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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 30, 1920, Image 1

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I WEATHER. \g A _ Member of the Associated Preaa
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Cloudy and unsettled, occasional ^I . ? _ / A . ? ^ . I . ? . _ Ail ... ?_?.???? -? .? tonight
and tomorrow; no //? I B A A B AAy^AVAA/ A - oA/Ail .?"* "whUeaMoa of >n aewo ieilSs
change temperature. Temperature B H A B^^B BlA ^^B ^g^Bf B w^B^^F credited to it sr aot otherwise credited ia this
for hours ended at p.m. T H B^M B * V B B^r B B B H B B B I A H psper and also the local aawa pabUahed heeeia.
today: Highest. 12. 2 p.m. today; Midi K Wr B B B B Wr B B B B B B B B B\ H H All rights of poMtcation of mdal
today. ^g IVI B U B_B B I B IBB B B B B ^ff h * M H
on BBjIjLy B, dispatchss hereia aro also IIM led.
fLi?ag New York Stocks, Paye 31 WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION (^F Yesterday's Net Gradation, SI,285
i. - . . ?4Mb- ?
y\ No. 27,975. ^"fnlmn. Ttec. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1920-FORTY-FOUR PAGES. ? TWO CENTS.
ITells Ship Board Probers
i Anoymous Letters Were
ms nrsi iniimaiiuo.
(Bays Fuller's Statement of Check's
Receipt Is "Unqnali,
fiedly False."
Jlj the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, November 30.?R. W
^ Soiling, treasurer of thel'nited Statei
Shipping Board and a brother-in-law
of President Wilson, was the chiel
^witness called to testify today befort
the Walsh congressional committee
.vbieh is investigating alleged corrupt
practice in the Shipping Board
The committee planned to questitfr
liim regarding testimony recentlj
given before the committee by Tuckei
K. Sands, a former Washingtor
i D. C.) bank official, to the effect thai
IVir. Boiling shared in $40,000 said tc
have been paid by the Downey Ship
building Corporation to the Shipping
Hoard to secure a contract. Mr
Rolling already has issued a public
denial of the charge.
L<ester Sisler, former secretary ol
the Shipping Board, who was allegec
by Mr. Sands to have shared in the
alleged bribe, also was asked to be
present to testify, as was Alonzo
Tweedale, former controller of the
Shipping Board, who is said to have
investigated Mr. Boiling's alleged
participation in the division of the
Representative Joseph Walsh. Mas.
Bachusetts. chairman of the committee,
said these witnesses had not
been asked to ^vaive immunity.
Rolling'* Statement.
A denial that he had ever taken
money for influencing the disposition
of contracts or machinery by
the United States Shipping Board, as
charged by Sands, coupled with a re
<juest that all of his business transactions
with Sands be Investigated?"both
Sot my own and my family's sake?was
made by Mr. Boiling. Mr. Bolting told
of business associations with Sands
dating back to 1916 and ?arlier years,
out of which grew several financial
transactions. He told the committee
that his personal records were all
available to its inspection. Sands has
testified that he received 140.000 from
Die Downey Shipbuilding Corporation
for "representing" it before the board,
out of wttiebuJbe: paid money to Mr.
Boliing. *
Took So Contractor's Profit.
Mr. Boiling Said that after banking
v ith the institution which Sands was
onoec'ed with for several years, ho
had taken, a contract in 1916 to build
a house nest door to Ms own for tM
banker, and in making a settlement"'for
its cost with Mr. and Mrs. Sapds, had
foregone any profits because "of objec'ion
by the Sands to a charge for extras.
"After a great deal of talk on the
subject of the charge for 'extras,'"
said Mr. Boliing. "I volunteered to
cancel my share of this charge, which
figure (1600) represented most of the
profit that I had expected to make on
the entire transaction, because ol
their unpleasant attitude, but the understanding
was that* my associate
was to he paid his share for these
'extras' ($600) in full. 1 did this because
I had built a home f9r myself
on the lot adjoining Mr. Sa'nds'. and
did not want a situation to develop
which would have in any way caused
disagreeable feelings on the part ol
neighbors. Mr. Sands agreed to this
settlement ana it -was maae accorajngly.
He gave me his note for $6,000,
-w hich I indorsed and discounted in the
Commercial National Bank, of which
institution he was then vice president."
At this Juncture Mr. Boiling offered
In evidence his personal banking passbook
showing he had deposited the
proceeds of the note November 13. 1916.
"However, a short while afterward
Mr. Sands told me that he did not
want me to lose any of my commissions
for building the house, and that
he had accepted this reduction only
because, his wife was very much worried
that the house should have cost
more than they had originally planned.
and that he intended paying me
the adidtional $600 above referred to.
Tells of Machinery Case.
"Early in 1918 Mr. Sands sent a Mr.
Cranor to see me in regard to sojne
machinery, which was to be used in
eonecction with construction of vessels.
Mr. Cranor told me that the
machinery in question was 'bending
rolls.' and was to have been shipped
to his company from the factory, but
at the last minute some other company
succeeded in having the order
changed, and that this machinery
would be diverted to them; that a
great injustice was being done to his
Mr. Cranote company.
