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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 02, 1924, Image 1

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WEATHER.
Fair tonight, with lowest tempera
ture about 2S degrees; tomorrow fair
and warmer.
Temperature for twenty-four hours
ended at 2 p.m. today; Highest, 37, at
noon today; lowest, 28, at 10:30 p.m.
yesterday. Cull report on page 18.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 24
No. 29,191.
CUE APPOINTS
PARIAN F. STONE AS
AHORNEY GENERAL
Mew York Lawyer Recently'
Resigned as Dean of Colum- |
bia U. Law School.
EDUCATED AT AMHERST: j
DIRECTOR OF RAILROAD
I
k Appointee Never Leader in Politi
cal Affairs—Meets G. 0. P. Lead- j
ers at White House.
Harlan Kiske Stone of N-w York I
w i; has been selected by President I
'toofidge as Attorney General.
Mr. Stone has served since 1910 i
y sis dean of Columbia University Law ,
S> hool and recently resigned to be- I
come an active member of the New I
orl» law firm of Satterlee, Canfield!
«v Stone. He received his law edu- j
» I’ion at Amherst and Columbia and j
■was admitted to the New York bar |
to Ix9B. He is a director of the At- j
ifitiia and Charlotte Air lane Kail- )
road Company and other corpora- .
tions and is* a republican, although
i never has taken a leading part in j
1 'iillcs.
Meets (i. O. I*, header...
Summoned to Washington jester- I
tiny. Mr. Stone had a breakfast con- ,
ieri nee today with President Cool- |
i'!-e and was presented by tin Pres-!
i I-tit to a number of his callers, in-j
• inline the republican leaders of the j
' Senate.
In selecting Mr. Stone. White House 1
oliicials’ said, the President believes
lu has been able to accomplish the
purpose he announced yesterday of
, J.tiding a $75,000 or 8100,000 man to
serve in a J 12,000 job. The prospec
tive new Attorney < ieneral is not a
stranger to the President, the two ,
liaving been friends since college
tiaj’s at Amherst.
The names of Mr. Stone and I’hief,
Justice Arthur r. Kugg of th. Massa
ehusi tts supreme Judicial court have
b'eu the two most prominently con
sidered by the President since Harry
if. Daugherty retired, and decision 1
finally was made on Mr. Stone be
cause of the Executive's feeling that 1
-Massachusetts already had more thaui
lif r share of high federal ollicers.
IGNORED POLITICS.
Coolidge Picked Stone for Legal
Ability.
HV UV\ 111 I, \\\ HKM'K.
v President Coolidge has decided upon i
t K type of man he wants fur Attor- j
ney General in Harlan Kiske Stone,
former dean of the law school of
Columbia I niversity—a man whom )
be personally trusts, and who stands •
before the country as one of its ablest
t lawyers.
The President has had a battle be- I
tween political expediency and the
dictates of his legal training. Know
tog that the head of the Department ■
!•! Justice should be the best availabh
lawyer in the country. Mr. Coolidge ■
has fell that he could not use the t
prospective appointment as a means !
ot reconciling the two political sac- :
ions of the republican party.
Kenyon As Vice-President.
The opportunity for an expression !
ji ,lls political friendship for the
- h ; v *'* when tin time!
comes to select a vice presidential •
• a and th» n* is no conceal- =
of the fact that .Mr. Uoolidgei
votild be highly pleased if Judge i
'■ illiam b. Kenyon <>f lowa were to
le his running mate. The President
gave an indication of how ha f,.,.i s
toward the form, r senator from lowa.’
■when he asked him to be Secretary I
of the Navy recently.
The argument tor'the appointment i
•• f Kenyon as Attorney General has i
lot II Strong, and there is no doubt
that th* ehoiet has been between the '
-low a Judge and Dean Stone. Hut til.
deciding influence has been legal !
ability and talent of administration. '
•Some idea of Dean Stone's position in '
the legal world can be obtained when
it is realized that he was recetitle ;
offered an income of approximately j
3125,000 a year if he would join a
tieriain law firm in New York city.
Slone High in I’rofensioii.
Mr. Coolidge is a lawyer by proses- '
scion, and his investigation of the
qualifications of Dean Stone has con
• xinced him that he is one of the most
capable men in the legal world. Dean i
Stone was born in Chesterfield. X. H.,
Jifty-two years ago. He is a gradu-I
iUo of Amherst College, Mr. Cool- !
jdge's alma mater, graduating in 1894,)
just a year ahead of the President. ;
Jle has received maty degrees since j
• tlien from other universities and col- )
leges. He became a professor and )
lecturer on law, and finally dean of
the law school at Columbia in 1910. ;
He has been a director in the Char- j
Jotte and Atlanta Air Dine railway ;
®.nd numerous other corporations. i
Two Alternatives Offered.
