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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 14, 1924, Image 1

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WEATHER.
Unsettled weather, probably show
ers tonight and tomorrow; moderate
temperature. Temperature for 24 hours
ending 2 p.m. today: Highest, 75, at
3:40 a.m. yesterday; lowest, 55, ■at 6
a.m. today.
Full report on page 5.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 28
v-_ on OQQ Entered as second-class matter
i>o. post office Washington, D. C.
COOLIE RENEWS
FIGHT TO POSTPONE
EXCLUSION CLAUSE
Calls Hughes and House
Leaders of Both Parties
to Conference.
LONGWORTH FORESEES
V CONFERENCE REPORT O.K.
Declares House Will Approve Mak
ing Ban Effective on July 1,
After Parley.
Further steps were taken by the
administration today to obtain post
ponement of Japanese exclusion.
With the immigration bill embody
ing the exclusion provision pending
ior final action in the House. Presi
. dent Coolidge called into conference
at the White House Secretary Hughes
and the ranking House leaders of
both parties.
The President is understood to
have presented again the adminis
tration’s view that Japanese exclu
sion should be postponed until diplo
matic negotiations can be conducted
with Japan. The basis for the ad
ministration’s anxiety also over the
matter was set forth to the House
members by Secretary Hughes.
Further Action Delayed.
The House rejected last week a
' 'onference report adopted at the be
hest of the President to delay the
effective date of exclusion until
March 1, 1925. The conferees since
then have reported to the House an
agreement based on the original
House provision making exclusion ef
fective next July 1, but action on the
report has been deferred until to
morrow.
,The House leaders called into con
ference by the President were Repre
sentatives Longworth of Ohio, Re
publican floor leader, and Garrett of
Tennessee, Democratic floor leader;
Chairman Johnson of the immigration
committee. Representative Garner of
Texas, a ranking Democratic mem
ber of the House rules committee,
•and Chairman Snell of the same com
mittee.
By calling in Representatives Ga-•
v rett and’ Garner the President initi
ated an effort to gain bi-partisan
support for the plea for time in which
to negotiate with Tokio.
On his return to the Capitol Mr.
Longworth, acting as spokesman for
the House group, predicted that the.
House would adopt the conference re
port on the immigration bill, making
exclusion effective July 1 of this year,
but said action on the report might
be deferred a day or so beyond to
morrow. He declined to give any i
reason for the possible postponement. ]
So Alternative Offered.
It is understood that the discus
sion on immigration at the While
House was general, and those present
insisted that no definite alternative
to the exclusion provision agreed to
by House and Senate conferees was
proposed. Mr. Longworth said he
knew of none that would be offered
when the report comes up for House
approval,
The majority floor li?ader indicated,
nevertheless, that there might be a
last-minute shift of position. He dc
dined to say whether there would he
any effort made, even though it ap
peared futile, to revise the conference
report or recommit it to the con- i
ferees.
Republican insurgents in the House
at a conference today decided to
make a stand against several provi
sions of the immigration bill as ap
proved by the conferees, but took no
exception to the Japanese exclusion
section. The insurgents object to the
Senate provision which would place
immigration quotas on a race origin 1
basis after 1926, and to certain pro
visions which they declare would nul-
V lify a section of the La Follette’s
seaman act with regard to. landing of
alien seamen at American ports.
5.000 TAKEPASSAGE
FROM JAPAN FOR U. S.
By (he Associated Press.
TOKIO, May 14.—A canvass of the i
steamship offices shows that at least
5.000 Japanese have booked passage
and will sail to the United, States be
' fore July 1, at which time the exclu
sion law is expected to go into effect.
The Tokio Kisen Kaisha alone has
booked nearly 4,000 Japanese passen
gers for America, and may send the
liner Korea Maru on a special trip
with 800 more.
The few hotels of Yokohama, re
built sinefc the earthquake, are
crowded with Japanese residents of
America temporarily in this country
and anxious to return before July 1,
according to the vernacular news
papers, and it is estimated there are
at least 1,000 Japanese with pass
ports who will not be able to return
to the United States because of in
ability to obtain passage.
The liner President Wilson, due to
morrow at Yokohama from San
Francisco, has 400 Japanese men
rrom the Pacific coast aboard. These
expect to obtain brides and return to
America before July 1. It is doubt
ful how many of them will be able
to obtain return passage.
u. s. FLYERSPREPARE
FOR 878-MILE TRIP
By the Associated Press.
