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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 03, 1923, Image 6

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With Sunday Morning Edition.
SATURDAY March 3. 1923
The Evening Star Newspaper Company
Bualncs* OHloe, llth St. nnij r>nn*rlT*nU Are.
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Jn thl* pa per and also the local new* path
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apedal diapafehe* herein are alao reaerred.
The Presidency.
Any American youth who holds close
lo his breast the tradition that he
•■may he President some day" might
well read the news reports about how j
President Harding is passing his time
just at present in the closing hours
of Congress at the end of two years
of his term. It will perhaps give pause
to even the most ambitious to learn
how busy, how harried, how pressed
the chief executive of the nation is in
such circumstances. As the end of a
session of Congress draws close the
President becomes daily more taxed
with trials and tribulations, more beset
with requests and demands, more be
sieged with claims and petitions. And
with all there comes a steady flow of
legislation requiring final attention
and decision, the responsibility not
actually lessened by the advice of his
cabinet officers.
Truth is. tho presidency is a hard
Job, the more difficult in proportion
to the earnestness and zeal with which
the duties are discharged. It is a job
full of complexities, and there is no
assurance of approval anywhere in
any course that may be chosen. There
le an old saying that every appoint
ment means at least ten disappoint
ments, and even the appointee is often
displeased because the job is not bigger
or the term longer. And the President
must bear the burden, no matter upon
whose advice the selection is made.
President Harding is a conscientious
worker, who has during the two years
of his service in the White House
kept strictly to business and devoted
himself with unsparing diligence to
his task. He has, as an earlier Presi
dent once said, “had Congress on his
hands" almost continuously during
that time. Indeed, the Congress just
closing holds the record for more ses
sions and for a greater number of
days spent in action than any other.
Not that this means trouble for the
executive necessarily, but while the
houses on the hill are under way the
man in the "White House is inevitably
under a greater pressure than at
other times. It is a short distance
from the Capitol to the White House.
Legislative calls “to pay respects” are
easily made. President Harding, hav
ing sat for six years in the Senate,
knows the legislative point of view
and is sympathetic. Unlike some
other Presidents, he is able to appreci
ate the necessities of the members of
Congress, and this appreciation adds
to the strain to which he is subject.
It will soon be over. In a few hours
Congress will have adjourned, and the
first long recess in several years will
have begun. The President will short
ly be starting south on a vacation
trip, in tho course of which he will, it
Is hoped, relax and enjoy a full respite
from official cares. He has amply
earned his “leave of absence,” if a
presidential departure from Washing
ton in any circumstances can ever
be called that.
A Gentleman!
•‘Hey, there! be a good sport and
pick up my brush for me.” That is
What a house painter, who had dropped
his brush out of a window, called to a
passer-by. The passer-by left the pave
ment, struggled up a terrace and, so
goes the story, "with much difficulty
stooped over and picked up the brush.”
Then he passed the brush back to the
pointer. The passer-by was the Chief
Justice of the United States, Mr. Jus
tice Taft. A portly man, but one whose
good nature and good fellowship over
come greater obstacles than terraces:
Good nature and good humor are
among the natural endowments of this
man, and they shone forth when he
was the President. Nearly all men
who have come into personal contact
with Judge Taft have got the sense
that he is a human being or a very
“human” man. instead of a stiff and
bard mixture of clay, ice and wood.
The office of Chief Justice of the
United States does not allow Mr. Taft
to mix with his fellows or to mix with
as many of his fellows as freely as
when he was the President, but it Is
still in him to go out of his way, climb
a terrace and pass back to a house
painter a fallen brush.
Fake Tutankhamen relics are al
ready appearing in the market. There
is at least no chance of any shrewd
promoter palming off an imitation
A Mean Fraud.
Fakers are working around, town
taking -.fiers for candy from house
holders on the pretense that the
money thus obtained will go to the aid
of the child welfare center of the
Gospel Mission. Inasmuch as this or
ganization is conducting a campaign
for funds for its development and
maintenance, the appeal has resulted
in a number of orders with cash, none
of which is going to the benefit of this
worthy Institution.
It is a great pity that deserving
charities and philanthropic institutions
dependent upon public subscription for
support should be thus utilized by
petty swindlers. Every fraudulent col
leotor who thus “works” the com
inanity Is Injuring not only the or
ganisation that is actually seeking
Cna<% hat «B other* that una? later
be compelled in the same way to “pass
the hat.” While people will give free
ly and promptly when they are as
sured that the money is going straight
to the benefit of a deserving cause,
they will close their pockets against
appeals when there is the least sus
picion of the good faith of the solici
These experiences occur almost
every time a city-wide fund-collecting
campaign is undertaken. Cash con
tributions are, of course, sought by
these frauds, who cannot handle
checks. The best way, therefore, to
pay subscriptions for the maintenance
of institutions is by check drawn in
the name of the organization and sent
by mail to It. In the present case sev
eral such checks have been given by
tho persons approached directly by
the solicitors, and it has been neces
sary to stop payment on them on
learning that they were in the wrong
A fraud of this kind is about as
mean as can be conceived. Much less
of it is being practiced nowadays, how
ever. than in the past because of bet
ter organization, wider publicity and a
keener understanding by the people.
Still the fact that in this particular
instance fake collectors are making
their rounds shows that there is still
need of a corrective. Perhaps the most
effective remedy would be the capture
and severe punishment of some of the
Veterans' Bureau Inquiry.
