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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 13, 1923, Image 1

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Unsettled and colder, probably rain
tonight; tomorrow partly cloudy and
colder; lowest temperature about
freezing. Temperature for twenty
four hours ended at 2 p,m. today:
Highest. 75 at 6 o.m. yesterday; low
est. 49 at noon today.
Full report on page H.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 22
K' 9ft ftOfi Entered a& second-class matter
O. •dOjOUU. post office Washington, D. C.
Gradual Evacuation of Ruhr,
• With Payments, Consented
To Reluctantly.
Division Also Manifest Over Occu
pational Regime—Treaty Ad
hesion Big Issue.
th«- Associated Press.
BRUSSELS, March 13.—Although an
accord was reached at the Franco-Bel
pian conference here yesterday on the
fundamental points In connection with
the Ruhr occupation, there were sharp
(ilscusslons over a number of ques
tions It developed today.
The technical phase of the confer
ence resulted In a general agreement
rn the policy to be pursued in the
JLuhr and on the arrangements for get
ting out coal from the valley, but
those In touch with the proceedings
attach higher importance to the politi
cal aspects of the meeting.
Sfiilon Kept Secret.
The discussion that took place in
the conference was kept absolutely
secret, and M. Poincare, as he left,
eaid to his Belgian colleague:
“I give my word of honor that T
Will not divulge any part of this con
ference, and I hope you gentlemen will
be guided accordingly.”
The Belgians during the conference
insisted at great length upon their
points of view, and it is asserted here
that the gradual evacuation of the
Ruhr as Germany pays was assented
to by M Poincare with the greatest
i eluctance. It was widely commented
that when lie left the conference he
appeared nervous and irritable, and
that M. Jaspar. the Helgian foreign
minister, who usually is very calm,
was red-faced and excited.
Sees Theunis Again.
Premier Poincare had another con
ference with Premier Theunis before
leaving for Paris today.
The subjects of security for France
and Belgium and the future condi
tions to be laid down for Germany
were not mentioned in the com
munique about yesterday’s meeting,
but it is known they were discussed,
the Belgians insisting particularly
that at the proper moment all the as-
Jies should be brought into the con
ference. They made it plglmthat they
wanted both security and reparations.
”“ t * hey insisted upon remaining
str ctly within the treaty of Ver
The Belgians pointed out that thev
did not wish to do anything to offend
Great Britain, as they were obliged
to look to England for protection as
well as to France. The Belgians said
the whole situation should be frankly
laid before the allies as soon as
Germany acknowledged defeat in the
Ruhr and they insisted also it is
understood, that all the allies and
the United States should be informed
that the Anglo-American refusal to
ratify the guarantee treat} - negoti
ated at t ersailles at the same time
as the German peace treaty had cre
ated a new situation and' that the
!• rench and Belgians were bound to
consider the question of their se
curity in this new light.
Regime Point of Issue.
One of the sharpest bits of dis
cussion is understood to have arisen
over the question of consolidation of
the French regime in the Ruhr and
the Rhineland. The Versailles treaty
provides that the Rhineland shall be
occupied only a maximum of fifteen
years after the Germans begin a
loyal execution of the treaty. The
Belgians are declared to have pointed
out that their interests would be af
fected if the French Intended to re
main in the Rhineland permanently
The Belgian military plans for the
Ruhr contemplate the sending of the
7th Division of Infantry there carlv
1n April to replace the troops now
on duty and the dispatch of the 6th
Division four months later to relieve
the seventh. Both these divisions,
however, would lie in a state of prep
aration that might be hastened if a’n
emergency arose.
Taxi Driver Must Serve 30 Days
If $5O Is Not Paid, Ruling
of Traffic Judge.
Charles J. Morgan, chauffeur for
the Black and White Taxicab Co.,
charged with the third offense of ex
ceeding the speed limit in violation
of the traffic regulations, was con
victed in the Traffic Court today and
sentenced to £ straight term of five
days in jail and in addition to pay
a fine of |3O and in default to serve
an additional thirty days in jail He
was committed, not having paid the
SI,BOO Mad Dog Bill Shocks
Arlington, With 18 Victims
Special Dispatch to The Star.