"I knew nothing about the construe
tion division, so tn file presence ol
Mr. Cranor I called up Lester Sister
who was then secretary of the Shipping
Board, and explained- the mattei
to him. He said he would look into
It, and subsequently told me that he
found upon inquiry that the rolls had
been promised to Mr. Oranor'a company.
and would be shipped to them."
Mr. Boiling in answer to questions
-said that he did not see Sands at an>
lime during the "bending rolls incident."
He testified to having gone tc
Sands' hotel room in Washington, but
did not recollect ever having been there
alone with him Once, he said. Mrs
Boiling and lie had taken dinner with
Mr. and Mrs. Sands at the hotel. Mr
' Boiling said that the Shipping Boari
"gradually reduced the funds" Th Sands
bank in the regular course of business
He continued:
timid He Would Make gl.OOO.
"A short time after this Mr. Sand:
told me that he had made, or woulc
make, $1,000 in connection with thi:
? ra?p<*v ?ihwurii in? now
he has no recollection of the niatlei
--and that he was going to "take can
of me." I told him I would arcep'
nothing. He then mentioned the $600
which he atill owed me in conneciior
with the changes made in his house
saying that lie had not forgotten it
and would pay it.
"1 gave no thought as to what Mr
Sands' relationship was to the prlnci
pal. but looked upon him as the vici
president of a large bank, and a mat
who was Justly Indebted to me.
therefore told him that I would b<
glad to have him pay what he owe<
me, but that it could in no way hi
connected with fees or ronimlssioni
involving government work?and thh
he clearly understood,
i "Upon my request he paid me sub
j-equently the $600. as follows: Keb
ruary IS. 191R. $100; June 26. 1918
1100. and August 5. 191S, $too. I liav<
no knowledge of where this motie;
a paid me by Mr. Sands came from,
s Mr. Sands also made me a loan oi
$300 on May 21. 181V for which
^Continued on Page Twenty-eight.)
By the Associated Press.
\ President Wilson has accepted
the invitation of the league of I
| nations to act as mediator in the I
" Armenian situation. '
The President's acceptance is
conditioned upon the use of
I moral influence. He explains ?
that he is without authority to
employ force without the con- .
sent of Congress.
The invitation to mediate between
the factions in Armenia
was extended to the President
last week through Paul Hymens,
president of the league as- (
sembly. Mr. Wilson, already has
| consented to fix the boundary
lines of Armenia, and he now
has before him special reports
on that subject. There has been jj
1 no indication, however, when he j
will complete this work.
MfflilN I!
| v
; nnn rnn nnrnniT!"
jutAuruK rmm 11?
. ; i o
>j House Leader Mondell Sure^
Measure Will Not Come Up
l ] a
; at Short Session. 1 a
; Kmphatic conviction that there will j j
be no reclassification legislation at ri
5 this session of Congress was ex- "
>v pressed today by House Leader Hon- p
I dell, who will have charge of the
| legislative program of the republican
majority. In this opinion he agrees d'
with Chairman Good of the appro- ?
i priations committee and with Kepre- f
I sentative Will R. Woods of Indiana. "
i chairman of the subcommittee now ri
engaged on framing the bill which I it
carries the salaries of most of the ja:
government employes. 11
Gives Keasoas for Delay. j jj
"There will be no legislation re- {j
classifying the work and salaries of [j
i the government employes at this ses- tj
sion, because of two very important
i considerations." said Mr. Mondell. ! ti
i! "First. Congress is going to be ex- tj
ceedingly busy with appropriation | B
bills. No preceding House ever had so
much to do in so short a time. This
short session is shorter than ever.
and the appropriation estimates are f'
larger than ever.
"There is certain legislation which 1
it may be found absolutely essential |
to pass, but in the main our work > tl
will be to pare the appropriations ; h<
in such a way as to effect still further i m
economics of public expenditures. With ni
this work in hand it is goipg to be im- la
possible to give much, attention to gen- r<
ecal legislation. r?
tr*wfse ts Hurry Matter. c]
"Second?It is not wise to provide
for 11 nWaimcatlon at this time. If
we were going to give It considerstloh
we would necessarily be hurried. ,
. -and under the stress of an exceeding- 18
ly strong pressure for economy. The u
outcome would not be likely to be as
satisfactory either from the stand- "
point of the government or of the 04
employe as it would be if reclassifl- ,
cation were not undertaken until 81
later, with plenty of time for a full 81
consideration of all the questions in- f,
volved." |
Senator Henderson Wants *j
j Reclassification Action at
Coming Short Session ti
' j Senator Charles" B. Henderson of ?
{ Nevada, a member of the joint commis- p
' i sion on reclassification of government d
[ 1 employes, has returned to Washington b
intent upon obtaining reclassification ' S
1 legislation at the coming session of Con- 1 a
gress. | p
"I see no reason why reclassification
1 of the government employes should not i "?
1 proceed in accordance with the report j ?
made by the commission." said Sena- n
tor Henabrson today. "In fact, there is i ti
1 j every .reason why it should. It would ; g
j settle unrest in the government depaA- i P
'< ments which is due to inequalities of j t
j pay for similar work. ! n
l "In my opinion it would be far bet- j
! ter to reclassify the government em- ! a
I ployes before attempting a reorgani- j ?