Dean Stone resigned from Columbia;
University and now is on leave of ab- >
• tv-nce. His resignation is to take ef
fect on June 30 next. The question
Vefore him was whether he should
in cept the lucrative offer made to him
by the New York firm or enter the !
government service as Attorney Gen
« '■al at a moment when the eyes of
the country are fixed upon the Presi
dent in his task of naming a sue- j
< > ssor to Harry M. Daugherty.
■ Those who urged Dean Stone in- )
f isted that he will not lose by serving
the government at this juncture, and
that as a private lawyer his reputa
tion would be considerably enhanced:
Jt he entered the cabinet now.
(Copyright, 1924.)
H uss-R umnnian
Conference Split
Upon Bessarabia
BY D. K. DECKER.
J. r Cable lo The Star and Chicago Daily News, i
VIENNA, April 2 (4:25 p.m.).— j
Tito Russian-Rumanian conference
broke late today on the Bessara- j
Idan question, the Russians in- j
listing on a plebiscite and the
Ruamnians refusing to agree to it. ;
Rumanians refusing to agree to *
" IL
At
Entered as second-class matter
post office Washington. D. C.
Named by President
as Attorney General
I
HARLAN FISKE STONE.
LA FOLLETTE HOLDS
1 WISCONSIN SAFELY
Senator 25,600 Votes Ahead
i of Coolidge—Smith Has I
3,533 Over McAdoo.
i MILWAUKEE. Wls . April 2—A! (
i Smith. Governor of New York, was*
; leading William G. McAdoo and !
: Robert AT. La Follette. United States j
senator for Wisconsin, still had the i
j Scad over President Coolidge for dele- j
gates at large to the democratic and j
- republican national conventions, re- |
: spectiwiy, when compilation of re
turns from yesterday’s primary was!
resumed today.
Complete returns from Racine and j
Kenosha counties and the first deli- f
i.ite returns from Milwaukee county j
gave Coolidge delegates a slight ad- j
vantage over the position they held ;
last night. With ">(‘6 precincts reported, j
iLa Follette delegates had 57.108 and ;
Coolidge deiegali-s, 31.308.
Smith. I.ends McAdoo. >
With 455 precincts reported, the I
delegates for Smith continued to lead i
those for McAdoo in the democratic I
contest. The count was: -Smith dole- j
gates. 13,537; McAdoo, 10.004.
i President Coolidge probably will i
i have several district delegates, ac- •
cording to political observers, al- ■
though the returns were too meager j
ito indicate results. The President ;
j showed strength in the sixth dis- t
j trict, and later added lo his showing 1
,in this locality.
McAdoo was hading in the presi
■ dential preference primary, where
Senator James Reed of Missouri was
ids only opponent. Little interest j
i was shown in the race, and 154 prt - ;
i cincts gave McAdoo 2.052 to Heed's
! <c>- :
i
Wets tiding Smith.
j Wet organizations in Milwaukee j
and numerous out-slate counties dur- j
ing the last few days worked for ]
j Gov. Smith's delegates.
! Incomplete returns tabulated today in- I
; dicate, according to Hoan supporters. |
I that the majority of Mayor Daniel Hoan, I
I socialist, over Davis S Rose, non- ;
1 partisan, will be at least 10.000 in j
the Milwaukee mayoralty election. ;
! Hoan had a lead of 7,290 over Rose,
l The city council will remain non- !
I partisan on Hie face of inobmplete
: return:;, 'which show fourteen non- i
i partisan and eleven socialist members 1
elected.
ROOSEVELT IS DELEGATE.
Elected to G. O. P. Convention in \
New York Primary.
| NEW YORK. April 2. Theodore i
. Roosevelt, assistant secretary of the
i Navy, was elected as a delegate to |
; the republican national convention in ;
yesterday's primaries. He and Rob- i
; ert S. Pelletre.au. organization candi- j
■ dates, were elected in a Long Island
! district, defeating Mrs. Ruth Litt, in- !
dependent.
In Westchester county Augustus
Thomas, playwright, was defeated by)
| Oscar Leroy Warren, the county dem- j
erratic leader, as delegate lo the j
democratic convention. The regular '
organization workers charged that'
Mr. Thomas’ candidacy was an at - j
i tempt on the part of Tammany Hall ;
; to gain control of the county ma- i
■ chine. It had been stated that Mr. i
! Thomas, who is known as a forceful
I orator, would make the nomination
! speech for Gov. Smith at the conven
f tion in June.
District delegates to both national
; conventions were elected throughout
the state. No candidacies for presi
dential nominations figured •in the
; voting, as state conventions later will,i
i determine whether the, delegates will j
j vote for a particular candidate or un- I
) pledged.
