Newspaper Page Text
Another Shot Down by Civil
ians When Coming Out |
of City Post Office.
BORDER TERROR SPREADS j
Protestants and Catholics Flee to?
Safety?Irish Elections Dii
cussed in London.
By the Associated Pits*.
DUBLIN", May 27.?A British soldier
ww almt and killed and another was
ser?<*\?sly wounded by two civilians
today as the soldiers were leaving:
the po?t office on the college green.
The soldiers had entered the post
office, leaving: their automobile at the
curb. When they came out they
were seized by the two assailants
from behind. The soldiers tried to
free themselves, whereupon the as- j
sailants fired four shots. One of the j
bullets entered the post office and
wounded a woman and child.
It was stated that the soldiers had
cashed a check at a bank nearby be
fore going: to the post office, anvl rob
bery was believed to have been the
motive for the attack.
One Victim Shot Eleven Times.
James Greer, a former sergeant in
tHe Royal Irish constabulary, was
taken from his house in Cootehall,
<~V>unty Roscommon, early today and
shot dead in the road. His son, who
was a demobilized black and tan,
was mortally wounded.
The attack on young Greer took
place in the house, he having refused
to leave it. He received eleven
Will Hold Courts Building.
There is no intention on the part
of the republican forces to evacuate
the Fotir Courts building, which was
occupied some time ago, it was said
today at the republican general
The armed guards are being with
drawn from the Kildare Street Club
and from Orange Hall, in Rutland
square, and these buildings will be I
used to house refugees. It is ex
pected that the Masonic headquar
ters. also recently seized, wili be
turned back to its owners Monday.
BORDER TENSION TIGHTENS.
Catholics and Protestants Flee to
Br the Associated Press.
BELFAST. May 27.?An unidenti
fied man was wounded this after
noon in the Falls district. A pedes
trian who went to his assistance was
shot through the head.
The Louth-Armagh border line is
the scene of much military activity
and farming operations are practical
ly at a standstill. There are large
concentrations on both sides of the
border, and while Catholic families
are crossing into County Louth.
Protestants are entering northern
territory. Vans carrying provisions
from Free State territory are being
refused permission to enter Ulster.
PROCEED WITH GREAT CARE.
Four Stenographers Take Down
Talk on Irish Elections.
Pt the Associated Press.
IjOXDON. May 27.?A majority of
those who signed the Jrlsh peace treaty
met again around the table in the
prime ministers official residence in
Downing street tonight to consider the
present position of the Irish toward .that
agreement. The British representatives
were Premier Lloyd George, Austen
I'hamberlain. I.ord Birkenhead. Sir
learning Worth ingtor.-Evans. Winston
Spencer Churchhill and Sir Hamar
Greenwood. The Irish representatives!
were Arthur Griffith, Michael Collins,
Eamon J. Duggan, William T. Cosgrove.
Diarmuid O'Hegarty, secretary of the
dail eireann. and Hugh Kennedy, legal
adviser of the provisional government.
Only a few curious persons gather* d
in the street, and no public Interest was
displayed. The conferenca was held at
? o'clock in the evening and lasted for
ail hour and a half, when it was ad
journed until Monday morning.
Irish Elections C hief Topic.
A brief official statement was issued,
which merely said that the business
considered had to do with arrangements
for the general election ir. south Ireland
In June. After the meeting the Irish
delegates went quickly to their hotels;
they Informed the reporters that it had
been agreed to give no infonnatio.i to
It appeared evident that the con
ferees were taking no chances of
any misunderstanding over the pro
ceedings, as four stenographers were
present. It Is believed Mr. Churchill
will make a statement in the house of
commons on Monday on the Irish
situation. The prime minister left to
night to spend Sunday in the country.
In a statement this evening dealing
with the Irish negotiations the Press
Association says they proceeded
smoothly. The British representa
tives had developed no absolute dis
agreement with the views put for
word by the Irish leaders; that Col
lins and Griffith had proved their
loyalty to the treaty, although they
had to make minor concessions to lie
NEGRO LABORERS OUSTED.
Mountaineers Halt Road Work by
Forcing Colored Men to Ouit.
RALEIGH, N. C.. May 27.?Work on
a road being Constructed in Mitchell
county, in the mountains of North Car
olina was suspended last week when
armed citizens forced a crew of negro
laborers to leave the county, according
to a story published in the News and
Observer this morning. There are
scarcely any negroes in Mltchejl county,
according to the newspaper, and their
presence there is objected to by some
of the white citizens.
To Have a Hand in
Revision of War Laws
SIR RBMNKI.L ROOD,
Who will br the chirr Kngltnh rep.
rcoentntlve on the rammlulog that
will revise war Inw*. All nation* who
took part la the arm* conference will
"end reprearntatlve* to thla new
Inretlnc at Washington. where Impar
tont war in en *u re* will br illnruaaed
and adopted. Sir Rrnnell ha* had n
lone- cnreer a* diplomat In many of
the Kuropenn court*.
