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Cloudy tonight, probably followed by rain or snow tomorrow; somewhat colder: lowest temperature near freezing tonight. Temperature for 24 hours ended at 8 p.m. today: High est, 47. at noon today; lowest. IK, at 11 a.m. yesterday. Full report on page 4. doling N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 20 ■hr Osl 00*1 Entered as second-class matter jaO. post office Washington, I>. C. WEAKENING RUHR DECLARED READY FOR PEACE TALK Even Invaders, Tired of Strain Are Reported Will ing to Negotiate. INDUSTRIALS FEELING PINCH OF LOST TRADE Outside Nations Protest Blockade. Moves by United States Are Also Forecast B v the Associated Press. IXSNDOX, March 10. —Although of fering no very definite advice to sup port their statements, some of the British correspondents in the Ruhr fcfisert that there is a tendency |»n-ard peace and that both sides •would welcome a settlement, ending lilie strain of the past few weeks. Both the workers and the indus trialists on the German side are tired the struggle, the correspondents ray, the former seeing no hope of ■winning, while at the same time their sufferings are augmented daily. The industrialists, with the excep tion of one or two of the most In fluential. arc feeling increasing],' the pinch of lost trade and are fearing for the future. French Also Suffering. The French on their part are re ported as suffering scarcely less. They have not got what they went into the Ruhr to obtain, and French in dustries are being seriously affected by the curtailment of the coal supply. The suggestion in these dispatches is that it will be impossible for ppesetit conditions to continue much longer. With regard to the customs barrier around the Rhineland, it is asserted that other trade Interests besides those of Great Britain are complaining over the French restric tions. Holland and Denmark, accord ing to the Telegraph's diplomatic correspondent, have made representa tions to France on the subject. Washington Move Expected. Sweden, whose large trade in Ruhr ore has been virtually stopped, also is disgruntled, and is said to be only awaiting some move by Great Britain. asliington. the correspondent adds, also is interesting itself in the question, although along independent lines'. The writer suggests that the continental sufferers arc likely to start diplomatic conversations with tireat Britain with a view to making common representation in behalf of international trade. It is understood that the London government has made no formal complaint to France, but the indications are that Paris is well aware of the state of British feelings. Gen. Sir Arthur Godley, command ing the British forces in the Cologne area, returns to his post today. It is stated that the question of grant ing the French railway rights in the British zone has been settled amica bly. but no official confirmation la obtainable. USE SEIZED MARKS. By the Associated Press. DUESSELDORP, March 10. —The French and Belgian armies of occupa tion are paying their expenses by means of requisitioned marks, it was announced today at French head quarters. More than 14,000.000,000 marks have been collected by the ! occupation forces, all of which will be applied toward expenses' incurred Bince the Ruhr troop movement be gan just two months ago. The largest sum seized by the French, near Hagen, was 13.000.000,- ®OO marks in Rischbank funds being shipped by train from Berlin to Co logne. Included In the amount con- ; Jlscated is a billion marks taken at Duisburg, which was also a Reichs bank shipment, and hundreds of mil lions of German government strike i funds. There are also tines against; Individuals amounting to fifteen mil- i lion marks and a fine of a hundred i million marks against the town of I Recklinghausen. The headquarters of the German Association for the Defense of Eco- i nomic Interests was raided today by j the French authorities. Several tons j of propaganda matter were confis- i rated by the French, who claim this was the central pamphlet-distributing point for the Ruhr associations. The bureau was in a. bank building in Jiuesseldorf directly across the street from Gen. Degouttc’s offices. Home to Stay , “Uncle Joe ” Says I/. S. Is “Hell of Success 99 By the AitMciated Tress. DANVILLE, HI., March 10.