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(THE EVENING STAR, With Sunday Morning Edition, tr WASHINGTON, D. C. SATURDAY March 10, 1923 S» * 9PHEODOBE W. NOYES Editor The Evening Star Newspaper Company StaslneM Office. 11th St. and PenntylTsnl* Art. New York Office: ISO Neuau St. - Chicago Office: Tower Building. ißrepean Office: IS Regent St., London, England. i - ■ The Evening Star, with the Sunday morning Mltlon, Is delivered ny carriers within the city ■t 60 cents per month: dally only. 45 centa per month; Sunday only, 20 cents per month. Or ders may he aent oy mall, or telephone Main MOO. Collection la made by gamers at the gnd of each month, I Bate by Mall—Payable In Advance. Maryland and Virginia. Dally and Sunday..l yr., $8.40; 1 mo., 70c Dally only 1 yr., $6.00: 1 mo., 50c Sunday only 1 yr„ $2.40; 1 mo., 20c All Other States. Dally and Sunday..l yr.. $10.00; 1 mo., 85c Dally only 1 yr., $7.00; 1 mo., 60c Sunday only 1 yr., $3.00; 1 mo., £sc , Member of the Associated Pres*. The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled te the use for republicstlon of all news dls ratches credited to if or not otherwise credited n this paper and also the local news pul* llabed herein. All rights of publication of special dispatches herein arc also reserved. , To Keep Ships Afloat. General approval will be given the determination of the Shipping Board to follow the example of the “poor be nighted Hindu” and “do the best it kin do.” The board bus no disposi tion to throw up its hands and quit just because its comprehensive and hopeful program of federal aid to the merchant marine was tilibustered to its death in the Senate. It is the duty of the board to continue to function under the law as it stands, and there is no desire either to evade or shirk that duty. Whether a majority of the American people favored or opposed the admin istration’s plan for federal aid to ship ping now Is aside from the question. No one doubts that the American peo ple want 'a keep their flag flying on the sever, seas, and are opposed to scrapping' the merchant fleet in which they ha - T? invested billions of their hard-earned dollars. The government will have to keep such ships as it can in operation, and the Treasury will have to continue to make good the losses until such time as Congress, in its wisdom, sees fit to exchange a hopeless and uneconomic program for one which promises to reduce losses and in time to make the merchant fleet self-sustaining. There apparently is no intention of throwing government-owned vessels on the market to fetch whatever they will bring. There may he a sale, it is indicated, of such passenger vessels as are not needed to balance the fleet of the United States Lines, the gov ernment’s operating company, but the present plan of operating cargo ves sels is likely to continue, at least until there is some radical change in the world's shipping situation. Such sales of cargo vessels as are made will he with the proviso that they shall be continued in operation on established routes. Unless cargo vessels were sold at a price so low that capital Investment would be inconsequential, private owners could not operate them generally in competition with the subsidized fleets of other nations, and to sell them at prices which would make private operation possible would Involve a sacrifice of the people’s money which would he wholly unwar ranted untii there has been a deter mination whether the people, through a temporary subsidy, are willing to make their successful operation by private owners eventually possible. But even without regard to the orig inal cost of the ships, the argument is strong for continued government oper ation of cargo vessels, with whatever losses to the Treasury are necessarily involved. There have been too many instances lately of foreign discrimina tion against American shippers to risk placing them wholly at the mercy of their trade rivals. Markets must be found for surplus products if pros perity is to endure, and these markets would be difficult to find and more dif ficult to hold were our carrying trade turned over to those whose primary interest is to destroy it. Apartment House Mail. There is talk among postal officials of giving door-to-door delivery in apartment houses, ft is to be in the nature of an experiment. It is an experiment which large numbers of apartment house dwellers would like to have tried, and no doubt it is true that great numbers of aiiartment house tenants are content to have their mail put in their mail box in the lobby. The thing that concerns them most is the prompt delivery of the mail. On one side it is said that the general acceptance bf tlie "no box no mail" order has so facilitated mail de livery that the present carrier force can make delivery to each apartment, providing that the apartment has a mail slot in the door. On the other band, it is said that the present car rier force is not large enough to allow of this extension of mail delivery sys tem. There is no way for laymen to come to an intelligent conclusion in this matter. The decision must be made by the postal men. If the door to-door delivery in apartment houses can be made without increasing, or largely increasing, postal expenses a great majority of persons will favor it. If the extension is to cost a great deal of money there will he considera ble opposition to it. It will be argued that while the door-to-door delivery would be a good thing there is no urgent need for it. If the postal au thorities want to try the plan out as an experiment they should be en couraged to do it. Labor leaders in knee breeches dine ■with the King and Queen of England. And nobody jxtssed the humble pie. Columbia University will send a de flating team to England. Perhaps to give Ambassador Harvey a vacation. Trees and Parking. It is the plan of the superintendent of trees and parkings to si>end his available tree-planting funds this year in developing a new nursery near Ana costia and giving care to the trees now growing instead of setting out young trees along the street*. The tree program as first drawn called for planting 800 trees to fill gaps In the existing lines. After the adoption of that plan, which represented tree