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A ?* A* Aasociated Press Kair tonight and tomorrow; mild /V I .-*> . #f / 1 . . . ^ ? . . -., . - ^ f 1 . Th. AMWlated Ifru 1. ?rlo.lT?Ir ratltted to M I -A V |aAy tha ?? for repaMScatloa of all bcwi dispatch.* Temperature for twenty-two B^^r B ^rBT/B^r credited to It or not otherwise credited lo this ended at noon today: Highest, 37, at B B B^^^- 0^M B * B^ B B B B ^B B B B ' B ^B " ^B ' paper mad alio tMf local newm published herein. Goring New York Stocks ?? * ^ WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION t^T Yesterday's Net Circulation, 82,253 ? = ? No. 28,202. ^rim" Washington! T'c. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, JULY 16, 1921?EIGHTEEN PAGES. ,TWO CENTS. , HAM BACKS OYSTER PLAN TO CLEANUP TRACTION PROBLEM ???? - i Discontinuance of Impound nr> Clar>trir> RatpQ WnillH As street railway hearing before the Public Utilities Commission. President Ham of the Washington Ttailway and Electric Company urged the adoption of the Oyster proposal in a statement made to the commission at the conclusion of his testimony today. He said it would make possible a uniform rate of fare on the traction Jines of 7 cents, and would save Washington street car riders $892,000 a year. Objection to Consideration. Objection to consideration of this plan immediately was voiced by William McK. Oalyton, representing the Federation of Citixens' Associations, who said that the question of eletcrlc power rates is not before the commission at this time. Chairman Kutz sustained Mr. Clayton's point. Commissioner Oyster, who had remained silent up to this point, inquired of the chairman if his ruling meant that the question of the Potomac Electric Power Company earnings was to be excluded from the consideration of the street railway rate problem. Without waiting for an an swer by the chairman, Mr. Oyster said lie would certainly expect ms pian to be taken up during the hearing on electric light and power rates. Power Hearing Monday. At this point Commissioner Rudolph reminded Mr. Oyster that the power hearing Is scheduled to start Monday. Mr. Oyster said that he was convinced the solution of the traffic problem ' which he had suggested is the proper i one. and will bring about a condition i which would be to the best Interests i of the public and the companies. In recommending the Oyster plan, i President Ham told the commlsston that the scheme would cause a loss to . the general Washington Railway and Blectrte Company system in ' gross revenues of approximately ?4S.0OO Per annum. He pointed out that- taxpayers, under this plan, would pay no more , for electric light and power than they are paying at present. Under a court ruling the Potomac Electric' Power Company since .last October has oben Impounding a cent and a half of every ten cents collected, and prior to that time for an extended period It had impounded two cents of . every ten cents collected. The total , amount of the fund impounded to . date is in excess of two million dol- : lars. Mr. Ham said there is now j be in is Impounded annually under the one-cent-and-a-half ruling $402,661. , This amount,would be available fori street railway needs if the Oyster plan were adopted. ' Mr. Ham Cross-Examined. , Mr. Ham was cross-examined at considerable length by Clayton dur- ] ing the hearing. It was developed by .Mr. Clayton that the Washington Kailway and Electric Company owns about two-thirds of the street rail- J way trackage in the District of Columbia. the Capital Traction Com- j pany owning the other one-third. Mr. ' Clayton asked if it did not follow as a logical result that the Washington ' Kailway and Electric Company in 1 order to furnish as good service as ' is furnished by the Capital Traction Company would have to operate twice ! as many cars. Mr. Ham replied that if that was Mr. Clayton's conception of practical operating problems, it showed how little the Federation of Citizens' Association representative knew of the L traction problem generally. Mr. Ham maintained that the Washington i Kailway and Electric Company serv- j ] ice is equally as good as that of the f \ competing line, but that it does not < follow that it would have to operate twice as many cars because it has j' twice as much trackage. He pointed : i out that schedules vary according to i community needs, and that the Wash- < injsrton Railway and Electric Company IJ service, considering the needs that it 13 meets, is as good, mile for mile, as that rendered by the Capital Traction i Company. < Zoning .System Discussed. In the course of his cross-examina- I < ion of Mr. Ham it was developed by jl Mr. Clayton that the alternative of a i zoning system suggested by the rail- j wav official In t h avant a ufflniAnt i i uniform rate of fare Is not promul-! 