As a general proposition there is
growing public belief that Congress
has overdone the business of “Investi
gations” and “fact-finding inquiries,"
but a thorough probing of the Vet
erans’ Bureau is an undertaking of
which all right-thinking people will
approve. If there is foundation for
the numerous and serious complaints
as to the treatment of disabled serv
ice men the facts should be established
and remedies applied promptly. If
these complaints are not well found
ed, both the public and those who
have been in charge of veteran relief
are entitled to have suspicions cleared
Some allowances must bo made for
the natural impatience of men who
were maimed or had their health im
paired in the military service and for
the impatience of their friends and
relatives. It was impossible that so
gigantic a work as that undertaken
by the Veterans’ Bureau could be
organized and set going without some
friction and lost motion. In the be
ginning hardships and regrettable de
lays in effecting adjustments end pro
viding hospitalization and other re
lief were inevitable, but it was a rea
sonable expectation that as the work
got under way there would be a re
duction in the causes for such com
plaint, with a consequent lessening of
the criticisms. But the complaints
have not lessened, and it now mani
festly is due the veterans and the pub
lic that it be determined whether re
movable causes for them exist.
Senator Reed’s committee will not
lack specific charges with which to
deal. The resolution creating the com
mittee sets forth complaints of un
necessary delay in the adjustment of
claims for relief, great and needless
delay in the construction of hospitals,
that money appropriated for the re
lief of veterans has been improperly
consumed in overhead expenses, dupli
cation of duties, excessive rents and
in the employment of an unnecessarily
large number of agents, doctors, in
structors and other persons, and that !
sales of surplus property were made i
All these charges should be sus
ceptible of being proved or disproved,
and it is due both the Veterans’ Bu
reau and the veterans that all doubt
in the matter should be removed. It
is difficult to imagine a thing more
calculated to destroy the effectiveness
of the bureau’s work than belief In
the minds of the veterans that they
were not getting a square deal from
the government in the service of
which thev suffered.
Home for Feeble-Minded.
The Commissioners are advertising
for offers of land in Maryland, Vir
ginia or the District as the site of the
proposed home for feeble-minded per
sons. A tract of something like 1,000
acres is wanted, and the District gov
ernment has $38,000 of purchase
money. After the selection of the site
the erection of necessary buildings
will be proceeded with, and this long
needed and long-sought-for Institution
will be on a running basis. Then the
work of elaboration and beautification
can be carried on until in time the
home for feeble-minded becomes a
model institution. There will be open
air occupation for all patients who can
perform some kind of work, and the
aim of this is not to have the work'
done hut that the patients shall be
benefited. Many persons for whom
existing institutions cannot offer fit
ting accommodation will find a happy,
peaceful home there, and no doubt
many cures will be made. That is one
of the hopes. For years physicians of
all schools, other public-spirited citi
zens and public officers of the District
have urged on Congress that provision
be made for such an Institution as that
now about to come into being. There
have been many disappointments, but
perseverance and the justice of the
cause have prevailed. There may be
difficulty in obtaining the site. The
sum available for so large a tract as
needed is small, but this difficulty will
be overcame.
An American girl back from Europe
says so many men proposed to her
that she lost the count. May she
never find him.
You can teach a police dog to smoke
cigarettes, but he has too much cense
ever to take it up himself.
Monti cello.
What degree of interest in a his
toric place entitles it to be called a
shrine is a matter of opinion, and how
much money can be collected to pre
serve one of these places for the pub
lic interest and public good depends
upon the number of persons who can
be sufficiently enthused to make con
tributions, on whether a man or men
of considerable wealth can be interest
ed to the point of large giving, on the
skill, organization and persuasive
power of the association. <r coaarittee
having the matter In charge and on
other factors.
It is believed that the average
American feels that the home of
Thomas Jefferson measures up to tho
strict requirements of what may be
called a national “shrine” or place of
popular secular pilgrimage, and that
the mass of the people feel that it is
such a place as should be owned by
them. The subject has been talked
about many times, and there have
been a number of suggestions for the
purchase of Monticello by the govern
ment or by subscriptions from large
numbers of Americans.
The proposal for the purchase of
Monticello by popular subscription
comes to the front again, and in away
promising that the plan may be car
ried through. It is a good plan and
should succeed. There has recently
been organized in Washington the Na
tional Monticello Association. The pa
triotic purpose of the organization • Is
clear, and it is believed that a great
majority of the American people. If
made acquainted with the plan, would
be glad to call the home of Jefferson
the property of the people.
Reclassification Should Not Fail.
No feeling of sensitiveness on the
part of the House of Representatives
on the score of the delay in the Senate
in considering the reclassification
bill should work to the end of prevent
ing final action now that the Senate
has passed the bill, with amendments,
and sent It into conference. The main
point is that action has been had,
tardily, it is true, but none the less
effectively, and in season for agree
ment if there is the spirit to put this
vitally important measure jn the
statute books.
The bill as it passed the Senate is a
very much better bill for the benefit
of both the government and the work
ers than was at one time conceived to
be possible in the circumstances. It
establishes the principle of classifica
tion for the departmental service, in
terms that make fqr equity In respect
to practically every class of govern
ment employe. Whatever defects or
Injustices may be discovered in it
through operation can readily be cor
rected by future legislation.
