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PARLEY FARCE SEEN I
IF CALLED MARCH 8 Tardieu Declares No Common Purpose Exists for Holding Genoa Conference at This Time?Explains French View. BY ASDRE TARDIKl, Former French Hlsfc Commlufoirr to America. By Cable to The Star. PARIS, February 11.?The news that the United States will not par ticipate In the Genoa conference has thrown further confusion into an al ready complicated matter, and no one now believes that the conference will meet March S as planned. This affair is the best illustration of the Inextricable misunderstanding caused by recent interallied meet ings. Former Premier Briand declares that when he left Cannes for Paris to resign the Genoa program was un determinde. and hence the invitations to the powers to participate should not have been sent without a further conference. But Slgnor Bonoml, who also has resigned, sent the invitations immediately, together with a program which Briand claims was purely ten tative. Declared Dangerous Purpose. This program contains the danger ously vague phraser "The establishment of the European peace on firm bases." Hither this means nothing, or it means that the treaties of 1919 are null and void. It is true another article on the Genoa program insists that those treaties must be respected, but this leaves a contradiction which the French government rightly wants dissipated before proceeding further to commit itself to the conference. But another big obstacle arises. The Genoa conference is being de fended on the ground of the need for solidarity in the world's economic reconstruction. But on the one hand South America is omitted, and that means many important trading na tions have been left out completely. On the other hand, we learn that North America, while approving the principle of the Gt-noa conference, will not participate. Where is the solidarity now? And David Lloyd George, chief prophet of solidarity, declares he will not grant a reduction of England's credits against other European na tions unless first assured that there will be a reduction in England's debt to America. No Coatmon Purpose. Meantime, America, by her recent law for the refunding of the allied debt?, has answered Lloyd George in advance that there is to be no reduc Sale Here of Liquor Declared Imperative if War Debts Are to Be Met. B? HIRAM K. MODEIVWEIX. By Obit to The 8ttr and Chicago Dally News. Copyriiht. 1922. PARIS, Feb. 11.?Franc? wants to be permitted to pay part of her debt to America in champagne. It is becoming increasingly appar ent that the French harbor a curious resentment toward the Volstead tem perance enforcement law and the eighteenth amendment to the Ameri can Constitution. Several Prominent Frenchmen have hinted recently that unless the United States a"0*!*1;? admission of champagne, an arttele of immense value ?n the aggregate of French exports, France cannot see how she will ever be able to pay her debts to the United States. France undoubtedly would like to ?ee prohibition modified by tne American Congress so as to permit the importation of champagne. Government Conference. A government conference will be held in March to consider methods for boosting French exports, and one day will be given over to the wine trade and the American market. Nbne of the public men with whom the correspondent has discussed the situation has any definite plan, and all concede that they are treading on very dangerous ground Prohibition and its effect on France constitute one reason for the notice able coolness toward the United States. Another is the resentment almost every Frenchman feels over rtrtf'AmeiHcan attitude on the repara tions question, which he feels is un ^"it" Is claimed that if the United States wants its money from France It must help France to collect what is due her from Germany. French men compare the two debts in a strik ing way: The first as a credit given by one ally to another for the prose cution of a common war, which credit was expended almost wholly within the United States itself, while the other is a reimbursement for willful damage done to France by a nation which had been proclaimed an enemy of civilization. They recognize both as valid debts, hut if the whole world tells France that she must scale down the Ger man payments In the interest of Eu ropean reconstruction, why not apply similar arguments to the American claim, they argue. Not Declared Sentiment. Such logic, the French insist, is not pore sentiment, but is based on a fundamental principle of justice that exists above business and politics. The payments to the United States can be made only in goods to the ex cess of exports over imports, follow ing the French point of view. This argument when applied by the Brit ish financier, John M. Keynes, to the German reparations in 1919 excited violent opposition In France. Then, in the second place, it Is evi dent that France is working for a delay in the Genoa conference, it be ing felt that if this meeting is suc cessful it will give Britain the lead ership In European restoration. In connection with this the Quai d'Orsay has conceived a