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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 05, 1924, Image 6

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With Sunday Morning Edition,
MONDAY May 5, 1924
The Evening Star Newspaper Company
BuitiDehS Office. llfh St. anti Pennsylvania Ave.
New York Office: 110 East 42nd St.
Chicago Office; Tower Hnilding
European Office: Its Repent St , London, England.
The Evening Star, with tlie Sunday morning
edition, :s delivered by curriers within the
• ity at t>o cents per month; daily only, 4T»
• •ects per month: Sunday only, 21) cents per
month. Orders may \te sent by mail or tele
phone Main r»000. Collection is made by car
riers at the end of each month.
Rate by Mail—Payable in Advance.
Maryland and Virginia.
Daily am! Sunday..! yr.. $8.40 ; 1 mo., 70c
Daily only 1 yr., $6.00 ; 1 mo.. 50c
Sunday only 1 yr.. $2.40 ; 1 mo., 20c
All Other States.
Daily and Sunday.l yr., SIO.OO ; 1 mo., Sse
Daily only X yr., $7.00 ; 1 mo., 60e
Sunday only 1 yr., $3.00 ; 1 mo.. 25c
Member of Ilie Associated Press.
The A >.BO. in ted Press ig rvoliniTply entitled
to tli- us- for republici.m of all news ills
patches credited t or not otherwise credited
*n this pajH-r and also the local news pnb
11shed herein All rights of publication of
si*eeial dispatches herein are also reaerred.
Un-American Discriminations.
Everywhere else in the United
States except Washington the tax
iiuyers, and nobody else than the tax
fiayers. decide all questions of taxa
tion. In theory entirely, and largely
In fact, they lax themselves. The tax
payers decide how much and for what
purposes they shall be taxed. The in
tervention of non-taxpayers is re
At the seat of government the
American relations <>f taxpayer and
non-taxpayer are completely reversed.
Here' non-taxpayers have everything
to say concerning local taxation, and
’■he fact of being a taxpayer is even
treated as rendering one incompetent
to speak concerning his taxation and
as branding him as contemptuously
Congress is our municipal legisla
ture, our local taxing, tax-collecting
and tax-disbursing body. On Ameri
can principles to be entitled to sit and
to have consideration in a municipal
legislature one must be a taxpayer
or be the direct representative of tax
payers. Here if a member of our local
raxing body is a local taxpayer he is
treated by some as guilty of at least a
And as a consequence we have one
of our legislators threatening to ex
pose those of his colleagues who suf
fer the taint (elsewhere a badge of
eligibility, fitness and honor) of being
a local taxpayer.
The power of self-taxation is denied
and even the right of petition is
abridged. In the recent debate over
the Crarnun amendment a pertinent
and respectful petition against the
amendment signed by the presidents
of fourteen of the strongest organiza
tions of Washington, including the
Federation of Citizens’ Associations,
he Board of Trade, the Chamber of
Commerce, the Merchants and Manu
facturers’ Association, the Bar Asso
ciation, the City. Hotary and Kiwanis
Clubs, the Bankers’ Association and
The Heal Estate Board, was ma
neuvered out of a reading was re
"•Jetantly permitted to be printed,
being characterized meanwhile by one
of our legislators as “slush.”
Today’s indictment against the
local community is that of enjoying a
low tax rate. Washington has no fixed
rate, slated by law. Its rate is de
pendent upon the appropriations made
by Congress, and must suffice to raise
60 per cent of these appropriations
and to accumulate a surplus fund.
The District’s tax rate in 1922 was
$1.82, and w r as for the next year nom
inally reduced to $1.30. since the new
fiscal law of 1922 increased the as
sessed valuation 50 per cent, and the
intent was to raise about the same
tax revenue.
That the tax rate is alone no meas
ure of tax burdens was illustrated by
the fact that while the tax rate was
decreased from $1.82 to $1.30 the tax
burden was increased (owing to the
higher standard of assessment) as
from $1.82 to $1.95.
Having thus artificially reduced the
nominal tax rate, and made the future
’■ate dependent upon District appro
priations by Congress, our legislature
failed or refused to make the adequate
appropriations for which the taxpay
ers asked through the Commissioners
in submitting their estimates; and
though the taxpayers had thus indi
cated a willingness to endure a tax
rate, under the terms of the act of
1922, which would raise their share of
ten millions additional appropriation.
Congress by cutting millions from the
estimates reduced the rate to $1.20.
This reduction of the appropriations
below the amount necessary to ade
quate Capital maintenance and de
velopment. and the corresponding re
duction of the District’s temporary
tax rate was made on the ground that
Uncle Sam could in the general cut
ting of expenses spare at that time no
more money for the Capital.
Thus Congress, in the interest solely
of the nation, cut. down the District
tax rate much below the figure which
under the terms of the act of 1922
the District teas willing to pay. and
the resulting temporary low tax rate,
for which Congress is solely respon
sible. is cited by some legislators as
a reason for double-taxing the Dis
trict without any contribution from
the United States whatsoever.
This proposal suggests to Uncle
Sam that by avoiding in part his ob
ligation of adequate Capital main
tenance under the act of 1922 he
• •auses a condition which justifies
him in repudiating that obligation al
together. But Uncle Sam will not
advantage of his own wrong.
