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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 17, 1921, Image 1

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| \o. sfo&2. ? sags?. T1" . Washington, d. c., monday, January it, 1921-twenty-six pages! . two cents.
I1 Marshall Points Out Chaotic
Conditions in Charity
Laws to Senators.
Proposes Department With a Board
of Five Members to Handle
All Work.
The establishment. of a department
?f public welfare in the government
of the District of" Columbia, under
which all work of a charitable nature
would be co-ordinated, was urged
Strongly upon the Senate District
rommittee today by Vice President
Appearing before the committee the
Vice President declared tnat cnaouc
H conditions are due to the fact that there
^^has been no codification of laws re^Klating
to charitable work here. He
^Hlaid before the committee a bill
^wodifying these laws and providing
for the establishment of the proposed
^Hwelfare department, with a board of
^ five members at its head. This board
would be appointed by the District
HCommissioners, the various boards re
lating to charity now existing would
be abolished and their functions trans
ferred to the proposed new board.
' Talks of Child Welfare Work.
"I learned many things touching the
administration of charities and corrections
while governor of the state of
Indiana," the Vice President told the
committee. "During my incumbency of
that office Mrs. Marshall became interested
in child welfare work and when
she came to Washington she took up
the same work here. This led to frequent
consultations with we about conditions
in the District of Columbia.
"I discovered, for instance, that while
there are some good laws they are very
largely attached to appropriation bills
running from 1819 down to the present
time, so rar as i couia ascertain tnere
was only one person in Washington who
knew what the law was, Mr. George H.
Wilson, and should he be removed by
(death it would be necessary to read
j2' ;se appropriation acts in order to
out what the law is.
^^ The chaotic condition of these laws
Hi will And reported by a select
^^ nmittee of the Senate and House
1897. There is an excellent board
children's guardians, which was
^Vstablished in 1892, but it had little
authority or substance, and no de tined
position with reference to other
boards which have grown up since
its establishment. -s?I
Finds Laws Were rbeetle.
"The finding of the select commit*
tee of the Senate and House in 1897
that the laws of the District were
chaotic resulted in the establishment
of a board of charities, a general
supervisory board which stands now
with reference to the other publie
p agencies which have grown up since
1900 in a position marked tjy its own
practices and not by any legal definitions.
"The penal farm, the reformatory
at. Occoquan. the Tuberculosis Hospital,
the Home for the Aged and Infirm
and the Industrial Training
Sohool for colored children have
ndver been established by a separate
aqs of Congress, but have ceme about
^Uitough Incidental reference in ?p^^ opriatlon
bills and are governed
^^p discretion and not by law.
^^ 'It is to be admitted that a valua^^ <
beginning has been made in the
^^ -enile Court Taw, in the provisions
a probation system for police
criminal courts, in the child labor
and the non-support law. but it
^^ needful to say that they are not
^^ ordinated with the other charities :
corrections in the District, nor '
they comply with the best mod- j
ikniirht and experience.
IPnfm Gtrnrnnt by Law.
I am. myself, a firm believer in the I
nciple that the world should be gov- I
ed by law and not by discretion; that '
various activities which a govern- ;
nt is compelled to assume should be ,
ordinated so as to prevent duplica1
of effort and work harmoniously !
rard a common end. that common!
I being the public welfare and that, j
refore. in the District of Columbia I
se various activities should be j
nches of a department of public
fare, presided over by a board of I
sens interested in the public wel?
and who will give their time to
thering It without compensation at
hands of the government. I am
te well aware that this may meet j
h opposition at the hands of public j
:ials and that it must run the gantof
that strange human nature which !
sts that the thing which it is doing 1
he all-important matter and all othare
merely secondary #nd incidental.
Mistakes Poiated Oat.
I discovered through information
veyed to me, for instance, that pers
are adjudged Insane in this District
jugh the process de inquirendo
itico. by a Jury, much as though
v were criminals, when ail tmodern
thought is that they are sick" people,
needing treatment.
Illegitimacy is treated in the Dis- i
trict as though it were a contract
between the mother and the puta- ,
tive father which can be compro- j
mised by any payment of money, i
however small, when modern thought !
Is that the child and public are the
parties in interest and that both
father and mother should be compelled.
to the extent of their ability,
to support the child.
"There is no law regulating the
boarding of infants The absence of
such a law is little short of a crime
Instances can be produced of children ;
being fed upon sour milk One in- I
stance came to my attention of a J
three-year old child that chartered '
like a monkey. Taken from its un- I
wholesome surroundings and put upon 1
proper food it developed into a normal j
"There never has been any pro- '
vision whatever for so-called feeble- j
minded. The recent appropriation bill
in the Senate provides for the purchase
of a site, but there is no law.
if Congress ever erects the buildings
to say how persons are to be
admitted, how the institution is to
be managed or how they are to be
controlled. The last word in modern
science is that women should never
be discharged until after they have
reached their second climacteric.
Congress >ot I ngenerous.
"I need not pursue this subject further.
