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'RAILROADS SHOULD CUT!
PAY ROLLS, SAYS BABSON Sees Reductions in Help as One Way to Slash Freight Rates Now Demanded By Country. BY ROGER W, lIABSON. ' BABSON PARK, Mass., April 26. — Demand for lower freight rates is growing in every section of the coun try. In traveling across the country either from west to east or south to north one hears continual complainflh »s to the present “high" freight rates --especially on agricultural products. ■When one asks in Florida why oranges are being left to rot in the groves, the answer is "because of high freight rates." When one asks , in New York why 00 cents a dozen is charged for the same fruit, the re ply is "because of high freight rates.” At every railroad station, in dining cars and Pullman smoking apart ments the universal cry is that high freight, rates are killing the goose that lays the golden eggs. Pro ducers, consumers and middlemen all unite in the same complaint. Now, what is to be done about it? From the statistics of the railroads rates are not too high. Roads Need Money. The roads need much more money for extensions and improvements. They cannot continue t<> issue bonds indefinitely. They should sell more ■, stock. Yet you and 1 will not buy railroad stock unless the roads are : ssured good earnings. It would be fatal to future financing - to have the net earnings of the railroads cut ma terially at the present time. If rates are to be lowered some plan must be evolved to reduce expenses so that the net earnings will not be greatly reduced. . ~ A satisfactory market in railroad securities demands that Congress let the railroads alone —at least not re duce their net earnings or hinder their earning capacity. . Can the shippers get lower rates without cutting down the net earnings of the roads? If this can be done both sides will be satisfied. Surplus of Employes. .Every time I travel on the trains I am surprised at the surplus of unnec essary railroad employes. Efficiency engineers tell me that the roads could be run just as well with 20 per cent leas help, and few railroad officials will deny this statement. The difficulty is that the Interstate Commerce Com * mission. Congress, state legislature and labor union have unconsciously combined to compel the railroads to employ this surplus. Not only are the roads employing many more than they need, but this very fact hurts the morale of the entire body of men and reduces efficiency all around. When men know that their jobs are protected by legislation and —even though they have no real work to do—that they cannot be discharged, then efficiency is at an end. On the other hand, when men know that they can be discharged and the work done by some one else, then efficiency increases. The far bet ter results w'hich the railroads - , are now getting from their shop men are an illustration of this point. Wages Not Too High. I am not for reducing the wages of railroad men. Their wages, with a few - exceptions, are not unduly high. I believe in good wages. But statistics clearly show that it is good | neither for a man nor the company io continue with jobs that are not necessary. It seems to me that the Interstate Commtrce Commission could serve the employes of the rail roads as well as the shippers and the public by revising its rulings so lhat the roads could operate more ef ficiently at lower expense. When the movement which has in stalled the “one-man car’i on the trol \ IPli— ll^=iHD—: ■ ißi-—=3Bl=r===JHC ■■■■ IHi inr—— nr u u 16th St. Highlands Chevy Chase f r ' t ern and thoroughly up to date. c ~ ah... I Chase Very reasonable terms. I 14tl1 Heights j j t _ = —^pr===^nf====^mt^^=lßl^=3i:^^^Hl^^=lHl^^=lHl^^=]Hi=db=lßl^^^^Hl^^Sßi====ElHi====lßi=====£lC=lßt===ißl====iH^^=]HE^^S l E REAL ESTATE. leys expends to the steam roads, then . every one, shippers. Investors, em ployes and the generla public, will all be better off. Moreover, now Is the time to make the changes when the surplus railroad men can get jobs elsewhere and when car loadings are heavy enough to supply a volume of busi ness at lower rates* East week near ly a million freight cars were loaded. Every week since January 1 has run over 800,000, the highest of any sim ilar period in history. Hut this will not continue indefinitely unless some adjustment can take place in freight rates. Moreover, this must bo done in away which will be fair to both employes and the stockholders. Pres ent high rates and the corresponding reduction in profits to the shippers arc, in part, responsible for the re cent drop in the Habsonchart of gen eral business from 6 per cent above normal to 7 per cent below normal at present. BETTER HOMES SHOW TO COST $1,500,000 sth Regiment Armory. Baltimore, to Be Scene of Exhibition Opening Tonight. . ! I Special Dispatch to The Star. BALTIMORE, April 26.