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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 27, 1921, Image 61

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A FEATURE of unique beauty
which distinguishes Washington
and Potomac Park over all cities
and parks in this country is the ;
how of Japanese cherry blossoms. No j
other city or park has anything comparable
to or approaching the great !
masses, the clouds and billows of nale
pink flowers that surround the Tidal
Basin and border all the river front, I
.U- * * -- - = I
?mil tuc o.v^v Him tut; vikiiiv ?
trees of Mrs. Taft's origin.al purchase j
suddenly clothe their bare branches with
rosy foliage.
On April 4, ll>oo. exactly a month]
; after coming to the White House to live.
Mrs. Taft had the tlrst eighty trees
bought and planted between l'olo Field
and the river bank, and every season '
since thev have rewarded her by the j
most profuse blooming. Hearing of her ;
interest in his country's cherished bloom.
3>r. Jokich Takamine, a Japanese resident
of New York, offered Mrs. Taft
2.000 cherry* trees to plant in the pleasure .
ground, and the offer was accepted. The
trees arrived from Japan in January,
? ;:>< j^y-. y-BBj^^KBrfWa
1910, were condemned as infected and
destroyed by the plant inspectors of the I
Department of Agriculture. Dr. Takamine
cabled for more, and 3.020 trees c
arrived in 1311 and passed ail the tests t
and inspections. Both consignments *
were offered in the name of the city of t
Tokio in order that Washington, like t
the Japanese capital, might enjoy such i
. a riverside avenue as the Mukojima and
} such scenes as the holiday crowds enjoy I
in Uyeno Park on the first Sunday in '
* * *
"KTO other flower in all the world Is] ;
so beloved and worshiped as f
sakura-no-hana, the cherry blossom j *
of Japan. It is Xihon-ga-hana, "the i i
flower of Japan," and i( one says | ?
"flower." without specifying, cherry I J
blossom is always understood. It is | the
national flower, the symbol of j .
purity, the emblem of chivalry ami ! j
knightly honor, the crest of a cult j t
whose vernal celebrations have been g
; observed with unflagging zeal for at j
j least two thousand years. It is Ja- s
\ pan's own flower, more omnipresent t
! than the chrysanthemum and indige'
nous to the soil of the wild Yamato 1
( hillsides and to the heart of the c
"home provinces"' that surround Kara c.
i and Kioto. In the early centuries i
Yamato rulers brought branches of ^
1 sakura back from their hunting par- ^
f ties in the mountains and planted a
i them in the palace grounds. f
In the fifth century the emperor and *
his eourt used to go to the "Palace fc
of the Young Cherry Trees." near
? Nara. to view the blossoms and make
boating excursions on the cherrybordered
lake. The court had garden
parties in their honor and the custom
continues to the presenl day. and
all the empire is given over to holiday
pleasures while the sakuras are
on. Millions of poems have been
written to the cherry blossoms and
tied to the branches of blossoming
If r Aoc ?i nH In *Kio ? *
.. .1. ? >?> <j. r~ \Jt mraill iWIU I
electricity the cult continues. Hide-I
yoshi. the Taiko, man of blood and I
iron of those days, the "Napoleon of j
/Japan,'* held a cherry blossom and j
'poetay party of ten thousand guests,
at his golden palace on Momoyama
one spring, and again had as many
assembled to do honor to the trees
at Yoshino, In Vamato. the very home
of the sakera, the classic spot where
all the hills and ravines are masses
of pink and white bloom and there
are "the ten thousand trees at a
glance" as one arrives, and as many
more in other famous views.
All the 130 varieties have been
evolved from the little five-petaled !
flower of the Yama or wild cherry of
the mountains, even to blossoms as
large as a fTherokee rose and to great
rosettes of "many-fold." "hundredpetal"
and "thousand-petal" flowers.
By grafting, and with p?-;irh'and pear,
other qualities have been secured,
but there always remains the distinctive
heart-shaped petal with the indentation
on its edge as if nipped by a '
sparrow's beak. Artists and artisans,}
painters, decorators and designers
have employed the flowers and buds
of the cherry more than any other
% one motive, and in Japan one is never
without such representation in sight,
!n heraldry, ornament of every domestic
*r> * i * 1 --
ri?njr o|jnH?;-uii"' luuriai in japan
wed to wonder why otir American
parks and gardens wore not also
I converted into fairyland in spring
| by the planting" of Japanese cherry
!* trees, but when any such wondering
*ook the form of appeal to park
eumuriwioiK' ra and kindred autoi
crat.\ the returned tourist soon found
Why. There had been vain pleading
i with successive superintendents of ?
* public buildings and grounds here
fu Washington for twenty-four years j
before direct appeal was made to ;
Mrs. Taft. who, with instant com- |
prehension, literally pressed the but - |
ton and gave orders that 100 Japanese
cherry trees should he procured
and planted at once. All the J
nurserymen around New York could f
only produce eighty trees. but they
were planted 'within the week.
% * * *
A S lonsr ago as the winter of 1RS3It
was urged upon the superintendent
of public buildings and
" grounds that, since they had to plant
eateChing on the dreary stretches
? ? of reedatmed ground at the foot of
' Jftti ^trrrt they wight better plant
Mrs. taft Bo,
First Eighty
Gift of Three Thoi
of Tokio Through
R1 r>nm Wiflnn o fyE
? v V *** ? ? ? v AiiA* (A -A.
