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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 05, 1921, Image 1

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WEATHER.
Fair tonight and tomorrow;-colder
tonight. with killing: frost.
Temperature for twenty-four hours
fueled at 2 p.m. today: Highest, at
4 p.m. yesterday: lowest. 48. at noor
today. Full report on page 2.
Closing New York Stocks p"*e 4
Fart 3
WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
Yesterday's Net Circulation, 87,687
\r_ iifi oil Entered as second-class matter
-N O. -o,oi-t. post ^office Washington. P. C.
WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1921-TWENTY-TWO PAGES.
TWO CENTS.
La Follette Charges Him With
Unfair Attitude on "Taxing
of Wealth."
CLASHES WITH PENROSE
IN SHARP SENATE DEBATE
Asserts Mr. Mellon Has "Openly"
Said Wealth Could Not Be
Made to Share Burden.
Retirement of Secretary Mellon as
"the fiscal bead of the government."
?was demanded in the Senate today by
Senator LaFollette, republican. Wis
consin. because of the attitude which
the Wisconsin Senator said the Treas
ury head held toward "the taxation
of wealth." Mr. LaFollette asserted
that Mr. Mellon had "openly and
brazenly" declared that wealth could
not be made to bear its share of the
burden of government.
The Wisconsin senator said that the
Treasury head had laid down his
views as "a proposition" and the
Secretary's statement concerning- the
refusal of "wealth" to bear its share
of the taxes made it appear that the
Rovemmtnt revenue must be raised
lrom the small taxpaycrs\if the itti
tude of Mr. Mellon was to prevail. , I
"Accepted the Challenge."
Senator LaFollette said he "accept
ed the challenge" of Secretary Mel- -
lien's statements that wealthy taxpay
ers had found an would find "dozens
of ways" to evade their ta\es.
Lessening of taxes on wealth. Sena
tor I.aFollette declared vigorously is
to be one of the issues of the next
congressional campaign, whicn, he
said. the bill supporters would have
to meet.
The Wisconsin senator r.lashed with
Senator Penrose, republican, Pennsyl
vania. when the latter defended Sec
retary Mellon's statements as to eva
sion of taxes. Senator Peniose said
all prominent economists agreed
with Air. Mellon when undictated by
hysteria or swayed by demagoguery." I
Suggests He "Keep Heat."
"It is not necessary for the chair- I
man of the committee (Mr. Penrose)
to spew his comments about dema
sroguery." Senator La Follette retort
ed. sharply, suggesting that Mr. Pen- I
rose "keep his seat." !
The declaration regarding Mr. Mel- j
Ion was made by the Wisconsin sen- ;
ator during the discussion of his ;
amendment to the tax bill providing !
that all tax returps be made matters
of record for public inspection. He
asserted that if what Mr. Mellon had
said were true* tbe amendment he
proposed would make "all of the big
ones come through, for they wouldn't
dare take a chance of having their
neighbor come in and show up their
tax evasion."
"The security of property," he con
tinued. "rests on each parcel bearing
its just share of the tax burden, the
upkeep of the gpvernment. The time
has come, it seems to me when all
should know how, or be privileged to
know how. each taxpayer assesses
himself."'
Amendment! Taken lp.
Reconvening at 10 o'clock today,
after a rest of only nine hours, thej
Senate took up amendments of Sena
tor Lafolette. republican. Wisconsin,!
aimed at wealthy taxpayers.
The first of Senator Lafollette's I
amendments, requiring taxpayers to i
list their tax free securities with their I
i.ieome tax returns, was adopted 38
l" 11. Senator Lafoliette said it was I
liesigiu d to tabulate those who paid |
and those who shirked taxes.
Unanimous C onsent Agreed On.
?\ unanimous consent agreement
limiting debate on the tax revision'
bill beginning today was reached at I
1 o'clock this morning by the Sen- |
ate after a continuous session of thir- i
leen hours. An earlier effort to fix a i
definite time for a final vote on the
1)111 failed.
t'nder the agreement, amendments i
b.y Senator La Follette, republican, of I
Wisconsin, will be taken up at 10 '
a.m. today, and is to be disposed of!
not later than 3 p.m. The soldier
bonus amendments wlil follow and
inust be disposed of by midnight.
Recessing then, the Senate would
t.at am- M?nday. and after
that hour no senator would be per
mitted to speak for more than ten
thenUbm l0t"elfany amendment on
?Republican leaders were honefnl
night bi" mifrht be Passed Monday
Auto Tax Repeal Falls.
An unsuccessful effort was made
MbliJin wVi.lSenator Townsend. re
publican. Michigan, to have the 3 per
cent tax on automobile trucks and
?6a*ton27The Sena"* vo?endd
2'..against reconsideration of
the committee ame^lment 'proposing
to continue this tai^ F K
Without a record vote the Senate
adopted an amendment by Senator
in J'demo<;rat- New Mexico, requir
ing corporations in making out their
rionrf"16^1'4^ returns to show the divi
f11fc'ared during the year for
ivhich the return is made.
