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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 01, 1920, Image 2

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C. L CORBY DENIES
HE FIXED RETAIL
BREADJTEIND.C.
Tells Committee, However,
Firm Refused Sales to Deal
ers Who Lowered Price.
Appearing before the Senate sub
committee of the District committee
investigating the cost of living yes
terday. Charles L Corby, head of the
Corby Baking Company, admitted that
his firm refused to sell bread to deal
ers who reduced the retail price, but
denied that he fixed the price at which
it should be sold to consumers.
"We are tojd by our attorneys that
we have a right to choose our cus
tomers," said Mr. Corby.
','Your own statement shows that you
stand in the light of a price dictator,"
said Chairman Ball of the subcom
mittee, after some further discussion.
"We don't feel that way," replied the
witness.
"Don't you think more bread would
be consumed if the retail price were
9 cents instead of 10 cents?" asked
Senator Capper.
"I do not think you could tell the
difference." answered Mr. Corby.
"It appears to me that when you re
fuse to supply a man who sells under
a certain figure you are fixing the
price." the chairman commented. "I
wouldn't consider it any other way.
You put up the funniest style of argu
ment X ever heard."
"If you had been in the bread busi
ness for thirty years yon would get
another atmosphere, you would have
a different viewpoint from a person
who is just making an investigation,"
said Mr. Corby.
Seea But One Conciliates.
"There is but one conclusion to come
to," persisted the chairman, "and that
is that by refusing to sell to * dealer
who reduces the retail price the baker
Axes the retail price of his bread."
"There cannot be any other conclu
sion." added Senator Capper.
"Ail that we want to do ia to see
that there is free competition and that
no one is firing the price of necessi
ties," continued Mr. Ball. "You can fix
the wholesale price, but when it
comes to fixing the retail price I don't
consider you have the right to do it."
The witness, who was on the stand
with Harry T. Peters, auditor of his
company, said the price at which
bread retailed was adopted by the
general trade, and Senator Capper
asked if they had "some sort of a
deal" to establish a uniform price.
"We have not," sa'd Mr. Corby.
The senator then ??ked It there had
been a recent advance in any prices
except those of sugar and bread, to
which Mr. Corby replied he had made
no investigation. He said he had seen
many announcements in the papers of
reduced prices on clothing and other
necessities, but that such articles,
when they were run dovn, did not
have much to them.
"I recently bought a couple of suits
for my chauffeur." he added, "and I
asked the salesman if it were best to
buy both suits at the time, in view of
the reductions. The clerk said the
reductions were mostly on odds and
ends and not on the general stock of
goods.
"It has been stated in the papers
that 1 was a profiteer," said Mr. Corby
in the course of his testimony, "but
I would like to say that we could
sell the flour we now have on hand
for $93,495 more than we paid for it
but we are giving the public the ben
efit of that difference."
"Still, you are demanding a higher
price for your bread," said Senator
Capper. >
"We are asking only a fair return
"n our sales, the witness answered,
"and if we were compelled to buy our
Hour at present market price It would
be necessary to ia?te*i? tht price of
bread still more."
Discussing profits made by the'Cor
by Baking Company during 1S1*, Mr.
Corby said it was impractical to re
duce the cost of bread by a smaller
nmount than one-half a cent a loaf,
and that if hi* bread had been sold a
half cent cheaper during the year it
would have reduced his net profits
1171.000, leaving a profit of but
$20,000 for the entire year's business.
B. O. Dawson a Witness.
R O. Dawson, manager of the Piggly
Wlggly Stores, Inc., said that on May
s his firm had opened twenty-six
stores In Washington, and that he had
intended to sell Corby's bread at
and 14 cents a loaf on that day, instead
of at the usual price of 8 and 15
cents.
"A representative of the Corby Bak
ing Company called on me the day
before we opened and asked If it was
a fact that we intended to cut the re
tail price of bread." continued Mr.
Dawson. "I don't know how he found
out our plans. I asked him what
would be the result if we did cut the
price, and he intimated that we would
not get any bread.
That caught us rather short, and
'here was nothing for us to do but
iigree to sell at the higher price and
lake the bread for our customers next
day.
"On May It I wrote to Corby and
said we expected to sell bread at 9
and 17 cents instead of 10 and 18
< ents, and asked that he reply to me
by the messenger that delivered my
letter. I was called up by telephone
and told that Mr. Corby was out of
town and would not return until the
following Wednesday. I never re
reived any answer to my letter, and
on Saturday. May 22. we cut the re
tail price. That afternoon Corby fail
ed to deliver bread to several o'f our
s ores, and on the next Monday they
collected their bread boxes from us.
W'e are now buying bread from an
other baker."
Explanation by Mr, Corky.