BREMERTON, W T ash., May 14. —
Weather conditions permitting, the
three United States Army around
■ he-World aviators were prepared-to
leave Attu Island today for the long
est hop of their expedition, with
i*aramashlru Island. 878 miles dis
tant, in the Kuriles, as their objective,
rhev arrived at Attu last Friday from
Atka Island.
Each of the three giant air cruisers'
has beeix thoroughly overhauled for
he mosl exacting stretch of the
flyers’ 27,000-mlle journey. Lieut.
Lowell H. Smith, piloting the cruiser
''hlcago. Is in charge of the squadron.
Maj. Frederick L Martin, the flight
ommander, and Staff Sergt. Alva L
Harvey, his mechanic, today were
’aboard the Paciflc-American fisheries
vessel Catherine D, bound for Seattle
rom Port Moller. The ship Is ex
pected to reach Bellingham, Wash.,
May *s•
Intent to Remove
Washington Envoy
Is Denied by Japan
By the Associated Pres*.
TOKIO. May 14. Suggestions
contained in Washington press
dispatches that Japan might with
draw her ambassador from Wash
ington, leaving the embassy un
der the charge d’affaires, as a pro
test against the exclusion clause
of the new American immigration
bill, were denied emphatically to
day by the Japanese foreign office,
which termed such a step as
‘‘undignified,” and asserted it is
not even being seriously consid
i ered.
BANDITS BEAT CLERK,
SEIZE $5,000 GEMS
Two Armed Men Stage Daring
Hold-Dp in J. F. Cooper's
Establishment.
BOBBERS WERE UNMASKED
76-Year-Old Employe Assaulted,
Bound and Gagged.
Two armed bandits today entered
the jewelry store\of J. F. Cooper, at
SOS 1 11th street, clubbed into sub
mission with the butt end of a pistol
the seventy-six-j ear-old clerk on duty,
bound and gagged him in a chair and
escaped with approximately $5,000
worth of jewelry.
The clerk, Charles F. Adams, had
just opened the store shortly after
7 o’clock this morning when one of
the white men, unmasked, entered
the store and inquired about getting
a watch repaired. When Adams
started to examine a proffered time
piece he was dealt a couple of blows
on the head, stunning him. The other
robber meanwhile had joined his com
panion.
Struggling, Adams was then led by
both men to the rear end of a counter,
whore he was bound with a rope to
a chair and gagged with a hanker
chief. When he attempted to cry for
help he was warned that a repetition
of the attempt would mean his death.
Adams’ plea that he was about to
faint saved him from being partially
smothered with an overcoat which
the robbers were about to place over
his head.
Bit Bandit, He Says.
Adams succeeded in luting one of
the men on the right hand before he
was subdued, he told the police.
While the younger of the two men
was binding him to the chair his com
panion was rifling the show cases of
several trays of rings, many of them
set with diamonds and one valued as
high as S6OO. Watches and o-lher ar
ticles were taken. The safe, which
had not been closed before the in
truders entered the store, was search
ed, but there was no'money there. A
small amount of Cash reposed in the
cash register, but in their hurry the
hold-up men failed to investigate the
register.
Getting the gag from his mouth,
Adams succeeded in unfastening the
rope that bound him, looked over the
stock to ascertain what had been
taken and left the store. He was
taken to Emergency Hospital and
treated for several scalp wounds.
Noticed Men at Curb.
Adams reached the store shortly
after 6:30 o’clock, he explained to De
tective Robert Livingston and Police
men F. L. Rawlinson and J. E. Fon
dahl of the first precinct, the twoffmi
formed members of the first precinct
command being the first members of
the police force to respond to the
elderly man’s call for aid.
Adams was taking trays of jewelry
from the safe near the front window
and arranging them in the show
cases when, he stated, he noticed
two men standing at the curb in
front of a lunchroom on the Opposite
side of the street.
Thinking the men were waiting
for a street car, he said, he paid no
attention to them. Shortly after he
opened the door to the place of busi
ness, however, he saw them cross
the street toward the store. The
younger of the men, he said, was
about thirty or thirty-five years old
and wore a light suit and light cap.
The older man wore dark clothes
and a slouch hat.
Loss Estimated at >5,000.
Adams’ condition was not regarded
by the hospital physicians as being
serious and he was able to leave the
hospital later in the day for his
home.
