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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 31, 1921, Image 1

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Closing New York Stocks, Page 23 ^ WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION A** ^ ^
Sunday's Net Circulation,' 8V482 I
No. 28,309. rom" wl%Vt\ . T* WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1921-THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. TWO CENTS.
- : : ?
Large Portion, If Not All, of j|
7,000 Gallons Destroyed
- in Day, Say Lawyers. |!
Attorneys for Distributors Hake
Charge Against MarylandVirginia
Association. ?c
Charges that a large portion, if not
all, of 7,000 gallons of milk diverted ' *
from Washington distributers on
October 21, the day on which the milk
war started in the District, was
thrown into the sewers by the Maryland-Virginia
Milk .Producers' Asso- tf]
ciation were made by Charles W. Darr ^
' and M. E. O'Brien, representing distributors
of 65 per cent of the milk m
consumed in Washington, before a g<
subcommittee of the House District
committee today. ir
That a large part of this diverted di
supply is still being destroyed, so that Ui
the law of supply and demand is not operative
to reduce the cost to consumers
in the District, Mr. Darr told Q?
the subcommittee headed by Repre- at
sentative Lampert of Wisconsin.
That acts of the distributors as well ai
as of the producers will be thorough- ^
ly investigated was indicated by prac- a:
tleally every member of the subcomrnittee
conducting the hearing. Em- v<
phasis was laid on the fact that the b?
reduction in the price of milk from 8c
the peak price of 18 cents a quart to al
the present price of 15 cents to the
consumer has come in the price paid
to the producers, which has fallen
from 44 cents a gallon to 32 cents, vc
while the price to the distributor has tl
remained fixed at 28 cents. "1
Letter Put la Record. th
The hearing today centered around
a letter put Into the record by At- b<
torneys Darr and O'Brien. They said P*
It was sent to members of the Pro- J11
ducers' Association, as follows: '*
* "Upon receipt of this letteer you *
are requested to hold back one-fourth "
of all your milk or cream until further
notice, if you are now shipping ~
? to Oyster. Wise. Thompson Dairy,
Corbln, Thompson or Simpson, which rf
dairies have been notified that this
is being done. r(
"Beginning this morning, over 7.000 m
gallons of milk have been diverted n)
to our plant from Black. Bowles, j
Gregg, Storm & Sherwood. Homer p.
Brothers, Estes, Selectman, Alden J
and Heflin.
"Thia action was made necessary ?
by the fact that these dealers, with
whom we are fighting, absolutely re- s
fused to co-operate with us and have
in many ways attempted to discredit
your association and to bring to
naught Its efforts to protect Our members.
This is a crucial time in the vj
life of our association, and the wel- oj
fare of your industry Is at stake." c(
Mr. Darr. also put Into the record a.
a letter from H. E. Maxwell. Herndon,
Va? in which he wrote to a dis- w
tributor that he was compelled to D|
comply with the order or pay a fine.
Representative Millspaugh of Mis- t|.
souri put fire Into the hearing when
he naked Mr. Darr. "Do you make me p,
charge, and are you ready to prove it,
that this association cut oft 7,000 gallons
of milk without notice to certain
distributors in the District, in order to
force them to come to their terms?" .
Mr. Darr and Mr. O'Brien both said
they were ready to prove that asser- f.
tion. "
"Friendly Firm* Notified.** w
Mr. Darr emphasized that the letter
showed that certain distributors ta
friendly" to the association had been ?r
notified of the curtailment in the milk
? supply, but that other distributors P*
were to have been cut off completely
without notification, because they had
refused to sign a contract with the
Questions by Representative Ham- J1
mer of North Carolina. Representative *a
Millspaugh of Missouri. Representa- t
tive Sproul of Illinois. Representative
Lampert of Wisconsin and Represent- ir
1 ative Kunz of Illinois byought out pl
that the redluction in the price of JJ
milk in the District hadl been totally J*
a reduction in the price paid to the
farmer. Attorney O'Brien was asked ol
why the distributors had continued to v<
receive exactly the same amount for
handling: the milk, and he replied that r
the cost of handling the milk was
greater in Washington than in other c'
cities. J1
Question of Tests. tv
The question was raised whether Jo
the people of the District wanted tii
tuberculin-tested milk as required by
regulations of the District health th
office or whether they would be satisfied
with pasteurized milk, which the in
attorney for the distributors said was co
sufficient in Baltimore, Philadelphia. 811
Harrisburg and other big cities, and TI
which they claimed Dr. Wiley and a
other scientists had testified was ar
sufficient protection for the consumer. J?
Mr. O'Brien suggested that two "3
standards of milk should be allowed
to enter the District market, one
tuberculin tested, for those who are |f
willing to pay the higher price, and
pasteurized milk for those who are T
satisfied that it is a sufficient protec- '
In ronlv tr% nnostinna frnm Porvra.
