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THE EVENING STAR,
With Sunday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON, D. C. SUNDAY January 1. 1922 THZOSOBB W. NOTES Editor The Evening Star Newspaper Company BotUtaa Ofllr*. 11th St. and Pennsylvania At?. Mfw Tork Offlce: 190 Naaaan St. Oltcac* (Mka: Klrat National Bank Bulld'.nf. Riropeaa Offlca: 3 Regent St., London. Kngland Tta Brenta* Star, with the Sunday morning I edition, is delivered hy carriers within the city at 60 cents per month; daily only. 43 cents p*r month; Sunday only, 20 rentv per month. Or ders may be seat by mall, or telephone Main 5000. Collection ia mtde by carriers at the end of each month. Rate by Atall?Payable in Advance. Maryland and Virginia. Daily and Sunday..1 jr.. $8 40: 1 mo.. 70c Daily only 1 yr., $6.00; 1 mo.. 50c Sunday only 1 yr.. 12.40; 1 mo., 20c All Other States. Daily and Sunday.1 yr.. 110.00; l mo.. *5c Daily only 1 yr., J7.00; 1 mo., 60c Sunday only 1 yr.. J3.00; I mo., 25c A Tear of Promise. A year of promise opens today, promise of better things for all human ity, of better times for the American people. The prospect for 1922 is one of peace and understanding. Much prog ress has been made in the closing weeks of 1921 toward agreements be tween the major nations that will render war less likely and less terrible if it should occur. The disappointment felt by many at the close of the year that complete success could not be scared by the conference on the limita tion of armament before the New Year is softened by the reflection that these great accomplishments are not speed ily attained. Much will have been gained even if the full program of the conference is not effected. If there are latent elements of contest between any of the nations it is better that they be brought into the open. No surer step toward peacc could be taken than by the uncovering of suspicions, the ex pression of doubts, the exchange of views. And so as 1922 opens it is with a clearer atmosphere in which peace can be seen more definitely than be fore, not the peace succeeding war, but the peace of agreement that per sists and endures. In the foreign field there remain many troubles, economic, social and political. Some of the peoples of the earth are waging war. Some are suf fering terribly from the consequences ?f war. Despite the charitable en deavors of the American people Rus sia is in a distressing plight through famine and disease. Vet conditions ?re improving. Even the political situ ation in Russia grows better as so vietism relapses from its extremes and sounder and more humane govern ment succeeds the tyranny of the pro letariat. Despite the most tremendous diffi culties the wi#rld has ever seen, the countries lately at war are regaining their economic balance. Industry is reviving. The devastated regions are being restored. Reparations problems continue difficult, and failure of pay ments is predicted with possible evil consequences. But this threat has been passed before without ill results. With every readjustment there has come a better condition. In Austria alone is there no apparent progress to ward rehabilitation. A little more than three years have passed since the last shots were fired in the war. Considering the magnitude of the catastrophe tho recovery accom plished in that period has been re markable. At the rate of the past three years the year to come will bring Europe close to normal status, if ne disaster occurs. In one respect particularly there is reason for rejoicing at the benefits gained for peace and betterment dur ing 1921. The agreement effected be tween England and Ireland, which it is now claimed will be ratified by the latter, as it has been already by the former, will solve a problem that has been a perennial source of anxiety and trouble for a long period. The year just opening will probably witness a flnal adjustment in that quarter that will place Ireland in a position of great prosperity and happiness. In this country a return to normal conditions has progressed during 1921 steadily with little interruption. Seri ous industrial conflicts have been averted. The readjustments from the war-time scales of costs and wages have been effected much more easily than was feared. There remain some rough places to be smoothed out, some asperities to be softened. But the tide of employment is rising, industry is thriving as it has not thrived for two years past, and there is more content ment throughout the country than a year ago. The problems that remain are all solvable by time and hard en deavor. This year just beginning will wit ness the first political expression of the people since the great wave of No vember, 1920, which carried into office the republican party in record man ner. Politically this may prove a most important year, possibly a year of re action. During the next twelve months, indeed, an interesting record will be written. The Washington conference may prove to have had considerable stra tegic importance as a warning to na tions against drifting into unprepared neas. The chief objection to the prohibi tion Joke Is Its liability to slip from humor into pathos. Orer a Say in the Air. American flyers Friday at Mlneela broke the world record for endurance by remaining in the air tweaty-slx hours, nineteen minutes and thirty-five seconds, or two hours Ml thirty-three seconds longer than had aver been scored before in human flight. This remarkable performance w*a ? teat not only of the machine they used, but of their own skill and nerve and resourcefulness. They flew under difficult conditions. In a freezing temperature with high winds. Their badl?s were numbed and the fingers of ape ef them were frozen. Owing to tk* egtreme cold the engine failed at ana Stage to function properly, and it WQ0 necessary, with the thermometer rflftftarlnr several degrees below ztro. twvttm to feed the motors with fuel an operation which subjected them te extreme discomfort and