Silk Stocking District.
Interest in New York city centered
in a fight for the republican control
of the fifteenth assembly district, |
known as the “silk stocking” district, j
Frank J. Coleman, jr., defeated former ,
•State Senator Schuyler M. Meyer, in-i
isurgent, for member of the state com- i
rnittee. The campaign was marked
by slander proceedings brought |
against Representative Ogden L. Mills, i
'co-leader with Coleman of the regular i
i republican forces, by Meyer. William
I M. Uhadbourne, president of the Lenox
Hill Republican Club, and John Henry !
Hammond.
They asked SIOO,OOO damages, alleg- I
jing Mills accused them of secretly
(offering to aid United States Senator'
Hiram Johnson of California to ob- I
'tain the republican presidential nomi- !
j nation while they professed publicly;
'to support President Coolidge. The)
■plaintiffs withdrew their complaint.
FULL NEW JERSEY SLATE.
: Coolidge and Johnson to Run for
Presidential Preference.
i TRENTON, N. J., April 2.—The clos-
I ing hour for tiling nominations for
(delegates to the national conventions j
j last night disclosed that full slates •
i had been filed by supporters of Presi- j
- dent Coolidge and United States Sen- i
j ator Johnson of California for the re- 1
j publican nomination, and an almost j
j complete set of delegates favorable!
(Continued on Page 4, Column Z.)
t
W(\t &enmg JStaf.
V J V V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION \~S
WASHINGTON, U. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 2, 1924—THIRTY-SIX PAGES. *
RECIPROCITY IDE |
PRETEXT TO SWELL
FEDERAL REVENUE
j
District Auditor Says Ball Bill :
Would Tax D. C. $400,000
Extra for U. S.
CITY COULD GET ONLY
SIOO,OOO OUT OF $500,000
j
Donovan Cites Figures to Show
Passage Would Make Danger- I
ous Precedent.
i
The gasoline tax bill, originally in- J
tended only as a means of reciprocity |
with Maryland, has been converted i
into a revenue measure for the bene- i
fit of the United States government. J
Daniel J. Donovan, city auditor, re- ■
vealed in a letter to Senator Ball to- j
day.
Donovan shows that of the 1500,000 j
additional revenue to be raised by the j
bill. $400,000 will go into the pocket J
| of Uncle Sam and onlj SIOO,OOO to the •
•account of the District.
! The most dangerous feature of the j
|legislation, in the opinion of the audi- j
’tor, is the provision giving the United
States credit for 40 per cent of the.
{personal property tux on automobies. I
) The auditor tells Senator Ball that j
ever since passage of the organic act -
of 1878 the District has receive! all;
■ personal and general taxes.
To Credit of t nlted States,
j From time to time, he shows. Con- '
'gress has required the District to give !
!the United States credit for a portion i
|of miscellaneous fees and revenues, j
j but up to this time personal and real 1
j estate taxes have not been Invaded. i
The District is required by law to!
j meet 60 per cent of the* annual ex-
I pensest of the city and the taxes on
■ real and personal property are the
I main sources upon which it depends. ,
■Judging from newspaper reports,” ;
| the auditor wrote, “it appears to he :
; the intention of Congress to include!
■ provision in the pending gasoline tax i
| bill for a personal property tax on )
motor vehicles and apparently to dis- |
! tribute the money derived from this I
i source, as well as the amount de- 1
| rived from the two-cent tax and the 1
; registration fee of $1 between the,
i United States and the District of Co- j
lumbia on the 60-40 basis.
Injustice to IHutrlct.
“It appeals lo me that should thisi
| be done it would work an injustice |
j to the District of Columbia. If there i
; is ono thing that is basic or funda- I
) mental in the fiscal relations be- j
| tween the United Stales and the Dis
- trict. and so established by the or
! ganic act of June 11, 1878, and re
’ established by the District apprn
■ priation act of June 29. 1922, it is
! that the District of Columbia shall
b> entitled to the entire credit for
all moneys received from taxes, both
; personal and real.”
The auditor then states that in 188 S
Congress began to take from the Dis
trict a portion of certain items of J
miscellaneous revenue and require I
; such portions lo be credited to the '
| United States. This practice on the |
j part of Congress, he says, has grown I
( to such an extent, paj-ticularly since ,
) the appropriation act of 1922, “that j
| at the present time the only moneys j
i credited wholly to the District of i
1 Columbia are those received in pay- j
- ment of general and other taxes.
j “To show the unfairness of the!
j proposed division of the property tax
j on motor vehicles between the United
! States and the District of Columbia, I
i (Continued on I’age 2, Column 4.)