1 Bated by the commission has not been I officially indorsed by the board of dl- | rectors of the Washington Railway < and Electric Company. Mr. Ham said | the zoning plan had been discussed;. (Continued-on Page 2, Column 4.) ? ' ! Today's News ! in Paragraphs 1 President Harding adopts horseback riding as part of his health exercise. Page 1 Future status of Philippines may be decided at disarmament conference here. Page 1 The Senate, amid turbulent scenes, votes to recommit soldiers' bonus bill to finance committee for consideration later. Page 3 \ Amalgamation of the government aircraft services as favored by the President is predicted. Page 3 \ Dye tariff faces action In House today. Page 3 lT S. recovers 120,000.000 taxes held out through false returns. Page 3 Senator Reed criticises loan refunding and Senator Glass reads Wilson telegram. Page 3 Campaign to mark historic sites to be resumed. Page 5 Greek droops capture important polpts. Page 6 Ellis Island employes indignantly protest against charges of graft. Page S Two new bills aimed at street car situation in District. Page 10 D. C. waterfront conditions called a capital disgrace by committee. Page 10 ' .V . *" _ 11 - . < " V in II i ifrftii Til - ' VII blVUU IV iMkvw sist W. R. & E. Company. ?l_AYTON OBJECTS TO | PRESENT CONSIDERATION I Commissioner Expects His Plan to Be Taken IJp at P. E. P. Co. Hearing Monday. Commissioner Oyster's plan to discontinue the requirement upon the Potomac Electric Power Company to impound 1U cents of the ten-cent-perkilomatt-hour electric power charge, which would place additional funds at the disposal of the Washington Railway & Electric Company, today loomed as a possible solution of Washington's traffic porblems, although Engineer Commissioner Kutz prevented nnnatdakntinn nlotl at tnWav'a r~ ? Quartet, at First Ice Cream Feast, Has 61 Platefuls Special Dispatch to The Star. GRANTSVILLE, Md., July 16. ?-Tasting: ice cream for the drat time in their Uvea* Joe Jable and his three lorn, living: In the mountains near 1/nlontown, disposed of sixty-one plntefula of the delicacy at the ! drat sitting:. The quartet 'entered a local confectionery store and ordered "some of that stuff." indicating the ice cream a man beside them was eating:. They continued until each had devoured dftcen dishes, with the father taking; one extra. They then departed for home, apparently In a happy I mood. The "feast** was witnessed by a number of persons, who g;ath- . ered as dish after dish of the cream disappeared. MRS. KABER IS SENT TO PRISON FOR LIFE First-Degree Murder, With i Mercy, Is Verdict*-No Chance of Pardon. By the Associated Press. CLEVELAND, Ohio, July 16.?Mrs. i. -a Catherine Kaber was today found guilty of murder In the first degree, but with a recommendation of mercy by the jury which tried her on a charge of plotting the killing of her husband. Daniel F. Kaber. Under the verdict Mrs. Kaber must serve the remainder of her life in prison. Mrs. Kaber was sentenced to life imprisonment at Marysville. by Judge Bernon. Under the Ohio law there Is no hope for pardon under such a verdict. She Is the first woman in Cuyahoga county to be convicted of first-degree murder. William J. Corrlgan, Mrs. Kaber's counsel, said he was wqfcl satisfied with the verdict. The same expre#iion was made by County Prosecutor Edward C. Stanton. Roused From Stupor. Before the jury had officially reported to the court. Judge Maurice Bernon announced the decision to Attorney Francis W. Poulson. Mrs. Kaber's personal counsel, so that he might inform Mrs. Kaber In hope that she would revive sufficiently from a stupor to be brought Into court to hear the official announcement. She had been in a ok.u |?ul an muiillllB. I When Informed by Mr. Poulson of the verdict Mrs. Kaber merely nodded j her head, he said, showing no signs of; emotion. He told her that unless she j went to the courtroom today to re- j celve the verdict and be sentenced i he would have to go Monday, and sited her If she could go. 8he again nodded her head, he said. Martan McArdle, Mrs. Kaber's laughtef. who was with her mother when she was told of the verdict by Attorney Poulson. said she was well pleased 'with the verdict, according to Mr. Poulson. The Jury took only three ballots, it was said, the first two being nine for mercy and three for first-degree murder without mercy. Before balloting the jury had discarded the insanity1 plea. Attorney Poulson said he would not appeal the case, that he was perfectly satisfied with the verdict. When the Jury was brought In and made official report of the verdict Mrs. Kaber. who was lying limp in the arms of a deputy sheriff, was aske 1 if she had anything to say. She merely shook her head, iiflMcatlng that she: had not. Judge Bernon then pro-1 nounced sentence. Mrs. Kaber was carried back to her ! cell in the Jail. I'neonaelons 411 \lght. Mrs. Kaber was said by her attor- ! neys to have been practically uncon- j scious last night while the Jury was trying to reach a verdict. She had ! been carried from the courtroom and had not