Newspaper Page Text
Fair tonight and tomorrow, cooler tonight; inodtrato west and northwest winds. Temperature-for twenty-four hours ended at 2 p.m. today: Highest, 63, at 11:30 a.m. yesterday; lowest, 55. at * 2:30 a.m. today. Full report on page 7. Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 30 •\T 9Q OOH Entered as second-class matter jL ’ l D* post office Washington, D. C. D. C. FISCAL SYSTEM [ CHANGE IS OPPOSED IN D. C. BILL DEBATH Representatives Moore and Tinkham Lose in Effort to Block Amendment. FISCAL RELATIONS INVESTIGATION PROPOSED Representative Moore Asks Probe by Joint Body of Whole System Between D. C. and IT. S.. 'When the District appropriation b/l ifor the fiscal year beginning July 1 next was called up for consideration under the live-minute rule t/dayi after passage of file Rogers I*ll t-> j resentative Louis C. Cranton, Mic'- ! igan, offered an amendn.;nt wh'ch ! Would entirely change the fiscal re lations between the federal And Dis trict governments. In the first paragraph of th* bill, here provision was made for pay ■ g the money on a 60-/0 per cent basis, as between the pistnct rev enues and the federal T/'-asvry, Rep resentative Cramton proposed a j straight contribution of $8,000,000 j from the federal Treasury. He point- i eJ out that in this hill contribution ] from the Treasury amounts to $8,973.- j •i'!6.80. He held thAt his amendment \ is in order because it is a form of retrenchment. Point of Order Made. Representative R. Walton Moore, Democrat, of Virginia made a point | of order against the Cramton amend. Tnent, contending that it would not hold under the Holeman rule He said that eventually the effect would be to reduce the federal contribution under $8,000,000 and that it would reduce to a minimum the contribu tion from the federal Treasury to ward the upkeep of the Nation’s Capi tal. Representative Moore argued the point of order at length, and a fur ther point of order was made by Rep resentative George Holden Tinkham. Republican, of Massachusetts, a mem ber of the subcommittee wnich draft ed the District appropriation bill. The point of order was finally overridden on a decision from the chair. Point of Order Debated. The point of order was debated at j length between Representative Cram- I ton and other prominent House lead- j ers. Representative Cramton’s con- j tention was that this effects a re duction in the amount taken from the federal Treasury and that the Holman rule was designed to pro tect the fereral Treasury. He ar gued that his amendment would not disturb the original provision that returns or drawbacks to the federal Treasury should be in the same proportion as the Wnds were con tributed hy the federal and District j governments. Representative Finis J. Garrett, Democrat. Tennessee, minority lead er, argued that this amendment does not reduce the amount carried in the bill, while it does reduce the amount contributed by the federal govern ment, it increases the amount which "would be taken from funds to the credit of the District government in the Federal Treasury and that there fore it does not reduce the amount taken from the Federal Treasury. Illanton Sees Rate Raise. Representative Thomas L. Blanton, Democrat, Texas, remarked that the Cramton amendment merely means that the present tax rate of $1.20 would he raised to $1.35 or $1.40. Representative Hen Johnson. Demo- I oral, of Kentucky, a member of the ! appropriations committee and former ehaiman of the House District legis lative committee, said: "I am the author of the present law under which this bill was l>rought in. X was not for such a law, except that it was the best thing the government could get under existing circum stances.” He said that he would favor a lump sum appropriation, but he disputed as not analogous the claim of Rep resentative Cramton that in carrying out this amendment the House would in effect be doing the same as it does with river and harbor appropria tions, -when it reduces the amount that the federal government shall pay and thereby increases the amount ‘-Uat a state woyltl have to pay. Representative Johnson emphasized that the House must not lose sight of ♦he fact that it is legislating for two parties, the federal government and tlie District of Columbia, which is • exclusively under the jurisdiction of ; Congress. Tinkham Backs District. "You are proposing to violate a B)iioral contract with the District, be- in the law of 1920 you oom- the taxpayers of the District ■ o pile up a surplus so as to get them B'n a cash-as-you-go basis within five said Representative Tinkham Hin arguing against the Cramton ■amendment. ■ Representative