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THE EVENING STAR With Sunday Moraine Edition. WASHINGTON, D. C. SATURDAY. .. .November 3, 1023 THEODORE W. NOYES... .Editor The Evening Star Newspaper Company Huslsees Otßce. lia at. and Pennsylvania At*. New Tort OHret 110 Kaat 4'Jnd St. Chiracs Office: Tower llulldlug. Karopran Office: laltegeat St., Loudon, Llngland. The Evening Star. With the Sunday morning edition, Is delivered by carriers within the ■ Ity at CO cent* per mouth; dally only, 4B c»hts per month; Sunday only. 20 cent* per mouth. Orders may be tent by mall or tele phone Main 5000. Collection Is made tty car riers at tbc end of each month. Rate by Mall — Payable In Advance. Maryland and Virginia. T'aily and Sunday..l yr., $8.40; 1 ino., 70c Gaily twily 1 yr., $6.90; 1 mo., SOa Sunday only 1 yr., $2.40; 1 mo., 20c All Other States. Daily and Sunday.! yr., $10.00: 1 mo., 13c Dally only 1 yr., $7.00; 1 mo., 60c Sunday only 1 yr., $3.00; 1 mo., SCc Member of the Associated Press, The Associated Prom Is delusively entitled to the uae for republioatlon of all news die jhatebea credited to It or uot otherwise credited this paper am! also the local news pub lished herein. All rights of publication of ►peoltl dispatches hcrelu are also reserved. France and the New Proposal. Some confusion appears to prevail with regard to the relation between ! he French official expressions relative to a new rei>arations inquiry by an international body of experts, and the earlier expressions from Paris private ly conveyed to the State Department <»n this subject, ft is being urged notv that Premier Poincare’s speech at Nevers on Thursday interposes con ditions that were not set forth in the lirst French response to the "feeler” of this government on the subject. It will be recalled that immediately upon the publication of Secretary Hughes' letter to Lord Curzon, stating the willingness of this government to participate in an economic inquiry Into the reparations matter, widen was accompanied by the text of Lord •Jurzon’s letter to Mr. Hughes, a news dispatch came from Purls stating that France had already expressed ap proval of the plan. It was stated, how ever, that the experts must bo named by the reparations commission, and that the inquiry must be regarded as part of the commission’s work. It would be greatly in the interest of clearer understanding if the text of the first note, dispatch or “Intima tion” from Paris were made public. It would then be seen Just what consti tutes the advance, if any has been made, in conditions imposed by France upon the scope and function of the expert commission. Indications appear that this govern ment does not regard the prospect of an effective settlement yielding in quiry into the reparations question as bright, in view of the attitude of France, expressed in the Nevers speech of the premier, which insists upon restricting the inquiry Into Ger many’s "present" ability to pay with out regard to the future. There is something a bit dubious about this limitation us thus expressed. France is, of course, interested and concerned in Germany’s present ability to pay, for she depends upon present pay ments for financing her reconstruction work. But she is also concerned in the future ability to pay, for the pay ments will necessarily continue for a long period, and it is greatly to the interest of France to take into ac count the prospect of a reviving Ger man economic health and a future re sourcefulness for debt-paying pur poses. There would seem to be no in superable difficulty in the way of an international expert commission func tioning helpfully. Certainly the pres ent procedure Is not tending to stabil ize conditions in Europe. However powerful the reparations commission may be in theory, it Is not getting re sults. It is certainly possible to add to information regarding Germany’s abil ity to pay in a manner to leave that country with no conceivable excuse or justification for failure to carry out the requirements of the treaty of peace, especially if the international commission working with the repara tions commission, or as part of It, pro poses a system of stabilized finance for Germany. A display of all the latest models in aerial bombs at Aberdeen promotes a certain sense of security, in spite of the earnest hope that they will never be actually needed. A great deal of the interest In na tional affairs consists In waiting for Congress to convene and then waiting for it to adjourn. In discussing international policies Poincare never for a moment permits himself to forget that he has a con stituency of his own to consider. Suburbs and the City Plan. It is recommended by the commit tee on municipal art of the Board of Trade that a commission of repre sentatives of the, District, Maryland and Virginia be created to further the development of extra-Dlstrict suburbs m agreement with the general plan of Washington. The committee in a pre vious report said: "As wo are well aware this city has already reached another stage of development, build ing communities have reached the boundary lines of the District, and across the border towns have sprung up which are essentially a part of the city of Washington. The towns Just outside our border are those to which attention Is invited. They are destined to become in point of effect, if not law fully, a part of Washington. It is therefore Important that they should be developed so as to become an in tegral part of the city system, or It Is important that they should bear a proper relation to each other as well as to the city as a whole.*’ This thought has long been held by many persons In the District and the suburbs. It is not clear ♦bat all could be accomplished that ought to be, and a beginning in this matter might bet ■ ter have been made twenty or thirty £ years ago, but It is believed that some good can be effected. There is little land close upon the District, except a few large estates held as country homes or summer homes, which has not been subdivided. Some of these subdivisions conform to the plan of an adjacent village, but most of them have been subdivided with no other consideration than the “lay of the land” Os that particular tract. The city haa extended in several directions to the District boundary and has grown beyond the line. In a few years the area of the District will be taken up by Washington and populous quar ters of the city will lie In Maryland. Those parts of the city will not con form to the plan to which Washington owes much of Its splendor. Many years ago the problem of co ordinating