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Fair tonight and tomorrow: not much change In temperature; lowest tonight about freezing. Temperature for iwenty-four hours ended at I pin. today lltgheet. M. at 3:10 p.m. yes terday. Lowest, 12, st 0:10 am. today. a i Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 28 X" Oti TOJ. Entered as second-class matter INO. —O,l. Jt. post office Washington, D. C. CITIZENS BAM BANDITS CAUGHT DYNAMITING SAFE Many Shots Exchanged as Robbers Escape From Ber ryville, Va., Post Office. I FLEE TO THE MOUNTAINS I WITH POSSES IN PURSUIT Rocks Building—Only ■ $l4 in Stamps and $5 B in Cash Is Taken.-" Mie patch to The Star. H HAGERSTOWN. Md.. March 1— wero scouring: the mountains Itt this section this morning in search rr four armed bandits who dynamit i rd the safe In the post office at Ber- I yyvllle, Va., this morning at 3 o’clock I >nd then fought two battles With ■firmed citizens and the authorities be ftne-p making their escape to the hills somewhere near Leesburg. Explosion Rock* Building. The terrific explosion which shook the building aroused Miss Betty Les ter telephone operator in the ex change on the second floor of the post office building, and she gave the alarm. Charles it. Fcllner, former police sergeant, residing across the street from the post office, rushed to the window when notified and fired at one of the robbers w-ho stood guard at the post office entrance. This rob ber Is believed to have been wounded Bfter he returned the fire. Three men, a few minutes after Jfellner gave the alarm, fled from the building and up an alley, where a high-powered automobile had been held ready for their escape. By this time scores of citizens, in cluding police authorities, had been aroused, and, heavily armed, rushed to the center of the town. 100 Shota Exchanged. The three robbers who had been Working in the post office, when they heard the tiring, escaped from the Hide window. After they reached their automobile they discovered they had left behind them one of their members. The car was then i driven through the center of the town 1 and the stranded member was picked up. About 100 shots were exchanged between the armed citizens and the bandits as tho automobile sped out the pike toward the Shenandoah river. Most of the money in the post office safe had been taken to the bank last nfght, and all the robbers got for their trouble w-as $l4 in stamps and 15 in cash. WOOOiDGELEAOS IN LETTERBOXES Woodridge community and its post lit station led the District today in equipment of homes with letter boxes at the front door, or mail slots in doors, on the first day of the enforce nt of the "no box—no mail" older, 'bile city letter carriers upon the m delivery today began stopping ivery of mail to homes without • h equipment, it developed that the odrldge community had but three ■lues out of 1.097 households without mil boxes at the front doors. Supt. Edward W. Turner of the Woodridge postal station reported this fact to City Postmaster Chance at a meeting of station superintend ents today to consider ways and means of handling the mail for the approximately 5,000 houses that had failed to meet the requirements of the Post Office Department. Mail Held at I*. O. Supt. Turner said that by tonight t’;e community Served by his office would he 100 per cent perfect, as all three households without boxes had promised to put them up. before lightfall. Carriers had no trouble today mak ing the first morning delivery as •isual to all homes, whether with .or j without mall boxes, but passing the I ooxless homes by on the noon de- I livery. As the carriers were not given the mail for such homes on the sec ond- delivery, and will not be given any mail for these homes until the residents notify the postmaster that they hove complied with the 1 new regulation, the letter carriers have no choice in the mutter of passing by such houses. They simply have no mi*.i 1 to deliver, and it will do no good for any one to rail at them. Upon the first delivery today car riers left no’tices, as printed in The Star yesterday, informing such householders as had not placed boxes that their mail is being held for them either at tho main city post office or at a nearer substation. It is believed that the inconvenience of going to a post office for one’s mail, while one’s neighbor gets his at home, simply through having an In expensive box at his door, will finally drive those who have not provided boxes into doing so. Many Put Up Boxes. A few days’ experience, it is be lieved by officials, will prove to the satisfaction of any one that it is much easier and much better all around to put up a box or cut a slot in the front door. By nightfall the number of homes without mail boxes is expected to be cut down to a minimum, as carriers reported today that hundreds of boxes Were seen going into position today. European Cities Flooded With Bogus U. S. Bills Made in Russia BV WILLIAM K. NASH. r Cable to The Star and Chicago Dally New*. Copyright. 