planting on a very small scale for Washington, the War Department turned over to the District as a tree nursery thirty-five acres of rich land reclaimed from the Eastern branch flats. The superintendent believed that the $3,500 which was'at his dis posal for replacing trees uprooted by storm and those killed in other ways could be better used in building up the new nursery. His plans have been approved by the Commissioners, and in other years the work of extending the lines of street trees ought to be carried on at a rate to insure that the capital shall remain famous for Its trees. It is the intent of the superin tendent of trees and parkings to make an active campaign against Insects that injure the city’s shade trees, ami squads of men will be set at the work of spraying. There Is a good deal that might be done by citizens in behalf of the trees. If each citizen would adopt the street tree or trees in front of his property, lend a hand In guarding them against Injury, take a little in terest in seeing that the roots get wa ter in time of drought, that the earth does not cake too hard about them and that caterpillars do not play havoc with the foliage, it would be an ex cellent thing for the trees, for the homes they stand before and for the whole city. In giving some attention to the tree the householder could keep an eye on the parking between the pavement and the curb. It was the in tent that this strip of land should bo kept green, hut throughout the city one finds seedy and neglected park ings, their condition generally due to rough treatment by children at play. Citizens might do the best they can in the interest of trees and parking. They will soon be giving earnest at tention to their own lawns or the grass and flower plots at their doorways, and it would not he an arduous task to extend their care a few feet farther and show a regard for the street tree and the parking. The Primary System. Lawmaking in this country has not been suspended by the adjournment of Congress. State legislatures are grind ing away on laws of state import, some of which, relating as they do to elections, have national application. All legislatures meet in 1923, except those of Kentucky, Louisiana, Mary land, Mississippi and Virginia. The sessions began in January, except in Florida, which begins in April, and Georgia, which begins in June. One of the proposals over which the state legislatures have jurisdiction, though its effect, if enacted, would be distinctly national, is the extension of the primary system to presidential elections. The principal states in which campaigns are now being con ducted by the progressive forces for effective presidential primary laws are Kansas, Oklahoma. Minnesota, Wash ington. lowa. New Mexico, Arizona and New York. Reports received at national headquarters in this city for this movement, “the people’s legisla tive service,” are that there is a strong probability that a majority of them will adopt effective presidential pri mary laws during the present session of* the legislatures. It is claimed by the national promoters of the proposed change that if this forecast is borne out a majority of the delegates in the next national conventions will be chosen by presidential primaries. The states which now have presidential primaries are California, Illinois, In diana. Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan. Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey. North Caro lina. North Dakota. Oregon. Pennsyl vania. South Dakota, Vermont. West Virginia and Wisconsin. Senator Johnson of California, au thor of the proposed amendment to the Constitution of the United States for nation wide presidential primaries, has frankly given up hope of its sub mission to the stales by Congress, on the ground of determined opposition from the southern states. So the friends of the movement have turned their attention to securing action by the states. The outcome of the current move ments in the various legislatures would hear with drastic effect upon presidential ambitions and party poli cies. One result would be to loosen the hold of the party management upon the rank and tile: indeed, it should he said, to transfer control from the management to the individ ual members of the party. The action of the legislatures is worthy of being followed with close interest. French scientists announce that 10 per cent of the women of today have mustaches, and that the number is growing. Up to this lime there has been speculation as to why so many forms of continental whiskers strike the observer as effeminate. This title “Unistation” will move many, steeped in the vernacular of thf hour, to read new meaning into the line “of all sad words of tongue or pen." Gen. Degoulte expects the economic blockade of the Ruhr soon to bear fruit. Which is it to be. general, sweet or citrus? Lady Astor’s effort to outlaw sale of liquor to minors sounds like a bit of ancient American history. Preparing for ?. Welcome Guest. Mistress Spring es on her way to Washington. According to the al manac she is due about March 21. when the sun enters the sign of Aries. It is a popular, though mis taken. notion that Spring conies to Washington at the beginning of March, and there ought to be evidence enough to satisfy ’anybody that this popular notion is one of the many things that are not so. It is often rumored that Spring is here when she is not. hut as coming events cast their shadows before il may be that the vernal season throws its smiles out fit advance, with thv result that many persons have to start the fire again and look for t'te Although Spring is coming*' she has not quite come. Very likely she may have to face cold winds and wet her pretty feet in slush before she can cross the Potomac and get. into the parks and gardens of Washington. A number THE EVENTNX? BTAH, ’WASHINGTON'. 