Failure to agree now, with this
measure so close to enactment, would
be a sad end to many months of pains
taking labor in preparation and of pa
tient waiting by the government force,
sustained by the hope of an adjust
ment to insure a system of efficiency
and relative values. It is not to be
believed that such failure will occur,
with the objective toward which both
houses of Congress have been work
ing for so long now within attainment
hy the exercise of a little more for
bearance and accommodation in the
settlement of minor differences.
There is at least one thing to be
said of the session that ends tonight.
It did not pile up a lot of public anx
ieties on the score of the appropria
tions during the last few hours.
Postmaster Chance is going to paint
his twin mail boxes different colors.
No matter, the careless pedestrian will
probably put his letters in the wrong
box anyway.
Congress will not adjourn without
| leaving at least one investigating com
! mlttee on the job to keep the public
I reminded cf the fact that there Is a
legislative hereafter.
. -
• ' 1
The bill that gets through in the
last two hours may prove to be as good
a law as one that required two months
for enactment.
Now if somebody would start
whacking the officials who allow the
street cars to be so overcrowded there
might be some relief.
Undertakers’ protest against the
display of Tutankhamen’s mummy is
possibly Inspired by apprehension of
the starting of a new mortuary style.
These are the days when tho read
ers of the Congressional Record find
most Interest In the small items about
the little bills that pass—or fall.
After all the excitement at, his tomb
recently. King Tut no doubt will be
glad for that little rest until next fall.
Washington’s safety rules may have
to be amended by prohibiting umbrel
las in street cars.
Maybe Ambassador Harvey took one
of those course* in public speaking.
King Solomon was very wise.
He fell In love with many.
And yet he did not advertise
His love affairs with any.
Whichever charmer he preferred.
He managed each transaction
So that ho never once incurred
A breach of promise action.
Home Influences.
“Are you afraid of foreign entangle
“Yes," said Senator Sorghum; “but
not as much as I am of a local com
bine out in my district.”
Jud Tunkins says some people are
so anxious to look as if they are hav
ing a good time that they render them
selves perfectly miserable.
Musitigs of a Motor Cop. '
Uor tense Magee I pause to see.
Her smile Is so seraphlo,
It mokes It difficult for me
To regulate the traffic!
Smart Boy.
“Tour boy Josh is a smart kid.”
“He Is,” replied Farmer Corntosael,
“He’s so smart that he kin take life
easy an’ leave me to do all the won-yin’
’bout whether the farm will support
him. - ’
The ideals of the world have ex
panded. Once we had grafters. Now
we have profiteers.
“George Washington,’' said Uncle
Eben, “alius told da truth. Dat’gwby
ha dUbqrttaQt
Slander, indeed, are the atrands
whence dangles the fate of nations.
A madman’s bullet plunge* the whole
world Into war. A gentle breeze, lift
ing & smoke screen, shifts the victory
in a great naval battle. And when
lovely woman missteps—remember
Helen of Troy?
As today’s smallest incident may be
come granddaddy of tomorrow’s cat
aclysm, it behoove* us all to be at all
times aware. Walk to the right—oh.
dear me, yes—watch your step and
look in every direction before you
cross the street.
And be especially careful to observe
ail the nice little civilities and ameni
ties which our equals, inferiors and
superior* alike expect, even if they
themselves don’t observe them. We
live in a veritable Pandora’s box.
There’s no telling what moment the
lid will pop up, and then—good-bye
If you are host, or hostess, at a
formal dinner, or even an informal
dinner, terrible, indeed, is your re
sponsibility. Not only must you fur
nish food, flowers and music, but also
it is highly incumbent upon you to
read, mark, learn and aptly apply the
knowledge thus obtained of the vary
ing ranks of your guests.
For all are rank. Some are ranker
than others. The hostess who has
mastered the delicate art of divining
the rankest and treating him and his
wife accordingly—such hostess alone
treads with the angels.
Suppose you seat Mr. Smith where
Mr. Jones should be! Suppose Am
bassador Whoozls graces the table to
your left and Minister Whatzlzname
to your right! Civilization shudders
as If stricken with malaria. The day
light fades and the darkness comes.
And if you prefer an admiral to a
general when the general Is the
ranker, they may get together in
mortal combat, as any hostess knows,
put out the lights, shoot up the party
and precipitate civil war.
There comes to mind, as (illustrative
of these precepts, the famous society
case of Summers!! versus Simpson,
which but lately rocked Washington
and It* outlying suburb Honolulu from
center to circumference. The facts
were these;
The Secretary of the Navy, accom
panied by a galaxy of handsome naval
officers, regarded as so desirable at
every smart cabinet function, was laz
ing back through summer sea* from
Japan to America last year. They plan
ned a stop at Honolulu, and the Gov
ernor of Hawaii, learning of the pro
gram, planned a formal dinner in their
Now the governor was flanked offi
cially by the respective heads of the
Sets an Example for Similar
The sentence imposed by Judge
Cropsey in Brooklyn on Mrs. Lillian
B. Raizen, convicted of the murder of
Dr. Abraham Glickstein, of imprison
ment in Auburn prison for from
twenty years to life is accepted by
editors generally as a complete tri
umph of Justice. It was the first real
repudiation in many months of the
so-called “unwritten law,” and, as
such, is acclaimed by editors as Indi
cating that at last it may be possible
to eliminate the sex appeal from
trials of women charged with murder.
