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iThe Evening star, With Sunday Morning Edition. •WASHINGTON, D. C. SUNDAY .May 11, 1924 THEODORE W. NOYES Editor The Evening Star Newspaper Company Busincs. Office, lltli St. and Pennsylvania A... New York Office: 110 East 42nd St. Chicago Office: Tower Building. European Office; lOltegent SL, Lwndou. England. Hie Evening Star, witli the Sunday morning •Jltlon, la dcliverorhy carriers within the city ■t flO cents per month: daily only. 45 cents per month; Sunday only, 20 cents perdhonih. Or ders may he sent by mail or telephone Main 6000. Collection is made by carriers at the ■ad of each month. Rate by Mail—Payable in Advance. Maryland and Virginia. Daily and Sunday..] yr., $8.40: 1 inn-. 70c Daily only 1 yr., $6 00; I mo., 500 Sunday only 1 yr.. $2.40; l mo., 20c All Other States. Daily and Sunday.] yr., $10.00; 1 mo., 85c Daily only 1 yr., $7 00; ] mo., 60c Sunday only 1 yr., $2.00; 1 mo.. 25c Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news dig patches credited to it or not otherwise credite; in this paper and also the local news pub lished herein. All rights of publication of •peeial dispatches herein are also reserved. No Fiscal Revolution by Rider. Even the few Washingtonians who 'have assented reluctantly to the sug gestion of the lump-sum payment plan in the despairing hope of secur ing thereby for the District power of self-taxation and tax spending, free from budget bureau and congressional committee drastic supervision, pro test vigorously against the adoption of the Cram ton plan in the shape in v which the proposal is now pending in the Senate as legislative rider on the District appropriation hill. The Cramton bill is now before the District committees, and if after hear ings it secures committee approval it can be so equipped with necessary safeguards and equitable offsets and compromises as to give to the District u maximum of fiscal freedom, and to reduce the evils of the plan to a mini mum. Itut the Cramton plan now be fore the Senate appropriations com- Ynittee lias not had and cannot now have this deliberate and thoughtful molding, and as a naked rider on the appropriation bill, born and kept alive only under protection of the Holman rule, should be inflexibly rejected by the Senate. It is suggested that there will be Immunity from budget bureau L-utting down of Uncle Sam’s Capital-upbuild ing outlay if the expenditures are made in a lump sum instead of as a proportionate part of the District’s total municipal appropriation. But if Uncle Sam is compelled by any year’s •fiscal conditions to cut down all of his expenditures, including his outlay on National Capita! upbuilding, he will obviously make this retrenchment whether in order to do it he reduces | n lump-sum contribution or holds down the total District outlay, of which he pays a proportionate part. Indeed, it is easier to make this direct specific reduction than indirectly by cutting and mutilating the District appropriations. There is greater fixity to the definite proportionate contribu tion than to that of a lump sum. It is far easier for those who think that the nation should pay nothing today toward Capital maintenance and de velopment to reduce or deny entirely the annual lump sum than to change the ratio of proportionate contribu tion. The contribution of a lump sum an nually by the nation toward Capital upbuilding in lieu of a proportionate contribution would be justified if the primary responsibility and power in respect to District finances were trans ferred simultaneously to the District I with the nation as only an incidental non-eontrolling contributor. But if the Cramton rider were adopted full and exclusive control of District finances and taxation would still he retained and exercised by Congress represent ing the nation, the District would have no greater power of self-taxation than it now possesses, the wrangling in Congress would be just as bitter and • Jiurtful and irritating over the amount of the lump-sum contribution as in the past over the equitable ratio, and the only effect of the change would be to forbid Congress to appropriate for the Capital from the Treasury more than a fixed maximum amount, and to separate this contribution from all relation to that of the Capital. Washington would thus be deprived of its safeguard against excessive and unjust taxation by a taxing body in which it is not represented, without any compensating benefits whatever. To summarize: Adoption of the Cramton rider will not cause the Dis trict to escape supervision and na tional contribution cutting by file bud ■ get bureau. It does not increase the certainty of a national contribution or fixity in the amount of such rontribu ’ tion. It does not avoid friction-breed ing ratio discussion, but on the con trary aggravates it. It does not in crease a particle the District’s power to participate in its municipal legisla ture. Congress still lias exclusive power to determine how much it shall he taxed, and by whom and for what purposes its tax money shall Ite ex * pended. The Cramton proposition threatens ioss of millions in ronection with the surplus, repudiates the agreement upon the 60-40 ratio, substitutes a sys tem of indefinite unrelated contribu tion by Capital and nation and pre cipitates Washington taxpayers into tlie fiscal chaos from which they have recently emerged. The act of June 29, 1922, was im posed upon us as a compromise peace measure. It increased our taxes, re duced our exclusive revenues and bur dened taxpayers of the present with the obligations of taxpayers of the fu ture. Offsetting these drastic exac tions it affirmed the principle of def inite proportionate contribution and promised us the blessings of fiscal . peace and a period of cessation of fric tion-breeding controversy. Now that the definite CO-40 ratio is fixed in the new law by compromise agreement will not the District in fair ness be permitted to adjust itself to its new fiscal organic act and to begin . to enjoy the promised bliss of fiscal peace? m i • M* ■ A French Postal “Strike.” French postal clerks are asking for an increase of 1,800 francs a year in salary, to enable them to make theiy UVing expenses. The government is not disposed to grant the request. So the postal clerks, it is stated, decide