0., SATURDAY. MARCH W. 1923. of the days of March stand between her and the capital, and one of those days Is the 17th, a day which, like the 4th, has a particular aversion to Spring. It may be premature to write of the coming of Spring, but the (line la near when she will put her mark upon the lawns and parks and bang her symbols on the trees. Washington should welcome her, and Washington will welcome her, but there is con siderable work to be done In preparing for her reception. Whole districts of the city have a shabby look. Grass plots before thousands of happy homes have a seedy, rundown appearance. Many of them are disfigured with lit ter. a condition which a strong arm and a rake might cure In a few min utes. Vines and shrubbery need some attention. Trash has accumulated in the basement and Ae closets. There will be, of course, a clean-up cam paign about the time Miss Spring comes across the Highway bridge, but it might be well to make some prepa rations now. Such work would make Washington better looking and would make the job easier when the crocuses and hyacinths fling out their colors. Government Salaries. There is a story in the news that the assistant secretary of commerce may resign to accept the presidency of a corporation “at a salary several times greater than he receives as as sistant secretary." It is an old story. Something of the kind comes into print nearly every day, and in the cases of many resignations from the public service no mention is made of k the greater private-paid salary the re tiring official is to receive. The re tirement of highly efficient men from the public service to accept higher pay Is regrettable, but there seems to bo no help for it. The government cannot or will not pay as much for business brains as business corpora tions are willing to pay. While many men are content to serve their govern ment for the honor of the thing, many other men will pass up the honor to accept a private job with the proper salary attachment. No one can blame either type of man. Each to his taste. Though public office is generally a thankless task, there is a glamour or some sort of distinction in a public title which makes api>eal to many men. It often happens that a man after being invested with the honors of public office finds those honors a poor substitute for a salary which en ables him to live well, enjoy the pleas ures of the world and make provision for old age and for setting up his chil dren in life. Other men having en joyed the rich salaries paid in indus try for talent and efficiency decide that the honors of public office with an humble salary outweigh the other plan, and that by living in a plain way they can get along well, educate their children and set them to the task of working out their own salvation— generally in some other city. Other men. long In public service, become contented with their lot and like gov ernment service better than the strain of rivalry and stress of competition of other lines of work. The lesson is that while the government probably ought not to be asked to pay the salaries which corporations pay officers and technical experts, the whole level of government salaries should he higher. They should be brought in line with present-day standards of living and the decreased purchasing power of money. Turkey is determined to stand out for complete sovereignty to the last piece of white meat; even at the risk of being gobbled by the western powers. French fines against German towns that behave badly are stated in marks by the million. It would be appalling to state the cost of the German occu pation of France in similar terms. That Michigan young lady with the 114-dogree temperature ought to go to Alaska to get ill the next time. SHOOTING STARS. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. A Golf Reminiscence. When we played shinny long ago Our clothing did not fret us. We wore no coats of sunset glow— Our mothers would not let us. Oh, we were coltish in our glee: We loved to prance and whinny; We asked no “niblick” and no “tee” When we were playing shinny. Oh. where are those companions now— The thin boy we called “Fatty”; The hoy ill-clad, with grimy brow; The hoy so neat and natty: The boy who was so very fat His comrades named him "Skinny”? There is no friendship here like that We knew while playing shinny. Perchance, one day a club I’ll take And set the golf ball flying. At least, an effort I may make: There’s naught, you know, like try ing. But I shall miss those boyish friends, So frccklc-faced and grinny; No modern game can make amends For those lost hours of shinny. A Humble Sermon. Dar nehber wa’n’t no one who couldn't fin’ out Sumpin’ Hus to his home to git busy about. It may be de work doesn’ pay as It should. But it’s better dan loafin' an’ bein’ no good. So I mixes do whitewash or pushes de spade 'Thout talkin’ too much ’bout de money dat's paid. Don’ was’e all yoh time countin’up de reward. Jes’ ten’ to yoh bus’ness an’ trus’ in de Lord. When Moses, de prophet, led Israel's band He dldn’ start axin’ de price of de land He was leadin’ ’em to. Es dey followed de light He knowed dat de future wah boun’ to come right. De onlies’ way to succeed is to etaht A-doin’ yoh bes’ wid yoh ban's and yoh heart. So don’ git contralry and sing off de chord, Jss’ ten’ to yoh bus'nsss an’ trus’ in d# Lord. WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE In Hiram Johnson’s broadside against American entry Into the "league court” many politicians hear the detonation of his opening gun In the fight for the 1924 republican pres idential nomination. Johnson now Is In open opposition to President Hard ing’s paramount issue In the realm of foreign policy. It Is hard to recon cile the Californian’s hostility with his reputed unwillingness to oppose Mr. Harding In the primaries. John son Is reported by his friends to he convinced that if the G. O. P. goes to the country next year on a platform providing for “entanglement” with the league of nations it will bo as overwhelmingly repudiated as the democrats were in 19,20. The irrecon cilable arch-priest looks upon himself as the logical savior of the republi can party from such a doom. John son sails for Europe today. Those who know his mental processes are confident he will return with a store house of corroborated prejudices. ♦* ♦ ♦ The Marquis Curzon of Kedleston, British foreign secretary, who is chiefly responsible for the unyielding policy of his government in the con troversy over the United States con sulate at Newcastle, has never ranked as particularly friendly to America. His only obvious