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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 26, 1920, Image 1

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WEATHER. if A la ***> Member of the Associated Press \
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Closing New York Stocks, Page 25. >w^ ^ WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION f^F Yesterday's Net Circulation, 87,117
No.' 27,880. ^"om" wfshfnglom Dattcr WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 26, 1920-THIRTY PAGES. TWO CENTS.
SUFFRAGE PR
BY COLBY,
AT HOME E
SO-Year Struggle
Ends in Victory
for Women
_ .
MO CEREMONY
IN FINAL ACTION
Secretary Felicitates
Leaders; Hails
New Era.
i
Ratification of the nineteenth
intendment to the Constitution of the
Y'nitcd States, granting suffrage to
Vomen, was proclaimed officially to- *
Way by Secretary Colby of the State
T>epartmcnt.
The proclamation was signed by
Secretary Colby at S o'clock this
morning at his home, wnen the certificate
showing that the Tennessee
legislature had ratified the amendment
was received from Gov. Roberts
f>( Tennessee.
None of the leaders of the suffrage
movement was present when the
proclamation was signed, bringing to
a conclusion the fifty-year struggle
for woman suffrage in this country.
This was a source of grave disappointment
to some of the women.
Secretary Explains.
Secretary Colby issued a statement
regarding his signing of the proclamation
later at the State Department.
In it he gave his reasons for
not making a ceremony of the event
and opening the doors to the women.
Ue said:
"The certified record of the action
of the legislature of the state of Ten
jir^sre on ine auurdgr auiciiuin<.uv j
received by mail this morning. Immediately
on its receipt the record
was brought to my house. This was
in compliance with my directions and
in accordance with numerous requests
for the promptest action.
"I thereupon signed the certificate
tequired of the Secretary of State this
morning at 8 o'clock in the presence
of Mr. F. K. Nielsen, the solicitor of
the State Department, and Mr. Charles
D. Cooke, also of the State Department.
The seal of the United States
has been duly affixed to the certificate
and the suffrage amendment is now
the nineteenth amendment of the
Constitution of the United States.
v?.Aet? ( Simplest Way.
"It was decided not to accompany
this simple ministerial action on my
part with any ceremony or setting.
Thie KAMnilarv axivrt of the aubiect
has, regretfully, been the source of
considerable contention as to who
shall participate In it and who shall
not. Inasmuch as I am not interested
in the aftermath of any of the fric*
tiens or collisions which may have
been developed in the long struggle
for the ratification of the amendment,
1 have contented myself with the performance
in the simplest manner of
the duty devolved upon me under the
law.
"I congratulate the women of the '
country upon the successful culmination
ofttheir efforts, which have been
sustained in the face of many discouragements
and which have now
conducted them to the achievement of
their'great object.
New Era fa Political Life.
"The day marks the opening of a
great and new era in the political
life of the nation. I confidently believe
that every salutary, forward and
upward force in our public life will
receive fresh vigor and reinforcement
from the enfranchisement of the
? Ollieil UL J\IIICI IM. 1
' To the leaders in this great move- 1
ment I tender my sincere congratulations.
To every one, from the President,
who uttered the call to duty '
whenever the cause seemed ti (alter,
to the humblest worker in this great
reform, the praise not only of this
generation but of posterity will be
freely given."
Xight Vigil by Women.
Leaders of the branches of the suffrage
party, the so-called conservative
branch and the militant branch,
visited the State Department today. In
fact. Miss Alice Paul of the national
woman's party and other leaders of j
the militant branch had been on the
watch practically all night for the arrival
of the certificate from Tennessee.
and were early visitors at the
department. They declared that they
had information the certificate had arrived
from Tennessee. They preceded
the Secretary to the department, expecting
to be present when Secretary
Colby signed the proclamation.
Then came the news that he had
igned at his home. Much disappointed,
the women retired to their beadnuartpra
trnntne Lafavette Sauare.
Arrivals Pram Tenaeaaer.
In the meantime Mrs. Carrie Chapman
Catt, president of the National
American Woman Suffrage Association.
accompanied by Mrs. Harriet
Taylor I'pton of Ohio, vice chairman
of the national republican campaign
committee; Miss Charl Williams of
Tennessee, vice chairman of the national
democratic committee, and
Miss Marjorie Shuler. arrived in
Washington from the recent battleground
in Tennessee.
Accompanied by Mrs Helen Gardener.
civil service commissioner and a
vice president of the National Ainer?
lean Woman Suffrage Association,
they went to the State Department.
They were told that Secretary
Colby had prepared a statement In
regard to the proclamation, and that
he was prepared to receive them and
to read them the proclamation. They
acquiesced in the plan and were immediately
ushered Into the Secre
tary's office.
In the meantime word was again
sent to Miss Paul at the headquarters
of the national woman's party.
There was a report that the Secretary
was to pose with the women
for a photograph, apparently in the
act of signing the proclamation.
Invitation Is Accepted.
