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The Sunday Motorist An Abridged Magazine for Car Owners. EDITED BY WILLIAM LLLMAX A. veulnlil la a man wko can kear j a knock la hi* motor Jaat after kia koat tire kas blow* oat. Towed a la Mode. "Seine towed home isn't halt as simple a matter as it seems. Along the route there are met many new haaards which are particularly dan gerous if being towed is a new experi ence. For if a motorist has never been towed before he is likely to neglect his steering, with the result that the ear will get to swinging and whip ping when it turns corners. He does j not begin to turn as the car ahead commences turning, and so he is left with the alternative of being upset or of making a last-minute turn on two wheels. Running into the car ahead or breaking the tow line for some part of the car to which it is attached) is such a likely possibility that the motorist ought to insist that the re- j pair man who does the towing provide himself with the latest equipment for i such work. Up-to-date wrecking cars'! are equipped with a towing pole so i designed with springs as to obviate a number of hazards peculiar to this j variety of "motoring." But even with the latest equipment I the motorist must be careful to keep j out of car tracks or to cross them at the widest angle possible should the j lowing car lead to such dangers. And i In going downhill both parlies should stop in order to allow the man be- J hind to shift to a lower gear so as not to burn out his brakes. When a motorist sees another car being towed it may be worth a lot to him to study the process rather than I waste his breath shouting the old cry. . "Get a horse!" It's up to him to get j a thought from his observation of the | other fellow’s mistakes. Seems Simple, But Every one who drives a car knows I that a gasoline engine will not run ' when there's water in the fuel, but j when it conies to a showdown very : few know exactly why. It is a fact that water can be in- I troduced into the Intake manifold : very often with good results. In fact. ' there are devices on the market em- j ploying this principle and designed to ! eliminate carbon by generating a lit- 1 tie steam to combine chemically with ■ ihe carbon to form a gas which can j be driven out the exhaust by the nor- , mal action of the engine. If water I can be consumed' through a motor in i this way why should a little water . in the carburetor cause so muoh , trouble? ’ i If you can’t guess, here is the an- I »wer: The fuel is carried to the needle , valve of the carburetor from the bot- j tom of the float chamber, and as water 1 Is heavier than gasoline it means that the fuel fails to reach the carburetor . proper. A little water thus gums up i ihe whole works. Os course this wa- I ter can be got rid of 'by flooding the j float chamber —unless there is water ; In the rest of the gas. They Answer Proudly. The licensing of motor cars is not | without its humorous side. On the ' Connecticut application card an in- ■ quiry reads in effect; ‘‘ls this a new 1 application, renewal or transfer?" fol- j lowed by the question. "State which?’’ j Dozens of motorists whose intellec- ■ .uality doesn't quite toe the mark proudly reply, “Connecticut!" The Old Mechanic Says: “If that chap wasn’t so ’touchy' I'd j tell him he’s not linin’ up his wheels j sensibly. Do you see what he’s doin’?) home one told him that the front I wheels should point in at the front, so he's measuring the distance between them at the front and comparing it with the distance between them at the rear. His idea's all right, but he’s way off on the measurin' business. i-Tc’s measurin' the distance between the rims, not the wheels. “This makes a lot of difference. The rims aren’t even all around, and for all he knows he may be measurin’ points that are bent in or bent out. The adjustment may be all right if the wheels didn’t turn, but w-hen ' you’re linin' up the wheels you’ve ! got to be sure that the slight pointing j In of the wheels Is the same for any i position they happen to be in—that! is, when they’re runnin’ straight! ahead. Some of these chaps who line j i,p ihfi: wheels measure the distance! between tires, but as the tires are 1 attached to the rims they’re about as I far wrong as if they measured from i the rims. If they want to do the job right there's only one way to do it—! measure the distance between the j lellce bands of the wheels. These i bands are an integral part of the ' wheels, so the measurement is bound | to be correct. "It’s go'ng.to cost that fellow a loti of unnecessary wear on his tires be fore he discovers his mistake. Funny the way most car owners hesitate to ask questions. If they only Knew how many folks there are in the world who don’t mind repeating- les sons learned from experience they’d wave many a dollar.” '——-' •' - STANDARD OF THE WORLD v oAnnouncing A National Standard of Costs for Cadillac Service Parts Effective February Ist, 1923,service parts for Cadillac cars will be sold t throughout the United States at a uniform rate, without war tax, freight or handling charges. As no advance is made In the catalog prices of parts, the removal of tax and shipping charges rep resents a clear reduction, and a material saving to Cadillac owners. CAD^LAC THE WASHINGTON CADILLAC COMPANY Rudolph Joar. President lI3S-1144) Connecticut Ate. Crank. 