CongresB has not been un- I
generous with the District in ap- I
propriations of money, but It has j
been thoughtless with reference to
the control of these institutions, and
has not be.-n working toward the ;
Ideal of modern scientific methods in
charities and corrections That mes- ;
sage should he crystallized into a
motto. The object of all aid is not
onlv to alleviate, but to lessen, and. If
possible prevent the recurrence for
its necessity.
"As illustrative, every alienist, I beiContfijuetToii
Page Z, Column-ZJ
Crow-Atlantic Cable Service to The Star.
LONDON. January 16.?It is understood
that for the present the
government has decided to abandon
its big battleship building program.
The sudden trip of Ambassador
Geddes from Washington to Kngland
is explained as due to the de
sire of Lloyd George and Lord
Curzon to learn at first hand what
the real attitude of the United
States is and to prepare Geddes to
take up the matter of limitation
with the new administration in
Washington so soon as it may be
in office.
Sir Percy Scott, who for weeks
has been asking: "What's the use
of battleships?" believes that the
next war will be fought by submarines
and airplanes with barrages
of poison gas. mines, nets and torpedoes
figuring pre-eminately, adds
by way of an extra thrill to his
picture: "I have lying on my
table the photograph of a new
weapon, which may be referred to
as a gun that shoots from both
ends." *
Rockaway Commandant Testifies
at Opening of Court
of Inquiry.
By the Associated Tress.
ROCKAWAY, N. Y.. January 17.?
Conditions are being corrected at the
Rockaway naval air station so that
it no longer will be possible for
pilots to float into Canada without
discussing details of their proposed
flight with their commanding officer.
This testimony was given here today
by Capt. Damon E. Cummings.
commandant, at the opening of the
court of inquiry investigating the
recent spectacular balloon flight of
Lieuts. Kloor, Hinton and Farreil.
Capt. Cummings. flret witness, testified
that he had taken up his duties
only last November, and that while
he had authorized the flight, he had
been so occupied with administrative
duties that he left flight details
to his executive officer, Lieut. Commander
Archibald H. Douglas.
The commandant read a report made
to him by Lieut. A. W. Evans, sent
to Canada to direct search for the
missing aeronauts, in which it was
said "the trip was intended for a
flight into Cans-da."
Ces^ilin goes Corrected.
Asking for permission to make a
comment on this report, Capt, Cmnmlngs
"Untew% condithyiB wgich were
Hr progress of correction. K was possible
for s flight to ba attempted into
Canada ftpm thlk station' without that
intention--being previously discussed
with the commanding ofllcer?a con-,
ditlon not excusable at an air station
and which as soon as it was recognised
was corrected."
-wnai steps did you take in reference
to the balloon,and its possible
recovery?" the judge advocate asked.
"I kept the commondant of the district
Informed," Capt. Cummlngs replied.
"1 requested assistance in attcmps
to discover the balloon."
A lengthy report, written by
Lieut. Commander Douglas to the
department of operations, was read
by the captain, showing that men at
the air station provided funds to defray
personal expenses of the balloonists
before the trip began, in the
belief that the government would
not pay them.
Iuw4 Plight Orders.
Capt. Daman E. Cummlngs. station
commandant, first witness, said he issued
orders for the flight on November
19. directing Lieut. Kloor to take
out the balloon, and designating
Lieuts. Farrell and Hinton to accompany
In his order. Capt. Cummlngs said,
he directed that the flight be attempted
"on a suitable day," and gave no
further orders, written or verbal. He
said he went on a leave of absen-?
December 12, the day before the start,
leaving Lieut. Commander Douglas in
command of the station.
Explaining that the purpose of the
flight was to train pilots, Capt. Cummlngs
"Cold weather is especially desirable
for balloon flights because the big
bags have more buoyancy then. The
gas lost is least when the heat is
least and when the sun is low, as
during the winter months."
He added that he since had issued
orders that "flights which are to be
of long duration must be detailed to
the commanding officer."
Although it was expected a large
crowd would attend the court, only a
few spectators besides newspaper men
had assembled when adjournment was
taken for luncheon. The balloonist*
had not appeared.
Today's News
in Paragraphs
A charity ball on elaborate scale is
planned for evening of inauguration.
Page 1
Briand's new cabinet provokes only mild
enthusiasm in France. Page 1
Job hunters slip into Marion conferences
despite watchers. Page 1
Vice President Marshall makes plea for
District welfare department. Page 1
Miss Kavanaugh. nurse murdered at
Annapolis, buried in Naval Academy
cemetery. Page 2
New record made in retirement of paper
money. Page 2
Sinoot anti-smoking bill found to
cover only buildings "owned by
United States." while many big departments
are in leased structures.
Page 2
Whitman forces Hylan and Enright to
furnish detectives. I'age 2
It is predicted Samuel Gompers will continue
at head of Pan-American Federation
of Labor. Page 2
Several nations pay tribute to Gorgas
at meeting here. Page 3
Citizens oppose site proposed for trash
plant and city stables; not final, say
D. C. Commissioners. Page 7
Threat of reprisals in Canada if United
States imposes tariff on wheat.
Page 13
Shipbuilders discontinue agreement with
American Federation of Labor.
