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: WING OF MASONRY PREVENTS DAMPNESS Waterproofing Faints Help Con siderably in Keeping Out Moisture. la regions subject to low tempera • re, high winds, heavy rains or ex enio humidity of considerable dura on furring of solid masonry exterior '■alls Is practically a necessity to void unwholesome living conditions ■ aused by damp walls, also the dan er of ruining wall decorations. In arid localities, where low tem peratures are Infrequent, furring may 1 e omitted without serious results, but should be used wherever economy in construction cost is a secondary consideration. I'urring Lessens Heat. Waterproofing paints or oomp<junds applied to the interior of solid ma sonry walls helps considerably to pre 'ent moisture penetration, but have Mttle effect in preventing condensa on. and make it difficult to bind plaster directly to such treated walls. Furring is somewhat less necessary •*n masonry exterior walls of hollow units, since the inclosed air cells help to check transmission of beat end moisture. However, mortar joints running through the wall are found to conduct moisture readily when poorly or incompletely made, and walls having such continuous joints ; require furring. Furring a masonry wall lessens its I beat conductivity, thus saving fuel, which saving, of course, continues] throughout the life of the structure and may repay many times over the increased cost of furring. Since hollow walls arc good heat in sulators. it lias been found in many places that furring may be omitted end plaster applied directly to the In terior of walls w hich arc built with a continuous hollow space, or in which the mortar joints extend but part way through the wall. To concrete house construction pro \ ision for insulation of exterior nails is recommended. A dead-air space within the wall itself or formed Viv* furring and plastering has been found effective and this requirement s. ems to he favored by those recom mending the use of concrete external walls. tppHing Plaster. In applying plaster to furring lath it is important that the keys shall not project through so as to touch the wall, nor be allowed to drop off and form a solid mass between plaster and wall. In either case moisture from | he wall is liable to be transmitted through the plaster, producing fpouble *r,ni« results, such as staining the ] v ail and ruining the lath—wood lath l.v dry rot and metal lafii by corro sion. It is claimed that excellent re sults in furring eight-inch brick w alls are obtained by attaching a layer of tarred paper to the hack of the fur ring strips, or by using a lath in which such paper forma an integral pa rt. Incombustible furring is excellent, since it entirely prevents a fire creep ing along :t wall from one. story to another behind the plaster. Hollow j i?!e or gypsum furring blocks are much used* and are quite satisfactory. Thev have grooves in the back face, i which furnish air spaces between the wall and the plaster. There are also several forms of metal furring to which metal lath is attached and which serve the same purpose. Where walls are likely to be continually damp, hol low tile furring will be more satis factory than gypsum. WINDOW GLASS IS SOLD IN FOUR GRADES IN U. S. i B Quality Supplied in South Wheu No Other Is Speci fied. Window glass is manufactured and sold in four grades—AA or first qual ity. A or second quality, B or third quality and O or fourth qualify. It ■ onus in two thicknesses —SS or sin gle strength and US or double strength. It is packed in boxes, graded and mark .<| by Hie factories. Unlike lumber, there are no official sworn inspectors j m serve the trade tn event of dispute j cr complaint and up a few years ; am there was no official grading rules | .•nailable.to buyers or the public. It is customary in southern terri- j to-y and elsewhere to furnish B grade j -rlass when not otherwise specified or j : -range.} for anti in single strength I if within the limit of single strength I sir.es. There is only a very limited amount of A grade glass carried in stock by millwork manufacturers, dealers and jobbers and no AA grade whatever, and generally whenever these grades ,»re specified the glass must be order ed speciallv and considerable delay is usually had in getting It from the factories. For the take of economy and in holding down the cost it is desirable to specify B grade for all moderate ..r medium class work, as it will serve just as well for strength and durabil ity as A or AA. And for temporary work, such as ,-ump construction, barns, tenement houses or any other kind of cheap w ork. C grade glass should be used if the cost needs to run low. C glass, however, usually runs in the smaller jii7.es, say. from Bxlo to 10x16. It is a useless expenditure of money to specify A or A A glass except for high-grade work and when appear ance Is desired or when the consumer is amply able to pay for it and in a position to give the millwork men sufficient time to order and get it from the factory, as frequently It must cither be made specially or cut spe cially to order. Rig 4Mug—Passies Play.