CLARENDON', Va„ March 13.—Mad
dogs that mind their own business
can be tolerated, but mad dogs that
run around sinking their teeth into
. humans are not only to- be greatly
feared, but are a big expense—that is,
if they do their rampaging in the
state of Virginia.
This fact was clearly in evidence
yesterday, when the board of super
visors of Arlington county, in regular
session, at the courthouse, nearly be
came afflicted with rabies by mere
mention of a bill run up by a
"peeved” unlicensed pup who vented
his anger on eighteen people at Vir
ginia Highlands. The bill, which was
submitted by the physician who at
tended the dog's victims called for
$l,BOO. Under the law, it is said, $2OO
is allowed for the treatment of per
sons attacked by mad dogs, but It is
also eaid that the authors of the bill
evidently were not looking for any
such. antics as were engaged in by
the dog. The vaccine used on the
4 patients. It is said, cost $9OO.
Lenine Suffers
Apoplexy, Says
Wire to London
hr the Associated Press.
LONDON. March 13.—A Reuter
dispatch from Helsingfors today
says Premier Lenine of soviet Rus
sia had an apoplectic seizure yes
terday. His condition, the mes
sage adds, is stated to be serious.
A Moscow dispatch on March 7
quoted Leo Kaineneff as stating
that Lcnine's health was gradu
ally improving after having suf
fered from overwork following
last summer’s illness.
Rebels Sought, by Fomenting
Trouble, to Waken Whole
British Empire.
Most Dangerous Leaders Believed
Seized, However—Letters Dis
close Plans of Republicans.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON. March 13.—The belief that
further Irish raids are impending in
Great Britain persists in the press,
although it Is generally reported the
persons considered, most dangerous
were gathered in last week end.
1 The vigilance of the Free State se
cret ,service agents in tracking ene
mies of the government is said to
have been remarkably thorough and
successful. The Daily Express says
that these detectives have been work
ing for months in co-operation with
Scotland lard. Without arousing sus
picion they became acquainted with
most of the details of the gun-run
ning and other schemes, attending
most of the secret meetings of the
Would Destroy Empire.
The Morning Post, giving what it
purports to be an account of some of
these meetings, says that the Count
ess Markievicz has taken a promi
nent part in them. It quotes her as
saying at a recent gathering that the
Irish republic’s chances were immi
nent and that the support of many
other countries could be expected.
The destruction of the British em
pire was th© theme of another re
ported speech, while trouble© ip India
and Egypt were cited as aiding th©
Irish republic aspirations. ->*
It seems that women have been par
ticularly active in the Irish cause in
Great Britain, keeping in constant
communication with the irregular
forces in Ireland and adopting many
clever disguises.
bends. Much Ammunition.
One of two Irishmen held for trial
yesterday for the unlawful posses
sion of ammunition had in his pos
session a letter which referred to
having sent 20.000 rounds of ammu
nition from London to Dublin.
“Am not in a position to get Ger
man rifle ammunition, ’’ the letter
adds. “Must wait boats from Ger
The attorney general, speaking in
the house of commons, read a letter
seized in the Sunday raid, addressed
to “the officer commanding in Great
Britain" from “the chief of staff,”
dated March 7, as follows: “Having
failed to get the articles we expected,
the chief of staff now writes that you
are Instructed to have the operations
carried out at once. He says the day
has now come.”
Sought Artillery.
Another letter to the officer com
manding in Great Britain from the
“I. R. A.” referred to obtaining
Stokes guns in England, urging that
one of these with sufficient shells
would finish the war in Ireland very
quickly. It also referred to procur
ing small artillery.
Another letter from the republican
director of intelligence in Irelnd, in
structed the “C. C. B.” to appoint an
able man or woman to keep them in
formed on everything that was hap
pening concerning the republic in
foreign office and the office of the
Irish high commissioner. James Mc-
Neill. It might be necessary, it was
pointed out, to get somebody into the
latter office. Still another letter con
tained the following:
Planned General Destruction.