; j zation of the government depart- >'
! ments as provided for in the McCor- I 11
j mlck bill, for instance. After the re- 8
I classification has been made it will;8
I 1 then be possible to go ahead with j J*
reorganization and have some definite : .
iaea as to wnat the cost wUl be under j ]
Senator Henderson said that hi j
, would consult with Senator Jones of;
New Mexico, who was chairman of | _
I the reclassification commission, and j
| with Senator Spenser, the other -Senate i tl
' | member of the commission regarding ; r,
' ; the matter as soon as they returned j r,
II to Washington. j 0
I "The salaries should be raised and ; j,
] offices should be reclassified and the j,
bonus plan done away with as soon Bl
as possible," added Senator Hender- ai
1 son. o
;j $100 FINE FOR DRIVER, "
' I Robert Preston, colored, charged ("""
S with driving while Intoxicated, was j a
> | convicted upon his appearance before i11
I Judge Hardtson thia morning and t<
I 1 was fined $100. ...-Officer F. A. Fitz- ?
gerald made the arrest. 1<
Judge Dewney of the Court of d
'(Claims testified as to^the character
' ' of Pre?ton. whom he had employed | g
' for several years, saying tliat he had 1 t<
I always regarded him as a steady and ; n
' i reliable worker. ?
' Judge Itardison stated, however, ia
I that the charge of driving under the , .
' influence of liquor a most seri- t:
; . ous one. and because of the et
\ traffic accidents that were happen ~ ; a
tni? here daily, a heavy fine must be j Ti
imposed. The defendant pleaded j ^
guilty. :
I Today's News in
f ! Charles Ponzt, Button promoter, given j f.
live years in Jail. i'age I 1
[ ' Clash anticipated between Italian a
troops and D'Annunsio legionnaires i>
' ' over terms of Rapullo treaty. Page l i t|
. I". S. narcotic experts find increase in ; ?
drug users not due to drv laws. I si
I . I'age t.| P
3' Alarm expressed by negro laborers front I J*
t farming states over agricultural con- 11
I dltlons. Page 11 "
> Report shows rent increases for 1,2?0 c
1 federal employes who previously i J
; answered questionnaries. Page 2 1 >j
? Young Haitian testitles that U. S. Ua-U?
i rlnes beat his father to d'ii&th. Page J j tl
Grand Trunk Western railway sues to J *'
test rights under U. S. guaranty act. ' "
, *-mu IT ;
; Sixteen arrested on oharitr of <U-*troy- . JJ
3 i11ic fvldcncc In N. V. "hulUlinic trust" I ?
Inquiry. l'ugr 17 ; K
! herretitry Ihtiilel* tells Dmtrlct Supreme a
j | Court w hy the Nnvy In preventing *
1 laving of cable conncetlon at Miami. In
I 1'uge 17 11>
'Will Bide Her Time Until
Right Moment," Asserts
Viscount Ishii.
landates. Economic Blockades,
Flans to Receive U. S. and
Languages Are Discussed.
v t hp Associated Press.
GENEVA. November 30.?The Japnese
delegation will not make any
roposa! for racial equality at this
ession of the assembly of the league
f nations, it was announced Uy Visount
Ishii at this morning's session
f the assembly.
"Japan will patiently bide her
irae," said Viscount Ishii, "until an
pportune moment shall present itelf."
The Japanese delegation, he ad.led.
lso had decided to withdraw its proest
against annual meetings of the
ssembly. although it requires five
lonins lime ior a neiegauon irom
apan to make the long journey and
.'turn. He recommended meetings once
1 two years, with special meetings in
mergencies. but said he would not
ress the point.
Derision Hrad Today.
The Japanese delegate made these
eclarations in speaking on the report
f the committee on rules, which was
:-ad to the full assembly at the openig
of the seskion by Delegate Feriri
of Italy. The committee based
s report on the principle that the
?sembly is the sovereign organism of
le league, but intermittent, and that
le executive council is the permanent
Dwer, with the secretariat as the connuous
medium for the execution of
te decisions of both the assembly and
je council.
Some complexed questions regarding
le relations between the assembly and
ie council were reserved by the comlittee
for further consideration.
Viscount Ishii in his addrdss re-rred
to the position taken by the
ipanese delegation at the peacgjcon:rence.
Ishii Explains Position.
"It was to the poignant regret of
ie Japanese government and people,"
e said, "that the framers of the coveint
were unable to accept the Japasse
proposal that oqpjHity before the
w should be assured to all men. irispective
of their nationality, race or
iltgion. The Japanese delegates dearetl
they would continue their instence
for the adoption of their just
;mand by the league. In view, howler,
of present circumstances, Japan
strongly persuaded that the league
yet in a stage when the consolidaon
of its organization should be ac>rded
greater attention than questions
lat might involve revision of the
Visoount Ishii referred to the great
ise of the Japanese delegation, and
lid this should be takes as evidence
f the real interest of his country in
ie league. The Japanese, he said,
esired not only to have ail the needi
expert advice at band, but wanted
j educate their young men for parIplnatlAn
(ft tUn nr/\?d il'o nal'
ill mv nuiiu o ?> 1 VOI 1?WJA*
Balfour Ludi Spanish Kavoy*.