partiality toward us has been exhibited in the choice of his wives, both his first wife (the for mer Mary Letter of Washington) and the present Tjidy Curzon having been American-born. The late Walter Hines Page, our war ambassador at London, more than once took occasion to voice his distrust of Lord Curzon. who was an influential member of both the Asquith and Lloyd George cabinets. Since earliest youth Curzon has enjoyed among his compatriots a reputation for austerity bordering on superciliousness. To this day there clings to him a bit of doggerel com posed when he was an undergraduate at Oxford; “My name i»George Nathaniel Curzon. I am a most superior purzon. My face is round, my hair is sleek. And I dine at Blenheim twice a week.” ** * * Plans of the Princess Bibeseo. Alice Roosevelt Longworth, Mrs. Eugene Meyer, jr., and other intellectuals to form a society of psychology in Washington are conceived in a de sire to counteract the “charlatan ism” palmed off here in the guise of applied psychology. They declare the National Capital has been surfeited with Isms of all sons, mostly of for eign origin, that have been swallowed whole, despite their deleterious char acter. Iq William James America had perhaps the first, and certainly one of the foremost, psychologists the world has yet produced. Robert Sessions Woodworth of Columbia University, a disciple of James, who EDITORIAL DIGEST Non-Political Postmasters an Ideal Difficult in Attainment. The course of treatment prescribed for the Post Office Department by Dr. Hubert Work just before he left the postmaster generalship is looked upon by most editorial writers as ex cellent advice if it could only be made to work along the lines pre scribed. The selection of postmasters upon a purely business basis, with out regard to either political consid eration or civil service ratings, is. as one writer puts it, the ideal way, but. like all other ideals, exceedingly difficult of attainment. In the opin ion of not a few editors, however. Dr. Work s suggested departure from civil service in the selection of post masters would mean merely that there would be more politics in the department, not less, and thus defeat the object at which he aims. While the Asheville Times (inde pendent) suggests that the program which Dr. Work puls forth in leaving the postmaster generalship “comes in the nature of a deathbed repent ance.” the Williamsport (Pa.) Sun (independent) regards it as the con clusions “of a mau who knows what he is talking about," and hence worthy of attention. “The operation of the post office is purely a business function,” says the Tacoma Ledger (independent); “the post office is the biggest business in the country, as well as the department of govern ment that comes closest to the lives of all the people. That it shall prop erly function, business methods should be employed, and these cannot be effective unless directed by business men." But whether or not the Work recommendation that the selection of postmasters should be wholly in the hands of the department will op erate to put business men in control of the postal business is a matter of considerable doubt in editorial minds. “The consensus of opinion.” ac cording to the Springfield (Ohio) News (democratic), “is ' that the method, if adopted, would amount to a return to tjie spoils system in handing out political jobs. • • ’ Relieved of all obligations to the public or to competent seekers after postal positions, it would not lake long for the Postmaster General’s of fice to assume tho position of Kanta Claus and dole out jobs to deserv ing partisians." It is well the Milwau kee Journal (independent) ijiinks, for the Post Office Department to he the final judge in the matter of ap pointments. but even by going into the field to make his selections the Postmaster General would probably find that “he still had politics to deal with—not partisan politics, per haps. but personal politics. The man IN A FEW WORDS The best time to play golf is in the morning. With each stroke at the little white ball at dawn there will disappear a part of your chronic grouchiness, spring fever or any other ailment to which the average individual Is subject. —DR. WALTER L. CRAIG (Johns Hopkins Hospital). Tho bustle will be generally worn again this spring, but it will not he the stiff, ungraceful thing of grand mother's day, but a mass of ruffles and lace. — MME ALLA RIPLEY. There have, been other measures than the prohibition act for which I should receive the credit —or blame. —ANDREW J. VOLSTEAD. The prediction that gasoline will soon be a dollar a gallon is Our prices are fixed by the law of supply only and there are at present no Indications that any Increase whatsoever will be necessary. W. E. TEAGLE (of Standard Oil Company). Since the time of Charlea V the principle of the balance of power has been tho dominating one In European politics and still is, despite the league es nations. —HENRY P. FLETCHER (United States ambassador to Belgium). spoke at. the opening meeting of the new Washington society, Is account ed by some authorities the greatest of living psychologists. John Broad uh Watson, formerly of the Univer sity of Chicago, and Knight Dunlap, professor of experimental psychology at Johns Hopkins, are prospective speakers. ** * * A Washington flapper, evidently of the gold-digger fraternity, was asked what was her favorite hymn. She re plied: “Him that hath.” ♦♦ * * Who have the most characteristic heads In America? Keraphln Soud binine, Russian actor and sculptor, now In Washington, thinks they adorn Herbert Hoover, Medill McCormick and Jack Barry more. Houdbintne, who has “done” McCormick and Bar rymore and is now making a bust of Hoover, was In quest of three heads which would typify American char acter. He fixed upon the cabinet of ficer, the United States senator and the actor after selecting his subjects at random from among photographs of notable Americans. Senator Mc- Cormick is thought by his kinsmen and friends to have a headpiece amazingly like the one popularly as sociated with “Uncle Sam.” On the occasion of a diplomatic bal masque the young Illinoisan was fitted with chin whiskers agd other hirsute ap pendages and is said to have