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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 02, 1924, Image 1

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Fair tonight and tomorrow; little
change in temperature. Temperature
for twenty-four hours ended at 2
p.m. today; Highest, 67. at noon to
day; lowest, 43. at 5:30 a.m. today.
Full report on page 10.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 30
#■ "Mrt OQ 001 Entered as> second-class mattei
• +>u. post D fjj Ce Washington. D C.
Land Party Aids Ships and
Fishermen in Hunt for
Companions Fear Flight May Be
Made Impossible Unless Weath
er Conditions Change.
MARTIN, May 2 (by wireless to the
Associated Press, Estevan, B. C.)> —
Search for Maj. Frederick L. Martin,
missing American world flight com
mander. has been divided into four
parts, and early today was proceeding
Search for Missing Flyer Renewed
With Fr*esh Vigor.
B. the Associated Press.
BREMERTON, Wash.. May 2.
Search for Maj. Frederick L. Martin,
commander of the United States Army
around-the-world flight, and his
mechanician. Sergt. Alva Harvey,
missing since their departure in the
air cruiser Seattle from Chignik,
Alaska, Wednesday morning, was re
sumed with fresh vigor at dawn today
by coast guard cutters and all avail
able cannery vessels between Chignik
and Dutch Harbor. Unalaska.
Ships not equipped with search
lights were halted during the night,
but the coast guard cutters Haida
and Algonquin and the coast survey
vessel Pioneer crept through the
darkness with lights trained along
the rugged north Pacific shoreline.
Latest wireless advices gave the
Algonquin's position as between
Pirate Cove, in the Shurnagin Islands,
and Chignik,
-Mariners believe that is closest to
the point where Maj. Martin may have
be.-n forced down.
Galea Subside, Mope Grows.
Renewed hope for Martin's rescue
has come with cessation of furious
gales which have been lashing the
Alaska peninsula shore and the Aleu
tian Islands for a week.
Owing to poor radio communication
with northern points during daylight
hours it- was thought here that any
word concerning what befell the
plane would be delayed many hours.
A wireless message from Cordova
received here at midnight, the latest
communication, said no trace of the
missing airmen bad been found up
to 3:30 p.m„ Alaska time.
Numerous minute islands, many of
them not even charted on the largest
of marine maps, dot the territory
where the search is in progress. So
far as is known here, the Seattle did
not carry more than a day's supply"
of food. Unless Martin and Harvey
are in a sheltered and inhabited place,
it was pointed out, the two may be
suffering from exposure and hunger.
Other Pilots Concerned.
The three pilots at Dutch Harbor
have become concerned over whether
their adventure will succeed, Capt.
C. E. Rolstad. master of the steam
ship Brookdale, declared upon ar
rival at Seattle yesterday from Dutch
"The people have no idea of the
courage the fliers have shown in their
battles with the elements in the
north,” Capt. Rolstad said. “They
do not deny that they are fearful
that if weather conditions do not im
mediately improve they may be un
able to circle the globe this season.
"Lieuls. Lowell H. Smith, Leigh
Wade and Eric Nelson, in the planes
Chicago, Boston and New Orleans,
made a thrilling flight from Chignik
to Dutch Harbor.
“Lieut. Nelson said the planes had
to battle their way through the storm
some times as low as 100 feet above
the surf to follow the coast line. The
snow made it impossible to fly higher
without losing their way.”
Likelihood of Martin Changing
Plans to Be Investigated.
By the Associated Press.
FALSE PASS, Alaska, May 2.—Like
liliood that Maj. Frederick L. Martin
turned the nose of his cruiser over the
Aleutian range of mountains instead
®f taking the longer route of skirting
the ‘Alaska Peniusula after his de
parture from Chignik, Alaska, for
Dutch Harbor, Unalaska. caused
seaiohcrs today to turn inland in the
hunt for the world flight commander
and his mechanician, who have been
Enissing since Wednesday morning.
m Word reached here that a land party
■was to leave Chignik shortly.
■TESTS plane vibration.
■Officer Finds Auto Vibrates Twice
as Much 'as Aircraft.