—-More than $1,500,000 will be represented by the various displays and exhibits at the better homes and building exposition at the sth Regiment Armory. The show is under the auspices of the real estate board and will be opened tonight by Mayor Howard W. Jack son. It will close May 3. Among the outstanding features of the program are the largest radio exhibit ever held in the city, a pub lic health exhibit 'and a specially i constructed and completely furnished bungalow. The bungalow is one story in height and contains four rooms and a bath. It cost approximately S3OO. The exposition is not to profit any organization or individual, but to promote better homes and more i homes. Baltimore, according to real j tors and others interested in home i ownership, is grow ing rapidly, but it j j is said that there is still a slight j I shortage of certain types of dwell- j ings in this city. This situation is; liable to become a problem that will I be difficult to overcome if steps are i not taken in time, and to show Bal timoreans how to take the first step i i necessary to secure a home is one of the principal aims of the expo sition. Realtors’ Emblem Used. Bocal real estate in a num ber of cities are taking up the mat ter of adapting the emblem of the National Association of Real Estate Boards to local use. Incorporating the local board name. The Chicago Heal Estate Board and the Camden. N. J., Real Estate Board have ordered an adaptation of the emblem in the form of a beveled plate glass oval with the design Imprinted by photoplating. The emblem is cemented on windows and doors of realtor offices. TOE ETTvNTYfI STAR. WA'SHINGTON. D. C., SATURDAY. SPRIT: 26. 192 f. I HOUSE PLANS FOR HOME PLANNERS Beautiful Home De signed for a Cor ner Location. Stone, Brick or Stucco May Be Used With Equally Good Effect. Establishing efficiency with a view to simplifying living is the funda mental idea behind every house plan designed to help solve the servant problem. The first thought of the architect is to evolve a floor plan that will make housework easy by saving unnecessary steps and putting each working feature in practical working relation to every other detail of the house. From the convenient floor plan the exterior of the house is de veloped. The first thought is for the comfort of the w'orker. Then when the prac tical W'orking arrangements are good, beauty of exterior will result—be cause “beauty rests upon necessity.” There must be no waste space in the efficiency house and Us furniture should be simple, of the. choicest de sign and as little of it as possible. Modern women want no unnecessary knlcknacks to catch the dust. Wise women select a few' choice pictures, but not enough to give the restless f< cling that destroys a sense of peace. Floors should be of hard wood ! and rugs, not carpets, should be used over them, for rugs can be easily 1 cleaned. Every room must be weil ventilated and the house built of a material that will not have to be con stantly repaired. This house was planned to face the south and to be built on a corner lot, though it could, of course, be faced in other directions. The house Is en tered through a covered porch with a vestibule, at the right of which is a coat closet. From the vestibule one enters the hall, which gives direct access to the living room, dining room and kitchen. Beneath the. stair way is a seat which is not only con venient, but adds an architectural note of beauty and charm and gives the decorator a ciiance to introduce color in the pillows. The first view of the living room is a cheerful one, for a large fireplace, cozy seat corners, French doors and a large group of casement windows assure light from both sun and fire. The sun room is entered through a French door. A small tm-place could be made there, at the back of the chimney, if desired. The arrangement of the dining room and kitchen is exceptionally convenient. The dining room is light t ed from three sides: there is room in ! the corner for a built-in sideboard ! if desired. ! The kitchen is equipped with a sink I and double drain boards, placed di -1 rectlv beneath the windows and flanked on either side with dish closets. The upper doors of the dish closets should be of glass and the lower doors of wood. The kitchen has been planned so that the dishes can be washed and put back in place and