MAY ABANDON DAYLIGHT
SAVING IF SUPPORTERS
I Continued from First Page.)
It was that the way to save an hour
of daylight. If any one wanted to
save it. was to ret up an hour earlier
by voluntary action. Then the or
ganizations went to him with the sug
gestion for opening the departmental
day an hour earlier. The proponents
were confident, it Is said, that the
scheme could be co-ordinated and that
all District activities would fall into
As explained in high administration
quarters, the suggestion was laid be
fore the heads of departments in
cabinet meeting and action was prac
tically left to their Judgment. Appar
ently those officials proceeded upon
the assumption that the whole Dis
trict would fall into line, and they
recommended the Issuance of the or
\lght Shortened One Honr.
But theory proved to be one thing
and practice another. It has been In
dicated by many expressions of opin
ion sent to The Star. The controlling
factor, of course, was oversight of the
fact that the clock was not put ahead
an hour and the population of the
National Capital and the inhabitants
of suburbs whose avocations are in
the city found that one hour was
added to the day and cut off from the
night's rest, with resultant distu-b
ance and upheaval of homelv, but
highly important domestic conditions.
The poll taken by The Star makes
clear how the big proportion of peo
ple feel about it. The sentiment as
shown upon the returns is almost ten
to one against the plan. It is safe
to say that nothing in recent yearn
has so upset the routine of business,
home and avocation as this setting
ahead the hour for reporting for
work in the departments without mak
ing provision for early retiring.
Congress refused to conform to the
plan and also flatly declined to put
the clock ahead by law.
ntlirna Dcmnnd Repeal.
The Star's returns show an over
whelming vote against even advanc
ing the clock and vehemently voice
demand for return to normal.
The assurance whlch~comes from
authoritative sources that President
Harding has no objection, in event
the heads of departments so decide,
to their returning to the old hours,
would seem to put it up squarely to
the civic organizations whi.^n brought
about the change to back-track, and
; to the acquiescence of the department
heads in such a suggestion for going
back to normal.
In any event, it was said yester
day In high quarter*, the public
school* when they reopen next Sep
tember will not be subject to the
present plan, as the abolishment of
it will be made effective the first
Sunday In September, instead of Oc
tober. President Harding, it is stated
by those close to him. realizes the
ill effects upon the children and the
Opposition Still Growing.
A large number of votes against the
present plan of daylight-saving came
into The Star office last night, and the
result is published In the tabulation
n this edition. The vote was lighte?
last night than at any time since the
poll was Inauzurated. due probahlv
to the fact that only a few hours
tervened between the publication
the last result and the tlmeofthe
tabulation of last night's returns
However, it is expected that Monday
and Tuesday will show a large last
minute vote on the various angles of
the proposition. or
The poll will end at 4 o'clock Tues
day afternoon, and no votes will h?
counted which arrive at Th? at?
To'determine the sentiment in Washington on
the Daylight-Saving Question, The Star prints
this coupon. The name of the voter will be re
garded as confidential. Indicate your preference
and send the coupun immediately to
The Star, ?
Washington, D. C.
Do you favor the present arrangement?
Are you in favor of setting the clocks ahead one hour?
Have you any suggestions for meeting the situation? ?
Employed in government or private business?
Which government department or bureau?....
IOWA BROTHERS TAKE
HIGHEST WEST POINT
AND ANNAPOLIS HONORS]
Special Dlnpatch to The Star,
ANNAPOLIS, Md.. May 27.?It
has been determined officially that
Jerauld L?. Olmstead of Des Moines,
Iowa,' will lead the graduating
class this year at the Naval Acad
emy, and word has also reached
here that his brother will be the
leading student this year of the
graduates of the Military Acad
emy. While Instances of brothers
being at the two service schools
at the sa-tne time are frequent,
there has been no Instance of both
having high rank the same year.
On one occasion an honor man at
West Point had a brother who
graduated among the lowest at
A very high honor has been con
ferred upon four members of the
present graduating class at the
Naval Academy, they having re
ceived a letter from Hear Admiral
Henry B. Wilson in which they
are designated as standing out
among their classmates as par
ticularly fitted to be officers of the
Navy. They are Francis H. Whlt
aker and Charles H. Steele of
Texas, Alden K. Sanborn of Iowa
and William B. Ault of Oregon.'
The letter will become part of the
service records of the recipients.
7,088 Appointees by Presi
dent Harding Also Include
More than 1,000 women and nearly j
900 former service men have been i
appointed postmasters of presidential |
offices under the present administra
tion. according to a report which it 1
was said yesterday had just been [
submitted to President Harding by
Acting Postmaster General Bartlett.
