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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 04, 1921, Image 1

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WEATHER,
Fair tonight and torn?prow; cooler
tohiorrou-. / .
Temperature tor twenty-four hours
ended at 2 p.m. today:' . Highest, 66, fit
2 p.m. today; lowest, <41, at G a.m. to
day. /,
/
Closing New Yoth Stocks, Page 29.
WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
Member ?f the Associated Pros
Tha imellM Praaa to excloalrely entitled to
the dm (or republication of all am dlapatebaa
credited to It ?r not otberw.oa credited la till*
paper and alio the local aewo paolbbed herein.
All rlfhts of publication of epeelal
diapatchae herein are alao reaarred.
Yesterday's Net Circulation, 8^,689
9ft *^1 ^ Entered as second-class mutter
JNO. ?0,0 lO. post office Washington. D. C.
WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 4. 1921-FORTY-SIX PAGES.
TWO CENTS.
Great Statesman's Wound of
Fatal Character?Was the
"Lloyd George" of Empire.
HORROR VOICED HERE
BY NIPPON DELEGATES
Envoys to Anns Parley, Revived
Threatening Letters on their
Departure for America.
fer the Associated Press.
TOKIO, November 4.?Premier Ilara.
vaa fatally .stabbed In tl?e breast to
day at the railroad station in Toklo.
Oeyrfulo* Fol!(rtvt N?ri.
3i> the Associated Press.
Japanese embassy officials in Wash
ington and members of the Japanese
delegation to tfie armament and far
??astern conference j-ecelved the first
news from the Associated Press, and
were greatly depressed by the news.
Official advices from Tokio announc
ing that Premier Hara of Japan had
been stabbed fatally were received
at the State Department today, soon
itfter press dispatches brought the
?hews of tho assassination to the
United Slates.
The message to the State Depart
ment, which was filed at 9 p.m.. Tokio
time, gave no details other than the
premier had been stabbed.
Uenth la Announced. .
An hour later another message, filed
t>y the American embassy at Tokio at
:I0 p.m., was received at the State De
partment announcing the death of the
premier.
Secretary Hughes was attending the*
Krtday cabinet meeting when the dis
l>atch arrived, and. on leaving the
'White House, was told of the assas
sination by newspaper correspondents,
lie said he was greatly shocked by the
mews.
Secretary Hughes, during the after
noon, went to the Japanese embassy
to express to Baron Shidehara, the am
bassador. his sympathy and that of
President Harding.
Deirfites Horrified.
The report that premier Hara had
l>een fatally stabbed caused a thrill of
l.orror among the Japanese delegates.
Mr. Hara was rapidly attaining a
predominant position in the political
.life Itf Japan, so much so that he was
often referred to as the Lloyd George
of the empire. He had achieved among
other things a kind of working co
operation between the military and
civic elements of the government, and
hail indtx-ed the military leaders, who
iiart been accused of endeavoring to
rilreot too much the policiea of the
conntrji to work more in harmony
with the civic departments*^ . ..
?ot Threatening Letter*.
Keforo the departure of the Japa
nese delegation from Tokio threaten
ing letters had been receive^ by vari
ous members of the cabinet, and
'Prince Tokugawa himself, just before;
? mharklng on the steamer for the I
Vnited States, received a fantastically
worded document threatening hlfn
?with assassination unless he achieved
results at Washington of benefit to
l.is country and warning him also
?that he must not be too "foreign" in
his attitude while in the United States.
HAHA LONG IN POLITICS.
Had Been Premier Since 19*8, En
tering Cabinet in 1013.
It." 'tie Assoeittpd Press.
The assassination of Premier Hara
comes at a dramatic moment, when I
the Japanese delegation is assembling!
for the Washington conference, and!
when Japan is Intensely Interested in j
the internatloal issues in which Pre- ;
mier Hara has until now taken-such!
tin important part. He had been urged '
io head the delegation to Washing-1
ton, and for a time had the matter'
under consideration, but finally do j
cidi-d that his services would be bet-,
ler e-nployed at home during lite dis-l
tussions at Washington. 1
Premier Hara frequently addressed '
the Japanese diet concerning the seri
nus work ahead for Japan at Wash- j
ington. and on October 6 he ex- |
pressed the view that Japan's chief
:>im would be to put an end to race
harriers. He later conferred with the
American ambassador at Tokio, and
the premier soon afterward an
nounced at a meeting of "the govern
ment party that Japan was willing to
compromise on the Shantung ques
tion with China, which had long been
k main subject of controversy.
Premier Hara declared, in recent
statements, that Japan was ready to
aowpt a limitation of her naval es- i
lablishment along with the rest of
ihe ^'orld. and always keeping in
mind the necessities of her national
defense.
TakUshi Hara has been premier of |
Japan since 1918, when he formed
b cabinet after the fall of the Terau
chl ministry, the Sleyu-Kai- party, of
?which he was a leader, taking control.
The position of the premier and his
Jiarty was confirmed by the general
election in May. 1920. that party
securing a great majority.'