eaten during the day. By a singular coincidence, the jury began balloting just two years?the third Friday in July?from the time Mr. Kaber was stabbed to death by assassins alleged to have been hired by Mrs. Kaber. Though Mrs. Kaber was suspected nf being Implicated in her husband's death at the time, insufficient evidence was found then by officials by which to formally charge her with the crime. For two years Moses Kaber, the aged father of the murdered man. doggedly kept working on the mystery with the aid of private detectives, suspicion pointing stronger and stronger toward Mrs. Kaber. t'se Brother as Rase. Finally a brother of Mra Kaber was brought in as a ruse, and her mother, Vlrs. Mary Brickel, who was suspected of knowing much about the murder, was led to believe that the son was to be charged with the crime. The ruse worked as it had been planned. Mrs. Brickel, to save the son, is alleged to have confessed, implicating her daughter. Mrs. Kaber: Miss Marian McArdle, daughter of Mm. Kaoer; nerseir and others. Events then- followed fast. The grandmother, daughter and grandlaughter were Indicted for first decree murder; also Mrs. Erminia Colavito, midwife-nurse; Salvatore Cala and Vlttorio Plsaelll, the latter two being charged with actual murder. All are awaiting trial excepting Pisselli. who has not been apprehended. Mrs Kaber was the first to be placed on trial. RETURNING FROM CHINA. SAN FRANCISCO, July 16.?Col. M. W. Morrow, former commander of the American forces in China, arrived in San Francisco today on his"way to Washington. He was succeeded as heatf of the American forces, with headquarters at Tientsin, by Col. W. F. Martin. Storm mm ? *+ - w Makes star Late When the storm caused a break in the service of the Potomac Electric Power Company yesterdhy afternoon it caught The Star in the middle of its press run, delaying distribution for two hours. Work of putting The Star's auxiliary plant in commission was started at once and steam was up and the plant ready to operate when service was restored by the power company. < i ?? & r - - . r : t . ULSTERITE PARLEY MAY DECIDE FATE ' OF PEACE_PLANS Sir James Craig, After Talk ! With Premier, Awaits Word With His Cabinet Members. ? SECRECY NOW SHROUDS % STATUS OF SITUATION j All Officials CaTeful to Avoid Com' ment Which May Lead to Unfortunate Misinterpretation. I LONDON, July 16.?What is hapening behind the scenes in the consultations of the Irish parties preliminary to the renewal of the conversations j between Eamon de Valera and Prej niler Lloyd George on Monday Is screened by what Sir James Craig, the Ulster premier, termed this mornlhg "a rigid silence." Sir James used this phrase in explaining to interviewers his belief that everything depended upon the way the question was handled. "The slightest indiscretion or Biginterpretation," he said, "may easily cause incalcuable harm. What will best aid the attainment of peace is for every one concerned to withhold comment outside of official consultations." Principals Beat. Of the principals In the conference, llr. Lloyd George is spending the weekend at his country home, at Chequers Court, where members of the cabinet probably will be called to assist him in his re-survey of the delicate position, while Mr. de Valera and his collegues went this afternoon to view the exhibition here of Sir John Lavery's paintings which include pictures of the trial of Sir Roger Casement and of the funeral procession In London of Lord Mayor Mac-, Swiney of Cork, and a portrait of Archbishop Mannix of Australia. Sir James Craig was awaiting the arrival In London of three members of the Ulster cabinet?H. M. Pollock, minister of finance; ET A. Archdale, minister of agriculture, and U. M. Andrews. minister of labor?whom he summoned from Belfast yesterday for conferences here which are expected to be held this evening. Secrecy Pledged. On the deliberations of the Ulster premier and his colleagues is believed to rest the immediate hope for the unembarrassed continuance of the Downing street conversations, in which it Is possible Sir James will join Monday. although such a visit to the prime ministter's official' residence would merely be for a second personal interview with Mr. Lloyd George. me ire v merit nnuqurura was bombarded this, gaofnlag with requests for comment on vertbue published reports SB to terms, concrete proposals and decisions allegedvto have been made during , the talks onthe peace question already held, bnt to all inquiries the ofngal rejoinder was: "We are pledged to secrecy. These rreports are pure fabrications, out of the minds of their writers, and are wholly unwarranted." It would appear that the discussions between Mr. Lloyd George and Mr. De Valera have developed the subject of a future trl-partlte conference between the Irish republicans, representatives of Ulster and the British government sufficiently for the prime minister to lay before Sir James