“We are considering the carrying
out of active hostilities in England
owing to the advanced departments
of the situation here. The activities
would amount to a general destruc
tive policy.”
The Daily Mail reverts to its pre
| vious statement that some of the
■irishmen arrested were co-operating
with communists. The newspaper as
serts that an examination of the
seized documents proved conclusively
that they were in close touch with
(Continued on Bag© 2, Column 6.)
The dog started on his rage at the
home of his owner, L. R. Keyes, in
flicting bites on Mr. Keyes and his
six children. Then he left the prem
ises and before he could be captured
and shot had bitten Kenneth Myers,
Edward Clarboe, Mrs. Nancy Harris,
Charles Harris. J. R. Green, Ruth
Green, Herbert Holiedge, Alfred
Lacy, Lucy Lacy and Prank Sprague.
All victims, according to the
physician who requests that the
names be withheld, were given the
Pasteur treatment and have passed
the danger mark for serious compli
’But not so wMv the board of su
pervisors. There troubles have Just
begun. It seems that bills contracted
by mad dogs, shall be paid out of the
dog license fund and upon - investiga
tion by the board it was found that
this fund was almost depleted, so
much so that payment of the bill at
this time is out of the question.
The bill, it is said, has got to be
paid and will be paid and dog owners
who have no license for their pets are
warned not to be surprised if they
receive a notice or call from the game
warden to “come across.”
W\t Munim ptef.
Telephone and Telegraph
Wires Torn Down in
Widespread Area.
Nine Dead in Ohio as Result of
Cyclonic Winds—Red Cross
Rushes Aid.
By the Associated Preas.,
CHICAGO, March 13.—Red Cross rep
resentatives, public officials and citi
zens’ committees were at work today
retrieving the wreckage, human and
otherwise. In the storm-swept states of
the Mississippi and Ohio valleys. Re
ports, apparently nearly complete,
place the life loss in the March fury
of Sunday and early yesterday at
forty-four. Nearly 200 were reported
The combination of blizzard lasts
and the first general thunderstorm of
the year left tragedy, damage, pathos
and heroism In Its wake.
Red Cross ministrations were being
given today to the survivors at Pin
son and Deanburg, in western Ten
nessee. where thirty of the 300 or
more inhabitants were killed and 100
persons were injured by the storm
which left little of those communi
ties erect.
It was from this locality that Henry
Kline, a youthful hero of Pinson,
rushed for aid through darkness to
Jackson. Tenn., ten miles away.
Nine Dead la Keatneky.
Central Kentucky felt the irresist
ible force of the gale. When Us ef
fects were checked today it was found
nine had lost their lives and nearly
eighty persons were Injured. Prop
erty damage close to a million dol
The wind carried a farmhouse in
Madison county. Ky., fifty yards, final
ly demolishing It and causing the
death of three of its thirteen occu
In Ohio two persons were killed, one
at Massillon and one at Steubenville.
Persons were swept from their feet
by the wind’s force and properly was
damaged to the extent of thousands
of dollars. Scores were injured.
Public utilities companies of Mlchl
gan were reported to have suffered
damages totaling about 11,500.000.
Snow In Wisconsin.
Practically the whole state of
Wisconsin was recovering today from
tl- 1 effects of the heavy snow that
accompanied the storm. Twenty
cities wci*e without light or power
temporarily due to the breaking of a
transmission line from Kllboum dam.
The storm brought out a new use
for radio when "lost” trains were
located by broadcasting from Chicago
pleas to amateur radio fans to as
certain the whereabouts of the trains
and then report through wireless
agencies to the two receiving stations
here. That was attempted when
telegraph and telephone lines were
blown down by the storm.
Contingent on Way to Stricken
Tennessee Town.
By the Aesocltted Free*.
JACKSON, Tenn., March IS.—A con
tingent of Red Cross workers from
Atlanta is expected to arrive here
early today, bringing tents and other
necessities for the homeless in the
storm-stricken area, a few miles
south of here, and to co-operate with
the local chapter in ministering to
the scores of persons Injured In the
wreckage wrought by the cyclonic
winds which demolished the little
towns of Pinson and Deanburg and
took a heavy toll of life.