—“ Uncle Joe’’ Cannon, the patriarch of Con gress, was back under his own roof tree here today, to rest, definitely re tired from public service for the first time since he went to Washington during the administration of Presi dent Grant, j Only a knot of casuals saw the vet eran statesman, tired, pale''and walk ing slowly on the arm of a friend—al though none the less jauntily, despite his eighty-seven years—leave the train which brought him from Chi cago on tho > second lap of his journey home. In deference to Uncle Joe’s wishes, panville did not turn out with bands and decorated automobiles ‘ to wel come . him. But just as soon as he gets rested up the folks are planning to blow the lid off the town, to show Uncle Joe what the home folks think of him. / \b Time for Hentlmeatalists. On his triumphant retreat to retire ment the aged legislator had no time for sentimentalists. He kept his party merry with quips and stories. The railroad equipment on that first j ide to Congress did not quite meas ure up to that of the present, but \ then it mi not so bad after all, said t nol* J#*. He wenl* not part with his rakish Charge French Furnish Money For Bavarian Monarchist Plot Suicide of Leader Reveals Gen. Laden dorfCs Direct Connection With Revolutionary Conspiracy . HI GEUHGK WITTE, By Wireless to The Htar nnd riiloagu Daily News. Cuiiyrlßht, 1»»33. BERLIN. March 10. —Gen. Luden dorff and former Prime Minister Von Kalir, men who for the last three years have been making propaganda Km in Bavaria for the * wfln - establishment one of its organ- At : V I . < Its. Though the Ek '4-'' * vvXt ,. a J Inglorious end of Bwa.' this leader was something of a wet blanket, it did 1,01 h arm the movement in south '* ™ 1 ■**>*«••• Germany so much OEN. LUDENDOREF.as the disclosure of the fact that other monarchists had been recelv TURKS INSIST ON NATIONALS’RIGHTS Also for Further Discussion of Disputed Clauses on Economic issues. By til' Associate] Pivss. CONSTANTINOPLE. March 10.-Al - Turkey's answer to the pro posals submitted to her at Lausanne asks no Important modifications of the political clauses of the treaty, the Angora government finds difficulties in the economic section and in the paragraphs covering the troublesome capitulations question. The note, now in the hands of the British. French and Italian high com missioners, insists that Turkish sub jects in the allied countries be ac corded the same rights as the allies seek for their nationals in Turkey. It also promises further discussion of those economic clauses upon which there is as yet no agreement, sug gesting resumption of the conversa tions at Constantinople or some ether European city. Note IJS Pages I.ong. The Angora note, which is 115 pages in length, proposes slight changes in Turkey’s boundaries as outlined in the treaty. It accepts in full the sec tion covering prisoners of war. and with minor changes the part dealing with communications. The note asks that provisions be made for paying the interest on the Turkish debt in paper money. The allied high commissioners have dispatched to their respective govern ments special couriers carrying the text of the proposals. The American and Japanese representatives are to be provided with copies of the reply. The whole note is couched in most moderate language, and suggests re sumption of the negotiations in some European town, preferably Constanti nople. MAY NEGOTIATE QUIETLY. Concession Holders and Turkey Likely to Settle Questions. By tlii> Associated Press. PARIS, March 10.—Direct negotia tions between the foreign concession holders and the Ottoman government are considered probable as a means of disposing of the most difficult prob lem between the allies and Turkey, the economic clauses of the treaty which the Turks refused to sign at Lausanne. It is understood here that a con siderable number of English com panies already have inaugurated conversations with the Angora gov ernment to fix their future status in according with the new Turkish laws. black felt hat for another five years, at least. That hat, angled sharply on the right side, with somewhat of a dip over the left eye, has become as much a part of the former Speaker as the historic long, black stogie In Iden tifying him for America. “A fellow down at Washington wanted me to give him this hat and buy me another, but I have worn It only five years, and It’s good for an other five yet,” was one sentiment dismissing remark. And his memoirs. Some one said Uncle Joe's memoirs would be an In valuable contribution to history. Not to Write Memoirs. “Oh, a lot of people have wanted me to write them, or offered to write them for me," he said. “I don’t think I'll ever bother writing them.” As a typical reason, he uttered: “Most men who write memoirs de vote too much space to personal at tacks on other men.” “This country is a hell of a suc cess.” opined Uncle Joe, when pressed for some formal statement. “Just let that stand as all the Interview I have to give out. I’m not giving Inter views any more. I’m out of commis sion now. anyway, and I’m going home to rest. That’s what I’m going home to do—nothing else.” Mr. Cannon possesses remarkable recuperative powers for ons of his advanced years. though, and the friends who sent him to represent them in twenty-three Congresses, of which four times ha was chosen Speaker of the