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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 27, 1923, Image 1

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Fair tonight: increasing cloudiness:
not much change In temperature
Temperature of twenty-four hours
ended at 2 p.m. today: Highest. 60,
at noon today; lowest, 39, at 6:15 am.
Full report on page 4.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 14
X T on AQO Entered as second-class matter
•Di O. iJjUoO, post office Washington, D. C.
Pair Leave Doom at Night,
Returning to Castle Early
Nexl Morning.
Separatists Name Ministry, Headed
by Mathes —Twenty Killed
in Rioting.
By th(* Annotated Pre*«.
DOORN. Holland. October 27. —For-
mer Emperor William and ex-Crown
Prince Frederick William, accom
panied by two other persons, left the i
ex-kelser’s home here at 6 o'clock'!
Inst evening in an automobile in the I
direction of.Arnheim. about ten miles j
from the German border, and returned i
at 2 o’clock this morning.
They were followed by three other
automobiles, according to a person j
■well Informed regarding affairs at the ,
It is reported here that the ex- ■'
crown prince wishes to return to Ger
many at any cost and that he hasi
had conversations on this subject j
with representatives of the Dutch j
Ministry Named, Support of Invad- j
ers Aids Republic.
By the Associated Press.
COBLENZ. October 27.—The Rhine
land republic, made stronger by the
approval of the Franco-Belglan au- j
thorities! is devoting its energies to
extension and organization.
The provlsioal government at Cob
lenz has set up a ministry, of which
Joseph Matthes is premier, although
he prefers to bo called "executive
commissioner.” The other portfolios
have been assigned as follows:.
Herr von Metzen. foreign minuter.
Herr Wolterhoff. minister of
Herr Liebing, minister of the in
Father Kremers. minister of in
struction and public worship.
Herr Wuller (Muller?), minister of
Herr Kleber. minister of Justice and
With the exception of Father Kre
mers. who !s a Roman Catholic priest,
the ministers are lawyers.
Plan Stabilised Money,
Herr Wplterhoff has prepared a
plan for the Issuance of sound money
to extend to one billion gold francs,
and to be secured on a complicated
system of mortgages on unhypothe
cated real estate and the railroads.
The republican leaders are hoping that
the allies will consent to transform their
first mortgage on the railways under
the Versailles treaty into a second
mortgage, in consideration of the sum
of 350.000,000 gold francs.
The people in the towns where the
republicans are installed appear to
have accepted the situation, now that
the French and Belgians have made
clear that they will not countenance
attempts to expell the separatists.
Disturbances are, therefore, fewer in
Several more towns of secondary
Importance are reported to have been
occupied, among them being Gerol
stein, which is the realm over which
reigned the grand duchess of Often- ,
bach's famous comic opera.
Separatist troops to the number of
several thousand have been divided j
Into detachments, each of which is j
held in reserve either In this city or |
its immediate vicinity ready to pro-J
ceed to the occupation of towns where
the republic has not yet been pro- 1
Declares Bavarian Dictator Exceeds \
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, October 27. —An official |
statement Issued here today declares i
that Dr. von Kahr, the Bavarian die- j
tator, exceeded his powers In refusing j
to negotiate the Bavarian questions',
with the central government. His po- I
eltion is only temporary, the statement ■'
points out, and the right to negotiate j
lies in the hands of the Bavarian gov- I
eminent as a whole.
The statement was an outcome of
replies which Dr. von Kahr made yes
terday in Munich ■to various inquirers
who desired to know whether the dis
pute of Bavaria with the Berlin gov
ernment was amenably to negotiation.
Dr. von Kahr answered that he would
reject all negotiations with the present
government of the relch.
Offer Made by Ruhr Leaders to
Saxon Forces.
By the Associated Press.
COLOGNE, October 27.—The Ruhr
communists are endeavoring to enlist
recruits for Saxony's "red” army from
among the Ruhr population,. accord
ing to advices from various parts of I
the district. They are offering as In
ducements free food and housing and
high pay. ,
LONDOJf, October 27. —A mob of
eeveral thousand unemployed seized
the Krupp works at Essen yesterday
and barricaded themselves In the
main buildings, says a dispatch to
the Daily Express from Essen. At
least seven persons were killed and
200 wounded in a desperate fight with
the “blue” police, who are described
as inadequate to deal with the situa
The attack, according to the Ex
press correspondent, developed at
■ noon, a few hours after Dr.. Krupp
von Bohlen and his three codirectors
In the Krupp Company returned to
Essen on parole from the' Duessel*
dorf prison.