At first it was reported that Miss
Paul had said the women who had
expected to be present at the ceremonies
had scattered, and that she
herself was preparing to go to New
York and the invitation could not be.
accepted Finally, however. Miss Paul,
accompanied by Mrs. Abby ticott
Baker. political chairman; Mrs. FlorVnce
Browcr Beeckei, editor of the
Suffragist, and others returned to the
State Department.
They arrived in the corridor outside
of the Secretary's office just as
-Mrs. Can's party was leaving. The
national woman's party women drew
to one side and no greeting was exchanged
between the groups.
When Miss Paul learned again there
was to be no photograph made and
no ceremony she and her friends left
(he department.
* ?'! Comments.
Miss Paul expressed the opinion
ifomxlancd ?7almwi AA J
lOCLAIMED I
WHO SIGNS
ARLY IN DAY
PROCLAMATION
ENFRANCHISES c
WOMEN OF U. S.
Bainbridtre Colby. Secretary of
State of the United States of Amer- r(
ica. u
To all to whom these presents t(
t-VIIIC, flCClillfe.
Know ye. that the Congress of B
the United States at the first ses- ,
sion. Sixty-sixth Congress, begun
'at Washington on the nineteenth H
day of May. in the year one thou- t<
sand nine hundred and nineteen,
passed" a resolution as follows, to
wit : ti
Joint resolution, proposing an ?
amendment to the Constitution extendjng.
the right of suffrage to
women." J*
Resolved by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled
(two-thirds of each House
concurring therein), that the fol- W
lowing- article is proposed as an B
amendment to the Constitution, ti
whichishall be valid to ail intents ti
and purposes as part of the Con- ir
stitution when ratified by the legis- ti
latures of three-fourths of the sev- n<
eraT states. bi
ARTICLE ?
"The right of citizens of the d<
United States to vote shall not be S(
denjed or abridged by the United w
States or by any state on account gi
of sex. m
" Congress shall have power to hi
enforce this article by appropriate ui
legislation."
And. further, that it appears from 111
official documents on file in the IE
Department of State that the rt
amendment to the Constitution of m
the United States proposed as m
aforesaid has been ratified by the
legislatures of the states of Arizona,
Arkansas. California, Colo- ?
rado. Idaho. Illinois, Indiana, Iowa,
Kansas. Kentucky, Maine. Massa
chusetts, Michigan, Minnesota,
Missouri, Montana, Nebraska,
Nevada. New Hampshire, New
Jersey, New Mexico. North Dakota, J?
New York. Ohio. Oklahoma. Oregon,
Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South *.
Dakota, Tennessee, Texas. Utah, 5,-'
Washington. West Virginia, Wis- "
oonsin and Wyoming. Sl
And. further, _ that the states
whose legislatures have so ratified
the said proposed amendment constitute
three-fourths of the whole
number of states in the United
States. 11
Now, therefore, be it known that j ni
I. Rainbridge Colby. Secretary of c<
State of the United States, by virtue
and in pursuance of section 205 of
the Revised Statutes of the United
States, do hereby certify that the .
amendment aforesaid has become "
valid td all intents and purposes as
a part of the Constitution of the *.
United Statea !j?
In testimony whereof I have al
Vowoii sat mw hanH anri Miieo^
the seal of the Department of t}l
State to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington,
this 26th day <*f August, in the year
of our Lord one thousand nine hun- J-11
dred and twenty. 03
BAINBRIDGE COLBY. *
IfflBlffl, s
LONG IN CABINET. 5
k dfm m inwi 1
IV l/UIV 111 IVIIM j-jj
Former Secretary Aided
Much in Agricultural De- 11
velopment of U. S. I
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a
5
JAKKS WILSON.
!n
TRAKR. Iowa., August 26?James | c
Wilson, former Secretary of Agrieul- i 5
ture, died at his home here today. ?
Mr. Wilson was head of the De- t<
partment of Agriculture for fifteen P
years, during which he contributed jr
largely to the phenomenal agricul- to
tural development of the United
States. His long service in the cabinet
constituted a recordl Albert Gallatin.
once Secretary of the Treasury.
had previously held the record q
with service of nearly thirteen years.
Mr. Wilson's service, however, was
notable for the constructive work
which it included, rather than for the
remarkably long time which he heldip
the portfolio, with complete accepta- !_
bflity under three Presidents of diverse jV1
temperaments ? McKinley, Roosevelt I J'
and Taft. * ' [?
Mr. Wilson was an Iowa farmer. I,
Born August 16. 1833, " he was the',
son of a Scotchman, who left Ayr-!0'
shire. Scotland, in 183?, to settle his w
family in the United States. Near the
present town of Traer. Iowa, the fam- . 1
ily founded the new home, and in that !n
neighborhood the son James began 1
farming on his own account as early ,
as 1861, and at the same time began , I
his political career wnn election to
the Iowa state legislature. In 187:1 he g
was sent to Congress and served in
all three terms. He was regent of the
Iowa State University from 1870 to
1871. and for six years prior to becoming
Secretary of Agriculture he ?
was director of the state experiment ^
station and professor of agriculture at t
the Iowa State Agricultural College, j,
His application of science to agri- j,
cultural practice brought him to such p
national prominence that President g
gfti-aft rrfiwiu-SJi
*
DDIS BRUM'S
RESIGNATION GIVEN ^
nonpar
;ol. Easby-Smith Mentioned
to Succeed as D. C.