A. J. Balfour of the British delegaion
pointed out the material difficulles
involved in an increase in the
umber of official languages, and he
raised the course of the Spanish
elegation in withdrawing as had
een announced, its demands Uj_3{
punish be put on the same footing
s English and French in the league's
Narcisco Garay of Panama followed
-ith an expression of regret that it
ras impossible to satisfy the just detand
of the Spanish-speaking counries
for the recognition of their lanuage.
which the Latin American reublics.
he said, regarded as granted
hem as an inheritance from the
io'ther country.
Delegate Ferrari of Italy proposed
n amendment to the rules making it
bligatory for the assembly to meet
i Geneva. This was adopted with
he modification that the regular sesions
of the assembly must be held
t Geneva at regular intervals, but
hat eAraordinary sessions might be
eld elsewhere if the assembly, a majrity
of the council, or a majority
f the members of the league so deided.
After the adoption of the rules the
ssembly adjourned to Thursday
lorning. /
Many delegates to the meeting of
he assembly of the league of nations
cgard the coming week as the most
rltical period in the history of the
rganization. Questions which have
een settled in committees by a majrity
vote, after stubborn contests in
MhiA no ucC m not hf> rl pp iHoH in tVia
Ssembly by a unanimous vote. The
nly exception is in the case of the
lection of new members and amendtents.
l.racnr Discusses Maadalm.
4f the assembly proves capable of
Itreeing without a dissenting vote on
lie difficult problems to be placed be>re
it during the next few days, it
ill, in the estimation of some of the
>&ding members, have passed a most
angerous point.
The council of the league was enaged
during its entire session yes;rday
with the question of mandates,
nd could not proceed to the election
f a successor to Sir Reginald Tower
s high commissioner at Danzig.
It seems probable that definite soluon
of the question relative to the
conomic blockade will not be reached
t this session of the assembly. A
ssolution passed by the subcommitse
on blockade yesterday proposed
uat an international commission on
lockade be appointed by the council,
nd this body shall report to the as?mbly
the measuoA it would put into
(Tect against an aggressor nation.
The expected debate on the failure
f the council to intervene for preention
of the war between Poland
nd soviet Russia has been put over
j Friday's session.
TS *. rooort of the oommitrae nn
mendments to the covenant was exected
to contain a recommendation
lat a commission be appointed to
lilch all amendments proposed
hould be referred for study and reorted
upon to the next assembly,
'hicli it now is considered will certinly
be held during the summer or
arly fall.
Such a committee would have suffllent
latitude to consider any propoItions
emanating from the United
tatea Some of the delegates have
onsidered the advisability of giving
Ite committee the express authority
j enter into negotiations wieti Wash
gton at a favorable moment.
Delegates de Ueon of Spain, and
.guero of Cuba have agreed to withraw
for the time being their propoitlon
for the Inclusion of Spanish
moiig the official languages of the
sitembly. They liave indicated l!it>y
rould not press their suggestion for
discussion of the subject at the
resent session of the assembly.
iA..A..A..rnn....r !
lira UVtn rlUMt
Italy Masses TroopS Following
D'Annunzio's Denunciation
of Rapallo Treaty.
FIUME. November 30.?Gabriele
j <rAnnunzto's legionnaires have been
greatly stirred by passionate appeals
of the poet to "save Fiume." which
i he has been issuing at frequent inj
tervals since the treaty of Rapallo
; settled the Adriatic question between
I Italy and Jugoslavia far from d'Anj
nunzlo's liking.
f The searchlights' on the islands of
j Veglia and Arbe are brightly ilj
Iuminatiftg-the water approaches to
i Fiume during each night, searching
for possible attacking parties, .while i
the guns of the various fortifications j
are thundering intermittently.
Mends Manifests to Italy. j
Meanwhile d'Annunzio is sending j
: manifestos to Italy crying out against i
the Rapallo pact. /^Preparations are I
I in progress to conscript all citizens I
between the ages of eighteen and
fifty in Fiume for "the defense of
the city."
Large reinforcements of Italian
carabineers are arriving on the borders
of the Fiume territoiy. It is
assumed they are there as reminders
j to the legionnaires that the Italian
; government intends to enforce the !
j provisions of the treaty.
Italian Troops Waviag.
LONDON. November 29.?A dispatch'
i to the London Tim^s from Milan I
, quotes the newspaper Secolo as say- j
i ing that a movement of regularj
! Italian troops is reported all aiong I
| the armistice line in the Adriatic!
! zone, and it it is rumored that Gen. :
] Caviglia lias been ordered by the j
j Italian government to take the is- !
I lands of Veglia and Arbe. which were i
J seized by Oabriele D'Annunzio's le- i
j gionaires, and also to occupy the
: strip of territory near Castua, in|
vaded by D'Annunzio soon after the
; signing of the Rapallo treaty.
I D'Annunzio, according to the dis!
patch, has issued a manifesto. In
! which he says a conflict is imminent
j and that he and his men are ready
i to flght and to die rather than to subI
mit to the Italian forces. The dis1
patch adds that excitement, is rife in
Fiume, where all males from eighteen
! years to fifty-two years have been re:
called to the colors.
