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WEATHER. %/ ^5^7 A Member of the Associated Press w^ ^ I B X A M .^m. The Araoci.ted Press fa exclusively entitled t? pr^ably tomorrow //fl 1^ aA JIAIa .4 ,4 4^A A/ A r % A r 4 J the u? for repuMlc.tlpn of .11 new. dlepatebe. Temperature for twenty-four hours B 1 B ^ Am 3 BP Wl 1 B^W I credited to or not otherwise credited In tW. ending at noon today: Highest. B T B B B^^r B ' B B B ^ B B B B B B B A B B peper and sleo the local new. published herein, at 1 p.m. yesterday; lowest, at mid- B I . B K Br r B B B Br B B B B B B B B B B All rights of publication of .peclat D% report on page IJL/ ^ ^ / B 1.1. I Ljl ^gJ^ ^ J dUpatche. here!n sr. al~ reaenred. ^joitng New York Stocks, Page 23. ^ WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION L/ Yesterday's Net Circulation, 88,175 No. 27,908. post office "Washington. Ta WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1920-THIRTY PAGES. TWO CENTS. - - i J PROBERS AIR PROPAGANDA IN ILS. PUBLICATIONS Political Intent of Articles in School Life Denied by Dr. Claxton. EDITORIALS FAVORING COVENANT ARE FOUND William Barnes. Jr.. Heard on Book His Firm Published. Propaganda carried in government publications in support of the league of nations plan and in support of Gov. Cox. the democratic nominee, was inquired into today by the Senate committee investigating campaign expenditures. Dr. P. P. Claxton, United States commissioner of education, was called upon to testify regarding certain editorials and articles which appeared in publications issued under the bureau of education, of which he is chief. An editorial appearing in the September 1 issue of School Life, which comments favorably upon the attitude of Gov. Cox toward educational matters, was called to his attention by Senator Kenyon, chairman of the committee. Denies Political Intent. Dr. Claxton assured the committee that there was no intention on the part of the editor of School Life or on his own part to Indulge in partisan propaganda He said that for the last two years School Life had been issued by the bureau for the purpose of giving school officers and teachers inrormation regarding educational matters In all parts of the world and for the promotion of desirable tendencies in educational matters. He called attention to the shortage of teachers which has existed in this country, to the high cost of living and to the meager salaries paid teachers. The witness said that the bureau , had undertaken to make a nation-wide campaign to obtain better conditions for teachers, and that part of this campaign was to put before laymen the opinions of leaders on educational matters. Matter Impartial. He pointed out that In the issue of July 1. 1920. extracts from the republican platform on education were published in School Life; that in the issue of August 15 extracts from both: republican and democratic platforms relating to educational matters were published and also letters received from Senator Harding and Gov. CoolIdge and from Gov. Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt. Senator Kenyon said that apparently Schpol -Life had been impartial, since If prlafed the statements Of all the candidates up to the September 1 issue. In that Issue. Irr seub the I editorial comment was confined exclusively to the democratic nominee for President, praising his stand. It was brought out in the testimony that School Life Is issued twice a month, with a circulation of 40,090. Witness Bays It Was Mistake. Dr. Claxton told the committee that the editorial in question, in his opinion. should not have been published since It commented only on the views of the candidate of one party. Its publication, he said, was a mistake. He testified that he had, when he saw the copy, ordered that it be held up. but that it then was too late, as it already had been printed. He said that he had asked the editor about it and that he had disavowed any attempt at partisan politics. The publication of School Service, which was originally started by the Creel bureau as an air in the war, ' was also Inquired into by the committee. Dr. Claxton said it had been turned over to the Department of the Interior with an allotment of about $75,000 from the war emergency fund given the President by Congress, some time after the armistice was signed. This publication, he said, had a circulation of about 050.000. going to all the school teachers and school officials throughout the country. Its publication was discontinued in May 1?1?. Keayea Telle of Rdltorlale. Senator Kenyon called attention to the fact that In a report of the committee on printing it was pointed out that many articles in favor of the league of nations were published in School Service, and that none in opposition to the league were published, and that an attempt had been made openly to convert the school teachers of the nation to the league plan. The senator had before him copies of various issues of School Service, ail advocating the league. Dr. Claxton testified that the allotment for School Service was made to the Secretary of the Interior by the President; that the editorial staff.of School Service was continued as before. and that the direction of the publication was put under Herbert Kaufman, then an assistant