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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 11, 1923, Image 1

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Fair and colder tonight: lowest tem
perature near freezing; tomorrow in
creasing cloudiness.
Temperature for 24 hours ended at
2 p.m. today; Highest, 60, at 4:30 p.m.
yesterday. Lowest, 45, at 8 a.m. today.
Full report on page 7,
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 28
V-v 90 H7Q Entered as second-ola** matter
XNO. post office Washington, D. C.
White House Approves Invi
tation to American Ex
perts on Committees.
Unanimity of Powers, Including
Germany, on Plan, Wins Cool
idge and Hughes.
The way has been opened at last
for American unofficial aid In solving
the reparations riddle of Europe.
After many months of discussion
•ml many failures, the European
allies and Germany have hit upon a
plan of Inquiry which is looked upon
favorably by Washington.
While the United States govern
ment cannot itself appoint official
members of she two investigating
committees to be set up under the
reparation commission, it was an
nounced today _at the White House
that President Coolidge and his ad
visers would "view with favor” the
acceptance of places on the commit
tees by American experts.
Expected to Perfect Plan.
Presumably the result of this deci
sion will be an immediate consum
mation of the reparation commission
plan by the designation of Americans
-Versed in the economic troubles of
the oid world to take their places on
the committee along with representa
tives of the other powers.
The determining factor in shaping
the course of the American govern
ment was the unanimity attained at
last among the allies on a method of
employing American aid. For months
officials here have declared they were
ready to help as soon as there was
complete agreement on the method,
and there is reason to believe that
the White House views the method
adopted, and the prospect of Ameri
can aid, as making a long forward
Stride in the promotion of a better re
lationship with Europe.
White House Statement.
This statement was Issued from the
White House in explanation of the
reasons impelling President Coolidge
fend his advisers in their decision:
"The government has been in
formed that the reparations commis
sion is considering the establishment
of twb expert committees, ofie to con
sider the means of balancing the bud
get of Germany and measures to be
taken to stabilize her currency; the
other to take up the capital 'which
has been removed frbm Germany.
"The inquiry of the first committee
will comprehend all the conditions
to be realized fend the measures to
be taken to accomplish the results
AH Join in Invitation.
“All the of the
governments on the commission have
expressed the desire to have Ameri
can experts on the two committees.
3t is understood that the government
of the United Staees is not in a posi
tion to be represented on these com
mittees, and that the invitation to
the American experts will be extend
ed directly by the reparations com
“This government believes that the
proposed inquiry will be of great
value and in view of its direct Inter
est as a creditor and of the import
unes of the economic recuperation in
Europe, it will view with favor the
acceptance by American experts of
such an invitation.
"The immediate proposal before
the reparations commission has been
made by the French delegate and }
president of the commission and has
the support, it is understood, of all
the allied governments.
"The British government has inform
ed this government of Its desire that
American experts participate in the
"The German government has also \
brought the matter to the attention
of this government, stating that it I
Would be much apprec'ated If an j
American expert were to participate '
In the work of the first committee j
above proposed, as it is believed that i
In this way important progress could !
be made toward the solution of the
problems underlying economic recov- |
Step Please* Coolidge.
There is reason to believe that I
President Coolidge views the method j
adopted amd the prospect of American |
aid as marking a long forward stride
In the promotion of better relation
ship with Europe.
In a large sense. Mr. Coolidge be
lieve* the developbent Is a substan
tial accomplishment toward realiza- j
tion of the desire he bespoke in his
recent message to Congress "to see
Franc© paid and Germany revived.” j
Allien Select Experts.
Many names have been mentioned
in informal discussion of the com
mittee plan, but officials here are un
willing to express any opinion as to
the selection that will be made among
American experts qualified to serve.
Jt Is assumed that the choice will be
made abroad, that the invitation will
be extended directly to the American
or Americans selected, and that the
Washington government will have
no further official connection with
the matter except to give its moral
support to the work of the Investi
One of the stipulations of Secretary
Hughes' inquiry proposal of a year
ago, with which tho present under
taking Is regarded here as squaring
on all points of policy, was that the
Investigators should be free from all
pressure by foreign offices and in a
position to function in a wholly im
partial, non-political capacity. For
that reason, too. It Is considered cer
tain that no one connected tn any
official way with the United States
government will be considered for
membership on the new committees.
