of students, many of them adult government employes, will have tftelr studies cut short. Thts action was definitely decided today by Su perintendent of Schools Thurston and Walter B. Patterson, director of night schools, when It was learned the ap propriation for operation Is nearly exhausted. Plans will be made, however, at a oOnferenoe in the superintendents of fice this afternoon between Supt. Thurston, Asst. Supt. Kramer, Mr. Patterson and heads of the night sohools to consolidate a number of tlM student* taking special courses lit* on* or two Classes, wbieh will be efeerattd until June. The exact date Sir the closing of the schools *4*o will be decided, although Mr. Thurs ton polntedeut today that It would be Impoamw to operate them after this week on the present funds. May Obtala Necessary Credits. The object of consolidating the stu dents taking special courses Into one or two classes is. to permit them to ob tain the nine-manth attendance credits required by colleges. Some colleges. It Is paid, will not accept night school students taking courses of less than nine months' duration. The appropriation of $25,000 granted the night sdhools in the second defi ciency appropriation bill ha* been virtu ally exhausted. Only about $>,000 re mains of thin amount, showing that It costs approximately $11,000 a month to operate the system. With the remain ing $3,000, school officials hope to con duct the special merit classes until June 1. Afrrti Nearly 1MM Stadeats. Loss of the services of these Institu tions. which have been characterized by Mr. Patterson as "beehives of industry." will be felt by nearly the entire enroll ment of 10.030. A few of this number, however, will be benefited by the opera tion of the special classes. This enrollment marks the highest point in the history of the night school service. At the beginning of the war with Germany the enrollment Immedi ately Increased when hundreds of war workers took advantage of the night service. So popular did the schools be come, that the classes in some of the schools were extended from three to six nights a week, and have been operating since that time with almost full at tendance. Plans for continuing the operation of special classes until June 1, by the school officials at the conference this afternoon, will be submitted for approv al to the board of education at its meet ing Wedneeday afternoon. FOOD COST TO FAMILIES IN D. C. SHOWS DECREASE Twenty-Two Articles 3 Per Cent Lower in Period Between Feb ruary 15 and March 15. The average family expenditure for twenty-two articles of food In Wash ington decreased 3 per cent during the period from February 15 to March 16 the bureau of labor statistics of the Department of Labor announced today In making public Its monthly summaries of food price trends In va rious cities throughout the United States. Washington, with Norfolk. Va., and Savannah. Ga., showed the largest decrease of the fifty cities In which food prices were obtained. The average family expenditure ln oreaaed In twenty-seven cities and decreased In twenty-three cities. As compared with the average ex penditure for the year 191S, Washing ton food prices on March 15 showed an increase of 102 per cent. Taken as a whole. In flfty-two cities In the United States the average family expenditure for food did not change the bureau announced. The cost of the twenty-two articles of food for which prices were obtained remained only six-tenths of l p?r cent below the cost in January, 1920, which month marked the highest point since 1$13 HARD FIGHTING SUNDAY ON THE POLISH FRONT In ^sevdrSf*sectors ?*?#&%? s reported by the Russian soviet gov ernment in its communique issued at Moecow Sunday. An advance by the reds in the Black sea region also Is announced. The statement reads: '?In the Gerlsov region we have beaten off the enemy's advance. In the Meslr region we are fiercely engaging the enemy on the RlverBereetna. in the region of Kamanets-Fodolak, north cast ?t Uschltsa, the red troops are ^"Atong'th? #BCScdeeacoast we flung beck the enemy seven miles to the cf luzerzvskla. PUN MEM D. C. UTILITIES MD Plana for a new Public Utilities I Commission, which will be Independ ent of the board of District Commls- I ?loners, are being considered by Chairman Mapes and other members of the House District committee. The members of the committee are becom ing dissatisfied with the frequent au thorizations for increases In rates Dy public utilities, it is understood. It is probable that as a result of conferences between members of tne committee a bill soon will be Intro duced, possibly by Chairman Mapes which would provide for a new board I of three public utilities commission ers, who during their term of office would hold no other official position. In this connection it is pointed out that the District Commissioners, be sides their official duties In the Dis trict building, have been obliged to spend practically all of their time ?Inoe February 1 at the Capitol test! fying before either the appropriations j committees or the District committees