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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 14, 1921, Image 1

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WEATHER. W A If Member ?t the Associated Pross
Increasing cloudiness, followed by ^^ I H MM / k ^ W- / ^ _ Ar , 1 The Associated Press Is smaslTalj aatU1a? ts
I 4^ | r'^dU^ '??
Temperature for twenty-four hours H At j H I H H % ^B credited to It or eel alaarwlee credits# la Oa
V ended at 2 p.m. today: Highest, fig. T I / U paper and also the local aawa publl.hod karat*.
at 2 p.m. today; ^g I J I B ^g U W H H H H H H H /^^B I i H H All rights of pabtieattea of special
today. ^^ri/ a > I . K JB ^^^^7 . VI . - ^ dispatches karats ar* alas raaarraC
Full report on page 12. !
V V V v' . _^__T._ T^mJ [ y Saturday's Net Circulation, 94,480
doting New York Stocks, Page 25. ^ar ^ ^ ^ WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION Sunday's Net Circulation, 95,890
I No. 28,078. ^rofflc" waahfngtorT. TC WASHINGTON. D. c? MONDAY, MARCH 14, 1921 -THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. TWO CENTS.
Report Favoring Oyster and
I Rudolph as Commission- J!
ers Is Unanimous.
Nominees Make Sworn Statements i
i They Do Not Own Stock in j |yaf1
\p Public Utilities. M
The nominations of Cuno Rudolph
and Capt. James F. Oyster to be Dis- tm
trlct Commissioners were confirmed *
by the Senate today. pre
This action was taken following: a the
favorable report upon both the nomi- Wair
nees by the Senate District committee, ant ,
The committee acted unanimously in Meye
recommending their confirmation the 1
after a hearing at which both op- iot
ponents and supporters of the nomi- assis
nees were given an opportunity to Thes.
testify. confii
When the nominations were reported
to the Senate they were ap- flu
proved practically without debate and peleci
without a roll call. lowin
During the hearing preliminary to ___
the committee's report. Edward F..J HE
Colladay. republican national com- I5838|
mitteeman for the District, presented I BUI
sworn Statements from both Mr. Itu- aHp
dolph and Capt. Oyster stating that |||1
neither owned stock in any public ??p
futilities. VV*
W. B. Wratlake for Delay.
W. B. Westlake. president of the f|||i
federation 01 oiincuo , |
was the first witness appearing in op- jfl
position to the immediate confirmation pfl
of Capt. Oyster and Mr. Rudolph. At |S
I the outset he said that he appeared as .y.M
a private citizen and not as president pa
of the federation. He said, however, psa
that several citizens had asked him to
appear. JR>
"This committee should get the sen- Mvi
timent of the people of the District
.and not the sentiment of a few influentiai
members of various civic or
ganizations." said Mr. Westlake. "I
am not opposing these men. but there
j are persons who oppose their confirmstier,
who should be heard. The committee
should take due time itwdealing
with this matter of so much imporMr.
Westlake said that "the people"
in the District were restless, that "red
meeting.-'' were being held, and that
( too hasty action would tend to increase
this restlessness.
Senator Pomerene of Ohio interrupted
with several questions about red
propaganda in the District, and how
it affected the question of the confirmation
of Mr. Rudolph and Capt.
Mr. Westlake insisted that there was
a feeling among some people in the of w
District that they were not then due p.-.!,
consideration, and that it was making w_f?
for restlessness. Ho added that from so t<
100 to 1.000 persons on the govern- tf,e v
. ment pay roll in the DistRct are they
spreading red propaganda, because ters
they believe the people here, who have they
no vole, are not getting a square deal, secfe
"If these employes of the govern- ^
ment are spreading red propaganda. :
they should have their official heads
chopped off." said Senator Pomerene. ' of w
"I agree w ith that." said Mr. West- j tj,e
lake. !
Relations With Railways. | y
Mr. Westlake said that" it had been He v
rumored quietly that the nominees for staff
District Commissioners have financial ing i
relations with the street railways, and muci
he urged that the matter be looked to th
into. Any one who had relations with Eu
the street railway, he said, should not direc
be permitted to serve as a member of tion
the Public Utilities Commission. nomi
Senator Ball of Delaware said that Mr
any one who was financially interested durir
in the street railways, under the law, ment
would not be eligible to serve as a savir
public utility commissioner. al Di
"Do you know if these nominees are poral
financially interested in the street of th
"railways?' Senator Pomerene asked was
the witness. 1919.
"Personally, I do not." replied Mr. solve
Westlake. "but it is reported that
they are, and I think the matter |
should be looked into by the com- ...7"
mittee." whit
The next witness was K. W. Oy- ?.a,nJ
ster. who said that lie had been a ; 7?
resident of the District for twenty | cena
yeaes. although he Is a voter in Penn- ?*
sylvania. His objection was devoted j to *"
largely to the confirmation of Mr. , ?.