Irong Parleys Ended.
The decision of the administration
not to stand in the way of American
unofficial aid resulted from a long
exchange of views between Washing
ton and Paris, where James A. Logan
Is acting in an unofficial capacity as
a liaison between tho United States
and tho reparation commission.
These exchanges were entirely of
an informal character, and there is
no prospect that their details ever
will be made public. It is understood,
however, that Secretary Hughes in
sisted that a complete outline of the
scope and purpose of the proposed
inquiry be filven this government be
fore there was a decision.
1 4 Held in “Mill"
To Make Movie
Stars for SSO
By the Associated Proas.
CHICAGO, December 11. —A
I “movie star mill," alleged to have
I promised its students it would
make them photoplay actora and
actresses in five weeks for SSO,
was uncovered here last night,
when detectives arrested four men
on charges of conspiracy to de
Scores of schoolgirls and middle
aged men and women had made
initial payments of $5 on their
tuition, detectives said. Use of the
name of Miss Muriel McCormick,
daughter of Harold F. McCormick,
wealthy farm implement manufac
turer, attracted many, it was said.
It was represented to prospects
that Miss McCormick had "signed
up,” according to detectives.
L. F. Callahan, president; W. B.
Bower, vice president: H. Black,
eecretary-treasurer, and J. F. Lll
ley. sales manager, were arrested,
and are being held in SI,OOO bonds
‘GARRY ON7g7 0. P,
Committee to Base Campaign
on Americanism and Hard
ing Principles.
Heralding as Its keynote for 1924
the doughboy’s battle cry—" Carry on!"
—the republican rational committee
convened here today with a renewed
pledge of faith in the old principles
of American republicanism and began
tho task of selecting the place and
time the party’s nominating conven
tion will meet next spring.
Warned by Senator Willis of Ohio
that radical forces are seeking to
destroy the Constitution of the United
States, the committee members cheer
ed a ringing appeal for the republican
party to pronounce that so long as it
is In power that document will re
main the foundation of the American
Against Foreign Alliance*.
Senator Willis was the first speaker
Introduced by Chairman John T.
Adams when the committee convened
in the Willard Hotel, shortly before
noon. He declared that the party this
year must renew its pledge that It will
never tolerate entangling alliances
with foreign nations, the league of
nation* or repudiation of the out
standing European debts. Each men
tion of these three principles was
greeted with an ou Durst of applause
that left no doubt of the committee’s
approval, •
The unanimous serenity In t. » for
mal committee session gave n>* hint
of the bitter rivalry that Is fast de
veloping between the only two
avowed candidates for the republi
can nomination—President Coolidge
and Senator Hiram Johnson—and al
ready had found its way Ino) the
buzzing cloakroom of the committee
itself. Beneath the calm surface of
the early meeting hours, however,
political pots were merrily boiling
and threatened to seriously delay
the most important work before the
party’s chief board of strategy.
Convention City Fight.
Unexpected opposition to the selec
tion of Cleveland, which is backed by
administration leaders, as the next
convention city had developed In cer
tain sections of the national commit
tee. As a result the calm assur
ance with which the Ohio city had
awaited word of its selection follow
ing the withdrawal of Chicago had
given place today to a renewed cam
paign on the part of not only Cleve
land, but Des Moines and San Fran
cisco for the coveted convention.
Friends of Senator Johnson, it is
understood, frankly blame adminis
tration leaders for the withdrawal
of Chicago, although it is said in the
open that the tactics of hotel and
tavern keepers In that western me
tropols had precuded the posslblity
of its selection again. Cleveland,
therefore, is expected to be attacked
by Johnson supporters in retaliation.
Both Des-MoLnes and San Francisco
are making capital of this factional
battle, and Los Angeles and St. Louts
have also entered the lists, although
the chances of the latter cities ure
regarded as remote.