First aid for the wounded
given and supplies for the destitute
were distributed throughout yester
day by the local chapter of the Red
A check of the dead last night in
dicated that the known fatalities to
taled seventeen, seven white persons
and ten negroes. Os these sixteen
died of injuries received at Pinson,
the other was killed at Deanburg.
The following white dead persons
were identified last night:
At Pinson: Mrs. J. L. James, wife
of the Methodist pastor; Mrs. B. G.
Vantreese, her daughters. Madge and
Mabel Vantreese; two children of Mr.
and Mrs. J. C. Ervin, Howard, six,
and a four-month-old Infant.'
At Deanburg: Charles Cane.
Damage Estimated at Close to Mil
lion Dollars.
LOUISVILLE, Ky., March 13.—Nine
persona dead, more than eighty others
(Continued on Page 2, Column 2.)
Modification of Order* Will Per
mit Delivery of Mail to De
stroyer There.
Orders Issued recently by the Turk
ish nationalist government restrict
ing foreign naval craft In Smyrna
harbor, have been modified to permit
the presence there of two American
naval ships at the same time provid
ing one of them does not remain for
more than a few hours.
The modification was agreed to by
the Turkish authorities, the - State
Department was advised today. In
order to permit the destroyer sta
tioned in the harbor to receive malls
brought in by a sister ship.
The Turkish orders originally were
Intended to prevent more than one
foreign craft from anchoring in the
harbor at a time. The cable message
revealed that the Turkish authorities
have applied the modified order to
American craft, although they repre
sented a neutral power*
Will Investigate Supply of
Rubber, Nitrates and Com
mercial Fibers.
Object Is to Determine if Foreign
Combinations Control Prices
in United States.
Investigation into the supply of
three raw materials—rubber, nitrates
and commercial fibers—will be em
barked upon immediately by Secre
tary Hoovar, under th© authority
granted the Comnuerce Department by
the last Congress.
Staffs • are being organized, Mr.
Hoover said today, from the regular
personnel of the department. It was
suggested that inquiry might demon
strate the advisability of investigat
ing also the production of other raw
commodities whose chief sources are
outside the United States.
Will Look Into Prices.
The Secretary said it would be the
first object of the investigation to
determine whether foreign combina
tions controlling prices actually exist.
Thereafter, legislative means may be
Bought to put American buyers on an
equality with the controlling com
binations and to develop alternative
sources for securing competitive pro
In the rubber industry, Mr. Hoover
said. It will likely be found that
tropical and subtropical areas under
the American flag can be made pro
ducing sources. As to nitrates, which
now come chiefly from natural de
posits in Chile, the investigation will
consider the possibility of enlarging
artificial production at hydroelectric
plants in the United States and else
Staal la Big Import.
One of the chief fibers imported
into tne United States is sisal, all of
which comes from Yucatan and is
controlled, so far as price is con
cerned, by a seml-governmentai
Mexican commission. It is believed,
however, that other areas may be
found in which the crop can bo
grown successfully. A second fiber
which the Investigation will take up
is Jute, produced chiefly In India.
Members of a special committee
which will inquire Into agricultural
export problems were named yester
day by Secretary Hoover. They were
summoned to meet in Washington
March 24.
All the appointees are connected
with agricultural organizations, or
with allied industries, or scientific
work related thereto. They are; W.
O. Jamison. La Veta, Col.; J. G.
Brown, .Indianapolis, and C. w. Hunt,
Des Moines, lowa, ait three officers of
the American Farm Bureau Federa
tion: T. C. Atkeson, Washington rep
resentative of the National Grange;
Charles' S. Barrett, president of the
Farmers' Union; James F. Bell, flour
miller, Minneapolis; Julius Barnes,
president Chamber of Commerce of
the United States; George McFadden,
Cotton exporter. Philadelphia; Carl
Williams, president Oklahoma Cotton
Growers’ Association; Ralph Merritt,
president California Raisin and Rice
Association; Alonzo E. Taylor, di
rector of the Institute of Food Re
search, Stanford University; James A.
