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Fair and colder tonight, with freez ing temperature: tomorrow Increas ing cloudiness, followed by rain or snow. Temperature for twenty-four hours ended at 2 p.m. today. Highest, 49, at 3 p.m. yesterday. Lowest, 37, at 2 am. today. Opting N. Y. Stocks tnd Bonds, Page 28 vr OQ Q/Y7 Entered as second-class matter O. Zo,OU I . post office Washington, D. C. RUHR REPRISALS LEADING TO CRISIS. BRITISHBELIEVE Convinced England Will Be Forced to Take Hand De spite Past Neutrality. SITUATION ENTERS UPON NEW PHASEj 16,000 Miners in Recklinghausen! District Strike—French Use Hostages to Check Sabotage. BY HAL O'FLAHERTY. By Wirt leas to The Star and Chicago Dally Sews. Copyright, 1923. LONDON, March 14. —Reports of further reprisals by the French In the Ruhr district have aroused un usual anxiety In government circles today, further emphasizing the be lief expressed In the house of com mons Tuesday that another European crisis Is looming larger. In which Great Britain will be forced to take a part, regardless of the previous policy of • neutrality. The very word ‘‘reprisals'’ sounds ominously in British ears because of the dire results experienced In a campaign of reprisals In Ireland not long ago. They know that retalia tion by the French will lead to sim ilar action by the Germans and the violence of the worst sort on every hand. The situation in the Ruhr district has entered upon a new phase in the ' last twenty-four hours. German stub bornness. having been definitely set against the French war of attrition, neither French nor Germans can draw back now and Great Britain can Intervene only to guard the peace of Europe. British opinion, as expressed In the house of commons and In newspapers. In that the country must lay down the main lines of its policy In the new phase of the Ruhr situation. The government’s »tand Is consid ered extremely weak, especially In -.lew of the latest reports of-the grave difficulties confronting the French In the policy of reprisals. 16,000 MINERS STRIKE. * German Hostages Placed on Trains Operated by French. By the Associated Prew. ESSEN. March 14.—Sixteen thou- J sand coal miners of the three gov- ( ernment mines In the Recklinghausen i district of the Ruhr are on strike In ; protest against the occupation of the . state coke plant near Westcrhold, i according to German estimates today. ' The plant was seized yesterday by a party of engineers escorted by a battalion of French infantry. The French authorities express belief that the strike will last only a few days. German hostages today for the first time were placed on the locomotives of trains operated by the French and Belgians. This move was the out-1 come of repeated sabotage operations. ; The hostages so employed were In ! most cases burgomasters or other j municipal officials of the various dis tricts. Relays of them will ride on 1 all trains both day and night. The most serious case of sabotage I ■ reported today was the destruction . : overnight of .a section of railroad I track near the town of Steele, east of | Essen. WILL STRENGTHEN FORCES. French War Minister Retains Class of 1921 as Relief Army. r By the Associated Press. j PARIS, March 14.—“ There will be ( no extension of the occupation, but the ( effectives will be reinforced," said the \ war minister, M. Maginot, on his re- i turn from the Ruhr today. ( “If I have retained the class of 1921 ] until the end of May,” he continued, i “It wan not to keep it in France. Flf- i teen thousand men of that class will be , sent to the Rhine army; that operation j will enable us to relieve the troops . who have been engaged In a very Irk- ] some business and give them a rest.” ] "The German government's aim is to Induce the. French and Belgians to j negotiate before they have obtained ; anything from the Ruhr," says the j Temps In an editorial today. i "The primary condition to be ful- i filled. If a real solution of the Ruhr i conflict and the reparations problem Is sought, is that no German proposal , shall be listened to, first of all, before the German government annuls and withdraws all orders, threats and promises which have aroused and maintained Gbrman resistance since January 11, or, secondly, before the organizations established in the oc cupied territory by the allies are operating regularly, taking posses sion of their quota of coal and coke, working the railroads, delivering 1 licenses and collecting dues—in a word, doing what they are there for, with the collaboration of the authori ties and inhabitants” GERMANS ABE WARNED. S, the Associated Press. RECKLINGHAUSEN. March 14. Plans for operating the government (Contlnued on Page 2, Column 3.) Poland Gets Vilna District Through Decision of Allies Hr the Associated Press. PARIS, March 14.