The premier has had a.long and
distinguished political earner.* Bom in
3854. he was for some tirM in the for
eign office service, both at home and
abroad, and was vice minister for a
time in 1895. He joined the late
Prince Ito in organizing the Seiyu
Kai party In 1900, and shortly after
iv-ard became minister of communi
cations in the cabinet. Later he
tervetj again as head of that depart
ment of the government in the Selyu
Xai cabinet of 1S06-08, resigning with
ilie fall of that ministry, and travel
'nc in Europe and America in the j
latter part of 1908 and in 1909. On
Jiis visflt to this country he was re
ceived by President Roosevelt in
Washington in September, 1908.
M. Hara re-entered the cabinet in
1913 as minister of home afTairs and
In 1918 formed the cabinet now in
office.
When a youth M. Hara studied law
Tor a time, but early forsook it for
journalism, through which work came
his Introduction into the foreign of
fice service. During a later Interval
in his political career. In 1896-97, he
?was chief editor of the Osaka Mai
nichi, and took up again the chief
editorship of that paper for a time
before entering the Saionjl cabinet as
minister of the interior In 190*. ,?"
In May. 1920, a plot was discovered
ti> assassinate Premier Hara, pte de
ntils coming out in November last by
publication of the findings of a.pre
liminary court which tried a former
artilleryman named Ito, charged with
planning an attempt against the
premier's person. Seven bombs were
to have been employed in the at
tempted assassination, which was to
have taken place on May S, 1920, the
.?ouri findings showed.
It was asserted that Ito came to
Tokio and purchased a revolver and
.-^4'osives. making his bombs out of
and botes. On taking, them
, jp^inUnueu oa Page 2> Column 6.>
HOLIDAY RESOLUTION,
UNKNOWN DEAD HONOR,
SIGNED BY PRESIDENT
President Harding' today signed
a joint congressional resolution
authorizing him to declare Armi
stice day, November 11, 1921, a na
tional holiday as a mark of re
spect to tlie unknown and unldenti
Hed soldier? who were killed in the
world war.
The President will in the next
issue a proclamation
notifying the nation of this na
1 holiday, at the same time
P*?. iff his tribute to the un
known dead.
IK INTERESTS
TAKE OVER BANK
i Purchase Majority Capital
I Stock in Hamilton Sav
^ ings Institution.
Interests identified with the Uiggs
National Bank have purchased more
I than a majority of the capital stock
of the Hamilton Savings Bank, oper
ating two institutions, the main bank
at the northwest corner of Hth street
and Park road northwest, and the
Central branch, at the southeast cor
ner of 7th and Eye streets north
west.
Acquisition of stnck lias been going
on quietly for the last thirty days.
E. W. Bradford, president of the
Hamilton Savings, representing the
; Rlggs interests in the acquisition.
: paying $9 a share for the stock plus
:$3.75 a share, covering an assessment
I ordered by the controller of the cur
i rency to cover capital impairment,
j The par value of the shares is $10.
' The capital of the Hamilton Savings
Bank is $195,553.55. It was organized
a little over a year ago. and before
the opening of the main office tlie
Central Savings Bank was acquired.
Statement by Mr. Allen.
! 31 E. Aijes. president of the FUggs
National Bank, said: "The move lias
long^ been In contemplation, first, in
order that the strength and service
I ol the illggs National Bank may be
carried to outlying districts, it fceing
fully realized that the growth of the
city of Washington is such that the
great central downtown institutions
lean no longer adequately serve busi
| ness communities that have developed
at a distance from the center.
"We purpose, therefore, to carry our
j service to our customers, rather than
that they should be inconvenienced
by the necessity of making dally
long trips to us. Secondly, we ear
I nestly desire to offer a cure for a
gradually developing bad banking sit
uation in Washington.
Move (or Sounder Banking.
"The multiplication of minor banks
under state charters without ade
quate business reasons therefor *s
becoming a matter of some concern.
Tbv moire wt have made la in the
Interest of strengthening- the general,
banking situation, and we trust oth
ers of the larger and stronger insti
tutions will follow the lead we have
taken to bring about safer and sound
er banking in Washington.
"In all this. Mr. Glover has given
his earnest and enthusiastic support."
BANK RUNNERS HELD UP
AND ROBBED OF $5;900
Five Bandits Attack Them Within
Few Yards of Mill as They Are
Carrying Fay Boll Money.
By the Associated Prefs.
PHILADELPHIA. November"4.?Five
men in an automobile held up two
runners of the Corn Exchange Na
tion Bank today, robbed them of
$5,900 and escaped.
The money constituted the pay roll
of the Uoosevtlt Worsted Mills, at 21st
and Naudain streets. Charles Kramer
and Henry Disher, the runners, were
within a few yards of the mill, when
four men walked up and ordered them
to thrAw up their hands. Twn nier.
held pistols at the head of each run
ner and took from them a leather
satchel containing the money and a
check for $23,000. As the bandits re
lieved the runners of the bag an au
tomobile drew up at the sidewalk and
the four men jumped In.
The machine sped away and the run
ners fired their pistols at the bandits,
but none was hit.