looked our allegorical national hero to the 1 i f e. ** * * Somebody asked Joseph I*. Tumulty, who ought to know, whether a cer tain well known democrat cherishes serious designs on his party’s presi dential nomination next year. "Prob ably.” said Woodrow Wilson's Bos well. “Every democrat in the coun try over thirty-five does.” ** * * Two members of the Washington diplomat io corps—Dr. Bedrlch Ste panok, Czechoslovakian minister, and Dr. Ante Tresich Pavichich, minister of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes— find themselves more pleasantly as sociated in peace than in war. Roth were rebels against tho authority of tho Hapsburgs and active in con spiracy for their overthrow. At a thrilling moment of the war Pavich ich and Stepanek were serving the cause of Slav liberation on the Dal matian coast. They were to have ••scaped from Austrian jurisdiction in an allied submarine, but arrange ments fell through and they were compelled to effect their escape, which they did. by their own devices. Dr. Pavichich told the story at this week’s celebration of the seventy third birthday of Dr. Masaryk. presi dent of the Czechoslovak republic, of whom tho Serb minister was a col league in the old Austrian parlia ment. (Copyright, 1023.) with the •puli’ would still try to laud the job. and probably would get it.” Tile Detroit Free Press (independent) is also skeptical (ft keeping politics out of “a system which reposes un limited discretion in tho Postmaster General," and with the restrictions of the civil service removed, “it politics gets in. then a general rip ping u>» of the organization wilt be inevitable every time an administra tion changes, and tho theory that postmasters hold office for indefinite terms will give way to the facta ot the spoils system.” and “everybody knows.” says the Youngstown Vindi cator (democratic), that “a postmas ter should keep office as long as he does his work well.” So far as civil service control of post office appointments is concerned the Oklahoma City Oklahoman (dem ocratic) believes that such regulation 'is especially needed in the Post Office Department.” because it "should be kp bt ~a s free from politics as pos i«-b • ' whil “ “Postmaster General Works recommendation would have just the opposite effect.” Rut the •'rand Rapids Press (independent) believes that "the postmaster genera! as theoretical head of the great firm of U. S. & Co., mail deliveries, should be able to scout around for the best man for the office of postmaster without having to choose from the grist turned out by a civil service examination.” for. as the Chicago News (independent) says, "that this plan has not always yielded satisfac tory results is admitted by sincere supporters _of the merit system.” The proposal will undoubtedly" "bring a blast of condemnation from civil service reform advocates” who w ill assert that Dr. Work “is endeavoring to restore the spoils system in its entirety,” but as the South Bend Tri bune (independent republican), sees it. “the competitive civil service ex amination system is somewhat like the primary. Its theory is good, but in actual practice it does not always do what its, designers intended." and "if this system were abolished.” the Tribune believes it would open the way for marked improvement in the effective operation of the post office. Theoretically the Work recommen dations for making tho department politics-proof “sounds well.'' the El mira Star-Gazette (independent) thinks, but also it sounds "familiar." for "it has been stated and restated time after time in party platforms and by politicians who were talking bunk which they knew they did Hot mean." Theory aside, the program is "neither practical nor possible.” tho Utica Observer-Dispatch (independ endi adds, and even Dr. Work him self. "given power to make appoint ments as he outlines and recommends, would make his selections in har mony with the wishes of senators and representatives and party leaders." The trouble as the Waterloo (Iowa) Tribune (independent) sees it. is that “when the democrats are in of fice they want the post offices out of politics. When the republicans come in they say it is a grand scheme, but that the rule should not go into ef fect while the democrats are filling the jobs. And so It has gone.” The citizen who approaches a law suit does so in fear and trembling, with the feeling that he is going into some dark cavern in which he must feel his way about’ and where every thing that happens is beyond (he comprehension of an ordinary mortal. —GOV. ALFRED SMITH (of New York). It's the love of women that helps men to understand the love of God. —LADY ASTOK. England might be playing a stronger hand in 'world politics, but the gov ernment knows that the British pop ulace won't fight any more. The boys are home to siav. —HILLAIRE BELLOC. The motion picture theater of the future will be built like an elongated egg and will hold 20,000 people. It will be a temple of color, music and pictures, but mostly music. —S. L. ROTHAFEL. Idealism Is an essential of civiliza tion, but the professional Idealists have their heads In the clouds and leave those who keep their feet on the ground to pay the freight. —’’UNCLE JOE" CANNON. The American detective Is too no ticeable. He has his profession writ ten all over his face, to say nothing of hla shoes. —ISRAEL BLUHENFIELD. The Library Table By The BooklnTer In the good days before the great war, when It wa» proper to use and to praiae books and other things “made In Germany," Baedeker was a synonym for the beat guide booka. We even had a United States Baed eker, edited, by the way, by an Eng lishman,. Dr. James F. Mulrhead, though published In Leipzig. Unfortu nately it has not been revised since 1909, though it is still In many re spects the most useful guide to this country as a whole. We now have a sort of Washington Baedeker. It isn’t called that, but Is officially known at "Rider’s ■ Washington.” However, it does treat of the objects of Interest In the National Capital In the same discriminating, systematic and thor ough way that Baedeker guides treat London or Paris. ♦♦ ♦ ♦ “Rider's Washington” Is a most satisfactory piece of work and fills n place not occupied by the