Mr. Cooper, summoned from his
home, in Cherrydale, Va., reached his
place of business shortly -after 8
o’clock and conducted an examination
to determine the amount of his loss.
While he was unable to give the
exact yalue of the property stolen,
he said he believed it would reach
$5,000. Many watches that had been.
left to be repaired were taken, he
said.
BOS DECO BATING FIRM.
Burglars gained access to the place
of business of the Lansburgh Dec
orating Company,' 729 11th street,
late Monday night or early yester
day morning through a skylight and
stole property valued at $1,737.50.
The loot consisted, of twelve pieces
of silk, two pieces of silk tapestry
and a number of silk scarfs.
Seaplane Landed
On Bolling Field
With Aid of Flood
For the first time in the history
of the air stations at Anacostia,
D. C. ( a seaplane today was landed
on Bolling Field—l.e., where the
field used to be, because the flood
waters of the Potomac had risen
over the seawall and penetrated as
far as the line ■of hangars at the
Army post.
Lieut. A. J. Williams, holder of
the world’s speed record, took an
HS boat seaplane off the Potomac
River "set” it down on the area
where airplanes land, without any
difficulty.
He then opened the throttle and
took off from the flooded field, com
ing to rest the second time in the
river proper.
W\t SEuenitm ptaf.
V V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION \j/
WASHINGTON, D. 0., WEDNESDAY, MAY 14, 1924-FORTY-SIX PAGES. *
POINCARE TO LEAVE
POST UNTIL FORMAL
RETIREMENT IN TUNE
Question of Successor Baf
fles Radical Leaders as
Well as French President.
MILLERAND TO CONFER
WITH HERRIOT SOON
Many Obstacles Confront Effort to
Form Coalition Cabinet—Briand
Mentioned.
By the Associated Pres*.
PARIS, May 14.—Premier Poincare
intends to withdraw from politics
for the time being, taking a complete
rest, and it is understood he will re
quest a leave from the Senate so as
not to appear in the debates follow
ing his retirement as head of the gov
ernment.
M. Poincare has received requests
from all over the world, particularly
from America, to write articles giv
ing both his views on European poli
tics and reminiscences of his twelve
years as a government minister. He
will resume his political activities
when he considers the time ripe.
Meanwhile the question of who is to
succeed to the premiership is easier
put than answered and it provides
ample food for speculation among
the deputies, who are already begin
ning to prepare for the opening of
the chamber on June 2.
It is also receiving the full atten
tion of President Millerand, who. it
is understood, will take an early op
portunity to confer with M. Herriot,
the Radical leader, on the political
situation, so that the interregnum
between the resignation of the Poin
care ministry and the formation of a
new cabinet will be as short as
possible.
The composition of the new minis
try depends largely upon the attitude
of the Socialists, who form a -large
section of the bloc of the left. ' It has
always been a cardinal principle of
that, party never to accept office, and
a conference will bo- called at an
early date to decide whether the rule
shall be waived to permit members
of the party to 'accept portfolios in
the new administration.
Even shcjifld the party give Us ap
proval, other difficulties are foreseen.
While some eminent Socialists such
as HSfal Boncour, Alexandre Varenne
qnd Paul Aubriot are not expected to
be .exacting in their demands, others,
such as Leon Blum and Vincent
Aurlol, will insist upon the party hav
ing at least three important port
folios —those of interior, finance and
foreign affairs.
Majority to Be Sinter.
Assuming that all these obstacles
are overcome, there remains the fact
that the majority of the left bloc
will be so slender as to render the
task of the government arduous.
There is yet another consideration.
The Socialists’ next door neighbors
in the chamber, the Communists, can
not be left out of account and they
have announced their intention to
call upon the new chamber for a
pronouncement at the earliest op
portunity on the following points:
First, withdrawal of troops from the
Ruhr; second, resumption of rela
tions with soviet Russia, and, third,
general amnesty for political offen
ders, including Caillaux.
For all these reasons political ob
servers are inclined more and more
to see a solutiort of the crisis in a
ministry headed M. Briand and
supported by the moderate left and
advanced right groups; which would
give 300 odd votes.
President Millerand will follow the
established procedure of consulting
the president of the chamber, as soon
as he Is elected, and the president
of the senate. later summoning the
(Continued on Page 2, Column 7.)
DISTRICT JUDGESHIP
MAY GO TO GRAHAM
Illinois House Member Likely for
Seat on Supreme Bench
Here.
