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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 18, 1923, Image 74

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6
Denmark Emerges as Sane Nation in tho Madhouse of Europe
l BY FHASK G. CAUPKXTER.
COPENHAGEN, Denmark.
I HAVE come from Holland to Den
mark byway of Germany. I stay
ed a week In Berlin In a eea of
paper marks that rose to my eyes,
with feet on a volcano that bade ftilr
ovary moment to burst Into erup
tion. The eea of Inflation rolled back
ar.d forth in terrible billows and
huge clouds of despair covered the
akiea. So. for the time, 1 decided
to leave Germany, with the hope
that the sun of resurrection may rise
and the troubled waters be smoothed
before I return. With this view I have
climbed to the surface of the fa’.se
money sea, and swum, as It were,
across the Baltic to Copenhagen, where
this letter Is written.
Tho difference la astonishing. Berlin
Is a city of gloom, Copenhagen one of
bright sunshine. Berlin seems sick
nigh unto death. Copenhagen is full
of red blood and the vigor of youth. The
very atmosphere la different. The people
on the streets go about with a smile. .
They arc well dressed and prosperous. 1
Z have been here for a week and have
not yet seen a heggar. There are no
blind men on the corners peddling
matches and notions, and no haggard
old women selling newspapers.
'Che stores are different. In Berlin the
window displays are lean and the
Shelves aro still leaner. The people are
buying, but the merchants ate afraid j
to take money that changes In value
each hour, and the clerks look worn out
and disgusted. They arc sometimes in
sulting to English. French and Amer
ican customers-. Just before leaving j
Berlin I visited the largest and richest |
<if department stores of the city, j
It has practicaly no goods on Its
shelves and It looked like one of our I
lug establishments when a prosper
ous Christmas has left it as bare
a bone. The shops of Copenhagen|
tre full of tine goods, ,and their win-
Cow dressing compares with that of ;
our principal cities. Walking through .
tho chief business centers is like j
visiting an exposition, and, moreover. |
ell of the goods are marked In plain I
figures. . This la not possible In Her- ]
lin. where the prices change every j
day.
I SPENT this afternoon la one of
the big department stores here, j
It reminds me of those in Boston,
Philadelphia, Detroit, Cleveland and
other American towns of the same
u'ze. It has an abundance of every
thing. and the finest wares from all
over the world are displayed. It hac
a book section with booku in all lan.
guages and especially English, In- ■
eluding poetry, fiction, economics and j
travel. Before leaving Berlin X made
out a list of several recent volumes
'n English relating to Germany and
Scandinavia. and took it to a shop that ,
makes a specialty os’ supplying the j
English and American trade. It did
not have one of the up-to-date books j
7 wanted, and the bookseller told ma |
he could get them only upon order j
and payment in advance. lie said
vivo German people could not afford to !
buy Imported books on account of ,
Uie low value cf the mark, and that
ho could not risk importing them .
under present conditions. At the de- \
partment store here in Copenhagen
1 found every book In my list, and
that at little more than the prices
of New York or London.
The wealth of Copenhagen Is Im
pressive after visiting Par's. Brussels (
and Berlin. This city is larger than j
Brussels. It is about one-fourth the !
size of Paris and a little more than j
one-sixth that of Berlin. Ncverthe- ,
less. It seems to have more business I
than any of the throe. Its goods come !
from all parts of the world, and all I
the people are buying. Paris Is less j
■well supplied with foreign Importa-.l
lions, and the poverty of many who j
buy is especially In evidence at the i
bargain counters outside on the j
streets. Brussels appears less proa- j
■jerous than Paris, and as for Berlin, j
as a mercantile entity. It Is naked. ,
owing to the fall of, the mark, the j
people surrounding Germany have j
rushed In across the frontiers to ex- j
change their money for paper marks !
und buy goods much cheaper than
they could get them at home. Some
have worn their old clothes into Ber
lin and returned with new ones, and 1
all have carried away as much as i
they possibly could. The Germans
have tried to prevent this by putting |
on an export duty of several hundred j
per cent and confiscating all goods j
not declared. They have fined those |
who attempted to smuggle and con- <
tlscated the wares being taken away. ,
I have heard c-f Instances of men !
having their shoes taken from their j
feet and their hats from their heads ■
on the frontier so that they had to
go bareheaded and barefooted back
to their homes.