A short time afterward the aban
doned car was found in West Phil
adelphia. It showed the marks of
three bullets. On the floor of the car
were found the $23,0C0 check and the
bag. All the cash was gone.
The bank Immedraltly offered
reward for the arrest and conviction
of the bandit*.
BUYING OF LIBERTYS
FEATURE MARKET TODAY
NEW YOItK, November 4.?Buying
of bonds, especially liberty and vic
tory issues, continued to feature the
trading on the stock exchange today,
the demand for these securities be
ing relatively far in excess of deal
ings in stocks.
Liberty second, third and fourth 4ys
attained highest quotations of the
year, while victory 3%s and victory t
4% s duplicated yesterday's high
record of par
The demand for these bonds, which
seemed to have been accelerated by I
the recent decline in federal reserve
rediscount rates, comes from all quar-!
ters. according to bond dealers, large i
corporate interests being among the i
principal purs.iar.i-rs. {
Up to midday Kales of the various'
liberty bonds and victory not?s were
estimated at $8,000,900 par v^lue, or
more than 75 per cent of the total
turnover In the bond market. Great
est activity was shown bv liberty
second and fourth 4Hs, and victory
REPORT EXPECTED SOON.
Nomination of B. C. Becorder of
Beads to Be Acted On.
v?- c
Senator Jones of Washington, chair
man of the subcommittee In charge
of the nomination of Henry Lincoln
Johnson to be recorder of deeds In
the District of Columbia, said today
that the subcommittee was ready to
report on the nomination to the full
District committee at Its next meet
ing. Senator Jones declined to say
whether the report would be favor
able or unfavorable, as the consider
ation of nominations Is confidential
executive business.
It has been supposed, however, that
the nomination would be reported fa
vorably by the republican members of
the subcommittee and opposed by the
democrats, the republicans being in
the majority,
f
Special Committee Ordered
to Investigate Treatment of
Privates Overseas.
EDGE SCORES GEORGIAN
DURING LONG WRANGLE
Southerner Declares Soldier Will
Tell Senators All First
Hand Facts.
Watson's Charges
Most Outrageous,
Says Gen. Pershing
j 1ST till- As?M-i*t?l I'rt'XI.
XASHVILLE, November
; 4, While litre today Gen. John
j J. Pernhliig asked to ^ quoted
' in reference to the chnrgr
1 of Senator Tom Watson that
1 American noldler* had been
hanged overneM without trial,
i He xaldi
??It In the *to?t o?lra*eo??
and untrue ueeusatlou that
; could possibly be mad*. ?u?
| absolutely without foundation."
A new resolution ordering a special
committee to investigate charges of
Senator Watson, democrat, Georgia,
regarding treatment of privates in
the American expeditionary forces was
adopted unanimously today by the
Senate after a two-hour wrangle.
Soon after Senator Watson present
ed the bases for his charges a favor
able committee report was ma<l-; on
the resolution authorizing the special
committed appointed to imiuire into
the charges to subpoena witnesses
and papers.
?'he Senate also adopted unani
mously another resolution by Senator
Bandegee, republican. Connecticut,
chairman of the special committee,
authorizing the committee to sub
poena witnesses and documents, but
left unsettled the question as to the
exact charges of Senator Watson
which were to be investigated.
Edge Flays Wation.
When the Senate convened an hour
earlier than usual to take up the
Watson charges. Senator Edge, repub
lican. New Jersey, opened with severe
criticism of the Georgia senator for
attempting to place-In the Congrttt
aional Uecord yesterday a photograph
of a gallows Mid to have beet) used
by the Army in France.
Senator Edge salcPthat Mr. \Vatson
i had not requested publication of the
article printed with the photograph
in a Passaic, N. J., newspaper. The
article showed. Mr. Edge added, that
it wan used for a legal execution aft
er a. court-martial for an attack on a
sewn-vear-old French girl, who died
f from the effects of the assault.
Senator Edge asked whether Sena
tor Watson sought to Justify his
charges of illegal executions without
? trial by presenting the photograph of
a gallows used in a court-martial ex
i ecution.
I American People Want Facts..
? "The issue in this case cannot be
camouflaged." said Senator Edge. No
one claimed that men were not tried
and executed. The picture of a gallows
I used for punishment of a brute is no
justification of the charges of the sen
ator from Georgia. He cannot cover
them over with photographs and repro
ductions he offered yestenjMr. The
i American people want to know the facts.
I to have the senator's charges proven or
disproven by uncontroverted evidence.
1 Replying to the New Jersey senator.
Senator Watson referred to the picture
showing the hanging of the negro for an
attack on a little French girl and de
manded: "Since when has It become
legal to disgrace the uniform of the
American Army <*>y hanging It at the
end of a halter?"
The Georgia senator called attention
that in the casualty lists issued during
the war there appeared the phrase:
"Dead from other causes, and asked
what were those causes.
Watson Taken lp~ Fryc Can*.