Rudolph. Ho told the committee that 1 |iip
he had been much Interested in the ffisrfk
'slum conditions in Washington, and |||li
.the question of assessments of the ||?i
poor people. On February 26. 1910. SpBj
, he said, he wrote a letter to the board Mm
of Commissioners, of which Mr. Ru- -Mm
jdolph was a member, asking for a psi
'hearing. He said that he was put off MM
from week to week, although ho was jgll;
promised a hearing, and that finally, W%ji
on May 17, he received a letter ask- i||l
ing him to submit in writing what pl|i
be had to say. and asserting that the Wm
Commissioners were very familiar 1
Vith the question.
"You come hero." said Senator Dil- ?|p
ungnam. owausp you <110 not get a 1
hearing. and because you did not like j |||||
Mr Rudolph. { tWm
Mr. Oyster said thai he considered ; Hn
Mr. Rudolph a "vacillating man" and K&0:
added 'hat h> did not want to see him IH|
Statement U'aa Not Sent. |fl
T>id you submit your statement in
ferriting?" asked Senator New
"No. T didn't want to waste my j
time writing paper which I knew j
, would bo pigeon - holed. H
"Are you related to Capt. Oyster?"
*Lk.ei Senator New.
"I have been asked that question
fenny times." replied the witness
rWhen any one asks me. 1 refer him
fa> Capt. Oyster, and when any one tion
kska CapC Oyster, ho refers them to
pie. 1 do not care whether I am a dent
wm wuaui or * iniriy-tmra cousin, poll
jromww that *11 of the Oysters are teo (
Senator King wanted to know if the woul
0turn situation and the assessments court
Wud bean met by the Commissioners. Th<
, ''The witness said not entirely to his ! of T'
fcatlsfaction. ; looki
Senator Dillingham seid that he re- j thou
ealled making an investigation of the is n
Slums as a member of the District ! prob
eommittee and that legislation hail j extrs
been required to meet the situation < Ne
Did the Commissioners oppose chart
what you and I were working for in bass
that connection?" askeil Senator 1)11. [ who
Unghatn. .,ort,
Mr. Oyster said they did not.
A. D. Fairbairn urged the committee
to delay action until it could I T
make a further investigation of the | aT1 '
Charge that the nominees for Com- Brim
mtssioner were interested in the street j tomt
railways. Ho said that the various Verr
associations in the District had had no conv
time to ret together, and. while va- Mast
*tous representatives of civic organi- In r
Mtioni naa Riven their Indorsements exte;
t? Cant. Oyster and Sir. Kudolph, he to m
did not think these men knew the casio
reaJ sentiment of the ordinary citizen the
Mi well as ho did. / just
Statement Is Read. The
? t JJe read to the committee a state- *TaVl
* | rr nntin-i"' on Ps&e Z, Column 4.) (C
I %
r 1
L. ~1
- " -r ?
lara Barton's Home
In Massachusetts
To Be a Memorial
I.?The .North Oxford homeend
of Clara liar ton wan
a inferred today l?y Carl O.
nrlxon to the Woman's \ationI
Mix.sioiinrj Society of the
nlversalist Church. whirh in to
'More the place and make it a
emorial home to be used an a
'sort for vlnltorn.
All available rellen of Minn
arton'n Red Cronn work are to
? feathered from all partn of
te world and made a part of
le memorial.
nes Wainright to War,
yer to Finance Body and
fadsworth to Treasury.
sident Harding today announced
appointment of Col. J. Mayhew
iright of New Tork to be assistsecretary
of war, and of Eugene
r of New York to be a director of
it'ar Finance Corporation, and ElWadsworth
of Massachusetts as
i itiii secretin v ui ine uriwuij.
p appointments were immediately
rmed by the Senate.
1 announcement of Col. Wainright's
tion was made immediately folg
a conference between Secretary
' > v
^ ^ ,.J|
IMi :;fra?sra&x
: WHBV v
mar '. ! !
ar Weeks, CoL Wainright and the
dent. Secretary Weeks and Col.
right afterward spent an hour or
>gether in the former's office in
Far Department, during which time
discussed the more important matof
the department, especially as
will come under the new assistant
iYalnrigbt Has Fine Record.
I. Wainright is known to be a man
ide military experience and had
backing of Senators Wadsworth
Jalder of New York and is personknown
to the new War Secretary,
.as a colonel and inspector on the
of Maj. Oen. John K. O'Ryan durthe
world war, and served with
i credit and distinction, according
ose who urged his appointment,
gene Meyer, jr., was managing
tor of the War Finance Corporaunder
President Wilson. He is
nated for a term of four years.
. Meyer, who is a banker, served
ig the war on numerous govern,
commissions, including the war
igs committee. Council of Nation3fense
and the War Finance Cortion.
He first became a director
le corporation in April. 1918, and
o menocrino- rl i ro /?! A I" in UornVi
until the corporation was disKi
a year ago.
