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JEWISH EDUCATION OCCUPIES SESSION Third Day of Chautauqua Society Meeting Opened by Miss Pashelles. Further discussion of Jewish educa tional matters marked the opening sessions of the third day of the thir ty-second annual conference of the Jewish Chautauqua SocTcty, holding Its meetings here, December 23 to December 27. Rabbi William Rosenau of Balti more presided at this morning s meet ing at the Washington Hotel, the head quarters of the convention. Miss Car rie I’ashelles opened the session with » demonstration of "Lesson tor Teachers in Third-grade Work.” Using as her subject “Deborah, the ITophctess." a discussion was led by Miss Helen Green of Kansas City. Mo. Paper h>- llniilii Tedesehr. Rabbi Sidney Tcdesehe of New Haven, Conn., road a paper on “Shall Ethics He Taught as a Separate Sub ject?" the discussion of which was led by Rabbi Harry W. Ettelson of Philadelphia. This afternoon group conferences on third-grade work and ethics took pi ace, followed by reports of the various group chairmen. Tonight the local joint Jewish women’s organizations will tender a banquet at the Washington Hotel in ’honor of the visitors and delegates to the conference. Take Sightseeing Tour. A sightseeing tour of the city by the delegates took up most of the aft ernoon yesterday and was followed in the evening by group conferences on primary and second grade Sunday school work, at the Washington He brew Temple. The proper study of the individual psychology of the child in order suc cessfully to convey to him the lesson sought to be taught, was urged at the meeting, at which Mrs. Harry Rose water of Cleveland presided over the discussion of primary grade work, and Miss Anne Finetnan of Pittsburgh lead in the discussion of second-grade work. Tomorrow in the auditorium at the Washington Hotel a number of papers will bo read dealing with Jewish edu cational ideals and will be followed by a general discussion. Society Officers. The officers of the society are; Abram I. Elkus. honorary president; Arthur K. Stern, president; Rabbi -Marvin Nathan, vice president; Emil *elig, treasurer; Dr. Henry Berko witz, chancellor: Dr. William Rose nau, vice chancellor; Dr. Harry W. Hudson, vice chancellor; Dr. Louis C. Mann, vice chancellor; Jeannette Miriam Goldberg, secretary. Hoard of directors—Leon L. Berko witz, Philadelphia: Joseph Caplan. Philadelphia; Arthur A. Fleisher Philadelphia; Walter Fox, Philadel phia: Dr. Jacob S. Goldbaum. Phlla ddphia; Julius Goldenberg. Washing ton, D. C.; Joseph J. Greenberg. Phil adelphia; Rabbi David Lefkowitz, Dallas. Tex.; David J. Doeb, Phila delphia; Oscar Doeb. Philadelphia; Mrs. Max Margolis. Philadelphia; J.iml Mayer. St. Homs; Frank J. Hu benstein. Lancaster, Pa.; Dr. Abram V' 1 "?"- Washington. D. C.; Joseph K. MiUing, Philadelphia; Rabbi Louis AV olsey, Cleveland. BRAZIL MINERALS VAST. Import Soon Due of Wide. Unde- * ( veloped Belt. CHICAGO, December 23.—The re port to be made by Dr. Oliver C. Far rington. curator of geology for the Field Museum of Natural History, concerning the rich and relatively unexplored mineral belt of Brazil will be laden with far-reaching com mercial possibilities. Dr. H. W Nichols associate curator, said last night. The Brazilian iron deposits alone, which are of high grade, are among the most extensive in the world, w hereas the deposits France and Ger many have been in controversy over we wouldn't look at. Dr. Nichols said. ’ The time is ripe for using the Brazilian iron.” Dr. Farrington’s arrival at New Turk after two years in Brazil was announced last night. With it came ihy first tidings the museum has re ceived that he had obtained gold and black diamonds. DEER LINE HIGHWAYS. Ted From Motor Cars by Children in California. December 25. Mild deer from the foothills above the Santa Clara valley have descended to safe pastures adjacent to Palo Alto and Los Altos, about forty-five miles from .San Francisco, and have become si* tame that they trot nonchalantly along highways. Even terrifying motor cars fail to make the arrivals scamper into the brush. In several Instances children have fed them from their hands. Shooting is prohibited in the imme diate vicinity. WARMTH WAKES SNAKES. Hibernation Disturbed by Mild Winter, Virginia Report. JA IN'CHESTKR. Va„ December 23. The mild weather has brought snake’s out of their winter dens. John Rod gers of Silver Grove can vouch for it. Rodgers was awakened a few nights ago by a commotion in his • hicken coop and his first thought was of burglars. Seizing his shotgun and lantern, he started to Investigate and found that the burglar was a blacksnake of enormous size, which already had killed two young chick ens and apparently was squeezing a hen to death. Rodgers killed the snake with a, club. When the hen recovered her breath she started squawking. Too Much Style. From Life. Ton Tonson of the lumber camp ■returned only two days after leaving for an Intended visit of a week with relatives. The camp cook, surprised exclaimed: "Back so soon? Didn’t the folks use you right?” “Oh. folks ban gude." replied Yon. “but dey put on too much stvles. Dey even eat pie with knife ihstead of dere hand!