to the Secretary of the Interior, and that its offices were in the Interior building. whn? his office was in the Pension building. He said he thought Dr. Bagly was the editor. None of the articles, he eaM on the leae-ue of nations had been passed upon by Dr. Claxton. Senator Kenyon also Inquired regarding propaganda contained in other government publications, including the Qrea- Lakes Bulletin, but Dr. Claxton said he had no knowledge about it. Senator Reed called the attention of the witness to the fact that Congress did not make any specific appropriation for the publication of School Service, since it was paid for out of the hundred million dollars given the President for war purposes. "I just wanted to exonerate Congress from any part in this proceeding." said Senator Reed. Finanrtng of Barnes* Book. Complete investigation of the financing of the book. "Republicanism in 1920," published by the Albanv <N T ) Journal, was ordered today by the committee. William Barnes, jr., head of the eompany, was formally directed to produce the subscription lists for the book, although he contended that the venture was a purely private commercial transaction and not proper matter for investigation by the committee. Mr. Barnes agreed to telegraph his ' office for the data required and said he hoped the matter could he furnished to the committee by Saturday. The agreement to investigate subscription lists for the book was reached by the committee at a conference which Pta?s4?4 the hearing. Senator Edge oftmm Jersey said it had been uoaaJSSMMty decided that the publics tin w<j ^r??obliean propaganda" and STlbtfld be Investigated on that account- Mr. Barnes had testi, fled that none of yie funds derived from the tran sa cAsTVad gone to th< republican national r.mmlttee. Before the committee ruling was ap4 (.Continued on Page 2. Column 2J 1 G. O. P. MUST 7 VOTES TO Gl California Senatot Po Independent ? People oj BY X. O. MESSENGER. R SAX FRANCISCO, September 22.?If ^ the republicans are gratified in tbeir ti hope to get a seat in the United States f' [Senate in the <jefeat of Senator Vhe- ? I lan, democrat, from this state, it will w ; be because a sufficient number of tl I voters now friendly to Senator Phe- ri lan's re-election are weaned away by . the demand that it will be the part of |11 wisdom to assist in giving a prospec- r tive republican President a republican Senate. t The word is passing around among v republicans in this state as in several f I others where there are close senatorial contests of the importance of ii i electing a republican senator. In fact, d the efforts of republican managers a will be concentrated upon this object e in California, assuming that the recon- d filiation of the progressives and old- h l-ine republicans presages a landslide Is for the Harding electoral ticket. s If it is Asked why there should be s such uneasiness over the senatorship in the face of the confidently expected republican landslide on the presidential ticket, the answer is that local e conditions warrant concern. Califor- li nia is very adept at splitting tickets a and there is no state in the Union 1< where can be found such an independ- tl ent spirit among voters as here. tl Party Ties Held Loosely. Sl In no otlier state are party ties held ,, so loosely and of such little account _ when considered along with other isHARDING SAYS IRISH I RULE QUESTION is jpir Problem Is "Not a Question C for Official America," He Declares. By the Acsociited Ftess. B; MARION, Ohio, September 23.?Declaring the Irish problem is "not a aj question for' official America," Senator P Harding said in a statement today ai that in his opinion the movement for ct Irish independence would be, under b< the league of nations, a subject entirely "internal or domestic." ol i MARION, Ohio. September 23.? ? ! Without referring directly to demo- , cratic promises to bring the Irish y' question to the attention of the ?I league, the republican nominee said that America already had "meddled abroad excessively without tnvita- *1 tion," and asserted that official consideratlon by this government was quite another thing from an expres- J. sion of sympathy. Text ot Statement. p The statement, in which the senator discussed the Irish question di- P' ; reotly for the first time since his c] nomination, follows: ? "There are two phases of the socalled Irish question in America. In- E dividual sentiment is one thing, and it is recognized that there is a wide- L spread sympathy here for the cause of Irish autonomy. We voted an ex- u pression of that sympathy in the Sen- f ate at the time the peace delegates 11 were conferring in Paris. "Official consideration is quite an- g other thing. It is not a question for a official America- America nas aireauy meddled abroad excessively without invitation. Is "lntrnut" g, "I have said, as I truly believe, that j?I under the provisions of the league bJ of nations the Irish question is in-' o ternal or domestic, and I recall dis- w tinctly that at the hearings before the Senate foreign relations com- p' mlttee the American advocates of eI Irish independence bitterly opposed J)' the league as proposed because it "! not only closed the door to Ireland, 01 but committed us to the use of force . to maintain territorial