District suburbs to the city plan presented, and there was de lay In beginning the work. Sections of the city developed with narrow, crooked and very short streets. It re quired years to secure enactment of the highway-extension plan. Many changes have been made at great cost, but the result is not what could be wished. Much work remains to be done. Milk and It* Price. It has been said before that there Is a great deal about the milk business which milk consumers do not know, and the same may be said about cool, bread, shoes, bats and other things. When the milk dealers of the District and milk producers of Maryland and Virginia were at daggers drawn over j the matter of the milk producers’ as sociation, it was given out that no raise in the price of milk was con templated. A few days later this trifling matter was thought of and the price was raised. When announce ment was made of the decision to lift j the price no reason for the advance was given out for publication. Sev eral days later it was said that the advance was made necessary by the Increase In the price of hay and “con centrated feeds” and In vrugea of farm and dairy employes. It was said that at the higher price no more was being paid for milk in Washington than in Baltimore and Richmond, where the tuberculin test is not required. Now comes news that the price of milk has been reduced 1 cent a quart in Baltimore. It seems that milk dis tributors and producers In disagree ment there called In an arbitrator who decided In favor of reducing the price of milk, saying. “1 am convinced that favorable weather conditions have helped develop milk production in the Baltimore territory to the point that an ample supply is assured.” He says [ nothing about the increase In price of "concentrated feeds,” hay and dairy wages. It seems that Baltimore is In a better milk climate than Washing ton and that the concentrated feed dealers and hay dealers bear harder t>n the milk farmers in the Washing ton neighborhood than on those who ship milk to Baltimore. It may be true that the cost of milk, though higher than last winter, is not out of line with the cost of other food. Washington Is fortunate in Its milk supply. It Is abundant. For cleanli ness and richness no other city pre scribes higher standards and there Is probably no other city where health authorities enforce the maintenance of milk standards as rlgoroua«y as here. No milk is sold In the District unless it comes from cows, cow-barns and milkers under supervision of our health department. Dealers or dis tributors of milk are also under pub lic supervision. Mr. McAdoo Here. The presence In Washington on a week’s visit of William O. McAdoo will naturally revive Interest in poten tial candidates for the democratic presidential nomination. It Is intimated in political circles that Mr. McAdoo may have an Important statement to make before he leaves town. Specula tion naturally suggests that it may bo the formal announcement of his candidacy for the nomination. That would be merely a matter of form, however, since for many months Mr. McAdoo has been regarded in democratic quarters as already an as pirant fur the nomination of his party, and the politicians cannot vision him pushing the crown away from him. Many of the higher-ups in the party leadership are said to regard him as possessing at this time more tangible political assets than probably any other democrat who Is mentioned In connection with the nomination. Only one declared candidate Is in the field, Senator Underwood, and his first appearance brought forth the opposition of William J. Bryan, to which. It is reported in press dis patches, has been added the disfavor of the Ku Klux Klan, which is taking active Interest in politics in many states. Oov. Alfred E. Smith of New York has been placed in nomination by his friends, though he has said nothing on the subject. Senator Ralston of Indiana is supposed to be the alterna tive favorite of Indiana and Tammany Hall after Boas Murphy casta a few complimentary votea for Qov. Smith. Whom Mr. Bryan favors is not known to the rank and file, although the impression prevails that he Is not opposed to Mr. McAdoo. He may Indi cate his choice when the candidates run up against that fateful rule of the two-thirds majority necessary to nom inate. It is being demonstrated by Lloyd George that the fact that a man Is an ex-offlclal does not necessarily prevent his views on current affairs from carrying a great deal of weight. The divorce proceedings of Mr. Stokes are Impressive chiefly In calling attention to the singular idea a man sometimes has of a good time. It Is hoped by Us friends that pro hibition enforcement will not b« per mitted to become as enduring a politi cal Issue as the tariff. * A Broken Shoe String. French detectives are noted for their acumen In the employment of psy chology In the utmost pursuit of clues. Readers of Gaborlau's stories will re call the famous figures of deductive justice who 'traced elusive criminals and shrewd schemers against the law. Edgar Allen Poe has also celebrated in two of his tales this quality of the French detective of fiction. But the detective In fact Is no degree be hind the fictional prototype. A case has just developed in Paris which shows that the processes of the French official mind are as keen as ever. , Recently two priceless Gobelin tapestries were stolen from the palace THE EVENING STAR, WASHINGTON. 1 D. C„ SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 3. 1923. of Versailles. The only direct clue was a piece of broken shoe lace found on the floor at the scene of the theft. Certain people were suspected and watched after the robbery. One of them had been at one time employed In the palace. Systematically the homes of all the suspects were visited and Searched. In the rooms of the former employe was found a pair of shoes with one new lace corresponding to the broken bit discovered in the pal ace. Samples of his thumbprints were obtained and found to correspond with those marking the window pane of the chateau through which the thieves had entered. Further pursuit of the trail led to a shanty in a mean street of Versailles, where the two tapestries were discovered, one Intact and the other cut Into twelve pieces. The oc cupant of the shack, who was believed to have been an accomplice, had fled. It is known, however, that he and the former palace employe arc commu nists, and the theory is that the theft was an act of mere vandalism. Recollections of Sherlock Holmes’ findings of cigarette ashes and stumps and bits of fluff disclosing on