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THE EVENING- STAR, WRh Sunday Morning Edition. WISHIJIOTON, D. C. WEDNESDAY, .January 34, 1933 THEODORE W. NOYES.. .Editor The Evening Star Newspaper Cotape ny Bwlnen OflW. 11 Hi St. amt Pannay tamale At*. New Tart Oflke: 180 Neeaeq cilnm Oflca: Tower Bnlldla*. Curopaaa Oflca; 10 Resent St.. Loedoe. England The Brantn* Star, with the Bondar aarslnf edition. It delivered bj carrier* vlthle tha nty at 00 cent* per month: daily oafy. 48 ceata pet month; Sundey only, 20 cent* per month. Or der* may be cent by mall or telephon* Main WOO. Collection te made hr carrier* at the end of each month. Rate by Mall—Payable In Advance. Maryland and Virginia. Dally and Sunday. .1 yr. t $8.40; Im, tac Dally only 1 vr.. $6.00; 1 mo., 50c Sunday only ~.l yr., $2.10; X mo,. 20c AO Other States. DatTy and Suaday..X yr.. $10.00; 1 mo., tie Dally only 1 yr., 17.n0; l mo.. 80c Sunday only t yr.. $3.00; 1 mo , 21c Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Proea in exclnalrely entitled ty the use tor repnblicsHnn of all new* dis patch** credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper and aiao the local new* pub lished herein. All rights of publication of apeclal dispatches herein are also reserved. - ■ '"*"' ' ' aae The District Bill. Aa the District appropriation bill was formally reported to the Senate by the committee on appropriations it did not materially Increase the amount carried, the committees’ additions reaching a net figure of only $165,878. bringing the total of the bill to $22,- 244,485, or $1,306,845 under the esti mates for 1924 and $607,124.20 under the appropriations for the .current year. But this relatively small addi tion to the bill did not include a num ber of items which, having been stricken out on a point of order in the House, have been in effect restored by the Senate committee, but which for purposes of expedition in the con sideration of the bill were reserved for separate presentation with the full approval of the committee. These items involve a considerable expendi ture, and if they are adopted by the Senate, which is to be expected, they will largely increase the total of the measure and will bring it up to a satisfactory figure. One of the most important of these ■upplementary items proposed for restoration provides for the erection of several school buildings and the ac quisition of sites. The total carried by this particular amendment is $650,000. Every penny of this money is required for the relief of the congestion in the school system. Indeed, the school building program included In that item is but a part of the total urgently nec essary. Another of the supplementary items authorizes the acquirement of certain tracts of land to be added to the park system, including the Klingle Valley, Piney Branch and Patterson areas, all of which have been definitely designat ed as required to round out the aeries of public reservations in the northern part of the city. The Klingle Valley and Piney Branch spaces are especial ly urgent needs, as if this provision is not now made by law these areas will probably pass' out of reach soon by reason impending ‘‘improvements,” which will take them permanently out of range, '"he Patterson tract is in the same category. In the course of the past few years it has been fre quently Urged by the Commissioners for acquitfltiori, and it must soon be taken or it, too, will be Included In the development of the city. An item is included in the commit tee's supplementary recommendations for the erection of an addition to the courthouse for the use of the office of the recorder of deeds, to cost $500,000. This is urgently needed. The present facilities for the transaction of this important business of the District are totally inadequate. Despite the in stallation of metal shelving the files, and records upon which depend the titles to practically all of the property in the District are exposed to destruc tion. One of the items of importance stricken out of the bill in the House on point of order' Is In this manner proposed for restoration, that provid ing for the purchase of a site for a branch of the Ptlbllc Library In the Mount Pleasant-Col jmbia Heights section. The urgent needs of the li brary require this addition to Its facili ties, which will bring the collection within closer range of the people for circulation purposes. In other respects the Senate com mittee has both by its direct and its supplementary recommendations brought the District bill up to the ysual standard of liberality, and if the measure is passed in the form thus proposed- it will, indeed, be a gratify- i ing provision for District maintenance during the next fiscal year. The French diplomat is now giving his most expert attention to the mental processes of the German coal heaver. The Burden of Blame. While the Senate was discussing the District appropriation bill yesterday, specifically at the point bearing upon the provision of salaries for the police, it digressed into a debate on traffic conditions In Washington which elicit ed some pointed opinions regarding traffic accidents. Every member of the Senate who spoke expressed the opinion that some change In or addi tion to the law Is needful to cure the • evil of carelessness, which takes so heavy a toll In life and limb In this city. Senator - Fletcher, for example, re ferring to the case of Mrs. Hill, who lost her Mffe last week, noted the fact that the driver of the car that hit her was discharged upon a bearing, and that, he said, “is the record right along. There are no policemen, no of ficers anywhere about, to testify re garding the facta The only witness is the person who operated the car. and be testifies and the case is thrown out of court, and so it is day after day.