sudden admiration for the league of nations that is hardly consistent with its attitude on former occasions. There are also indications that France is entertaining the idea of making an independent arrangement with soviet Russia. Karl Radek's feelers In Berlin last week are com mented upon favorably by 1a Temps and most of the other French news papers. If the bolRhevikl can help France to escape European isolation she evidently has no scruples about coming to terms with them. TRAMP STEALS FORTUNE. Xieader of German Plunderers' Band and Nine Others Caught. BERLIN. February 11-?The poliee have caught ten members of a plun derers' band which had been terror ising the suburbs for several months. A little hunchback butcher who, a year ago, was a tramp, but has grown so rich as to buy trotting horses and live luxuriously, was the leader. One of the principal activities of the plun derers was to steal live stock and sell it at prices under those charged by other butchers. tion by America of the anied loan^ j So there is no evidence of a j purpose justifying: the I Even supposing these difflculti.es, were overcome, there in another one, and a very considerable one at tnat, nSmeV that long technical prepara tion is necessary for a?y,,?^lll work along world economic IInes. The Brussels conference of cial experts In 1920, the only one that produced a positive result concerning Germany's condition and reParat!?,"9; was preceded by an intense johrt study of several months. An aa vance agreement had been reached figures and statistics, bo when the program was adopted a unanimous agreement quickly r "he same cause all started from the same P'if"'^"conference is Genoa, or anywhere else, without a similar preparation, the Proposed construction cf Fairope wMJreBemble a reconstruction of Babel more than H"The'"confusion is the . greater be cause not only the allies ?re con cerned, but neutrals and Germany and the soviets. The latter, whose good will Lloyd George somewhat rashly Indorsed, do not merit eonfl dence. The United fwtes holds so by refusing to recognize them. France feels the same way about It, ana England's commercial expSVtUii wUh Moscow the last year confirms us in our view. Accepted Before Invited. - The soviets accepted the in^itat'?Jl to Genoa before receiving it. were thus enabled to avoid co"}.,T.e"V ing on the accompanying co"a''l?"1(j insufficient as they were It J be decidedly rash, therefore, to Defein such a far-reaching discussion as that planned at Genoa with such a back KriUhave attempted to show where France stands with respect to Genoa and why she desires a postponement ?fThe English""press vigorously pro tests this viewpoint, saying thai Ire attempting "to torpedo the con feOn?the contrary, the best way to torpedo the conference ^ouMbe^to case the participants would be blown "'in'conclusion, although the Franco British negotiations have not^been thaT the ^ienoa conference will not le held on the date or under the con ditions originally proposed. Thp whole thing must be revised. Otherwise it will be a catastrophe or a farC<i" (Copyright. 1922.) ROMANCE, BUD OF YOUTH, FLOWERS IN OLD AGE AND ENDS WITH DEATH By the Associated Press. LONDON, Ont.. February 11.? A romance that budded in youth but did not flower ""til old age has been ended by the death of R. W. Cole, eighty-five, at Long Beach, Calif., where he was hon eymooning with his seventy-flve vear-old bride. Word of his death reached friends here today. More than a half century ago Cole said au revoir to his young sweetheart at Blyth, Ont.. and went west to make his fortune. The fortune was slow in accumu lating and the young woman be came Mrs. Mogridge. Cole, learn lng she was married, took a bride In the west. ... . . A year ago his wife died and ne returned to find Mrs. Mogridge a widow. The old love was re kindled, and they started a few weeks ago on their honeymoon. Exchange Improves 25 Points in 24 Hours?U. S. Banks' Big Purchase. BY WILLIAM E. NASH. By Cable to The Star and Chlctfo Dally News. Copyright, 1922. f PARIS, February 11.?In the face of I the economic and financial situation of France, which admittedly does not look brilliant, Parisian business men express astonishment at the rapid rise In the value of tlie franc, the exchange im proving twenty-five points in twenty four hours. Within the last ten days the American dollar has fallen from 13 to 11.50, and this gratifies the French 1 "^Dpinkufls divided as to whether the ! rise will be permanent or only tempo 1 rary It may continue some time longer, I and," according to one estimate, It may reach a level of 10 francs to the dollar. Most authorities expect that the ex change will bo stabilized at the rate of 11 or 12 to 1. Stock brokers declare that the tourist business this spring should keep the txchange from falling off sharply. , Explanations Offered. Various explanations are offered for the present state of affairs. A leading 'American banker tells me that the num ber of American buyers in France is un usually large this year. On account of the probable passage of the Fordney tariff bill they want to buy as many French luxury