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THE. EVENING STAR,' With Sunday Morning Edition. | WASHING T O N,D. C. SATURDAY March 17, 1923 j THEODORE W. NOYES Editor j The Evening Star Newspip. r Company i Buslne*« Office. II Hi St. nml rvnnitylviiniii Ave. ] New York Office: nn Ntnanii St. Chlcapn Office: Tower Rnlldtnff. tu rope a n Office* 10 Regent St. London. England. The Evening Star, with the Sunday, morning edition, la delivered by carrier* within the city tt 60 cent* per month: dnl’y only. 4.*» c*»nt* pep month: Sunday only, 20 c»*nta per month. Or- : ders mar l»e aent by nml!. <*r telephone Main j r.OOO. Collection is made hr --arrlrr* at the end of eacli month. Rate by Mai!—Payable in Advance. 1 Marylrnd ard Virginia. Dally and Sunday..l yr.. $8.40; 1 mo.. 70"? i Dally only 1 yr.. Sfi.OO: 1 mo.. srtc . Sunday only 1 yr.. $2.40; 1 mo.. 20c j All Ollier Stales. Dally and Sunday..l yr.. $lO 00; 1 mo.. 85c ! Dally only 1 yr., S7 00; 1 mo., 600 ’ Sunday only 1 yr.. $3.00: 1 mo.. ’;sc ] Member of the Associated I’reNS. The Associated Press !« exclusively entitled ' tr the uni* for republ'cation of all news dl»- : paii Ties i redited to It nr not otherwise credited : in fids rarer and also the loea! news putv ! Halted herein. All rieiits of publication or ' speoial dispatches herein are also reserved ■ —; St. Patrick's Day in Ireland, j Another St. Patrick's day has come I to find Ireland lorn with strife and I heart-sickened by hope of i>oaoe de- i ferred. It is true the wearers of the t green are at comparative peace with i iheir ancient enemies. There is no! conflict with the British, for the Brit- I Ish have departed. Between the | Orangemen of the north and the Oath-! olics of the south there is truce. War j In Ireland today is fraternal, and be-j cause brother is arrayed against j brother the conflict is waged with the | extreme of bitterness, leaving scars | which will require generations for their healing. But, dark and discouraging us is the present, there is a ray of hope in the fact that the government of the Free State continues to function. President Posgrave and those asso ciated with him have shown that they have both the will and the courage to govern. The world has been shocked i at times by the severity of their meas- j ures, but it mugt he realized that they j are confronted with desperate opposi tion. and it may be that drastic re- t pression is necessary if the situation ; is to be kept in hand at all. It cannot be doubted that the Free State government is more strongly in trenched today than ever before, but j those neck-or-nothing followers of i Eatiionn De Valera show no signs of j willingness to give up the struggle, j The warfare they are waging is along j guerrilla lines, always difficult to com- j bat. hut day by day they are being pressed harder and their field of opera tions circumscribed. There are no in dications that new adherents are being won to their cause, and without such recruiting their end is inevitable. While the situation in Ireland is de plorable, and a cause of grief to all true friends of the Irish people, the world should be charitable in its criti cisms and slow to find in present tur moil evidence of incapacity for self government. It must be remembered that complete freedom for Ireland has been a dream of centuries, and men do not readily relinquish dreams for which their fathers have gladly died. It may be true that under the present scheme of a Free State government j they can have all the substance of liberty, but the shadow is not there, end often shadows are dearer to men’s hearts than concrete benefits. So the world should he patient with the Irish, for they are not the first people who have had to win through travail and suffering to freedom and happiness and orderly rule. Moie Playgrounds. An increase in playground facilities is in prospect. Money becoming avail able on July 1 will, it is said, make possible the opening of eleven addi tional school yards and three new municipal playgrounds, and this will give a total of fifty-five recreation j centers for Washington’s children. j This is progress. The public play- j ground idea goes ahead. With safe j play places provided for the children I they will not, or ought not to, use the I streets as playgrounds, fewer will he i run down by vehicles and they will have the benefit of regulated play and proper apparatus for health-promoting and body-building games. Bloc. English is a very hospitable lan guage to foreign words. It has enter tained and finally adopted so many i hat it has become a wonderful gather ing of immigrant or imported words. Here is the word “bloc’’ which our language I has recently taken to its breast. It is a Frenchman. Whether it is a native of France or Gaul is un certain. for in various spellings, mean ing a block, log, stump or hard mass, it appears in the Scandinavian tongues and was used by some of the other northern races of Europe. The primitive villagers of Daghestan who believe America is in total dark ness are, of course, wrong, but along about Income tax time It does seem pretty dark here, at that. Presidential fishlng-trlp jokes about angling for renominations are barred. Mr. Harding already has that fish on his stringer. Will the clean-up for the Shrine convention include bootleggers and handbook men? Americanization Needed. There seems to be need for the Americanization of many foreigners in money matters. It is a frequent hap penlng that hundreds and thousands of foreigners, generally non-English speaking, deposit their savings in the tawdry “bank” of a fellow country man with disastrous results. The latest affair of this kind is reported from New York, where operators of a “bank” and steamship agency have disappeared, according to news ac counts, leaving to mourn thousands of "depositors” who had placed with them about $2,000,000. It Is said that this firm did not even pretend to run a bank, but gave to depositors a prom issory not* In return for cash. Many j instances of the loss of lifetime »iv-1 ings are related, j If it could he possible to reach and j Influence these classes of people and I j have them deposit their savings in American banks or banks conducted I under our laws things would be far better. The- question is how to do It. j A compatriot gets the reputation of I being u shrewd business