'The penalty,” the Brooklyn Eagle
points Out. “is severe enough to act
as a deterrent upon other women who
may be Inclined to avenge their real
or fancied wrong* by killing some
body. The conduct of this case will
be long remembered as a model of
what murder trials involving women
ought to be. Under the admirable di
rection of Judge Cropsey there was
not only expedition in taking testi
mony and carrying the trial through
to an early conclusion, but there was
a prompt suppression of tactics in
which the defendant Indulged appar
ently with the hope of arousing sym
pathy In the minds of the jurors.
There was noticeable absence on the
part of the defense of that slush and
mush which too often exude to the
detriment of justice at murder trials
In which women are defendants.”
“The jury did only its duty,” argues
the Detroit Free Press. "The fact*
were admitted. Nevertheless the
judge considered it necessary at the
outset to give the jury a special ad
monition to do its duty properly and
not be carried away by extraneous
consideration; and the conviction,
even under that circumstance, is al
most a sensation. An acquittal would
have been a commonplace. The con
fidence the defendant and her counsel
felt in the potency of tho ‘unwritten
Jaw’ is Indicated in that an early in
sanity defense was deliberately aban
doned in favor of what was practical
ly an assertion that the murder was
justified as a matter of vengeance.
Even with the fortunate outcome be
fore the mind, here ta something to
make a person atop and think. Per
haps the outcome of the Kaizen case
may make some people who believe
that killing a recreant lover or an
unpleasant husband or an obnoxious
Don Juan Is a mere recreation stop
It is time for the American people
to awaken to the realization that
something must be done promptly to
point out to the rising generation
that manual or physical labor does
not demean or lower one in the esti
mation of the public at large.—Repre
sentative Siegel, New York, republi
Government had its genesis in
necessity. It exists for no other pur
pose than to afford the Individuals
who constitute it the .machinery by
which to promote the common good.
—Representative Summers, Texas,
Now, the salaries of all the govern
ment employee may not be too high,
but if you take the average salary
for the same kind and character of
work throughout the United States,
the pay of the governtnent clerk and
the pay of the government employe
is better than the average pay in any
community throughout the country.—
Representative Sisson, Mississippi,
Every time you start the govern
ment into business and give it the
support of tax-free money, give it un
just and unrighteous advantage over
private competitors, you destroy pri
vate competition. 1 — Representative
Luce, Massachusetts, republican.
Just so long a* you continue these
bonus bills you are never go I nr'to get
a classification bill pasaed.—Repre-
Army and tho Navy—beads 90 far,'as
Hawaii was concerned. The one was
Rear Admiral Simpson, the other' Maj.
Oen. Summerall. Both, obviously and
by the governor's choice as well, wefe
to be present. '< ’. ;
There- then arose'.the. question of.
which one was the’*ranker-r-ln other
words, which should have precedence in
Irolng into the banquet hall and sitting
at the table, and so on. -
mportant question of where each one, was
to sit. ~ ■
The governor couldn’t for the’ life of
him-decide whether the general out
ranked .the admiral or the admiral out
ranked the general. In his dilemma he
communicated direct with rtjie White
House at Washington, asking a ruling
on the poriht.
Os course, the President of the United
States was unprepared to pass offhand
on so delicate a problem. He preferred
not to pass upon it at all. So he re
ferred the governor’s request to the two’
departments concerned, the War De
partment and the Navy Department.
The War Department decided that
Gen. Summerall was the ranking officer.
The Navy Department decided that Ad
miral Simpson was the ranking officer.
Then the fun began, though, in the
meantime, the dinner was getting cold.
Each department stuck to its guns.
The dispute climbed up the ladder of
officialdom, reachling, respectively, the
Secretary of War and the acting Secre
tary of the Navy. The heads of the
two departments stuck by their subor
dinate*. It began to look as If there
were going to be one of those old-fash
ioned knock-down-and-drag-ont dis
putes so popular in the early sixties.
Then Into the breach there stepped
—by request of both parties—a medi
ator in the person of the Attorney
“Tut. tut. fellows." the Attorney
General said in substance, “this isn’t
cause for rocking the boat. Let me
have the dispute, and in due time X
shall decide it on its merits.”
They did so, and sometime after
ward the Attorney General decided
that the Army had won on points. In
the meantime, however, the dinner
was held. I don’t know how the gov
ernor got out of the dilemma, but
both the general and the admiral
were present.
Another stickler for the observance
of rank Is Thomas K. Marshall, for
merly Vice President of the United
States and now a member of the
United States Coal Commission.
During the recent cold snap Mr.
Marshall was guest at a dinner which
was quite cluttered up with other
notables. With a twinkle In his eye.
Mr. Marshall took his hostess aside.
“I know you won't think me indeli
cate," he said, “but I should like to
suggest that you seat me at the table
in accordance with my rank as for
mer Vice President and at present a
coal commissioner."
“Why, of course. Mr. Marshall.” the
hostess responded quite seriously.-
“Os course.”
She wondered for a few minutes at
the request. The more her wonder,
the greater her perplexity, so she re
turned presently.
“I don’t quite understand your re
mark. Mr. Marshall,” she said. “Where
do you think you should be seated?”
The bitter wind howled outside. Mr.
Marshall shivered in mock coldness.
“Well,” he said, “in view of my
rank as former Vice President and
present coal commissioner I think I
am entitled to sit next to the radia
a moment and consider. At any rate,
future juries have a good example to
follow.” This verdict likewise means,
the Cleveland Plain Dealer insists,
that “it is possible,to convict a wom
an of murdering a man, even though
she does plead the unwritten law.
