Fair today: tomorrow cloudy and
warmer, probably rain.
Temperature for twenty-two hours
ended at 10 p.m. last night: Highest,
35; lowent, 27.
Full report on Page 19.
Member of the Associated Press
Tbo Aaanclated Prm la exclusively ratitJad to
tlie uw tor republication or all HVf dlapatrbea
ciedltetf to it or not ntbenriae rHIM la thJa
paper and also tbe local aawa publlabad herein.
All rlfihta of publieatlrn of ?peelal
dlapatcbea berets are alao reaerred.
No. 876.-No. 28,378. WASHINGTON, D. Q., SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 8, 1922. __ FIVE CENTS.
IRISH TREATY ACCEPTED BY DAIL
BY 64 TO 57 AT STORMY SESSION;
DE VALERA AGAIN RESIGNS POST
News Is Received
CONTROL OF ARMY
IS NEW PROBLEM
Situation Chaotic When
Adjournment Is Taken
B> th- 1'reM . , ty
DIBI.IN. January .?The
creatine the lri-h tree state was rati
fled tonight by the dail eireann. By a
majority of seven votes, 64 to ?>..
da. gave its approval to the document
pigrned by its delegates at London
Coincldentally. Eamon de Vatera an
nounced his resignation from th
(jency of the Irish republic.
The news was received with the
greatest enthusiasm, and the pa
crowds^ which had waited for hours
outside the unvernU* ?
cheerinK? even before th? official figures
Day of Intense Excitement.
Ratification of the treaty ~?Jtfter
a day of intense excitement and heated
controversy. Although t.ie res
as had been expected, the majority in
favor of the agreement was gre
than had been counted on almost up
to the last minute.
* tense, strained silence prevailed
while the vote was beins takenjnd a
gasp of relief went up from the sup
pers of the treaty when t^
was announced. A dram** c , in
sued when de Valera stood up and >n
broken voice, which vibrated with em -
tion. declared that "the republic must
be carried on.
Eventually be broke down so com
pletely that he was unable
The dail eireann. with one accord, ap
plauded and cheered him.
Sltantlon In Cfcmetle State.
The situation at tl.e adjournment
of the dail appeared to "main cha
otic Tim dail will meet on Monday,
and there is no disposition revealed
by Valera and his follower? to
abandon the factional struggle.
The future control of the Irish re
publican army Is tonight the subject
Of anxlbus speculation, as Charles
Burgess, who strongly opposed
treaty. Is the minister of defense.
So far as the public is concerned.
Dublin seems delighted over rat.fic
tion. Arthur Griffith and his col
leagues. on emerrlne from the parlia
ment. were wildly cheered and the
dty tonight 1s in Jubilant spirits.
Sam Rerun* WIU Go On.
On the announcement of the figures,
De Valera rose and declared that the
Irish people had established a re
public. and until the Irish people In
a regular manner disestablished the
republic it constitutionally went on.
This would be a soverign bodyin the
nation, to which the nation looked for
supreme government. It was the ex
ecutive until the people disestablished
Nobody was disposed to challenge
this proposition, for the general
opinion all along had been that dur
ing the transition period Ireland must
keep her representative assembly un
m the treaty was converted Into an
act of parliament and the Irish would
have an opportunity to erect a legis
lature of the free state to replace the
dail. . ,
Michael Collins In quiet tones fol
lowed de Valera. He said he did rtdt
regard the result in any spirit of
triumph. He claimed that the men
representing the dail who would be
responsible for taking over from the
British government control of the
Irish administration should Bet a fair
chance. In every country what mat
tered most was public order, and he
appealed to the other side to aj>
point a Joint committee of both sides
to carry on the government. This
?was greeted with cheers.
Mr. Collins declared that de Valera
held the same place In his heart as
Collins Very Mneh Hurt.
Then followed a violent speech by
Man- MacSwiney. denouncing - the
result aa worse than the betrayal of
Ireland In the days of Castlereagh
(Viscount Castlereagh. Marquis of
Londonderry, who was chief secretary
for Ireland In 17S8. was Instrumental
in carrying the union In 1800).
