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Unsettled and colder, probably rain tonight; tomorrow partly cloudy and colder; lowest temperature about freezing. Temperature for twenty four hours ended at 2 p,m. today: Highest. 75 at 6 o.m. yesterday; low est. 49 at noon today. Full report on page H. Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 22 K' 9ft ftOfi Entered a& second-class matter O. •dOjOUU. post office Washington, D. C. BELGIANS IMPRESS VIEWS ON POINCARE IN HEATED SESSION Gradual Evacuation of Ruhr, • With Payments, Consented To Reluctantly. JASPER INSISTS ALLIES TAKE PART IN VERDICTS Division Also Manifest Over Occu pational Regime—Treaty Ad hesion Big Issue. th«- Associated Press. BRUSSELS, March 13.—Although an accord was reached at the Franco-Bel pian conference here yesterday on the fundamental points In connection with the Ruhr occupation, there were sharp (ilscusslons over a number of ques tions It developed today. The technical phase of the confer ence resulted In a general agreement rn the policy to be pursued in the JLuhr and on the arrangements for get ting out coal from the valley, but those In touch with the proceedings attach higher importance to the politi cal aspects of the meeting. Sfiilon Kept Secret. The discussion that took place in the conference was kept absolutely secret, and M. Poincare, as he left, eaid to his Belgian colleague: “I give my word of honor that T Will not divulge any part of this con ference, and I hope you gentlemen will be guided accordingly.” The Belgians during the conference insisted at great length upon their points of view, and it is asserted here that the gradual evacuation of the Ruhr as Germany pays was assented to by M Poincare with the greatest i eluctance. It was widely commented that when lie left the conference he appeared nervous and irritable, and that M. Jaspar. the Helgian foreign minister, who usually is very calm, was red-faced and excited. Sees Theunis Again. Premier Poincare had another con ference with Premier Theunis before leaving for Paris today. The subjects of security for France and Belgium and the future condi tions to be laid down for Germany were not mentioned in the com munique about yesterday’s meeting, but it is known they were discussed, the Belgians insisting particularly that at the proper moment all the as- Jies should be brought into the con ference. They made it plglmthat they wanted both security and reparations. ”“ t * hey insisted upon remaining str ctly within the treaty of Ver sailles. The Belgians pointed out that thev did not wish to do anything to offend Great Britain, as they were obliged to look to England for protection as well as to France. The Belgians said the whole situation should be frankly laid before the allies as soon as Germany acknowledged defeat in the Ruhr and they insisted also it is understood, that all the allies and the United States should be informed that the Anglo-American refusal to ratify the guarantee treat} - negoti ated at t ersailles at the same time as the German peace treaty had cre ated a new situation and' that the !• rench and Belgians were bound to consider the question of their se curity in this new light. Regime Point of Issue. One of the sharpest bits of dis cussion is understood to have arisen over the question of consolidation of the French regime in the Ruhr and the Rhineland. The Versailles treaty provides that the Rhineland shall be occupied only a maximum of fifteen years after the Germans begin a loyal execution of the treaty. The Belgians are declared to have pointed out that their interests would be af fected if the French Intended to re main in the Rhineland permanently The Belgian military plans for the Ruhr contemplate the sending of the 7th Division of Infantry there carlv 1n April to replace the troops now on duty and the dispatch of the 6th Division four months later to relieve the seventh. Both these divisions, however, would lie in a state of prep aration that might be hastened if a’n emergency arose. THIRD TIME SPEEDER GETS JAIL AND FINE Taxi Driver Must Serve 30 Days If $5O Is Not Paid, Ruling of Traffic Judge. Charles J. Morgan, chauffeur for the Black and White Taxicab Co., charged with the third offense of ex ceeding the speed limit in violation of the traffic regulations, was con victed in the Traffic Court today and sentenced to £ straight term of five days in jail and in addition to pay a fine of |3O and in default to serve an additional thirty days in jail He was committed, not having paid the fine. SI,BOO Mad Dog Bill Shocks Arlington, With 18 Victims Special Dispatch to The Star. CLARENDON', Va„ March 13.