Newspaper Page Text
Fair and continued cool tonight, with frost; tomorrow fair, with slow ly rising temperature. Temperature for twenty-four hours ended at 2 p.tn.. today: Highest. 56. at 4:40 p.m. yesterday: lowest. 39. at 6 a.m. today. Full report on page 7. Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 25 V" OQ QJ.O Entered as second-class matter ANO* *.0,0-*,-. post office Washington, D. C. BERLIN MAY OFFER 35 BILLION MARKS FORMATIONS Leaders of Reichstag Major ity Declare Willingness to Support This Sum. GUARANTIES PROBLEM FILLED WITH DIFFICULTY $2,000,000,000 Believed Loan Lim it—Fear Revolution if Stinnes Group Gets Control. BY (iEORGK WITTE. Wireless to The star and Chicago Daily News. Copyright. 1923. BERLIN’, April IS.—lt Is said In Borne circles here that Germany is Quite willing to discuss 40,000,000.C00 gold marks as the basis of repara tions to the allies. In other quarters It is asserted that Germany may soon offer the allies, especially France, 85.000. gold marks despite Foreign Secretary Von Rosenberg’s declaration in the relchstag that at the most Germany’s offer remains at 30.000. marks. When It became known here that Great Britain favored the formation of an international commission to as certain how much Germany was really able to pay, the writer found that there existed a sentiment that Germany would accept and abide by the decision of such a commission even if It fixed the reparations at 3;.,000,000,000 to 40.000.000,000 gold marks. 83,000.000,000 Loan Limit. The question of guaranties, how ever. is of more poignancy than that of promising payments for the next twenty years. So far as is known In official quarters here, neither Ameri can nor British bankers are willing to give Germany credits exceeding $2,000,000,000. That sum, according to reliable Information is the limit to which the Anglo-American financiers who have looked this country over, are willing to go, unless the govern ment pledges as securities such pub lic utilities as the railroads and state mines in the Ruhr and Upper Silesia and the telegraph, telephone and cable systems. The only other way out of the predicament open to the government Is to surrender In everything but name to the industrialist league, in cluding Stinnes. Thyssen, Krupp, Kloeckner, Mannesmann and fifty or more other magnates, who among them control about three-tfuartera as the wealth of Germany. But if the government yields to this capitalistic group the communists will undoubtedly threaten civil war. To pome observers It seems as If the Cuno government is doing a tight rope walking act. On the one side downfall looms at the hands of the French and on the other side destruc tion at the hands of the communists. Control Enough Votes. Readers of the democratic, centrist and socialist parties assured me today that 40.000,000,000 gold marks formed the basis on which they were willing to negotiate, although they believed that this sum exceeded Germany’s ability to pay. The 35,000.000.000 marks pro posal was based on France’s demand for 20,000,000,000 marks for herself and 9,000,000.000 marks for the other fillies, including the United States for the costs of its army of occupation. The social democrats and demoncrats alone have 212 votes In the reichstag and the centrists have 68, so that if half of the centrists voted In favor of submitting proposals based on 25.- 000.000.000 gold marks, they would he certain of 251 votes out of a total of 459. FRANCE TO STAND FIRM. By Cable to The Star and Chicaco Dally News. Copyright. 1923. PARIS, April 18.—The decision of France and Belgium to suppress the special high commissariat installed by Germany in the Rhineland on the day of the signing of the treaty of Ver sailles marks the plain intention of I ranee and Belgium to retain the Ruhr and the Rhineland indefinitely unless Germany accepts the allies’ terms. From the very first the French have objected to the German Rhineland ! commissioner, whom they looked upon i as the center of the resistance to the 1 enforcement of the treatly, but they ! were unable to get rid of him. first, because of the Franco-Erltish-Atner- Ican convention of June 28, 1919 "im posed by President Wilson.” and sec ond. because of Great Britain’s atti tude. The first German commissioner was Von Starck who was soon accused of i "fomenting agitation against the al- 1 lied commission.” In 1921 the British succeeded in having him replaced by the more moderate Prince Hatzfeld Nevertheless, the fact remained that the French continually felt un able to make elTectve use of the Rhineland occupation as a means of pressure on Germany because they were prevented by allied conventions and agreements from threatening Germany with the permanent loss of the Rhineland unless she aid the rep arations. GERMAN ORDERED OUT. BERLIN. April 18.