** Portland Hotel Dining Room I 14th and Thomas Circle Luncheon A la carte, 1 to 2:30 P.M. Dinner 5:30 to 8 P.M. Table d’ hole $l.OOl Music by Sol Minster I Typewriters Lowest Rental Rates General Typewriter Co. 3 Store* 1423 F St. N.W—6l6 14th St N.W. COURT FINES EDITOR FOR GIVING COST OF EGG Berlin Journalist Violates Daw by Printing Higher Than Official Figure. By the Aeiorieted Preen. BERLIN. December 25.—Market re porting is a dangerous calling in these days of high living costs in Berlin. Erich Dombrowski. the editor on the Berlin Tage’blatt, who is held responsible by the courts for every thing published in that paper, was charged recently with “attempting to raise prices artificially." The case presented against him was that the Tageblatt quoted eggs at 150 billion marks each, when the official price fixed by the government was 20 bil lion marks less. Dombrowski testified that he and his representatives had tried to buy eggs at 130 billion marks, but that dealers would not sell them for less than 130 billions each. Consequently, in their opinion, that was the market price. The court was inexorable. It held that since the government fixed the price of an egg at 130 billion marks that was the price, and the publica tion of a higher price was a crime against the government for which the editor was fined 30 billion marks. SPIRITOFIDDAYS OVERHANGSJALAPA Capital of Mexican State Barely Tinted by Progress of 20th Century. “Jalapa. capital of the Mexican state of. Vera Cruz, which was one of the first towns to fall to the insurrection lists in Mexico’s newest revolution, is a cul-de-sac in which old Spanish and Indian customs and the flavors of past centuries linger to a greater e\t«*nt than in most of the other cities of Mexico." says a bulletin from the Washington headquarters of the National Geographic Society. “There the ’milk wagon* is a jar laden mule, lovers nightly ‘play the bear’ be fore their sweethearts’ barred windows, and with each booming of the hour by the cathedral bells, watchmen sound their whistles and call out the tidings .of the night. “Only in the past few- years,” contin ues the bulletin, “has there been added a dash of twentieth century apparatus and twentieth century ways, and as yet those’traces of modernism serve only to accentuate Jalapa’s quaintness as the few grains of salt that an expert chef scatters bring out the flavor of a cus tard. 1 Human Burden Bearers. “The railroad bound for Mexico City passes Jalapa by on a lower level. Spread out and upward on Us hiffsides, the old city has gone on its ancient way little disturbed by the trains that roll by several times each day. Some of the freight that goes up to the city from the station is carried on mule drawm tramcars, but most of it is borne on parallel poles, each end of the de vice serving 4s shafts between which plod solemn mules. And competing with the mules is an even more ancient method of freight transfer, that of the cargador. Your trunk, if you stop off at Jalapa, will probably be taken to your hotel balanced on the sturdy back of one of these human burden bearers, the weight held forward by his broad head strap. “As in modern cities of the United States, there are few horse-drawn [ trucks in Xalapa. But while horse- vehicles are becoming passe in Vankeeiand. their age has never even been reached In Jalapa. All day one hears the musical tinkle of mule bells as trains of the animals pass along the streets laden with sacks of coffee and sugar from nearby plan tations, cans of milk from small farms, bags of charcoal from pits In the hills or fearsome collections of native pottery for the market. The city is in the edge of a rich planta tion country and Its big warehouses fairly bulge with coffee and sugar as sembled there before It Is sent to Vera Cruz, seventy-five miles away across the ‘hot country’ for shipment abroad. Male Yard Pornmi. “The prominence of the mule in Jalapa gives rise to one of its most characteristic features. Scattered over the town are big open courts formed of narrow roofed stalls where are quartered alike mules and muleteers, while against the walls are piled great tiers of pack-saddles. These places, reminiscent of the wagon yards of our old west, are Jalapa's forums and coffee shops—the Fuftah Flsher.'s boarding houses for her dry land mariners. Fires glow in the courts In the evenings and about them the mule drivers loaf and joke and curse, swap yarns, drink mescal and settle to their liking the affairs of their turbulent republic. “To many Mexicans Jalapa Is ‘the city of caves. Its one climatic curse Is the ‘chlpi-chipi.’ a soggy, dripping fog like those of at their worst, that settles down on the town during the rainy season and blots out the sky for days at a time. Pious and Impious alike mumble prayers on such occasions: ‘Holy virgin, let the sun shine again.’ Because of these drizzling fogs the eaves of the houses are extended over the narrow side walks. Pedestrians, like the citizens of medieval London, hug the walls, and the water drips harmlessly Into the streets and trickles off In a single gutter down the middle of the road way. The queer name given to these dense fogs is believed to be an effort of the Indians—and a good one—at onomatapoela, the words simulating the continual half-gurgling, half chirping sound of water running from the eaves. Law of tkr Pot Shot. "In Jalapa live old Spanish families whose history there runs back almost to the days of Cortez. Some have palatial city homes and also wide spreading haciendas and commodious country houses not far away. In the early days much dependence was placed on ‘mlradores,’ tower-llke lookouts on both town and country houses, between which signals could be exchanged. Only a few ‘mlradores* linger on old Jalapa houses, but the conditions that made them necessary have not altogether passed. They were most useful In the days when Jalapa was a post station on the old highway—named like most other Sr IX/ MILJZ we highly vahte your hurt- 1 S we value still more the cordial 9 g relations that have existed between us, ji g a (Smp Ortstmii and > frappg Dtp put! S % * THE EVENING STAR, 'WASHINGTON’’, D. C.. TUESDAY. DECEMBER 25. 1923. BUSTS TO USE OANALHISIAND Gov. Morrow Sets Apart Six Square Miles in Gdtun Lake for Research. Gov. Jay J. Morrow of the Panama Canal Zone has set aside In perpetuity the Barro Colorado island In Oatun lake as a forest reservation to be used a biological station. The station is to be under the di rection of a committee of the Insti tute of Research in Tropical America, an organization Initiated by the Na tional Research Council. The institute Is supported by the museums and colleges of America, which are to give annual donations for its maintenance. 1 This Island Is said to be a beautiful area of virgin, tropical forest, six square miles In extent, on which buildings are soon to be started for the scientific handling of biological research work. The beginning of this tropical biological work is to be made early in the coming year by Dr. James Barbour of the Museum of Compara tive Zoology, aided by Dr. Edward Wigglesworth and Mr. W. S. Brooks of the Boston Museum of Natural History, who are to visit the Canal Zone. Cuba and Central America with the objective point of beginning the organization work of this biological station on Barro island In Gatun lake. Dr. Barbour, who Is to be engaged In the pioneer work In Panama for this station, hopes to have at least temporary living quarters erected and a water supply established and trails cut through the island jungles, so that naturalists may have reason able accommodations when they visit the station next summer. SOUTH SEA FERTILE | FIELD FOR SCIENTIST Pan-Pacific Congresses Have Been Means of Stimulating Great Interest in Research. The two pan-Pacific science con gresses. which have been held, one at Honolulu in 1920, and the other in Australia during the past sum mer. brought to the front the un explored scientific wealth in the far south Pacific. In recent years the committee on Pacific Investigations of the national research council has emphasized the importance of this practically lim itless field of scientific endeavor, and has redoubled its efforts to encourage research undertaking in the Pacific area, especially of problems which are peculiar to that region. The committee of the council for this work on the Pacific coast, w hich was begun a number of years ago, for concerted study of the scientific problems of the Pacific area, was first suggested by the National Academy of Science in the organiza tion of a committee to direct at tention to the Importance of de veloping fKjientlflc work In the coun tries within and bordering upon the Pacific ocean, in view of the im portance of developing the work there and the important contribu tion to scientific knowledge which would come from such studies. -^-F—u—; Mexican roads, ‘EI Camino Rea!’