Craig, premier of Ulster, definite projfbsitions. Sir James was closeted with Mr. Lloyd George yesterday after Mr. de Valera' had left Downing street, s No Deadlock Indicated. There was no suggestion that the brevity of yesterday's conversation between the prime minister and Mr. de Valera indicated they had reached a deadlock, nor was the postponement of the conference until Monday looked upon as significant of danger to the future of tife negotiations. In fact, there seemed last night to be a relaxation of the tension which prevailed on Thursday and Friday, and the impression gained was that, while the situation had lost none of its delicacy, some progress had been made. FIGHT IF PEACE IS DENIED. Newspaper Declares Irish Will Continue Armed Resistance. DUBLIN, July 16.?Commenting upon the conference between Eamon de Valera and Prime Minister Lloyd George 4n London, the Irish Bulletin today declared: "If a peaceful settlement should be denied, the Irish people will resume armed resistance to foreign domination. They possess the will and by endurance the power to bring their light eventually to success." Referring to the observance of the truce arranged between the Irish republicans and crown, forces in Ireland the newspaper said it proved "there is in the nation the discipline and obedience to authority which is,the essence of successful serf-government. The surprise expressed by English newspapers that the truce was kept arises fnom the inability to understand the realities of the situation which the British press consistently has displayed." SERIOUS RIOTING RENEWED. One Man Killed and Others Wounded in Belfast. BELFAST. July 16.?One man was killed and four men and a girl wounded in a renewal of the^-ioting here tonight. A number of grocery stores in the east end of the city were burned. At a meeting of the Ulster cabinet tonight, called to consider the situation brought about by the intermittent rioting of the last few days. It was decided to make representations to Gen. Sir Nevil Macready, military commander in Ireland. The heads of three Protestant churches in Belfast have issued an appeal to all tnose capable of exercising influence to exert their utmost endeavors to secure restoration of order and a renewal of friendly relations among all classes and denominations in the community. SINN FEINERS IMPRISONED. MANCHESTER- England, July 15.? Trial of SinB Fein prisoners charged with treason and felony in connection With widespread shootings and incendiarism which occurred in this vicinty early n June was concluded today. Of eighteen defendants two were discharged and sixteen found guilty, fifteen getting prison sentences. Two of the latter were sentenced to fifteen years* penal servitude, one to a ten-year term, four to seven years, seven to five years and one to three years. Announcement of the sentences brought a great., demonstration from sympathisers with the prisoners 'j. m. ...: ' / Wi IN HoU5 }g seHATt Tj ffeEPAR' ROSENBLUTH CASE DROPPED BY U.S. Attorney General Orders Dis-1 missal of Charge in ! Cronkhite's Death. All federal proceedings against Capt. Robert Rosenbluth of New York and Sergt. Roland Pothler of Providence, R. I.. In connection with the shooting of Maj. Alexander Cronkhlte at Camp Lewis. Wash., In October, 1918, are to be dismissed. It was announced today by Attorney General Daugherty. who made a personal investigation of the case. Both proceedings In the western district of Washington against both men and removal proceedings against Rosenbluth in the aoiithern district of New York and against Pothler In the dl strict of Rhode. Island will be dismissed, Mr. Daughertj' said, add"it has further been decided that all the evidence procured by the department, with the names m all witnesses who have any material knowledge of the case, shall be sent to the prosecuting attorney for Pierce county. Washington, for such action as he deems proper." No Reason Assigned. Nit reason was assigned for the j decision. It was reached after Mr. Daugherty, at the suggestion of Senator Calder of New York, Secre' tary Hoover and other*) had made a i personal investigation. ] Capt. Rosenbluth was arrested In I New York March 23 last. "the shooti ing occured at Camp Lewis in 1918. and an Army board of inquiry found that Maj. Cronkhlte had accidentally shot himself while practicing with a revolver, shooting at a tobacco tin. Subsequent Investigation by the Justice Department resulted in the arrest of Sergt. Pothler in Providence and a series of statements by him, some of which were contradictory. alleging that he had been ordered by Capt. Rosenbluth to "get" Mai PrAnlfhltn The captain's arrest followed and i he was recently given a hearing at the Department of -^Justice. Mr. | Daugherty later conferring with District Attorney Hayward of New York, to whom actual direction of proceedings In New York had been turned over. Maj. Cronkhite was the son of Maj. Gen. Adeibert