Essen last night was wild with
excitement. The police are attempt-'
lug to put fc stop to' pillaging.
Parade of Sea Fighters Opens |
Navy Day Ceremonies Here
Denby Urges More
Money for His
Drill on Ellipse by
Marines Dratvs
j Time turned back a half dozen years
■ In Washington today, as a column of
stalwart marines marched down Penn
sylvania avenue, accompanied by a
hundred bluejackets, with two bands
accompanying the twin columns. It
brought back memories of the day in
June, 1917, when a similar column of
marines marched down Pennsylvania
avenue, bound they knew not where.
But then the marines were engaged
in grim business. Today they took
| part in a celebration in honor of Navy
j day and the sixty-fifth anniversary
1 of the birth of Theodore Roosevelt,
| former assistant secretary of the navy
i and President of the-United States —
I the man who is regarded to have done
more for the efficiency of % the Amerl-
I can Navy than any other President.
Washington today is doing'honor to
j the Navy, the first line of defense of
, the nation, and to the Individuals who
i have malle the Navy what it is. The
Capital of the United States Joins with
every city and hamlet in bringing to
, every American the true meaning of
j the Navy. Available ships are con-
Ulrica awaiting
Some Announcement to Clar
ify Situation Expected
By the Associated Press.
Hopeful that ‘lndicated acceptance
by France, Italy and Belgium of Brit
ish proposals for an advisory study
by an international commission of ex
perts of Germany’s capacity to pay
had definitely opened away toward
solution of the reparations tangle,
Washington officials today awaited '
the further formulation of plans pre
sumably under way at the European
Developments of the last. twenty
fbuf Hours were said authoritatively
to have been such as to make it ap
pear a virtual certainty that America
would be represented on the proposed
commission by experts named with
the approval of the Washington gov
ernment. Just how far the European
governments involved had proceeded
tqward a complete agreement, how
ever. was a matter which, it appa
rently was expected here, would be
clarified by some official announce
ment from London.
At the same time, late unofficial ad
vices from Paris bringing out that the
French acceptance of the British pro
posals was not regarded there as con- ]
ditional, inasmuch as the plan for a 1
committee to be named by the repara
tions commission, it was said, was ;
one of the British alternatives, gave ■
support to the anticipation by officials
here of a defln-:e agreement.
The plan which the French govern- j
ment would accept at least appears to ,
offer no obstacle to American partlcipa- |
tion so far as the American govern- |
ment's position' was stated by Secre- j
tary Hughes in his reply to Lord Cur- ■
zon's communication of October 13.
While the United States, he said, could
not participate officially In the actlvi
tlves of the reparations commission,
he had "no doubt.” the Secretary added,
that competent American citizens
would accept membership on an ad
visory body appointed by the commis
sion to make recommendations.
It would be expected here, however.
It was said, that not only the American
members of such an advisory commis
sion. but those representing the allied
would be appointed only
with the approval of their respective
governments. The qualifications of the
personnel of such a commission, It was
pointed out. would be a vital consider
ation, and it was held that If the com
mission’s recommendations are to car
ry a weight commensurate with the
Importance of the subject dealt with,
government approval of the selections
would seem an essential condition.
Berlin Papers Agree Allies Disap
prove Poincare’s Policy.
By the Associated Pres,.
BERLIN, October 27.—The Anglo-
American exchange of notes on the
reparation question and the speeches
of Premier Baldwin and Gen. Smuts
are prominently featured In the Ger
man press, and while the editorial ap
praisals of the triple discussion are as
yet non-committal, the newspapers
are agreed generally that It consti
tutes ■ a "moral offensive against
In the opinion of Die Zeit, which
usually reflects the government at
titude, the utterances of the British
statesmen and the exchange of views I
between London and Washington
plainly Indicate that England, during
the last few months, has devoted her
efforts to reconstructing her foreign
policy In the direction of establishing
a firmly co-ordinated front against
French imperialistic policies.
The newspaper believes that Secre
tary Hughes’ observation that the
proposed conference might fall be
cause. of the lack of necessary una
nimity on the part of the European
powers and that the American gov
ernment In that case would reserve
Its final decision is proof positive that
Washington clearly perceives the mo
tives of the French policy.