** In point of tact, In the case of Mrs. HUI there were other witnesses than the driver. But Senator Fletcher’s observation is nevertheless generally correct. As a rule these motor acci dent eases are disposed of In favor of the drivers of cars, for lack of positive evidence of carelessness on their part. Senator Fletcher continued: L introduced a hill at one time, and have offered It as an amendment to the pending bill, regulating traffic In the District, changing the rule of evidence so that when an accident oc curs a presumption of fact shall arise that the person operating the car wbs guilty of negligence. Instead of putting upon the person who Is maimed or killed the burden of prov- Ing negligence, the man operating the car must establish by preponderance of the evidehce that he was not negli gent. That would have some effect, I think. Changing the rule of evidence would have a tendency to make more careful these people who operate automobiles, taxis and trucks. Undoubtedly if this principle were established by law the moral effect would be decidedly wholesome. At present, as -Senator Fletcher says, the burden of proof rests upon the victim. The driver has assumed and has been by custom and in a measure by law given the right of way in the streets, and the pedestrian has come to be re garded as an obstruction, almost a trespasser. He is in the paved area at his own risk. The rules governing speed at crossings and regulating turns are so laxly observed and so seldom enforced that no person afoot can be assured, save perhaps at the points of traffic regulation where an officer is stationed, of clear passage. Even at such points a turning car may break through the line of pedestrians moving parallel with the line of traf fic impulse. As long as the feeling prevails on the part of drivers that they are en titled to the right of way as against pedestrians in all circumstances and conditions, and that it is up to the people afoot to avoid collision, acci dents will continue. An enactment of law such as that suggested by Sena tor Fletcher will perhaps change this point of view, and would give a meas ure of guarantee of safety to the peo ple who walk, who are, despite the great increase in motor numbers, after all the majority. Capital and Labor. Announcement that tba Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers has bought a substantial interest In the Empire Trust Company of New York and that two high officials of the brotherhood will become directors of the banking institution marks one of the most significant developments of the pres ent-day labor movement in America. This Is not the first venture of organ ized labor into banking, but heretofore its undertakings have been little more than savings banks for the accom modation of members. Now the en gineers have Invaded the stronghold of the “money interests.’’ and will have a voice in the management of re sources running Into the scores of millions. What effect this will have on the future relationship® of employers and employes no one can foretell, but it certainly is evidence of a far departure from the theory that the interests of capital and labor are necessarily an tagonistic. How now will the radical agitator be able to persuade his fol lowers that capital Is plotting for the enslavement of labor, when repre sentatives of labor arc admitted to capital’s Inner councils? Most of the big New York banks and trust com panies engage in railroad financing, and It is to be assumed the Empire Trust Company is not an exception. When a bank or trust company un derwrites the securities of a railroad Its fortunes are tied up with the pros perity of its client. Directors Stone and Prenter, representing the brother hood on the directorate of the trust company, might find themselves in a difficult position when it carp* to de ciding whether a strike should Imperil the safety of the bank’s railroad in vestments. The situation is full of In teresting and unguessable possibilities. It is a far cry today from the day when British labor, forbidden by parliament to organize, began to form secret “beneficial” and “burial” societies in order that the workers might confer together on wages and working con ditions. The early labor unions were ruthlessly hunted down by capital and their leaders thrown into jail. Now capital takes the unions Into partner ship. Tremendous new forces are at work throughout the world, and social relations are being changed in ways undreamed of a feW years ego. There still are radicals in labor who would destroy capital and Bourbons of capi tal who would keep labor under heel, but the numbers of both are grqwlng less and their influence is diminish ing. It has been a long struggle up ward for the man who works with his hands, but each generation sees gains, and the recessions never quite wipe out the forward strides. Human prog ress is not measured in the life span of man, but in centuries and groups of centuries. A hundred years ago men hardly could have imagined a labor union gaining a directing voice in a great banking house. Today such a fact is accepted as worthy of no more than passing notice. Yet It possibly is a far more significant event than when the law at last grudgingly recognized the right of labor to engage in col lective bargaining. The European war chest always ap pears to have resources regardless of the condition of the populace's pocket book. Trotsky’s apparently inconsequen tial position begins to moke him look Mke one of Russia’s undeveloped re sources. As the sick man of Europe, the former Sultan of Turkey continues to travel for his health. Winter Coldi and Other Hie. Health Officer Fowler says that the wave of influenza In this District Is not only In a mild form,, but Is subsid ing. He believes that most of the sick ness now prevalent of a pulmonary character Is the ordinary “grip.” Doubtless much that is called grip by the sufferers themselves is nothing more serious than the ordinary winter cold. There is, of course, danger, in every cold. It may develop Into a more seri ous infection. This does not mean that the grip or the influenza is not of a specific character induced by*a par ticular element. But a cold which is simply an inflammation of the mucous membrane in the nasal passages tends to lower the resistance power of the sufferer, so that the active principle of another ailment may flnd lodgment and development. , It Is possible to avoid winter colds. THE EVENING STAB. WASHINGTON. D. C.. ’WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 24, 1923. They can be guarded against‘by a few simple precautions of general health protection. As a matter of tact a cold means that there has been some negli gence. some indifference to physical welfare. It should not be regarded as an inevitable accompaniment of cold weather or sloppy weather or rain or snow or ice. > There ane two kinds of cold suf ferers. those who fight it out and those who submit and yield. It