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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 08, 1921, Image 59

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One Suggestion Is to T
Higkway Buildir
send Act
Requesting an Adequate H
by tbe Southern Cc
1. That, in view of the deplor,
the United States as compared with
constituting a condition of natior
competing for the markets of the
transportation: we respectfully met
whole of the war loans to the alii
1 be used as follows:
l (a) For the construction and
i expense of a system of national
for the national security, unity, i
to that of the national routes o
(b) For assisting the several
of state highway systems of pre
2. That we favor action by Cc
without charge, all remaining sur
! useful in any way to the state an
the construction and maintenance (
Nat ion-wide demands for a series of
transcontinental road systems to link
the states closer together and at the
same time provide a ready and quick
means of mobilizing forces for the 1
nationa defense and for commercial :
expansion are to be made unon Con- I
gress. Chambers of commerce and
other organizatoons the country over
are preparing to send to Congress the
memorial recently adopted by the
Southern Commercial Congress in its
annual convention, end printed here.
The nation learned in the fighting
overseas of the importance of good
roads, for the Kuropean powers in
this respect are away ahead of the
United States. The suggestion which
is expected to be carried from the
nation-wide memorials, is that Congress
set aside the whole of the war
loans to the allies as a national highway
Will Elite efforts.
Highway organizations also will
concentrate their efforts on the bill
recently introduced in Congress by
Senator Townsend, to be Known as
the federal highway act. This act
provides for the formation of a post
roads and federal highway commission.
This commission would be rer?"
red to -stablish an interstate system
of highways, composed of pri..
.j ..t>......i.. roans which would.
by the i..os! practicable routes, and
with due consideration for the agricultural,
commercial, postal and military
needs of the nation, afford ingress
into and egress from each state
and the District of Columbia. Such
a system, according to the measure,
as introduced, would include high
n a j n i u aiiu 11 uiii lain n aivi
ports and highways connecting at
the border with the main highways in
countries adjoining the United States.
All the road activities of the Department
of Agriculture and the
Council of National Defense would
be turned into this commission, which
would consist of five members. The
measure calls for an appropriation i
of $100,000,000 each for the fiscal ,
years ending June SO, 1922 and 1923.
Where Idea Originated.
The plan to have the allied loans
turned into a gigantic road building
fund originated with Dr. S. M. Johneon.
managing director of the l.ee
Highway Association, and an author- j
ity on transcontinental and other i
? *
T ;1
* >
The <
World's Cham;
guarantee of all
sporting world a
nificance of our
"Daytona" 6-6<
When this car w
record by travel
per hour it pro'
car, but a tup
1 f _
urn Allied Loans Into
lg Fund?TownFavored.
ligHway Program, Adopted
mmercial Congress
able condition of the highways of
the highways of the allied nations,
lal insecurity and a handicap in
world, due to excessive cost of
VI vuiif^iroo IU OCl ciOlUt* LUC j |
es as a national highway fund, to I
! maintenance entirely at federal
highways to perform a service
levelopment and welfare similar
I states to hasten the completion
per mileage.
ingress transferring' to the states,
plus war property which may be
d county highway departments in
jf highways.
highway systems. He has mode a
thorough study of the subject, and
is an enthusiastic worker for the development
of better road systems.
"I.<et one of the first acts of Congress,
when it reconvenes." said Dr.
Johnson, in discussing the road improvement
plans, "be to set aside the
whole of the ten billion dollars loaned
to the allies as a federal highway
fund. Give the nations all the time
they need in which to pay the principal.
upon conditions that they keep
up the interest payments. Take this
money and use it. half to aid the
states to finish the state systems
when of proper mileage. The fitness
of things requires it. England.
France and others could hardly ask
us to cancel the debt, seeing they
have good roads and this seems the
only means we have to equalize conditions
in this respect.
"The highways at home?when? We
want good roads now. We want to
travel them while we are here. We
will soon be beyond mud and dust.
We understand the attractions beyond
the gates where there's pavement
everywhere. But we have lived
and moved and had our being so
long right here in the United States,
that, however strong the attraction
on the other side, we don't want to
go hence and be no more until we
have some use of roads built firmly
right here on good old United States.
So we face toward Europe and say:|
'Friends, that's all right about the
slate and the sponge, but forget it;
we are so far behind you in highway
matters that we simply must be
careful In money matters. Just send
along the interest and don't worry
about the principal.'
( ood Road* Vital IVeed.