micro scopic examination i»osltive clues to identity are revived by this case. But it is doubtful whether a broken shoo lace ever before figured in the analysis of a crime and the pursuit of the criminal. It simply goes to show that in tile examination of the premises the trained, cxj»ert criminologist overlooks nothing, that everything is of possible value, that the least trifle may peeve to be the most illuminating factor. The perfect criminal is probably yet to be evolved, the supreme muster of detail, the 100 per cent planner aijd performer who in every operatl>|n leaves nothing in the way of u clu-e. The wearing of gloves has, it Is tn£s, to a great extent checked the finger print method of identification. Blit somehow, somewhere, if not in obe I crime In another, the habitual law breaker leaves a trace. Tt is the work ing of the law of natural Justice. : Many things In Germany have been changed by the war, but the socialists indignantly protest that the rich are still getting richer and the poor poorer. There are certain bas’c economic tendencies that war cannot change, however violent. According to Senator Hiram John son we are now a part of the diplo matic game of Europe. Anyhow. Uncle Sam enjoys the preliminary satisfac tion of sitting In with the biggest stack of blue chips. It la said that Wilhelm Hohenzol lern compares himself to Napoleon. This state of mind would bring up the Interesting question of whether he regards his present residence as his Elba or his St. Helena. ! T ~t r , - A lack of co-ordination is always likely to prove embarrassing. A large amount of confusion is arising from the fact that so many different locali ties have different kinds of Ku Klux. When Lenlu once declared that a nation could go ahead without real money he never thought Germany i would take the idea so seriously. I ! There are fears that Oov. Plnchot i does not care how much trouble he uncorks for the political leaders of the day. One cent a qua, i is not so much of a raise In tl*e price of milk unless it happens too often. SHOOTING STARS. BT I’HILANDEH JOHNSON. So Glory Passes. The Emperor of China, since of funds he finds a lack, Must hurry to the auction room and sell his brie-a-brao. He never meant the slightest harm. He’s only jurt a boy. It seems a shame that he should have to lose each pretty toy! Again we see the satire of an auto cratic plan. How mighty sounds the title and how feebly speaks the man! How radiant seemed his majesty, an oriental dream, .] Yet how lie fades when chance de stroys his decorative scheme, f Remember, when *neath Fortune’s smile you go upon parade i How much that’s artificial in tie course of time must fade, And how what seems resplendent, dignity ere long may lack — % The Emperor of China has to sell tils brlc-a-brac. Simple Explanation. “To what do you attribute your suc cess as a statesman?” "To the wisdom of the plain peo ple,” answered Senator Sorghum. "They saw a good man for the Job and proceeded to vote for him.” Jud Tunkins says in the average gathering when the chairman says, "The meeting will come to order," it’s merely the signal for the disorder to commence. Expression And Repression. You'll observe, If you note politicians today And the lofty positions they’ve got to, Much depends on a man’s knowing just what to say, And much more on his knowing what not to. Prefers to Laugh. “Why do you laugh whenever any body mentions your flivver?” “Because,” answered Mr. Chuggins, "I’m trying to be a philosopher. When anybody talks about your flivver you’ve got to do one of two things, laugh or get mad.” The Wary Rodent. "Animals refuse to taste alcohol.” "Which is a misfortune,” mused Uncle Bill Bottletop. "Some of this bootleg stuff would make wonderful rat poison.” “De difference between what a man thlrtta he knows an’ what he knows,” said Uncle Kben, "Is de difference be tween de start an* de finish of a-boss rare” ’ IN TODAY’S SPOTLIGHT BY PAUL V. COLLINS Illinois seems to have discovered that there Is a Latin America worth while for Uncle Sam to court. Representative Fred A. Britten and Senator Medlll Me- Conntck express their views simul taneously that while the administration Is seriously concerned over European affairs there is too little attention paid to our western hemisphere, wherein lies our true future profitable development. Mr. Britten Is Interested In reciprocal exchange of students between this country’ and all the principal countries of Central and South America, for the purpose of educating future generations Into mutual friendly sympathy. Sena tor McCormick and also Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover are more concerned In developing trade relations through encouragement of American Investment of capital and American colonisation In South and Central America, hoping thereby to create mar kets for more of our machinery and manufactures. ** * * The two phases of the proposed de velopment have the same end—to effect closer ties between North, Central and South America, in what might be termed hemispheric consciousness which will tend to segregate this half of the world, socially, industrially and com mercially, Independent of old world wars and turmoils. In order to comprehend the possibilities It is necessary to know the viewpoints of these peoples. On October 11. 1922, Senor Jose Vas conceles, minister of public education of Mexiqp, visited Argentina, where he was received with great distinction. At a reception given In honor of the Mexi can cabinet official, Senor Jose In genleros made a notable speech in which he paid special attention to the alleged menace of the giant country of dangerous Imperialistic purposesy the country of the Monroe doctrine. He pictured this doctrine as having been a means to guarantee South and Central America political safety, yet. as seen in the few years of the present Century, it was only that they be pro tected against European Interventions that the United States might reserve to herself the right of Intervention. That voracious country, he said, has been pressing Its policies of converting Its government into instruments of financial trusts —which wou’d capture the fountains of wealth and speculate In human labor—lnto a “bankocracy.” which knows no country nor any moral*. Today we of South America see this Monroe doctrine, in its present Interpretation, expressing a right of Intervention by the United States against the principles of the Latin American countries. Facts prove it; Did the United States make efficient the Monroe doctrine in lt-83, declared the speaker, when England occupied