I NEW HAVEN, Conn., May 2.—The
■vibration of a speeding airplane is
■cme-half that of an automobile trav
eling thirty miles an hour on con
■ rete, according to tests made here
■by Lieut. F. L. Parks of the United
■states Tank Corps, now studying at
■Tale University, who has announced
■ho result of a recent flight to test
■he amount of vibration and the se
verity of “bumps” that an airplane
■nust withstand while in the air. The
■neasurements of the vigration were
■nade with the aid of a seismograph
Hdaptbd for the purpose by Prof. F.
■l. Lockwood of the Mason laboratory
■ f mechanical engineering, Yale.
■ragedy Occurs When Automobile
■crashed Into Pole in Pittsburgh.
I PITTSBURGH. Pa., May 2—Three
Hen were killed and three others
Here Injured, one seriously, today.
Hhen their automobile crashed Into a
H>le at Verona, a suburb Tee dead
Here Philip KlingcnA;. ‘-th. Austin
HcCann and Ernest .nmaa, all of
ISetv York City
Ruled Half Hour
By Seven Boys
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. May 2.—Seven boys
today went through the routine of
governing New York city for half
an hour.
The first official act of George
Bionz, the thirteen-year-old mayor,
was to sign a proclamation calling
upon all youths of eligible age to
enroll in the Military Training
Corps this summer. He also de
clared himself In favor of better
recreation facilities for the city's
children, improvement of transit
conditions and an increase in
The borough presidents and the
city controller also turned over
their desks to boys for the half
hour period in recognition of
"Boys' week.”
Arguments Presented on Demurrer
to Oil Probe Contempt
Indie Iment.
Partisan Attempt to Make Political
Capital of Affair Charged.
Justice Hoehling of the District
Supreme Court today heard argu
ments of counsel on the demurrer of
1 Harry F. Sinclair, lessee of Teapot
| Dome, to the indictment reported
| against him recently charging a con
: tempt of the United States Senate by
refusing to answer questions pro
pounded by the oil investigating com
‘ mittee. Mr. Sinclair did not claim
! that the answers would incriminate
I him. but questioned the authority of
the committee to inquire into what he
, considered a personal matter. If the
1 Senate had the authority, it had di
vested itself in the present case, he
claimed, by directing the institution
by government counsel of suits to
cancel the oil leases.
In addition to a demurrer counsel
for Mr. Sinclair filed a motion to
quash the indictment on the facts.
To this motion the prosecution inter
posed a plea for a dismissal of the
motion. Both attacks on the validity
of the indictment were covered in
the arguments. Justice Hoehling as
-1 signed four hours on each side, leav
! ing the different counsel to make
i division of the time as they see fit.
; The argument is expected to occupy
i two days.
Littleton Opens Argument.
j Martin W. Littleton of New York,
1 chief counsel for Mr. Sinclair, opened
the argument. He will be followed
by Senator Atlee Pomerene, Maj. Pey
ton Gordon and Attorney Owen J.
Roberts. The closing argument for
Mr. Sinclair will be made by George
P. Hoover of the local bar. _GoL J.
W. Zevely of Washington and Attor
ney G. T. Stanford of New York are
also associated In the defense.
Mr. Sinclair did not sit with his
counsel but took a place among the
spectators to listen to the argument.
That a "partisaji effort to make
political capital concerning the mat
ter as an incidental object” was ap
parent in the oil inquiry was assert
ed by the Sinclair counsel. Some of
the questions asked Mr. Sinclair by
Senator Walsh of Montana, describ
ed as the committee “prosecutor,”
were declared to be “obviously pure
ly attempts at political muckraking."
Counsel for the government con
tended that there was no constitu
tional privilege which protected Mr.
Sinclair since he had waived the
question of self-crimination and that
avowed that his answers would not
tend to criminate him.
Power to Investigate.
They argued that it was clear Con
gress had the power to investigate in
(Continued on Page 4, Column 4.)
Phone Call to Louisiana Prison
Head Offers $60,000 to Let
Condemned Men Escape.
By the Associated Press.
NEW ORLEANS, May 2.—Capt.
Archie Rennyson, superintendent of
the Orleans parish prison where six
Italians condemned to die at Amite,
May 9, are held, received today a
letter Informing him, “We will get
you sure if the men hang.”
The superintendent reported Wednes
day receipt of an offer of $50,000 to
permit escape of five of the prisoners.