That Cleveland eventually will be
selected to entertain the next repub
lican national convention is regarded
as certain, but the influence of anti-
Coolldge forces is sure to be felt be
fore the decision is made, either late
today or early tomorrow.
Harding Eulogized.
Chairman Adams called the com
mittee to order promptly at 11 o’clock
and a roll call showed that forty-nine
full members and forty-three asso
ciate members were present. Seven
proxies answered for regular mem
bers. In his address of welcome
Chairman Adams paid tribute to the
memory of the late President Hard
ing. "whose brief legacy has left the
republican party so richly endowed
for the approaching campaign."
"President Harding brought to real
ity the long-deferred dream of the
world,” the chairman said, ‘‘the world
wide reduction- of naval armament.
He brought order out of chaos in the
national finances. He established the
budget. He enforced governmental
economy and efficiency. He brought
prosperity to capital and labor alike.
The great heart, the courageous mind
and the kindly force that brought
these blessings about are at rest.
But the glow of his personality, the
purity of his patriotism and the high
example of manliness devoted to na
tional needs- linger everywhere. It Is
therefore possible to greet you se
cure In the faith that all Is well with
our nation and our party. We have
only to ‘carry on,’ and to make sure
that he who has died, died not In
Previous to the introduction of the
first speaker. Senator Willis, a few
routine matters were attended to.
George B. Lockwood of Indiana, who
has been acting secretary of tho com
mittee. was unanimously elected per
manent committee secretary and nine
state vacancies on the committee were
permanently filled by the candidates
the states had selected.
Reference to Party “Reverse*.”
Senator Willis opened his address
by directly referring to what 'he
termed “the slight reverses” of the
republican party at the last elections.
He declared these were in no small
degree due to the incapacity of the
Senate, under existing rules, to con
duct the business of the nation In
an efficient and economical manner.
He called upon every republican
to use his Influenoe to have tho rule*
so amended that it would be impos
sible for a minority to halt the gov
ernment’s imperative business for
political reasons by filibustering.
“Our chairman/’ Senator wtllls
(Continued on Page S, Column 1.)
W\t Munim Skf.
Rebels Take Town North of
Mexico City—March on
Capital Continues.
Desertion of 100 Federal Soldiers
Reported—Governor of Chi
huahua Captured.
By the Associated Pre»».
1 VERA CRUZ, Mexico, December 11.
—Tho gunboat Zaragoza is prepared
to sail for Tampico to assist in the
attack on that city, which is to be
undertaken by the troops of Gov.
Lopez de Lara of Tamaullpas. in con
junction with troops commanded by
Gen. Panunclo Martinez. The opera
tion against Tampico Is to be directed
by Gen. Alfonso de la Huerta.
Advices received here say that Ce
laya In the state of Guanajuato, north
of Mexico City, has fallen into the
hands of rebels commanded by Gen.
A radio message from the headquar
ters of Gen. Enrique Estrada, com
mander of the western forces, says
that the advance on the capital from
this direction Is continuing.
Move on Mexico City.
Meanwhile troops are leaving Vera
Cruz for the point of concentration,
from which the march on the capital
from the east is to be started. This
advance will be along the lino of the
Mexican railway.
It is reported her© that a band of
100 federal soldiers, sent to oppose
the rebels, joined the Insurgents near
San Andres. Puebla.
Troops which yesterday took pos
session of Puerto de Mexico pursued
and dispersed the forces of Gen. Bel
mar. who abandoned the town with
100 men.
The forces of Adolfo de la Huerta
and Gen. Sanchez, which are advanc
ing toward Mexico City, met a de
tachment of federal troops yesterday
near Boca del Monte on the Puebla-
Vera Crus border. The Obregon sol
diers retreated, reports of the engage
ment say. after a brief skirmish with
(Continued on Page i. Column TT
5 0.
Threat of Sun-Yat-Sen to
Seize Customhouse Believ
ed to Be Cause.
By the Associated Presa.