Cronkhite. who commanded the 80th Division during the war. and the present investigation of the shooting began after the general's return from France. PRESIDENTTOTRY , HQRSEBACKR1DING Orders Boots and Riding Breeches for Test of Health Exercise. President Harding has decided to take up horseback riding as an additional means of keeping himself physically fit and as a pleasing diver Sion I rum m? Brum VI i uuiuic CACVUtive matters. He has ordered boots and riding breeches and a crop, and when these necessary articles arrive at the White House next week he will take his initial ride. One of the large scientifically schooled chargers of the War Department already has been selected for the executive's use. The President, has not been In a saddle for more than thirty years, but he has no fears for his safety og comfort when he climbs atop of the big Army charger. It is considered likely that on his "maiden trip" he will be accompanied by his secretary, who has been riding regularly for more than two months, and Brig. Oen. Sawyer, the Harding family physician, who was Initiated into the equestrian arts several days ago and who has since been talking most ehthuslatically to his chief about its joys and benefits. Lieut. Mathie son. the Presidents military orueny, who has been accompanying Qen. Sawyer on his rides, also will accompany the President and will act as his instructor. Mrs. Harding Skilled Horsewoman.. Before her marriage to the President and for a number of years afterward Mrs. Hardlhg was an ardent and accomplished horsewoman. She was then conceded-to be one of the best riders in that section. The President took It easy today, seeing only a handful of callers at the White House, and laying aside much of the routine mass of papers on his desk in order that he might exercise and rest. He was on tfie golf links before 8 o'clock and for more than, two hours engaged in his favorite sport. He was. accompanied by Senators Halo aUd Kellogg. ,4v: ^ ... ... jV* '' 5*. ' r c League Takes Uj Despite Proposal * ?????? Br the AnocUted Prem. 1 PARIS, July 16.?The temporary 1 mixed commission for the reduction of armaments appointed by the league of nations, decided today that the conference on this question to be called by President Harding would not conflict in any way with the league's disarmament move. Instead of adjourning its session immediately after convening, aa had been I suggested. the commission, therefore. ( will continue ita sessions, expecting its , work to be useful in a preparatory way i for the Washington deliberations. | Rene Viviani. France's representative ( and chairman of the committee, in opening the meeting declared that the Washington conference, instead of conflicting with the commission's study of disarmament, fitted in with such study. M. Viviani devoted considerable time to discussing President Harding's plan. He argued that the league's disarmament ; work could only aid In accomnUahlng tie , objects sought by the Washl5to<TMeetThe chairman's attitude was after*ved I by H. A. L. FUher, Great JWlkltft representative, who saM that the league's commission should continue Its laboA. The other delegates. Including Dr. Rlvas Vicuna , of Chile and Senator Carlo > Schanzer of Italy, concurred in this 1 opinion. < The view expressed by delegates In their remarks was that while the 1 United States was declining contact < with the league of nations, the forth- ' coming conference In Washington i would find itself obliged to consider i such conclusions as the league's com- ! mission might prepare. It was also suggested that some of < the delegates to the Washington con- 1 ference would direct the attention of ] that conference to the results of the ] GEN. DAWES CONFERS I ON PLANS WITH PRINTER Mr. Carter Says Developments Have 1 Not Reached Stage of Importance. Efficient arrangement and apportionment of government printing work ' during the coming fiscal year was dis- < cussed at a conference between Gen. 1 Dawes, in charge of the budget, and < Public Printer George H. Carter, in ] charge of the government's print shop, < in the office of Gen. Dawes today. i Following the Conference Mr. Carter < said that developments had not yet ] reached the stage of great importance i to the general plan, since the discus- i slon today centered about general pre- ' liminary arrangements necessary. ' During the coming year the printing ? office for Uncle Sam's government will 1 be conducted on a strictly business I basis, just as though it were a large ' commercial establishment. When departments send in orders for printing < they must have appropriations readv t to pay tneir printing bills. A general 1 speeding op of the work and Improve- 1 ments In various sections of the build- 1 lnp are among the contemplated items 1 on the program. 