Mr de Valera rose again, sup
posedly to reply to Mr Coffins' over
However, he took no notice of
It, and merely appealed to all his
cln .upporters In th. dail to meet
Mm at the mansion house tomorrow
afternoon. This evidently hurt Mr.
Collins very much, but he quietly
Id; -if the visible presence of
niv&elf and colleagues Is so distaste
ful there might at any rate be some
accommodation between the; parties
for the purpose of public order."
Minister Burgess Immediately re
torted: "I will take care that the
discipline of the army Is preserved.'
public IB Bewildered.
The assembly then separated to
meet at 11 o'clock Monday morning.
No agenda for that session Is in
dlcated. and the only notice of a
motion is one by the speaker, Prof.
MacNelll. affirming In general terms
Ireland's Independence and sovereign
status, for which all sections of the
dail might unanimously vote.
The public is completely bewlldeRed
regarding de Valera s Intention.
Arthur Griffith made the final argu
iContlcued on Fas* S. Coftmm M
Led Fight for Acceptance
Of Compact With Britain;
PrfMident of Sinn Fein nnd one of the
envoy* who algned the pence treaty.
Ratification la as much m personal
triumph for him mm It la a defeat for
OF PACT GIVING
The principal provisions of the
Anglo-Irish treaty, which was rati
fied yesterday by the dall eireann,
and which previously had been ac
cepted by the British parliament,
Ireland is to have the same
status in the British empire as
Canada, Australia and other do
minions, with a parliament of its
own, an executive responsible to
that parliament and a governor
general appointed by the crown.
It shall be known ks the Irish Free
Members of the free state's par
liament shall take an oath of* alle
giance to the constitution of the
Irish Free'State and fidelity to the
The Irish Free State shall assume
such portion of the British public
debt as shall be agreed upon jolnt
fy^by Ifieland and the British gov
The harbors of Ireland are to be
accessible, la peace or war, to the
vessels of the British navy. At the
end of five years provision may be
made for Ireland to take over a
share of her coastal defense.
Ireland shall have an army of her
own for defensive purposes, but it
shall not be any larger in propor
tion to the population of the Irish
Free State, than is the British army
In proportion to the population of
Ulster is to be Included in the
Irish Free State, unless, within one
month from the date of ratifica
tion by the British parliament, the
northern Irish parliament informs
the British crown it does not wish
to be. In that case it wiir remain
oat, and a commission, consisting
of representatives of northern Ire
land, the Irish Free State and the
Britisn government, will fix Its
boundaries. It then will continue
its present status under the gov
ernment of Ireland act of 1920.
Freedom of religion and educa
tion are guaranteed in both north
ern and southern jreland.
Fending adoption of a constitu
tion of the Irish Free State, a pro
visional government is to be es
tablished by the southern Irish
BOOTLEGGERS A SCOURGE.
Director Hayne? Adds IT. S. Is Be
ing: Weaned of Uqaor Habit.
CHICAGO, January 7.?Declaring
that America was being "slowly but
surely weaned" of the liquor habit,
Federal Prohibition Director Roy A.
Haynes arrived in Chicago today
surrounded by a cordon of secret ser
vice operatives. He declared his de
partment was "going to kill the evil
at the root," and that slowly prohibi
tion was coming into its own.
He declared ' bootleggers were "a
scourge on the earth" and that the
American spirit of fair plp.y wonld
soon drive the bootfegger out of
business. He will speak at two
churches tomorrow and return to
Agreement to Protect Against
Unprovoked German At
/ 1 *
SEE CUT IN SUBMARINES
Reports Say Promised Aid Hinges
on Willingness of France to
Seduce Her Tonnage.
Br <he Associated Pnn.
CANNE8, January 7.?Great Britain
may enter into an agreement to guar
antee the security of Franoe in the
event of an unprovoked attack by
Germany. This was reliably reported
in British circles at the allied su
preme council meeting here this even
It was pointed out that security for
France In - the nature of a British
guarantee was one of the basic ques
tions before the Cannes conference.