Taking up the case of the soldier
Frye who was killed by a sentry, the
speaker declared that he had a con
stituent in Georgia who saw the com
mission of "that foul crime, than
which no German ever committed a
fouler," and that his affidavit would
be presented to the Senate as soon as
it could reach Washington.
Senator Watson told the Senate that
his charge that twent.v-onc American
soldiers had been hanged in France
without >rlal had been based on the
statement of a soldier who said he had
seen the gallows and had been told
by the scaffold guard that this num
ber of men had been hanged. He read
a telegram from this soldier, whose
name was not disclosed, saying that
the gallows was at Ulevres. France,
and that the guard had told him that
other men were to be hanged on It.
"That's the number I said," declared
Senator Watson, referring to the
number mentioned In the telegram.,
"That Is the Information on which J1
based my statement."
Promises Facts for Senate.
The Georgia senator declared that
this soldier, wM, he said, had served
four years in the Army, would "face
the Senate ahd answer any question
as bravely as he had faced the Ger
mans."
Senator Watson asked if the War
Department would give the name of
the "gallows guard' And others In
volved in the Glevres execution.
Senator Wadsworth, republican. New
York, chairman of the military com
mittee, said that was what was pro
posed by the Senate Investigation,
ordered, he added, because the Georgia
senator Indicated lack of confidence
in the chairman and other members
of the military committee by refusing
to come before it.
Senator Watson replied that he had
a constitutional right to present his
case in the open Senate and intended
to do so.
"Expel me if you like for that," said
Senator Watson to the republican
side. "You've got the vo.es. Go
ahead and do It Is the republican ma
jority scared? Why not debate this
here In the open and meet me face to
face? Why try to entrap me and cage
me and silence me in a committee
room? If there's anything cheaper in
this country than human life it's f
whitewashing committee1 report. No
body reads committee reports or has
any confidence in them."
-Does the general staff want to hide
In the committee room?" Senator Wat
son continued. "Why not give the
facts to some senator and have him
face me here?"
Flshtte* Military Clique.
Senator Watson said he was fighting
the "military clique, the Prussianised
system." and that "we. have njrw
reached the point of militarism where
i (Continued on Page 2, Column 5.>
Slew Friend Upon Request
After Kiss and Embrace
j Kj the Associated Pre*-. 1
I NEW YORK, November 4.?A story
. as Brim as those of the most real of
j ftussian realists was told today in
i police headquarters.
; It concerned Frank i'assyno, a
(ship's ci.rpenter. found shot to death
| in a Russian cemetery nt South River,
IN. J., lawt Sunday. It came from the
lips of Alexander Savin, his chum,
who was arrested yestenlay as a fu- I
gitlve from justice and held on a j
charge of homicide.
This is the confession Savin is al
leged to have made to the police: I
That, out of work for four months. |
Passyno had become despondent and '
tried in vain to starve himself to
death; that at last he had asked Sa-'
vin to shoot him: that Savin had re
fused,-but had been met with a threat
of death himself; that last Sunday
the two had gone from their room in ?
this city to the Russian cemetery
across the Hudson: that the two had
embraced and kiseed; that Savin had '
j fired thr?e shots without killing his I
chum; that Passyno then had asked
him to pause until he had given his|
ftHIS FOR BEER
MAKING APPROVED
|
I Authority for Medical Product
! Issued by Commissioner i
to Two Applicants.
j Commissioner Haynes approved to
! day the first two applications from
| brewers for permits to manufacture
I and sell beer for medical purposes
under the new Treasury regulations.
The applications were from Joseph
Schlitz of Milwaukee and Plel
Brothers of New York, and officials
said the permits for them to engagt
' in the medical beer business would
be forwarded at once.
Others Betas Considered.
/Cither applications from brewers for
permits, officials said, would be acted
upon rapidly, and where there was
no evidence of prior violation of the
law or Irregularity in the prepara
tions for dealjng in medical beer the
necessary permits would be forth
coming.
Before the distribution of medical
beer to the Bick can begin. Commis
sioner Haynes explained, both phy
sicians and druggists must obtain new i
permits to enable them to prescribe,
and sell It. Applications for these per- I
mits. he added, are made to state di
rectors and issued by them.
Point Remains Vnsettled.
In connection with prescriptions for!
I'beer, Mr. Haynes added, a point yet
i to be decided is whether a physician
is limited to the 100 prescriptions
every three months, as is now the
rule, or whether under the new regu
lations he is entitled to more pro- ?
scrlptions for beer.
BIO SAXES NOT LIKELY.
Difficulty of Delivering Beer Be- i
garded Bar to Large Transactions !
Physical difficulties in the way of
delivery of beer for medicinal pur- 1
\ poses appeared today to automati
cally forbid sale of beer in any i
quantity by druggists?the only per- !
sons authorized to sell beer on permit!
; under the prohibition regulations. j
| Prohibition officials said a delega
. tton of Washington druggists called
at the office of Commissioner Haynes
i early in the week seeking reasons
j why beer. Instead of being handled by
j druggists, could not be sold to con- ,
i sumers from breweries direct. They |
i were told that beer must be pur-1
i chased from druggists and must ac- |
tually be on the premises when it Is
sold.
