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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 13, 1921, Image 1

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x- ow <f77 I-a.t>rrd Ms eeconrt-cto matter WASHINGTON. D. < '.. SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 13, 1921. FIVE CENTal
IS if. Ot>.? -AO. ?P.wi'. post nffloo Washington. 1). C. _ ? ?^^^^==r=rz=Z^Z=^=^^======????
Without American Backing
She Sees Use of Force to
Make Germany Pay.
Heady to Modify League to Insure
Guarantee Full Independence
of Action for This Country.
By Cable to The Star and Chieago Puily
News. Copyright, 1921.
TWRIS, March 12.?Although tho highly
important mission on which Rene
* Viviani will sail to tho United States
on March 19 is of a delicate nature, its
aim is doable?on the one hand sentimental
and on the other political. In
the first place the French government
Is highly desirous of maintaining the
kindly relations which grew up between
the French and American people in
course of the war, and also of paying
homage to the new President.
French statesmen are convinced that
aentimental elements are destined to
play an ever increasing role in the pol'
Itics of the great democracies, and wish
to neglect no possible means of keeping
up a sort of sentimental communion
with the American people. It is perhaps
chiefly for this reason that M.
Viviani, who is a great orator, who
knows how to speak the language of
the heart and who has already been
upon one friendly mission to the L'nited
States, was again chosen for this one.
laipartaat Political Role.
Even more important, however, is the
political role which the former premier
will be expected to All. In the first
place, he will seek to inform himself.
It is an indubitable fact that up to the
present the intentions .-of the Harding |
cabinet are completely unknown to the '
French government. Nobody here, for
example, knows whether the new President
is favorable or unfavorable to
maintaining American troops on the
fthine. The most contradictory reports
havo appnfdinclv h#?en eirculatinsr in
F'aris on thia subject. There is similar
ignorance as to the President's attitude
regarding the league of nations. Does
he want to destroy it or amend lt??.
French leaders consider it entirely
possible, moreover, that President
Harding has not yet determined his
political program, and that the vagus
ideas of Paris are a mere reflection
of the vague Ideas of Washington.
Surrounded by his cabinet, the Presi1
dent doubtless even now is engaged
in formulating a definite program,
and it will be M. Vivlanl's duty to
ascertain what this program is.
Preach b'sst Facts.
The results are awaited here with
impatience, for French public opinion
and the French government are
equally eager to establish the greatest
possible Intimacy with the United
States. Moral reasons, such as the
natural fraternity of two great re,
publics, are supplemented by political
France is convinced that the only
lasting peace is a peace guaranteed
by the United States, and if that
country will join with France and
Britain order can be insured throughout
the world. Without American cooperation
France is convinced that
poonrr or idler snr win uc uuiigcu id
use force to make Germany carry out
the treaty ot Versailles. France conriders,
moreover, that the extension
of the Franco-British entente to the
United States would (rive the French
government greater freedom of move.
ment than Is possible so long as it is
obliged to seek support in I-ondon
alone. Many French leaders are so
filled with these ideas that In their
eyes France's whole policy is dominated
by the question of FrancoAmerican
re-Operation Kasy.
Co-operation between the two countries
seems relatively easy, because
there is no possible reason for rivalry
between them. France has no political
Interests in I-atin America, and the
end of the Jtussian alliance, as well as
the present financial difficulties. Incline
the French government to practice
in China a moderate policy,
which, it is said, will not interfere in
the slightest degree with the American
plans for China's commercial development
There ought to be no motive
for a conflict in liurope either,
especially as France is too poor financially
to dream dreams of grandeur.
The only difficulty which the French
foresee concerns the league of nations.
France, which places the execution of
the treaty above everything else, considers
that this execution is impossible
without a league. Who but the league
would administer the Saar basin and
Danzig, supervise German, Austrian
. and Hungarian disarmament and keep
watch over the thousand clauses concerning
international communications
by rail and water? President Wilson
succeeded in connecting the league
with everything and it cannot be
eliminated without remaking the
treaty entirely.
Heady to Modify Covenant.