I __
such things of spring beauty ami
joy as cherry trees than poplars and
willows. ono such grim inyintMi
countered on me with:
"Vt s! And when the Cherries are
ripe, we would have to k?ep the
park full of police day and night.
The boys would climb the trees to
get the cherries and break all the
"Hut these cherry trees do not
hear cherries?only the blossoms."
"y'' ' ' ??.v ' *^&'- '**'" * ''d&dfefr
|^?^?1 ^gg
(Photo by j. I'rirk'i'O
"What! Xo cherries? What good
s that sort of a cherry tree?"
The wife of one s. I'.. B. O. discouraged
my making any plea for
he Japatuse cherry tree by saying:
'He gets a great deal of advice about
vhat he ought to do down there in
hat park. I guess he has his own
deas and does not need any help."
"But this is not advice?only heart'elt
prayers, accompanied by colored
It was to wait for a new adminstration
and a new ?. P. B. G., and
:o make the pleas anew and anew
ind have another and another <ntlneer
officer turn a cold shoulder
ind an icy glance at the scheme.
Sxpense was twice offered as a pre
.V| CU ill tuc miun wi 1JUO-U3
i list was made of 3 00 people, known
o have seen Japan in the cherry
ilossom season, and each one to be
isk^d to subscribe a cherry tree a
rear for Potomac Park, until the
iver bank should be lined with such
;rees of beauty, and Washington
ihoulrl have a Mukojirna, too. The |
tames of Secretary and Mrs. Taft
ind Admiral IXwey were tirst on
he list.
In the last week of March Mrs. j
raft told her friends that she would
Irive in Potomac Park every VVedneslay
and Saturday during the aftertoon
hand concerts, and that she
vould hope to meet them ther**. Many
A'ashinitton residents remember the
imazing response and the errand deile
of smart carriages and spring
rowns and the grand turnout of ev ry
thins? on wheels, in fact, on that
Irst Saturday afternoon, April 3. On |
Monday morning a not** was disrate
h< <1 to Mrs. Taft, making tin- i
inn -worn : !? a for Japanese cherry'
.r?*es in Potoimu* Park, and WVdnes- i
lay brought this response:
The While House. W.i-'liinjjton. I
Mr Pear - Thank y-u xer.v much !
or your * ingestion rl>*:iit the eh.-rr\ In-i-s. I!
Hive tak?*i? the nrtt'er up aim am pi u: ;-. ! the j
ree*. Imt thought i?Tliapf< it w | u- !* >* |
o m ike an avenue ?>f them extending down to j
he turn of the road, n* the other part (be
'ond the railroad bridge. ?d.) in still t?>o
ough to do any planting, of i-ourae, they
ould not reflect in tin- water, but ttie effect
vculd be rerv lovely on the long avenue. I^et
oe know what you think about rhi*.
8in.iv.dy youra, iiKLKN II TAFT.
?Aprfl 7. lfiOST
How different a spirit from Un.
lght and Planted tlie
Trees in 1909?The
isand From the City
?t n? T
;nt Varieties All
I j engineers, vainly appealed to for
I | more than a score of years!
"1 have planted elm trees along
j that river road." said the S. P. B. G.
<>f that day, when he heard of the
plans for the beginning of a cherry
tree avenue.
"Take them up!" And the stripling
elms made way for the spindling
little "prunus psrudo rerasus, with
profuse flowers and deeiduous'leaves,"
as the botany books call the loved
\ > '
/ ? . >
*. >!% v ;,V | xtyf&j
<w. * Ipy^i^jtaMMBK. fee T?j*^-i<v^
f'unii) v nv ncsntfc inni'vn tu i
vu><?? m ui<vr.7>7i^>iai9 v .1 *? inn
n, staff photographs!*.)
utsukushiki sakura, "charming cherry
tree" of Japan.
* # * *
I rpHE eighty proneer trees were In
; their places on the next Saturday
afternoon hy^a miracle of rapid action
following Mrs. Taft's quick decision,
executive ability and her talent
for getting things done. As if
grateful for this signal recognition,
after so many years of denial, those
tittle tree-lets made good and bloomed
their little best the next spring, and
each year since have delighted their
admirers with the greatest profusion
of double blossoms closely packed on
the bare branches. - I
! The day after Mrs. Taft's letter was
: received Dr. Takamine happened to be
1 in Washington, in company with Mr.
Midzuno, Japanese consul general in
: New York, and they were informed
| that "Washington was about to have
!a Mukojima, thanks to Mrs. Taft's in
tere.st and prompt undertaking."
"Will Mrs. Taft accept a thousand
cherry trees for her Mukojima?"
j asked Dr. Takamine. "Please find
[ out. In fact, I had better give her
two thousand trees. She will need
I th'-m to make any show."
"Oh! you cannot offer such a gift to
tho American gogo sama (title by
which the Kmpress of Japan is designated).
Some one might call it a
reclame, (live them in the name of
tli" city of Tokio," said Mr. Midzuno.
"Very well." said the unselfish one.