The question then arose as to stor
age facilities for the Urge quantities
of beer, which It Ib believed will be \
called tor when it is made available i
for sale.
Druggists, it was pointed out, have
no facilities for storage of quantities
of beer, nor do they have men experi
enced in handling It. They were told
that It is up to them to take care of
beer sales and that brewers could not
sell beer direct to consumers under
the regulations. ^
Beer can be sold to consumers on
prescription from physicians to drug
gists. They would be approved and
signed by the druggist and then for
warded to the brewer, who would de
liver beer In the amount called for
by the prescription, but storage of
large quantities of beer on druggists'
promises is practically Impossible, it
was pointed oat
The Abner-Drury Brewing Com
pany, it was learned today, Is nearly
ready to apply for a permit to sell
beer on .prescription to druggists. The
Christian Heurich Company also - is
to sublet its application.
j last five dollars to his executioner as j
i a. reward: that the fourth shot had!
! done the work. \
I * according to the police, added
that he had dragged the body to a
| I,,aV.e wh<?re passersby might more
I easily tfrnd it. This resulted in dis
| c?vf,ry ^?dy and establishing
' ? * assyno's identity through analy
i sis by a Baltimore oculist of lenses
j m the dead man's glasses.
! police were frankly amazed by
, the story they said Savin had told
i them.
I Upon further questioning. Savin
, was alleged to have told them that,
li?e many Russians, the thought of
| suicide had recurred often to the
I mind of his churn when luck seemed
| against him. Savin said he had plead*
1 f.4 w'th his friend not to take his own
! and Passyno finally had prom
I lsed. But die he must, Passyno said,
| according to the Savin confession, and
insisted that his friend, to prove his
| loyalty, must kill him.
j "I saw he was in earnest, and there
was nothing else to do," Savin van
I quoted by the police.
I A perplexing development to the
! authorities ? discovered of MOO In
i a bank, deposited to Passyno's credit.
! PRESIDENT PRAISES
SERGT. WOODFILL FOR
HEROIC DEEDS IN WAR
Sergt. Samuel Woodfln, selmted
j by Gen. Pershing: as the greatest
f war hero of them all. was pre
sented to President Harding today
and congratulated by the chief
executive on his war record. As
he left the executive offices he met
Representative Kahn, republican,
of California, chairman of the
j House military committee, who
also told him that the whole coun
try would always remember him
with gratitude.
Sergt. Woodfill was brought to |
the White House by Senator Ernst
i of Kentucky, in whose state he
is now stationed.
! The House today gave an ovation
| to .Sergt. Samuel Woodfill. who oc
cupied a seat in the members' gal
lery this afternoon, when Represen
tative Benham of Indiana, in whose
home district Sergt. Woodfill was
born and raised, made a speech to
i the House extolling the services ren
; dered by Sergt. Woodfill.
: hen Representative Benham
| pointed him out in the gallerv the
entire House rose, cheered and ap
plauded for many minutes.
I
WOULD PARDON FIVE
| YANKS IN MURDER CASE
I
'Secretary Weeks Says Court-Mar
j tial Trie4 and Convicted "In
j, nocent Men."'
Pardon for five American soldiers con
victed by court-martial for the murder
of Capt. George Laneefield of the Brit- |
ish army, in Germany last year, has1
been recommended by Secretary i
Weeks The men, James A. O'Dell
Roy O. Youngblood, George Van Gil
der, Carl J. Bryan and Jim B. Rich
ardson, are serving life sentences in
the federal penitentiary at Leaven
worth, Kan.
Announcement of the Secretary's
action was made today by members
of the delegation of members of Con
gress who recently ap-;j.led to Mr
Weeks in behalf of f . ,ve men. The
Secretary's reco- .idation would. If
approved and made effective, provide i
for release of the men and giving I
them the preference of returning to '
their old organizations and serving'
the remainder of their enlistments or
of applying for immediate discharge
from the service.
i Mr. Weeks based the recommenda
tion on the ground that the court
martial which tried and convicted the
men Jointly had condemned "innocent
men," and pardon was the only way
in which justice could be done them.
I Today's News in Brief
British house of commons votes ap
| proval of arms conference. Page 1
iPremierHara fatally stabbed at Tokio
| railroad station. Page l
| Permits for manufacture of medicinal
| beer issued to two applicants,
i Page 1
D. C. officials urge higher pay for su
perintendent of schools. Page 1
S"],00I'8 alternative sales tax proposal
likely to be rejected. Page 2
Representative Liampert attacks dis
[ trlbutors' share of milk price.
[ Page 2
Republican leaders report gain for
party In Virginia. Page 4
Indianapolis gives rousing welcove to
Marshal Foch. Page It
Loss in Weehawken pier Are put at
II,000,000. ^ Page 17
King Alexander takes oath of office in
Jugoslavia tomorrow. Page 17
Representative Johnson denies exist
ence of old titles in District. Page II
Borden holds unguarded Canadian
border example to world. Page II
New -York milk supply- approaching
normal* Page 2X
DIFFICULTIES BESET
ARMS LIMITATION
Many Elements Will Enter j
Into Any Agreement Which
Is Proposed.