"The Anglo-American exchange of
views is an urgent admonition to
France that it can no longer remain
oblivious to common world interests,
and that both governments desire to
restore conditions essential for Euro
pean peace," says Die Zeit.
That M. Poincare now hdfc arrived
at the parting of the ways Is the
declaration made by the Boersen
Zeitung, which holds that the French
premier is responsible for "blasting
the conference at Genoa and the
j ~ (Continued on. Page-3, Column a.) - '
tEhe Womim SJaf.
Washington, d. c., Saturday, October 27, 1923 -thirty-two pages. **
Shenandoah la Due
To Arrive in Capital
•At 7 O’Clock Tonight
A report from the Navy air
erulaer Shenandoah to the ba
re no of aeronantlea today gave
the following schedule of her
flight down the Shenandoah val
' ' leys
Hagerstown, 11 n.m.i Martlna
ftnn. 11120 n.m.i winrnmrr, n
nooni ‘Harrisonburg, Itlß p.m.i
Staunton, 2 p.m.i Lrxlnßton.
2145 p.m. i Lynrjiliarg, StlS p.m.i
Richmond, 5 p.m.; WmhlnKton,
7 p.m.. and Baltimore. 7i45 p.m.
centrated In seaports for elaborate ex
-1 orciscs and for the courtesies of "Vis-1
' | itors’ day." while in sections which, !
because of geographical location, will
never view the battle fleet the his
tory and purport of the Navy are be
i ing brought home to America.
Parade Starts Ceremonies.
Ceremonies in Washington, begun
with the parade of marines and blue-
I Jackets down Pennsylvania avenue,
| Included a parade and review in
j honor of Secretary of the Navy
! Denby, with battle exercises on the
| Ellipse. Aptitude of the marines
in changing from field to dress
uniform was shown. Following their
drill the sea soldiers marched
to the John Paul Jones monu
ment. where they formed a guard of
honor, while addresses were made by
Secretary Denby and high officials of
the Navy Department, after the Navy
Secretary had laid a wreath at the
foot of America’s first naval hero.
"False economy which holds back
money for maintenance of the Navy
Is ’madness.' ’’ the Secretary declared.
1 Standing on crutches, as the result
! of a recent operation. Secretary Denby
(Continued on Page 9. Column 2.)
Britain and Japan Exceed
U. S. in Many Types—Aid of
Congress to Be Asked.
Navy day is an appropriate occasion
for calling attention to the fact that
America is running the risk of losing
her place In the 5-5-3 ratio fixed by
the Washington conference. When
Congress convenes and the budget Is
I under discussion the Navy Depart
i ment is prepared to show that the
9362,000,000 It Is asking for the next
year is a minimum, which cannot be
cut by a single penny without injury
to the service. There is no sugges-,
tion that the 1 United in "darf
ger” at sea. Our sallormen have con
jured up no bogey menace with which
to terrify Congress. What they do
point out, though. Is that-the Ameri
can battle fleet is deficient In many
Important respects. Os our "treaty
squadron" of eighteen capital ships,
only five can fire at 30,000 yards. All
i of them require underwater protec-
Ition and anti-aircraft armor. Each
should be an oil-burner.
The Navy today has a personnel of
j only 86.000. That total is not less j
than 20 per cent lower than actual i
! requirements, having been cut down I
1 during preceding Congresses mainly j
i In consequence of the anti-prepared- |
| ness agitation. In modern cruiser t
' strength the fleet is seriously lacking.
It aggregates about 80,000 tons. The
: Japanese have 180,000 tons of modern
i cruisers. To maintain our treaty su
periority over Japan In the ratio of 5
to 3 the United States would require
I twenty-three cruisers of 10,000 tons.
Seek* Only Eight.
The Navy is asking for only eight
new light cruisers, in addition to the
1 ten we have built or are building, i
Great Britain has forty-three, built j
or building, and Japan twenty-five. I
This new type of light orulser is the I
eyesight of a' modern fleet, serving
as scouts, as a supporting force for j
(Continued on Page 4, Column 4.)
Mound in California Yields
Skull That May Antedate
Neanderthal Skeletons.
By the Associated Press.