. sentative Mlllspaugh. Mr. O'Brien said
he believed that if these two kinds of
milk were allowed to come into the
District, it would mean a reduction of
216 to 4 cents a quart on ail the milk,
because he believed the producers in
nearby territory who are now memhers
of the Maryland-Virginia Producers'
Association would be forced to .
out the price' on their tuberculin-1
tested milk to meet the open compe- ! Ui
tition. - efl
* co
MOBILE. Ala., October 31.?The coun- th
ty jail at Moss Point. Miss., near here, F<
was burned last night and Mary Hawthorne.
a demented woman, the only
inmate of the place, was burned to to
death. The supposition is that the 1
crazed woman ser the building on Are.
_ ~ m
Todays News in Brief 21
Havana bomb does damage which po- w
lice think might have been due to _|
threats to Gen. Crowder. Page 1 ju
Commissioners seek use of D. C. sur- er
plus of J4.000.000. Page 1 sh
Milk producers accused of dumping ut
thousands of gallons of product in co
sewer on single day. Page- 1 At
Vacant lots near Union station sought "?
for playgrouds. Page 1 B,
Senator New opens attack on proposal sa
of soldier bonus as amendment to m
tax-revision bill. Page 1 jn
China maintains attitude taken last su
;. ear on Shantung control, Page 4 sa
Bolsheviki recognize foreign debt to sy
aid Siberian negotiations. Page S dv
emocratic National Chairman Denies
Report at St. Louis.
ST. LOUIS, Mo.. October 31.?George
'hite, on his arrival here today for the
mocratic national committee meeting
morrow, denied reports that he would
sign the chairmanship.
The chairman said he knew nothing
a "disturbing character" which would
ime up at the meeting.
epublicans of Senate Open
Fight on Amendment to
Tax Revision Bill.
The republican light on the lived i
ildier bonus amendment to the tax i
vision bill was opened today by
nator New. republican, ihdlana, who
lisod the point that thet amendment
as unconstitutional.
Senator New said the Read amendent
proposed to tax one class ot
tizens for the benefit of .another and
tat this at least was ln?violation of
le spirit of the Constitution.
Arguing that the amendment was
>t In conflict with the Constitution,
inator Keed told the republicans
ley would have to vote on the soler
bonus proposition. He said he
iderstood that the majority proMies
to shut off discussion of the
lestion by moving to table the
nendment when offered.
"I'm saying to you (the republicans)
id to those on this side of the cham- ;
?r who do not agree with me," Senor
Reed added, "that a vote to table
lis amendment will be worse than a
)te against the soldiers' bonus bill J
*cause it will be a vote against the
ikliers and in favor of the profiteers
; the same time."
' Insists He Will Force Vote.
The bonus bill will be brought to a
>te, Senator Reed continued, adding
tat the republicans might as well
larden your hearts, gird up your loins,
iffln your necks and prepare to meet
le issue."
Democratic leaders said today that
;cause of the reported plan of the reiblicans
to lay the Reed amendent
on the table. It would not be ofred
until there had been free discuson.
If it is tabled then or defeated,
is the plan of the democrats to offer
le bonus bill as an amendment to the
x measure with a provision that the
st of carrying out its terms should be
lid out of interest on the nation's forgn
Another effort was made today by
ipubllcan leaders to get an agreeent
for a vote on the tax bill Wed?sday,
but democratic senators obcted,
and the negotiations ended.
Kpectations are that the sales tax
?ht will consume one day, and with
io other major problems to be disced
of, some senators thought a
>te might be delayed until Friday or
To Pass on Major Proposals.
Returning today to its now morelan-month-old
battle over the tax resion
bills, the Senate had to dispose
P these major proposals before it
>uld hope to bring the measure to a
lal vote:
ine corporation capital stock tax,
ith an amendment by Senator Lodge
roposlng to credit holding companies
>r the amount of this tax paid by
ieir subsidiaries.
Excise taxes, many of which are pro>sed
for repeal under the compromise
ivlslon plan.
A new method of taxing Insurance
impanies, other than life.
The Smoot manufacturers' sales
ix. 1
The Reed amendment to continue
le excess profits tax with the pro eds
used to put through the flveay
soldier bonus plan.
The Smoot proposal to exempt from
ixatlon income received by foreign
ade corporations and foreign traders
'om business done In China and the
}8sesslons of the United States.
Other Questions t p.
In addition there was promised a
newal of the fight over the corporaon
income tax rate, the inhrritance
ix section and several others which
intatlvely have been disposed of.
Senators on both aides were agreed
lat this constituted a formidable
rogram containing elements which
ight bring on prolonged debate, hut
tey hoped that the bill could be put
irough this week. It was the plan
! the republican leaders to get a
>te by Wednesday or Thursday, at
le latest, and they were prepared to
isume night sessions If necessary.
Senator Penrose of Pennsylvania, in
large of the tax bill, still is of the
linlon that Senate and House conrees
can reach an agreement within
vo or three days, but other mirity
leaders do not share this opmism,
as the Senate already has
freed to several radical revisions of
te bill as it passed the House.
There are promises of another fight
the Senate if the bill comes out of
inference with the maximum income
irtax rate cut to around 40 per cent,
lere have been predictions that such
cut woul dbe made, as House leaders
e somewhat firm in their demand
r the 32 ner cent rate no-neea >>??