—M. Tirard, pres ident of the Rhineland high commis sion. handed Prince Von Ilatzfeldt "Wildenburg, the German commis sioner, a note declaring that his pres ence was prejudicial to the commis sion’s authority and that his mission must accordingly be regarded as ended. Prince Von Hatzfeldt pro tested, saying that his appointment had been made by the ambassadors’ conference and he did not recognize the commission’s right to terminate his mission. In the meantime, acting und?r spe cial Instructions, he has left the occu pied territory, accompanied by his staff. INSPECTS RUSSIAN OIL. BERLIN, April 18.— Mason Day, president of the Bamsdall Corpora tion of New York, has arrived in Berlin after a two-month trip to Russia, where he Inspected the com pany's oil concessions in the Caucasus and conferred with the Russian of ficials In Moscow. Mr. Day said the bolshevik! had extended his company’s time for development and Increased Its concession area. He left an engi neering staff at Baku and will go to the United States early in May to arraAge shipments of machinery to the Caucasus, , Pilotless Plane Control Perfect In Test Flights By the Associated Dress. PARIS, April 18. —An airplane controlled by wireless and auto matic stabilizers made a successful test flight yesterday at Etampes in the presence of Undersecretary for Aeronautics Eynac. The plane has been making in termittent flights for the past year, its stabilization is now said to be entirely automatic, and the solu tion of the few remaining problems in connection with its operation are in sight. ‘Although the wire less control is described as perfect, flights for the present will be made with a pilot, who will be employed chiefly as an observer that the in vention may be developed as far as possible. Military observers believe that passengerless airplanes may prove most valuable when used as bomb ers. However, it la proposed to utilize them for such purposes as the transportation of mail to Africa. TWO FLYERSBREAK SIX WORLD RECORDS Kelly and Macßeady Fly Over 36 Hours —D. C. Man Sets New Mark. By the Associated Press. DAYTON. Ohio. April 18.—Victors j in their gruelling contest to estab- I lish a new world endurance record I for sustained flying. Lieuts. John A. | Macßeady and Oakley Kelly, Army | aviators, today were recovering from exhaustion resulting from piloting the 1 Fokker monoplane T-2 over a 50- kilometer course for 36 hours, 5 min utes and 20 seconds. The former record, held by French men—Pilots Bossoutrot and Brouhin — was 34 hours. 19 minutes and 54 sec onds. Lieuts. Macßeady and Kelly bested this record last fall flying over San Diego. Calif., but the record was never certified by the Federation Aeronatique Internationale. The rec ord-breaking Right started Monday at 9:38 a.m. Sets Distance Record. Slipping out of the night into the glare of searchlights on Wilbur Wright Field, Lieut. Macßeady land ed the huge ship at 9:43 o’clock last night, after hating covered 2,541.2 miles, setting a new distance record. The former record of 2.060 miles, held by Macßeady and Kelly, was made on their cross-country flight from San Diego to Indianapolis last fall. Four other records were establish ed during the flight and during yes terday three additional records were hung up by other flyers at local fields. Other records made by Macßeady and Kelly were: Two thousand five hundred kilome ters. 21 hours 37 minutes 3 seconds. Three thousand kilometers, 26 hours 1 minute 32 seconds. Three thousand five hundred kilo meters. 30 hours 28 minutes 51.4 sec onds. Four thousand kilometers, 35 hours, 6 minutes 38.4 seconds. The respective miles per hour averages are; 71.86, 71.50, 71.20 and 71. Morris Gets Record. Flying over the same thlrty-one and-one-elghth-mile triangular course traversed by the endurance record holders, Lieut. Harold Harris. Mc- Cook Field, In a rebuilt Do Haviland 4-B yesterday sot new records for 1,500 and 2,000 kilometers. His time for 1,500 kilometers was 8 hours and 9 minutes, and for 2,000 kilometers 10 hours and 53 minutes. His aver age speed was 114 miles per hour. Flying a naval torpedo plane, Lieut. Rutledge Irvine, Anacostla naval air station, established a world altitude record for a single-motored ship carrying a deadweight; load of 2,422 pounds. He piloted the ship to a height of 11,300 feet. Lieut. Irvin© was in the air two and a half hours. Completing eighty-one laps of the course. Macßeady and Kelly circled the pylon at Wilbur Wright Field sev eral times, and then Macßeady, who was at the “stick,” gracefully set the ship down and taxied to a hangar. Brig. Gen. William Mitchell, assistant chief of the Army air service, con gratulated the record holders and escorted them to the Officers’ Club, where they were given food. After an informal reception they came to Dayton and retired immediately. Not until some time today will either of the flyers tell his story of the flight. Both said they expected to sleep about eighteen hours. Not until they awake will they know that MaJ. Gen. Mason Patrick, chief of the Army air service, plans (Continued on Page 4, Column 1.) Smiling “Lone Star” Who Killed 28 In Plains Fights, Dies , Boots On By the A«»o*l«tert Pres*. OMAHA, Neb., April 18.