The District, under laws enacted by
Congress, raises approximately $14,-
000,000 of local tax revenue. Whenever
Congress has studied the matter the
investigating committee or commit
tees have found that Washington was
fairly taxed in comparison with other
American cities. It can make the
,-ame showing again, in spite of the
orgy of reckless borrowing and ex
travagant spending in which states
and municipalities have recently in
The District pays annually from
$12,000,000 to $18,000,000 In national
taxes, more in the last comparison than
fifteen of the states, more than five
states combined, more per capita than
most of the states. The average Wash
ingtonian (though not represented in
Congress) contributes to the fund
from which congressmen’s salaries
are paid much mere than the aver
age constituent of the average con
The District sent to the world war
more soldiers and sailors than eight
of the states and a greater percent
age of volunteers in relation to the
entire force than forty-three of the
Our business and professional men,
the educational, scientific, literary and
artistic elements of our population,
our workingmen in public and pri
vate employ, our department clerks
and other government employes, our
winter residents in process of con
version into Washingtonians combine
to constitute one of the strongest,
most intelligent, must public-spirited
and most American communities in
the whole republic.
Though the District has greater
population and resources than any
territory at the time of its admission
to statehood except Oklahoma. Con
gress shows reluctance to give itself
the power by constitutional amend
ment to admit this community, not
to statehood, but solely to voting rep
resentation in Congress and electoral
college. It has this power and more—
the power to admit to full statehood—
in respect to Alaska and Hawaii.
The leaders in Congress and of our
great political parties blunder in de
preciating the Capital community anil
in permitting slurring. un-American
treatment of a half million of Ameri
cans who are developing into one of
the strongest of the small American
The Democratic Line-Up.
With the opening of the Democratic
national convention only seven weeks
away, the candidates for the presiden
tial nomination who are developing
the most strength are found to be Mr.
McAdoo and Gov. Alfred E. Smith of
New York. Yet. curiously enough.
Democratic leaders of prominence are
reported as being unable to “see”
either one in the end as carrying off
the prize.
Only sixteen states have thus far se
lected delegates, many of whom are
uninslructcd. In the coming weeks,
in view cf uncertainties of the candi
datorial situation, it is probable that
oninstructed delegations will he sent
by many other states. The outlook is
'hat when the convention is ready to
go to the first roll call no candidate
will have on paper even a majority of
the convention, or show it until the
call reveals the sentiment of the unin
structed votes under cover.
Mr. McAdoo’s national manager is
sued a statement yesterday claiming
that his candidate has more than 300
votes in sight. Gov. Smith's friends
claim that he has 200 votes in pros
pect now. Gov. Smith’s boom took on I
marked acceleration in the past ten
days, and is expected to enlarge rapid- ;
ly after the committee appointed by
Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Smith
manager, gets in full swing.
Politicians say that the more the
Smith boom enlarges the greater will
the McAdoo movement expand pro
portionately. on the theory that the
opponents of Smith on religious and
prohibition grounds will go to Mr. Mc-
Adoo. In the meantime. Underwood,
Cox of Ohio. Davis of West Virginia
and Ralston of Indiana can he expect- i
ed to profit by any concentration of
attack on Gov. Smith if his boom
seems to become formidable.
For awhile it was a case of all other
elements trying to “stop" McAdoo.
Now the situation is shaping to indi
cate that all the others must try to
check Gov. Smith. A prolonged con
vention. with innumerable “tryouts"
of the candidates, and with trades and
dickers, seems inevitable, with a com
promise in the end which may not de
cide upon either of the two top-liners
now in the contest.

A Proper Veto.
President Coolidge's veto of the j
Bursum pension bill is in line with his :
clearly expressed belief in the need i
of economy and the avoidance of
waste of public funds. This measure ■
would entail an expenditure of SSB.- i
000,000 during the next fiscal year ;
and of $415,000,000 in the next decade. |
There is no conceivable warrant in i
equity for such liberality. The United 1
States has been most generous in its j
treatment of the soldiers of the civil !
war and their dependents. It has i
spent hundreds of millions in their
support. Now. nearly sixty years
after the close of the war—two gen
erations—it is proposed to pay out
nearly half a billion dollars in a dec
ade in addition to the vast sums that
have been granted them. The Presi- j
dent says “No," and his negative will j
be applauded by the country and
should be sustained by Congress.
Zev, the race horse, is doing his best
to help his owner forget on the turf
any troubles he may have encountered
through subsurface enterprises.
Things he is alleged not to have
done are now brought up byway of
variety in the charges against Harry
Helen of Troy.
Dr. James H. Breasted, one of the
most distinguished of Egyptologists,
after spending four months in Egypt
deciphering manuscripts and inter
preting materials found in the tomb
of King Tut-ankh-Amen, says that
much light is thrown by these mor
tuary treasures upon ancient Gree
cian, as well as Egyptian, history.
For example, he states that certain
documents, supplementing recent dis
coveries in Asia Minor, prove indubi
tably that there was, in truth, a Tro
jan war and that Helen of Troy, the
heroine of the drama, was a "real
woman and not a figment of the Imag
ination of a roving Greek minstrel.”
Just where the line is drawn be
tween fiction and history is a diffi
cult matter to determine. Most clas
sic literature, in fact, is based upon
the truth, however far afield the im
agination of authors may have
ranged. Traditions have dulled the
outline of fact somewhat. Human
characters have been glorified or, on
the contrary, reduced Into degrada
tion and villainy by centuries of song
and story. As a matter of fact, Helen
of Troy may have been a very plain
person, hut of sufficient social posi
tion to justify a war on account of
her abduction. Perhaps if she were
restored to life today she would not
be rated as worth the tremendous ex
penditure of lives and treasure that
was made for her rescue and the pun
ishment of her kidnapers. Still the
story stands as one of the most mov
ing tales ever told. But it does not
necessarily gain in force or value by
this assurance that Helen once ac
tually lived and was actually stolen.
The German Elections.