In his testimony preceding that of
Mr. Dawson. Mr. Corby had made ref
erence to the letter indicating the
I'igsly Wiggly stores intended to re
duce the price of bread, and said it
was not answered because -if-he had
told the Piecly Wlggly stores they
ould or could not reduce the price, it
mipht have been construed as price
fixing.
"if we had said it would make no
-liiference if the retail price were re
duced. or if we liad said it would make
. difference, it would have been mak
ing an agreement." Mr. Corby testified,
and we understood that was not per
missible "
Edward J. Yonkers. local manager
for the Sanitary Grocery Company,
aid that they had never attempted to
-ell Corby's bread at less than the
usual retail price, because they wished
to push another brand of bread at a
lower figure.
"Any of our customers can get
Dorsch's bread for 9H cents a loaf
that is just as (rood as Corby's 10
<*ent loaf." said Mr. Yonkers. "We
have been trying for eleven years to
? <iucate our customers to the fact
hat the highest price does not nec
? ssarily mean the highest quality."
Holmes Bakery Profltn.
Lewis Holmes, president of Holmes
A. Sons' Baking Company, which sells
most of its product direct to consum
? rs. told the committee his firm had
made smaller profits during the war
ind the period immediately follow -
nir the war than any other time in
is history. He submitted figures to
?how that during the present year, on
business amounting to 9237,142. the
ei porfits had been but 91.572. For
"lie period of five weeks in January
?ml February the books showed a
loss .,f *726.54.
The city of Washington up to May
' last." said the witness, "sold cheap
? r bri ad and paid more for labor than
?n> other large city in the coun
Spanith Secretary for League.
MADRID. May -HI.-*?King Alfonso
signed a decree, which was ap
noveti of by tb/e cabinet, establish
ing an under foreign minister for the
-'pentab office of the league of n
' tons,
m.
E
MUST FACE TRIAL
By the Associated PrpM
MEXICO CITY, June I.?Men who
have been expatriates from Mexico
will be invited to return and help
build up the country, said Adolfo de la
Huerta, provisional president, today,
but he said .those who had charges
against them would have to face trial.
An extraordinary session of congress
will be called shortly, the provisional
president declared. A thorough diag
nosis of de la Huerta's illness, which
was declared this morning to be ap
pendicitis, has shown his disease to
be of a rather slight character.
Ih his statement to the Associated
Press, in which the provisional presi
dent declared he would give guaran
tees to all political candidates and
would make efTorts to improve the
condition of workers and to develop
national resources, he said:
To Serve No Political Party.
"When I take the oath as provisional
president of the republic. 1 wish the
Mexican public to know I do not assume
the office to serve the interest of any
political party. It is my fundamental
plan to see that all candidates for pub
lic posts, that all political groups and
that all citizens enjoy an equal footing,
the guarantees provided by law.
"I also wish the public to know that
in discharging the duties of my office I
'will work enthusiastically for the just
betterment of the country's proletariat,
giving facilities at the same time for
men of enterprise to exploit the natural
wealth of our country and develop all
industries. The same spirit of serenity,
conciliation and harmony which inspired
the revolutionary movement will form
the basis of my conduct as provisional
president
"Prom an international viewpoint I
will strengthen the diplomatic and com
mercial relations of Mexico with all
other peoples, in accordance with the
fundamental principles of international
law. justice and good faith. Finally,
I wish to make known the federal execu
tive will be pleased to accept comments
and reasonable criticisms of his admin
istration by the press, and I sincerely
solicit the co-operation of all honorable
Mexicans In reaching a solution of the
arduous political, economic and social
problems before the people."
Gen. Felix Diax. who has been car
rvinc on a revolutionary movement
In the state of Vera Crux for some
time, is willing to return to private
life, now that the overthrow of the
Carranza regime has been accom
plished. according to Gen. Luis Medina
Barron, who arrived here yesterday
as envoy of Gen. Diax to confer with
Gen. Obregon and Adolfo de la
Huerta, provisional president.
"Gen. Diaz is not a rebel chieftain,
and has not aspired to public office."
said Gen. Barron, "but has limited
himself to making war on the Car
ranza government."
? He added that conferences he will
hold In this city will deoide upon the
disposition to be made of the Diax
forces, as well as determine the future
of Gen. Diaz himself.
PRESIDENT TO AID FIGHT
ON PLAGUE AT VERA CRUZ I
VERA CRUZ, May 31 (by the Asso
ciated Press).?President Wilson has
offered to send hospital ships, nurses,
doctors and medical supplies to Vera
Crux immediately to assist In combat
ing the bubonic plague which has
made its appearence here, eleven au
thenticated cases having developed
to date and five deaths resulting.
The history of the outbreak appears
to date back to May IS. when the first
case is believed now to have de
veloped. The victim in this case died
on May 22 and the second victim on
May-24. |
Vera Crux is already completely cut |
off from the rest of the republic. Re
lief has begun to arrive from the out
side. however, a train from Mexico
City coming in tonicht with repre
sentatives of the sanitary corps and
material with which to fight the
plague.