As the night session wore on little
progress was made on the bill, the
H?r,t,eJhambir at times being almost
deserted. and when quorum calls
failed to get results the sergeant-at
arms going out to round up ab
sentees. v
Income Tax Amendment Falls.
discussion the Senate re
J? amendment of Senator
Harris democrat, proposing to tax
political campaign contributions of
LIS1"6 i . 11 *'so rejected an
amendment by Senator Trammell '
democrat. Florida, which would have!
provided that individuals borrowing!
money to purchase liberty bonds
could deduct the Interest on such i
loans from their net income, only in 1
case they bought the bonds at par i
Just before midnight, the Senate
rejected. 30 to 50. an amendment of
fered by Senator Trammell proposing
to increase the normal exemptions
of both single men and heads- of
small families with small incomes
when 75 per cent of such incomes
resulted from their personal effort.
ESCAPING. BIDS FAREWELL
San Quentin Prisoner Smiles and
Says "Good-Bye" to Doorkeeper, j
LOS ANGELES, Calif., November 5. j
L. R. Klmmel was sentenced to one to i
fourteen years in the San Quentin peni- !
tentiary on a charge of forgery yester- !
day. He was taken to the county Jail, f
fcut an hour later he walked out. smil- '
ingly said "Good-bye" to the door
keeper, and disappeared.
Several hours later it was discovered
Uf* vi*ite>r had no pass. He had
given it up to a man who demanded it,
thinking he was a jail official, but It
wasKimmel. who presented It to the
doorkeeper sad won his liberty.
PLANS ARE ANNOUNCED \
FOR UNKNOWN'S BURIAL
Casket to Leave Capitol at 8:30 A. M., Services
At Arlington Starting at 11:50, When
Decorations Will Be Given.
Prom the moment scores of private
yachts, with flags at half-mast, meet
the U. S. S. Olympia, which is to bring
here next Wednesday the body of an
unknown American soldier killed in
Prance, until taps art sounded over
his grave at Arlington Friday, Wash
ington will move largely according
to a prearranged plan, which will ex
press its grief and that of the nation
| in a manner without precedent.
Washington has knelt at the bier
I of great Americans, but this un
known soldier who gave his life that
the'N'epublic might endure and whose
| sacrifice .has been memorialized by
I the French, British, Belgian, Italian,
Polish and Czechoslovakian govern
| ments, as well as by Congress, will
i receive the reverential devotion of a I
city in mourning that will in itself
form a part of his immortality.
The detailed program for the serv
ices marking the burial of the un
known dead at the memorial amphi
theater in Arlington national ceme
tery has been made public by the
j War Department. Secretary of War
i Weeks will act as official master of
I ceremonies.
Pause Two Minutes.
An Army bugle will call the gath
ering in the amphitheater to its feet
to stand two minutes in silence as a
i memorial to America's unknown dead
from France. For the same period a
I similar pause in the nation's life
everywhere, by proclamation of the
President, will testify to the coun
try's regard for its nameless soldiers
in France.
I To conclude the tribute of silence
the -Marine Band will lead the audi
ence in "America" and the address of
President Harding, the only address
to be delivered over the casket, will
then be read.
The President's address will be car
ried through telephone amplifiers to \
hundreds who will nor be able to
ootain seats in the amphitheater and
to audiences in San Francisco and
New York. His voice will be heard in
every part of the national cemetery.
Opera Quartet to Sins*
Following his address, a quartet
from the Metropolitan Opera Com
pany, consisting of Miss Rosa Pon
selle. Miss Jeanne Gordon. Morgan I
Kingston and William Gustafson, will |
render the hymn "The Supreme Sac- ;
riflce."
Honors bestowed by the United !
States government and by foreign
governments will then be conferred.
For the United States, President
Harding will pin on the casket the
congressional medal of honor and the
distinguished service cross. Lieut.
II. S. DELEGATION
MEETS TO PLAN
PARLEY OPENING
Advisory Board Called for
. Session?Mr. Hughes to
Greet Dutch Delegates.
The American delegates to the arms j
limitation conference met again at 10 j
o'clock this morning in Secretary i
HugheS" office at the State Department
with the prospect before them of a j
long day.'s work. The conference of;
delegates from nine nations invited by ,
President Harding to discuss limita-!
tion of armament and Pacific and far !
eastern questions will meet one week j
from today at 10'30 in the morning, in ,
the auditorium of the hall erected by |
the Daughters of the American Revolu- j
tion.
The American delegates, in addition I
to the broad problems of policies and j
a proposal for a basis for limitation j
of naval armament to be discussed,}
have also to consider the larger ques- '
tions of the opening of the conference |
and the proper reception of and atten- |
tion to the delegates. These details j
are arranged by departmental officials j
and brought before the delegates for I
approval.