Page 13
Former crown prince tells why he does
not Join his father. Page 13
Shortage of million houses in England
arouses Lloyd George. Page 13
Insane man wipes out family and takes
own life. Page 13
Former Senator Beverldge begins fight
to prevent change in Indiana's direct
primary law. Page 13
New officers named for D. C. federation
of Women's Cluba Page 14
Protest against anti-Semitic propaganda
In P.& lias Ijiiiii pgrtapubWo. Page l?
^ t
Russian Woman Kills Self
When She Hears of Slaying
of U. S. Officer.
By the Associated Press. #
MANILA, P. I., January 17.?The
Russian wife of Naval Lieut. Warren
H. Langdon, American killed by a
Japanese sentry at Vladivostok recently,
ended her life upon learning
of her husband's death, according to
a Reuter dispatch from Vladivostok.
(The Navy Department has no record
of the marriage of Lieut. Langdon.
His nearest relative, according to
records at the department, is his
I mother.)
Father Calls It Absurd.
BOSTON, January 17.?William ('.
Langdon, father of Lifut. Warren H.
Langdon. U. S.,N.. who was killed by
a Japanese sentry at Vladivostok a
week ago today, scouted the report
that his Russian wife had committed
suicide after his death. It was absurd,
he said.
"My son was not married," he declared,
"of that 1 am confident. He
was a man who respected all women,
yet had declared positively he would
never marry. I am sure he left no
Mr. Langdon is a dealer in art
o-aa/Io in V?n lamolna Plain rtistript.
where his son made his home when
Japanese Who Shot Langdon Will
Be Tried.
The Japanese sentry who shot Lieut.
W. H. Langdon. chief engineer of the
American cruiser Albany, at Vladivostok
gave a version of the affair before
a Japanese court of inquiry coinciding
with the dead officer's ante-mortem
statement, said a dispatch received by
the Navy Department today from Admiral
Gieaves at Manila. The sentry
has been recommended for courtmartial,
the dispatch added.
In his statement Langdon said he
had been fired >upon by the sentryafter
he had been halted and had
turned to walk away, and before he
himself drew his revolver. The original
story of the sentry was that the
.'""prican officer had fired the first
.oiniral Gieaves' message to the NavyDepartment
today said:
"Report of Japanese court of inquiry
has been received by Albany. Court
recommends trial by court-martial for
Japanese sentry who shot Langdon.
The sentry so changed his testimony
during the court of inquiry that his
testimony and Langdon's ante-mortem
statement practically coincide."
Adniual Gieaves also o
the department the following dispatch
from Capt. L. C. Richardson,
commanuing olncc.- of ,ne jiioaiiy.
"Tomorrow afternoon Gen. Oi will
call officially to deliver radio, which
is -auWvaace will be as follows:
"To;Admiral Gieaves. Ipvish te, express
my deep regret and condolence
ai the death ot Lieut. Langdon, U. 8. K.,
which was caused by a Japanese sawtry.
In a spirit of fairness and good
will, I will make every effort to arrive
at a satisfactory settlement of
the affair, after a fair and open investigation."
(Jen. Oi is the officer commanding the
Japanese forces at Vladivostok.
American Note to Japan Reopens
TOKIO, January 16.?Government
officials have not as yet made public
the text of the American note protesting
against the shooting of Naval
Lieut. VV. H. langdon by a Japanese
sentry at Vladivostok. Publicists,
however, express the belief that
Washington lias not only asked reparation,
with guaranties removing a
probability of similar incidents in
future, but also has again pointed
out to Japan the wisdom of reducing,
if not withdrawing altogether, her
troops from the country where she
possesses no sovereign rights, but the
littoral of which is dominated by iter
military power.
This would open the old. thorny
question which Japan herself has
been finding difficulty In settling. A
division of opinion exists in government
circles as to the Siberian problem,
it is reported here. Leaders of
the military party insfst Japanese
troops should remain in Siberia, while
the peace party is seeking ways and
means to abandon any adventure
which, it is claimed, is ruinously expensive
and without hope of compenj
sation. The impression exists here
I that Japan will insist upon solving
i the question in her own way and at
| her own time, if for no other reason
j than to assert the doctrine that she is
paramount in the far east.
Hara Cabinet Likely to Last.
The Hara cabinet appears to retain
its strength, and it Is believed it will
ottrvivo fho ImnonH Inc KPS8 io n of the !
Japanese diet, at which relations be- 1
tween this country and America will
be discussed.
The correspondent of the Associated J
Press, who has Just returned to Tokio
from a visit to many of the larger
cities of the far east, found some uneasiness
everywhere regarding rela- I
tlons between Japanese and the Unit- j
ed States. In all Informed circles
these misgivings appeared to be ]
based more upon what was described
as Japan's resentment to any American
policy calculated to curb Japanese
expansion in Asia" than upon
the California question. The latter
problem, while touching Japan's national
prestige and the interests of
Japanese in America, is apparently
not regarded with the same serious- I
ness as the question of Japan's vital |
interests near Nippon.
in 01 pioniiii u: circit-H nen* Liie upimuii
prevails that the situation roes not justify
the pessimism noticeable outside the borders
of the Japanese empire. On the
contrary, it takes the view that the
attitude of both the Tokio and Washingon
governments is based on confll
dence that a solution for troublesome
matters now in the foreground will be
discovered, Japan's popular protests
against California legislation appear to
j have been followed by an attitude of
I patience and restraint, cognizance beinfe
I taken of the fact that America has en!
countered genuine difficulties in finding
a solution for the triple problem of satisfying
popular opinion on the Pacific
slope, serving America's national interests
and meeting Japan's desires.