—8 y decision of the allied council of ambassadors, rendered today, fixing: finally the frontier between Poland and Russia, the Vilna district is attached to Po land. This decision comes as the culmina tion of the long: dispute between Po land and Lithuania '.with dramatic incidents, beginning: with the raid on Vilna by the Polish general, Zell gouski, in 1920. Besides Vilna, Poland gets eastern Galicia, which practically, satisfies all her remaining territorial aspirations that had not already been passed vpoa, __ Week Regarded As Most Critical Os Ruhr Invasion BY GEORGE WITTE. By Cable to The RUr snd Chicago Dally News ) Owrlglit. 1923. BERLIN. March 14.—“1f the present j deadlock In the Ruhr district lasts another week without coming to a head it is sure to last another elx months.” This was the opinion expressed In the relchstag when the question of j the first serious blood shed In the ■ Ruhr struggle—that at Buer —came j up for discussion. I Thl« week, the ninth of the Ruhr | ! occupation, Is regarded In Berlin by | I both the government officials and the j | socialists who oppose the Cuno cab- j | inet as the most critical since Essen J I was occupied. | The relchstag was Informed that the excitement prevailing among the i | masses In the Ruhr and especially In ■ Buer and the adjoining mine centers had reached the boiling point. ; The socialists also warned the Ger man parliament that reactionary or ganizations were planning to start a guerrilla campaign In the Ruhr dis trict against the French “like that which harassed the British troops In Ireland so long and finally drove them away.” irishWtokill MINISTERS IS SEEN - , Murder of Premier, Lloyd | George and Others Reported I Planned by Rebels. WOMEN AID CONSPIRACY 1 Planted in Homes as Servants to! Spy on Intended Victims—Free ; State Executes Four. By the Associated Press. , LONDON. March 14. —A sensational } story of a plot by an Irish republican < organization to murder British cabi- ‘ net ministers and commit other out- j rages Is printed today by the Dally ] Sketch. The newspaper connects the alleged ■ scheme with the activities of Irish men recently arrested In Great Brit ain. It says that the persons marked for assassination included Premier j Bonar Law, David Lloyd George and , Sir Hamar Greenwood. A large number of women In the j organization, the Sketch aszerts. ob- j talned employment in the households of the Intended victims and thus be- : came able to supply an outside person ! with details of the men's movements. The conspirators' plans, according to the newspaper, also provided for the creation of disturbances through the rougher elements In the larger cities. Four More Executed. Four men were executed today at Drumbo Castle, Stranorlaw, County Donegal, says a Central News dis patch from Dublin. Newspapers of various shades of political opinion are expressing doubt j and anxiety over last Sunday's Irish \ raids and the dangers to which other i persons may be subjected by a similar ■ proceedure. It is contended in these comments that under the restoration of order In Ireland act any one In England , may be deported legally to Ireland without opportunity of making a statement in Ms own defense and can be Interned there Indefinitely at the pleasure of the Irish government. May Push Question. The Daily Mail says that this point was admitted by a "responsible ministerial authority,” who was Inter viewed by the newspaper. This person ■ is quoted as saying that the habeas corpus act'does not apply to these cases under the special condition but that "the procedure was only under taken In consequence of the disturbed condition of Ireland and In view of proof of the Imminent probability of an outbreak In Great Britain. It seems probable that the habeas cor pus issue may be raised In a prac tical wav before long and that the whole affair Is likely to be forced further upon the attention of parlla m Nleanwhlle, It is stated that the persons deported early this week are allowed In Mount Joy prison the same urlvilege accorded to prisoners ar rested in Ireland, and that they are soon to be removed to an Intern ment camp. TALK ON U. S. RHINE ARMY BILL POSTPONED AGAIN By the Aasociated Frees. PARIS. March 14.