integrity as , it exists today." To set at rest reports that he might ?? soap resign his place in the Senate, f* Senator Harding today reiterated that he had no intention of retiring at least as long as a democratic gov- B ernor remains in power in this state. The present state executive. Gov. Cox. who would make an appointment to j. fill any vacancy, retires from the po- ' sition early in January and will be sue- " needed by a governor to be elected in w November. w Must Go Hand In Hand. A universal realization that material and human progress must go hand in 0 hand was asserted by Senator Hard- c; ing today to be necessary if the na- ? tion is to attain an ideal state of so- 11 cial welfare. a Speaking to a gathering composed of c republicans from Crawford county, Ohio, and of representatives of the Jjj Ohio Dental Association, the repub- b lican presidential nominee declared f that neither social reformers nor in- '' dustrial chieftains should view the " problem of social betterment strictly " from their own standpoint. Most Awaken Conscience. a "We must awaken the conscience of ji the Ignorant and the misguided," he f, said, "to the fact that the best social e welfare worker in the world is the 1 man or woman who does an honest r day's work. We must awaken their f( conscience to recognize that Ameri- [, can business is not a monster, but an a expression of God-given impulse to j create and the savior and the guardj ian of our happiness, our homes and rl , of equal opportunity for ail in Ameri- tl ca Whatever we do for honest humane ,, business, we do in the name of the h social welfare. p "But it is equally true that we ij must awaken the conscience of i American business to new interest in C1 the welfare of American human be- ji inga. h "It is not enough for America that s her business and commerce shall be w honest; they must also be humane, u Men. women and children of America t( are not commodities. American business cannot flourish nor the material b prosperity of America be built upon a Arm foundation until, by protection g of health, by education, by the pres- r ervation of wholesome American t! | motherhood and vigorous and happy F ' American childhood, we insure the t welfare of our human resources. v "We cannot have the fullness of n America until all of us turn again ii to love of toil and love of production. ' to respect for honest organization of o ' effort and to a willingness to put all \ ' our shoulders to the wheel. But we c ' cannot have all that love, and all that f, ' respect, and all that willingness until 1 throughout the organization of our a Industry and commerce there runs the o * flow of love of man." h A ? AKE PHELAJS <T HIS SEA 1 pular at Home and Spirit Sways c State. lies, personal or of principles, as ir alifornia. This is especially true ol fie element of voters which constiiited the old progressive and regulai t publican factions. The democrat; 1_ _ 1 J X , t * K.. * thov ave ntMU lugtfiuer ueiiri, re in a fearful minority comparec ith the aggregate of the old line he progressive and the independent epublicans. When Senator Phelan was eleetei i 1914 he received 279,89(5 votes. Th< epublicans were split between regu irs and progressives, the total of th< wo factions aggregating over 500.001 otes, but, being divided, were inef ectual as against Phelan. If they combine now it would seen aevitable that the republican candi ate for senator, Samuel Shortridge hould win. The republican manager! ount upon combining them. The emocratic managers hope that feud: etween the progressives and regu irs may be reopened on the senator hip, and create a breach by whicl enator Phelan could slip through. Result Up to Johnson. The result will depend upon whethr Hiram Johnson holds his people ir ne for the senatorial ticket as wel s the presidential ticket and th? : ad era convince the rank and flit hat it is vitally important to com* irough with a full slate and nc cratches. Senator Phelan's personal populary is tremendous in this state. He i! (Continued on Ninth Page.) AliRAl MADE FRENCH PRESIDENT BY ASSEMBLY VOTE v . ,'hnsen hv 695 Out of 892. and Is Proclaimed as Eleventh Executive. f the Associated Press. VERSAILLES, September 23.?Alexidre Millerand was today elected resident of France by the national ssembly in session here. He suCseds Paul Deschanel, who resigned ;cause of ill health. M. Millerand received 695 votes out ' a total of 692. The complete vote was: Alexandre illerarid, 695: Gustave Delory <snalist deputy from Lille, Department l Nord), 69; scattering, 30; blapk, "the balloting was finished somehat more speedily than had been cpected, being concluded at 8:56 p.m. At 4:57 o'clock M. Millerand was -oclaimed by Leon Bourgeois, preding officer of the senate and ctiairan of the assembly, as the eleventh resident of France. The national assembly, which cornrises the members of the senate and raraber of deputies, met at 2 o'clock lis afternoon, in the historic palace in ersailles to elect a successor to Paul 'eschanel, as President of France. The assembly was called to order by eon Bourgeois, president of the senate. Premier Millerand, whose election tc le presidency had been forecast by the ction of the parliamentary caucus yessrday, when he received an overwhelmlg preponderance