Broderick, vice president National
Bank of Commerce, New ork: Adolph
Miller, member of the Federal Re
serve Board; Thomas Wilson, presi
dent American Institute of Meat
Packers; H. C. Taylor. Department of
Agriculture, and Julius Klein, De
partment of Commerce.
Dr. Frank M. Surface, who directed
food surveys during the war for the
food administration, will have charge
of the Investigation. Staffs of the De
partments of Commerce and Agricul
ture will assist In the work.
The Investigation was authorised
by the last Congress, which appro
priated $600,000 partially for its work
and for the purpose of investigating
conditions In the rubber trade and in
other industries where it is con
sidered foreign Influences may have
influenced prices artificially against
American consumers.
Secretary of Navy Welcomed to
Zone by Gov. Morrow.
COLON. . March 13.—The U. S. S.
Henderson, bearing Secretary Denby
and the American congressional
party to witness battle practice in
Panama bay, will pais through the
canal to tbs Pacific today. The party
was welcomed yesterday .by Gov.
Morrow. ..... .
Trapped on Ice, Brothers Die
Singing Hymn as Many Watch
By the Aisncialol Press.
OMAHA, Neb.. March 13.—Floating
on an ice cake in the Missouri river
to certain death, with the banks lined
by friends and relatives unable to
avert the tragedy, two lowa men chose
as their farewel message the hymn.
"Nearer. My God. to Thee."
For hours Harvey Mclntosh, aged |
thirty years, and his brother Tom.
twenty-six years, of Mondanitn. lowa,
had been marooned on a sandbar in
the Missouri river thirty miles north i
of Omaha after a sudden rise of the '
river swept away their boat while they I
■ - - ’*
Superintendent Is Against
Changing System of Ap
Proposed changes in the method of
appointing members of the board of
education were flatly opposed by
Superintendent of Schools Frank W.
Ballou In a rapid-fire talk this aft
ernoon at the luncheon forum of the
City Club.
"The District has just as good a
board as it can ever have under any
circumstances, even if it is appointed
by the President, the Commissioners
or any other body,” the superintendent
This is the first time that Supt. Bal
lou has expressed himself on this
subject. The Commissioners informed
Congress at the last session that they
belleved they should be given the con
stituted authority to appoint members
of the school board as well as the
personnel of other Independent boards.
A hasty review of the progress of
schoolhouse construction in the last
three years was given by Dr. Ballou,
together with future plans for de
velopment. He pointed out that In
that time Congress has appropriated
$5,860,000 for land and school build
Congress Convinced.
"While there is still congestion in
the schools.” said Dr. Ballou, ”we
ought to rejoice that we have con
vinced Congress of the needs of the
school system, and that conditions
have been improved.”
The superintendent emphasized that
the congestion in the high schools is
still serious, there being approxi
mately 4,000 students in excess of
present accommodations, but said this
situation would be relieved to some
extent with the opening In the near
future of the new Langley and Mac
farland junior high schools and the
junior high schools to be established
in the old Eastern high school and
the Jefferson graded school.
In this connection, he explained that
high school facilities are not being pro
vided commensurate with the ever
growing high school population.
.Plana For Relief.
Division by division in the elementary
school system, the superintendent de
scribed briefly the existing conditions
relative to housing facilities and out
lined the plana for relief.
Although no additional accommo
dations have been provided in the
southwest section of the city, he said,
arrangements will have to be made
to give this section added facilities
for the elementary school children
when the Jefferson School is con
verted into a junior high school.
Dr. Ballou also , spoke in favor of
the continued extension of the Junior
high school system, pointing out that
these schools provide better educa
tion a + less expense than do the sev
enth and eighth grades of the ele
mentarjr schools.
HAVANA, March 13.—The United
States air mall service is endeavoring
to reach an agreement with the Cuban
government whereby the transporta
tion of mail by hydroairplane between
Havana and Key West can be main
tained throughout the year, according
to Carl F. Egge, superintendent of
the service, who is visiting in this
city. Mail from the United States is
now received in Cuba by plane daily,
bht this government has not yet com
pleted arrangements for return de
Mr. Egge said that a regular New
York-to-San Francisco thirty-hoar
air mall service would soon be in ef
' feet. \ •
were hunting ducks.
