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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 28, 1923, Image 65

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American Women Acquiring Charm
By Mystic Rituals in Paris Gardens
Solemn Ceremonies Afaeal to Wealthy Visitors Who Have Been Seeking Something More
Attractive Than Mere Beauty—Neglect of Attitude and Movement Characteristic of Nineteenth
Century—Mysticism Which Is Passing Over Europe Has Had an Influence Ufon the Present
Movement in the Direction of Charm.
BY STBRLITVG HEIUG.
PARIS. October 18.
IJ« b. Paria garden full of great old
trees, behind high walls, a dozen
fashionable women do a solemn
ritual. They sing low, in unison,
simple praises of great things and
good, of ideal and of effort and of
harmony' and sweetness hidden in
all places.
With Joined hands they weave a
' circle round their mystic leader, a
majestic girl with her hair down,
bare armed, burning incense on a
short stone pedestal. She is an Amer
ican of wide culture, and strong na
ture, writing successful French verse
under a man’s name.
Another of the coterie traveled in
the orient 'and sat under a sage
Whose teachings of self-mastery (and
of power and beauty to be brought
out of nature thereby) are’at the
basis of this garden ritual.
The garden belongs to one of the
older American fortunes of New Eng
land. Something of old Puritan in
tensity is in the daughter of the
house —third priestess of an eclectic
doctrine that ranges from oriental
mysticism to Keats’ “Ode to a Gre
cian Urn"! .
“O Beauty! O Power! We, who seek
thee! • • • .
“O Grace! O Power! We. who seek
thee! • • •
"O Charm! O Power! We, who seek
thee! • • •"
So they intone their liturgy, re
sponsive to their leaders, gilding
through long ceremonies that have
dignity, intensity and yearning.
Their names may not be given—lt
Is promised. And truly, there are
other gardens in Paris and London,
and rituals of similar object.
Here is a rather mysterious fad o£
girls and women in Paris and London
that has nothing very mysterious
about it when you know it!
Mysticism in all its moods is coming
to be an obsession over Europe, even
clear-headed, reasonable France yield
ing for the moment to influences be
lieved to be natural consequences of
the war.
LAST year artistic circles of Parts
professed to receive inspiration
from little bronze Buddhas. In
studios the ceremonies were perform
ed in pajamas, as most nearly ap
proaching the garb of the east.
Fashionable folks laughed at this
craze for paganism; but the spirit of
It spread.
In Paris a nerw cult broke out. led
by the daughter of a high French
functionary, with her father’s palace
garden for sanctuary. Its girl adepts,
called new Joans of Arc. at the
climax of their eevtasy, “tell the un
known.’’ As a fact, they certainly
do get hold of notable political
stories —so that city editors send re
porters to them.
Rumania is stirred up over the so
called Metropolitan of Bucharest, who
promises worldly success to believers.
A’ienna has gone in strong for as
trology. Hungary and Serbia have
religious prophets who proclaim the
end of the .world. North Germany has
“spiritual fascist!’* young folks
with a secret doctrine of “all for
youth." Even Poland is in the throes
of a mystic revival, with believers
kneeling in the midst of open fields,
with white squares of sheeting over
their shoulders.
Between all this and nature danc
ing is further than from nature
dancing to the rituals of refined
American women in aristocratic Paris
gardens. But a spirit of the times
breathes through the whole.
When the princess takes a fancy
to other women she asks them to
purify themselves and pay a visit to
her villa. “Eat no meat for three
days, and take the 10:40 train for
Versailles.” runs the invitation. “I
smell decadence and weakness in
meat eaters,” she explains. “So will
you. when you have done the better
■way!”
Jacques Delcroze may have started
nature dancing; but, seventeen years
back, certainly, the princess and her
friends had every principle and fea
ture of it as their own. While others
were “interpreting" general ideas on
sunny lawns, these seekers learned
wild grace from lion, goat, wolf and
bullfrog.
The lions, reared by two fearless
young women, were as active and
playful as kittens. To music of Pan
pipes (and, perhaps, delight to be in
freedom) they would bound across
the garden after big orange-colored
rubber balls.