Last night an anonymous caller on the
telephone, speaking In broken English,
asked Capt Rennyson if he had re
ceived the communication relating to
the bribe.
Countess de Perigny Gave Husband
Auto and $4,000, Charges Wife
of Newark, N. J., Man.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, May 2.—Countess Mar
garet Carnegie de Perigny, sister of
Harry K. Thaw, was named core
spondent in an action for absolute
divorce filed by Mrs. Madeline Helen
Modica, against her husband, Eman
uel Victor Modica of Newark, N. J.,
it became known today. Modica was
served with notice of the action when
he appeared before Supreme Court
Justice Lewis, where he was making
an effort to obtain custody of ht
daughter, Madeline Dorothy Modica.
sixteen months old.
Mrs. Modica, in her action, charged
indiscretions on the liner Homeric
on a trip to Paris. She asserted the
countess had given her husband a
motor car and $4,000 in cash.
Mrs. Modica in February began
suit against the countess for $500,000
damages, charging alienation of the
of her husband. She main
tained the countess won her husband
(Modica) between October, 1922, and
November, 1923. The count and countess
were married in Paris in November.
1923. A week after the suit was filed
Count and Countess de Perigny sailed
for Europe.
Wamim Sfarf.
Cannot Understand Action of
President, Daugherty In
quiry Witness Says.
Famous Former Judge Makes Col
orful Appearance—Slaps Po
litical Influence.
With the picturesque emphasis that
made him famous long before base
ball took him from the federal bench
to become Its high commissioner,
Kenesaw Mountain Landis today gave
the Senate Daugherty committee his
opinion of prohibition enforcement
and other administrative questions as
they have been dealt with in recent
years by the federal government.
At dinner parties in Chicago, he
said, “pre-war stuff" still appeared to
be holding out remarkably well, and
he confessed that he himself had not
been able to resist the enticing invi
tations of his hostesses to try some
of it. But he added that the Depart
ment of Justice appeared to be doing
the best it could in view of the fact
that it didn’t always have the best of
lawyers on its pay roll.
Can't Understand Pardon.
Called to testify about the house
of correction sentence he imposed
on Phillip Grossman for liquor law
violations, he said he couldn't under
stand to save his life how Grossman
got his pardon from President Cool
idge. He thought Fred Upham,
treasurer of the Republican national
committee and other Republican
leaders in Chicago were to be criti
cized, and he told the committee in
away no one could misunderstand
that he believed politics should have
no more to do with executive clem
ency than with decisions handed
down from the bench.
Then, under the urge of a sharp
cross-examination, he got up from
the witness stand and strode up and
down the room and, between puffs on
a long, black stogie, summed up and
reiterated all of his statements about
the Grossman case and the conduct
of the Department of Justice in gen
eral. When the committee was sat
isfied he departed with an invitation
to all of its members to come along
with him and see a ball game.
Grossman’s conviction, Judge Landis
said, resulted from the testimony of
si* witnesses who said he sold whis
ky. The court added a charge of
contempt of court. Previous wit
nesses have testified that although a
sentence to the* house of correction
was Imposed, Grossman was able to
forestall actual incarceration and
finally was given executive clemency
by President Coolidge.
The activities of Fred Upham.
treasurer of the Republican national
committee; Homer Galpin, Coop coun
ty chairman, and others of political
power were to be criticized. Judge
Landis said, in the Grossman case.
Baffled by Pardon.
Asked whether he meant to criti
cize the exercise of executive au
thority in the case, the judge replied
that he "couldn’t understand how
Grossman ever got his pardon.”
"If you want to call that attitude
criticism,” he added, “I guess I’ll
have to let it stand.”
The committee was confused as to
how Grossman's conviction showed
on the records as being for contempt
of court.
“The contempt of court was
charged." Judge Landis said, “because
(Continued on Page 4, Column 3.)