SANTA BARBARA, Calif., October
27.—A new -link in the •clentlflc
theory of human evolution nay be
forged from materials found .r ex
cavations made on Burton Mound,
near here, by J. P. Harrington of the
Smithsonian Institution, he an
nounced last night.
The shape and contour of skulls
found indicate they belonged to an
age earlier than that in which the
Neanderthal man lived In central!
. Europe, Dr. Harrington believes.
The Neanderthal man possessed a
far greater expanse of forehead
than the Santa Barbara primitive, he
said, and a comparison of the two
crania indicates that the Neander
thal man was in the more advanced
stage of civilization.
Proof that the Santa Barbara primi
tive man possessed crude tools and
utensils was found In the hard pan
in which the skulls were unearthed.
The scientists penetrated the hard
pan to a depth of forty-four
Inches below the level where the
skeletal material 'was found and dis
covered primitive inplements re
sembling mortars and pestles made
from stone. Rude flints of a cultural
age hitherto unknown to archeolo
gists also were found.
Further Investigations will be
made on the same spot by Dr. Har
rington and his assistants. Another
body of explorers, under Dr. Har
rington, will go to Point Magu, in
Ventura county, today to make fur
ther investigation of the spot where
the skeleton of a mastodon and other
primitive fossilised remains were un
covered recently*'
Welshman Thrilled by Beauty
of Scenery—Visits Historic
' Spots En Route.
Many Officials to Attend Affair Ar
ranged by Overseas Writers
for Ex-Premier, t
By ■ Staff Corre((i>ondpnt.
GETTYSBURG. Pa,. October 27.
Turning momentarily from the swirl
ing whirlpool of international prob
lems. David Lloyd George motored to
historic Gettysburg today and viewed
from the summit of Little Round Top
the rolling fields where the fate of
this nation was decided more than
half a century ago.
It was a fitting climax to the for
mer British premier's visit to the
National Capital that his last day
should be marked by a trip to the
place where, amid the thunder and
flash of guns, the nation to which he
now looks to bring peace once more
to suffering Europe was permanently
Impressed by Scenes.
Rolling leisurely through the quiet
mountains of Maryland. Mr. Lloyd
George drank in the beauties of the
stately Blue Kldge. Nature had
painted her forests with a lavish
coat of vivid colors and the panorama
drew from the eager little Welshman
exclamations of sheer joy as he gazed
upon the flashing shades of the
woodlands' fall dress.
Accompanied by Dame Margaret
and Miss Megan. Lloyd George, the
famous British statesman, left Wash
ington promptly at 8:30 o’clock and
headed direct for Rockville. His first
view of the mountains was obtained
about ten miles beyond the scat of
Montgomery county. The official cars
traveled at a comfortable pace and j
Frederick was not reached until
nearly 10 o’clock.
Mr. Lloyd George showed keen In
terest In that historic old Maryland
town and was received enthusiasti
cally by crowds that filled the streets
at the time' he pasted. He was first
shown the house from which Barbara
Freltohie is reputed to have waved
the Stars and Stripes in the very face
of Gen. Jackson and his Confederate
Short Stop at Frederick.
The stop in Frederick was brief,
and the party, pressed for time, hur
tied on to Gettysburg. Much of the
road over WhTWThe automobiles sped
was the same ground that the Con
federate troops covered on their
march'to the scene of the battle that
definitely turned the tide of the civil
war. crushed the Confederacy and
made the United States an Indivisible
Throughout the eighty-mile drive" to
the battlefield Mr. Lloyd George s fa
miliar figure was easily recognized
by the people of the countryside and
the citizens of the score of small
i towns through which the dlstln
i guished visitors sped. Everywhere
! they were given an ovation, and In
I the town of Gettysburg a large crcwd
i like those that have gathered to ap
| plaud the former prime minister of
Great Britain wiferever It was known
he might stop was on hand.
Watches Shenandoah.
The road of the Lloyd George party
crossed the trail of the giant dirigible
Shenandoah, in the heart of the Blue
i Ridge mountains of Maryland. The
former British premier leaned eager
ly out of the window of his car and
watched the huge silver-colored bag
of America’s greatest airship as she
sailed in majestic grandeur through
' the wooded peaks of the mountains
en route to the valley for which she
j Is named.
I The Shenandoah was sighted a few
I minutes after the party left Thur
| mont and remained in clear view al
i most until the tower on Little Round
j Top came Into view.