"Copy the free harmonies of
Ferdinand!" the girls exclaimed—and
V' ■* V / "’, "*;‘ '■ \‘-T‘ I*. I
illl^
♦•ANOTHER RITUAL OF CHARM AND POWER, IN A PARIS GARDEN, THE^CEREMONY IS BROUGHT
jfc --
“LITTLE dIRLS OF FASHIONABLE PARIS, WHO MIGHT SEEM TO BE NATURE-DANCING, BUT WHO
KNOW THEIR RITUALS OF CHARM AND POWER."
j bounded off behind the big cats;
I which, unhappily, were soon too big
for the tranquility of the police com
missaires of Passy and Neuilly. They
took the lions off to the Jardln des
Plantes.
Then down the pathway leaped
forms of bright ‘ brown, side-stepping,
kicking, backing, butting to the
music. ‘'Goat*.-!" quavered the visitors.
One, I remember, had white whiskers;
but two were kids, whose playful
ways made them perfect nature
dancers.
The 's learned- much from fol
lowing v. a- goats; but it was. never
theless. the frogs in Miss Blank's
swimming pond who fixfd a • great
principle. “How those frogs skig!"
exclaimed the princess. “How they
leap! They sing and leap with ecstasy
and abandon. Let yourselves loose!"
** « *
THE prince fixed the second prin
ciple of nature dancing by his
wolves —of which he had three, from
the home estates In Poland. The
prince Is full of principle; and his
wife, an American, # got her dislike
for meat, as food, from him. “To
eat beef is to sin against love.” he
said. “You kill a cow; but the bull
loves the cow, just as I love my wife.
If I ate beef, I could not look the
princess In the face!”
The prince could make his wolves
leap, turn, roll and gambol to the
music of an accordeon. “Now. jump
in! Jump in!” he cried to the dancers,
when the wolves were leaping. "Each
of you should dance just as she feels
—all on her own! When you give
dancing a trained element, all nat
uralness disappears!”
The modern principles of nature
dancing spread from these * modest
seekings between Paris Ver
sailles, rriore than from Switzerland;
where Jacques Delcroze was still
■wedded to form and unison.
It Is impossible to grasp the rituals
of charm and power, unless you re
view these earlier things from which
they grew, byway of mysticism—
newly spread. ,
Os course, the start was beauty’s
bankruptcy.
The- fashionable ■ women who- be
sieged Isadora Duncan, Lole Fuller
and others for training were moved
by a deep craving of our century.
They sought something more attrac
tive .than beauty, without which mere
beauty falls to hold. Grace! It be
came recognized that they might
learn, not only., to walk and alt, but
to attain the living beauty of attitude
and movement which the nineteenth
century neglected. In a word, not to
be a.stick!
Worse! By inspecting renaissance
paintings and old Greek and Roman
reliefs they found that we were ac
tually ugly In our movements. Girls
who were truly graceful put it all
over the beautiful sticks!
It led to a deal of professional
coaching and private effort that never
got Into the papers—though good
ness knows how much got into them!
Why should not the* grace of artists’
poses become natural in everyday
life? The fear to be thought “affept
ed,” which forbade It. would, If car
■THE- mmfAY e STXR, WXSHIffGTQKr DU C., OCTOBER. 28,. 5.'
ried out. equally forbid women from
i changing dress with the fashions and
i men from cultivating formal polite
| ntSiS! f
It was no laughing adventure, no
breathing exercise nor ten-minute
physical culture with a bedroom
I chair! Through long, secret after
' noons the more retiring did slow
j rhytlftnic dances in their coteries.
1 Responsive to the coach, they would
j repeat their attitudes from Grecian
; urns with patient care. And. little
by little, when they quit their classi
cal dancing draperies, they took
i graces with them Into everyday life,
i Rhythmic dances become, in away, a
] habit; gave their unconscious move
! ments a touch of living beauty!
r *£ * *
MEANWHILE the nature dancers
were proceeding on their own.
They “let themselves loose,”' as the
prince suggested to those early dis
ciples.
Anything for sprightly surprise to
win attention! They, equally, pro
ceeded from the principle that mere
beauty of face and figure never had
the power ascribed to It. Certainly
men were no longer content to sit and
worship a beautiful face! „■
In society how often It was said of
such a one: “Os course, everybody
wanted .to dance with her. once! The
men were wild about Marie Louise
when they first saw her, hut nobody
asked her a second time. One said
it was like trying to get a thrill from
an Easter card!”