man and of ' j being a wizard in making money. He j lis believed to be honest. He comes | from the home country and speaks \ the language of home. He promises to pay a much higher rate of interest | than anybody else. It Is always a i much higher rate of interest than money can earn. He pays this interest ; for a time, not out of earnings, but | out of depositors* money. The news travels that he is really paying 'steen j per cent. When the deposits are to his ! satisfaction the compatriot disappears and there is wailing. Is there no I i agency that can reach those foreign-! ; language people and make it clear to i I thorn that there is no wide and easy j | road to fortune, that get-rich-quick 1 i schemes are run by sharpers for their own benefit, and that savings should i | be deposited in the American way? New Traffic Rules. ■ Washington may soon have a new i ! set of traffic rules. The traffic commit- I tee has placed its report in the hands j of the District Commissioners. It is in i dicated that the committee has con- I i-entrated on the safety regulations, ! such as speed, right of way, headlights I and signals. Washington wants the most en | lightened traffic rules it can got. It ! wants rules dictated by its own ex | perience and the experience of other j cities. Then, when the Commissioners j shall have adopted and promulgated j 1 the wisest and fairest rules that can | be devised the city usks that drivers and pedestrians observe them, it asks that the police shall he vigilant in enforcing them. There are drivers and pedestrians who seem unwilling to observe any regulations that are out of line with their immediate con venience or their whim of a moment. Heretofore whenever traffic regula tions have been agreed upon by the I authorities there have been a large j number of motorists who seemed to j feel that they were not bound by these regulations because they did not at>- I prove them: They would say that “this ! is a fool rule.” “that is an unwise regulation” and so forth. Many men had their own ideas about what a safe rate of spied should be, and what the | rule of right of way should be. The . auto-driving public is still in division jon these and other matters. There is | criticism from drivers that the speed j limit is too low, and 'from pedestrians j that it is too high. When the new set of rules isadopted and put into effect the traffic regula tions should be observed by every body. The police must enforce them | for the protection of the public and for the education of those persons who do not know the rules or are indifferent to their observance. This is the only way in which the dangers of the street may be reduced. Prosperity’s Index. Railroad earnings are accepted in the financial world as an unerring in dex of -the condition of trade and in dustry throughout the country. In creases in freight and passenger traffic infallibly point to increased output of j factory and shop; to added purchasing power of the genera! public, to moving of the farmers’ products in larger vol ume and to the ability of the public to travel on business or for recreation. Figures given out yesterday by the Interstate Commerce Commission speak eloquently in terms of good news of the steadily- growing pros- \ perity of the nation at large. Taking the statistics of 194 class 1 railroads, I operating about 90 per cent of the j total rail mileage of the United States, it was found that net earnings during January were approximately twice as great as during the month of January a year ago. They amounted to $68,- 941.000, against $35,205,000 in Janu j ary, 1922. The total revenues for January of I this year were $502,160,000, compared j with $295,777,000 for the same month I a year ago. An extraordinary increase I in the volume of transportation ac i counts for the additional total rev enues. These figures are regarded as i a wonderful showing of business im provement. They constitute evidence supporting that furnished by the in creased Income tax returns of the state of the Union in a business way. Unemployment has decreased, mer chants are eager for goods. On every side abound other evidences showing that business is on the upgrade with a steady swing. Let the pessimist take a back seat and hold his peace. There is no place for the grumbler in the good old United States, for Uncle Sam has struck his gait and the prosperity pro cession is on the move. Let us all keep step with it. The report that Stlnnes is not tak ing a hand in the tentative negotia tions with the French does not give as surance that sooner or later he will not put his foot in it. The taciturnity of Underwood when "questioned as to his aspirations for 1924 recalls the observation of Eurip ides. “Silence is an answer to a wise man.” Is the use of a police dog by dry raiders to be taken as wet propaganda, demonstrating as it does the extraordi nary faculties of a rum hound? There are no snakes in Ireland, but St. Patrick could find other things to scotch were be to return today. Woman. An evangelist preaching in Wash ington is reported to have said some harsh things about woman’s dress and ways. The woman has been an ob ject of denunciation ever since the first of fier sex ate an apple, and some pious men seem to hold an ancient grudge against her. But the common run of men have forgiven her early indiscretion, court her, marry her and pay her bills. There was a dispute several years ago whether there could be woman angels, and It was decided that angels must be sculptured as men. Some men take exception to this THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON. D. C„ SATURDAY, MARCH 17, 1923. ] opinion. ’ They know that women are I angels in this world and feel that ; they are necessary to the happiness, I if not the peace, of any other world. This evangelist particularly de nounces woman's style in dress. That criticism does no good and it does no harm. A million yards of denuncia tion will not add one inch to woman’s j ylothes. She determines that matter i for herself, and no man, whether he ] Is an evangelist or nothing more than i a mere husl>and, has, she thinks, any . right to interfere. Woman is beauti ful by nature, but if she thinks a hit of lace, a bit of ribbon and some feath ers will increase her charm she will carry out her will though a hundred j evangelists scowl and lament. It