Germany voted yesterday for mem
bers of the Reichstag without dis
order. and with the result, it is at
present indicated, of assuring a ma
jority favorable to acceptance of the
report of the reparation experts. That
is the most important aspect of the
matter. If a majority of the Reichstag
should be hostile to the Dawes plan a
delay would ensue, and delay is dan
gerous to the peace of Europe. But
the returns are interpreted as favor
ing the maintenance of a sufficient
bloc supporting the government to as
sure acceptance of the report, and
that is good news, which will he wel
Apart from the question of the repa
rations prospect it is important to
note that the elections have shown
a tendency to concentrate Reichstag
strength In the two extremes of na
tionalism and communism. Both of
these ixirties have made considerable
gains. The Nationalists embrace the
Monarchists. They have gained at the
expense of the Middle groups or parties,
while the Communists have gained at
the expense of the Socialists. This
may portend a further drift toward
these two sides which, if continued
sufficiently, would bring Germany to
the distinct issue of monarchism or
For the present the parties favora
ble to the republic hold the balance of
power, and probably on any issue di
rectly involving the restoration of the
monarchy on the one hand or the
adoption of communist principles on
the other, neither of these two ex
treme parties would carry the day.
Thus Germany settles down into
virtually a three-party status, the
Monarchists, the Republicans and the
Communists, with the Republicans in
power and in sufficient strength to de
termine the course of the country.
Scientific predictions that oil. as
well as coal, will he used up need not
cause undue apprehension that the
business of the world will not go on.
The supply of electricity is inexhausti
ble. and electricity can be made to do
almost anything.
The U. S. A. is to lend money to
Germany to pay France, who owes a
few sums to the U. S. A. Money fre
quently runs in circles, although in
occasional instances the continuity
of the transmission is interrupted.
1 1 has been so long since Washing
ton has had a prominent resignation
rumor that one would appear to be
about due on general principles.
Not only dees Evelyn Thaw ques
tion Harry’s sanity, hut her opinion
of the mental capacity of certain
alienists is not high.
According to Judge Landis. sending
a Chicago saloonkeeper to jail is one
thing, but keeping him there is quite
a different matter.
The Bok peace plan is still under
consideration, but is having its diffi
culties in getting the right of way in
Every Year. T
Evei y year
The same sweet violets appear
And apple blossoms—yes. indeed!
Likewise the joyous jimson weed.
And later on the blushing rose.
Then trees their generous fruits dis
And presently the wintry snows
Turn us to thoughts of fireside cheer
Every year.
Every year
The same old tunes delight the ear
And splendid promise fills the air.
With now and then a passing scare.
The same old stories are brought out
That cause the audience to shout.
The various problems come and go.
Severe, yet fleeting as the snow.
And honest peace dispels each fear.
Every year.
Proceeding With Caution.
“Why are you so indifferent to
“I’m not indifferent to wealth,” an
swered Senator Sorghum. “Only I
don’t want to spoil my status as a
statesman by getting folks more in
terested in what I’m going to write in
my check book than in what 1 am go
ing to say in my speeches.”
Jud Tunkins says what makes peo
ple so critical is that nobody does any
thing so well that a lot of onlookers
don’t think they could do better if
they cared to try.
No “Safety First.”
Far better mingle in the fray
And show courageous candor,
Tffan be —and get hurt anyway—
An innocent bystander.
“It is a great mistake to suppose
that liquor can be of assistance in in
tellectual or imaginative effort.”
“A great mistake,” assented Uncle
Bill Bottletop; "unless maybe it might
be a little help to the feller that has
to design the circus billboards.”
The Unentertainer.
“Isn't it wonderful to think that the
man who is talking over radio Is miles
and miles away?”
“Y'es,” replied Miss Cayenne; “and
occasionally the thought is something
of a relief.”
“It’s got so you can’t git our p’lice
man to arrest nobody,” said Uncle
Eben, “unless he’s important enough
to git special mention In de paper,” / 3
Outrunning Rum-Runners
Coast Guard Cutter Seminole Starts on Her Cruise —The “Old Man”
and His “Rabbit Foot”—The Fisherman and His
Golf Cap—One Side of the Picture.
In Five Parts—Part I.
“Right a little.”
‘‘Right a little, sir."
“Loft a little.
“Left a little, sir.”
“Ease her—now. keep ner steady.”
“Aye, aye. sir—steady she is, sir."
Thump of the engines below, whis
tle of the wind above, chattering
murmur of waters cut by a sharp prow,
and the United States coast guard
cutter Seminole sneaks out of her
Staten Island berth and gathers a
bone in her teeth as she slips through
the Narrows and heads for a snug
anchorage somewhere inside Sandy
Hook. Cold rain, driven by a stiff
nor'easter, pelts and slings like nee
dles. New York's bunched-up sky
line, dirty and smudgy through the
haze, fades astern. The sea is choppy
and whitecapped, and the- Seminole
wallows a bit as she leaves the har
bor and gets the full force of wind
from the sea.
Cold and sloppy on the bridge; but
snug and warm aft in the cabin,
where the Old Man sits and smokes
a weather-beaten pipe and between
puffs talks of rum-smugglers. If the
wind keeps up the sea will be run
ning high before night, and it’s al
ready pretty nasty off the Hook.
There’ll he considerable cussin’, if
the old Man knows what he's talking
about, when the “rummies” anchored
along the row get the weather bu
reau’s radioed storm warning. Some
of the small schooners will weigh
anchor and head for the open sea,
where there’s plenty of elbow room
to weather it out. The heavier steam
ers will lengthen their cables and
ride out the blow. Rut there'll be no
rum-running this afternoon or eve
ning. The rum-runners, with their
small craft, won’t take a chance at
trying to pull alongside a ship that's
heaving and pitching like a snorting
horse. How that wind blows, and
she's getting worse every minute!
No need to go out on a day like this
when we can ride it out behind the
Hook. The Old Man presses a button
and tells the fiuartermasler to notify
tho officer of the deck to pick out a
nice place to lee'ard, and pretty soon
the engines cease their throb and the
windlass clunks as she tolls out the
chain, and we ride at anchor.