1 Good Sumn In the Maj Tomorrow One of the best prize rin by Gerald Beaumom i A new detective enters bert Jenkins writes complete stories. Tbe .Second Adventuri related by H. C. Ra Ring W. Lardner's we< * The two leading articles "Uncle'lam's / anc "Story of the Famou of Photo Now lit Wa IN TOMOBK( ?* *I o Disarmament, ' Made by U. S. league's disarmament commission's Jt ^estimations. During: the discissions, which er sued, of the treaty signed at St. Qei nain for the suppression of the traff in arms some of the delegates polnte >ut that the United States was vil lually the only oountry which was n< i party to that treaty and the feeltn was expressed that the American go\ >rnment oould not help taking cog lisance of that fact when conslderln the disarmament questionThe principal work planned for th commission is the preparation of report on the political, social and eoc nomic aspects of disarmament, whlc would be submitted to the meeting c the assembly of the league of nation lext September. The commission, which is compose if experts appointed by the council c the league of nations and not by thel governments, expected to sit until th middle of next week. It plans to mak world survey, considering dlsarmi ttient froiq political and budget stand points, and to deal with the prlvat manufacture of and traffic in arms aa smmunltion. The commission wi submit a rdport for the meeting, ? Me league sAsembly.ta M liffMlWf l Lhe September meeting of that body. After the close of today's sesslo Mr. Fisher said the results of the con mission's work undoubtedly would b placed before the Washington confei ?nc? Kir uAmo HalAPOto "We are delighted with Presides Harding's initiative," said the Britts delegate. "It In no way interfere with the commission's plans, and I at sure its efforts will prove very usefi to the forthcoming Washington cor rerence." At the present sessions M. Engber >f Sweden is acting as substitute to Hjalmar Brantlng, the former Swedls premier, who was unable to b present PLANE SAVES TWO MEN FROM A WATERY GRAVE Elailroad Officials Rescued Afte Drifting: Out to Sea in Small Boat. NORFOLK, Va.. July 16.?Col. H. A Washington and R. A. Matthews, offi dais of the Seaboard Air Line Rail oad, were snatched from death at >'clock yesterday by Lieut. M. Si -Clmball, piloting Navy plan No. 335 >f the F-5-L type. The two mei ?-ere In a sailboat ten miles north ;ast of Willoughby Beach. They ha ett their homes Thursday morning ti to Ashing. They were caught in i itorm and their boat was carried to a-ara tne sea. Tney spent all o Phursday night in their small craf ind again were caught In a storn icsides being in constant danger o >eing run down by a passing boat rhoy were without food or water. The Navy plane was sent In searc >f them. They were exhausted am inable to help themselves when founc Lieut. Kimball lifted the helpless me; nto his plane and brought them safe y ashore. The rescue Is the first o ts kind ever made by an airplane a 'ar as Is known here. i ier Fiction jazine of v's Star g stories ever written, t. the fiction field. Herthe first of a series of ? of Dr. Fortune is iley. :kly letter. of the Magazine are: Vtiracle Men" i is Brady Collection graphs, shington" r? DW'S STAR. i FOUR YEARS IN JAIL FOR GERMAN OFFICERS FIRING ON LIFEBOATS By the Associated Prees. LEIPZIG, Germany, July 16.?Lieut. Dittmar and Lieut. Boldt, charged with murder in the first degree for firing on lifeboats after the Canadian hospital ship Llandovery Castle had been torpedoed in the summer of 1918, were each sentenced today to four years' imprisonment. The sentence did not, however, carry hand labor with it, as demanded by the public prosecutor. The case of Dittmar and Boldt differed from the others which had been heard by the supreme court here in connection with trials growing out of violation of the rules of civilized warfare, inasmuch as the two lieutenants were brought to trial by the German public prosecutor. Great Britain only had demanded the trial of Commander Patzig of the submarine which torpedoed the Llandovery Castle, who fled the country. The public prosecutor, however, after an examination of the evidence, ordered that plttman and Boldt be placed on trial. nNIW MB Ml HEAD "Washington, Banks and Commerce Associations" Against Bonus. lb* Aaaociated Pmi. CHICAGO. July 1??The fight of the American Legion for the soldiers' bonus will be continued with renewed vigor, declared Ma], John G. Emery of Grand Rapids, Mich., national commander of the legion, In commenting today on the "side-tracking" of the bonus bill in the Senate. ! "We consider Preside*!*- Wardina- all wrong- in bis altitude," he said. "Why, Senate finance committee in ita IC report declared untrue the claims 4 that the Sweet bill and the adjusted compensation program would bankrupt ,t the Treasury." g Maj. Emery asserted the legion has r. a well defined program to fight for j. the bonus and this will not be modlg fled. 