Malvinas Island, belonging to Argen tina? Did they, in IS3S. when a UVench squadron bombarded the Castle of T’lua? Did they Interfere when Admiral Le Blanc blockaded the ports of the River Plate? Or. in 1861. when Spain reconquered Santo Domingo? Or. in 1864. when Napoieun Brt Maximilian on the throne of Mexico? Or. in 186(1. when Spain blockaded the ports of the | Pacific? This miserable doctrine, as charac terized by the speaker, which never i succeeded in imposing itself against European interventions, has beer, the means of imposing North American in British Peer’s Brother to Wed Alice Perkins, U. S. Heiress BY THE MAKHUSK UK PONTKNOY . Charles Winn, married to the lion. Olive Paget, daughter of Lord Queen borough. and of his first wife Pauline, sister Os Harry Payne Whitney, spends so much of his time over here, where his wife, as one of the heir esses of the late Col. Oliver 11. Payne, the Standard OH magnate, has very large Interests, that It may be Inter esting to call attention to the fact that his younger brother Reginald, during the Avar an officer of the Grenadier Guards. Is following his ex ample in marrying an American wife, namely. Miss Alice Perkins of New York, who Is a niece of Mrs. Charles Dana Gibson and of Lady Astor, with whom she spent the greater part of the year. She has Inherited much of the comeliness of the Langhorne women, and Is a tall, dark, beautiful girl. Reginald Winn is a younger eon of the late Lord St. Oswald, and is a brother, therefore, of the pres ent peer, whose wife, formerly Evie Carew of Daly’s Theater, In London, was one of the most popular actresses in the very successful run of “Letty.” She married her husband secretly In London In 1915, and It was only when he was so badly wounded In France that his life was despaired of that his father was made aware that she was his wife. She has now presented him with two boys to succeed to his honors and estates. Miss Alice Perkins’ fiance is very well off. For his family Is one of great wealth. Its possessions Including the celebrated Winn collieries. Like his elder brothers and his father and grandfather before him. he has a re markable taste for engineering. In deed. many of the most ingenious mechanical devices In use In the Winn collieries are due to the In vention of members of this gifted and popular family, who are descended from Sir Roland Winn, a London merchant who flourished in the reign of Charles I, and from his son. who was created a baronet by Charles II On his restoration. Reginald Winn’s mother was a daughter of Lafiy Forbes of Newe. sister of Oeorgiana Countess of Dudley, and who had Inherited, through her mother, much Os the beauty for which the women of the Moncrleff family were so justlv famous. It is the grandfather of Charles Winn, namely. the first Lord St. Os wald, who was the perpetrator of the most celebrated theft in the Annals of Eton. While a schoolboy there, the famous block at which students have knelt to receive their birchlngs through countless generations and many centuries, Indeed, ever since the reign of King Edward VI. mys teriously disappeared. Although for a long time no trace could be dis covered of Us whereabouts or a clue to the bold robber who had been able to carry It off from the head master’s library and from under the very nose of that august dignitary. It subsequently transpired that the culprit was no other than the boy who subsequently became Lord St. Oswald. _ . ** * * G9U. Sir Hubert Gough's appoint ment to the post of Governor Gen eral or Taganylka, with a salary of $25,000 a. year plus generous allow ances and perquisites, as well as stately official residences at Dar-Es- Salaam and also on the highlands, constitutes a tardy act of reparation for a gross piece of Injustice of which he was the victim In the spring of 1918. When, in February and March of that year, the disgraceful peace concluded by soviet Russia with Germany enabled that power to switch nearly a million soldiers from the Muscovite border to the French front Gen. Ludendorff took advan tage ’of these welcome reinforce ments to attempt to break through the allied lines at their very weakest point by sheer force of numbers. That weakest point was around Amiens, where Gen. Sir Hubert Gough, one of th« finest cavalry com manders of the British army, was suddenly called upon to resist, with terventlons. It appeared to be a key of past interventions, and hn turned out to be the skeleton key of our future conquest. For 100 year* the clever locksmith pretended to take core of us; he did the best he could—not for ourselves, but for himself. After the war with Spain, the United States took possession of Porto Rico and Imposed on the Independence of Cuba the annoying conditions of the Platt amendment. It did not wait long to amputate from Colombia the Isth mus of Panama, which permitted It to unite, through Panama, Its Pacific and Atlantic coasts. It made an at tempt against the sovereignty of Mex ico. through the unfortunate adventure against Vera Cruz. It took military possession of Haiti, under a puerile pre. text. Later, It made shameful occu pation of Hanto Domingo, under the habitual pretext of pacifying the coun try and regulating Us finances. Teeter day—no, today It is throwing obstacles lh the hope of dissolving the Centra! American Federation. They deny the recognition of Mexico, unless Mexico will first sign treaties which will give foreign Investors rights against the In terests of the nation. Senor Ingenteros said that danger does not always begin with annexation, as with Porto Hleo: nor with interven tion, ns with Cuba: nor with military occupation, as with Mexico; nor with tutelage, as with Nicaragua; nor with territorial secession, as with Colombia; nor with armed occupation, as with Haiti; nor with purchase, us with Guayanas. The danger begins in pro gressive mortgaging of national inde pendence. through loans to bo renewed and increased without limit: each time with increasing mortgage on national Independence. Did rot President Wilson say during the world war that he would respect the rights of small nations and that all’ would be free to govern themselves as they saw fit? asked the senor. Where are those principles? he queried. How hns his country applied them? Tn Cuba, with Intervention In its politics. In Mexico, by failing to recognize the gov ernment its people believed the best. In Sunto Domingo, by substituting its own government by military occupa tion. with an offer to retire only on conditions most Indecorous. V♦ ♦ * In summing up the Latin situation as the speaker