House, bid* their time until he gets ready for them to e*l*» fcrata W]t Itienma plan yy J V WITH SUNDAY MOENINQ EDITION L-/ WASHINGTON, 1). C., SATURDAY, MARCH 10, 1923-TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. ing money regularly from French sources and had actually started ne gotiations with France and Czecho slovakia to get coal from these two countries In case Bavaria broke away from the German retch In the near future and proclaimed a mon archy. These facta have been revealed by the Bavarian socialist newspapers and so far they have not been proved untrue, though botli Ludendorf and former Crown Prince Kupprecht, who was to be tbe future king of the south German reich have said that they were absolutely ignorant of the plot. According to the socialist newspapers these stereotyped denials mean noth ing “because every child in Bavaria learns in school that Kupprecht will be the next king of Baxaria. - ’ “Gen. Ludendorff,'’ adds the socialist Munich Post, “is in constant touch with Kupprecht and is undoubtedly his chief of staff." IS. BILLION DOLLAR CUIMSUPIN APRIL Suit Against Germany to Be Tried Here Largest in History of World. HV FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE. History’s biggest law suit, involving roundly a billion dollars, is about to be tried in \\ ashington. It concerns tile claims of American citizens for i damages and losses caused by Ger many during the world war. Round ly. 10,000 individual cases are in volved. Hearings of them—in the first instance, selected test cases— will begin early in April. The United States is readv now to pioceed before the mixed claims com i mission set up for the purpose, but matters are temporarily in abeyance, pending the return from Germany of the chief representatives of that country. Dr. Wilhelm Kiesselbach, the German commissioner; Herr Karl von Lewinski. the agent of the Ger man government for defense of claims, and his assistant, Herr O. C. Kiep, left for Europe on February 21. Private affairs and a desire to con sult the government at Berlin In spired their trip. They are expected back in Washington about April 1. Then the mixed claims commission, of which the American member Is Judge Edwin B. Parker of Texas, and on which William U. hay, former Su preme Court justice, sits as umpire, will proceed to tackle the voluminous material which lias been piling up virtually for the past eight years. The rights of American nationals to re cover from Germany date from July 31. 1914, when the world war of ficially began, and not merely from the date of our belligerency in April, 1917. “Agent" at Work Here. Robert C. Morris of New York, the "agent" of the United States for pre sentation and prosecution of Ameri can claims, has been quietly but rest lessly at work in Washington for many months mobilizing his force® for the gigantic proceedings. The mere filing and indexing of the docu ments in evidence was a herculean labor. Today the legal impedimenta on which the American claims rest overflow two entire floors of a big office building on 15tb street. With the aid of his chief assistants. Mar shall Morgan and Henry B. Morrow, and an expert staff of filing and re search clerks, Mr. Morris 's now reaxly for the fray. He has three “classic” test cases prepared for in stant action, and a score of others in just as advanced a stage. The trio of Initial test actions concern "se questration’’ of the personal prop erty of an American citizen in Ger many at the very outbreak of the war, in July, 1914. and the expropria tion of American Industrial property In non-German territory occupied by the German armies in the earliest stages of the campaign. The decision of the mixed claims commission on these test cases will be of direct in fluence on an innumerable batch ol other claims more or less identical in character. So-called "Lusitania cases” bulk conspicuously among the claims we are asking the Germans to liquidate. They comprehend, as the title implies, damagvs asked by survivors of Amer ican citizens who lost their lives when a German submarine torpedoed the larnous t.’unarder in May, 1915. The sum total of Lusitania reparations de manded of Germany is very consider able. Marine Insurance Cases. Another category of claims des tined to cost Germany dearly includes those which ask compensation for the excessive coats ot marine insur ance on ships that had to traverse the war zone. Owing to the Infesting of the seas by U-boats. American ships and shippers had to be insured at extraordinarily high rates. In surance premiums sometimes were the most expensive feature oi a voy age. Profits of American exporters and navigation companies were ac jcordingiy affected. Now we’re ask ing GerrnaViy to pay the piper. The American officials of the mixed claims commission have thus far ex perienced the most satisfactory