Commissioner. a
President Wilson has accepted the u
signation of I.ouis Brownlow from V
le lioard of District Commissioners,
> take effect September 15.
Word of the acceptance reached Mr. !
rownlow in a letter from the Presi- :
ent received at the District building
lis afternoon. The President's let- J
r follows: |
"Of course, 1 accept your resigna- |
on to take effect on the 15th, be- I
luse it is so evidently your desire I
lat I should do so. I hope that you K
ill find your new duties as stimu- !L
iting and well worth while as you B
ipect them to be." ^
Task for \en Man.
wnoever is seieciea Dy i-resiaeni |
"ilson to succeed Commissioner ~
rownlow will step into office just in
me to meet one of the biggest tasks I
lat come before the city heads dur- !
ig the year?preparation of the esmates
to Congress on which the
eit District appropriation bill will
? based.
Mr. Brownlow has asked the Presisnt
to relieve him from duty on
?ptember 13, which is about the date
hen the Commisisoners usually bein
work on their estimates. The job _
ust be completed and the results
inded to the Secretary of the Treas- a
ry by October 13. |1 J
If the President acts in time to per- I I
it Mr. Brownlow to leave September 111
i. his successor probably will have to
sly largely on the advice and judgent
of Col. Charles W. Kutz, the re- A
aining member of the board. I
Mr. Brownlow May Help. 11
It is possible that Commissioner "
rownlow may help to prepare, be
ire ne leaves, ine estimates ior tnose ,
ranches of the government which |
ivc been under his supervision.
Although the head of each depart- i
ent prepares in detail a list of the ;
ems to be asked for, together with j
te amounts allowed last year, the
ommissioners must go over these a?j
jures and approve them before they All
o to the Treasury Department.
Although rumors continued to
tread today that various individuals
id been decided on by the President,
o announcement was made at the
rhite House. One official expressed
as his belief that the President has
ot jet taken up the question for
tnsideration. '1lol.
Kasby-Mmlth Diaraaapd. i|Y
Col. James S. Easby-Smith, promi- en<^
ent Washington attornej'. who was the
ght-hand man to Gen. Crowder in t0(js
iministration of the selective draft,
as mentioned today as a strong posbility
for one of the commissioner- bull
lips. I,
Men of influence, who claim to have ,
te confidence of the White House, p
-edicted thai Col. Easby-Smith will on 1
) nominated and that he will accept to 1
te position. They said that some ,
me ago overtures were made to him
r the White House, but that his ten!
ar work at that time was of such im- deei
irtance that Col. Easby-Smith felt the
i could not relinquish it.
He is one of the best known atrneys
in Washington and has al- | D
ays been active in civic affairs. His ponl
ipointment would meet with general "e
iproval, as was indicated in confer- pe<H
ices of leading business and pro- pr'r
ssional men when it was rumored per
iat his appointment seemed assured j"01
he cared to accept the post. "e
Col. Easby-Smith served with the
epartment of Justice for more than ?
even years. He went in as.an ex- ar&'
niner July 1, 1893, and resigned in com
ugust. 1904. He was appointed par- pre'
in attorney in 1899 and served in ra"
iat capacity for five years. tun
Others Mentioned.
Among other names added to the turi
3t of candidates today was that of ceni
'illiam D. Barry, a retired business h
an and vice president of the United set
ates Savings Bank. Mr. Barry is for
:ing put forward by friends. ann
Although William McK. Clayton of the has
ederation of Citizens' Associations issi
rote to the White House several faci
onths ago, stating that he was not a its
indidate for the office left vacant by con
ommissioner Gardiner, his name has the
?en sent to the White House by the in I
rookland Citizens' Association.
Robert N. Harper, president of the
istrict National Bank and head of the | A
hamber of Commerce, said today that an
hlle he did not like to be put in the
jsition of declining a position which t".?
is not been offered him, his business ret'
itivities would not permit him to ac- s??
?pt an appointment. mal
rhere is still much speculation as to cen
hether the President will fill one or up?
ath of the vacancies at this time. .. v
the
tior
1ENTY OF MILK FOR D. C. &?