—Mad dogs that mind their own business can be tolerated, but mad dogs that run around sinking their teeth into . humans are not only to- be greatly feared, but are a big expense—that is, if they do their rampaging in the state of Virginia. This fact was clearly in evidence yesterday, when the board of super visors of Arlington county, in regular session, at the courthouse, nearly be came afflicted with rabies by mere mention of a bill run up by a "peeved” unlicensed pup who vented his anger on eighteen people at Vir ginia Highlands. The bill, which was submitted by the physician who at tended the dog's victims called for $l,BOO. Under the law, it is said, $2OO is allowed for the treatment of per sons attacked by mad dogs, but It is also eaid that the authors of the bill evidently were not looking for any such. antics as were engaged in by the dog. The vaccine used on the 4 patients. It is said, cost $9OO. •» Lenine Suffers Apoplexy, Says Wire to London hr the Associated Press. LONDON. March 13.—A Reuter dispatch from Helsingfors today says Premier Lenine of soviet Rus sia had an apoplectic seizure yes terday. His condition, the mes sage adds, is stated to be serious. A Moscow dispatch on March 7 quoted Leo Kaineneff as stating that Lcnine's health was gradu ally improving after having suf fered from overwork following last summer’s illness. ARRESffISH NIPS HUGE PLOT Rebels Sought, by Fomenting Trouble, to Waken Whole British Empire. OTHER RAIDS IMPENDING Most Dangerous Leaders Believed Seized, However—Letters Dis close Plans of Republicans. By the Associated Press. LONDON. March 13.—The belief that further Irish raids are impending in Great Britain persists in the press, although it Is generally reported the persons considered, most dangerous were gathered in last week end. 1 The vigilance of the Free State se cret ,service agents in tracking ene mies of the government is said to have been remarkably thorough and successful. The Daily Express says that these detectives have been work ing for months in co-operation with Scotland lard. Without arousing sus picion they became acquainted with most of the details of the gun-run ning and other schemes, attending most of the secret meetings of the plotters. Would Destroy Empire. The Morning Post, giving what it purports to be an account of some of these meetings, says that the Count ess Markievicz has taken a promi nent part in them. It quotes her as saying at a recent gathering that the Irish republic’s chances were immi nent and that the support of many other countries could be expected. The destruction of the British em pire was th© theme of another re ported speech, while trouble© ip India and Egypt were cited as aiding th© Irish republic aspirations. ->* It seems that women have been par ticularly active in the Irish cause in Great Britain, keeping in constant communication with the irregular forces in Ireland and adopting many clever disguises. bends. Much Ammunition. One of two Irishmen held for trial yesterday for the unlawful posses sion of ammunition had in his pos session a letter which referred to having sent 20.000 rounds of ammu nition from London to Dublin. “Am not in a position to get Ger man rifle ammunition, ’’ the letter adds. “Must wait boats from Ger many.” The attorney general, speaking in the house of commons, read a letter seized in the Sunday raid, addressed to “the officer commanding in Great Britain" from “the chief of staff,” dated March 7, as follows: “Having failed to get the articles we expected, the chief of staff now writes that you are Instructed to have the operations carried out at once. He says the day has now come.” Sought Artillery. Another letter to the officer com manding in Great Britain from the “I. R. A.” referred to obtaining Stokes guns in England, urging that one of these with sufficient shells would finish the war in Ireland very quickly. It also referred to procur ing small artillery. Another letter from the republican director of intelligence in Irelnd, in structed the “C. C. B.” to appoint an able man or woman to keep them in formed on everything that was hap pening concerning the republic in foreign office and the office of the Irish high commissioner. James Mc- Neill. It might be necessary, it was pointed out, to get somebody into the latter office. Still another letter con tained the following: Planned General Destruction. “We are considering the carrying out of active hostilities in England owing to the advanced departments of the situation here. The activities would amount to a general destruc tive