Harvey** Selection Annured.
erf was no jndication at the
e House this afternoon that the
j of Col. CJeorge Harvey, the New
<?ditor. would be sent to the
te for apix>intment to the Court
. James. But those in a position
tow say that Col. Harvey's selec
2 wk<
M mL \''-::s0%$%
ia assured and that the Presihas
been advised that a recent
of the foreign relations commit?f
the Senate indicated that he
d meet with no difficulty in being
rmed when the time arrives.
5 appointment of K. E. tYeager
pxaf as ambassador to Mexico is
pd upon with equal certainty, algh
announcement to this effect
ot expected for several weeks,
ably not until after the coming
t session is well under way.
ison ?naugnnessy, former
jo d'affaires at the American emy
at Mexico <*ity, is another one
is known to be slated for an im^nt
diplomatic post. .
Accept* Masonic Invitation,
esident Harding today accepted
nvitatton to take part in the pilage
of master Masons to the
> of George Washington, at Mount
ion. during the sixteenth annual
ention of the National League of
>nic t'lubs. May 10. 11 and 12 next,
esponse to the delegation which
tiuru me inv naiioii i? nun today
ake a formal address on this ocn.
he said he deeply apprctated
honor, but that he would rather
go along as one of the pilgrims,
invitation was handsomely enfd
011 a plaque of gold, which
ronUn'ue'd* on'PasalirColulan 7.)
Oriental Leaders Deny They
Were Responsible for Supreme
Council Act.
i , j
Records Are Declared to Make No
Reference to Reservation When
Mandate Was Taken Up.
By Cable to The Star and Chit-ago Daily New*.
Copyright. 1921.
TOKIO, Japan, March 14.?The Japanese
governent in connection with
the Yap controversy disclaims rcsrponsibility
for the action of the
supreme council in placing the former
German islands in the Pacific under
Japanese and British mandatories.
This was the assertion made today
bv a representative nf the fnr.iwn nf.
floe here. It was also stated that on
the assumption that Japan was not
directly a party to that action. America's
controversy was now with the
league of nations and not with Japan.
Kor this reason the government considers
that the criticism made by
some Americans that Japan is opposing
the wishes of the United States
is unfair.
"We have the secretary's report of
the session of the supreme council on
May 7. 1919." said the foreign office
representative to the writer. "Those
present were President Wilson. Premier
Clemenceau, Premier Lloyd
George and Premier Orlando. Japan
had no representative in the supreme
council and consequently had no voice
in the decision awarding the German
islands in the Pacific north of the
equator to Japan. The copy of the
document in our possession seems to
show that President Wilson agreed to
the decision. It does not show that he
entered any exception as to Yap."
Resta on Official Record.
When the correspondent suggested
the possibility that an objection had ;
been made but that the secretary had |
failed to record it, the official re- j
"Japan, not being represented in the
council, is unable to go beyond the
official record of what happened."
The present controversy recalls the
practice followed by the august bodies
deliberating upon the peace terms. It
was considered ludicrous at the time,
the serious consequences not then
being- foreseen. Stenographers were
excluded from the sessions of the supreme
war council discussing the
armistice terms. Some of the other
bodies which later negotiated the
treaty, in deference to medieval European
prejudices, permitted longhand
notes to be taken at the sessions by
certain trusted persons deemed
worthy of hearing the great secrets.
These secretaries recorded such portions
of the proceedings as they individually
considered Important, their
longhand notes after careful revision
becoming the official record.
In view of the present controversy 1
it is possibly pertinent to ascertain
; whether the reservation as to Yap.
i which President Wilson claims to
I have made, was omitted from the offijcial
rtvord because the secretary
either had the writers' cramp at that
I particular moment or personally considered
the matter unimportant.
Rights of Missionaries.
Another significant comment on the
! mandate situation, in view of the
previous work of American missionaries
in the Caroline, Marshall and
Gilbert groups, was made by the foreign
office representative, who said:
"According to the mandate, the missionaries
of any of the allied powers
located on these islands must be permitted
to continue as formerly."
The status of the missionaries under
the Japanese mandatory has already
been changed. Numerous schools
have been closed under the naval policy
government the Islands, and eventually
all missionary secular teaching
will be prohibited.
Explosion Wrecks Magazine at
Alabama Coal Mines.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala.. March 14.? 1
Birmingham and the country for fifty
miles around were shaken at 6:30
O'clock this morning by an einln?inn ,
in the magazine of the Dolomite .
mines, coal property of the Wood- j
ward Iron Company, fourteen miles
from this city. No one was injured, 1
according to early reports. The magazine
was a complete wreck.
County authorities announced after :
a preliminary investigation that the i
explosion was evidently the work of i
Today's News
in Paragraphs
Senate confirms Rudolph and Oyster as !