goods as possible before the application of the new schedule In New York, and their purchases keep up the heavy demand for francs. Intelligent French economists say that on account of the business de pression French purchases in the United State? have been reduced to a minimum. The textile mills at Lile, ' for Instance, are now using less tran one-third of the maximum amount 1 of cotton formerly consumed. The I reduction of imports, combined with the ' Increase in exports, has tended to bal ance the French trade budget American Bank* Boy. j American banks admit that they i have been buying large blocks of [French money lately on the open I market. One published item speaks of the purchase of 60,000,000 francs (normally $18,000,000) In one day by the Guaranty Tnwt of New York, the Equitable Trust and the Crase-Na tional Bank. Finally, politics have assuredly con tributed something to the rise in the value of the franc. It can hardly be doubted that the defense of the An glo-French pact by Prime Minister Lloyd George In the house of com mons has strengthened French pres tige abroad. It has apparently given the impression that the future of France to tied up to ft certain extent with) that of Britain. > GERMANS GET THEATER. Was Seized at Prague by Actors in | ' 1921 Blots. 1 PRAGUE, February 11.?The German Estates Theater of Prague, which was seised by the actors of the Czech-Na tional Theater during anti-German riots in 1921, has been returned to the Ger man lessee, it was announced today. Caech performances will oontinue-in the theater for the present, and the lessee is to receive an indemnity for lta seis in*. > : ? Germans Expect Him to Lighten Indemnity' Burden DR. HAVENSTE1N, Who la In charier of GeruanySi In demnity affairs and who la conduct ing: repnrntlona negotiation* with the alllro. HIh effort* to relieve bin peo 1 pie of a purt of the flnaaclal load they I are carrying: hnve met with little fa ; vor in the allied eountrlra. Novel Experience of Pitts burgher, Only American Of ficer in Foreign Legion. IN PARIS ON BRIEF LEAVE left His Company Tied Up by Cold in Mountains South east of Fez. BY WILLIAM E. NASH. By Cable to The Star and Chli*a?o Daily News. IVwriBht. 19?. PARIS, February 11.?Snowed un der in hottest Africa was the novel experience recently of Edgar Gerard Hamilton of Pittsburgh, a former member of the Lafayette squadron and the only American officer in tho French Foreign Legion. He is visiting Paris this week on a short military leave. Hamilton left his company tied up by the cold in the mountain ous region southeast of Fez, Morocco. He must be back with his men at the first sign of spring and expects stiff fighting with the natives before long. It is a romantic story this soldier of fortune has to tell. The foreign legion is made up of adventurer* from every corner of the earth, and Hamilton says no questions are asked as to their past. Forty per cent of the enrollment consist of German volunteers recruited in tho Rhlneland since the armistice and amounting 'in round numbers to 5,000 men. Then come Russians, who fled from Mocovy after the bolshevist revolution. Third in numbers are Sinn Feiners whose | presence in Ireland proved disagree- ] able to former British rulers. Ten Americana in Ranks. Ten Americans are serving' ini the legion as privates or non-commis sioned officers. Three of them hail from Chicago. James Card well Ruth erford, with the rank of corporal. Is j stationed at Sidl-Bel-Abbes, Algeria, the headquarters of the foreign le gion. Daniel Cole, a negro private, a graduate of the University of Michi- j gan and the Massachusetts Institute j of Technology, who despaired of gain ing success as an engineer in the United States, is serving at the front in Morocco. He hopes to gain a com mission In the French army, where no color line is drawn, and carve out a career for himself in aerial engi neering. A Mr. Winston is working out a live year enlistment period in the jungles of Indo-China. Two years ago he fell in love with a French girl and wanted to marry her, but she refused to live in the United States. He tried to find permanent employment in Paris, but failed, because he was not a French citizen. It is a long and tedious task' to acquire naturalisation by the ordi nary process, but it can be done ac cording to French law by serving three years in the foreign legion. Win ston seized the opportunity, and if he survives the malaria and yellow fever in Indo-China, he will win citizenship and a wife. Lirtac Conditions Not Ideal. "Living conditions In the foreign le gion are not ideal," says Lieut. Hamil ton, "but there are some compensatory features. Our conditions are much better than those in the Spanish for eign legion. I know several men who were so brutally mistreated by Span ish officers In the recent campaign about Melllla that they fled to Fez and are now serving In the French foreign legion. "Despite Its heterogeneous composi tion our unit claims to be the best disciplined division in the French army. We have plenty to do in Mo rocco. Large afeas to the south of the Atlas mountains remain unsub dued by the French. The