1923. WARSAW. March I. Coincident th the arrest of counterfeiters In w York, police officials here have :en energetic steps toward the ap hension of malefactors belonging the same band living In Holland. old man named Iglijlckl, who ars a fine white beard and resen ts a former Russian governor of Warsaw. Is alleged to be the leader of the band. It has been discovered that his sons are Implicated in the crime. Accomplices aid in the work by circu lating th« bogu* In Danzig House Grieves Over His Death W. BOIRKK COCHRAN. BOURNE COIMN DIES SUDDENLY % / New York Representative Victim of Apoplexy This Morning. 69 YEARS’ OLD YESTERDAY Spent Active Day on Floor of Honse and Made Spirited Speech. i i Representative W. Bourk© Cockran, democrat, New York, died suddenly today. Mr. Cochran, who celebrated his sixty ninth birthday anniversary yesterday, became 111 last night and died early to- I day. He was on the floor of the House last night and made a spirited speech In opposition to the pending farm credits bill. Mr. Cockran’s death, which cccur- I red at 7:10 o'clock, came as an im mediate result of a stroke of apoplexy, it was said at his home. A native of Ireland, educated in France and the United States and active for many years in the legal profession and in politics, Mr. Cock ran was one of the picturesque forces In American public life. He was an orator of the old school, endowed with a remarkable voice and with a de livery and diction that long ago won him a place among the most eloquent orators of the country. In politics Mr. Cockran was a wheel horse of Tammany Hall, whose bat tles he fought in New York and else where on many occasions. At the lajil democratic national convention at San Francisco he made the speech nominating Gov. A1 Smith for the presidency, an oratorical effort which carried the convention r into a pro longed demonstration savoring of old time “revival, meeting" politics. He also addressed the convention in favor of a plan Indorsing the manu facture of light wines and beer. Urged Irish Freedom. In recent years he had devoted much attention to the fight for Irish freedom, appearing before congres sional committees and on the public platform prior to organization of the Free State to plead for American rec ognition of the Irish republic. On these occasions his eloquence was at Us best as he recounted, from per sonal observation, the privations of the poorer class in Ireland, from which he Sprung. Mr. Cockran first was elected to the House of Representatives for a term in 1887. He came back In 1-891 for two more terms, but in 1896 he de clined to follow the free silver ban ner of William Jennings Bryan, broke with his national party organization and left Congress. He returned to the party in 1900. when he campaign ed for Bryan, and in 1904 he was again elected to the House. This time he remained there for five years, at the end of which time he declined to become a candidate for re-election. In 1920, however, he again yielded to the lure of the parliamentary give and-take he loved so well, and was again elected to a seat in the House. He was re-elected last November. Apparently in Good Health. He had been especially active dur ing the present session of Congress and had planned a trip to Europe this summer. Until a few dkys ago he ap parently had been In perfect health. Although he liked to take part in debate, and had raised his voice in many recent discussions on the House floor, Mr. Cockran wsy? not a seeker after committee honors. His only committee assignment In the present Congress was as a member of the foreign affairs committee, but in tjidt capacity he found an opportunitv to study and influence action on most of the questions of foreign policy with which the House has had to deal. An unrelenting foe of the prohibi tion amendment and the Volstead act, Mr. Cockran never lost an oppor tunity to denounce what he termed their "Invasion Os personal liberty.” Often on the House floor he would in (Continued on Page 2. Column 2.) and other places. Dollar bills are being manufac tured by the wholesale in southern Russia, it is said, and $lO and S2O bills, bearing the signature of Gus tave Glass or Jean Buschke, are sent into Poland from the city of Kovno and then circulated from the head quarters here through Germany and the United States. Jewish newspa pers In Warsaw published full par ticulars today about the counter feiting gang, which is declared to have issued $1,000,000 worth of bogus greenbacks. American paper money has come into use In Poland to pay for com modities like furs, Jewels and auto mobiles, which would cost a ridicu lous number of millions If bought ftlth Polish, (narks. Mtienim ifef. J \ X' WITH BTTHDAY MOBHDTO EDITION WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 1923-KORTY-TWO PAGES. ENGLAND AROUSED BY CHALLENGE BE HARVEYON DEBT Officials Displeased by Dec laration U. S. Loans to Al-' lies Were Not Guaranteed. REMARKS ARE REGARDED AS UNUSUAL FOR ENVOY American Ambassador’s Discussion of War-Time Obligations Stirs Criticism. By the Associated Press. LONDON, March I.