suffer ing. Only by dint of such efforts did they exceed the record. These long-time flights are of no utility in themselves They are but tests and demonstrations. The true endurance flight should be across country, to attain the longest possible range. But there is still value in the circling flight for time record in the trying out of machines and men, the development of weaknesses and de fects in order that planes may be brought more nearly to perfection and , ion per cent dependability. The commercial airplane has ar-1 rived. The heavier-than-air machine is in use in many ways as a business agency, as a package carrier, a pas senger carrier, a surveyor, as a guard against forest flres, for watching great herds and flocks of animals on the great ranches in the west. The ex perimental stage has been passed. Yet much remains to be done to increase the safety and, capacity factors, and to bring the machine within the reach of the people. These tests such as that at Mineola yesterday are helping along this line, and should not be regarded as merely sporting events to satisfy the desire for new records. The Treipauiaff War Buildings. Lieut. Col. Sherrlll, superintendent of public buildings and grounds, at a hearing before the House appropria tions committee, has noted the need of funds for cleaning up the park grounds still covered with debris from the temporary war buildings, lie .might have gone further and noted the pres ence of the remaining temporary build ings as blemishes and obstructions which should be at once removed to re store the parks to their primary pur pose and former condition. This ques tion must be considered very soon by Congress, not only with respect to the wooden structures, but in regard to the more substantial ones of the west ern group, within the bounds of Poto mac Park. It is greatly to be deplored that the Army-Navy group of "temporary" buildings was constructed of concrete. They were more convenient and com fortable than the "lath and plaster" structures of the Mall group, and they are still in good condition, a fact which gives rise to some anxiety on the part of those who hope to see the parks soon cleared of them. If these two great buildings lay anywhere else they could be tolerated as permanent features of the govern ment building outfit. But they are in truders upon the park and can never be regarded otherwise. They not only take up actual park space, but they trespass upon an area which is defin itely part of the Lincoln Memorial approach. That inspiring structure can never be completed while these buildings remain. Their removal must be viewed as assured. Certainly the memorial will not be moved, and cer tainly also the government will not in definitely house itself in such make shift quarters, however convenient they may be for the time as to loca tion and arrangement. But these ? buildings are not, as a matter of fact, convenient in point of location. They are at the edge of things. All of the access to them is from the north and east and slightly from the west. To the south there is nothing but park and river. It is as though they were placed on the north ern edge of the city, or the eastern edge, save that their front doors are within five or twenty minutes' walk ing time of the main government of fices of the White House group. They are. in short, wholly out of relation to the official city. i In the shortest possihle time com patible with Treasury limitations ap propriations should be voted to begin work on the neccssary buildings to re place those that now are obtruded upon the park. The government can not perennially postpone the construc-1 tion of new quarters. It needs them urgeptly. It should have a State De partment building, a new Navy De partment building and several other structures, especially homes for the departments that are now housed in rented quarters which, however for the moment adequate, are still but substitutes for the permanent equip ment which the public service requires. The fact that he did not attend the parley enabled Mr. Lloyd George to avoid wasting some valuable conversa tional resources which were needed elsewhere. The record of the submarine asserts itself as a sinister reminder that a na tion like an individual is known by the company it keeps. The air torpedo, dirigible and deadly, threatens to assert Itself as a menace more to be feared by non-combatants than the submarine. Some of the delegates will be obliged to go home without even being able j to report progress. Motor "Reciprocity." District motorists are greatly inter ested in the proposal of the so-called reciprocity between Maryland and the District of Columbia. They are, how ever. in a Missouri attitude. They must be shown what is expected of them in return for the removal of any part of the Maryland license tax. la the pro posed gas tax in Maryland to be dupli cated in this District? If the gas tax is Imposed in Maryland must the Dis trict motorist conttnue to pay a road tax in the form of a license fee? In short, to what extent will there be real reciprocity? It is stated that Maryland now has a deficit of $1,200,000 on its road ac count, and that the gas tax Is to sup ply this deficiency. On account of the deficit the state cannot remit 'the license taxes. Is this $1,200,000 a shortage on the construction account, or the maintenance account? If it is on the former It ia a capital charge, and it should not be met out of a gen eral tax or the current income from motors, either through licenses or con* sumption charges. It should be raised by capital means, by state-wide spe cial taxation bearing upon all, and not upon motorists alone, or by a bond Is sue. If it is a maintenance deficit it should be met out of current revenues, such as a gas tax or a license tax. The problem of motor reciprocity be tween the District and Maryland i* one ?C lent standing. It cannot be settled now on any such basis as that immediately proposed, of the omission of