Proportional Representation Bill
Rejected, 238 to 144—Curzon
Sees Conservative Ascendency.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 2. —The House of
Commons this afternoon rejected by
a vote of 238 to 144 the proportional
representation bill sponsored by the
In the course of a speech today at
a great gathering of the Primrose
League, the conservative organiza
tion, Marquis Curzon, former secre
tary for foreign affairs, gave his
first views of the Labor government,
and incidentally predicted that the
Conservative banner would before
long be again flowing high in the
sky. He declared that tjie Conserva
tive party was preparing itself “with
all the energy in our power for the
renewed struggle that cannot long
be delayed”
Regarding the Labor government
Lord Curzon said;
“There is a government in power
which has only conformed to its title
in so far as it is laboring In very
deep water. The Socialist government
was going to give us the pure milk
of socialism, but so far the cow
hasn’t provided much beverage. In
foreign affairs the only thing the
government has done has been to sit
in a friendly conference with repre
sentatives of the most cruel and
bloody government that Europe has
known since the French revolution.”
Cruiser of 4,500 Tons Ordered Built
by German’s Specifications,
‘ London Hears.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 2.—The Japanese ad
miralty recently bought from the
German naval designer. Prof. Os
wald Flamm, his plans for a giant
submersible cruiser, according to a
report quoted by the diplomatic cor
respondent of the Daily Telegraph.
The writer adds that Japan Is be
lieved already to have ordered the
building of one of these craft dis
placing 4.500 tons.
Votes 37 to 36 to Reject Effort
to Prevent Evasion of In
come Levies.
Democrats and G. 0. P. Join in Ef
fort to Speed Bill.
A Treasury provision in the revenue
bill limiting tax deductions in rela
tion to income from tax-exempt se
curities was rejected today by the
Senate, 37 to 36.
The proposal was bitterly assailed
as an Indirect levy on tax-free fed
eral. state and municipal bonds, while
its proponents argued it would bring
in *35.000,000 additional revenue an
nually by checking tax evasions by
holders of large incomes.
Will Demand Another Vote.
Chairman Smoot of the finance
committee announced he would de
mand another vote on the proposition
Senator Jones. Democrat, New Mex
ico, today Introduced his proposed
corporation tax provision, which has
been agreed to by a conference of
Senate Democrats.
It would provide for a reduction
in the present flat corporation tax of
12per cent to a normal tax of 9
per cent, with a graduated surtax
rate applied on undistributed profits.
It would give an option, however, al
lowing a corporation to be taxed un
der the law applying to partnerships
upon unanimous agreement of the
Opening of tax returns to examina
tion by certain congressional com
mittees was approved without debate.
Seeks to Speed X'p.
Entering the second week of con
sideration of the lax-reduction bill, the
Senate tried again today to speed up the
discussion with spokesmen of both par
ties urging prompt action.
Democrats at a conference last night
went on record favoring a speed-up pro
gram, while Chairman Smoot of the
finance committee, in charge of the biil
for the majority, late yesterday threat
ened night sessions to expedite disposal
of the measure.
As a result of two conferences, the
Democrats were prepared today to
make a practically united stand for
the Simmons Income tax schedule and
changes in the corporation and es
tate taxes. The main contents will
center on these provisions, although
an extended fight for greater pub
licity of tax returns also has been
Senator Reed, Democrat. Missouri,
in a speech shortly after the session
began declared that "there is no use
arguing this tax proposition with
only nine or ten senators present.”
Recalling two roll calls were nec
essary to get a quorum when the Sen
ate sought to convene an hour ahead
of regular time. Senator Reed de
clared "the senators seemed to have
almost immediately adjourned, one
by one."
Senator Simmons. Democrat, North
Carolina, said attendance was re
quired of senators at the committee
meetings during the morning hours.
Reed Attacks Mellon-
Senator Reed turned upon Secretary
“Our Secretary of the Treasury,"
he said, “is thinking more about his
own fortune and those of his asso
ciates when he writes a tax bill than
of the best interests of the whole
country. In fixing this measure he
proposed a greater cut on taxes af
fecting his Income than on the small
er Income taxpayers. He has no more
right to hold his office than a judge
would to try hia own case.”
U . S. Artists, Wrath
Aroused , Rebuke
Paris Salon Heads
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, May 2.—The hanging
committee of the Societe des Ar
tistes Francals, commonly known
as the old salon, is coming in for
considerable censure in connec
tion with the present exhibition,
this criticism finding vigorous echo
in the press.