President Coolidge is understood to
have practically reached a conclusion
regarding thb filling of the vacancy
caused by the recent death of Chief
Justice C. J. Smyth of the Court of
Appeals of the District of Columbia.
The President is represented as hav
ing eliminated practically all of the
names of those suggested to him
with the exception of Representative
W. J. Graham of Illinois and possi
bly one or two others.
Representative Graham was sent
for by the President today and ac
cording to a statement made by him
after his audience the filling of this
Judiciary appointment was the sole
topic of discussion. While Mr. Gra
ham declined to say whether or not
the President had made up his mind
to appoint him, he did say that he
thought there would be 'some inter
esting announcement regarding this
appointment coming from the White
House very shortly.
There are those having the Presi
dent’s confidence who intimated to
day that the President seems inclined
to promote Justice Robb of the Court
of Appeals to be chief justice of that
court, and to transfer one of the pres
ent Democratic members of the Dis
trict Supreme Court to Justice Robb’s
place on the Court of Appeals. The
new appointment then to be made
would be to the vacant place on the
District Supreme Court, which is now
composed of four Democrats and two
Republicans. Transferring one of the
former to the higher court and ap
pointing a Republican to the lower
court would make the personnel of
the latter three Republicans and
three Democrats.
When asked about this possible
course Representative Graham said
today that the proposition had not
been suggested to him nor touched
upon during his talk with Mr. Cool
idge. Mr. Graham said he felt com
plimented by the number of Indorse
ments for this place which have
reached the White House, most of
them being from members of Congress
and not confined to his own party.
A Bulletin
put iwlhree
r= *~ *5"
SENATE OIL PROBE
HEARINGS CLOSED
Recess Taken Subject to Calf" of
Chair—Last Session Marked
by Verbal Tilt.
WALSH AND SPENCER CLASH
Unanimous Agreement to Commit
tee Report Doubted.
The Senate oil committee today
tentatively closed its hearings on the
naval oil leases, which have contrib
uted many colorful chapters to Amer
ican legislative history since they be
gan last October.
Adjournment was taken subject to
call of the chair. Senator Walsh of
Montana, the committee prosecutor,
said he had no more witnesses to
call, and would not ask for another
hearing unless the courts should com
pel Harry F. Sinclair to return and
answer the questions to which he has
heretofore refused to reply.
Senator Spencer, Republican, Mis
ouri, indicated there was a possibility
he might ask later that one of two
pieces of additional testimony be
added to the record.
To Stand In Rpoens.
Until there is a decision in the
Sinclair contempt case, pending in the
District of Columbia courts, the com
mittee probably will stand in in
definite recess. Most of the informa
tion it ba-s gathered already has been
turned over to the law officers of the
government, and the committeemen
see no occasion to hasten a report
to the Senate.
At the very end of the long train
of hearings there was another of the
heated exchanges among committee
members which have become more
and more frequent under the increas
ing strain of the inquiry.
When the last witness had been
excused. Senator .Walsh reminded
Senator Spencer that the latter had
"promised” to furnish testimony in
substantiation of his statement in
New York, in which Senator Spencer
was quoted as saying that the things
done under the Harding administra
tion with regard to the naval re
serves had also been done under the
previous administration.
“I-did not make such a statement,”
retorted Senator Spencer. ’*All I in
tended to say was substantially that
things in regard to leases generally
done under the administration of Sec
retary Fall had been done under
-previous administrations.”
Walsb «o Prepare Report.
Senator Walsh told the committee
It was his purpose to begin at once
the preparation of a report which
he would ask the committee to adopt.
He then said he watited to direct Sen
ator Spencer’s attention to the fact
that his brother, -John Walsh, who
was haled before.the. committee re
cently by the Missouri senator had
not fled the country, and was avail
able should Senator Spencer decide
to continue the investigation of him,
which he began several weeks ago.
Senator Spencer replied that this
witness was one of several he had in
mind, but that he had not decided
whether he would want to further
examine him.
Serving notice that he would ask
for a copy of the report prepared by
Senator Walsh as soon as it was
available, Senator Spencer announced
that he also was working on a synop
osis of a report. He added, however,
that he hoped the committee could
agree unanimously in the end.
Doubt Unanimous Report.
After the meeting had been ad
journed other members of the com
mittee expressed the opinion that a
unanimous report would not be pos
sible. Democratic members said
unanimity of action was out of ques
tion unless Senator Spencer and one
or two other Republicans, who sup
ported him, were willing to abandon
their position and join the majority.