excellent briefer illustrated guides already on the market. The compiler. Dr, Fred eric T. Cooper, spent many months In Washington just before the United Slates entered the war, and carefully authenticated every scrap of infor mation, which has been further re vised within recent, months. The re sults are found in nearly C5O pages of text, and a minute index, together with a general map. and several plans of-sections of the District and of -the large public buildings. Follow ing the Baedeker plan, objects of .special Interest are starred, detailed descriptions are given and historical notes are appended. The book con tains a general description of Wash ington, a sketch of Its history, a statement of the local government and a Washington bibliography. The guide also covers the suburbs, includ ing Alexandria. Arlington, Mount Vernon and those to the north and west. Although this guide is primarily designed to be consulted rather than to be read, much of it will be found to be highly interesting reading, both for Washingtonians and for visitors. ♦♦ ♦ ♦ Another recent book devoted to the Capital city is entitled “The Book of Washington.” This has been written by Robert Shackleton, a fluent writer who had previously written similar books about Boston, New York, Phila delphia and Chicago. This is decidedly a readable book. The interest of its text is heightened by excellent illus trations, .bulb half-tones and line drawings. Mr. Shackleton also spent several months in Washington while writing his book, but bis search has brought together not so mueh the facts that one expects to find in a guide book, but a goodly collection of gossip and stories about people, public buildings and private houses connected with past and present Washington. All these stories he serves up so pleasantly that his book is sure to prove diverting and popular with readers, whether permanent residents or temporary sojourners de sirous of knowing something of the colorful things that make Washington so interesting. ’** * * Henry Van Dyke says of Arthur Train's new novel. “His Children's Children.” that it does for the New York of our own day what Thackeray’s “Vanity Fair” did for the London of a hundred years ago. "It lifts the curtain and shows us in behind the scenes.” The novel pre sents a New York family, founded on what the author calls piracy. Perhaps thp most striking character Is the old grandfather. Peter B. Kayne, "a con verted pirate,” who lives in the third story of the family mansion and watches life. ** * * The newest periodical to come to The Booklover’s desk Is called Time, the Weekly News-Magazine, issued in New York. In form about the size of Life, it consists of briefly told ac counts of events, arranged in classi fied order. The first number, publish ed on March 3, covers national affairs, foreign news, books, art. the theater, movies, music, education, religion, law. science, finance, sport, aero nautics and crime (placed last!). It Is not a journal of quoted opinions like the Literary Digest, but is made up of brief, original articles, with out editorials. It will be Interesting to watch whether there is a place for such a publication. ** * * The detective story always finds its many readers, whether the story be a masterpiece of its kind by Conan Doyle or one of the most obvious and machine-made by a mediocre author. One of the earliest American writers to win a'public in this field was Anna Katharine Green. After a con siderable lapse of time, she has writ ten a new mystery story. "The Step on the Stair.” It was in 1K76 that "The Leavenworth Case” was sub mitted to a publisher, and. although tile manuscript was written in lead pencil, the possibilities of the book were appreciated, and its publication was arranged for. Since then, prob ably thirty stories have come from the same pen. and the announcement of this new novel should whet the ap petite of all that legion who try to outguess the writers of mystery stories. * * >j: * The publication of biographies In the interest of expectant candidates for the presidency has long been a familiar method of arousing interest in persons willing to serve their coun try in that capacity. That Henry Ford has such aspirations has for some time been well known, so that it is not surprising that a fine crop of biographies of him has already been produced. Following several earlier books, in 1917 "Henry Ford’s own Story.’’ as told by Rose Wilder Lane, was published, and in 1922. two books, "The Truth About Henry Ford.” by Sarah T. Bushnell. and “My Life and Work.” by-Henry Ford him'- self. in collaboration with Samuel Crowther. For the coming year there is also promised another book, to he entitled "Henry Ford:’An Interpreta tion.” by Rev. Dr. Samuel S. Mar quis. Mr. Ford’s former pastor, and now head of the sociological depart ment of the. Ford Motor Company. Most readers of "My Life and Work" agree that it is far more than a piece of campaign puffery, lt is indeed a well written account of the life and opinions of an intensely interesting man. Translations of It into French, German, Finnish, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish have also been pub lished. and the publishers report a request from Japan for a Japanese edition. ** * * Sir Rider Haggard possesses a ring which belonged to the mother-in-law of the Egyptian King Tutankhamen, whose name has recently become as familiar a household word as Mother Goose or Robin Hood. The story of the ring was told in Haggard’s novel, “Smith and the Pharaohs,” published two years ago. *♦ ♦ * Something of a sensation was cre ated by the publication, two years ago. of the “Poems of a Little Girl,” by Hilda Conkling, nine yearp old. A new volume of her verses, recently published, is called “Shoes of the Wind.” Their quality is shown by this poem, entitled “Books”; nook*, books that I lore so, Poetry . . . fslry tales . . . stories . . . All of them together make one huge book Broad as a mountain With golden page* And pictures of long ago. I read and I read ... of bring ... of thoughts . . . Os queer things people tell: If 1 could I would our that bogs book. All the world in one; But 1* CSDMC tw bMMtt Foe sms pesay or twee . ... CAPITAL KEYNOTES BY PAUL