part of the Maryland license tax while a gas tax is imposed in both jurisdictions. The pistrict motorist surely should not be required to pay a license tax here and one in Maryland and a gus tax as well, wherever he buys his fuel, for the purpose of enabling: Maryland to meet lis deficit on its road account. District motorists Vise the Maryland rnads, and Maryland motorists use the District's roads and streets. They huve been paying mutually the license taxes of the opposing jurisdictions for years, while the Virginia and District motorists have enjoyed real reciproc ity of tax remission. Maryland has much better roads than Virginia. The latter needs motor tax revenues today even more urgently than Maryland. As far as results go the District motor ist would prefer to contribute to the road building of Virginia through license taxes or gas taxes in order to help build up the highway system of that state. With motor reciprocity prevailing between all of the states and motor reprisals only between the District and Maryland, it is surely time for some method to be found which will with equity to both sides give as free access to the roads of both jurisdic tions as there is throughout all the rest of the country. Is the Earth Off Center ? Astronomers in session at Swarth 1 more, Pa., are hearing reports from observers which suggest that the earth I is shifting on its axis. One scientist declares that the observatory where he is stationed has moved northward at the rate of a foot a year during the period from 1900 to 1317. Others say that they have evidence to show that the north pole does not remain in the same position exactly with reference to the stellar landmarks, but describes a circle. In other words, that the earth Is off center and wobbles. Any motor ist knows just what this means. The cbild who spins a top always regrets to see the knob at the top begin to shift, for he knows it is running down. But there is no reason to worry about the world running down at present, or within a conceivable range of time. Maybe, after all. the pole is not the true pole. Perhaps the right axis lies some where else, ajid the orbit described by the Imaginary spindle of revolution is due to the fact that it is set wrong by the astronomers and mapmakers. Or. again, it is within the range of imagination that it is in the nature of things for a planet to wobble. It would not be surprising. A great ball of matter suspended in the ether of space without "hearings'' is subjected to various influences. Nobody has yet measured the various pulls of the greater spheres. Nobody knows, for instance, just how much of a jolt a comet causes. It may take several years for the earth to get l>ack to normalcy after such a visitation. May be the steady ryorthward movement of the western observatory at the rate of a foot a year for seventeen years is a reaction from one of these swooping visitants. Truth is, however marvel ous the science of astronomy, it has yet much to discover, to measure and to identify. If Maryland can go as far in im proving gasoline as she has gone in improving roads a tax of 2 cents a gal lon will be cheap enough. Japan's fear that she might not be able to keep the Mutsu without creat ing: ill feeling proves to have been en tirely groundless. The District of Columbia may now turn its attention from the 5-5-3 naval ratio and get back to the 50-50 pay ment plan. His inordinate liking for brass-band concerts in the open air may sooner or later get Eugene Debs into trouble again. The German mark has slightly re gained consciousness, but is far from being a convalescent. The superstitious will be relieved by the passing of a year whose figures added up to thirteen. Europe Is running the risk of sacri ficing a large and profitable tourist clientele. SHOOTING STARS. BT PHILANDER JOHNSON. Instinctive Optimism. It's Happy New Year just the same,' Whatever may go wrong. The children play the merry game And join In gentle song. Though weary problems fret the throng And theories go lame. Each New Year, as it comes along. Is happy, just the same. Difficulties of the Dove. "You are In fevor of peace, of [course?" "Of course," said Senator Sorghum. "But how are you going to live peace ably with a man who invariably threatens to start a fight unless he make* you take the worst of every bargain?" Jud Tunkins says he thinks maybe Europe has made a mistake in gettln' the reputation of bein' a fine con tinent to travel In, instead of bein' a comfortable continent to live in." Jacques Up to Date. "The world's a stage," quoth Avon's f son. Its art has sadly shrunk. The tragedy is overdone. The comedy is punk. Ivoohitig Forward. "I understand yotl have raised your cook's wages again." "Yes," replied Mr. Crosslots. "May be we can make her so rich that she will undertake to hire me and the missus. And then we will get even." "I like a mule mo' dan I does a flivver," said Uncle Eben, "because ht's mo* sociable. When a mule balks, you kin at least entertain de hope dat he's ftotar take an interest to de con versation." % v ??!. Politics at Home This Year and the Issues. Organization work, with this year's campaigns in view, is In hand in both parties. Neither party has the "jump" on the other. Both are well officered. Chairman Adams has capable men around him, and Chairman Hull, but recently chosen himself, is choosing capable men for his assistants. Neither chairman is likely to overlook a bet. It is early, however?much too early?to speculate, as some of the politicians are doing, about campaign issues. Who may say at this time whether the line-up will be on foreign affairs or domestic affairs? Whether the republicans are to challenge or be challenged on the way in which for eign affairs have been conducted un der their leadership, or on the record composed of tariff, tax, transportation and merchant marine legislation? Nobody may safely say, for the sim plest of reasons. Everything today is in an untried, or an