—Ambassador Harvey’s speech of last night, in which he discussed the underlying causes and the nature of Great Brit ain’s war indebtedness to the United States evoked expressions of displeas ure in British official circles today, and gives indications of causing con siderable discussion. The foreign office declined to com ment on the address, but it is relia bly stated that Ambassador Harvey’s remarks, particularly when, as the case was put. he virtually challenged the British goVernment to issue a statement refuting the Balfour note of last August, were considered to be ! unusual for a foreign envoy. • Ambassador Harvey’s assertion that Great Britain had not been asked to guarantee and never did guarantee “the payment of a single dollar loaned by the United States for the use of any coun try other than Great Britain herself" stood out today as one of the note worthy utterances of his address at the Pilgrims’ dinner last evening. Col. Harvey quoted from the Balfour note of last August the phrase; “Under the agreement arrived at the United States Insisted, in substance, if not in form, that though, our allies were to spend the money it was only on our security that they were pre pared to lend it." The ambassador said he did not doubt but that the British govern ment would "with equal formality and no less explicitness remove the mis apprehension created by this unfor tunate allusion." Notables at Banquet. The dinner was given in honor of Stanley Baldwin, chancellor of the exchequer, who headed the recent financial mission to Washington. Mr. Harvey said that the United States did not intend to ruin the credit of any other country by canceling ita debts. Recalling the conditions under which the British debt had been in curred, he said that 90 per cent of the sixty million persons in the United States who contributed to the great war loans were of British descent. This fact, he said, surely implied that if the Americana had thought they were aiding exclusively, although Indirectly, the other allies through the British government, the money could not have been raised. The Prince of Wales surprised the Pilgrims by dropping in unexpected ly. He is a member of the Pilgrims, and he explained he did not want to make a speech or be toasted, but came simply as a member to hear the speeches and to have dinner. This was the first public dinner the Prince of Wales attended since his Indian tour; he is getting plenty of American atmosphere. which ap parently he likes, as tonight he will be the guest of honor and principal speaker at the American University Union dinner. Others at the dinner Included the Duke of Devonshire, the Brazilian ambassador, Dr. Harry Garfield. Vis count Peel. Sir Robert Stevenson Horne, Sir Phillip Lloyd-Graeme, Vis count Davenport, Sir Hamar Green wood, Sir Laming Worthington- Evans, Capt. Charles L. Hussey, naval attache of the American embassy, and Robert P. Skinner, the American con sul general at London. Text of Speeches. Ambassador George Harvey said: “We have met to celebrate a great achievement; I do not think I exag gerate when I pronounce it the first conclusive settlement of a really vi tal world problem since the armistice. It involves far more than the great est financial transaction reported in (Continued on Page 12, Column 1.) OFFICER SNATCHES GIRL AS MOB IS HELD AT BAY Seizes Her From Arms of Husband on Order of Court. Special Dispatch to The Star. HAGERSTOWN. Md., March I. Snatched from the arms of her hub band, Mary Marlnkovic, girl-wife, was hurried away to Baltimore this morning by Deputy Sheriff S. E. Grayson, while an angry mob of sev eral hundred was held at bay by court officials. Tho young wife, about fifteen years of age. had been in court with her husband who was charged with •sr jury in connection w ith the marr, te. When the father of the girl test * that he did Pot know how old girl was the court ordered the dismissed. Happy the newly married co left the courtroom amid the . gratulations of their scores friends. There were Just leaving tn.i building when Deputy Sheriff Gray son forcibly took the girl away. The husband put up a fight. In which he was backed by his friends. Court officials rushed to the aid of Gray son. who barely succeeded In pulling the girl to the waiting auto and speeding aWay. The deputy sheriff was acting under orders o' tuvcnlle court In Baltimore, .. the girl Is wanted for escaping i am the House of Good Shepherd, to which place she had been sentenced for incorrigi bility. SIX BURNED TO DEATH IN BLAST ON U. S. SHIP By the Associated Pres*. MANILA, March I.