Their cries brought many persons to
the banks, but ail attempts to send aid
to them failed owing to a heavy flow
of ice.
The brothers perched themselves on
a stump as darkness fell and water
covered the bar. Huge bonfires were
lit by the watchers on the banks.
As the crest of the flood came on
the water rose to the men’s armpits.
"We have caught an Ice cake,” they
shouted shortly after midnight. And
then out of the darkness of the river
came the strains of the hymn that
grew fainter and fainter.
No traces of the bodies were found ;
today, although searching parties have
combed the river bottoms for miles.
“Selling” Enforcement on
Campaign Tour Among
State Legislatures.
Prohibition Commissioner Roy A.
Ha} nes has embarked upon a cam
paign to “sell” law observance to the
country. He is absent from Wash
ington this week on sucii a mission.
The immediate object of Mr. Haynes’
trip is to address a joint session of
the Michigan legislature at Lansing
March 15. It will be his fourth suc
cessive activity of that kind this
year. On January 19 he spoke be
fore the joint assembly of Oregon,
at Salem; on January 27, before both
branches of the state legislature of
Texas, at Austin, and on February
27 he addressed a joint session of
his home state legislature of Ohio, at !
Columbus. Everywhere and always
the burden of Commissioner Haynes'
song is the same. He tries to "sell”
the men and women who make the
laws of the federal states the idea
that observance of the eighteenth
amendment and the Volstead act is
incumbent upon every American who
values his or her citizenship. Mr.
Haynes reports that there is a ready
"market” for the “goods” that he
is “selling.” He declares that reac
tion to the theory that violation of
the liquor laws is unpatriotic is im
mense and amazing.
People of Strange Ideas.
In an Interview with this writer on
the eve of his departure for Ohio, the
prohibition commissioner said:
“Strange as It may seem, the idea
that disobedience to the prohibition
statutes is bad citizenship is new to
lots of people. Time and again folks
come to me, after my meetings, and
say: ’By George, we never thought
of it in that way. You've given us a
new slant.’ 1 have yet to leave a
community without feeling that the
concept I try to ‘sell’ has found a
legion of ready customers. It doesn’t
strees the moral issue. It doesn’t
touch the health aspect of prohibition
It doesn't even deal with the efficien
cy boon which prohibition has con
ferred upon American industrial life
It just hammers on the bounden and
elementary duty of men and women
who are proud of their American cit
izenship to observe the law of the
Commissioner Haynes was asked if
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1.)
Mismated Bride
Says‘No*at Altar
Then Shoots Self
By the Associated Press.
GENEVA, March 13.—News of a
pathetic tragedy comes from Lin
dau, a small Island in Lake Con
stance, where pretty Fraulein
Moser, twenty-one years old. shot
herself yesterday before the
church altar rather than wed a
wealthy man twice her age.
When the priest asked the usual
question whether she accepted the
man as her husband, the bride re
"No. Noi I love another. My par
ent* know this 1 would rather
die first'.”
With these words she drew a
small revolver from beneath her
bridal bouquet and shot herself j
through the head, falling at the
feet of th* priest, and dying with
in a few moments....
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour ”
The Star’s carrier system covers every
city block and the regular edition is
delivered to Washington homes as fast
as the papers are printed.
Murderer Wins
Delay Until His
Plea Is Heard
Justice Stafford, in Criminal Di
vision 1, today postponed until
Friday, May 25, the execution of
Edgar Randolph Perrygo, twenty
years old, which had been sched
uled for Thursday. The postpone
ment Is made necessary because
the Court of Appeals has not yet
acted on his appeal. Perrygo was
convicted of the killing of Mrs.
Emily Faithful, at her home in
Congress Heights, when she re
fused to lend him money on which
to get married.