—The conference which Eliot Wadsworth, assistant secretary of the Treasury, was to have held today with financial repre sentatives of Great Britain, France and Italy on the question of reim bursing the United States for the cost of her army of occupation was postponed until Friday. Meanwhile Mr. Wadsworth hopes to receive Sec retary' Hughes’ reply to the allied proposal to pay the United States out of future German reparations. — j I The situation with Lithuania was! much improved before today's de cision by the council regarding Vilna. M. Galvanauskas, who has Just re- t signed the Lithuanian premiership, is on his way to Paris to sign the set tlement giving Lithuania the port of Memel, on the Baltic, but it is antici pated the succeeding government at Kovno will raise objections to the attributing of Vilna to Poland. The declaration made by M. Sikor ski. the Polish premier, to the Polish diet yesterday to the effect that the frontiers established bv the treaty of Riga, between Poland and Soviet Rus sia, are inviolate and can be brought into question by no one, is taken as an assurance that the Polish govern ment will be .entirely satisfied with the council's decision, since this is entirely in line with the treaty of ißJga. ,_T . ... . yy J V V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION ' WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 14, 1923-FORTY-FOUR PAGES. INSTITUTE TO STUDY TRANSPORTATION IS READYTOFDNCIN Organization Will Be Launch | ed Here and In Chicago Prior to April I. ■ALL PARTIES INTERESTED I ARE TO BE CO-ORDINATED ; President Harding and Other High Officials Put Approval on Plan. by G. GOITD LINCOLN. The National Transportation Insti tute. to aid the American people In the solution of their greatest problem, transportation—ls to be launched for mally, prior to April 1. The institute, wnloh has the indorse ment of President Harding, of promi nent members of the Senate and House, of members of the Interstate Commerce Commission, of farm or ganizations and manufacturers, of I transportation men and business men, ! ls to have its headquarters In the j National Capital and in Chicago, j It is proposed to create an impartial I and informative tribunal to consider ; trom every aspect questions relating to transportation. This tribunal will [ ma the results of Us research work available to the public. Through an [ Impartial board of fifteen leading men. headed by Edgar E. Clarke, for mer chairman of the Interstate Com ■ rotree Commission, and of which Rep i resentatlve Sydney Anderson of Mln | nesota will be vice chairman, It will , pass upon these questions and make I recommendations. Flan Research Bureau. A great research bureau will be es • tabllahed, by which all the various I questions entering into the problem j of transportation in this country, and j In the problem of transportation be | tween this country and other coun | tries will be studied. | The work of this research bureau I # do l* “ nder the impartial 1 board, of which Mr. Clarke Is to be : fi.t'""fn- The bureau will be estab llshed In Atashington. and the head quarters of the Impartial board will be here also. laid tipon the fact i that the Institute Is to be represent -1 ninnlo 0 I.' ~ ndust rles and all the I Ks- £l e ' „ l i. ,s . not to be dominated \ Ihi .i ( ’'i lar / roup: 14 not to I b * eu PP° r . ted »*y funds derived from I *ny one Industry. All are to have * their share In this establishment j Robinson Started Move. The idea of sucii an institute to Study the problems of transportation and seek their solution was broached than a year ago by Bird M. Robinson, president of the Amer ican Shortline Railroad Association. In Its report to Congress following careful study of the needs of the farmers, the Joint commission of agricultural inquiry Included a rec- j ommendatlon that a national trans portation Institute, along the lines I j ad\ anced by Mr, Robinson, be set up ■ I Representative Anderson, chairman ‘ ; of the joint commission of agrlcul- 1 j tural inquiry, took a keen interest I 1 in the matter. j . Farm organizations have given it * I their hearty approval. J. R Howard | president of the American Farm Bu reau Federation, Is to be president of the new Institute. Mr. Robinson is to be chairman of the executive com mlttee. Board of Forty-Four Members. The organization of the Institute will Include, in addition to the im partial board already mentioned, a board consisting of forty-four mem bers, representing ten great Industries and the people. Each of the Indus ; tr 'e s will have four members of this board, and four members will be selected at large. The Industries so represented are: Agriculture, banking, forestry. ln surance, manufacturing, trade, mln (Continued on Page 