Not Built for Spord.
The cutter Seminole is starting on
her weekly tour of duty off Rum Row.
Her patrol extends from Block Island
on the north to the New York‘Harbor
approaches on the south. Her Job is
to keep the rum vessels anchored
outside the three-mile limit from
getting their cargoes ashore, and she
has her hands full. Resigned before
the days of prohibition nnd Hum Row
she was built for Se. .ice in heavy
seas, rescuing ships in distress. .She
wasn’t meant for spec*. She'll cruise
along steadily and do her eight knots
an hour, and under forced draft she’ll
pick up fourteen or maybe fifteen
knots. But her enemy, the 'Tum
mies.'' have small and speedy craft
which shoot through the water like
streaks of lightning, guaranteed,
many of them, to do thirty knots an
hour In a chase the rummy will
leave the Seminole far behind. But
the Seminole has certain advantages—
two 6-pounders, for instance, mount
ed forward, and a gun crew that
knows how to shoot and hit some
thing besides water. The game is
to get within gunshot of a rummy,
give him a warning, and if he fails to
heave to, let him have it. The rummy
usually gives the Seminole plenty of
target practice, and it was only a few
days later—but this is getting ahead
of the story.
\\ orkK a Babbit's Foot.
Our Old Man, a soft-spoken, red
haired Virginian, with something like
thirty years' service behind him in
the coast guard, has been dealing
with rum-runners for many years—
long before there was any Rum Row
off the Atlantic coast. He remembers
the time when hardy American trades
men smuggled their rum ashore on
the Alaskan coast and fed it to igno
rant Eskimos. Russian subjects.
There's nothing new in rum-running,
nothing to get so worked up about,
he thinks, just because foreign ves
sels lie off our coast and send in their
illicit cargoes in violation of our
laws. The Old Man draws a word
picture of whole villages, men and
women, lying about on the ground,
dead drunk from smuggled American
rum. And after such a spree half of
them died.
But the problem now is somewhat
different. In those days coast guard
vessels had to proceed with caution
in arresting the smugglers. Inter
ference was sometimes construed in
Washington as interference with the
nation’s commerce. But today the
service has a free hand. The cutter
Seminole has full permission to cap
ture all the runners she can. No
body objects. There's praise for her.
Do You Ever Go to School?
How about it, father and mother,
are you getting the value out of the
taxes you pay to keep up your schools?
Ask yourself that question. Then an
swer it.
You are paying taxes for school
purposes, you are getting handsome
buildings and you are sending your
boys and girls to be taught. Isn’t
that about the limit of attention that
you give to education? Isn’t that
about the length and breadth of your
interest in one of the three essential
Institutions in this life?
There are only three such institu
tions—home, church, school.
Once a month you look at the grade
cards of your children. You are too
busy, or think you are too busy, to
give tbe cards real analysis. You
give them the once over and let it go
at that.
If there is trouble with the school
system in your town, you are the
Very likely, reader, the town in
which you live has parent-teacher
clubs. These clubs have meetings
about once a month, with glib speak
ers and doughnuts and coffee. You
go and are sufficiently entertained.
But that isn’t taking part in your
school duties. That isn't carrying
your share of the responsibility for
the success of your educational
What is more, that is not doing
the best you know how by your boy
and girl.
Most parents seem to think these
clubs are for the children. They are,
but only through the medium of
fathers and mothers. There is a won
derful opportunity in these organiza
tions for parents to get acquainted
with teachers. When teachers know
the parents better, they will under
stand the boys and girls better. And
they will be able to do finer work In
leading young folks along the rather
rough and steep beginnings of the
path of education.
In a large town that I know about
a. police officer, representing the bu
reau of safety, is lecturing in schools
and before parent-teacher clubs. He
gives some interesting conclusions as
the result of his work and experience.
This officer says that the best way
to educate the child, he finds, is
through the parent. He reaches for
the child through the parent.
Be sure of this; Parents who have
the most studious, the most tractable,
the most successful children, are par
ents who go to school and who know
the teachers.
They get the value out of their

in fact, and great applause. But the
rummies taken are but a drop in the
bucket compared to those who escape
and land their cargoes ashore.
Our Old Man has many scalps hang
ing to his belt. Rummies have come
to know and fear him. He likes to
"work a rabbit's foot on 'em” and
make up In stiategy what he lacks
in speed. Take the small boat game,
for instance. The Seminole caught a
fine speed boat the other day, they
say. A boat was making out from
shore toward Rum Row and the Semi
nole put a shot across her bow that
made her heave to in a hurry. The
cutter came up alongside and the
small boat's skipper was questioned.
No liquor aboard. The fellow said
he was out fishing. But he had no
bait and no tackle and no fish. He
stoutly denied —aye, he turned red
in the face denying—that he even
knew what Rum Row looked like.
He was wearing a brand-new golf
cap. It was so new, in fact, that
tiie tissue paper was still in the
crown. One of the Seminole's offi
cers, handling the cap, thought the
visor was very stiff. He slit it open
witti a knife and there were fourteen
one-hundred-dollar bills neatly stowed
away between the lining and the card
So the fisherman was held aboard.
It is no crimp and no transgression
of the nation’s maritime laws to sew
fourteen one-hundred-dollar bills in
a new' golf cap, nor Is it a misde
meanor to proceed in the direction
of Rum Row and say you are fish
ing. But it looks bad. And every
body knew the man was a bootlegger
and on his way to buy a cargo of
liquor from tie- fleet. Why let him
get away witii it? He was given a
comfortable berth up forward and
the Seminole had a beautiful new
speed boat to use in her cruise.
Seised Boots Aid Hunt.