3900-3901-5902 T. W. Barrett. Salea and Service. 24th and 51 Sta. STANDARD OF THE WORLD Did You Know— That the real function of a flywheel is to carry the crankshaft over so that the pistons can complete their three non-power strokes? In the four-cycle engine (which is the uni versal type at present) only one pis ton stroke out of four contributes •to the propelling of the crankshaft. The flywheel is thought of merely as a means of balancing the motor and reducing vibration, but Us more im portant function is to carry each pis ton. by momentum, through the ex haust. intake and compression strokes until another power stroke is due. Worth Remembering. The practice-of attaching cardboard •or leather over a section of the radi ator core during cold weather has led to the variation of attaching the protective covering to the Inside, so that the appearance of the car is not marred. But while this serves to keep cold air from blowing over the engine, just as it would If attached to the outside, it greatly increases ,the chances of freezing the radiator, j When the covering Is inside the core jof the ladiator gets the full blast J iof freezing ozone without even an . occasional puftnf warm air from the engine. Also. when the covering is (attached to the inside of the core it) lis likely to loossn up and catch in | the fan. Stop Here for Gas. j Tho more up-to-date gas-fllling sta tions are equipped with tanks having j a sump, or lower tank, for the col lection of any water which may hap- I pen to get into the gas. As the (Water falls to the bottom of the tank lit naturally collects in the sump, from which It is easily removed by a spe l cial pump. | - i We Could Now Use— I Columbus to discover a substitute for gasoline, j Sir Waller Raleigh to jog us up on , our motoring manners. } Henry VIII to stimulate the’ tAles of i dignified electrics for charming ladies, j Galileo to look over the new line of j ’’Stars" and “Moons” and to And out j what's happened to the "Comet’ ’and ' ! “Sun.” j N'oah Webster to explain to the | ] curious what is meant by duralumin, i | torque, three-quarters floating, molyb- J i denum and seml-elliptlcs. 1 Sir Isaac Newton to discover the ! gravity of the "abused car problem." ■ Spare the Juice. | When using the self-starter at 1 ; night, it saves the battery to switch i j off the lights. Throw out the cluth ) ,to save the starter the trouble of j J cranking over the transmission gears. , land pull the choker out before start- j i ing the starter button so as to make j j every moment of the starter’s work I I count. The juice saved in the ordi- | j narv start may be a thousand times! j more valuable should the engine stall j when the cars is in a precarious po- i | sition. This and That. j A representative insurance company 1 I is responsible for the statement that ! | 75 per cent of the automobile theft 1 j losses are still the result of collusion j 1 with thieves. Wonder if these are I i the same car owners who commit the j | thousand-and-one ungentlemanly acts j ! in driving? j "Every ‘drop’ counts.” said the mo- ; j torist, in commenting upon the oil I companies’ decision to make the go- j j juice a cent cheaper. But all the j j while the garage man pumped in gas j i the engine kept Idling, wasting the - i drops that really <sunt. j The modern motorist who reviews i the low cost of tires and the high cost : i of gas feels like the man with indi- j 1 gestion who was invited to three ; banquets in one week. Copyright. 1923, by the Ullratn Feature Service. ] PENNSYLVANIA MAKES RECORD IN UNLOADING 37 Flat Cars Believed of Autos at Bate of 00 Seconds to Each Four. j One of the quickest unloading per- I formances ever recorded by the rall | roads of this country took place at j the new Kearney terminal of the i j Pennsylvania railroad at Jersey City j t January 23, states George C. Conn, j director of traffic for the Buick Mo- • j tor Company. j A special trainload of thirty-seven i flat cars, each containing four Buick ! automobiles, arrived at Jersey City ' the fifth morning from Flint, having j been forwarded -via the Pere Mar ' quette through Toledo and tho Penn sylvania lines. After the canvas tarpaulins had been removed from the automobiles and the fastenings loosened the en tire train was unloaded by the use of an electric crane on an average of 90 seconds for each freight car, or 22>* seconds for each automobile. THE SUNDAY STAR. WASHINGTON. D. C.. FEBRUARY 4, 1923-PART 3. NEW ENGLAND BEST USED CAR MARKET Dealers Get Twice as Much as Those In New York and Five Other States. CHICAGO, February 2.