—Six enlisted men on the United States destroyer Hulbert *■>' *'•“ ' tlatlc fleet were burned . n explosion |n the boilsr ,ed by a flars baok of oil. N -era were Injured. js CAME IX FIXE. AXYHOVV! ROBBED OEM ON TRUE SAYS New York Real Estate Man Alleges He Put Big Roll Under Pillow. TWO PERSONS SUSPECTED Mystery Deepens When Victim Fails to Go to Hotel He Men tioned to Detective. While he slept on a train rolling from New York to Washington, Louis Flchandler, 56 West tilth street,-New York, was robbed of $62,000 In cash, which he put under his pillow last nfght shortly after midnight, so he reported to Detective J. T. Newkirk of the local detective force when the train arrived here shortly after 1 o’clock this morning. Flchandler could give little aid to the police which would help them in finding the thief. The car was a through one of the Seaboard Air line from New York to the south, and was filed with through passengers. The porter and Pullman conductor were questioned as to whether they saw ajiy strangers moving about the car at night, but they could not aid. Railroad detectives boarded the train here and will proceed to ita destination. Suspicion was directed at two indi viduals in the car, and telegrams have been sent ahead to various po lice departments along the line to bo ready to assist the railroad detectives in the investigation. Not Found at Hotel. When Mr. Flchandler reported his loss, he informed Detective Newkirk that he was going to the Capitol Park Hotel to remain until an investigation here was completed. Several inqui ries there In person and by telephone elicited the Information that no such party was a guest there. Detective Newkirk said that Mr. Flchandler Informed him that he pur chased his ticket early In the even ing in New York. He boarded the train at 12:45 o’clock this morning and immediately went to his berth. He had with him In one roll, he said, fifty-seven 1,000-dollar bills and ten 600-dollar bills. These he placed under his pillow and placed a hand kerchief over them. Mr. Fichandlor informed the police that he was In the real estate busi ness, was en route to Savannah, Ga.. to negotiate for some real estate and was carrying the money to pay for It. He was not awakened during the night, and did not discover his loss until he arose this morning shortly before the train pulled Into the Union Station here. REPORTS RAVORABLY ON U. S. HOTELS BILL A favorable report was ordered by the House committee on public build ings and grounds today on the bill authorizing the President to lease land and pay rental to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company from the rev enues of the government hotels at Union Station plaza The committee also considered the bill to establish national conservatory of music In AttMpington, but took no action upon It. ' Beginning in. Today’s Star “The House of Mohun” • By George Gibbs A Big Story by a Leading Author A story with every element which goes into the making of real high-class fiction. Beginning on Page 37 of Today’s Star Chaplin Too Poor To Marry Pola Now, He’s Quoted By the AMocitted Pry**. LOS ANGELES, Calif.. March 1— Charles Chaplin, film comedian, is "too poor" to marry Pola Negri, film tragadienne "Just now," the lies Angeles Examiner quoted him today. The Examiner anticipated that midsummer was apt to be upon the couple, whose engage ment recently was officially an nounced at Del Monte, California, before they are married. “I am too poor to get married just now," said Chaplin. ’This is a working world and we’ve all got to stay busy and co-operate and keep away from climaxes of sen timent.” CIASOTNGBILL CAUM CLASH Senator Sterling Will Seek Consideration of Measure Later in Day. An effort to get the reclassification bill before the Senate for consideration will be made later today by Senator Sterling, chairman of the civil service committee. Early in the session today Senator Curtis, the republican whip, proposed a unanimous consent agreement where by. following the vote on the so-called filled milk bill at 5 o'clock this after noon, the Senate would hold an execu tive session and then tonight would hold a session for the consideration of unobjected bills on the calendar. Senator Sterling Objeeta. Senator Sterling promptly Interpos ed an objection, declaring that in his opinion the reclassification bill should be given consideration today and that It was more important than any other bill now on the calendar. Senator McCormick of Illinois, re publican. and Senator King of Utah, democrat, demurred to this statement. Senator McCormick said that in his opinion the proposed constitutional amendment. giving Congress the power to prohibit child labor, was more important. He said he would move to take up that measure. Sena tor King, on the other hand, insisted that the President’s proposal that the United States take part in the world court was more important than either one of the other proposals. Insists on Objections, Senator Sterling Insisted, however, upon his objectcion to the unanimous consent agreement proposed by Sen ator Curtis. It is the plan of Senator Sterling, if there is a lull this after noon in the debate on the filled milk bill, to ask to have that bill tem porarily laid aside, until It is time to vote on It, at 6 