Commissioners. Page 1
President Harding fills three more im- 1
portant government positions. Page 1 j
j Kutz again delays gas rate hearing. |
I Page 1 ,
I The British naval estimates show a reduction
of about two million pounds |
from last year. Page 1 (
Protests pour into White House over
choice of Harvey for London post.
Page 1 1
Doctors expose selves to Infection to ,
study course of diseases. Page 1
Ex-U. S. Senator Burton escorted out
of Kansas town and associates tarred.
Page 2
Heads of four railways were summoned
to testify by the Railway Labor Board
in response to the request of the
unions. Page 2 |
: Booths in banks, stores and hotels as|
sist charity drive. Page 3
i Young woman's mutilated body found
j floating in river. Page 4
Russian children are provided for in
great garden system. Page 13 !
. former kaiser in book tells of his ef- j
fort to form league. Page 18 |
Animal ship from Germany to resemble i
! Noah's ark. Page 13
i Nation-wide back-to-travel movement
is reported. Page 13
Queen Marie of Rumania to visit United
States. Page 13
Bolshevik! recapture Russian fortress.
Page 16
Secretary of Labor Davis nushe* **!??.
to adjust wage crisis between packers
and employes. Page 16
Norwegians attack unity of Scandinavian
kingdoms. Page 16
More than 800,006 lives have been saved
by American contributions for relief of
famine sufferers in China. Paae u
inm iriiiit mi
Lu?uuu nuuu i ji in.
Prayers Fail to Save Convicted
Burn Candles Along Roads.
By the Associated Tress.
DUBLIN*. March 14.?Six prisoners
convicted of complicity with the killing
of British intelli(fence officers and
members of the crown forces in Ireland
were executed in Mount Joy
prison, this city, this morning:. The
men were hanged in pairs at intervals
of an hour.
Twenty thousand people gathered
outside the prison during the hours
that the executions were going on.
and all work in the city stopped until
11 o'clock. Kven the post office was
closed and telegraph service was suspended.
The scene in front of the prison was
Impressive. The crowd began assembling
at dawn, and by 6 o'clock
the prison yard was packed. An hour
th. (Tfliuil haH filled the road- I
way leading to the prison and all the
abutting: strets. An altar had been
improvised near the prison doors, and
on the walls and trees in the prison
yard sacred images and pictures had
been placed.
Handreda Kneel In Roadway.
Everywhere candles were burned,
scores of persons in the heart of the
dense throng holding them aloft
throughout the long vigil. Here and
there priests or women led in prayers
or hymns, in which every one joined
earnestly. Hundreds kneeling in the
roadway were forced to rise when an
armored car forced its way through
the crowd. From 5 o'clock this morning
it had moved back and forth in front
of the prison. On the roof of the jail,
overlooking the entrance, a cast-iron
sentry box had been erected overnight,
from which a soldier kept careful
watch on the crowd. Two of the men
executed, Patrick Moran and Thomas
Whelan. were charged with complicity
in the killing of intelligence officers
in Dublin on November 21 last.
IVhelan's two brothers are in the
United States, one of them in the
American Army. The other four tnen
to die, Frank Flood, Bernard Ryan,
Thomas Bryan and Patrick IV>y|p.
were accused of participating in an J
ambush near here in January, in which
one member of the attacking party I
was killed. |
Not since, the executions following the ;
1916 uprising, with the possible excep- I
lion of the hanging of Keven Barry in
November last for an attack on a military
escort, has Ireland been more profoundly
stirred. Although 6 o'clock had
been named for the execution of the
Hrat pair, it was not until 8:20 that the
crowd knew the fate of the prisoners.
At that time the following notice was
posted outside the jail gates:
"The sentence of the law passed on
Thomas Whalen and Patrick Moran.
found guilty of murder, and on Thomas
Bryan, Patrick Doyle, Frank Flood and
Bernard Ryan, found guilty of high
treason in levying war, has been carried
into execution."
No hint reached the watching multitude
of the grim proceedings going on in
i distant wing of the big prison, but
hourly, beginning at 6 o'clock, the rosary
was recited. But for a number of reverent
voices and the occasional sob of a
woman, profound silence was maintained.
Attend Baby's Funeral.
Shortly after posting of the notice
that the executions had been carried
DUt the vast gathering dispersed silently,
many later attending the funeral of
Patrick Doyies twin baby. Jlra. Doyle,
with the other twin in her arm. visited
her husband yesterday to say good-bye.
Mrs. Bryan, who was taken suddenlyill
before her husband's sentence was
confirmed, was not told until yesterday
that he was to be executed today. She
was conveyed to the prison Sunday afternoon
for a farewell visit. Every
church was crowded at masses celebrated
after the execution for the repose
of the souls of the six men.
The atmosphere of the city is rife
with anxiety and expectation of developments
to follow the hangings. Except
for a few lorry loads of military, on the
alert with rifles at the "ready." there
was a conspicuous absence of crown
/ir? fhn tilrpntq tfiHav unrl
unarmed soldier was visible.