France, however, is disposed to
modify the covenant in such a way
that American independence will be
fully guaranteed. Indeed, it might
also tie said that Frarice favors the
policy in rraiiciiiK i lie irdgue lor me
. moment, at least, to a mere mechanism
for the execution of the treaty.
I-'ranee Is rcaily no less jealous of its
f> v e re IK n t > and indeiwndenee than is
ihe l.'nited States and will approve
any and ail measures directed against
9 """(Continued va'I'atjt S, Column i.)
Bolshevik Successes am
Former Russian C
Pogroms. Jy
lir the AsSociuted PreMH. Il
PARIS, March 12 (Havas).?Dis- |c
i patches from the Finnish border say
'the bolsheviki. aided by reinforce-j
Intents, have almost completely sue- f
jeeeded in putting: down the insurrec- f
ticn in Petrograd. Battles fought be
tween Krasnaya Gorka and Petro- ,
grad. the dispatches state, enabled the |
bolsheviki to re-establish their posi- v
i tion on the coast of the Gulf of Fin- j
j land. ,
j According to the lz\estia. 2,500 d*- ^
serters, mostly members of the Petro:
grad forces, have been shot.
Desert to Revoliers. 7.
UEVAL, Ala rib 12.?Considerable '
numbers of bolshevik soldiers are re- v
ported to have joined the revolution- !
aries as the result of the capture by | 8
the latter of KrasnaVa Gorka. Peterhof
and Sergieovka. in the vicinity of s
Petrograd. ; 1
According to the latest advices re- j ^
Cfcived here the revolutionaries oper- | t
ating against Petrograd have cap- h
tured Galerny Quay, the admiralty. ! i
the Baltic and Warsaw stations, the ! o
customs house and the gas works. I n
The bolsheviki are said to be holding t
Decision Favoring Unlimited F
Making of "Wet. Goods" I
for Medicine to Stand.
Former Attorney General Palmer's B
ruling permitting practically unlimited
manufacture of beer, wines and ''
whisky for medicinal purposes has ''
overthrown the whole theory of prohibition
enforcement on which the
internal revenue bureau has been
proceeding, it was disclosed last night .
by government officials.
tTiW tKe disclosure came the an- !
nounoement the ruling will stand. A
Solicitor General Friereon said there
have been a number of protests
against it. but unless the Treasury
Department should ask for its re- tj
consideration it will continue in ef- jj
feet. Such a request is not under consideration.
it was said later at the
Treasury. i}
Sew Revenue Rules Seeded. it
So vital was the blow struck by
l the ruling at the enforcement theory
set up in the regulations of the in- d
J ternal revenue bureau that whole- M
sale revisions of the regulations will c
be necessary, it was stated. L
The prohibition unit of the bureau. t(
officials explained, has worked on the J ^
theory that it possessed regulatory :
powers under the act which permits | ^
it to limit the use and distribution of 1
intoxicants excepted by Congress ' ^
! from the general law. It is contendj
cd that this view is completely over- ^
| thrown by the ruling of the former ^
! Attorney General.
| Drafting of new regulations which
had been tentatively agreed upon be-|
j fore the opinion was received, and I
| which would have further restricted j 1
| the distribution of intoxicants, hast'
; been halted, pending determination of | "
I whether thev criincitle uilti the lnu. I 1'
| tice Department's view of the law. i
| It was not indicated last night when f
the work of amending existing regu- *
; lations which are in conflict with the 1
j opinion will be started. a
.Might Order by Cane. P
I Regulations to provide for the use *
of beer medicinally will be issued as a
'soon as they can be prepared, prohi- a
ibition officials declared. Preparation,^
j of the regulations was delayed on the H
possibility of the opinion being re- *
considered. 1
| Under Mr. Palmer's interpretation *
of the prohibition jaw. officials deelar
ed it would appear thai a patient for
' whom beer was prescribed would b?- t
, auie to ouiutii 11 uy inc case, as il 1 j
probably would be ordered as a tonic, c
i and it would appear unreasonable to u
| restrict a person to obtaining only ,
j one or two bottles at a time. a
t'oncerning the protests of indi
viduals against the ruling. Solicitor v
General Krierson said opinions are is
sued by the department of Justice .
only to the President and members of
! the cabinet and are not matters in
which private individuals may participate.