The works of foreign exhibitors
particularly have been badly
placed, according to the critics,
being relegated to the passages
and corridors. P. A. Bridgman,
dean of the American artists in
France, found his canvases hung
in such a dark place as to be al
most invisible. Another American
exhibitor relieved his feelings by
withdrawing all his pictures.
The French artist Mario de
Goyon failed to And one of his
canvases hung at all and after a
long search discovered It lying in
a corner where it apparently had
been forgotten. He put it under
his coat and walked out with it,
, no one paying him any attention.
French Government Investigates
Charge Human Bones Are
Used for Fertilizer.
By the Associated Press.
PARIS. May 2.—Reports that hu
man bones have been collected by
the wholesale in the Mort d'Homme
and Verdun battlefield districts with
a view of being ground up for indus
trial use, have moved public opinion
to such a degree that an otficial in
vestigation has been completed by the
subprefect of Verdun.
Ht submitted two reports to the
prefect of the Meuse department and
later Issued a decree that no search
for bones, human or animal, might
be made on the battlefields except by
officials of the graves service.
Junk dealers have made collections
of bones in addition to other things
in these districts, so the subpretect
sent doctors and police officials to
take specimens from the collections
for examination. The doctors re
ported they could find nothing which
could be identified as human bones
and the subprefect's report states that
he found no evidence supporting the
rumored wholesale collection.
Veteran Coast Guard Officer De
tailed to Supervise Reconditioning
of Vessels.
$1,500,000 CONTRACTS LET
Vigorous Fight on Rum Smugglers
Is Promised.
Commander Harry G. Hamlet,
United States coast guard, veteran
of world-wide experience at sea and
captain of the United States gunboat
Marietta in European waters during
the world,war, will command the new
$14,000,000 coast guard dry fleet, to
fight the illicit rum traffic.
This was learned tod.xy when it was
announced that the coast guard has
also let contracts for more than sl,-
500,000 worth of ships and equipment
for the new rum-chasing armada.
Commander Hamlet has already
been detailed to Philadelphia, where
he will supervise the reconditioning
and equipping of the twenty destroy
ers which are being taken over by
the coast guard from the Navy.
Hu Had Varied Career.
The new chief of the dry fleet, who
will operate under direction of Rear
Admiral F. C. Billard, commandant of
the Coast Guard, is about fifty years
old. and has a successful record of
thirty years with his chosen branch
of the service. He was picked to open
the first activities against smugglers,
on account of his equipment in many
particulars for the position.
Commander Hamlet's most recent
assignment, before going to Philadel
phia, where he is now at work, was cap
tain o£ the Coast Guard ship Mojave,
stationed at Honolulu.
Harrison Starts Argument by
Twitting G. 0, P. for Speeches
in Other Cities.
The Senate was goaded into a po
litical debate yesterday by Senator
Harrison, Democrat, Mississippi, who
assailed the Republicans for going
outside Washington to “condemn’’
the Senate Investigations, and twit
ted them on government expendi
tures and for their "desertion” of the
Mellon tax; plan.
The Mississippi senator attacked
particularly the recent speech made
by Senator Willis. Republican. Ohio,
in Pittsburgh, and Senator Willis re
plied that he had made speeches
elsewhere than In Washington in the
belief that the time of the Senate
should be reserved for legislation.
He repeated his charge of "damn
ing Incompetency” against the Demo
cratic party and said it was worth
noticing how often the name of Wil
liam G. McAdoo and other Democratic
leaders had appeared on lists of
former government officials who had
acted as attorneys for claimants
against the government.
"Didn't you notice the name of
Manager Good of the Coolidge west
ern campaign headquarters on one of
those lists?” asked Senator Harrison.
"No, but I saw the names of Greg
ory and Palmer,” replied Senator
Willis, “and an average of four
Democrats to one Republican."
Best of District School Speakers to
Be in National Event
June 6.
Judges to Hear Miss Newbum.
Star’s Prizes of SIOO Sent Out. i
Winners of the eight Washington
district prizes in The. Star's orator- 1
ical contest, all potential candidates
for the national prizes of $3,500. which j
will be awarded to the champion
secondary school orator in the United
Stales at an auspicious meeting at
Memorial Continental Hall here on
June 6. were announced today by the
board of Judges. The Star's check
for SIOO Is being mailed to each of
these eight successful candidates, se
lected as the best orators in the dis
tricts in which they represent.