2, Column 6.) REFUSES TO CANCEL ‘2l-DEMANDS’PACT Japan Politely Declines to Consider China’s Proposal for Abrogation. By the Associated Press. China’* latest move to abrogate the fsmsns “Twenty-one Demands” treaty of 1915, has led Japan to Inform her that such n proposal Is contrary to accepted International practices and will “fall to contri bute to the advancement of friend ship between one two countries.” In n note delivered to the Chinese charge nt Tokio and made public at the Japanese embassy here, the Japanese foreign ofllce, not only flatly rejected the pro. posol that .the treaty and Its kindred agreements be abrogated, bat declared it could ace “abso lutely nothing” In them which Is “susceptible of farther modifica tion.” I By the Associated Press. 1 TOKIO, March 14.*—Japan today re -1 jected China’s proposal to abrogate the j Slno-Japanese treaty of 1915, which con • talned the noted “twenty-one demands” I and extended for fifty years the Japa nese leases on Kwangtung peninsula, including Dalny and Port Arthur. PEKING RECEIVES REPLY. Japanese Courteously Decline to Entertain Proposal for Discussion. By the Associated Press. PEKING, March 14.—1 n reply to the Chinese note seeking abrogation of the Slno-Japanese treaty of 19L5, with its fulfillment of the "twenty-one demands,” Japan has declined courteously to sn tertaia * proposal to dlaouafi tfe* ttfifife THE FORLORN FISHERMAN. I OFFER NEW HOME FO WELFARE BODIES Women Open Building at 11th and L to Charities and Tuberculosis Groups. Through a generous offer made by t: e Woman's Welfare Association, the Associated Charities and the Associa tion for the Prevention of Tuberculosis are about to fall heir to new quarters, the premises at the southwest corner of Hth and L, streets northwest. In the near future the three organisa tions will be housed under the one j roof. i The board of managers of the I Woman's Welfare Association at a j special meeting recently voted to deed its property to the other two organisations Already, through its directors, the Tuberculosis Associa tion has voted to share in the gift, while the board of managers of the Associated Charities is meeting this afternoon to take a similar vote. Both these associations have long felt that their present quarters in the Social Service House, 923 H street i northwest, were outgrown. The fire I hazard at that location,' which also j houses headquarters of the summer I outings committee and the Citizens' ! Relief Association, was demonstrated by a recent conflagration, and threat ens the destruction of invaluable rec ! ords, both humanitarian and financial, j the accumulation of years of study I and service. Mont Assume Mortgage. The only conditions of gift are that the Associated Charities and Tuber culosis Association shall assume the present mortgage on the property of $12,000, and shall provide two rooms for the conduct of special clinics by the Woman’s Welfare Association free of charge. This association has done an Important work in the past in conducting convalescent wards for working women, and classes of in struction as well as specialised clinics. The association, however. Is said to have found that with the growth of industrial and welfare work in the department stores and government departments and with more ample provision for convalescent treatment at one or more of the Washington hospitals, there is not the same de mands for its services in these fields that there was some years ago and that to continue them unnecessarily and with the heavy overhead entailed by sole occupancy of such a large building would be unfair to its sup porters. The association, however, will con tinue to conduct clinics for working women in fields not thoroughly cov ered at the present time, especially hay fever, bronchial asthma and dis eases of the thyroid gland. Property Worth 930,000. The property deeded by the Wom an's Welfare Association is estimated to be worth $30,000, or, less the mort gage, & gift equivalent to SIB,OOO out right. The association will retain two rooms In the building reserved for such purposes as it deems desirable. It will keep on with its study of the needs of the community, it is an nounced, especially along the lines of preventive medicine, and endeavor to fulfill some urgent communal need. For the present It will continue to support its clinic of applied immun ology, which was established last year for the treatment of hay fever and asthma and which has met with gratifying success. The association ( has appointed a special committee of six women, of which Mrs. 8. D. Boak is chairman, to