- ? -o* vv? uyuu
r the House.
idge Hold* Efforts to Organize
Mint Fields Is to "Suppress
the Associated Press.
INDIANAPOLIS, October 31.?An
Junction directed at stopping: the
lited Mine Workers of America from
Forts to unionise the Williamson
alfleld, in West Virginia, where
tners have been on strike for more
an a year, was Issued today by
ideral Judge A. B. Anderson on the
ound that the union was seeking
restrain trade.
After Judge Anderson's announceent
of the order some delay in its '
rmal issuance was occasioned-by a
scuasion between court and. coun,sel
to the exact text of' the order.
The court did,not deny the right of .
orkers to organise, but held the
iners' efforts in West Virginia In 1
irtherRnce of a conspiracy with opators
in organized union fields to
tut off the competition of the nontion
mined coal. In discussing with
tunsel the text of the order, Judge
nderson said 'he would not enjoin
teaceful efforts" of the union to orinize
West Virginia.
Further in the discussion the judge
id: "I am holding the effort to
lionize West Virginia is unlawful
Itself, because it is an effort to
ippress competition." The judge also
Id he would enjoin the "check-off"
stem of operators deducting union
ies from miners' wages.
Mr. Coolidge Says Welfare o
Veterans Is Very Close to
President's Heart.
Diaz and Jacques Also to Speal
Beatty, Foch and Pershing
Are Awaited.
By the Associated 1'ress.
KANSAS CITY. Mo., October 31.Messages
of greeting from veterar
of the other allied armies, brcugl
by famous leaders of the Europea
lighting men, were outstanding Inc
dents on the three-day program i
the American Legion conventlc
opening today.
Gen. Armando Diaz of the Italia
armies, Gen. Baron Jacques of U
Belgian and Vice President Coolldg
who is representing President Hardin
were spectators and speakers today.
Admiral Earl Beatty of the Brltls
grand ileet was expected to arri*
during the day. and this evenin
comes Marshal Foch of France, con
mander-in-chief of Die allied armie
ar.d Gen. John J. Tershing of th
American expeditionary forces, actin
as Marshal Koch's aide.
Mnif. Schumann-Heinle Sing*.
Lifting the American flag hig
above her head. Mme. Ernestine Scht
mann-Heink opened the conventio
by singing "The Star Spangled Bar
Giving the invocation. Rev. John V
Rimer of Chattanooga. Tenn.. nation:
chaplain, asked divine guidance fc
the legion in "bearing on the tore
of service and patriotism dropped b
those who fell in the war."
Mayor James S. Oowgill of Kansa
City welcomed the legion in the nam
of the city, and Dr. Harry F. Parke
state commander of the legion i
Missouri, made an address of we!
Vice President Cheered.
Vice President Coolidge arrived {
the hall, and the colors of the VIi
cent R Oo8tello Post. America
Legion. Washington, D. C.t were pri
sen ted him.
The convention arose and cheerc
as the Vice President entered ar
war escorted to the platform.
Mr. Coolidge waa presented to t\
convention by Mr. Emery*. Anoth<
demonstration followed, the crow
again standing. The delegation fro
Vermont. Mr. Coolidge's native st&t
was especially active In accord in
him a welcome.
Mr. Coolidge** Speech.
Vice President Coolidge said, I
part: . .
"Nothing is closer to the heart <
President Harding than to make tt
relief for incapacitated war vetei
an* absolutely comoletet no man I
the service has a deeper apprecif
tton of what that service meant. <
the sacrifices made by the veteran
of the obligations incurred by tl
country, and no man will go furthi
to minister to the true welfare <
those who have been in the servii
and their dependents than the Pres
dent of the United States. He nev<
will sacrifice you for his own we
fare. He will sacrifice himself f<
your welfare. He will do all that es
be done to prevent the need of yot
again sacrificing yourselves for yot
country's welfare."
The Vice President reviewed whi
has been done so far toward reliet
Ing the incapacitated veteran; pa
high tribute to the valor of Ame
lea's armed forces and declared tl
legion represented a "new nation;
l'rgea Tax Reductions.
He said every relief must be sougl
and applied to the taxation situatio
sketched the country's financial obi
gations and added that he knew <
no present service that could be pe
formed for those who served tl
nation more important than to ri
duce "the great drain upon the ri
sources of the people." Such a redui
tion, he said, would bring out a ri
turn to permanent prosperity.
He made a plea against sectiona
ism. which he said had been large!
wiped out by the fusing forces of wa
and predicted a great future In tl
nation's life for the American L<
"The opportunity to make this ni
tion one. the sacrifice which made th
nation one was of your day alone
he said. "All the streams of thi
great spirit are gathered up in yo
You represent a new national cot
sciousness. You represent the cot
summation of those great forces, con
ing into action in the early days <
iKIo mhlxK not 'onl? none
America more American, but mat
humanity more-humane. The hope <
this nation, which more than ever b<
fore corresponds to the hope of tl
world, lies in your power to ministt
to that spirit, to preserve that "Coi
Rcfousness and to increase thoi
Touches on Arma Parley.