natives flght fiercely and cut off the heads of the men they take prisoners; It will take some years to reduce them." Notwithstanding the guerrilla fight ing described by Lieut. Hamilton, It la well known that the French have ac complished wonders in the way of road building in the pacified regions. Practically the whole credit Is given to Gen. Lyautey, the resident general, at one time minister of war and one of the leading adminstrators of the French nation. BOOTLEGGER DENOUNCED. Maryland Judge Declares Him Worse Than Any Other Criminal. Special Dispatch to The Star. FREDERICK, Md., February 1L? "The bootlegger," said Judge Glenn H. Worthlngton, In instructing the Febru ary grand Jury, "causes more heart aches, ruins more lives, does more harm, and works greater injury -to the community lha.n any other criminal. "You are Instructed to Investigate fully all reports of the violation of the Volstead act, and the county prohibi tion law. People who beUeve that the prohibition law should not be enforced are not themselves law-abiding citi zens." Judge Worthlngton's address to the grand Jury, of which James H. Gam brill, jr., Is foreman, followed on the heels of recent crusades against "wide open and thriving blind tigers" In this city. A recent haul netted the county over 11,000 In fines, the payers of which have been before oonvlcted in the lower courts of peddling bootleg whisky and intoxicants. 0STBATJ STB1EE OVER. PRAGUE, February 11.?The strike of coal miners of the Ostrau region, which has been in progress since Feb ruary I, was ended today. An agree ment was reached whereby the miners' wares will he lowered by a parity commission composed of four delegates representing the owners and the miners, on a basis of the mar ket prlc? ot oommedltietv | GERMANY DISCOURAGED OVER U. S. GENOA STAND Harden Declares American Participation Would Be Stabilizing Influence to Con ference, Threatened With Disruption. BY MAXIMILIAN HARDEN, Germany'* Foremost Publicist. By Cable to The Star. BERLIN, February 11.?If the United States is not to be' repre sented at the Genoa conference, much of. Germany's hope In the gathering dies. America would have an amelio rating influence at the conference. The discussions would be on broader planes and the conclusions reached might accomplish some thing toward the restoration of peace and the reconstruction of Europe. With England and France In their present temper, it is difficult to see how much can be accom plished without the influential in tervention of a power like the United States. France Threatens Conference. France even now is threatening to wreck the conference and may succeed irt doing so if the United States holds aloof. It was hoped by the better elements in Germany that the United States might see in the Genoa conference a chance for wide-world service, for as I have said before, a European con ference of the scope planned for Genoa, with Germany and the Rus sian sovlets attending, has a meaning for America as well as for the distracted countries and pooples of Europe. Europe needs the common sense of America in her councils! The Washington conference was able to accomplish much for the tran quillity of aiTairs in the far east only because of the American in fluence. On the other hand, America needs Europe. She must have an outlet for her excess goods. It was thought here that new order in the far east would be the price of American co-operation In healing Europe's sufferings. Russia Pivotal Point. It has been thought here that the gigantic problem of Russia might bring the United States to Genoa?Russia, which has so long been treated like a mere epidemic, with quarantine and disinfection. For Russia is one of the chief problems of the world economio situation. It would make a vast dif ference In the land of the dollar If the markets of Asia were opened to the products of American labor and your unemployed were back at work. It is impossible to say at this time just what the position of Germany and Russia, will b? at the conference with America ab sent. Who will lead the way at Genoa as America led the way with proud Bolf-sacrlflee at Wash ington? Not France, for Franoe can see only her own troubles and her own problems. France thinks that all of Europe's future depends upon the satisfaction of France's demands against Germany. But, as I have already pointed out in these dispatches, France's recov ery is not a preliminary condi tion to Europe's restoration, but will be the consequence of that restoration, for France is not economimliy the most important country or a oontinent whose fate may be decided at Genoa. Great Britain, with the moral Support of the United States be hind her, might go far at Genofc, for England knows the impossi bility of Germany executing the French reparations claims. But how far ran England go wMle at loggerheads with France? AstngonUtlr Attitude. France is taking the position that she will withhold participa tion in the Genoa parley if it is to dii>:'uss any of the real problems which confront Europe today. France says she will not discuss reparations, when all the world? except France?knows