would he Just as sensible for a dwarf to stand on Olesboro Point and try to hold back the tides of the Potomac river as for any man to try to keep I woman from dressing in style. Some j have held that woman dresses for the I ! sole purpose of attracting men. She I succeeds admirably. But woman I dresses for women also. She knows that she has the best taste in Wash i ington, that she wears her clothes j with style and that she knows a bar | gain when she finds one. She wants j other women to look on with pleasure, jof course, and if not with pleasure, j then with envy. Bunk. Bunk, the police dog, has arrived in Washington, has been appointed on the police force and has taken up his duties. His career will be watched with interest. But let us not be hasty or impatient. This is a new town to ; Officer Bunk. He was born and raised. I or reared, in Ithaca, and there is some j difference between Ithaca and Wash j ington. This is a larger town, and I Bunk should be given time to get his i hearings, learn the ropes and the j streets, get in touch with local condi | tions and get a line on our prominent ] criminals. Whether Washington crim ' inals are worse and craftier titan those j in Ithaca is not known, and Bunk has | given no opinion on this subject. He is 1 keeping an «i>en mind and perhaps an open mouth. It is believed by the most ‘ loyal Washingtonians that criminals or evildoers of a certain kind are suf ficiently numerous in Washington to keep Officer Bunk interested and awake. Just how much of an amend ment enforcer Bunk will turn out to be remains to be seen. That he has a fine sense of smell is taken for granted, and that ought to help him in his work. Friends of this new addition to the police force hope that he will rise superior to his name—Bunk. Discrimination. Uncle Sam discriminates between j his two wards. Porto Rico and the j Philippines, when it comes to allow-1 ing a "wee drappie.” The War De- | partment announces that Porto Rico I must remain dry. hut that the Philip pines may “gang their ain gait” in the case of regulating the liquor traf fic. This decision was reached after consultation with the Department of Justice. It is explained that Porto Rico is literally a part of the United States, therefore subject to all its laws and i regulations. The charter of the Philip pines. however, endows that govern ment with power to make local laws, and the Philippines have never passed j a Volstead act. The announcement of the head of I the Standard Oil directors anent salt j water in the Mexican wells will be re j garded by many, in view of the La j Follette monopoly charges, as an at -1 tempt to pour water on troubled oil. | Mary Garden announces herself as a disciple of fc>r. Coue, and the world j will wait to see if the “every day in | every way” patter materially affects j the famous diva’s voice. The fiddler must be paid. Out of each dollar of tax on your income 85 cents will go for war and 15 cents j for non-war purposes. The Mascagni-Mocchi duel has been j i called off. The seconds of the com.: j poser and his impresario are presum- j ably graduate students of harmony. Arizona asks t ic. uicnt Harding to j find the state a seaport. Maybe New ; Mexico is yearning for a Rocky j mountain peak. ~~~~~~~ j A man has earned $5,000 in several months in jail. Many a man would ac cept ’imprisonment on those terms. William Rex. Simplified spelling for what he does to marital as well as international relations? ___ i Coal profiteers are reassured. Wish was father to the thought that winter has passed. SHOOTING STARS. BT PHILANDER JOHNSON. St. Patrick’s Day. St. Patrick’s day! St. Patrick’s day! And here you are again To drive all evil things away From hillside and from glen! 'Tis like a gentleman you try To banish from the scene All ugliness as spring comes by A-wearing of the green! The violet with timid charm Is waiting to draw nigh, But winds that fill her with alarm Come muttering from the sky. So never mind the toads or snakes, But let your mind expand To chase away the cloud that makes The trouble in your land. No Hero to Her. There was a man so wondrous wise that everybody said He carried all worth knowing In the limits of his head. He was expert in calculus, and talked In ancient Greek; Trigonometry was simple as a game of hide and seek. The world would praise his wisdom, but his wife spoke not a word — She smiled in mute derision of the tributes that she heard; For she thought of how she’d let him go to market once or twice, i Whan he bought more than was need i ed at a most outrageous price. WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE Albert Jeremiah Beveridge, who has not been In Washington for a long time. Is due here next week on a literary mission. He desires to consult the Trumbull letters, in tiie Lincoln collection at the Library of Congress, in connection with his forthcoming monumental life of Abraham Lincoln. To cotemporary Washingtonians who knew Beveridge ns a brilliant young senator of the United States, It will be a matter of some difficulty to realize that he is in his sixty-first year. He is be lieved, in lijrht of recent events in Indiana, definitely to have forsworn politics and to have determined to I dedicate himself exclusively to writ ing pursuits. His Lincoln will prob ably, like his classic John Marshal), run to four imposing volumes and prospectively occupy him, as the earlier work did. several years. ** * * Breckinridge I-ong uses as a cigarette case a beautiful little re ceptacle of gold which served one of his grandfathers, S, M. Breckin ridge of Kentucky, as a snuffbox. The young Missouri democrat con cedes that his ancestor would doubt lass turn in his grave if he could divine the profane uses to which his snuff-eontalner now is put. “yet.” says Long, "I don’t know that cigar ettes are any worse than snuff, at that ” ** * * There has just sailed for his native heatW a Briton who won the coveted honor of knighthood for services ren dered to the motherland at Washing ton. He is Sir A. Maurice lx>w, vet eran newspaper correspondent and for many years the resident repre sentative of the aristocratic Ixindon Morning Post. A Britisher who's been knighted isn’t really a knight until he has knelt before his sovereign and received the, “accolade.” This oon • sists of a royal embrace, and a slight blow on the