"The work of Washington was ni
completed at Yorktown, the work <
Lincoln was not completed at Appt
mattox. They live in our institi
tions. One in the Constitution, whic
his efforts caused to be adopted, th
other in the amendments which h
sacrifices caused to be ratified. Yoi
work was not all done on the sea <
on the battlefield of Prance.
"In recognition of the solemn obi
gation to you and your countryme
of economy and peace, a conferent
of certain great powers, called on tt
initiative of the President of til
L'nited States, is about to assembl
In Washington. It proposes to searc
lor a solution of problems arisln
from the convergence of many dll
rerent nations In the Pacific and t
provide by mutual agreement a lim
taiion of armament. It propose
something that American can do ?
home. It surrenders no right. ]
proposes no burden; it promises r<
lief at home and a better undei
standing abroad.. If It can be a<
complished its blessings will be r<
fleeted frqjm every fireside in tt
John M. Emery of Grand Rapid
Mloh., national commander of tt
legion, called the convention to orde
and the invocation was pronounot
by Rev. John Rlnxer of Chattanoog
Tenn., national chaplain.
Tribute to Late Leader.
Memorial services for the late F. V
Qalbraith of Indianapolis, who we
killed in an automobile accident la;
June, were the noontime feature of tt
convention, while at the afternoon sei
sion Gen. Dlas and Gen. Jacques wei
to address the veterans. MaJ. Ge
Lejeune of the United States Marlr
Corps will be another afternoon speaki
and this evening Admiral Earl Beat!
still speak. Efforts made by the Amer
can Legion to combat the memploj
ment situation as it affects the formi
service man and the suggestion of remi
tContinued on Page 2, Column 1.)
3 OF 0. C. SURPLUS,:
h {
* Commissioners to Ask for!;
r. $4,000,000 Accumulated j?
' During War Period. j j
When the Commissioners submit .
it their annual report to Congress next "
** month they will ask that the District
be allowed to use the surplus
revenues of the city of more than
$4,000,000 that have accumulated in
ta . _ I
the Treasury.
ie The city heads have not yet begun
drafting their report, but it was in- 1
m dicated at the District building to- x
o. day that this request would be in- '
* uludod. \
Commissioner Rudolph expressed the 1
belief that the surplus could be spent |
to good advantage at this time in .
in completing the school building prof
gtam. Improving the water front and ,
catching up on street repair work.
'e which has had to be curtailed since <
rT before the war. j,
in ;1
Postpone norland Law Action. t
>f The chairman of the board of Com- ! 1
s. missioners stated several weeks ago }<
that while the board is in favor of J
if the repeal of the Borland law, which j
gsscsses half the cost of street pav- !
J? ing against abutting property own1"
ers. the Commissioners probably will
~r not request its repeal in their re- j
port. ,
>r Commissioner Rudolph said today
Ln that if the Federation of Citizens' ,
ir Associations, which is pushing: a camir
paign lor repeal of the Borland law, [
will draft a bill and have it introduced ,
11 the Commissioners will support it. j,
Practically all of the large surplus j,
J." now in the Treasury to the credit of),
the District accumulated during the (
it years when the half-and-half pl&n I,
of appropriating for the District was
in effect.
Surplus Grew During W ar. I <
The surplus grew during the war 1
o* period because the annual appropria- '
tion bills for the District were not \
large enough to use up all of the
r" revenues collected by the city during '
le j those years.
e~ < It was pointed out at the District
building today that if the District "
c" could have carried on its school build- !
ing program, performed its usual j
. Amount of street work and similar j
." activities during the war there would
} not be a surplus.
. ' The feeling prevails, therefore, that
with the war over and prices going,
down the District should be allowed
. to use the accumulated surplus to
meet municipal needs that had to be
postponed during the conflict.
! follows threat
i- .
?e ,
Police Believe Explosion by
Radicals Due to Warning
h Sent Gen. Crowder.
Is By the Associated Press.
"" HAVANA. October 31.?Considerable 1
>r property damage wap caused by the '
I- explosion of a bomb in the home of
n Fernando Gonzalez Verdenes, an '
;e i
ie architect, in a fashionable resident
i section of this city early today.
'* The police appeared to believe the | j
g explosion might be connected with ,
r" threats by radicals against Maj. Gen. <
1? Enoch H. Crowder and the United '
!s States legation here. These threats :
Lt were contained In proclamations dis- ]
It trlbuted throughout Havana Saturday
- night in t.onnection with the case of ,
p- Niccolo Sacco and Partolomeo Van- i
xetti, who have' been convicted of
murder in a Massachusetts court..