—Adver tisement. NEW DWELLING RISKS. Owner Mrty Carry Fire Insurance; j Contractor Liability. The question often arises as to who pays fire and workmen's liability in surance on a dwelling when it is be ing built. fillability insurance is carried by the ■ ontractor. Fire insurance ia carried cither by the general contractor or hy the owner, depending upon the : rrangement made between them. Or dinarily the owner maintains Insur ance on the actual construction of the house. It is possible to work out su arrangement with an insurance company whereby the face of the pol icy will be Increased from time to time as the contractors proceed with the building. Turberville | Fixtures for a 6-room House Installed Complete S4O Wiring, Repairing. Appliances “The House Electric” I Open Evenings to • P.M. 1719 Conn. Ave. N.W. I'kose North *4417 ( REAL ESTATE. USE OF PAINT SHOWS BIG INCREASE IN LATE YEARS " ‘ Figures Indicate the Public Has Learned Value of Conservation. The total use of paint and varnish at wholesale prices for every wan.'l woman, and child in the United States j during the past few decades was as 1 follows. In 1860 it was less than 25 cents each year; by 1870 It had more than doubled to 55 cents per year: in 1880 there was but a slight increase to 60 cents: In 1890 the con sumption per capita Jumped to 85 cents; tn 1900 to 93 cents; 1910 to 51.35; In 1915 it reached $1.60 per cap ita: and In 1920. $3.90. In spite of a business depression In 1921 and a de cided decline In the price of paint, the paint and varnish consumption in dollars and cents In 1921 remained about equal to the 1920 figure, while the g&llonage and tonnage Increased. Even hard times cannot interfere with the rapid growth in the amount of paint each man, woman and child uses each year, and the 1922 figures so far smash all previous records. These figures apply to the whole nalnt Industry and the portion of the 1921 figure that passes through retail stores Is roughly $2.50 per capita, as j stated In the opening paragraph. There are many forces at work 1 which tend to Increase the per cap- i Ha paint consumption. First of all there Is a greater appreciation on the part of the general public of the need of conservation. With a decreasing lumber supply, high repair and re placement costs, people have found it cheaper to paint than not to paint. 1 The property owner realties then that ; it is not a question of whether he can ■ afford to paint, but can ho afford not ] to paint. Sensation—Passion Play.— Adver- i tisement. i THE ARGONNE | Columbia Road at Sixteenth St. N.W. Apartments for Lease One of Washington’s Finest Apartment Houses in the Best Location 3 rooms and bath 4 rooms and bath 5 rooms and bath 6 rooms and 2 baths Large closets and porches 24-hour Telephone and Elevator Service Office on Premises Telephone Columbia 4788 WILLIAM S. PHILLIPS REALTOR r _ _ f Fine Home—Chevy Chase —Open Sunday 3729 Northampton St. This elegant home, built by owner, employing day labor. Large ' living room, dining room, butler's pantry, kitchen, 4 master bedrooms, fine sleeping porch, servants’ quarters, 2 large tile baths, and garage. Near school and churches. One-half Block Eut Connecticut Arc. G. B. LIKENS 1344 (i Street N.W. F.xcluatve Agent, Main 5057 f I At Last—A Home Within the Reach of Every Man— « A good, new brick house, with 6 rooms and bath, elec- ;u tricity, laundry trubs. screens and a large yard. Located just in front of the new Eastern High School, which forever fixes the character of the neighborhood. Price, $6,550? $750 Cash, $65 a Month The sample house will be open every day, including Sunday, to 9 PAT. No. 26 IBlh St. S.E. VVc suggest you do not delay your inspection. At present costs of construction this house cannot be duplicated for its price to you. | [Shannon-&-LUCHS EXCLUSIVE AGENT? jj 713 14th St. N.W. Main 2345 | 410 13th St. N.E. I Close to Lincoln Park A modern colonial style house of six good sized rooms, with hot-water heat, electric lights, sleeping porch, hardwood floors and garage space. $7,300 / You cannot beat this house at this price. If you would be interested in a home in this splendid and con venient location you should see this property at once. Open Sunday 11 A.M. to 6 P.M. m S. PHILLIPS Realtor—Exclusive Agent 1409 New York Ave. N.W, Main 4600 THE EVENING STAR. WASHINGTON. X*. 