is a question of which Is the better policy. Much depends on the temperament. It is always, however, to be remem bered that the person who stays in doors in order to treat a cold Is at least not exposing others to the same affliction save in the Immediate family circle. The most Important thing to remem ber at this time of year, with pul monary troubles prevalent, is not to get frightened. Fear induces sickness of this character. Imagination plays a big part in the preservation of health. A cold can be fought by the Coue method, which, after all, is simply individual fortification against fear. Leadership and the Next Congress. Although meeting day may be a year away, the republicans are al ready considering the question of leadership in the next Congress—par ticularly as respects the House. The situation in the Senate Is pretty well defined. Mr. Lodge will retain his place at the head of the foreign relations committee, and also his gen eral supervision of the majority’s pro gram. And In Mr. Smoot and Mr. Curtis—both keen and clever men— the one specializing in finance and the tariff, and the other in parlia mentary practice—he will have val uablet lieutenants.' It is in the House new selections must be made, and, of course, made with .care. . Mr. Mondell, the floor leader in the present House, missed his spring for the Senate, and so re tires. Mr. Fordney and Mr. Cannon are retiring from choice. Mr. Mann, a most able adviser, Is no more. The successors of these men In the matter of House management should measure up to a high standard. The next House will take the lead in much important legislation, and should fash ion it with party Interests as well aa the public’s interests in view. What Is done will enter for hotter or for ■worse into the next presidential cam paign. Fortunately, the republicans arc well supplied with the nteccssary tim ber. There is leadership in a number of their men; and good, selections can be made, with ability, congressional experience and geographical location uli featured in the equation. Miners who want a six-hour day and a five-day week have- introduced prob lems involving the relations of indus try to the calendar which make the old daylight-saving scheme appear comparatively simple. The contents of an ancient Egyptian tomb recall historic events and condi tions. But it Is not, necessary to go so far. A scrap book-containing perfectly legible * treaties and party platforms does the same thing. Ambassador Harvey has at last at tained the distinguished position of the statesman who has much to express in conference and but little to say for publication. The unofficial observer Is in the diffi cult position of an audience that is permitted neither to hiss nor to ap plaud. Wilhelm Hohenzollern Is sufficiently well provided for to be considered a coupon cutter as well as a woodchop per. International business would face in teresting complications should a theory be established that all debts may be considered strictly non-payable. Theories of Dr. Coue are welcome if for no other reason than that they provoke no political controversy. The drug peddler shows how even the noble art of salesmanship may be degraded. SHOOTING STARS. BT PHILANDER JOHNSON. Familiars at the Feast. A family skeleton once stood At every feast, they say. A family joke, not always good, Now graces the display. It Is a jest that grandpa dear In early youth rehearsed. We sigh, yet smile, when he draws near. Prepared to do his worst. We simulate, to greet his chaff, A spirit that is high. Although the pretense of a laugh Is gloomier than a cry. I wish, when all Is sold and done. Some power they’d Invoke To give us bock the skeleton And bury that old Joke. Position. “Our friend’s remarks sound like propaganda.” “Frequently,” replied Senator Sor ghum. ‘ “What’s hto position on this public question?” “I’m afraid it’s merely a salaried position.” Jud Tunklns says the Darwinian theory would get more respect If those alleged ancestors had been able to hire lawyers and make wills. Currency Problems. . The currency in foreign lands In value takes a daily slip. The weary tourist gently hands'* At least a cartload for a tip. Cynkax! Father. ' "Tout boy Josh has a big heart.” •T hope,” rejoined Farmer Corn tossel, “fur the sake of his health he doesn’t get an enlargement of the heart to correspond with his enlarge-, ment of the head.”’ “Borne men,” said Uncle backslid!n’ cause dey don’t' git much tamfljr sympathy, ’ceppln* when dsy’s bein’ reformed.” THE WAYS OF WASHINGTON BY WILLIAM PICKETT HELM. in democracy’s great capital city all men are equal. The, humblest citisen may call on the President at the White House. All he has to do is await his turn and not shove or crowd. Any unknown with a reasonable re quest and five minutes to spare can see the General of the Army. The Secretary of State walks to work with the madding crowd. The Secretary of Labor peels off his coat, spits on his hands and doea an auld-lang-ayne turn in a steel mill. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court swings to a strap In a crowded car when he rides home. Usually he walks. Senators keep open house; repre sentatives come half the way to meet you. There is nothing of snobbery In Washington, at least not in the American part of the official life of the city. There isn’t half the trouble in getting In to see the secretary of anything that there is interviewing, say, a retired coal baron. Every thing is on the plane of democracy in the center of government. And those who govern are Just as human as those who are governed. You don't think so? Then, reader, you don’t know. And you cannot have heard the story of the Postmaster General and Jenny, the waitress. 