What happened to this particular
criminal Is of small importance to
society, but it is significant to find It
is at least possible to find a jury
ready to try the defendant with mind
rather than with heart. All this de
fendant's appeals to heaven, all her
tears, all her fainting spells, all her
insistence that the murdered man had
merited the fate she dealt him failed
to win her liberty. They may have
helped her escape the death penalty,
but for twenty years at least—if the
verdict stands—she will have unin
terrupted opportunity to ponder the
error of judgment which sent her
gunning for her enemy."
Inasmuch as "there was the usual
appeal to the ‘higher law-.’ and the
usual ex-parte case of justification
made out by the woman." the Cin
cinnati Tlmes-Star suggests that "Just
why Mrs. Raizen should have been
convicted when her sisters of ven
geance have been acquitted is not
clear. However, it is a relief not
to read about weepit.g jurors and
cheering crowds. Perhaps the ex
planation that the jury was 'com
posed of persons of superlnlelligence.’
and. therefore, differed from more
or less recent Juries in Louisville.
Los Angeles and Brooklyn, itself
should suffice. But it may be that
the earlier trials were greater mani
festations of Justice. The acquitted
sisters of vengeance were not tried
by ‘jurors of superintendence.* They
were tried by their ’peers.’” The
Cincinnati Enquirer in its turn points
out that ’’the equation of sex has
made a mockery of criminal pro
cedure In this country. Women as
well as men should be brought to
understand that the law's of the land
take no cognizance of sex where
crime is concerned. The man-killing
woman is no better than the woman
killing man; all slayers with motive
under the law should stand upon the
same plane of responsibility. Chivalry
sympathy, pity, all have played their
part in this loose regarding of the
law by juries trying woman criminals.
Hut all history discloses that women
have a capacity for revenge and
merciless cruelty, under certain con
ditions that stamps them as man's
equals in this respect. Wily, then,
should they go acquit when clearly
proven guilty of having violated the
laws which have been erected as
society’s only safe barrier against
the elemental chaos and primal
We are furnishing it because we
have inculcated in my country the
doctrine of thrift. There is your
remedy—not In any recourse to the
public treasury for funds, not in com
ing to Congress for a law that will
compel the taxpayers to help you out
of the hole.—Representative Luce
Massachusetts, republican,
I have been to Boston, and when I
was there I wished that your com
mon council would pass an ordinance
to straighten out some of your
streets. How can a man be straight
on a bill and advocate good legisla
tion who winds his way around those
streets? Representative Tlncher.
Kansas, republican.
If it became known that It was the
policy of this, government to abandon
river Improvements designed for the
benefit of water transportation, over
night the railroads would be peti
tioning the Interstate Commerce Com
mission for an increase in railroad
rates that are now' affected by water
transportation. Senator Gooding.
Idaho, republican.
An economic conference —yes, but
not until continental Europe Is ready
to lay down her arms and substitute
frankness and candor for intrigue and
bluff.—Senator Edge. New Jersey, ra-
WMiMfc x .
library Table
.. »r Tfce Booklover *
' P 11 -l
--■ Bach veneration needs to have its
htstotler rtwfit,ten. There wad a time
Whetl- histories "consisted chiefly of
accounts *ot wars, with political
evcntbsecondary- The newer Idea of his
torical.writing places greater emphasis
on the intellectual, social and eco
nomlc factors of„htrman progress. In
this newer conception of history sol
diers and statesmen'do not occupy
the entire stage/.but ample room.is
also found for explorers, pioneers,
farmers, .Inventors, teachers, finan
ciers, labor 'leaders and women. An
American history .written froth this
viewpoint will ..be/found In DriS.;®.
Forman’s ’’Our"Republic, a Brlef.Hls
tory of the American People.” recetU
jly published. •'■„ '•’ *• ; '•
a♦ ♦ *
Dr. Forman's history of the. United
States Is far removed from the. dry
as-dust skeleton outlines so- often
found in single-volume histories.’ Jt
Is unusually well written, and is espe
cially well adapted for home reading
and to supplement the drdinary text
book. It is furnished .With many Il
lustrations, Including cotemporary
cartoons and maps, and the narrative
of each chapter is supplemented by
serviceable notes and a chronology
of events not covered in the text.
The author gives- -whole chapters to
the every-day life-of the people, their
occupations, rellglpus affairs, educa
tional advantages. Including newspa
pers. literature and libraries, and
their amusements. In.his preface Dr.
Forman states that the economic fac
tor In the history of a nation, and
particularly of the American nation,
Is a subject of transcendent impor
tance. Hie treatment of topics bear
ing on the economic development of
the country is therefore unusually
full. In view of the recent revival of
the Ku Klux Klan, readers will be
especially interested In the author's
treatment of the “carpet-bag” and
“scalawag” state governments of the
south and their antidote, the original
Ku Klux Klan. The closing chapters
treat very recent history, particular
ly the Roosevelt administration, the
progressive era and the great war
and after, including the beginnings
of the Harding administration. So
up-to-date is the history that It in
cludes sections on the Kansas court
of industrial relations and the Wash
ington conference on the limitation
of armament.
The Booklover has had long ac
quaintance with Dr. Forman, and
from many conversations knows his
well Informed mind and progressive
spirit. This book Is written out of
his full knowledge, and Is charged
with his liberal spirit.