In the opinion of the medical au
thorities the plague has not attained
the character of an epidemic, and
they believe it can easily be control- i
led by taking the proper measures to |
combat it. Fumigation of the freight
warehouses already has been begun,
as has the cleaning up of dwellings
and the burning of wooden houses
near the central point of the outbreak.
American warships at Vera Cruz
will not be withdrawn immediately
because of the outbreak of bubonic
plague there, it was said today at the
Navy Department. No one from the
Tessels. however, will be permitted to
go ashore.
SUPREME COURT AGAIN
SILENT ON "DRY LAW"
The Supreme Court failed again to
day to decide the validity of the pro
hibition amendment and portions of
the enforcement act and recessed un
til next Monday, when the present
term will close.
AGRICULTURAL BILL
SIGNED BY PRESIDENT
President Wilson today signed the |
annual agricultural appropriation
bill, carrying a total of J31,000.000.
The bill continues in force the pres- |
ent cotton futures contract under |
which trading on the cotton ex
changes is carried on.
An error in the enrollment of the agri
culture appropriation bill caused the
Comer amendment, relating to sale of
cotton, to become a law despite the ad
verse action of Congress. Chairman
Haugen of the House agriculture com
mittee today told the House. To correct
this, the House adopted a resolution re
pealing tho amendment and sending it
to the Senate.
Under the amendment, a buyer of cot
ton would have been permitted to de
mand delivery of half of his purchased
quantity in the grades of middling or
better, the seller to choose the grades in
which he would deliver the other half.
D. C. CHICAGO APPOINTEES
National Committeeman Colladay
Announces Job Holders.
CHICAGO. June 1 (Special).?The
District of Columbia is to be well
represented at the republican nation
al convention among the officials who
care for the details of the conduct
of the sessions. Edward F. Colladay.
republican national committeeman for
the District, has been instrumental in
having Washingtonians appointed to
these jobs'. On the list are the fol
lowing ushers: Honorary. Lieut. Col.
Wiliiam Eric Fowler and Private
Thomas P. Littlepage; ushers, actual.
First Lieut. Edmund L. Jones of
the 314th Field Artillery and Corp.
Stephen F. Colladay of Company A.
304th Battalion. Tank Corps.
Doorkeepers?Maj. Philip Brown,
sergeant metropolitan police, retired;
John H. Garges. member of Columbia
Lodge. No. 174, International Assocla
Ition of Machinists.
i Assistant sergeant-at-arms?Samuel
J. I'rescott. Harry Wardman, H. R.
Conklin, Henry F. Flather, Charles H.
McCarthy. M. W. Pickering.-J. Clin
ton Hiatt. William J. Dow, Dr. W. L.
Robins. John Thomas Taylor, George
McLaughlin. Charles Emory Galllher,
Henry M. Camp, Gus A. Schuldt, H. S.
Barger. F. L. Flshback, John D.
Rhodes. T. L. Jeffords. George T. Par
ker. William H. Donovan, Alphonse
Young. John Martin, Lester Fisner, C.
Kenyon. jr.; Sigmund Eisner, Charles
H Marshall, Jr.; Albert Farley, Thom
as L. Jones. Mortimer M. Harris. Al
phonso J. Harris, William L. Hous
ton Miss Jeanette Carter. WinAeld
Scott, H. Prescott and George G. HUI.
SOLDIERS OF ALL WARS HONORED'AT MEMORIAL DAY
EXERCISES AT ARLINGTON.
Flowers for grave of tkrir pill
daddy, who faackt In the eMI war.
CAPITAL HONORS
FALLENSOLOIERS
Gen. Pershing Speaks at
Arlington-^-Exercises Held
at Cemeteries.
Personal ambition or political ex
pediency should not be allowed to
swerve the American people from ful
filling obligations to "less fortunate
peoples who confidently look to us for
help," Gen. John J. Pershing' told the
great assemblage which gathered in
the amphitheater at Arlington na
tional cemetery yesterday to celebrate
Memorial day.
"To the memory of our beloved
dead," he said, "we owe a duty to
complete the task they sanctified. The
white crosses in Prance, standing as
symbols of brotherhood in common
purpose against militarism and op
pression, eloquently cry out to us.
"Are we as a people to live up to
Dur obligations? Must personal am
bition and political expediency swerve
us from the true course?
Appeal Mast Not Be la Vain.
"The appeal that rings in our hearts
must not be in vain. Rather let us
go forward oourageously and with
unselfish devotion to the wellbeingof
aur fellows as the vital aim, re
awaken the fine spirit which made
possible our war achievement. Do
ing our full duty as patriotic citisens
may we meet our obligations and give
sncouragement and comfort to less
Fortunate peoples who confidently
look to us for help.
"May this day of solemn meditation
bear fruit to justify the sacrifice of
those who died."