"Then we face our Capitol and we.
say to our statesmen: 'The overturn
was not for political reasons,
but for business reasons. Now that
we have finished the job overseas,
the next big job is for us to get the
l.'nited States out of the mud.
Tighten the belt and go to it the
way you went at It to win the war.
Attend now to America's main interest.
There's engineering skill
enough; there's money enough;
there's machinery enough, or factories
to produce it; there's rock
enough and men enough. Give America
an adequate highway program
and we will celebrate Armistice day >
Plpl I
lafe Most Beauty
Qualities (
pionship form is the best
I 'round efficiency that the
.ffords. That is the real siggreat
victory with the Paige
i model on January 21st.
an i i
on the world'sstocK cnassis
ing at the rate of 102.8 miles
zed itself, not merely a fast
erlatively fine engineering
Manufmetartrt if faigt M?
> Fourteenth St. N.W.
(Corner 8
Snvlff Malimi, 1
Hot v? eon 14th an
Meinhrr of WftNhlnitton Ac
ten years hence with good roads
everywhere.' "
"The highways of the United States
present a sorry spectacle, humiliating
to national pride, when compared
with the highways of the allies," he
continued. "Consider our roads. We
have 2.500.000 miles of them, of i
which 250.000 compare favorably
with those of our allies?that is. we
G*o nnp mllp nut of town on n irood
road and the next nine miles on an
execrable wagon trail.
"We have seen that England and
France occupy a strong position in
the highway means of national security
and defense. Our position in
this respect is as weak as theirs is
strong. Since the armistice the war
plans division of the War College has
made a study of our highways from
this viewpoint and has prepared a
map showing the system of highways
needed for the purpose. Those roads
exist on paper only.
Highway Conditions.
"Highway conditions in this country
are killing rural America. There
came a day when the United States
grimly set itself to put an end to the
ugly business overseas: it was when
word came from over the ocean that
France was 'bled white.' Rural
United States is "bled white.' What
did it? The neglected road. It was
that which killed the country school,
the country church, the country home.
The census tells the tale of the exodus
of the people, moving from the
unpaved to the paved portion of the
United States as fast as they can
command the means. Pavement in the
one place, mud in road in the other,
go far to explain the hegira.
"Against the bright background of
more fortunate Europe 1 have tried to
sketch the highway status of our
homeland, stressing the results of
good roads over there and bad roads
over here. It remains to discuss the
how and when for us.
"How are we to reach the goal
u.' h i c It niie mnpn nroirrooci l'O f p I o n H g
" II H. II U u i IllWiV pi 1 T V 1 I IV ll\??have
"To get good roads it is necessary to
adopt a sound road policy to secure
equipment and to connect with the
"A sound road policy requires that
roads be classified according to their
function, and that responsibility for
the construction and maintenance of
highways should rest upon those
whose interests are primarily Involved
in the highway". ?
"This is the policy adopted abroad.
Experience should have a value. That
which has secured roads overseas
should secure them here.
County and State Roads.
"First. There is the county road. Its
primary function is to serve county
needs. While its function is vital?
linking farm and market?its use is
mainly local. The county, therefore,
should assume responsibility for it. It
should be built and cared for by.
county funds. Exception should be
made of certain roads in the counties
whose function places them in another
class?that of state or federal
"Second. There is the state highway.
the aggregate of which constitutes
the state highway system.
These are the roads which, while
serving local needs in the counties,
have for their primary function highway
service to the state as a whole.
The system is usually planned to connect
the county seats and all these
and the various sections of the state
with the state capitar The state,
therefore, should assume responsibility
for these roads. They should
be built and cared for through state
taxation. Exception should be made
of certain roads in the states whose
function places them in a third class,
that of national roads.
"Third. There is the national highway.
the aggregate of which will constitute
the system of national highways.
These arc the roads which,
while serving county needs, state
needs and interstate needs, have for
their primary function highway service
to the country as a whole. With
nine million registrations here already.
and half the adults of America
making constant use of motor
vehicles mostly for business, and since
it is cheaper?if there are as many
as four in the party?to travel in the
-^/OZ.8 Mil*cp*r Hour ^
\f n V* n tv
ji <x vjiiau
You ctn establish this fact
riding in any Paige 6-66. 1
snail's pace or with the thr
you will sense the finely bal;
tion and immense reserve
basic and fundamental.
We invite you to test the 6it
with any other car?at an
American market. If you <
exclusive power plant you
Paige story as no words can
AR CO., DETROIT, Michigan
Mr Cart amd Motor Truth
st Motor Co.
Phone North
ivanu St.)