policy.” The Daily Mail reverts to its pre | vious statement that some of the ■irishmen arrested were co-operating with communists. The newspaper as serts that an examination of the seized documents proved conclusively that they were in close touch with (Continued on Bag© 2, Column 6.) The dog started on his rage at the home of his owner, L. R. Keyes, in flicting bites on Mr. Keyes and his six children. Then he left the prem ises and before he could be captured and shot had bitten Kenneth Myers, Edward Clarboe, Mrs. Nancy Harris, Charles Harris. J. R. Green, Ruth Green, Herbert Holiedge, Alfred Lacy, Lucy Lacy and Prank Sprague. All victims, according to the physician who requests that the names be withheld, were given the Pasteur treatment and have passed the danger mark for serious compli cations. ’But not so wMv the board of su pervisors. There troubles have Just begun. It seems that bills contracted by mad dogs, shall be paid out of the dog license fund and upon - investiga tion by the board it was found that this fund was almost depleted, so much so that payment of the bill at this time is out of the question. The bill, it is said, has got to be paid and will be paid and dog owners who have no license for their pets are warned not to be surprised if they receive a notice or call from the game warden to “come across.” W\t Munim ptef. V V J V V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION L/ WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, MARCH 13, 1923-THIRTY-POUR PAGES. STORM DEAD. 44: DAMAGE MILLIONS IN MILE WEST Telephone and Telegraph Wires Torn Down in Widespread Area. INJURED TOTAL 200; 16 KILLED IN ONE TOWN Nine Dead in Ohio as Result of Cyclonic Winds—Red Cross Rushes Aid. By the Associated Preas., CHICAGO, March 13.—Red Cross rep resentatives, public officials and citi zens’ committees were at work today retrieving the wreckage, human and otherwise. In the storm-swept states of the Mississippi and Ohio valleys. Re ports, apparently nearly complete, place the life loss in the March fury of Sunday and early yesterday at forty-four. Nearly 200 were reported injured. The combination of blizzard lasts and the first general thunderstorm of the year left tragedy, damage, pathos and heroism In Its wake. Red Cross ministrations were being given today to the survivors at Pin son and Deanburg, in western Ten nessee. where thirty of the 300 or more inhabitants were killed and 100 persons were injured by the storm which left little of those communi ties erect. It was from this locality that Henry Kline, a youthful hero of Pinson, rushed for aid through darkness to Jackson. Tenn., ten miles away. Nine Dead la Keatneky. Central Kentucky felt the irresist ible force of the gale. When Us ef fects were checked today it was found nine had lost their lives and nearly eighty persons were Injured. Prop erty damage close to a million dol lars. The wind carried a farmhouse in Madison county. Ky., fifty yards, final ly demolishing It and causing the death of three of its thirteen occu pants. In Ohio two persons were killed, one at Massillon and one at Steubenville. Persons were swept from their feet by the wind’s force and properly was damaged to the extent of thousands of dollars. Scores were injured. Public utilities companies of Mlchl gan were reported to have suffered damages totaling about 11,500.000. Snow In Wisconsin. Practically the whole state of Wisconsin was recovering today from tl- 1 effects of the heavy snow that accompanied the storm. Twenty cities wci*e without light or power temporarily due to the breaking of a transmission line from Kllboum dam. The storm brought out a new use for radio when "lost” trains were located by broadcasting from Chicago pleas to amateur radio fans to as certain the whereabouts of the trains and then report through wireless agencies to the two receiving stations here. That was attempted when telegraph and telephone lines were blown down by the storm. BED CBOSS AIDS. Contingent on Way to Stricken Tennessee Town. By the Aesocltted Free*. JACKSON, Tenn., March IS.