continue the manage ment of its affairs. Room for Enlarging. It is expected that the Associated Charities and the Tuberculosis Asso ciation will make certain improve ments in the property, possibly be fore taking possession. The main building has a frontage on L street of 25 feet and extends back on 11th street about 60 feet, while there Is an additional lineal measurement of 40 feet on 11th street at present occu pied by porches on the main house and a one-story auditorium building. This 40 feet would be available later for the erection of a modern’ fire proof structure which would provide approximately 1,000 square feet on each floor. This space would be more than sufficient to provide for the needs of the organisations now housed in the social service house and would offer opportunity for other social agencies to come together un der one roof. Thus, the site has pos sibilities for a civic or community social service building such as has been found most helpful In other large cities as a means of promoting ..good. ton stork gad unified aotiop. VV i ' DENBY PARTY VOYAGES THROUGH PANAMA CANAL Senators and Representatives Sail | on Way to Witness IT. S. Fleet Maneuvers. By the Associated Press. ABOARD U. S. S. HENDERSON, IN PANAMA CANAL, March 14.—Secre tary Denby and the party of senators and representatives accompanying him sailed through the Panama canal this morning en route to Panama bay for review of the American battle fleet. At Gatun lock the party was aug mented by a number of senators and representatives who had made the trip to Colon by passenger steamer. Gov. Morrow of the Canal Zone and ranking Army and Navy officials also came aboard the Henderson, which later was to distribute her party to battleships to witness the tactical maneuvers of the fleet in the Pacific. REVISEDTAXLAWS MAY M ISSUE j President Committed to Ef fort to Seek Cut In Charges on Incomes. BY DAVID LAWREYCE. FLAMINGO HOTEL. MIAMI BEACH. Fla.. March 14.—At a time when the American people are making out their Income tax returns for this year and paying the first quarterly Installment there comes from the presidential en tourage the hint that another effort to revise the tax laws of America downward is as inevitable as Is the next presidential campaign Itself. 1 President Harding stands commit ted to such a course of action. He is not satisfied with the present reve nue laws and the only opportunity he will have before the 1924 campaign to suggest a program of change will be In the December session of Con gress this year. Mr. Harding's last comment on the present revenue act was expressed In an address to both houses of Congress in which he said: Forecasts Recommendations. “It would suggest insincerity if I expressed complete accord with every expression recorded in your roll calls, but we are all agreed about the dif ficulties and the Inevitable divergence of opinion in seeking the reduction, amelioration and readjustment of the burdens of taxation. Later on, when other problems are solved. I shall make some recommendations about renewed consideration of our tax pro gram." Mr. Harding goes before the people next year. Shall he put the whole ques tion of taxes up to the electorate and make It the Issue of his campaign, formulating a program that can be de bated on the stump? The political strategy of the occasion would naturally be to revise the revenue laws and stand on a record of achievement, rather than of promise, especially because the re publican administration will be on the defensive anyway and If a new tax pro gram can be put through in the session beginning In December, 1923, and ad journing sometime In 1924, making the changes effective with the calendar year 1925, the orators will have something concrete to boast about. See Taxes as Issne. Men of the political sagacity of At torney General Daugherty, who is Presl- 1 (Continued on Page 18, Column 2.) When the Day is Over —out conies the 5:30 Edition of The Evening Star— with the last word concerning the world’s doings —local, national and foreign. . Always told accu rately. Features are made of late financial news. Sports finals and tomorrow's Court calendar. For sale by newsboys and newsdealers throughout the city :U_ __J LENIN NEAR DEATH, FOLLOKTROKE Russian Premier Has Been Suffering From Paralysis for Months. BY P. A. MACKENZIE. I By Cable to The Star and Chicago Dally New*. Copyright, 1923. MOSCOW. March 14.