- not
r? Mantras XtCV. ntn P
U A/augCl \JX. VT iilbCl MUVAfcAgVy QQIY
Health Officer's Belief. mf,'
sell
There is no danger of a milk shortge
in Washington this winter, in the e
pinion of Health Officer Fowler. mat
Dr. Fowler pointed out today that !ab
here are approximately 200 more
irms licensed to ship milk into the L" ^
istrict now than there were a year
go. These additional farms have
dded a thousand cattle to the num- M
er "serving the city. trai
In addition to this increase in the heli
umber of licensed dairy farms, the tua
ity's population is less than it was a acc
ear ago. he said. elai
Dr. Fowler has not yet learned trai
:hether the producers and distribu- . the
>rs Intend to grant his request for ! T1
ostponement of the winter increase all
i the price of milk until October. The pre
tcrease usually takes effect Septem- sibl
er 1. the
, ben
FA,L TO SEE PREMIER. ^
terman Ministers Becross Frontier, wh
Went to See Lloyd George. "on
LUCERNE, August 26 ?Konstantine es'g(
erhenbach, German chancellor, and ??h
r. Walter von Simons, minister of per
rreign affairs, have recrossed the of
erman frontier, having failed to ob- mo:
iin an interview here with Premier '
loyd George of Great Britain, ac- gas
rrding to reports. Sir Hamar Green- J1.J
ood, chief secretary for Ireland, is per
cpected liere tomorrow to discuss the I
-ish situation with the British prelier.
! r
pru
coir
AIRMEN ON RETURN TRIP. j??
! mis
tart for U. S. Is Made From Nome the
or
by Army Planes. for
of i
NOME, Alaska. August 2..?Three ing
f the four plane* in the United States 1
irm.v's Alaska serial expedition took ?ho
lie air on the return flight to Mineola, sho
1. Y., at 3:30 this afternoon. The first the
eg of their trip will take them to par
tuby. 300 miles east. ('apt. St. Clair con
itreet. commander of the expedition, py
i
k
i -
\SCOMM?y?!
ONTINUEO RATE OF
SIMMD*
:orney Says Increase Is
Needed to Insure 6 Per
Cent Return.
ontinuation of the present rate of
5 per thousand cubic feet for gas
Washington, which expires at the
of this month, was requested by
Washington Gas Light Company
ly through Attorney B. S. Minor,
a public hearing in the District
ding.
1 presenting the case. Mr. Minor
ited out that if a (5 per cent return
:he investment of the company was ,
se allowed, an increase tn rate to'i
2 should be made, starting on Sep- ;
ber 1, and that if the commission
ned a return of 7 per cent fair,'
rate should be raised to $1.35.
More Than 94,000,000 Needed,
uring the past three months the
ipany's return has been $1,050,000,
declared. More than $4,000,000 is
Jed for the balance of the year to
ig the amount of return to the S
cent figure of $5,920,000, he said,
e than five million dollars would
needed^for a .7 per cent return, it
i said.
uring the concluding stages of his
urneiii j*ir. Elinor ueciarea mat ine i,
ipany was of the opinion that at the
sent time a 6 per cent return was "
ler low and that a 7 per cent re- o
i seemed reasonable. But, he j
ited out. continuation of even the
sent rate would not make the re1
of the company reach the 6 per T
t figure. d
[e also asked that the commission
a definite and permanent figure a
the rate of return, instead of t
ouncing at what rate rulings were n
ed each individual time they were
led. He declared that this would >
ilitate the company in preparing ii
figures for presentation to the ?
imission, and that it W-ould let
company know "where it stood" *
the matter. v
Urges 7 Per Cest Return. f
fter mentioning.the necessity for
adequate rate of return, he an- K
that t? b
iimi iw OttUl 111C.1 UU
market successfully a rate of t(
irn must "be" 'fixed whidh was as ?
d as any other proposition on the A
rket. To, do this,, he said, a 7 per \
t rate of return would'be looked 'd
n as fair by the company. ?
ITilliam McK. Clayton, representing
Federation of Citizens' Associa- i*
is, asked whether -the company a
1 any stocks or bonds to float. Mp. n
ior replied: "No, and we could u
if we- did." ii
resident Howard S. Reeside of the
lpany interrupted with' the state- "V
nt that the company "will have to H
securities in" the next six months." t<
Got to get some money "to keep d
ning," added Mr. Minor. S
intimates on the additional cost of v
nufacturing gas were-presented in 0
ulated form, prepared: 1fcr Robert v
lueer. It was pointed out that
increased cost of coal stpce June r
I amounted to $110,000 .alone.
Could Abrogate Contraeta.
r. Minor" declared that the concts
for coal which the" corfipany
n ai iuc jiicociu iiuic cuuiu vlrlly
be abrogated at any time, on P
ount of 'the incorporation of
jses which declare that the con- P
ct Will be fulfilled dependent upon
dealer obtaining the coal. g
he estimates on the increases on
lines were declared to have been _
pared as conservatively as pos- ^
le, and the presence of any error in
preparation would fall to 'the E
efit of the public, it was stated;
i concluding his opening argument, e
Minor said:
We will go deeper in the hole on r
ount of the increased cost of coal,
ere we had 5,000 tons shipped to
this year, last year we had 15,000 E
s.