James T. Begg of Hohio, Republican, wanted to know the people of the District could ■ make any contract with Congress. ■Representative Tinkham replied that ■ "when Congress asserts by solemn ■ law and arrangement for five years ■ such an arrangement should not. be as you are proposing to ■do, without any hearing and with the ■ proposition offered from this floor ■ w ith only fifty members present.” ■ Chairman Davis of the subcommit ■ tee which drafted the District appro ■ priation bill explained to the House ■ how the provision for piling up a V surplus to put the District on a cash I basis within five years came to be I agreed upon, and Representative ft cramton supported Representative ■ Davis. Representative Tinkham told ■ Representative Davis in response that ■ there is so much friction between the I District and Congress because so I many policies are proposed which are A repudiated almost as soon as adopted. ■ He challenged Representative Davis ■ and Representative Cramton why two ■ years ago they did not propose what ■is being proposed today and which they now say is the right thing to do. Reads Citizens’ Petition. Representative Davis then read a petition of the citizens’ joint com mittee on fiscal relations between the y/ilted States and the District of Co lumbia for recognition and appro priations on a 50-50 basis of the Dis trict’s accumulated Treasury tax sur plus, signed by the presidents of ' ’ hree local business men's organiza- ' 'ions and by the presidents of many (Continued <>n Page 2, Column 2.) ~ I BRITISH TO PfOPOSE DIRECT RELATION I DEAL WtR BERLIN i Mac Donal/ Favors Taking Dawes Flai From Hands of |7ebt Commission. FRENCH VIEW DIFFERS, \ PJINCARE INDICATES i . Lmdot to Ask Business Methods ( Be Used as Against ’ Political. ! JJ- (he Associated Press. i LONDON, May I.—When Prime Min ister MacDonald meets Minister Theunis and Paul Hymans of Belgium | at Chequers Court tomorrow the Bei ■ gir.n emissaries will be told that I Great Britain desires to put the Dawes plan into effect by taking it out of the hands of the reparation commis sion and dealing directly with Ger many in a new international confer ence. In this conference, according to the British view, the allied powers will j meet Germany, not as victors over | the vanquished, but as hard-headed ' ; business men trying to settle the i gigantic reparations debt hy business j instead of political methods. While this plan has not been offi | cially announced, it is understood that the British government is anx i ions to revert to the policy which I was interrupted when Premier Poin : care ordered occupation of the Ruhr, and Mr. MacDonald is expected to take this Host opportunity of outlin ing the British desires. « So far as is known here there are no indications that France shares the British desire for a new conference with the Germans, M. Poincare being understood to favor turning the ex perts’ plan over to the reparation commission for application in its en tirety. TORNADO DEATH TOLL IN SOUTH REACHES 95 500 Injured in Seven States, Lat est Figures Show—lncrease Expected. PROPERTY LOSS, $10,000,000 Women and Children Chiefly Vic tims of High Winds. By the Associated Press. ATLANTA. Ga., May I.—With nine ty-five persons known to be dead, more than a score missing, approxi mately 500 injured, some perhaps fatally, and hundreds homeless, the southeast set about today to relieve its regions stricken yesterday and Tuesday by the worst high-tension storms in history. Tornadoes, descending with devas tating violence upon widely sepa rated sections, caused damage esti mated at $10,000,000 in South Caro lina, Georgia, Alabama. North Caro lina, Virginia, Louisiana and Ar | Kansas. The last two were the first I to suffer, being in the area in which the disturbance originated Tuesday. South Carolina Hard Hit. Early today, incomplete reports de layed by crippled wire facilities dis tributed the total list of dead as fol lows: South Carolina, 66; Georgia, 13; Alabama, 11; North Carolina, 3; Louisiana, 1, and Arkansas, 1. With many points in the path of the storms yet completely isolated, re ports of additional casualties were anticipated hourly. Relief work is proceeding rapidly under the supervision of the American Red Cross, assisted by numerous local fraternal and civic organizations, mu nicipal _ and county governments and individuals. Hundreds of thejrnore for tunate survivors of the storms have thrown open their homes to the j sufferers, while in virtually every ! locality in the affected districts tem i porary kitchens have been set up to j dispense food to the hungry. A picture of desolation and wreckage i was