These same circles announce that
the proposed guarantee was a subject
of discussion during conversations at
London between Mr. Lloyd George and
In the event the projected agree
ment In reached, it Is thought In Brit
ish circles. It will be preceded by a
full, frank reconsideration of the sub
marine ratio as between the two coun
tries, some of those commenting cit
ing a report that Great Britain is of
fering the guarantee, provided the
French agree to a reduction in sub
(inaui to Come.
Representatives of Germany some
time next week will come to Cannes
to discuss with the supreme council
the reparations proposal to be pre
pared by the allied statesmen.
This was decided upon at the second
day's session of the council today and
notification to this effect was dis
patched to> the Berlin government.!
stipulating, however, th^t the German
experts go to Paris first and theft hold
themselves In readiness for the call.
As originally introduced by ft-emMr
Lloyd George of Great Britain the
proposal was worded so as to ask the
German government to send Us rep
resentatives direct to Cannes, but M.
Briand vouchsafing the opinion that
It was necessary to reach some kind of
an agreement among themselves first.
It was modified.
The communication sent to the Ger
man government reads:
"The supreme council will doubtless
have need of your representatives be
tween the 8th and 15th of January.
You may save time by sending them to
Paris to await word from the council."
In introducing his proposal Mr.
Lloyd George declared that the pres
ence of German representatives at the
Spa conference had proved most useful
and had resulted in an agreement
which was carried out.
Reparations Slow Progress.
The work of the council slowed up
today when the thorny reparations
question came up. Yesterday's speedy
decision on the calling of an Interna
tional financial and economic confer
ence with the participation of Rus
sia and Germany and the progress
made by the reparations expert* this
morning raised the hope for a time
that there might be an early adjourn
ment, but later in the day it became
apparent that the council was not' bo
near an agreement as were the,, ex
By the experts It was maintained
to^ay that there was an agreement
Jn principle, but the members of the
council announce that further de
liberation was necessary, after which
the council would receive the experts'
report and make its decision.
The experts, It is learned, have
reached an agreement providing for
remission of cash payments by Ger
many. providing for the payment of
500,000,000 gold marks in cash and
1,000,000,000 gold marks in kind each
year over a period of years.
CoasMer Renouncing Claims.
In the course of today's delibera
tions-Great Britain, In exchange for
abandonment of her 22 per cent of
the first two payments in 1122, asked
Belgium to renounce In part her, pri
ority claim so that France can share
In those payments, demanding at the
same time that France ratify the
August agreement whereby the first
(Continued on Page 3. Column 5.)
POSSIBLE TO MAKE GOLD OF LEAD,
PREDICTION OF NOTED CHEMIST
By the Associated Press.
PRINCETON, N. J., January 7.?
So great have been the advances
of modern science that It^would
not prove surprising If In the near
future chemists will be able to :
make sold from lead. Hugh 8.
Taylor, associate professor of.phys
Ical chemistry at Princeton Uni
versity, today declared in a lecture.
The recent discoveries of radium,
X~rays and electrons have so
modified the views of .chemists re
gardlng matter, he said, that light
has been thrown on subjects that
heretofore were mainly philosophy
I leal speculation. r_:
ideas concerning the nature of the
atom, he s?id, "We ore arriving at
a new conception ot the universe,
and this must inevitably react on
the fundamentals of philosophy.
All the physical aad chemical
properties of the atom are de
termined by a few specks of elec
tricity In an almost infinity of
space. When the chemist has per
fected his control over the nucleus
of the atom the problem of trans
mutation will be solved. It will be
as easy to change lead into gold
as it is today to synthetibe water.
The old problem ot the alchemist
,? is. this study reveals, the kernel
tpablamof the xnodsrn cfceayw*
THE PROCESS OF ELIMINATION.
Plan for Enactment Believed
Reached at White House
ALLIED DEBT TO PAY COST
Admiaiitration May Support Salei
Tax If This I? Regarded
A general agreement for the enact
! ment of a bonus bill for forpter serv
Ice men early In thd present s?a?Ion
of Cpa?reu wa? Indicated at the sen
jelusion of a White House dinner last
night between Pte?id?nt Har&ng ah#
a number of senators, representatives
and members of the cabinet.