— that led from Vera Cruz to Mexico City. "Highwaymen infested the country around Jalapa to attack the coaches and mule trains, and often, growing more bold, raided neighboring haciendas and even the town Itself. A law that recalls strikingly those stirring times still exists on the statute books —a rule that an American might well call ‘the law of the pot shot.’ By It a citizen is privileged—it almost becomes bis duty—to shoot on general principles at any horseman leaving the city at a gallop. “One American who has cast his lot in Jalapa has brought to the citv most of Its modern trimmings. But he has worked slowly lest In mingling the twentieth century with the sixteenth he bring about a sort of social and‘eco nomic indigestion. Twenty years ago he built an electric light and power ; plant. Two years ago he introduced l •Jitney’ busses and gave most of the | Jalapenos their first sight of an auto mobile. Then, after observing the wavs of Main street's booster clubs, he con- \ structed an amphitheater for civic cele brations. built for Jalapa a full-fledged I scenic driveway and organized a mer chants’ association. “But fete days pass, automobiles pall, especially on Jalapa’s bumpy cob bled streets, and the ’chlpl-chlpl’ blots outt even the Toad of the clouds.’ At best the things of the twentieth cen tury merely graze the edge of Jalapa’s consciousness. Beneath, the Jalapenos live happily in the atmosphere of the centuries that are gone.” JanuaW Clearance I Safe||| Turn to Pages 10-11 Trail of Person “Who ” Elusive in- War Department Why the rewrite man failed to obtain a atory from the War Department the other day: “Give me the Quartermaster Gen eral's office,” he said when the pearly voiced operator answered her board signal with “War and Navy.” "The line's busy, will you wait?” The rewrite man would wait. It was 10 o’clock. Several minutes later she re turned to the line with the news “you can have them now.” The rewrite man made known hia re quest for a story along a certain line (nothing tremendously Important by the way) after which lengthy recita tion he was referred to Mr. Somebody, who Is In charge of that particular de partment. Gets new connection. Thw connections were switched and after going over the entire story again, Mr. Somebody regretted that he didn’t know about that certain thing although it was in his department, but he was sure Mr. Nobody could tell us, after which was requested the second trans fer- . - J Mr. Nobodv happened to be out. but his first assistant, after hearing the third oration thought he wouldn’t know what was wanted even if he happened to be In. but he would very gladly transfer the call to Branch blah-blah, which he did. A very nice young woman, at least MKMBKR nKTTKn HI SIVESS ni'RBA (' S. Kann Sons Co. Telephone Main 7200 “THE BUSY CORNER’' Pcnna. Ave.. Bth & D Streets • - Sale 500 Exceptional Dresses Offered at an Absurdly Low Price Because this sale was planned several weeks in ad- One of the remarkable points of the sale is the won vance, and we secured from the makers very gratifying derful variety of stvles offered, the high qualitv of the price concessions, the advantages of which we pass on . * " , , . to you materials, and ot workmanship also. —ls you have a dress need in the near future you will save money by purchasing in this sale, Materials Choice— xr Colors Navy blue, —Canton Crepe brown and black; 1 iStcrepe. rfT* P A also evening -Velvet, I ■ I shades in rose, tur —Poiret Twill, ft |TY I I II I quoise, gold, jade, —Wool Jersey, , I I French blue and —Vella Vella Silks ■ ■ orchid. —Taffetas Sizes —Georgette Crepes For Misses and —Moire Silks | The Styles . Women. The styles include tailored dresses, panels,. pleats and drapes. Many are beau tifully trimmed with beads, lace, embroidery, buttons, fancy buckles. We have added to the sale lot one rack of higher-priced dresses from stock. Kann’s—Second Floor, one with a young voice, anaswered Branch blah-blah and said, after being told the story that Captain Anybody down in the Munitions building would be the one to give ue all the facts as she knew for a certainty he was in active charge. Agsts Is Transferred. “Will you kindly have me transfer red,” and like her predecessors, she was willing and polite. The Captains phone answered. It was now 10:23. The caller was pretty tired, but started in anew to tell the story. “Why the Captain