—“ Our unhappy country! This is the greatest blow of all!” This was the exclamation of a ■ woman of the old aristocracy last j night when the news came that J Premier Lenin was gravely ill. The ■ woman's husband had been shot by | the reds in the revolutionary fight- j ing. all her property had been lost and j she had become impoverished, yet she i had come to see Lenin as Russias’s I supreme figure. Her grief is only one I Indication of the emotion which will sweep over Russia when the news becomes generally known. Lenin has won an Immortal place not alone among his fellow commun ists but In the affection of all Russia. ! It is now possible to tell in fuller detail than hitherto allowed the story of his Illness. Upon his return to preside over the meeting of the peo ple’s commissars in October, after an illness following an operation for the extraction of a bullet, he plunged into work. The first night he toiled until dawn. Suffered Under Strain. It soon became evident that he was suffering under a strain. When he made his great speech in November before the international communist congress his voice was thicker and he showed evidence of effort. Then came an announcement of his tem porary illness. This developed seri ously and he was confined in a suite of four rooms in the Kremlin, for merly occupied by Prof. Savllev and Procureur Stal. His regular doctor was A. Koj nelkov. with Prof. Kratnar and the German professors, Foerster and Minowiski, as consultants. His old nursing sister, who had attended him during the summer, came back from the Shemashko Hospital. She. with his own two sisters, undertook the task of nursing, his sister Mary di viding her time between caring fox, her brother and assisting to edit the newspaper Pravada. Partial paralysis of Lenin’s right leg and arm followed and he was able to move about only with a spe cially made crutch. His doctors or dered absolute rest, forbade the read ing of newspapers and excluded all his colleagues, but permitted the oc casional presence of a secretary. His mind during these last weeks has been concentrated upon stamp ing out corruption and inefficiency, upon completely winning the confi dence of the peasantry and upon the reconstruction of industry. Doctors Forbidden to Talk. Occasional spurts Indicated the possibility of his growing better. His colleagues were so encouraged by the reports three weeks ago that they confidently announced he would attend and speak at the forthcoming congress of the Russian communist party. The Kremlin doctors were all pledged not to discuss his case even with their own families. A fortnight ago his condition became more grave amd the communist congress was postponed for three weeks. The news that Lenin's illness had taken a serious turn was made pub lic by M. Lunscharsky, commissar of education, at an anniversary gather ing In the Zimin Theater. Moscow to observe the sixth year, after the over throw of czardom. ILLNESS IS APOPLETIC. By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, March 14.—The condition of Premier Lenin, who is suffering from a serious illness, Indicated by the official bulletins to be of an apo plectic nature, was unchanged, It was stated In, the communique Issued at 3 o’clock this afternoon.' “From-Press to Home Within the Hour" The Star’s carrier system covers every cuy block and the regular edition is delivered to Washington homes as fast as the papers are printed. Public Utilities Body Will Drop Control of Coal The Public Utilities Commission tomorrow will 'drop control of the local coal situation, it was stated at the District building: today. Commissioners Rudolph and Oyster, it was learned, already have signed the order bringing j fuel regulation to an end, and it will be made public by Walter C. Allen, secretary to the commis sion, tomorrow. This means that consumers no longer will be restricted to 60 per cent of their normal requirements of hard coal. For nearly two I months the commission has con- i fined its regulations to anthra cite, believing that the soft coal ! situation did not require regula tion. GRAMERENDS’UFE WITH raw Ex-Counsel of Veterans’ Bu reau Found Dead in Bath room of Home. WIFE HAD LEFT CITY Newspaper Clipping on Desk Told of Approaching Prcbc of Bureau. Charles F. Cramer, forty-flve years old, who resigned as general counsel of the Veterans’ Bureau last Thurs day. was found dead in the bathroom of his residence, 2314 Wyoming ave nue, the former home of President Harding, shortly after 8 o’clock this morning. A .45-caliber revolver lay beside the body. A bullet wound in the right temple caused death. Coroner Nevitt viewed the body and gave permission to have undertakers take charge. He announced he would issue a certificate of death by suicide later