of the votes cast, was iven a great ovation as he entered the ssembly hall a moment after the sesion had begun. Voting for the presidency started fter only a brief interval, at 2:10 p.m PARIS, September 23.?Leon Bour sots and Raold Peret, presidents, relectively, of the senate and chamber, sclined to permit their names to come ifore yesterday's joint caucus and nc ther candidates were brought forrard. Immediate inauguration of the new resident was decided upon by gov nment officials. This was considered scessary for the reason that the repub3 for two days has been without an ficial head. M. Deschanel's resignation was formliy accepted on Tuesday, and in the iterim government responsibilities were irried by the cabinet. It is expected le personnel of the new ministry will i announced tomorrow. Brian d May Be Premier, y Cable to The Star and Chicago Daily News Copyright. 1920. PARIS, France, September 23.?Witt L Millerand's election to the presidency le indications are that Arlstide Briand ill be the next premier and that he ill continue Millerand's policies. Alexandre Millerand has long beer ne of the foremost figures in the politial life of France, his entry into parlia lent dating back to 1885, and his cablet experience to 1889, when he becarm member of the Waldeck-Rousseat abinet His early affiliations were with the adical socialists, and he always haj een keenly interested in labor questions nd has fathered numerous measures or the betterment of the working world otably the old age pension act, whict ecame operative in 1905. It was M. Millerand's services to his ountry during the great war, however s minister of war in the Viviani cabnet. and his notable conduct of France's oreign policy as the successor of Clemnceau in the premiership after "Th< "iger's" retirement last January, thai aised him into pre-eminent eligibility or the presidency, compelled his reuc.tant consent to quit the premiershir nd stand as a candidate to succeed 'resident Deschanel. M. Millerand was born in Paris Febuary 1Q? 1859, and was'educated foi he bar. His first ministerial posl -as as minister of commerce, but hf as served in several other cabinet ositions. notably as minister of pubc works in the Briand ministry ol 90,9. minister of war in the Poincare abinet of 1912 and as minister of wai i the Viviani ministry, to which posl e was appointed in August, 1914 hortly after the outbreak of the rorld war. He held the war ministry ntii the Viviani cabinet resigned Oc5ber 29. 1915. While the peace with Germany waf eing made President Moincare, ir Inrol. 1 G 1 Q nnnnintoJ A* ten 3 iaiv.iii aiijiuiuicu i*i. jxiueritnti overpor of Alsace-Lorraine, France'f egained provinces, and he served ai his post until, at the request of M 'oincare in January last, lie acceptec he task of forming a new cabinet, ir rhich he took the premiership .anc linistry of foreign affairs, succeedrig Olemenceau. When President Deschanel assumec fhce in the following month, Premiei fillerand. as is customary on the acession of a new chief executive, ofered the resignation of his ministry 'his the president refused to accept nd asked M. Millerand to remain ir ffice. The premier consented and as since held the premiership. JOHNSON TO FIGHT FOR A NEW PLAN IN PICKINGMIDATE Senator Has Not Forgotten , Happenings at Chicago He Did Not Like. BY DAVID LAWRENCE. ' SACRAMRNTfl f.lif Ront?mh?r 23.?Senaor Hiram W. Johnson may be out stumping for the Harding1 Coolidge ticket, but he has not for1 gotten what happened at the repubs lican national convention in Chicago 9 last June, and Just as soon as this . campaign is over the California senator means to lead the tight for a re, vision of the methods by which oan. didates for the presidency-are chosen. Hiram Johnson has the notion that * the people ought to have something ? to do with the nomination for the 5 presidency, so that the public shall I . not be confronted with a choice be. tween inferior men. He thinks that , the primary system is both logical and democratic. And, while he is expressing no opinion about the persons nominated in the last conven tions of the big political parties, he i is inclined to the belief that the pub1 lie would not be much worse off, and s perhaps better off, if they tried the > primary system instead of the coni vention method. Might Tell Story. The California senator might tell , an interesting story about what took ' place at Chicago, if he were disposed to do so. He could, for instance, reveal the absolute pledge given him 1... 