In Paris they got it fairly strong—
“each dancing according to her own
ideas.” One afternoon, at Canaille
Flammarion’s estate of Juvlsy, there
was such a glorious rehearsal on the
lawn that the prince and Meva, the
man of nature, planned an enthusias
tic scenario right there for fifty-eight
wild girls to go careering round the
Metropolitan Opera House stage in
New York, each one “interpreting"
all' on her own.
“The electricians must throw their
lights according to their own ideas!”
exclaimed the prince.
“The orchestra must play according
to Its own ideas,” cried Meva, “each
man on his own! No rules! All na
ture!”
Which brings us, at last, again, to
the rituals of charm and pow’er.
Both classic grace and lawless In
dividuality 'are recognized as better
working tools Mian mere beauty.
Such Is the outcome. But both, also,
are recognized as tools to work with,
instruments to play on—rather than
the charm itself, produced by play-
Ing! .
Charm! After twenty years of seek
ing grace and renouncing grace,
ch,arm la the thing ot power they
recognise. Many women have- it
naturally, hut they cannot tejl you
how they got it. It Is held by freak
ish hoydens equally with sweet,
grave, fatal women- But when-they
start consciously to acquire it, there
is a natural leaning among fashion
able women toward gravity' and
grace and-seemltness. And the wave
of mysticism passing over Europe
explains the rest.
NOW. it is easy to see that a woman
. who makes a sustained effort
(though it be copying bullfrogs in
company other women) has an
advantage Over the girl who sits
still. And when the subconscious
powers are stirred by high and
solemn aspirations, exercises of firm
believers, all together, can quite be
lievably bring out that living thing
which we call charm.
I know of four coteries, each nu
merous, who meet independently, in
Paris, for such solemn exercises. One,
In which the English influence is
strong, repeats something which re
sembles a religious mystery play of
the middle ages, based on an Egypt
ian legend. In another, they posture
to music composed by a French ifdj*
of title, who loans her garden for
the purpose. '
How much of the wave of mysticism
is In all this, the fair aspirants them
selves probably could not agree. But
that it is close to a big phase of the
world’s renewed hunger for religion
cannot be doubted.
"O Grace! O Power! We, who seek
thee!
"O Charm! O Power! We, who seek
thee!"
The words may seem trivial and.
even, pagan. I do not guarantee them
verbatim, but such is the aplHt. And
the spirit is what counts. So, they
intone, to postures and gestures of
studied grace and unstudied yearning.
And something of charm and power is
claimed to come out of It.
Every one. today, is talking about
the cultivation of the subconscious
mind. It Is said to' be more closely
related to the soul than is the con?
scioua brain. Even the efficacy of
prayer. In the divine will, may be,
at times, related to such workings.
In a word, auto-suggestion for good
is all to the good; even when good
women seek, byway of liturgies, for
charm and power!
How Hot Is Fire?
JX the manufacture of iron and steel
as well as in the chemical proc
esses requiring great heat, it is often
necessary to ascertain the exact tem
perature of the product within the
furnace. No ordinary instrument
can be used for this purpose. Other
devices have also been used, but with
only fairly accurate results, until the
invention of what is called the radia
tion pyrometer, an instrument that
measures with the greatest accuracy
possible the temperature of the in
terior of a furnace, although located
on the outside and at a distance of
several feet from the source of the
heat.
If two different metals are Joined
together apd their Junction bested,
there will be an electric current de
veloped which will flpw In a circuit, If
one is provided. ,The more'the point
of Juncture is heated the greater the
current produced. When we intro
duce into this circuit an instrument
for • measuring the • amount of .* elec
tricity generated, and instead of
marking the scale to read in volts or
amperes we arrange' it- to Indicate
degrees of heat, then we have a heat
measuring instrument that may be
near or far from the beat source and
yet secure the sgme accurate result.
With the instrument above mentioned
the temperature of a stream of
molten iron may be taken, although
the device is some distance from the
furnace. In-like manner the tempera
ture of a steel billet may be taken as
It passes between the rolls which
form it into a rail.
A Keyless Lock.
A KEYLESS, lock, recently pla^ 1 .
upon the, market, resembles Ta
appearance almost any other door lock
In a general way, having, a handsome
door plate and knob, but at the right
side and a little below the knob is
a series of four small levers. These
operate in various combinations
known only to those who are permit
ted free access to the house, and can
to changed to 1 a different combina
tion when necessity demands. The
lsck can be adjusted so that it will
lock on closing or by turning the
small button underneath the knob.