—A con tingent of Red Cross workers from Atlanta is expected to arrive here early today, bringing tents and other necessities for the homeless in the storm-stricken area, a few miles south of here, and to co-operate with the local chapter in ministering to the scores of persons Injured In the wreckage wrought by the cyclonic winds which demolished the little towns of Pinson and Deanburg and took a heavy toll of life. First aid for the wounded given and supplies for the destitute were distributed throughout yester day by the local chapter of the Red Cross. A check of the dead last night in dicated that the known fatalities to taled seventeen, seven white persons and ten negroes. Os these sixteen died of injuries received at Pinson, the other was killed at Deanburg. The following white dead persons were identified last night: At Pinson: Mrs. J. L. James, wife of the Methodist pastor; Mrs. B. G. Vantreese, her daughters. Madge and Mabel Vantreese; two children of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Ervin, Howard, six, and a four-month-old Infant.' At Deanburg: Charles Cane. NINE DEAD IN KENTUCKY. Damage Estimated at Close to Mil lion Dollars. LOUISVILLE, Ky., March 13.—Nine persona dead, more than eighty others (Continued on Page 2, Column 2.) TURKS PERMIT Ml 11. S. SHIPS AT SMYRNA Modification of Order* Will Per mit Delivery of Mail to De stroyer There. Orders Issued recently by the Turk ish nationalist government restrict ing foreign naval craft In Smyrna harbor, have been modified to permit the presence there of two American naval ships at the same time provid ing one of them does not remain for more than a few hours. The modification was agreed to by the Turkish authorities, the - State Department was advised today. In order to permit the destroyer sta tioned in the harbor to receive malls brought in by a sister ship. The Turkish orders originally were Intended to prevent more than one foreign craft from anchoring in the harbor at a time. The cable message revealed that the Turkish authorities have applied the modified order to American craft, although they repre sented a neutral power* HOOVER TO START COMMERCEPROBE Will Investigate Supply of Rubber, Nitrates and Com mercial Fibers. USING REGULAR STAFF i Object Is to Determine if Foreign Combinations Control Prices in United States. Investigation into the supply of three raw materials—rubber, nitrates and commercial fibers—will be em barked upon immediately by Secre tary Hoovar, under th© authority granted the Comnuerce Department by the last Congress. Staffs • are being organized, Mr. Hoover said today, from the regular personnel of the department. It was suggested that inquiry might demon strate the advisability of investigat ing also the production of other raw commodities whose chief sources are outside the United States. Will Look Into Prices. The Secretary said it would be the first object of the investigation to determine whether foreign combina tions controlling prices actually exist. Thereafter, legislative means may be Bought to put American buyers on an equality with the controlling com binations and to develop alternative sources for securing competitive pro duction. In the rubber industry, Mr. Hoover said. It will likely be found that tropical and subtropical areas under the American flag can be made pro ducing sources. As to nitrates, which now come chiefly from natural de posits in Chile, the investigation will consider the possibility of enlarging artificial production at hydroelectric plants in the United States and else where. Staal la Big Import. One of the chief fibers imported into tne United States is sisal, all of which comes from Yucatan and is controlled, so far as price is con cerned, by a seml-governmentai Mexican commission. It is believed, however, that other areas may be found in which the crop can bo grown successfully. A second fiber which the Investigation will take up is Jute, produced chiefly In India. Members of a special committee which will inquire Into agricultural export problems were named yester day by Secretary Hoover. They were summoned to meet in Washington March 24. All the appointees are connected with agricultural organizations, or with allied industries, or scientific work related thereto. They are; W. O. Jamison. La Veta, Col.; J. G. Brown, .Indianapolis, and C. w. Hunt, Des Moines, lowa, ait three officers of the American Farm Bureau Federa tion: T. C. Atkeson, Washington rep resentative of the National Grange; Charles' S. Barrett, president of the Farmers' Union; James F. Bell, flour miller, Minneapolis; Julius Barnes, president Chamber of Commerce of the United States; George McFadden, Cotton exporter. Philadelphia; Carl Williams, president Oklahoma Cotton Growers’ Association; Ralph Merritt, president California Raisin and Rice Association; Alonzo E. Taylor, di rector of the Institute of Food Re search, Stanford University; James A. Broderick, vice president National Bank of Commerce, New ork: Adolph Miller, member of the Federal Re serve Board; Thomas Wilson, presi dent American Institute of Meat Packers; H. C. Taylor. Department of Agriculture, and Julius Klein, De partment of Commerce. Dr. Frank M. Surface, who directed food surveys during the war for the food administration, will have charge of the Investigation. Staffs of the De partments of Commerce and Agricul ture will assist In the work. The Investigation was authorised by the last Congress, which appro priated $600,000 partially for its work and for the purpose of investigating conditions In the rubber trade and in other industries where it is con sidered foreign Influences may have influenced prices artificially against American consumers. DENBY PARTY IN CANAL. Secretary of Navy Welcomed to Zone by Gov. Morrow. COLON. . March 13.