* v v
Robert Keable, who has risen so
rapidly to fame in fiction in the past
three years, was both a brilliant stu
dent and an athlete at Cambridge.
After a brief clerical training he was
ordained as a clergyman and went to
East Africa under the auspices of
the Universities Mission. During the
war he was a chaplain to the South
African native labor contingent. Just
before the writing of his first novel,
“Simon Called Peter,” he resigned his
office and withdrew from the Church
of England. His three books all seem
to be the result of personal experi
ence. “Simon Called Peter” has for
its central figure an army chaplain
(during the war; "The Mother of All
Diving” is a story of missionary and
pioneer life In East Africa, and “Per
adventure” Is evidently a fictional
rendering of his own spiritual jour
ney from orthodox clericalism to a
happy paganism.
** * *
During his many years in Wash
ington as British ambassador Vis
count Bryce made many friends and
admirers, all of whom will welcome
a posthumous volume of his travels,
called “Memoirs of Travel.” The
Journeys described in the volume in
| elude only a few of the i iany unde-r
--j taken by Dord Bryce dur.ng his long
[life. The chapters cover Iceland, the
I mountains of Poland and Hungary.
I Suvaroffs Alpine campaign. Palestine,
I the Isles of the southern Pacific, the
\ scenery of North America and the Al
j tai mountains. By far the most in-
II teresting chapter is that on Iceland,
i which was visited in 1872 In company
! with two Oxford friends. Much of
'lceland rarely seen by tourists was
! covered en route across the central
: desert to catch a mail steamer. Ice-
I land is, according to Bryce, a land of
. negatives. Among the things which
! it has not are towns, inns, roads, car
; riages. poultry (except wild geese),
•crops (except turnips and potatoes),
.shops, manufactures, dissenters from
; established Lutheranism, army, navy,
I criminals and snakes.
** * *
j The setting of Joseph Herges
i helmer’s recent novel, “The Bright
j Shawl," Is Cuba under Spanish rule
(Just preceding the Spanlsh-Amerlcan
I war, when “every week boys—they
were no more for all their sounding
; pronunciamentos were being mur-
I dered In the fosses of Cabanas fort
i ress" and "everywhere a limitless sys
, tern of espionage was combating the
; gathering of circles, tertullas, for
j the planning of a Cuba liberated from
a bloody and intolerable tyranny.”
I “The Bright Shawl” is the vivid
shawl, or manton, of “cruel brlll
j iancy, • • • with flashes of ma
jgenta and orange and burning blue.”
worn by the Andalusian dancer. La
jClavel, herself a plotter in the Cuban
(cause and finally a martyr to it The
I shawl is for the young American.
Charles Abbott, who tells the story, a
symbol of the bright future of Cuba
—a banner of Cuban independence.
“I have the feeling,” he says, "that
if we lower this —this standard—it
will bring us bad luck, it will be dis
i astrous.” And when the manton is
! degraded, when It is worn by a
.Spanish spy, then tragedy comes with
a swift stroke.
This season has been unusually
t rich in interesting biographies, in
cluding almost all types—those of
artists, literary celebrities, person
ages prominent in national and in
ternational politics, persons once
prominent, like the ex-kaiser, and
even ordinary men and women. One
of the most absorbing of these biog
raphies is “The Life and Letters of
Walter H. Page,” in two volumes, by
Burton J. Hendrick. Two characters
stand out sharply in the book —Page
himself and Woodrow Wilson. Fun
damentally. the ambassador and the
President were at one In the belief
that the United States could not
stand aloof from the European war.
but Page became very Impatient of
what he considered Wilson’s slow
ness. and criticized him honestly and
forcibly in his correspondence. The
letters, personal and official, give new
lights on the war period and reveal
a most vigorous personality.
** * *
Stephen Leacock, the Canadian hu
morist —by the way, at home he Is a
professor of political economy—in his
new book, “My Discovery of Eng
land," has this to say about the Eng
lish literary lights who visit our
shores in search of copy;
“British lecturers have been known
to land In New York, pass the cus
toms, drive uptown in a closed taxi,
and then forward to England from
the closed taxi Itself ten dollars’
worth of Impressions of American na
tional character. I have myself seen
an English literary man—the biggest,
I believe (he had at least the appear
ance of it) —sit In the corridor of a
fashionable New York hotel and look
j gloomily into his hat. and then from
Ihis very hat produce an estimate of
I the genius of America at 20 cents a
** * *
To the list of periodicals Issued in
Washington has Just been added the
Nature Magazine. It Is profusely il
lustrated, and the articles are of a
popular nature, many of them Inter
esting to children. It is published by
the American Nature Association.
Percival & Ridsdal* la managing
i il’t-n
A noted physicist tells the world |
that a ton of sand, properly electri
fied and sprayed in the air, would
clear London of its famous fogs.
How many tons would, it require to
perform a similar clearing of the
political fogs of the United States?
There is nothing new under the sun
nor out of it in the fogs. “Sand” has
long been recognized as a great clear
ing Influence of the befogged mind.
Sand, sandi Plenty of it gives gran
ite firmness to the moral backbone,
and if it be electrified sand it can
move mountain’s. It is the best of
ballast for the politician who finds
himself up in the air. and the more
he lets it leak away the giddier he
** * *
Why did Secretary of War Weeks
feel that it was necessary to con
vince the farm paper editors of the
beneficence of the War Department
by arguing that it was a mistake to
look upon the War Department as
functioning only to wage war? The
War Department, he explained to the
editors, in session in Washington, is
doing a great work for agriculture.