Efforts of the American State Department,
through Ambassador Roland
S. Morris, have profoundly impressed
the Japanese with the fairness of the
United States. For this reason the
killing of Lieut. Langdon is genuinely
regretted here because it is believed it
will have the effect of reopening, the
entire question of Japanese military occupation
of Siberia, concerning which
America has In the past sent several
protests to Tokio.
Chief Justice White was absent
again today when the Supreme Court
of the United States convened for its
regular weekly "decision day," It
was said that be had fully recovered
from his recent illness, but remained
at hone by advice ef his physician.
/\ u?
nnu in mm nnot !
DUAL 111 1310 ullol
E. F. Colladay Tells Committee
Even Then It Was
Soid at a Profit.
Edward F. Colladay, who was assistant
fuel administrator for the
District for some time during the
war, told the Senate committee which
is investigating the coal situation at
its meeting today that the price of
! coal to consumers in this city was
j less at that time than it is at the
| present. Coal dealers told him then
' that they made more money than ever
| before. This, too, notwithstanding
that It was a time of great stress and
; it was very difficult to obtain coal.
"What did the dealers tell you
about their profits .then?" asked Senator
I gathered the general impression
that the dealers had Had a very satisfactory
business," said.Mr. Colladay. ..
i "bid one of them tell you he had
made more money than ever before'?
asked the senator.
More Profit Thau Was Nought.
"Yes. and added that his firm had
made more money than they had intended
to." Thts remark caused a
general laugh around the committee.
Mr. Colladay produced a receipted bill
showing that chestnut coal sold at
that time for $10.50 a ton. and that the
price of fuel went up from $8.$6 to
$11.10. I
At the request of Senator Cauler
i he read the orders of the local fuel !
| administration fixing the gross mar- j
gin of wholesale dealers from time i
| to time. This margin ran from $2 to j
1 $2.75 a ton. The highest margin al- |
I lowed was by the order of Septem-1
] ber t, 1918. whlrh was $2.75. )
Dr. Francis Walker, chief economist i
of the Federal Trade Commission. I
produced figures showing the latest i
quoted prices on cost of anthracite I
coal at the mines. He took one bill
for 100 tons of assorted sizes, which!
brought $681. It cost the coal com- I
pany $572 to produce the 100 tons, i
including labor, supplies and over-1
head, showing a profit to the coal
company of $89.
He said the cost of a ton of egg
coal January 14. 1921, was $7.75. The
freight rate to Washington was reported
as $3.64, which, with the war
tax, made the cost of the ton of egg
coal $11.50 at the yards in Washington.
He said that less than a dozen
interests control 80 per cent of the |
output of the hard coal, but control I
a much larger proportion of the lands;
containing the coal. i
| At noon the committee took a' recess
and reassembled at 2 o'clock
| this afternoon. '
succumbs in Chicago'
Death Follows Brief Illness?Was ;
Wife of International Harvester
Company Director.
CHICAGO. January 17.?Mrs. Cyrus
Hall McCormick, wife of the chairman
of the board of directors of. the. Inter- i
national Harvester Company, died at a'
hospital here early today after a brief
\ illness. Complications believed to have
ensued from an operation several'years
ago for gallstones caused her removal
to a hospital early in the year, but her'
condition had been favorable until Sat-1
urday, when Mr. McCormick, who was
in New York on business, and Cordon,
the younger son, a student at Princeton,
were summoned.
Mr. McCormick, receiving more atarming
reports of Mrs. McCormick's condition,
while en route from the east,
engaged a special train at Fort Wayne. {
Ind., and reached his wife's bedside before
her death. Gordon McCormick,
however, was unable to reach here before
his mother died. - - - -*
Mrs. McCormick was born in England
December 21, 1862. but was.brought to
Chicago at an early age dnd reared-by
an aunt. Mrs. Edward Stlckney, wife of
one of the pioneer stockyard magnates .
of Ohio.
One of the most notable of the many
benefactions in which Mrs. McCormick 1
j was active was the establishment of the
Elizabeth McCormick memorial fund,
founded in 1908, for the announced obi
tact of "Improving the conditions of ,
I child life in the United States." More '
than 1,000 communities are said to have
benefited. It was In memory of her ;
only daughter, who died in 1905, when .
twelve years old. Cyrus McCormick and
Gordon, sons, survive her. For many
years Urs. McCormlck had been a lead- '
inp figure in Chicago's social, philanthropic
and civic activities.
RIO DE JANEIRO. January 16.?At
least three persons were drowned and
seventeen injured when approximately
100 passengers were thrown into the '
bay here today by the collapse of a
gangplank being used by passengers :
boarding the steamship Tras-Os-Montes.
It is believed many more lost their
The Traa-Oe-Uontea plies between Rio
Janeiro and Portuguese harbors. - i
i *
Temperature of 14 Above Zero Pre- ]
dieted for Tomorrow Morning. |
Washington may look for the coldest
w eather of the winter tonight,
according to the local forecaster at
the weather bureau, who prophesied
a temperature of 14 degrees above
zero for early tomorrow morning.