Never before in the history of the
postal system, it was explained, had
such a large number of women been
appointed to such offices.
From last March 4 to May 20 this \
year 7,088 postmasters of presidential J
offices have been named by the Presi
dent, according to records of the I
Post Office Department. There were I
781 former soldiers who failed of
appointment after securing places on I
eligible lists, the report indicated, I
showing that on many of the eligible 1
lists there were two or three vet- j
"The President has always been in
terested in seeing that the women of |
the country were given every con
sideration in connection with the j
work of the postal system." Mr. Bart
lett said, "and the reports concern- i
ing thehr work have been most satis- j
factory, a condition which highly
pleased Mr. Harding."
GIEL 'BOOTLEGGER" FINED.
SPRINGFIELD, Mass., May 27.?Miss
Sarah Levyi, sixteen years old. the
youngest person ever brought before
the district court here on a liquor
charge, and who admitted she had
saved $1,500 while supporting several
brothers and sisters from the profits of
the moonshine business, was fined $100
and received a suspended reformatory
sentence today. The court ruled that
she must move her present home.
office after that hour. The la?t cou
pon will be printed tomorrow after- !
noon. However, separate -coupons j
which The Star has had printed will '
be available at the business office of |
the paper until 4 o'clock Tuesday
All In Favor, Stand tp!
The suggestion has come to The
Star in a number of letters that a
large number of people who are in
favor of the present system are not
voting, seemingly resting assured
that it is here and that there will be
no change. It Is urged that If there
are any people who are in favor of
the present system and who have not
voted they should register their
votes immediately, so that it can be
finally determined what the wishes of
the majority of the people are.
"Through talking with many resi
dents on the subject," wrote Harry T.
Peters. "I have become convinced
that those who are satisfied, with a
very few exceptions, are not voting
at all, while those who do not like
the daylight-saving idea are all too
anxious to do what they can to have
"My suggestion is that you, through
the columns of your paper, endeavor
to make those who are too satisfied
to express themselves, realize that by
not voting they are likely to lose the
many advantages enjoyed through
the application of the daylight-saving
Labor Representatives Silent.
Representatives of the trade or
ganizations who conferred with the
President and Secretary of Com
merce Hoover, w*hen the decision was
reached to start work an hour earlier
were not prepared last night to dis
cuss the question of whethe** they
would take any steps to ask the
White House to revert to normal
E. C. Oraham, one of the commit
teemen who attended the White House
conference. Bald last night he be
lieved daylight-saving would be more
effective if the clocks could be turn
ed forward an hour. Mr. Graham
would not make a statement, how
ever, on the advisability of abandon
ing the present scheme of, starting
work an hour sooner.
Charles- J. Columbus, secretary to
the Merchants' and Manufacturers'
Association, who also accompanied)
the delegation, said his organiza
tion has not acted on the daylight- |
saving question since the present |
scheme went into effect.
PHONE MEN TO QUIT
TOO EARLY AT HOMES!
"We haven't finished breakfast
yet. yov'll have to come back
So many Installation men of the
Chesapeake and Potomac Tele
phone Company have been greet
ed with that salutation since day
light-saving became effective that,
beginning tomorrow, they will re
turn to their old hours.
A. E. Berry, president of the
company, said last night the re
turn to old hours will not affect
? operators for the present. The
hours of the girls, he said, must
be regulated to meet the flow of
Thus far, he aald. there has not
been much change In" the morning
peak of telephone conversation.
Wit the company h*a observe?
that the rush period 4jj the after
noon occurs earlier, p
* ? ' - J . J"- ?
Citizens' Association Peti
tions Congress for Hearing
on Fiscal Relations.
CITES REPORT ON VALUES
Joint Committee in 1915 Found As
sessments in Diitrict Fair*
President A. Coulter Wolis and
Seeretary Edward R. Walton, Jr., of
the Kalorama Citizens' Association
late yesterday afternoon presented to
both houses of Congress a petition
requesting that a hearing be accorded
to the cltlxens of the District "before
action Is taken on the conference re
port on the District appropriation
bill, or on the amendment of the
Senate on said bill, revolutionizing
the fiscal relations between the fed
eral government and the District."
The citizens of the District should
have a hearing upon the matter upon
tho following ground, according to
the petition, which wub authorised by
the association ut a recent meeting:
"While they have no vote and there
fore no potent voice in their own af
fairs, yet. In a eplrlt of fair play
and In conformity with the traditions
of Anglo-Saxon government, they
have at least tho right to be heard
before there Is Imposed upon tliem,
suddenly and without notice, a com
plete change In their system of taxa
tion which may lead uitlmately. If
it Is not designed presently, to_ oner
ous and unbearable burdens,' says
the petition. ,
Jlo I Bdern??e??ment Shown.