today. Wife Had Left City. At midnight last night, Mr. Cramer accompanied hte wife to the Union station and placed her on a train for ; New York. She was to return late j today. He went home, and shortly I after his arrival retired to his room, j He seated himself at a writing desk, j where he was last seen alive by the j colored maid employed by the fam i ily. She said today he asked her for j two stamps. These stamps were j found on the writing table. No let ters to which they were to be at tached were located. A book of Oscar Wlldd’s poems was on the writing desk, with many other books. In it was found by Capt. Lord | of the tenth precinct, in charge of I the house during the emergency, a i clipping from a local newspaper tell ing of an investigation of the opera- j tlons of the Veterans’ Bureau, and predicting that such an investigation probably would be undertaken by a joint committee of the House and j Senate or a special committee of the Senate following the adjournment of Congress, The article pointed out that repre sentations were being mad© that this inquiry should be conducted in Justice to former officials of the bureau and others. The’artlcle also contained an account of the tendering of tne resignations of Col. Sam Alexander, recently appointed successor of Com mander C. R. O'Leary as director or supplies, which was not accepted by Acting Director IJams. Only two servants are in the house —a chauffeur and the maid. The body of Mr. Cramer was clad only in light underwear. He was stretched full length on his back in the bathroom. The bathroom window was open. Police Find Body. The discovery was made following j the attempt of the chauffeur to find Mr. Cramer this morning. H© found the bathroom door locked about 8 o’clock and notified the police. Sergt. McDonald of the tenth precinct ar rived with a duplicate key set and opened the bathroom door and found the body on the floor. The chauffeur remembered later that early today lie heard what might have been a re volver shot, but what he thought at the time to be the slamming of a door. He paid it no further attention. The home Is the beautiful residence which was sold by the President and Mrs. Harding to Mr.' Cramer shortly after Mr. Harding’s election to the presidency. Cramer is reputed to have been wealthy. Mrs. Cramer was described as being considerably younger than her husband and at tractive. That the couple had lived in the greatest domestic harmony and that Mr. Cramer’s health had not been impaired recently was learned from the maid at the house. The cause for the suicide is not suspected, accord ing to the police. Mr. Cramer became general counsel of the Veterans’ Bureau on June 20, 1921. His tenure of office expired on March 8 of this year. He was a member of the New York (Continued on Page 2, Column 4.) Washington Statue Down; Weather Cuts 100 Holes The bronze statue of George Wash ington, in Washington Circle, at New Hampshire and Pennsylvania ave nues, Is being taken from its granite pedestal today to be shipped to Brooklyn, N. Y., where a hundred or more holes, caused by the elements, will bo plugged, and where it will be otherwise put in first-class condition and appearance. Most of these holes in the bronze are small —not much larger than the head of a match, while many of them are as large as the average thumb rail. The office of public buildings and grounds had become fearful that the massive head of the first Presi dent's mount might fall from its po sition inasmuch as many of the holes had developed about the neck of the horse. Col. C. O. Sherrill, officer in charge mt the public buildings and grounds today - said that this lathe.flrst Yesterday’s Circulation, 95,468 TWO CENTS. OLD CLERK RATINGS NOTTOOINDBOARD IN RECLASSIFYING Present Conditions, Rather Than Efficiency Bureau Report, to Count. i I CANVASS OF WHOLE SITUATION IS PLANNED Fairness Toward All Employed in Federal Service to Be Aim of Members. The personnel classification board will not be strictly bound by the bu reau of efficiency ratings established under executive order of October 24, 1921. but will proceed with its work of reclassifying the thousands of gov eminent employes, both in the District and field, with a view to the present situation. The board is entering upon its la bors with this open-minded attitude, it was learned today, not only because the members of the board feel that the whole situation should be can vassed, in order to establish ratings of fairness throughout the whole gov ernment service according to the pres ent duties being performed, but be cause authority is