A big storm over the St. l^awrence
is moving eastward, and will eventuate
here in colder weather tonight,
although it will be clear for the next
thirty-six hours, it is said. The ;
weather movement here began last j
night with a wind of thirty miles an
hour velocity and a temperature of j
30 degrees. i
Gales along the Atlantic coast from ,
Cape sHenry to Eastport. Me., were j
forecast for tonight, and probably j
some of this wind will strike Wash- .
ington. If the thermometer hits the j
low point expected it will set a record
for the w inter, as 19 degrees was j
registered here in November. j
I UllUlinUllUi 1 UTILIV
' : : \ , r 3 I
Labor Proposes Chata of Cooperative
Stores as Economic
labor's strongest weapon in its
fight against enemies throughout the
country, it is claimed by one leader,
will be the centralized economic buying
power, exercised through collective
groups, it was declared today
in a statement by Secretary E. C. Davison
of the International Association
of Machinists.
A plan which contemplates an immense
chain of co-operative stores,
directed from a central point, whereby
the produce of farms and groups
of farms will be transported direct
to the consumer groui> in labor organizations.
already is formed, and
the groundwork of the structure is
lay Include Other Commodities.
Prom the farm products the plan
would contemplate embracing all of i
the necessities of life, clothing and j
fuel included. This stage of evolution. I
Mr. Davison said, is so far in the future
that slfght thought is being given
The start is made through co-operation
with the National Far in1 Council.
Committees in machinists' local unions
throughout the country are wording
? ? no nlAod lot u n f ;?r?_
U II 1JI rt. 11 WIICICWJ V?. .V.VU ,
pies and potatoes will be shipped to'
distribution points. As a matter of
fact, tlie plan is working out cr-di ably
in several locations. Mr. I)avi- 1
son cited instances through Michigan ;
towns and cities to show that when :
potatoes were being sold to retail- }
buying consumers at approximately 1
30 cents per half peck their cost at a ,
Michigan loading point, free on board
>rs 'vis it; cents per peck. .
They are being bought direct from j
....--is ,u 'jo cents per sack of.
Iu6 pounds. These sacks average |
two and a half bushels.
Marhlntats' Committee at Work. !
Charles Krazier. business agent of |
Columbia Lodge of Machinists of this
city, announced today that a com- '
mittee had been working on plans |
for the co-operative buying of car
load lots of apples and ' potatoes and i
that an order was expected to be ]
pTaced in1 the hands of the farmers i
In the near future. '
"Apples and potatoes will form the i
foundation of the plan," Mr. IJavison
said. "When the system is working
all smoothly in these lines, we will
talse up others. The greatest kink |
is 'expected to come In the diatribu-|
tion. The handling of these few I
staples will be the training for the
co-operative -distributors. . .
"We expect to find that the co-operative
buying policy will be the
strongest. weapon we can use to defend
ourselves against attacks of
anti-labor forces."
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., January 17.?
The Nebula Dreyer. No. 584 in the
Constellation of Cettus, has broken sll i
known speed records of the heavens.
It is dashing through space away
from the- earth at a velocity of almost :
2,000 kilometers a second, the highest ;
speed ever attained by a celestial ob- ;
This was the word received at the :
Harvard College observatory today ;
from Dr. V. M. Slipher of. the Lowell 5
Observatory, Flagstaff, Aria., in an- ;
noundng the result of spectrographic .
observations there.
SPARTANBURG, S. C.. January 17.?
Many prominent men from different
sections of the state are here to at- ]
tend the funeral this afternoon of the \
late Associate Justice D. E. Hydrlck i
of the South Carolina supreme court,
who died in Washington Friday night
after two weeks' illness from pneu- I
monla. > .
The funeral service will be con- i
ducted by the local commandery of i
Knights Templar, of -which, ha was a i
member. ' ... J
Child Welfare Society Hasj
Substitute foe Abandoned
Presidential Function.
Visitors to Washington, not to mention
Waghingtonians themselves, will
have opportunity to attend a big bali
here the night of March 4 next de
spite the fact that the olTlcial in- \
ai sural ball was called off in ac- j
cordance with the wishes of President- ,
elect Harding. I
It. will be a charity ball, the bene- .
ficiary being the Child Welfare So- I
clety. which will undertake the entire
affair. and will be at the New Wil- j
lard. President-elect and Mrs. Hard- ;
ing will not be it) attendance, it was i
learned today, but participants In the 1
function .will no doubt . take that''
tih i II? 1 1 - 1 v.- T
, (.viiinjiFU u/ lire Ulfcr
looked-for opportunity to.attend a big!
dance on the nighf- following *h?\in-""1
auguration ceremonies. i
Sirs. John Allan' Dougherty, treasurer
of the Child Welfare Society, who t
has an enviable record as the man- i
ager of similar affairs which have j
been successful from both a social and j
financial standpoint, has been de?ig- j
nated to serve as chairman of the ball j
committee. She will ?nnoun'-e her assistants.
the chajrmen of subcommittees
and other details in the near future.