saw it, he advocated that which has been urged by certain parties in every South and Central American country for twenty years—an organiza tion of a Latin American Union, as opposed to the Pan-American Union. The Pan-American Union Is denounced by these leaders as being dominated by the United States, since it l« presided over by the Secretary of State of the United States, and it always sits in Washington. The Latin American Union would have for Its slogan; “Latin America for Latin Americans.” It Is proposed to establish a high tribunal to resolve po litical troubles between the countries; also a supreme economic council to regulate co-operation, production and exchange; to establish collective re sistance to nil powers which imply the right of intervention by foreign coun tries; and to gradually extinguish na tional loans from foreign powers. It proposes to form local organizations It; all cities of all nations, which would spread propaganda and work with the International Latin American Union. ** * * Surely Representative Britten’s plan of educational reciprocity has an ample field. ICoprrijrhl. 192*. by l*«ul V. Collins > an entirely Inadequate forie of some 30.000 completely exhausted men, the onslaught of Ludendorff’s well rested regiments of over 100.000. Realizing the heaA’y odds, he begged in A’aln for support, but failed to receive It un til the line which he commanded was bent Inward, though never broken. It was bent to an extent that brought the Germans once more almost to the very gates of Amiens, until succor tardily arrived and the Germans were hurled back and started on the road to ultimate defeat. If Sir Hubert Gough and his fifth army were compelled to bend back their line In order to avoid Its break ing at any point, it was because there were no reserves available at first and that the near thirty miles long line of his front was too thlnlr held, the British fighting strength In France having been allowed by the i Downing street and Whitehall au thorities to run altogether too low. Yet, at the very time. 200,000 troops Were being held In England through a discreditable and purely political Intrigue. Had these reserves been in France, as demanded by Field Marshal Lord Haig, Sir Hubert Gough's line would ha\’e never been compelled to bend. But the fact that It had bent created such a panic in England that it was necessary* to find a scapegoat in order to satisfy public j clamor. And so Gen. Sir Hubert j Gough was relieved of his command i and sent home to England as re i sponsible for the bend In his line, being denied n court-martial or even a court of Inquiry. Fortunately for Sir Hubert, while he was held up to obloquy by the politicians, he tvas AA-armly praised by his commander-in-chief. Field Marshal Lord Haig, and by the prin [ clpal generals and military experts, W'ho did not hesitate to proclaim that If he had not held his line, even if bent, and If he had allowed it to break, disaster to the allied cause would have Inevitably followed and Amiens and the channel ports avoulU have fallen Into the hands of the enemy. ♦♦ ♦ ♦ That King George shared the opin ion of his principal military advisers and leading generals to the effect that Gough rvas entitled to the high est praise In lieu of any censure of condemnation is shown by the fact that as soon as the war was over he bestowed upon Sir Hubert the grand cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, and now another government has made still further reparation for the cruel Injustice to which he was subjected by parlia ment In March, 1918, by appointing him governor general of all the for mer German colony of East Africa i that was one of the fruits of the allied victory', a colony of great wealth and a population of 8,000,000 and an acreage of 400,000 square miles. Sir Hubert, who is only just turned fifty, and 1b a son of that splendid old Victoria Cross hero the late Gen. Sir Charles Gough, belongs to a family which, balling from Wiltshire has been settled in Ireland since the | reign of Queen Elizabeth, and which has played a notable role In the military history of Great Britain and In her conquest of India- Its present chief, the fourth Viscount Gough a Galway man. Is Just turned thirty and lost his left arm as major of the Irish Guards In the great war. He is now stationed at Bagdad In com mand of native levies. His father, the late lord, spent many years at Washington as secretary of the Brit ish embassy. The first Viscount Gough, besides conquering the Punjab for the Brit ish empire, took part In the entire peninsular campaign, under the great Dulee’of Wellington, and also as com manddr-In-chlef of the war In China in the early years of the reign of Queen Victoria, capturing the great Chinese city of Canton. He was a great character in his way, and the Irishmen in his armies nicknamed him “Oul Faugh-a-Ballagh” (pro nounced “Pawydbollo”), which may be translated “Clear the way.” The field marshal was so pleased with the characteristic sobriquet that he se cured the permission of the crown to ,add It to his family mottoes and to hla armorial bearings. The Library Table BY THE BOOKLOVER Often when wearied to the point of disgust with the egotism, materialism and psychopathic decadence of many present-day writers, the Booklover hunts up tome old-fashioned book belonging to a time before Freud dis covered complexes and the world war made nearly every one cynical. Such a book he has recently found and read In "The Ourneys of Earlham," by Augustus Hare. The author says In his preface; "The Qumeys of Earlham were a Quaker family, who—through their personal qualities and their self devotion—played a more conspicuous part than any other set of brothers and sisters In the religious and phi lanthropic life of England during the first half of the nineteenth century.” *♦ ♦ ♦ Tho delightful old country place of Earlham, In Norfolk, not far from Norwich Cathedral, was rented for , over a hundred years from ITB6 by the Gurney family, the leading Quak ers of England. The book of Augustus Hare is chiefly concerned with John Gurney, born In 1749; his wife, Cath erine P.ell. and their twelve children, all but one of whom lived to adult years. The early death of Catherine Bell Gurney left this large family to the care of the eldest daughter, Catherine, who through a long un married life devoted herself to her brothers and sisters, most of whom she outlived. * * sk v All the Gurney family had busy lives, occupied with personal educa tion, the rearing of large families and devotion to religion and good works; but several of