A review would only be
i made, he added, on motion of the department
originally making the re;
guest and a change made where an
error of law was found. s
1 *"
BIRMINGHAM. Ala., March 1J ?
Emory Smith was found guilty of
robbery and sentenced to death by a
jury here today after being out only
| eight minutes. Smith had previously
been sentenced to life imprisonment
on a similar cnarge.
MADRID. March 12.?Former Premier
Manuel Allende Salazar today succeeded
in forming a new cabinet to replace
that of the late Premier Dato.
| The Marquis de Uma, who was minister
of foreign affairs in the Dato cabmet.
will hold the same portfolio in the
new ministry. Juan de Ciervay Pena|
flel. former minister of war. will take
i Uie ministry of public works.
2,500 REBELS.
d Losses Reported in
a pi to /?Fea ri ng
p ws Flee.
Ifir ground in the other parts of th?
.lows anr ?? r ii^m.
WARSAW, March 11'.?Polish news
>apers publish dispatches from th
rontier describing the flight of Jew
rom Russia "in enormous numbers.
Convinced that bolshevistn is near
ng an end the newspapers say th
ews began crossing the frontier a
arious points several days ago. be
ieving themselves to be in imminen
langer of pogroms should the bolshe
iki be driven from power.
lironwtxidt Situation.
NCW YORK. March 1?The maga
ine Soviet Russia, today made pub
ic the following cable message
rhich it said had been sent fror
toscow today by the Russian tele
;raph agency:
"Street lights continue in Kron
tadt between the mutineers an
hose loyal to the soviet government
tome of the strongholds of the mu
ineers have surrendered. Word ha
een received from Tfotsky. who i
n command of the soviet force
perating against the Krondstad
lutineers. that the complete extinc
ion of the adventure is imminent.
leservations Made by Emoloyers?Suggested
Start Here Friday.
y the A>c<v l;i tP(] 1're-^s.
CHIOADO. March 12.?After an all
ay discus*ion by h<*ads of t!? - pack
IK industry, a telegram was serif t
ames J. Davis, Secretary of Dabor. a
fashington. accepting his suggestioi
lat they send two representatives t'
>nfer with him and two representa
ves of the employes regarding th>
resent situation in the industry.
The telegram, which was signed b;
rmour & Co.. said:
"Your message received. Will b
lad to follow your suggestion."'
A statement given out at the sam
me that the telegram was made pub
c said : ^
"We assume that the justice an<
ecesslty of wage cuts will not be a
jsue. Nor can there justly be ai
isue on the matter of hours."
labor Accepts Mediation.
Secretary Davis* offer of personal n?
iation in an effort to avert a threaten*
trike in the industry also was ac
epted by the union leaders. Denni
ane of the Amalgamated Meat Cut
era and Butcher Workmen of Xort
merha sending th** following tele
ram to the head of the federal l^abo
tepartme.it :
* It has been and is the polic> of ou
rganization to co-operate with a
overnmenta! agencies. We accep
our tender of services to work out
olution of the present situatio
rhieh has been brought about by th
eliberate and arbitrary violation an
epudiation by the five big packers o
he/ agreement now in existence be
ween your department, our an
ther labor organizations and th
"We note that you specify no dat
or conference ami we have informa
ion that the packers contemplat
aking advantage of that fact. Tin
nd the other organizations who ar
arties to the agreement bet wee.
our department and the packers wi
rrange to uelect representatives t
ttend a conference when you set
ate. We respectfully suggest tha
uch conference be held in Washing
on next Friday, March 18, as w
lave a conference arranged here fo
he 16lh Instant of all trades involved.
Statement by Packer*.
The statement issued by the pack
rs makes no mention of the war
ime arbitration agreement which wa
canceled by them on February 2(
iiid says regarding the recently aii
lounced reduction of wages and re
djustment of working hours thai
'except through such measures a
ve have adopted, the possibility o
(Continued on Page 10 Column 2.)