ZIHLMAN NEARING
i IS HELD IN SECRET
Maryland Representative and j
Mortimer Before House
Committee Today.
j The House committee which is in-
I vestigating charges against Repre
| sentatives Zihlman, Maryland, and
• Kentucky, republicans, re
j sumed its bearings today behind
i closed doors. Committee members
i said it had not been determined
whether open hearings would be held.
Representative Zihlman, who is !
chairman of the House labor commit- j
tee, with his counsel, was before the j
as was Elias H. Mortimer, j
who testified before the Chicago !
' grand jury investigating Veterans’
| Bureau charges.
i A report by the Chicago grand jury
| was looked Into by the grand jury
here, which found no grounds for |
action against Mr. Zihlman. Mr. I
I l.angley, however, was indicted on !
• charges of conspiracy to violate the l
| prohibition law through illegal with- !
| drawals of liquor.
The committee plans to take up the ;
i Zihlman case first.
_ i
; j| Review of Spring
111 Fashions in
Washington
Shops.
An unnsnal article, written es
pecially for Washington women,
appears in today’s Star, on page
30. It is illustrated with draw
ings of frocks and accessories
contained in the local shops.
1
In Today’s Star.
ij, j
I
i
i
| A FELLOW FEELING. j
MELLON OPPOSES
: HIGHER ESTATE TAX
Says 40 Per Cent Rate Would
Confiscate All Wealth in
Few Years.
i
The increase in the estate lax
j rates made in the revenue bill by the
House was denounced today by Sec
i retary Mellon before the Senate
' finance committee as “economic <ui
! cide."
“The estate tax is a levy on capital
j primarily and “carried to an excess
i differs in no way from the revolu
i Uonists of Russia." Mr. Mellon said,
jHe argued this form of taxation
j should be bfi principally to the
] states.
| The estate tax rates were increased
j from a maximum of £5 per cent to
110 per cent by the House, Ghairman
Smoot said today there was consider
able sentiment among the committee
members to change this tax to an
inheritance rather titan estate tax.
making the levy upon recipients of
estates rather than on the estate of
a decedent before it is divided. This
was done by the Senate in 1921, but
turned down by the House.
la his statement Mr. Mellon asked
| that in a discussion of Lite estate tax
1 as a revenue measure there be cast
j aside “any question of the tax as a
means of punishing wealth or as in
i some, way for the social good of our
! civiliaztion."
Splitting ip Fortunes.
j “The social necessity of breaking
up large fortunes in this country
does not exist.” Mr. Mellon argued.
“Under our American law it is cus
tomary for estates te be divoded
equally among the children, and in a
few generations any single large
fortune is split into many moderate
inheritances, and the continuation
through generations of a single for
tune has been proven to be impos
sible.
“It should always be borne in mind
that estate taxes are levied upon cap
ital. that they are used for current
j operating expenses, and that they
i amount, therefore, to a destruction of
I capital in the country. Yet the House
| amendment would make this inhe
‘ rently unsound increase in taxes for
the sake of-a mere $12,000,000 of ad
ditional revenue. In the course of a
few years this additional revenue will
disappear and even the original rev
j enue *lll be depleted.
Return Insignificant.
“The whole return from the estate
taxes, some $110,000,000 under pres
ent rates, is insignificant in compari
son with the general receipts of the
government. It is but a slight por
tion of the government revenue, but
it is a large and important part of
state revenue. To destroy values
! from which the states receive Income
I is to force them to resort to higher
i taxes on land. The federal govern
j ment should keep estate taxes as a
I reserve in times of national distress.
All prior inheritance taxes have been
I war taxes.
j "It is only now- that Congress pur
poses to destroy this reserve in time
j when revenues from other sources are
not only adequate, but in excess of the
nation's need,
j "Assuming that all inheritances,
j large and small, were taxed at 40 per
I cent, it would be only two or three
! generations until private ownership
lof property would cease to exist.
■ Since these taxes are used in the cur
-1 rent operation of the government the
i result would be not that the govern
j ment had absorbed the wealth of the
1 country but that the wealth had been
! spent and none was left.”
1 Secretary Mellon will continue his
i testimony tomorrow.
, Chairman Smoot announced today
; that the motion of Senator Reed, re
; publican. Pennsylvania, to amend the
| bill making incomes from state and
1 municipal securities taxable would be
| reconsidered.
Assurance Given.
Assurance that a tax reduction bill
j would be enacted into law at the
S present session of Congress was given
j in the Senate yesterday by Senator
; Smoot of Utah, chairman of the finance
i committee now considering the bill,
I and by Senator Walsh of Massachu
i setts, democratic member of the com
mittee. Senator Walsh said that it
had come to his attention from
many sources that a feeling existed
in the country that dilatory tactics
regarding the tax bill were being
used by Congress, and that business
was halting because of this feeling.