1 must tell you that story because it Illustrates my point that first of all a man is a man with a fellow feel ing for a friend in trouble; and next he is an official of the government, call him bureaucrat or what you will. I , Hubert Work of Colorado, one-time doctor of medicine and but lately president of the American Medical As sociation. Is Postmaster General of the United States. He rides to work each day In a fine car supplied him by the government. He heads the greatest retail business in the world, the postal system of America. He sits in a beautiful office, and he lunches with hts assistants and others of Ms staff In the department res taurants. He exercises vast power, and he is just as human as Pat in overalls. Yes. more e<v. And he is not the ex ception. but the type, of the high gov eminent official in Washington. Jenny, the waitress, serves his table at luncheon. At least she used to till ehe got another Job. Jenny Isn't her EDITORIAL DIGEST Opinions Vary When Arkansas Nob Outrages Are Discussed. Many of the nation’s newspapers In discussing the mob outrages at Har rison. Ark., are Inclined to find justi fication on the part of the men In volved because they operated un masked and seemingly had provoca tion. Others see In it Harrison an swering Herrin. Additional comment comes from those editors who seem inclined to believe that a mob out rage is a mob outrage, no matter how and where It takes place, and who feel that if such lawlessness is not soon halted everywhere the “right to justice will be swallowed up In the tyranny of the mob.” "’For what these Arkansas farmers did there was, of course, no legal ex cuse," the New York Times says, but “at any rate, the farmers aid not wear masks when they went about their savage w-ork and seemingly they are prepared to take the responsi bility for It and defend It as neces sary for the termination of an Intol erable situation. As for the strikers, what they did, unfortunately, was what too often has been dona by other unionists without exciting the amount of union condemnation which such acts deserve from every good citizen, either in or out of unions.” It was “Harrison answering Herrin," the New York World suggests, “one the exact opposite of the other. The rail way employee used sabotage to en force their demands. The citizens and farmers of Harrison could not afford a local embargo -and therefore organized a vigilance committee to discipline the union. But the national deflation of labor would not lead to bitter, open warfare. In which mine guards are shot to death and strikers are strung up by merchants and farm ers. If the principles and practices of lynch law had not taken a dangerous hold on the popular Imagination in many sections of the country. Ab a people we have not yet discovered the futility of violence In adjusting our industrial difficulties.’’ There was "no excuse” for the mob and Its work, the Wall Street Journal says. and. "like most cases of public disorder, this one may be traced di rectly to the cowardice of the civil authorities. The railroads have law and justice on their side: they need no mob aid.” There is “an excuse” for what happened, as the Philadel phia Public Ledger sees It, because Harrison “is a community maddened and made desperate by threats of strangulation and by months of vio lence. The ‘vigilantes.’ of course, have taken the wrong w-ay, but It Is verv natural. If you are looking for what public opinion can be like when sufficiently goaded by violence, here is a cross section of it-XS* miles long in Arkansas.” This slew In no way Impresses the Albany News, which feels that “perhaps there Is a differ ence between mob rule In Bastrop, La., and mob rule in Harrison. Ark., but from the road if looks like mob rule just the same. The details dif fer—one'with masks, while this hang ing and whipping In Arkansas Is without masks, done by *vlgllanteß.‘ Armed citizens call It a house-clean ing Getting down to brass tacks, It’s a violation of constitutional guaran tees to the individual. This matter of mob rule strikes at a basic thing in government. And there Is more than one kind of mob rule.” The New York Call feels that the outbreak ECHOES FROM CAPITOL HILL WOULD PUT PROHIBITION AGENTS UNDER OTVMi SERVICE. I am talking about genuine support of the matter, not moonshine support. I voted for the eighteenth amendment to the Constitution, and I believe in its enforcement, but in a Just and rea* sonable manner; and I believe that the men who are enforcing it ought to be under the civil service law, in or der that we may have the very best men to enforce it. —Senator Shields, Tennessee, democrat. CURB THE SENATORS. We ought to remedy it (the civil service system), but the way to remedy it 1« to put restraint on the Senators and the representatives and the governors and the chairmen of state committees and other fellows, so that they will not be in a position to go into a department or a bureau and say to a man: “1 want you to re tain this clerk, or discharge that one, or promote this one, or demote that one.” —Senator Norrte, Nebraska, re publican. real name, but It la the name by which •he was called in the restaurant Jenny had an ailing husband—tu berculosis, or something. The other treasure of her life is an ailing baby. One day Jenny was absent from her poet. Another waitress took her place. Dr. Work noticed the change, but said nothing. The next day the substitute ap peared again. "Where’s Jenny?” Dr. Work asked. “Her baby’s sick,” the substitute re plied. , v “Nothing serious, I hppe?” the Post master General Inquired. •T*m afraid It is, sir,” the waitress answered. “Pneumonia, I believe. The baby’s in Georgetown Hospital and Jenny’s with her,” When the Postmaster General quit work that day ho went to his wait ing car. "Drive to Georgetown Hospital," he told the chauffeur. At the hospital Dr. Work inquired for Jenny. She wasn’t there at the moment, but the baby was. He might see the baby in ward so-and-so. The Postmaster General went to ward so-and-so and saw the little sufferer. He leaned over It and ex amined It. Then he called the nurse. “Let me see this patient’s chart,” he requested. The nurse brought the chart and with It a young Interne who oblig ingly started to explain what it all meant. “Never mind,” interrupted Dr. Work. ’T used to practice medicine myself." The Postmaster General —Postmas- ter General no longer, but a man of medicine beside the bed of tiny suf ferer—called for the physician In charge. They held a consultation and when Dr. Work made known his Identity the physician In charge was glad to adopt his suggestions. It Isn’t every day that the president of the American Medical Association goes to Georgetown Hospital. Dr. Work spent half an hour at the hospital and when he left requested that he be kept advised by telephone of the baby's progress. And. glory be. that baby lived and got well and Is playing about now with Christmas toys. Maybe the Postmaster General didn’t save the baby’s life. But I, for one. am going to believe he