Secretary Hughes has called for next j
Wednesday a meeting of the advisory
board of twenty-one appointed this |
week by President Harding. It is said 1
in official quarters that this board is !
not to be considered a perfunctory j
body by any means, but that it. will I
have real and important duties, pertl- I
nent to the various aspects of the con
ference, to perform.
Secretary Hughes and the members |
of the American delegation are under-J
stood to hold the view that one
notable service, in addition to others
expected, may be rendered by the ad
visory board in reflecting public
opinion 011 the problems which will
come before the conference.
Public Opinion Sought.
The personnel of the board, chosen
from varied walks in life, should in
sure. it is thought, the American
delegates obtaining reaction of pub
lic thought and sentiment through
these men and women who will come
fresh from the people and intent upon
the aspects of the questions in which
they are presumed to be particularly
interested.
President Harding has assigned
special commissions for the members
of the advisory board, authorizing
them to "advise and assist" in shap
ing the American policy. They will
not have the power to negotiate, not
possessing the rank of ambassadors
which was given to the American
delegates and, therefore, they will
not possess the same diplomatic
standing with the foreign delegates
as the American "big four," but will
enjoy their own particular authoriza
tion and rank with their own dele
gation.
As the conference progresses and
the work is divided among subcom
mittees and into subdivisions It is
expected that the duties of the ad
visory board will be found to ex
pand and increase in Importance.
Parley Date to Be Kept.
While a regrettable shadow has
been cast over the path of the ap
proaching arms limitation and far
eastern conference by the assassina
tion of the Japanese premier. It was
not thought in official circles today
that the deplorable tragedy will ne
cessitate the postponement of the
assembling of the conference. The
great proportion of the delegates
are either here or on the way to
Washington with the announced
date for the meeting in mind, and
some of the European statesmen
are counting upon it from which to
date a return to their pressing duties
at home.
There Is no' diminution in the spirit
of enthusiasm and optimism prevail
(Continued on Pa?e 2, Column 8.)
''
Gen. Baron Jacques will confer the
Belgian croix de guerre, and hari
Beatty, admiral of the British fleet,
will pin the Victoria cross beside th?
other decorations.
Marshall Foch will place* upon the
casket the French medallle militaire
and the crox de guerre; G^en. Armando
Diaz, the Italian gold medal for bra
] very; Dr. Bedrlch Stepanek, Caecho
| Slovak minister, the Czechoslovak war.
! cross, and Prince Lubomireki, Polisih
I minister, the virtutl mllitari.
i After the ceremony the audience will
1 join the quartet in the hymn, "O God,
' Our Help in Agts Past." Chaplain
I L?azaron will read from the Psalms
j and Miss Ponselle will sing "I Know
I That My Redeemer L.lveth." Scr.p
l turo lessons will be recited by Chap
j lain Frazier, and the services will
I tlien close with the singing by the
| audience of "Nearer, My God, to
Thee."
Clergy to Lead Procession.
From the amphitheatre the casket
will be borne from the apse through
the southeast entrance to the war-1
cophagus, preceded by the clergyJ
j and followed in order by the pall
! bearers, the President and Mrs. |
| Harding, the Vice President and Mrs. j
iCoolidge, senior foreign delegates to S
the conference, the Secretary of State,!
! the Secretary of War, the Secretary
of the Navy, foreign officers who pre-I
sented decorations, Gen. Pershing and (
others seated in the apse of the
amphitheatre.
As the casket is placed in the crypt,
the burial service will be read by
Chaplain Brent and floral decorations
will be placed on the tomb by Repre
sentative Hamilton Fish of New York;
Mrs. R. Emmet Digney, for American
war mothers, and Mrs. Julia McCudden,
for British war mothers. Chief
Plenty Coups, of the Crow Nation,
representing the Indians of the United
States, will lay his war bonnet and
coup stick on the tomb of the un
known soldier. Thrqe salvos of ar
tillery*, taps and the national salute
will bring the services to a close.
Services Start at 11(50.
Persons provided with reserved
seats in the amphitheater are urged
by the War Department to be in their
places by 11:15 a.m. The casket will
arrive from the Capitol at this hour
and will be borne through the west
i entrance to the amphitheater around
the right.colonade to the apse, where
! it will be placed on the catafalque.
President and Mrs. Harding will ar
rive at 11.50 a.m., and immediately
following their arrival the services
will start wtih an invocation by Chap
I lain Axton.
1 Washington will start its period of
' official mourning for the Unknown
1 (Continued-on Page 2, Column 3.)
THOUSANDS TO HALT
AT P0T0MA& WALL
Reverential Tribute to Be
Paid by Washingtonians to
Unknown Soldier.