Blackhander T
to Frederick
Ipeeial Dispatch to The Star.
FRKDKH1CK. Md March 12. ?
Biackhand letters sent to Joseph D.
Baker, president of the Citizens*
National Bank of Frederick; to his
son. Holmes f). Baker, one of the
vice presidents of the bank, and to
Sheriff Wvrtenbaker. have started a
tit-arch all through Frederick county
for the person guilty of making the
The llrst letter was mailed to
Sheriff Wertenbaker. He was told
in the letter that if he carried out
the order to hang Charles Robinson,
a negro convicted of assaulting and
killing a white woman, the sender of
the letter would blow up the jail.
The negro was hanged two weeks
Holmes I>. Baker received a letter
telling him that unless he placed
$3,000 at the foot of a tree in a secludt-l
spot near the Baitimore and
^ I
Declares Berlin Should NotI
Follow Allies in Scrapping
Treaty of Versailles.
I '
- i
' 11.300 Members of Security Force
Ordered to Disarm and Leave
City by Gen. Dfigoutte.
"; ' J
"I i
?, 1 By the Associated Press.
II BKIUjIX, March 1 ?Approval of i
the Ge/man government's attitude 1
toward the allied reparation demands
was voted by the reiehstagr today.
^ after Foreign Minister Simons made a
L lengthy explanation of his work at
the London conference.
s There was a partisan debate over
s the resolution of approval, which was
s j moved by the coalition parties, but it
1 was finally adopted bv a vote of 2C8 |
- to 49. The nationalists and majority
socialists voted with the government
I i A communist resolution demanding
I jthe immediate establishment of diploI
jinatic relations with soviet Russia
was decisively defeated.
I "The German counter proposals |
Ij were made for political reasons, aft- j
j it we had carefully consulted cap- j
| able experts." Dr. Simons said. "They j
i were not approved by the govern- !
| i rnent merely because the exports in- j
. ; dorsed them, but the government
| 1 squarely assumed responsibility for ,
j them after I took the proposals out ;
! of the hands of the experts, carried
Ithem into the final sessions of the 11
cabinet and there championed them
| personally."
I "The suggestion of a period of pro- j
j visional payments was officially in|
lorsed by Kngland. and if Mr. Lloyd
! George now takes the opposite atti- ;
I tude this is in contradiction to his j l
| former position." the foreign minis- |
" ter asserted. t
Brands Invasion Attack.
1 ! The present invasion of the unoo- j 1
1 j cupicd areas of Germany he brand- i 1
rj <-d as "the worst sort of an attack j 1
' 1 that possibly can be made on any 1 1
e i state."f I>r. Simons said he believed j '
the breaking off of relations would ' c
' not yield (iermany any advantage i
as the sentiment of the world at j (
e targe toward her was as yet too un-j (
favorable. j 1
c He also disagreed with those who;'
charged that the entente, through its;5
present procedure, had nullified the j
1 treaty, and that it was no longer ini?
I force for Germany. j
nj Discussing the prospects of further j '
negotiations, the foreign minister j!
"Does the present situation permit ! 1
d us to carry on further negotiations? j *
- I. for my parr, have not barricaded I J
s the path nor pledged Germany to a j '
- definite course. In the opinion of the:
h government it now devolves on us to |
- exhaust every possibility to seek <
r means of effecting counter proposals : 1
on some other basis. But the sane- j i
r lions (penalties) which now are op- I j
II erative have created a different l
it atmosphere for negotiations, both I I
a psychologically arid in fact. - I
n "I consider the allied 'present pro- j
? cedure the gravest and most fatal 1
d blow that could be administered to j j
if the world's economic situation at this ! <
\ 1
. (imp. In view of these serious conse-j1
fi quences we are unable to repeat the , I
offer made in l.ondon, but must seek ;
new proposls." j i
I .