Here everything is business as j
usual. The money is almost back j
to normal and the prices are Just I
about the same as In the United |
States. The harbor is full of ship
ping. and the free port, which is
rapidly gaining In size, promises to
make this the great shipping center
for the lands surrounding the Baltic.
"People are spending, although not as
recklessly as tho rich profiteers of
Berlin, but everything is on a hard
money basis, and every one seems
sane and prosperous.
Indeed, the Danes ure among the j
few Pane peoples in the great mad- |
bouse of Europe. The Russians are {
stark crazy, and the G-ennans but |
little better. The Austrians and I
Hungarians are eating the husks of J
despair, the English have new the- ■
ones about tho payment of debts, and :
tho French and Belgians, In their)
financial lunacy, are secretly whisper- j
<ng repudiation. Here. In Denmark
tho people aro buying and selling
and getting gain from their farm
ing, manufacturing, shipping and
merchandising as they have in the
past. They are taxed a bit more, and
have had to raise their wage level
to meet the high cost of living. They
are paying thalr debts In good golden
kronen, and, though afflicted now
by the business depression throughout
the world, are thrifty and cheerful
and expect to continue upon the won
derful course of prosperity they have
had during the past two generations. '
-*# * * j
THE story’ of this country’s rise
from the ashes should bring hope
to every nation of Europe now In the
dumps of despair. At the close of our
cvlvil war the condition of Denmark
%vas so desperate that no nation In
Europe was poor enough to do her
reverence. Like the Germany of to
day, she bad long since fallen from
. her place as one of the richest and
*
most powerful nations of the world.
More than one hundred years before
Columbus discovered America Den- I
mark had swallowed Norway, which i
she kept until she sided with Napo
leon and the battle of Waterloo pound
ed what seemed to bo her death kpfll. I
In the revolution that followed, Nor
way was taken from her and given
to Sweden. The wars had ruined
'her trade and her debt was enormous? i
Her people were half slaves, as then
were the peasants all over Europe,
and the king and nobility ruled.
\
8L J* ■*'
“THE SEA IS A 810 F ACTOR IN THE WEALTH OF PRESENT-DAY DENMARK. VHOSE PEOPLE ARE
THE MODERN SUCCESSORS OF THE VIKINGS. BESIDES A SHIPPING BUSINESS WORTH
MILLIONS, SUE EARNS A BIG INCOME FROM THE FISH CAUGHT IN WATERS SURROUND
As time went on matters grew j
worse; .and in ISR4 Prussia, that glut- j
I ton of kingdoms, gobbled Schleswig- J
i Holstein. which, by the treaty of Ver- ■
j sailles. she has had to disgorge. The j
i country grew poorer and poorer, and i
iat the lime of the Franco-Prussian j
j war it seemed hopelessly bankrupt.
, Tho lar.i was suited to nothing but :
| farming, and the United States v. as
j sending to Europe great quantities
of its farm products. Germany had
shut out Danish exports by a high]
| protective tariff, and there were j
j droughts and floods and diseases of ,
jca'tle. The condition of Denmark
; then was really almost as bad as
; that of Austria and Hungary now.
i Indeed, it was worec, for these coun
j tries are rich in good soil and other
i resources.
i All that was leas than fifty-three
| years ago. Now look at the Danes
j of today. They are one of the richest.
(healthiest, and I bc-Hevq the happiest j
people of the whole world. They j
stand high in education and culture. I
Two Close Calls on First Day of Lion Hunting With Dogs
nv EU SHELLEY.
' w LEFT New York for East Africa
j I with the Rainey bear pack of
| I hounds ami fighting’ dogs, first
| * having to go to England and get
the dogs passed by a veterinarian.
( The British government has a regu
i lation which prevented any dog
| from entering England until it had
i been kept in quarantine for six
| months. By so doing the government
! kept the country free from rabies for
i more than fifty years.
Doga entering British East Africa
also must be quarantined for six
| months before being admitted. Dogs
from England, however, are exempt
I from quarantine, and arrangements
, were made so that our dogs could
! enter the country after being first
j passed by the government veterl
| r.arlan in England.
I Our London agents instructed me
i to say the dogs came from England
j when the quarantine officer at Mom
| basa, Africa, asked me where they
i came from, and I went all the way
to England so that this question
could be answered in this way. From
England I took the Union Castle
steamer Dunvegan Castle first to
Marseille.