A tribute of silence, more irapre.s
sive than the pause of two minutes
which will come in the nation's life
next Friday as testimony of the re
public's regard for its heroic dead,
may be given by Washingtonians to
the unknown soldier whose body will
be brought to the navy yard Wednes
day by the cruiser Olympia. As the
war craft steams slowly up the Po
tomac thousands of residents of the
nation's capital, responding to a
spontaneous impulse of gratitude for
the sacrifices of the unknown dead,
are expected to stand in solemn rev
erence upon the sea wall inclosing
l*>:omac Park. No -suggestion that
this tribute be paid has been made
by officials in charge of the formal
ceremonies Jo be held next week, but
that it will be paid, and in a manner
never to be forgotten by the people
of the District, is not doubted.
Corinthian Yacht Club members are
planning a testimonial which will be
unique. They expect to act as a con
voy for the cruiser. According to
officials of the club, as many as 200
yachts may compose the convoy, which
will meet the cruiser at either Alex
andria or Fort Washington.
The Olympia was approximately
1 000 miles east-northeast of Cape
Charles w"hen last heard from, it was
learned at the Navy Department to
day. The destroyer Bernadou has
been assigned to meet the Olympia
and escort her to Washington. The
Bernadou has orders to leave Hamp
ton roads Monday night, and prob
ably will pick up the cruiser on Tues
day morning. After reporting to
Rear Admiral Lloyd H. Chandler, who
is on board the Olympia, the com
mander of the destroyer probably
will be ordered to take a position
ahead and proceed direct to the Vir
ginia capes.
It is expected the .Olympia, with
her escort, will dock here at about
3 o'clock Wednesday afternoon.
ALEXANDER Tf) TAKE OATH.
King of Jugoslav State Will As
sume Throne Tomorrow.
BELGRADE, November 4?King
Alexander, who recently returned
from Paris to assume the throne of
Jugoslav state, will take the oath
tomorrow to support the new consti
tution of the nation.
Earlier dispatches 1iad announced
that King Alexander would assume
the throne today In succession to
his father. King Peter, who died dur
ing the prolonged stay of Alexander,
then prince regent, in Paris.
_ \
Today's News in Brief
Indiana miners to resume as result of
suspending Injunction. Page 1
Ul S. delegation meets to arrange par
ley opening. Page 1
Will overhaul traffic regulations.
Page 1
Superpower plan proposed to Presi
dent with Great Falls as link.
Page 1
Japanese cabinet resigns to await
further orders from throne. Page 1
Meridian Mansion rentals to be
probed by .D. C. Rent Commission.
Page 2
China dissatisfied with Japan's notfe.
Page 3
Thomas S. Clay, at Masonic gathering,
says weeds and vandals have made
Washington's birthplace a "national
disgrace." Page 3
Foch at Chicago In two-day festivi
ties. ? Page "4
JAPANESE CABINET!
RESIGNS TO AWAIT
ORDERSOFTHRONE
Members to Retain Office.
Action Will Not Change
Government Policy.
ARMS PARLEY ATTITUDE
WILL NOT BE AFFECTED
?
Viscount Uchida Temporarily Takes
Office of Assassinated Premier.
Nation Mourns Tragedy.
Uy lite Associated I'ress.
TOKIO, November 5.?The Japanese
cabinet reigned office after a meet
ins of the members held this morn
ing;.
The resignation of the cabinet,
which came as a direct result of the
assassination of Premier Hara yes
terday, will not cause any immediate
Change in the government, as the
ministry, in obedience to imperial in
junction, will continue in office until
[further notice from the throne.
There will be no change in policy,
either diplomatic or domestic, es
pecially towurd the Washington con
ference on limitation of armament
and far eastern problems, Acting Pre
mier Uchida stated.
Will Work for I'nce.
"The delegates will put forth their
best efforts for the sake of world
peace, in pursuance of the funda
mental policies on armament limita
tions already laid down In the name
of the government." he said.
Viscount Uchida will take up the
i-affairs of the ministry of marine, to
which Premier Hara had been giving
attention after the departure of Ad
miral Kato, the head of that ministry,
for the Washington conference.
Within an hour after the assassina
tion of the premier the cabinet met
.n extraordinary session. Viscount
Uchida presiding. Immediately upon
the conclusion of the cabinet session
Viscount Uchida, accompanied by Min
i ieter of the Interior Tokomanl, went
I to the palace and secured the lm
I pel ial approval to the designation of
the viscount as temporary premier,
whihch had been decided upon at ^the
cabinet session.
Cabinet to lleoriaiilir.
Scant Information was available at
fire regarding the identity of the
youth at whose hands Premier Hara
fell, but it became known today that
the assassin was a son of a former
member of the Samurai, or soldier
I class, constituting the lower nobility
under the Japanese leauilal system,
who "had V-en a man of Importance
during th* restoration period. The
son. it appears, was of an erratic na
ture atd Is regarded as a political
fanatic. H-i was arrested immedi
ately aft'i til* stabbing. Detective
j TsuuSjima. who was escorting Pre
mier Hara. wrs badlj cut on the arm
and hand> in disarming the assassin.
It seems generally assumed that the
dt-signatlo'i of Viscount Uchida as
premier wit" only a temporary expedi
i ent In the emergency. In any event,
there seems little doubt that the min
istry will be reconstructed within a
few days.