Doctors Exposed
to Study Co
Hr the Associated Press.
BAUTIMORK. Md.. March 14.?Ill
studying mouth and throat disease
germs physicians of the bacteriological
department of Johns Hopkins
Hospital have personally submitted
to repeated tests during the past
year, according to a report compiled
by Dr. A. S. Bloomfield. As a result
??? ? t ftstn Dr. Rlnnrnflrld enn -
eludes that disease germs are all the
time coming; and going;, and that the
normal surfaces of the air passages
afford a very unfavorable environment
for foreign organisms to eolo)(
Tremors Felt in Indiana and Illinois?Houses
TERRE HAUTE, Ind., March 14.?A
heavy earth shock was left in Terre
Haute and vicinity at 6:15 o'clock
this morning. No damage was reported
here or from surrounding
DANVILLE. 111.. March 11?What
is believed to have been a heavy
earth shock occurred in this vicinity
early today. Telephone calls from a
radius of at least fifty miles reported
the same shock. Houses rocked on
their foundations, but no serious
damage was reported.
CHICAGO. March 14.?The seismograph
at the University of Chicago '
registered "a slight blur" at 6:11 a.m.
today, but officials said it was impossible
to say whether this meant
an earthquake. The "blur" was recorded
from all directions, it was said. I
Erret Dunlap First Witness at
Trial Today?Widow
Able to Attend.
By the Associated Pres..
ARDMORE, Okla., March 14.?Clara
Ifamon. on trial charged with the murder
of .lake L. Hamon, .shot the for- ]
mer Oklahoma republican national
committeeman while he was lying on
the bed in his room Krrct Dunlap today
testified Hamon had told him two
days after the shooting. Dunlap was
a former business associate of Hamon.
"He told me he went over to his room
late in the evening, threw off his coat
and vest, and lay down on the bed for
a rest." Dunlap testified.
Dunlap quoted Hamon as having :
said: "I had been there only a short
time when 1 heard Clara come in. She
laid her left hand on my head and 1
felt her right on my shoulder, when ;
she shot me."
"Of course. I have hern looking for i
this." Dunlap quoted Hamon as having
said. The reply was objected to 1
and sustained.
"He said he did not have a chance to 1
protect himself." Dunlap testified.
"He said he did not have a chance '
to protect himself: that she walked j
up to the fool of the bed and shot '
him." Dunlap further quoted Hamon. I'
?< r-. t I 1 : * l. .. -l 1... 1
4>;r. JM4lli<f|J ?dn aoi\ru 11 iiu ii<iu ni.tcir- f
any report to the county attorney or j '
sheriff and said he had not. I
Admit* Prosecution Talk.
He admitted he had had two or ,
three conferences with the. proseeu- .
tion, but denied he had stated he had
"taken charge of the prosecution."
Dunlap said he was not present '
when Clara Hamoh was furnished '
$5,000 with which to leave town.
Mr. Dunlap said he had not asked
the county attorney to dismiss tfie ,
case, stating there was nothing to it.
He said he had asked that a statutory i
charge filed at the same time against (
Hamon and Clara, be dismissed. t
The defendant was in the courtroom s
early. She was dressed in the blue i
suit and sailor hat she wore on the ,
opening day of her trial. ,
Widow Again in Court. I
Mrs. Jake D. Hamon. the widow. '
leaning on her son's arm and in full t 1
mourning attire, came into the courtroom
a moment before court opened. '
She took her accustomed seat directly
opposite Clara Smith Hamon. I
Krret Dunlap, business associate of <
11:imoo. the first witness called torl*v t
told of a visit to Hamon in a sanita- 1
rium here two days after the shooting !
Dunlap said Hamon told him he' i
was lying on bis bed resting when
Clara came to his room, laid her left I
hand on his head and that he "felt 1
her right on my shoulder when she 1
shot me." 1
"Of course, I had been looking for t
this," Dunlap quoted Hamon as hav- 1
ing said. The reply was objected to 1
and the objection sustained. 1
A laugh rippded over the court- f
room when Dunlap denied Hamon i
had presented him the home in which )
the Dunlap family lives, and Attor- 1
ney General Freeling told the court l
he would insist on the room being (
cleared at the next demonstration. *
to Infections :
nirse of Diseases <
nize and develop a real diseased condition.
Those who figured in the tests were
at all times exposed to infectious
diseases of all sorts. From the
lengthy tables that have been compiled
it is clear that repeated swabbing
"of throats, palates and the
pharyngeal wall must have been annoying.
The importance of the data
depended upon tho completeness and
thus upon frequency of making tests.
The work extended over many
months. It took, four hours to handle
each plate upon which the organisms
had bet n "fished."
? ? < '.
Complaints Pour Into White
House and Congress?Not
Asked by Senate.
Protests against the appointment of
Col. George Harvey as American ambassador
to Great Britain have been
pouring into the White House, as '
tveli as to folks in Congress who are
presumed to have influence with
President Harding.