r. coums In Hooslerdom there grew up two neighbors—a girl and a boy. As the years came on the girl became a mis tlonary to the wild Indian, In Indian Territory, over a thousand miles from home; the boy “chased fires,” as a reporter, in his home state. “Gnats are unnoticed wheresoe’er they fly. But the eagle’s gazed upon with every eye." A few days ago the "boy” and the “girl" reminded each other that the years had wrought wonders, for Miss Alice Robertson. the retiring repre sentative from Oklahoma, presented her photograph to the new Post master General, autographed: “To the nice little boy that I used to know, who has grown to be such a great man." ♦* * * One retiring congressman boasts that he lived in Washington on SBO a month, being without either wife or “dog." It Is not the wife who makes up the difference between the SBO scale of living and the S6OO-a --month plan; it is the “dog.” The representative who must “put on plenty of dog" needs at least the in come that Charlie Chaplin finds in adequate, even for matrimony. There is, in fact, no limit to what any man can spend in Washington or in any other city, but the spread is inevita bly due mostly to the “dog." Many a statesman thinks he would have no influence if he killed his “dog.” which only goes to show that when it comes to sizing up some states men, with or without their “dogs,” “I’d rather be a dog and bay at the moon. Than such a Roman." The dog’s the thing, and many a career is doomed when the great re fuse to lake down their signs: "Love me, love my 'dog.’" and take their woes too seriously when the public laughs at their song: "Ye’ve gotta quit kickin’ my houn' dawg aroun’!” *♦ ♦ ♦ The ladles of government employ who have the privilege of living in the government-owned Plaza Hotels at $45 a month, with room and two good meals a day, together with vari ous special luxuries not found in pri vate boarding houses, are bewailing their hard lot because It is found necessary to raise the price to SSO a month. The increase is due to the de mand of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail road Company that the government pay rent on the railroad land occu pied, in part, by the hotels. Hitherto the government has had the use of the railroad land in consideration of paying the taxes only. The tenants do not claim that they could get board and accommodations elsewhere that would compare with what they get at the Plaza hatels for anything like the same cost. Their complaint is aimed only at the fact that even at the $45 rate the govern ment made a clear profit last year, ex ceeding $86,000, and they argue, there fore. that the government ought to pay the land rental without charging it up to the tenants. That is not counted by the govern ment managers as a fair business ar gument. It should not concern the tenants, they say. as to what the government profits amount to; all that concerns them is whether they could do better elsewhere; if so, let them move and give room for the Waiting list. Heartless, Isn’t it? But that is business. The government is not an eleemosynary institution. nor are those happy tenants “charity pa tients.” 4: * * * Nevertheless, this dispute brings out the truth of what has been argued repeatedly, that the success of the Plaza Hotels at $43 a month for room and board, with parlors and all mod ern Improvements, demonstrates that it is possible for private enterprises to emulate the plan and make money, while furnishing first-class board and room for SSO or S6O a month. ♦♦ * * How would It do for the govern ment to board Us statesmen in the Plaza hotels at SSO a month, in view Garden Court of Bank of England Covers Burial Ground of Old Church BY THE MAKdVIME DE FOXTEXOY. Some months ago elaborate de signs were published on this side of the ocean for the reconstruction ot the Bank of England and for the conversion of the squat Old Lady ot Threadneedle Street into a species of twentieth century skyscraper, while retaining the familiar outside walls of the present single story of the building which has for .over 140 years been one of the best known land marks of the city of London. A feature of the reconstruction was the building over of the garden around which the bank was built, and. in view of the extraordinary value placed upon every yard and even every foot of land In that por tion of the city, and of the immense pressure for increased accommoda tion, long felt by the governors of the bank, it has always seemed strange that they should have al lowed so much of the space within the walls of the bank to remain in the condition of a shady old garden. Few persons, and certainly neither the governors of the bank nor yet the architects employed by them for thf reconstruction, have been until now aware of the origin of this gar den. which has Just been brought to light through the disconcerting dis covery that the bank has no author ity to build over it, and that either the plans of the reconstruction, al ready accepted and determined upon, will have to bo completely changed, or else that municipal, ecclesiastical and. above all. parliamentary legis lation entailing long and costly de lays will have to bo obtained before the obstacles In the way of the re building and extension can be re moved. ♦« * * It seems that when the Bank of England was last reconstructed in 1781 the old St. Christopher-le-Stocks. a church designed by Sir Christopher Wren, was pulled down in order to make way for the extension of the bank, authority to do so having been duly obtained by act of parliament, approved of by King George 111. The old church was surrounded by a graveyard, and It was particularly stipulated by the act of parliament In question that all the bones of the dead In the churchyard should be gathered together In a great vault, oc cupying the church's site, and the surface of which should be converted Into a garden and never be built upon. It remains to be seen whether par liament will consent to legislate in favor of the removal of the bones of the dead who formerly reposed In the graveyard of St. Christopher-le-Stocks Church to some other churchyard or cemetery, or If the stipulation under which the sacred ediflee and its gar den of the dead was surrendered