Calls Preparatloa laatcqaate.
The general also pleaded for adequite
preparedness. "Ia this solemn pras
ance," he said, "and on this day, my
countrymen. 1 pray you to take such
reasonable measures in times of peace
that never again shall it fall to the lot
if a commander to suffer the anguish of
loul that comes when of necessity our
rallant young manhood must unjustly
t>ear the burden of our thoughtlessness
md be sent to battle without adequate
preparation."
A tribute to the allied dead also was
paid by the American commander, "to
the allied thousands who during four
rears of bitter struggle gloriously fell in
lefense of their homes and firesides and
who lie yonder across the seas asleep in
luiet places beside our sons?a mighty
host united in death as they were in
life."
Celebration of the day took in all the
cemeteries about the city where lie
maay who have held looted places in
American life. For the dead of the
Navy and the Lusitania special services
were conducted by veteran organisa
tions on the central span of the Aque
duct bridge.
Services for Matae Dead.
Special services also commemorated
the dead of the battleship Maine and
two noted explorers. Rear Admiral
Charles Wilkes, discoverer of the ant
arctic continent, and Rear Admiral
Robert K. Peary, discoverer of the
north pole, were paid honors by the
living. A monument erected in
Arlington oemetary to Admiral Wilkes
was unveiled with fitting ceremony,
while the Explorers' Club inauguiated
a yearly custom in placing a wreath
on the grave thare of Admiral Peary.
Woaaded Decorate Graves.
Even the wounded and maimed sol
diers at Walter Reed Hospital par
ticipated in the day's remembrances,
taking part in decorating the graves
of the handful of dead who sleep at
Battleground cemetery, where the tide
of the war between the states swept
closest to Washington.
A few British dead, some of whom
died while serving here during the
war, also sleep at Arlington and they
were not forgotten. Lady Goddea, ,
wife of Sir Auckland Geddes, British
ambassador, placed wreathes on the I
graves. I
Declares Supreme Court Ruling!
Works Burden?Involves Sher
man Anti-Trust Law.
The Reading company, a Pennsyl
vania holding corporation, asked the
Supreme Court of the United States
today to reconsider Its recnt decree
holding the company to he operating
in violation of thr She. man antl-trust
law..
The company sui<l the ?!??< r. ?? would
Impose a burden and *? i*os"thii* loss
on it and asked especially i'nr modi
fication of th?.' decree, so ,:.i to permit
the holding hy It of ih- sto>-.v of
either the Philadelphia nn-l itcvling
Coal and Iron Company or tae Phila
delphia and Reading Railway Com
pany, providing that the Reading
company had disenabled it tie) f from
exercising any Influence upon the con
duct of the busine:s or the other of
the companies and of the Lehigh and
Wilkes-Barre Coal Company and the
Central Railroad Company of New
It was further asked that the Dis
trict Court be authorized to determine
whether the Jersey Central after it
shall be disassociated from the Read
ing Company, the Reading Railway
Company and the Reading Coal Com
pany, shall be permitted to hold the
stock of the Wilkes-Barre Coal Com-'
pany upon terms which shall impose
upon these two companies the conduct
of their business In harmony with the
law as Interpreted by the Supreme
Court.
MIX-UP IN FLORIDA
IS LEGAL PROBLEM
FOR REPUBLICANS
(?Continued from First Page.)
vhould be coivsidered in the policy
adopted.
Limitations of new arrivals in this
country to given percentage of the
naturalised citisens of their race now
in the country were suggested as a
means of limiting immigration,
stricter requirements as to mentality
and past records of immigrants were
also suggested.
Seatla* of Extra Delegate*.
Chairman Hays, at the close of yes
terday's committee meeting, announc
ed a solution of the problem of seat
|UK the flfty-six extra delegates who
Have been chosen from ten states. It
was round that forty additional chairs
can be placed in the space arranged
ror delegates on the floor of the
Coliseum and the sixteen others will
be accommodated by occupying the
spaces of delegates who happen to be
absent from sessions.
Chairman Hays said: "In almost
every case the election of these extra
delegates in the various states Ironed
out bad factional differences and
made for harmony within the party."
The republican women's national
executive committee, through its
chairman. Miss Mary Garrett Hay, has
sent out a call for a women's caucus
1?? heId n?*t Sunday afternoon.
Those summoned to the meeting were
women who have been elected as dele!
gates or alternates to the convention,
members of the women's advisory
board and vice chairmen from the
various states. It was said that the
women would discuss planks they
favor for the republican platform.
WANT MORE DELEGATES.
D. C, Representatives Say Four
Should Be Seated.
CHICAGO, June 1 (Special). The
District representatives here are not
^'th th? number of dele
ventfJ," republican national con
vention representing the District of
Columbia. They believe that instead
?i Sf,ng allowed only two delegates
seatid ilCt ?!h0uM have at leaBt four
A conventions of the
uf(- A committee has been ap
nnhii therefore. to request the re
publican national committee to in
Thls nnm i?Pl8trlct'? representation.