It takes a thief to catch a thief,
or a rum-runner's boat to catch a
rum-runner's boat. A speed boat
ebuising around Rum How doesn't
look suspicious to a rum-runner, so
it’s simply a matter of sneaking up
on your quarry in a borrowed boat,
flashing the revenue flag on him and
hauling him alongside to wait for
the cutter to come up. The Seminole,
a few days after this capture, caught
another fisherman. He had $40,000 in
his pockets. The table in the cap
tain’s cabin was overflowing with
money. It took hours to count. And
while the two fishermen stayed up
forward, the Seminole continued her
cruise, equipped with two very fine
speed boats, which she used to catch
the rummies
That is what the Old Man calls
“working the rabbit's foot on 'em.”
and it has proved highly successful.
Os course a United States commis
sioner may not see fit to hold such
men as these fishermen, but their
cases are suspicious enough to war
rant Investigation, and as the Semi
nole cannot put into port during her
patrol, nor is it feasible to tow t lie
boats while on chase, there’s nothing
to do but use them.
“Is there much rum-running going
on these days?” the Old Man is asked.
“Yes. there's a plenty." He bases his
calculation on the boats that get
away from him, some of them loaded
to the gunwales with liquor, and
on what he hears from other boats
on the rum patrol. Two hundred
miles of coast, most of it excellently
adapted for rum-running and fifty
liquor-laden ships lying from ten to
twenty miles off the coast, w'hile hun
dreds of speedy power boats go back
and forth—yes. there’s lots of rum
running. Is there much help from
shore? Not so’s you’d notice it, the
Old Man thinks, and this reminds the
writer of a story’ he had heard that
morning. The story was given him
by a New York newspaper man. and
the writer gave it to the captain as
it was told to him.
“My bootlegger,” the man said, “is
a decent sort of a chap, you know,
and we’ve become quite friendly. I
wanted to write a story from the
rum-runner’s point of view, about
bringing this liquor in shore, so my
bootlegger said he would take me
with him on on*- of his trips up the
Connecticut coast. He kept me wait
ing around for a week or so. but one
day he telephoned me at my hotel and
told me to he ready within half an
hour He called for me in a big auto
mobile and wc drove up the Connecti
cut coast to a village. We had din
ner at the hotel and after the meal
three of my bootlegger’s friends
joined up and we played stud poker
until 11 o’clock that night. Then one
of the bootleggers said it was time
the boats were coming in and we went
down to the doclv A truck was
drawn up and two motor boats were
chugging up the harbor. They tied
up alongside, the liquor was unloaded
and put in the truck and we drove
away and back to New York. There
was nothing to It. No story to write.”
That gave a picture of one side of
the case The Old Man filled his pipe,
looked at the barometer, and allowed
he’d show us the other side, provided
the weather got better.
Questions Motives.
Writer Says Japanese Hurrying
to Islands to Secure W ives.
To the Editor of The Star:
At Keith’s this week the Pathe
News Service showed some interest
ing films illustrating scenes at San
Francisco on the departure of a num
ber of Japanese for japan on board
the Taiyo Maru. The captions indi
cated that thes£ Japanese were sor
rowfully leaving their homes in Cali
fornia because of conditions, which
would be induced by the probable
passage of the exclusion measure of
the immigration bill.
The fact is that most of the men
on board were leaving for Japan to
secure and return with Japanese
wives before the proposed law would
become effective on July' 1. Japanese
newspapers and Japanese leaders on
the Pacific coast for months past
have been urging the unmarried Jap
anese adults In continental United
States, of which there are said to be
over 40,000, to take advantage of the
kankodan excursion parties and se
cure wives while they yet might do
so. Each Japanese wife in California
becomes the mother of an average
family of five.
Most of the children going on that
boat were doubtless going back
under the prevalent custom to be
educated as Japanese in Japan and
then return between the ages of six
teen and nineteen, when, with the
advantage of their American citizen
ship, they could be of most service
to Japan. For the past few years
there have thus been going back to
Japan each year for the purpose in
dicated over 2.000 California-born
Japanese children.
The following quotation is from the
issue of April 24 of Nichi Bel, pub
lished in San Francisco, the most
widely distributed Japanese daily
published outside of Japan. The
translation is accurate:
‘‘The Tenyo Maru is to sail for Ja
pan from San Francisco at noon to
day. and. although the Taiyo Maru.
which sailed on the 19th, carried 500
passengers, there are still 350 to
go by this vessel, 40 in the first class,
45 in the second class and the rest
third class. They are practically all
bachelors who naturally have adopt
ed the only method by which they
can get wives into the country before
July 1, when the immigration law,
as we have several times explained,
will become operative. There are
scarcely any old people or married
men among them. • • • Immedi
ately on landing in Japan each one
will sot out to find a wife, and, hav
ing found her. will sail with her for
America from Yokohama by the
Tenyo Maru on June 8. Hence, they
will not have more than four weeks
in Japan, but the suddenness of the
•mercrenogr renders this unavoidable.”
“I am the master of my fate,
1 I am the captain of my soul .**
■■ ■
Son of America’s greatest financier,
John Pierpont Morgan had a happy
boyhood, acquired a finished educa
tion and inherited power and position
—then he became the target for criti
cism, calumny, false propaganda and
general misunderstanding.
Born at Irvington. N. T.. the son
of the renowned J. Pierpont Morgan,
"Jack” attended St. Paul’s School,
Concord, N. H., and when twenty-two
was graduated from Harvard, after
which he spent a year in a Boston
foreign exchange house. Married at
twenty-three, he went to New York
and took a place in his father’s
hanking firm. Soon afterward he was
Rent to J. P. Morgan & Co.’s London
branch. Ten years later he returned
to New York.
He revered his father and the elder
Morgan’s death was a hard blow.