1 Among the passengers who joined
us there were Sir Percy GlrouarU, the
j governor of British East Africa, his
family and certain members of his
staff.
Many of the passengers lived In the
country’ and owned places there;
others were on their way to fill gov
ernment positions, while still others
were going there to hunt, and there
were those that had done much hunt
ing not only in Africa, but India as
well.
One man, a Mr. Jordan, was return- j
j irg to Africa, after having made a
j trip to New York with a large con
• slgnment of African game which had j
I previously been sold to Barnum & i
Bailey. Some of these animals he had j
! captured, others he had bought.
«* * *
j rr'HEY all seemed Interested In the j
I X dogs, and when asked what I was
j going to do with them, more than
once I saw out of the corner of my
eye tire old-timers winking and
smiling at each other when I told
them that we were going to hunt
lions and leopards with them.
Some of the old hunters told me
confidentially that It was not prac
ticable; that the Hons would soon
wipe out all the dogs we had.
This seemed to be the general
opinion. Very few. If any, expected
that this hunt would be successful.
Mr. Rainey inquired of many men
that had had experience in the coun
try, but all of the information that he
i could secure was discouraging.
* Therefore much credit is due Mr.
I' Rainey, who went Into the country
with a pack of dogs, contraary to the
l advice of those who arc supposed to
know, and succeeded.
I arrived in Nairobi about two
months In advance of the remainder
of the party and spent my time in
conditioning the dogs and buying the
horses for the hunt. I also bought a
few alrcdales and other dogs, and in
•v* , i
‘ t
THE SUNDAY STAR, WASHINGTON. D. 1., FEBRUARY lb, 1923-PART 5. \
i Story of the Success of the Danes in Bringing Their Country Out of Poverty and Confusion y
Nearly as Bad as That of the Austria of Today, and Making It a.Nation of Prosperous Farm J
/) Specialists and World Traders, Reads Like a Romance—One of the Happiest Peoples on |
P Earth—How Butter and Eggs Accomplished a Great Change Copenhagen Versus Berlin. ()
l U{e
and Business of Great Baltic Port-—Different Kinds of Department Stores.
j Their woaicn have equal right with
I the men. They hold a place in
, every profession and they are a part
!of every university. Their king has
j lost his power and become a figurc-
I head and the people have a democ
i racy as free as that of the Union,
’although their country is only a patch
i compared to ours. It would take two
'hundred DcnmarUs to equal the
United States. Including the new
'lands of Schleswig-Holstein, if is
I half .the size of Indiana and a little
j more than twice that of Massa
chusetts. It exceeds Belgium and Hol
i land by only a state or so as large
as Rhode Island, and it has less
available good soil than either. The
country Is low and flat. It floats, as
It were, on the sea. almost blocking
the entrance to the Baltic.
Denmark naturally belongs to Nor
wuj. Nino or ten thousand years ago.
at the time of the glacial period, the
j site of Copenhagen was a part of the
j great reef of chalk and lime upon
I which now stands the kingdom of
l| Old Timer in African Sport, Skeptical of Canine Ability, Is Responsible for Trap in Which ||
'« One of His Associates Is Caught—Dogs Draw Attention of Wild Animal at Critical Moment. s|l
Another Lion Is Run Directly Into Midst of Porters. With Resultant Promiscuous Shooting
i| and Peril for Members of Party—Twenty-seven Lions Bagged During Initial Trip. |
I a box trap caught some half-wild
j ones that came to the slaughter house
' to feed at night.
j Allen Bladk was engaged as the
I head white hunter and was probably
i tho best in the country, but I soon
I decided that he was not overenthusi
j astic about hunting lions with dogs.
I rather think he looked upon this
j as risky business and seemed afraid
that some one was going to get hurt.
I I also think that he decided it would
, be the best plan to lay much stress
upon the danger and try to hold every
I one back as much as possible, with
j the Idea of avoiding any accidents.
Carrying out this plan, however.
i was the cause of getting me Into a
) very tight place, or rather of allow
; Ing me to get myself into close quar
j ters with a lion, the very first one
j hunted with the dogs,
j It came about in this way: We had
! left Nairobi with one of the largest
J safaris that ever left the place. There
j were more than -00 porters and three |
I large ox wagons that carried five tons
of provisions each. We took the train
to Kajabe station and started from
1 that place, traveling south. The
! white men of the party were Mr.