o'clock, so that the reclassification bill may be taken up. If this is not feasible, after the vote on the filled milk bill Senator Ster ling will move to take up tho reclas sification bill and make It the un finished business of tho Senate. It Is realized by the supporters of the reclassification measure that un less action can be had on it very soon, there will be no chance of its becoming a law before the adjourn ment of Congress. President Har ding has expressed to Senator Ster ling and to Senator Smoot his desire to have this legislation put through, if possible. ‘ BIDS TO BE OPENED FOR WAVING $500,000 of Concrete Work to Be Let at Once—Funds No\y Available. FOUR MONTHS GAINED Change in System Permits Con struction in Spring—May Com plete Program by Fall. Bids for approximately $300,000 worth of ooncrete street paving will be opened by the District Commis sioners this afternoon. For the first time the District ap propriation act provides that money for street work shall be available im mediately upon approval of the act. which means that the engineer de partment will not lose the four months of good weather that will be enjoyed between now and July 1. In previous years the money was not available until July 1, no matter how early the appropriation act was passed, with the result that the con struction work ran into the follow ing winter. May Complete Work by Fall. Engineer Commissioner Keller, who was instrumental in obtaining author ity to spend the money promptly, pointed out today that It will be pos sible to complete by November 1 all of the new paving projects provided for In the recently enacted appropria tion bill. A feature of the bids to be opened today is that a seven-inch concrete roadway is called for on the follow ing main arteries; Connecticut avenue between Porter and Tilden streets; Connecticut ave nue between Van Ness and Fessen den streets; Rhode Island avenue northeast, 16th street to the District line; Bladensburg road northeast, L street northward and Nichols avenue southeast, from the end of present asphalt to Portland street. Nearly all of the concrete streets heretofore paved have been six Inches. The addition of an inch on the hea\lly tweled hlghwav is ex pected to add greatly to the life and durability of the pavement. Other Streets to Be Pared. The other streets that are to be paved with concrete, under the bids now being received, are: Alton place between 38th and 39th; Spring and Perry place, from 16th street east ward; Spring road. 14th to 16th; 13th street. Spring road to Shepherd; Shepherd street, 14th street west ward; 13th street, Hamilton to Jeffer- Georgia avenue to 13th; Jefferson street, Georgia ave nue to 13th; Ingraham street. Bth to ytn; Crittenden street, Georgia ave nue to Bth; 9th street, Buchanan to Crittenden; Buchanan, Georgia ave nue to Bth; Bth street. Buchanan to Crittenden; 7th street, Varnum to Webster; Varnum street. Grant Circle to 4th street: 4th street. Varnum to Upshur; Ascot place northeast. 2d to 3d; 3d street northeast, Adams to Bryant; Taylor street northeast, 10th to 12th; Sigsbee place northeast, 10th to 12th; Shepherd street northeast. 10th to 12th; Kenyon street north west. Mount Pleasant to 18th street, and Kansas avenue. Quincy to Shep herd street. This program represents a total of 140,160 square yards of concrete, the largest amount allowed by Congress for new paving for several years. Field men of the highway division are hard at work preparing to go forward with the actual laying of tho paving as soon as the contracts have been awarded. BANDITS STEAL TRUCK. Woolen Goods Valued at SIO,OOO Seized Near Philadelphia. PHILADELPHIA. March I.—Seven bandits held up three men at Nesham ihy Falls, twenty miles northeast of this city, early today and esekped with a motor truck containing woolen goods valued at SIO,OOO. Milton Goodman, the driver, on his way from New York to Philadelphia, said he and his two helpers were knocked unconscious and thrown Into a motor car. The truck was recovered empty. Goodman gave the police Information which caused the arrest of four men. They are Morris Steinberg, Edward Crllly, Abe Konmar and Joseph Shear, all of Phil adelphia. "From From to Homo Within tko Hour" Tli# Sur’i carrier *yMem cover* every city block and the regular edition it delivered to Washington I tome* as fast as the papers are printed. Tntndiy'i Net Grcohtwa, 96,731 U.S .Native Angry At Oath Required For Citizenship “I never considered myself any thing but an American citizen,” Indignantly declared Mrs. Florence Campbell Forrester of 1700 Rhode Island avenue northwest, when asked by the clerk of the District Supreme Court to swear to an ap plication for citizenship. Mrs. For rester was a native of Maryland, but lost her citizenship by her niarrlage in London, England, to John Forrester, an Englishman. She returned recently to America and began preparations to regain her citizenship, and found that she had to go through the form re quired of an alien to become nat uralized. 