It le opened by pulling upward.one or
more times on one or more of'the
levers at the side.
So simple Is Its operation that a
child too small* to unlock a doer by
means of a key can readily gain ad
mittance with the keyless lock. This
keyless mechanism can be attached
to any standard leek, so that the pur
chase of an entire new lock‘is not
necessary. i» order to bays the ad
vantages of the keyless lock. A key
less padlock Is also, manufactured
with 38,006 different'combinations.
Letters About Buried Treasure
Are Received Here by Thousands
■Y GEORGE H. DACT.
F3GLS there were—and still
are—by <he thousands and
thousands, ir one would but
judge by the * r nut** letters,
crazy Inquiries and laughable com
munications which Uncle Sam re
ceives dally in his voluminous mail
which is delivered the magnifi
cent Washington post office.
The cfilef clerkj or information and
Inquiry official, of any of the many
government departments can tell of
comical cases by the score and score
which go to demonstrate the veracity
of Barnum, the famous circus owner,
in a statement that a fool Is born
every minute.
The huge bags of 'mail which flood
the national offices of the whole Bam
family every twenty-four hours are
replete in nonsensical and humorous
epistles—written In serious vein, by
their authors, who really believe In
the impractical myths and farces
concerning which they seek Uncle
Sam’s assistance In one way or an
other.
Latterly, the writer spent a morn
ing at the Washington headquarters
of the bureau of mines, delving into
correspondence curiosities and ferret
ing out funny facts and figures.
Conditions at the bureau of mines
are the same as those which prevail
in every other prominent national
> department—every mall brings its
share of semi-idiotlc inquiries.
Uncle Sam, master-miner and met
allurgical expert, receives more than
100,000 letters of inquiry from all
i parts of the United States and for
eign countries each year. Approxi
mately 0,400 of these communications
consist of inquiries about burled
treasure, fake devices for locating
burled treasure and subterranean
mineral wealth, how to separate gold
from ocean water, whether oil shale
commonly is rich in gold, silver and
platinum deposits, how to detect
“salted” mines, bow to obtain armed
details of national troops to accom
pany ambitious prospectors into Mex
ico to search for the fabulously rich
Spanish mines said to be lost there,
and how to perform modern miracles
of metallurgy which nobody will ever
accomplish.
♦* * *
r|-»o hundreds of thousands of miners
and those interested in mining
throughout the United States the bu
reau of mines means Uncle Sam.
Whenever these people want to know
anything about the government, nat
ural or technical science, the price
of tacks or how long an automobile
tire will last, they write to the bu
reau of mines. Occasionally they tell
all about their families’ troubles and
want advice how to settle them.
Base bail riddles, the “why" and
“wherefore” of pugilistic decisions,
data about the height of the Wash
ington Monument. . information on
how to doctor a mule’s Jack spavin—
all these and many more conundrums
of American miners are sent to the
bureau of mines for solution.
Just as the miner reverences the
of mines as bis Informative
court of last appeal, the American
farmer visualizes Uncle Sam • entirely
through the Department of Agricul
ture. Merchants ask all sorts of queer
questions of the Department of Com
merce. Would-be inventors almost
swamp the patent office with' their post
marked pleas and plaudits. Small manu
facturers and inventors send a veritable
torrent of interrogations to the bureau
of standards. The weather bureau re
ceives epistles that are so humorous
that they would make the notable
sphinx of Egypt crack Us cheeks in an
ear-to-ear grin. 'Fishermen who com
monly trifle with the truth without
trepidation send letters to the bureau of
fisheries which entirely eclipse the most
remarkaple fables ’of either Aesop or
Ananias.
To search for burled treasure appar
ently is as widspreaft'• an ambition
among the American populace at pres
ent as it was during the days directly
after Capt. Kidd’s demise. The bureau
of mines receives at least 1,044 com
munications a year relative to the prob
able locations of underground gold.
Many of the inquisitors wished to know
if Uncle Sam offers any guaranteed in
struments. divining rods or . similar sci
entific equipment which the treasure
hunters can use in their farcical quests.