did. Human, did I say these high offi cials are? No end. “originated in private property in transportation. This has led to a civil war between Ignorant farmer* and union workers. It has provided a mob dictatorship and overthrown courts, police and executive power. Anarchy, In the worst sense of this word, reigned supreme.” Inasmuch as this time a “citizens’ committee" resorted to mob rule, the Durham Hun sees in the affair a grow ing “tendency to the overthrow of law and order on all sides. Heretofore the outrages have been committed, for the most part. In the Interest of labor. Here is an example of labor suffering the effects of crime because It exercised its right to strike. It is a graphic Illustration of the fact that abuse of rights on either side will produce a conflict In which law and the rights of men as free agents will be the last thing considered.” It Is the opinion of the Boston Transcript, however, that "while there will be In dignation. there will be no surprise” that this happened. “The Arkansas strike was a strike against the pub lic safety. The sabotage that fol iqwed it signified a concerted effort to stop the road’s operation, regardless of the suffering caused the farmers of the community directly affected. These farmers have finally come to the conclusion that those guilty of sabotage against the railroad are pub lic enemies. Their final resort to vio lence only goes to prove that 'gov ernment Is protection’ and that where protection ceases government ends." Somewhat similar is the argument of the Kansas City Journal, which feels that “the inevitable happened in this instance, as In many others. One ele ment went outside the law to gain Its own ends; another followed in re taliation and with the determination to put an end to the destruction ol property and the Interruption of busi ness. One extreme begot another. Vigorous and Impartial enforcement of the law, the protection of the rights of all concerned, would In all probability have prevented the de struction of property, and therefore the retaliation which has resulted In mob violence. .It is idle to base any solution of this or any other problem on a situation In which property 1s destroyed with Impunity to gain no matter how just and desirable ends.” The methods of the mob were “In finitely worse than the evils they de sired to exterminate.” the Asheville Times holds, and “the Harrison vigi lantes made martyrs of the very men whom they wished to punish. They aroused sympathy for those they at tempted to condemn. Os course, there is nothing unusual about this. It is the Invariable denouement of stories of mob violence.” Demanding how far this thing is to be allowed to go. the Savannah Press likewise Inquires, “What is to happen when any number of people form themselves into a mob? Here is an uprising of the peo ple absolutely unauthorized by the court and abhorrent to principles of justice and fair play. The governor ordered out his troops too late and withdrew them too soon. When is this thing to stop? And what a dangerous precedent such a mur derous aggregation establishes!” The peril from private “law enforcement” Increases, the Indianapolis News is convinced, as reports of various out rages drift In from every section of the country, showing the "disease Is spreading rapidly. It is time that people were awakening to the peril, for It Is real and serious. It threat ens the very existence of our Insti tutions. There Is a moral In It ali for courts, juries and peace officers. While their derelictions cannot ex cuse mob law. they at least furnish a pretext for it.” ANOTHER PLEA FOR THE GOOD OLD DAYS. ' Oh. if the fathers who conceived the theory upon which this Govern ment must run could but return to us and see the surrender by Congress of its many powers to the executive. —Senator Harrison, Mississippi, demo crat. THE INVASION OF THE RUHR. It means the enslavement of another nation. Slavenr. c&nnot be. defended on the basis of any treaty or of any piece of paper which wae dictated under physical coercion.—Representa tive London, New York, socialist. MEMBERS SHOULD PAY FULL COST OF MEALS. In all fairness we ought not to be spending this $36,000 a year for our restaurant, because if it is run all the time, that is what it will cost. We ought not to be spending the people’s money in that way. I am sure that we are all able to pay every dollar of the expense of every bit of our meala — Representative Blanton. Texas, democrat. Politics at Large ST If. O. MESSENGER. Upon what issues will the cam paign of next year be waged by the two old parties? Is there likelihood of another party of material propor tions being created? These two questions are propounded and discussed by the politicians from time to time around the Capitol and by the visitors from out of town who drop Into political headquarters here. The weight of opinion is found to in cline to a negative answer to the second question, on the ground that the platforms of the two major po litical organisations will be so lib eral that there will be nothing left for recommendation to the vote £® other than an appeal to downright radicalism, and it is not thought that there Is enough sentiment ih the country to support a radical party of sufficient strength to menace the old parlies, , .... It Is contended that no such situ ation prevails In the country as ex isted in 19X2 which produced the bull moose party In the republican ranks. It cannot be said that there Is In the O. O. P. a distinct faction to be class ed as “standpat” or “old guard. They are all progressives when it comes to going on record. The stand patters of yore may not have changed their spots any more than the tradi tional leopard, but they are not flaunting them. The rampant pro gressives of yesteryear have no need to threaten bolt and revolution, for there is nothing to bolt from. The party’s profession of policies In latlon and declarations by the ad ministration should please the most exacting short of downright bolshe vlsts. There are some of this type In both .parties, for that matter, but not enough to make a dent In ejiner if they should want to walk out. ♦* ♦ ♦ So no specter of a third party of potential size Is stalking the land at this time. There will be socialist labor organizations and perhaps other small groups marching under this or that banner, but they will be but as guerrillas