them became especially famous in their own time. Joseph John Gurney was a much loved ! Quaker preacher, and, with his sis ter, Mrs. Elizabeth Gurney Fry, made many tours of the continent, visit ing and helping Quaker colonics. Samuel Gurney was a partner In the firm of Richardson, Overend, Gurney & Co., which for forty years was the greatest discounting house In the world, and one which during the panic of 1825 lent money to so many other houses that It became known as "the Banker’s Bank.” tiamuel Gurney used his wealth for the benefit of his many relatives, and for all good causes. Richmond, who painted many Gurney portraits, used to say that Samuel Gurney’s face was an extraordinary mixture of shrewdness and benevo lence. The most famous member of the Gurney family was Elizabeth Fry. who. In addition to bringing up a family of fifteen children, was a Quaker preacher of tireless activity, ; and one of the earliest prison reform ers. Her name will always be re membered for the Improvements she brought about In the treatment, of the woman prisoners at Newgate. 1 '♦* * * Seme of the Gurney brothers and j sisters became members of the I Church cf England; others remained ; Quakers: but for all the religious life | vaa the deepest and most real part of ■ j existence. Their religion was for i the most part wholesome and free | [ from undue Introspection and rigidity. 1 I though it was always a great grief to [ Mrs. Fry that her husband enjoyed i and indulged in secular music. One i of the most striking facts In the storv | of these Gurneys Is that for none of ; them had death any terrors. As the j years passed and death entered their [ families, often taking three or four i loved children In one epidemic, and as i the brothers and sisters themselves, • one by one, left their pleasant earthly j life, there never was. any bitter ! lamenting on the part of those re ■ malning nor grief and terror in the 1 dying one. The words of Rachael Gurney just before her death. "God makes me happy and will take me to I His own kingdom,” are typical of the I Gurney attitude toward death. ** * * Buried treasure, in life or fiction, j arouses in almost every one the spirit jof adventure. O. A. Birmingham \ (Canon Hannay) has written another iof his delightfully thrilling and at j the same time humorous stories of j buried treasure "Found Money.” . The money in question has been ! buried at Knockoroghcry, or Hang i man’s Hill, in Countj- Roscommon, ! Ireland —not on a tropical island— | and the story brings into action not i only some original characters, but ! also the Irish Free State army and I the army of the Irish republic. . ** * * • There are perhaps many people in i the world who would be glad to be j officially dead. —that, is, obliterated as • far as their families and their other I social relations are concerned—in 1 order to regain their personal free dom. After every war there are stories of men who remain "missing" from choice, though they continue to lead flesh and blood existences far from the homes they left. Such a situation as this is treated in the whimsical novel, “The Late Mattia Pascal.” by the Italian novelist and j dramatist, Luigi Pirandello. Mattia • Pascal has a shrewish wife and a ; quarrelsome, meddling mother-in-law, i so that life for him is anything but I a peaceful affair. While on a short i holiday he has two astounding pieces of good luck. First, he wins—and ! keeps—a pile of money at Monte I Carlo, and. second, he reads In a newspaper that the body of a drowned man has been recovered from a mill stream near bis home and has been identified as his (Mattia Pascal’s). He • Is officially dead and burled In the little cemetery of his town. He realises that he Is free. He has his beard and hair altered by the barber, buys new clothes, takes a new name and begins a new life. And here the j story really beg-lns, for Mattia Pascal j does not find it so easy as he thought to break entirely with his past and to be entirely free. * * sjt * Though the twentieth century will probably never rival the nineteenth as a poetic age, its first quarter has by no means been lacking In the pro duction of real poetry', and at pres ent the poetic output in England and j the United States is not meager. Some recently published volumes of poetry are the following; “Poems,” by Wilfred Scawen Blunt; "Poems,” by Alice Meynell; "Poems," by George Santayana; “Roast Leviathan,” by Louis Untermeyer; "The Hour of Magic," by W. H. Davies: "The Hun dred and One Harlequins,” by Sachev erell Sitwell: "The Box of God.” by Lew Sarett; "Golden Bird.” by James Oppenhelm; “A Few Figs From Thistles.” by Edna St. Vincent Mil lay: "Songs of Unrest.’’ by Bernice Leabla Kenyon; “The Jar of Dreams.” by Lilia Cabot Perry; "Narratives in Verse,” by Ruth Comfort Mitchell; “Finders,” by John V. A. Weaver; "Hock Flower," by Jeanne Robert Poster; "The Last Lutanlst,” by Dean B. Lymin, jr.. and “The Poets of the Future: A College Anthology for 1921- 1922,” edited by Henry T. Schnlttklnd. ♦♦ * ❖ No keener observer of European affairs or saner guide through the tangled skein of European politics is known to the booklover than Her bert Adams Gibbons, author of "The New Map of Europe,” and other prised books. The announcement that he is to publish In the autumn a new book, ’’Europe since 1918,” Is, there fore. a welcome one. since tt promises an authoritative statement of the tremendous and tragic reconstruction period of Europe up to date. ** * ♦ The memory of the author of ’The Red Badge of Courage” has not so completely faded that there will not be a thrill at the announcement that next fall will see the publication of a life of Stephen Crane. The author 1s to be Thomas Beer, and there will baa preface by Joseph Conrad. ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS BY FREDERIC J. HASKIN Q. Please state any available fact» regarding the statue on top of the Capitol.