of the Houss and Senate. Members of the House District committee feel that tfca present board had not time to males as cartful investigations as should be made on each application for increase of rates. Ben Johnson, the former chairman of } the committee, are said to Indorse the I proposal for a new board. mTmTkept ! DOWN TO COMBAT H. a L GARY SAYS | Moral Obligation to Check I Greed, Chairman Tells Stockholders. By the A?sort?tm Pre**. NEW YOKK, April 19.?Elbert H. Gary, chairman of the United States Bteel Corporation, informed the stock holders at the annual meeting in Ho boken today that the corporation was holding down the prices of Its products because of the high cost of living. Referring to inquiries made as to why, in view of the great demand, the cost of production and prices re ceived by other manufacturers, the prices of the corporation's products had not been raised above those flxed by agreement between the industrial board and steel manufacturers on March 21, 1919, he said: Moral Obligation Upon AIL "It seems to us the problem of high cost of living Is of convincing im portance. When the increasing ten dency is to insist upon payment of unreasonable sums for every com modity and for every service, so that the vicious whirl of advancement seems to be unending, we think there Is a moral obligation on the part of every one to use all reasonable efforts to check this carnival of greed and Imposition, even at some sacrl j flee. "There is a growing discrepancy between different Individuals and In ' terests. The man with a flxed Income Is more and more disadvantaged and | he is helpless. He cannot 'ncjeaee his income to meet the cost of living. Therefore. It should be the effort of all to establish and | maintain a reasonable basis offices, certainly to prevent further Increase otherwise the government from. the standpoint of protection of a part of the public, roust interfere. Has Kept Some Prices Down. The attitude of the "S considerable ffienSe In ? preventing ir?ss*3S3S turers) have made them, due, as tney clli ? to increased cost of manu fa-?Uoreov*r, it is that m view of all the condUlons prevaillng ?he selling prices of most ?fthe diversified products ofthe corpora. *1ah fnr the nref^nt least, ftre nigrn Mni'iih though it is pertinent to say that'whln the actual value of the nrnn.rtiea and volume of business of the coMrpora?lon ar? ~nd''?t?d riAt r At urn Is stt least moderate. Mr oarv said much thought had been riven to the question of shorter for the corporation employes. bSt That workmen were not satisfied wUh short days if larger pay could Obtained by working longer days. csillaM Opea Shop. Reviewing last year's steel striks. if, OaS announced that the corpo "tlon wotld continue to maintain "??Ve^taST?>s said, "for the open shop. Which permits a man to work : ? ':T! *?" Nearing Seaport as News of Michoacan Revolt Cheers Leaders. AGUA PRIETA, Sonora, Mexico. April 19.?Officials of the Sonora state gov ernment, whole defection from the Carransa government of Mexico, fed eral leaders ore seeking to put down by force of arms, continued today | their dispositions of men and muni ! tlons to oppose possible Invasion. ; Meanwhile Sonora forces were far ' south of -the Sonora border, pressing I through Binaloa to the attack of Masatlan, the principal seaport. Sonora leaders here today expressed satisfaction at word from Mexico City that tfcere had been a rising In U>? state of Miehoaean. even though I the official M*s of the affair de scribed it a?^ purely local in char acter. Another source of gratification aw? Jsjjswsf i"<sas.v able fore* of Carransa troops in Sln aloa had transfert-ed its alleglai?ee to the Sonora standard and waa ac tive against Carransa forces there. Officials here drew favorable conclu sions from word brought by dMeit ers from federal forces at Casas Orandes that Villa was becoming ac tive In Chihuahua, the deserters were quoted as saying men were leaving the Carransa force and would reach Sonora soon and that c*l,h?*?u* /'J*? troops and home guards had refused to march ac*lnst Honors. Mix Bctsis ?sllws*' There were reports afloat Saturday and last night that today would see the return to its owners of the South ern Pacific de Mexico, an American, owned railroad running 'rom No**'" south to Guaymas, along the west coast of Mexico. The state govern ment seised this several days ago, declaring state possession was neces sary as a step toward preventing In vasion of Sonora from Slnaloa along the road. A strike of employes has been In effect on this road since fetalis of the capture of Cullacan have not been received here officially, butit was said the battle for posses sion of the town was short and that in Us capture the Sonorans gained large quantities of arms and ammunt tlon. Kail RMte Cfcaaged. DOUGLAS, Arl*., April 18.?