Peculiarly enough, these inquiries do
not come from ignorant, illiterate peo
ple. Business men,-bankers, automobile
dealers, butchers, bakers and candle
stick makers write to Washington on
their usual letterheads asking national
advice and counsel concerning the in
timate features of hurled treasure
hunting. -
No. these romantic letters are not the
aftermath of the. adventuresome spirit
provoked by the world -war. They have
been flowing to the National Capital
from all parts of America as regularly
as mall trains run, ever since Uncle
Sam established his seat of national
affairs In the District of Columbia. Evi
dently, latent in some people are in
clinations, - which ’ date back to the
swashbuckling spirit of the Spanish
Main, to secure a fortune from the
earth, to rescue the ill-gotten gold of
some- ancient, pirate from the folds of
the encompassing overcoat of tens of
soil which conceal it
Even In this day and age of. aerial
circuses and spiritualistic spooks via
radio, expeditions scour the keys and
coves of the Florida'coast, searching
for the buried treasure which such
notorious freebooters as Jose Oas
parilla and Jean Lafltte are reputed
to have, concealed there several cen
turies ago.
Apparently every man who sets out
in search of hidden booty first con
sults Uncle Sam. Despite that, the
United States government does Us
best to dissuade the amateur explor
ers from, undertaking their foolhardy,
searches. The hunts are, neverthe
less, made. Thousands have searched,
but-there is not a single case on rec
ord -where any Os the gold seekers
found the anticipated wealth.
** * *
SOME of the letters of Inquiry re
ceived at the hhreau of mines are
from Hand owners, who are sure that
mineral wealth is abundant on the
properties of their neighbors. They
write to Uncle Sam to ascertain if
there are any satisfactory ore or oil
locating mechanisms on the market
which they can use to ratify their
opinions: If they locate natural
wealth, they hope to buy the adjoin
ing land'at low* valuation and then
exploit its riches.
Recently, a Texan proepector wrote
In that he knew positively where
there was a long-lost Spanish mine of
fahalohv productivity oyer the line in
Mexioo. He requested that the Uiilted
states Army send down several troops
of- cavalrymen to escort and protect
him while ho explored - and- developed
this remarkable mine. ’The-’inquial-]
e r ; » » t. . / * ’
Daily Mail of Government Reveals Extent
to Which Belief in Possibility of Getting Rich
Quickly by Means of Such Alleged Stores
Prevail^ —Many Report Swindling Opera
tions—Bogus Development Stocks Widely
Sold—Some Want to Get Gold in Sea.
\,\- ' * •
A' 'C.~'
'-.8l A "" ~ w '
. .. t-* ®r-~ ugg
- Mi qwEaHOBS Tb
Wy r -ItiIWHHBPP
Bt
S.fi. STONE OF THE BUREAU OF MINES ANSWERS 100,000 LETTERS
A YEAR, INCLUDING 5,000 QUERIES CONCERNING BURIED
TREASURE.
tor even wrote to his local congress
man In Washington, asking that the
legislator lend his aid to the project.
Our national congressmen, by the
way, are frequent recipients of let
ters of this character.
“Where can 1 secure a dependable
‘doodle bug wand’?” is a favorite in
quiry that comes regularly in letter
form to the bureau of mines from the
oil-producing sections of the south
west. The “doodle bug” operator
claims that he can locate oil wells by
the use of a magical staff that he car
ries. Maybe you have heard of how
the superstitious try to locate water
in order- to drive or dig a well by the
use of a forked willow stick. The
“doodle bug” oilman claims that he
can find oil wells in alomewhat sim
ilar way.
Credulous phople pay out large
sums of money to these swindlers.
Strange to tefi, once in a while the
"doodle -bug” method is successful in
striking oil. . It is not due to any
efficiency of the'system, but merely
because the operator of the hocus
pocus happened to , stumb|e onto a
cache of oil or a gusher. Such acci
dental • -discoveries - have spread afar
the fapj* of the “doodle bug” busi
nesa
Much of the correspondence re
ceived. from different sections of the
country shows a lamentable ignorance
concerning what the government can
and.can not do in aiding landowera in
the. development of mineral and oil
claims. These men generally want the
United States authorities to take
charge of their claims and develop
the properties. All that Uncle Sam
can do is to. lend a sympathetic ear to
their questions, answer them as best
he. can, and. recommend them to re
putable commercial assayers and en
gineers, who will Investigate the lands
and their resources.
The "salting" of mines even today
finds its victims, who pay large prices
for practically worthless property.