Considerable speculation as to the
probable new premier is voiced in to
| day's Tokio newspapers. The proba
bilities. according to the newspaper
I views, appeared to point to Baron Ken
Jiro Den. governor general of Formosa,
j as the selection for the premiership.
Poller to eB Decided.
Meanwhile the elder statesmen are
likely to hold a conference shortly to
consider the policy to be pursued as a
result of the tragedy, the Asahl Shim
bun says today. It is known that Mar
quis Safonjl Is on his way to Tokio
from Kioto, possible in this connection.
The Nlchi Xichi Shimbun says it un
derstands the cabinet will cntlnue to
function pending its reorganization,
probably calling a'cabinet council for
November, 7, the date previously ar
ranged for consideration of the budget
for the fiscal year.
Premier Hara. it develops from de
tails of Friday's tragic events that
have come out, never spoke after the
first onsetof the assassin. The premier
arrived at the station, where he was
to take a train for Kioto, ten minutes
before the train was due to leave, and
the station master invited the premier
and his party to rest in the station
office for a moment.
Die* Without Word.
Between this office and the gate
hrough which passengers reach the
platforms is the station blackboard, and
it was behind this blackboard that the'
assassin was lurking as the premier
emerged from the office and approached
the gate.
Darting out from behind his shelter,
the youth came immediately into con
tact with his victim and thrust his knife
into the premier's breast, close to the
heart The premier collapsed instant
ly, falling to the floor without a sound.
Friends carried him to the station mas
ter's office, which he had left only a
moment before, and a physician who
was a member of the party gav^ him
Immediate mediral attention. j
The premier, however, could not be
revived and died within an hour with- j
ouft regaining consciousness. His wife,
who had been summoned directly aft-'
er the attack, reached the station too"'
late to see him alive.
Honored by Imperial Court.
Shortly afterward the body was re- '
moved to his home, around which for
blocks bonfires and lanters lighted the
streets, .while officials and friends
streamed to the residence to offer con
dolences.
During the evening an emissary from
the Imperial household brought word to
the home that the alte premier had been
raised to the first grade of the second
rank of th? imperial court.
Cablegrams expressing horror over
the assassination yesteday of Takashi
Hara, the premier, poured Into Tokio
today from the capitals of virtually all
nations. 1
ARGUING NFW TRIALS.
Hearings Continued in Cases of
Sacco and Vanzetti.
DBDHAM, Mass., November 5.?The
hearing before Judge Webster Thayer
of the superior court on petitions for
a new trial for Nicola Sacco and
Bartolomeo Vanzetti was continued at
the courthouse here today.
Counsel for the men, who were con
victed by a jury of murder in. the
first degree for a double killing' in
connection with a pay roll robbery
at South Braintree, in April, 1930,
resumed the arguments in behalf be
gun last Saturday.
The extra guard of state constabu
lary and state, county and local po
lice was again on duty. Officers
armed with repeating rifles end aide
arms patrolled the vicinity of the
courthouse and searched all persons
who entered.
THE RUSSIAN WRECKER.
SUCCESS FOR ARMS
PARLEYPREOICTEO
Public, However, Cannot Ex
pect That Everything Will
Be Accomplished.
DY DAVID LAWRENCE.
(Copyright, 1921, by Tin? Evening Star. I
< !n this the sixth and last of a series of pre
liminary articles ou the armament conference
Mr. Lawrence outlines the crux of the whole i
Nitnarion and predicts the success of the con- j
ference.) j
After all the formalities and cere
monies are out of the way and the
armament conference gets down to
brass tacks, the United States gov-1
ernment, if it desires to assume the
leadership, must answer for itself
j these uuestions:
I' What shall be the purpose of thei
United States Navy in the future?1
Shall it be large enough simply to re- |
liev.e distressed Americans in various
parts of Central and South America?
If so. then a few ships are sufficient.
Shall the Navy be big enough to
defend the Atlantic and Pacific coasts j
from any enemy whatsoever? Then it
must be as large as the greatest
navy, namely the British.
Shall the American Navy be as large
as that of any power except G^eat
Britain? Sha.ll it always be greater
than that of Japan? The answer is the
maintenance then of a navy as big
as our present establishment, and the
continuance of the present cost.
Muat Decide Foreign Policy.
In other words, what is the foreign j
policy of Ameria to be, aggressive or'
defensive, world-wide or purely na-1
tional' !
Obviously it would be cheaper ifj
America and Great Britain could agree '
to act together in the future as they j
did in the European war. The com- j
bined strength of the two navies j
would be able to overcome * v po-j
tential foe. But an alliance Willi one i
nation is considered dangerous?it
leads only to the growth of other al'
liances to ofiset the first. So a general
i combination of all naval powers
Doulid together to preserve the peace j
would be the cheapest proposition]
that could be made?an assoc ation
of nations. Woodrow Wilson thought
reduction of armament expense would !
j follow universal adoption of the i
league of nations. His formula has
been rejected for the time being by the |
United States. President Harding has I
another formula, less rigid than Mr.