731 Johnson Ave,
.1 U a.J w
itoraotlve Tradr Aianriutlon
*S an
Townsend Bill Provides Out
lay of $200,000,000 for
Concentration of federal funds upo
highways of interstate importance. cr<
alien of a federal highway commissio
to supersede the present bureau piai
otherwise unify the governmental higl
way agencies ana drastic provisions it
adequate maintenance are chief poini
in the highway bill introduced by Sen;
tor Charles E. Townsend, chairma t <
the Senate committee on post offices an
post roads. The measure will be callt
up lot hearings in the near future
The bill provides for an appropriati
of $110(1.Of" (100. with $100.u00,000 for tl
ye i - ftotii July, 1921. to July, 1922. an
th; sane amount for the succeel'r
twelve- month period, to be expended <
nr. n highways in co-opeiation with <1
state highway departments, the s*at?
the: isi Ives supplying a i.ke amount At
di'itnai sums of $5,000,000 and $10
000.000. respectively. ore provided ft
same periods for the construction an
maintenance of roads wholly or parti
open than by rail, since one ma
thus travel with safely and comfot
and as swiftly and with more enjoy
ment and benefit to health, there ca
be no quest rerirfhat if such highway
were now in existence the servic
demanded of them would be nationt
in scope.
"Roads cannot be built withou
equipment. Fortunately, the peopl
of the United States are now in TWs
session of a vast amount of propert
purchased with the proceeds of lib
erty bonds, and held in storage i
Army and Navy depots, no longe
needed for war purposes, doing n
one any good, not readily salable a
full value, much of it useful for th
Improvement of highways. Congres
should at once direct the transfe
without charge, to the federal an
state road authorities of all surplu
war property useful for this purposi
and the officials handling the transfe
should be instructed by the War Dc
partment heads to facilitate and ex
pedite the transfer so ithat all avail
able materials, equipment and sur
plies useful in any way, whether i
office work, engineering in the fiel(
or actual construction, may reach do
tination in time for this year's build
ing season.
.Next Step to (let Ctvsh.
"This done, the next step will be t
connect with the cash. How is th
federal government going to rais
billions to build the national systet
when tax burdens, due to the wa
have reached the sky? The war i
responsible for years of delay on ou
construction program. The war i
responsible for a federal budget tha
postpones large appropriations fo
roads. Whet then? Out of the wa
let there emerge the means to suppl
at home what is enjoyed abroad?
system of real roads for the. Unite
"It is proposed that we cancel ou
loans to the allies. Also feelers ar
being thrown out looking to tradin
our securities for real estate?-som
islands here and there. We do nc
need them. We are land poor nov
We are not farming what we hav<
Every hungry man. woman and chil
In the world could be well fed r;
what we now have which ia growih
only weeds. Instead of buying raoi
of the earth's surface, suppose w
open ways and means of using to a<
vantage what we already have."
for yourself by
*hen, at a mere
rtttl# Kalf nn#n
a need construcpower
that are
66 and compare
y price?on the
once know that
will know the
tell it.
J s3M
wirhin ie'tst reservation!* The measure
al.? > pro\:ded that such work shall he
un'jeiti.ket at the direction of the federal
commission, whirh is also emp >wero.I
<o-operate with the Indian se wice
in similar work with'n Indian re ; rva.
States Mast Contribute.
States are required to meet federal
" funds as state units instead of being allowed
to pass their apportionment on to
the counties, thus draining the latter of
their resources as in the past. Ooinci
aeiuany county runds are released tor,
use in the construction of farm-tomarket
roads of lesser importance,
while the nation and states are permitted
to use their funds for the main
market highways.
A new formula is introduced in the
n case of those states having more than
5 per cent of their total area in unappropriated
public lands, these states
in no longer being required to meet fedn
eral funds on a fifty-fifty basis, al'
though the ratio and amount of federal
funds appropriated to such states
>r remains unchanged.
,g In drawing his measure Senator
Townsend had before him President
l* Harding's message to Congress, and.
5f accordingly, the bill contains all of!
1(j the recommendations of the chief
executive. Because of this fact)
and because of Senator Townsend'sj
position, the hill is therefore con-|
sidered as an administration measure. |
ie I'pkerp of Bonds.
"1 This statement is particularly true
of the sections relating to mainte-j
p nance, where drastic provisions have I
le been written in. requiring the states!