These protests seem to be based
upon the idea that, without reflecting
in the slightest upon Col. Harvey,
some distinguished American whose
republicanism was based on service to
the party other than mere criticism
of the Wilson administration might
be given the place. While there is
appreciation of the fact that the brilliant
pen of Col. Harvey did more
perhaps than anything else to dis
credit t'resiaent Wilson before the
eyes of the world, the protesting republicans
insist that there are other
men in the republican party much :
more closely identified with republican
tradition and foreign policy who;
ought to be considered.
Strangely enough, after all that Col. I
Harvey has written to remove any
taint of Wilsonism from the make-up.
it is still remembered that he was the
original Wilson man and that except
for George Harvey's writings, Mr.
Wilson might have remained a college
president. Insofar as the republicans
are reverting to republicanism, they
cannot forgive Col. Harvey's original
sin?the creation of Wilson?much as
he has done in the last few years to
atone for the same.
Most Sensational Incident.
Broadly speaking, the opposition to
Col. Harvey's appointment is the most
sensational incident of the Harding
administration thus far. Whether or
not he is appointed, the true story of:
why he was selected will ever be a I
source of curiosity. It is known that j
[he leaders in the Senate have not i
asked for the appointment. It is 1
known that some of them while admitting
Col. Harvey's brilliance ques
Lion whether he is temperamentally
fit for the post. Politics enters into I
it somewhat, too, for the writer has it '
m reliable authority that Col. Harvey
is not considered liv President Huni.
ing as one responsible for the notnlna- j
tion at Chicago last Juno.
It will bo recalled that many pub
lished reports said that Col. Harvey j
helped nominate Warren Harding.
Phere is good reason to believe that
President Harding held a contrary
view as to how he was nominated and
that he still believes Col. Harvey was
much more interested in t' canlidacy
of Will Hays than anybody
slse at Chicago.
Not "Original Harding" Wing.
Col. Harvey and William Boyce
rhompson. the man who was chairman
of the ways and means committee
>f the republican finance organiza-I
ion. are intimate friends. Mr. Thomp- I
ion has been largely concerned with |
ways and means of making up the ,
ampaign deficit and he is a power in [,
-epublioan circles just now. But the;
;iolnt is that Col. Harvey conies from
i wing of the republican party which
las not always been considered the
original Harding" wing. Neverthe- '
ess. this bit of friction has been to a ,
arge extent patched up, and the fact I,
hat Col. Harvey lias been virtually i.
leclded upon for tlie ambassadorship I
:o tlreat Britain is taken as proof 1
>os!tive that Warren Harding has for- i i
riven such activity as Col. Harvey 1
nanifested against hint at Chicago. !
There is another question involved i
n the Harvey appointment. It is the 1
'uture of Harvey's Weekly, which l
las been so bitterly critical of the i
kVilson administration that unless it
were to adopt a similar role toward
;he Harding administration it would
lave to proceed on an altogether new
ine of tactics?a defensive and apologetic
role. Some of my British friends, j
who are curious to know the reasons!
tor the appointment, say they have I
jeen told Mr. Harding is as eager to I
tave Harvey's Weekly discontinued as i
ithers In the republican party are]
inxious that it should be continued, i
1'hese latter folks think Col. Harvey I
night to he on the job to answer demo- ]
ratio criticisms. ;
Etprrtrd to Br Acceptable.
If these were normal times the
British government would decline to
iccept Col. Harvey because of his;
mti-British writings, hut every bit
f information available here jndicates I
hat tireat Britain will not make an 1
ssuc over the appointment, but will j
iccept the distinguished author with- j
tut protest.
Col. Harvey became very close to
dr. Harding during the latter part
>f the summer at Marion. He is j
credited with the authorship of a <
arge part ot the famous speech ,
vherein Mr. Harding turned his back j
?n the league of nations. It was ,
ust prior to that speech that Elihu f
toot cabled from London urging Mr. t
larding not to say that the prese.nt ,
eague- "is dead." That ' cablegram. .
(v. un(il(U( u oil i ate. column 'J.) I
B.v the Associated Press.
STOCKHOLM. March 14.?The
A ftonbladet's Riga correspondent says
today that from eighteen to twenty
bolshevik divisions, with artillery and
an aviation corps, are advancing
against Poland in the districts of
Smolensk. Vitebsk, Orsha. Mohilev and
north of those places.
Near Polotsk, northwest of Vitebsk,
cavalry divisions with light artillery
arc advancing with the object of a
rapid attack in the direction of Yilna.
the correspondent adds.
A London dispatch of March 11. in
quoting Iliga advices as reporting th<
recovery from his illness of Adoil
JolTe. head of the Kussiati soviet peaci
delegation in Kigu. said the ItussoPolish
peace conference would he resumed.
with the possibility of peace
being signed by Kaster.
Report of Proposed Overtures
From France Disturbs
Irreconctlables in Senate.