Conditions make it absolutely nec- c
ary to continue the present rate
I figures show that to make the 7 K
cent return on our capital a .rate
ti sr; fnr the followine nine
ntha must be allowed.
It will be at least necessary to sell c
for the nine months following at
12 to secure enough to pay only 6 Ii
cent on our Investment."
Proposes Ten-Year Survey. K
Jr. Clayton presented two general
iciples for the consideration of the F
imission. The first was that before
iding on the proposition of an in- j
tse or continuation in rate, the collision
should take into consideration
returns made, not in the past year ?
in any one year, but on the average
a number of ears past. A survey
len years was p.oposed, before decidon
the rale. S
'he second proposition was that it
uld be shown that rates in this city
uld be comparable with those for S
same public utility in other cornable
cities. He declared that the
ipany in this city should serve the o
die with profit both- to Itself and to
0ft-Eg?fc3. rrtlimn feA T.
! . f 1 *
MRIIRYTfim
ROOSEVELTS POST
'resident Picks New Hampshire
Man as Assistant
Secretary of Navy.
111
irg| ||p
-s i-V-* 4*- :1i^HH ill
^. :>'X:V ; " x>.
k M
:' 'GORDON
WOOBBIRY.
Gordon Woodbury, formerly a memer
of the New Hampshire legislature, J
as been appointed assistant secretary
f the Navy to succeed Franklin D.
toosevelt.
Mr. Woodbury's appointment by
'resident Wilson was announced toay
by Secretary Daniels. The new |
ssistant secretary represented New
[ampshire on the resolutions committee
at the San Francisco convenlon
and has taken a prominent part
rt .the political life of his state for
tany years. He was a member of the
lew Hampshire constitutional conention
in 1900, and was a candidate
or Congress in 1916.
Secretary Daniels said Mr. Woodury
had "always taken a deep inerest
in the Navy and the question
f naval enlargement." Recalling that
Ir. Woodbury's great-uncle, Devi
>'nn,lk..... n.? n Ceor/vlnri- nf tho Voir..
y wuuuuij, ciai v ui mi; oa* j
uring Jackson's administration, Mr.
laniels said:
"With naval tradition, love of the
favy and knowledge of its history
nd pride in its achievements, the
ew assistant secretary will enter
pon his duties with the spirit that
isures a successful administration."
Tribute to the service of Mr.
Voodbury's predecessor. Franklin D.
toosevelt, who resigned on'August 7
o accept the democratic vice presientlal
nomination, was paid by the
ecretary, who declared Mr. Roosevelt
ras an "able and capable assistant
ecretary as well as resourceful-and
igorous." .
Today's News
in Paragraphs
resident accents Commissioner Brown- I
low's resignation. Page 1
oles take fortress after a fierce struggle.
Page 1
,eds have withdrawn their demand that
Poles arm 200,000 militia. Page 1
ov. Cox writes speech on train to support
charges. Page 2
iuropean views on league issue given to
Harding. Page 2
Ir. Simon meets school officials at meeting
today. Page 2
layton indorsed for D. C. Commissioner.
Page 3
i. C. guardsmen given hard work on
scouting duty at Camp Lee, Va. Page 3
rowd attending Rockville fair today
largest ever, on grounds. Page 5
[oward Flgg and Miss Kdith Strauss,
both in Department of Justice, to wed.
Page 10
ox may submit state quotas to prove
charges. * Page 10
ndustry steadier, A. F. L. survey
shows. Page 16
:eds reported tired of war after Polish
drive Page 12
ares slug taxi driver and steal his machine.
Page 16
apanese society plans to interview U. S.
congressmen on California situation.
Page IS
peakers in favor of reclassification to
stress system's "six points" of adno
tr> olnrbn D? 1A
t Uli 1 w V Ivi rvo. x il^C X J
upt. Gessford urges request on Congress
for fine new police station on
Louisiana avenue. / Page 19
enator Calder urges reduction in taxes
city in south, with 171,667 population.
Page 20
fnator Colder urges reduction in taxes
to boom building and relieve- housing
lehoruse, ?age2l
I J *, . t I i.
1GRMEQSE!!
BOODLE BUND
RICHES REVEALED?
MANY MILL 0N8,
MENACE HU1DTUDE!
I. Scandalous Secrets
Surely Shown ?
I Candidate COX
' I ?J.W5
SEP*!
|jgHTt'
i
ncnicinm nr i adhd
ULUIOIUli Ul LnUUli
TO AID DEMOCRATS
CAUSESPONDERING
Cox Leaders Elated, But Republicans
Hope It Will
Solidify Opponents.
BY X. O. MESSENGER.
NEW YORK, August 26.?Organized
labor is to come out in support of
Gov. Cox and the democratic ticket
next week, and the politicians are beginning
to figure on the effect of that
action at the polls next November.
Democrats are elated and calculate
that the declaration will bring to the
tfcket an element of the electorate
which can be listed as a valuable asset.