1 Minister Here Ordered to Obtain
Services of Albert Bathbone.
The Cuban minister was authorized
today by his government to make a
definite arrangement with Albert j
! Kathbone of New York, a former assistant
secretary of the Treasury, to
act as financial adviser to the Cuban
1 government.
Mr. Rathbone's name was suggestj
ed by the State department, which
was asked by the Cuban government
j to nominate an American financier
to supervise the expenditure of the
! sums to be loaned to Cuba by a group
j of American bankers.
Two of Firrie's Crew and One Dead
Man Found.
j SEATTLE. Wash., November 30.?;
i Two surviving members of the crew .
! of the missing barge W. J. Pirrie and
1 the body of a third were found by an
Indian searching party near Cape ,
I Johnson, Wash., last night, according
to a telegram from Clallam Bay, 1
Wash., to the Seattle Merchants' Kx- i
i change, received today.
The Indians arrived at Clallam Bay
today, bringing the news of the find- '
' ing of the sailors, the message said.
They were unable to find any trace gf:
the barge, which, when last seen, carried
twenty-three persons, including '
the captain's wife, and baby. ;
r ' r;
What Do You
Know About
Oriental Rugs? j
Tne nrst or a series or six <
papers, prepared by an author- . \
ity on the subject, appears on >j
the Woman's Page of | j
I Today s Star jl
After the first article the .
fire most important classes of j
rugs are taken up?an article
for each class. j
i -
George T. Summerlin, charge d'affaires
for the United States government
in Mexico City, will attend the
inauguration ceremonies of Gen.
Gbregon as president of the Mexican
republic tomorrow, but not in an
official capacity. .
It was learned today that the State
Department has sent hint instructions
to acknowledge the invitation \
of the government to attend the
inaugural, and to say that he will
accept the courtesy, but will not be
present as the official representative
of his government. Officials at the
State Department would give no hint
of when full diplomatic relations
with Mexico might be resumed.
Governors from several of the border
states are expected to be in-Mexico
when President Obregon assumes
his new* office tomorrow. At least
one of the governors has written to
the State Department here asking if
it would be proper for him to attend
the inaugural. A reply was sent to i
him to the effect that, although his
presence there might be misunder- 1
stood, the State Department would i
not undertake to advise the governor
of a state what he might ?r might
hot do. j
PflDITQfHTVllill !
uuimuum hull
...... \\
Sinn Fem Club There Alsolj
Aflame, Belfast Dispatch ! <
Declares. \,
| 1
Bj tike Press. j '
BELFAST. November 30.?The city ! 1
hall at Cork was set on fire this j j
morning, and reports from that city j ]
state the Thomas Ashe Sinn Kein !
Club and the Charlotte quay are ablaze. !
Much damage .has been done, it is stated. ,
LONDON. November 30.?The prem- ;
ises of the Sinn Fein Bank, in Har- <
court street. Dublin, were set oh fire ; ,
early this morning, says a dispatch <
to the Exchange Telegraph from Dub
lin. ;
A bomb was exploded at 1 o'clock ?
this morning in the building occupied j j
by a hide merchant in Old Swan lane, j
near London bridge. A floor of the i )
building was wrecked, but nobody j ,
was injured. | j
The bomb, fitted with a time fuse. ! <
apparently had been left in the build- j ,
ing in a gripsack. I ,
The labor commission of inquiry into ]
tne reprisals in Ireland left ror Dun- I
lin this morning. The party com-)
prises representatives of the labor 11
parliamentary party and the labor ex-j I
ecutive body.
London an Armed Camp.
Public buildings iri London and in j j
many of the other large cities of Kng- |r
land were closely guarded against ap- | r
prehended Sinn Fein attacks by heavy j i
detachments of police and detectives J
last night. In this city the patrol was
not limited to the streets, but armed c
motor boats moved up and down the j
Thames in front of parliament build- 2
ings. With Downing street and its c
immediate neighborhood shut off from j
the rest of the city by a high fence, |
which was constantly under the eyes f
of uniformed men, and with the par- 0
liament buildings sentineled, govern- j
ment sections of London today assum- ,
ed the atmosphere of an armed camp, j
There is nothing to connect the Sinn r
(Continued on Page 2, Column 2.) I o
Clinics conducted under the auspices c
of the narcotic division of the bureau *
of internal revenue, in which more ^
than 1.000 drug addicts were examined,
show that the number of worn- 1
: -,i - r I
en wno arc vituiim mj lual ukc ib r
slightly in excess of the number of j
men. but there was no evidence ob- je
lained to indicate that there has been i ?
an increase in drug- users since the i t
prohibition laws became effective. ; <]
Col. h*. O. Xutt. heail of the field :
force of the narcotic division, who a! 11
few weeks ago completed an exten- 1 t
?ive visit to the offices charged with i
the enforcement of the drug laws, is li
authority for the statement that the a
ncrease in the number of arrests in C
jome parts of the country is due to a 1<
more vigilant campaign that is being 1
made against drug importers and e
Irug users, and not to an increase in j*
the number of offenders. The field '
force was reorganized last February -s
md since that time has discovered
several channels for drug importation
that had operated successfully for
eea/s. ?