BY DAVID LAWBEXC&
(In till* the fifth of a series nf sirralfieaBt
art lelea, Mr. Uwrenrr outlines what the naval
expert* of onr government have in mind in
connection with "limitation" and "reduction" !
of armament.)
Simple words do not always have
simple meanings. For instance, the
official title of the big conference is
' Limitation of Armament." Popularly
the gathing has been erroneously
called a "disarmament conference."
What's the difference between "dis
armament" and "limitation of arma
ment"? President Harding and his
associates have declared they do not
believe in complete disarmament?
the scrapping of All armies and
navies. Tljey* believe it impracticable.
America wouhl never disarm alone.
Nor would the rest of the world be
likely to do so. As well might cities
agree to abolish fire departments
because the number of fires were
gradually being diminished.
Mr. Harding feels that a police
force Is always necessary. In other
words, if armament should be re
duced it should never pass below
the line of tgomestic safety. But
while disarmament isn't Intended, it
is also interesting to reveal the fact
that "limitation of armament" ha.? a
technical meaning In naval parlance
and so has "reduction of armament."
Naval experts have the same attitude
as lawyers toward legal phrases.
They have reasoned it out that limi
tation of armament, for instance,
means scrapping ships now in service
but really obsolete. Each navy has a
number of such vessels. Once they
were first-line fighting craft. Now
they are relegated to the rear, but
every nation keeps sailors on them
and spends a lot of money in main
tenance. No one nation likes to
throw away these obsolete ships if
the other nations keep them. So
limitation would mean abolishing by
common consent the expense of
obsolete ships. That could of course
be accomplished without any special
agreement about new construction.
It's the least that the coming con
ference can do.
Merchant Ships Problem.
As for "reduction of armament,"
this term means actually limiting the
new construction to the vessels now
building and limiting new appropria
tions only to the replacement of obso
lete ships. A special convention or
treaty would fix the period of obso
lescence so that a vessel built in 1921
could, for example, be automatically
replaced in 1931, And so 011.
The American Navy 4* anxious to
take the leadership In proposing a
program not only of limitation, but
reduction. But the problem is not as
easy as a deflr-Ulon of terms might
suggest. What is meant by "new
appropriations"? And does it refer
to Inventions? If the limitation is in
terms of money some nation might
! Invent a new agency of warfare wl.ich
I would be inexpensive, but which
would absolutely alter the relative
strength of existing navies. Fur
thermore. what about the merchant
marine? The merchant ships of to
day are potentially valuable as com
merce destroyers Guns can be mount
ed on their .decks In a few weeks, and
they can be converted into warships.
England has the biggest merchant
marine. America has a vast number
of ships, too. Certainly no nation
wants to limit the building of ships
used for commercial purposes. Yet
some agreement must be mad4 as to
the convi.slon of those merchantmen
in time of war.
So the public can rest assured of
one thing?the United States doesn't
intend to scrap Its Army and Navy
merely to respond to %n emotional
demand that America set the others
a good example. America means to
force a curtailment of armament
building. On that score the United
States has an advantage. For it the
rest of the world will not agree to
quit spending- money for useless ar
mament the United States will find
itself compelled slowly to build the
most powerful navy afloat. That may
sound like an empty threat, but it Is
a fact that our officials believe Amer
ica will have no alternative, and that
If the other nations fail to limit their
programs the United States will be
In a good position to continue her
naval construction
Money Biggest Consideration.
America Is not actuated alone, how
ever. by the desire to see the"chances
of war minimised by a general reduc
tion of naval power. The United States
would like to see the other countries
cut down so that enormous sums now
?pent on armies and navlee could be
better devoted to tke upbuilding of
the eoonomlc strength of each coun
try. Furthermore, if less money were
spenton armament, less money would
have to be raised by the Europeans
to meet,their tagibtUa und the price
' (Ctatfaucd on Page 2, Column S.)
SOVIET SERVES NOTICE
IT WILL NOT BE BOUND
BY WASHINGTON PARLEY
Hy the Aaanrlatrd Pma.
MOSCOW, November 3.?Foreign
Minister Chitcherin sent a note to
the entente nations and the United
States today saying that Russia
will not feel herself bound by the
decisions of the Washington con
ference and holds herself free to
take any steps necessary to pre
vent their enforcement.
AiiWisi
CONFERENCE TOPIC
TO BUSED
Naval Strength Likely to Be
Considered Before Any
? Other Issues.
The American delegation to the
arms limitation conference wilj meet
again tomorrow at 10 o'clock ;to re
fume consideration of subjects at
tendant upon the preliminaries of the
great international conference, which
will hold Its opening meeting one
week from tomorrow and be ad
dressed by President Harding. The
American group continued its ses
sion of yesterday until 7:30 last night.