They think that in addition to
the confidently expected support of
the men and women of the union they
will have the reflected sympathy of
the laboring classes generally and
will be able to pick up many votes in
the great mass of unorganized workers.
Republicans are sorry to see any
considerable group of the voters
aligning in the way contemplated, regardless
of the many great issues involved
in this campaign, but it is difficult
to perceive how the leaders can
do anything by way of remonstrance.
They can only take comfort in the
feeling that there is another side to
the shield and that if organized labor
officially takes a stand against the re
publican party, it will solidify other
groups of voters who may feel disposed
to resent the massed hostility
of labor to one political party.
Coolidge Won Over Opposition.
In this connection it is recalled that
the candidate for the vice presidency
on the republican ticket. Gov. Coolidge,
has been through the mill once
on just such a run, and came out victorious.
In his re-election to the
governorship of Massachusetts, when
the main issue was the- opposition to
him of labor, growing out of his suppression
of the policemen's strike, he
increased his vote notably in the industrial
towns of Massachusetts,
where labor predominates. The figures
are extant and eloquent in their
talking. It would be tiresome to
recapitulate them.
Many thoughtful men in both parties
here are dubious of the benefit to accrue
in the last analysis to the democratic
ticket by the overt hostility of
organized labor to the republican
narte and sav they see possibilities
of a lino-up of sentiment which is |
already very sensitive over labor
probjems, strikes and all that sort of
thing.
All interest today centers in the
speech of Gov. Cox tonight at Pittsburgh,
when he is to produce the
goods on the alleged attempt of the
republicans to boodle-ize the presidency.
It may be whispered, as an
aside, that the1 democratic managers
are somewhat anxious themselves as
to how their man is going to make
out, and whether he "makes airy
breaks."
Cox Going Lively Gait.
In republican managerial circles the j
feeling obtains that Gov. Cox is go- |
ing a pretty lively gait, for such an
earlv stage of the campaign, in the
?' of Viio otfooL*e on tho on no I
radicalism vi ???a
sition. They say that he is applying
the line of talk now-which is usually
rdesorted to only in the last days of
the campaign. They prophesy that at
this rate he will be "seeing red" with
in thirty days.
Democratic national headquarters
here, despite Chairman White's "putting
up a poor mouth" on the gmallness
of the democratic campaign
funds, are going ahead on plans for
a mammoth campaign. There are
more outward signs of activity at the
democratic headquarters tftan at the
republican. Of course there is a difference
between bustle and industry.
But at that, the democrats are doing
real work. I understand that the
democratic national committee has
taken twice the space in magazine
and newspaper advertising contracted
tor by the republicans, for one thing.
Campaign 10 Be "Gabfest."
That the coming campaign is to be
more of a "gabfest" than its predecessors
begins to be ajjpgrent. That
is to say. more attention is to be
paid to public speaking than ever
before. The great battle for sound
money in 1896 was fougnt largely
with printer's ink?the dissemination
of carefully prepared literature to
educate the people on finance.
This year the contest over the
league of nations is to be waged,
from the stump. Senator Pat Harrison
of Mississippi is now just about
the livest wire around democratic
national headquarters, planning the
campaign of speakers. He says he
is going "to lay it all over the republicans"
on the size of the oratorical
campaign he is to put up. He
has organized a carefully selected
staff of speakers in every state. He
will assemble these men at times
at appointed places and have them
Instructed in the arguments they are
AContiTUieajpp-gasft-fr Onlumo. i-J
w
REDS, DESIROl
AGREE TO CR
SUBMITTED'
RETURNING POLES '
ARE IN STOCKADE
BEWAILING FA TE
H.v Cable to The Star and Chicago Daily News.
Copyright. 1920. *
DANZIG, August 24 (delayed).? *
Packed into a stockade here, with little
food and bad sanitary conditions,
I.600 Polish emigrants returned from
America are bewailing the hardships
;attending their coming back to the .
homeland. They would welcome Ellis "
Island as luxurious compared with
their present quarters. Herded like
sheep off the American liner New Kochelle.
these people were carefully j
classified and only those manifestly !
unfit for military service were allowed
to proceed to Poland.
The Danzig workmen's council continues
to dictate conditions to the al- j
lied commission, while the Polish authorities
are distractedly trying to
cope with new difficulties. Every at- s
tempt to invoke the treaty of Ver- r
sailles brings out a new laugh for 0
that "scrap of paper." Today the
Poles attempted to move a small de- E
tail of unarmed soldiers across Dan- e
zig to guard some horses being un- t
loaded up the coast. The workmen
refused to allow them to pass.
Yesterday the allied commission I
agreed to allow a French cruiser to
discharge a cargo of arms and ammu- j
nition into barges, but later rescinded
the permission on the ground that it E
iwouia cause a not among ine worK- t
'men. Apparently there is only one t
;way to get cargoes handle?, and that
is by allied troops, which means that c
the commissioner would have to place c
the city under martial law.