"It has not been shown that prop
erty generally in the District 1? un
derassessed or not adequately taxed;
indeed, the last expression on thla
subject, emanating from Congress It
self is found Jn the report of the
joint comjnittee of Congress, appointed
in the Sixth-Kourth Congress (1?15),
which after ail exhaustive Investiga
tion reported: 'We find from the evi
dence of fair-minded men. residents of
Washington, familiar with real estate
values in general, that the present
assessment for taxation is fair and
reasonable. ? ? ? That, taken as
a whole, the assessments made against
all classes of property in the differ
ent locations in the city are equit
able ? ? ? The committee be
lieves that, Independently of the
question of what should be the proper
subjects of taxation in the District
of Columbia, the payment of taxes
on real estate from the assessments
as they are now constituted is a fair
and reasonable res'ionse in such taxa
tion for municipal benefits received
by the citizens of the District of
Cltlxens Ko? ?o
"Whatever inequalities mav be al
leged to exist as between the federal
government and the District of Co
lumbia under the present arrange
ment. the citizens of Washington are
in no wise to blame, as their afTalrs
are completely in the hands of Con
gress, and they should not be penal
iied if Congress has made a'mistake
In the past. .
"Owing to conditions growing out
of the war. thousands of people of
humble means have been compelled
to purchase houses on the installment
plan, and the proposed increase in the
assessment and In the burden of tax
ation will work a great hardship on
thousands of them, upon many of
whom. Iijdeed. quite generally
throughout the city, a strong feel
ing of resentment and dissatisfac
tion has been provoked at the con
?If it is desired to place the Dis
trict on a cash basis (and it Is not |
the fault of the citizens of the Dl?
trict that it is not on a cash basis)
the object can be accomplished by
giving the District credit for accu
mulated District tax money now In the
federal Treasury (upon which no In
terest has been paid) and by provid
ing for the payment ot taxes in in
stallments earlier in the year than
at present. , .
"It is unjust to deprive the Dis
trict in part of sources of revenue
which in every city In America are
devoted exclusively to municipal pur
poses. such as receipts from licenses,
lines, permits and so forth, and to
cover a portion of such receipts in
the general fund of the Treasury.
"The present tax on intangibles
(which is largely a conscience tax'
and therefore inequitable) is believed
to compare favorably in revenue de- \
rived, and in the rigor of its terms
with similaf taxes in most of the
States, and no Increase Is justifiable.
Pay share of Federal Taxes.
"Your petitioners request the Con- j
gress to bear in mind that the citi- j
zena of the District contribute their
full share of national taxation, the
amount paid by them exceeding the ?
amounts paid by a number ot the
states, and that, while the citizens
of the states contribute a few cents'
per capita to the maintenance and
upbuilding of the nation's capital,
the citizens of the District contribute
probably as much per capita to fed
eral works and Improvements carried
on In the respective states, such as
good roads, agricultural colleges and
extension work, public buildings,
rivers and harbors, etc.
"When the federal District was
created the property holders therein
donated half of .their property to
the federal government, while the
federal government has donated mil
lions upon millions of dollars' to
various states on their admission into
the Union in the form of public lands j
AMERICA SHOULD KEEP
TROOPS ON THE RHINE,
DECLARES GEN. HARBORD
By the AnooUted Prest.
PARIB, May 87.?MaJ. Gen. James j
G. Harbord. deputy chief of stafT,
U. S. A., haa Just returned to Paris
after a tour of inspection of the
American troops on the Rhine.
Gen. Harbord today said he was
strongly convinced that a small
detachment of American soldiers
and a staff of ofllcers should re
main at Coblenz Indefinitely, be
cause of the tremendous moral
good which the presence of the
American forces had accomplished
and would continue to exercise in
the future. He would not say
whether his Impressions would be
embodied In recommendations to
the State Department at Washing
ton, but he declared that he had
not come to France "to wind up
the American watoh on the Rhine."
It was impossible for any one
living in the United States, Gen.
Harbord said, to realize how much
good the American troops have
accomplished and how much trou
ble they probably have prevented,
without actually viewing the
situation. The order for the de
parture of the troops, however, had
not yet been changed, and all the
American forces were due to be out
of Germany by July 1, with the
exception of a amall clean-up de
tachment which would remain
OBENCHADT TBIAL JUNE 6.
LOS ANGELES, Calif., May ST.?The
case of Arthur C. Burch, who haa been
twice tried for the murder of J. Belton
Kennedy, today was set for a third trial
petober ?. Mrs. Madalynn Obenchaln.
'co-defendant, will so to bar second trial
MM. K .'-- ?? ?
Noted English Society
Beauty Coming to U. S."
MIU. WALTER Bl'RNS. |
I'nllkr moat otker ^iltorn from
abroad. Mm. Barns does aot come to
shed light on problem* troubling: the
world, but on n vlnll. She tm of Amer
ican extraction, brine the daughter
of Mrs. Cavendish ilrntlnrk, formerly
Rllaorbcth Livlnraton, and the niece
of Mra. Offden Mllla. Mr. Biarna la a
cousin of Plerpont Mortal.