to go on strike on the Ist of May, not by quitting work, but by scrupulously conscientious observance of the rules and regulations. They propose to weigh every letter with care to make sure that it has sufficient postage, to examine every stamp to be certain that it has not been used before and ineffectively canceled and to read all post cards to so** th-.t the law which prohibits the writing of insults and threats on them is not violated. If this plan is carried out it will un doubtedly paralyze the postal service, which is not at its best particularly speedy. , The postal authorities, it is further reported, arc determined to discharge summarily any overzealous letter weighers or card readers. Herein will arise difficulties. What will be the standard of speed? It would seem that the postal clerks, if they adopt this means of forcing a grant of more money, would have the advantage of the situation. There arc the laws, and plainly they should be observed and enforced. Clearly, they cannot be en forced effectively with merely per functory examination of the mail mat ter. If the authorities fire a few of the clerks for too scrupulous a scru tiny. however, the question will arise whether the remainder will have the nerve to persist. And in any case, it will be interesting to note how far the French public will react to the slowing of the mails. As an experiment in concerted ac tion this adoption of thoroughness as a means of reducing product to com pel higher wages is worth watching. Progress for Conservation. Public response to the appeal to protect the dogwood in the vicinity of Washington has been gratifyingly general. As a result of this year’s “campaign” for the preservation of this beautiful flowering tree there is much more beauty along the roads this season than for some lime past. And the gain is not only for the pres ent. Trees that are protected this year from vandalism will be more beautiful next year. There is a further gain, too. People are being shown the unwisdom and selfishness of breaking the natural growths in the woods and fields, and a respect for flowering things is being taught that will have a pronounced effect in the future. The tree that grows in the open country is everybody’s tree, for every body’s pleasure. It is the height of selfishness to regard it as common property to be broken and stripped of its blooms and branches. Whether the flowers "last" or whether they fade and shrivel quickly, they belong on tlie trees. They are part of the landscape. When they are taken away and put in rooms they are for a very few. In the open they are for the thousands. Undoubtedly one of the reasons for the stripping of these flowering growths in the open country is that people think they are getting some thing "free.” That is, they are not )>aying money for it. As a matter of fact they are paying very dearly. They are paying a price that cannot be computed, the ultimate loss of beauty in the open country. Just as soon as they realize that fact they be come conservators instead of destroy ers, and it is especially reassuring that so many have been converted to this view as a result of the present work in behalf of the dogwood. Coolidge Odds Increase. A little over two weeks ago cam paign bettors in Wall street were quoting odds of 7 to 5 in favor of the election of President Coolidge in No vember. Friday the odds had lengthened to 8 to 5. ’Whether this was the result of the primaries in California and Indiana is only a mat ter of speculation. Certainly those primaries indicated a strength on the part of Coolidge, with his party at least, that warrants some reflection in the speculative reckoning on his chances for election. While these odds were posted on the general result other odds were being quoted on the Democratic nomination. Smith was given a rating of 1 to 3, McAdoo 1 to 4 and Ralston 1 to 4*4. Thus, though Smith is rated by the betting fraternity as the most likely of the three named, there is no odds-on favorite in the field. The two thirds rule is recognized as a suf ficient handicap to prevent early nomination. It is significant, how ever, that while Smith was quoted at 1 to 3 for the nomination he was quoted only at 1 to 7 for the presi dency If nominated. Here again may be a reflection from the recent primaries: Coolidge at 8 to 5 for election and Smith, favorite in the pre-convention betting for nomination, at 1 to 7 for the presi dency. This would look as though the Wall street bettors, calculating Mr. Coolidge’s chances at 8 to 5, were looking for the nomination of a Demo crat not now in the reckoning. Everything possible has been, done to give Robert M- La Pollette a lively and interesting convalescence. It might be desirable to have Gen. Smedley Butler conduct a shake-up of the prohibition agents. Pansies. The Department of Agriculture con tributes a pansy show to the charms of spring in Washington. A news story says that “Just a few steps from the thick of Washington traffic is a bower of restful beauty that is at tracting thousands of persons dally,” and that close to the department buildings “there bursts upon the vision more than an acre of pansies.” The national agriculturists do not limit their powers to growing corn and cotton. Neither do they confine their faculties to potato bugs, plant lice, moth and weevil. They also go in for flowers. In the fall they set up a chrysanthemum show that is peerless, and when spring peeps above the south horizon they set forth an amaryllis exhibition beyond compari son- Soon this department may give os a rose show that trill vie with -BrooMantTß, and a dahlia show that THE SUNDAY STAR. WASHINGTON, D. C„ MAY 11. 