left in the wake of the storm, which traversed a path roughly estimated at more than a thousand miles long. More Dead in Virginia. Its destructive force, however, seemed partly to have been spent as It spread eastward through Virginia last evening, no deaths having occurred there so far as known, and but slight property damage caused compared with other sections in which it struck. Dead and injured and many of those unhurt were picked up by the fierce winds and hurled through the air hundreds of feet. Miles of telephone and telegraph lines were torn down, hundreds of dwellings and other build ings were ripped from their founda tions and demolished, trees were up rooted and numerous live stock were killed, while bridges were washed away and roads flooded in many sec (Continued on Page 2, Column 7.) Hamorfs Ambition Was to Make Son President of V . S., Says His Widotv By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, May I.—The ambition of Jake Hamon, Oklahoma politician and oil man, was not to be Secretary Os the Interior—it was to make his son, Jake, jr.. President of the United States. This was disclosed today by his widow on her return from Wash ington, where she was summoned to testify before the Teapot Home In vestigation committee, and then was not asked to take the witness chair. "He wanted to be nothing else but chairman of the Republican national committee,” Mrs. Hamon said. “ ‘l’ll get it and I’ll hold It for years, until Jake, jr., is old enough to take She Jpenirm . V, J V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, MAY 1, 1924-FIFTY-TWO PAGES. ** . — !•»»»• * **’ 1 GOLFING SEASON. ——— TESTIFIES WHEELER PROMISED PERMITS Colorado Oil Man Tells Probers! Senators Said He Would Handle Land Grants. RECORDS REFUTE CHARGE Land Oflice Head Denies Montanan Appeared in Case. The special Senate committee in vestigating the indictment of Senator Wheeler in Montana was told today that the senator had promised when ho came to Washington to take care of the land permits in which his client, Gordon Campbell, was inter ested. W. W. Rhea, a Colorado oil man, testified that he heard such an as surance given to Campbell in Janu uary, 1923, and that Campbell had told him Wheeler was to be paid for it. The Montana indictment charged that the senator took a fee for ap pearing before the Interior Depart ment in the matter. S Witness Sticks to Story. Under a severe cross-examination, the witness stuck to his story hut said he first had made these state ments within ton minutes after, he had met Blair Coan, sent tp Montana by Secretary Lockwood of the Repub lican national committee, although he did not know for what purpose Coan wanted the information. Prior to Rhea’s testimony the com mittee had received from Commis sioner Spry of the general land office a letter saying the files of his office failed to show that Senator Wheeler over had appeared as an attorney there in land matters. Colorado Man Tmlififn. At the outset Chairman Borah read a letter from Commissioner Spry, of the general land office, saying that a search of the files of his office failed to show any appearance as an attorney hy Senator Wheeler before that office in the matter of land permits. W. .W. Rhea of Idaho Springs, Colo., who identified himself as oil man, was the first witness. He said he had met Wheeler at the Rainbow Hotel,' in Great Falls, on January 15, 1923, at a conference at which Gordon Campbell and H. C. Glosser also were present. “The main conversation,” he said “was in regard to the Phil McGowan permit. Mr. Campbell said It would be fixed up when Mr. Wheeler got to Washington.” “What, If anything, did Senator Wheeler say?” asked Senator Borah. “He said we didn’t need to worry, that this would all be taken care of when he got hack here." Says Wheeler Promised “Slice.’* Rhea said he had an interest in the Phil McGowan permit, and that Camp bell declared if the permit was “fixed up," they would give Wheeler “quite a big slice out of it.” “Did Senator Wheeler make any statement when there was talk of slicing up the permit?” asked Senator Borah. “I don’t think he said a word,” was the reply. Rhea testified ho never paid any sum to Wheeler in connection with th© permit, nor did he have any knowledge that Wheeler appeared in the land office either in Washington or Montana in connection with it. Senator Borah developed that Rhea had made an affidavit in connection with the Rainbow Hotel conference. “To whom lid you first narrate this matter?” asked Senator Borah. “To Mr. Coan.” Rhea said he had met Coan at Den ver on invitation of Glosser, who for merly was an employe of Campbell. After Probe Started. “AVas this after the investigation of (Continued on Page 2, Column 8.) it over,’ he told me,” she said. " ‘Then I’ll make him chairman in my place and let him hold it until he is wise enough and old enough, and when that time comes I’ll make Jake, jr., President —the youngest President of the United States.’ ” Hamon swung his support from former Gov. Lowden of Illinois to Warren G. Harding In the 1920 Re publican national convention at her request, Mrs. Hamon said. Harding, she explained, was a distant relative of her family. Then the widow, who was married to a Chicago man and divorced since Hamon’s death, paid a tribute to the deceased. “I want to be known by his name; I shall have no other. I shall hence forth be known always as Mrs. Jake Hamon.” Senators Taken From Hearings To Get Quorum There were so many investiga tions and hearings in progress at the Capitol today that the Senate sergcant-at-anns was forced to invade some of them to round up a sufficient number of members to carry on business on the floor, where the tax bill is under con sideration. Hoping to get an early start on the tax bill, Chairman Smoot of the finance committee had ob- ! tained unanimous consent to eon- ! vene an hour ahead of regular meeting time. Two roll calls counted only forty-two senators present, however, and the ser geant-at-arms was dispatched to get seven more. After a few minutes a quorum was numbered and business pro ceeded. M'CRAY ENTERS CELL WORN, BUT SMILING | Former Indiana Governor Will Be Finger-Printed at Atlanta Penitentiary. COMPANION PRISONER FLEES New State Executive May Probe All Departments. By the Associated Press. ATLANTA, Ga., May I.—Sympathy for the tornado victims in the south was expressed today by Warren T. McCray, former governor of Indiana, just before he was committed to the Federal penitentiary here to serve a term of ten years for using the mails to defraud. "My heart goes out to those who lost their loved ones and their homes,” he said. The former governor made this comment at Rome, Oa., early today, during a brief stop of his train, on which he came from Indianapolis. He had nothing to say directly about his case. Looks Worn, Bnt Smiles. McCray looked worn, but greeted newspaper men with a smile. His guards were Harry Wertz, deputy United States marshal, and E. J. Pogerty, warden of the Indiana state prison. Robert Lambert, another prisoner being brought to the penitentiary by the same deputies, escaped from the train early today, near Shelbyville, Tenn.-, by jumping through a wash room window. He was ponvicted of automobile theft. \ There were five other prisoners in the party, in addi tion to McCray. No extra preparations had been made to receive McCray at the Atlan ta penitentiary, officials stating he would go through the same routine as any other prisoner. After being photographed and finger-printed, he will be given a blue denim uniform and assigned to a cell. He will re ceive a physical examination either this afternoon or within a few days. OFFICIAL CLEAN-UP SEEN. New Governor of Indiana Urged to Reorganize Departments. By the Associated Press. INDIANAPOLIS. Ind., May I.—While former Gov. Warren T. McCray was ,en route to the federal prison at At lanta, Oa., today, to begin serving his ten-year sentence for postal law vio lations, Emmett F, Branch, the new chief executive of Indiana, began a survey of state departments to deter mine If a reorganization of the ad ministrative body is necessary. At a conference last night, attend ed by Gov. Branch, Clyde A. Walb, Republican state chairman, and other party leaders, the question of investi gating state departments which were under the control of McCray was dis cussed, it was said. Little informa tion regarding the meeting was given out, however. Gov. Branch said any action he may take will be deter mined later. • Walb Waata Cleaa-L'p. Chairman Walb, who was said to favor a thorough Investigation of state departments, after the confer ence said the statehouse must be purged of any suspicion that may exist. He called attention to a state ment Issued at the time that he de manded McCray’s resignation. In this (Continued on Page 2, Column 1.) CITES VITAL NEED FOR U. S. BUILDINGS Fernald Pleads Cause of $50,000,- 000 Construction Program Here at Once. MORE WORKERS COMING Says Bonus Bill Will Add 2,000 to Pay Rolls Here. With 2.000 additional government employes necessary in Washington for | the administration of the soldiers’ ! bonus law, the enactment of legisla- j tion authorizing a comprehensive j building program by the government i in the District of Columbia has be- j come vitally necessary. Senator Fer- I nald of