—The U. S. S. Henderson, bearing Secretary Denby and the American congressional party to witness battle practice in Panama bay, will pais through the canal to tbs Pacific today. The party was welcomed yesterday .by Gov. Morrow. ..... . Trapped on Ice, Brothers Die Singing Hymn as Many Watch By the Aisncialol Press. OMAHA, Neb.. March 13.—Floating on an ice cake in the Missouri river to certain death, with the banks lined by friends and relatives unable to avert the tragedy, two lowa men chose as their farewel message the hymn. "Nearer. My God. to Thee." For hours Harvey Mclntosh, aged | thirty years, and his brother Tom. twenty-six years, of Mondanitn. lowa, had been marooned on a sandbar in the Missouri river thirty miles north i of Omaha after a sudden rise of the ' river swept away their boat while they I BALLOU OPPOSES NEW BOARD PLAN ■ - - ’* Superintendent Is Against Changing System of Ap pointments. Proposed changes in the method of appointing members of the board of education were flatly opposed by Superintendent of Schools Frank W. Ballou In a rapid-fire talk this aft ernoon at the luncheon forum of the City Club. "The District has just as good a board as it can ever have under any circumstances, even if it is appointed by the President, the Commissioners or any other body,” the superintendent declared. This is the first time that Supt. Bal lou has expressed himself on this subject. The Commissioners informed Congress at the last session that they belleved they should be given the con stituted authority to appoint members of the school board as well as the personnel of other Independent boards. A hasty review of the progress of schoolhouse construction in the last three years was given by Dr. Ballou, together with future plans for de velopment. He pointed out that In that time Congress has appropriated $5,860,000 for land and school build ings. Congress Convinced. "While there is still congestion in the schools.” said Dr. Ballou, ”we ought to rejoice that we have con vinced Congress of the needs of the school system, and that conditions have been improved.” The superintendent emphasized that the congestion in the high schools is still serious, there being approxi mately 4,000 students in excess of present accommodations, but said this situation would be relieved to some extent with the opening In the near future of the new Langley and Mac farland junior high schools and the junior high schools to be established in the old Eastern high school and the Jefferson graded school. In this connection, he explained that high school facilities are not being pro vided commensurate with the ever growing high school population. .Plana For Relief. Division by division in the elementary school system, the superintendent de scribed briefly the existing conditions relative to housing facilities and out lined the plana for relief. Although no additional accommo dations have been provided in the southwest section of the city, he said, arrangements will have to be made to give this section added facilities for the elementary school children when the Jefferson School is con verted into a junior high school. Dr. Ballou also , spoke in favor of the continued extension of the Junior high school system, pointing out that these schools provide better educa tion a + less expense than do the sev enth and eighth grades of the ele mentarjr schools. ENLARGE AIR MAIL SERVICE HAVANA, March 13.