—Fighting, smiling, gray-haired old “Lone Star," F'red M. Hans, Indian fighter, frontier scout and possibly the last of the real twp-gun “cross-arm draw’’ ex perts, met death here last night with his "boots on.’* But death did not come on the field of battle where he had so often faced It. nor on the wings of a bullet. Ho was crushed to death in an elevator shaft at the Omaha World-Herald plant, where he was night watchman. “Lone Star” was caught by the elevator when he attempted to move the control lever from the outside and the lift suddenly shot upward. Began Career at Sixteen. “Lone Star” began his career as plainsman at the ago of sixteen, when he left home to search for a brother kidnaped by Sioux Indians. He broke Into fame first In 1876 In the "Hole in the Wall'* country. Powder River, Wyo„ when single-handed, he shot and killed "Shacknasty” Jim and his two fellow bandits. It was “Lone Star’s” hammer fanning that won the unequal fight. The Indians dubbed him We-Chach- Pe-Wan-Ge-La, which translated means Lone Star. Other high spots of Hans’ life were: Shot and killed two stage coach Wht Mtomim ifef. J V S WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION / WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 18, 1923—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. * PRESIDENT TO NAME RENT BOARD SOON Executive Convinced Present Body Inadequate to Handle Many Cases. FATE OF THREE NOW ON COMMISSION UNKNOWN No Indication Given as to Who Five Commissioners Will Be, Says Senator. President Harding will very shortly name a Rent Commission of five mem bers for tiie District of Columbia as provided for in the Ball rent act of 1922. which extended for two years the life of the commission and in creased Us membership from three to live. This was learned from Senator Ball of Delaware, chairman of the Senate District committee and author of the Ball rent act. following a lengthy conference with the President at the White House today. More than a week ago, when Presi dent Harding was asked directly whether or not he would at any time soon appoint the new Rent Commis sion, he was represented as saying that unless he was convinced that the work of the present commission was being retarded and that conditions generally at the Rent Commission were being hampered he would not Increase the membership. Studies Situation. The President has since then per sonally Inquired into conditions. It Is known that ho has become con vinced that there is little hope of immediate relief from the Jammed situation of the commission’s docket, unless he appoints the two additional members. It is lerrned that he has been shown that the work of the present commisslor is seven or eight months behind am.’ that complaints from tenants and landlords are In creasing daily in number. It is un derstood that there probably are more than 600 cases now pending and that there Is every evidence *hat the vol ume of the commission’s work will become greater in the succeeding months. Senator Ball discussed with the President a few days before the ad journment of Congress the matter of appointing the rent commissioner! and said he was told by the latter to refresh his memory when he re turned from his Florida vacation. The senator today described the con dition existing in the Rent Commis sion and urged the President to make the appointments as soon as possible. No Word on Personnel. He would not say, however, whether or not he had received any Inkling from the President that he was con templating retaining the three present members of the rent commission when he makes the appointments. Neither would the senator say whether or not the chances were good for the selec tion of all or any of the names pre sented by himself and Edward F. Coliaday, republican national chair man for the District, almost a year ago. Immediately after the passage of the Ball extension act. FORMER D. C. WOMAN IS MARRIED IN PARIS Mrs. Louise Murray Weds Member of Ancient Norman Family. By the Associated Press. PARIS, April 18 —The civil wedding of Mrs. Louise O’Hara Murray, for merly of Washington, D. C.. and Georges Masdusheil de Colange, a French manufacturer belonging to an ancient Norman family, took place today in the town hall of the Six teenth Arrondissement. The religi ous ceremony will be celebrated to morrow In the American Church of the Holy Trinity. Dean Richard Dobbs will officiate. The bride was formerly Miss