The retiring and modest son then be
came head of the firm. He was little
known, his ability to make good was
questioned, he was called “dicta
torial” and when necessity demanded
that he sell part of his father’s art
collection, criticism was harsh.
His father had been interested in
many companies, and the son hud to
face the battle against "interlocking
directorates” that ended in his house
withdrawing from thirty concerns.
Morgan announced a conservative
banking policy for his firm, then came
the world war that made the Morgan
house head of linaneing and buying
for several of the allied countries.
His efficient handling of the huge
deals brought upon him charges that
he was at the head of a large propa
ganda conspiracy to force the United
States into the war so that the se
curity of his loans might be guaran
teed. in Congress resolutions de
manding an in vestigation were
brought up, but dwindled into inac
A Herman entered his home to kid
nap him. To protect his family Mor
gan grappled with the man and was
wounded. His bravery won high
After the United States entered the
war he was a leading figure in help
ing this country, besides ouying lib
erty bonds and loaning money to the
Army department without security.
After • the war he took an active
part in the rehabilitation of Europe,
and was honored by many countries
as the world's leading international
(Copyright, 1924.)
L. S. Business Solid.
Deficits and Shortcomings of Con
gress h ail to Stop Progress.
To the Edity of The Star:
On the purely business side of gov
ernment. where is the damage inci
dent to a deficit? A mercantile busi
ness is different from the business of
government. The former must not
have the figures show on the wrong
side—certainly not over a period of
years—or the wear and tear on the
principals in the organization would
exhaust them, even if their creditors
did not.
But government is not organized
for profit. A deficit for any year may
be provided for in the coming year.
Surpluses in annual governmental re
turns can be of serious injury in a
democracy because of the thousands
or tens of thousands of hands likely
to reach out to use them.
Last year there was a surplus of
$000,000,000. \ cry sensibly. Secretary
Mellon proceeded to find some plan
•to present to Congress that would let
taxpayers all over the country get
the benefit thereof, and even more if
possible. Even if this does take some
small chance of a deficit, which I
doubt, .t is a praiseworthy effort.
But let us look on its worst side. If
a deficit naturally results, where is
the fearful damage?
This fair chance enables business
to operate on a better basis, because
as taxes are made lower the charges
become lower against the product of
the country, whether commodities or
agriculture. Products become a per
centage cheaper. All business men
know that lower prices produce a
more extensive use of goods. A
larger measure of business also means
a larger measure of employment,
therefore larger returns for all. Does
not the Mellon plan give the right
rather than the wrong side the
chance, if chance there he?
The wrong method presents a grave
risk of failure and depression. We all
know that the losses of depression
mount to enormous figures, to say
nothing of distress, discomfort and
unhappiness. Collecting an additional
few hundred millions of dollars in
what may, after ail, prove to be un
necessary taxation is infinitesimal in
comparison to the losses of de
As every man, woman and child
who consumes or wears out even no
more than SSO of value during a
month or a year a taxpayer, with
not one chance in a million to escape
his or her obligations, it is not at all
unlikely that inefficiency, which the
people are coming to recognize more
and more, may sooner or later de
velop a peaceful revolution, out of
which will come more simple pro
cedure in government, as well as a
cleaning out of unnecessary taxeaters
and political parasites.
Fortunately, fundamentals remain
the same. Our if 0.000.000 of people
continue to consume goods and to be
fairly well employed. They are rea
sonably happy. I think this accounts
for the degree of tolerance extended
by them to the political delinquents.
In some way the large majority of
the people manage to have a measure
of success. We make progress not
because of the helpfulness of Con
gress, but in spite of it. Many in
public life, who might appropriately
be termed slackers or worse, all have
their day. They will always be with
us to a larger or smaller extent.
There must be vigilance, however,
or their operations become so bold as
to be extremely dangerous, not only
to the prosperity, comfort and happi
ness of the people, but to the life of
the nation itself. When confidence is
shaken to an abnormal degree, people
become desperate. We all know that
the resultant of desperation is some
times worse than the cause which
produces it.
Farm Woman Assails
Radical Propaganda
To the Editor of the Star:
As a farm woman I am at last be
ginning to realize what this radical
ism means to the farmers and land
owners of this nation. W© must be
very particular in choosing the
women whom we help to seat in Con
gress. and especially the Senate, to
represent us. We should only send
women who are Republicans or Demo
crats. 1 believe that some women
sail under the disguise of one of
these parties when they are in reality
Socialists and are sailing under false
Now, when we vote for a woman
who belongs to this International
League for Peace and Freedom, we
are really voting for one who Is
not a Republican, neither is she a
Democrat. She is a Socialist or a
Communist. I see in Friday's Star
that Jeannette Rankin boasts that this
form of government will eventually
be ‘‘put over" us.
As a farm woman. I denounce this
league as a snare and a delusion. In
the name of peace they cover up their
real design, which Is the establish
ment of a communistic form of gov
ernment and the abolishment of pri
vate ownership.
The farmers, both men and wom
en, should rise in their might and
help to defeat the men and women
who preach this Russian propaganda.
Hoping you will publish this so
that the farm population may realize
what to to them.
<£)• R. BtEHHILX*.
Q. Can a taxi driver make the me
ter show more or less mileage as he
chooses?—l. W.
A. It Is not possible for an automo
bile taxicab driver to regulate the
meter by which the mileage is regis
tered. There are two parts to a taxi
cab register—one la attached to the
front wheel, which gives the mileage
traveled; the other is a clock time
attachment, which is used when the
car is standing.
Q. Who is considered the father of
English hymns?—D. H.
A. Isaac Watts is generally credit
ed with being the father of English
Q. How does the Sahara Desert
compare with the United States in
size?—C. H. B.
A. The Sahara has an area of
3,500,000 square miles, while conti
nental United States has but 3,026.-
789. With Alaska and our island
possessions our territory is slightly
larger than the Sahara.