The young man yesterday was
confirmed at the District jail by
Bishop Harding of the Episcopal
Will Investigate Ex-Soldiers’
Methods in Applying
for Relief.
Inquiry Into Bureau Affairs Like
ly to Take Six Weeks—Plan
Public Hearings.
Investigation of the Veteran's Bu
reau by Maj. Gen. John F. O’Ryan,
counsel for the Senate committee, will
direct its attention, first, to the
methods used by soldiers in obtaining
relief from the bureau, Gen. O'Ryan
announced today.
This will be done, it was explained,
in order to reach the situation at the
place where it may do the individual
disabled soldier the most good and be
of immediate relief.
The second step in the investiga
tion, Gen. O’Ryan announced, will
probably be directed toward the
charges of mismanagement, graft and
inefficiency, which have been raised
in various quarters.
Promise Full Co-Operation.
These announcements were made at
a conference today at the Veterans
Bureau between Gen. O'Ryan and
Brig. Gen. Frank T. Hines, director of
the Veterans’ Bureau, and newspaper
men. at which it was emphasized
there will be full co-operation be
tween the Senate committee, investi
gating forces and the administration
of the bureau.
Gen. O Ryan, as the head of an in
vestigating force, will establish two
offices, it was announced, one at the
Veterans’ Bureau, where will be lo
cated a liaison officer. R- C. Roulsong,
appointed by Gen. Hines, and the
other at the Senate office building,
headquarters of the Senate Invest!-
committee, of wlilcti C«ipt. B.
u. McCllntock is secretary.
Plaa Public Hearings.
Gen. O'Ryan outlined in a survey
the methods to be employed by his
investigation. Indicating that within
I gjx weeks or a month an analysis of
the situation would perhaps bg. com
pleted for presentation to the Sen
ate committee. Following this, he
indicated, it was the plan to hold
public hearings at which the condl
(Continued on Page 2, Column 4.)
Harding Backs Move to End
Minority Rule in Senate
Representative Mondell’s statement
that some revision of the Senate rules
is necessary to prevent a minority
from overcoming: the will of a ma
jority is echoed with considerable en
thusiasm by President Harding-
Fresh in the memory of the Presi
dent is the fact that the merchant
marine bill is one of the 144 bills
which passed the House but died in
the Senate because of filibustering
tactics. Mr. Harding has been given
the pledges of a majority of the
members of the Senate who would
have voted for the measure if given
a chance. “Shall the people rule” is a
familiar slogan in politics, but it may
come into use again in the next cam
paign unless something is done in the
next Senate.
Wllsob's Plbb Fblls.
Mr. Wilson found himself embar
rassed by the rules of unlimited de
bate in the Senate and succeeded in
persuading his party associates to put
through a form of cloture which at
the time was believed adequate. That
revision of the rules has signally
failed. It provided that whenever
sixteen members of the Senate signed
a petition to end debate the Senate
must take a vote on a motion to lim
it the time that each senator could
talk before a vote had to be taken.
But the same rule provided that two
thirds must approve the motion to
limit debate. ..... v
President Harding didn’t have a
two-thirds majority for the ship sub
sidy bill. Few bills ever have that
much support unless they are abso
lutely non-partisan. So in order to
get any legislation through, two
thirds of the Senate must realty con
sent to the legislation.
Majority Now Cut.
Mr. Harding had his biggest party
majority In the session of Congress
just ended. The republicans will have
a scant majority in both House and
Senate next time. Still it will be pos
sible for them under House rules to
put through party measures by
adopting under the majority rule all
motions to limit debate. In the Sen
ate that same republican majority
will be largely theoretical, for some
of the western republicans already
have shown that they care very little
about administration measures or
party solidarity.
Only by a revision of the rules to
permit a majority to adopt a motion
to liipU debate can the Harding ad
ministration. hope to get.through, any
Yesterday’s Net GrcuUtion, 96,480.
Plan Being Urged as Effort
to Prevent Thwarting
Will of Majority.
Jones Says Ban on Dilatory Motions
and Limit of Debate Are Main
Changes Sought.