re sults from their dealings with the German members. Mr. Morris and his colleagues feel that the trip to Berlin of Messrs. Kiesselbach, von Lewinskl and Kiep will do good by priming them with first-hand information from their government and by avoid ing delays that otherwise might have been necessitated while hearings were going on, Mr. Morris, America's counsel In the claims proceedings, Is an expert In that line. He was counsel for the United States before the United States-Venezuela claims commission in 1903. He has been a lecturer on international law and procedure at Yale. Mr. Morris Is a member of the family and Is a namesake of the great American revolutionary financier, Robert Morris of Philadelphia. It probably Is only an accident that the kinsman of the patriot whose claims against the United States have never been honored should be America's ad vocate in the most stupendous claims transaction of our republic! (Oeprrisht, t*ar> CUTTING “RED TAPE” TO HELP VETERANS, GEN. HINES’PLEDGE Will Speed Up Hospital Work to Give Immediate Relief to Service Men. SUSPENDS FORBES’ ORDER TO TRANSFER CART. HAHN Thousands of Claimants in Wash ington and Fourth District to Stay Under Care. Urijj. Gen. Frank T. Hines, ilie new director of the Veterans’ Bureau, said today his policy for operation of the bureau would be based on elimination of “red tape” in handling: veterans’ claims, prevention of "hard-boiled” methods in treatment of veterans, arid a speeding- up of hospital work so as to give immediate relief wher ever needed. His chief work for the moment, the director said, was to co-ordinate and perfect the hospital service. Wher ever new .construction is going on, he said, the work would be hurried. All complaints concerning hospital facilities are being run down and corrective measures, including elimi nation of fire hazards, are being taken. Suspends Forbes' Order. 1 In line with his expressed policy of conservatism in changing per- [ sonnel with the inauguration of the new administration of the bureau, Gen. Hines announced today he had suspended the eleventh-hour order of retiring Director Forbes which would have transferred Capt, A. E. Hahn from the position of manager of the fourth district, including the city of Washington, to become laison officer and assistant to the director. The action of Director Hines means that the thousands of claimants in Washington and states of the fourth district will continue under the su pervision of Capt. Hahn, who or ganized the district, instead of a manager taking up the new work at the same time change was made in directors. Those In close touch with the situation feel that the conserva tive step of Oen. Hines in suspending the action of Col. Forbes will work to the benefit of veterans in Wash ington. May (,u I-ater. Capt. Hahn later may be trans ferred to the new and important posi tion of liaison officer to look into the possibility of co-ordination with other departments and the public. Director Hines indicating specifically today that he had not revoked Col. Forbes’ order. Capt. Hahn explained that he had offered his services to Gen. Hina* in any capacity where he could be of the most service. The local district in many ways being considered a difficult one, on account of including the District of Columbia, and being so close under the eye of Congress. Director Hines wished Capt. Hahn to carry on the work he had organized. The fourth district has been con sidered by officials of the bureau to be one of the best administered of the fourteen throughout the country . Half a Million Dollar* Saved, In a special report so the director at the time of Col. Forbes' retirement Capt. Hahn pointed out that great savings had been effected in promot ing efficiency and economy through out the fourth district, to such an ex tent that he would estimate a total savings of approximately half a mil lion dollars. * Part of this saving, Capt. Hahn pointed out. had been accomplished in the Washington dispensary, which had been taken over from the public health service. ’ "Complete reorganization” of the Washington dispensary had resulted. Capt. Hahn said, in a net reduction of about $43,000. “In January. 1922. when the dispensary was still a part of the United States public health service, but devoted exclusively to United States Veterans’ Bureau work. there were 39 doctors on duty; ex (Continued on Page 2, Column 1.) two killed! one hurt, BLAST WRECKS HOME Women Dead, Han Badly Burned in Early Morning Ex plosion. By the Associated Press. FAIRFAX, Okla-. March 10.