PriLH?. LU?e consists of Samuel J.
ion ^airman; Edward K. Col
\vifrV' J? J- Hogan, James A. Cobb, I
IHiam T. (ialliher, Dr. Charles H*
Aarph?nit,sH*vy HorU
A. Phillips, B,. C. Snyder, John R
2.dWWll'lamy'Z Hohuesnto^0n T?briner
CONFEREES ARE AGREED
ON SUNDRY CIVIL BILL
?Agreement on the $436,000,000 annual
sundry civil appropriation bill was
reached today by Senate and House
conferees.
Senate provisions amending the
transportation act so as to extend
from Ave to fifteen years the period
in which railroads would he allowed
to repay loans from the $300.000 000
revolving fund for equipments were
retained.
TEN RECEIVE DIPLOMAS.
Gunston Hall Graduates Hear Fed
eral Trade Commissioner.
Ten graduates of Gunston Hall. 1906
Florida avenue, received diplomas to
day during the concluding exercises
tof graduation ceremonies.
Federal Trade Commissioner Hus
ton Thompson delivered the gradua
tion address and Mrs. Beverley Ran
dolph Mason, principal of the school
presided. Rev. Herbert Scott Smith
of St. Margaret's Church, pronounced
I the benediction.
The graduates are: Pauline Cole
man and Elisabeth Ramsburgh of
this city, Frances Gurr. Winifred
Ftawlingfl, Julia Robson and Emily
5?&! ?J Sfor5la; Margaret Stoll and
Mildred Sheeban of Kentucky and
Japan a 0 a Toki Y"na8aki of
clMfc8 Raw,inKS lB President of the
CHICAGO WILL WITNESS
USE OF EVERY DEVICE
IN POLITICAL WARFARE
(Continued from First Page.)
lowing-, can be found who assents to
the claim of the Johnson men that he
will be nominated.
What about Herbert Hoover? He
is still sailing under a letter of
marque, a privateer on his own ac
count. He looks like a long, low rak
ish craft in the offlng to the old-line
candidates and their supporters. His
managers are at work with the rank
and file of incoming delegates, assidu
ously spreading the idea that Hoover
can certainly be elected if nominat
ed and that all other candidates are
handicapped by one thing or another.
It is barely possible that he may
not be formally placed in nomination
in the convention, but voted for by
individuals. The only hope of his
backers is that the convention shall
get tied into a hard knot by the other
rival candidates, only to be cut by
Hoover's nomination.
It is not the present plan of the
men who are handling the convention
to permit a deadlock of such propor
tions as to warrant such a major
surgical operation to break.
Wood's Situation.
Gen. Wood, who has been the victim
of atrociously bungling mismanage
ment by some of his friends from the
beginning of his campaign, spent all
day yesterday and last evening try
ing to straighten out his managers
and set up some kind of a practical
management for the convention pro
ceedings. "It Is pathetic the way he
has been butchered by his friends,"
is a remark frequently heard.
The line-up for the next twenty
four hours ? and, like the weather
bureau, forecasts for a longer period
are unsafe?seems to be that Lowden
still holds the position of strategical
advantage, and that before they talk
dark horses they will have to shell
his woodB and rout hlin.
EPISCOPAL HOSPITAL
HAS TAG DAY TODAY
Women Seek to Baise $7,000
Deficit in Maintenance
of Free Wards.
The board of lady managers of the
Episcopal Eye. Ear and Throat Hos
pital is directing a tag day today to
ward raising $7,000 to meet a deficit
in the maintenance of the hospital's
free wards. The efforts of the wom
en stationed in the stores, banks and
on the streets to collect the fund will
continue until late this evening.
The hospital maintains six free
wards?two for men, two for women
and two for children. Figures last
year showed an expenditure of $63,
S73.31 in running the hospital and a
deficit of $7,000 was suffered in con
nection with the maintenance of the
free wards. In connection with the
tag day the t)oard has issued a proc
lamation, which follows. In part:
"The board of lady managers of the
Episcopal Eye. Ear and Throat Hos
pital has made it a rule never to
make but one appeal to the public,
which has been in the shape of a
ball, bazaar or supper, but, like every
thing else, the hospital Is feeling the
pinch of the high cost of living and
the minimum wage of women, and is
jompelled to set this day aside as a
tag day."
ESTATE NEVIS SOLD.
James W. Gerard Buys Alexander
Hamilton Place.
IRVINGTON, N. Y.. June J,?The
famous Alexander Hamilton estate,
Nevis, on the bank of the Hudson
river here, has been purchased by
James W. Gerard, former ambassador
to Germany, for a client, it is an
nounced here. Mr. Gerard denied a
report that he had bought the prop
erty for himself, but said he could
not disclose tho name of the pur
chaser.