J Rainey, Dr. Johnson, Mr. Heller of
j the Smithsonian Institution at Wash -
! ington, Mr. Hemment, the moving ptc- 1
j ture operator; Black ’and George i
j Outram, while hunters, and myself.
I We had crossed the southern Guaso
j Nylro and were camped on the edge ]
i of the Lighter plains near the spot '
j where Buffalo Jones and his two men. i
Lovelace and Mears, once lassoed a
• rhino and tied it up to a tree.
*** * * ■
1 i
, \ITE Intended crossing the plains the
j t V next day to Hot Springs, a place
HOUNDS .WAITING WORD TO START ON EXPEDITION.
I$ : 1
V
11 - - :
I
i Denmark. Then the whole country j
pay under the sea. hut the huge ice j
j sheets, as thick as those that cover ,
j the Greenland of today, moved down (
j from Norway, carrying earth and |
1 stones with them. They were several i
i miles thick and. when they struck the i
! chalk reef, they dropped the earlh I
jand stones upon it and thus built this j
I land. Today the scientists can follow.
• the furrows plowed by the rocks in 1
'the beds of the glacier* all the way I
| from Norway to Germany, and in my j
I motor travels across country, I have j
, looked down through the green
| waters of many of the lakes and seen ’
.the original white chalk of that)
I mighty reef of the past.
• A land formed in, that waj could ■
j not have very good soil, and were it ■
not for the fertilization and infen- J
slvc cultivation adopted by the*
Danes, many of their farms would be
producing as little as the worst |
patches of our Rocky Mountain hlgh
; lands. For a long time the country '
i was like the marshes between New i
INCLOSURE WHERE ORIGINAL PACK OF LION-HUNTING DOGS
j * WAS KEPT.
j celebrated for lions, but all night
i long we heard Hons roaring nearby,
j so decided to stay at this place for a
j couple of days’ hunt. t
j There was a large, stony hill cov
j ered with bushes on our right and
one on our left.
The while hunters both decided
that we would find lions on one or
: both of these hills, and also decided
! the best plan would be to drive the
hills with porters and not use the
' dogs.
Early the next morning we went to
.* the nearest hill. Black took Mr.
| Rainey and Dr. Johnson to a position
| where they would bo likely to get a
i shot, should any Hons leave the hill.
while, Outram and I went with the
! porters. 150 strong, who were to drive
| the hill. 1 led a couple of the best
i dogs along with me.
Outram put the porters in line.
• INTO THE FREE PORT OF COPENHAGEN COME THE PRODUCTS OF ALL THE WORLD. FROM
CORK GROWN IN PORTUGAL TO TONS OF AUTOMOBILE PARTS MADE IN AMERICA'S BIG
GEST MOTOR CAR FACTORY AND SENT ACROSS THE OCEAN FOR ASSEMBLY IN A BRANCH
PLANT HERE.-
:■ i
'
[York City and Newark, and it was 1
•about the worst of all the starve-,
, crew farms of continental Kurope.
I Much of the soil was too poor to,
| grow trees, and even now only about
: one-twolfth of it is wooded. It has
. no minerals to speak of, and the sea!
■ and the soil worked by the brains
, an*l muscle of its people, are its prin
i cipal assets.
* * *
ifY”HD sea is a btg factor in the sue
-1 JL cess of the Danes, the descendants
i of the Vikings. For more than one
thousand years they have been ”go
! Ing' down to the sea in ships and do
j.ing business in the great waters.”
.Take your map of Kurope and see st
■ where Denmark lies. It consists of a
! long narrow tongue known as Jul
| land, extending out from the north-j
| western part of the continent, almost;
’ blocking the er.trsince to the Baltic,
j that great Mediterranean sea of the
North, and licking with its tip the'
'gulf Into which one steams up to j
i Christiania, the capital of Norway.
There were so many of them that
, their shoulders almost touched. They
. went up tho hill shouting and beat
ing the bushes with their sticks.
• Outram and I followed along behind
1 them.
As we reached the summit two
1 huge Hons left a small patch of cover,
swinging their tails in circles and
I growling as they went on down the
i j hill to the left. Three more jumped
■ j a Utile farther on and went down on
the right side of the hill,
i Presently several shots were heard.