This work does not consist in turn
ing the spear into a pruning hook,
nor the sword into a plow, but in
providing 100.000.000 pounds of TXT,
which the department no longer
needed after peace had come, for the
use of farmers in blasting stumps
and breaking up hardpan subsoil.
Also the department Is maintaining
a “line of communication” by wire
less and airplanes which helps farm
ers. So eloquent did the Secretary
grow in proving that th« War De
partment is raising pumpkins, as
well as “raising Cain,” that one won
dered why it was not headed by a
dirt farmer.
** * *
And, not to be outdone by the
Army, here comes our great soidieb,
the assistant secretary of the Navy
and some time acting Secretary, Col.
Theodore Roosevelt, with an apology
for the existence of the Navy. The
Navy? Oh, yes. it is very useful, for
St teaches men various trades and
encourages invention (as proved by
Mr. Edison?).
If that is the best showing that
the Army and Navy could make for
their glory, well and goo'd. But why
nqt acknowledge that they also fight?
In the present unstable condition of
the world, perhaps their fighting
qualities are not the least important.
&i * *
Time smodthes the records of tried
and convicted enemies of the republic
in time of war. Three years ago
Victor Berger and four other social
ists of Wisconsin were convicted of
charges that they had conspired dur
ing the war to defeat the recruiting
of military forces. The conviction
was followed by a sentence of twenty
years in the penitentiary. Now an
other federal Judge finds that the
trial judge erred in not permitting a
change of venue, and so all the cases
are reversed and the Attorney Gen
eral agrees to dismiss the charges.
Berger will probably make the effort
to come back to Congress, from which
he was expelled by a vote of 309 to 1.
A special election to fiil the va
cancy thus created resulted in Ber
ger’s re-election, and the House
again rejected him. this time by a
vote of 302 to 8. for it refused to wel
come into its membership a man un
Master of Semphill Plays Big Part
In British Aeroplane Development
Certain officers of the air force of 1
the American Army have been spend
ing a few weeks to England for the
purpose of. being made acquainted
by their British comrades with the
very latest developments that have
been withheld until now from pub
licity. They are"' most astonishing
—almost of a revolutionary char
acter. Steel of a quit© new kind,
much lighter than wood,' and yet of j
exceptional strength, is taking she j
place of wood ,In tha construction ot I
the airplanes.- Indeed, the new steel;
airplanes that are being turned out j
are shown to be 300 per cent lighter |
than corresponding aircraft of the i
wood heretofore employed. Natu- ;
rally this means that their weight- i
[Carrying power has been vastly in-|
}creased. Little has been heard thus]
far about the matter in the press.;
In fact, there seems to be an impres- ]
sion among the public abroad, and;
; even in Great Britain, that she is j
neglecting the development of her
and civil aviation and allow
ing other nationalities to outstrip
[her. Quite the contrary Is the case.
** * *
| Among those who have taken a
j leading part in its development have
i been the Master of Semphill. He re
j turned not long ago from Japan,
I where, at the personal instance of
ithe crown prince, he had been en-
| gaged in organizing and in training
ithe now admirable Japanese air serv
j ice f finding its officers wonderfully
! quick to learn and ingenious in
devising improvements. Moreover,
I their absolute fearlessness" and indif
iferenoe to death and to bodily injury,
1 which has been one of their most
Snotable characteristics in war. ren
tier them peculiarly fitted for service
Liu the air, where fatalities occasion
ally occur through the sudden and
I unaccountable failure of the nerves.
| The remarkable thing about the
Japanese aviators, and one of the
I things which struck the Master ot
.Semphill most forcibly, was their ex
ceptional Immunity from accidents.
Col. the Master of Semphill, although
i barely thirty years of age, is remem
bered in America as head of a special
technical aviation mission to the
United States In the summer of the
last ve»r of the great war. Many ot
the inventions in connection with the
newest type of all-steel airplanes of
the British army are of his own de
vising. and it is not astonishing, un
der the circumstances, that he should
be the moving spirit and the principal
director of the All-Steel Aircraft, Ltd.
He has always been Interested in
mechanics and meteorology, and, on
leaving Eton, Instead of going to the
university he served an engineering
apprenticeship in the principal air
plane and motor works in England,
remaining there until the outbreak of
the war, when, by reason of his un
usual knowledge of everything re
lating to aircraft, he was at once
commissioned a flight commander of
the air service at the front in France.
** ♦ *
To what an extent he was an adept
in all these branches of eng meet lug
1 science is shown* by the fact that «n
June, 1914, he had been accepted as
the officer in charge Os the me
teorological department, ot the elec
tric plant, of the motorboat and of
the two airplanes of the antarctic
expedition of J. Poster Stackhouse,
which was scheduled to sail for the
,aouth polar,. «*w in July.. on
der sentence for disloyalty in-time
of war. „. ' •
* * f: *
The motive of prosecuting crime Is
not vengeance; It is not even, pri
marily, to reform the convict: it Is to
protect society by deterring others
from repeating such crimes. If the
traitors in time of war can triumph
over the courts through legal techni
calities, not affecting the real guilt
of the accused, then future traitors
will feel encouraged to defy loyalty
and conspire to defeat the cause of
their country. Then the popples that
blow in Flanders field will blow In
The charge against Berger, by rea
son of his influence, was far more
serious than the offense of Grover
Cleveland Bergdoll. who is held up as
the type of slacker most worthy of
apprehension because of his exam
ple. Is it not such miscarriages of
Justice that the American Institute or
Law had in mind In its receift meet
ing In Washington when it pointed
out the growing disrespect for law?