Treaty Not All \ old. i
: After repeating tile arguments emH
ployed before the l.ondon conference, <
Dr. Simons declared that the idea that. 1
because the allies had torn up the
II treaty, it was therefore void for tiermany,
was all wrong and that "we
should not. repay wrong with wrong."
t tiiih was greeieu with laughter j
and discord, hut Dr. Simons con
t tinued: "For Germany there still re- ;
mains fulfillment of the treaty so i
far as that is possible, but no farther."
Ho then proceeded to advocate the
- seeking of a middle path tq,the coun- j
ter proposals on a different basis.
s "Hut," he added, "at the moment j
?. we are given such a slap in the face J '
- j we cannot offer our hand and say:
- j 'We will ho friends.' That is imt*
i>ossible. If we renew negotiations
s we must point out that the basis is
altered both psychologically and- ae- 1
tually by the imposition of penalties." 1
* i
hreatens Death
, Md., Bankers
| Ohio railroad, on South Carroll j
sticL-i, hit iuiiuiviih nigm, tne I
sender of the letter would blow up j1
I his home. The money was placed at
the tree and Sheriff Wertenbaker and
I Deputy Sheriff Klipp stationed tlu-mi
selves nearby to await the coming i
of the blackhand writer. Xo one
appeared that night.
Subsequently Holmes I). Baker received
another letter, saying that the
money must be placed at another
spot. near the first one named, on the
following night. That letter said un- ,
I less the money was placed there the
writer intended to kill Mr. Baker's
iamer anu mo;ner, iir. and Alra. ,
Joseph I). Baker.
I^ast Wednesday Joseph D. Baker
received a letter advising liim to
place money under the tree, and he
was told.that he would he killed unless
he complied with the terms of 1
the letter.
J '|
Clergyman Quotes .Dying i 11>.
! he
Man as Saying Clara
' lili
Was Sorry. *
By tli?? AkkoWm te<] Pre**. 1 for
ARUMORK. Okla.. March 12. ? Ailrti-' nls
:ional testimony that .Jake L. Hamon, ! ?*<>t
j',* la h o ma republican national commit* j *al
.errnan, had. declared on his deathbed; j liui
hat he had been shot by Clara Smith i fea
Hamon as he lay on the bed In his lioiel ! <111
ooiii. was introduced al the woman's | ??
trial here today. IV. 8. Nichols, a 1
ausiness associate of Hamon's, corrob-i
>rated testimony of yesterday as to the i <10
shooting, and the Rev. T. H. Irwin. whojyM^
on due ted Hanton's funeral services, j
juoted Harnon as saying that Clara ;
Damon had told hint the affair was a j II
'frame-up by others" and that she was; I I
torry for what she had done. I ?
For the first time in the trial, which i
started two days ago. politics, which
gained Hamon national renown, was j liUllf
touched on when one of the witnesses |
stated he had been tokl by Hamon to | S
take direct to Warren Harding" the ]
matter of appointment to ottiee of sev- j
?ral of Hamon's friends, in which j
Hamon xtill expressed deep interest <
..... Itv (l<e
even while dying. ,,,,
K A:
Clergyman Takes Stand. ThteShe
told me this was a frame-up by thous;
others, and that she was sorry," the ami <
Rev. T. E. Irwin, paslor of the I'resby- j guns,
erian Chun h at Lawton, who delivered j tion h
Mr. Hamon's funeral oration, testified day i
[he dying man told him. "Three times j city 1
I had paid her off. but this is the last j The
Lime." j heads
The matter of the alleged "frame-up" tensiv
was not touehed on further by either contit
state or defense counsel, and lJr. Irwin Sj ;ty
Jid not gel to complete the statement f|le
ite had started because of an intcrrup- police
tion by defense counsel. an,j f
The clergyman did not have direct in- a rt.
formation from Hamon that the young jn ,h,
woman, foriner wife of a nephewy, had <;ur
shot him, lie suit# were
Not so. however, with W. B. Nich- carry
ols. former chief of police of Okla- to n>(
lioma City. Okla.. and business and jixnii
political associate of Mr. Hamon. pv t|,
Mr. Nichols was the second man The
LhrouKh whom the state had sought seized
to introduce an aliened dying* state- tols
ment from Mr. Hamon, and his testi- edited
mony, like that of Kelly M. Roach, factui
in Oklahoma City insurance man. yes- numei
Lerday..was to the effect that he had said i
been toi<} by liamon lie knew he were
was dying, and that Clara Smith used 1
Hamon shot him.