—Two women were killed and a man was seriously injured in mysterious ex plosion here today which wrecked the home of William Smith. Smith was badly burned and his wife and Miss Nellie Brockshlre were killed. Residents were aroused from their slumbers shortly after 3 o'clock this morning by a terrific blast. The cause of the explosion has not been ascertained. Authorities said, they were attempting to connect with a possible incendiary motive the fact that Smith's sister-in-law, Anna Brown, was slain here about a year ago. There is Always Something —taking place somewhere concerning which you want accurate information. To bring the day’s reports down to the last minute, the 5:30 EDITION OF THE EVENING STAR is issued. That gives you final news—from all over the world: from financial centers; and of • j the sports. Buy it on your way home from newsboy or newsdealer. SURi: SPRING SIGN. INFLUENZA HOLDS GOMPERSTO BED Labor Leader in New York Hospital, But Yearns for Work in Capital. SHOWS IMPROVEMENT Wife and Two Sons Go to Bedside. But Encouraging Messages Are Received. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, March 10.—Resting a little more comfortably and anxious to get back to his desk. Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of was seri ously ill with in fluenza at the Lenox Hill Hos pital today. He w a- s suffering wit It bronchitis when taken to the hospital several days ago. and for a time was threatened with pneumonia. “If I had my way.” Mr. Gom pers yesterday told his secretary. MU. GOMPERS. " • c - Roberts. ’’l’d get out o! bed. take the next train to Washing ton and go right down to the office and get to work. I feel strong enough for it now.” Despite his weakness lie attended to some business yesterday. Mrs. Gompers was at the hospital with him until late last night. She came here from Washington when her husband was ordered to the hospital by Dr. Gustave Fisch. who scolded his patient for not having sought atten tion sooner. Mr. Gompers was abed two days at Hotel Astor before he called his phy sician, a lifelong friend. Had Cold Saturday. Mr. Gompers had a cold when he came here Saturday, but he Insisted upon accepting the invitation of the Inner Circle, a political writers’ or ganization. to attend its annual func tion. Dr. Gustave Fisch, Mr. Gompers' personal physician, issued the follow ing statement this morning; "If Mr. Gompers’ condition- shows the same steady improvement during the next twenty-four hours that it has during the past twelve hours we will be able to announce that our patient is out of danger.” Dr. Fisch remained at the labor leader’s bedside until nearly 2 o’clock this morning. He said Mr. Gompers was restless in the early evening, but he fell Into a restful slumber later. SONS GO TO NEW YORK. Telegram Brings News of Labor Chief's Improvement. Two sons of Samuel Gompers—Sam uel J. Gompers and Henry S. Gom pers—left Washington this afternoon for New York city. Samuel J. Gompers, who Is chief clerk, of the Department of Labor, said he had received a telegram this morning which said his father was resting easier and showed improve ment. He added, however, that con valescence of the president of the A. P. of Ia is hampered by his advanced age. Mr. Gompera does not fear the worst, as his father is of unusually rugged constitution. Polish Upheaval May Result in New Envoy Here K.v Ui# l Associated Press, WARSAW. .Mart'll 10.—A split in the parliamentary group headed by former Premier Witos. has led to the choice of John Dombski as leader of the new group ' This, in turn, has T "K started reports . that M. Dombski *< will be retired ?>* from the field by „ **■ being offered the - r post of minister m nationalists or radicals, and sub- DK. AVKuBLKWSki. sequent events have led to the -split in the Witos group. M. Dombski, chosen to lead one of the factious, was head of the Polish delegation winch negotiated the Riga peace treaty between Roland and soviet Russia. The reports emphasise that if a change is made in the Polish diplo matic representation in Washington, it will be due entirely to internal politics. WORD LACKING HEBE. Polish Legation Not Advised of Plan to Replace Dr. Wroblewski. At the Polish legation here it was said that there had been no Intimation from the home government that Dr. Wroblewski was to be replaced or that he would be expected to resign. He arrived here only last November and had planned to go on furlough to Poland during the early spring for a vacation. No official advices regarding the recall, as reported in dispatches today from Warsaw, had been received, it was said. 5 IN NESIBBER CANGSENTENCED Ringleader in Series of D. C. Store Raids Given 25 Years and Lecture. Frank E. Moten, ringleader of a band of five colored youths who en gaged in a number of highway rob beries. was sentenced today by Justice Stafford, in Criminal Division 1, to serve twenty-five years in the peni tentiary. Moten pleaded guilty to four charges of robbery. Edward French, who participated in two of the robberies, was given a term of fifteen years and Rufus Lips comb and John Chatt, who took part in