Poland will never have the free use <
of her corridor until some one has t
taken decisive action. e
mwm i
AFTER HARD FIGHT; i
C
nnr\ a i p*a (
Ho I ILL tut;
(
Passage to Narew River Is ,
Forced by Victorious j
Pofish Army. I
By the Associated Press. ]
I T Avmnv OC T?r?1 i alt trnnno
Auguci. * "lion n
yesterday after hard fighting captured
the fortress Qstrolenka, twenty-!,
two miles southwest of Lomsa, and
forced a passage of the Narew river,
the Central News' Warsaw correspondent
today says it is officially
stated in the Polish capital.
Russian soviet troops surrounded
near Mlaws made a desperate attack
; in order to break through, the correspondent
reports, a portion of the soviet
army escaping to the eastward.
Farther east the Poles, after capturing
Bialystok, are advancing on
Grodno. '
In eastern Galicia the soviet forces
are retreating on the whole front in
order to avoid a flank attack which is
threatening them from the north. The
French general. Lanezan, is taking
command on the Polish southern front,
the correspondent says.
Reds Report Fierce Fight.
L.ONf>ON, August 26.?Fierce fighting
in the Oriekhov district of the
Crimea, continually increasing in violence,
is reported in the Russian soviet
official statement of Wednesday, received
here today by wireless. On the
Lemberg front the soviet cavalry has i
penetrated the Polish rear and reached i
the town of Stryi, the statement says.
*V,? ?* .,. * .
v/ii me (ivi ?.uci u uutu me suvici re- |
treat continues. The statement reads: |I
"In the Lomia and Bialystok re- |1
gions (northeast of Warsaw) we con- 1
tinue to conduct rear-guard actions. '
We have occupied a number of vil- f
lages north and east of Brest-Litovsk. 1
In the Cholm region local fighting is t
proceeding. 1
"In the Lemberg region our cavalry 1
has broken through into the enemy t
rear and reached Stryi town, where s
they destroyed ten enemy trains.
"In the Crimean sector, in the Kher- '
son region, as the result of successful '
fighting in the last few days, we are
driving back the enemy to the south
and southeast. In the Orieknov region
fierce fighting continues, with
growing Intensity."
Berlin Is Gravely Concerned. c
BERLIN, August 25 (by the Asso- t
ciated Press).?Official quarters here B
are gravely concerned over conditions *
on the East Prussian frontier, along s
the Russian line of retreat. It was I
estimated tonight that the number of h
Russian soviet soldiers who have al- t
ready entered Germany exceeded c
60,000. Fifteen thousand crossed in B
the Johannisburg sector and their
number is constantly increasing. R
The border patrols are wholly in- r
capable of systematically disarming d
and controlling the fugitives, who l<
willingly surrender their arms and <1
then calmly proceed to enter East e
Prussia and beg food and shelter of s
the natives. o
Would Cut Reds' Retreat.
WARSAW, August 26.?The northern
Polish army is continuing to move up in
the region between Sierpo and Soidau. "
near the East Prussian border, and are y
marching on Chorzellen, to the east of ''
Mlawa, to cut off the retreat of the re- s
maining soviet forces. r
In the center the Poles have occupied b
Ostrolenka and Staviski, as well as Kolno,
and are marching on Ossowiec. o
In the south the Poles have retaken
Hrubiessow ana ine ouui ooisneviK aivl- a
sion around L?emberg is retreating to I
the southeast. t
Bring I'p Red Reserves. 1
WARSAW, August 25.?Russian soviet J
reserves are reported being brought up :
on the southern front in great numbers.
According to information in the hands 3
of the Polish general, Haller. reserves ,
some distance behind the bolshevist :
north front also are being brought up. *
The military authorities expressed the J
belief today that, although crushed in :
the north, the bolsheviki plan to renew ,
their offensive, with Gemberg as the ob- 1
jective. Regarding the northern soviet e
offensive, Gen. Haller declared that the
Russian offensive there had been so
completely crushed that he considered it 0
impossible for the soviet forces to re- e
sume an organised movement against a
the Poles for weeks and perhaps for n
months. r
Gen. Haller said there were indi- j
cations that armies of Russian work- t
ingmen were being grouped at va- t
rious points for possible use against 0
the Poles, and that these armies l
might be thrown against the Poles at a
any time. Gen. Haller said there also s
were indications that the soviet
munition factories, under German i
* ^Continue*! on Page IS, CotomnJ.1 ~.
u"
- r siSZ.
JS OF PEACE,
ANGE TERMS
TO THE POLES
Withdraw Demand
for Polish Workers
Army of 200,000
SOVIET ANSWERS
BALFOUR'S NOTE
o
^ -? >
Concession Said to
Meet Wishes of England
and Italy.
t
ly the As-wwiaI/m1 Pres.. . r
LONDON. August 26.?The Russian
evict government replied today to the
tote of Arthur J. Balfour, lord president
if the council, concerning the soviet
leace terms to Poland. The soviet govrnraent
agrees to withdraw its condi-"
ion that the Poles provide arms for a
vor^men's militia of 200,000 men tn
Joland.