1 -.1 . --U - i'j lililci icaucio a. L Lilt; LylLlld^U cunvention, that when the rest was taken on Saturday afternoon it was with the understanding that an opportunity would be given for all concerned to agree upon a man that the progressive wing of the republican prty could support wholeheartedly. But, except in so far as you might emphasize the point now and then, the controversies of the last convention will not be revived. Senator Johnson's aim is to get a law passed by Congress that will establish presidential preference primaries as some1 tiling more substantial than they are today. The spectacle of both parties nominating men who hardly figured in the primaries, while the expressed wishes of the people in several states were completely disregarded, will leave Johnson in the background for his appeal. And when he goes campaigning for Harding in Oregon, Washington, Montana and in the eastern states he will take occasion to call by name some of the individuals who were elected in the primaries and failed to carry out their instructions at the republican national convention. Public men have tried before to bring about the choice of presidential candidates by direct vote of the people, but have failed. Woodrow [Wilson gave a pledge in his first message to Congress that he would try to secure the end of the convention system. Indeed, It was hla belief that | the question of one or two terras could be best handled by the people fn a presidential preference primary ! rather than at national conventions. I His suggestion was that conventions ! should meet merely to ratify the [choice of the people in^lhe primaries i and to write the party platform. Nothing came of the plan, as the congressional committees before whom an attempt was made to frame legislation insisted that such a law would be unconstitutional, as the Constitution II gives the several states the right to : [determine the methods by which their I preferences shall be expressed. Senator Johnson, however, will not let the academic objection of constt' tutional difficulties dissuade him. The usual answer that a constitutional amendment is needed brings no relief, ?! for it takes a generation to get a con' ! stitutional amendment adopted. | Sizes I'p California. , Mr. Johnson has sized up the Cali! fornia sentiment very accurately when he decides to tackle at once the ques, tion of choosing the presidential nominee. There is no reticence among ! the people in discussing Harding and . | Cox. While the McAdoo democrats are . working tooth and nail for Cox and i while the Johnson republicans are be. ing urged by their leader to support the republican standard bearer ber cause of his expressed opposition to . the league of nations, fundamentally I there is disappointment over the se. lections made at Chicago and San , PranciBCO. No more opportune time could have been chosen to make an . issue against the convention system, , and Hiram Johnson proposes to start [ right in when he gets back to Washj ington in December. I Northern California presents a perplexing situation politically. San Prandaeo leans toward Harding. It 1b normally a strong democratic cen ter. The region in the vicinity of Sacramento shows more friendliness to i Cox and they talk of carrying California for Cox. J Indeed, much more optimism about: 1 Cox's chances in California is to be s found in Sacramento, where he made a splendid impression when he spoke last week, than anywhere else in the i state. Of course, Sacramento has wet in. clinations, and many of the wets are . planning to support Gov. Cox. . The league of nations has been i stanchly defended by the Sacramento Union and vigorously opposed by the , Sacramento Bee. So opinion may at , least be divided on th*t question. The , majority of the San Francisco news. papers, however, cover northern Cali' fornia, but the southern end of the ' state is this time stronger for the league of nations than the north. So anything may happen in California in the next few weeks, though if the ' election were held tomorrow the state would go for Harding. | (Copyright, 1920 ) ! ASStSTANT ENGINEER COMMISSIONER ASKED i j Third Aid for Col. Kutz Needed to Carry Out Municipal Building Program. Request has been made to the War Department for the assignment of an additional Army officer to assist En, gineer Commissioner Kutz in the , supervision of the engineer departI ment of the District government. , Although there are two assistant engineer Commissioners, Maj. F. S. Besson and Maj. Cary H. Brown, at j the District building now. it has not i been unusual in former years for the 1 War Department to detail three offi. cers from the Engineer Corps to serve as assistant engineer Commission| ers. It is understood that the chief rea. son back of the request for another . assistant at this time is the fact that the large municipal building program t for which Congress made appropriai tions this year has placed a heavy I burden upon Assistant Engineer Com. missioner Brown. I ' 1^1 I' it. I I I II , DEDICATE SHRINE 10 HEROES OF U. S. Catholics From All Over Country Watch Cardinal I' Corner Stone. y The Coi xtion stone of the $5,000,000 Shrine of the Immaculate Conception on the Catholic University orniihrfo whirVi ic in ho fh p larerost Catholic church edifice in the western hemisphere and one of the greatest basilicas in the world, is being laid this afternoon by Cardinal Gibbons, assisted by Cardinal O'Conneli. in the presence of more than 50,000 people. This vast gathering has come from every state in the Union and from many foreign countries, and includes most of the archbishops and bishops of the United States, hundreds ol priests, representatives of famous American and European shrines of the Blessed Virgin, superiors of many religious orders and prominent laymen. Gift of Catholics. The shrine is the gift of the Catholics of the United States as a thanksgiving offering for the restoration of peace, and is to be dedicated'to the memory of soldiers and sailors who perished in the world war. This