The trial judge fn Berger’s case wa-
Judge Landis, whose patriotism was
outstanding and whose long experl
ence on the bench eminently qualified
him to pass upon the equity and law
of a change of venue. It was a Mil
waukee Jury which convicted.
** * *
The representatives who have fougnt
the measure to adjust the pay or
Washington’s school teachers have
overlooked one guess. They may
have assumed that the teachers have
no comeback at their opponents be
cause they have no vote here in
Washington. The statesmen, per
haps, forget that the cause of Wash
ington teachers for fair compensation
is the cause of all the teachers
throughout America, and that in
many a school district the word will
go forth that the Hon. Mr. Sorghum
is a foe to the public school system
and should not again be sent to rep
resent the district. A school teacher
may not be a politician, but he orgne
has access to the homes and the
hearts of parents which many a poli
tician might well covet.
The Washington schools are the
natural focal point of interest to edu
cators throughout America., They
must be made the model schools oi
the country. It is impossible for
them to continue in the present scan
dalous condition of Inadequate ca
pacity to supply ail children of school
age with a seat and full facilities for
carrying on their normal courses or
education. It is Impossible also to
continue to underpay the teachers
and hope to retain a full teaching
force. Other cities are outbidding
the National Capital in salaries ana
accommodations. Congress cannot
shift responsibility for the lack of
proper support of the capital’s
schools, for only Congress has the
authority and the means of their sup
** * *
How many senators who framed and
passed the “simplified income tax
law” are able to make out their own
tax statements without the help or
the expert who has been stationed in
the office of the Senate sergeant-at
arms? It is a parliamentary privi
lege for members to rise to explain their
votes. Possibly all who now appeal
;to the expert were paired when n
| came to voting, but pairs don’t count
i when it comes to swearing. SOS
| used to mean "Send .out succor.” H
! haa now come to mean “Save oi;
senators.” (Hope the proofreader
will not correct the senatorial spcll
j ing.)
! (Copyright. 1923. l).» P. V. Collins.)
board the Discovery, the old ship
the 111-fated Capt. Scott. But Uie
outbreak of hostilities naturally kepi
him from any participation in this
undertaking, and instead of going to
tha antarctic he hastened to the bat
tle front in Prance.
The Master of Semphill is the only
son and heir of Lord Semphill. who
went through the war as colonel oi
the famous Black Watch Regiment,
being badly wounded in the battle of
Loos In 1915. Lord Semphill, a vet
eran of the Kitchener campaigns in
the Sudan and in South Africa, is the
eighteenth holder of a barony cre
ated by James IV of Scotland shortly
before the discovery of America by
Christopher Columbus, and is able
to trace his descent from King Rob
ert II of Scotland through the female
Both Lord Semphill and his son, the
Master of Semphill, enjoyed the he
reditary and time-honored right of
entombment In the chapel, now so pic
turesquely ruined, of Holyrood Palace,
the last of their family to be laid
there being Maria. Baroness Semp
hill in her own right, who died in
1884 at the age of 100.
Another prerogative of Lord Semp
hill—and one that is most curious,
and, I believe, unique—Is that, ac
cording to a charter from the crown,
dated In 1688, bearing the signature
of King James II or Great Britain
and Ireland, a holder of the Semphill
peerage. In default of any lawful
male or female heir, may nominate a
successor of his or of her own choos
ing, even If the nominee is in no way
related to the family by any ties or
** * *
The Semphill peerage passed through
marriage in the eighteenth century
Into the family of Porbes. thanks to
which the patronymic of Lord Semp
hill and of his son is now Forbes-
Scmphlll. Lord Semphill is likewise
the holder of a Forbes baronetcy.
The Master of Semphill's w ife is a
pretty woman, a daughter of Sir John
Lavery, the Royal Academician and
popular painter, by his first mar
riage. The second and present Lady
Lavery, herself an artist of note, is
the daughter of Edward Jenner Mar
tyn of Chicago and widow of Edward
Livingston Trudeau of New York.
Her appearance is familiar to the
public on both sides of the Atlantic
through the number of pictures paint
ed of her by her Irish husband.
It may be of interest to add that
the Master of Semphill and his father,
the present peer, are of the same
family as the Earl of Granurd, son
in-law of Ogden Mills of New York.
The fortunes of their branches of the.
house of Porbes may be said to have
had their origin in a loan made by
Patrick Forbes of Corse. Bishop of
Aberdeen, to his brother William, who
was always borrowing money from
the prelate. At last, on the latter
demurring to a fresh loan. William
told him that a surety would be otter
ed who could not be refused. On the
! money being forthcoming, the bishop
j asked the name of his brother s
i surety and received the reply: "God
j Almighty is the only security I have
to offer.” ,
I “Well, William,” answered me
! bishop, "as it is the first time that
jHe is offered, 1 cannot refuse, and 1
’ hope the money will do you good.’
j With a capital thus provided Wil
liam Forbes went into business at
Dantzig, made a big fortune and let:
numerous sons, one of whom was
father to the first Earl of Granard,
while another acquired the Porbee
baronetcy now merged in the Semp
hill peerage. ,

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