'There was at first considerable e opposition in the legion Itself to this a program, but this has now subsided." i. he said. "Wherever It existed, it was h on the part of men well off financialtf ly. We have now Induced these men is to devote their shares in the compensation to the men who need it. d There are now several millionaires . among the strongest supporters the _ program has. The wounded and dls. abled men wHl be taken care of first and then will oome those In financial ; straits, due to the war," Maj. Emery * said. . 'The country M a whole is with ua * in thla," he stated; "only Washington. ? ths banks and the associations of commerce are SgalllW ISll' program." t IS NOT SERIOUS ii g Mexican Authorities Assert r , Troubles in Oil Region Will End in Week. By the Awociated Press. VKYTrn PTTV Ti.lv IC 1X"~ m ?? "??/ ?v. ? m uiiivo ; authorities declared last night that the uprising In the state of Tamaullpas. led by Gen. Daniel Martines Herr rerra, would be put down In little more than a week. It was declared federal troops were being dispatched Into the troubled district and that u the danger soon would be over. President Obregon met newspaper men last night and qeemed Inclined not to treat the Herrera revolt seI riously, asserting there were suffl[. cient forces to suppress any trouble, c He asserted the government intended ? to investigate the situation and de. tertnine what influences were behind ,j the revolt and "treat them as olr0 cumstances permit." Plutarco li.CalH les. secretary of the Interior, also . said the uprising was not serious. f Prisoner* Charged Wllh Treason. 1 TAMPICO, Mexico. July 16>-Follow1 ers of Gen. Daniel Martlnes Herrerra ' who are taken prisoners by govern" ment forces will be tried for treason, . it is announced by Gen. Gomes, mili2 "tary commander here. He Is In charge , of operations against the rebels, and ' Gen. Telaes. military governor of Taa maullpas. is expected to arrive here ~ soon from Mexico City to take gen" eral supervision of the flght. It is declared that Gen. Herrerra discovered he had an opportunity to " start a revolt because of the partial disarmament of forces commanded hv Gen. Pelaez, and that he vu actuated by personal enmity to the governor of the state of Vera Crus, who recently sent troops to the Zacamlxtla district, south of here. Gov. Lopez y Lara Is hurrying the departure of oil field workmen who were laid off recently, fearing there is danger that they may Join the revolutionists. It was asserted here yesterday that some oil companies, apprehending difficulty In obtaining workmen later, were willing to reemploy the men they recently discharged. % ( Geveraor Makes Demand. Gov. LOpez y Lara states he?wl!l demand that the oil companies pay workmen,. laid off without justification, indemnities amounting to their wages for three, months. The oil companies assert that the number of men laid oft by them Is not as great as reported, claiming that many have said they were discharged so that they might obtain assistance from the government. It is reported that the exportation policy of American companies will be based upon estimates of the Mexican government's valuation of oil for the two months of July and.August. It Is said that ir It Is round the companies can export oil at a profit, the shipment of petroleum will be resumed. This matter, however, - Is in the hands of the dlreotors of the companies In New York and Mexico City, the only departments of the concerns having offices here being those concerned with production. LIGHTNING KILLS TWO. GREENVlLi?, S. \ C? July 16.? While eating supper with the family, Thomas and David Odam, aged ten and eight years, respectively, were Instantly killed by a bolt of lightning whloh struck the house. The family lives In the upper -section of the county. Other, members were stunned but not seriously hurt. . ? . .. PHILIPPINE STATUS MAY BE DECIDED AT DISARMING PARLEY Guarantee of Territorial Intercity by Powers Factor in Independence. I U. S. HOPES TO SAVE COST OF PROTECTING ISLANDS Questions of Freedom to Be Dov mestic Affair, But May Be Expedited by Assurances. BY DAVID I.AWRF.VCK. The disarmament conference to be held here next fall may decide the future status of the Philippines. President Harding himself is not averse to a discussion of the Philippine question with other powers. Naturally the United States will not debate with any other government the question of when independence shall 1 be granted, but. on the other hand, it I ready to talk over international asj pects of the Philippine problem. In i other words, when the United States grants independence to the Philippines will the other powers join in I guaranteeing the territorial integrity ! nf th#? T>hiUrArAi?^?.