The plan contemplates. It was un
derstood. that the cost of the bonus
I will be defrayed, if possible, from re
ceipts from the allied debt to the
United States. If these are not suf
ficient, It was said, It was tentativ4y
suggested that a sales tax might be
supported by the administration for
I the purpose.
Agreeateats Are PrevlaloanL
All the agreements reached laat
night were provisional. It was em
phasised by those who attended, and
subject.to revision if a further can
vass of sentiment among republicans
in the House and Senate make It
necessary. Other items of legisla
tion under discussion included the
permanent tariff and the refunding
bill for the allied debt.
The conference lasted from 7 p.m.
until midnight, and those present said
that every possible detail of the leg
islative situation was discussed, al*
though'lt was not Intended to draw
up definite plans or a definite pro
gram until other conferences had
been held. It was Indicated that
President Harding would call in
other representatives and senators
later to discuss other details of the
bonus bill, which, it was said, would,
probably be brought up in the Senate
In the very near future as a result of
the negotiations last nlghL
Leaders la Party.
, In the party which assembled last
night were live senators, seven
members of the House, two members'
of the cabinet. Attorney General
Daugherty and Secretary Weeks, and
Chairman John T. Adams ot the
republican national committee. The
program followed was Identical with
that at other White House dinners at
which the general policies of the
administration have been discussed
slnoe Mr. Harding assumed office.
As s. prelude to the dinner last
night President Harding had called
to the executive offices last week
several members of the Senate., and
also at cabinet gatherings the gen
eral situation, particularly with re
ference to-the tariff legislation, had
Keen taken up. ?
Representing the Senate last night
were Senators Lodge. Massachusetts;
Watson Indiana; McCumber. * North,
Dakota; Curtis. Kansas, and Brande
Connecticut. From the House
came Speaker Glllet. Majority Lead
er Mondell. Chairman ,Fordney of the
ways and means committee, Chair
man Madden of the appropriations
committee. Chairman Anderson of the
joint congressional commission which
is investigating the agrlcultural sit
uation. and Representatives Darrow.
PellP.ylvanU. sad SaUhdets,. Indiana.
BAPTIZED IN liquor/
PETERSBURG. V?* January 7>
Whlle personally leafflng M? police.
" _ .?d detectives In a general rati
en tigers ionlght, Maj. John Otejr
Walker was baptised in corn li?uor
poured from an upper window by a
-Out-of-town detectives wsre brought
here to Investigate and raiding was
the ollmax tonight. Many arrests were
made, Including several wsU known
PUTS WIFE IN STEERAGE,
MAN SAILS FIRST-CLASS,
BECAUSE HE'S "LEARNED'
j NEW YORK. January 7.?Moses
Melomod. traveling first-class, and
his wife, steerage, arrived today
from Danzig on the Esthonia. Their
two aona, meeting the ship, said it
was all right for father to travel
in better style, because he was "a
"I'll learn him something," said
Immigration s?*-pector Cowan.
He took away Melomod's first
class landing card, gave him a lec
ture on American chivalry and
sent him to Ellis Island to remain
with his wife until she is exam
I Marquis, in Coma, Breathing
. Again, Message to Hono
! Br the Associated Press.
J HONOLULU, T. H., January 7. A
report that Marquis Okuma is still
| alive and that the news of his death,
*iyen out yesterday from Tokio. was
erroneous, was contained In a Toklo
cablegram received here late today by
the Japanese language newspaper
Xlppu J1J1. Attending physicians were
Quoted in the cablegram.
The marquis, officially declared
dead yesterday, regained conscious
ness today and was still breathing
slightly when the cabelgram was
filed, it declared. His physicians an
nounced that a state of coma into
which the marquis had fallen had
be<n mistaken for death.
The news of Okuma's death was
not officially announced in Tokio until
several hours after he had sunk into
the state of coma. Posthumous hon
ors had been bestowed on the marquis
by the regent. Prince Hirohito, in the
name of the emperor.