—The United States air mall service is endeavoring to reach an agreement with the Cuban government whereby the transporta tion of mail by hydroairplane between Havana and Key West can be main tained throughout the year, according to Carl F. Egge, superintendent of the service, who is visiting in this city. Mail from the United States is now received in Cuba by plane daily, bht this government has not yet com pleted arrangements for return de liveries. Mr. Egge said that a regular New York-to-San Francisco thirty-hoar air mall service would soon be in ef ' feet. \ • were hunting ducks. Their cries brought many persons to the banks, but ail attempts to send aid to them failed owing to a heavy flow of ice. The brothers perched themselves on a stump as darkness fell and water covered the bar. Huge bonfires were lit by the watchers on the banks. As the crest of the flood came on the water rose to the men’s armpits. "We have caught an Ice cake,” they shouted shortly after midnight. And then out of the darkness of the river came the strains of the hymn that grew fainter and fainter. No traces of the bodies were found ; today, although searching parties have combed the river bottoms for miles. HAYNES PLYS NEW ORY WEAPON “Selling” Enforcement on Campaign Tour Among State Legislatures. BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE. Prohibition Commissioner Roy A. Ha} nes has embarked upon a cam paign to “sell” law observance to the country. He is absent from Wash ington this week on sucii a mission. The immediate object of Mr. Haynes’ trip is to address a joint session of the Michigan legislature at Lansing March 15. It will be his fourth suc cessive activity of that kind this year. On January 19 he spoke be fore the joint assembly of Oregon, at Salem; on January 27, before both branches of the state legislature of Texas, at Austin, and on February 27 he addressed a joint session of his home state legislature of Ohio, at ! Columbus. Everywhere and always the burden of Commissioner Haynes' song is the same. He tries to "sell” the men and women who make the laws of the federal states the idea that observance of the eighteenth amendment and the Volstead act is incumbent upon every American who values his or her citizenship. Mr. Haynes reports that there is a ready "market” for the “goods” that he is “selling.” He declares that reac tion to the theory that violation of the liquor laws is unpatriotic is im mense and amazing. People of Strange Ideas. In an Interview with this writer on the eve of his departure for Ohio, the prohibition commissioner said: “Strange as It may seem, the idea that disobedience to the prohibition statutes is bad citizenship is new to lots of people. Time and again folks come to me, after my meetings, and say: ’By George, we never thought of it in that way. You've given us a new slant.’ 1 have yet to leave a community without feeling that the concept I try to ‘sell’ has found a legion of ready customers. It doesn’t strees the moral issue. It doesn’t touch the health aspect of prohibition It doesn't even deal with the efficien cy boon which prohibition has con ferred upon American industrial life It just hammers on the bounden and elementary duty of men and women who are proud of their American cit izenship to observe the law of the land.” Commissioner Haynes was asked if (Continued on Page 2, Column 1.) Mismated Bride Says‘No*at Altar Then Shoots Self By the Associated Press. GENEVA, March 13.—News of a pathetic tragedy comes from Lin dau, a small Island in Lake Con stance, where pretty Fraulein Moser, twenty-one years old. shot herself yesterday before the church altar rather than wed a wealthy man twice her age. When the priest asked the usual question whether she accepted the man as her husband, the bride re plied: "No. Noi I love another. My par ent* know this 1 would rather die first'.” With these words she drew a small revolver from beneath her bridal bouquet and shot herself j through the head, falling at the feet of th* priest, and dying with in a few moments.... “From Press to Home Within the Hour ” The Star’s carrier system covers every city block and the regular edition is delivered to Washington homes as fast as the papers are printed. Murderer Wins Delay Until His Plea Is Heard Justice Stafford, in Criminal Di vision 1, today postponed until Friday, May 25, the execution of Edgar Randolph Perrygo, twenty years old, which had been sched uled for Thursday. The postpone ment Is made necessary because the Court of Appeals has not yet acted on his appeal. Perrygo was convicted of the killing of Mrs. Emily Faithful, at her home in Congress Heights, when she re fused to lend him money on which to get married. The young man yesterday was confirmed at the District jail by Bishop Harding of the Episcopal Church. O’RYAN’S FIRST AIM TOHELPVETERANS Will Investigate Ex-Soldiers’ Methods in Applying for Relief. GRAFT PROBE TO FOLLOW Inquiry Into Bureau Affairs Like ly to Take Six Weeks—Plan Public Hearings. Investigation of the Veteran's Bu reau by Maj. Gen. John F. O’Ryan, counsel for the Senate committee, will direct its attention, first, to the