Q. What did the smiths of old times
use in their forges before coal was
A. Charcoal was the fuel used be
fore coal in forges.
Q. Does this country owe money to
England?—G. H.
A. The Treasury Department says
that the United States has no foreign
debt at present.
Q. W'hat is the cause of blood spots
on the yolk of a strictly fresh egg?—
W. H.
A. They are due to the rupture of
blood vessels in the ovary of the hen.
Q. What solution did Enrico Caruso
use for a throat wash, gargle or
spray before singing?—W. J. T.
A. In Pierre Key’s biography of
Caruso he says that the great tenor
warmed up his voice with light scales
and other simple exercises. The
writer adds; "Then would come the
inhalant; after that a pinch of Swed
ish tobacco, snuff to clear the nos
trils; finally a gargle of lukewarm
water and salt. He was then ready
for a sip of diluted whisky—and the
Q. Can the wood of the ailanthus
tree be used in a practical way?—
X. X.
A. The forest products laboratory
says that recent experiments have
shown that this wood can be made
into a good grade of book paper. The
wood gives a high yield of pulp,
bleaches easily and can be used for
book, lithograph and writing paper.
The ailanthus. otherwise known as
the tree of heaven, grows rapidly. In
some places it is said to produce tons
of wood to the acre every three years.
Q. Why was the Orange Free State
so named? —L. M.
A. Its proximity to the Orange
River accounts for the name. The
Orange River was named in 1777, in
honor of the House of Orange.
Q. Why were some men known in
colonial days tis "change ringers”?
What were their duties? —E. P. N.
A. This was applied to a person
versed in the art of ringing a peal of
bells in a regularly varying order, so
that all the possible combinations
could be made.
One of the best proofs of far-see
ing vision of statesmen was the fact
that in 1910 Congress enacted legis
lation to control radio communica
tions. That act was changed in 1912
and no further legislation has been
found necessary since then, despite
the astounding development of radio
communication and the unforeseen
inventions which have come into use
since the legislation of more than a
decade ago. Now Congress is again
taking up the subject through the
bill introduced by Kepresentative
White of Maine.
For nearly three months the House
committee on the merchant marine
and fisheries has had under consid
eration the White bill "to regulate
radio communication and for other
purposes,” which bill, after investi
gation and hearings by a subcommit
tee. will be favorably reported to the
full committee next Thursday, and
thence to the House. A similar meas
ure, but much less comprehensive,
has been introduced in the Senate by
Senator Howell of Nebraska, and is
absorbed into the White bill. H. R.
* * *
The White bill provides against op- !
eration of any form of radio com
munication beyond the boundaries of
the states within which it originated, j
except under a ten-year license from '
the Secretary of Commerce. The !
limitations of the power of Congress j
to interfere with intrastate matters
is recognized, hence the federal law
can have no effect except in regulat
ing interstate and foreign commerce
and communications.
All licenses are subject to revoca
tion by the Secretary of Commerce
in case of violation of regulations or
when (in the judgment of the Secre
tary) the licensee proves to be unfit, j
In case of war, public peril or dis- I
aster the President may suspend and
order dismantled any or all radio 1
stations. No license may be granted I
to nor transferred to an alien, nor |
to any corporation officered by aliens ;
or in which more than one-fifth of
the stock is held by aliens. None but !
licensed operators may send or re- j
ceive messages over a licensed sta- '
tion. The bill contains many detailed !
regulations protecting the public i
against monopoly and abuse.
** * *
The growth of radio communication
has been sudden and widespread.
Prior to the armistice, it was jealous
ly guarded because of its military
potentialities and dangers. Prior to
the outbreak of the war in 1914, it
was a scientific novelty, uncompre
hended by laymen. There were then
no broadcasting stations in the world.
In 1912 only 485 American ships
were equipped for transmission of
wireless signals or telegrams, to only
123 land stations. There was but one
transoceanic station, giving service
of an experimental and unsatisfactory
kind, and 1,224 amateur stations.
Now 2,723 American ships are fully
equipped with radio, nearly all being
wireless telephony. There are 790
land stations in the United States,
twelve transoceanic stations, 16,600
amateur sending stations, 570 broad
casting stations, and between 3,000,000
and 5.000,000 rcelvlng sets, at which
20,000,000 persons constitute the
audience of llsteners-in. All of this
has developed in a decade, most of It
within half a decade. The first
license for a broadcasting station was
Issued in September, 1921, and prac
tically all of the general public’s use
of the radio for entertainment and
information has developed in the last
two years. There has never before
been such an industrial or scientific
revolution as this in the history of
♦♦ ♦ ♦
Telegraphic communication without
wires dates back to Marconi's inven
tions of 1896, and the first paid
•‘radiogram" was sent from the Mar
coni station at Needles, Isle ,of
Wight, June 3, 1898. In 1901 Prof.
R. A. Fessenden of the United States
weather-bureau patented the first
wireless telephone apparatus, and in
1916 the first long-distance wireless
telephone message was sent from
Q. How can fly paper be made?—
J. K. H.
A. Boil together 1 pound rosin,
3'2 ounces molasses, 3% ounces boiled
linseed oil until of proper consistency.
Provide sheets of manila paper i,f
suitable size. Spread some of the
mixture on half of each sheet, fold
ing the rest of the sheet over it. Open
out when ready for use.
Q What is the amount of aid that
is now being given to world war vet
erans?—W. F. B.
A. The amount of compensation
paid annually by the United States
Veterans Bureau to its ex-soldiers
corn Pensation is about $125,-
000.000, and the amount paid up to
September 1. 1923, was *500,000.000
Q. Heat can be electrically pro*
duced by' resistance; is there any
method by which cold may be similarly
made?—D. B. A.