1924-PART 2. will dazzle every eye and conjure thoughts of a garden that grandma tended when a girl. In the matter of these pansies there is something to think about, and a good many men and their wives, and those who may become their wives, give thanks to the department garden ers. There is something about the lit tle pansy that takes a hold, and keeps it, on a man. It has been cultivated in Europe for about 500 years, and perhaps longer ago it was grown in gardens in the east. So many flowers trace their ancestry to the orient! We have had the pansy in the Poto mac region ever since settlers began to plant box bushes, altheas and honey locusts about their homes or grow sweet williams and hollyhocks In the garden. In some way the pansy sug gests thought, or thoughts. The name we call it is corrupted from the French for “thought." Its association with thoughts was spoken of by Ophelia, the unfortunate (Laughter of Polonius, on whom Hamlet harped more than 300 years ago. She said: “There’s rosemary, that’s for remem brance: pray you, love, remember, and there is pansies, that’s for thoughts. That’s fennel for you, and columbines; there’s rue for you, and here’s some for me—we call it herb of grace o’ Sundays. You may wear your rue with a difference. There’s a daisy. I would give you some violets, but they withered all. when my father died.” Well, a good many persons will go down to the grounds of the Depart ment of Agriculture to call upon the pansies. Murphy’s Fortune. Charles F. Murphy, loader of Tam many Hall, who died in New York the other day, had been twenty-two years at the head of the organization. Though engaged “on the side” in various business enterprises, he was not specifically identified with any professional or commercial career. Yet report attributed to him a large fortune. He was variously rated as worth from sl-,000.000 to $10,000,000. Yesterday his will was filed for pro bate, and the attorney in filing it stated the value of his estate at about $450,000. Surprise is now expressed nt the smallness of the estate, and esti mates of the pecuniary value of Tam many leadership are subject to re vision. When Richard Croker retired from the leadership of Tammany Hull he was worth much more than is now stated to be Murphy’s estate. Nobody knows exactly how much he had ac cumulated. He made no confidants on this subject. He admitted that he had Worked for his own pocket ali the time. He had enough to go to Ireland and set up an elaborate establishment and indulge in the racing game, which is one of the most expensive of hob bies. Murphy was not a rich man when he took the leadership in 14th street. If he died worth $450,000 the deduc tion is that he accumulated savings at the rate of $20,000 a year. Adding his living expenses that means a fair ly rich reward. The job of running Tammany Hall is no sinecure. It Is worth big money to the organization, but it is actually non-salaried. The “boss” must keep himself. Mr. Murphy kept himself very comfortably and piled up half a million. The position brings “opportunities.” He evidently grasped them, not greedily, but profit ably. The discussion of the bobbed-hair bandit has become so diffuse as t > leave it in doubt whether the moral to be drawn from her sad story is a warning against banditry or hair bobbing. Silence on the part of J. P. Morgan will not be resented if the money he controls can be rendered eloquent in the cause of world peace and Euro pean rehabilitation. Revival of the question of prepared ness is leading orators to neglect gen eral references to the American eagle and demand explicit data os to air planes. The gravest consequences so far noted by Japanese immigrants is in the nature of a regret that they did not come early and avoid the rush. In a political way Massachusetts Is prepared to be as busy a state os Ohio ever was. SHOOTING STARS. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. Hair and Crime. A lady brought a special thrill Ifito this world of care, Because before she tapped a till She went and bobbed her hair. And yet we wonder as they tell Her story to the throng. If she could not have robbed as well If she had worn it long. But her adventures sooth© the mind In minutes of distress. What seemed a crime wave we may find A hair wave more or less. Watching the Foreign-Born Vote. “You mustn’t allow yonr ideas to become Utopian,” remarked the friend and adviser. “I’m careful about that,” answered Senator Sorghum. “I’ve looked the census figures over, and there isn’t a single Utopian voter in my district.” Jud Tunklns says if you could per suade everybody to give it a fair trial prohibition would be the greatest head ache remedy ever known. Unerring Retribution. A man may rob a trusting thing With scant reproof to fret him. But if he porks his flivver wrong The cops will surely get him. Style Dictation. “The authorities say that bathing suits must be longer.” “Yes," answered Miss Cayenne; “but only the municipal authorities, not the fashion authorities.” "Everybody’s takin’ lessons in play in’ some game,” said Uncle Eben. “I guess I’ll call myself ‘perfesser’ an teach some of dese white folks aim- More Than a College Degree Required for a “Profession” BY THOMAS R. MARSHALL. Former Vice I*rc»ldrnt of the United States. The brakeman on our train was a most remarkable whistler. He could whistle a duet, a trio or a bass solo with a chorus. 1 learned by talking with, him that he was not satisfied with his status in life. He was In clined to think that the world would be letter off if every one were Just the .same, possessed of the same capa bilities, sought the same objects, en joyed tho same pleasures in-life. Byway of showing him, that he, himself, had just disclosed the utter futility of any such thought, I asked him whether he would like to give up tho marvelous gift of whistling with which he had been endowed. Os course, ho told me that ho would not give It up for anything, that it was the pride and enjoyment of his life and that he had been enabled to con tribute to the pleasure and happiness of thousands. 