'When the clerk asked her to hold up her hand and take the oath to her application in which she ex presses her desire to “become an American citizen,” Mrs. Forrester resented the idea, claiming she had always been an American and had never Intended to surrender her citizenship through her marriage. Under the new naturallzaton law a married woman may secure natu ralization papers independent of her husband. Mrs. Forrester's ap plication will have to wait for three months before court action. FARMCRITS BILL PASSES IN HOUSE Measure Proposing to Estab lish Two New Banking Sys tems Goes to Conference. VOTING IS 305 TO 36 Chief Opposition Is Eegistered From New York and New England States. The farm credits bill, proposing to establish two new banking systems, one government and the other private, to meet the financial needs of the agricultural industry, was passed today by the House. It now goes to conference. The vote was 305 to 36, chief op position being registered by members from New York and the New England states. The new federal banking system proposed would consist of twelve "In termediate credit banks,” located in the same cltfes as the federal' farm loan banks and with a capital of *5,- 000.000 each. They would be author ized to. issue tax-free debentures up to a total of *600,000.000. giving them aggregate resources of *660.000,000, or nearly twice the amount which the War ’Finance Corporation has been called upon to advance to the agricul tural industry. Private Corporations. Private credit corporations which would be authorized by the bill would have a capital of not less than *250,- 000 each and their number would be unlimited. • • It is these organizations that will make advances to producers of live stock on long-term paper. There also would be private rediscount corpora tions having a capital stock of not less than *1.000,000 each. Under an amendment adopted by the House, the War Finance Corporation would con tinue to function until next January 31. by which time it is assumed that the new farm credit systems will be in operation. Consideration of the bill was com pleted at a session lasting until nearly midnight last night, but a final vote went over until today because of the absence of a number of members. No Important Change*. No important changes were voted In the bill during its consideration for amendment at the night session, after it,had been brought up during the day under a special rule limiting de bate to four hours. A provision was added, however, extending the life of the War Fi nance Corporation until January 31, 1924. Representative Byrnes, demo crat. South Carolina, who offered the amendment, stating the extension was necessary to insure adequate credit facilities while the new bank ing systems provided under the bill were being organized. The bill received almost solid sup port among members from the west and south, the main opposition being -voiced by representatives from east ern states. The House last night voted down an amendment by. Representative Luce which sought to strike out a provision of the bill exempting from taxation debentures of the govern ment-financed intermediate credit banks. Those Opposing. Party lines disappeared, both dur ing consideration of and the vole on the measure. Those opposing the bill were; Republicans Ackerman. Parker, Radcllffe and Taylor, New Jersey; Andrew, Frothingham. Greene, LucV. Rogers. Underhill and Winslow. Massachusetts; Burdick. Rhode Island: Burton and Stephens, Ohio; Edmonds, Gernerd. Graham. Kirkpatrick. Tem ple and Kreider. Pennsylvania; Fenn, Glynn. Merritt and Tllson, Connecti cut: Greene Vermont: Hill. Maryland; Husted and MacGregor, New York; Layton. Delaware; Moores, Indiana, and Stafford, Wisconsin. Democrats: Carew and Riordan, New York; Tague. Massachusetts; Deal and 'Pucker, Virginia. The bill as passed by the House was called up immediately it reached the Senate and conferees appointed. Russ Prince Gets Death Threat; Asks Aid Against Hidden Foes By the Associated Presv NEW YORK, March I.—Search was begun by the police today for the writers of letters threatening the life of Prince Dmitry Michael Alexandro vltch Obolenski of Russia, whose mother was a Romanoff. The prince, who came to the United States several months ago to seek a livelihood, has turned over to Police Commissioner Enright four letters, each bearing the signature, “Agents of Free Russia,’’ and threatening his life If he did not leave this country by March 9. In addition, he-complanied, he had • TWO CENTS. PHIPPS SAYS D. t SmS REVENUES REPORTKCORRECT Chairman of Joint Committee Declares $4,000,000 Be longs to the District. WILL STAND ON RECORDS MADE AT INVESTIGATION Criticism of Findings Is Not Justi fied, He Tells the Senate. Deciaiing that in his opinion there was no doubt of the *4,000.000 surplus revenues belonging to the District now In the federal Treasury, Senator Phipps, chairman of the joint committee which recently reported on the surplus, todav