MANILA, December 11.—Five de
stroyers of the American Asiatic
fleet left here this afternoon bound
for Hongkong. The vessels were
ordered to the Chinese port in con
nection with the situation at Canton
and vicinity. The destroyer Peary,
flagship of the squadron of the 43d
Division of the Asiatic fleet, heads
the detachment, which Includes also
the destroyers Pope, Plllsbury, Pres
ton and Slcard. They are expected
to arrive at Hongkong Thursday
Concentration of foreign warships
at Canton was indicated In reports
from that city last week after threats
are said to have been made by Dr.
Sun-Yat-Sen, south China leader, that
he would seize the customs of the
port unless he was allotted 13 per
cent of the surplus from the fund by
the Peking government.
Earlier reports that the custom
house had been seized at Canton were
found to be erroneous, but It was
learned that a flotilla of gunboats
composed of four British, two
French, two American, one Portu
guese and one Japanese vessel were
anchored in the harbor, with the situ
ation under close surveillance.
Prussian Decree Decides Wilhelm
Entitled Only to Be “Prince
of Prussia.”
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, December 11. —The postu
late that "once a kaiser always a
kaiser,” which William Hohenzol
lern’s friends never tire of emphasiz
ing, although he is a kaiser with
out a country, has been finally dis
posed of by a Prussian ministerial
decree which gives William the
designation of “Prince of Prussia,”
on the ground that he was that when
he was bom. The title i» the same
for the ex-crown prince.
The Zeltung Am Mlttag falls to
see why the title of "Prince” should
be retained If the kaiser and the
crown prince are taboo, and why the
mere family name of Hohenzollern
is not good enough. It is pointed
out that the ex-kaiser's namesake,
William II of Wuerttemberg, volun
tarily divested himself of the title
of King after the 1918 revolution,
and adopted the designation Duke of
PROVIDENCE, R. 1., December 11.
—John R. Rathom, editor of the
Providence Journal and Evening Bul
letin, died at his home here today.
He was in his fifty-sixth year and had
been editor and general manager of
the two papers for twelve years.
In August, 1939, he underwent an
operation, after which he never re
gained his health.
" 1 . •*
Passes Bill Taking Away
Discretionary Powers
Over Taxes.
By Die Associated Presa.
MANILA, December 11.—Important
discretionary powers of controlling
the collection of land taxes and con
doning penalties for failure to pay
the assessment would be sheared
from Governor General Leonard
Wood under a bill passed by the sen
ate of the insular legislature today.
Another measure passed by the
senate would extend to the insular
government greater authority over
foreign banking institutions operat
ing in the Islands. Neither bill ha«
come to a vote In the house as yet.
The faiH Relating to taxation would
transfer the powers now possessed
by the governor general to postpone
at his discretion the payment of land
taxes or penalties for nonpayment of
such taxes and condone the failure
to pay the assessments in the event
of a general delinquency owing to
great disasters In which extensive
privation and suffering by the people
resulted, from the executive to the
provincial boards In the Islands.
Recently the senate passed, over
Governor General Wood's veto, a bill
remitting penalties for the non-pay
ment of the land taxes and the meas
ure was sent to Washington for ac
tion by President Coolidge.
In his veto message. Governor Gen
eral Wood declared that he opposed
the remission of taxes of any kind
except in cases of great calamities.
The banking bill, which also passed
the senate today, would prohibit for
eign banks or their agencies operat
ing in the Philippine Islands from
receiving money or stocks on depos
it. or on current accounts, unless the
banka previously had been incorporated
under Philippine laws.
The announced purpose of the meas
ure Is to force all foreign banking
j Institutions to Incorporate under local
laws, tnus enabling the Insular gov
ernment to demand guarantees for
the safety of deposits.
Recaptured, However, After Vain
Effort to Get Away at
The bright December sunshine, In
marked contrast to the gloomy Jail
atmosphere, lured two prisoners to
make a dash for liberty today as
they were being unloaded from the
prison van at the courthouse. Willie
Douglass, twenty-two, charged with
grand larceny, and Frank Whelan,
forty. Indicted for housebreaking,
were on their way to Criminal Di
vision 1 for arraignment and had just
stepped from the van when they de
cided on an effort to escape.