Eight District Wlaotn.
The winners are:
District 1, Business High School—
Edith Miley, 20 Adams street north
District 2. Central High School—
Ruth Newbum. Wardman Park An
District 3. Eastern High School—
Ruth Greenwood. 601 14th street
District 4, McKinley Manual Train
ing School —Frank Ingersoll Winant,
Mount Rainier. Md.
District 5. Dunbar High School —
Lillian L. Washington. 1709 T street.
District 6, Western High School,
Dorothy B. Smith, 3740 Kanawha
District 7, Armstrong Manual Train
ing School—Rozier Gaddis, 1330 18th
District 8. private and parochial
schools —Ruth Craven, Holy Cross
First Stage Completed.
The selection of the eight district
prize winners marked the finale of
the first stage in the contest which
has aroused more interest and keener
euthusiasm than any similar competi
tion ever held in the District for
school children.
The second step, in the contest will
be taken on Monday by the board of
local judges, when they begin the vis
itation of the schools in which the
eight district prize winners are stu
dents to determine the District’s
grand prize winner, who will be the
recipient of the S3OO District prize.
The winner of the grand District
prize will be pitted against America's
best school orators for the national
prize on June 6.
The judges will make their first
visit to Central High School Monday,
to listen to the oration of Ruth New
bum. winner of the second District
prize. Miss Newbum. as well as the
other District prize winners, will de
liver her oration before the student
body and friends.
The judges are expected to take
two weeks in listening to the ora
tions of the eight District prize win
ners. The grand prize winner of the
District will be announced at the con
clusion of their visitation to the eight
schools. The board of judges is com
posed of Justice Siddons, Justice Mc-
Coy and Justice Robb of the District
Supreme Court.
Mgr. Procopius Expelled for Rev
olutionary Activities.
ODESSA, Russia, May 2. —Mgr. Pro
copius, Bishop of Kherson, found
guilty of counter-revolutionary activ
ity in assisting the Denikine forces,
has been ordered expelled from the
Ukraine and his property confiscated.
The bishop was originally sentenced
to death, but the judgment was mod
ified in view of the fact that the 1 al
leged acts took place five years ago.
The court also said it took into ac
count his "inability to harm the pres
ent regime.”
Still Alert, Is Expected to Touch
on Public Affairs.
DANVILLE, 111., May 2.—" Uncle
Joe” Cannon, eighty-eight years old
next Wednesday, still chipper and
alert and still fond of cigars, will
come out of retirement long enough
on May 16 to make one speech at a
trade rally here. Intimates of the
former veteran Speaker of the na
tional House say “Uncle Joe” has some
conclusions based on recent public
happenings that may be his theme.
Vote Entertainment Fund.
NEW YORK, May 2.—The board of
estimate today appropriated SIOO,OOO
for the entertainment of delegates
to the Democratic national convention
next month.
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour**
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
Yesterday’s Circulation, 98,949
Acts on Request of President
Zayas, Who Cites Violent
Conditions in Island.
Warships Patrol Coast in Vicinity
of Uprising— War Secretary
Gets Leave.
President Coolidge Issued today a
proclamation declaring- an embargo
on arms shipments to Cuba, effective
The action was taken at the re
quest of the Cuban government,
which formally called the attention
of the "Washington government to the
condition of violence existing in
The proclamation follows; "Where
as, section 1 of a Joint resolution
of Congress, entitled a ‘Joint resolu
tion to prohibit the exportation of
arms and munitions of war from the
United States to certain countries,
and for other purposes,' approved
January 31, 1922, provides as follows;
“ 'That whenever the President finds
that in any American country, or in
any country in which the United
States exercises extraterritorial juris
diction, conditions of domestic vio
lence exists, which are or may be
promoted by the use of arms or muni
tions of war procured from the
United States, and makes proclama
tion thereof, it shall be unlawful to
export, except under such limitations
and exceptions as the President pre
scribes, any arms or munitions of war
from any place in the United States
to such countries until otherwise or
dered by the President or bv Con
gress.’ ’’
"And whereas it Is provided by
section 2 of the said joint resolution
that ‘whoever exports any arms or
munitions of war in violation of sec
tion 1 shall on conviction be pun
ished by fine not exceeding SIO,OOO,
or by imprisonment not exceeding
two years, or both.’;
finds Domestic Violence.