—V. N. T. A. The ofßee of the supervising ar chitect of the Capitol building says that the correct name of the figure which surmounts the dome Is “Free dom.’' It was designed by Thomas Crawford, an American sculptor, who executed his work In florae. In the rotunda of the Old National Museum you will find the original model, which In 1868 was used by Clark Mills for casting the statue In bronze. An interesting story Is connected with the design of the headdress. It Is said that the figure originally bore a head decoration which resembled the liberty cap worn in France dur ing the period of the revolution. The protest was raised that the signifi cance might be attached to this de tail which would suggest that once we had been slaves, but were now free. A change was then made In the design and another substituted. Q. Is there a law regarding the reading of the Bible in the public schools of the United States? —A. L. A. According to a survey made by the bureau of education, six states require that a portion of the Bible be read dally in their schools. Six other states specifically permit by law the reading of the Bible In public schools. In nineteen states and the District of Columbia the law Is silent on the subject, and Bible reading is construed as permissible. In five states, whose laws otherwise contain no specific provision on the subject, the courts have rendered opinions fa vorable to Bible reading. In ten states It Is not permissible to read the Bible at stated times In the pub lic schools, while in Michigan and California the matter Is at present somewhat in doubt. Q. What substance on the moon clouds the surface and forms what we generally term the man in the moon? —D. S. A. The Naval Observatory says the , darker and lighter markings seen on j the moon are due to irregularities of ! Its surface, such as mountains, val- i leys, plains, etc. The darker portions ■ are of lower elevation than the light- j er and may formerly have been sea- I bottoms. Temporary changes of shad ing are caused by variation of the angle at which the sun Is shining on the surface. Q. Why Is a manservant called a j flunky?-—(3-. (f. P. A. This term, which is sometimes • used to designate such servants as footmen. Is from the French flanquer, ; meaning to run at the side of. Q. Do many girls still ride a side ' saddle, and what are the advantages j as compared with the cross saddle?- — K. W. A. The side saddle is still widely used by woman riders at horse shows and for hunting. Many people con sider that a woman looks more grace ful on a side saddle, and It Is agreed that It shows off both horse anti rider to advantage. The cross saddle is generally regarded as more practi cal for hard riding and as safer In Jumping. It Is better for the horse, as the weight of th 4 rider is distrib uted evenly, and as the saddle is lighter than the side saddle. Q. What Is the meaning of the ; line, “I helped upon Haldora’s shore,” I In the poem, "The Red Cross Spirit 1 Speaks”?—A. P. A. The following quotation from 1 Miss Mabel Boanlman's book will ex j plain this allusion: “A touch of the j Red Cross spirit manifested Itself • after a battle a thousand years ago. Editors See Much Empty Talk On Dry Law at Governor Session The conference of state executives at West Baden, which ended with a hurry up trip to Washington, where, after listening to addresses by President Coolidge and three departmental heads, resolutions were adopted pledging en forcement of all law—especially the pro hibition enactment—after all accom plished very little, in the opinion of the majority of editors. All agree that the various addresses and resolutions made excellent reading. But behind the en tire camouflage was the matter of who must shoulder responsibility for rigid enforcement of the Volstead act, and many critics, friendly and unfriendly, see n general '‘passing of the buck back and forth.” "Enforce all laws is a catchy phrase,” the Brooklyn Eagle admits, "but so far as the White House conference Is con cerned it is an empty one,” while the Philadelphia Bulletin, agreeing "there is full agreement in principle between the President and the governors.” asks “but what more was there to be said? It Is not probable that absolute drought can bo enforced throughout the country By means of the prohibition law. But no one doubts that, by reason able concert of effort between state and federal authorities flagrant defiance of the law can be banished and illicit, traffic driven to cover." Anyhow, the' governors' conference, as a gathering designed to aid the states, has failed, In the opinion of the Chicago Daily News, which believes "the governors, instead of delivering inspirational speeches at their annual conferences, or passing vague resolutions, should study carefully the vital matters that admit of, or actually demand. Joint action and bring to their meetings definite plans and constructive suggestions.” *♦ * ♦ To get results along prohibition lines the Kansas City Journal in sists there must be complete co operation, because “the states are morally and legally obligated to work in harmony and with all vigor to fulfil the dual obligation, as sov ereign states and as members of the Union. The same obligation rests upon the national government. Neither can or should seek to evade that obligation.” It la. however, the belief of the Pittsburgh Gazette that It It should be "emphasized that no public official has any option with respect to prohibition enforcement the aubject will naturally fade out of the political horizon save as an attempt will be made by further constitutional amendments to change the law banning traffic in intoxicat ing beverages.” This Is in a measure the opinion of the Springfield Re publican. but the latter insists “sur render to an organized and persuasive effort to make a law Ineffective would be a weakness menacing to all law and would promote the instability of the government itself. The prohibi tion Issue Is rapidly taking this form. The attack on the law is not only organized, it is bold, open and de fiant. Is It possible to surrender to It without inviting evils far worse titan those charged agralnst prohibl tlon by Its enemies? No surrender to lawlessness when it is most ag gressive and brazen —let that be the will of the people and no one need fear for the republic.” The New York Evening World argues on that line that “a majority of the people of New York do not believe the Volstead act fairly carries out the Intent or the prohibition amendment. Is It sounder national policy to trample on the wishes Os the people of New York and millions like them In other state* than to admit that the Volstead act may and should be, modified; "The merits of prohibition, even of the Volstead act. one-half of 1 Rer cent and all, did not enter into th* conference scheme." the Newark Eve ning News Is convinced. ’The sole thought appears to have been a stiff ening of prohibition ‘as Is,’ as If the form In which it Is cast under the act were of Itself sacrosanct and bind ing for all time. It Ignore* entirely the fact that millions of Americans when Haldora of Iceland called to the women of her household. T*t us go and dress the wounds of the warrior? be they friends or foes.' ’’ Q. Is any attempt being mado to restore or rebuild Solomon’s Temple at Jerusalem?