specifically given In the act for such latitude. Uniform Procedure Provided. Attention was called today to the V£f ua £t the act pertaining to the "A, iv, a6a L ftcat °n, with emphasis phrase, "as nearly as prac ticable. The act says: fa„ ln v, per j orr ? il ! s the foregoing duties the board shall follow as nearly as practicable the classification made Oc[obe? t 24 t °l92 h i e ” CXeCUtiVe ° rder of It was further pointed out that the it*'n P £ 0V Ides that uniform procedure shall be provided by the board. It is sh^ V hn ed^^ ’that after consultation with . t ,n% boaTd ’ and ln acc ordance with a uniform procedure prescribed by It each department shall al °cat® Positions in his department in the District of Columbia to their appropriate grades, etc.” Some Ratings Obsolete. These provisions, after searching study by the board, have been inter preted as meaning that the classifloa. tion made in 1921, may or may not be accepted, that the board has broad powers in accepting or rejecting the bureau of efficiency ratings, and that the entire service should bs reviewed to see if the old ratings are still fair, amd Just. Members of tb« 'board. It was learned are unanimous In taking th ‘f. at i. ltude toward the problem. TWiether the board would accept in toto the 1921 ratings has been the subject of much conjecture among the government employee, and eome cor respondence has been addressed to the board pointing out that much of |the older ratings are perhaps now obsolete. •There is undoubtedly considerable dissatisfaction. wrote one corre spondent, "among the employes with the classification and efficiency rat ings recently established under the executive order of October 21. 1921, and considerable revision thereof will necessarily have to be made to square them with the grades and classifica tions established by the classification act of March 3, 1923. Personnel Reduced. "Since the Brown classification and allocation of personnel was made, the personnel in many of the bureaus, particularly the War and Navy, has been considerably reduced in num bers and those retained have taken on additional duties and responsibil ities and in many cases suffered a reduction in salary through reduced appropriations. Others have achieved I through examination and promotion a change in their civil service status from clerical to technical, and vice versa. The Brown classification and allocation is out of date and obsolete in this respect." The board is meeting daily at the Treasury to survey its general prob lem, and determine what amount of attention may be given in the brief time available to the various details involved. Since the act provides that the new classification be Included In the budget report to Congress in December and the estimates from de partmental chiefs are due at the bureau of the budget on September 10, it is obvious that the personnel board has a huge task confronting it to reclassify the entire civilian per-' sonnel In sufficient time previous to September 15 for the new system to be worked into the departmental es timates. Dally Meeting* Held. Temporary quarters for the board have been established on the first floor of the Treasury, where the daily meetings are now being held, but a larger suite of rooms, adjacent to the bureau of the budget, on the third floor of the same building, is being vacated and will be fitted up for early occupancy. Five commodious rooms will be pro vided for the board and its personnel, which will be gathered from the bu reau of the budget, the Civil Service Commission and the bureau of ef ficiency. statue in Washington to show such effects from elements and that it also is the first statue to be taken down bodily and sent out of the city for repair work. The repair work con tract calls for the return of the statue to its original position bv June 15. The statue will be crated and shipped in a freight car. In the opinion of officials of the public buildings and grounds office, this statue is looked upon as one of the handsomest equestrian statues In the National Capital. It Is the work of Clark Mills who also was the sculptor of the equestrian statue of Andrew Jackson in Lafayette park and it was cast In Paris, France. The statue was erected under an act of Congress of 1853, which car ried with It an appropriation of |50,- 000 and was unveiled in the presence of President Buchannan. February 23, 1860. The occasion was a gala one. Besides the chief executive, there was present members of Con gress and the Supreme Court and, many prominent citizens of the city, and some from every state In tfc% Union.