It was recalled that a somewhat
similar case arose In connection with
Field Marshal Terauchl, who, like
the marquis, was officially pronounced
dead, but regained consciousness a
few days later. He died soon after-1
i The Japanese embassy, it was
Stated last night, has received no offi
cial report on the death of Marquis
Okuma, the last message received,
it la understood, telling only of his
SPROUL TO ACT SOON,
Successor to Penrose to Come From
Eastern Part of State.
PITTSBURGH, Pa., January 7.?Gov.
Sproul, after a conference here today
with United States Senator William E.
Crow.i who U in a hospital, said he
would fill the position made vacant by
the. death of Senator Boies Penrose
within the next few days. While he
had not definitely decided upon the
man, h? added, he would come from
the "eastern part of the state."
Gov. SproUl said Senator Crow was
fully SO per cent better in health"
when he saw him two weeks ago. Crow
[ was appointed to the Senate by Gov.
Sproul to "fill the vacancy caused by the
death of Senator Philander C. Knox last
OFFERED $20,000 TO KILL
' MONTREAL. January 7.?Vincent
Trescoli, who was found slain hi a
rear storeroom Thursday night, was
promised U0.000 to kilt Gonsague
Savard, former' Montreal police .cap
tain, detectives said they had learned
Trescoli, alleged New Tork gun
man, came here with two others of
his ilk, hut they quarreled andhe was
shot, the police understood. Savard
was Instrumental to- the-presecutlon
EXPECTS NEW STEP
Senator King Tomorrow to
Confer With Federal Dis
HIGH PRICES UNDER FIRE
Government Must Complete Inves
Out of the conference between Sen
ator Kins of Utah and Peyton Gor
don, United States district attorney
for the District of Columbia, planned
for tomorrow, is expected to grow
some definite action looking to an
investigation of alleged criminal
conspiracy among builders and build
I ing material men In the District
which tends to keep up the cost of
Senator King was out of the city
yesterday, but is expected to return
today. At his office it was said that
a conference would be arranged be
tween him and MaJ. Gordon tomorrow,
when the senator will lay before the
district attorney the information
gathered by his investigator which
made apparent that there existed a
conspiracy here which "should be in
vestigated by the grand jury.
While the preliminary investigation
conducted for Senator King by a
prominent local attorney developed
certain evidence which pointed to a
conspiracy, it was pointed out that
it would be necessary for an official
Investigation in order to bring out
the facts necessary to make a prima
facie case against those believed to
be participating in the unlawful prac
Should the district attorney fall to
take up the investigation started by
Senator King there is a probability
that a senatorial investigation might
be sought, so strong is the belief that
the high costs now prevailing are
due to combinations.
The information needed on which to
develop all the facts would have to
come through an official inquiry by
some governmental agency, as the
preliminary Investigation has gone
as far as possible. Even thmt inves
tigation, It was pointed out. Indicated
that there was a strong possibility
that evidence of collusion, similar to
that found during the Lockwood in
quiry in New York, could be developed
here by an official inquiry.
BANGS REPORTED BETTER.
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J? January 7.
?The condition of John Kendriek
Bangs, author and lecturer, who is ill
In an Atlantic City hospital, tonight was
I reported as improved by his attending
"Fox Hunt" on 5th Ave.
Lands Furrier in Jail
li.r the Associated Pr^iss.
\KW YORK, January 7.?Two
da> m in Jail and a fine of *100 |
I ua? the punifklimrnt Impoaed to- :
? day on Aaron Koaoaaky, preni
dfnt of a I oral retail far com
panv, for MtajcinK a "f"* bunt**
on Slh nvcnuf la*t Tuewday an
I aa adu-rllhiii^ itunt.
The animal. xearcd whrn *t
1 hum rclcaofd in front of 'ho
public library -with II* mawlf ?
l>?>und nltli twine, daubed under j
and automobile and wait Injured.
KoMONMky pleaded Kullty to a
charge of emeify to animal*.
KoMOMHky pleaded that he bad
not intended to barm the fox \
and offered to give to the
Society for the Pretention of
Cruelty to AnlniaU. The flft
1'ounnel for the society nxkrd
a priMon aentenee, aMNerting a
fine would merely Meeure all the
benefit* of the preaM agent
IN NEWBERRY H
Senator Townsend, Backing
Colleague, Makes Charge
in Senate Debate.