"And once these cherry trees are established
in the Washington park.
perhaps T can pet them planted in i
N' " Y?rk. i ha VP ..it.?a t.. ..iv
i hem to park commissioner after park <
commissioner, but they would never ^
accept." <
Very naturally. Mrs Taft did accept 1
' T?r. T ikainin'-'f? offer of two thousand i
trees to carry out her plan of an ave- <
I nue of blossoms by the river bank. <
and )i? r note was passed on to the i
'donor, who at once instruc- j
; i ions to To lei o.
on April Consul Genaritl Midzuno
wrote: 1
In reply to your kind note T lw?? to nay that
I hope you will understand that the convents- .
tion J>r. Takamine and I had with you at
Washington on this subject. is just a preliminary
step. We are very glad to leani that '
luc ckerI'jr trees to be presented by the rep- <
resentative of the capita! city of Japan to th
great friendly republic would be favorably rt
On my return from "Washington T took th
necessary steps to approach the mayor of Tc
kio, through fhe proper channel, and I hav
no doubt that the formal notification will com
from our embassy in due course of time. Th
cherry trees will not live if they are shippe
during the warm season, so 1 hope you an
your friends will understand that the tree
I cannot and will not arrive in Seattle unti
some time next winter, to Ik* planted in Wasli
iugton early next year.
jl ne Japan lviitu uumu; uu xtv-cj..
ber. 1909, said: ."The Tokio municb
pality has decided to present Mrs
Taft with two thousand younjj cherrj
trees grown in the grounds of th<
Agricultural College of the Tokio Imperial
University. Preparations ar<
now being made to forward them tc
Washington by the N. V. K. liner Awi
Maru. which leaves Yokohama on th<
15th (December, 1909) instant."
The Japan Mail gavg this news tc
its Tokio readers:
learning that Mrs. Taft, the wife of th
new President of the T'nited States, and othe
ladies in America who are in sympathy witl
Japan, have in contemplation a scheme to im
port Japanese cherry trees and to plant then
on a section of tl?e bank of the Potomac rive
in Washington city, where a public park i
now being laid out. the Tekio municipal au
thorities have decided to present a number o
: * "
kS I3*TC3^^
cherry trees to the American Indies n? a token
of the friendly feeling existing between Japan
and America. The Tokio municipal council at
itn meeting on the 18th agreed to f*liip -.01X1
cherry trees, each about ten feet high.
Tn .Tanitopv XTrc Toff ???
friend: "I am deiighted to think that
there in a chance of th? cherry trees
arriving soon. 1 am anxious to have
them set out as soon as possible, so
as to secure their successful growth
by next spring."
Kut, alas! When the two thousand
little trees had been delivered to the
American auth<*t-ities at the Seattle
docks and loaded into refrigerator
cars, to secure an even temperature
during thoir ride across the northwest.
and had been safely landed in
Washington, the experts of the Department
of Agriculture, decided that
they were infected and infested with
all sorts of scale insects and larvae
and ordered them destroyed. It was
a sad blow to Dr. Takamine, who at
once cabled to have three thousand
trees gathered and kept under observation
for shipment the next spring,
and also to delay the shipment of
two thousand cherry trees, which, being
offered to the park commissioners
of New York by Prince Kuni during
the ceremonies of the Hudson-Fulton
celebration, had been accepted, Dr.
Takamine paying the bills.
In 1911 the second whinmint of
cherry trees arrived arid passed all
the inspections and tests in Japan
and in this country. Dr. Takamine
offered the services of his Japanese
gardener for planting the twelve va1
lj^p^^^>' ' * ^' ' ?
rieties in the combinations and in the
[daces beet suited to them and in accordance
with age-long garden tralitions
in Japan, but such ?ii*i w?.?
leclined. Of those 3,030 trees of
welve varieties, 1,300 were devoted
o an original plan of having them
;ntiroly encircle the Tidal Basin, ip
irdor that these earliest Kloominir
varieties miklit reflect, their beauty
in still water.
\ few were planted in tlio White
House grounds and some were
sriven to Rock Crpok Park. Some
1,500 trees were set in rows in a
sort of nursery Harden on the land
now occupied by the first of the
Kavy Department buildines, at the
;orner of 17th and. ii streets. Tho
? *
Kvening Star of March 29. 1912. recorded:
"Mrs. Taft yesterday superintended
the planting of a collection
of rare Japanese cherry trees on the
speedway- which had been sent to her
by the mayor of Tokio. One. she
planted herself. The planting was
unofficial, and was attended only by
the Japanese ambassador and Visp
countess Chinda. Col. Spencer Cosby
.. and Miss Scidmore. The idea is to
have a grove on the speedway." These
e memorial trees were planted by Mrs.
>- Taft and Viscountess Chinda in the
e open space directly west of the John
e Paul Jones monument,
d * * * *
11 -THE park planters set the little
i'l trees around the basin as closely
i- as currant bushes, although some of
the varieties will attain the size of
. elms if given room for their roots
and a chance to spread their branches,
f A Japanese gardener would have
spareu lliai error. in 1*1.11 VII. 1714,
; Col. Harts, tho new superintendent of
> public buildings and grounds, was ap1
pealed to, and during that and the
following spring the cherry trees
> around the basin were thinned out
almost halt, and these, with the re?
serve 1,500 trees in the nursery
h garden, were set out in the new land
^ beyond the railroad bridge. They
r reach now entirely around both water
s fronts of the point, and include some
f of the latest blooming varieties, so
that even in May one may find cherry
blossoms on the trees across from the
city wharves. All those trees below
the railroad bridge are__planted in
close groups of fours, and cry aloud
to be spaced and each tree given a
chance to develop unhindered.
tint of the one hundred and thirty
well recognized varieties of the
"utsuku-shiki sakura" (beautiful
cherry tlower) of Japan, twelve varieties
best suited to this climate and
the moist soil of Potomac Park were
chosen, tiio second shipment or gift
differing slightly from the first one.