Maine, chairman of the com mittee on public buildings and i grounds, said today. •* ’’The bill authorizing the expendi ture of $50,000,000 for the erection of public buildings in the District, which was ordered favorably report ed by the committee on public build ings and grounds yesterday, should be put through at the present session of Congress." said Senator Fernald. ! He said that he was hopeful of get ting favorable action on it before adjournment. , Asked hr President. President Coolidge, he pointed out, recommended such legislation to Con gress in his annual message last December. Senator Fernald said that he believed the budget bureau also would approve. It is planned, he said, to expend about $10,000,000 a year for the construction of buildings here during the next five years. ‘‘As a matter of business,” said Senator Fernald, “it is of great in terest to the government to begin this building program in Washington without further delay. The govern ment pays about $700,000 a year rent for buildings in the District now. Unless new buildings are erected this rental b*M will increase. "The employes who will be neeedd here f( r the administration of the soldier bonus will number from 2,000 to 2,200, I am told. It is estimated that they will require about 95,000 square feet of floor space. I do not know where they are to be housed. The government has not space in its buildings and it will be difficult to rent quarters for them. Like Dou Keaneln. “We have government employes here today working in quarters that are- little better than dog kennels. Something should be done without delay to relieve these conditions, "The development of Washington along artistic and beautiful lines should be carefully guarded in the construction of the proposed new gov ernment buildings. However, ade quate buildings, considerably less or nate than those demanded in the past, can well be erected to house the working forces of the government here.” Senator Fernald also expressed the hope that the Congress would at this session enact legislation providing for the construction of the proposed me morial bridge across the Potomac River from the vicinity of the Lin coln Memorial to Arlington. Senator Fernald la, writing a report on the public buildings bill for the District, which probably will be sub mitted Saturday or Monday. BUI Ordered Reported. The bill authorizing the expendi ture of $50,000,000 for the erection of public buildings in the District of Columbia was ordered favorably re ported to the Senate .yesterday by the Senate committee on public buildings and grounds. The bill provides that not more than $10,000,000 shall be expended in any one fiscal year. It provides also that the public buildings commission shall make a thorough study of the situation and determine how the money is to be expended. The bill carries out the recom mendations made by President Cool idge to Congress In his annual ad dress last December. The bill was drafted by the public buildings com mission, of which Senator Smoot of Utah is chairman. The bill will be reported to the Sen ate within the next few days, according to Senator Fernald of Maine, chairman of the committee on public buildings and grounds, and placed on the Senate calendar. Leaps From Liner Into Sea. NEW YORK, May 1. —A passenger aboard the Royal Mail liner Orduna, believed to have been Thorndike Hil ton of Chicago, jumped overboard in midocean Tuesday evening, according to radio advices received today at the offices of the line. The message said that the liner halted ajtd circled the spot for some time without'finding the body. Fear U. S. Globe Flight Chief Is Victim of Alaskan Storm Searchers Find No Trace of Martin in Chignik Hop . Islands Combed by . Wireless and Ships as Cede Abates, By (h* Associated Press. CORDOVA, Alaska, May I.—No word had been received at 2:25 a.m. today at this station, which Is in con stant wireless communication with the north Pacific region, concerning the fate of Maj. Frederick L. Martin. Radio transmitters at cannery sta tions along the Alaskan peninsula and the Aleutian Islands westward from Chignik, whence Maj. Martin flew at 11:10a.m. yesterday, were ex pected to open at 9 o’clock, and it was hoped that some news might come then. Ship* Asked to Search. Vessels that have come north for the annual Alaska salmon pack were asked to take up the search. Maj. Martin has been experiencing diffi culty ever since the expedition of four planes left Santa Monica. Calif., March 17. Very few of these boats are equipped with wireless, and the number of such craft in the region between Chignik and Dutch Harbor is small. The cutter Algonquin of the United 1 States coast guard, at Pirate Cove, ; about half way between Chignik and ; Dutch Harbor, sent a message stating i that she would be in communication ! with cannery stations as soon as their I radio opened and that she would ! endeavor to communicate with all cannery vessels. The message from the Algonquin expressed the hope that Maj. Martin, ■whose sole companion was his mechanician, Sergt. Alva Harvey, might have alighted at a cannery station for the night. FISHING BOATS SEARCHING. Badio Says No Trace of Martin Reported on Peninsula. By the Associated Press. SEATTLE. Wash., May I.