told the Senate that he was prepared to stand on the records made by his The discussion of the surplus came up during the. consideration of the A h m r^,^ defif l iency appropriation bill. by the Senate appropriations committee provide for the payment of *I.OOO to C. Brooks Frv and another *I,OOO to Thomas A, Hodgson for expert personal services n connection with the investigation of the surplus. Questions Committee Report. Senator Phipps also has been au thorized by the Senate committee on appropriations to offer as an amend ment from the floor his proposal to translate into legislation the recom mendation of the joint committee district be allowed to use Trea^ury rPIUS r * venue 3 now in the ..Jw" anwmdments proposing to servlri. ,~ ry and - Mr - Hodgson for ? connection with the sur & ‘ ll £r tlga . t, ° n wero reached. Ph“^l° r i K ns of Ltah Questioned Mr. Phipps In regard to them. The Colo e?l o rr,lf. nat °»r * x P lalne ' l that while his committee had expended only *13,000 of the *20,000 provided for it. It was not permissible for the committee to pay these two items out of the orig inal appropriations. 8 Senator King then raised a question as to the investigation conducted bv the committee and its findings sav ing; "Much criticism has come to me from persons who claim to know—l do not know about it—who state that the finding of the committee was per haps unwarranted, that is, some said it was warranted from the evidence submitted to them, but that there were other facts to which thslr at tention was not invited, which would have compelled a different conclusion from that reached by the committee and would have demonstrated that the government was not Indebted to the District, and that this appropri ation of *4,000,000 should not be made " ,-ada Committee Finding. /ing, Mr. Phipps said: i olieve that if the senator would take the time required to read ♦' majority report of the committee' a minority report which was signed by on!y one of the six members of the joint special committee, he would be convinced beyond question that the committee fully performed Its duties. “Personally. I am willing to stand on the record that has been made. I think there is no question as to the finding. I believe beyond any per adventure of doubt that the cltize'- of the District of Columbia prV taxes amounts in excess of th , propriations which _ were propc,. chargeable to them, ’resulting in th accumulation of a surplus, and that the money properly paid by the tax payers should be devoted to the up building of this community and to the conduct of the government of the District of Columbia. “It is within the power of this Con gress, if it chooses to do so, to declare that money forfeited, but I say that when there is an understanding and agreement whereby the federal gov ernment has undertaken to pay 50 per cent of the expenses of the District of Columbia, and the citizens the re mainder. or 40 per cent, as against €0 per cent contributed by the citizens. I for one. will never vote to violate that understanding and agreement. Resort is had to subterfuge in order to becloud the issue, and try to con vert Into the government Treasury money which properly and absolutely is the money of the citizens of the District of Columbia.” Senator King replied that ho ex pressed no opinion as to the merits of the finding or the rightfulness of the conclusion reached by the com mittee. He said that hesonly knew there had been some criticism to the effect that not all the evidence had been obtained. He said, however, that he was convinced the owners of property in the District do not pay an adequate tax. He said that he thought the 50-50 plan and the 60-40 plan were unscientific. Improper and irra tional. He argued that the property of the District should be taxed at its full fair cash valuation and upon that valuation a reasonable tax should be levied, and after imposing a tax of that character, “whatever deficit may be left—and there would be a very large one—the federal government should meet it.” Auifndnrnii to Bill. In reporting the deficiency bill to the Senate the appropriations com mittee added *93.899.50 in amend ments for the District, divided as follows: Repairs to suburban roads and streets, *25.000. Americanization work, public schools. *2,730. (Continued on Page 2, Column 4.) received three anonymous telephone messages threatening his life. “The tyrant: Till now we have been silent,” read the last letter of the series, “but in America, as in Rus sia. you have gone too far, and our eyes are on you. We give you until March 6 to leave this country. Stay, and you will go the same as Sponselki in the spring of 1918.” Prince Obolenski, whose family dates back twelve centuries, has de livered several local- lectures advo cating for Russia a return to an im proved form of government modeled on that of the days before the revo lution. His father died in the revo lution and his two sisters were killed. A brother. Prince Nicolas, lives la Paris.