unfinished, slate. A new tax law is on the books, but is yet to be tested. The tariff, transporta tion and the merchant marine are yet to be acted on. As for foreign affairs, they will nec essarily rest upon the work of the armament conference, which is still in the shaping. And, even when shaped, will that work lend itself to |iartisan purposes? It is not proceeding on partisan lines, and the Senate will not be asked to pass upon it in a partisan spirit. In this case, as in all cases, politics, it is contended, should stop at the seashore. For the present the thing to do is to convince the voters that next Novem ber's result will have a far-reaching cffect. and that the polling should be heavy everywhere. Time will develop the issue or issues, paramount and other. And time has a masterful way of doing that very thing, as the record abundantly shows. Senator Reed. It was the Paris peace treaty that cost Senator Reed his popularity at home in 1920, and caused his discom fiture at San Francisco that year. He had fought it with vehemence: and as it was sponsored by a democratic President the democrats of Missouri in large numbers resented his attitude as a species of party disloyalty. The senator was warned that he would meet his record when he came up for re-election, and was denied his seat as a delegate to his party's national con vention. Mr. Reed's successor is to be chosen this year, and he wants to succeed himself. The senator raises the same objec tion to the four-power pact that he raised 10 the league of nations feature of the pact Mr. Wilson had submitted. Again he protests vehemently against entangling foreign alliances, and reads them as plainly in the later pact as he did in the former. The sponsor of the later pact, how ever. is a republican. Mr. Harding is the man Mr. Reed is now holding to account, and will hold to account in this year's campaign. When he takes the stump at home and asks the voters to send him back to Washington, his target will be the republican party and its leader in the White House. Will this serve to rehabilitate Mr. Reed in the good graces of the demo crats of Missouri? Can he "show" them that he is all right now and en titled to their support? Will they for give him the performance of 1920 for the stand he has now taken? Can the subject which cost him so heavily two years ago be made the vehicle for re storing him to favor this year? As yet there are no democratic can didates against Mr. Reed in the field. But there is plenty of time for an nouncement; and should heads be put out. the campaign for the democratic senatorial nomination in Missouri may prove to be one of the liveliest of the year. Tennessee. An alert and stirring city is Mem phis. And not alone in a business way. In a political way. also. Consider this: Tennessee elects a United States senator this year, and Memphis has three candidates. Mr. McKellar, now in commission, wants to succeed himself, and former Gov. Patterson and G. T. Fitzhugh are look ing in the same direction. And what is the matter with Gen. Luke Wright? He resides in Memphis, and only a few years ago was very much in the picture. Is he not still all right? He is of senatorial size. Maybe he will announce later. Of course, Memphis will not be per mitted to "corner the market." It is to be assumed that in good time other communities will be heard from. Scat tered here and there through the Big Rend state are some very competent men, well entitled to lift their eyes as high as the Senate. And this brings to mind the fact that, shortly now, Benton McMillin will be back from South America, where for the past eight years he has been holding down a diplomatic job. Maybe he will announce. Years ago he saw long service in the House, and made a race there for Speaker. He was for one term Governor of Tennes see. He has made one or two unsuc cessful attempts to reach the Senate. His long absence from home has kept him free from all factionism. He is seventy-six years old, but his age is not a weight. Tennessee stands, and has always stood, well in the Senate. In the past half century she has sent such men there as Isham S. Harris, W. B. Bate and Howell Jackson. The last named, it will be remembered, though a demo crat. was transferred from the Senate to the United States Supreme Court by President Harrison, a republican. She must maintain her reputation, and, fortunately, has plenty of ma terial suitable for the purpose. The announcements start well, and the primary is not until August. The city council of Milwaukee is prepared to plead for the reopening of breweries. This shows a sense of gratitude. Old-time advertisers did not hesitate to assert that it was beer that made Milwaukee famous. When a diplomat returns to face public opinion at home he often misses the atmosphere of extreme courtesy that pervades a conference. . . . ' . ..J;-.-'- ' _ The New Year Offers to All Chance to Start Race Anew RY THOMAS R. MARSHALL, Former Vice President of the tolled Slate*. THE saddest eye, if it will but look, may see the stars shining: through the hem look trees. Everything comes to an end, and everything has an opportunity to start over again. There is no such thing as finality In the affairs of mankind. The wise man looks for hopeful signs. Only the fool sits back in rsackcloth and ashes. Of a cer tainty life runs in an orbit and not on a straight line. This New Year finds us again lined up before the starter and ready to run the annual heat In the derby of life. In the last twelve months many of us broke at the first quarter, lost shoes at the half-mile or were pocketed on the home stretch. Business w;i^ bad and. try as we would, we could not strike a steady, speedy, pace. The more desire lashed us the more desire lashed us the more restive, restive we grew. . We were handi capped with national problems and international conditions. The track was new and heavy. We did not know its rough places. We sus pected unfair practices all along