At the Pennsylvania state line the
1 distinguished tourists were met by
two Pennsylvania state policemen
who escorted them to the outskirts
, of Gettysburg, where city officials,
members of the Rotary Club and a
I committee from the Chamber of Com
merce met them. A hearty welcome
awaited Mr. Lloyd George and Dame
Margaret. A huge bunch of white
chrysanthemums, however, was Get
tysburg's special tribute to the
charmljig little daughter of the dis
tinguished visitors. Miss Megan Lloyd
George. She smiled wlnsomely when
the bouquet was handed her.
The party was taken first to the
town center, following the route oc
cupied by the Confederate artillery.
At the city’s center a large crowd
awaited the coming of the former
British prime minister, and gave him
a vociferous welcome. Mr. Lloyd
George raised his hat in response and
was escorted immediately Into the
hotel for a few minutes’ rest before
starting his tour of the battlefield.
Veterans Guide Party.
Special guides, some of whom had
fought in that bloody struggle, took !
charge of the tourists and showed
them every point of Interest on the
big rolling plateau.
Going first to Little Round Top,
Mr. Lloyd George marveled at the
natural fortification of the Devil’s
Den, Just a short walk down from
the summit. The visitors gasped
when they were told how the Federal
troops successfully held Little Round
Top, the key to tnelr position, In the
face’ of a fir© from which It seemed
they had virtually no protection.
The scenes of the peach orchard,
Cemetery ridge and Bloody Angle,
where men were cut down like weeds
at harvest time, were too impressive
to bring from the visitors any word
or remark.
Returning to Gettysburg shortly
after 1 o’clock, the party was enter
tained at luncheon at the Eagle
Hotel. Not a mishap marred the
pleasure of the long drive from
Washington to the battlefield. At
every road the tourists were given
special police protection. Washing
ton motor cycle men escorted them
to the District line, and from there to
the battlefield they were similarly
protected by other policemen.
WIU Return fey Train.
The program for the remainder of
the day calls for a motor drive to
Tork, which Is twenty-seven miles
(Continued on Page 2,. Column 6.)
■V ' ■ # -
Expression at Ending of Last
Year’s Inquiry Recalled
in Parley Proposal.
j Publicity and open diplomacy—the
i weapons that brought the allies to-
I gather during the war—have at last
j brought an accord again among
France, the United States and Great
Until Secretary Hughes and Lord
Curzon. British foreign secretary, de
cided to make public their exchange
of notes, the French were against any
interference in the reparations situa
tion- But in the face of the British
invitation and American acceptance
the French could not afford to refuse
a parley.
While it is known that the French
are not optimistic about the outcome
and the situation is still capable of
getting tangled, the view here is one
of gratification that at last a break
has come in the deadlock.
In order to understand the next
moves it Is necessary to go back to
June. 1522, when the identical pro
cedure which Is about to be followed
in the appointment of a commission
of experts was wrecked by the
French after the committee got to
work. Then, as now, the experts were
invited to Paris by the reparations
i commission; then, as now. they were
named, not by governments officially,
but by the reparations commission,
and they were only to give technical
advice. Inasmuch as J. P. Morgan
will be invited once more, or some
member of his firm, to sit in the con
ference. his statement at the conclu
! sion of the last meeting of .experts
! is of the greatest significance today.
It represents the point at which the
start must be made. He said then
in a carefully worded announcement; !
There As Private Citizen.
"I came purely as a private citizen,
holding no authority from my gov
ernment to discuss matters under its
control, but as a banker engaged in
the distribution of securities in the
Investment markets of the United
States in so far as their condition
might permit.
*'l explained at the first meeting
of the committee that there is no in
terest in the United States in a loan
to Germany per se. There is, how
ever. in my opinion, a growing ap
preciation in the United States of
the fact that Us own prosperity is
to a degree dependent upon the pros
perity of the allied nations and that
the prosperity of the latter is. in a
large degree, dependent upon the re
habilitation of Germany’s credit.
“I consequently believed that the
American banker and investor could
be interested to a. substantial de
gree in the purchase of German obli
gations if two fundamental condi
tions wore satisfactorily established:
"First, sruch a loan should be at
the request and_wou!d be for the
benefit of the allied nations. This
could be in no way better expressed
than by the active co-operation of
the private bankers of the allied
countries in distributing of the Ger
man securities to their nationals.