the food prepared with the least possible motion. The range is in the corner of the room and beside it is the place for a table. A large pantry furnishes abundant room for storing extra food. The icebox is on the side nearest the porch, so that it can be filled from the outside, thus saving clean floors from the iceman's muddy tracks. Upstairs are three large bedrooms, a bath and an abundance of closet room. There ig a chance for a fire place in the owner’s room. The deck of the sun porch can be easily con verted into an outdoor sleeping porch for the summer by the addition of fe 1) I I*l I Beauty, simplicity and convenience rt f ■ ■ ma^e t^S a <^eS *^ n tCOrt^i stU(^**n B' awnings, to be taken down during tho winter. The awninss could be held in place by iron supports fas tened into the outer walls of the house and the outer corners of the sun porch. This house was designed for the convenience of the w'oman who does j her own work, and, on that account. | no maid's room has been suggested. The small bedroom at the back could, | however, be used as a maid's room ‘ if desired. The exterior of this house Rives an impression of dignity. Ko while the house at the hack, its widest part, is only 38 feet wide, it should not be crowded onto a small lot. A lot at least 75 by 100 feet, or larger if it can be had, would give proper ex pression to so lovely a design and would add 100 per cent to the sale ability of the house, if the builder has this in mind or should ever be forced to consider it. The piers of the sun porch and the vestibule are slightly buttressed, thus giving the house a look of solidity. And we have suggested that stone be used because it is the most per manent of all building materials. If, i however, this house is to be erected in a neighborhood where stone is scarce, it would look equally well if made in brick or stucco. When made of stone there is still a cozy sense of informality about it because of the abundance of vines, the many win dows and the graceful lines of the I roof. "£he color of the woodwork should depend upon the kind of stone or brick used. The roof is of shingles, j stained moss green, or the color of 1 the woodwork, as may be preferred. If the builder’s purse would allow, slate or tile shingles would be better for the roof. Since the prices of materials and labor vary considerably in different localities, we do not attempt to give a definite estimate as to the cost of building according to this plan, but suggest that you suit your pocket hook as to the kind of materials to be used, and then consult a local builder for detailed information as to building costs. For further infor mation as to procuring the building plans of this house design No. 1 send a stamped and self-addressed enve lope to the Real Estate Editor, The Evening Star. (Copyright, (Jeorjre Mat thru Adams.) I ANNOUNCE 18 LOTS SOLD.; University Park Company to Build Six Homes Soon. The University Park Company re- : ports the sale this week of eighteen lots, aggregating in value $25,000. It j also was announced that plans have i been prepared for the construction of six houses in this new development. Realty Bodies Gaining. Three -state real estate associations, within the last few months, have en larged their membership plan in line with the general movement to enlist the support of the great group of real estate property ; owners in the pro gram of public policies advocated bi rdie National Association of Read Ins tate Boards and its constituent and associate bodies. “Broadcast" Realty Lists. “We broadcast all our listings through the Real Kstate Board offices.” an Atlantic City realtor ex plained to a client, according to a tale coming to the National Association of Heal Kstate Boards. "Broadcast?” ' mused the client. “Now isn't it strange I've never heard them on my set!” 19,441 in Realty Business. There are in the United States and Canada a total of 19,441 persons en gaged in real estate as a vocation who are entitled to the designation “realtor." according to the member ship roster of the National Associa tion of Heal Estate Boards for 1924, which has been compiled this week. REAL ESTATE. REAL ESTATE DEMAND HERE REPORTED GOOD Very heavy demand for both busi ness properties and apartment houses were reported in the list of sa*es from William K. Hartung & Co. The sales follow; Florence S. Lusk sold to William U. Kraft 721 11th street northwest. This property consists of a store with apartments above. The premises 2120 14th street north west was sold for J. C. Flood & Co., Inc., to Florence S. Lusk. It consists of garage and accessories