that the reparations demands must be a factor in any attempt to readjust and reconstruct this continent. France says the treaty of Ver sailles with its mass of contradic tions, shall not be discussed. But If Europe is to go on under this treaty as it has in the last two and a half years, why talk of re ? construction? France says that the Genoa con ference must not do anything- that the league of nations ought to do, and thus she all but closes the door in the face of the United States. France wants the conference so narrowed that it would be futile to hold it. I may add myself that without tho United States present this nar rowness ar.d futility- are lnev I table. (Copyright, 1922.) SARRAUT LAUDS ARMS CUT ACTION AS FRENCH ENVOYS SAIL FOR HOME By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. February 11.?The French delegation to the armament conference at Washington, headed by Albert Sarraut, French minister of colonies, sailed for home today on the steamship La Savoie. The party included, besides M. Sar raut, Maurice Casenave, former French high commissioner here; Ad miral de Bon of the French navy, Allbert Kammerer, general secretary of the delegation, and a score of mili tary attaches, undersecretaries and clerks.'' M. Sarraut Issued the foil owing statement, through an interpreter: "I am taking away with me the fondest recollection of my stay in the United States. I came here -with the very deepest feeling* of appreciation for America, which have ibeen made more pronounced during my stay. "I shall cherish the memory of the confidence which has been welded be tween America and France. I am very proud to have been able to 'bring my co-operation to the great arms con ference In Washington, which I con sider to have had the best results In reaching fhe ends sought for. I am confident that the conference has suc ceeded in fulfilling the wishes of the American government and the other nations of the world. All the pro visions in the limitations of arma ment have been very good measures. I feel sure that the example set will be followed by the other nations of the world." REBELS CURBED BY WIRELESS UNDER PRESENT MEXICAN RULE MEXICO CITY, January IB.?Wire less telegraphy has contributed great ly to keeping down revolution in Mexico, and the government, recog nising Its value, is establishing sta ! tlons In every large city In the re 1 public. Officials assert that by using the wireless they are able to communi cate directly and immediately with military headquarters and thus are able to head off many incipient up risings which might grow Into seri ous revolutions if not promptly checked. In the old days the first thing a band of rebels did was to cut all tele graph .and telephone wires, thus Iso lating the region of revolt. In its station at Chapultepec Park here the Mexican government has one of the largest and best equipped JUGOSLAVS SHE POLITICAL SNAGS Various Racial Elements Re tard Consolidation of New Kingdom. BEIjQRADE, January 23.?The po litical consolidation of the new kingdom of Jugoslavia is pot pro ceeding as rapidly or satisfactorily as friends of the oountry might wish, despite the fact thait it has a unified constitution to which most of the parties of the state have subscribed. There are not lacking among the various racial elements in the popu lation evidences of antagonism and lack of co-operation. Racial Group* Differ. One racial group feels Itself supe rior to the other and thinks in conse quence It ought to have a greater voice in the affairs of the country. The" Serbians, for example, feel that by reason of their numbers and their experience in government and state craft they are the most important ele ment in Jugoslavia and should have the dominant part in gilding the country's destinies. The Croat* and Slovenes, on the other hand, feel that the education, culture and modern training they re ceived under the Austrlans gives them an Intellectual and cultural superiori ty over their brother Slavs to the south, and that therefore they are the best qualified to lead the nation through the difficult days of organiza tion, reconstruction and consolida tion. The old Austrian empire systemat ically encouraged discord between the Serbs and Croats and held out to the Croats as a reward the hope of a great Croatian state within the Haps burg monarchy. In some parts of Croatia that hope still persists. Acrbnoay tm Cablaet. In the Jugoslav cabinet there are no less than eighteen members, rep resenting all political and racial groups, and Important geographical areas, have equal representation. Even the Mohammedan population of Bos nia and Macedonia have a voice in the ministry, there being four Mos lem members. The sittings of the cabinet often are characterised by bitter aerlmony and partisan strife. Cabinet "crises" occur frequently. But while all this party discord and racial discord exist, few doubt that the nation ultimately will reach its goal of -political and social unifica tion. The process will necessarily be slow, probably fraught with, many difficulties. plants oil the continent. During the Carranza administration the station