16 Senor Verdenes told the police he
could not imagine why any one should
attempt to destroy his home,- which
,e is distant from the American legs- !
r; tion and not in the vicinity of the
home of any prominent American who
might have been chosen by the radicals
as the first victim of their proposed
V Threats against Gen. Crowder and
ul the United States legation are con- {
sc talned In proclamations distributed ,
ie here. The posters denounce Gen. |
- Crowder as a "representative of the
re American bourgeoisie" and threaten f
n. "the dagger of venegeance" against ,
ie the Americans. ,
sr The police, however, are taking i
;y prompt action. They arrested ten |
1- persons at the headquarters of a <
'- syndicalist labor organization. A <
?" number of terrorist proclamations i
!* were found on the premises. Other <
~* arrests are expected. i
Jimmons, Hurt in Train Wreck, 1
Be Placed in Plaster Cast.
Rush Simmons, chief postal inspc
or. who was injured In a raiiros
vreck last week, today went to JCme
cency Hospital, where he is expect*
:o be confined in a plaster cast for tl
text six weeks. Crushed vertebri
vere revealed by X-ray examinatio
dr. Simmons was thrown from h
>erth while sleepingseeksThreeIots
for playground!
With the view to establishing pul
ic playgrounds for the children <
.he District on three lots east of tl
Jnlon station, now under control <
he architect o^ the Capitol, ETlio
Woods, Senator Capper today wro
:o the District Commissioners askii
:hat they give the plan consideratio
Senator Capper, who is chairman <
:he joint congressional committee *
schools in the District, has receiv*
from the Stanton Paijk Citizens' A
soeiation a letter asking that th
tround be turned over for playgrour
purposes. One of the three lots
luestion was formerly occupied I
the Liberty Hut. Jn the letter
Senator Capper. Secretary Harry :
Stull of the Citizens* Association sab
Playground for AH.
vThis space as well as the oth^r t-v
lots immediately north of it are und
the supervision of Elliott Woods, a
chitect of the Capitol. Knowing as ^
do the needs of the children of o
immediate vicinity, we became interea
ed in the suggestion made at one
Dur meetings that these spaces could 1
utilized for several play purposes 1
children from more than one secth
Df the city, principally because of tl
condition of the ground and becau
[>f it$ central location and accessibilit
A committee thereupon called upon A!
Woods in regard to the matter. I
juite readily asrreed with us as to tl
practicability of turning the lots over
some one in the interests of all tl
children of Washington, and not pa
ticularly those who live nearest tl
"Mr. Woods stated that if the m
nicipal playgrounds authorities wou
?PI?ly for these plots he would s
that they were given playgroui
privileges upon them. All that is ne
essary. I believe, is a formal applic
tion on the part of the District pla
ground officials for the use of the
lots. The one lot Is large enough
permit the playing of base ball, fo
bail or any other kind of a game, at
covers practically one city block,
the situation that exists in this ci
today, where organizations and ii
dividuals are constantly calling a
tentiop to the lack of play space f
children, this offer of Mr. Woods
certainly a boon, altd should, in o
opinion, be accepted very promptly
Mr. Stull said, further, that the cit
zens' association had not been able
get the District playground offlcia
to take any action in the matter i
Senator Capper Is much Interest!
in the playground situation here, ai
recently asked Secretary Davis of tl
Department of Labor to have the chi
dren's bureau make a survey of tl
city in relation to playground facil
ties. He said today that the sugge
tion of the Stanton Park Cittzens' A
sociation appealed to him as a go<
PARIS. October 31?The flood i
letters of protest In the case of Saci
md Vanzettt, the two Italians convic
of murder in Massachusetts, whit
Ambassador Herrlck has receivi
within the last fortnight or so, hi
not included up to today one of tl
jld-fashioned "black hand" type.
Such a letter came to hand th
morning, however, a large, well drav
Itand, filled In with ink, occupying mo
Df the sheet. At the upper left-hai
corner a skull - ana crossnones ni
been outlined, with the word "Justlc
underneath, while In the right-hand co
ner a long dagger was depicted. Tl
letter had been posted at Grenoble.
"Justice for Sacco and Vanzetti
ieath to Americans!" was written
the bottom of the sheet.
Bepbrt on Reclassification JCeasu
Expected by Tomorrow. .
Favorable report on the Lehlbii
-eclassiflcatlon bill Will be laid b
'ore the House, probably tomorro'
Vt an executive meeting of the Hou
:ommittee on reforms In the cii
ervice Chairman Lehlbach was ii
itructed to prepare the report.
There will be a few technical mod
Icatlons in the Lehlbach bill. The
will be no modification on the gei
iral scheme. Superflous matter wl
>e eliminated and administrati*
>rovislons will be clarified and coi
lensed. Schedules will be rearrani
!d- Chairman Lehlbach says he wl
irge prompt action upon the bill a'
jxpects to g.et it throngh the How
it this session of Congress.
1 ?'
a! "
j* Varying Demands of Nations 3
Make Essential an Under- *
standing to Avert Clash.