Final Decision Reached Today.
Final decision to hold the big
charity dance was not reached until
today, pending receipt of word from j
Marion. Ohio, that Mr. Hard'ng did!
not feel, in v>ew of his prev'ously
expressed sentiments about an official
hall, that he could attend even a
charitable function given for the
benefit of the children of the District
of Columbia
It is considered almost certain that
the function planned will be most opportune.
Washington will contain
numerous visitors, many of them of
prominence, who, it is thought, will
welcome the chance to celebrate in a
suitable manner the beginning of a j
new administration.
It is thought that the cause for ]
which the party has been arranged. ,
namely, the betterment of the condition
of thousands of American youngsters.
is calculated to make a uni- j
versal appeal.
Where Idea Originated.
The idea of the ball came first a
ie.w uays ago to the minds of a group
of prominent Washington women who ]
are interested in tw local agencies
which minister directly and solely to i
children. The plan was to ask a third
organization to Join in with them in
holding the ball, and an invitation ,
was d spatched to the President-elect |
on the theory that he could with [
propriety attend an affair of jthis sort. I
irrespective of his expressed senti- j
ments about an expensive official ball. !
Within the last day or two the or- j
iginal plan had to he modified and the !
Child Welfare" Society alone is now
at the helm. " *
The object of the society, wh'ch ':
was established twenty years ago, is
the preservation apd proper develop-I
ment of child life apd the educaiion ,
of parents, For this' purpose, it main- I1
tains eight child welfare centers in;
various parts -of the National Capital.
Its medical staff, medical consult ng ;
staff and mediol advistyy board in- j
elude leading local physicians and ; 1
surgeons of both sexes, while its staff '
of nurses is a large one.
List of Hoclety Officers. ]
Miss Mary Gwynn is president of
the society, other officers being Mrs. \
Thomas R. Marshall, vice president; ; 1
Mrs. David F. Houston, second- vice j l
president; Mrs. William A. Hammond, I
secretary, and Mrs. John Allan}Dougherty,
The board oj managers is composed 1
of the officers and the following: I
Miss Cornelia Aldis, Mrs. Frederick t
Atherton. Mine. Boris Bakmeteff, Mrs. >1
Charles J. Bell. Mrs. Gist Blair, Mrs. l
Joseph Bradley, Mrs. Frederick ;
D..web/> U-? * S ~ 1
!> uurc. in id. Hums nruwninw, Mrs. '
AlU-rlon Cushnian, Mrs. Charles 1).
Easton, Mrs. Lewis C. Ee'ker. Col.
Wijliam Eric Fowler. Mrs. Eliot
Uoodwin, Mrs, H. C. Graef. Mrs. James
S, Harlan. Mrs. Charles M. Hinkle.
Mrs. Charles B. Henderson. Mrs.
lx?ren B. T. Johnson, Mrs. Henry F. !
Leonard, Mrs. William Littauer, Mrs.
Esra B. McCagg, Mrs. James F. I
Mitchell. Mrs. Newbold Noyes,- Miss I
Marion Oliver, Mrs. H. C. Perkins. I
Mrs. William Phillips Mrs. Atlee !
I'omerene, Mrs. J. H. Purdy, Mrs. H. r
H. Rogers. Mrs. Charles Sheldon, Mrs. !
A_ L. Stavely, Mrs. Walter Tucket-man. i'
Mrs. Frank West, Mrs. Max West.
Mrs. John F. Wilkins and Mrs. >
l^harles H. Woodhull.
??????? |
British War minister to Become
Secretary for Colonies.
LONDON, January 17.?Winston
Spencer Churchill, the war minister.
It is reliably, although unofficially,
stated, has accepted the post of secretary
of State for the colonies, in
succession to Viscount Milner.) who
resigned the portfolio P? 'i
' /
Presidentelect Harding practically
has decided to call a special
session of the new Congress on
April 4. members of the House
ways and means committee were
ney, who has just returned from
new. who has just returned from
a conference with Mr. Harding at
Mr. Fordney discussed with the
President-elect general taxation
and tariff questions which will be
among the more important subjects
to come before the special session
of the new Congress. The chairman
was understood to have told
Mr. Harding that the date of the
session had a direct bearing on the
tariff revision hearings which the
oommittAA is now r^onductinir and
it was said that Mr. Harding informed
him that April 4 practically
had been decided upon.
MARION*. Ohio. January 17.?No
date has yet bet n tix'd by i'resident-elect
Harding' for the calling
of a special session of Congress,
he said today, add ng that the
da e may not be set until after
his inauguration on March 4.
April 4 has been suggested for
the opening of the extra session.
Mr. Harding said, inasmuch as the
House ways and means committee
expects to be ready to report out a
tariff bill by that time.
All But Drive "Best Minds"
Out of Place in Sun
at Parleys.
Special Dispateli to The Star.
MARION, January 17.?During the j
last week or ten days the "best
tninds" have lfad to look to their !
laurels in Marion. The job hunters j
have all but driven them out of
their places in the sun. Just how the
job hunters had the temerity to come
lit re or how they managed to camouflage
the real purpose of their visits
so as to get by the vigilant young
persons who are supposed to guard
the I'resident-eioct against this particular
type of pest may always remain
a mystery.