I including more of the single and
more hardy varieties. For this reason
there are 1.S00 of the SomeiYoshino.
the common yama sakura
(mountain, or wild cherry), the first
to bloom in the spring-, the tallest
and most long-lived tree. In the lait
week of March or the first week of
j April the Yoshlno's pale pink single
blossoms suddenly clothe the bare
branches and exhale their faint perfume
in the warm sunshine as they
ring the basin 'round with clouds of
rose color. A few days, and then. If
the winds blow, come the marvelous
"snowstorms that are not from the
skies." and the ground is white with
the millions of cherry petals. One
is not to sit and admire these charming
trees by sunlight alone. The true
flower-lover will never miss the
chance to see them by moonlight and
more enchanting still, by dawn. In
Japanese cities the cherry trees in the
public parks have an especial illumination
by electric lights strung for
.such effects. 111at those who must toil
by day may have the greater pleas- (
ure under "the night trees." and the
grand old ".Maruyama cherry tree."
the (Jion tree in Kioto, a veteran. [
drooping Voshino-zakura, HO years
old. has an illumination by flaming '
pine knots in iron cressets that is
most unique. This wonderful old '
tree, once the loveliest in all the Kioto !
neighborhood, has begun to fail. It
has lost many branches and much of :
iits great spread of canopying flowerclouds
and soon will have to be replaced
by a successor. Meanwhile,
the guardians of such things are concentrating
on worthy successors, and
the next ideal and popular tree undoubtedly
wjll be a drooping Yoshino
cherry, already enthroned on a raised
circular terrace in the zoological gardens.
Such trees when they once
show the disposition or the constitution
to he something remarkable are
watched and trained, trimmed and '
fed, pampered in a dozen ways to secure
their perfection and make them
worthy of popularity. Have any of
the trees in Potomac Park been singled
out in this way for future'belleship
among the .1.100 beauties, in .
good Japanese style?
After the first burst of Yoshino blossoms
in the first days of April there I
follow the 130 trees of Shira-Yuki
| Celebratior
EASTER, the most extensively ob- i
served of all Christian celebra- 1
tions; may be said to have had j
its true origin previous to any ,
authentic history of mankind. True 1
enough, it is kept in commemoration j
of the resurrection of Christ, and is ]
the most elaborately celebrated at \
Jerusalem, around which centers
much of the history of the life, teach- j
ings, death and resurrection of the
Savior. Year by year many nations i i
of the earth go up to this ancient I 1
city. All turn to the sacred shrines | J
as a common home, there to celebrate ]
the ceremonies of holy week. '
In the Church of the Holy Sepulcher 1
there is a spot Invariably pointed out J
by the guides as the center of the .
world. This the devout people who J
make their yearly pilgrimages be- .
lieve implicitly to be the exact spot, j
for Jerusalem is the center of the ]
religious world, and for Christians of ,
every description the Church of the ,
Holy Sepulcher is the center of in- j
terest. ,
The rites of holy week are presided
over by a patriarch, who is the recognized
master of ceremonies. He appears
in gorgeous robe with diamondset
cross and icon upon his breast .
and jeweled crown of gold upon his
head. The whole scene of the gospel
story is portrayed with ceremonies f
| during the week. One remarkable r
| ceremony is that of the. holy tire,
I which takes place on Saturday. It is 5
I claimed hy the patriarchs that fire r
comes down from heaven on that day f
to light their lamps, and if extin- .
guished they will be immediately re- 1
lighted. s
Services of the week close with >]
Master mass, in the Church of the
Holy Sepulcher, beginning at mid- s
night Master eve and extending well t
toward the dawn. At the sound of
bells announcing the close of the f
service the pilgrims go out into the
fresh morning air to watch the com- v
ing of Master day and dream of the p
beauties and mysteries of religion as r
it has come to them through crude p
teachings and ancient superstitions of 0
the eastern churches. j.
* * * * f
Mexico has her holy .week. too. t
celebrated with pomp and splendor, J
sad devotions and old customs that f
still linger in the land of Montazuma.
The people go from all points p
of the compass, far and near, on their | h
rtilirrimn trn tn Cnarl^l nnp thA I C
holiest shrine of all Mexico, where ?
they congregate in immense crowds. c
There the descendants of a nation n
sunk in paganism for centuries after c
the Crucifixion meet to celebrate the c
Divine Tragedy that was enacted in
Syria nineteen hundred years ago. h
The most solemn week of ail the s
weeks of tlie year is Passion week in tl
Mexico City. Images, icons and s;
crucifixes are to be found every- ti
where. The most remarkable of the nr
ceremonies is the blowing up of n
Judas. The betrayer is represented o
as a misshapen monster. Hundreds ft
of his images are sold on Good Friday.