Wilson's, but having for its object
international co-operation as express
! ed ;n the republican national plat
form of 1920?namely, agreement
among nations to reduce armament'
end preserve peace.
If America decides that each nation
ought to be permitted to fulfill its as,
pirations along 'national lines, then the
demand of the American Navy will be j
for a position the equal of any other, i
or nearly so. If America decides to j
pool her strength with the others, our
naval experts will be compelled to
propose radical reductions on every
side. Of course, nothing would be
done till all nations would agree. The
good faith of each power would be
pledged to the observance of the new
treaty or ponvention. A violation of
the treaty would be a matter for com- j
mon concern and consultation. Mr. j
Wilson's league was interpreted as!
involving physical force at once to j
punish such a violation. Mr. Hard- |
ing's idea is to let moral force and I
the play of world opinion back the
offending nation into a corner and
compel obedience. Subsequently, it
might become necessary for the pow
ers to take steps to squelch a milita
ristically inclined nation.
If there's an agreement on far east
ern questions and all the nations, in
cluding Japan, sign it, the various
navies will be morally bound to see
that Japan keeps faith. It isn't nec
sary to prescribe penalties in advance.
The European nations have given evi
dence of what they will do if treaties
are made "scraps of paper." America
preters freedom of action?the right
to determine the nature of the viola- I
tion and what it shall do at the mo- ]
ment. That's where President Hard
ing^Hffersjfrom^ but j
(Continued on Page 2, Column 57) i
LOFTY PACIFIC PEAK
v NAMED IN MEMORY
OF FRANKLIN K. LANE
The memory of the late Franklin
K. Lane, for nearly eight years
. Secretary of the Interior, is to be
I perpetuated through one of the
I loftiest peaks in the Tatoosh range
within Mount Rainier National Park.
The Department of the Interior
1 announced today that the geographic
board had decided to name the
peak Mount Lane. It has an al
| titude of ti.000 feet, rising one
third of a mile northwest of Cliff
I Lake, in Pierce county, Wash in g
I ton.
Action by Court of Appeals in
! Suspending Injunction on
Check-Off Is Cause.
By the Associated I'rrsi.
IfPRlXUPfBLD, 111., N ovrinbrr 5.
?John L. Lewis, president of the
l~nftrd Nine Worker*, Hired the
district officer** In Pennsylvania
today that It would be well to
avoid a strike called for Mon
day, If the operator* Kare as
surance of complying with yes
terday's order of the federal court
of appeals.
INDIANAPOLIS, November 0.?Offi
cials forecast a general return to
j work in the-next few days of the
2S.000 striking miners of the district,
as the result of the action of_ the
United States court of appeals at
Chicago in suspending District Judge
A. B. Anderson's injunction here pro
hibiting the check-off.
John Messier president of District
No. 11 ^>f the miners union, an
nounced he would confer with opera
tors today, and If thiy agreed to
i cneck oft in line with the court rul
ing announced last night, he would
older the men to resume work at
once.
The Indiana operators opposed the
injunction granted by Judge Ander
son and were joint defendants with
the Miners' union in the actioir
brought by the Borderland Coal Cor
poration of Wffit Virginia, which ob
tained the injunction.
Several mine owners in the field
announced all preparations have been
made for an immediate resumption
of'work. A11 miners' traht^ taat have
been discontinued will be restored at
once. The mine owners predicted that
I wot k would be resumed by Monday
in every mine in the> state that has
been closed by the strike.
John -T. Clarkson, former United
States senator from Iowa, has been
retained by the United Mine Workers
of America to institute proceedings
testing the constitutionality of the
Kansas industial court law. He is
now counsel for the Iowa district
I miners.
Announcement of Mr. ClarksoA's
selection, made today at international
headquarters of the union here, said
thait a complete attack on the law i
Vould be made through a new suit,
probably with a union miner as plain
tiff. claiming injury on account of
I application of the Kansas law.
Must Return by Nov. IB,
| PITTSBURG, Kan.. November 5.?
[ Kansas coal miners, striking in pro
test against the imprisonment of
Alexander Howat, deposed president,
today were given until November 16
to return to work in an order issued
by the provisional officers of the dis
trict.
The international organization.
United, Mine Workers of America, an
nounced that the (charters of all local
unions would be revoked through
suspension unless those locals obey
the order of the international union
for a resumption of work.
THRILLING STORY OF AMERICA'S
GREATEST HERO of the WORLD WAR
In the Magazine of
TOMORROW'S STAR
Read this remarkable and exclusive story of
the life and adventures of Sergt. Samuel Woodfill,
designated by Gen. Pershing as the outstanding
hero of the great conflict.
IN TOMORROW'S STAR
- \
PUN OVERHAULING
OF TRAFFKRULES
Commissioners Wilt Seek!