Louise Putnam Nicholson and about thirty vears ago had a career In grand opera in Paris, Berlin, St. Petersburg and Vienna. , , On her mother s side she is a direct descendant of Daniel Boone and through her father is related to Gen. Nicholson of civil war fame. Her op eratic career was cut short by im pairment of her voice. bandits April 12, 1877, near Valentine, Neb. Shot five Indians In battle of Little Missouri, near Black Hills, August 21, 1877, saving the lives of a party of twenty prospectors. Killed eleven Indians with twelve shots, using both guns, hammer fan ning, In the battle of Wounded Knee, S. D.. In 1892. Killed bandit, Ainsworth, Neb., In 1878. Shot and killed bandit at Fremont. Neb., in 1897. Trailed Sitting Ball. Was official War Department In vestigator of Custer massacre, and followed Sitting Bull 600 miles on horseback, inducing him and his band to return to the reservation. Was present at Sitting Bull's death. 1 Was chief scoutmaster for Gen. Phil Sheridan for six years. Was chief special agent of the Northwestern railroad for years. In all, Hans was credited with hav ing killed eight white men and twenty Indians. “1 was never beaten on the draw,” he often declared. Until a month ago Hans wore a scalp lock eighteen inches long, which he kept curled under a skull cap as he sat around in the Herald editorial rooms at night, often displaying his skill with his two guns to reporters and visitors. "No ope is after It now," he ex plained when he ordered his lock cut oft. BUSY, BUT ixterestp:d. SENATORS FEARFUL OF CHESTER GRANT Some Members Already Talk of Possible U. S. Foreign Complications. BY DAVID I.AWHEVCE. Rumblings are beginning to be heard from the direction of the Sen* ate on the subject of the oil conces sions granted American capitalists in Turkey. When Congress meets the whole subject Is likely to be aired and a resolution calling for the facts in troduced. Some of the senators, par ticularly in the “IrrcconcUlable" group, think there Is more chance of foreign entanglement In the conces sion business than In the league of nations itself. Secretary of State Hughes, sensing the talk of complications—for the European press has been full of It— is pointing out constantly In his con ferences with the press that there need be no worry about entangle ments, and that the discussing of In tci”'!*• n.-ir,J n*’ ot ->v .r • i e concession which has been so proml . • -.10 .■ ss c..j .3 i,0... ,»v md Is largely a specter of the imagina tion. Hughes Confident. Mr. Hughes’ experience with legal complexities leads him to approach with the utmost serenity the very highly complicated questions which have arisen since announcement was first made that the Turks had grant ed the Chester oil concession. He sees no extraordinary procedure nec essary, no need of apprehension on any score. The French government has not yet lodged any formal protest, but has communicated Its views in a prelimi nary way. The United States govern ment Is not unmindful of the deep in terest which foreign governments will take in the affair, but naturally feels they need have no cause to fear inequitable treatment. For first of all it becomes necessary to determine what are the facts. Thus far the American government knows only that the concession has been granted the Chester Interests by the Angora government and that there have been certain modifications since the proposal was first brought to the attention of the State Department. When the text has been received and when foreign governments have pointed out just where their claims conflict with the American concession, the Department of State will en deavor to persuade the Chester in terests to adjust directly such ques tions ha can be adjusted between them and conflicting interests and if that still loaves a conflict the pro posal will be made that an arbitral tribunal he appointed with full power to resolve the points In dispute. Fail to See Trouble. Having In mind such a careful legal procedure, the government here fails to see how any enormous polit ical embroglio can be developed out of this controversy. The full diplomatic support of the American government is given when legitimate claims are made by Amer ican Interests. The question of wheth er Americans have valid rights must be determined first before there can be given the backing of the govern ment. But even then the hacking Is a matter of moral support and strong (Continued on Page 2, Column 6.) 3 KILLED WHEN AUTO STRIKES STREET CAR Cincinnati Packer and Oueets Meet Death in Head-On Collision. By the Associated Press. CINCINNATI, Ohio. April 18.