one robbery each, were sent to the penitentiary for ten years. George Johnson, who drove the automobile by means of which the robberies were perpetrated, denied knowledge of the Intentions of his fares. ■ He was sent to Occoquan for one year. The gang Is held responsible for the robberies of Anthony D. Nicola, January 19; Jacob Klibanoft, January 27; Vincent Marino, January 30; Sam uel Zuckerman, January 30, and Nicholas Kabetan, January 23. Coart Flays Defendant. Before imposing sentence Justice Stafford remarked that Moten ought never to be at large, and if he were in New York would be sentenced to life imprisonment. “He is at war with society,'’ said the court, “and Is willing to take life when committing robberies or when engaged In any other crime." Speaking directly to the prisoner, the court then remark ed. “I hope you’ve got nerve to serve your time,’’ to which Moten sullenly replied: /‘l’ve got nerve to serve It, all right’’ According to some of the victims of the robberies Moten and his associates had their faces painted like Indians and would dash up to the store In a fine car and, entering, seek a pur chase. Suddenly they would cover the merchant with a gun and then pro ceed to rifle the cash register. LORD CREWE SERIOUSLY ILL. PARIS, March 10.—Lord Crewe, the British ambassador, Is seriously 111 with pneumonia, which developed from influents. ‘ SLEEPING SICKNESS CHECK BEGINS HERE Health Officer Asks Phy sicians to Report Any Cases to Him. 7 D. C. VICTIMS KNOWN I I Situation Here Is Not Alarming, But Precautions Will Be Taken. Wealth Oflicer Fowler today wrote to the physicians of Washington ask ing them to report voluntarily all cases of sleeping sickness that come to their attention from now on. This strange malady is not one of the diseases which must be reported under the health regulation, but Dr. Fowler said In view of the outbreak ( in New Tork recently he thought he j should take steps to acquaint him- I self with the situation in Washington. | The health department has learned lof seven persons having contracted | sleeping sickness here since January 1, four of whom died. Symptoms of Disease. While this is more than the usual number for Washington, the health | officer said he saw nothing alarm | ing in the present situation. | The outstanding symptom of the disease Is that the patient relapses I into a stupor. Dr. Fowler said he has seen patients who would have to be aroused for nourishment, after which they would again sink back Into apparent sleep. The period of the disease is uncertain. Dr. Fowler's letter to the medical profession follows: “The health department is much Interested In the present outbreak of epidemic encephalitis letharglca In the city of New York, and also in some of the other cities. Will Check Cun. ••With a view of keeping in touch with the situation in the District of Columbia, I have to request that you report promptly to this department all cases of epidemic encephalitis lethargica coming under your ob servation. "It is important that this depart ment be kept informed of the true conditions in this city In order that It may be in a position to determine what, if any. measures should be adopted to prevent the spread of this disease in this District. "Your co-operation in this matter will be greatly appreciated." I BRIDE OF VANDERBILT IS ILL OF DIPHTHERIA Confined at Sandy Point Farm Estate of Husband Only Four Days After Wedding. Bj the Associated Press. PORTSMOUTH. R. 1., March 10. — Mrs. Reginald C. Vanderbilt, a bride of four days, is ill with diphtheria at the Sandy Point farm estate ot her husband here, it waa learned today. Mrs. Vanderbilt, who was Miss Gloria Morgan, daughter of Harry Hays Morgan, American consul gen* eral in Brussels, .has been sick vir tually ever since her arrival here Wednesday night. She la eighteen years of age. 60 Overcome on Subway Train By Ether Fumes; Man Arrested NEW YORK, March 10.—Sixty paa songera on a 7th avenue subway train were overcome early today by ether escaping: from a can carried by Richard Chanorro, a young: South American, who told the police he was taking: it home for a cold. When the train pulled in at the 96th street station practically every passenger in one car was swooning and some women were hysterical. Two passengers were removed to a hospital. Chanorro was arrested. The train was jammed with late after-theatv crowds, but the fumes were confined to one car. When the two passengers who were the most ?erieusly overcome were carried rem the oar to the platform police “From Press to Home Within the Hour ” The Star’s carrier system covers every city block and the regular edition is delivered to Washington homes as fast as the papers arc printed. Yeiterday’s Net Circulation, 96,306 ;I).S.TDSELLSHIPS, i BUT BUYERS MUST | MAINTAIN ROUTES I Contracts Will Call for Con