—Radio j advices received at 5 a.m. today from ' the Alaskan Peninsula stated no trace j has been fobnd of Maj. Frederick L. | Martin in the flag plane Seattle, j which left Chignik yesterday for M’CARL’S AUTHORITY UPHELD AND DERIDED Representative Madden Would Clarify Controller General’s Powers. OPPOSING BILLS ARE ARGUED Saving of $1,000,000 Claimed by Decisions of Official. Controversy over the power of the controller general of the United States was carried before the House judiciary committee today, which opened hear j ings on a bill by Representative j Madden, Republican, Illinois, to j clarify, and a bill by Representative | Dallinger of Massachusetts, to restrict the controller general’s authority. J. R. McCarl. the present controller general, was praised by Mr. Madden as the “eyes of Congress” and assail ed by Mr. Dallinger as “dictator of the United States.” In the course of his discussion of the controller’s powers Mr. Madden indicated he was opposed to the entire system of making , payments for claims against the government and that he shortly would introduce a bill to provide that all payments should be made by the Treasury De partment. Recovery of $1.000.000. At the hearing were Mrs. Bessie T. Biueggeman, chairman, and other members of the United States em ployes’ compensation commission, which has been in a long-drawn-out controversy with the controller. More than $1,000,000, Mr. Madden said, had been recovered within two years on transportation bills for the War Department. The loss of inter est to the government, Mr. Madden declared, had been $126,000. Criticising the War and Navy de partments for refusing to co-operate with the controller general in an or der calling for audit before payment of transportation accounts, Mr. Mad den said that all other departments and establishments of the govern ment except these two were co-oper ating willingly. Abuse* Are Charged. Representative Montague of Vir ginia, member of the committee, pointed out two instances in which he asserted the controller had ex ceeded his authority. The Madden bill provides that “dis bursing officers shall make no pay ments of any claim or class of claims or on any account whatsoever wher ever the controller general of United States has by regulation or decision otherwise directed the method of payment and all branches of the government are hereby re quired and directed to comply with such regulation or decision.” Representative Dallinger charged that the controller general had ex ceeded his authority and that under the Madden bill there would be nothing to prevent him from hold ing up the pay of a member of Con gres» or from stopping the sailing of n Navy dreadnaught or the move ment of troops. Would Review Decision.*. Representative Dallinger said he had voted for the budget and ac counting act and believed In the sys tem in general. But he had con cluded that the controller’s powers should be subject to review. The Dallinger bill, he explained, provided that the decisions of the controller general In case of dispute should be reviewed by the Attorney General. The present controller gen eral, Representative Dallinger charg ed, pays no attention to the Court of Claims or to the Supreme Court of the (Continued on Page 2, Column 8.) r 1 v MAJ. FREDERICK h. MARTIX. Dutch Harbor, Unalaska Island. Fish ing boats are searching for the miss ing plane. FEABS FELT FOR SAFETY. Terrific Gales Reported on Eastern Point of Unimak Island. FALSE PASS. Unimak Island, May 1 (By wireless to the Associated Press, j via Bremerton, Wash.). —Fears are ! expressed here for the safety of Maj. i Frederick L. Martin, commanding a | United States Army squadron encir- | cling the globe, who left Chignik, ! Alaska, at 11:10 a.m. yesterday for Dutch Harbor. Unalaska Island, and who ha;; not been reported passing any points. Residents at the small cannery sta tion here, located on the southeastern point of Unimak Island, near Ikakan Bay. have just passed through the worst five days ever known for this period of the year. The North