Xarcotle "Fashions" Differ. h
A peculiar feature of the drug evil d
is that different parts of the couptry '
have different "fashions" in parcotics. 1
Practically all of theiru^come from ^
opium, the poppy juice compound that
m &
Promoter Changes Plea to
Guilty?"Thi^s Passes
Glory," He Writes.
BOSTON, November 30 (by the Associated
Press).?Charles Ponzi, promoter
of the get-rich-quick scheme in
which thousands of persons Invested
millions of dollars before it collapsed
last August, pleaded guilty to using
the mails in a scheme to defraud, in the
federal district court here today.
Sentence of five years in the Plymouth
county jail was imposed by
Judge*HaIe. The court took into consideration
only the first count of one
indictment of forty-three counts, in
which it was charged that Ponzi had
represented falsely that he was able
to pay interest at the rats of 60 per
cent in forty-five days from profits
made in international postal reply
In arguing the question of sentence.
Daniel H. Coakley, senior counsel for
Ponzi, told the court that it was
only after advice from counsel and
members of the discredited financiers
family that he agreed to retract his
plea of not guilty and plead guilty
instead. "Mr. Ponzi insisted and still
insists that there was in his mind no
ntent to defrUud any one," his counsel
ieclared. '
Poasi Has Swagger Air.
The little Italian who, with prison
sentences ih Canada and thi? cA?n.
try behind him. developed his
supposed scheme of exchange in international
postal reply coupons to j
proportions that made him a marked i
Bgure in finance, only to have his
house of easy money topple over on J
him when the props of income from i
investors were pulled out. had an |
lir of swagger when he faced the j
;ourt. He was the same dapper man- I
ibout-town when he stepped from the j
Cambridge jail this morning as in the i
jays when he was the idol of the \
street crowds. A new tailored suit, j
i smart cravat, handkerchief in
Sreast pocket and feeT HcTbrned with i
'pats, made Ponzi again a man of!
A si he faced another long prison sen- :
:ence. while his youthful wife sobbed I
in his shoulder, he penciled on a
memorandum block his parting word i
:o the public: "Sic transit gloria t
nundi" (Thus passes the glory of the j
vorld), and handed it to the press.
l.rflYm 85 Counts on File.
When he went up to the bench to
dead a moment later he was emihatic
when lie said ."I do." to the
tierk's question whether he wished
o change his plea of not guilty, and
vas-equally assertive as he made this
dea "gulity" in load tones in the ;
lext breath. Then Ponzi leaned over,
esting hiR head on his arm, while ,
le listened to his counsel plea for a '
ight sentence.
Ponzi will begin his sentence at the
:ounty jail in Plymouth with eighty- '
ive counts of the federal indictments
tgainst him on file, and with charges;;
if larceny in many counts outstand- i
ng against him in the state courts. !,
de is due also to face his creditor^'
if whom there are more than 11.000,
in December 8, when he will be sub- .
iect to their interrogations as to .
vhat he did with the millions in- ,
rusted to him, of which his federal
eceivers have been able to retrieve
inly a small part.
TATn>17ACir< I
Ml f
7*" , 1
contains some twenty-six alkaloids. , 1
lUt a drug that is in groat demand j<
n one section will he practically mi-jJ
mown in another. 11
For example, the addicts in new i <
fork are mostly users of heroin, a j
lowerful drug made from cocaine and '
nore injurious than the latter. <
leroin js little 'used outside of the ! t
ast. however, and in Chicago the de- J
nam! Is almnsf alfntrotlidi' I ?
ihlne. which Is taken in tablets in-;t
ernally, or is injected with a hypo-j i
lermic needle. j
San Francisco's underworld also de- j
oands all the morphine it can get, j r
>ut due to the oriental influence there c
ts chief craving is for opiuin, which ?
s sjnoked after being prepared over a
. peanut-oil lamp. In St. Liouis, New t
irleans and In other places having a r
arge colored population the chief j
raffle is in "snlSr," as cocaine Is genrally
termed by its users, who are
mown as "snowbirds." It is generaly
inhaled through the nostrils, as
nuff was taken In former days.
Hashish Is Rarely Feisd.
Now and then field agents of the ;1
arcotic division discover a stock of ! r
lashiah, a powerful drug made from a
lemp and much used in parts of ln-)d
la. Arania. n-gypt ana Asia Minor, 'j
ts devotees in this country are very (
iniited. however, and strict watch is
>eing kept to sees that their number i
(Continued on Pae'c 2, Column 7.) e
The estimates now being considered
by the House appropriations committee
for the government expenses
during the fiscal year ending June
30, 1922, are '^several hundred thousand
dollars higher than ever before."
according to House I-eader
Mr. Mondell agrees with Chairman
Good of the House appropria- |
tions committee, saying. "The attitude
of the executive departments in
sending in such enormous estimates
is entirely indefensible," and exnrncoa/1
1, * /*?
!->* vuo<.u tllC UC1IC1 mat OU11IC
legislation may have to be passed
to "stop the executive departments
from such reckless expenditures."