Delegates Come to Under
standing on Definite Basis
By the Associated Press.
A definite basis of negotiation, un
derstood to contemplate a resort to
arbitration, at last has been formu
lated by the Chilean-Peruvian con
ference. As now under discussion
the arbitration proposal is safd to
center upon a settlement of the long
standing controversy over article
3 of the treaty of Ancon. without
prejudice to other differences which
have come to the surface during the
Prospects that the two delegations
would come together on such a propo
sition appeared to be brightening last
night after the formal conference ses
sions had been reEumed in a short
but interesting meeting. No dele
gate would go into details, but the
optimistic tehdency of official opinion
was apparent on all sides.
\nture Xot Settled.
One question understood to be still
undecided is whether the arbitration
shall be a juridical or a political one.
The Peruvians are understood to have
taken the position that only a court
of Jurists, acting on purely juridical
considerations. should be intrusted
with The deefsion. The Chilean atti
tude has not been publicly defined.
Should a political arbitration be
determined upon, it i* expected gen
erally that the United States would
be the arbitrating power. A jurid
ical arbitration probably would be
accomplished by a mixed commission,
on which places might be given to
jurists from soveral American re
Announcement that ?definite formu
las" were under discussion was made
formally in a joint communique issued
by the two delegations after a half
hour session yesterday. The state
ment did not describe the "formulas"
in detail, but it gave promise that they
would be officially revealed in the near
future. A record of the proceedings of
all previous secret sessions, it was an
nounced. soon would be made public.
After the meeting had concluded and
the official announcement had been Is
sued the Peruvian and Chilean pleni
potentiaries again went Into consulta
tion to determine upon the exact form
of the conference record as it is to be
made public. They were closeted for
more than an hour with even the dele
gation secretaries absent from the
room. Colncidently cable dlspatcnes
were forwarded to both Santiago and
Lima, reporting the latest phases of
New York Man Leads Barrett of
Chicago by 6.142 Votes for
Bj the Apaocllted Prein
DKTROIT, May 27.?On the face of
returns from 131 cities In the country,
largely situatod east of the Missis
sippi river. John McParland of New
Tork, president of the International
Typographical Union, was leading W.
W. Barrett of Chicago by 6.142 votes for
the office of president. It was an
nounced today by Charles P. Howard
of Detroit, chairman of the union's
campaign committee. The figures have
been received from local unions tnat
conducted an international election
All other members of the union's
"progressive" ticket were leading op
ponents on tho face of the returns,
that approximate 60 per cent of the
total estimated vote cast. Practically
all the more important cities of tbe
country have been heard from except
those In the far west.
The vote today atood as follows:
President, McParland, 19.442; Bar
First vice president, Charles P. How
ard. Detroit. 18,573; D. I. Campbell,
Second vice president, W. R. Trotter,
Vancouver, 17,750; J. Hoban, Cleve
Secretary-treasurer, W. E Towne,
Duluth, 17,461; John W. Hays, Min
RELIEF WORKERS BARRED.
Americana Facing Searoh by Beds
at Batum Beturn.
By the Aaaocisted Press.
CONSTANTINOPLE, May 27.?Pour
Americans, including Messrs. Her
bert, Adams and Gibbons, who are
American Relief workers, have re
turned here from Batunt after a
clash with the bolshevik port offi
cials. Mr. Gibbons left Constantinople
a week ago, planning a month's tour
of Georgia and Armenia.
Although the trip was undertaken
with the permission of the trans
caucasian soviet government, he, re
ceived a cool reception at Batum,
where he was refused admittance
without a detailed search of his bag
gage and person, which he declined
, to permit
LINCOLN PALLBEARER DIES.
ONEIDA, N. Y., May 27.?Benoi
Wood, last Surviving member of
President Lincoln's pallbearers, died
here today, aged '8t_He was born in
Syracuse, but lived her* forty.
Secretary Mellon's Efforts
to Work Out Own Ideas
Coming to Front.
Factions in the Internal revenue
controvemy over the removal of A. D.
Sumner of Iowa and MaJ. C. C. Chllds
of Ohio from their posts In the bureau
took a breathing ?pell yesterday and
there-were Indications that the incident
was rapidly drawing to a close.
Investigation of the accounts unit
of the bureau by special Intelligence
section continued, but officials declined
1 to comment oh the progress made.
Friends of Assistant Secretary Dover
insisted that efforts were being made j
to prevent the removal of his ap
pointees by Commissioner Blair, wnik*
at the Treasury there were hints of
possible further action alone such
Developments in the Blair-Dover in
cident are regarded by high officials as
significant of more than a disagreement
over the policies controlling the admin
istration of the internal revenue
See Mrilon Working Out Plana.