He declared that “a sweeping tax re
duction bill” would be passed, and
called on Senator Smoot to give simi
lar assurance to the country,
4
; W inter Lingers .
While Than: Is
Due Tomorrow
The much-heralded thaw which
) was expected to rid Washington’s
street” of yesterday's snow before
night failed to materialize today,
j and darkness is likely to find
) them still littered with a mass of
: slowly freezing slush.
Tomorrow, however. !ho weajh
er bureau forecaster says, will be
) somewhat warmer and whatever
; remains of the snow will then be
1 melted away. The temperature
j probably will go as high as 50
! tomorrow, although it will be
down to freezing tonight..
Fair weather with a steadily
j rising temperature ia promised f<-r
I the next few days. The snow
' that fell yesterday s-*t a new' rec
i on! for this time of year, experts
i said.
I ENGINEER KILLED
) IN VIRGINIA WRECK
1 “Florida Special” Derailed Near
Woodford. Passengers
Badly Shaken.
. P.y tf;/* Phpss.
RICHMOND, Va.. April 2. —Enßinefcr’
; W. L. Snelson was killed. Fireman J.
G. Gravatt was seriously injured.' a
dining car employe suffered a dislo
cated shoulder and several passengers
were badly shaken when the locomo
tive and eight coaches of the Atlantic
Coast Lino “Florida Special” were de
-
i railed early today near Woodford, on
the Richmond, Fredericksburg and
Potomac railroad.
Snelson’s home was at Ashland, and
j Cravat fs at Orange.
1 Traffic between Washington and
I Richmond was blocked over this
I route, the tracks being lorn up for
j several hundred yards. Officials
thought, however, the road would be
1 reopened hy this afternoon. Mean
-1 time. Richmond, Fredericksburg and
1 Potomac. Atlantic Coast Line and Sca
) board Air Line trains are being routed
I over the A’hesapeake and Ohio railway
j bj- way of Gordon.oville and Doswell.
to l‘a.Mfig(rr« Hurt,
j According to reports of the accident
| to the main offices here of the Richmond,
) Fredericksburg and Potomac railroad,
over which the train passed, the engine
left the tracks and turned over. Eight
of the ten coaches making up the train
left the tracks, but remained upright.
None of the pa.-Kengers was injured.
The fireman was taken to a hospital
at Fredericksburg, where physicians de
clared his condition is serious. The ex
tent of his injuries have not been de
termined. Clifford Cook, the dining car
employe, also was taken to the Fred
ericksburg Hospital. The cause of the
derailment has not been determined.
Aoootding to officials of the R.
: F. and P. here, the derailment oc
curred about 2'40 o’clock this morn
ing. The engine was overturned and
eight coaches left the track, but re
mained upright. None of the. pas
sengers was injured, the railroad
company’s officer here added, and
shortly after were brought back to
Wkshington. arriving here about 8:30
o’clock. An hour later two coaches
that remained on the track left for
Florida attached to the “Everglades
Limited.’’
RAIL-SPREAD BLAMED.
FREDERICKSBURG. Va.. April 2.
Spread rails, due to the snow and rain
of yesterday, is believed by Rich
( mond, Fredericksburg and Potomac
I railroad officials here to have caused
' j the derailment of the Florida special
I near Woodford. The train was run
-1 ning at full speed when the engine
I left the track and plunged into the
Mattaponi river, killing the engineer
and injuring the fireman and a negro
cook. The coaches remained upright
and none of the passengers tvas hurt.
Only twenty persons were aboard and
they and their baggage were taken
back to Washington.
TROOPS IN DEATH TRAP
WITH MISFIT BULLETS
Force of 200 Volunteers Nearly An
nihilated by Mexican Bandits,
Who Escape.
By the Associated Press.
EL FASO, Tex., April 2.—A force of
200 volunteers under Gen. Jose A.
Castro, Governor of Durango, have
been almost annihilated in that state
by a large force of Villistas. accord
ing to information received in Juarez,
across the border from here,
i It is said their ammunition was too
large for their rifles, and the volun
teers were without protection.
Gen. Marcelo Caraveo, who recently
arrived from the south, has been sent
in pursuit of the VUlista^
! GOOLIDGE CONFERS I
ON SENATE PLANS
I
Has Republican Lawmakers
In for Conference to
Speed Up Program.
Means of speeding up legislation in
the Senate were considered at a ,
White House breakfast conference i
today, attended by about a dozen '
republican senators.
President Coolidge went over with j
1 his guests the entire situation, and .
• an endeavor was made to map out a
program for the remainder <>f the
| session similar to that agreed upon
j last week by the Executive and re
j publican leaders of the House.