They are filled with explosives ir
which blow the doomed figures to ri
atoms when let off on Saturday morn- a
ing and the homely arch-traitor goes tl
up in smoke. tl
The Moravian churches of this ir
country have their Passion week, with tr
somewhat peculiar rights. They set- ni
tied in Pennsylvania and North Caro- st
lina. At Bethlehem and other places ti
in Pennsylvania they are the pre- st
dominating religious sect. At Salem,
N. C., they established a very inter- sc
osting and unique colony in 1753. ai
There they have a strong church and pi
one of the finest colleges in the coun- a
try. Religious service is a daily oc- ir
currence in the church during Pas- ?j(
sion week. The sacrament is admin- ti
istered and many of the younger set a
are confirmed. fja Saturday, the is
(snow-white) and the 100 tree* <
Ariake (dawn), whose rosy whil
flowers have tiny brown leaves as a<
* * * *
T)Y mid-April there bloom the pn
cious twenty-three of Mikurumi
gayeshi ("looking backward froin tl
carriage"), whose solid balls of doub
pink flowers and deep pink buds hai
coquettish leaf tips posed above the
in contrast. There is a beautiful tr<
of .this variety in the park around tl
Kioto "palace. descendant of the vei
tree for which, to have another la
look at its beauty, an emperor turn?
and looked backward as he rode awa
Near one city on the west coast <
Japan there is a road across a m
plain .that makes a deliberate loop
that level, all in order that one goir
away from the city, might have ai
other look at the long row of Chen
trees crowning the castle walls aboi
mc utvs?ai~.
Also, in mid-April, bloom the eight
trees of Joko, a variety of pale pin
and very fragrant flowers, and tl
fifty trees of Fukorokujin ("god i
luck and longevity"), with crimsc
outer petals to the large pink flower
all compacted In solid balls of bio:
soms. Kach separate flower is a litt
rose by itself, with fifteen and twenl
ethereal petals, one on top of anothe
and a spread of two inches, in favoi
able conditions in Japan.. Close upc
it bloom the 160 Hito-ha variety <
russet brown leaf tips offsetting tl
pink buds that spread out into doub
white rosettes of blossoms of twen.1
and thirty petals each. Then, als
bloom the 350 Kwanzan trees, wil
deep pink flowers, unfolding froi
darker and deeper pink buds, to tl
largest flower of all the cherry flov
ers and the 140 Takl-ko ("little watei
fall") trees produce small white einf
gle flowers of exquisite fragrance.
In the third week of April comi
the Pearl, the treasure of all colle<
tions of sakura (sometimes called tl
Cyoi-ko), the really pale, lemon-ye
low cherry blossom, once the pette
rarity of the palace gardens only, bt
? * ~ fenm nlHllflll floHflt
iiu w icv ire uvu^ub w>u
It bears a double blossom of flftee
to twenty petals of fruity fragranc
and there are three varieties grow
In Japan?.the pale greenish yello
flowers, the green-striped and ft
pink-striped flowers. There wei
twenty TJkkon sakuras sent, bat the
planting was not mapped or marke
and they should be singled out :
this season's blooming and placarde
In the last week of April bloonr
the Fugen-zo (Fugen, the special p{
tron of meditation, who sits on ti
right of Shaka in the usual Buddhii
trinity), and the ISO Fugen-zo tret
in Potomac Park bear very large an
very doube pale pink and pure whi)
flowers, accompanied by a few tendc
brown leaves.
Varying with the seasons thes
thousands of gift-trees may be earlW
or later in their blooming than thef
approximate dates, but they wet
chosen and so apportioned that w
may enjoy n continuous show <
cherry blossoms for a month. If or
searches at all. he may find'persist
pnt and diliatory cherry niossorr
somewhere along the river drives eve
far in May. In Japanese hands, tb
sakuras are closely watched and fe
and pruned and trained to grow i
graceful lines. All these in Potoma
Park are grafted on good stroni
long-lived, wild cherry stocks, an
certain varieties are good for a hur
dred years. The drooping, the Ihrea
and willow-branched trees are tb
most graceful, and the "thousand
fold" and "hundred-leaf" blossoms tl:
most beautiful, but unfortunatel
these double and double-double flow
ers are borne by short-lived trees am
in .thirty years or so. the branch*
begin to decay and must be removei
and soon the whole tree has to go.
However, thanks to the energy an
interest of Mrs. Taft and the get
eroslty of Dr. Takamine, we have tb
trees at last, and they are just no'
in youthful perfection and will r?
main a feature of wonderful beaut
for one generation at least.
is of Easter
closing day, they have the love feas
and break bread together as one hap
py family. The juvenile pleasures ar
not overlooked. l>ate in the after
noon of Saturday the children are t
be seen busily engaged about th
hedges and fences constructing rab
bit nests in which they expect rab
Pits to lay eggs during the night, am
they are never disappointed; they al
ways find the nests bountifully sup
piled with various colored eggs 01
faster morning.
The church congregation is up be
tore the dawn of Easter day. They as
temble at the church and proceed ti
the burying ground to welcome th'
jead should they rise. They are lei
py a brass band and church choii
rhe concourse passes up the broai
graveled walk, which runs betweei
rnwa nf anciftnt rpdarn fr% tha rnnto
)f the cemetery which is odd, quain
md beautiful. There they pause am
dng hymns, in which all the peopl<
loin. The singing stops as the sun
ight comes over the rugged easteri
tills. All is silent and solemn whit
:hc clergyman reads out the name:
if those who have been placed to res
n the burying ground since the pre
. ious Easter.