hanging on the flanks of the two big armies, the democrats and, the republicans, as they sweep into battle. They will absorb Che small percentage of discontented and radical elements of the two main P°* Utica] parties and will be speeded on their way with thoughts of good na dance. ♦ ♦ ♦ It is generally conceded that the democrats bid fair to frame a more — shall It be said —radical platform than the republicans. That might seem to foreshadow the loss of ultra conservative democrats who would go over to the republicans In protest, except for the fact that democrats are not so prone to leave their party as republicans have shown them selves In the past to be. Moreover, democrats of all shades of opinion are now flushed with the hope and encouraged by the prospect of vic tory in 1924. They are still smart ing under the sting of the unmerciful thrashing the democracy r f<**Xfd In 1920 The trend of the last elections awav from the republican party really agreeably surprised them. Tne change was greater than they had reason to hope for In the shadow of the seven million republican ma jority. It Is regarded as probable therefore, by the political sharps that the most conservative democrats w 111 be Inclined to swallow more radical ism than would ordinarily sit easily on the political stomach In the pros pect for rolling the republicans down hill and over the precipice. New York’s elections last November ex emplified this disposition. There were loud protests against the radi cal platform of the democrats from old-line democrats up and down the fit Ale. But come election nay aoa. with the amazing Increase In the out look for a democratic victory and winning back the state, the old liners gulped down their resentment and marched valiantly to the polls to support the ticket and the platform. ♦♦ * * Seeing what the* accomplished with their promises to the voters, the New York democrats are now Intent upon making good on their campaign pledges and enacting the legislation proposed in their platform. Reports coming to Washington of conditions In other states are that the de mocracy everywhere is Inclined to follow the suit of the New York democrats and make their national and state platforms next year with as near an approach to a blue-sky limit of liberal recommendations as safety will warrant. ♦♦ ♦ ♦ Discussing the first question pro pounded—what issues will be sharply drawn between the democratic and republican parties?—the politician* generally believe that, outside of as sertions of superior progresslvlsm, the tariff and the extent of partici pation In European affairs will fur nish the sharpest divisions between the two parties. Over the tariff both parties will assert their difference with emphasis and with equal confi dence In that difference bringing vie tory to their respective banners. The effects of the new tariff will have been evidenced by the time the cam paign opens with a year of actual operation. They will be shown in customs receipts, in either expansion or contracting of manufacturing in dustry and in employment. Another issue will be the extent to which the democrats may go In sup porting government, state and mu nicipal ownership. It is morally cer tain they will go further than the republicans. ♦♦ * * There Is every expectation that a tremendous effort will be made to commit the democratic party in its, national platform to support of the league of nations and to participation by the United States in affairs of the old world. It’s a curious thing that the advocates of the league are citing the present conditions in Europe as justification for their renewed fle mand for this country taking a hand, while the republicans point to the same conditions as proof that the United States did well In keeping out. ♦♦ ♦ ♦ Propaganda Is active In behalf ot renewed agitation for the league and for participation In the European tangle. Newspaper men receive through the malls a constant flow of pamphlets and leaflets setting forth the necessity of American interven tion or participation and presenting all kinds of arguments to support me demand. Here is an extract from the latest which came over the writer's desk. It quotes from recent speeches by Lord Grey of England and Signor Nltti'of Italy and says:’ "Lord Grey takes the position that the problems Involved in reparations, Interallied Indebtedness, standing armies and the security of France are all part of one great problem and cannot be settled piecemeal. Signor Nitti takes the position that the United States was the decisive factor In ending the war, so must the United States become the decisive factor In imposing the ultimate conditions of peace. He points out that the su preme qualification of the United States in this crisis Is its ability to speak the word of moral authority.’ - The article goes on to say that the United States ought to* be present at every foreign conference as responsi ble participant and contends that “the world needs the United States." The propaganda is designed for effect upon the democrats. It Is not likely to find an echo among the re publicans. This administration and presumably the majority of the re publicans are absolutely set In the present foreign policy and It Is be lieved that the republican national convention will, support It In Its plat form. CAPITAL KEYNOTES BY PAUL V. COLLINS. "On what meat doth this our Caesar feed, that he Is crown so great?" The body wears out and l» rebuilt every seven years; some parts of It oftener. Hence It is important that it be furnished with the proper building material. "You can't make a silk purse out of a sow’s ear." Mor can you make a brave soldier out of fat salt middlings, sorghum, dried beans and corn bread. That mate rial is rich in carbohydrates and fur nishes fat. But nobody cither loves or fears a fat man. ♦♦ * * Many physically defective men grow up in the mountain regions of the Alleghenies, although there is no better climate in the world. An in vestigation has recently been made by the children’s bureau of the Labor Department, which results in a report that the cause of the defective man hood lies In the diet, which consists too monotonously of- corn bread, fat salt pork, sorghum and dried beans. There is no reason why the diet should not include green vegetables, eggs and a variety of meat, except that the people have gotten Into the habit of eating