was practically idle, but during the past few months It has been used daily by the government in sending official news letters to Central and South American countries and in keeping Its ministers and consul* In formed of affairs at home. It has been announced that the gov ernment expects to open the station shortly for commercial work. It has also been found that the station here can be used as a supple ment for the land wires throughout the republic and congestion on the latter is often relieved by the Cha pultcpec plant. Ignacio Oallndo, who for many vears has been identified with wire less activity in Mexico, will represent the republic at the radio-telegraph convention to be held in Rome next Chamber of Commerce De plores Socializing Tendency of Government. By the Associated Press. BREMEN, February 11.?The Ger man government's tendency to so cialise and oommunlze industrial en terprises is seriously hampering the country's economic reconstruction, in the opinion of the Bremen chamber ot commerce, expressed in its annual report. The report declares the stabilisa tion of Industry and finance can come only after the administration estab lishes recognizably sound policies at home and abroad, which will prevent fluctuations in the value of the mark and make traders confident that worthwhile contracts will be exe cuted. The chamber expects this to come when the government "quits meddling In private business" and gives over government control of in dustries to private ownership. Political Situation Quieting. "The internal political situation," says the report, "has noticeably quieted down. There are signs ot an increased desire to work and cer tainly the cry for socialisation or the communication of industries is gradu ally obeying this desire. The people are beginning to recognllse that state ownership cannot be substituted for private enterprise. "Now and then, of course, a ten dency on the part of .the authorities to interfere with economio situations which are not developing according to their wishes crops out; but this usually has had the opposite result to what was expected. It is sUperflous to state that compulsion will destroy the natural development at the power of our industrious people." Warn* Against Carelessness, While the report declares the cham ber of commero* la in favor of politi cal reforms, a warning is issued that this should not be undertaken In a slipshod manner or before it is fully understood what the effect may be. "We are convinced, however," the report .continue*, "that in the course of tlmo economio good sense will prevail." The report says Import* and exports have remained without Important change as compared, with the pre vious year, hut that business men are pleased with the tendency of foreign price* to rlaa MK M?M1* tfcaft do Chosen to Preside Over Highest of World Courts DR. B. T. C. LODER, A former mombrr of the Dutch su preme court, who ha* been elected president of the International jonrt ?f Justice. Dr. Loder la an authority on maritime law and no la eminently qualified to Mlt on the court before which all International maritime dis putes will go for decisions. ROLE OF EX-KAISER AS SAVER REVEALED BY CUTTING PENSIONS By Caliln to The Stur. PARIS, February 11.?New facts are coming to light which demon strate that the deposed Teutonic monarchs were not such bad fel lows, after all. The kaiser, for Instance, who has been so much abhorred by right thinking people until now, has his merits. People may say he was wont to murder and torpedo hos pital ships, but against these weaknesses a recent biographer sets the virtue of thrift. Thrift atones for many faults. It appears that Wilhelm was so thrifty, when he used to live in Potsdam, that sometimes he would save as much as $250,000 a year. Lest the reader suppose that he accomplished this by denying him self wholesome food or cutting down on his wife's wardrobe, it is explained that even during the war the kaiser always insisted on having the best of victuals on his table, and his wife enjoyed every luxury her heart desired. There was nothing mean about William. He accomplished a large part of his savings, it is said, by reducing the pensions of retired palace servants to three or four marks a month. The enormous pension roll previously paid to the aged, de crepit and totally useless ex servitors was a quite needless ex pense. Future generations of school children may learn many a useful lesson about how to take care of their pennies by studying the life of Wilhelm II of Prussia. * EUROPE STILL HOPES, FOR WORLD LEAGU* Barnes Says-Britain Finds Much to Conjj mend in Conference?Has Little Faith in Rules of Warfare. BY GEORGE X. BARNES, British Parliament Leader. By Ri'ilio to Tbe Star. LONDON, February 11.?Mr. Balfour and his colleagues of the Briltsh dele gation to America, are nearing their home shores today, and the Wash ington conference has passed Into his tory. Its decisions will. In due course of time, be dealt with by the United States Senate and by the various ratifying: authorities of the partici pating1 states. In its recommendations, as well as in the motives which