I While the conference was con
cerned primarily with legislative mat
ters. the President is understood also 1
j to have sought advice with respect i
jto appointment of a new Attorney I
| General. After the conference it was i
j learned that this appointment might j
be announced at any time.
First Conference of Kind.
; The conference today was the first i
’ of its kind held by the President, al- '
i though from time to time he has in- ;
, vited individual senators to discuss '
i particular measures before the Senate. !
Senators attending the conference ’
j included Lodge of Massachusetts, the i
j republican leader; Curtis of Kansas. J
| the assistant republican leader; Borah <
of Idaho, Moses of New Hampshire, j
Wadsworth of New York. Brandegee j
of Connecticut. Willis of Ohio and 1
Watson of Indiana,
FIVE DEAD, SIX HURT i
IN BURNING HOTEL
Woman Leaps Six Stories to Es
cape Flames at Grand Rapids,
Mich.—Loss $250,000.
i By the Associated Press.
| GRAND RAPIDS. Mich.. April 2. i
; Three persons dead, six injured and
[ several missing make up the casu- ,
i aity list of the fire that virtually de- ,
I stroyed the Livingston Hotel last !
night and early today, with a prep- j
i erty loss estimated in excess of $250,- I
i 000.
The dead include: Bessie Majlowe.
thirty-two, Reed City. Mich.; Giles
Wade, seventy. Grand Rapids; Ed- :
ward Sargent, St. Paul, Minn., and 1
John Kelley, sixty. Grand Rapids.
The list of injured includes Mr. and
Mrs. P. A. Barney of PeorMf. 111.
Miss Marlowe was killed when she '
leaped six stories to the ground. Sar
gent attempted to jump two stories •
from the hotel to the roof of '
Heraid building and feil between the i
two buildings. The charred body of
Wade was found in the ruins today, i
Origin of the. fire, which started in
the rear of the hotel between the
fourth and fifth floors, is undeter
mined. A flooded basement crippled
! I the plant of the Herald, and this
(morning’s edition was printed at the
office of the Grand Rapids Press.
ARREST SCHOOLTEACHER.
Instructor Places Collateral on
Bad-Check Charge.
Charles Murdock Thomas, colored,
instructor In Dunbar High School, and
! residing at 907 U street northwest.
■ j was taken from the school this morn
•jing by Detective Robert Livingston
jto police headquarters and charged
with parsing an alleged worthless
1 check.
Voile Dixon. 1214 U street north
west, where the teacher is aJleged to
have given an alleged worthless check
for $9.25 in payment for articles of
wearing apparel, was named as com
plainant.
1 Thomas stated that the check was
given on a bank where he had valua
ble securities deposited, and he
thought the bank would take care
of it. The chock was not taken care
of. he added, and the filing of the
charge resulted. A cash collateral of
$25 was accepted for his appearance.
PLANS TO LAY CABLE.
LONDON. April 2. —Permission has
, been asked of the Portuguese gov
ernment to lay a cable from Emden
to North America via Fayal, one of
the Portuguese islands in the Azores,
• by the Dutch Atlantische Telqgrafin
and Gessellschaft. according to an
agency dispatch from Lisbon,
4
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour ”
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block ami the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washingtontfhomes
as fast as the papers are printed.
| Vessel on Fire;
1,200 Passengers
On Board in Peril !
Hy the Associated Press.
LONDON, April 2.—The British j
steamship Frangestan, bound for
Jeddah with 1,300 pilgrims aboard, j
i is afire between decks, says a [
j Lloyds dispatch from Port Sudan,
i The fire, which is consuming the
cotton in the vessel's No. 2 hold, j
is serious and spreading, the mes- |
sage says.
The Frangestan is being ac- j
coinpanied by other vessels and is
due at Port Sudan tomorrow. The
steamer Tangistan has left Port :
Sudan to assist her.
The FTangestan is a steel ves
sel of 8,228 gross tonnage. She is 1
485 feet in length and was built j
in 1899. She was last reported
j arriving at Hongkong, her port I
j of register, from Shanghai on I
DOHENY PARTY GIFT
: PUT AT $34,900
j Former Democratic Chair
man Says Oil Man Wrong
About $75,000 Donation.
With George White, former chair- j
man of the democratic national com- |
• mittee, in the witness chair, tho oi! j
j committee renewed its wrangling to-,
j day as to the relevancy of testimony i
■ relating to campaign contributions. j
I Senator Spencer, republican. Mis- |
isouri. asked White if he knew what 1
| contributions had been made to the i
: democratic fund in the 1920 campaign j
,by E. L. Doheny and Harry- P. Sin- :
I clai r.