Drainage of oil fields by wells upon
adjoining property was discussed be
fore the committee today by Fred
erick B. Tough, chief petroleum en
gineer of the bureau of mines. The
witness said that in his judgment
drainage of Teapot Dome by wells
the Salt Creek field would not
have been prevented, as some wit
nesses testified, had the w'ells on that
field been located 500 feet or more
from the boundary of the reserve.
According to estimates made by the
bureau of mines, 14.000,000 barrels of
oil was recoverable from the total oil
contents upon Teapot Dome.
Aaka Source of- Questions.
Senator Walsh pointed out after the
witness had concluded his testimony
that he had read his answers from a
typewritten memorandum, and asked
him whether the questions pro
’ (Continued on Page 4, Column S.)
Senators. Refuse
To Start on Job
One Hour Earlier
The Senate proved today that it
is a deliberate, as well as a delib
erative body, by refusing to be
hurried into going to work an
hour earlier than usual.
Senate leaders, who have had
increasing difficulty in trying to
speed up by calling for 11 o’clock
meetings, finally ran into a solid
wall when all attempt at obtain
ing a morning quorum failed, even
with the assistance of the ser
geant-at-arms. Meeting at 11
o’clock, forty minutes was spent in
trying to bring recalcitrant mem
bers into the chamber ahead of
time, after which it was decided to
adjourn until noon, the regular
meeting hour.
The brief adjournment auto
matically set aside the unfinished
business, the Army appropriation
bill, and gave .senators their
treasured “morning hour” in which
to obtain consideration of private
and pet measures.
ORATOIW OUTCOME
NOW UP TO JUDGES
Last Three School Competitors De
liver Addresses on Con
stitution.
WILL STUDY MANUSCRIPTS
Substance and Delivery to Count
Half Each.
In the hands of the judges now
lies the fate of the eight high school
contestants in The Star’s oratorical
contest on the Constitution, follow
ing the hearing of orators at the
Kastern and Western High Schools
and the Holy Cross Academy yester
day afternoon.
The judges, Justices McCoy and Sid
dons of the District Supreme Court,
and Justice Robb of the Court of Ap
peals, today are going over the eight
manuscripts which they heard de
livered daring the past weeks at Cen
tral. McKinley, Business, Armstrong,
Dunbar, Eastern and Western High
Schols, and the Holy Cross Academy.
Os such uniform standard has been
the work of the eight contestants in
The Star’s zone of the national ora
torical contest that the judges are
taking the utmost pains to select the
local grand prize winner, who will
represent the District of Columbia in
the national contest to be held June
(Continued on Page 4, Column 1.)
HOUSECOMMITTEE
0. K.’S SURPLUS BILL
Orders Favorable Report on Meas
ure to Return $4,500,000 to
D. C. Treasury.
Favorable report to the House on
the Phipps bill which recognizes the
surplus of approximately four and
a half million dollars belonging to
the District of Columbia which fa
now held in the Federal Treasury was
ordered today by the House District
committee.
The action of the House committee
is to give moral support and strong
legislative standing to this measure
when it comes before the House as a
Senate amendment on the District ap
propriation bill.
The action was taken by one of the
largest meetings of the District com
mittee of this session, and with only
one voice voting in opposition—that of
Representative Thomas L. Blanton,
Democrat, Texas, who recorded his in
tention of putting in a minority re
port
Representative Beers, Republican,
Pennsylvania, who was chairman of
the special subcommittee which held
bearings on this surplus, presented to
the committee the unanimous agree
ment of those who had attended the
hearings Representatives Beers,
Pennsylvania; Lambert, Wisconsin:
Stalker, New York, and Kunz, Illi
nois—that this surplus actually be
longs to the people of the District.
Representative Beers will write the
report for the full District committee.
Representative Blanton was a mem
ber of the subcommittee, but with
drew before witnesses were heard.
COOLIDGE HEARTENED
BY SUPPORT OF VETO
Victory on Bursum Pension Meas
ure Means Renewed Drive
for Economy.
REJECTION FOR TAX BILL
President WilL Act Unless Amend
ments Are Made.
BY DAVID LAWRENCE.
President Coolidge’s first important
victory in the exercise of his veto
power—namely, the failure of Con
gress to muster a two-thirds vote
to override his disapproval of the
Bursum pension bill—means a re
newed effort on the part of the
White House to make economy in
government expenditure the basis of
its attack all along the line.