(In this, the tirst of a series of six article*, o
Mr. Lawrence outkiaes the fumlitiiuutaU which p
m will In: discussed at the coming conicretice on jj
ri uruiuiueiit.) n
j To the average man or woman
^ thinking about the winter's coal bill a
or household affairs the big confer- a
^ ence in Washington next week may
le seem to convey an impression of n
things academic and far afield?some- q
tt thing for the high officials in Wash- ?
ington to worry over. ! ?
lg But the conference is the biggest i n
n thing that has happened since the! a
Df war. It touches every family, not only ^
in the United States, but throughout j f
the world. It has a rather nfflcs?k Ik
is sounding title, "Conference on Limita-1?
ld tion of Armament and Discussion of |si
n Far Eastern and Pacific Problems." |\
But its real purpose, its real job. isn't e
expressed by those words at all. In- b
J; deed, what does "far eastern prob- ii
lems" mean? Who except the experts a
i follow the details of commercial in- b
vo trigue in the far east? What does
er "limitation of armament" mean?"* Off- t
r? hand you would say "stopping ex- a
ve penditure," but talk to a naval ex- f
ur pert and he will tell you it means c
keeping practically the same size of o
"f navy that nation has now with- n
u out additional ships, and the first r
uv j thing you know you are in the midst a
of a technical discussion in which it r
h J i3 pointed out that absolute disarma- a
ment is unthinkable, because a police g
. force is needed foi' domestic safety, o
?' and that "reduction of armament" and
/' "limitation of armament" mean two p
J? distinct things, as will be explained c
hereafter. o
^ Conference of Reconstruction. J
J" There's also an inside story of how p
the conference came to be called. It f
throws a. good deal of light on what's n
lfj going to happen. This will be told p
in another dispatch. v
i The Paris conference merely drew j c
up a treaty to end the war. It e
couldn't possibly do everything. The v
J" whole social and economic fabric of t
J" countries both neutral and belliger- ii
J* out had been torn to pieces. What t
? Paris failed to do toward reconstruct- s
01 I i r. ?*-- "* * '
, .h6 ?w?u me uasningion con- a
. ference will attempt. The viewpoint e
at Paris was to get peace established c
* quickly. The passion of haste has
* disappeared. All the" nations meet
" now in a calmer and more quiet atmosphere.
The meeting was called to *
* limit armament and talk over far ?
a., eastern questions, but the mission of '
: the Washington conference is one of 11
t" healing. It is to be a conference of d
, reconstruction out of which should F
_ come not merely an understanding as ^
to the size of armies and navies, but F
? a better spirit toward the preserva- n
' , tion of peace, and a readjustment of e
" financial burdens so that world trade v
i may be revived and wheels of indus- 11
try may hum once more. ?
ie b
i- Varying Position of Nations. p
a" For, no matter which way one turns, P
s" the problems under which the world J
is struggling seem to have a definite 1
relationship to each other. France F
resents the talk that she is maintain- ^
ing a large standing army merely be- *
cause her officers want jobs and her
of militaristic spirit is on edge. She J
20 says she keeps that army because no- *
,t- body else will offer an army to; pro- 8
;h tect her against a German invasion. 8
ed But the Germans are disarmed, you
id | (Continued on page 4, column *.) .
tie ?
J Foremost Americ
: Received By
or Sergt. Samuel Woodflll, 30th Rieruit t \
at Company, Fort Thomas, Ky., officially 1
4_ j J... T>&w,V,lni* nnmmnnilor nf I
IltLlCU UJ yen. * ctoiiiiie, wviinnauu^i w>
the American expeditionary forces, as
first In the list of the many heroes in
those forces during the world war, has
arrived in this city under orders to
. serve as one it .the representatives of
ch the Army In bearing) the body Of the
e- unknown AHhrlcu soldier to its psrmaw.
nent resting plape in the'. Arlington amse
ril Officials of "the War Department are
n- paying him special honors today. Before
his departure from the/City Gen.
II- Pershing accorded him a cordial recepre
tion in his office and he also made a
n- round of calls on other officers with
lU whom he served in the war. -Although
re rated now as a sergeant, he served as
n- a first lleutenaht" In the (Oth Infantry
I- during the war, and it was In that call
pacity. that .he was awarded the conid
gresslonal -medal of honor "for conga
spicuous gallantry and Intrepidity above
and bsyoadthacail of duty In-action
- C.V'V -
An effort to rush through legislation
which will empower the
President to declare Armistice day,
November 11, a national holiday,
was made today when the House
passed a resolution introduced by
Representative Royal C. Johnson
of South Dakota. This resolution
recites that the selection of Armistice
day for the burial of the unknown
soldier suggests the desirability
of having a national
holiday on that date, when all the
people of the country can pause in
their business out of respect to
thousands of other heroes who
have given their lives, as typified
in this one here, who is to be
buried in Arlington national cemetery
on Armistice day.
This measure now goes to the
Senate for concurrent action. Under
it the President is directed to
declare a national holiday, and unless
this resolution be passed by
both houses, the 1'resident has no
authority to declare Armistice day
a national holiday.
tenator Says Tobacco Ta:
Would Meet All Expenses
Except Those for War.
Declaring that the coming Washing
an conference on limitation of arma
tents must succeed, if civilization 3
a endure. Senator Swanson of Vir
inia, in the Senate today, pointed t
tie huge tax burden of the nation
tecause of war expenditures, pa*
nd future.