Recent changes in the bureau per
sonnel are viewed in high official quar
ters as signs of the hand of Secretary
Mellon at work to put into effect his
own ideas of efficiency in the opera
tion of the fuuctlons of the Treasury
Department based on his long experi
ence as a banker and business man.
Mr. Mellon was represented as being
desirous that the Treasury should give
the country the most effective service
and to this end he was proceeding to
organize its forces to meet his views
of government administration.
Changes made necessary by Mr.
Mellon's policy, it was said, sometimes
had affected individuals themselves
not in opposition to the Secretary's
ideas, but through force of circum
stances unable to carry out his wishes
Will Dinresard Criticism.
While Mr. Mellon himself has con
sistently refrained from expressing
his stand on the question of the or
ganisation and functioning of the de
partment, close advisers maintain
that the Secretary will administer the
affairs of the Treasury according to
his views unswerved by criticism as
he was accustomed to guide private
business enterprise before entering
High Treasury officials last night
expressed regret that the impression j
has gone forth of a controversy be- i
tween Assistant Secretary Dover and
Revenue Commissioner Blair, with
Mr. Mellon brought in oti the side of !
Mr. Blair. They contended there had |
been no personal disagreement and
that changes made in the bureau ;
were part of carefully considered
plans of reorganization worked out !
by the tax simplification board.
Of DJSM BILL
Conferences Expedite Work.
Final Action May Come
Final dii-wsition of the District ap- |
propriation bill and new taxation rider
is hoped for during the coming week, it
I was said last night.
A number of conferences between
i members of the committee on con
ference representatives of the citizens
of the District and other senators who
have taken an interest in the matter
have gone far t6ward brineine about
an agreement on the taxation provision
of the bill which will expedite action
The Senate, it is expected, will be
asked to concur in the House action,
adopting the rider with certain amend*
rnents which will be offered in the
Senate. These amendments, it is
understood, will be acceptable to the
House. One of them will provide for
semi-annual payments of taxes on real
property in the District, which will do
away with the necessity of the Dis
trict raising a large fund to keep on
hand constantly to meet payments for
the District government, as provided in
the rider as it came from the House.
19 KILLED, 200 MISSING
IN AMMUNITION BLAST
Explosion in Austrian Plant Is
Laid to Use of Unskilled
By the Associated Fre*s.
VIENNA. May 27 ?Two hundred,
persons are missing and between 100 |
and 200 are In the hospitals as a re- j
suit of the explosion of an ammuni
tion factory at Blumau. near Vienna.
Thursday, according to reliable re
The official statement gives only
nineteen dead, but access to the scene
of the disaster is denied, and details
Property damage is said to amount
to mors than $1,000,000.
Information has also been received
here that high explosives were being
manufactured by unskilled hands for
the first time, and to this the disaster
NEGRO HAS MOB ENJOINED
Sues White Men for $50,000 and
Gets Restraining Order.
WINDER, Ga., May 57.?Action for
$60,000 damages and a petitioh for
injunction to restrain certain white
men of Barrow county from molest
ing him further was filed in superior
court here this afternoon by Andrew
McCIusky, negro farmer, reputed to
own 300 acres of land.
The petition stated that a mob
visited his home upon a recent night
and fired into it, wounding him and
terrifying his family.
Judge Blanton Fortson of the Ath
ens circuit of the superior court this
afternoon signed the temporary re
NEGRO MASS MEETING.
The -final Sunday mass meeting of
the District of Columbia Branch of
the National Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored People, in con
nection with the association's mem
bership drive, will be held at the
John Wesley A.--M. E. Zlon Church,
14th and Corcoran streets, this aft
ernoon at 3 o'clock.
Prof. Kelly Miller of Howard Uni
versity and former Senator Moses
Clapp of Minnesota will speak.
STJrther meetings after the final
Sunday mass meeting are announced,
as follows: Monday, Union Wesley
Church. 23d near L streets, at which
Prof. George W. Cook and Prof. N. K.
Weatherleas will speak, and June 4.
at Lane M. E. Church. 14th and C
financial Ills oi Europe
To Be Cured by Bankers
>/ f i
SIR ROBERT KINDKRM.KY,
One of the novfrBori of the Bank of
Enfflnad, who represents Great Brlt
iiln at the eoafereaee of laternatlonal
bankers now belnic held In Paris. HI*
mM one of the four tentative plan*
presented which may solve the Inter
national loan problem, with particu
lar reference to Germany. In the
meantime the banker* plan nn ex
haustive study of Gennany'a economic
condition and a speedy cure of Eu
rope's financial Ills Is expected.
FOR D. C. FAVORED
Commissioners Say Congress
Too Busy to Itemize
If the House District committee
calls the Commissioners into confer- !
ence on the suggestion to broaden the j
powers of the city fathers there are !
two important suggestions which may
come up for discussion.