—The aver age automobile dealer in New Eng land pay* about twice as much for aj used car and gets about twice as J much when he resells it as does the j average dealer in the states of i York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, IIIi- j nois, Indiana and lowa, according to! a detailed analysis made by C. A. | Vane, general manager of the Na- i ttonal Automobile Dealers’ Associa- 1 tion. and presented to the used car ! forum in the association's sixth an- I nual convention here today. The average paid by dealers for i used cars in the six states mentioned ' runs approximately $332.88 per car. ; while In the New England territory 1 the average is about 1762.C0 per car. j | The New England dealer gets ap- ! proximately $775 on an average for i | his used cars while the dealers of the I | other states named have shouldered j I a loss of approximately $56.21 a car. I j so that their selling price is about i i $276.67. "Yankee trader" shrewdness ! seems to be maintaining its old repu ! lation even in the automobile dealer j held. Record* of Dealer*. The figures from which the analysis | was made are the records of 1.33 u i dealers In the New England territory. I Involving 14,492 cars, as b> I the Boston used car statistical bureau, j and records from six slates collected ■ by the National Automobile Dealers' ■ Association, involving 1.893 dealers I land 18.508 car trades. 1 In both compilations the average ] number of used cars in the dealers’ hands was about the same. In New England it was 10.8 cars per dealer; In the six other slates It was 9.78 cars ’ per dealer. In neither of these com- ! ipilations has the cost of-recondition-! ing used cars or the overhead and 1 selling expense been Included; so that [ while the New England d.ealers show - a larger total sale price than acquisi- I I tion cost, they, 100, are selling used i cars at a loss. i Applying the average obtained from jthe National Automobile Dealers’ As sociation questionnaire to the 13.972 [dealers in Pennsylvania. New York, (Ohio. Illinois. Indiana and lowa, the jdealers in those states last year lost [approximately .$31,000,000 in the i handling of used cars. The same I figures, if applied to the dealers ot i the whole country, mean that the j 40.000 dealers of the United States [lost about $100,000,000 last year on I used cars without counting how much j | more. ONE IN TWELVE OWN SASKATCHEWAN CARS ' Province Continues to Hold Ca- ! ; nadian Becord for Batio of Automobiles. ) REGINA, Sask.. Februai-y 2.—Sas | katchewan retains the lead it ha? long held among the provinces of j Canada in the proportion of auto ; mobiles to population, according to ! figures for 1922 just released by thr - j piovinclal government. The report j shows one automobile is owned in j j the province to every twelve persons. | The number of moter cars owned , in the province in 1922 was 61,175. i j This is considered remarkable in j j view of the fact that in 1908 the! j number of automobiles of all descrip- ] j tions in Saskatchewan was only , ! seventy-four. The rapid Increase in the number of; automobiles is attributed to the rapid settlement of the province and the j prosperity achieved by the settlers. I ! More than half the automobiles are owned by farmers. Motors trucks are becoming popular and with the de velopment of good roads farmers are hauling their products to market over improved modern highways. In the last ten years Saskatchewan has re ceived $4,221,642 as reveurie from motor licenses. The province has spend $6,918,157 on improving roads in the same period. Mrs. A. S. Wilson, a native of Win- I nipeg. now residing in New York, has j [ the distinction of being the first j j British-born woman to be admitted I to the practice of law in the United j | States. 1 i ■ 365 Days a Year!__ SunManTu* hWTTyO® .'J V , i 2 s/i '£'7* j z* 4* [1923 December \ 2? 22 23 Z / 4 liiou ,1 Ps 14% > i£,i »-is 21. ° 12 ,f §,* _•? 516 17 ,VO \O?7 2* V 0 The MOTOR FUEL That Delivers Every Minute! There's no secret in keeping your car in service all the time— it's LIGHTNING! Winter cold or summer heat is treated alike by LIGHTNING! Your motor greets every day the year 'round with a smile—when your tank boasts of a plentiful supply of this better motor fuel . Power aplenty—more mileage—less car bon—well, get acquainted with LIGHTNING and you'll know no other motor fuel. Penn Oil Co. ROSSLYN, VA. Phone West 166 and Main 6608 1 v . - J . v- • v . • v .. . .* . I THE OWNER-DRIVER’S I COLUMN Overhauling Electric System. To most car owners the electrical end of the machine remain* a roye- J tery longer than any other part of | the car. The man who overhauls his own engine is. however, almost cer tain to be somewhat of an electrician and is perfectly able to do all the neoqssary inspecting, cleaning and adjusting which can be done with out the special equipment of an elec tric shop. The essential thing to do when disconnecting the wiring system of [a car is to plainly mark all wires [ and their binding posts. This is best done by marking the terminal and ! the post with a tag bearing the same (number. No matter whether or not one is able to trace the source of the I current with reasonable intelligence, j this is the safest practice wherever there is any danger of mixing things, j The Instruction book of the car should | be