shoulder with the flat blade of a sword. Low has been domiciled In the United States for more than thirty years. No writer of any nationality has a wider acquaint ance with our politics and politicians. He was a war correspondent in Cuba and once wrote a two-volume work on "The American People: A Study in National Psychology.” In 1918. he produced "Woodrow Wilson: An In terpretation.” During the Roosevelt administration Low was commissioned to investigate British Industrial con EDITORIAL DIGEST j i Impending Labor Control Looms in, Great Britain. British normalcy apparently has | not lasted very long, in the opinion | of the various editors who have watched the recent developments in that country. The fact that, although he was placed in power by a clear parliamentary majority, Bonar Law ; only a few months later seems to find ; it Impossible to select a single safe j constituency within which his min- | isters safely can secure re-election, is i held to indicate that, after all, the i tory organization does not hold the j confidence of the people. It also seems j to be accepted that the labor party | eventually will be placed in the sad- j j die and that radical methods will have j their try-out in conservative England, j “Bonar Law merely breathes—noth- * ing more,” suggests the Detroit News, “because the opposition to liberalism is not stout enough to draw away the pulmoter. Labor, the real .opposition, strengthens itself daily and faces only ! the profound difficulty of covering too wide a range of political thought in I its membership. Mr. Law does not understand that the British public wants its thinking done for It, having been accustomed to that process for a ! long, long time.” Immediate action must be taken if the present ministry lis to survive, and the Philadelphia ! Record suggests Mr. Law “may llght j en his ship, which is now laboring in j a heavy sea, by throwing the land ! lords overboard, or he may throw the French overboard. The latter would I lead to startling results and is not to jhe looked for immediately, but the ! British prime minister may be driven, j in the course of a few weeks, to make j good his threats. The dissolution of j the entente would be a momentous j event.” i “Under the English system the la bor party tomorrow may be the con trolling party,” says the Allentown Call, “and it will excite no great sur prises to those who have watched af fairs to see England, the ancient stronghold of an intrenched land ! owning group, in the hands of labor j people ami Sts policies dictated by what the Russians term the prole tariat. The situation in England is one that the tories, like the bourbons, thought never would be possible. That It was foreseen by that keen news paper man the late Lord Northcliffe Is recalled when It is told that he al-, ways encouraged the reporters on his newspapers to become acquainted with and very friendly with the lead ers of the labor party, for, said he. 'it will stand you in good stead when you meet them In Downing street,’ IN A FEW WORDS Charles Dickens is passe In Chicago, Thackeray’s novels are gathering duet on the shelves and Walter Scott Is a back number. People prefer the modern writers. —CARD RODIN (Chicago Public Li brary). Bedroom farces are crowded with youngsters who are but a step re moved from bedtime stories. —REV. CHARLES BLACK. American a«?tlvlty lacks selection. Everybody tries to do everything, see everything and be everything. —MRS. ELSIE ARDEN. Stitches are a thing of the past. Women will not be bothered by sew ing, cutting or fitting In the future. Clothee will be draped on them and held in place by concealed pins. —MME. ALLA RIPLEY. Our statesmen In Great Britain have a habit of talking too caaually about going to war which goes against the grain of those who have been through one. —LOVAT FRASER. It would be a most Intolerable world If everybody spent their time hunting for first principles. —LORD BALFOUR. ••Fair, fat and forty” is a phase which describes the ideal of no painter. unless perhaps it ba Rubens. —FRANCIS GRIBBLH. ditions for the United States Depart ment of Labor. ♦* * * There is rejoicing both In the dip lomatic corps and in American offi cial quarters over the prospective re turn of Dr. Alfred Sze as Chinese minister. No diplomat sent to the United States ever enjoyed such in timate personal ties with Washington as Sze does. He was one of the first Chinese boys sent to our country to be educated and prides himself on once having been a Washington high school cadet. They were the days when young Chinamen wore pigtails and there are grown-ups at the capi ta! who remember vividly having pulled the queue of young Sze. Later he was among the first batch of Chi nese students educated at Chinese government expense in American universities. He was graduated at Cornell under the presidency of Ja cob G. Schurman, now our minister at Peking. An exodus of American writers to Europe is in progress. Each and every one begins operations at Wash ington for the dual purpose of arm ing himself with State Department credentials and fixing up his fences at foreign embassies and legations. Sen ator Hiram Johnson, who is due in England today or tomorrow, was of fered a seductive writing contract covering his European meanderlngs, but would not succumb. Senator Mo ses will be heard from through news paper dispatches. Among the well known professional scribes who will explore old world chaos are Lothrop Stoddard, adthor of “The Rising Tide of Color” end "The New World of Is lam," and Garet Garrett, who is going to look into economic conditions. Garrett is an ardent anli-cancella tionist anil may be expected to turn ! up live material in substantiation of I Europe’s ability', some day, somehow, to square accounts with Uncle Sam. 4= * * * Apropos the hot water Into which some of President Harding’s personal appointees to federal office recently have run, this observer’s attention is called to the ethics which inspired ; Woodrow Wilson with regard to i nominations that could be assailed as personal. His admirers claim that, apart from cabinet selections. Presi dent Wilson religiously immunized himself against the possibility of such 1 criticism. It is of record that if any 1 deserving democrat was ever recom ! mended tor office and happened to be I named Wilson, exhaustive inquiry j was necessary to determine that he | by no chance was a remote relation of j the President. The late James Gor i don Bennett was no less particular. I He once heard the Paris edition of j the New York Herald had a reporter named Bennett. “Fire young Ben nett,” was the proprietor’s imperious order. “One Bennett on the Herald is enough.” (Copyright. 