“Second. Through the technical se
curity to be given by Germany and
the rehabilitation of its internal
financial situation, Germany should
clearly show a desire to meet its ob
ligations in the hope that by the ful
fillment of that obligation It could re
establish its credit as one of the com
mercial nations of the world. Short
ly stated, therefore, the two funda
(Contlnued on Page 2, Column 7.)
Vehicles Around Belchsbank Ob
struct Traffic as Paper Notes Are
Eagerly Sought.
By the Atzoolated Frets.
BERLIN, October 27.—The proposed
general strike of the printers is still
In abeyance, as the vote on the pro
posal in the different printing offices,
upon which the Printers’ Federation
insisted, has not yet been taken. The
state printing works, therefore, are
working at full pressure, but they still
are powerless to cope with .the enor
mous demand for notes.
Today the Reichsbank was besieged
by so many vehicles from factories
and banks, waiting to cart money
away, that traffic was obstructed.
It is now hoped the new renten
marks will be ready for issue today
and that this will ease the situation.
Each rentenmark note will bear an In
scription to the effect that the Ger
man Rentenbank is bound to exchange
rentenmarks on demand for renten
bonds on a gold basis with 6 par ont
\ Who?sGotßutton’\
Cause of Desire
jTo Be Mr. Burton
"Button, button, who’s got the
button?” and similar Jests from his |
friends have caused him much era- ]
barrassment, Frank Edwin Button
declares in a petition filed today In
the District Supreme Court asking
for permission to change his name
to Frank Edwin Burton. The peti
tioner asserts he owns no real es
tate and has no desire to evade
any bills by the change in name.
The sole reason assigned is "the
name of Button has caused him
embarrassment in divers ways."
Attorneys L. B. Perkins. L. A.
Wldmayer and F. M. Foley repre
sent- the petitioner. While the
lawyers would not confirm the
rumor, it was whispered about that
young Button is contemplating '
matrimony and the young woman I
does not fancy the name of Button. |
5,000 Gather at American!
League Park to Watch
Elevens Do Battle.
Camp Meade, Port Myer and other
nearby Army posts emptied their
troops into the Clark Griffith Stadium
this afternoon, where the Third Army
Corps eleven—the pride of the serv
ice—will battle with the powerful
Georgetown University gridiron ma
Apparently confident of a triumph
for the team that represents them, !
the soldiers, between 5,000 and 6,000
strong, invaded the American League
Park long before the hour scheduled
for the clash. The Georgetown stu
dents and other supporters of the
Hilltop eleven, almost equal in num
ber. also took their positions in the
stands early, eager for the Blue and
Gray squad to wash Its hands of the
stains of three successive defeats.
Bands from Fort Myer, Camp
Meade and Fort Washington, in addi
tion to the Georgetown band of forty
pieces, kept up an almost incessant
blare before the game. The crowd
moved to the music and forgot the
chill in the air that made the after
noon an Ideal one for a foot ball
The 3d Army Corps squad of thirty
five, led by Assistant Coach Lieut
Breidster, arrived in Washington
about 10:30 o’clock and went to the
Washington Hotel, where a light
lunch was served. From the hotel
the squad went to the ball park,
where it awaited the sounding of the
whistle that announced the starting
of the battle. The hilltoo team reached
the stadium about 2 o’clock.
Last of Rebel Troops Said to Have
LONDON, October 27.—Announce
ment that all the Greek rebels have
surrendered Is contained in an Ex
change telegraph dispatch from
Athens received this afternoon, the
revolutionary movement which broke
out in Greece early this week thus
coming to an end. The message bore
■ marks showing that it had been pass
ed by the Greek censorship.
Mrs. Richard Croker Donates |
' Husband's Estate to Tammany
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. October 27.—8u1a
Edmonson Croker, widow of Rich
ard Crpker, former Tammany
leader, has offered the of
her late husband to Tammany
Hall. •
In making the offer to Charles
F. Murphy, present Tammany
chief. Mrs. Croker said she was
carrying out the wishes expressed
by Mr. Croker on his death bed la
Dublin. She declared that It had
been hla wish that she return to
New York, go to Tammany Hall
and “offer the boys all the help
they need."