-Mail for American firms and individuals in So nora. Mexico, will be sent through border ports of entry Instead of through Juares, as heretofore accord ing to a telegram from the Post Of fice Department received here today. The message stated that other mall will be sent to El Paso, Tex., for de livery through Juares. Ballet 1b Tells of Revolt. MEXICO CITY. April 18.?A revolt In the state of Michoacan, engineered by Gen. Pasqual Artls Rubio. governor of the state and a strong supporter of Lieut. Col. Alvaro Obregon, Is an nounced In the government's second war bulletin Issued early today. Gov. Rublo, the bulletin states, has fled from Morelia, the state capital, with 100 men. A .. Gen. de la Torre, who came to the capital to confer with President Car ransa, has been ordered to proceed Immediately to Acambaro and report to Gen. Bruno Neiro, who has been substituted in the Aoambaro region for Gen. Jose Rentera Luvtano, sent to take charge of the Sonora cam palgn. According to the bulletin Gov. Rublo has fled to the hills, taking with him the contents of the state treasury. It adds that Gen. Neiro has arrived at Morelia to take charge of military operations there and that a detach ment of state troops had left the . capital for Acambaro to pursue the outlaw governor and reinforce the Morelia garrison. Believed Local la BCeet. While the revolt of pro-Obregon authorities in Michoacan had been ex pected. It was considered officially as a purely local uprising. The re mainder of the state is reported to be auiet. , , _ A dispatch to El Universal from its correspondent at Morelia claims that Col. Obregon Is In that town. It is stated that he is in open revolt. This is not confirmed officially, The government s stand with rela tion to Col. Obregon is commented upon approvingly by its supporters, who declared that in aUowlng him a free hand instead of detaining him. as would have been easy when he was here in the capital, the .fovernment had given him opportunity to show what his real political alms were. World Wheat Shortage Beported. World-wide shortage In wheat has been reported by the American agri cultural trad* commission at London. The commission reports that with Russia still In a chaotic state there Is little aid to be expected from that country in the way of ~heat exporte. and Europe Is turning to the United States. Canada, Australia. In.llir ?, ..tina. ?. ii ^ AMERICANIZATION KEYNOTE SOUNDED AT DIR. OPENING Mrs. Guernsey Addresses Ini | tial Session of Largest Con gress Ever Convened. Before the largest continental con gress of the Daughters of the Ameri can Revolution ever assembled. Mrs. i George Thacher Guernsey, retiring I president general of the society, to ' <lay called on the descendants of the I early American patriots to redouble their efforts In Americanising the I foreign population of the country, ; particularly the foreign women, and I arraigned In virile terms all those who accept the advantages of this country without practicing its ideals. The address of the president general was the principal feature of the morning program, and this afternoon her annual report opened the second ?easlon of the congress. It was fol lowed by the reports of the other na tional officers. OfcsliC I* I?presslve. Lacking somewhat In the political Interest that haa marked other meet ings where a president general of i the society was to be elected, the gathering today showed no abatement of enthusiasm, and the auditorium In Memorial Continental Hall presented a most colorful picture when Mrs. Guernsey entered to open the con gress, preceded by 140 young woman pages of more than usual beauty, sim ply dressed in blue and white. The stage was banked with roses and palms, the stage seats being occupied by the national officers and the twen ty-one vice presidents general, their black gowns contrasting with their medals and Insignia of office. Mrs. George Maynard Minor of Con necticut, whose candidacy for the president generalship is unopposed, occupied a seat near the stage in the section reserved for former national officers of the society, she having serv ed two terms as vice president gen eral. The principal interest in the elec tions this year centers in the selection of seven vice presidents general from a list of thirteen avowed candidates. Nominations for all national offices will be made Wednesday evening, and the balloting will take place Thurs day. Mrs. Minor has expressed no choice for the offioe of vtce president general, and has announced she will serve with the officers chosen by the congress. Secretary Celby to Speak. Secretary of State Balnbridge Colby will address the congress at Its ses sion in the big hall this evening, fol lowing Representative Porter H. Dale of Vermont. The invocation and bene diction will be by Bishop William F. McDowell. Musical numbers will in clude an overture by the Marine Band and tenor solos by Martin Richardson. "Assembly," sounded by Arthur S. Witcomb of the Marine Band, short It ***??*? th,s morning, was the signal t?f the entrance at the ?>**?"