DRAMATIC CLIMAX SEEN
Galleries Are Crowded as Senators
Engage in Verbal Battle
Senate debate on the Newberry
case came to a dramatic climax yes
terday when Senator Townsend of
Michigan, speaking- in behalf of his
colleague, declared that certain in
terests had threatened his political
life if he voted to sustain the fight
of Senator Newberry to his seat over
the contest initiated by Henry Ford.
Senator Townsend frankly declared
that if he consulted only his political
future he might be tempted to be
silent on the whole question of the
Ford-Newberry contest. But with
great feeling he declared he could
not and would not take the easier
path, for in so doing he would stul
tify himself and do violence to his
own conscience and courage.
lUady to Be QorXlonrd.
The Michigan senator, describing
Senator Newberry as "the peer of
any man in this chamber." said that
when his colleague appeared on the
floor tomorrow he would be ready to
submit to reasonable questioning, but
that he would not subject himself to
cross-examination or heckling
"Ah, I don't doubt." he declared,
"that this good man ivho is this
j moment a senator would give every
, dollar he had if he had never enter
; ed the campaign. He has suffered
? the tortures of hell: he has been
l vilified and accused and blamed, and
! it's all the worse because I'm con
vinced It's a political job."
Turning to members on the demo
cratic side. Senator Townson.i told
; them that there must have been a
j time when some of them, like New
berry, had suffered from the foolish
acts of their friends.
Senator Townsend declared he had
received letters threatening him with
defeat If he attempted to speak for
[Senator Newberry or voted to keep
him In the Senate.
I "And what will it cost in millions
j of dollars," he asked, "If this at
tempt to coerce these senators stand
ing with Newberry Is carried out?
I have seen printed circulars sent out
to the people of my state urging
them to get in touch with me and to
defeat me if I speak or vote for Sen
Recalls Lorltner Case.
Placing his hands on the shoulder
of Senator Jones, republican. Wash
ington, Senator Townsend declared
that when the Washington senator
first voted In c ommittee to unseat
Lorimer and then, after a full in
vestigation, voted to seat him, there
was instantly raised a cry to defeat
"But, thank God." he added, "the
threats fell on empty ears and the
senator from Washington was re
turned 'here, despite his stand in the
Again touching on campaign ex
(Continued on Page 2, Column 3.)
'WHO'S GOT MY HAT?'ARMS DELEGATES
CRY AFTER WHITE HOUSE VISIT
Delegates to the Washington
conference are Indulging In a new
pastime since the New Tear White
House reception. For want of a
better name It is called "Who's
got my hat?"
All of the delegates went to the
White House In full regalia, which
Included nloe, shiny and In many
cases brand-new silk hats, except,
of course, those delegates who
wore uniforms. That's how the
trouble began. At an unfortu
nate moment the White House
, cloak-room ran out of checks for
hats. An attendant hurried away
to get a new supply. But the dele
gates and other distinguished visi
tors declined to wait until the
checks arrived. With lordly non
chalance they turned in their hats
wRhout checks. So far so good.
It came tlma to go home. While
. tt waa not a.oaM oi no aback, aar
hat. It was almost as bad. Former
Senator Root of the American
delegation foun?l that some one
else had taken his hat and he was
forced to wear another. Senator
Albertlni of the Italian delegation
. could not find his headpiece any
where and finally went home bare
headed. Another member of one of
the delegations fell heir to a lid
that came down over his ears,
while still another drove away
with a hat that hardly stack to
the top of bis head. When all the
guests had gone it was discovered
that one silk hat still remained in
the White House unclaimed. Prob
ably because Senator Albertinl had
refused to^wear someone else's hat.
And now some of the delegates
are eying silk hats that pass them
by auspiciously. An Interchange
I of hata, as well aa -of ideas, before
I the conference breaks up, would
1 to kml benefit in some quartern
Conference Swings Into Ninth
Week With Knotty Prob
lems to Be Tackled.