President Harding has been urged
by some of the senators to call a spe
cial session of the Senate between
now and the opening of the next
regular session of Congress in De
cember for the purpose of amending
the Senate rules so that body can
more readily transact business.
Senator Jones of Washington,
chairman of the commerce commit
tee, who had charge of the admin
istration shipping bill, which failed
because of a filibuster In the Senate,
said today that he had urged the
President to take this step.
But the President, according to
Senator Jones, did not consider it
best to call such a session at this
From others sources it was learned
that the matter had been given con
siderable thought at the White House.
Plans Alaskan Trip.
The President la to make a trip
to Alaska later during the year, and
it Is reported the plan contemplated
was that following this vist, the
President should make a number of
addresses on his way back from the
Pacic coast, strongly urging the en
trance of the United States Into the
world court—as he did in his recent
message to the Senate; and that upon
his return to Washington, a special
session of the Senate would be call
ed, to consider the protocol relating
to the world court and also for the
purpose of amending the rules of the
The suggestion has been made,
however, that for the President to
call a special session of the Senate to
revise the Senate rules would create
great antagonism in the Senate, the
idea being that the chief executive
should not seek to dictate to
ate what its rules should or should
not be.
Jones Favors Change.
Senator Jones of Washington, how
ever, in an Interview today made it
clear that he is strongly in favor of
such an extra session of the Senate
and that he considers that a change
in the rules of the Senate so aa to
make it possible for a majority to do
business is vitally necessary. He said:
“The time has come to limit debate
in the Senate. I have been one of
those who have resisted such a
change. During my ten years serv
ice in the House I was impressed
with the lack of real consideration
given to important legislation on the
floor It had to be so in a body of
that size. 1 saw legislation greatly
Improved under the system of un
limited debate in the Senate. It
seemed to be a genuinely deliber
ative body, and I thought that the
two systems supplemented each other
with good results.
"If debate was carried on as it
used to be. I would not now favor a
change, but It is not. Instead of the
rules being used to protect the rights
(Continued on Page 2, Column 3.1
of the important measures it may
sponsor in the next two years. It was
by a popular campaign against Can
nonism and the arbitrary character of
the House rule that a change was
made in the lower House, and there
are those in the President’s party who
believe the time is ripe for another
appeal to public sentiment to bring
about a change in the Senate.
Six Men Can Rule.
As matters stand now six men or
an even smaller group can block ac
tion by the Senate on any measure
they oppose, simply by using up the
time in debate in relays. And one
more than a third of tho Senate can
always prevent the passage of a mo
tion by the remainder of the Senate
to limit debate.
The principal opponents of any
radical change in the Senate rules
have been southern democrats. The
latter have felt tliat the right of un
limited debate alone prevents the
enactment of a so-called “force bill" >
to extend the rights of the negro in
the south. It was a filibuster of
southern democrats which killed the
anti-lynching bill which passed the
House, but which was abandoned by
the republicans after they were con
vinced the entire time of the Senate
would be taken up by a democratic
filibuster unless the measure was pul
May Be 1934 Issue.
The republicans, therefore, are the
natural champions of a revision of
Senate rules. Without a popular de
mand for it, however, the vote would
be taken along party lines, and it
is conceded that with, the decreased
strength in the next Congress the
move would have little. If any, chance
of success. It would not be surpris
ing, however, to see President Hard
ing campaign for such a change and
make it one of the dominant issues
of his next speaking tour.
He already has said that some way
must bo found to permit the majority
to rule. He has not suggested what
kind of a change In Senate procedure
he would favor. Mr. Mondell has just
finished his service in the House and
has become a member of the War
Finance Corporation, but his position
as republican leader permits him. to
make a retrospective criticism. In
fact his entire statement of the leg
islative record of the last Congress
is accepted here as the forerunner
of further statements upon which the
strategy of the 1924 campaign will
be based. There is already an an
ticipation of more obstructive tactics
In the next Congress, so that a shift
ing of responsibility to the minority
would be a naural defense against
inaction. More will be heard about
the Senate rules from now on. Mr.
MondeU’s speech was a keynote- of
the future.
(Copyright. 1923. by The _.

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