The success of the conference is nec
ssary, he said, to put an end to "thi
nad International competition in ar
"Governmental expenditures." sai
enator Swanson. "unless greatly r
uced, will certainly lead to furthe
ldustrial depression and distree
nd Anally culminate in universa
ankruptcy. Annual governmenu
xpenditures have attained such a
nmense proportion to the yearl
arnings of the people as seriously t
itorfere with the processes of pre
icribed In the official citation as fc
"While he teas leading his cor
>anv against the enemy his line car
inder heavy machine gun fire, whii
hreatened to hold dp the advanc
followed by two soldiers at 25 yarc
his! officer went out ahead of his fir
Ine toward a machine gun nest ai
corked his way around . Its flan
enVlng the two soldiers in froi
iVhen he got within 10 yards of tl
run It ceased firing, and four of t!
inemy appeared, three of whom we
ihot by Lieut. WoodflU. The fourt
in officer, rushed at Lieut. Woodfl
vKo attempted to club the ofllc
rfth his rifle. After a hand-to-hai
truggle Lieut. WoodflU killed tl
ifficer with his pistol. His compai
hereupon continued to advance uni
T (ConUnu#d on pace 4. column 2.)
uction and to threaten the solvenc
f our varied indispensable entei
rises. In 1910 our annual nations
icome was estimated by the best an
lost accurate statisticians at $30
00.000.000. The federal governmer
ollected for its purposes out of thl
nnual increase of wealth at that tirr
bout 3 per cent in taxes.
Taxes More Than Treble.
"The same authorities estimate our a:
ual increase of wealth now at 950
00.000,000. of which the federal go\err
sent takes in taxes for its purposi
ach year 10 per cent. The federal goi
rnment thus exacts from its peop!
lore than three times as much of the
nnual earnings as it did ten years ag
Ve have increased our annual wealt
i that time less than twofold and oi
ederal taxes more than fivefold. Oi
ical and state taxes have increase
ractically in the same proportioi
/ocal, state and federal taxes now coi
ume more than one-sixth of the people
ggregate yearly earnings. This is s
xcessive that it ceases to be taxatio:
ut becomes extortion. Every busines
ndustry and enterprise of the nation
taggering under this increased hea\
Agriculture, manufacture. minini
ransportation, commerce and labor, ?
re suffering severely from these frigh
ul governmental tax exactions. Evei
itizen, every enterprise, feels the bligl
f excessive taxation. Local, state ar
ational expenditures must be great
educed if we are to escape individu
nd governmental bankruptcy. T1
nad orgy of extravagance. Individu
nd governmental, must cease. Fn
ality and economy must control aga!
r disaster awaits us.
"These gTeat increases In taxes at
iOt confined to this country, but o<
ur in greater proportion in all par
f the world. Prior to the world ws
England expended in taxes 9 per cei
f her earnings, now she expends !
?er cent; prior to the world wi
France spent 16 per cent of her ar
lual earnings in taxes, now she ei
lends 40 per cent; prior to the worl
rar Italy expended in Haxes 13 p<
. - * 1 ...1 ,rt. ??,
t*ni ui iivi oiinuui *.oi muff "
xpends 30 per cent; prior to ti
rorld war Germany expended i
axes 8 per cent of her annual earr
ngs, now she expends 23 per cent. 1
hese countries the tax burdens ai
o heavy and intolerable?absorb sue
. large proportion of the people
arnings as almost to destroy the ii
entive to work and produce.
Heavy Taxes Discouraging.
"The people cease to labor whf
hus forcibly deprived of the frui*
f their toil. These dry figures, mot
orcibly than language, graphical]
infold the cause of the depressio;
liscontent, restlessness and unen
iloyment which encircle the worl
Ve can readily understand why tf
ieoples of these countries have r
neans left after these government
xactions with which to purchase oi
rheat, cotton, tobacco, minerals ar
nanufactures, of which they are
Teat need. In these dry figures ca
e read the story of our curtailed e
orts, of our large accumulated sui
>lus on farm. In mine, in\factory. <
educed wages, of a merchant marir
ying in port without cargo or en
iloyment, and of our railroad syste;
without sufficient business to be pro
tably operated.
"The world is*so interwoven in i
nterest, so interrelated, that dii
ressed conditions in these countrii
ire felt in the cotton fields of tf
louth. the tobacco fields of Virgin!
md Kentucky, the wheat and cot
(Continued on page 4, column 1.)
an War Hero
High Officials
eith the eneray 'at' Cunel, France, O
ober 12, 1918.
Ofllelal Citation.
HIr rnndiirt on fhn r rwroalnn U A
Given Power Which Will
Make Them Equal to Foreign
Members in Conference Today to
Further Consider Data on Naval
Armament Limitation.
The rank of ambassador bas been
given to the American delegates to
n?c tuiutrcuce on limitation or arma|
ment and discussion of far-eastern
l and Pacific questions, the State De1
partment announced today.
The declaration of the President's
action was made by Under Secretary
of State Fletcher, who explained that
^ the four representatives of the United
States were given ambassadorial rank
so that they might sit in the conference.
on an equality with the delegates
of the other invited powers.