1 felicitated him upon the joy which he had brought into the world, and expressed the wish that all who were giftfd would use their talents with his high purpose of mak ing life a little better and happier. But he came back at me with an in quiry as to why it was that he was not satisfied with his position In life. 1 was unable to answer him then, and 1 arn unable to answer him now. ** * * It seems that it is tho fate of our common humanity to be dissatisfied, if not discontented, over the niche we occupy and the thing we do. 1 often have wondered why this was so, but have never reached a satisfactory conclusion, probably because the tend encies and vagaries of humanity are beyond ordinary comprehension. We all are Democrats; we all are down on aristocracy; we all are for equal ity—that is, we say we are for equal ity. As a matter of fact, we are for equalizing everybody that we envy to our state, but we are not equalizing ourselves to any condition which is less pleasant and agreeable than our own. For one thing, we cannot be convinced that there is not a great difference between a trade and a pro fession, and we are all down on trade and all in favor of a profession. Notwithstanding the increase of knowledge and its general diffusion among the people, most of us still are impressed with what wo regard as learned professions, and we conceive the happy warriors of humanity to be those who fight Linder a banner bearing the inscription of some pro fession or other. Ambitious souls throughout the generations have been struggling to get themselves into one of the professions, and they have been trying all the while to make their distinction in life secure by some vis ible mark. 1 well remember when the doctor, tho lawyer and the minister were looked upon as members of learned professions, when each of them set aside from the body of j our common democracy as quite sacro- I THE LOST TREE OF AMERICA BY FREDERIC J. HASKL\. The American natural tree world has completely lost one native tree by ex tinction and other trues of limited habi tat and names are believed to be in danger of extinction, according to in vestigations conducted by the research bureau of the National Dumber Manu facturers’ Association. The lost tree is the Pranklinia, a beautiful/flowering shrub that was once in great demand by landscape gardeners and nursery men. There are a few Franklinia in gardens and parks throughout the country, it is stated, but most of such plantings have died, the reason being that the tree requires a very acid soil. In its original home in Georgia the tree is no longer to be found. Two of the planted Pranklinia grow in a I little piece of parkland at Chevy Chase Circle, almost on the District of Columbia boundary line. These trees were saved from death last year through the activities of the Chevy Chase Citizens’ Association and P. D Ricker and Bdgar Wherry, scientists of the Department of Agricultura. The salvaging of these Pranklinia was ac complished by pruning neighboring trees to admit more sunlight and by cultivat ing and acidulating the soil around the rare trees. Tire Pranklinia was first found by John Bartram of Philadelphia, in 1765, in the AJtamaha River Valley near Fort Barrington, in what is now the state of Georgia, and had never been known elsewhere. Bartram had the distinction of being botanist to the King of Eng land, and was on a botanical collecting trip when he found these rare trees and named them after Benjamin Frank lin. Bartram, who was a native of Chester County, Pa., is frequently called the “father of American botany," and he founded at Kingseseing the first botani cal garden in this country. Dinnaeus termed him “the greatest natural bot anist in the world.” He was in con stant correspondence with European botanists, to whom he sent large col lections of American plants. It was said of him that he would readily undertake a journey of hundreds of miles to see a new plant. His Son Carried On. His eon, William Bartram, carried on his botanical research work and was also known as an ornithologist. The son spent five years in the southern states, and in 1773 and again in 1778 visited the Altamaha Valley to collect Pranklinia seeds, which he supplied to nurserymen in this country and in Eu rope. In 1790 Dr. Moses Marshall visited the Fort Barrington region and identified the trees. So fax as is now known, this is the last time any of them were “officially” seen in the original locality. There is no definite record concern ing Pranklinia from 1790 to ISSI, al though nurserymen repeatedly visited the Fort Barrington region to get seedlings and seeds, and it is regard ed as probable that they virtually ex terminated the trees in its natural site. The plants were listed exten sively during this period by nursery men here and abroad, and presumably were widely distributed. During 1881, H. W. Raven ©l, a well known botanist of Aiken, S. C., made two trips to the Altahamaha valley, but without finding a specimen of the Pranklinia. A friend of his made several other equally fruitless trips in search of the lost tree. There are very complete directions for finding the locality in the publi cations of "William Bartram. and the original home of the Pranklinia trees has been searched over many times. Indeed, it is stated that not a year passes without several botanists or nurserymen attemptng to win the honor of rediscovering the long-ioat tree. Officials and scientists of the De partment of Agriculture have long been interested, and in June of 1922 Dr. Edgar Wherry of the bureau of chemistry and Harry W. Trudell of Philadelphia conducted a painstak ing search that proved barren of re sults. Dr. Wherry made still another expedition the following year, but it was equally unsuccessful. All of the recent explorations, cover ing a period of more than forty years, have been futile. The presumption. sant We held that they were differ ent from the rest of humanity be cause one of them coaid write M, D. after his name, the second LL». D. and the third D. D. We assumed that the possession of a knowledge, as attested to by the degrees they had won, seg regated them from the common mass. ** * * However, as the years went by we realized that there was no holy oil in education which could be poured on tho head of a student and make of him a high priest. Learning and knowledge may come from study and education, but character does not al ways accompany them. No differ ence how much a man may know, It he has not a character to back it up not all the degrees in all the uni versities of the world can raise him to the dignity of a profession. He will not be worthy of a democracy. He will be lower than the lowest con ception of a mere tradesman. We found LU D’s compromising crime, D. D.'s arrogating to themselves the right of damnation, and M. D.’s hold ing babies in escrow until their bills were paid, so we put these profes sional gentlemen aside so far as their titles were concerned. We no longer mark them as differing from the rest of mankind, save as they differ in character and service. A n«-w effort to make certain per sons differ from others Is now being attempted through legislation. In one of the states