The estate Includes alxty-eight
acres of land and a large colonial
mansion.
Witnesses Before House
Subcommittee Testify on
Needs of District.
Another bearing was held today be
fore a subcommittee of the House
District committee on legislation de
signed to safeguard the health of the
milk-consuming public in the District
of Colombia.
Among the -witnesses were Dr. Har
vey W. Wiley, representing the Vir-<
ginia-Maryland Milk Producers' Asso-i
elation, which includes ?ne-thirt of
all the shippers of milk into Wash
ington: Charles W. Darr.re present in b'
some distributers of
ington; Dr. W. C. Fowler, the District
health officer, and Representative K
Walton Moore of Virginia, author of
the first bill supported by the Vir
ginia-Maryland milk producers with
a view to safeguarding the Washing
ton supply. Representatives of the
Department of Agriculture, of tne
distributers and the producersattend
the hearing. Only two members of the
subcommittee were present. Repre
sentative Walters of Pennsylvania
and Woods of Virginia.
WU1 Submit Hotilri Bill.
Dr. Wiley announced that he would
submit a modified bill, and Dr. Fowler
asked that lie be supplied with a copy
of the new bill for study.
Representative Moore said that a
primary consideration Is to maintain
the tuberculin test and to extend it
generally. Pasteurization, he said,
should be a secondary safeguard, but
should not be substituted for a tuber
culin test. He urged that If the tu
berculin test is applied to any milk
coming into Washington, it should be
applied to all milk, in order to avoid
discrimination, that is a discourage
ment to the producers. There is only
one dealer, he said, who distributes
both kinds of milk, inspected and un
inspected, and the Interests of that
one dealer should not be allowed to
override the general good for the
community. He said the tuberculin
test is just as Important for the city
people as for the farmers.
Representative Moore Emphatic.
Representative Moore denied as
"utter rot" the report that the farm
ers were prosperous and profiteering.
He spoke from personal experience
as a lifelong farmer, and said that
cattle raisers in his own district now ;
are selling at a loss. He warned that j
not only is there a lack of production,
but that insufficient facilities of dis
tribution threatened a serious suffer
ing from shortage of food throughout
the country. Mr. Moore attacked
those representing certain distributors
and manufacturing interests in the
District who say that pasteurisation
is sufficient without a tuberculin test.
Dr. Fowler said there was no strong
er advocate of the tuberculin test
than himself. He thought there were
not enough tuberculin-tested herds in
this vicinity to meet the milk demand
of Washington consumers. j
SUIT AGA'lNST QUAKER
OATS IS DISMISSED
Government appeals In the federal
anti-trust suit against the Quaker Oats
Company were dismissed today by the
United States Supreme Court on mo
tion of the government.
Dissolution of the company under the
Sherman act was asked by the govern
ment, but the company won In the
lower court.
SLASHES BY ASSAILABT.
Colored Kan Cut Across Abdomen.
Woman Attacks Another.
William Fowler, colored, thirty
years old, 5H> Florence street, was
taken from the home of William Mat
thews, also colored, 1512 12th street,
about 1 o'clock yesterday suffering
from a severe cut across his aldomen.
Surgeons at Freedmen's Hospital told
the police of the second precinct that
the condition of the wounded man
was serious, search is being made
for Matthews as his alleged assailant.
Florence Brooks, colored, twenty
four years old, 65 Pierce street, late
yesterday afternoon participated in
an altercation on the street in front
of her home and received several
slashes across the left side of her
back. She was treated at Emergency
Hospital, and the police are looking
for a colored woman who is alleged
to have Inflicted the wounds.
Suffering" from a scalp wound,
Charles Day. colored, twenty-nine
years old, 1510 Columbia street, was
taken to Emergency Hospital from
7th and O streets southwest yester
day afternoon. He told the police a
white man struck him with a brick.
Howard Phillips, colored, twenty
three years old. 369 H street south
west, last night participated in an
altercation with an unidentified col
ored man at 4% and H streets south
west and was cut about his face with
a knife. He was given surgical aid at
Casualty Hospital.
Another altercation in South Wash
ington last night resulted in the
wounding of James Johnson, colored,
410 Grace court. He was slashed
across the left side of his head with
a knife by another colored man. Cas
ualty Hospital surgeons gave first aid.
SMALL FIRES REPORTED.
Residences, Anto and Wiatermain
Box Slightly Damaged.
Firemen responded to a call re
ceived about 7 o'clock last night and |
extinguished a blase on the second
floor of the home of Oscar Thomas,,
406 E street southeast. The fire was
of unknown origin, the police re- j
ported, and $500 damage resulted.
A small quantity of gasoline that
leaked from a supply pipe on the
automobile of Samuel Brown, 240 3d
street northeast, caught fire at 3d
and F streets last night about 7:30
o'clock and did $50 damage.