methods used by soldiers in obtaining relief from the bureau, Gen. O'Ryan announced today. This will be done, it was explained, in order to reach the situation at the place where it may do the individual disabled soldier the most good and be of immediate relief. The second step in the investiga tion, Gen. O’Ryan announced, will probably be directed toward the charges of mismanagement, graft and inefficiency, which have been raised in various quarters. Promise Full Co-Operation. These announcements were made at a conference today at the Veterans Bureau between Gen. O'Ryan and Brig. Gen. Frank T. Hines, director of the Veterans’ Bureau, and newspaper men. at which it was emphasized there will be full co-operation be tween the Senate committee, investi gating forces and the administration of the bureau. Gen. O Ryan, as the head of an in vestigating force, will establish two offices, it was announced, one at the Veterans’ Bureau, where will be lo cated a liaison officer. R- C. Roulsong, appointed by Gen. Hines, and the other at the Senate office building, headquarters of the Senate Invest!- committee, of wlilcti C«ipt. B. u. McCllntock is secretary. Plaa Public Hearings. Gen. O'Ryan outlined in a survey the methods to be employed by his investigation. Indicating that within I gjx weeks or a month an analysis of the situation would perhaps bg. com pleted for presentation to the Sen ate committee. Following this, he indicated, it was the plan to hold public hearings at which the condl (Continued on Page 2, Column 4.) Harding Backs Move to End Minority Rule in Senate BV DAVID LAWRENCE. PORT LAUDERDALE. March 13. Representative Mondell’s statement that some revision of the Senate rules is necessary to prevent a minority from overcoming: the will of a ma jority is echoed with considerable en thusiasm by President Harding- Fresh in the memory of the Presi dent is the fact that the merchant marine bill is one of the 144 bills which passed the House but died in the Senate because of filibustering tactics. Mr. Harding has been given the pledges of a majority of the members of the Senate who would have voted for the measure if given a chance. “Shall the people rule” is a familiar slogan in politics, but it may come into use again in the next cam paign unless something is done in the next Senate. Wllsob's Plbb Fblls. Mr. Wilson found himself embar rassed by the rules of unlimited de bate in the Senate and succeeded in persuading his party associates to put through a form of cloture which at the time was believed adequate. That revision of the rules has signally failed. It provided that whenever sixteen members of the Senate signed a petition to end debate the Senate must take a vote on a motion to lim it the time that each senator could talk before a vote had to be taken. But the same rule provided that two thirds must approve the motion to limit debate. ..... v President Harding didn’t have a two-thirds majority for the ship sub sidy bill. Few bills ever have that much support unless they are abso lutely non-partisan. So in order to get any legislation through, two thirds of the Senate must realty con sent to the legislation. Majority Now Cut. Mr. Harding had his biggest party majority In the session of Congress just ended. The republicans will have a scant majority in both House and Senate next time. Still it will be pos sible for them under House rules to put through party measures by adopting under the majority rule all motions to limit debate. In the Sen ate that same republican majority will be largely theoretical, for some of the western republicans already have shown that they care very little about administration measures or party solidarity. Only by a revision of the rules to permit a majority to adopt a motion to liipU debate can the Harding ad ministration. hope to get.through, any Yesterday’s Net GrcuUtion, 96,480. •• TWO CENTS. SPECIAL SENATE SESSION TO REVISE RULESADVOCATED Plan Being Urged as Effort to Prevent Thwarting Will of Majority. PRESIDENT ONCE REFUSED PLEA FOR EXTRA TERM Jones Says Ban on Dilatory Motions and Limit of Debate Are Main Changes Sought. President Harding has been urged by some of the senators to call a spe cial session of the Senate between now and the opening of the next regular session of Congress in De cember for the purpose of amending the Senate rules so that body can more readily transact business. Senator Jones of Washington, chairman of the commerce commit tee, who had charge of the admin istration shipping bill, which failed because of a filibuster In the Senate, said today that he had urged the President to