Pacific Ocean has been lashed by terrific gales, the wind fre quently reaching a velocity of 100 miles an hour. The air at the wire less station has been filled all day with snow blown from the mountain sides and neighboring peaks. Even the seagulls making their home here did not try to fly. seeking sheltered nooks and staying out of the cold wind. The temperature has i ranged from CO to 24 degrees above zero during the storm. The residents all believed that a mistake was made attempting the 400-mile flight from Chignik to Dutch Harbor during the gale. LEAGUE FOR PEACE SESSION OPENS HERE Jane Addams Apologizes for “In tolerance" Toward Women’s World Group. SAYS U. S. FAVORS AIM Tells Delegates From 22 Countries Americas Against War. Apologizing to the delegates to the fourth international congress of the Women’s International Leag-ue for Peace and Freedom for ’’certain cur rents of intolerance" they have en countered in America, Jane Addams told the inaugural assembly of the congress today that perhaps it should have acceped an invitation to meet in London, "where free speech and ! free assemblage are once more firmly established.” t The congress convened shortly be fore noon in the hall of nations in the Washington Hotel, to remain in session for a week. Delegates from twenty-two countries answered the roll call and in addition there were present guests and visitors from all parts of the world, including mem bers of patriotic organizations direct ly opposed to the peace and freedom program of the league. Apologizes to Delegates. At the outset Miss Addams declared ♦.hat in speaking in the dual capacity Os international officer of the league *nd an American citizen she did not consider her position in either place conflicted. "I do not believe.” she said, •that devotion to international aims Interferes with love of country any more than devotion to family detracts from good citizenship. And»l am sorry now to speak a word of apology. "Ever since you landed some of you must have felt certain currents of intolerance never before encountered at our previous congresses. May I assure you that Americans are not by nature and training less tolerant than the people in those other countries who treated us with such fine and unvary ing courtesy. But a survival of war psychology Is an unaccountable thing; j it constitutes a new indictment of the devastating effects of war upon human I character. “Perhaps it was too soon to hold our congress on American soil. Pos sibly we ought to have accepted the Invitation of our British section to meet in London, where free speech and, free assemblage are once more firmly, re-established. But I beg of you not to take this situation too seriously. One thing I would very . much deprecate: I should be in de spair if you were frightened and in hibited so that, instead of a real con gress with a genuine discussion, we should have a sort of dress parade congress, with a pretended discussion and -an expression of half convic tions.” Demand for End of Wars. Miss Addams told thedelegates that if they spoke "from the depths of your hearts” they would find a tre mendous response throughout the United States. ”ln churches, in col leges, in cities and on farms there is at last arising an overwhelming de mand.that war shall cease,” she said. “And, more than that, that the United States shall lead in a movement to this end. This beautiful Capital city of ours does not always know what the people want, although it tries so hard to find out!” Miss Addams announced that Presi dent Coolldge would receive the dele gates at the White House at 12:30 o’clock next Wednesday afternoon. It would be necessary, however, for (Continued on Page 2, Column 5.) ” r i -■ —■ . “From Press to Home Within the Hour 99 The Star’s carrier system covers every city block and the regular edi tion is delivered to Washington homes as fast as the papers are printed. Yesterday’s Circulation, 99,249 TWO CENTS. HARDING APPROVAL OF NO. 2 OIL LEASES DECLARED LACKING Search of Records Fails to Show Fall Authorized to Make Coast Deals. TITLE TO 3,000 ACRES MAY BE FOUND INVALID Remainder of California Reserve Contracted for Under Work at Higher Royalties. Turning its attention for the first time to Naval Reserve No. 2, in Cali fornia, the Senate oil committee was advised today by Assistant Secretary Finney of the Interior Department that a search of the records failed to show the necessary presidential ap proval of the lease of over 3,ot"i acres in that reserve to the Honolulu Oil Company. The lease was not valid, the wit ness said, unless approved by tlv j President, because Secretary Fall had | no authority of his