where the initiative prevails there is pending a proposal dealing with persons who write for publication. Any one connected with a newspaper or magazine, who as sists In the preparation of news or editorial matter would be affected. He would have to obtain a license from the secretary of state, and If he should publish anything which proved to be libelous he would be disbarred from “practicing” Journalism for three years. This measure is being touted as a means of lifting journal ism to the dignity of a profession. I regard it as a direct implication that newspaper writers and editors are scoundrelly free lances. *♦ ♦ * If this proposal should been me a law it will be found to be as impo tent for the making of a profession aa the various degrees which the in stitutions of learning confer upon their students. You cannot make a profe.ssion either by education or by law. In a democracy there will be. of course, ambition to succeed beyond the common mass, and there will be a grade of men who are really pur suing professions, but education and the pains and penalties of the law are not responsible for them. They are the products of character build ing. Slowly, yet Inevitably, the knowl edge. must come to those who seek to follow a profession and to those who pretend to judge what is a profes sion, that neither education nor legis lation can separate classes or grades ir. American life. Separation must come through service, through an honest endeavor to do one’s lifework in the spirit of personal success for public welfare. (Copyright. 1924, by Twenty-flr«t Century Press.) therefor*. Is very strong that the Franklinia has been exterminated in its native environment. However, as there is dense brush and timber in that section of Geor gia, and much swamp land that is exceedingly difficult to explore close ly. it is admittedly possible that a few rare specimens of the lost tree may have escaped the eyes of the searchers. On the theory that such may prove to be the case, the Na tional Lumber Manufacturers’ Asso ciation has announced its intention to finance an exhaustive search of the Altamaha valley. When the report of this expedition is received the final word as to tho lost Franklinia. doubt less will have been written. If any of the trees were overlooked in pre vious explorations they will be locat ed. or the fact will be definitely es tablished that the Franklinia will be known and perpetuated only through specimens that have been grown in parks or gardens. The tree is not very large, and it might pass unobserved except in the blossoming season, when its beautiful flowers, which have made it in such demand by nurserymen, would be very noticeable. Bartram, in his writings, gives it a maximum height of only twenty-five feet. The larger of the two Franklinia at Chevy Chase Circle is now about that high and aJaout five inches in diameter. Origin of the Name. Why Bartram gave Franklin's name to the tree is not known, unless it was because of bis great friendship for the famous Quaker. Most men who make discoveries analagous to that of a hitherto unknown tree or flower, or a specimen of fauna, usu ally link their own names with the discoveries. Bartram apparently was not only a great botanist, but an ex ceedingly modest one. The Franklinia is not tho only American tree or plant that is extinct or virtually so. The settlement of the continent has naturally tended to the extermination of plants of certain habits and limited ranges, and. just as man and his domestic animals have waged war on the wild animals of America, so some 600 European plants have followed the white man in his invasion of America, and in many in stances have done their best to drive out and eradicate native plants. My Mother. Who watched me as a chubby babe, As in her arms I snngty lay, And made me “pat-a-cake for her When she was young and spry and gay ? Who watched me in my slumbers then. And vigilance then o’er me kept; Who prayed to God no harm would fall Upon me as in dreams I slept? Who taught me lisp that Gttle prayer (In my poor heart still planted deep), That little verse which runs like this: “Now I lay me down to sleep”? And as the days and years sped on, And I to manhood grew to be, Who always had a kindly word, A loving smile and kiss for me? When aged and bent, who still was dear To me, as in those days of yore; Whom did I watch with tender care, As she had me, in days before? And when, in death, she passed away, And I gazed on her lying there, For whom did I then drop a tear — For whom did I then say a prayer My mother. —John Clagett Proctor, j Capital Sidelights BT WTU P. KENNEDY. The elephant and donkey, emblems of the two great political parties that are now entering upon a quad rennial campaign, were described, to the great amusement of members of the House, by Representative Tom Connally, Democrat, of Texas, to il lustrate his speech while the resolu tion authorizing the President to In vite the Interparliamentary Union to meet in Washington next year was being debated. “I am told that when the wild ele phant in the jungle Is captured he is not able to perform the splendid tricks you see him perform in the circus,” said Representative Con nally. “They say that the wild ele phant cannot stand on upturned tubs and do all of the marvelous tricks of the ring. They catch this wild ele phant in the forest and before the trainers put harness on him they try out a surcingle on him, and when he kicks and rears and charges and finally, becoming accustomed to the surcingle, succumbs, they adjust a crupper, and after he cavorts and snorts and raises all manner of sand about that, and becomes finally ac customed to it, they then put on some additional harness, until after a time he wears in peace the elaborate trap pings upon which oriental potentates habitually ride; and after a while those of us who attend the circus see the old elephant, caught in the wilds of the jungle, performing all kinds of fancy performances, to the delec tation and delight of the audience. “When this Republican elephant,” he continued, “finds a league of na tions with the name of Yoodrow Wilson erased from it, and gets ac customed to that, and then when this elephant sees that instead of being called a ‘league of nations' It will be called an ‘association of na tions.’ and gets accustomed to that, and when the elephant finally looks up and sees an international court of justice In part established by Elihu Root and approved by Mr. Hughes and recognizes those well known names, it may trumpet a few times and switch its tall for a little while, but finally it will probably encircle it with its rusty old trunk and say. ‘This thing, after all, is just what I have been looking for.’” When asked by a Republican col league for a “little dissertation on the way the Democratic jackass is usually trained.” Representative Con nally replied: “All of them are not Democrats. Whatever you may say about the old donkey, or jackass, as the gentleman prefers to call him, he is an honest brute. "Whatever you may say about him, he looks you in the eye, and he pre fers that you look him in the eye and be frank with him: and if you do not, if you begin to slip up on him with out giving him warning, he is apt to let you know in a very forcible .way that your presence is not desired. He is faithful and sturdy and strong and serves those who toil with their hands—he is never seen drawing the carriages of kings or plutocrats; he •wears the livery and gilded harness of neither the magnate nor the manu facturer. In his own genuine gar ment that nature gave him he un complainingly labors for the great mass of human kind. “Whatever you may say about the old donkey, he is a patient beast of burden that cultivates and tills the field that produces the food that sus tains the world. Whatever you may say about the old donkey, he receives no bounties from the favored inter ests. When he goes to the trough at night to eat his food he gets an honest return for an honest day's labor. He grazes in no alfalfa fields to which he is not entitled.” Representative Connally paid a graceful tribute to Representative Isaac R. Sherwood of Ohio, Nestor of the House, who went into the Union army as a private and came out a major general, when the latter com mented that the donkey “is dangerous at both ends” by responding, "I know of no better source from which that information can come than from the gentleman from Ohio, who has proved that he is himself dangerous both in war and in peace.” ♦♦ * * The action of the United States Senate recently in passing the bill changing the name of Mount Rainier to Mount Tacoma has given rise to much facetious comment and some serious thought in Congress regard ing legislative changing of historical names. It has been suggested that the Hudson River might be rechristened A1 Smith’s Creek; or Teapot Dome might be called Fall’s Folly: or Mus cle Shoals, Flivver Fords; or Minne sota might be changed to Magnusota; or Wisconsin to La Pompadour; or the Old Bay State bear the more modern name of Calachusetls. Representative John P. Miller of Washington State, who lives under the shadow of Mount Rainier, has introduced a resolution in the House for the appointment of a joint special committee to investigate and recom mend changes in geographical nomen clature. He points out that while “Mount Tacoma” would be a name without historical basis or signif icance, Mount Rainier was named by Capt. George Vancouver of the Brit ish navy, its discoverer, in the year 1792, In honor of his friend. Admiral Peter Rainier of the British navy, and for a period of IS2 years it has been the acknowledged legal and official name of this most sublime Isolated mountain. He emphasizes that the United States Geographic Board has twice by unanimous vote when peti tioned refused to change the name. Plea for a change of name is made on the ground that Admiral Rainier was an officer In the British navy while Great Britain was engaged in war with the United States. Representative Miller calls atten tion that there are numerous states, counties, cities, towns and geograph ical points along the Atlantic sea board named for British royalty and nobility who waged war against the United States or gave aid and comfort to such wars or were tyrannical to or oppressive of American patriots In colonial days and the early years of our republic He also points out that other dis coveries by Vancouver were' named for British army and navy officers; that although Spain has been In volved in war with this country Spanish names predominate In Cali fornia, Texas, Florida, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and other states. Even though the United States has recently been involved In war with Gerjnany there are many cities In the country whose names are unmistak ably of German origin. Representative Miller’s resolution calls for a thorough investigation of the geographic nomenclature with recommendations for “the' removal of all names of British, Spanish, or German origin as may be offensive to our patriotic sensibilities and in lieu thereof substitute names of purely American origin, or names derived from countries with which the United States has never been involved In war, eliminating consideration of any name which advertises or promotes any city or community, or which is capable of being commercialized by any city, town or community.” ♦♦ ♦ ♦ Even daylight-saving ia being in voked to help Cal Coolidge pile up a big vote this fall. Under an act of the Massachusetts State Legislature, passed this year with the full support of the Repub lican state organization, a refer endum vote is to be taken at the state and national election this fall on the question of continuing the present daylight-saving law In Massachusetts. That is going to bring out the farm vote In central and western Massa chusetts, because the farmers are al ways very pronounced in their oppo sition to daylight-saving and will poll a large vote. Most of these farmers are of Republican persuasion. The net result will be to bring out a heavy Republican vote. This shows that while the Massachusetts Repub lican leaders are dead sure that Mr. Coolidge will carry his home state overwhelmingly they are not over looking anything that will swell the size of Ms vote. MEN AND AFFAIRS BY ROBERT T. SMALL Reorganization of the Republican national committee after the Cleve land convention is going to be very nearly complete, bo far as the officer personnel is concerned. For the friends of Fred Upham of Chicago are predicting that he will lay down the treasurership of the com mittee. This means that