; Announcing that he would not oh- I
■ ject to the questioning of White on j
j this line. Senator Walsh, the commit- j
| toe prosecutor, said tho testimony!
i sought was, nevertheless, wholly ir
| relevant He deemed it important j
to show large contributions by oil j
men to the- republican campaign fund, i
he said, because from it there might !
.come a legitimate inference that re-,
publican officials were influenced un- i
duly in granting oil leases.
Puts Lifts at t.'U.BIHI.
Senator Spencer insisted, and White I
said Sinclair made no contribution to j
the democratic fund. Doheny had ;
given $9,900 during the campaign, he !
said, and $25,000 afterward to help
wipe out a deficit.
When his attention was railed to ;
Doheny's testimony that his contribu- |
ticn had been $75,000, White said the j
California oil magnate was mistaken. |
Senator Walsh recalled that Do
heny’s memory for figures was faulty 1
in the case of the payments made for j
j the legal services of William G. Mc
• Adoo.
After a session lasting fifteen min- ;
i utes the committee adjourned until :
nest Monday because of the absence '
j of other witnesses.
! HONDURAN REBELS’
ADVANCE IN CAPITAL
Capture of “Very Important
Positions” Claimed in Early
Morning Fight.
I
| Honduran revolutionary forces un- j
l der Gen. Ferrera were reported today j
| to have carried the outlying defenses |
| of Tegucigalpa, capital of Honduras. ]
1 in renewed attacks- which started at ,
i 5 a.m. yesterday, and to have captur- j
jed “very important military posi- ]
; tion.s.”
i Minister Morales, in a report dated i
i yesterday, said fighting continued in i
the streets.
FREE STATE REPORTS
BIG MONEY LOSSES
" j
j Irregularities in Army Accounts
and Desertion of Officers
I
Blamed for Condition.
| By the Associated Press.
DUBLIN. April 2.—The first annual
I report of the Free State controller
I and auditor general on the appro-
I priation accounts for the year end-
I ing March 31, 1923, contains remark - |
| able disclosures of irregularities and ;
■ losses of public moneys.
j The sum of £128,000 in the army
| accounts is either wholly or partly
i unvouched for, while other sums of
| £122.000 and £40.000 had to he written j
j off because no vouchers were avail- !
; able or as unrecoverable balances.
' Other rums written off are ex-
I plained by officers absconding or
1 Joining the irregulars, while it is
1 shown that deserters’ families drew
allowances and the overpayment of
I officers and others was widespread.
One firm supplying army stores re
! ceived advances amounting to £171.-
000. but invoices for £50.000 were re
| ceived.
EARTH TREMORS FELT
IN CAIRO AND PADUCAH
Shocks Range From Hickman. Ky.,
to Carbondale. 111.—No
Damage Done.
j By the Associated Press.
, j CAIRO, 111., April 2.—A sharp earth
; quake was felt here about 5:15
.'o'clock this morning. There was no
'damage. It was reported as far north
s ; as Carbondale, 111.
' | PADUCAH, Ky., April 2.—Distinct
i earthquake tremors were felt in
■ : Paducah and vicinity at 5:15 o'clock
today. Reports from several sources
' i agree that the shock was fairly heavy
I and of several moments’ duration. No
I damage was reported.
The shock was felt as far south as
! Hickman, Ky.
CLARKSVILLE, Tenn.. April 2.
j Several distinct earth tremors were
Ifelt here a,t 5:30 o'clock this morning.
MEMPHIS. Tenn.. April 2.—Slight
earth tremors were felt here early
today.
Yesterday’s Circulation, 99,861
I WEEKS, DAUGHERTY
I GOFF INDICTMENTS
| ADVISED BV SCAIFE
Alleges Conspiracy to De
fraud in Wright-Martin
Aircraft Case.
I PROBE OF ROMA FALL
BLOCKED, PROBERS TOLD
Daugherty Committee Hears For
! mer Agent's Story of IT. S. Fail
ure to Bring Suit.
Continuing his complaints about
j failure of the Justice Department to
j prosecute various war fraud cases,
i H. L. Scaife, once a department in
j vestigator, told the Daugherty inves
j tigating committee today that, in hi
j opinion, Harry M. Daugherty, Score
-1 rary John W. Weeks and other
ought to be indicted in the Wright -
i Martin aircraft case.
The witness came to the Wright
Martin case after h>- had renewed his
j charges regarding sale of the Bosch
• -Magneto Company and had declared
j that on the very day the Army air
. ship Roma was destroyed at Norfolk
I in 1921 h-> had tried to start a De
j parlment of Justice inquiry into that
I subject, but had been blocked bv
I William J. Burns.
Vamp* Three in Case.