is on leave and won’t be back until the first of January, but Major— ’’ crack, crash, the call was disconnected. We didn’t know the num ber we were talking to. There was only one way of finding out and that was to call the Quartermaster Gen eral’s office and go on down the line. We had reached the extremity of dis tress when the city editor said “get on” something else. Extraordinary Ratiocination. The Boston Transcript credits this Item to an English paper; “A motor car plunged into the Thames at Richmond last Hunday night It is thought that the driver. Mrs. ——. failed to keep to the main road." THIRD-PARTY MOVE DEALT HEAVY BLOW Minnesota Members Vote Against Holding of Farmer-Labor Convention. Bpe<-i«| Dispatch to The Star. ST. PAUD, Minn., December 25.—1 f straws show the direction of the farmer-labor party's political wind, there will be no national convention of that party in St. Paul on May 30. A body blow has been dealt the pro posed convention "in Minnesota and other blows of a similar nature may be expected soon after the holidays. This blow was the adoption of a reso luion by the farmer-labor party of the third congressional district disapprov ing the proposed May 30 national con vention. A bitter fight preceded adoption of the resolution. The national conven tion was defended by William Ma honey. who with Henry Teigan, secre tary to Senator Magnus Johnson, is the real sponsor of the proposed third national party. It was denounced by Kred A. Pike of St. Paul, chairman of the state central -committee of the party in Minnesota. The farmer-labor party in Minne sota would be called upon to pay a large part of the expense of the na tional convention and I’ike believes that the money is needed more in Minnesota. In Democratic circles the week has been marked by a call for a state wide convention January 19 in St. Paul to reorganize the party. Robert C”. Bell of Detroit. Minn., attempting to ot ganlze the state for William G. Mc- Adoo, hit a snag when James A. No well. member of the democratic state central committee and president of the Moderation league of Minnesota, de nounced McAdoo’s dryness. Nowell is expected to be for Under wood and likely will put up a strong battle for an unlnstructed delegation from Minnesota. "McAdoo's whole record.” Nowell said, “.shows him to be on the side of those who would keep on regulating every man and business with due deference to the peculiar brand of Wall .street operator who may now be found advocating his nomination.” Republicans met here Friday to or ganize the Volunteer Republican flub in every county in the state. This new organization will not dabble in national politics, but will try to pre vent a farmer-labor victory in the state election next year. Hea- larters for the Coolidge cam paign m i| be opened in Ht. Raul soon after .unary 1. Formal announce ment of tire opening of the campaign tor delegates for the President is ex pected next week from Charles If. March, the President’s personal cam paign manager in Minnesota. H. B. CROZIER. U. S.-TO-INDIA LINE OPENED. NEW YORK, December 25. —A new direct freight service from Calcutta and Colombo to Boston and New York, be ginning February 20. has been an nounce d by the Cunard line. 3ERMAN SAYS STEAM MADE MOON’S CRATERS From Kansas City «f*r. 1 lie old problem of how the man in the moon &ot his funny face has been solved, says Prof. G. Dahmer of Ber lin. Too much blowing off steam ruined his complexion, the sciential declares as the result of experiments which he believe* explain the great size and curious form of the lunar “volcanoes." Earlier volcanic theories as to their origin met with the objection that tire craters were utterly unlike those produced by volcanic action on the earth. A theory that thev were du< to the impact of great meteorite* found jrome support from experiment* which showed similar craters might be caused in pasty material by throw ing hard masses into it. but this failed to account for the regular shape of the craters. Since thev are nearly circular all meteorites whic! might have caused them must ha\i hit head-on. a most improbable event Dr. Dahmer asserts that the crater were caused by Impact, but that tin force was directed from within ami was probably that of steam force.! through the then pasty crust at tre mendous pressure. This “steam jet theory accounts for the central com of many of the craters, the circular shape, and the distant crater wall built up by the wave due to the im pact of the steam on the soft crus' The shape of the craters is stated t< vary according to the toughness of the crust at the time the explosion happened.