The d* legates, it also was said,
would by virtue of their special des ?
ignation outrank ambassadors credited
to foreign capitals, thereby permitting
them to call on ambassadors
s abroad tor special information or to
.. carry out such instructions as agreed
? I Officials at the State Department
s ; were of the opinion that it would not
' be necessary to send the names of
I the American delegates to the Senate
i for confirmation of their new desigI
nation. The rank will apply not only
h 1 to Klil u Hoot and Senators Lodge and
(Underwood, but also to Mr. Hughes.
who will sit in the conference not a*
Secretary of State, but as a delegate
? of the United States and head of the
American delegation.
Consider Naval Armament.
tl The American delegates assembled
in the room of Secretary Hughes at
n the State Department this morning to
y resume consideration of data prti0
sented by the Navy Department bearing
on the limitation and reduction
y : of naval armament. Secretary Denby.
.(Assistant Secretary Roosevelt. Adil
I miral Coontz. chief of naval operad
j tions and Rear Admiral Pratt att^nded
the meeting. All the American
it delegates. Secretary Hughes, Senator
is Lodge. Senator Underwood and Elihu
ie Root were present.
It was assumed that the genera!
theory of limitation of naval arma|
ment which this government believed
1" might be successfully applied had
" | been completed and approved at the
j previous meetings of the naval ex(
perts with the delegates and subsel"
<qirent discussion of this matter be,
j tween President Harding and the
""delegates at a White House dinner,
y! j The naval problem, however, it is
- generally understood, is the most
(difficult one to come before the ap!
proaching conference and there ?**
_ j much detail to be gone over with the
. 1 experts before the American dele Zj
gates can feel that they are fully
,0 equipped for the deliberation ahead
| of them.
* j Other Delegations Due.
ry i Included ir. the consideration of
; naval establishments of the various
1 powers necessarily is the question of
Jjjtbiises, particularly in Pacific waters.
I. | and to some extent the fortifications
-v ithat defend various ports. Also Inlit
j eluded is the question of the status
l(j - of the merchant marine as a potential
lv naval force, and all of these aspects
a] i must be considered in formulating an
ie j American program ror limitation 01
a] j naval armament to he proposed when
i- the conference assembles.
[n The State Department was advised
today of the addition of a technical
e expert to Belgium's delegation to the
3- conference, in the person of Leon Le
ts Maire de Warse d'Hermalle. recently
ir appointed minister to Havana. He
it will sail for New York on the Baltic
52 ' November
ir 1 This week will witness the arrival
i- ! of several additional delegations to
c- ! the conference, and in the meantime
Id j those now in the city are understood
ir ! to be busily at work getting
ie ] data into shape for presentation to
le the principal delegates. The various
n | embassies with their regular staffs
l- also have their hands full at this time
n in preparing preliminary matter as
*e well as attending to the housing and
h reception of their visiting countrys*
Hopeful Note Voiced.
One striking note is observed to
characterize all the pre-arrival utterj"
ances of incoming delegations that
J have started for Washington and re,
echoed on arrlwl here, and that is a
* strong spirit of optimism in the suc'
cessful outcome of the conference.
V Here and there, to be sure, are found
. ' utterances recognizing the existence
o?vt?o nf thf difficulties ahead, but
ai no one foresees failure.
Ir That some practical benefit must
1(j and will be deprived as a result of
jn the full and free interchange of views
in upon the iffterests and rights of the
x_ nations represented, as also upon the
' welfare of humanity and tile peuce
of the world, is forecast by all the
pronouncements thus far made
And wnen the delegates are all as"
sembled they will find the same spirit
# militant in official circles and entertained
by the millions of members
t of various organizations that have
J sent representatives to Washington
as observers.on thft side lines of the
rf great international event. It is a
I? subject of frequent comment that the
n psychology of the situation is all in
_ one ^direction, trending to a favorable
outcome of the deliberations of the
? conference.
Secretary of State Hughes has
more than made it clear in his uni
official talks upon the subject that he
j looks for "practical benefits" and
fully expects to see them fortheom%
e-j Latest Returns Cut Down Nestos'
11" | Lead Over Gov. Frazier
I in North Dakota.
jj| Br the Aweelated Ppphk
:e. ' FARGO, N. D.. October 31.?Returns
la, from twenty-nine additional precincts
at today made a further cut In the maud
Jority of R. A. Nestos, independent
k. gubernatorial candidate, In Friday's
it. recall election, 1,867 out of 2,086 prehe
eincts airing Nestos 106,376 and Gov.
Be Lynn J. Frailer, non-partisan, 98.151.
re Tabulation of returns Wei renewed
n. | m earnest today with a new to call.
tabllsblng definitely the majorities
er polled bythe independent oandVUUe., ...
? whose election was oonoeded by- nori- ;23
?e partisan league leaders. ;
?ii .. Th? fkte ?' tha Proposed oonetitui1
tlonal amendments and initiated law* -j?S
expected to be known by tonight.
^ M

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