Your Maple Sirup.
\tAPLE sirup suggests sweet am
L tender thoughts, and this is th
;eason when sirup is born?that is. th
naple sirup which comes from the map!
drup tree. But. while one thinks si
nuch of maple sirup, it would not b
air to overlook all the joys and bless
ngs brought upon the world by cam
:irup and real and true sugar molasses
rhe world is brighter and happier
wceici <iiiu autivifr iUl IflCBO gOO(
It is a source of regret that much o
he maple sirup which one eats is no
rhat it should be and not what it pur
>ort8 to be. This is not the fault o]
naple sirup. It is the avarice and du
ilicity of men which raises a false flaj
iver maple sirup and puts a maple siruj
abel on "maple sirup" that never flowec
rom a maple tree.
Maple sirup and its patrons have beer
he victims of numerous impostures
lany sweet things have been substituted
or maple sirup and many adulterant!
ave been added to maple sirup to swel!
ts bulk, impair its flavor and cheaper
:s price. The market and the purchasei
ave known maple sirup whose only
laim to the name was that it was some
ther kind of sirup flavored with a deoction
obtained by boiling the twigs ol
laple trees. The sweetness came from
ane or corn sirup and- the maple flavor
ame from maple wood.
While the population of the nation
as been growing the supply of maple
irup has been decreasing because of
ae destruction of the trees, whose sweet
ip is Douea aown to sirup, The maple
ee has considerable value for the
taking of boot nad shoe "lasts," and
lanv of the northern and eastern maple
cchards have been converted Into timber
sr that purpose.
With the increasing demand, the ditinishing
supply and the increasing
gor and comprehensiveness of laws
gainst misbranding and adulteration,
le price of maple sirup has gone ud to
le point where there is a good profit
i its production, and farmers in the
laple sugar sections of the country are
?w caring for their old trees and are
tting out new orchards. The lndieaons
are that maple sirup and maple
igar may not be lost to posterity.
The flow of sap is variable. Some
asons are good sap seasons and others
re not. Individual trees may be good
oducers or poor producers. There is
good deal that has not been determined
> the business of sap production. In a
x>d sap season a tree of good producvity
will fill a two-gallow bucket twice
day during the period in which the sap
rising. _ i
The President
:: New Styles fo:
!! Revival of the Frocl
e The French Theater
and the Snapping "(
y. ,
in PARIS. March 22. 1921.
ig |?V RKSIDKNT Millcrand has clori1?^
fled the frock coat, or Prince
.J J. Albert. President Millerand
has struck another blow at
ty evening clothes in the daytime. He
k has broken through the protocol to
do It, that mysterious code which
' regulates the dress and social cerc9>
mony of Frenchmen in public office,
a- This month he had to receive ofle
flcially, in the Palace of the Klvsce,
y which the republic Rives its presirJ
dents for residence, the prime rninis,n
ter of one of the new countries of
of central Kurope. The protocol said
,e that he should wear tas all other
e presidents have dutifully worn on
:y such occasions) full dress evening
o, clothes, or, as some say. his evening
h dress suit, at 10 o'clock in the mortim
itiR. Across his expanse of shirt
ie bosom should be worn, from northj.
east to southwest, the broad tricolor
r_ sash and great star of the legion of
r_ Honor, of which he is official head.
" President Millerand chose, instead,
to wear the correct day dress of a
ss French gentleman in a strict social
function?the long. full-skirted hl;ick
[e coat, which the French call "redingote,"
the English a frock coat, or,
as seme say, the Prince Albert, as
it worn by William Jennings Bryan. Of
s. course, the insignia of the Uegion of
in Honor shone properly on his breast,
e, to indicate one of his chief prer?gan
tives. So old-time kings received,
w aglitter with the national decorations
ie ?as the fo,unt of honor,
-e * *
The protocol had a bad quarter of
an hour, and its full dress suit in
d. daytime had another setback in
is France. A first blow was given to
it years ago by ex-President DesChanel.
He was then & youngish
,s man, but already president (or speakd
or) of the chamber of deputies, and
:e he was getting married to the daugh:r
ter of another member of parliament.
Until then, from top to low in the
ie social scale of France, a man was
;r married, usually about noon, in full
ie evening dress suit. Now, young
e Deschanel was not only a correct
e man, like President Millerand, but
>f was also an elegant man of the
ie world. Whatever change he might
, make in the usual get-up was sure
. to be noticed So, the reporters gasp"
ed and stared, literally, because Paul
" Ueachanel went to the altar in a
'? long-skirted frock coat of gray!
,(J His example, it must be admitted,
n has not been followed in the middle
ic classes or the masses, whose men?
?. bridegrooms and best men?still go
d to the altar in their full dress evening
I- suits. Owned, rented or borrowed,
d the male guests at the wedding reguie
larly struggle into the same, just as
. punctiliously as the bride wears a
white veil and orange flowers and all
the women come out In gaudy colora
y The wedding breakfast is regularly
r" jobbed at a restaurant, and they ride
i. to it in cabs or barouches. All over
'S Paris, at noon of any day, you can see
d, these full dress evening clothes processions.
d So. it is still only the true fashionables,
like Bon I de Castellane the
le younger, who has just been married,
? who go through the marriage cere,
mony in the man of the world's day~
time garb, as in New York and Lony
ddn. I distinguish between the correct
dress and the elegant dress of
- Frenchmen who hare to appear in
public. A man is correctly dressed
_ when he wears the necessary conventional
clothes of the occasion. His
elegance depends on his money; his
tailor, his personal taste and his willingness
to pick up ideas from the
dress of men in New York, London
and the fashionable cosmopolitan sets
_ of Paris.