only the articles men tioned. ** ♦ * That lazy habit is not confined to the mountaineers. The bane of a cer tain type of boarding house menu Is Its everlasting sameness. Even when variety Is sought according to the day of the week, the Monday dinner appearing always on Monday, the Tuesday supper always on Tuesday, etc.. It steals the appetite. Worse than that, the constant eating of the same articles is not fair to nature, for man Is made omnlverous, and otnnlverous he must be or pay the penalty. Good soldiers and great men and women come from the right soil, for if the soil Is fertile there will be plenty of good food. The “hog and hominy” diet cannot produce well round men any more than feed deficient In the element* that make up a balanced ration for live stock can produce prise stock. No success ful stock raiser neglects the balanc ing of his ration for his animals —ex- cept for the human animal. Until a few decades ago even physicians knew nothing of balancing rations for the human animal. Even today many physicians lack in-exact knowl edge of dietetics and limit their learned Instructions to patients to "avoid starchy foods.’’ without indi cating to the layman what are starchy and what are rich In protein. No layman can be assumed to know what diet he should use any more than, what drug he should swallow. To faulty diet is attributed the seri ous percentage of men and boys thrown out from the draft at the time of the world war. ♦* * * When developing a park or design ing a statue or a painting the quality of Its artistic form is the prime con sideration. If it be not beautiful. It is nothing. When spanning a great river with a bridge, artistic beauty. should be considered —for there Is no reason why a useful thing should be ugly—but beauty Is of secondary, not prime. Importance. A blacksmith testifying in court as to the quality of a certain piano swore that It was “built strong,” for he had seen the timbers In It. His testimony was ort set by that of a musician who spoke of overtones and tone. So It all de pends upon our viewpoint whether we want a bridge to be judged by Its graceful lines or hy its adaptation to the practical purpose to which it Is to be put. Ruskin. describing his Ideal bridge in his “Elements of Drawing.’’ demands that Its lines show the prac tical purpose as the test of its beauty—a short, low arch over the narrow span; a broad, sweeping and high arch over the main river; and all to speak purpose, not conventional design. Behold the Japanese bridges, how they leap and spring high where needed and creep and hesitate over the little stretches! A bridge that is obviously made up, regardless of Us usefulness—drawn with compasses and a straight-edge In the architect’s studio—is as artificial as a painted lady. These remarks are apropos of the controversy now “raging” between two schools of thought as to the Arlington Memorial bridge. The les son. I trust. Is obvious; The bridge which is merely pretty In Us lines is not beautiful: for it would be a nuisance, an obstacle to commerce In stead of a help. It can be both use ful and beautiful. There Is no reason why a span should not be a draw bridge. either upon a pivot or to rise, and yet be Impressively graceful. Let not the "blacksmith” but the artist meet the problem, and let Kus kin be the inspiration. ♦* * * Secretaries Weeks and Denby of the War and Navy Departments have written to Congress their protests against the Brookhart bill to author ise civilians to purchase merchan dise from the Army commissary stores upon the same terms as sol diers. The soldiers are entitled to purchase anything at 10 per cent above what the government pays, although the government buys at Job bers’ prices In enormous quantities. The Secretaries protest that the plan to let all civilians purchase on the same terms Is impracticable, for the government stores are already taxed to their full capacity In gov ernment buildings. If they were to enlarge the volume of business to accommodate 300.000 customers In the District of Columbia it would be nec essary to rent a chain of stores and multiply overhead expenses. Handle Babe Asleep With Autosuggestion To the Editor Os The 8t«r: .The visit of M. Coue, brief though it was. has centered attention for the moment on the power and operation of the subconscious mind (or "sub liminal self," as it Is styled by some. Including Maurice Maeterlinck In his "Unknown Guest” and Dr. Morton Prince In "The Dissociation of a Per sonality”). Before this Impression has faded I should like to call atten tion to an Important use of this deeper consciousness that experience has shown can be made by parents and others that have the care of chil dren. When It becomes necessary to han dle a sleeping child—say, to remove It from one bed to another—ls the child be picked up silently it is apt. as we all know, to start, perhaps to resist, maybe to waken and cry. This Is due to nervous shock caused by the unexpected disturbance and can be obviated completely by speaking to the child before touching It, telling It gently and distinctly what you are about to do. It will understand with out wakening. The subconscious mind, which Is on guard, will appre ciate the Import of what Is said and convey It to the little slumberer. who will. In consequence, not be startled, but. yielding with confidence to the person handling it, will nestle quietly down Into the enfolding arms and un resistingly allow Itself to be lowered Into the new place of clumber, where It will settle at once comfortably and contentedly, with no break in Its sound sleep. I offer this suggestion to those par ents and nurses to whom the Idea has not occurred, and beg to assure them that I speak from ample experience with my own children, with whom I followed the practice when they were small and with Invariable success. HENRY OLDYS. The argument of Secretary Weeks that the price at which merchandise Is sold by the commissary stores to soldiers does not differ materially from the regular retail price may t>i» challenged by advocates of the Brook hart measure. No merchant can pay hi* overhead and sell goods at merely 10 per cent above manufacturers' cost. Merchants must pay their help and a thousand' other expenses, and. of course, must have a profit. There is undoubtedly a considerable difference, therefore, in the commissary price and the retail merchant’s