store. F. D. Cohen purchased from Augus ta H. Sawyer 515 11th street north west. It contains restaurant and apartments. Henry Warner Austin purchased from New Thought Society 1814 N street northwest. This property is known as “The Playhouse,” contain ing studios, tea rooms, dance halls, etc. Kllen B. Morse sold to Charles M. Schneider 427 11th street northwest. Frederick L. Schrumpf purchased from Wilbur F. Nash 56 L street northeast. This property is a large warehouse. The building at 1322 15th street northwest was purchased bv Mar-, garet Jean Calvin from Elizabeth Phillips. This property is a modern building, containing sixteen apart ments of three and four rooms each. In the rear of the 3500 block, Con necticut avenue, was sold for Arthur Burkman to Charles M. Nash sixteen modern brick garages. Benjatnin Kraft purchased from Harvey C. Churn, 3025 15th street northwest, known as the Wall raff apartments, containing fifteen apart ments. Thomas W. Grimes sold to William K. Hartung and Walter K. Baefarach 1833 S street northwest. This is a modern fireproof apartment building known as the Bristol, containing twenty-four apar|men*s. The corner, Connecticut and ; dral avenues northwest, was sold td I Mary K. Yates for R. G. \a<i Vran ! ken. A modern fireproof apartment ; building containing-nineteen apart ments of four and five rooms each. Clarence E. Hooker sold to Walter A. Sommers 1731 S street northwest A modern building containing six apartments of six rooms and two baths each. The premises 144 S Park road was sold for John F. Conaway to Charles M. Cohen. A modern apartment build ing of twenty-eight apartments of i three, four and five rooms each. H. E. •Ciafiin purchased from R. G. j Van Vranken 922 14th street north | west. This is a business property I containing stores and apartments. The apartment at 1718 Corcoran : street northwest sold for John H. j\\ right to H. B. Thaden. it contains twenty-one apartments. I Massachusetts JmLmamhk. Park The Triangle of Increasing Values —between Connecticut Ave., Massachusetts Ave. and Woodley, j Road (Cathedral Ave.) 238 acres. Six miles of improved I j streets. Zoned or restricted against apartments, stores and community houses. Over 175 homes from $15,000 to $200,000 built and under construction. Actual improvements and home values exceed $7,000,000. Wooded villa sites, lots, central and side hall homes, with lots from 50 to 115 feet front. Park Office, 3.M and Cathedral Ave. (Woodley Road). Inquiries in person, telephone or letter receive intelligent answer without ■ annoyance. No engagements made for Sundays. Middaugh & Shannon, Inc. Since IS99—Xo Place I.lke Home; Xo Home I.lke Onrs. Riggs-Semmes Bldg., Dupont Circle, Potomac 2200 j Member Washington Heal Estate Board. BUILDING PROJECTS TO COST $554,659 Permits Issued During Week for Several Types of Con struction. MANY HOMES INCLUDED Apartment House Planned at 1651 Lament Street. Many home-building projects and several apartment houses are in cluded in the list of building permits issued during the current week bv the District. The aggregate value of the proposed construction, a list of which follows, is $554,659: W. A. Simpson, to buiid. 232-234 14th street southeast; 512,000. U. G. Ellis, to repair, 2122 14th street: $2,500. M. O. Burgess, to build. 6012 33rd street; $5,000. H. p. Huddleson, to build, 2500 CCth street; $13,000. Clarke and Johnson, to build, 1927- 1931 2nd street; *15.00n, Middaugh &■ .Shannon, to build, 3103-05-07 Cathedral avenue; $75,000. c. D. Sager, to build apartment. 1651 liHmnnt street; $60,000. Greek Orthodox Church, to make repairs. Sth and It streets; $34,000, Robert Monroe, to build thirteen hoases, 1401-1425 Trinidad avenue northeast: $75,000. The Pleischmann Company, to re pair, Mills avenue and Biadensburg road northeast: $5,559. C. H. Smith, to build dwellings, 5701-5717 Colorado avenue and 1325- 1327 Madison street; $90,000. J. M. Carl, to build, 2300 16th street southeast: $3,000. C. Oundling, to build, 3315 20th street northeast; $6,500. R. G. Fletcher, to repair, 61-67 N street southeast; $3,500. W. D. Campbell, to build. 16th and Underwood streets; $12,000. Standard National Bank, to repair, southeast corner of 9th apd K streets; $7,500. D. J. Dunigan, to repair, 5408-5420 13th street; $3,000. Osborne & Cole, to repair, 1115 22nd street; $2,000. Shannon & Luchs, to build, 3712- 3734 R street; $78,000. M. Levanthal, to build, 513 Vir ginia avenue southeast; 5,500. Maud R. S. Warren, to build six apartments. 3018-3028 Porter street; $40,000 each. C. A. Gadde, to build, 4521 43rd street; $5,500. 13