It was his judgment, Scaife said
j that the Wright-Martin case was one
| "calling for indictments.” Pressed
jby Senator Moses, republican. New
! Hampshire, he named Secretarj
, Weeks. former Attorney Genera!
j Daugherty. Charles Hayden, chair
! man of the Wright-Martin board,
'.and Guy D. Goff, former assistant
attorney general. as those who
, should bo indicted.
, Scaife said his investigation into
j the 55 right-Martin case wae cotnplet
jcd and the matter ready for »uit
i before he left the Department, of Jus
' tiee. hut that "they refused to bring
i suit.”
j The indictments, the witness said.
: should bo drawn up "on charges of
i conspiracy to defraud the United
j states government.”
"Hut all these facts,” Sen,-lor Moses
j intervened, “corcern things whieh
i took place in 1918 and 1919 when Mr.
| Weeks was not Secretary of War.”
"But these letters were written
! after that” said Scaif*-. referring to
j correspondence about proposed pros
ecutions.
'>«»» Prosecution Promised.
; The witness said he had reported
| the facts to Mr. Daugherty and that
-a promise hat! been made ip behalf
I of the Department of Justice to in-
Istitnte prosecutions.
"This case had gone through every
process of audit and revinew in the
i War Department before it came to
j the Department of Justice.” he said,
j Letters exchanged between Seen
| tary Weeks, Hayden, and others in
I 1922 were read by the witness. Mr:
Weeks- told Hayden, in one of the let -
! ters. that an appeal from air service
I officers to himself was possible in the
i case of “over-payment.”
j Another letter from Assistant At
! torney General Lovett to William
Hayward. United States attorney in
i New York, dated November 15. 1921.
i transmitted War Department records
!on the Wright-Martin over-payment
lease and directed that recovery pro
i ceedings he started.
! In a letter dated November 23. 1921.
! V\ eeks told Hayden that he would re
| quest the Department of Justice to
I take no further action in the case un.
; til Weeks had talked with General
l Manager Hoyt of the Wright-Martin
j Company.
j On August S, 1922. Scaiffe wept on.
I Goff wrote to the attorney for the
| Wright-Martin Company, saying that
| suit was to be instituted.
Saya Attorneys Switched.
! “The Department of Justice was
| switching the case around' from as-
I torney to attorney.” Scaife said. It
' was taken back from District Attor
: ney Hayward in New- York, he said,
i and tendered to Leon B. Duer, a New
| York attorney.
I Meanwhile, Scaife asserted, “wit
i nesses were disappearing and the
' men who made the audits were leav
I ing the service.”
j Senator Wheeler, the committee
prosecutor, suggested that “the vol
unteer remarks that Mr. Scaife made
as to indictments have no particular
place in the record.,” but Senator
Moses said it was too late to with
draw the testimony as it had a) read >
pone over the wires.
George B. < 'hamberlain. counsel for
Daugherty, nskeM the witness why
he had not advised also the indict
ment of “the people who made these
| allowances to the companies in the
1 first place."
Scaife agreed that both groups
j "ought to be prosecuted "
Committee Recesses.
j The committee recessed until 10
I a.m. tomorrow.
i Taking the stand for the third time
! Scaife continued his long story about
-obstacles encountered in his efforts to
I institute proceedings against airplane
j manufacturing concerns charged with
I receiving “overpayments" during th>
■ war.
Capt. Luke McNamee. head of the
I Navy intelligence service, was quoted
!by the witness as saying that tin
| Mitsai Company, a Japanese concern,
jby its ownership of the Standard
i Aircraft Corporation, had obtained
j plans and built experimentally almost
1 every type of military plane. Scaife
; also repeated his charge that the gov
• eminent had sold the Bosch magneto
■ property, seized from German owners
j during the war, to Martin Kern for a
I "grossly inadequate” consideration. He
■ said that A. Mitchell Palmer, first alien
I property custodian and later Attorney
| General, had been employed as a law
i yer for Kern.
Says Favors Grunted.
George W. Wickersham, as attor
ney for Mitsui & Co., got “special
favors" and exercised “undue influ
ence” with the Department of Jus
tice, Scaife asserted. He put in a
copy of a letter from Wickersham
to James M. Beck, now acting Attor
ney General, asking the latter to
assist in getting the Supreme Court
to set down a motion for argument.
This letter, Scaife observed, showed
the “closeness of the relations" and
the “operations of what 1 call the in
visible government."
The charges as to the Standard Air
craft Corporation were taken up
nearly two years ago in the House
impeachment proceedings against
Harry M. Daugherty, and Paul How
land. counsel for Mr. Daugherty,
asked today to have it noted In the
record that the House committee e\-
: onerated the former Attorney Gen-
ICooUuued on Page 2, Column aU.
/
TWO CENTS.

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