Mrs. Croker not only offered the
Croker estate; she offered her own
“The spirit of my husband went
with mo to Tammany Hall,” she
i said tonight. "He sat at my side
as 1 offered whatever I am and
' / ' ‘ '
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour**
Hie Star is delivered every evening and
Sunday morning to Washington homes at
60 cents per month Telephone Main 5000
in,) service will start immediately
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Yesterday's Net Circulation, 93,097
I _
Dry Agents, Testifying
Against Vice Squad Officer,
Admit Spite Work.
Charges and counter charges, with
witnesses apparently unable to specify
dates and places, marked the opening
of the trial today of Lieut. O. T. Davis
and other members of the vice squad
on charges preferred ' by revenue
I agents. The trial board convened
I in No. 6 precinct station and began
• on charges against Lieut. Davis, tak-
Ilng the specifications one by one. He
was charged with "faking evidence”
jon a man arrested for bootlegging,
but under cross-examination his at
' torney, T. Morris Wampler, developed
j the fact that the man against whom
the evidence had been "faked” plead
ed guilty to the charges.
At one point Attorney Wampler
asked Revenue Agent George Fowler,
jr.. if "spite’' was the motive which
led him to make charges against
Charges Spite Work.
"Then, in a spirit of retaliation,
after he had preferred charges
against you, you thought you’d pre
fer charges against him?” Mr. Wamp
ler asked Fowler.
"Yes. sir,” responded Fowler.
• When he took the stand to defend
himself, Lieut. Davis denied in toto
two charges embodied in the first
two specifications on which he was
l arraigned.
I For more than an hour and a half
a searching Inquiry was made into
j details of the first of thirteen specifl
| cations against Davis, prohibition
( agents generally alleging that Davis
| had produced a bottle of liquor for
j evidence in a case against Pomeroy
II Brown and James Pritchard in De
cember. 1922, when no liquor had
been found in the car of those men.
| Witnesses for defendant declared
Agent George Fowler had stated at
the time he found one-half pint of
liquor, and Davis himself denied ever
planning to fabricate evidence.
Other Cases Delated.
Cases against Sergt. J. D. McQuade
and Private Harry Bauer of the vice
squad will be heard later. The charges
against Policeman W. H. Vermillion
will also be heard separately. Ver
million is represented by Attorney
Chapman W. Fowler. T. Morris
Wampler represents Davis, McQuade
and Bauer.
The trial started at 10:10 o’clock.
William H. Wahly, assistant corpor
ation counsel, presided as chairman
of the trial board. Capts. Plemmons
and Sanford sat as associates.
Preliminary to the trial, Mr. Wha
ley announced that the cases would
be taken up separately.
The case of Lieut. O. T. Davis was
called first. Attorney T. Morris
Wampler suggested that the speci
fications be considered singly.
The police school classes were dis
missed from another room in the
sixth precinct, so that it might be
utilized as Isolation quarters for wit
Incidentally, shortly after the call
ling of the trial, Ralph E. Ruby, pro
hibition agent and witness, was
served with papers in a rent suit
(Continued on Page 2, Column 4.)
i i i ... M i
whatever I may have to the cause
he loved.”
Mrs. Croker said her husband
spoke to her shortly before he died
as follows;
"Bula, all that I am, all that I
have been, all that 1 have, I owe
to the boys at Tammany Hall.
They made me. I was theirs and
what I have Is theirs. Tell them
that. Some of them were rough.
I was rough, too. but they were
loyal. They belonged to Tam
many Hall, body arid soul, and so |
did I."
Asked what was Mr. Murphy’s
reply to the offer, Mrs. Croker said
he had only put his hand on her
shoulder and invited her to at
tend a Tammany dinner Sunday
night. She said she would :be
proud to go.
Nothing definite was decided
upon, she said.
Mrs. Croker is In complete con
trol of the Richard Croker estate,
except part of it involved in liti
gation with Richard Cr%ker, Jr.
The estate not involved is said to
be worth more than 11,000,000.
D. C. Supreme Court Upholds
Plea to Modify Impound
ing Order.
Chief Justice McCoy Recommends
Hearing Before Justice in
Equity Court.
Chief Justice McCoy of the District
Supreme Court today upheld the con
tention of the Public Utilities Commis
sion that the court may proceed with
a new valuation of the property of
the Potomac Electric Power Com
pany. and that the impounding order
may be modified so that the company
may receive the benefit of ‘the latest
reduction in the price of current.