. Mr. Rainey and the doctor killed the
two that went down oh the left, while
i the three others escaped.
I laid the dogs on the trail of the two
i that had gone down on the left and they
1 went down In full cry straight to the
. one that Mr. Rainey had killed.
This was the first opportunity any of
, ; the dogs had had to run a lion’s trail
i j
; In addition to this tongue, the coun
■ try consists of about five hundred |
: islands, on one of the larger of which I
i Zeeland, stands the capital. Copen- !
| hagen, where almost one-fourth of all :
, the Danes live.
, There arc straits around the tongue ;
1 through which in entering the Baltic
I all ships must go except the few that '
pass through the Kaiser Wilhelm j
; canal. They thus go right by Copen- •
; hagen, making it the natural stop
. ping place for *thc shipping of Scan- '
dinavia. Finland, Russia. Latvia,
* Ksthonia, Lithuania, Poland ami
j northern Germany. Copenhagen is a t
' port of call for all these countries. 1
.and it does an enormous business in'
| transferring goods. It has weekly
• sailings to and frortv the United ,
i States, and I have seen ship after '
; ship from Now York discharging pas
sengers and freight which are here
;loaded upon other ships for the lands ■
I farthest east. Denmark itself has I
nearly four thousand vessels and 1
owns steamships that go regularly to 1
and Mr. Rainey was much pleased.
The next day we took the entire pack 1
, and w ent to a hill to the west of us. j
. Two large male Hons came down the
i hill near Mr. Rainey, but as ho wanted (
jto try the dogs ho did not shoot at I
| them. One lion was so exceedingly j
i large and heavy that he could not travel
! fast and soon canic down to a trot. When
j about two miles from the hill* he lay
j down facing the hunters, swinging his
• tall from side to side, and loudly growl
ing. lie had decided that rather than I
j run farther he would fight it out. but J
j Black saw to it that all remained at a \
i safe distance.
I In the meantime a boy brought me
! w'ord to bring on the dogs. I had most
'of them coupled together and they
| trotted along leisurely behind me. Two
1 or three times large herds of Impalla
j crossed just In front of me, but none
[of the dogs paid any attention.
Presently I saw Black, Mr. Rainey
and Dr. Johnson about half a mile
?head of me. They were sitting on
their saddles, their horses standing mo
tionless, so I rode towards them.
*» * *
x yOW the mistake in Black's calcu
ixf latlon was that they had taken
their stand across the other side of the
trail the lions had made in crossing,
and in going to them it was necessary
for me to cross the lion's tracks.
I What Black should have done was to
have worked around, so that 1 could
come to the hunters without striking
the lion’s trail.
As 1 passed where the lions had
i crossed, Ben and Buck, dogs that had
been in the hunt the day before, recog
nised the scent and began to open. The
others got the scent also and all of them
wanted to run it.
Os course, at the time I was net
aware of what had happened and at
once began trying to keep the dogs
quiet. 1 was not sure but that they had
decided to run the last herd of Impalla
that had crossed about this place.
The dogs, however, were deter-
I mined to run the trail and some of them
j succeeded in passing me. This caused
1 me to run my horse to cut them off.
j All three of the huntvs frantically
I shouted and waived to me, but 1 thought
1 they were telling me not to let the dogs
! get away after the Impalla, so I rode
I and whipped tho harder.
Little did I think that I was rapidly
j approaching a huge lion, lying under a
j bush only a few yards from me. Some
-1 times I would almost succeed In getting
| the dogs stopped when some of them
would break past me again.
Presently Dr. Johnson rodo up to
where be could make himself heard
and told me it was a lion the dogs were
trying to run and that he lay under a
hush ahead of me. T did not realize
\
. if ■' :.» - •■ ;
i North and South America, Asia and
Africa, and to most of the ports of
this continent. Laat year more than
twenty-three thousand vessels from
foreign countries came here and more
than tw’enty-four thousand went out.
1 drove for several hours along the
; quay* yesterday and saw everywhere
quantities of United States goods. The
I ships were unloading grain, cotton
i seed oil, raw materials of many kinds,
j farming machinery, automobiles, au
j tomobile parts and. In fact, all kinds
I of goods.