—Trav eling at a high rate of speed, an auto mobile driven by Roland A. Meyer, sec retary-treasurer of the H. H. Meyer Packing Company of this city, collided head-on with a street car early today, killing Meyer, Dr. William Kratz of Norwood, Ohio, and Mrs, William Ben der, formerly of Dayton, Ohio. Miss Margaret Nebbergall of Charles ton. W. Va., fourth occupant of the machine, sustained scalp lacerations and probable concussion of the brain. There were no passengers on the street car. The motorman and conductor es caped by Jumping. According to Miss Nebbergall, the party waa returning to the city from a roadhouse in the suburbs when the ac cident happened. Prisoner Carries Sick Captor 100 Miles to Hospital By the Afiwvlstprt Press. ANCHORAGE. Alaska. April 18.— While taking an Indian accused of murder from Fort Gibbon to Fair banks recently. Deputy United State.v Marshal E. B. Webster was stricken with appendicitis. The marshal’s prisoner placed him on the sled with which they had been traveling and mushed more than a hunderd miles with hint to a hos pital. where an operation was per formed. MOVIE MONOPOLY IS CHARGEDESY U. S. Big Corporations Summoned to Bar for “Conspiracy to Kill Competition.” BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE. For the first time In the history of the "movies.” the United States gov ernment has opened fire on the vast motion picture Industry, which is alleged to be under monopolistic con trol. The Federal Trade Commission charges a powerful group of corpora tions and Individuals, including the Famous Players-Lasky combination. Adolph Zukor. Jesse L. Lasky and Jules Mastbaum, with using "unfair methods of competition in commerce." .They are charged with violation of section 5 of the act of Congress under which the Federal Trade Commission was created. Months of investiga tion In Hollywood, New York and other "movie" centers having con vinced the commission that "proceed ings in respect thereof would be to the Interest of the public,” the de fendant group has been formally summoned to the bar. Hearings will begin on the premises of the Engi neers’ Societies In New York city April 23. They will he conducted for the government by William H. Ful'er, chief counsel of the Federal Trade Commission. Paul D. Cravath of the New York bar is principal attorney for the defense. The companies and persons against whom proceedings lie are; Famous Players-Lasky Corporation. Realart Pictures Corporation, the Stanley Company of America. Stanley Book ing Corporation, Black New England Theaters. Inc.; Southern Enterprises, Inc.; Saenger Amusement Company, Adolph Zukor, Jesse L. Lasky, Jules Mastbaum, Alfred S. Black. Stephen A. Lynch and Ernest V. Richards, Jr. Charged With Conspiracy. The above-named defendants are charged with unduly hindering com petition in the production, distribution and exhibition of motion picture films in interstate and foreign commerce. They are further accused of "conspir ing and confederating to control, dominate, monopolize or attempt to monopolize, the motion picture In dustry.” After reciting in detail the actual methods by which film companies produce, “release” and exhibit motion pictures, the Federal Trade Commis sion’s complaint narrates how so called "first-run” and "repeat-run” picture theaters are conducted. "First run” houses are those In which occur the Initial presentations or pictures In certain generally defined ter ritories. Approximately 50 per cent of the revenue from a film Is derived from "first-run” showings within six months from the date of Its release. The remaining revenue comes from second and repeat ’Tuns” In other theaters, extending over a period of two or three years. It Is alleged that In the spring of 1916 there were three corporations— Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Com pany of New York, Famous Players’ P’llm Company of Maine and Bos worth, Inc., of California—engaged In producing films In competition with one another. There also existed the Paramount Pictures Corporation of New York, the principal agency en gaged exclusively in distributing and leasing pictures to exhibitors and which made Its trademark, "Para mount Pictures,” well known through out the picture-theater public. Combinations Formed. The Federal Trade Commission con tends that Adolph Zukor and Jesse L. Lasky, through the Famous Players- Lasky Corporation, conspired to ac quire the capital of the producing (Continued on Page 4, Column 300,000 WILL TRAIN IN SUMMER CAMPS All Arrangements Made by Army to Drill Civilians Under Arms. More than 300,000 men will be "un der arms” this rummer in various Army camps, undergoing Intensive military Instruction, according to es timates compiled today by the War Department from reports from com manding officers of the nine corps areas They have volunteered large ly from civil life, and many will "fall In” for the first time as a “rookie’’ In khaki, subject for the time being to the rule* and regulation! of the mili tary establishment. It Is estimated by the War