It is generally understood in of
ficial circles that the American dele
gates have practically rounded out
the policy of this government in the!
proposal to be made as the basis for
| limitation of naval armament. Of- j
flcials decline to announce it in ad-!
vance. for the obvious reason of the '
propriety of its being presented first I
with due official formality to the j
conference, in courtesy to all the |
nations interested, officials- discour- ]
age attempts at speculation upon the!
probable scope of the policy adopted.!
Armament ' nmn First.
From the guarded utterances in of- I
Ificial circles the inference is drawn]
'that the American viewpoint of the
[conference consideration of topics!
I visualizes eventual concurrent atten
tion to armament and far eastern
questions by a subdivision of the
| work. On the agenda armament
comes first, however, and unquestion
ably will l>e the first subject broached.
This is true from the necessity which
has been realized of this government
presenting at the outset, being the
proponent of the conference, a basis
upon which to proceed with an agree
ment for limitation of naval arma
ment.
Salient features of the Amerioan
naval armaments proposal already
have been established, and although
details remain to be fixed, there is
reason to believe the reductions sug
gested will be sweeping enough to
convince the whole world that the
United Statas meant business when it
called the powers into conference.
V. 8. to rreseat Program.
It would cause no surprise if the
leading naval powers found it neces
sary to submit the plan of this gov
ernment to long and careful study be
fore they determine on their course
of action. Should the reductions pro
posed prove unacceptable, it is be
? lieved likely that the American dele
gates. having once taken the initia
tive. would invite the other powers to
present in their turn some concrete
counter proposal.
All the evidences surrounding
the conferences of the American
big four with their naval advisers
have pointed to inclusion of a
set of maximum reduction figures
in the plan to be laid on the table by
this government. No official has been
willing to reveal any details of these
figures, but there has been apparent
a desire to lay bare at the very out
set of the negotiations the full extent
to which the United States would be
willing to go in scaling down the
world naval armament.
The impression that such a method
may not lead to an immediate agree
ment has been given color by the
j apparent intention of some of the
I powers to pursue a directly opposite
(course and enter the conference set
j ting a high figure as the measure of
the naval armament they consider
! requisite to their national safety.
Japan already has indicated that she
would suggest the necessity of main
taining a navy equal to any which
might enter her sphere in the far
east; a proportion which naval ex
perts say is well in excess of her
present power.
Far But to Be Considered.
While the naval armatnent question
is considered certain~lo be the first to
occupy the active attention of the
conference, it is not the expectation
of officials here that the live prob
lem of far eastern diplomacy will re
main long in the background.
It is conceivable among American
officials that some of the far eastern
' problems may j^; brought sharply
into issue as sootiJ^.eplies are made
: to the initial proposal of this gov
! ernment for naval reductions. Nat
! urally the other powers will desire
; to set forth their reasons for the
| attitude they take on this proposal.
; and in the consideration of these
? reasons the conference may swing en
i tirely away from the question of
] armame-nt for the moment and ad
' dress itself directly to the causes for
j armament.
Other Delegates Dae.
British and Canadian delegates to
j the conference are expected to arrive
i tomorrow, and the State Department
j was today working on plans for their
I appropriate reception at the Union
station. Those expected tomorrow
c are:
I Canadian ? (Delegate) Sir Robert
; Borden. G. C. M. G., K. C., M. P., for
i mer prime minister of Canada; Loring
Christie, legal adviser to the depart
ment of external afTairs.
? BrUish?(Delegate) The Rt Hon.
Lord L?ee of Fareharo. G. B. E.. K C.
B.. first lord of the admira'ty; (dele
gate) the Hon. V. S. Srinivasa Sastrl.
member of the council of government
of India; Rear Admiral Sir Alfred
Ernie Chatfleld, K. C. M. G., C. B.,
C. V. O.
Conference Table Ready.
Physical preparations for tho- hold
ing of the conference are progressing
rapidly and all will be in readiness
for the opening session. The great
horseshoe table about which the dele
gates will assemble has been installed
in the auditorium of the hall of the
Daughters of the American Revolution
building. All the open sessions of the
general conference will be held in this
hThe'office rooms in the Navy build
ing are practically ready for oc
cupancy, and the American delegation
w'll install some of its technical ex
perts in their offices in that structure
next Monday.
preparing Wire Facilities.
Announcement was made at the State
Department today that officials are ex
erting every effort to provide for the
roost adequate cable and wireless facil
ities for communication between Wash
ington and the far east It is evident
that /here will be heavy demands on
the limited facilities which up to this
time.have been.available, and that the
communication facilities.must be gen
erously expanded.
House Unanimously Adopts
Motion Presented by Labor
Members.
HIGH HOPES EXPRESSED
FOR SUCCESS OF PARLEY
League of Nations Declared Incom
plete Without America?TT. S.
Co-Operation Desired.
Br tlie Associated Pre*?.
LONDON, November 4.?The house
of commons today unanimously
| adopted the motion presented by
j labor members "warmly approving"
the approaching Washington confer
ence on limitation of armaments and
'far eastern problems. The vote came
j after two and a half hours of dis
jcussion, in which numerous speakers
| supported the resolution and voiced
hopes of the conference's success.