Douglass had taken oft hi* overcoat
and attempted to throw it over the
head of the driver of the van who was
standing near the door of the vehicle
as he ran. Milton Lee, the driver,
dodged tho coat and started in pursuit
of the fleeing prisoners. Whelan was
captured by Lee Just before the pris
oner reached the corner of 6th and
E streets, but Douglass, fleeter of
foot, led the deputy marshals and a
number of citizens merry chase as
far ar 7th and H streets northwest.
There ho was overtaken by James
Conroy, a former deputy marshal,
now In the bond business, and return
ed to the cell room in the courthouse.
New York Woman Later Changes
Version, Asserting
• Self-Defense.
HEW YORK, December 11.—Mra
Essie Oroasi today shot and killed her
husband. Irving B. Gross, a post
offlo© clerk, firing two shots across
the breakfast table in their apart
ment on the Upper Weet Side.
"1 killed him because I loved him, *
she declared when arrested. "He
didn’t love me any more.”
When she was taken to police
headquarters Mrs. Gross told another
’ version of the Shooting, asserting she
fired in self-fiefense, after a struggle
over a pistol. Her husband, she said,
had frequently beaten her and threat
ened to divorce her,
Blind Persons
Given Right to
Use Whistles
Blind pedestrians in Washington
were authorized by the police de
partment today to use a whistle
similar to a police whistle when
they become confused in city traf
fic or need assistance In crossing
a street or intersection. An order
issued by Maj. Daniel Sullivan to
day instructs all members of the
police force to render all assist
ance In their power when they
hear such a whistle.
The signal to be used by the
blind has a distinctive sound and
Is different in sound from the
regular police whistle. Civilians
also are urged to help blind per
sons in distress when they hear
the whistle.
Criminologist Noted for Ad
vocacy of Humanitarian
By the Asacristed Pres*.
LOS ANGELES. ” December 11.—
William A. Pinkerton, world famous
detective, died here this morning at
the Hotel Biltmore. One of the first
noted American criminologists to ad
vocate and practice humanitarian
methods in dealing with felons. Wil
liam Pinkerton, head of the Pinker
ton National Detective Agency, was
credited with having reformed more
safe blowers and bank thieves than
any other man in the country.
Aided Many Criminal*.
Primarly a thief-taker, Mr. Pink
erton spent more than fifty years
of his life running down criminals
of all classes, yet he always stood
ready to proffer a helping hand to
the unfortunate malefactor whose re
pentance was genuine and whose de
sire to reform was sincere.
Knowing criminals and their
methods, their weaknesses and their
human side as perhaps no other man
of his- time had known them, Pink
erton never sympathized with the
theorist and the sentimentalist who
sought to reform desperate, hunted
men by kind words, but he did know
that a little help and a little en
couragement at the right time and
in the right place were frequently
more effective than Imprisonment-
Specialized in Bank Case*.
Determined to specialize In bank
protection Mr. Pinkerton enlisted the
support of leading financial institu
tions of the country and then made
a detailed study of the men who were
preying upon them. He warned noted
bank robbers as they were arrested;
"You leave my people alone and
I’ll leave you alone. If you don’t I’ll
follow you to the end of the earth.”
This warning made a deep Impres
sion upon many of the most danger
ous thieves, and after a few convic
tions had been obtained there was a
noticeable decrease in the number of
bank robberies.
Mr. Pinkerton was bora in Dundee,
111., April 7, 1846. He was educated in
public and private schools and when
ready for college entered Notre Dame
University. At the age of twenty he
married Margaret S. Ashling of
Adrian, Mich., who died In 1896. Two
daughters, Mrs. Joseph O. Watkins
and Mrs. William C. Pullman were
born to them. Mr. Pinkerton made
his home In Chicago.
French Radical Leader and Jour
nalist Leave Dispute to
By the Anocisted Fret*.