Mr. Coolidge did not oppose the
principle of pensions, but states that
the government cannot afford further
bounties. He is against the soldier
insurance bill on the ground that
the government budget cannot stand
the increased expense. He will veto
the pending tax bill, if it is un
amended, on the ground that it does
not provide the revenue required to
carry on the government of the
United States.
Puts Shortage at >475,000,000.
Already Senator Smoot, chairman j
of the Senate finance committee, has
announced that the pending tax bill, j
now in conference between the two ■
houses of Congress, fails by approx
imately $475,000,000 to meet the gov
ernment requirements. This is based
on the estimates of government actu
aries.
In the face of such figures not only
is it impossible for the President to
sign the bill, but it is difficult to see
how Congress can deliberately legis
late a deficit. It is true that occasion
ally the estimates have varied, and
that the figures have been $50,000,000
or so above or below the line, but !
in each case since the war the bud
get has been balanced, a circumstance
that has helped to give the dollar un
usual strength in the currency mar
kets of the world. But at no time
has Congress; faced a deficit of near
ly a half-billion dollars.
Senate Ignore* Suggestions.
When the Longworth bill passed
the House it carried a deficit, but the
Treasury Department suggested
changes which would provide the
needed revenue. The Senate has. in
the main, ignored those suggestions,
and made further cuts, while fall
ing to provide productive substitutes.
Many people have the idea that the
questions at issue are whether the
rich shall be taxed heavily, whether
big business shall escape levies, and
whether the man of smaller income
shall be preferred.
From the viewpoint of the Treas
ury Department, and particularly its
actuaries, there is no such discrimina
tion. Big business can avoid tax lev
ies just as investors who buy tax
exempt securities. The productivity of
a tax is not altogether a matter of
legislation. And the actuaries know
from experience just what business
docs to avoid taxes.
' Tax Evasion Possible.
For instance, in respect to the un
distributed surplus taxes, some of its
provisions undoubtedly would be
evaded by skillful bookkeeping and it
is not certain that the government
can force the distribution of all funds
when there is expansion to be taken
care of.
It is recalled that the government
by no means succeeded in collecting
all that it should of the excess profits
taxes and that as tne latter form of
taxation was more and more studied
business found ways of avoiding its
heavy levies. The whole question of
estimating tax receipts is a compli
cated one, but the Treasury experts
have managed in the past to attain
a remarkable degree of accuracy.
Apart from the failure of the Sen
ate bill to provide enough revenue,
there is also some uncertainty as to
the extent of government appropria
tions. The budget as framed by the
executive branch of the government
and the budget that will have to be
met when Congress gets through ap
propriating are two different things.
Congress has departed from the
budget and threatens to depart still
more.
>3,000,000,000 Needed.
In his New York speech Mr. Cool
idge estimated that nearly three
billions of dollars would have to be
appropriated to meet the bills being
pressed In Congress.
Most of these will not be passed, but
a dangerously large proportion may be
pushed through at the last moment, all
(Continued on Page 4, Column $.)
“From Press to Home
Within the Hour ”
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.

Yesterday’s Circulation, 98,667
■STONE AID STARTS
TO LAY LINES FOR
RENT BOARD FIGHT
H. L. Underwood Confers
With Bali Pending Argu
ment Against Injunction.
HOUSING REPORT LIKELY
TO BE BASIS FOR CASE
Existence of Emergency Will Be
Contended—Bill Due to Con
ferces Tomorrow.
The government today plunged
deep into its new fight to save the
life of the Rent Commission.
H. L. Underwood, special assistant
to the Attorney General, conferred at
length with Chairman Ball of the
Senate District committee at the Cap
itol this morning over the latest de
velopments in the rent situation, and
immediately thereafter began prepa
rations to present the argument Mon.
day, for the Department of Justice in
the District Supreme Court, protest
ing against a temporary injunction
which would enjoin the Rent Commis
sion from functioning in certain
cases.
The government yesterday inter
vened in the Bates Warren case in
which the defendant had asked for
a temporary injunction against the
Rent Commission on the theory that
the housing emergency had passed
and a hearing was set for Monday.
Meanwhile the District Rent Com
mission bill amended by the Senate to
extend the life of the present law
for one j ear. whereas the House had
extended It for two years, is lying
on the Speaker's desk, awaiting a
motion to dispose of it.