Depart ment that 223.000 men will attend the National Guard. Organized Reserves, Reserve Officers' Training Corps and tho citizens’ military training camps. About 30.000 officers and men of the Regular Army will assist In the train ing for instruction and demonstration purposes; The remaining troops of the regular forces have been provided with a program of their own to be followed during the summer at the scattered posts of the country and in Panama, Alaska and other territorial stations. The training period will begin in June and extend to October. The National Guardsmen will begin tak ing the field in June and continue through September, with each unit al lowed two weeks. Their attendance Is expected to be about 176,000 officers and men. The majority of the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps units will be in train ing from June 14 to July 25. Each unit of this organization will be given six weeks' instruction. l ° tal at tendance Is estimated at 9,000. The citizens’ military train ing camps will be held from June 25 to September 1, each unit being en camped one month. Provisions havo been made to accommodate 30,000 men in this way. Gen. Pershing has issued letters of Invitation to all senators and repre sentatives to visit the various camps and “observe what is being accom plished by the training’’ program. "The instruction will be adapted to the requirements of each of these categories (camps),” the letter says, "and will include not only physical, disciplinary and basic military train ing, but also talks and lectures and quizzes on good citizenship, its rights, duties and responsibilities.” presidenTsTour TO EMMIS A partial Itinerary for President Harding’s western speaking trip, which has been prepared at the White House, provides for his departure from Washington about June 15 for a swing which will take him through St. Louis, Kansas City, Denver and Salt Lake City to San Francisco. He also is to speak In Portland, Ore., and will return by the northern route through Chicago. St, Louis First Slop. As the plan now stands, the Presi dent will make no stop east of St. Louis on his way westward. On the return trip his last address probably will be delivered at Chicago, where ho has not spoken since his nomina tion for the Presidency. It is possi ble, however, that he may decide to make a speech in Ohio just before his return to Washington. The President also plans to make a number of speeches in the east be fore the western trip begins. Today he took under advisement an invi tation to go to New York May 10 to address the annual meeting of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, and should he do so he may speak on the same day at a meeting there In honor of Oen. and Mrs. Bal lington Boopi. It was said today at the White House, however, that he had accepted neither of these invita tions definitely. It Is understood also that Mr. Hard ing hopes to go to Milford, Del., some time in May to deliver an address and to be initiated Into the Tall Cedars of Lebanon, a social organiza tion. The plans thus far made for the western trip, during which the Presi dent hopes to be able to go to Alaska, have not yet taken final form, and al terations may be expected In minor details. It is understood, however, that all of the principal points to be vis l ited have been selected. In all he will make about twenty set speeches In addition to probable shorter talks from the rear platform of hia train. “From Press to Home Within the Hour** The Star’s carrier system cover* every city block and the regular edi tion is delivered to Washington homes as fast as the papers are printed. Chinese Eating Human Beings; Children Sold BY WILLIAM R. GILES. By Cable to The Star and Chicago Dally News. Copyright. 1923. PEKING, April 18.—No rain has fallen In two months, resulting In failure of SO per cent of the wheat crop, and cannibalism Is being practiced In Shensi province, ac cording to reports reaching the Peking government. Bark-eating practices and the sale of children also have been resorted to by the starving natives, but famine conditions have been made worse through instances where human beings have been slain for their flesh. President Ll Tuan-Hung is mak ing efforts to raise relief funds for the stricken province and also for other districts In north China, where famine conditions are re ported. Large numbers of destitute villages are camping outside the walls of Peking clamoring for food. These now are being guard ed by the gendarmerie, pending re lief measures. Many wealthy Chinese are demanding protection from the military. FIVE SifIPSABLAZE ON POTOMAC RIVER Quantico Marines Rush to Rescue of Former U. S. Wooden Vessels. Five of a fleet of wooden ships be ing transferred up the Potomac river from the Shipping Board storage base in the James