The regular appropriations bills
for the fiscal year 1920 carried *3.03.".115,733,
in addition to which there ,
were other very large amounts in
deficiency and other supplemental
bills. Last year the estimates in the 1
regular appropriation bills for the |
fiscal year ending June 30, 19217
totaled 33,440.002.279.33. and the
regular appropriation bills carried i
The leading members of the appropriations
committee, both republicans
and democrats, say that the
even larger estimates submitted this
year are going to be slashed "to the
quick." Those who have expressed
that determination include Chairman |
Good of the full committee. Chair- ,
man Wood of the subcommittee on j
the legislative, executive and judicial
appropriation bill: Chairman
Davis of the subcommittee on the
District bill. Representative Joseph
W. Byrns of Tennessee, Representative
Thomas U. Sisson of Mississippi j
and Representative James P. Bu- i ,
chanan or Texas, the latter three
being democrats. j
prr nn nri irr nnnn i
Congressmen Say Heavy
Governmental Expenses May
Continue Two Years.
" r
Congressmen, looking the- facts I
squarely in the facta see but little
hope of reducing materially governmental
expenses and lowering taxation
in the next fiscal year, or even <
the year after. They can cut off a few j
hundred departmental clerks, but the j
saving accomplished would be a mere
drop in the bucket, they say. 1
The only hope of retrenchment '
which would amount to anything '
would be in the reduction of appro- ]
priations for the military and naval 1
establishment, and that can be effect- }
ed only by international agreement
among all the great powers to do likewise.
As such an understanding is en- .
tir*?1v nrnhlftmatiojil. not to sav nn
Hkely, the next best thing which the i!
legislators propose is this: To prac- .
tice economy as far as possible in <
governmental affairs and preach ,
economy and increased production to
the people. {
Economy and Production. f
On Capitol Hill they say that we *
plain people might as well make up '
our minds to realization that we are 5
in for a long spell of heavy taxation ?
and that it behooves us to settle down j 1
to producing as much as possible. | c
earning all that unremitting endeavor I
can bring in. and pay the taxes with- 1
out complaining until better times '
come. Incidentally, if one cares to ex- t
ercise economy and can earn enougl t
over and above living expenses and c
taxes >to save h little, all the better t
but the taxes must be paid anyhow i
these statesmen say. and there is nc
immediate relief in sight. g
That is cold and uncomforting talk, a
but the. men on the llill who ar c
charged with responsibility and are 1
cognizant of the facts say that ttu t
public will have to face the music g
There are certain fixed charges which s
must be met. and their total is ap- b
palling. c
Current Appropriations. p
x ne current approprnuionfl. lor the
Bseal year 1921. which are not likely a
to be undercut, carry audi sums as fc
these: For care and maintenance of <
soldiers of the world war, J293.000.- 1
000; for pensions on account of niili- 1
tary service prior to the war of 1914.
S279.000.tl00; interest on the public
lebt. twenty millions less than a billion;
sinking fund for amortization of ?
(he public debt, J260.SOO.OOO: for the
military and naval establishments. f
JS55.000.000. o
Congressmen believe that as long as s
Klngland and France are building 1'
navies, and while Japan is increasing
her naval buildup-; program. the pub- I
lie sentiment of ihe United States will ?
:ot tolerate suspending: the naval program
tioot: which 111 is nation ein- o
marked in 1915. For one thing, the ?
people are proud of their Navy as
heir most precious asset of national t
lefense. For another, the experience \
if the world is not forgotten, when
Ireat Britain's navy, inj the last an- ti
ilysis. prevented the changing of the e;
world's map. ? o
If President ITarding. when lie as- J-]
lumes oftice. can induce the irrear
lowers. including- Japan, to take a ti
>w years' holiday in building navies p
tnd equipping armies, some material a
trogress can be made toward reduc- ti
ng governmental expense and conuejuent
lowering of taxes. That, of X
:ourse, was urged as one object of g
he league of nations. The purposely
lould still he accomplished without
:he league, many public men insist, x
iut will it be? The leading states- .'
nen who have expressed opinion upon i
he subject doubt that it will be done' r
n time to relieve the world of tile's,
iresent burden of taxation. I
There is no existing royal road to,
educed taxation, the statesmen point' ai
>ut. The objective will have to be |
ittained by long and weary stages. ]
Hi upuin j??ui uc? ?n iiiv w a. v. Aim
he foundation of relief, the econonlHts
declare, rests primarily with the w
ndividuals in the exercise of economy f0
.nd increased production. ec
? of
A meeting of the Washington Safety
first Association will be held tomor- S
ow night at the Thomson School al
t 8 o'clock. W. F. Peabody, presi- ot
cnt of the association, will presidr. or
'he meeting has been culled to Co- ul
.pe'rate with the newly orxanlsed ]"
lafety Council of the Uiatrlct of Co- r
umbia and the traffic situation from ?
very standpoint will be discussed.
8.5 PerCent Fall-Off
in Fares in Last
Six Months.
Capital Traction Gives
No Indication of
I nfAtifiAn
Eight cents straight fare in place of
the present rate of four tokens for no
cents is asked by the Washington I tal iway
and Electric Company, in a petition
filed with the Public Utilities Commission
The company asks permission to continue
the sale of tokens at 8 cents each
for the convenience of the public and
to reduce the delay which would result
if conductors had to make change for
each passenger.