? *? the cornetUt played "Onward. Christian Soldiers8 the na tional oiBoers filed in and took their seats 5>n _ th* platform. Mrs. Guernsey immediately took the gsvel and de the congress in session. The meeting of Mary with the risen Savior, as told In the gospel of St. John, was read by Miss Elisabeth P. Pierce, after which she asked a di vine blessing on "the proceedings of the congress. She was followed by William Tyler Page, clerk of the House of Representatives, who re cited the American's Creed, of which he is the author, first alone and then in unison with the delegates. Mrs. gmfori Wfau Applame. Recitation of an apostrophe to the flag by Mrs. Maria L. Sanford. pro fessor emeritus of the University of Minnesota, was one of the most dra matic events on the program, the aged woman, a veteran member of the society, winning so much ap plause that the president general was compelled to rap repeatedly for or der. "America" was then sung by the entire assembly, and Mrs. Guernsey began reading her address. Greetings from Poland, and a brief recital of the fight that restored oountry is making to preserve the In stitutions of liberty were laid before the congress by Princess Lubomlrskl. The report of the committee on cre dentials was made by Mrs. Robert J. Johnston and that of the committee on program by Mrs. Charles A AulL Presentation by the New York chap ter of a tablet in memory of Mrs. Donald McLean, former president gen eral of the society, (dosed the morn ing session of the congress. More Difficult Than Imaglaed. In beginning her annual address, Mrs. Guernsey said that it is not so simple as sometimes thought to transform a foreigner into an Amer ican. and to Americanise him is some thing more than to teach him Eng lish. "Many foreigners speak English be fore coming here," the president gen eral continued. "A man from the British Isles may speak the purest London cockney and never In all the years of his residence here come to see how much more beautiful la 'Old Glory' than the union Jack We have thousands of Irishmen here who speak our language with a degree of in telligibleness, whose hearts are so full of love for 'ould Ireland' and hatred for old England that there Is no room left for any sort of oenti ment for America other than a pur pose to exploit her in the interest of that part of the Green Isle which gave him birth. "The Same Old Not!" "To transform an alien into an American citisen Is something more complicated than giving the man a new suit of clothes, or the woman a hat instead of her flaming kerchief which covers her head. Emma Gold man wore an American hat on a Rus sian head for twenty years, and the other day sailed back home against her will, still wearing an American hat over her unaltered foreign head. A new shell, but the same old nut! "America may well distrust the foreigner Jews- who forsake their synagogues and the foreign Roman Catholics who repudiate the church. The destructive forces at work in America today are not found among those foreigners who prove loyal to their ancestral faith. Apostate Jews and Catholics turned infldel consti tute the menace to all that la beet in our social. Industrial and civic life. "The abandonment of one's old faith is no guarantee that the foreigner is thereby to become at once an Ameri can. Mast Preserve Race Assets. 'We will make a serious mistake if we assume that the American tsation process, whether it involves the men or the women, undertakes to destroy those vast treasures of racial assets which, under careful nurture and direction, would become invaluable assets In the development of American civilisation. "The Amerlcanlsatlon movement should not only tolerate but welcome these foreign manifestations of creative thought, but so conserved as to ac celerate progress and increase the veri ty of the nation. Native music, native lT' *~ri turo. art. rrafts.- philosophic REQUIRES OUTLAWS TO RESUME WORK BEFOREHEARING Order by Railroad Board De mands Compliance With the Transportation Act. Representatives of the so-called "outlaw" organization of railroad em ployes, which Is said to be responsible for the tie-ups In New Tork, Chicago and other large railroad centers by taking a "spontaneous vacation," will not be given a hearing before the railway labor board until the men return to work. This construction was placed upon the first general order of the board issued today after morn than an hour's executive session. The board's order declared that It would not "receive, entertain or con sider" any application or complaint from any parties who were not com plying with the transportation act or who were not adopting every means to avoid interruption of the operation of the roads, growing out of any disputes. Following the Issuance of the order, which prevented a hearing of repre sentatives of Railroad Workers of America, E. A. McHugh, representing the New Tork metropolitan division and claiming leadership of *.000 men who are "out" in that district, de olared, In a statement, that the men would not return to work until he had the assurance from the board that speedy action would be taken upon grievances. Brotherhood Hearing Set. A formal hearing of representatives of the recognized brotherhoods, how ever, has been set for 10 o clock to morrow. Mr. McHugh stated