A. Cold is produced by electrically
driven mechanical refrigerating ma
cines using ammonia or other sub
stance with a low boiling point. Cold
from electricity can be produced di
rectly on a very small scale by put
ting a battery in a thermo-couplet
circuit so as to run the current back
Q. Have the bore, choke and
chamber dimensions of shotguns been
standardized as in rifles? —H. N.
A. The National Rifle Association
says they have not been standardized
as in rifles, but are a result of ex
perimentation by shotgun manufac
turers. The approximate inside diam
eter of a 10-gauge is 13-14 of an
inch; 12-gauge, & of an inch: 16-
gage, 11-16 of an inch; 20-gauge, £,
of an inch.
Q. Why has Bethlehem. Pa,, some
times been called the American Bay.
reulh?—A. P.
A. The Moravians have given
Bethlehem a national reputation a?
a musical center. Led by Count Nik
olus Zinzendorf, they founded the city
shortly before Christmas in 174)—the
season of the year suggested the
name. Benjamin Franklin was
strongly impressed with the fine
music in their church, and toward
the close of the nineteenth century
a choir, under the direction of the
organist, J. Frederick Wolle, became
widely known, rendering for the first
time in America Bach’s St. John Pas
sion (in 1888), followed by St. Mat
thew Passion, the Christmas Orations
the Mass in B Minor and finally by
an annual Bach festival continuing
three days. »
Q. Is it possible for a boy who hat
his parents’ consent, even though he
has not reached his seventeenth
birthday, to join the Marine Corps?—
C. E. A.
A. The minimum age of enlistment
in the Marine Corps is eighteen with
parent’s consent. From eighteen to
twenty-one it is necessary for the ap
plicant to have documentary evidence
of the date of his birth. Twenty men
a month of those between the ages
of seventeen and eighteen with par
ent’s consent can be enlisted as drum
mers and trumpeters. The maximum
age limit is thirty-five years.
(Let the Star Information Bureau
Frederic J. Ha-skin, director, IJIO Forth
Cnjntol street, answer your question
The only charge for this service it :
cents in stamps for return postagr .)
[ Washington to Paris and to Honolulu.
In 1923 broadcasting from Pitts-
I burgh was heard in Ungland, and on
i February 23, 1924, a concert wa*
broadcast from Pittsburgh, picked
;up in England and rehroadcast. so
that it was clearly heard in Calcutta
India. The expenditures in the United
States this year for radio sale?
amount to s3so.ooo.ooo—twice as much
as the total sales of all sporting
goods. *
* * 4= *
Owing to the policy - of Secretary
Hoover in limiting licenses under the
old law to only three months, no on*-
has been able to secure a monopoly
j of any particular wave length, bu'
! It is charged that a monopoly ha.-,
I grown up in transoceanic communil
| cation for commercial purposes,
j through the control by the Radio
| Corporation of patents and exclusive
i traffic arrangements. Other monop
| olies are charged and denied, and the
j immediate future will probably wit
ness litigation between holders of
I patents and the public interests This
j conflict of interests concerns the
I American Telephone Company and it*
j manufacturing subsidiaries, the West
j ern Electric Company, the Genera
I Electric Company, the Westinghouse
i Electric and Manufacturing Com
pany and the United Fruit Company
all of w'hich corporations are sajiv
to be combined in the Radio Cor
poration as owners of the latter cor
| poratioo shares.
j The rapid growth of the Radio
Corporation is indicated bv its report
| of gross earnings: in 1921, J 4.160.544,
I j," 1922, $14,830.856, and in 1923. $26-
394,,89. Its net profits last year are
reported $4,737.774—near1y 25 per
cent on the par value of its stock
** * *
After the armistice officers of the
United States Navy started negoti
ations for the organization of a radio
I company in America controlled by the
j Navy Department. Secretary Danielif
| asked Congress for authority to con
i tract with such a corporation, but it
| was not granted. The General Elec
-15, c U°«»Pany thereupon purchased
tlie British holdings in the M.ircon:
|\\ircless .Telegraph Company o'
i America, and proceeded to organize
I the Radio Corporation of Amend
| with $25,000,000 capital. This cot
| pc L r . a L'°- n now holds agreements by
I which it becomes the selling company
for practically all radio devices un
der hundreds of patents. It buvs 60
per cent of its goods from the Gen
eral Electric Company and 40 pet
cent from the Westinghousc Com
For a while the Radio Corporation
held an absolute monopoly on
vacuum tubes, but since the expira
tion of the Fleming patents in 1922
the De Forest Company has been mak
ing tubes. The Radio Corporation ha?
competition from seventeen other
companies on the smaller outfits with
crystal sets, but there is pending
litigation over the right to sell sets
with tubes. The Radio Corporation
Is the only company doing a trans-'
oceanip commerce.
The Federal Trade Commission has
filed complaint charges of monopoly t
against the Radio Corporation, but
no final "order" has yet been entered
in the case.
** * *
There are 484 independent bm»d
casting stations operating without
a license from the American Tele
phone and Telegraph Company, and
using, as alleged, certain parts in
fringing upon that company’s patents
The company has brought stnt
against one of these independent
broadcasters, WHN, whereupon the
defendants counter with the claim
that the- American Telephone and
Telegraph Company is seeking *>
“monopoly of the air.”
It is predicted that within a year
or two the problem of how the cost
of broadcasting, now $5,000,000 r a
year, may be met The only return t
now comes from increased public in
terest and increased sales of receiv
ing sets. The city of New York is
building a municipal broadcasting
station, as a means of furnishing
public entertainment, as do our bands
playing in parks.
The coming political campaign, the
first ever to use the radio, will do
much toward demonstrating Us pos
sibilities, In place of “front porches.”
(Copyright, 1024. by Pmul V. OlUnt.)

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