Some Feasible Policy at
Public Hearing.
j Washington's traffic regulations are
slated for a thorough overhauling and
i the public is to play a big hand in the
j revamping process.
1 This fact was emphasized by the
r Commissioners today, when they j
changed the date for a public hear-1
| ing to consider traffic safety measures !
from Monday, November 7, to Thurs-!
day, November 10, at 10:30 a.m. The
change was made because the Com
missioners may have to att?i:nl a hear
ing at the Ccpitol Monday.
In making the announcement Com
missioner Rudolph expressed tlie hope
that the boardroom of the municipal
?uilding Thursday would be filled
with citizens having constructive sug
gestions ro offer. i
So impressed were the commis
sioners with the. helpful proposals
| advanced at the parking hearing
| recently that they named a citizens'
; committee to canvass the parkijig |
f ituation and submit recommenda-'
tiens. This same plan probab-ly will
! be followed with respect to the
problem of reducing traffic accidents ;
an-J increasing the sa-fety of the j
streets for all who use them.
The parking committee has not
met tor the reason that the engineer
department is engaged in making forj
I it a map of the business section
: showing the width of streets and
i spaces particularly desirable for
parking.
Committees to Gnldef
It appeared probable today that
the safety committee, which the
commissioners are expected to name, j
and the parking committee would I
begin their work about the same!
time, and their recommendations will
cover generally the problems of i
| street usage. The commissioners j
I have indicated they will be guided j
largely by these recommendations in
making changes in the existing regu- i
lations.
Commissioner Oyster is ready to |
vote for drastic amendments to the
regulations in order to reduce the
likelihood of accidents. He is ready |
to increase the penalties for speed
ing and revoke entirely the licenses
of drivers found guilty of operating
machines while under the influence j
of liquor. He would impose the
severest punishment upon those con
victed of wanton carelessness in
driving automobiles.
Would Regulate "Jaywalking."
There is a probability of the hear
ing broadening to the point where
effort will be made to regulate the
pedestrian through anti-^jaywalking"
regulations. The American Automo
bile Association already has served
notice that it will press for such reg
ulation of pedestrians.
Messenger boys who dart through
i the streets on bicycles much after
the fashion of swallows, usually
careening in the nick of time to avoid
a collision with a pedestrian or a
vehicle, will not be forgotten. These
youthful chance-takers are a menace
to public safety, in the opinion of
Commissioner Oyster, who has decid
i ed to gear them down. The modus
operandi, however, has not been de
cided upon.
OPPOSITION TO TREATY
WITH U. S. IN COLOMBIA
I Chamber of Deputies Hears Objec
tions to Pact Carrying $23,
000.000 to Settle Controversy.
By the Associated Tress.
BOGOTA, Colombia, November 5.?
Opposition to approval of the treaty
between Colombia and the United
States has arisen in the chamber of
deputies. The senate has already
approved the pact, by which $25,000,
000 would be paid this country by the
United States in settlement of the
controversy resulting from the es
tablishment of the Panama republic.
It is pointed out by opponents of the
treaty that, as It stands, it does not
guarantee any compromise obtained
by Colombia. Senor Urueta. Colombia
minister in Washington, is expected
to arrive here next week, and is be
lieved to be bringing a message of
amity from President Harding.
The controversy between ,the ad
ministration of President Suarez and
the chamber of deputies, which re
sulted recently in a change In the
cabinet, continues. Conservatives op
pose the presidential candidacy of
Gen. Pedro Osplna, and have an
nounced they will support Senor
Concha, recently appointed minister
of foreign affairs. The election will
be held next year.
Secretary Fall Recommends
Stupendous Project in Re
port to President Harding.
TO INCLUDE RESOURCES
IN THE NORTHEAST U. S.
Electrification of 19.000 Miles of
Railroad Outlined?Power for
96,000 Factories.
Development of Great Fa^ls as one
of the most important units in a gi
gantic super-power chain linking in
all the existing and potential hydro
electric and steam-electric resources
in the entire northeastern part of the
United States for providing maxi
mum power at minimum cost to this
"most crowded workshop of the coun
try" is recommended in a report sent;
to President Harding by Secretary
Fall of the Interior Department to
day.
The survey of this super-power rone,
I commonly referred to as "Washing
ton to Boston" was completed July 1
I last, under a resolution of Congress.
The plan proposes the electrification
of 19,000 miles out of 36,000 miles of
1 railroad in this area and the electri
I tlcat ion of more than 96,000 industrial
| establishments already existing.
Chain Bridge Project.
i Besides the power site at G(eat
i Falls the report also includes recom
I mendations covering the development
[ of the Potomac river for a power site
at Chain bridge, and reservoir sites at
| South Branch, Great Cacapon, Shen
andoah river, the North fork of the
Shenandoah river and at Great I* alls.