tinuance of Vessels in Es tablished Services. GOVERNMENT IS LOSING MONEY ON VARIOUS LINES Combination of Ship and Route Believed an Advantage to Purchaser. The Shipping Board is making plans to sell ships on routes now estab , lished part of the contract of sale being that the purchasers will main tain the routes for a epecied period. An outline of these plans has been prepared, it was learned today on high authority, and the Shipping Board will make a careful survey of the situation before making any of the proposed sales. The merchant marine act of 1920 gives the Shipping Board wide lati tude in the matter of establishing routes for yesseis and in the matter of selling the vessels now owned bv tne government, it was explained, and the plans now being developed will conform to the powers granted bv that act. Shipping Board Plan. The plan of the Shipping Board nia-. be explained in the following way; I Shipping Board vessels are operai j ing between a port on the Pacific j coast and the orient, or between an [ American port and South America, but |at a loss. It is the purpose of the 1 Shipping Board to sell the vessels and the route at a reasonable figure ; J-? Purchasers who agree to maintain i llie routes. The price of the vessels, it is said i must be controlled to some extent by i the fart that the purchasers agree to ; maintain for a certain period the 1 routes established—whether the new 1 owners operate the vessels at a loss lor not. I- <>r that reason, the prices j may be lower than otherwise—al ; though if there were no assurance of 1 government aid, it was pointed out. j} l might be so difficult to find a niar ; ket for the vessels that the prices i would be as low or lower than under ' the proposed plan of the Shipping I Board. I The vessels owned by the govern -1 inent are lessening in value year by year. The life of a vessel is put down , twenty years, and the government, if it continues to operate the vessels year after year—at a loss to the gov ernment and the country—and builds no new vessels, in the end will have no vessels. The capital Investment . as well as the money expended to i «eep the vessels in operation will be j a total loss. Will Sell Vessels. I.Oder the plan now proposed, it is said, the government will get rid of the vessels, obtaining some of the money invested in them, and at the same time assure the continuance of j American vessels on the routes estab j lished. j The government will get out from j under, and the shipping business of the country will be transferred to 1 private capital and private initiative, j which has been strongly urged, j The Shipping Board and Emergence" ; Fleet Corporation have 150.000.000 to ; meed any losses apd expenses that j may occur in the operation of the ; government-owned vessels during the fiscal year ending June 30. 1924. It is | going deliberately, therefore, about I its plans, and does not intend to sell I the vessels now operating at a great , «r sacrifice than Is* necessarv. I Announcement has already been made by the Shipping Board that it 1 proposes to maintain for the present | established routes and that there will ! be no scrapping of the ships, j The Shipping Board Is to recondition 1 so T ne . °J the bi S Passenger vessels j seized from Germany during the war 1 and will operate lines from the Atlan tic coast to Europe, and part of the I money appropriated by Congress is to ; go for that purpose, i . Cnder the act of 1920 the President j Is given authority to abrogate the 1 treaties now existing between the 1 Lnited States and many of the other nations, so that the United States : may discriminate in the matter of i (Continued on Page 2, Column 7.) 4 BODIES WASHED UP: FOUL Fifty SUSPECTED Believed Men Found on Florida Beaches May Have Figured in Smuggling Trade. By the Associated Press. TALLAHASSEE, Fla., March 10.— The bodies of four unidentified men have been washed ashore on Wakulla county beaches the past two days, ac cording to reports brought here today by Deputy Sheriff Morrison of that county. According to Deputy Morrison, there were indications that there had been wholesale foul play In the alien smuggling trade. were summoned to preserve order. Chanorro entered the train at the 72d street station. Soon afterward the pungent odor of ether permeated the car and men and women became ill. Some of those standing dropped to the floor unconscious. A patrolman and a detective who were passengers and partly over come saw Chanorro holding a tin can and traced the escaping fumes to it. When he attempted to walk away they pounced upon him. The can weighed a quarter of a pound and was labeled “ether." Chanorro also had a bottle of other in his pocket. In broken English ho told the police he had a bad cold and was taking ether for it. He said ha oame to this country seven months ago. TWO CENTS.