shrine is to be to the Catholics of the country in a religious way what the Capitol is to them in a civic way. Official Washington and the diplomatic circle is well represented among the 400 special guests who are occupying seats on a grandstand facing the decorated rostrum from which Bishop Shahan. rector of the Catholic University, and Bishop John T. McNlcholas of Duluth will make addresses. Conspicuous among the guests are several score officers and representatives of the various American regiments which served at the front and of American vessels which were in European waters during the war. Delegations from all of the important patriotic organizations and from all the Catholic universities and colleges in this country are also present. Has Sent Papal Benediction. Bishop Shahan announced that Pope ocucuibi * aau ocui mc papal ucucdiction to all those participating' in the service today and that the Pope is making a gift, the first of its kind ever to come to America, of a full life-size mosaic copy of Murillo's "Immaculate Conception," which will be made in the famous mosaic workshop of the Vatican and will be placed when the shrine is completed. The Knights of Columbus of Washington and Baltimore are serving as a guard of honor for Cardinals Gibbons and O'Connell and the Catholic hierarchy. The visiting organizations of women are being cared for by representatives of local Catholic women's organizations under the leadership of delegates from the Christ Child Society?Mrs. W. S. Benspn. wife of Admiral Benson, president of the United States Shipping Board; Mrs. Hannis Taylor, wire or the former United States ambassador to Spain; Miss Mildred Merrick, president of the society, and Miss Sarah Maher. Today's News in Paragraphs President decides to take part in campaign. Page 2 D. C. rent board adopts new form of lease for houses and apartments which force landlords to make all repairs. Page 2 School enrollment over 2,000 greater than last year. Page 2 Charles Evans. Jr., new amateur golf champion, shows strokes on Chevy Chase course. Page 2 Drys heckle Harding and Cox. Page 3 Catholic hierarchy session ends. Page 4 Cox uninjured as his special train leaves the rails. Page 5 Prance sees end of red peril in Italy. Page 7 Red Cross to give Miss Mabel Boardman rousing reception at Union station to" night. Page ft Maryland special session ends. Page 10 Tumulty charges Harding by quoting Taft and Hoover. Page 12 Teachers needed for replacement. Page 12 Aviators get commissions. Page 13 Civic bodies urge school additions to cost niillions. Page 14 Nome, Alaska, west of Hawaii. Page 16 D. C. outdone by Portland, Ore., and Little Rock, Ark., in percentage of concrete streets. Page 16 Cost of U. S. government so far this year is $15,000,000 daily. Page 17 D. C. Supreme Court faces increased docket cases. Page 17 Kin may secure pension money. Page 18 Cotton manufacturers condemn federal tax system. Page 19 Banks show increase in deposits. Page 22 Urge war on finance gossip. Page 30 PAY TOO HIGH, I SO UNION MAN ' GIVES UP JOB There is a man in Washington who has resigned his position because he believes he is being paid more than | the organization can afford. He is Van A. Zabn, secretarytreasurer of Federal Employes' Union, No. 2, who today announced his resignation from the union position to He-enter government service. "I do not believe that local No. 2 in the future can afford to pay the / salary that I am now receiving," Mr. j. Zahn wrote B. W. Payne, president j of the union, in tendering his resig- I n nation. "On the other hand, I can- |a not afford to work for less."" Mr. Zahn has been secretary- " treasurer of the big local union for r the past three years. He was for- p merly employed in the Post Office , Department, and will return to that office. JAPANTOKDBY IN im TOKYO i CITIZENDEGLARES Dr. Yamaguchi Predicts This i Change at Session Here of j World Drys. J "A dry Nippon in ten years" was a the prediction made by Dr. Minosuke 1 Yamaguchi of Tokyo, Japan, who told nearly 500 delegates to the fifteenth international congress against alco- | holism .today facts regarding the progress made in the temperance movement in that country. Through the efforts of the Women's Christian Temperance IJnion and its emissaries in Japan, the Japanese people have awakened to the fact that national prohibition is one ui une uig iui wa.ru moveineniB oi tne times. Dr. Yarnaguchi said. "Since 1884. when the Women's Christian Temperance Union launched its campaign in Japan." Dr. Yamaguchi said, "there has been< a movement, growing stronger each year, l to completely wipe out the drink evil in my country. "Twenty-two years ago the National ' Temperance League of Japan was n formed. Today there are more than !f 100 societies in the league, in every part of the country." Although the Japanese have been d "wedded to sake." a national drink, for more than 2,500 years, the speaker f declared that adoption of prohibition in the United States had overturned B sentiment in his native country and f that hundreds of scientists and e scholars were active prohibition work- T ers. Movement in Britain. 