PARIS. December 11.—The eecqnds
appointed by Edouard Harriot and
Camille Aymard as the outcome of
their recent exchange of personal
charges through the newspapers met
this morning and decided to appoint
a Jury o$ honor to settle whether or
not a duel should be held.
M. Herrlot is the leader of the
radical party and M. Aymard is po
litical director of the newspaper La
Liberie and a noted big game hunter.
The latter charged that the radical
leader had completely switched bis
political attitude.
Would Authorize $50,000,000
Over Ten Years to Carry
Out Coolidge Program.
The first bill to carry into effect
President Coolidge's recommendation
to Congress for an appropriation of
$5,000,000 a year to catch up with the
urgent need for new government
buildings in the District of Columbia
will be Introduced when the House
reassembles on Thursday by Repre
sentative Prank Clark of Florida, a
member of the public buildings com
mittee. which is stanchiy behind such
a public building program.
It is hoped by the public building
commission and by the administration
that authorisation for this building
program will be. approved, by the
House in time to have the initial ap
propriation carried In one of the reg
ular appropriation bills.
It is expected action will be ex
pedited so that work can be started
within a year on at least three of the
most urgently needed buildings—one
large building for the internal rev
enue office and archives and one in-ge
office building tor the Department of
Will Authorize 830,000,000.
The bill which Representative
Clark will introduce on Thursday
will authorize the expenditure of
$30,000,000 covering a period of
ye rs (probably ten years), for the
construction of such buildings as are
urgently needed already to house ac
tivities of the federal government In
the National Capital. .
The terms of the bill will provide
that the work of construction shall
be done by such agencies of the
government as are best qualified to
handle such work. such as the sur
veying architect of the Treasury, the
office of public buildings and grounds
and the construction division of the
Quartermaster Corps.
The Clark bill will provide that not
(Continued on Page 2. ColumnlsT
Police Hold Arrest of NegTo
Solves Birmingham's 24 Re
cent Murders.
By the Associated Press.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala., December 11.
With the arrest of Fred Glover, ne
gro. and the finding of a bloodstained
hatchet and a pistol in his room
.county officers believe that the long
hunt for Birmingham's ax-man has
ended. Glover was taken to the Bir
mingham General Hospital, where he
was Identified by Mrs. Edwin Sparks
as the man who attacked her and
her husband late Sunday evening ,
The hatchet had a short handle,
making it easy to carry In the large
pocket of overalls. Glover recently
served a sentence on a charge of bur
glary and grand larceny.
Birmingham’s ax assaults have claim
ed twenty-four victims. The attacks
have run in three parallel series In
which an ax or iron pipe has been
used. Fourteen have been killed and
fifteen wounded In ax attacks on
storekeepers: nine have been killed
and three wounded In ax assaults on
white men and negro women, and one
has been killed and one wounded in
the iron pipe assault*.
Thrills! Thrills! Thrills!
66 Above Suspicion”
By Robert Orr Ghipperfield
Begins in Today’s Star
You Cannot Afford to Miss a Single Installment
of This Unusual Story.
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour”
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
Yesterday's Net Circnlatkm, 96,481
Senate Confirms
Kellogg as Envoy
To Great Britain
After a contest In executive ses
sion. the nomination of Frank B.
Kellogg, former United States
senator from Minnesota, to be am
bassador to Great Britain was
confirmed today by the Senate.
Both of the farmer-labor sena
tors from Minnesota. Johnson and
Shipstead, and several others are
understood to have argued against
confirmation. They lost their fight,
however, on a roll-call vote.
The vote, as subsequently an
nounced, was 75 to 9. Those voting
against confirmation were i-irook
hart, Iowa; Frazier. North Dakota;
Norris. Nebraska: republicans
Copeland, New York; Dill, Wash
ington; Perris, Michigan. and
Wheeler, Montana, democrats, and
Shipstead and Johnson, farmer
labors. Minnesota.
McCormick Resolution Adopt
ed by Senate After Tilt
With Smoot.
The Bureau of Efficiency will be In
vestigated by the Senate committee
on expenditures in the executive de
partments under a resolution adopt
ed by the Senate today.