The bureau of mines gets rafts of
letters every year from people who
buy “salted” mines and those who
invest , their lifetime savings in
worthless oil stocks.
One •of the - cleverest systems of
stocking -a fictitious gold mine with
veins and outcroppings' of gold was
exposed some years ago by the federal
experts. promoter lowered a
smalt'cannon into the mine and used
It to shoot*and. spatter slugs of gold
int^ 1 the walls of adjoining shafts.. He
then opened the mine to-publlc in
spection -and atlowed visitors to take
away samples -of the “shot” ore for
assaying purposes. This ingenious
jPtfVv• “ ■ 'lf. - ■ ' - ■ ■ - ‘ *<**■- ■*
.••’'jjdjß v
*' •B| ■
f f.
Tfiir GOVERNMENT RECEIVES MANY LETTERS FROM PERSONS
IFBO DESIRE TO LEARN HOW TO LOCATE OIL DEPOSITS WITH
Aj'VOPKED'STXCKJ
4 ’.?> * i .|t•Vl, ;;1 t 1 ii. .1 \ Jit vT; . n !fi
scoundrel sold several counterfeit
mines before his secret methods of
doctoring the mine walls were ex
posed.
S' * V V
EVERY week or so the bureau of
mines will be questioned by in
vestors and promoters regarding the
possibility of rescuing gold from
ocean water and converting it Into
specie. For the last four decades
scientists have known that sea water
contained gold in infinitesimal
amounts. The problem of its profit
able recovery has been a chemical
enigma. It Involves the handling of
incredibly vast amounts of salt water
in a huge commercial plant and the
use of certain costly chemicals to ex
tract the gold from the water. En
gineers and eminent scientists say the
project will never be developed on a
commercial basis, as the cost of the
chemicals to rescue the gold from the
seven seas would amount to much
more than the value of the recovered
treasure. Generally speaking there
is only 2 to 4 cents worth of gold in
each ton of ocean Water.
The "gold of the ocean’’ swindle
scheme—lt was inaugurated by a
preacher in Maine—which was put
over on the public some years ago,
was one of the most colossal frauds
perpetrated in oaf northernmost state.
People bought thousands and thou
sands of dollars’ worth of stock in
the fake company which was to
commercialize the process. Just about
the time' that construction activities
were scheduled to begin the minis
ter disappeared, . and with him the
earnings and savings of several thou
sand investors, who wanted to get
rich in record time.
Hundreds of samples of iron py
rites, better known as • "fool’s gold”
are sent from all parts of the United
States to the bureau of mines for ex
amination and analysis. They come
from corn belt farmers, southern
plantation owners, suburbanites who
live near New York city or prospec
tors who find them In California.
Without any technical knowledge of
the geological formations in the sec
tions where they find the, bogus nug
gets, the discoverers Immediately as
sume they have found gold.
Uncle Same does n£t perform free
assaying at Washington.. However,
the federal engineers can always rec
ognize the “fool’s gold" 'specimens,
and subsequently they -.advise their
correspondents of the mistakes they
have made.
At the precious metals • station
which Uncle Sam maintains at Reno,
Xev., there is free assaying of some
fifteen to twenty metals that are rel
atively scarce in this country. The
government Is doing all In Its power
to extend the- discoveries of natural
resources of this type. Such materials
as chrome, platinum, tin and vana
dium are needed for American indtts
tr3". and government analysis of ores
thought to contain these minerals
and materials is made at national ex
pense. No assays of gold, silver, zinc
or copper are made for the genera’
public at this or any other federal
station of the bureau of mines,
t ♦ ♦
T TUXCE SAM annually gets . many
letters about the mushroom oil
shale Investment companies which now
dot the states of Colorado. Wyoming
and other regions where oil shale
abounds. The gasoline in these oil
shales can be made available commer
oiaily by expensive distillation proc
esses. When the price of gasoline
increases to 33 to 37 cents a gallon,
it will be both profitable and practi
cal to exploit the .oil shales. Unde:
present conditions . it costs more to
recover the oil than It i» worth. Nev
ertheless, investors are exchanging
their cash for oil shale stock. There
are at least 150 companies which now
issue stock of this description. Much
of it represents fake exploitation.