river were practically destroyed by fire today, according to a report received by Marine Corps Headquarters from Quantico. Four other vessels were reported badly damaged. Within two hours after the fire was reported pictures of the scene were available for inspection by Ma rine Corps officers here and were sent by them to the Shipping Board, which recently sold the fleet to a commercial firm for scrapping. The officer of the day at Quantico saw the fire and Immediately dispatched a force of marines to the scene, sup plementing them with an airplane, which was to report the situation to him and take photographs. Having accomplished Its mission the aviator headed for Washington, where the pictures were developed and sent to the government officials Interested. NORFOLK. Va., April 18.—The naval tug Owl, en route from Norfolk to Washington, was ordered to proceed with all possible speed to the assis tance of the vessels on fire. ask Own TO HELPRUM FIGHT Proposal at Santiago Seeks Laws to Curb Illegal Liquor Traffic. By the AMorlited Press. SANTIAGO, Chile, April 18.—A pro posal whereby the American nations would assist the United States In keeping alcoholic liquors out of that country has been submitted to the hygienic committee of the pan-Amer ican conference at the instance of the United States delegation. The resolution, which Is offered as part of the committee's report, says: "Whereas certain American states have prohibited alcoholic beverages or have manifested an Interest In the progressive diminution of their use, and whereas the exportation of such beverages from a country where re striction by legislation does not exist to another which has adopted a pro hibition policy tends to make difficult Its internal problems,” It Is resolved "to recommend that each American state adopt measures Induclve to pro hibiting without special authorisa tion the exportation of intoxicating liquors to any country where their con sumption Is prohibited.” Jose Austria of Venezuela, to whom the drafting of the report has been entrusted, has proposed adoption of the resolution, making It applicable to “wet" countries. He has suggested progressive taxation upon commerce In liquor and the enactment of leg islation to prevent fraud In Its manu facture and sale. The discussion of the resolution has been postponed. The technical experts attached to the delegations of the A. B. C. na tions at the pan-American conference were called into action today for the first time to renort on the new Chil ean proposal for limitation of the naval armament maintained by Latin Ameri can countries to a total of either 60,000 or 80,000 tons. Chile is content with the former figure, and even though It would allow her to acquire another modern battleship like the Almlrante Latorre It Is Indicated that she does not propose to do so. The 60.000-ton limitation would virtually maintain the status quo, as far as capital ships are concerned, as the tonnage of Argentina's two bat tleships approximate that figure, while Brazil, with a total of 40.000 tons, would not be left sufficient mar gin to acquire a modern big gun fighter without scrapping one of her pair of old ones. It Is believed Argentina will not opposite the 60,000-ton limit, but con ference circles are jn doubt as to whether this figure will satisfy Bra zil, which, it Is generally understood, desires to acquire at least one mod ern capital ship. It is intimated In some quarters that It was with the Brazilian program In view that the 80,000-ton alternative was Included in the Chilean proposals. The Chilean proposal recommends a treaty to run five years, during which no capital ships could be acquired which would bring the tonnage in excess of the limit fixed. The treaty would expire May 1, 1928. but would be automatically renewed for five years unless denounced by a signa tory-nation one. year In advance. Yesterday’s Net Circulation, 96,339 D. k R. CANDIDATES FIRE BIGGEST GUNS AS ELECTION NEARS Political Pot Seethes as Fight for Highest Offices Grows Hot. NOMINATIONS TONIGHT; TO VOTE TOMORROW Mrs. Cook Looms as Choice Over Mrs. Hanger for Presi dent General. The Thirty-second Continental Con gress of the Daughters of the Amer ican Revolution, virtually pledged to merciless campaign against pacificism and radical propaganda in the United States, today began to consider se riously the selection of a new pres ident general capable of leading American womanhood In Its battle against bolshevism on this continent. When the congress convened this morning the race for the presidency general has practically narrowed down to a final struggle between Mrs. G. Wallace W. Hanger of this city and Mrs. Anthony Wayne Cook of Pennsylvania, with the possibility of a western dark horse being entered at the eleventh hour should those two become hopelessly deadlocked