■Senator McCormick of Illinois,
chairman of the committee on expend
it i.-es. presented the resolution,
which has been favorably reported by
his committee, and asked for imme
diate consideration.
Senator Robinson, the democratic
leader, asked Mr. McCormick to give
the reasons for the proposed inves
tigation and Mr. McCormick said that
the Bureau of Efficiency has now been
operating for a number of years and
that the resolution was designed to
learn the annual cost of the opera
tion of the bureau, what It was ac
complished and whether there was
any reason for continuing the bureau,
particularly In view of the comple
tion of the work of the reorganiza
tion commission of the executive de
Says It Has Done Nothing.
Senator Harrison of Mississippi, a
member of the reorganization com
mission, insisted that the commis
sion as such has done absolutely
Senator McCormick replied that the
chairman of the commission had made
a full report to the President.
Senator Smoot of Utah questioned
the advisability of adopting the Mc-
Cormick resolution providing for the
Investigation of the bureau of ef
ficiency, saying*
“I think it is useless. - ’
"The senator from Utah thinks that
some things are useless" answered
Senator McCormick, “and X think that
some things are useless."
The resolution then was adopted.
The bureau of efficiency reclassifi
cation schedules for employes of the
government In the District have been
criticized, both by employes of the
government and by some members
of Congress.
Luther C. Steward, president of the
National Federation of Federal Em
ployes, today branded as "big-stick,
un-American tactics" the circulation
in the Interior Department of a peti
tion to Congress, "purporting to ex
press approval of the bureau of effi
ciency allocations” in the classifica
tion of federal employes. Congres
sional investigation would be asked,
he said.
The petition was said by Frank
Bond, chief clerk of the general land
office, to have been circulated at the
instance of employes, who voluntarily
started the paper, with permission of
Secretary of Interior Work. The pe
tition asked Congress to approve the
allocations made by the Personnel
Classification Board, and included In
the bureau of the budget estimates
for 1925. Mr. Bond said he was not
thoroughly Informed of the progress
of the petition, but believed It already
had hundreds of signatures.
Statement by Steward.
Mr. Steward, attacking the petition
today issued this statement:
“That the petition which has been
circulated in the various bureaus of
the Interior Department during the
ast three days, under the auspices of
the various administrative and super
visory officials of the Interior De
partment, purporting to express ap
proval of the bureau of efficiency al
locations is a brazen attempt to se
cure approval of the scheme through
coercion and intimidation is demon
strated by the rising tide of protest
being received at the headquarters
of the National Federation of Fed
eral Employes from workers in the
Interior Department.
"In some divisions numbers of sig
natures have been obtained by chiefs
advising their subordinates in so
many words that they had better
sign. There is not the slightest
doubt but what, through autocratic
methods, a deliberate attempt is be
ing made to claim support for a dis
credited scheme; In spite of the hon
est convictions of subordinate em
ployes to the contrary. We welcome
the Issue and propose to ascertain
through the metM'-.n; of a congres
sional Investigation whether admin
istrative and supervisory officials of
the federal government can get awav
with such big stick, un-American
The petition in question reads as
"We. the undersigned employes of
the general land office, respectfully
request that Congress approve and
(Continued on Page 2, Column <S.)T
Situation Remains Unchang
ed Without Election of In
terstate Commerce Head,
Five Progressives and Two Famcr-
Laborites Firm for
La Follette.
The deadlock In the Senate over the
election of a chairman of the inter
state commerce committee continued
Three ballots were taken without
an election. On motion of Senator
Lodge, the republican leader, the
Senate then went into executive ses
sion to consider nominations.
The ballots today showed the sit
uation unchanged. On the first
ballot Senator Cummins of lowa re
i ceived forty-one votes. Senator
Smith of South Carolina, the demo
cratic nominee for chairman of the
interstate commerce committee, re
ceived thirty-nine and Senator La
Follette of Wisconsin received the
votes of five of the republican pro
gressives and of the two farmer
labor senators.
The second ballot stood, Cummins.