This report sets up a gigantic
I scheme for consolidating the genera
tion and distribution of electric pow
er throughout thh? great industrial
region. Besides showing a practical
system of maximum efficiency at
minimum cost, it is expected to ap
peal to the public generally through
saving coal and increasing the pro
ductivity of labor.
booking ahead to 193^, the report
finds that with the increased demand
lor power that can then be reason
ably expected the total coal saved an
' nuaily ui??ier the unified system will
be 50,000,000 tons. Under motor oper
1 ation the industries could save IliMj.
000,000 annually in their power bill
and could make a greater output of
product.
Vast Area Included.
The territory covered by the tuper
power survey extends from the coast
approximately -150 miles inland, it
embraces i?arts of the states of Maine,
' Ne*v Hampshire, New York, Pennsyl
! vania, Delaware and Maryland, ana
'*11 of the states of Massachujets,
i Rhode Island. Connecticut and New
I Jersey. Within this sone is concen
11rated one-fourth of the population
of the United States, and within it are
1 operated, most of them independently.
: 315 electric utilities. 18 railroads and
! 96.000 industrial plants.
The nation's business demands
? greater and cheaper production and
i better and cheaper transportation, the
report points out, and the electrinca
' tion of industries and railroads is the
I answer to that demand, "lo connect
all the large generating plants, both
steam and water power, in one great
system means more and cheaper elec
tric current, because each ton 01 coa.
will be used to the best advantage
and our idle rivers will be made to
turn wheels, especially in the regions
farthest removed from the coal neide.
Cheaper Electricity.
The ordinarv citisen ought to profit
directly by the super-power system
tUe reirort 'says, because it promises h
reduction of one cent a kilowatt hour
in the first cost of the current as put
on the tiansmission lines. < heapci
electricity and more of it will Wirt
comfort to the home as well as efli
. iency to the workshop, even thougr
the reader may search the engineer
ing rt I'ort in vain for ar.y basis what
ever for the pleasant vision of elec
tric heated homes throughout ou;
land. Super-power does not stand 10;
the impos.bie. but only fur the wid.-v
Application of practical engineerint
and sound economies.
The estimated power available rrotn
proposed hvdroelectrical development
of the Potomac river for the year 192
is Total power, average year. ?3i,
oo'o 000 kilowatt hours; minimum year.
480 000.000 kilowatt hours. The esti
mated power available from proposed
hydroeiectrical development of th<
Potomac river for the year 1930 Is
total power, average year. 950.000.0jie
kilowatt hours: minimum year, i2...
000,000 kilowatt hours.
Possibilities of Potomac.
Regarding the Potomac river the re
port says that it rises in the moun
tains of West Virginia and flows intj
Chesapeake Bay. It is not regulated
to any appreciable extent, and th?
flow at Great Falls ranges from 6SJ
to 24K.OOO second-feet and averages
11 900 second-feet. The drainage area
is'll.500 square miles, and the annua!
rainfall iA between 3r. and 40 Inches.
The fall from Point of Rocks. Md., to
tidewater near the boundary line oJ
thfe DiM/ict of Columbia Is 204 feet,
of which 151 feet is below the aqUf
duct dam at Great Kalis, 10.5 mil**
l above the District line.
j There are sites available for storage
reservoirs on Great Cacapon river* u
tributary stream, where the capacity
lis 4.8 billion cubic feet: and on tin
South Branch of the Potomac near Its
junction with the main river, where
the capacity is 20.2 billion cubic feet
I Furthermore, the dam at Great Falls
I will provide a combined storage reser
I voir and foreby with a capacity or
13.1 billion cubic feet, making a
storage capacity of 65 billion cubir
feet. - '
Would t'onitrnct Two Itau.'
The most favorable locations for
power development are at Great Falls
and Chain bridge, where, by the ccta;
struction of two dams, a head of JVi
feet may be utilised. A table is _*P"
1 pended showing that the possible
! ultimate development reservon;
I capacity on the Potomac will be 64.?.
billion cubic feet, with an operating
? head of 205 feet. The installed gen
erator cnpacit; bj 1925 is put at
1125,000 kilowatts, which it 's Pro
posed will lie increased to 200,0#0_1?i
1H30 and ultimately to tjOO.OOO. The
investment cost by 192o vis- placed at
I $16 000.000. and by 1930. $22,00<M)?6.
'and ultimately $60,000,000 The aj>
! nual production cost by 1926 is put
at $2,165,000 and by 1930 at $3.1*6.*0#
and ultimately $8,T90.#?0. The gen*
eral expense by 1925 is estimated at
$75,000 and by 1930 at $110,000 and
ultimately $310,000. So that Q.
total cost by 1925 would be
and by 1930 $3,300,000 and eventual
ly $9,100,000. - ?- ?
George CHI* Smith DtJ-eet?r. '
The survey was made under an ap
propriation from Congress mm "Met
the direction ot George Otis Smith.di
rector of the geological survey. wltt
the hearty co-operation of tne enqiiisw
^Continued on Fug* 2, Column ?>7

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