the way on the part#of contending jockeys. * * * * So it was that many of us never finished, and it was natural that some should feel that they had been Jockeyed out of prize money and even out of place. But the year is over, the race is won, the deri sion of the judges from which there is no appeal stands, and if we have any confidence in our selves we will ask the stable boys to rub us down and to prepare us to ride once again the very best we can. The year's end finds many a man doubting the goodness of Clod and the justness and fairness of his fellows. The world and all its work and all its ways has been un kind. unfair, cruelly relentless, lie had not even hope of winning in the race of life. The years gone by. filled with the fever of specu lation. had left him with the fixed idea that so long as the price of gasoline kept up there was no other way then to let the children go unclad by day. unfed to bed. With bitterness of soul he may wonder without thought of his own blameworthiness why he should longer hold to an order of things that tempts him with lux uries and then fells him ihat he must earn them, an order that ex acts of him a choice between ne cessities and luxuries if his labor will not suffice for both. * * * * What sort of government is this of ours, he may ask. that will not by some legislative act rain down upon me the manna of necessity if I will have the courage and strength to work and earn for myself the luxuries 1 long for. His reverv may carry him to the conclusion that he had gained nothing in the years gone by save heartache, failure, despair. Could any order of things be worse than the present order? he asks. Should he join Ishmael's band and pil lage and ravage at his own sweet will, or should he just throw up his hands and sink beneath the waves of adverse circumstances? Happy is that unfortunate soul who has his bitter dreams inter rupted by the good angel of the republic touching his feverad -brow and cooling his mind with the thought: Despair is never half so deep, In Pinking as in s*om4nc. Despair is hope just dropped to ?.Ieep Fur better chance of dreaming. * * * * Too often the world has wakened only to ask, '"Watchman, what of the night?" and then sank back ?into its sleep of faith or hope or despair when answer came, "All is well." Through the long cen turies battle cries and peace cries have been evolved out of the dark ness of ignorance and superstition. Surely the fullness of time has come to pass this New Tear when men may ask of their consciences and nations of their rulers, "Watch men, what of tli? day?" The old order is gone. It is not night; it is day, a New Year day. A new system has been set up. Equity and fair-dealing have entered eco nomic life. Justice and charity and peace and good-will mark the relations of races and nations. * We all are about to start again. We will not, of course, come in at the end of the year neck-and-neck. Some are handicapped by years, environment, heredity, early edu cation. Some are jumping with the excitement of youth; some are sick; som$ are sullen, and far too many are entered in a class too fast. But whether we pin our faith on Christian Paul or heathen Pandora, each may start out, if he will, with the strength of hope and the red badge of courage. * * * * Success comes sometimes through remembrance, somethings through forgetfulness. It was one of the fathers of the church who warned against too long mourning for one's sins lest thereby lie cast a doubt upon the mercy and good ness of Clod. The finest human utterance is the call of the Salva tion Army, "A man may be down, but.never out.," So Jong as a man wastes time wondering whether he fell or whether he was pushed or tripped he is quite likely to stay down. It Is of little moment how he happened to get down. True, he may point a moral an^l adorn a tale, but while he lies there wondering he is still down. Wisdom, prudence, safety, all urge him to get up and go on. And as he goes let him remem ber only that which will give* courage and strength. Let him fix within himself the idea that 110 one can really hurt him save himself. Let him seek no re venge, for revenge is a sword which does not find its way to an enemy's heart without piercing also the heart of the man who wields it. Let him look around and observe that the happy war riors are those who. forgetting the things that are behind, press forward toward the prizes to be won. * * * * I do not bear that ghastly gos pel of consolation doled out by some churchmen. "It might be worse." My message is, "It may - be better" and "It will be if you will." >,"0 one eventually can lose anything that is worth having if he wjll only believe that he is the captain of his own soul and will vow not to order it to enter any fight which is not worthy of the highest manhood. The New Year greets you nei ther as conquerors nor slaves. The New Year knows you all and knows that none of you is free with an incumbered title to life, success or immortality. It has a wisdom and a vision far beyond the common ken of humankind. It knows that all of us have mort gaged the passing years to usurers who had no heart in demanding both principal and interest at ma turity. It knows that we have given our notes to wealth, to pleasure, to honor, to pride, to hatred. It understands that our lives, which are God's gifts, have l?