No. 5 engine company last night
extinguished a fire in a water-main
box on Aqueduct bridge. Origin of
the flre was not determined, and the
police reported ?40 damage.
ASKS ROAD BE EXTENDED.
Prince Georges County Memorial
Committee Appeals to Governor.
An appeal from the Prince Georges
county memorial committee of the
National Defense Highway and Me
morial Cross Association has been re
ceived by Gov. Albert C. Ritchie
of Maryland, asking that he use his
Influence In having the state r?ad
commission of Maryland complete
the Defense Highway as far as Sea
brook. Md. ^ ?
"As you know, the National Defense
Highway from Bladensbur* to An
napolls has been dedicated to the he
roes of our world war, the appeal
atates, "and the largest ?acriftce cross
In the world Is being built at the be
ginning of the highway. By June 2 fifty
two miles of the highway will be fin
ished We earnestly urge that the
remiining dlsts^ of tw0 roiles to
Seabrook be completed.
The paper was signed by R
RlggleS, chairman of the committee.
amusements.
saiMSs?
Dumb Oirt. A\'1*t* nn!H^ uf,la?f
"VANITY FAIR
. M ? I- ?t0,
fu m ?? ?
Xsigot k Ti*se*t?.
HOUSE ADOPTS PLAN
TO ADJOURN SATURDAY
The House today adopted the Mondell
resolution, which closes the present ses
sion of Congress by adjournment sine
die Saturday afternoon, at 4 o'clock.
MEMORY
IS AIM OF COURT
Justice Gould Tells Panel of
300 of Patriotic Duty
to Serve.
The only opportunities afTorded res
idents of the District of Columbia to
display patriotism are to pay taxes
and to do Jury service, declared Jus
tice Ashley M. Gould in Criminal Di
vision 1 today before beginning the
examination of 300 citizens sum
moned to furnish 104 jurors needed
during1 the current month in the Cir
cuit and Criminal Courts. The justice
warned the talesmen that very few
excuses would be accepted.
He explained that he was inaugu
rating a new system of securing
jurors under a new law which be
came operative last month. The ob
ject of the change of system to a
Jury commission of three citizens, the
court said, was to obtain a "higher
grade" of juries, composed of men
capable of understanding the ques
tions involved and of reaching a just
decision. To mitigate the "pangs of
Jury service." he said, the law re
quires a service of only one month in
a year.
Quite a number of the talesmen
escaped service by being residents of
Maryland and Virginia, and one
claimed to have voted in New York
last November. These were excused,
as were a few "small business" men.
who said they would have to close
shop if kept on the jury.
The minimum wage law was plead
ed by two talesmen, who said they
conducted small restaurants and
would be driven out of business, at
the end of this month as they could
not pay the wage. The Judge thought
they should have the chance to run
their places this month and excused
them.
"I don't think X am smart enough
to be a juryman," Bald a colored
man summoned. Justice Gould com
mented on the display of modesty,
but on inquiry found that the tales
men oouid not read and write fluent
ly. He was excused.
A father and son both were sum
moned. They are together in busi
ness, the parent explained, and asked
that one be excused. The justice, con
sidering this a reasonable request, ac
cepted the son and let the father go.
"I am deaf In my right ear. Tou ex
cosed me two years ago for that rea
son," Baid another talesman.
"I recall," said Justice Gould, "but
I think it was the other ear then."
After the laughter had subsided the
talesman was excused.
LABOR TRIBUNAL
URGfflBYBRYAN
W. J. Bryan, appearing today be
fore the Senate labor committee,
urged creation of a permanent tribnal
of investigation for the adjustment
of labor controversies. The commit
tee is considering legislation to carry
out recommendations of the second
industrial conference.
Mr. Bryan said he suggested this
tribunal as a substitute for the pro
posal to establish a federal industrial
court similar to that in Kansas.
Under Mr. Bryan's plan the tribunal
would have no power to enforce its
Andings, but would leave the parties
to the controversy full freedom of
action after their case had been fully
investigated. The only agency for
enforcement, he said, would be public
opinion.
laTestlcatlon as Remedy.
. Mr. Bryan declared his opposition
to the? proposed industrial court was
because it was essentially a court of
arbitration, and arbitration, he said,
was not aiwuys practicable.
Investigation as a remedy, Mr. Bryan
said, is nothing more than the appli
cation of the principles involved in
the thirty peace treaties negotiated
while he was Secretary of State. The
Improbability of any nation going to
war after time had been taken for
thorough investigation, he declared,
j was equally true in labor troubles.
AGUILAR SURRENDERS
| TO NEW MEXICO REGIME
VERA CRUZ, June 1 (by the Asso
ciated Press).?Gen. Candido Aguilar.
governor of Vera Crux and son-in-law of
the late President Carranza, has sur
rendered to the new government and will
be allowed to leave the country.
'CONFEREES IK DEADLOCK.