consulted and the system studied so that the purpose of every part is 'understood. This Is sure to be of j use trouble-shooting on the road, per ■ haps in a tight place, sooner or later. Going Over Wiring, j It is a good plan to trace the cur- | [rent from the generator to the. I breaker box, to the ammeter and on | (to the battery. There may have been i .no short circuits last year, but it is i j impossible to tell just how soon some i I wire which is rubbing against some ' I steel part of the frame will have be- j j come uncovered and the short will ' i eist.. The chances are that un- I' less it is forestalled by an examina- ( tion now that It will run down the ; battery, perhaps several times, and ; cause a lot of damage to it. besides I vexatious delays and other troubles, 1 | before the cause is suspected. | Get a roll of friction tape and some 1 ' garden hose. With these one can j (make a sure job of any danger spots j jin the wiring of a system. Loose I ! connections must be kept in mind! : and when reassembling the car great i ! care should be given to the condl- j tion of the contacts of a wiring sys- | tem. Remember, your current is > usually only six volts and it takes j very little grease or looseness to stop • lit altogether. All contacts must be j j bright, clean and tight. J For lac a* a Guide, j A very’ good idea as to the internal | [condition of the generator and motor j jean be formed from last year’s per- i formance. If the season's end saw j ! the generator sending a steady stream j jof current into the battery, as is in- > dicated by the ammeter when on the I road; if the battery retained its j charge well, even after a week's idle- ! nesa. and if the motor always turned the engine over quickly, we have all • the Indications of a perfect electric I system. If. however, toward the end of the j season the ammeter needle on the ' instrument board did not show as , strong a current as it did earlier in the season, or if it trembled or wav -1 eied, the generator and Us circuit . should be suspected. If the starting 1 motor refused to start the engine at times or if it lacked power and snap 1 in the operation of starting, the bat- I tery and starting motor circuit should u The Standard of Comparison” Our service department is operated on the theory that the satisfied owner is our best salesman. To put into effect this idea, our service department has been equipped with modern labor and time-saving machinery, all in the hands of men, not only skilled in working on Buick Automobiles but who actually enjoy their tasks because of the fine dimensions to which the car is built. Stanley H. Homer Retail Dealer 11015 14th St. N.W. Main 5296 be suspected. Perhaps one or more lights refused to burn; thie should cause one to look for trouble In the . lighting circuit. Checking up the electric system In tht* way lead* us to divide this system Into Its com ponent circuits, a* follows: Where te Leek. 1. The starting motor circuit, in which tho current travels from the battery (positive terminal) through the big starter cable to the starting switch or button, to the generator and on to the grqund. A refusal of this mechanism to crank the engine over should cause one to loon only In this small circuit for trouble. 2. The generator charging circuit, in which the current flows from the generator to the cut-out, to the am meter (usually through the lighting switch) and from the ammeter to the battery. 3. The ignition circuit. Here tho current is divided into two kinds, primary and secondary. Hero the primary is of most concern to us and It Is best traced from the battery to the Ignition switch, thence to the ignition coll, to the circuit breaker and to the ground. 4. The headlight circuit, in which the current flows from the battery to the switch block, from the switch through tho ammeter to the head lights and to the ground, 6. The tall light Is on a separate circuit and can be readily traced from the switch. 6. The horn circuit can be traced from the battery to the ammeter, to j the switch or horn button, the horn land then to ground. 7. The ground connections. Most j cars use what is known as the sin gle-wire system of wiring. In this system the metal of the car acta as a [return wire for all the above circulta. [The generator and battery, which arc (the sources of current, are grounded, com ciing their negative terminals to the frame of the car. In the same 1 mariner aM the above circuits end up ' |on the metal of the car. 1 • I j WALLS RAZED FOR ROAD, j I Chinese Provide Fine Highways for Motor Traffic. j Tearing down city wails to make a i highway for motor vehicles is no I longer an idea in China; it is a fact, Isays Trade Commissioner 'William I. ! Irvine of the Department of Com [ merce. who has just come back from ! an Investigation of automotive mar • kets in the orient. The late city wail : I of Canton, which looked not unlike a ' | section of the great wall of China. ! now serves as top surface for twenty [ eight miles of fine highway, over ; which motor busses and motor cars 1 are running. Tires With 500 Nail Holes