One is the desirability of Congress
making- an annual lump sum appropri
lation for street improvements, leav
? ing the Commissioners to determine
I which thoroughfares should be paved.
The other is the advisability of Con
gress making lump sum appropria
tions for clerical hire and allowing
j the Commissioners to decide how
many employes of each class should
High District officials pointed out
last night that if the thought to vest
more authority in the Commissioners
was prompted by a desire to relieve
Congress of the burden of passing- on
too many details of city administra
tion the adoption of these two sug
gestions would certainly simplify the
job of those senators and rcpresenta-i
tives who deal with local affairs.
Kale on Street Pnvlnjc.
In the matter of resurfacing and
repairing existing pavements Con
press now leaves the selection of the
streets to be treated to the Com
missioners. In laying the original j
surface on new streets, however, the !
appropriations committees of the |
House and Senate now pass on each
j Every year when the District bill
j is in process of preparation members
I of the blouse and Senate must devote1
I several days to a tour of the city to
j view the new highways which the
city heads seek to have paved.
; Authorities at the District building
I point out that there is little difference
| between the paving of a new street and
the laying of a new surface on an old
street. They feel that if Congress wants
J to reduce the volume of District legis
lation, which must be put through the
Congressional mill, this would be an
i ideal place to start.
Number of Clerks.
| The city heads have authority to em
jgineer department as they are needed
j ploy laborers and mechanics for the en
i from a lump sum appropriation. But in
j practically all other branches the
j city government the exact number of
clerks, typists or other employes to be
used is enumerated every year in the
One city official expressed the opin
ion last night that the city heads, in the
interest of efficiency, should have au
thority to regulate the employment of
help for all municipal agencies, just as
they now do in the engineering depart
The rapidly increasing volume of na
tional legislation to be dealt with by
Congress, is leaving the House and Sen
ate with much less time to devote
to purely local questions, which arc only
of indirect concern to the national leg
islators, District officials say. ?
GERMANY TO REST
HER CASE ON LOAN
(Continued from First Pace.) >
that the United States, as the power
which would put the loan into ef
fect. forgets that she would be
sympathetically affected through a i
complete collapse of Germany, inas- j
much as the United States could not j
for a long time sell products and |
foodstuffs which otherwise could be j
expected. These industrialists sug
j gnat that slow improvement in depre
elated values from the inside by sac
rifices in prevailing- profits would he
the better course, and that this would
be in the interest of the whole people
HOPE IN PARIS FADES.
Believed Allies or France Alone
Must Act Against Germany.
By the Associated Trent.
TARIS. May 27.?The hope of a
settlement of the reparations crisis
without the necessity of action by
the allies together or by France sep
arately raised by the auspicious
opening of the bankers' conferences
diminished today 011 receipt of news
I from Berlin Indicating that, although
a German cabinet crisis has been
avoided, agreement is not complete
on the understanding between Fi
nance Minister Hermes and the
The optimism of the past few days
is not shared in omcial circles, where
the impression still prevails tfiat the
Germans will do only what is neces
sarv and prolong the negotiations.
The climax will come only after the
deliberations of the reparations com
mission. which, in case of final de
fault by Germany, will probably re
quire a fortnight or longer, until Just
about the time of Premier Poincare ?
visit to London for the Verdun com
mThisr^rip was arranged some time
uo without reference to politics, but
1, jg regarded aa unlikely that the
French premier will return from Lon
don without seeing Mr. Lloyd George
and exchanging views on the aitua
tion. Diplomatic negotiations between
the allies, whether opened in this way
or otherwise, would take several
weeks, so that action, if any. probably
wr-ild be deferred until some time in
1 Jul*. . ... -
BIDDERS GET REPLY
House Committee Issues
Counter Proposal Based
on Ford Offer.
DETAILS NOT DISCLOSEp j
Plan May Cut Out Gorgss Plant.
Also Require $10,000,000 Capi- '
tal and 40,000-Ton Output. ?
B.r the Aftsociftted Pre??. /
Bidders competing for development
by private enterprise of the goven -
ment's 5106,000,000 war-initiated
projects at Muscle Shoals. Ala., we re
given their answers yesterday by t e
House military committee in the form
of a counter proposal framed by the
None of the offers submitted by t!
bidders and forwarded to Congress
by Secretary Weeks for final de
cisions was found acceptable. That
made by Henry Ford came closest :<>
winning the award, in that it was
made the basis upon which ihe com
mittee built its reply.
The committee acted in a way, :t
was explained, which will leave 's
decisions subject to acceptance \,y
any person or interest willing 'o
meet its terms, and which will per
mit it, at the same time, to support
its counter proposal before the House
where the subject of Muscle Shoals is
acted upon in that body. #
Bidder* on the Spot. (
No time was lost by the bidders in
calling for their answers. W K.