*?en recklessly pledged by us to every passing whim and fancy. It appreciates that we collectively have floated bond issue after bond issue, not to keep the spirit of brotherhood alive, but to entail for all time national pride and vain glory. * * * * But though this new year knows you. it is not an avenging angel, nor is it a judge summoning you to answer in foreclosure proceed ings at the bar of divine justice. It is rather a friend who comes in love and humility to tell you that in the economy of God. back of ell these incumbrances there is for each of us an equity of redemp tion. Men may come and men may go, nations may rise and fall, plen ty and famine may succeed each other, the races of life may be won or lost, but the new-born year comes whispering these words of hope into every human ear: "Be not mistaken in what you call fortune. Be not dismayed by what you think fate. All of you come "into the race again, each with his own incumbrances. The world will not pay them for you. It could do so only by exchang ing mortgages. You must pay for yourselves. And you can. For I come to you as the aj>otheosis of that equity of redemption out of which you can if you will free your lives from the sins that do so easily besert and from the sorrows that depress. You may not know it. but I am for you that equ4ty of redemption. I am faith and hope. But as I lift you out of the dust or mire of last year's defeat and bid you believe and hope, it is needful for me to warn that fool ish faith is worse than none, that idle hope is no better th?n despair. It is for you to fix the boundaries of your faith and mark the limits of your hopefe." * * * * Yes. it is a new year, laden with hope to.humankind if humankind will only strive for that worth having. Have not the years taught us either in bitterness of heart or loss of fortune that honest toil is man's allotted task, that charitable judgment is man's unending duty, that brotherhood and peace the world around mark real life, that all may have these blessings, and that they adorn with like content the man in purple and fine linen and the man in hodden gray? Will you not let the new year make of you a real man? Will you not help to make of the world a real brotherhood? (Copyright, 1921. by Thomas U. Marshall.) Digest of the Foreign Press Another Version of the Czar's Death! The Abo L'ndcrraettelser of Fin land brings an interesting article on the murder of the czar and his family in Jekaterinburg, written by an in habitant of the town who lived near the house where the royal family spent their last days. He relates that the czar and czar ina arrived with Dr. Botkins in April, 1918, the other members of the royal 'family coming a month later; that | Ipatiew. to whom the house belonged, was turned out and a high fence was built all round. What went on be |hind this fence was very difficult to find out. "Russians," he says, "have in such cases an extraordinary imagi nation. 1, who lived quite near, heard a number of contradictory reports, all supposed to have come from eye witnesses. "One thing we do know is that the crown prince died of shock. A bomb ! exploded in a neighboring house with such a terrible noise that the I poor weak little fellow died of fright. "Nothing is known with certainty of what became of the royal ladies. It Is possible that they were mur dered, but there is no proof of it. If It were true that the whole family was shot down at once, as was re lated, we who were quite near must have heard it. We did now and then hear a shot, but a Russian who has [cartridges in his hand can never re sist shooting them off in the air. We never heard a volley of shot. "At the time that the murder took place the bolsheviks were in a great hurry. Koltschak was pressing for ward, and every minute was valua ble. It is difficult to believe they should have carefully burnt the bodies un der these circumstances, when the [ murder would certainly have be come known to the people in such a case, even if we take into considera tion that we ?re speaking of Rus sains who always do just what oc curs to them, that is to say, things that nobody else would think of. ''It was said that the bodies ware partly bur Bad, partly th^'wn into an old pit. We examined the ashes very carefully, even chemically, but with out finding the least trace of human remains. The only thing that was found was some metal articles, dia monds and lead bullets. The latter would have, of course, melted if they had been in the fire; as they were whole then, they evidently had been thrown there later. The old pit was pumped out and carefully examined, but here also nothing: was found ex cept signs of a bomb which had knocked against a piece of iron and exploded. "Thus the search did not lead to the hoped-for result. No actual proof has been found that the royal ladies suffered that fate which the search ! was to prove. That, of course, does not exclude the fact that they were murdered all the same. But we can just as well think that for some un known reason they were taken away secretly. In this case it would nat urally have been necessary to destroy everything that would betray the poor things. If they were spared they are greatly to be pitied, for their fate in the wilds of Siberia at the mercy of impudent men must have been terri ble. | "The marks of a motor car could be traced from the place where the bodies are supposed to have been burnt to a train which bad been I waiting there on a side line for some j days before this event. "Most of the members of the Kolts j chalk examining committee were of j the opinion that nothing could be I known of the royal ladies. Indeed, I this search came to a very extraordi nary end. The committee-began its i search very energetically. But as the result was not what they expected from the ash heap, they became care- I less. This is very Russian. It looked j almost as if they did not want to j search further. Moreover. Kolts-! chalk's oosition had to be given up. "Of course, there are a number of! people who know the truth. But j they have not vet dared to speak. Here it is generally believed that the ladies were not murdered in Jekater inburg. , "We shall only know Something positive about the fate of the esar family," concludes the writer, **wtien it will no longer be dangerous to know It* Heard and Seen An elderly man. holding a canvas bag between his feet, failed to at tract any particular attention aboard a local street car recently. The bag jostled heavily on the floor as the car went over a crossing. To learn what the man had in that bag we will