-'> I ? . I The proximity of Japan to the i Philippines has led to the oft repeated statement on the part of public men in both Japan and the United States to the effect that the Philippines constitute a possible source of friction in the future. Former President Taft At one time said in a public speech that Japan woud never seize the Philippines, because she could not colonize there on account of the climate. Target In Cane of War. Nevertheless, military and naval experts have always insisted that in a possible quarrel between the United States "j and Japan the latter would immediately land an expeditionary force and hold the Philippines in order to draw American forces to that region of the Pacific. This would make the United States carry the battle 3,000 miles away from American bases of supplies. The fortification of the Philippines has been one of America's chief items of expense, and the prospect of keeping* a protecting arm over the Philippines even after independence has been granted, has I not been relished here. Obviously, one of the practical questions of the disarmament. conference is how to reduce military and naval expense, now borne I directly by the taxpayers. Indeed, America might have granted independence to the Philippines during the Wilson administration if it had been possible u> euirr into an agreement wun otlier | "fovermnefkt* for the neutralization of the Philippines. . fMtllb riul Action. It tHti be recalled, however, that while Mr. Wlleon at first warmly advocated Independence, when a bill granting the same was passed by the House he reversed himself when the measure reached the Senate, and was Instrumental in finally preventing action. His reasons were never made public, but it is commonly supposed that international events caused the sudden change. The world war had begun, and Japan had engaged in it with the definite purpose of achieving a dominant position in the far east. It was impossible at that time to rivet the atten-'? tlon of Great Britain and the other powers on the matter of neutralisation of the Philippines, because all the powers were absorbed in the w?r against Germany. Feeling, therefore, that the time was not ripe for an interactional agreement to fix the status'of the Philippines, Mr. Wilson postponed action. It is significant, however, that In his closing message to Congress last December he revived the issue and formally expressed the hope that independence would be granted the Philippines. Mindful of Aspirations. President Harding Is mindful of the aspirations of the Filipinos, but he is actuated also by a desire to save America future expense in maintaining costly fortifications and military and naval forces in the Philippines, when, by International agreement, the Philippines could be made a matter of common concern to all the powers. Indeed, there would he no necessity for the maintenance of an American fleet in Asiatic waters if all the juu tlons entered into a solemn agreement not to violate the inrtpntnt..,. of territorial Integrity of the Philippines when they were set free by the United States. The question of whether or not freedom shall be given the Philippines is a domestic matter, and as such the other powers attending the disarmament conference next fall would not feel warranted in tackling it any more than outside nations have felt disposed to Interfere as between Ireland and Great Britain. '.J Will Remove All Doubts. j The United States, on the other hand, by taking the initiative and offering for discussion simply the international aspect of the Philippine question, will remove all doubts which tile powers might otherwise have had as to the propriety of their entering into the discussion. As Mr. Harding himself indicated, the scope of the disarmament conference will be determined when it actually gets into session, but no secret is made here of the fact that the United States would like to have all I the powers, including Japan, go on record as guaranteeing the terriI torlal integrity of the Philippines I whenever independence shall be decided upon by the United States. ! If this can be accomplished one of the possible sources of friction and wstr in the far east will have been removed, and America's military and nsval expense can correspondingly be diminished from year to year. <Copyri*ht, 1921.1 HASA URGED TO ATTEND. Japanese Party Wants Premier in Person at Conference. By tb* Associated Preps. I TOKIO. July 15?The seiyu-kai. or U. government party, is urging Premier Hara to attend the proposed conference In Washington on limitation of armaments as Japan's representative, declaring that If a delegation is sent ' which would have to wait for in- . structions from Tokio every move would be disadvantageous to Japan. I Admiral Count Yamamoto. former premier, is the choice of army circles, and'Admiral Baron Saito, former minister of marine, and at present governor of Koqea. of navy circles. Admiral Kato. the minister of marine. declared, in an interview today, that he would not refuse such an assignment. He said he believed it 1 would be better to discuss Pacific 1 questions separately from those concerning armaments, because all lire nations should participate in the da* _ (Continued, on Page 2, Column iv * '" i; i f ' ' ' -J