0., SATURDAY, 51 ARCH 10, 1923. Roofß , Like Umbrella Must Be Built Right to Shed Rain i There is nothing more expensive 1 about a house than a cheap roof. A *' roof is very much like an umbrella. It | may bo very decorative, but It is not i good unless it sheds the rain. And it cannot be really serviceable unless it remains in good condition for & long time. Primarily a roof is the protection that we put over the house to keep off the dements, and it must be especially de signed to carry off water. This means that the surfaces have to bo Inclined or, as we say, “pitched.” The pitch Is a very important matter, for the steeper the roof the more quickly it will clear itself of water, which is Just another way of saying that fewer leaks will de velop. For example, a roof covered with shingles that is not steep enough will soon become wet all through. Water will be carried up between the shingles I and through the roof covering, and so j find its way into the house. As a mat- I ter of fact, any kind of roof that Is made of overlapping units such as slate, tile or shingles, of wood, cement, as bestos or asphalt, should be pitched at least 30 per cent. \o Chance for Creep Back. If the roof is covered with sheet metal : like tin or copper, or with layers of felt | set in hot tar. it does not have to be 1 steep, for water runs off this kind of ! material very quickly. In any event I there is no chance for it to creep back , underneath the roofing. These mate ■ rials are therefore especially valuable . for fiat roofs. On the other hand the color. texture ami generally superior appearances of overlapping units make these coverings more desirable for pitched roofs—those which can bo easily seen. The simplest kind of a pitched roof is one which slopes both ways from a ridge. Tills is called a gable roof be cause of the gables thus formed at each end of the house. If the roof pitches up from all four sides you have a “hip” roof. If the house plan Is a combination of rectangles such as a U-shaped plan, the planes of the roof come Into contact with each other at one or more places to make a vi»iley. Valleys are the most vulnerable places of all In a roof. This Is true bedause the roof covering must be broken to make the angle. There Is more water in ttie valley than elsewhere on the roof surfaces. Snow and Ice lie in this intersection. Any break in the roof plane increases the difficulty of making the roof absolutely watertight. Wherever the roof is broken with a dor mer window or a chimney stack or a vent-pipe there is a place for water to work down Into the bouse. Covering Intersection. This problem can be solved by cover ing the intersections with sheets of metal. This is called flashing. If flash ing is to bo effective it must run well under .the roof covering and up the wall of the chimney so water cannot get be hind it. Tin is commonly used for flashings of roofs covered with wooden shingles. Hoofs covered with asphalt and felt composition shingles may be Hashed at some places with the same II INSPECT TONIGHT i Open and Lighted 6:30 to 8:30 Daily I SSOO CASH 315 to 327 L Street N.E. IN (Just North H St. Cars) I The only new city houses offered on the market | for this price and on such easy terms. All Houses Open for Inspection I All Houses Sold on Monthly Payments I All houses have outlets for sink and gas range on second floor, so you can easily rent second floor for enough to make monthly payments. 1 MpjNSTEIN FOUR SOLD-TWO LEFT I Beautiful New Homes CORMIR Third and Rhode Island Ave. N.E. Unusually charming six-room houses, well con structed and modern throughout. Price and terms reasonable. These Are Homes That Must Be Seen to Be Appreciated Open For Inspection Daily and Evenings Salesman un Premises N. L. SANSBURY CO., Inc. “Everything in Real Estate” 1418 Eye St. N.W. Phones Main 5903-4 Member of the Waahlnicton Real Katate Board Built as the Individual Would Build for Himself SEE ft TOMORROW! 3905 Jocelyn St. BEAUTIFUL NEW WALKER-BUILT RESIDENCE IN CHEVY' CHASE Price, $22,000 MODERATE TERMS This exceptional house is the only one unsold of five built. It will meet the requirements of the most exacting. It has every fine appointment and is located on a lot 70x205 f^et. The Price Is Less Than Reproduction Cost ■ijfr Open Daily Until Sold 813 15th St. Nf. . Main 2430 I kind of materials that the ahinglae are made of—elsewhere lead or tin ia used while roofs covered with tile, a late, ce ment. or other equally durable mate rials, should have flashing made of cop per, for this material la also vary dur able. The flashing is without a doubt the most Important part of roofing. Re member that wherever the roof surface is broken you must have flashing and that you will certainly have leaks at these places unless the work la especial ly well done. Different kinds of architecture call for different kinds of root coverings. Do not think because your roof Is covered with stone or tile that your bouse Is safe from leaks. There are all kinds of quali ties in these us well as in other mate rials, and inequalities of workmanship as well. Kven the common wooden shingle comes in various kinds of woods and grades and thicknesses. Whatever roof covering