6 The prohibition movement in Great f Britain, both during and after the b war, was discussed in a paper byTheodore Neild of Leominster, Eng- E land. Mr. Neild recounted the war _ difficulties of Great Britain and de- J scribed "the rise and fall of prohibi- f tion sentiment," saying that it re- n sembled much the rising and falling j of the tide. f At some points in the fight against t open sale of liquor in England, he f said, the flry workers appeared cer- f tain of victory. But with the signing a of the armistice, there appeared a j lessening of desire by the government c to take up the question. He told the congress, however, that j dry workers were not discouraged and ), expected to continue their fight to ul- c timate victory. s Dr. Wilbur F. Crafts, superintendent |a of the International Reform Bureau, ^ announced this morning that at the e close of this afternoon's session of the congress. the prohibition "motor f, team" of the bureau will hold a street r meeting at 17th street and New York p avenue. _ , . _ Speakers will be Rpv. Dr. Robert Watson of New York, Dr. Crafts and Prof John A Nlcholls of Boston. Mu ! sic will be furnished by Capt. David Reid and George Ackerly. Watkins Creates Stir. Yesterday afternoon's session, which had been proceeding without extraordinary enthusiasm on the part of the majority of delegates, was revived with a jolt when Aaron S. Watkins. prohibition candidate for President, announced that if either the republican or democratic candidates would pledge his unqualified support to the prohibition pro- . gram he would willingly withdraw from the race. "I ask only two things of the other candidates," Mr. Watkins said. "Whenever any one of them pledges himself to support the eighteenth amendment and enforce the Volstead act, if elected, and to use all of his power and influence to retain them as a part of the nation's law, I will agree to ask our (Continued on Page 2, Column 6.) 9 life1 DYNAMITE FOUND ON TMFORIII 3oliceman Puts Out Burning Fuse Attached to Deadly Bomb. NEW YORK. S^ntftinber 23 fbv- the , associated Press).?While investigaors were still seeking to solve the nystery of the Wall street explosion week ago, police headquarters enounced a package containing dyna- ' [lite had been found today on the ilatform of the Reed avenue elevated tation in Brooklyn. The bureau of combustibles at police leadquarters announced that the dynanite package was a bomb with fuse attached and burning - when a patrolman bund it and "put it out." Detectives ook the bomb to bureau headquarters n Manhattan. After one sreek of investigation of he explosion that spread death and error in Wall street last Thursday iffieiais today still groped for light hat might lead them to a solution of he mystery. Literally scores of clues, stories and onjecturea have been sifted by operatives of the Department of Jusice and local authorities without rsult. Despite the varied stories, however, Villfam J. Flynn, chief of the Departnent of Justice agents, was as posi- . ive as ever today that the tragedy ras the result of a prearranged plot >f anarchists. He characterized as plain bunk" renewed stories that it ras accidental, and predicted that hose responsible for the disaster could ultimately be brought to jusice. "It was a criminal outrage," he leclared. "We are positive of that, .nd we are going ahead on that heory." OEMMRATSSTART 'MATCH PRESIDENT' DRIVE FOR SSOaOOO ty the Associated Press. NEW YORK, September 23.?George VhUe. chairman of the democratic lationai committee, announced here oday that the committee would raise , $500,000 national "match-the-Presient" campaign fund. Mr. White said that a thousand riends of the league of nations would >e asked to follow the example of 'resident Wilson and subscribe $500 ach to assure the success of the Coxtoosevelt ticket and the league itelf. ? Mr. White also said that newspapers avoring the league of nations would J >e asked to aid in formation of the ! league thousand club," to be com- I iosed of contributors to the fund. j "Less than $130,000 collected by its i irovided a contrast before the Senate ommittee investigating campaign und contributions yesterday, with ! nillions in the hands of the repubicans," said Mr. White. "Since the ! ate of the league and the peace of ; he world depends on the success of lox and Roosevelt, I intend to call > or a thousand friends of the league ! ill over the country to match the j resident's subscription of $500. re- I ently made in the same cause. ! "This will provide a special fund of j 500,000 to put the truth about the ' sague before every voter. State and | ounty chairmen will be asked to as- 1 ist, and we feel hopeful that there I re at least a thousand men in the I < Inited States who will give us $500 j ach for the league. i "This plan will provide the means1" or a heavy assault against misrep- ' esentation in the interest of mere ( artisanship." j( a r -wvrw f ? I Man Who daw Lincoln Shot Is Dead, Aged 77 t I ! li HKMSTEAD. !V. V.. September p 23,?John W. Hutchinson, ?rv?<T-wvrn, who wu in Ford's I |J Theater, Washington, the night President I,lncoln was shot, and j >' one of a party of Army ofllcers a who tiled to capture the asaas- a sis, is dead at his home here. a Hutchinson served as a lieu- '' tenant of federal cavalry In the t civil war. u ! e ?