Leak No Air Mr. T. R. Coats of Chicago has invented | a new puncturaproof loner tube, which, la i actual teet. wet punctured 600 times with- I out the loee es mj air. Increase your I mileage from 10,000 to 12.000 milee with out removing this wonderful tube from the wheel, and the beauty of it all le that thie new punctureproof tube costs no more than the crdlnery tube, and makes riding a real I pleasure. You caa write Mr. T. B. Coats 1 at 338 Wont 47th St., Chicago, as he wants I them l«y r-.duced sveryw! ere. Wonderful , opportunity for tgenU. If Interested write him today. BIG TRUCK FLEETS TO SPEEBFREIfiHT Roads and Private Concerns to Operate “Feeders,” in Opinion of Auto Official. The time is not far distant when either, private concerns or the rail roads of the country will operate vast fleets of trucks to act as feeders for freight, according to Vane© Day, gen eral sales manager of the General Motors Truck Company of Pontiac, Mich. This, Mr. Day believes, will be espe cially true In the far west, where there are towns which today are forty or flfty miles from the nearest rail road. In eastern Colorado people living in the prairie lands have been able to improve their farming methods, so that today good crops are being rais ed both by Irrigating the land and by dry farming. The one hindrance the people have is getting their crops to market, and there seems to be little doubt, ac cording to Mr. Day, but what in the near future whole truck fleets will be Auto Instruction i New Classes February 5 Owners and Mechanics Mob. and FrL, 7 to 10 P.M. February 7 Overhauling Course Mob., Wed. and Fr|., 7 to 10 P.M. • February 27 Special Ford Owners Taes. and Than., r to 10 P.M. Y.M.C.A. Auto School 1736 G St. Mala 82Q0 jj Ij When you put EBONITE I* ■ I into your transmission or dif-«J Jiferential cases you give yourji _ .i velvety. 11 Bot lubri- ( i let ion. Jj TE Oil) >| ifferentl*l» *• ] f ■ ——■■■ I I I I II I■ I ■■■ I 111 QUALITY GOES CLEAR THROUGH l||| II On Display! — Now! — The New 11 I Advanced Dort Oiling System I K I The wonderfully de- Result; Smooth, quiet II veloped oiling system of operation always; no ||||| the new Dort Six motor, scoring of bearing surfaces; t which operates under a no clicking, chattering ||||| pressure ranging from valves; a more even tem* J||j| zero to forty pounds, perature throughout the # gives assurance that every various parts; overheat* '| bearing rides on a film of ing prevented by over* | oil at all times. Even coming all friction; i'. rocker arms are supplied much longer life for every with oil under pressure, vital part of the motor. f See the special display of this oiling system at our showrooms | Dort Four-Cylinder Can. $865 to $1370; at Flint £, Oort Six-Cylinder Cm, $990 to $1495; at Hint | i David S. Hendrick I | 1012 14th St. Main 100 llljl i Complete stock of parts and crew of | : expert mechanics for service to owners. \ started to take care of this business, which can now hardly exist for want of adequate transportation faculties. Tractor Trailer Important. The coming of the ractor trailer combination, Mr. Day believes, has done much toward speeding this busi ness and today it is possible to haul ten or fifteen tons at a time over such a route. The topography of the country is such. Mr. Day says, that good natural roads can be built at low cost and it is extremely flat prairie land, so that long heavy hauls could be made to the railroads at minimum expense. This development which Mr. Day looks for In the west will be carried out In the eastern and middle states y jipg I Battery I I Insulation I I | should be durable. Other- S wise it’s the first part of S i the battery to give way. S Threaded Rubber Insu- fi lation is the most durable S in use. And its uniform & porosity means high vol- M 1 tage for cold mornings. 1 . Authorized |g| | r worn 3 I Service Stations imx j | Bradburn Battery and Electrical Service I' **• 616 Pa. Ave. S.E. Lincoln 1430-J Ij, t Modem Auto Supply all 917 HSt N.E. Lincoln 3896 Mg The John A. Winebergcr Co., Inc. 3700 Georgia Ave. N.W. Columbia 565 S.W. Cor. 2d & Mass. Ave. N.W. Franklin 642 Smith’s Battery and Electric Co. 2119 IBth St. N.W. North 9928 ||| 1740 14th St. N.W. ** * * North 7998 ||| Brookland Garage 1000 Michigan Ave. * ’ North 1021 wSI Esseno Auto Supply Co |gs 801 H St. N.W. Main 2219 ffl Seaton Garage 306 Rhode Island Ave. N.W. North 3979 45 Seaton St. N.E. North 1959 after that, ha believes. Today ha say* there are a few individual com- , panics which ire doing this business. } but they hava not as yet developed it to the point where they have the co operation of the railroads in every respect. The railroads of the country. Mr. Day believes, will admit that the time is coming when the motor truck will be their greatest ally on short-haul business and act as feeders to them for the long haul. If this is true, Mr. Day says he cannot see any rea son why the rail lines of the country will not In time realize that they might as well make the profit on this business as a private concern and operate the truck and feeder lines themselves.