Xo changes are sought in existing
transfer privileges. At present the casli
fare is 8 cents, but tokens can be
bought at the rate of 7 tj cents. Tin
practical effect of granting the application,
therefore, would be to abolish
the half-cent reduction on tokens.
The commission must act on the application
during December, since tin
present rate of fare expires on January
1. Hearings before the commi-sion
probably will start about Decern
ber 15. allowing for the legal notice o
ten days which is required.
Capital Tractioa Sltaatloa.
Although the Capital Traction Con.
pany has given no indication of a.,
intention to seek a change in rates, it
s practically certain that the commission
will continue the policy of
making that company a part^^o the
2ase in order to make what^WP ranis
decided upon apply to both roads.
An official of the Washington Railway
and Electric Company stated
?oon aft^r the petition had been filed
that while the financial condition of
the company would have justified n
l equesi lor a nigner rare me air<cior>
felt that at this time the increase
should be kept as small as possible.
The company estimated that u
itraight eight-cent fare would yield
(325.014.43 additional revenue if
there should be no reduction in the
volume of traffic. This increase In
revenue would enable the company to
earn 31,152,808.45, or 6.8 per cent, the
petition states.
"Tn our judgment, however," the petition
reads, "we must look forward
to further reduction in the volume of
traffic. During six months, ending
October 31 last, the number of pay
passengers carried on our lines was
39.315,085. or 8.5 per cent less than
during the same period of the previous
year. It is true that this comparison
is made with a period at
vhich a lower rate of fare existed than
this year. Nevertheless, there can be
no question of the fact that the popuation
of Washington has been reiuced.
and will be. temporarily, at
east, further reduced.
t'ltea Batplorre Cat.
The company then cites the fact
hat the number of civil service emjloyes
in Washington has been reIn
n&rl cra/lnallv oinna ho osmiofioA
jntil on October 31 there were only
16,846, as compared with 117,000 on
November 11, 191S. V
The company estimates that a rcluction
of at least 2 per cent in traf1c
would follow the new rate of fare
such a reduction would mean a fating
off of J125.S08.24 in revenue in a
'ear. which would reduce the net
imount available for return upon fair
,-alue to Jl,027.000.21, equal to 6.1 pettent.
The company expresses the hope,
towever. that Congress will enact
egislation to change the form of
axation of street railways, to relieve
he companies of paying the salaries
if crossing policemen and to reliev
he companies of certain street pav
ng requirements.
Such legislation if enacted by Con
;ress would substantially increase thmount
of revenue available to tin
oinpanv for return upon fair talu<
'he proposal now before Congress Is
o abolish the tax of 4 per cent upot
rross revenues of street, railways and
uhstitute a lax oil net earnings in
xeesa of a 6 per cent return. Thihange
would save the company apiroximately
S2OO.060 a year. In addi
ion. the company pays about J60.00"
year for crossing policemen. No
stimate has been made of what the
ompany would save if it was releved
of street paving between itracks.
but the sum would be large.
Company Kxplalas Bnrdra.
To show the burden placed on th.
ompany in the paring of the spac
letween tracks, the company setortlt
a list of jobs recently ordered
r in contemplation by the Oominlsioner.M.
amounting to $?37,784. Thee.rejects
Pavigig and reconstruction of
racks on Kliode Island avenue nortliast.
from 4th to 12tb streets. $t?7.52!
"Paving and reconstruction of tracks
li Georgia avenue from Buchunan
treet to Military road. $122,000.
"Paving and reconstruction of
racks on 12th street northeast from
lotiroe to Otis streets. $19,109.
"Paving and reconstruction of
racks on Nichols avenue south
ast from Sheridan road to the sec
nd main entrance to St. Elisabeth's
lospital. $37,000.
"Paving and reconstruction of
-acks. raising grade and setting
oles on Bladensliurg road from 15th
nd 11 streets northeast to the Dis
iet line. $97.6.':n.
"Macadamizing track space on
ichols avcnuf southeast from main
ate of St. IOlizabeth's tlnspital to
nd of double track, $11.?75.
"Macadamizing tracks space from
orth Capitol and W streets to I2tli
nd Monroe streets northeast. $26,000
"Macadamizing track space from
hode Island awoiue northeast from
Dakota avenue to District line.
1.1*7. *
"Miscellaneous paving (November
nd December estimated), $127,662.
Total. $537,784.
Includes Bat Oar-Third.
"Only about one-third of the tboir
ork is included In our expenditures
>r the year 1920. Our plans for 1921
intemplate the repair and rebuilding
' tracks on G street between lltli
id 4th, and on North Capitol strrfi
;tween G street and New York avt
je, at an estimated cost of $407.5.
"It will be quite impossible to d<>
1 of thr above work, along with
her necessary nialutenaiiiV of ae
dlnary character, within thr figure
>ove named us our expenditures for
e current year. Unless the remedial
gislailoc hcrcliiaftel- referred 1o I*
iaet_ed or a higher rut. of fare
(Continued on Page 2, Column 6).
K '
I ft a

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