The Pepco opposed both contentions
and asked that all impounding be
stopped and that the old price of 10
cents fixed by Congress should ob
tain and the company b© no longer
required to set aside the difference
between the 10-cent per kilowatt hour
paid by the consumer and the price
fixed by the commission.
Keep Impounding Order. *
The impounding order of 1917 re
quired the company to set aside 2
cents out of the 10 cents collected
from the consumer. Eater the com
mission amended Its rate fixing a new
price of cents under which the
company was required to Impound
only l}j cents. Recently the rate was
modified & per cent and the Public
Utilities Commission through At
torney Conrad H. Syme and Corpora
tion Counsel Stephens asked for a
further modification so that the cdln
pany might not be required to im
pound more than the difference be
tween the latest rate and the price
collected from the consumer.
Date for Hearing Not Set.
Chief Justice McCoy directs that
the case be set for hearing on the
question of a revaluation before one
of the justices sitting In equity. No
date i» mentioned in the opinion of
the court for the rehearing, but the
suggestion is made that time be al
lowed in which the power company
may apply to the District Court of
Appeals for the reversal of the de
cision today rendered.
In the course of his opinion the
chief Justice says, “the Supreme Court
has ruled that the law requires that
the court should consider the record
before the commission.
“Whether there is sufficient evidence
to enable a valuation to be made as
of the present is beside the point. The
valuation made by the commission as
of December 31.' 1919, is the only
thing to be considered. That it was
made as of that date is stated by
the Court of Appeals, and the plain
tiffs contention was just that.
“What use can lawfully be mads
of a valuation once found is not the
question here. The statute says that
valuation Is to be made. The Court
of Appeals has said in this case that
the principal object la to provide a
rate mase—not the only object. Con
gress did not say that rate-making
was the only purpose. Maybe Con
gress wanted the information for its
own use.”
Pending Six Years.
The appeal of the Potomac Electric
Power Company from the order of
the commission in 1917 and the in
junction by the company to prevent
the putting into effect of the rate of
8 cents then fixed by the commission
has been pending for more than six
years. The late Justice Gould sus
tained the \aluation placed on th'e
company's property by the commis
sion. but allowed the company an In
junction against the rate change on
condition that the company impound
the 2 cents difference until final ad
judication by the courts. This fund
now exceeds 13,000.000.
The company appealed to the Dis
trict Court of Appeals and that tri
bunal reversed the decision of Jus
tice Gould on the ground that the
commission had refused to take Into
consideration reproduction cost at
the time of the rendering of its de
cision. It remanded the case for
“further proceedings not inconsist
ent with this opinion.” The Public
Utilities Commission sought a re
view by the United States Supreme
Court, but that tribunal held it was
without jurisdiction. Application was
then made to Chief Justice McCoy for
a revaluation by the Equity Court.
Arguments were heard several months
ago and the chief justice has had the
matter under advisement.
The court was at the same time
asked by the company to vacate the
injunction order of Justice Gould re
quiring Impounding of a portion of
the company's receipts. In dispos
ing of this application. Chief Justice
McCoy says?
"The injunction in the present case
was granted upon the case made by
the bill at a time when the valuation
order by the express terms of the
statute had prlma facie validity. The
decree in the valuation case entered
in this court upon the mandate of
the Court of Appeals is a fact which
has not been brought into the pres
ent case in such manner that it is
a fact of record in the pleadings.
“if the injunction is to be made un
conditional because of some new fact
such action can be taken only on a
supplemental bill bringing in that ,
new fact. The valuation order, so
far as the present case is concerned,
still has prima facie validity.
"The situation being us stated, the
motion for a further modification of
the injunction must be granted and
the motion to vacate the injunction
must be denied, leaving the merits
of the application to be decided upon
a further hearing if anv is made by
the power company upon filing a
supplemental bill.”
Holds Court May Act.
The chief justice reaches the de
cision that the District Supreme
Court Is entitled to review the com-
I mission’s valuation. He points out
that the Court of Appeals. In It*
opinion, doe’s not preclude such con
sideration by the lower court, and a
fair construction of the opinion leave*
the lower tribunal to consider the
matter. The chief Justice says: vit Js
not stated in the opinion that the
commission refused to take evidence
of increased reproduction costs. On
the contrary, the court states more
than once that there was such evi
dence before the commission. • • •
The reasonable interpretation la
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1.)
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