Illll, She (tot Me." AGI
"Bill, she got me." Nichols quoted Nil'
Hamon as having said, and continued era I
that the wounded man hud asserted late t
he was lying down for a rest on the sixtybed
of his own room, which ad- centlj
Joined that of the defendant, when Comp;
Clara Hamon came to him. placed '
her left hand on his head and fired /\7~
a bullet into his body. J. it
He told how Hamon hail said he
threw up his left arm to knock aside
the firearm, but too late, then leaped {
to his feet, knocked the tiny automatic
pistol from the woman's hand,
on his knees searched for it in the B-r ""
darkness on the floor, recovered it,
placed it in his pocket and then chen
walked to the .--natorium, where* he cove
died five days later. that
The former police chief testified he 'skin
was in Mr. Hamon's office the fol- here
lowing morning when Clara Hamon
entered and agreed, upon demand of tach
Krank Ketch, business manager for woul
Mr. Hamon then and now admin- cruf
istrator of his estate, that she leave offici
Ardmore quickly.
"Clara, 1 have never butted into jour A
.rrslis before, but I am now. No more ,var
disgrace for the Hamon family," ?Pin
Nichols quoted Ketch as having said:
"Why, you talk as if I did it," he said ,he
Clara replied. "He did it himself and wide
trill tell you so." ,r'P
Denies Clara'. K.ee nr.l.ed,
On cross-examination Mr. Nichols de- were
nied he had seen bruises and marks on the i
Clara Hamon's face and hands at that time
(Continued on Page 7, Column 4.) "1
uried Alive. Indian
Smallpox Patient
Kicks Coffin in Vain
IKDIllMi, '< 1 ir.? Mnrrk Vi.?
.irjiPM that William Taylor, an
lian nflllrtril with smnllpov.
i* buried alive on lint creek
0 week* ago were presented
lay to tlie diMtrict attorney
* investigation.
'lie allegation was made by
ief SaniNon (iraiit of the Hat
rek Indians, who stated that
had received his information
mi his daughter. Mm. I.ela
Irs. Ithodes. who is vouched
1 by the local Indian agent,
ote to her father that two
lir.ns buried Taylor after
:htfall. Before they took the
Tin to the grave, the letter
d, they heard Taylor kicking,
t were afraid to open the bo*,
irlng the wrath of the health
nen Rounded Up in Kan;as
City Were to Be
Paid $15,000.
Associate*! I'rps*.
sLSAS CITY. Mo. March 12.?
hundred men were arrested
ands of dollars* worth of liquoi
irugs seized and hundreds ol
knives and sacks of ammuni rought
in by the authorities toil
raids on that part of Kansas
known as "Little Italy.*'
raids, which police department
characterized as the most exe
in the city's history. wer?=
lued tonight, with more thai
detect ives participating,
y followed reports reaching th<
that a plot to kill high police
?*deral officials here and create
rn of terror had been formulatec
s district.
imen. according to the reports
imported from other cities tc
out the killings and they wert
eive their pay from a fund ol
0 or more raised for the purpose
e unlawful element.
'?*?&?? vjnaiuu,* ui nt'djiwri!
ranged from small-caliber pisto
sawed-off shotguns. Twoknives.
many of foreign nianu*e.
were greatly in evidence. At
rous places, the raiding officers
generous stores of ammunition
found hidden in sacks ordinarily
>y banks in keeping money.
;nts recover alcohol.
IV ORLEANS, March 12.?Fedprohibition
enforcement agents
oday recovered sixty-four of the
five drums of alcohol stolen refrom
the Kentucky Distillery
iny at Westwego. near here.
iw Poison, Ra
mid Cut
Assorhited Tress.
E\V, YORK, March 12.?The
nical warfare service has dlsred
a liquid poison so strong
three drops will kill one whose
it touches, it became known
illing like rain from nozzles ated
to airplanes the liquid
Id kill everything in the airt's
path, according to a high
al of the .service.