"Now, therefore, I, Galvin Coolldge.
President of the United States of
America, acting under and by virtue
of the authority conferred In me by
the said joint resolution of Congress,
do liereby declare and proclaim that
I have found, as has been formally
represented to this government by
the government of Cuba, that there
exist in Cuba such conditions of do
mestic violence which are op may be
promoted by the use of arms op mu
nitions of war procured from the
United States as contemplated by the
said joint resolution; and I do hereby
admonish, all citizens of the United
States and every person to abstain
from every violation of the provisions
of the Joint resolution above set
forth, hereby made applicable to Cuba,
and I do hereby warn them that all
violations of such provisions will be
rigorously prosecuted.
"And X do hereby enjoin upon all
officers of the United States, charged
with the execution of the laws there
of, the utmost diligence in prevent
ing violations of said Joint resolu
tion and this, my proclamation issued
thereunder, and in bringing to trial
and punishment any offenders against
the same.
Exceptions Prescribed.
"And I do hereby prescribe as an
exception and limitation to the fore
going restrictions such exportations
of arms or munitions of war as are
approved by the government of the
United States for shipment to the
government of Cuba, which has been
recognized by the government of the
United States, and such arms and
munitions for industrial or com
mercial uses as may from time to
time be exported with the consent of
the Secretary of State.
"In 'witness whereof I have here
unto set my hand and caused the seal
of the United States to be affixed.
‘‘Done at the city of Washington
this second day of May, in the year
of our Lord one thousand nine hun
dred and twenty-four, and of the in
dependence of the United States of
America the one hundred and forty
The State Department announce
ment also said information had been
received that "certain arms and mu
nitions were being accumulated in
various parts of Florida for possible
export to Cuba, to be used in an
Troops Comb Vicinity of Uprising
for Leaders.
By the Associated Press.
HAVANA, Cuba, May 2.—The gov
ernment today had 500 troops around
Cienfuegos, near the chief center of
the anti-Zayas movement, its war
ships were patrolling the coasts, and
some morning papers declared that
President Zayas had sent an urgent
request to the United States govern
ment for ten airplanes to be used
against the rebels.
The latest word from government
officials was that the Island was quiet
everywhere except around Cienfuegos
and Trinidad on the south coast of
Santa Clara province, where, it was
claimed, not more than fifty to
Sixty men are in revolt. However,
El Sol. a morning papei' temporarily
suppressed some weeks ago for say
ing a revolution was being started,
declared that, the Veterans and Pa
triots’ Association had ordered an up
rising throughout the island.
It was believed to be in an effort
to forestall such a movement that the
government arrested five leaders here
and several score of others in Santa
Gen, Montes, secretary of war and
navy, has asked for a leave of ab
sence and his place will be filled
temporarily by Gen. Betancourt, sec
retary of agriculture, commerce and
labor, it is stated. While no official
explanation was given, it is under
stood that Gen. Montes was moved
by the alleged connection of his
brother-in-law, Predrico I-aredo Bru,
with the rebellious movement in San
ta Clara province. Senor Bru is re
ported to have fled from Cienfuegos
with a dozen others to evade arrest.
British Mail Strike Ends.
By the Associated Press.
CROYTON, England. May 2.—The
strike of the pilots and mechanics
employed by the oombine which
handles the British malls was set
tled today and the men will resume
work. Monday. The strike bog's n
March 3L
Amendment Substitute
Lump Sum for 60-40 Ratio
Held Unwise by Leaders.
Moore Proposal of Joint Commit
tee to Study Issue Favored by
While the House was preparing to re
sume its consideration of the Distric.
appropriation bill today indicalior
came from the Senate that should th.i
House pass the measure with the Cran>
ton amendment, which does away with
the 60-40 plan and substitutes a flat suifi
of $8,000,000 as the federal govers*
menfs contribution to the upkeep of th*
Capital, the Senate will vigorously r»'
sist such change in existing law.
The House in committee of the who.l
yesterday afternoon adopted the amend
ment by a vote of twenty-eight to five.