Mayo, chief engineer for Mr. Ford.*'
was the first to receive a copy of the
committee's plans. He. representa
tives of the Alabama Power Compar.\4
Frederick Engstrum and Charb h
Parsons, makers of the other bids,
were asked to advise the committee
early next week whether they would
accept the proposal. Mr Mayo said
he would confer with Mr. Ford in
Detroit before giving an answer, and
left here for that purpose a few hours
Some committee members were rep
resented as being confident that t! ^
plan worked out by the committ*4*
would be accepted by Mr Ford, de
spite the elimination of the Oor^; >
Ala., steam plant from the proper
ties to be disposed of with Mus< !e
Doulit Ford** Aeeeptnnee.
Others, however, apparently lacked
the confidence their colleagues evi
denced in this regard and called at
tention to the repeated declarations
of Mr. Mayo and other witnesses for
Mr. Ford that Mr. Ford s offer had
to be accepted "as a whole and not
in part "
Attention also was called to test
monv in which representatives of Mr.
Ford held the Goriras property ne< -
essary to the scheme he intended t-?
employ for developing Muscle Shoals
and would decline to asrree to a pn
posal which did not Include the Gor
gas plant among the other units to
be disposed of with the shoals
Care was exercised by the runm -
teemen to keep the details of their'
! plan in secret until the bidders had
i received it. including Mr. Ford in
Detroit. It was understood, how ?^
ever, that the plan was in effect the
Ford modified offer and differed only
in the language added by the cont
mittee. replacing in many respect
that which was struck out in order
to insert committee amendments.
Several Changes Proposed.
J In brief, the committee alterations
? were represented as being chiefly im
portant with respect to the "Ford offer
in that they eliminated the Gorgas
plant, required a paid-up cash capi
tal of $10.0^0.000 or more for the op
j erating company to be created for
developing the shoals, made com
pulsory the yearly production of fin
ished commercial fertilizers on the
basis of 4f'.ruiM tons of fixed DttlSfei .
and specified the manner <>t appoint -
ment of the directing board of seven
members whose duty would be to ex
amine the company's books and pre
vent the sale of fertilisers at profits
exceeding 8 per cent of the cost of
The provision of the Ford pro
posal fixing 100 years as the lease
period for the "Wilson dam and other
projects not purchased outright by
the Detroit manufacturer remained
unchanged in the committee draft it
was understood, as well as the pro
visions relating to the financial
phases of the proposed transaction.
Week* Afi~nin?t lOO-Yenr i.enne.
In this connection, it was recalled
that Secretary Weeks* one recom
mendation to Congress, made when he
transmitted the Ford offer there, was
in opposition to the 100-year leaser
He also testified before the Houstf
committee that, in his opinion, it
would be unwise to change the
government's policy of restricting
leases on public lands and properties
to fifty years.
The Secretary is to appear Thurs
day before the Senate agriculture
committee to testify on the pro-J#
posals pending before that bod> for
consideration and to report t?> the
Senate with regard to Muscle Shoals.
The Ford offer will be discussed at
thftt meeting and, ft is ex ted the
Secretary will reiterate his st.it. -
ment on 100-year leases.
MISS MUNS0N POISONED.
Once Famous Artists' Model At
tempts Suicide. May Die.
SYRACUSE. N. Y.. May 27.?Miss
Audrey Munson. twenty-eight years
old, once famous artists' model, at
tempted suicide tonight at her home in
Mexico, a northern New York village,
where she was bom. She swallowed a
; powerful drug and her condition Is re
ported as critical.
Early tonight she told her mother,
with whom she lived, that she had de
termined to end her life. Mrs. Mun
son was unable to calm her daughter
and ran from the house to obtain as
sistance from neighhors. When she
returned her daughter had swallowed
Miss Munson's attempt to end her
life followed the receipt of a tele
gram this afternoon. Recently she
had announced her intention to wedft
a resident of Ann Arbor. Mich.
Miss Munson first attracted public
notice when she posed for theyiude
photographs displayed at the 'Pan
ama-Pacific exposition. She posed
for sculptors for several years and
then entered the movies.
A few months ago Miss SKunson at
tained newspaper notice *by prom
ising to marry the world s "perfect
PAPAL RAP FOR MANDATE.
Vatican Protests British Plan for
GENEVA, May 27.?Cardinal Gas
parri, papal secretary of state,
has addressed a note on behalf of
the Vatican to the league of na
tions. says the Exchange Tele
graph. protesting In strong term*
against the British mandate for
The protest, says the news V
agency, is on the ground that the
mandate threatens religious equal
ity. The creation of a Jewish na
tional home in Palestine, it if ir.
cued, gives the adherents of ?iuo?
lam * privileged position.