1923.) | meaning when the labor party is the I party of the British ministry.” Inas i much as the establishment of an out | and-out labor ministry would require j (election of twice as many members of parliament as labor now controls, the Pittsburgh Sun thinks it probable "Mr. Law will go down before a coali tion, such as held Mr. George In power ; long after his direct party following ; had dwindled to almost nothing.” It | is possible, however, that “100 much I I significance” is being attached to the i | developments, the Indianapolis Star 1 suggests, because, “while the result | of the by-elections jolted the present j government, the damage is by no I means irreparable.” , ! Lack of any policy to existing | situations, especially the housing j muddle, has had the effect of weaken ing the government’s position as the Utica Press sees it, and that paper ! suggests eventually the ministry may be reconstructed and even Lloyd George drawn Into it to prevent a labor ministry. While expected, "the reaction against the conservative as cendancy has begun sooner than ex pected.” says the Syracuse Herald, which likewise calls attention to the fact “to make the development more disquieting to tory England the con servative loss is a gain, not for the liberal opposition, but for British la bor and its platform of heterogeneous radicalism.” After outlining in detail the pro gram of the British laborltes. the Louisville Post says: "If the English labor party should prevail we do not : say that such a victory would spell the doom of the British empire, but | we may not doubt that it would cause a panic of far-reaching character. It is inconceivable that a majority of the English voters will favor that program, but it is not inconceivable that with the opposition divided be tween conservatives and liberals the labor party may not be formidable in the next few years.” This is far from being the feeling of the St. Paul Pioneer-Press, however, which thinks “a labor government just now would be an enlightening experiment. Re sponsibility always has great powers of transforming radicalism, and the day it comes into power, if ever the education of the labor party will be gin.” The New Y'ork Globe is con vinced “the conservative government seems to have seriously misunderstood the temper of the people upon the purely domestic and partially local is sue of housing. Here is a real de parture. David Lloyd George found his Waterloo in the near eastern af fair. and every other conspicuous gov ernment head that has come a crop per since 1918 discovered his difficul ties in international affairs.” It should also be remembered, the Hart ford Times says, that “in England just now votes against the government are symptomatic of the general unrest which is explained simply by the fact that there has been a great war.” I have always contended that there was no more highly sexed period than the> Victoria’n era, when a girl was supposed to swoon if she showed her ankle. —MART ROBERTS RINEHART. My' ideal man Is a poet in his heart, whether his business is selling bonds or building bridges. —PEGGY WOOD. I have lived to be 110 years old, but I cannot see any reason for It except that I stopped drinking when I was eighty-five. —MANUEL LEE SILVA. It is not reparations the French want. It is security, which isn’t strange considering that their country has been invaded three times in two generations. —LORD ROBERT CECIL. We have abundant evidence that violence has been done to the old-time democratic theory of the rights of the states against federal invasion, guaranteed by the Constitution. —GOV. SMITH (N. Y.) The lives lost on the field of action In the world war were absolutely wasted and the selfish, narrow states manship of the European nations has brought those countries to the brink of a conflict that will make the last war look like a sham battle. —CAPT. EDDIE RXCKENBACKEB. The Library Table By The Booklover Old age Is* the universal tragedy. It | Is the specter which lurka In the shadows ahead for every man and woman who has reached forty, and It seems to be almost equally dreaded by both sexes. To some it means the end of sex conquests; to others laying aside cherished work and ac tive Interests; to others merely in creasing discomforts and Infirmities; but very few agree with Browning's mood: Grow old 41 long with me! The best is yet to be. This disinclination to accept old age willingly probably dates from the earliest times. H. G. Wells tells • us in his “Outline of History” that] among primitive peoples the old man • of the tribe monopolized the best i place by the camp fire and the best j tidbits from the hunt, until he be- i came too much of a nuisance, when | he was knocked on the head by one J of the younger chieftains. Who can ! doubt that the old man of the tribe disliked the thought of old age? ** * * Discontent on the subject has always been so acute that from the dawn of civilization search has been made for a preventive or a cure for old age, whether in the medicinal springs of some unexplored country or in new chemical combinations in an obscure laboratory. If Gertrude Atherton's new novel, “Black Oxen,” were only truth instead of fiction the cure would be at hand and we should soon see about us only youth and charming early middle age, as all the old could so easily be rejuvenated. ** * * In "Black Oxen" Mary Zattiany, almost sixty, who has been a New York belle of the eighties, returns to New York in 1923, after long years of residence abroad as the wife of a Hungarian nobleman. But she re turns as a charming, beautiful woman, apparently not over thirty, the replica of her former self, but with a difference, due to the wisdom of experience. Her old friends, now grandmothers and either fat or with ered representatives of the old regime, fail to recognize her. At a luncheon she makes herself known to them and explains the transformation that has taken place. The most re cent and wonderful of biological dis coveries. she says, are that