have to go back a IVw days, to the time when the gentleman sold a building across from the Capi tol. He received a check for $24.681)?t a tidy suin indeed. * j Jle took tiie check to his bank and} asked for gold, but was informed [ that, the institution could not cash the check in that fashion, and was advised to apply to the Treasury De partment. Accordingly, the man took his check to the Treasury, where officials in-? formed him that in order to issue gold pieces it would be necessary for him to present gold certificates. The man went back to his bank, where lie had the check cashed for twenty four $1,000 gold notes and the neces sary number of smaller gold notes. Hitli these in his waliet, he moved back on the Treasury. Upon presenta tion of the notes, the gold coins were counted out. Five bags were filled with them. "Can I have a bag to put them in?' asked the gentleman. A larger bag was secured and the five bags of gold placed in it. The gentleman slung the bag over his shoulder and went out. He boarded a New York avenue car. getting on one of those side-seat cars uith the long seat running the length of the car. The bag was heavy, and he was glad he had no farther to go with it. He deposited it with a thump on the floor between his feet. He and his bag. the latter plainly lettered "LT. S. Treasury." arrived safely at the corner where he got off to go to his home. He shouldered his bag of gold, and had gone a block or so when he found it too heavy for him. "H*lp me with this bag!" he called to a young man. The youth complied willingly, tak ing hold of one end of the sack while the owner held to the other end. "What you got in this bag?" asked the young man. "Just some castings,*' replied the elder. At the man's home he thanked the youth for his assistance, mounted his own doorstep, entered his house, and proceeded to the dining room. There he opened the large sack and took out the five small sacks. In turn he emptied the contents of each sack upon the table. He shortly had as fine a mound of gold pieces as ever graced a dining or any other table in Washington. Just then his wife came in. "For heaven's sake!" she exclaimed. "Why have you got all that monev here? Why. men would kill us all for that much money!" The gentleman feasted his eves upon the gold. "I tried to make a pile in the Klon dike when I was a young man,'' re plied her husband, "and I lost all I had?a sum almost equal to this. And I have been wanting to see real gold ever since. Here it is at last!" # * * Christmas spirit took a sad slump in one man on Christmas live. A man hopped on the front end of a street car and offered a token, the inotorman refusing it. "You took those transfers." replied the man. "<'an't accept the token," said the motorman. "I won't get oflT." "Then we won't start." After a few seconds, during which the other passengers began to get tngry, the man wilted. "I'll get off." he said, "but I'm going to report you for taking those transfers." The motorman had not thought of that. No sooner had the man whose token was refused got off the car than the motorman proceeded to eject the! two men who had given him transfers. These two worthies joined the other! man on the curb, and said it would ; give them great pleasure to put him in a condition which would require hospital treatment. CHARLES E. TRACE WELL. Fifty Years Ago in The Star Observance of Christmas fifty years ago was considerably different from that of today- It How Christmas :i n,u< " *ui**r occasion, with tn? Was Observed.. x|>|UJ4ioi, 0f fire works and. sad to relate, much evi dence of overindulgence in spirituous liquors. In The Star of 1 December -'?? 1871, is tiie following comment on the occasion: ?*<'hristmas was very generally and as a rule very appropriately observ? ?1 yesterday, though, we regret to sa> an unusual amount of drunkenness was visible on the streets-and there was little or no falling off Tri the dan gerous and foolish use of firecrackei s and pistols. The practi<* ??f giving presents seems t*> he growing ?'vei> year, both in extent of observance arid extravagance in the cost of gifts This latter feature is to he r? ^rette-t. since it places many persons in tn predicament of taxing themselves be vond their means if they undertake u remember all who feel that t.heyougn to be thus remembered. ?>r of !?? nit considered miserly or selfish if they '!?. not do so. Resides, the fashion of g-v ing costly presents often leads the.: recipients to esteem them according to their intrinsic value and sometimes to indulge in comparisons which an as unjust as they are improper. f<? getting that liberality is not at all a matter of quantity, but purelv one of proportion. Far better the good o!?i times, when gifts were few and sim ple. when they were valued for tl ?? giver and not because they were hand somer than some one else's, or repr* sented so much in dollars and cents ??n the invoice books of the dealer. * * * The prospect of the early establish ment of the merit system in the mak ing of appoint Sudden Hush for puhl:' office seems to Patronage. have had the ef fect fifty years ago of stimulating the patronage seekers, according" to the following in The Star of lumber 26. 1871: "The pressure for appointment to positions in the government service before the first of January has neen much greater, it is said. ??"??' Y*** adoption hv the President of the rui . prepared by the <'ivil Service < om mission than at any time jn? memory of men now living. Not th? the numerous applicants will not n* able to stand the t.sts impos d ?? those rules: oh. no* hut it would he such a nice thing, you know, to com mence the new year with an appoint ment safely in one's pocket, I'.esiacs. it would gratify 'their member a:.o generally "their senator' also to know that thev have been successful w it i out his being obliged to come down personally to see about it. w * * The tendency toward indulgence in strong drink on ?*hristmas day fif>> years ag?? was fol Drinkine on *?'