But Senator Harding tjimseif has
confirmed the fact chat they have
been here and several congressional
visitors have plaintively told the
I'resldent-to-be that they too. have
been pestered to death The republican
"pie factory," it must be remembered.
has been closed for eight
long years and the faithful workersin
;he ranks are hungry un o d e;
peration. They are looking forward
to the 4th of March as a day of
judgment for ail the wicked salarydrawing
democrats, anil are hopeful
that,Mr. Harding, as President will
boC delay the "Swinging Of the politicals*.
Encouraged by Bvdnta. % .
The national job hunters, it" seems,
have been encouraged the past wee&
by what has been happening at Columbus
in this state. There a' republican
governor was inaugurated las
iwonriay as ine successor to junmie
Cox, who had been in control of state
affairs and state patronage for six
out of the last eight years. The Ohio
republicans were hungry, too. and
ilielr new governor. H irry Davis, has
been attaching them to- the pay roll
as fast as resignations could be demanded
and new commissions issued
It is going to be necessar" to change
some of the state laws to get certain
democrats out of long-ter.n offices,
hut the faithful have been cheered by
the news that these law changes are
going to be made just as soon as it Is
humanly possible.
It is an easy matter to pick out the
job hunters from the "best minds" at
Harding headquarters. The "best
minds" as they await their turn in
the little back room where Senator
Harding sits all alone, look serious
and important. They gaze with a
sort of fellow feeling at a three-way
picture of Senator Harding reposing
on the center table of the reception
room. Looked at from the front, this
picture shows the well known campaign
portrait of the next President.
Looked at from the left, the picture
becomes that of (.Jeorge Washington.
Looked at from the right, it is the
nortrait of Abraham Lincoln. The
"best minds" are interested in all
three views. The job hunters look
wistfully at Senator Harding alone.
George Washington and Lincoln may
have been all right in their time and
place, but Senator'Harding is greater
than the Presidents with whom the
picture links him. because he has the i
lirescnt-day power to apptase the office- j
Hnrding Han Sympathy.
One would imagine Senator Hard- J
ing would be angered by the im- !
pertinent and unexpected invasion of !
Marion oy mo omce sefKprs, out no ,
seems to have* been more amused ,
than exasperated. There is no ques- ;
tion but that the President-elect has j
a big: heart and a tender one. and he ;
has (treat sympathy with the fellows
who want to pet on the federal pay
roll. He has consented to see most |
of them for a minute or, two. but it
must not be Imagined from this that j
he- is going'to be so. considerate in
the future. The coining, of the job>
hunters has made him more anxious :
than ever to get away from Marion ,
on Thursday night, and-when he goes j
to Florida the ofllce hunter who at- |
tempts to follow hint there is likely i
to get short shrift. Abeutr the surest
way of not getting a job will be to
pester. Senator Harding while he is
taking his last vacation before entering
the.White House. Tbe.-wonp will
turn and office seekers should .be
w are. ., ? ...
The aspirants to public service who J
lave come to Marlon have aimed high !
n theiftalks with the senator, But as !
:he conversation has progressed they i
lave let it'be known that if all the,
rlffh places are bespoken they will
,ake whatever is left. One man came
ecently seeking an ambassadorship,
ife thought it would please his old
notber. who is ninety years old. He '
thought in the end it might still please
rer if he was just made a clerk in an
imbassy somewhere, or a doorkeeper.
"The place hunters seem to have an
incanny knowledge of all the jobs that
ire exempt from civil service protec:ion.
Either they have been to Washngton
to make inquiries on the subect
or have taken a correspondence
ioursc. Once they flx their minds upon
i particular place they have no modest
resltation about telling the senator
ust what it is and why they are espeirally
fitted to fill it. ,
Will H. Hays, national chairman and j
lext Postmaster General, was in I
darion today in the role of grand mas- !
er of the job hunters. He has a lortg :
1st 'of those who rendered faithful '
lervice in the campaign and who ex>ect
to be rewarded at the earliest
tossible moment. Harry Daugherty.
he next Attorney General, who was
lere Sunday, and Mr. Hays, who folowed
him today, will help Mr. Hardng
in all matters of general patronage,
t will be agreed by all who know that
i new President certainly needs help
n this respect.
(Copyright, 1101.)
Most Journals Express Mild
Satisfaction or Reserve
Their Judgment.
! Paris Recalls Radical Tendencies of
New Premier?Advocate of
Solidarity With TJ. S.
By the Associated Press.
PA HIS. January 17.?Little enthusiasm
was today evinced by newspapers
of Paris over the new Briand cabinet,
the decrees of appointment of which
were printed this morning in the
Official Journal. Most journals expressed
mild satisfaction, or reserved
The Journal said: "It contains every
element except simon pure royalists
and communists." The Figaro, which
ardently supported former President
Raymond Poincare for the premiership,
openly expressed its disappointment,
saying: "it is the usual patchwork
ministry according to the pre-war
formula." while the Oeuvre asked: "We
I U..,ra ? : *
a new iiiiiu?(.r>; sLia.ii we nave
a new government?"