The soviet ^eply was received by the
lussian delegation here. The Moscow
;overnment states that in withdrawing
his condition it is subordinating everyhiag
else to its paramount desire to seure
the establishment of peace throughiut
the world.
The 'Russian delegation in Ia>ndon
daims that this concession meets ths
vishes of the British and Italian governments.
No Outside Interventloa.
PARIS, August 26.?The Russian
oviet government is prepared to wlthIraw
the clause in the soviet peace
ertns to Poland concerning the forma
ion of an armed militia of 200.000 workngmen
in Poland, says a Moscow wireess
picked up by Eiffel tower today.
The Moscow government, however, insists
that the peace negotiations must
>e discussed with Poland alone, "with>ut
any outside intervention whatsoever."
The wireless says this concession
is made in order to meet Premier
jloyd George's objection to the clause,
ind to try to arrive at a complete understanding
with the government of
treat Britain.
Poles t all Dombskl.
WARSAW. August 26.?M. Dombskl,
president of the Polish-Minsk peace
lelegation. has been called to BrestLitovsk
to confer with Polish govsrnment
representatives. This stes
was taken because of continued interruption
of communications bfe
cween Warsaw and Minsk by railroad.
According to the Poles, of three
couriers who started for Minsk only
orre crossed the frontier, and it is uncertain
yet whether he arrived sit
Minsk. The two others had propdr credentials.
but for various reasons were
not permitted to pass the frontier, ac.
cording to agreement.
One of the chief conditions to the
meeting at Minsk was assurances by
the Soviets of free, communication,
and the Poles, contend that the Soviets
nave not kept their Word. This agreement
was entered into some days before
the Poles launched the counter
stroke which drove the soviet forces
oaek toward their own territory.
Much Speculation.
There is much speculation here concerning
the outcome of the Minsk
conference, some of the newspapers
ilready hinting there will be no remits.
chiefly because of the attitude
he soviet representatives assumed
torn the beginning.
The toreign office announced today
hat the / 'Polish victory had not
Pangea me auuuae or roiana on
he question of peace and that the
i'olish delegates at Minsk were seekng
all means to end the quarrel
vith the Soviets. The foreign office
eiterated that Poland was not
ighting the Russian nation, but only
tolshevism.
shift Peace Parley.
COPENHAGEN, August 26. ? The
Jerlingske Tidende's Warsaw cof espondent
telegraphs today that the
Jolish government, having heard
lothing from the Polish peace deleration
at Minsk, has requested the
tussian soviet government to shrfj
he peace negotiations to a more con"enient
place. Warsaw, for instance,
rhe soviet government has not yet
epiied. according to the corre;
ipondent.
30,000 Fugitives Make Up
All of Remaining Red Army
Which Swept on Warsaw
PARIS. August 23 (by the Assoiated
Press).?The destruction of Uie
>oIshevik armies now may be cofTS x
idered complete, according: to a*a
ices received here. Of the host whicB
wept down on Warsaw nothing ft
eft but 30.000 fugitives. The Poles
lave taken SO.000 prisoners thus far;
>ut what is more important, they have
aptured great quantities of cans add
naterials. .
It is considered probable that the
oviets employed all their available
esources. and in their present coflition
Russian industries will take a
Dng time to replace them. Conseuently.
if the Soviets are able to find
ffectives with which to seek to retore
the fortunes of their arms, lack
f equipment will make them jyithout
lilitary value.
Heavy Fighting for Three Days.
During the last three days thess
as been heavy fighting in the marsBy
alley of the N'arew between Ostroenka
and Liomza. where tha. reds
eiiehr to break through in the di
ection of Bialystok. The losses have
een heavy on both sides. On AnguM
3 the Poles carried all the pfasagea
f the river.
The Prussian frontier as far as
fyszniec is now occupied by the
Joles. All the red troops west of
he line of Ostrolenka-Mysxnlec have
>een captured. The peasants coninue
daily to discover and hand over
o the military fugitive red detachnontc
Th? .tan number of cannaa
ibandoned is not yet known.
Detachments of cavalry and in*
antry on horseback which escaped
iroceeded northward along the ltife
if the lakes and marshes between
he fortresses of Ossoweic a ad
irodno. The same route was fotowed
by those retreating from thi
nvirons of Bial.vstok.
1 ..u rted Armies Eaird.
BKRUN, August 25.?The captnP*
f fJialvstok by the Poles means the
nd of the Russian 4th and 16th
rmies, a Russian brigade comnander
told the !-okal Anzeiger corespondent
at Friedrichshof. Gait
'russia. The escape of masses ef
lolshevik troops into German terrlory
is expected during the course
f today and tomorrow. The red array
las been given orders to retragt
long the whole front at the rate of
ixty versts per day.
According to information here, it
? believed that the Russians wIM
tContiaiwd on Pno
- ?

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