President Coolidge, in addition to naming the new chairman, Mr. Butler, will also name a new secretary and a new treasurer. In short, the new com mittee is to be completely dominated by the friends of the President. It would be entirely erroneous to leave the impression that Fred Up ham is to retire because of any lack of sympathy with the Coolidge wing of the party. The truth is Mr. Up ham’s health has not been of the best for the past two years. He has found it necessary to spend much of his time in Europe and California and the arduous work of financing an other presidential campaign is more than his friends or physicians want him to struggle with at this time. It has been reported that -Mr. Upham was quite ‘'miffed” over the manner in which President Coolidge shifted the national convention from Chicago to Cleveland. Bong before President Harding died Fred had re ceived pledges from a majority of the Republican national committee men that the Republican convention would go to Chicago, as usual. Mr. Upham had taken great pride in hav ing the convention more or less under his wing. He always raised the money for It, distributed most of the tickets and always a pleasant time was had by all. Everything seemed to be set for the usual happy time this June. Even after Mr. Harding’s unexpected death and the accession of Mr. Coolidge to the Chief Execu tive’s chair, there appeared no good reason to believe the convention would go other than to Chicago, But one day last December Fred Upham called at the White House. Mr. Coolidge broke the news to him. He said he wanted the convention held in Cleveland. He thought the Ohio city more desirable for many reasons. Os course, no true Chi cagoan could see such reasons, but the treasurer of the committee was a good soldier and said that in view of the President's wishes he would turn all of his pledged voles over to Cleveland. Fred Upham is a “regular” to the core and anything that is good for the party is good enough for him. ** * * John W. Davis, former ambassador to Great Britain and still the “fav orite son” of West Virginia lor the Democratic presidential nomination, rapidly is becoming the foremost corporation lawyer of New York City. Almost every day finds him merging himself deeper with the cor poration fabric, and showing that he nurses no illusions as to his political future. Heard and Seen “Somebody said recently that the cat is a wild, savage, untamed ani mal,” he said. “I hereby rise in defense of felis domesticus. Whatever faults he has, were implanted in him by a power higher than himself, and for them he deserves no blame. "As I sat with Tom on my lap, rest ing in peace and contentment, loud purring issuing from his throat, I wondered where on earth one could get the idea that the cat is an utter ly untamed creature. “It is true that the cat retains his freedom. Your faithful dog is per fectly willing to grovel at your feet. Not so, your cat. He is faithful, rather, to the age-old instincts of freedom planted in him in the be ginning. “I can show you a learned article, in which an eminent professor sug gests that the cat might rightfully he taken as the symbol of America, on account of its passion for liberty. ♦ * * “Does that sound pretty strong? “All you have to do to verify it is to get a cat, and observe its ways. It will submit to nothing that strikes it as coercion. When you attempt to make It captive, it runs away. "Hold the creature easily, and it will submit, but put too much pres sure on It, and it will hop out of your lap and away. The very first touch of restraint it resents. Chains and shackles are not for the cat. You can put it in a bag, but it will not accept it gracefully. When you let it out, it will not be grateful, either. Probably Tom will hiss at you. “A sign of wildness? If so, a pretty good sort of wildness. I am sure if somebody put me in a bag I would be indignant, and so would you. Then why blame the cat? “The trouble with most persons who inveigh against the cat is that they are unwilling to treat the ani mal with the respect due everything turned out by the Master Craftsman. “I look upon all animals as the people that God forgot. “To me they are in a sense human, as we are; strangely different, it is true, but mostly in respect to voice. They have never been granted the ability to turn their noises into words, and to think in continued ideas, as we have. They are like the infant of the poet, they have no language, but a cry. ♦ ♦ * “Those who understand the cat often regret that Tom is not posessed of the faculty of speech. “What tales he could tell! “Your honest Tom, sitting so smugly on the hearth, might astonish you with a greater philisophy than human mind has ever conceived, could he suddenly be gifted with the power of expression. “I would not put It beyond that wise fireside sphinx. He has the loro of the great ancestral streams be hind those upstanding ears. In his veins flows pure blood, carefully tended and watched after by the Creator. No telling wljat he could do, if he and his kind could talk. They might put on trousers, like the animals in the funny pictures, and come out smoking pipes, but I, doubt it. I give them credit for tod much sense. ♦ * ♦ “To me the cat is not a sneaking animal, as he is often called, but one acting as nature intended him to act. “I have no sympathy with those who want a cat to act like a dog, who Jump on a feline because his ways are not canine. “When I see a cat stalking a bird, I cannot find it in my heart to chide the cat for going through the appro priate motions which his make-up impels him to. “When he crouches for the spring, I see not a savage animal, or wild thing, but a cat stalking a bird. This is a case, to use Mr. Words worth's expression, where a prim rose on the river's prim is a prim rose. and nothing more to me. “Give the cat the power of speech, put him through the same evolu tionary tracks as that, followed by man, give him thousands of years of his new powers, then he might be come civilised, gentle and tame, like man—and atari a world war of cats. CHARLES E. TRACEWELL. Mr. Davis knows full well that th* corporation side of litigation Is not the popular side, for only too often the public is included to think of itself as the defendant at the bar. Mr. Davis’ latest legal foray has