old age is due to the atrophy of the ductless glands and that these glands may he re-energized by X-ray treatment. She has undergone this treatment in Vienna with complete success. She tells her astonished hearers that a new' proverb must now be adopted. “A man is as old as his endocrines" — and then she has to explain “en- j docrlnes.” ♦* * * The first volume of the new Theater Guild Library, just published, is the i play “R. V. H..” by the Czecho j slovaklan dramatist, Karel Capek, ! which is now running in New York. iThe letters of the title stand for Kos sum's Universal Robots: but. knowing this, the unsophisticated person is [about as much in the dark as ever. 1 The first act of the play soon devel ops the fact that a Robot is a ma chine-made man or woman with a | highly developed labor efficiency and entirely lacking in all the human tastes and emotions which interfere so sadly with industrial output. The invention of the Robots was the work of the Rossums, father and son. The play is a clever, stinging satire on ! modern industrialism. In its satiric i treatment of human selfishness it 1 suggests Swift's “Voyage to the Houyhnhnms"; In its story of the disastrous effects of laboratory cre ation of life it suggests Mrs. Shelley's gruesome romance, “Frankenstein. 1 ’ *♦ * * Those of us who In our youth watched eagerly for each weekly number of Harper’s Young People in order to follow the adventures of j iToby Tyler, who ran away* with the circus, will soon be glad to join the children in going to see Toby in the movies, as James Otis’ juvenile fa vorite. "Toby Tyler; or. Ten Weeks With a Circus." will soon be released. ** * * Readers interested in folk-lore and anthropology who have heard of the fame of Sir James George Fraser's "The Golden Bough; a Study in Magic and Religion," but who have hesitated when they learned of the extent of the com plete work, will be pleased to know that an abridged edition is now available in a single volume. It contains 750 closely printed pages, but the author states that in large part the language of the orig inal work has been retained and that condensation has been largely secured by the omission of foot-notes and bib liographies. This remarkable work, ex hibiting at once prodigious scholarship, unrivaled powers of presentation and penetrating analysis, was originally pub lished more than thirty years ago in two volumes. After ten years a second edi tion was issued in three volumes, and in its third edition, published about ten years ago. it had grown to twelve vol umes. It is an eminently readable book, written in a lucid, captivating style; in this respect it differs from many books in this field. One critic of the third edi tion refers to “The Golden Bough" as "that golden treasury- of stories for grown-up children"; to read it, he says, is "a liberal education in social anthro pology.” *♦ * * Shakespeare’s seven ages of man, as propounded by the melancholy Jaques, are paralleled by Compton Mackenzie In his latest novel, “The Seven Ages of Woman.” It must be confessed that the novel lags a long way behind not only “As You Like It,” but also all of Mr. Mackenzie’s own earlier novels. As Mary Flower progresses through her seven ages, as Infant, child, young girl, wife, mother, widow and grandmother, we find ourselves wondering again and again whether she is worth all the ' analysis bestowed upon her. As an in dividual she certainly Is not. The cen tral symbolical Idea of the hook, how ever. is of Interest. As her life unfolds, Marv, the toy of fate, reproduces more or less the stages in the life of her own grandmother and attempts to dominate her children and grandchildren as she herself and her parents were once domi nated. ** * * Not long ago it was announced that the famous Brazilian historian and diplomat, Dr. Manoel de Oliveira Lima, had given his library of 30,000 volumes to the Catholic University of America and that he would spend the remainder of his life in Washington.” Brazil’s in tellectual ambassador to the world,” as a Swedish author has called him, Is ac corded a chapter In the newly published book on “Brazilian Literature,” by Dr. Isaac Goldberg, who is the first to write a volume In English on the modified Portuguese literature of the great re public of South America. ♦♦ ♦ ♦ The successes of “The Outline of His tory,” by H. G. Wells, and ’The Outline of Science.” edited by Dr. J. Arthur Thomson, have led an English publisher to announce the early Issue of an “Out line of Literature and Art.” to be edited Jointly by John Drlnkwater and Sir William Orpen. Like the two earlier outlines, this will be published in about twenty-four fortnightly parts, with fully , 1,000 illustrations, many in colors. No doubt the work will later be published in America. CAPITAL KEYNOTES BY PALL V. COLLI MS i i Attorney General Daugherty conies j in for a new rebuke for his alleged | indifference to the physical condition j of veterans of the world war who are j incarcerated in federal prisons for ! crimes. The Governor of Wisconsin, j Mr. Blaine, had asked that the De- ( partment of Justice make a survey of j the health of these veterans, and | report whether any of them should ] be considered for release because of ! their decline in health. He wrote to | Attorney General Daugherty as to j conditions in Wisconsin, and ap- I : pealed for investigation in other j | states. He said: “I am sending a ; | summary of facts found in Wisconsin : j penal institutions, which shows that I •a large number of these men are j mentally and physically deficient, * requiring hospitalization rather than prison bars.” And he adds; "You slate that T regret to state iit is impracticable.’ You can have !no such regret upon any such grounds. When the troopship was on the tide, these men were heroes. When gassing and shell-shocking have broken them mentally and physically, then, to you, they may rot behind prison bars, because it is impracticable to bring relief. I trust that the dictates of humanity will com mand your attention and action.’’ ♦* ♦ ♦ The nation lias been surfeited with mawkish appeals for the release of all "political prisoners." Many of them have been set free—notably Mr. Debs. These men were not gassed in the war—unless by their autosug gestion—nor are they dying of diseases due to exposure or hardships while doing their duty in defense of their country. The veterans, in prison, in many cases would not have been there but for their physical and mental stresses, due not alone to the cam paign hardships but to the struggle for industrial readjustment after their discharge from the Army or Navy. No one who did not experience the restlessness of spirit growing out of the war and subsequent discharge, and weary hunt for employment, can ! understand the temptations and | pitfalls of the veteran after his re- j lease from military obligations. If. in his abnormal state of mind, he violated law. Is he not worthy of as much consideration as the so-called ‘■political.’’ unpatriotic socialists who were snapping at his heels during the months of sacrifice and danger? The Department of Justice has had much time to find it “practicable” to sift all the evidence of the ‘‘political prisoners,” and to recommend pardons —which have been granted in many cases. United States senators join with banner-carrying socialists in appealing for the release of all the rest, hut how rare is it to read ap peals like that of Gov. Blaine for sym pathy for the incarcerated veterans — men “suffering from mental and physi cal disability,” says Gov. Blaine, “due entirely to their service for their coun try. and because of that mental condi tion they have come to their sad plight.” With many, the condition drives them to suncide; with others to violation of law. ** * * Maj. Gen. O’Ryan, the counsel of the Senate committee to investi gate the Veterans’ Bureau, does not j hesitate to let it be known where | his sympathies lie. When speaking j at a dinner given in New York in | honor of the new director of the | bureau, General Hines, he referred to , the great financial obligation to the t I veterans. He said 150,000 veterans received hospital aid last year, and 25.000 are still in hospitals. Os this j 25.000 one-third are insane, one-third have tuberculosis and the rest have miscellaneous diseases. The attitude of both Director Jean Marlier, French Chef cle la Surete, Holds Power to Expel Unwanted Aliens j BV THE MARULTSE DE POXTESOY. 1 For foreigners there is no more | important high police official in France than the so-called chef de la surete —that is to say. the head of j the department of safety, which j forms part and parcel of the minis- j try of the interior —and that is why 1 i wish to call attention to Jean Marlier, j who has just been appointed to the j post. In reality he is the directing | force of the secret police of the na jtion, and his operations, unlike those of the prefect of police of Fans, i which are confined to the metropolis, extend over the entire country. It is he who has the supervision and control of aliens. If any of the lat ter incur his displeasure or excite his suspicion he has full author, ty to expel them from French territory on his written order without any judi cial process. Against his edicts of deportation there is no redress, save through appeal to the prime minis ter, which, as a rule, remains un answered. Sometimes these expul sions are public and serve as a salu tary lesson. More often they are of a quiet nature and escape public ob servation. But the fact that this re sponsibility is vested in the hands ot the chef de la surete, and that the man or woman ordered to be expelled has no reparation of any kind com ing to him from the courts of law. exercises a wholesome restraint upon the activities of foreign adventurers and adventuresses who seek their happy hunting ground in France. ** * * It is not necessary that they should have criminal records or that they should have violated any of the laws of France. Royal princes—that is Ito say, members of foreign reigning families, imperial grand dukes and Austrian archdukes —have been po litely and unobtrusively asked to 1 leave the country and escorted to the frontier by agents de la surete if they have incurred the displeasure ot the French government by their mode of life, by their jiolitlcal extravagances or private excesses. The perfectly authentic Italian Prince of Formosa, scion of one of the oldest houses of the Sicilian aris tocracy. was quietly taken from one of the best known clubs of the| French metropolis, much frequented ! by foreigners—l mean the Travelers' on the Champs Elysees—while, seated ; a t a card table and hurried straight off to the railroad terminus, to be coti 'jveyed under escort to the Italian frontier, not because he had never been caught cheating, but merely for the reason that he had no other avow able means of support than card playing. There is another Italian prince of I ancient lineage, now married to an Ametican woman, and whose name ’ has been much in public print, who ! was asked by the chef do la surete i to leave France because he had start . ed a private card-playing and rou lette establishment in his apartment j n one of the fashionable districts of i Paris. ** * * 1 Foreign journalists who in their . dispatches to their papers have as ! sailed French, statesmen in power, I and who have earned their hostility, have been quietly forced to leave the country, a deaf ear being turned by the government to all appeals in their , behalf made by their respective am ■ bassadors. Qambetta when at the > height of his power endeavored to secure in this way the ’expulsion of the late de Blowitz, the celebrated 1 representative for so many years of ■ the London Times in France, in the • belief that he was a foreigner. But : when the edict of the chef de la ■ surete was served upon de Blowitz i he drew attention to the fact that I although born In Bohemia he had been naturalized In 1872 at Mar j Hines and General O’Uyan is identi- I cal with that of the American Region, as a body—that the Veterans' Bureau lls for service to the wounded and j sick veterans, rather than for the j benefit of the place-seekers and the i grafters. ** ♦ * No locality can claim to be up with ithe times now If it cannot boast of some very ancient discovery, prefer ably antedating King Tutankhamen, j Naturally Washington must keep in • the swim. The excavations for the j foundations of the Walker Hotel j disclosed some great tree trunks. 