price, but that Is not a sufficient reason for the government’s entering upon a policy of socialistic merchandising and kill ing private enterprise. The two forms of business could never exist In competition, for the merchant must stand expense which Senator Brook - hart quite overlooks In asking that the government become his competi tor. ♦* ♦ * If this socialism be adopted for the District of Columbia, how long would It be before the people of Des Moines and other cities of Senator Brook hart’s state would become clamorous for socialistic competition with their private merchants? How long would It be before bankruptcy would sweep over the country and millions of em ployes of private enterprises would be thrown out of employment? How long would it be before the govern ment, In mercantile business of all kinds, would discover that it might also manufacture its goods? How long would It be before sovietism would paralyze America as It has done to Russia? Then how long be fore the idle millions would demand revolution, that American fascist! should take the factories out of the hands of the government, and the soviets would undertake to run the Idle factories, though without either capital or executive experience? ** * * The Brookhart bill appears inno cent and reasonable upon Us surface, but It has within It all the germs of overwhelming revolution because it ignores every principle of economics and established business. The first principle of a republic Is that the government should do nothing that private Individuals, singly or asso ciated together, can do successfully. The government should never com pete with the individual. To do so is socialism and communism, not de mocracy. For the commissary to supply the Army and Navy with merchandise, for their own use. is merely a part of their compensation for service. That Is an entirely different matter from selling to the whole population. ** * * It is pitiful to see thousands of pa triotic, intelligent women spending their energies as they are doing in the National League of Woman Voters, resolving that "war is a crime.’’ They are to hold meetings to teach that war Is a crime—which nobody does deny—when they might do real good by discovering that one third of the men of America are "scarce half made up, and that so lamely and unfashionable” that they are not fit to carry a rifle and guard their mothers and sisters from ma rauding brutes. There is so much work —real work—for women to take hold of and do. as only women can do, that It is pitiful to see so many senti mentalize and sigh and “resolve” over absolute vacuities such as "out lawing war,” as if «ar had not been an outlaw since Cain killed AbeL America cries out for the help of good American women. They have helped so marvelously in the past that their usefulness is beyond ques tion. How can they fritter energy over “outlawing war”? i ♦♦ * * America calls for women to help purify her every public and private Institution—the movies, the litera ture. What wonders might follow if the standards of*fi- - Mon were purified so that every "fsmlly magazine” might be read aloud in the family! America needs the touch of pure womanhood in the guidance of young women and young men. that their ideals might be nob’e. America cries out for Us womanhood to help the Wallle Reeds, who are living a hell on earth because they have been trapped Into the opium devils’ lair*. ** * * We want statesmen—whether in trousers or petticoats—but the great world questions which have wrenched the heart of civilization for thou sands of years, while mankind has been groping up from the prehistoric times, will not be settled —will not be affected —by a few thousand groups sitting about round tables and telling each other that war is an out law. Why not tell that heat bums, that the sun shines, that gravitation holds fast all matter? War is a result, not a cause. Sin of national covetous ness is the outlaw, and that grows in the Individual hearts. Pride of rulers is the outlaw; and where does pride thrive? Cowardice and deceit and falsehood are outlaws, and they spring up In the cringing hearts of individuals. There Is work for women as well as men in the ennobling of personal character. In the purifying of indi vidual hearts. That does not sound so grandiloquent as “resolving” to teach Internationalism and a code of treason to one’s own country, whose Institutions are all that make tno difference In the safety of the women and men as contrasted with bar barism and savagery Says French Invade Germany for Loot To the Editor of The Star: In your Saturday edition Maria W. Carter protests against the Ameri can disapproval of France's Invasion of Germany and asserts that “we have all become Shylocks” and given up our ideals of a few years ago. An examination of the facts In the case will prove just the contrary. They will show that. Instead of the American nation giving up Its ideal of Justice and right, we are uphold ing that Ideal In our disapproval or the French Invasion of Germany for the sake of plunder. France has gent her troops onto German soil, not for a blow for her own freedom, not for a call for the safety of her soil, but purely and simply as a commercial act, to get plunder, to secure the coal, and that coal the very center of In dustry on which Germany depends to save her from starvation. All the allies agree that the amount fixed as to be paid by Germany was excessive and not to be accomplished In the time set. We have not in vaded France for our debt. ■ But France, laying aside the least pre tense to any ideals higher than rank commercialism, is now doing Just what a few years ago she branded the Germans as Huns for doing—en tering with an army a neighboring nation and seizing their goods and at the point of the bayonet. If any rational mind can And any similarity between the courses taken by France and America they surely are afflicted with mental astigmatism. We have used no force or threats and made no disturbance about what Is due us. France, Imposing an Impossible obli gation by force of arms, now pro ceeds to collect It with the sword. Will Marla W. Carter explain where are the lofty Ideals of France in so doing and why wo Americans err in protesting against this invasion, which is a violation not only of the treaty, but of all noble sentiments the French proclaimed four year* aro? ’ Virginia stuart.