More than a thousand tons of an
j tomobile parts come from New York
Ito Copenhagen each week. They aro
I sent by a company which assembles
j them hero before transshipment to
j tho lands of the Baltic. The Copen
; hagen factory puts together one car
every sis minutes all the day
through.
j Tills is done In the free peri, which
1 allows the selling and transfer of j
goods without paying duty, and by ■
' which Copenhagen hopes to compete j
’ with Hamburg. The free harbor is a i
great factory and warehouse, as well j
'as an international merchandising!
• district. It, Includes almost 130 acres
|of land and eighty-three acres of
; anchorage and has scores of electric
i cranes and ether modern equipment
for loading and unloading goods, i
There are grain elevators which
j cover acres and factories making
: goods for both home and foreign con
! sumption.
But the great success- of the Danes
! has come from the land. They are a
j how close I was anil figured that, as It
i was a lion the dogs were after, I would
j uncouple and let them go. I dismounted
' and was in the act of uncoupling a pair
I when the infuriated beast rose up,
j growling in tones which sounded louder
t than the bellowing of a bull,
j He was not more than thirty or forty
| feet from me and as I looked over my
: shoulder I saw him. His eyes were
! upon mo and he was In the act of
; charging when the dogs encircled him
• and drew his attention from me.
! My first impulse was to grab my gun
i from my scabbard and shoot him. but
j as I reached my horse. I saw the lion's 1
i attention had been diverted to the dogs,
i so I mounted and rode quickly away.
| It -was a close call. Only the fact
; that the dogs drew his attention at the
critical moment saved me. I rode over
to where the others were and dismount,
ed, and wc walked up In line and shot
him.
V v
J
AS we were passing the hill some of
the boys informed us that during
j the drive one Hon went off the hill In a
i different direction, so we took the dogs
] around to that side.
1 This Hon had been gone over two
hours, but the dogs picked up his trait,
! which led toward camp,
j Wc galloped along behind the dogs
j and rode especially close to them, not
only to encourage them, but to bo In a
position where I might cut them oft’
quickly should they leave the Hon s
trail to run any of the bucks that were
very numerous.
The dogs were passing to the right
of a small thlckht and I started to go
around on the left. While I was oppo
site the thicket the lion Jumped in the
middle of it and aS he did so let out a
hoarse growl. I had to swerve my
horse sharply to the left to keep from
being run over by him.
After this experience I made it a
point not to ride so close to the dogs
while they were trailing.
The Hon did not get more than two
hundred yards until we heard several
shots, all of the bullets whizzing close
by us. The shooting kept up for a long
time and the bullets came so fast that
everyone took to cover.
Several of our party got behind ant
hills, but near me there were no cover,
so I got behind my horse.
After the shooting ceased we rode
over and found that the dogs had run
the lion directly In the midst of the
porters, who were returning from the
hill, and that three Somali gun bearers
had killed the Hon. They must have
fired several shots after he was down.
It was rather a strange coincidence
that I should have, had two close calls
jn the very first day of Hon hunting
with dogs.
When we retired that night it was
with a gratified feeling, and especially
so to Mr. Rainey and I, that our llon
huntlng with dogs was sure to prove
successful.
We bagged twenty-seven lions on this
trip of six weeks and in about ten days
from this time. ,
It was soon after that we equalled
this bag on a hunt we were requested
by the government to make. I described
it iii a previous article.
Copyright. 1829.
* . >
nation of intensive fanners, who,
like the good servants in the parable
of the talents, havo taken what the
Master has given them and, *>y
brains, industry and business effi
ciency, have multiplied it many fold
They havo thrown off the shackles
of the nobles, reduced the great es
tates to small holdings and, by scien
tific farming and stock raising, have
mads every one of their 250,000
farms produce exports which equal
$5O a month all the year through.
This is so. although more than half
of the farms average only thirteen
acres apiece. The land not only sup
ports the farmers themselves anti
gives the couhtry its food, but it
yields also exports equal to $l7 per
annum for every farm acre.