'Scoffers said that these trees had , been thrown there fifty years ago. - to ! fill up a swamp, but scientists of the ; geological survey have discovered upon the trees peculiar moss which grew only in or about the gnat ire age. That puts the trees in the pleis tocene period—some ion.ooo years ago. And so the dispute is on. ♦* * * The forestry' service of the Departs merit of Agriculture and the Geologi cal Society had a duel over the matter at the last Thursday meeting of the latter society, but the debate ended in the usual tie, such as marks debates on topics approached from opposite angles. The memories of the “old settlers" may indeed point to the site of the Walker Hotel as that of the original t'ole swlmmin’ hole.” made famous by James Whit comb Riley, but memories count for naught in the face of mosses which grew only before the ice trust held all North America in Its grip—a hundred millenniums ago. ♦* * * There has been great interest shown in recent discoveries in the pyramids of Mexico, and savants ; seek to impress us by telling of evidences that man had lived there lO.Of'O years ago. As if that were real antiquity. They' evidently have not read Dr I,e Plongeon’s book. “Queen Moo." in which ho tells of the tomb, in Yucatan, of that great queen, to- I gether with her history painted upon j its walls, and the embalmed heart of her brother-husband. Queen Moo ruled Atlantis. the mighty continent which once con netted Africa and America, and which sank in the Atlantic ocean, with all its wonderful cities and palaces. It is there yet—perhaps. Her majesty Queen Moo declared that her province, Yucatan, was the Garden of Kden. That ought to “hold ’em awhile” and occupy the attention of the savants, at least until they trace the queen’s gene alogy back to Eve. Some of Moo’s subjects were Africans, and some were Chinese, but her kingdom was before either Egypt or China. Busts are found which prove the race "■ origin of these subjects—some dis tinctly African and others equally distinctly Mongolian. Who knows but that Queen Moo was the original star boarder of the Walker Hotel, and hunted alligators in the “ole swlmmin’ hole”? It is always gratifying to he in dorsed, or even to have persons of accepted authority express views sim ilar to one's own. The day after Capital Keynotes had argued for a • reform of medical practice, so that we would pay doctors to prevent 1 sickness rather than cure it after it j had appeared. Dr. George E. Vincent, president of the Rockefeller Founda tion. speaking in St. Louis, said; "We will soon be paying doctors I as we now pay lawyers—a retainer fee by the year, to prevent sickness ‘in the family. They will visit the home at certain intervals and, by examinations. will prevent, instead of cure, diseases.” (Copyright, 3923. by P. V. Collins.) seille as a Frenchman, and that there fore he could not be deported as an un desirable alien. Another duty of the chef de la surete is the care of the dossiers other than those comprised in the I archives of the prefecture of police, and which relate exclusively to in | dictments and convictions, and which, eight or ten million in number, in-/ elude the record of every man or j woman guilty of any offense against the law's since 1871, when all police ! records and archives up to that date I were intentionally destroyed by the leaders of the commune insurrection. ** * * The dossiers of w'hich the chef de la surete has charge are those of people who have never come within the clutches of the law', hut public characters, statesmen. politicians, foreign and native diplomats, leading bankers, newspaper proprietors ami editors, great artists, captains of in dustry and of commerce—in fact, of nearly every one capable of exercising a direct or indirect influence upon the course of events. These dossiers are the result of shadowing and of secret investigation, and revealing, as they do, the skeletons in the closets of every man and woman concerned, placed an enormous power in the I hands of the chef de la surete and of Ids immediate and hierarchical supe rior. the minister of the interior, who is often the premier. Indeed, many prime ministers in forming a cabinet retain in their own hands the port folio of the department of the inte rior by reason of the access which it accords to them to the "dossiers" of the "surete" and it may be re- , called that when, many years ago, the late Daniel Wilson became in volved in a very sensational scandal, so unsavory that it drove him from the chamber of deputies, and his father-in-law, old Jules Grevy, who was perfectly Innocent of any wrong doing. from the presidency of the repub’iic, he was able to avoid being pl aced on trial and punished for his crimes by threatening to publish in England or in some foreign country some 30,000 of these dossiers affect ing nearly every man in public life in France, of which he had secured copies while living under the roof of his father-in-law in the presidential palace of the Elysees. Such wide j spread revelations of skeletons in the closets of every public man would have endangered the existence of the republic, then still in its infancy, and so, while Daniel Wilson's confederates were sent to jail for long terms, he himself escaped any punishment. if * * * As for John Marlier, in t lose hands the direction of the department de la surete has been placed, be is a man with an absolutely clean record who i won his spurs as principal secretary > of the late Robert Leullier during the great war. of which Leullier was one of the civilian heroes. Leullier was prefect or governor of the Alsno throughout the conflict, and was present at Soissons during the re . pcated bombardments of that city by the Germans, with Secretary Marlier ' always by his side, no matter how . heavy the fire. After the restoration of peace Leullier was made prefect of ’ all the Fas do Calais—namely, of those ! regions of France whdeh bad suffered ’ most at the hands of the Germans, in • which the entire territory had been devastated and literally shaven of every building and every tree by the '■ enemy. He did so well there that ho i was promoted to the post of prefect : of police of Faris, where his mission, 1 most brilliantly inaugurated, was cut 1 short by premature and sudden death, : Marlier being still his secretary and . chief assistant. Now Marlier, who has . become a popular figure in metropoli : tan life, has received recognition by ; appointment amidst general approval I to the responsible post of chef de la • § surete of France.