—H. P. P. A. The site of Solomon’s Temple Is at present covered by the Mosque of Omar, which Is In the hands of th< Mohammedans. The mosque area 1: closely guarded by the Mohammedans and no excavation Is permitted. Q. Please give the colors of the boat crews of Oxford, Cambridge Yale, Harvard and Princeton.—T. J A. The colors are as follows: Ox ford. dark blue; Cambridge, light blue; Yale, blue; Harvard, crimson. Princeton, orange and black. Q. How is meat glased?—D. I. A - Beef stock Is used for this pur pose. The stock is first reduced by rapid boiling, and when it Is as thick as molasses it Is used to paint the surface of a roast to make it shine. Q. Were lotteries ever used for purpose In this countfT*-- A. in the eighteenth century lot tenes were extremely popular In America. Dogislatures authorized them for every species of public Im provement, for the building of churches and colleges, for the repair of losses to individuals by lire and otherwise; for example, Faneuil Hal’ after the fire of 1761, was rebuilt by lottery. The Continental Congress tried to raise money by lottery In 1777. Q. Was Andrew Carnegie wounded in the civil war?—N. F. A. Carnegie had charge of the eastern military" railroads and tele graphs at the outbreak of the war and was the third man wounded or the Union side, while removing ob structions from the Washlngtoi tracks. Q. What is bulimia?—Ll G. S. A. Bulimia is a disease character i Ized by excessive hunger. Person ! suffering from it are never satisfied. Q. How many Inches does a worn , an’s hair grow in a year?—J. C. B. j A. The length of life of the hah | varies with age. sex, character of I hair and Individual peculiarities. Hack | hair has Its determined length of life. and this Is not the same for even i hair of the same sort. The rate of growth, especially in young women. Is ; from 2 to 5 mm., or about 1-8 to 1-4 Inch, during each of the first ten day' of growth, or about 3-8 to 3-4 inch a : month. When it reaches a length of ten to fourteen Inches its rate of ; growth is reduced one-half and later | toward the end of Its normal life its j Increase is hardly perceptible. ; Q. Which was the first profes sional base ball team?—J. R. D. A. Cincinnati had the first salaried > team. It was organized in 1868. ' Q. Does the male gorilla sleep on \ the ground?-—H. H. t A. He generally sleeps at the foot I of a tree to guard his family against Ithe leopard. This beast Is practically the only foe the gorilla fears. ! < The Star Information Bureau, u 4 !." i answer your question. This offer applet j strictly to information. The bureau cannot g,ve wfvice on legal, medical and i financial matters. It does not attempt ' to settle domestic troubles, nor to unde •- ’ take exhaustive research on any tub j ject. Inclose 2 cents in stamps for I return postage and send your query to \The b'tar Information Bureau, Frederic : J. Baskin, director, J2SO Xorth Capita.’ i Street. > ' regard the law as unwarranted in , terference with customs they did not look upon as wrong. Therein lay the weakness of the conference, which did not allow anything for differences of j opinion or look upon prohibition en forcement in some of its phases as by no means a closed question.” Then j has been much "passing of the buck." as the Nashville Banner sees it, and it holds that "to say that the sole | responsibility for enforcement lies a’ ! the door of the White House is t>. disclaim the Interest or the respon I slblllty of the state.” Agreeing with 1 this contention, the Indianapolis News holds "there are some things which the national government alone cat. !do and others that the states chz ldo better than the nation can. Tim President puts the case clearly and well. He refused—and very "prop erly—to assume the sole responsibil I ity, as Oov. Plnchot would have ! had him do. He pledged himself to i exert to the full the power of th* ' federal government on the side of i law enforcement; he has a right to .expect that the states will throw their I powers fully on the same side.” ** * * If the President expects complet* i co-operation, however, the Knoxville ,! Sentinel thinks, “he will at least have ’to stir himself to see that govern I ment's law-enforcing agents are whs ; they purport to be and not In col lusion with the criminals themselves And he will have to overthrow th. ; political practice of appointing fed j era! agents in the states in obedience j to the recommendation of the sena tors from the states concerned whetli ’ er these senators be ‘wet* or 'drv i For it is no more in reason to hop* to find an enforcer of the law in an enemy of it than it would be to ex pect to gather grapes from a thistle or figs from a thorn tree.” Tim Rochester Times-Union suggests "It Is refreshing to see the President of the United States tear to shreds the 1 tissue of evasion and excuses which has been woven In the attempt to r prove that state officers have no re sponsibility for enforcing federal laws." And. while the governors aro to bo commended for their pledges iof co-operation in enforcement, the i Detroit Free Press feels they “were grossly Inconsistent when they per mitted themselves to say that the in | dividual states are powerless to con j trol the manufacture of intoxicants or to prohibit the Importation of ; wines and spirituous Ilquore. Every - I body knows that they have ample au thorlty in the premises.” Restricted Sale of 3 Tokens Is Protested i To the Editor of The SUr; I I was agreeably surprised to peat, ( in your columns that the Public Util ities Commission had ordered th* street railway companies to sell three tokens for 20 cents, and at the same time prohibited sale on street cars. It strikes me that such prohibition defeats the end sought. The reason given, viz., delay of traffic, for eai* prohibition Is not logical or sound , What chance have the people living ! In tho suburbs, or any other place for ! that matter, far from a bank or busl | ness house, to purchase tokens li small lots. If desired? ! We have contended for tho sale c I three tokens for 20 cents for the bene ( fit of the people, and why tiot plac* the sale of same at their convenient disposal? The street car companies take the time to change a one or tw dollar bill to exact an eight-cent cast fare, and It seems Just os reasonable that they should use the same degree of ogre Ih selling their tokens. Better have uk go to tho bank and get change before boarding a street cat Give the public a chance. *'• CHAS. F. LONOUS, Bennlng-Glendale-Oakianu Citizens’ Association.