after the polls open tomorrow morning. Nominate Tonight. The first real skirmish on the floor of the congress will begin tonight when the delegates are called upon to place In nomination their candidates for all national officers. Including president general, seven vice presi dents general, chaplain general, record ing secretary general, organizing sec retary general, corresponding secre tary general, registrar general, treas urer general, historian general, re porter general, librarian general, curator general and three honorary vice presidents general. With the exception of the vice presidents general and the honorary vice presidents general, all of the national officers will he voted on simultaneously with the president general. Mrs. Cook Favorite. Mrs. Cook probably will go to the post tomorrow morning a slight fa vorite over Mrs. Hanger by virtue of the support she has been prom ised by the strong delegations from New York, Pennsylvania, Massa chusetts and Missouri. Those dele gations are said to have been pledged to her virtually solid. In addition, her friends claimed this morning to have support of the District of Co lumbia, Maine, Minnesota, New Hamp shire, Tennessee, Vermont, Washing ton state and Wisconsin. Mrs. Hanger, however. Is expected to carry the more or less “solid south,” which will give her some large delegations. Including those of Virginia, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas and Kansas. Friends Confident. In addition Mrs. Hanger's friends expect her to carry the bulk of the vote from California, Connecticut. District of Columbia. Florida and Illinois, and Maryland, Michigan. Ohio nnd New Jersey are believed to be equally divided, while the other delegations have steadfastly refused to commit themselves one way or the other until the voting begins. Mrs. William Cumming Story was still officially in the ring, but it was expected by many delegates that she would swing her votes either to Mrs. Hanger or Mrs. Cook after the first ballot. Should neither of those two then succeed In being elected on the second ballot, new nominations would be In order and the opportunity for a dark horse would have arrived. It is not expected the president general will be elected on the first ballot at least, as the. rules require the winning candidate to have at least one vote more than half of the total registered delegates. By this evening more than 2.000 delegates are expected to be registered, and neither Mrs. Hanger nor Mrs. Cook claims to have half of that number of votes In advance. Tactics Assailed. The political pot was literally seething behind the scenes this morn ing, and some of the delegates were openly charged with using question able tactics. An anonymous letter was finding Us way around Memorial Continental Hall attempting to make capital of Mrs. Hanger’s campaign announcement. In which she said the president general of the D. A. R. was more entitled to be called “first lady of the land" than the wife of the President of the United States. Americanism was still the foremost theme before the congress today and may have the most Important bearing upon the selection of the new presi dent general. Since President Hard ing, Secretary of State Hughes and Mrs. Minor, the president general, de livered their patriotic inaugural day addresses the delegates have been closely examining the Ideals of the /various candidates. This theme found expression In the congress again to day when the resolution committee brought out with a unanimously fa vorable report the resolution aimed at radicalism Introduced by Mrs. Eva V. M. Blssell and Mrs. Minnie F. Mickley yesterday. Amid intense en thusiasm It was unanimously adopted by the congress. See Radicals at Work. The resolution declares that "where as the Institution, tradition and Ideals which have made and maintained a mighty nation are now assailed by the forces of communism, socialism and other forms of destructive radi calism." the D. A. R. resolve “that it is the duty of all patriotic women to be prepared to play their valiant part In the struggle to save America from the attacks of false friends and open foes by informing themselves thor oughly by reading, study and other means of Information concerning the philosophy and essential principle of American government.” Mrs. Alice Bradford Wiles, chair man of the committee on legisla tion In the United States Congress. In supporting her annual report, presented recommendations for the reiteration of support by the congress to the erection of the archives build ing for the storing of government records in Washington. The thirty first congress of the Daughters adopted a similar stand last year. These recommendations were In cluded In a series of resolutions which were presented at the coo (Contlnued on Page 4, Column 4.i TWO CENTS.