(ilrrs Deacrlptlon.
description of what the newweapon
would do, in the
ion of this official, follows:
>ne plane carrying two tons of
liquid over an area of 1(10 feet
by seven miles long in one
could deposit enough nia1
to kill every man in that
, and if those on the ground
i not protected by gas masks,
irea. of fatality would be many
s greater.
'he only limit to -the-quantity
'/ Chawgf op
} at Washington
_ fi effected
* J |i \a/itmout
^ ft a JaT^
| W II CI V I a I ll> ?%
Senator Declares Injustice
About to Be Done to
Hundreds in Service.
Declaring that a grave injustice wa
about to be done to hundreds of cap
j tains in the Army appointed from th
i list of officers in the emergency force
| in the world war. Senator Heed o
I Missouri yesterday prevented actio
1 in the Senate on the nominations o
, a couple of thousand lieutenants t
j be captains. The Missouri senato
j forced the Senate to postpone con
j sideration of these nominations unti
j tomorrow, or perhaps later,
j Under the Army reorganization acl
I ! as construed by the War Department
j ir.en ^appointed from the emergenc;
| forces as captains, first lieutenant
and second lieutenants are thrown to
gether jin hodgepodge manner, it i
contended, when it comes to promo
tions. In other words, if a lieutenan
who entered the service a day or tw<
before one of the captains appointe<
from the emergency force, is promote<
| to be a captain?as some two thou
j sand have been promoted?he is pu
| on the permanent list ahead of th
| man who had been previously selected
. ? as captain.
f | Nullifies Army Boards.
. j All oi these commissioned officer
. | who entered the Regular Army sine
. I the war from the emergency force
' j
( were passed upon by Army boards?
tjthe so-called Pershing boards?am
. i given their rank accordingly. But th
? 1 action of these boards is now mad
, of no avail, it is charged.
In the last session of Congress
v these same nominations were sent t<
? the Senate by former President Wil
? son. but were not acted upon. To til
I the vacancies in the grade of captaii
Secretary Weeks has recommendet
the same promotions and Prestden
> Harding has sent them to the Senate
There are now about 2,000 vacancies
f in tit# grade of captain to be fillei
? by promotion from lieutenant grades
When the lieutenants promoted to til
? these grades become captains a larg?
percentage of them?over 1.600. it
fact?take precedence for promotior
to the gtvtde of major over nearlj
1,200 otlicers who obtained rank ol
i captain through the selection of tht
t examining boards. This precedence
for promotion is not the result ol
years of longer service, because th<
only service counted is service subsequent
to the declaration of war.
Creates Jen lousiest.
Unless the discrimination against
the former emergency otlicers who
were made captains by the examining
i boards is corrected by legislation, it
(Continued on Page 2. Column 1.)
ined From Aero,
aths in Armies
of this liquid which could be made
is the amount of available electrical
power, as nearly every nation
has practically an unlimited supply
of the necessary raw materials
It would be entirely possible for
this country to manufacture seve,
ral thousand tons per day, if the
necessary plants had been built.
C ould Wipe Out Army.
"During the Argonne offense the
entire first American army of
1.250,000 men occupied an area of
approximately forty kilometers
long by twenty kilometers wide.
Jf Germany had had 4.000 tons of
this material and 400 planes
equipped for its distribution the
entire first army would have been *
annihilated in twelve Hrttirc
"The chemical warfare service Is
developing protective clothing to
entirely cover the wearer and make
him impervious to the deadly
i ipk <mp. p?cr
Lnun uinuiiu uhul
i *
Prompt Confirmation by
Senate Will Follow Committee
Move of Opposition Said to Be
Based on Question of Attitude
Toward Utilities.
opponents of ihr confirmation of
i'uno H. Rudolph and t'apt. James V.
Oyster as District Commissioners
must produce convincing evidence at
the hearing on ihp nominations, scheduled
for tomorrow morning before
the Senate District committee, or the
nominations are likely to be confirmed
without further delay, according to
'members of the committee.