The irreeor.cilables in the Senatf
hear authoritatively, so they say, thai
France, speaking for the other firstclass
[lowers in the league of nations
w ill shortly notify President Harding
that the United States will be welcomed
into the league of nations or
its own terms. This information
coupled with the additional information
that President Harding and Sec
retkry of State Hughes will give th<
French nrnnnsal es.ref.il ion
is causing- some unrest among thos?
senators who supposed the leagut
was dead and buried.
The opponents of the Versaillei
treaty and the league are alreadj
genuinely concerned over the pros
pect of the administration being im
pressed with the invitation that it
to be extended. Some of the senator:
believe, so they say. that Ambas
sador Jusserand has already broaehet
the subject of the league in the conversations
he has had with Secretary
Hughes in the last few days
but if he has brought up the subject
even in an informal way. the Stat<
Department has made no mention ol
the fact. It is presumed that Item
Viviani. the former French premier
who will shortly sail for the Uniter
States, will be the messenger to carrj
whatever France, as the nation witl
most at stake and as the spokesmai
for the allies, has to present to th<
American government.
It is regarded as interesting
whether significant or not. thai
within ten days after the new regim<
took hold here the question as u
whether the league of nations is deat
so far as the United States is con
cerned should be raised, and raiset
in such a way as to make the ir
reconcilable senators prick up theii
Less Talk of Jifn Aaeorlation.
There is not as much talk about i
n pvt* u conei afintt r\f nutinne oo
was?an association that would be i
substitute for the league of nations
Now that the responsibility for action
rests with the republicans thert
is noted a freer disposition to tak<
account of the obstacles in the way
of a new association of nations. Tht
league covenant is. of course, bound
up with the Versailles treaty. Many
persons who have talked glibly aboul
the United States being influentia
enough to kill the league have overlooked
this fact.
The men who must now handle tht
situation for the United States know
that the league cannot be killed
without tearing the treaty to pieces
and France, as the chief beneficiary
under the treaty, does not want tc
see it disturbed. Well informed men
express the belief that France, as tht
spokesman for the league, will remind
the United States that many ol
the provisions of the treaty?provisions
that vitally concern France?
are being administered by the league.
For instance. France will be able to
point out that the league is administering
the Saar basin and Danzig and
has supervision over disarmament in
Germany and what was Austria and
Obviously, nothing would please
Germany more than to have the
treaty, ot which it is complaining,
ripped to pieces in an effort to kill
the league of nations. This is precisely
what Germany lias hoped for
and worked for since she signed the
treaty under protest.
Problem of the Administration.
The really difficult problem of the
new administration is to do what it
would like to do about the treaty and
the league without helping Germany
to win the war?win it even at this
late day.
The republican members of the foreign
relations committee were confident
until recently that (1) the Versailles
treaty would never receive
further consideration from the Senate.
(2) that the Knox resolution of
June 9, 1919, for a separate peace
with Germany could be and would lie
adopted at an extra session of th
Congress to he held this spring and
(3) that the last had been heard of
me jioHMnimy or lne United States
becoming a member of the league of
na t ions.
The entire program of the republican
members of the foreign relations
committee has been upset by recent
developments. The committee as a
whole and the Senate as a whole
would not touch the Knox resolution
at the present time. The friends of
that resolution express the hope that
shortly after the opening of the special
session the situation in Kurope
nay clear Up so as to make it expedient
for the Congress to put the
resolution through.
F.arly Derision \ot Kxpertrd.
As the time for the extra session
approaches the impression that the
administration is not likely to reach
a decision with respect to the treatyleague
situation for many months
gains ground. The short and easy
way out of the dilemma is the way
that has been opened since the day
the Versailles treaty was laid before
the Senate?to ratify the treaty after
laving made proper safeguarding
-eservat ions.
Hut the powers that be within the
tarty now in power, having said so
often tlial the treaty is (lead, are not
lisposed to let the thought of giving
t further consideration enter their
It will he for the oxe.-uiive departoent
to work out and suggest to
he ft.reign relations committee, a
vay out of the dilemma. President
larding and his cabinet will in due
:ime propose a way out.
Secretary Hughes, it is well known,
tas already given the subject careful
;onsideration, and it may be that he
will have a solution to propose be'ore
the extra session of the Conjress
is very old. In the meantime
he administration has its ear to the
[round, eager to assess public sentlnent
with respect to a proposed sepirale
peace and with respect to a
iroposed new assocmf '.or. -tf r-atloac.
Hi ?
FM20TO 16.
Naval Estimates Announced
hv the First I nrri
m j iiiv I w w ? vi va
of Admiralty.
Amount Recommended Is ?82.479.000
Net. About Two Millions
Less Than Last Year.
By the Associated PrfM.
LONDON. March 14?The British
naval estimates for 1921-22 amount to
?91.186.869 gross anil ?82.479.000 net.
it was announced today by Lord I>ee
cf Fareham. first lord of admiralty.