to the Bank ot England will be merely of their complaint that they cannot live elsewhere on $625 a month, and their demand of an increase of pay from $7,500 to SIO,OOO a year? Give them “commutation of quarters,” on the same basis as Army officers, or supply them, as if they were briga diers. with six-room apartments and commissary stores at 10 per cent above wholesale cost. Statesmen come high, but wo must have ’em. ** * * There is a great weakness in the Borah postal card campaign for the presidency. The new Postmaster Gen eral, Harry New, is the political wire puller of President Harding, and ru mor has it that ho is reading all the Horah postals. It’s a hundred to one that he tells President Harding the secrets of Borah strategy. ** * * Senator Ladd is wrestling with tha soviet government of Russia to gain the assurance that its invitation for a party of congressmen to visit Rus sia at the soviet government’s ex pense is given without eny strings to it. The senators and representa tives are willing to be the guests of Russia, if, after partaking of the hos pitality, they are to be permitted to tell the world that their recent hosts are failures and. a bad lot. Senator Borah has declined the invitation to be one of that party, saying he has arranged to go and pay bis own ex penses. Russia will probably assure the Ladd party that they will be free to talk, but so would any host assure his guest, with tho mental reserva tion that he would show his bad breeding if. after partaking of the salt of hospitality, his free talk failed to be complimentary. Jf the United States needs an inspection of Russia. Is not the United States able to pay the freight? ** * * Wireless telephone waves make hair grow on bald heads, according to a cablegram from London, but what a suffering world wants to know is what Is the effect of the oscillation on the inside of the same skull. Will it stimulate the brains, as well a■ the hair? Possibly the idea is like the old one that eating fish stimulated brain growth. When an aspiring young writer sent a specimen of his effusions 5 - to Mark Twain and asked him how much fish he should eat, Mark advised him to eat a whale. Would 400 am plifiers in the House be enough to start with? We should not stop at mere whiskers. ** * * All the radicals, alias “progres sives,” in the Senate are going to sit together, like birds of a feather, in the next session. They will not use amplifiers, but seismographs, to mark the earthquakes they will produce with their gigantic landslides and upheavals. Maybe a tidal wave will follow their every move. ** v * Dr. Royal S. Copeland, senator-elect from New Y'ork, announces that he does not intend to bother his head about international finance, nor any thing highbrow, but he will treat the body politic with all the emetics needed. One joy of his life is the thought that he is to serve in the Senate even while Senator Lodge is still there, for he “wants to get a whack at him." Senator Copeland is not the first man with that most laudable ambi tion. A big bruiser from Boston traveled all the way to Washington for that very purpose, about the lime Germany wanted America to paint all her ships like barber poles, so that she would not sink any, by mis take. He too took his chances in “taking a whack” at Senator Henry Cabot Lodge. After he got out of the hospital, he apologized, saying he didn’t know it was loaded. (Copyright, 1923. by I’. V. Collins.) repealed in the face of inevitable op position. ** * - It is doubtful if there has ever been any banking institution in the world where so great an aggregation of riches from all parts of the universe have been gathered together under one roof. Foreign monarchs and for eign governments, even those of the far orient, have at one time or an other confided their greatest treasures to the Bank of England as the one place of all others for safekeeping. The huge underground portion of the bank, where all these riches are pre served. and the ingenious contrivances devised for their protection, arc oc casionally shown to carefully select ed visitors. But it is doubtful whether any of them who have been thus privileged have ever realized that on the same level, and separated only from them by a heavy stone wall, re inforced by highly tempered steel, there lay all the bones and skeletons of the former occupants of the grave yard of the Wren church of St. Chris topher-le-Stocks. ** * * Arriving this week In New York from Brazil on his way to England is the Rt. Hon. Sir John Tilley, who two years ago was appointed to succeed 1 Sir Ralph Paget as British ambassa dor at Rio. His promotion to the post from an assistant undersecre tary of state at the foreign office car ries with it the customary appoint ment to membership of the privy council, an increase of salary from $7,500 a year to $35,000 per annum, in addition to various liberal allowances and a stately official residence, fur nished even to the superb silver serv ice, and maintained at government ex pense. Then. too. If Sir John had been obliged to wind up his career at. the foreign office with the salary of an assistant undersecretary of state, lie would have had to content himself, on his retirement, with a pension of $5,000 a year, whereas now. as a for mer ambassador, he will hi- accorded considerably more than treble that amount. Sir John Tilley, who is expected to make a brief slay in New York and Washington before proceeding to England, lias many American friends, acquired through his services In con nection with the Venezuelan Bound ary Arbitration Commission in Paris, for the settlement of then pending differences that had arisen between Great Britain and the United Stales, ami he has also come Into contact witli American officials at the series of International conferences at Brus sels and elsewhere, at which the United Slates was represented. Sir John received his education at Eton and at King’s College. Cam bridge; is about fifty-four years of age, so that he has still a full decade before he reaches the statutory limit for retirement; has a son and two daughters, and is married to a daugh ter of the late Sir William Montgom ery Cunnlnghame, ninth baronet Os .bis lino and & Victoria Cross hero.