Il is iirtibabte the new ministry will
present itself before the chamber of
deputies Wednesday or Thursday, and
41. Briand will at that time read the
government's declaration of policy.
Stands for Treaty.
The significance of the appointment
of M. Briand as premier was not lost
upon the people of this city. They
! recalled his friendship with lieorges
I Olemenceau, who w hile head of the
! French government assisted In frami
iug the treaty of Versailles, and the
close ties uniting him with Raymond
[ I'oincare, who has stood for the strict
| enforcement of the Versailles pact.
Speaking before parliameiu and in
committee meetings, 41. Briand has insisted
that the treaty must be curried
?ut a.id -hat ih. in.ercs.a oi France in
; the near east must bosrrved. He has as\
sorted French troops could not be witb- ~
' drawn from Cilicia at present because
such a step would be understood by the
4loslems as a sign of weakness, and he
is known to have viewed the return
of Constantino to the tlutifte of clreCce
as a circumstance which should be used
to her profit by France.
41. Briand has been an advocate of
complete solidarity between France.
Oreaf Bruain and tbe Fnlted 'States,
but has insisted that France must demonstrate
to the allies that tier'house is
, in order and well administered."* '
t'omaa rated on as Nsdirsl.
The radical tendencies ?f the new
prenfier are subject of csipmcM here, his
. early association with yiii 1>epp
i j. urw.' hk- hocmiui imw? a*sm
slnated in 1914. being one of the sali&nt
features, of his'advance la politics.
K.ehcli s r-iall m. which nine -the -upgress
at Tours, two weeks ago has been
torn by dissension between communists
; and more moderate elemenfs, may lltid
ip -V wrb-n-i man who cap do -.n ach
; toward uniting factions tind'aaving (he
party as a political power.
'tile m'nit ,y i* matt upJAa follows:
i Premier and minister of foreign affairs.
A riptide Brinnd; minister of Justice. M.
Bonnevay: -interim-.. Pierre. Slarraud.
war, Louis Barihou: marine. Gabriel
; Guisthau; finance. Paul Douwer: public
instrtlefion. Victor B'rabd;' agrtculj
ture. Edmond Lefebvre du Pr y: commerce.
Lucic-n Dior; Jabor. Dani.-I VIcentj
pensions. Andre Magtno ; pnblle
works, Vves h- T; oquer. and libs rated
regions, laiuis Louche tir.
"It is not 'the great.egblnel.' but t'
is a great cabinet I have formed." s-iid
Premier Briand. "My minis ers and mj self
will be busy men looking after
Prance's internal affairs. We have confidence
that the American administration
will lcok after its own affairs. It
i ir.ay be republican. It may be democratic
| ?it matters little: it Is always proi
French. 1 am sure. Please tell them that
| in Ann rica."
M. Briand has succeeded in forming
j his seventh cabinet, which, as he says
himself, embodies "national unity." .
Senate Delays. Consideration of Appropriation
Jteasure Temporarily.
The Senate District appropriation
bill, which is the unfinished business
of the Senate, vras temporarily laid
aside this afternoon in order"to permit
the Sennte to continue consideration
of the resolution to limit the
Army to 175.000 men.
Senator Curtis.-in charge of the District
bill, in requesting that the bill
be laid aside temporarily, said thai he
understood the Army resolution could
be-t.oinpleted, today.
. t
Representative I.ucjan \V..I'ar.rieh of
Texas' today presented -to President
Wilson a walking stick-as a gift of
appreciation from "tlje loyal denecrats"
of Wise county,'. Textis.. The
pt-esentatfdn was-made in, the President's
private study, and he. expressed
much pleasure at receiving it. saying:
"I appreciate the gift greatly, and
will treasure it not only for it* beauty.
but . for yie . sentiment. in. the
hearts of those who.sent it."
T1 a woa twi-j Ho fenm u>n/\>4 ont
from the- heart of a "hois <Taif" tree.
The_ stick is golden brown In color,
with a silver top. The wood was cut
by J. E. Boyd, whose father planted
the tree fh Wise county forty-one
years ak?With
the cane Representative Parrish
presented the President with a
framed picture of Sam Woody, ninetys
vent years old. said to be the oldest
living "loyal democrat" ir. Wise
HAMILTON. Bermuda. January 17.?
Former Pre?dent William H. Taft.
who-is here on a two-month, rest In
this au-toless and frostless land, received
a notable welcome on his' arrival
when-the governor of the colony.
Gen. Sir James Willcocks, the most
decorated man in the. British army,
went out and boarded the incoming
ship to personally extend greetings,
as did a number of -prominent Americans.
*?i - - "An
ex-President of the United States
is a, very, humble Individual," remarked
Mr. Taft -after, the greetlhg.
to which the . governor responded:
"But not in a British colony."
Col. A. W. Swaim, United .State*
consul, who during the war served
not uly at Southampton. England,
gathered a notable committee to welcome
Mr. Taft. Dr. Francis L. Pattoa.
formerly president of Princeton University.
was one of the pkrty whom
Mr. Tuff quickly recognised, as In the
case of Gen. Robert Snaw Oliver. former
assistant secretary sf war of the
United States.
V ( Jy

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