WARFARE RULES REPORT
YET TO BE PRESENTED
Every Effort Will Be Made to Push
Xliicugh Work on the
BV G. GOl'LD LIXCOLX.
As the Washington conference sw?ngs
into its ninth week it is a question only
of days before It wiU have completed
its work on limitation of armament*
There remains, however, the far easf.
with a number of knotty questions atii!
to be tackled.
The committee on the limitation of
armaments yesterday agreed to ban the
use of poison gas in warfare, and th'-t.
took up a report of a subcommittee on
aircraft, and this report will be die-*
cussed when the committee resumes Its
sittings tomorrow morning. One other
subcommittee is to be heard from, th>
committee on rules of warfare. It is
understood that this subcommittee will
recommend that no attempt be made
to draft a complete set of rules of war -
fare at this conference, but that such
a draft be postponed until a future
conference, when other nations may
also take part.
Clival Limitation Remains.
There is still to be laid before tit,:
committee on limitation of armaments
ihe draft of the naval limitation treaty.
The naval and legal experts of the dele
gations have been working for days on
this treaty, and it was said yesterday
afternoon that the treaty draft woull
be ready for the committee perhaps on
Monday, certainly within a day or two.
As soon as the committee has con
cluded its consideration of the aircraft
report and that on rules of warfare and
the treaty draft, an open session wil!
be held to formally ratify the work of
The way will then be open for the
committee on the far east, and every
effort will be made to posh through its
work as rapidly as possible. During
the last eight weeln much of the
work on the far eastern problems has
already been accomplished, and the
delegates, through Informal conver
sations. have placed themselves in a
position to act .promptly upon the
questions still to be handled.
^luatug Problem Vital.
Of prime importance to the success
of the conference In regard to the far
cast itjat is. China) is a settlement
of the Shantung problem. This is a
matter which so far has been dealt
with in special meetings of the Chinese
and Japane.se delegates, with American
and British observers attending.
Late yesterday afternoon the Chinese
delegates called upon Secretary
Hughes at the State Department and
upon Mr. Balfour, head of the British
delegation, at his apartments, and re
ported to them the progress of the
discussions between themselves and
the Japanese in regard to Shantung:
particularly the Shantung railroad,
which is the crux of the question.
Mr. Sze, the Chinese minister to the
United States and member of the dele
gation. after these conversations with
Mr. Hughes ard Mr. Balfour described
the informal conference as "reassur
ing" and "satisfactory.''
"tVe merely reported to Mr. Hughes
and Mr. Balfour what has been door
at the conference on Shantung with the
Japanese delegation." he said. "Wf
explained the position taken by the
Chinese delegation." ,
Farther 'Away, Says Sse.
He was unable, he said, to say when
another meeting of the Chinese and
Japanese would be held to dlsouss
"Our contention is," said Mr. Sse,
"that the Japanese in their offer made
Friday evening were farther from
meeting our demands than they were
when they made their offer of De
He explained that the Japanese now'
propose to have the oflices of traffic
manager und chief accountant of the
Shantung railroad filled by, Japanese.
In their offer of December 19 the
Japanese proposed only to have ac
associate traffic manager and an
associate accountant, he said.
So the question of the Shantung
railroad resovles Itself again into a
question of control. The Chineee,
said Mr. Sse, "do not wish to have
the railroad in name only." They wish
the control of it.
Next Move hy Outsider.
The next move in the Shantuug
controversy will likely be made by
Mr. Hughes and Mr. Bilfour. Unless
they should be asked by both Jap
anese and Chinese delegation! to act
as mediators, they could not under
take such work. And Mr. Hughes and
Mr. Balfour are anxious to avoid. I?
any way. trespassing upon the pro
prieties. They made It clear jwator
I day that the conference with th*
Chinese was entirely informal. But
it was considered probable last
night that they would find oppor
tunity to talk informally with the
Japanese. It would be strange If
they did not. In view of the fact that '
they are constantly meeting the
Mr. Sze last night, without saylmg
anything about mediation, ?xpreM*d
I the opinion that the "good nfllim* mt
(Continued on Page 4. Ooiuma L)
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