been to appear as counsel for the New York Telephone Company In a court action to raise the telephone rates in New York City a full 10 per cent. J Mr. Davis' application was successful. The authority was granted. But now the city has asked to have Itself madi a defendant in the case and proposes to make an appeal—to “protect the people.” Mr. Davis has replied that he. too, is protecting the people by proposing to continue their telephone service and protect their investments. The company, he claims, was losing something like $20,000 a day under the old rates. This means nothing to the professional politicians. They are out to stop what they choose i*. call the “grab.” Mr, Davis was recently the atto> ney for the Sugar and Produce E*« change in this city when the ment sued a year or so ago in what it, believed to be an honest effort to stop the “sky-rocketing” of sugar prices by the Eastern refiners and Cuban producers who at that time were in control of the market. Again in this case, Mr. Davis won an easy victory. The courts threw out th< government suit and the price of sugar remained high until the do- f raestie crop came on the market. Mr. Davis’ practice in New York, although less than three years old. must he netting him an income sev eral times in excess of the salary which attaches to the presidency, and he has been frank enough to sav that he does not care to give it up. ** * * Great moments in the lives of great people always leave some great impress upon their time and upon posterity. Take, for instance, the parting of the "bob-haired bandit” and her husband in New York a day or two ago. “Kid,” said the husband, “it’s gorma i be a long time, but we gotta make the best of it.” “Yes, Kid, we gotta,” replied the sob bing wife. And thus the great crisis was passed The “bandit” can still get some solace out of the fact that every time her pic ture is thrown upon a movie screen in the metropolis the audience bursts into applause. Some psychologists say that this shows most people would like at heart to be bandits themselves. But maybe that applies to New York alone ** * * In this column last week appeared an ebullition on the great victory that the Vassar girls won over the Princeton students in their first joint debate. The subject of the debate was: “Resolved, That a Democratic admin istration would be a good thing for the country." Some Democratic friends have writ ter in that the writer failed to mention the ” very material fact that the girls upheld the affirmative of this position. Fifty Years Ago In The Star Half a century ago the Washing ton Monument stood in an unfinished , state, with a wooden To Finish the roof over the top a little above the point Monument. where the dar k e r wall now shows in the shaft. No work had been done on it for many years. The organization engaged In raising funds for the enterprise was unable to carry on the project. It was generally recognized that the United States government would have to take hold and finish the work. In The Star of May 4, 1874, is an Item telling of a move to that end: “Gen. Chipman (District delegate! * in the House today introduced a bill, which was referred to the select com mittee on the Washington Monument, providing that $325,000 be appro priated by the government for the completion of the Washington Monu ment to a height not exceeding 450 feet from its base, which sum shall be expended under the direction of the President of the United Stales, provided that the Monument shall be completed before July 4, 1876. Sec tion 2 provides that the Washington Monument Society shall reconvey to the United States all the right, title and interest to the lot of ground known as Reservation No. 3 in the city of Washington, and shall trans fer to the engineer in charge of pubic huidings and grounds all prop erty, materials, books, papers, etc., in possession of said society.” * ♦ * John Morrissey was a well known New York character fifty years ago a politician with John Morrissey crude methods and • „ K .. given to direct ac m a Fight, tion In Tho Star of May 7, 18T4, is an item telling the story of a characteristic perform ance by him: “On Tuesday night last State Sena tor John Fox entered the Maison Doree in New York and after a few minutes’ conversation with some friends went into the barroom. While there the Hon. John Morrissey came in and the two Tammany leaders were soon engaged In conversation. Their friendly talk gradually changed into a dispute that finally culminated in a wrangle. At length Morrissey offered to bet $5,000 that the senator could not be ro-elected to any office in the city of New York. Senator Fox's reply was an offer of a wager that Morrissey could not be elected to any office. Morrissey again as serted that the senator could not bn ro-elected and renewed his offer to back up his assertion by a bet of either $5,000 or SIO,OOO. A war of words then followed, which ended by Morrissey calling Senator Fox a liar. The senator’s face colored up and he ask%d Morrissey to rctraci what ho had said. Morrissey declined to do so and put up his hands as thougli he expected that the senator might attempt to strike. Senator Fox, whose hands were incased in gloves, did not offer to strike, bat asked Morrissey to put down bis bands, saying: 'You do not mean to hit me?’ ’No,’ replied Mr. Morrissey, ‘I don’t want to hit you,’ ‘You gam bler, you dare to hit me!’ said Sena tor Fox excitedly and advancing. At this Morrissey stepped forward and struck the senator in the face and * butted him In the head twice. As ha put himself in position to deliver another blow mutual friends of the combatants interfered and separated them. Senator Fox’s face was bruised and slightly cut.” * * * “Some one who has been examining the Congressional Directory,” says The-Star of May 9, 1874. Analyzing “finds that there are in Congress. C °TT 15 , 4 6 graduates, of whom 17 are senators. There are 199 lawyers, 150 bankers and business men, 20 Journalists, IS farmers and 32 whoso occupations are not given. Ninety served in the war of the rebellion. 73 in the Union army and 17 in Confederate army; 43 call generals, 41 have been judges at varfcv ous times, including j chief Justicesl 17 have been state governors and I Vico President of the republic: 185 h%ve been members of Congress be fore.