own to make su. h a contract. Nearly Whole Area I,eased. | All of naval reserve No. 2 had been leased by Fall, with the exception of | 1.280 acres, he said, and since Secr*-- i tar >’ Work came into office the re. ; mainder has been leased at the re quest of the Navy Department. Th.. leases made since Fall resigned carry i in royalties from 01 to 50 per ceni, he said, which were much higher than those under Fall. At the conclusion of Mr. Finney’s testimony the committee took a re cess. Gets List of Leases. Mr. Finney gave to the committee a complete list of- all leases made on the Buena Vista reserve and re viewed the history of each. This re serve is known as the "checkerboard” reserve, because the lands held for the Navy were in ipost instances al ternating sections, with the interven | ing sections under private control. Many of the early leases, Mr. Finney | showed, were tor offset wells, granted to protect drainage by wells on adjoin ing properties. While authority for making the earlier leases rested in the Secretary of the Interior, the witness said. Secretary of the Interior Payne in all instances referred applications to Secretary-of the Navy Daniels and made no leases without the latter’s approval. Some Made Under Payne. Some of the leases made under Sec retary Payne were to prevent the in trusion of water, Finney said. The early leases were made by act of Presi dent Wilson, upon written reports by Secretary Payne. Most of them were for producing ] wells. The first area leased by Mr. I Payne went to the Consolidated Mutual | Oil Company and covered 120 acres. First Lease By Kail. 1 Secretary Fall later granted ‘‘area” leases, the witness said, to cover areas in which his predecessor had granted "well'* leases to producing wells on mining locations. The first “area” lease by Pall was for 160 acres on naval reserve No. 2 to the Boston Pacific Oil Company. ’’Secretary Fall took the view.” Finney said, "that on account of the large area of patented lands and wells upon them it was impracticable to maintain the reserve as a reserve and the lands should be leased. I heard him express that opinion. About that time he was considering a plan of exchanging crude oil for i naval oil in storage.” The development of the Pall policy with respect of naval oil reserves was then reviewed by Finney, who said the first discussion of the “ex change” plan was between March and June, 1921. In July Pall went west and was absent two or three months. On December, 14, 1921, the lease to the Boston Pacific Oil Company was approved and it was followed by other area leases. (tnliird On Reserve No. 2. The history of the lease on naval oil reserve No. 2 to the Honolulu Oil Company by Secretary Fall was ex plained at the request of Senator Walsh, who said that by resolution of the Senate the committee had been directed to go into that matter spe cially. Senator Walsh added that he wanted to obtain from Finney a foun* dation for such inquiry as would b’ made later. Fall had authorized the lease to the Honolulu Oil Company, Finney said, and it was not approved by Secre tary Denby. He had been unable to find any record to show that Presi dent Harding gave his approval. Sen ator Walsh read from the law to sus tain his conclusion that the lease was invalid unless approved by the President, and Finney agreed. Fall granted the lease to the Hono lulu Oil Company after his predeces sor, Secretary Payne, had denied a patent to the company, the witness said. Land covered was slightly in excess of 3,000 acres. DEMPSEY TO MEET WILLS FOR TItLE IN SEPTEMBER Rickard Announces Match Ar rangements; Bout to Be Held at Boyle’s Thirty Acres. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, May I.—Tex Rickard announced today he had matched 1 Jack Dempsey and Harry Wills for a world heavyweight championship fight at Boyle’s Thirty Acres, Jersey City, on September 6. So far as Wills is concerned the match is contingent upon a victory over either Quintin Romero, Chilean heavyweight, or Ermlnio Spalla, Ital ian holder of the. European heavy weight title, some time in June at the Jersey bowl, Rickard said. Wills already has signed for both m contests and the promoter said In- fl had obtained the agreement of Jack 9 Kearns, Dempsey’s manager, to the 9 title match with the negro. At the 1 same time Rickard announced that h» I had definitely abandoned all further m negotiations with Luis Angel Flrpo, ■ following the latter’s rejection of ■ the promoter’s latest bid for bis ■ services, and insistence that he will ■ retire from the ring. Rickard has In- I structed his Buenos Aires agent, I Juan Homs, to return to this coun- ' try.