* IAPAN TO ASK U.S. FOR A COMMISSION TO SKIISSUES Failing, Tokio Government Plans to Begin Lawsuits ki i/dinurma. By the Associated Prena. TOKIO, September 23.?The Washington government will be asked to appoint a commission to effect a solution of Japanese-American protelems, and in the event of the passage yf the California anti-Japanese legislation the Japanese government will arrange for a lawsuit against the !lalifornia legislature on the ground that the bill is unconstitutional and a violation of the treaty rights of the Japanese, according to the leading newspapers today. The newspapers say the above program was defined at meetings of the :abinet and the diplomatic advisory counci 1. ?jt By the Associated Press. Reports in the Japanese newspapers that the Japanese cabinet and idvisory council had decided to ask the United States to appoint a commission to effect a solution of Japin ?so-American problems created surprise at the State Department, where efforts to efTect an understanding by diplomatic means are still being made. It was stated today that no official information had been received indicating that Japan had decided to take the question out of the hands of its ambassador, Kijuro Shidehara, who recently was given authority by his government to conduct formal negotiations with the State Department on the various questions which before that time had been discussed only informally. Take l'p Saghalien. The conversations now under way between the Japanese ambassador on the one hand and department officials and Roland S. Morris. American ambassador to Japan, on the other, have to do with the Japanese occupation Df Saghalien Island as well as the anti-Japanese legislation to be voted on in California in November. It has been made clear that the State Department has no intention of attempting to influence the result in California. It was said that should the legislation be adopted an understanding with the Japanese government on the result of it might be obtained in two ways; one by a treaty modifying action taken by a state or by action in the United States courts. To invoke the first method is said to be no part of the plan of the State Department. The second method is believed to have been suggested in the conversations and may have been the basis of the reported decision of the Japanese government to resort to tke courts to determine the constitutionality of such legislation. BOARD 10 FIX PAY Of ELEVATOR CIS Decision Reached to Revise Wages of Woman Workers in District. The District minimum wage boar it decided today to fix the pay of women employed as elevator operators, maids and charwomen in office buildings, banks, theaters and similar institutions. Decision to revise the wages of these woman workers was reached by the board after surveys by its agents. Out of 357 women for whom data were obtained, the agents found that onethird receive less than J7 per week, one-half less than $9 per week and nine-tenths less than |12 per week. xae um siep win oe 10 can meeilngs of the employers and employes to choose delegates to present their respective sides of the question. The first meeting of the board to hear employes will be held at 3 p.m. Thursday. September 30. The board then wrill name a group represent, the public. As in the former wage cases, these three groups of delegates will meet and decide on a scale to be recommended to the board. The board later will hold a public hearing on the wages recommended, after which the board will fix the scale. This is the fifth group of woman workers for whom the board has undertaken to fix a minimum wage. Minimum rates of pay are now in effect for women in printing and publishing houses, mercantile establishments and hotels and restaurants. Discussing the present working conditions of woman elevator operators. maids and charwomen in ofIce buildings, banks and theaters, the ooard stated today: "Most of these women worked less than full time. This was particularly true of the office building cleaners who made up 73 per cent of the women included in this study. Of these cleaners 37 per cent worked less than twenty-four hours per week and 16 per cent less than thirty-six hours per week, and only 12 per cent fortytwo hours or over. "Obviously, the short work day accounts, in a measure, for the low wages paid, but not to any appreciable extent. The hourly rates of pay ire also low. "Even if these women could obtain mplovment elsewhere at similar rates 'to make up their full working lay. they would still be earning less - -? ?-kli?UeJ ku nan a living wage previous conferences. Furthermore, he. work must be done at hours when >ther people are through working" rURK STRIFE BRINGS ON DECLINE OF SULTAN livil War in Constantinople Predicted as Result of Political Turmoil. CONSTANTINOPLE. September 20 by the Associated Press).?Damaof "erid Pasha remains grand vizier, but ncally the Turks are excited over the olitical situation and those attemptng to oust Da mad Ferid are predict ng civil war in Constantinople. The sultan's position is so difficult t is asserted he is failing physically nd mentally. Daniad Ferid's organs, the Peyam nd Sabash, have abandoned him and re supporting Mustapha Sabri Efendi, the retiring Sheik-ul-Islam. who old the sultan that the total dissoluion of Turkey would come by winter nless he wan put at the head of tha overnmenL t *