41; Smith, 39; La Follette, 7. The
third ballot, Cummins. 39; Smith, 8P;
La Follette, 7.
May Be Prolonged.
The contest over the election of a
chairman of the interstate commerce
committee may be prolonged. Orig
inally It started because the pro
, greaslve republicans and the farmer
labor senators were unwilling that
Senator Cummins should be both
chairman of the Interstate commerce
committee and President pro tempore
of the Senate. It developed today,
however, that some of the republican
progressives, if not all. are unwilling
to have Senator Cummins become
chairman of the committee on intrastate
commerce, the committee which w-11l
handle any railroad legislation. They
are willing that he should remain
President pro tempore of the Senate.
On the other hand, some of the
regular republicans are willing that
Senator Cummins should relinquish
the office of President pro tempore,
but insist that he should be chair
man of the interstate commerce com
mittee. They do not want Senator La
Follette, who ranks next to Senator
Cummins on the interstate commerce
i committee, to be chairman of that
. committee.
In the meantime Senator Cummins
is standing pat, presiding over the
Senate as President pro tempore. A
; question has, however, been raised to
. his right to a seat on the interstate
1 commerce committee, pending the ac
■ tlon of the: Senate. All the other
members of the committee were
elected yesterday by the Senate.
Firm Against Cummin*.
i Progressive republicans opposing
1 Senator Cummins for chairmanship
of the Interstate commerce commit
tee insist that the people of their
states are against the Esch-Cummins
, transportation act, and that in op
posing Senator Cummins as chairman
of the interstate commerce commit
’ tee they are carrying out the man
date of their people. Some of them
today insisted they would never vote
for Senator Cummins as chairman of
the committee.
If the democrats continue solidly to
vote for Smith of South Carolina and
the progressives continue their op
position to Senator Cummins as
chairman it does not appear that he
I can be elected to that office.
I I Those republicans who would be
1 1 willing to compromise the fight by
having Senator Cummins relinquish
I the office of President pro tempore
' ! and remain chairman of the inter
state commerce committee said today
that Senator Curtis of Kansas would
1 be the selection for President pro
tempore If Senator Cummins is not
'• to have the place.
A suggestion was made that It might
be possible to bring about an adjust
ment of the controversy by the elec
tion of some other republican sena
i tor as chairman of the Interstate
commerce committee, other than
i j Senator La Follette. The progressives,
' | however, conend that Senator La Fol
> I lette la entitled to the office of chair
’ man under the seniority rule.
5 V
: Mrs. Lillian Walters, Accused of
Aiding Kentucky Bevolt, to
. Plead Control by Husband.
• i -
. i
'• J By the Associated Press,
j EDDYVILLE. Ky., December 11.—
j Trial of Mrs. Lillian Walters, widow
jof Monte (Tex) Walters, reputed
■ j leader of the prison riot In the west-'
1 | ern state penitentiary, near here. In
I October, who Is charged with mur
• I der, was resumed in circuit court to
i day. Walters, together with Harry
! Ferland and Lawrence Griffith, was
I found dead In a prison mess hall
i after a siege of four days. The mu
j tlnous prisoners killed three prison
, guards.
Mrs. Walters is alleged to have
, been an accessory before the fact to
1 the slaying of the guards, the state
charging she was a leading figure
In a plot by which pistols and ammu
nition were smuggled to Walters and
his companions.
The state’s attorney has asked that
the death penalty be imposed upon
Mrs. Walters In event of conviction.
Under a Kentucky statute the death
penalty may be Imposed for convic
tion on a charge of accessory before
the fact to murder.
Mrs. Walters’ attorney has Indicated
acquittal was to be asked on the
ground that Mrs. Walters acted while
under the control and direction of
her husband’s powerful personality.
MOSCOW December 11.—Leo Kam
eneff. addressing the first meeting of
the new Moscow soviet, yesterday
said relations with America appear
ed to be improving, especially In view
of President Coolldge's message to
Russia, seeing no obstacles in the
way. he added, hoped that an Ameri
can-soviet conference «ould b« held

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