inspired it, the Washington conference has revived hopes of a real peace and a world set tlement. It is true that many in Eu rope would rather have had the con ference convoked oy an all-embracing league of nations, and most of us still hope for such a conference In the fu ture. But we are all glad that so much has been done in the meantime at Washington for world appease ment. Will Lessen Expenses. The indorsement of the Washington agreements by ail the powers con cerned will lessen warlike expendi tures and remove cause of friction between the nations most likely to clash over far eastern problems. Incidentally, Washington has re moved a cause of much speculation j and possible ill will between ' this country and the United States by the mergence of the Anglo - Japanese treaty into the larger four-power pact regarding the settlement of Pacific disputes. The Washington conference may be said to have registered three main positive decisions. These are: The stabilization of surfac? warship building. The barring of the Paciflo Islands for war purposes. The restoration of Chinesa territory to China. Welcomes IT. 8. Co-Operation. Regarding the first of these it is true that it relegates England to a position inferior to that which many of our people had come to regard as hers by prescriptive right. It has been tradi tional with us that Britannia should "rule the waves." And in truth Britain has policed the seas. But all of that was a condition of things inconsistent with the growth of American wealth and population. We shall welcome the co-operation of the United Slates in carrying out a task which had become heavy to bear, and we are confident that the navies of England and the United States will work hand in hand, not only for the interests of the of the respective countries, but for the right of all nations to a legitimate freedom of the seas. And the new allocation of sea power brings an immediate relief from competition in naval shipbuilding as well as greater security to the world in Anglo-American co-operation. Distances Prevent War. The second achievement of the Wash, ington conference also brings re trenchment and security. It in fact makes Pacific warfare impossible, for it maintains the immunities of th* vast distances provided by nature. With out bridging those distances by the use of islands as base of operations warships cannot be offensively i^ed. And the. third"decision is no less sat isfactory. The restoration of Shantung: to China heals an open sore and brings Japan into alignment with the moral sense of mankind. The handing back of Wei-Hai-Wei by Great Britain closes the chapter in past diplomacy which was not creditable to the western world. The "scramble" for China is ended. Seen Little in Root Plan. It is regrettable that except by paper proscription an agreement was not reached on the question of sub marines. We attach little impor* tance to Mr. Root's resolution forl>id? ding the use of submarines againsj merchantmen, for we have had an un happy experience with the futility of so-called rules of warfare. We be lieve that once war clouds burst war lords will do their worst unless there is provision made for instant penal ties for the breach. The Poles have proved this by the occupation of Vilna, in spite of the league of nations rules and protesta tions. And the same applies to the use of poison gas. All that can be said for the Washington resolution against submarines and gas is that they reg ister the abhorrence of mankind re garding these barbarities. And with that we must, for ^?e moment, be con tent. But the various Washington trea ties. apart from these resolutions, are a solid gain. They will prevent war. That is infinitely better than making rules for war. And they will prevent the waste of labor in preparing for war. President Harding and all of those who have been associated with him may be heartily congratulated. They have been privileged to render the world a great service. There need be no doubt that the ratification of the Washington trea ties by the competent British, authori ties. (Copyright, 1922.) LANDRU RETRIAL ASKED. Demented Person Now Connected With Bluebeard Case. By the Associated Press. PARIS, February 11.?Counsel for Henri Landru, the "Bluebeard of Gambai," now under sentence of death for the murder of ten women and a boy. today filed a demand with the court of cassation for a revision of his case. The demand for retrial was asked on the ground that new evidence had been discovered. An inhabitant of Uambai is said to have declared he saw a demented person of that neigh borhood take some bones from a nearby ossuary and carry them to Landru's villa. Music?that would cost Thousands of Dollars! In becoming the possessor of 9&e AMPICO In the its fortunate owner secures the means of hearing the actual playing of artists that cannot be heard otherwise except by the expenditure of thousands of dollars. Take for Example the instance of a single exclusive Ampico artist?RACHMANINOFF To hear Rachmaninoff In recital lasts but a moment and leaves only memories when it is over. 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