The promoters have claimed tlja;
much of the oil shale Is rich in gold,
silver and platinum ore. Some of
them have even claimed that one tr.n
of the oil shale would yle.d a? much
as $8 in gold. Recently Uncle Sam
sent some of his best mining experts
to the localities where these shales
are found. Hundreds and hundreds
of samples were taken and analysed
The richest specimen of the entire
lot yielded only 20 cents worth of
gold per ton. The bureau of mines
does not believe that oil shale wiP
ever be utilized commercially for th
production of gold, silver and plati
num.
Despite the fact that the entire
United States, from widely scattered
sources, produces only a few hundred
ounces of platinum a year, stock
swindlers have recently advertised
extensively and sold stock on the
basis of bogus assays. In one in
stance the assertion was made that a
property contained 10,000,000 tons of
rock bearing precious metal values,
ranging from |3CO to SSOO a ton. An
other concern announced the discov
ery of ore containing platinum and
gold in astonishing quantities. Final
ly. Uncle Sam took a hand in the
affair and had his experts at Reno.
Nov., make assays of all the alleged
platinum-bearing ores. Not a single
sample of ore contained platinum in
appreciable quantities. Further in
vestigation even proved that certain
of the samples had been “salted '
with platinum wire and foil in order
to delude the stock-purchasing public.
Platinum is now six times as val
uable as gold. The American
output is less than 1,000 ounces a
year. Our jewelers and other com
mercial agencies demand ten to flf- '
teen times that amount every twelve
months. Platinum Is recovered as a
by-product in the refining of gold,
silver, nickel and copper, but the -
quantity present in the original is
usually too small to detect. The keen >
demand for platinum and the great -
general interest which people take in -
the mineral have led to the promotion
of many . fraudulent enterprises.
Uncle Sam receives thousands of let
ters from American citizens asking
advice about platinum stock invest -
ments or bemoaning the fact that the
writers lost large sums of money
which they invested in counterfeit
platinum mines.
❖* * *
'T'HERE are no divining rods, min--
eral rods or other
now on the market that will really
aid in the location of buried treasure.’
gold and silver ores, or petroleum.,'
Special instruments such as the dip
needle, the magnetometer and the *
dial compass have been successfully
used in prospecting for magnetic iron''
ores in this and foreign countries.
However, these forms of apparatus'
are not useful in prospecting for “
precious metals or ores that have no
magnetic effect. A. working knowl-'*
edge of geology and the conditions*!
under which ores are likely to occurs
is of the utmost importance to ama-.-
teur prospectors who are hunting for
minerals.
An electrical system of locating ore-'
deposits by surface examination has-:
latterly been perfected.. It is de
pendent on the recording of a-differ
enee of potential set up-by electrical
statics or dynamic waves that are-,
either induced or pre-existent in the •
ore bodies of metallic ores. An elec- _
trical field is plotted by the mining ,
expert by recording these differences ,
of potential at different points in. a .
certain locality, and usually the de
posits of ore are found by means of
diamond or churn drilling or hy un
derground prospecting methods at .
the center of this field.
The bureau of mines has more than
1,000 different form letters which arc
used to answer the million and one
questions which yearly are received
at ifs Washington offices. This does
not in any wise indicate that all the
inquiries are foolish or nonsensical.
It merely shows the volume of ques
tions which flood in from all states
and counties. . As many as 13,000 -lot*- --
ters of Inquiry have been received as ~
the result of a small news story sent -
out by the bureau of mines about the
economical operation of your home .
furnace. The people of the United
States are constantly looking to their,
government for help In solving their (
personal and community problems. v
The grekt masses of mail which ar
rive in Washington dally and are dis*
tributed among the various technical '
and scientific departments of the gov- >
eminent strikingly demonstrate the -
faith of American citizens In the effi
ciency and of Uncle Sam’ to -j
solve millions of riddles and answer
billions of queries about anything and
everything.
Artificial Marble.
a PROCESS for making imitations*.'
** of -statuary marble, onyx and ,
other multi-colored stones, haa been ,
devised in France. About 1,000 part-r
of alum, from 10 to 100 parte of heavy .'
spar (barium sulphate) and 100 parts
of water are mixad with the requisite .
pigments, and the liquid mass is ,
boiled down and cast in a mold.. The '
amount of heavy spar used varies
with the degree of translucence de- .;
sired. After being molded and dried.
the artificial stone thus produced can
be polished and finished as desired. * :
I.» i .. * i
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