The bill would increase the local tax
rate by more than 30 per cent.
Senator Phipps of Colorado, chair
man of the Senate appropriation*
subcommittee, which will have charge
of the bill, is known to be strongly
opposed to upsetting the present
fiscal relations between the federal
government and the District. Other
members of the Senate are also
known to be opposed to abandon
ment of the 60-40 plan. The hope
was expressed from these quarters
today that the House itself woui«
reject the amendment.
Against Amendment Method.
The action of the House, should it
accept the Cramton amendment,
would be to enact general legislation
on an appropriation bill, it was de
clared today. If there is to be any
change in the fiscal relations between
the federal government and the Dis
trict, It was stated, it should be
accomplished through a legislative
bill, and not tacked onto an appropria
tion bill.
When the 60-40 plan was adopted
it teas made the permanent law. In
this connection it was pointed out
that the law provides for the crea
tion of a. fund which will enable
the District to be at all times on a
cash paying basis. The adoption of
the Cramton amendment would
throw out of gear the operation of
this plan.
Opposed fey D. C. Heads.
The District Commissioners are
opposed to the effort to change the
fiscal relations existing through
hasty enactment of a rider on an ap
propriation bill, it was said at the
District building today. They have
already made known their position
in a letter to Representative R.
Walton Moore of Virginia, In which
they indorsed his proposal, as em
bodied in a separate measure intro
duced in the House yesterday, for the
appointment of a joint committee of
the Senate and House to consider care
fully the question of how much the
federal government should contrib
ute toward the upkeep of the Na
tional Capital.
Although Commissioner Rudolph,
chairman of the board, is in favor of
Representative Cramton’s theory of a
lump sum contribution from the fed
eral government in lieu of the exist
ing 60-40 ratio, he stated today he is
not in favor of the plan if it onl
calls for $8,000,000.
Changes Rudolph Favors.
Hr. Rudolph said he believes the
lump sum should be $10,000,000, and
that Congress should at the same
time take District estimates out o!
the hands of the budget bureau and
allow the Commissioners to spend on
municipal improvements each year as
much above the $10,000,000 as they
deem necessary to meet the needs of
the city.
Maj. J. Franklin Bell, Engineer
Commissioner, is not convinced that
the lump sum plan should be substi
tuted for the present law, under
which the United States pays 40 per
cent of the cost of running the fed
eral capital.
"My mind is still open on the mer
its of the proposition,” said Maj. Bell,
“but I do feel that no change should
be made hurriedly by placing a rider
on the appropriation bill. I think the
proper course to pursue is to adopt
Representative Moore's suggestion
and appoint a joint committee of Con
gress to study the matter carefully.
Mature Judgment Desired.
"I am always reluctant to change
an existing arrangement until it is
clearly shown that the new one is
better. It would be most regrettable
if the question is disposed of as a
rider on the appropriation bill."
Commissioner Oyster said he favored
the 60-40 ratio, but if it had to go
would not be content with a lump sum
appropriation of less than $10,000,000.
Daniel J. Donovan, auditor and
budget officer of the District, is op
posed to an $8,000,000 lump sum, but
is disposed to favor the plan if
brought up to $10,000,000. He says
this oould be accomplished by mak
ing the lump sum $9,000,000 and giv
ing the District full credit for ap
proximately $1,000,000 of miscella
neous revenues collected.
Tax Rate Raise Seen.
Calculations made at the District
building show that the adoption of
the $8,000,000 lump-sum plan would
increase the District tax rate after
July 1 by more than 30 per cent.
The present rate is $1,20 per SIOO
of assessed value. Under the Cram
ton plan the rate would go up to ap
proximate $1.65.
Work on the appropriation bill pro
gressed slowly yesterday, owing to
frequent points of order by Repre
sentative Blanton to cut off all legis
lation not authorized by law. He al
lowed to remain In the bill, however,
an Increase In pay from 30 to 48
cents an hour to cleaners in the Dis
trict building.
Engineer's Salary Hit-
One of his points of order reduced
the pay of the Engineer Commissioner
from $7,500, as carried In the bill, to
about $7.000, as carried in the Army
(Continued on l’a«e 2, Column

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