In a statement explaining the csti-^
mates Lord Lee said they were based
on the government's policy of maintaining
a 'Vine-power standard."
"It is the duty of the admiralty to
' carry out that policy as economically
' as possible," Lord Lee s statement
' 'continued, "giving full weight to the
[special geographical. international
' and other considerations which have
'arisen since the war. Thin tney are
i ! doing?in no mechanical- spirit nor
; with insistence upon numerical equality?and
recognizing to the full the
(necessity of reducing expenditure to
- the lowest limits compatible with na,
i tional security. The admiralty have
I effected drastic economies anil have
I agreed to assume risks which, in or1
dinary circumstances they would re:
ga^d as difficult to reconcile with full
maintenance of tjie government's de?
clared policy."
r Lord Lee pointed out that the econo
mies included a reduction in the num
ber of capital ships in full commission
^ from twenty to sixteen, as compared
? with thirty-eight in 1914. "This is the
- smallest number that will enable the
1 essential seagoing technical training of
- officers and men to be carried out properly,"
the statement asserted.
Other Changes.
> Other changes announced by Lord
C Lee are the placing in reserve of one
: of the four destroyer flotillas of the.
j | Atlantic fleet, reduction of the North
i American and South African squad1
rons by one light cruiser each, corn1
plete temporary withdrawal of the
South American squadron and the reduetion
of the personnel of the fleet
during 1921 to 121,700 men, as com,
pared with 127.500 men in 1920.
j These changes, dictated almost en,
tirely by the need of economy, according
to Lord Lee, "make it incumj
bent on the admiralty to maintain a
reduced Navy in a state of the highI
est possibly efficiency." , in pursuance
of this policy' eight battleships, armed
with twelve-inch guns, now in reserve,
will be transferred to the dist
posal list. . j
, The number of capital ships on the *
effective list will thus be reduced to
1 thirty, including the Australia, which
belongs to the Australian commonwealth,
and those which belong to
the Dominion of Canada, of which
fcurteen will be in reserve. Of these
thirty ships the older types are bceoming
obsolescent and cannot It
reckoned as efficient fighting ships
for more than a few years, the statement
said, and the sum of fftaOO.oou
| therefore has been included In the
' estimates for replacement shipa
"It cannot be too strongly emphasized
that in making this long-delayed
beginning with the replacement
' of obsolete ships." Lord Lee declared.
t "Clio i-nvprnmpnt neither commits it
self to nor contemplates any building
programs In answer to those of
' any other power. Indeed, it trusts^
1 it may be possible, as a result of
frank and friendly discussion with
; the principal naval powers, to avoid
anything approaching competitive
building, cither now or in the future."
Redaction From l.nst Year,
i T.ONIHjN. March 13.?The navy cslitnatcs
will show a reduction of sorn
millions of pounds on the net estimate
for the last financial jear.
which was iiS4.372.300, according
I the forecast of the political cori
respondent of the latndon Timer
lie says there will be a reduction of
possibly ?10.000.000, and unde'rstands
that, following upon the findings of the
sulieomniittee of ihe committee of imperial
defense, the government has derided
in principle that the capital ship
must continue to be the main unit of an
effective fleet.
The correspondent refers to the estimates
as embodying a comparatively
moderate building program, and says
it would hardly be possible to spend
more than ?1,000.000 on each new battleship
laid down. He declares that
expert opinion tends strongly to the
view that delay in the construction of
the new "post-Jutland ships" would not
be justified, owing to the necessity of
ordering the material in advance and
utilizing the lessons of the war.
American Minister on Year's Leave
From Princeton Ends Term.
I Itv the Associated Press.
I ATHKXS, March 14.?Kdward Capps.
j American minister to tjrcece. retired
I from his post yesterday, turning over
! the legation to llarton Hall, the first
| secretary, who will act as charge
d'affaires until the arrival of Mr.
Capps' successor.
Universal regret over the retirement
of Mr. Capps is expressed in
Athens, as he has been extremely
popular and has shown an intimate
grasp of Greek affairs, knowing the
! country, language and customs thoroughly.
In Greek royalist circles his resignation
is interpreted as the first step
toward recognition of King Constantine
by the new United States administration.
Mr. Capps, who is professor
of Greek at Princeton University, has
been in this country on a year's leave
! of absence, and it is probable he will
1 return to America within a month.
i Ambassador and Wife to Attend
House Party in England.
I'AIUS. March If.?Hugh u. Wallace,
the American ambassador, and
Mrs. Wallace and their niece. Miss
Sally Beecher, will leave here tomorrow
to attend a house party which Is
to be given by Lord and Lady Derby
at Kowsley, in Lancashire, England.
The principal guests at the house
party will be King George and Queen
Mr. and Mrs. Wallace and their
Aiede will be absent from Paris fqc
tUrco days. ^
, - *m * V** .^4

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