's to insure government expenditures
1- against loss through inadequate up-1
>r In states where primary roads of i
d interstate importance have been com-j
y pleted the commission is directed toi
_ apply the state's apportionment of na
tional funds to co-ordinating or correlating
highways. I
y In the definition of interstate roads
the commission is directed to give
first consideration to those highways
n meeting the agricultural, commercial.
8 postal and military needs of the nation.
11 The principles written into the
measure, have already been indorsed
11 in part or in full by practically every
~ large national organization whidh
for years has been interested in
* highway development in this counn
O All I I T All T* A I A I III Arri/
?, Will Try at Uniontown June 18
.. to Become Permanent
[I Owner.
n UNIONTOWN*. Pa.. May 5.?Tommy
1 Milton, groat American racing drivP
or. will attetftpt to gain permanent
[. possession of the Universal trophy
oup at the Universal trophy race
|r Carburetors
? 37 Miles to the Gallon
r Easy starting in zero weather
More power, eliminates carbon
nnd keep* ping* clean.
ir FORDS. *10; DODGE. *11.50.
e rMYER8ALfl. *12 and Cp.
133d ST. & WILLIS naVec
noif rna iTivron
\ jwiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiil
- I
I? M
Pa., a Lincc
carrying thr
in the amaz
. I
of 225 miles, at the I'niontown Speedway
Saturday afternoon. June IS.:
Milton is the only driver who has
two legs on the cup. which becomes '
the permanent possession of the driv- ;
er who wins it on three different
races. The cup, a $3,000 trophy, was
presented by the Universal Film Cornpony,
when the speedway was opened.
Competition for the cup has alITS
Makes starting <
Takes the knock
Increases mileag
Makes your car 1
Gives clean com
Gives pep and p
lilfp npw
Eliminates troub
Makes an old ca
Your first trial wi
The Popularity oi
Obtainable at the
Sole Distributors
Phones: West 166 and Roi
Dealers Not Now Hani
: nc
j I _ T _
Jin ine L^ir
UTES LESS than the fa
2 Railroad travels from E
)ln standard touring car
ee other persons, covert
ing time of 4 hours and
The high rate of spei
was 76 miles per hour
time the car was held
per hour for 20 miles.
Only tourists who ha
" thdLincoln Highway
* J? van'a from Pittsburgl
fcSSgp' bersburg can fully a
what this performs
They know that it it
up or down the mow
but few stretches of st
forjany considerable d
They know that no o
will mount the abrup
ascents without chan
Barlram Mot
1204 New Han
ways been keen and this year, with
a possibility of it becoming1 the permanent
possession of one driver?
Milton, should he win?the other entries
in the contest will push this
speed daredevil to the limit of bis
skill and endurance of his car Another
big feature of the trophy race
this year will be the fact that it is a
championship point event. Milton
*htning Motor
: out of your moto
e 2S% 35^.
lit on p11 cylinders,
bustion without cai
ower that will mak
le from spark plug
r "young again."
ill make you aconvert to Li]
r Lightning Motor Fuel Is i
Most Reputable Filling Station
islyn 210
Jling Lightning Motor Euel Should
i coin
vs its Pron
istest Chicago-New York
ast Liberty (Pittsburgh) t
driven by Robert P. Ai
*d the 210 miles thru t\
53 minutes.
ed attained They know th
and at one brakes will meet
at 72 miles and no ordinal
sharp and wind!
. . -a a_ ?
ive traveled pace at wmcn l
in Pennsyl- to travel.
1 to Champpreciate
Like the recent i
nee really Angeles to Bisho
the mountains
i nearly all when the LincoL
stains with in less than hi
raightaway former motor <
I is tan ce. hours and 57 m
rdinary car achievement i
t and long demonstration <
ge of gear, superior roadini
ors Company
npshire Avenue
West 458
would have been champion last
had his victories at I'niontow n been
counted in the season's tot *1 An*
nouncement was made a week ago
i that the American Automobile Association
had awarded both I niontown
races this season ehampionship points,
a total of .*>2.*? points being awarded
to the first seven. The winner receives
2."#0 points.
rbon deposit,
e any car perform
i^htning Motor Fuel.
Proof of Its Merits
i All Over the District
Phone Us for Particulars
.N I
vess ?
! train on the ||
o Harrisburg, g|
Ic Curdy, and g|
he mountains j|
at no ordinary ^
the emergencies ||
y car hold the m
ng curves at the |||
the Lincoln had =
record from Los H?
p, 285 miles thru eH
of California, ?=
n cut train time p
elf and beat a gj?
:ar record by 2 p
inutes, this new p
9 but another p
yf the Lincoln's p
t capabilities. ==

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