you use be sure to have it of good quality. That pays in the long run. In certain districts of some cities it is required to use fire-resisting roofing. Tlie building codes of these cities tell what kind of materials will be consid ered satisfactory. Wooden shingles are generally not permitted In these re stricted districts. They are, however, very satisfactory where houses are not built too close together. Wooden Shingle Advantages. Perhaps the greatest advantage of wooden shingles is the fine texture they give to the roof and the possibilities that arc afforded to stain and color the unite in interesting ways. Wooden shin gles can bo made very much more dur able by oiling them or by soaking them in other wood preservatives. It ia far better to cover the whole length of the shingle with one of these compounds than simply to dip the end of it. The end dipping is better than a coat of paint brushed on the exposed shingles after they are laid. The other materials used for roof coverings can also be selected for color and texture su as to get an interesting and lively appearance. It is customary for the roofer to sup* ply a guaranty that his work will bo satisfactory. This guaranty Is entirely distinct from the one which the manu facturer give* to accompany his mate- , rial. The contractor agrees to repair | the roof if It should happen to spring a i leak at any time within a given period, which le ueually two yeare. The agree ment should provide that the contractor will not only repair the roof, but will make good any damage that le done to i the house through leakage. You can get such a guaranty from every reputable roofer. The manufacturer will also give i you a -guaranty that his material will | remain in sound condition for a long I See Them WfiBBU See Them I Tomorrow \ j Tomorrow 2nd St.—Between Vamum and Webster Sts. The Most Colorful, Complete and Charming Six-Room-and-Bath Brick Homes ■ Eleven of these houses are either completed or nearly so. comprising' one of the most in teresting offerings on the market. I he section 15 one ot excellent homes, very desirable surround street cars, and one where the character of the development i very substantial. Individually designed fronts, best brick construction, full 20 feet wide, concrete front, rear porches, breakfast and sleeping porches, open fire-place, wall outlets for electric appliances, large closets with lights, hardwood floors atid many, many other wanted features. Price $8,950-*-Attractive Terms OPEN EVERY DAY UNTIL SOLD l ake Soldier’s Home Cars to park gat c. or drive out Rock Creek Church Road to Varnum St., thence one block West to Second St. WMeR 813 15th St. N.W. Southern Building Main 2430 Members Washington Heal I'.stnle Hoard - You’d Better Come at Once Os all the opportunities in Washington there's none to compare with these Homes at Mass. Ave. and 16th St. S. E. The public evidences this statement by the prompt buying that lias charac terized these Homes. Many were sold long before completion—and now there are but two or three left. S # oi l at the Sample 241 16th St. S.E. —and examine it critically from lop to bottom. Every detail of plan, construc tion and finish—and you’ll find the most complete Homes you have ever inspected. Six rooms, tiled bath, sleeping porch, front veranda and kitchen porch; hot water heat and separate heater for the hot water; best type of Detroit, Jewel Gas Range, laundry tubs, etc. The front parking is wide; the back lot deep-enough for both garage and garden—stores, churches and car line nearby. Ihe new Eastern High School is but two or three blocks away. Open for inspection day and evening until 9 P. M. —One of our staff will be there. W\ • AC! A Convenient Price, $6,950 Terms Built* Owned and For Sale by street Harry A. Kite (Incorporated) Member Washington Real Estate Board REAL ESTATE. time. Do not hesitate to ask for assur ances of this kind. Roofing Is very much like alt the rest of the work to bo done in building a house—that la, the workmanship must bn of equal value to tho materials that *r« used. ESTATE TOTALS $963,834. UNIONTOWN, Da.. March 10. —A valuation of 5983.814 was placed upon personal property of the late United States Senator William E. Crow In the appraisal here. In addition, tho estate consists of real estate holdings In Kayette and Rucks coun ty, Pa. and Now Jersey, upon which a valuation has not yet been placed. Tho personal property consist largely on stock in oosl minim companies and local business enter prises. The largest item in tho ap firalsal list was 1.875 shares of stool: n the Ollphant Coal and Coke Com pany, Valued at 1375,000. Flftee j hundred shares of stock In the We«t i morular d Mining Company were ai> , praised at (325,000. • * Correct. J From ti»* Lot Xngtlon Time*-, j Teacher—Who can name one impor [ tant thing we have now that we dh not have ono hundred, years ago? Tommy—Me.