take this step. But the President, according to Senator Jones, did not consider it best to call such a session at this time. From others sources it was learned that the matter had been given con siderable thought at the White House. Plans Alaskan Trip. The President la to make a trip to Alaska later during the year, and it Is reported the plan contemplated was that following this vist, the President should make a number of addresses on his way back from the Pacic coast, strongly urging the en trance of the United States Into the world court—as he did in his recent message to the Senate; and that upon his return to Washington, a special session of the Senate would be call ed, to consider the protocol relating to the world court and also for the purpose of amending the rules of the Senate. The suggestion has been made, however, that for the President to call a special session of the Senate to revise the Senate rules would create great antagonism in the Senate, the idea being that the chief executive should not seek to dictate to ate what its rules should or should not be. Jones Favors Change. Senator Jones of Washington, how ever, in an Interview today made it clear that he is strongly in favor of such an extra session of the Senate and that he considers that a change in the rules of the Senate so aa to make it possible for a majority to do business is vitally necessary. He said: “The time has come to limit debate in the Senate. I have been one of those who have resisted such a change. During my ten years serv ice in the House I was impressed with the lack of real consideration given to important legislation on the floor It had to be so in a body of that size. 1 saw legislation greatly Improved under the system of un limited debate in the Senate. It seemed to be a genuinely deliber ative body, and I thought that the two systems supplemented each other with good results. "If debate was carried on as it used to be. I would not now favor a change, but It is not. Instead of the rules being used to protect the rights (Continued on Page 2, Column 3.1 of the important measures it may sponsor in the next two years. It was by a popular campaign against Can nonism and the arbitrary character of the House rule that a change was made in the lower House, and there are those in the President’s party who believe the time is ripe for another appeal to public sentiment to bring about a change in the Senate. Six Men Can Rule. As matters stand now six men or an even smaller group can block ac tion by the Senate on any measure they oppose, simply by using up the time in debate in relays. And one more than a third of tho Senate can always prevent the passage of a mo tion by the remainder of the Senate to limit debate. The principal opponents of any radical change in the Senate rules have been southern democrats. The latter have felt tliat the right of un limited debate alone prevents the enactment of a so-called “force bill" > to extend the rights of the negro in the south. It was a filibuster of southern democrats which killed the anti-lynching bill which passed the House, but which was abandoned by the republicans after they were con vinced the entire time of the Senate would be taken up by a democratic filibuster unless the measure was pul aside. May Be 1934 Issue. The republicans, therefore, are the natural champions of a revision of Senate rules. Without a popular de mand for it, however, the vote would be taken along party lines, and it is conceded that with, the decreased strength in the next Congress the move would have little. If any, chance of success. It would not be surpris ing, however, to see President Hard ing campaign for such a change and make it one of the dominant issues of his next speaking tour. He already has said that some way must bo found to permit the majority to rule. He has not suggested what kind of a change In Senate procedure he would favor. Mr. Mondell has just finished his service in the House and has become a member of the War Finance Corporation, but his position as republican leader permits him. to make a retrospective criticism. In fact his entire statement of the leg islative record of the last Congress is accepted here as the forerunner of further statements upon which the strategy of the 1924 campaign will be based. There is already an an ticipation of more obstructive tactics In the next Congress, so that a shift ing of responsibility to the minority would be a naural defense against inaction. More will be heard about the Senate rules from now on. Mr. MondeU’s speech was a keynote- of the future. (Copyright. 1923. by The _.