The committeemen do not plan any
i long-drawn-out hearings, and the
session tomorrow will be the only
one. unless evidence is produced -a
which in the opinion of the eommitte?<^p
I warrants further investigation.
senator \orria* Stnnd.
t ;
On the other hand. Senator N'orrlB
I j of Nebraska, at whose instance the
| nominations were referred yesterday
| j to the District committee and plans
j made for the hearing, said last night
I that he intended to see that the opj
ponents of the proposed Commissionj
ers should be given a full hearing He
I said that he did not see bow the hear|
ings could be concluded in a single
meeting between 10 o'clock in the
, morning and noon, the hour the Sen'
ate meets.
"My mind is open with regard to the
nominees." said Senator Xorris. "I do
not know what the evidence will be in
! regard to them. Cut the people of the
District, who have no vote, at least
should he given ampie hearing in res
gard to the Commissioners appointed
" j to govern them.'
e j The opposition to the nominees is
s' based, it is said, on the ground that
^' they will be inclined to represent the
n j interests of certain public utilities
' j in the District, rather than the iu?
j lerests of the people.
. 1 krnator Ball te Preside.
il i Although Senator Dillingham ef
Vermont is the ranking member of
t. the Senate District committee, be has
turned over to Senator Ball of Delxv
ware the duty of calling and pres
, siding over the hearing on the nomi
j rations for Commissioner. It is exs
peeled that Senator Ball will be the
- ; chairman of the District committee
t j when the new standing committee
1 slate is made up.
1 t'nless there be serious objections.
1 the members of the Senate District
- i committee plan to report the nomine
tions of Mr. Iludolph and Capt. Oyster
e j to the Senate tomorrow afternoon
* and ask for their confirmation. If
it is impossible to obtain such quick
action, the Senate may be held in sea^
sion a day longer to dispose of the
nominal ions.
s Approved h> Organisations.
Toe leading members of the Board
* i of Trade. Chamber of Commerce and
e Merhants and Manufacturers' Assof
ciation were unanimous last night
in approving the selection of Messrs.
s ! Kudolph and Oyster
>, Tile board of governors of the..
- merchants' association instructed
1 j President Philip King lo send a deli
egation before the Senate committee
1 tomorrow morning and express the;
t ; association's approval of the nomi*
i nations.
? I Albei t Schulleis. president of the
I Chamber of Commerce, said lie talked
1 with a number of the directors of1
| the chamber about the nominations,
- and they were united in liieir satis1
, faction over the selections.
Among the leaders in the chamber
who told .Mr. Schulteis they were
f pleased with the appointments were
" j Isaac Cans. William V. Gudc. Dr.
' ' Lewis J. Battle. Arthur E. Seymour.
M. A. Lctse. Harry King, Leon S.
L'linan, Ivan f. Weld and Adolph E.
' ' Gude.
Mr. Schulteis added his personal
indorsement to the list and said he
| expected to attend the hearing toi
morrow and let the committee know
the sentiments of the directors of
the chamber whom he will be able
to reach before that time.
Board of Trade statement.
Thomas Bradley, president of the
Board of Trade, said that all of the
members of the organization with
whom he was able to confer yesterday
were agreed that President Harding
made excellent selections for
i Commissioners. Mr. Bradley issued
1 the following statement:
' "The Washington Board of Trade
1 has evidenced its opinion of the
character and ability of Capt. Oyster
and Mr. Rudolph by honoring each
: of them with the office of president
of that organization.
"Both these gentlemen have been
active in civic alTairs and stand high
in the estimation of their business
associates. They have at all times
shown a willingness to sacrifice their
personal interests to answer a call
j to public duty.
"Persojially, I regard the nomina|
lions as excellent ones and feel that
the citizens of Washington should
be highly gratified at the selection by
President Harding of these well.
! l n i-eMiitfiits of the Itistrict of
A. J. Driscoll, president <.* *he UidCily
Cjti sens' Association, said Wash*
ington should be glad that President
Harding selected such representative
(Continued on Page 2, Column 2.)

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