This the Danes have done by team
work, in which the whole nation has
gone into the harness and labored
together. They have studied their
land and the markets and raised
only the things they could produce
at a profit. When Denmark found that
her soil and limited area were such
that she could not compete wlfh the
United States and other lands in the
production of oats, wheat, rye. barley
and such crops, she did not sit down
and whine and ask other countries
to help her. but only buckled in her
waist belt to make her stomach the
smaller, counted her assets and fig
ured out what she could do. She did
not even ask her government to help
her by protective tariffs, but even
one did his part, and all worked to
gether. She had several great think
ers among he- people, and with them
in time she planned out a. scheme of
agricultural production that ha?
made tho whole country rich. She
looked at her location. It was
across the North sea from l<ondor.,
the biggest city on earth, and from
Great Britain, full of factory work
ers who for years have been spoon
fed by outsiders. It was Just over
the border from Germany, with Its
vast standing army, that needed
horsoS, and its many industrial labor
ers. who wore consuming far mor
meat and other foodstuffs than the
[ Gorman farms could supply.
U if * ❖
DENMARK studied the wants of
these neighbors. She enriched
the soil with the gray brain matter
In the heads o/ her farmers and de
cided she could make a living in
supplying Great Britain with bacon
and butter and eggs and Germany
with cattle and horses. She at oner
sent out commissions to those and
other countries to study the markets
and the methods of raising these ar
ticles, and at the same time began
to reorganise tho country on the
new basis. The commissions report
ed that England was petting these
supplies largely from Ireland. They
looked into the Irish product and
! suggested new methods, with tho re
sult that in a- short time the Danes
were producing belter bacon, better
butter and better eggs than the
Irish. It was the same v-tth the
German and other markets all over
the world. Tho result is that Den
mark. In proportion to her size and
population, is now selling more and
j better bacon, butter and eggs than
any other country. Within less than
a generation she has increased her
annual exports of farm products from
a value of about sCs.oho.cno to one
of more than $1180.000.00P. and in 1920
she shipped to England alone $55.-
000.000 worth of butter, $34,000,000
worth of baacon and $36,000,000
worth of eggs. The proof of the ex
cellence of any article is in the sell
ing, and these figures show the char
acter of the products of Denmark.
I have not yet tried the bacon,
< although I have visited the piggeries
i and slaughter houses where It is
‘killed, but I cat great gobs of the
' butter for my first breakfast each
I morning, and tho two eggs I order are
|so big they make a full meal. They
| are almost as big around as tennis
• balls and warranted fresh from,
i pedigreed hens. This Is the first
1 country- I have visited in my tour
; where 1 have been given enough but-
I ter to supply the appetite of the
I daintiest American girl. Here In
Europe the hotels serve one's first
! meal in his bedroom. This consists
of a little pot of coffee and some
bread and butter, with eggs upon
order for an extra charge. In Paris
my butter consisted of three or
four shavings no bigger than the
corkscrew curls with which some of
our belles adorn their foreheads: or
instead as many* balls of butter, each
as big as the end of my middle finger.
It was the same in Brussels, and in
Berlin, the butter balls were limited
to three. This, it must be remember
ed, was at the high-priced hotels,
where one’s room and meals cost as
much as in the first-class hotels of
New York.
They do it far better in Denmark.
How Denmark has accomplished these
wonders, by means of co-operative
. societies, in which all the farmers
take part, I shall describe in my
letter that follows.
(Carpenter's World Tr»re!s. Copyrichted, 'jii,
by Prank G. Carpenter.)
The Biggest Snake.
epHEKE is printed much Interesting
information about the length of
snakes, a subject which "intelligent
witnesses," as well as imaginative
pictures, have treated with much ex
aggerated testimony. There aro states
of mind In which things look many
times bigger than they are. So much
is known to all who have ever been
seriously frightened.
Tho python, twenty- feet In length,
that died in the reptile house of the
London Zoological Society not so long
ago was the largest reptile ever con
fined there. There Is a general im
pression that pythons reach a length
of forty feet or more, an absurdity
made manifest when the authorities
assort that the female Indian python
still In the gardens and but a trifle
over eighteen feet long, is the longest
snake In captivity of which there Is
any record.
General impressions as to tho length
of these great reptiles are due to tho
absurd pictures that formerly deco
rated geographies and other text
books, showing a picture of a python
in the act of crushing and swallow
ing an Indian buffalo.
The London python, which was a
real instead of a fabulous reptile, was
obtained in Malacca and was present
ed to the society by a naturalist and
> lived In England for a period rather
more than twenty years.
It sometimes swallowed four or
five ducks at one me&l. Its food was
ottered to It once a week, but it
sometimes refused to eat for a month
together.

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