The distinction helps any number
t of otherwise distinguished French -
men to appear in the great world on
e small incomes. A judge or university
- professor can figure honorably in
0 every social function befltting his
e character with only two suits of
- clothes to his name?and. rigorously,
- with but one single pair of black
1 trousers for the two.
^mat 9nd
- i a top hat. which serve equally well for
n jhis dignified everyday dress, and (when
dignified everyday dress, and (when
- well brushed) for almost every day
time function and many of the night.
0 Then, for really great occasion*?
e both of night and day?he must have
3 a full dress swallow-tail coat and the
. waistcoat that goes with It. A white
1 shirt, naturally. He wears only white
a shirts; so. if he owns three?one off,
r one on, one in the drawer?he 1b abt
solutely and always secure from soj
cial surprise. The full dress of the
e French Academy buttons high, and
. and it has been said of some of the
, forty immortals, who had more llteraE.
ture and fame than money, that they
3 did not always wear the white shirt
t behind it?or. in any case, not the
_ white shirt from the drawer. But
their dress was visibly correct.
* * *
It takes nerve to break -such stand
ards of correctness,
j The last time Premier Lloyd George
? arrived in Paris Prime Minister
e Briand and his official saite went to
c meet him at the railroad station for
9 the early morning train. A young
representative of the French foreign
office, who had to be in attendance.
- arrived a bit late and caught sight of
e his chief (M. Briand is also minister
of foreign affairs) wearing the corj
rect high silk hat. The young diplomat
had only & "melon" or derby
hat on his head, and he felt humiliated
and even frightened at his negligence
by comparison. He looked at
his watch. Five minutes remained;
would he dare to rush out and buy a
high hat? Would the train be mercifully
late? He lost two minutes,
worrying, in the background. Then
he braced up. as the train steamed in
?and he saw the Belgian minister,
also with a "melon" on his head, advancing
to meet the British premier,
with Briand and the others in their
top hats!
Lloyd George, as became a man
fresh from the channel boat (and
also a law to himself?he has been
seen at Claridge'a in a black satin
dinner jacket!), was Wearing his '
usual gray felt hat. about as dis
reputable as any hat can be, but
i Lord Curzon. who accompanied him,
had on his head the correct stove
pipe. He had brought it in a hati
Briand. as all know, is not a
dresser like Deschanel was, nor does
he always keep plainly correct, like
. Millerand. whose habits are those of
' a Paris lawyer in lucrative practice.
Briand is also "a long-haired lawyer"
(as Lloyd George called him
at their first meetings), lmt he has
more of the Bohemian ah- of politics
than Millerand, who is a father of
four children, or than Deechanel, who
is father of three, and both of whom
have been much In society. Yet, Just
I as correctness in France does not
| mean lavish expenditure, and society
j in the high sense does not mean sen- j
sational display, so Prime Minister
Briand, somehow, always manages to
1 rise to the occasion and show him- i
j self correct. When he arrived in Lon!
don, at the beginning of the week, s
he wore, from the channel passage, a
a black felt hat that could rival e
Lloyd George's gray one. Its top
crease was "fixed" by a cunningly
concealed pin. But for his proper a
first appearance in London. Minister c
Briand came out in his high silk o
hat. Indeed, he is one of the few
men in Paris who at this moment 2
sport a "claque." a
It takes a man well en toward
fifty, in Paris, to remember what a g
claque, "clack," or opera hat. Is?or,
yestendajt waa, iTou rods jut > an
of France Sets
r Men in Paris
k Coat?Fashions for
?The "Melon" Hat
11 11 11
jlaque or Upera(like
an aceordi.tn), as flat a? a
pancake, to carry it eh eantly und^r
the arm. and it opened, for use, with
a spring?clack' like a triek contrivance.
It lirst frightened, then
delighted, children.
An effort is now Wing: made fin
the interest of Parisian industry) to
bring: the claque hack into fashion,
with the prime minister condescendingly
pointing the way.
* * # *
And. really, at the great opera
pageant which t..?.k place on the
nichr I.', l.niin i ti... c>~^t ?4Qil
j of the op. I ;t !!?* ? t 1>C WHT, thlS Oldtitne
headpiece would have been useful
to civilian m? n. Y? t it was as
conspicuous by its absence as was
the mask, or Mack velvet "loup.**
which, in spite of sensational n? wspaper
correspond* nee, is permissible
in 1'aris onl \ at a regular masked
balL A masked ball is a masked
bail, and, as there always have been
and surely v ill be masked balls of
the opera, to avoid a natural misunderstanding,
form.il notice was pubHsiieU
lilac no masns uc any
w ere to oe w ol'Xi.