Minister Lloyd George still hopes
it will be possible to carry out before
Jong his intention of going to Wash
ington and taking the leadership o!"
| the British delegation at the arma
1 ments conference, declared Austen
j Chamberlain, the government leader.
Hope for SuoffUK.
! The debate was opened when John
Robert Clynes moved the resolution
| introduced by himself in association
with the other labor leaders, Stephen
| Walsh, J. 11. Thomas, Arthur Hender
son and Thomas Shaw. It read:
"That this house warmly approves
of the meeting of the international
conference at Washington, and trusts
that a supreme effort will be mad<*
to arrive at such measures of agree
ment as will secure a substantial and
progressive reduction of the crushing
burden of armaments."
Mr. Clynes explained that his mo
tion was not offered with any id^a
. of raising a harmful controversy, and
! in his remarks he avoided all ref- '
j erence to the policies which might
? be discussed at the conference, con
| fining his speech for the most part
i to a general dissertation on disarma
ment.
Declare* League Incomplete.
j The workl, said Mr. Clynes, was
indebted to America for the con
I vening of the conference. The leapu.
J of nations was incomplete for i's
] purpose, he thought, and he regarded
j America, in relation to this confer
? ence, as having taken a step to
1 carry out the main principles and
objects sought to be obtained by the
league.
j The conference, said Mr. Clynes.
was in no sense in competition with
or in opposition to the league.
Unless the conference dealt witb
the causes at the root of armament*
there was little hope of any reduc
ing, he declared.
At another point In his speech he
said:
= "We cannot trust to alliances based
j on present or past friendship and rest
j ing on any material economic inter
; est. These alliances are not trust
i worthy. They have failed us in the
j past, and there is a growing convlc
! tion that gre-it international interests
j must he considered in common, and
! that the future propress and pood will
j of mankind can be secured only by
j the great nations of the world all unit
: ing for the future peace of the world.'
I'. Co-Operation Desired.
j Sir Donald MacLean, liberal, in the.
unavoidable absence of Mr. Asquitli.
i the liberal leader, seconded the motio.i
| for the resolution, saylnp:
; "We are proudly conscious and prate
, ful that in summoning this conference
land in taking the initiative in it. our
i sister nation, the United States, was
I moved by no mean or selfish motive,
j but was actuated by a sincere desire
' to brine about a better state of thfncs
! in connection with world armaments."
! He felt certain, he added, that the con
! feren<^ was in no sense in competition
! with the league of nations.
j George X. Barnes, former labor narty
? cbp.i-man. who was a member of the
: BriMsh delegation at the Paris peace
; conference and was s^ronely *r?t -r
j o?*ted in the formation of the league
{ of nations, said t*at if America w-re
a member of the league there would
be no need of a separate onfer^nc-.
The great ne^d of the moment, how
ever, he thought, was that the peoples
of the world shall be brouerh* into
closer touch with the great issues in
volved.
J Hugh O'Neill, speaker of the Ulster
I p*-rP?n>ent. declared that without
I America the league of nations could
not be the great instrument of th"
I peace of the world which had b^en
j hoped. Conse quently humanity
ttnrned to the Washington conference.
! which he trusted would giv? the same
} results as had been hoped for from
j the league.
(?rntefnl for Conference.
Austen Chamberlain, the govern
I ment leader, said tha t President
; Hardinir's invitation to #he conference
! had b^en welcomed in R;i*riand with
a unanimity and thankfu'nes* difli
cut to exp-ess In words- and that the
a<veii|ance of the invitation was in
no sense hostile or derogatory to the
league of nations.
"We shall I hope, find in Washing
ton." he said "that determination to
overcome difficulties which will en
able the nations of the *yorld to ful
'? fill the purpose of the President when
he summoned the conference to limit
j ar^am^nts and assure oeaoe."
1 Mr Chamberlain ya'd the object of
the motion was to give a clear, un
mistakable message "of our earnest
? good wishes for the success of the
| conference, and to impress upon our
own people how vast are the issues
? which depend upon its deliberations,
and how vital it is to the world that
these deliberations should reach a
successful issue.
"I have but one reeret regarding
; the conference." he added, "and it is
j that the prime minister is unable to
be at the oneninp."
"The government'* continued Mr.
I Chamberlain, "sets/the great imoor
tance upon the conference that though
the absence of the prime minister pre
sented many difficulties we unani
mously requested him to be the prin
cipal delegate of our- country. TVe
profoundly regret that circumstance*
known to every member of the house
made it imnoss'ble for him to carry
' out that intention, but we still hope
it may be possible before long to
carry out that intention and for him
to take the leadership of the British
delegation."
"In his absence we are fortunate in
having as leader of the delegation a
statesman of unrivaled exn??ience
and one who. as the nrincipal repre
l sentative of this country on the league
? of nations, it may be. will link or help
to link the proceedings of that body
with the deliberations of the confer
ence In Washington.
"The policy of the British govern
ment is to seek peace and insure it.
and we Join with the house at large
in prayers for the success of this con
. ference and in the earnest hope that
yt may bring relief to the overbar
ed nations of tho world.** *
W

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