Conferees on the rivers and harbors
appropriation bill today reported that '
they have reached a deadlock and
that further efforts to reach an agree
ment seem futile. Members of the i
conference committee said that with !
a recess Impending, the disagreement I
meant there would be no river and
harbor appropriations this year.
As it passed the House the bill car
tried $12,000,000, but the Senate in
creased its total to $24,000,000. In the
meeting yesterday the Senate con-!
i ferees offered to agree to a total of
i $15,000,000, but the suggestion was .
turned down by the House representa- j
? tives. 1
EDUCATION BOW
i MEEHNGDEFERItEO
President Van Schaick Or*
ders Postponement?Resig
nation Rumors.
With one mcmb?r on the high
en route to London, another in Chi
capo attending the republican na
tional convention, the third in Califor
nia. and the fourth to leave the citjr
tonight, the board of cdunation fop
the first time in yearn will not b<?
able to hold Its scheduled bimonthly
meeting tomorrow, because of th>?
laok of a quorum. Accordingly. Dr.
John Van SchsicV;. jr.. president of
I the school board, today postponed th?
I meeting- to Jun.> 9.
There are nine mrmh"rs composing
j the school governing hod}-. and fiv?
| constitute a quorum. The necessary
I five?Dr. Van Schaick. Mrs. Ooralie K.
I Cook. Fountain Peyton. Dr. Abrani
j Simon and Dr. J. Hayden Johnson??
j are in the city. However, the school
board president reached the onnoltt
j sion today that it would be unlikely
? if the five would be able to attend tho
j meeting tomorrow, and deferred it for <t
I week.
Members Absent From City.
j The other members not in the city
are.: Mrs. Margarita S. Gerry, who
sailed Saturday for I^ondon. whero
j she wul sojourn for the summer; Dr.
j Charles 1'. Neil!, who left Washington
ISifnday to attend the republican con
jventton in Chicago, and l-fr. Henry B?
ll.earned, who is in California. Mm.
Susie Root Rhodes expects to leave*
Washington tonight. Whether aJl
these members will return in time to
attend the postponed meeting next,
week is not known. It is believed
that all except Mrs. Rhodes will be
out of the city for the remainder of
this month.
Itumora of Resignations.
Postponement of the meeting was
regarded in school circles with mora
significance than the lack of 9 quo
rum. The>e are persistent rumors of
j resignations of board members. So
far as could be ascertained, none of
the bosrd members contemplate re
signing. with the exception of Dr.
Van Schaick. The school board head
steadfastly declines to discuss the re
port of his resignation.
Terms of three members?Dr. Abratn
Simon, Dr. H. B. I>earned and Mrs.
Coralle F. Cook?expire June an. and
the rumors running rampant in school
circles are that on this date Wash
ington will be without a board of
education.
HALF HOLIDAYS FOR U. S.
EMPLOYES BEGIN JUNE 19
Saturday half holidays for employes
of the government departments in
Washington and elsewhere will begirt
Saturday. June 19. this year The last
h&If holiday under the executive order
authorizing such Saturday half holi
days will be September 11.
For the past six years employes of
the government departments have en
joyed a half holiday on Saturdays un"
der an .order of President Wilson, is
sued June 9, 1914. The order states
that from June 15 to Septehmmer 15
half holidays will be allowed. No
lunch hour is allowed on Saturdays.
Employes must put in four hours'
work each Saturday, however, so that
in those departments where staggered
hours are in force some employes art
released earlier than others on tfas
half holidays.
FLIES AT TWO MILES
PER MINUTE IN RACE
ATLANTIC CITT. N. J.. June I ?Th?
American speed record for a six-pas
senger airplane is claimed by La*
Mons. who yesterdav piloted a Lar
seq all-metal monoplant- in a non-stop
flight to Philadelphia and back as the
final outdoor event of the third Pan
American aeronautical congress He
covered the 120 miles in 59 minutes 34
seconds, according to the records tak
en by William H. I^ogue, jr., of Balti
more. an official of the Aero Club of
America. The machine has a 185-hors?
power engine.
A second machine of the same typ*
with a 160-horsepower engine, piloted
by Bert Acosta. covered the same
route in 1 hour 2S minutes and 44 sec
onds.
WEDDING INVITATIONS
AND ANNOUNCEMENTS
ENGRAVED
Also Calling Cards
Book-Hunters' Shop
Was hi ton's Newest Book Storo.
Dependable $ JC
TIRES V I j _
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Our Upstairs Location Saves You Money.
SMALL ACCOUNTS
In inviting your account we wish to
emphasize especially that the UNION
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imum upon the amount with which an
account may be opened.
This bank specia'izes in rendering
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paid on Chicking and 3fo on Sqping* Account*.
UnionTrust Company
OF THE DISTRICT OP COLUMBIA..
EDWARD J. STELLWAGEN,President
I

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