1L was a national event, with receipt*
amounting to Halt a million
iranc* lor a war cnarity, and wuu
a succession ol military and civic
parades sucn as 1 .iris itself, perhaps,
nad never seen- and all to gioruy
the trials ana triumpns ot b ranee, it
should be looked u ior what it was,
a resplendent, human, decorative display,
like the old Human triumphs.
President Millerand, in the presidential
box, represented France correctly,
as he aiways does; this time,
as was necessary, in the broad tri
color sasn ana shining star or me
Legion of Honor, blazing on the white
shirt front expanse of nis full evening
dress suit. The ambassadors and
lolly of all lands France first, radiated
their countries' glory from ihe
boxes, in a blaze of decorations, many
colored, jeweled insignia and medals,
barred across their breasts, and iu
the shining jewels and shoulders of
their wives and daughters.
Well, in the interludes, it was remarked
(all talk about the "clack.''
although they have not Bought one)
that it would have been a real relief
to the civilian nu n to do the thing
they always did. in old limes, at the
opera?to rise, clack their opera hais
wide open, clap them on their heads,
and turn round to survey the house
from top to bottom.
In the old times ithirty years ago)
the first sixteen rows of the orchestra
chairs at the opera, and the entire
orchestra at the then elegant Varieties,
were reserved to men: and as
they were, by strict rule of the house,
in swallow-tails, white ties and all.
It was impressive. the same moment
when the curtain fell, to see the phalanx
rise, turn and let loose the barrage
of their clacking opera hats.
Strangers thought it funny, but they
soon learned to appreciate that it
gave a Paris man of society a chance
to take off his hat in salutation to
some lady who deigned to how recognition
from box or balcony. It Is a
world of the past, n little world It
seems now. when all Paris society
and quantities who were not In society
knew one another's names and
faces, although such knowledge might
not have Invariably heen mutual. One
young fellow, I remember, made a
good figure, and advanced himself
steadily by sedulously "saluting the
empty seats."
Nowadays no one would notice. The
lady from Chicago, biasing with magnificent
Jewels, looks across the house
at what she thinks must be some FXiro
pean princess or marquise, but is, in
fact, a lady from Buenos Aires with yet
trlore jewels: and another of them looks
at the men below?there are too many
other women down there to look at.
* * * *
The men no longer have the strict
prerogative of sixteen rows. They brush
their silk high hats with melancholy
(and their left sleeve), when they fetch
it up. all mussed and dusty, from beneath
the seat?or knocked and dented
by the passing fair when recklessly
ung1 on one 01 uiose nine huurs uu mo
backs of scats of the preceding row
For hare Is another morality. During
many years past women have been admitted
to the orchestra chairs of French
theaters, thus depriving boulevardiers.
bald heads, critics and other celebrates
of a social field that once was their
own. Women's dress has not suffered
much by this, but men's wear has. Already,
in the summer season, when nobody
who is anybody is supposed to be
In town, traveling Knglishmen were permitted
to come to these t>est seats (for
men) in loud tourist tweeds. I-ittle by
little, in ordinary theaters, and even in
the great national Theatre Francais,
men?French and foreign?have been
coming the year round, not in evening
Soma attain a lax correctness with a
"dark suit" The more careful compromise
on what the French call a "smoking,"
the English a "dinner Jacket" and
Americans a tuxedOj With the reign
of the cinema following on that of the
music hall, where costume always was
lawless, high - class French theaters have
been losing their old select look?which,
no doubt, gained very largely from the
evening dress and high hats of the men.
It Is not the same in social events.
Many an American who deemed himself
practiced has found, to his dismay,
that at a dinner of men only,
fcis was the only tuxedo and black
tie, while all around the table the
others were Immaculate in swallowtails
and white ties.
The importance of one or more of
the guests, the ceremonial occasion,
or?it must be admitted?the guesses
of the guests coinciding by mere
chance has determined it so. It is
a common thing (in the American
colony), to And men telephoning to
each other like so many girls?"What
are you going to wear?"
Tha tendency of French men. in
theaters, at least, has been toward
freedom from the swallowtail, and
even from the "smoking." Yet during
the present season there has been a
revival of the greatest formalism in
the smarter first nights of the boulevard
houses. The tuxedo, as if one
had just looked in. after a good dinner
among men. has been little seen.
The swallowtail, in its most aggrevated
latest cut, with tight-fitting
round shoulders, the tightest possible"1
sleeves, the white vest points showing
away below, and even fancy fac
*- lnnnlc on A f |y & fllL-allnw
IJlgfi IU IIIC l"|" I".
tails prolonging the sharp outlines,
has made French men distinguished
Even the trousers are tight at the
knees, like a construction of precision.
The velvet collar on a dress
:oat, which l^ondon has tried to introiuce,
is repudiated by Paris as not
listingulshed in itself and an inheritance
from the kaiser's imperial and
royal receptions, before the war!
The Scrap.
A' CONGRESSMAN interrupted tho
reading of a report to say:
"Official language is always rather
udicroua Once two scrubwomen in
;overnment employ had an argument,
l3 a result of which the weaker veslel
was laid up for some daya
"An official inquiry was duly held,
nd the victorious scrubwoman revived
a letter, which said, among
>ther things:
" 'Is it true, as reported, that said
Ira. Hagan received certain ocular
Ad nasal contusions at your hands?"
"The sarubwoman in official language
wrote back:
~ 1 regret to say that the answer
tp*lv? imnmn r-*

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