*"" ,Uyfi u" r unn s bv H vi*ry wl<l..?rre?'l New Year. degree of intoxication on New Year day The Star in its- i? sue of December 3'i. lfc~l. said: "From what we hear, then if a prertv general disposition on the pail "i in ladies prominent it. A 0f cietv to diwounlenati.-e the tiuuoi s at l lie receptions on Monday There is absolutely nothing to he said in favor of dispensing intoKnating drinks on that day. and when ? ' ' ""V to look at the matter elosely ther .. something almost shocking in th? idea of wives, mothers and sistei. holding out to youngmenlhe 'empta tion to become drunkards in a form so much more dangerous and "etlii ive than that presented t>> th? . narv grog shop Th? great suffe > bv intemperance ate women. It ifc tl wives and mothers who spend th. annious midnight hours and shed <h bitter tears while th-ir husbands an softs are abroad wasting destroying health in drunken "iu.> ? , he a bitter refleel .on to so wi'es and mothes that the taste and thirst for drink may hav. been a quired from the teinpta ons yf h Sew Year refreshment tallies, offei. <? by themselves or, ,;H.r ?;^s ^ mothers. l.et the ladies tak. t in reforming an evil that e?.inet> 10 1 . so diree.tly to thein Who'S WhO Conference XXXVIII?Senator George Foster Pearce SEXATOR George Foster Pearce. who is the Australian repre sentative on the British empire delegation to the Washington conference, is the type of man that Americans are wont to admire and respect, because his career from boy hood has followed so closely the lives of so many of America's outstanding figures, who started in humble cir cumstances and, with only such op portunities as they carved out for themselves, succeeded in reaching po sitions of great prominence and honor in the service of their country. A list of those who have made the history of :the United States, headed by Abraham Lincoln. who started life with the same chances as did Senator Pearce. I would be as long as it is esteemed. | Starting as a carpenter and joiner in j a small town in West Australia, he I has made of himself a great national | figure, one of the leaders of tlie com monwealth parliament of Australia, ! the right-hand man of Premier I Hughes and a historical personage in the world war. | There was nothing particularly un usual about Senator Pearce's boyhood. He was born in the small town of Mount Baker, in South Australia, in 1870. the son of James and Jane Pearce, who had migrated from Eng land. He showed no particular genius as a youth?just an average, normal! boy; going through tlie public school | at Redhill, and from there becoming | an apprentice to a carpenter and work- j ing up in that trade. Along with many others of his sort, he was taken in by | the visions of participating in thei easy acquisition of fabulous wealth and took part in the gold rush in 1894, tramping 400 miles, from Perth to the. Coolgardie district, undergoing many; hardships, having narrow escapes | from the bushmen, living an uncer- | tain existence in a wild country and ( finding no gold. On his return from this fruitless ex pedition he again took up his occupa tion as a carpenter and it was at this I time that he began to shape his po- i litical career. He organized and be- I came a leading figure in trade unions! and political associations, gaining more and more prestige among the | working classes, until, in 1899, he was j made president of the Trade Union Congress, and two years later, at the | inception of the commonwealth, he ; was sent to parliament from Western j Australia, and has held his seat ever since, beihg one of the few men who have served in the Australian senate since it has been in existence. Since 1916 Senator Pearce has been minister of defense, and was instru mental in instituting universal mili ! tary training in Australia, which aided so materially in the formation and brilliant success of the Australian army in the war. The naval agree ment under which the Australian fleet was built also was one of the great movements in which Senator Pearce had a leading part and proved himself a capable statesman. About the time this fleet was being planned, the senator drew up and put through parliament one of the biggest measures that had ever been framed in Australia, the navigation bill, and it made him famous throughout the laad. The bill was extremely techni ? Ste\ ATOIl (.KOm.K FOSTKR PHAIUK. cal, and went into the most minute de tail, involving: a subject that he had been totally ignorant of previously, he having had no connection at all with a seafaring life. It so happened that the leaders of the opposition fightinu the measure were all skilled experts, among them the head of the seamen's union, and it has always been consid ered an astonishing feat of statesman ship that Senator Pearce could frame so accurate a bill dealing with strange factors and win against men who had an advantage over him of years of ex perience. Besides dealing with army and navy, marine and commercial mat?*r? in par liament. Senator Pearce elso takes a keen interest in all agricultural meas ures that are brought, up. because lie is interested in such things personal ly. Although he lives in Melbourne with his large family, where he has a tine home with extensive gardens, he also owns great orchard ranches In Western Australia, in which he takes ! much interest. Senator Pearce for many years now | has been one of the leading statesmen ! In his Dominion. For a time in 1916 ! he was acting prime minister. He has I held one of the most responsible port folios half as long as the common i wealth has been in existence. But with i all these honors, and this great rise in 'station lie has always remained un j pretentious and unassuming. He is [dignified and quiet but genial, and withal a good mixer and pleasant com panion. His success has been due to a great strength of character and a de termination that would never admit the possibility of defeat. - i - ? . . .