that a- section in the order might be a loophole for such a proposition, and that action ' would be taksn at a conference, for which no place was designated, at aa early hour this afternoon. ?ay Qait Organisation. A movement for the men of the "Railroad Workers of America" to withdraw from the railroad brother hoods is on foot, according to officials of the organisation. Unless develop ments within the next few days are "favorable," one official stated, such a course would be taken, with the effect of "skeletonizing" the recognized or ganizations. W. N. Doak, representing the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, announoed that the men net acting in accordance with the rules of their or ganisation "would bo obliged to with draw." Vint Orttr of the Board. The first order of the board de clared that: "It Is decided and ordered by the board aa one of the rule* governing its procedure that, as the law under which this board was created and or ganised makes it the duty of both carriers aad their employes and sub ordinate officials having differences and disputes to hare and hold eoa consider and if possi bl? to^e^lde such disputes in conference, and r?r,t Iran board to Mar and decide; and as it is further contemplated and provided by the law that pend ing such conference, reference to and hearing by this board it shall bo the duty of all carriers, their officers, employes and agents to exert every reasonable effort and adopt every avail able means to avoid any interruption to the operation of any carrier grow ing out of any such dispute*?therefore, this board will-not receive, entertain or consider any application or complaint from or by any party, parties or their representatives who have not complied with or who are not complying with the m-Tvisions of the law, or who ars not exerting every reasonable effort and adapting every available means to avoid interruption to the operation of any jSarrier growing out of any dispute be tween the carrier and the employes. "Any party or parties, person or persr.~* desiring to bring before or secure a heet?rar by this board of any complaint, grievance or ii*pute, must first file with the secr*?-.>,rv of the board a complaint or app..jation in writing, showing by express state ment and facts set out, among other things, that the dispute is one which this board Is authorized to hear and decide and that the petitioners or ap plicants belong to the class or claases of persons or carriers authorised to make such application and that the applicants have been and are comply ing with the requirements and pro visions of the law. Action Following Filing. "When so filed and docketed by tha secretary it shall by him be brought to the attention of the board, which will then make such orders as to notice, answers of parties afTected and further hearings as in Its opinion the nature and character of the mat ter involved may require. "All applications and cases present ed will be considered and decided In the order in which they have been filed with the board, unless In the opinion of the board the public inter ests require a change of procedure. All motions or requests to expedite the consideration of a case must be made in writing, stating reasons, and filed with the secretary. All appli cants shall comply with all other rules of procedure hereafter adopted by this board." Opinion oa Provtoo. Men representing the so-called "out law" organization declared that tha proviso "unless in the opinion of 'tlio hoard the public interests require a change in procedure." gives the en trance for consideration, although tha men remain out on "vacation." The boardroom was opened for fif teen minutes shortly after noon, when the order was read to aii representa tives of the recognized brotherhoods and of the so-called "outlaw organiza tions." McHogfc latrodaeed. Immediately after the reading of the order. Representative Eagan of New Jersey, announcing that he was representing individual constituents exercising the right of petition, intro duced Mr. McHugh to the board, and requested that he be given a word of assurance regarding the consideration of requests and complaints. At the conclusion of Mr. Eagan a announcement, W. N. Doak, vice pres ident of the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, protested, saying that the representatives of the eighteen rail road organisations were present to represent the men. Mr. McHugh told the board that he had ssnt by regis tered mall to the chairman of the board a week ago a copy of their com plaint. ? To avoid direct denial of a hearing of the men It is believed the board again went into executive session and ad journed shortly afterward. Eight thousand men in the metro politan district surrounding New Tork city alone are on "vacation." it was declared. These cover all classes from firemen and engineers to yardmen. Western representatives of the so called "ontlaw" ergaalsattoa placed the number of their constituents at (00.ooo. This figure was laughed at by representatives of the Brotherhood m - Iway Trainmen.