One of two moves are in order,
either to send it to conference, or to
have the House agree to the Senate
amendment.
The bill will probably be sent to
conference tomorrow if there is not
an earlier agreement by the House
to accept the changes made in the
Senate.
Will Get Knll Report.
The Senate District committee in
vestigation into the rental situation
which Chairman Ball has reported to
the Senate will furnish, it is under*
stood, basic material for the Depart
ment of Justice argument Monday
against the temporary injunction. Al
though the original copy of the Ball
report, alleging serious irregularities
on the part of certain real estate con
cerns in boosting rent on inllated
property values, was not available
early in the day to the Department
of Justice, it was arranged that a
copy be transmitted late this after
noon to Mr. Underwood.
Mr. Underwood has been in con
ference with others who have made a
study of the rent situation in the
District and already has accumulated
a mass of material, although he was
only assigned to the case Monday.
Mr. Underwood conferred last night
with Chapin Brown, counsel for the
Rent Commission, and it is understood
the two, who will make a great fight
on what is considered the -s Hal issue
of saving the life of the commission,
have gone over all the groundwork
in the situation.
The case will be in the court Mon
day, friends of the Rent Commission
maintain, based upon the clear-cut
issue of the existence of a housing
emergency. Counsel for Bates War
ren and Harry Norment, who consent
ed yesterday to permit intervention
by the government, maintain that the
bousing emergency has passed.
Indue tn Supreme Court.
The existence of a housing emer
gency was the question which the
United States Supreme Court recent
ly referred back to the District Su
preme Court for further determina
tion, in the case of the Chastleton
Corporation vs. Sinclair.
The mandate from the United
States Supreme Court to the District
Court, which will carry the instruc
tions concerning the housing emer
gency at the time of the filing of the
Chastleton Corporation case, has not
yet reached the District Supreme
Court, it was understood today. The
customary thirty-day period has not
yet elapsed for sending down this
mandate.
However, it was understood today
in legal circles that the District Su
preme Court will hear the arguments
for and against the temporary in
junction Monday with the under
standing that a similar question is
at stake.
The United States Supreme Court,
in its decision on the Chastleton Cor
poration case, rendered April 21, said
concerning the housing emergency,
"In our opinion it is open to inquiry
whether the exigency still existed
upon which the continued operation
of the law depended."
Rating Wm Sought.
In referring the case back to the
District Supreme Court the United
States Supreme Court further said
that the lower court, “may ascertain
as it sees fit any facts that are merely
a ground for laying down a rule of
law, and if the question were only
whether the statute is enforced
today, upon the fact that we judi
(Continued on Page 2, Column 4.)
ADJOURNMENT JUNE 7
GOAL SET BY HOUSE
Both Parties’ Leaders Fix Tenta
tive Date in Conference
With President.
Agreement was reached by Re
publican and Democratic House lead
ers at a conference today with Presi
dent Coolidge to work for adjourn
ment of Congress on June 7.
Legislation before the House was
discussed in a general way with the
President by Representatives Long
worth of Ohio and Garrett of Tennes
see, the Republican and Democratic
leaders; Chairman Snell of the House
rules committee, and Representative
Garner of Texas, ranking Democratic
member of the ways and means com
mittee.
Consideration was given to those
bills which could be disposed of In
time for adjournment for the national
political conventions.
TWO CENTS
FLOOD IS ABATING
IN UPPER POTOMAC:
SUL RAGES HERE
Wreckage and Carcasses of
Stock Sweep By—Reaches
Twelve-Foot Stage.
BODY OF WOMAN IS SEEN:
VIRGINIA LOSS, $2,000,000
C. & 0. Canal Believed Doomed.
Great Falls Disappear
Beneath Waters.
Although dispatches from the ur*
per Potomac Valley today reported »
sharp fall in the flood water there
the torrent was still swirling past
Washington with unabated furj
carrying on its muddy crest portion.-
of wrecked homes, the bodies ol
drowned horses and cattle and ton:-
of indescribable debris.
No accurate estimate of the dam
age done around Washington can b
attempted until the surging river re
leases from its yellow depths the
scores of homes and summer camps
that remained either wholly or par
tially submerged at noon today
Scores of other houses are known to
have been torn apart and washed
downstream.
Reaches Twelve-Fool Mark.
The high water mark was reached
here shortly before daybreak, when
official measurements stowed the
river to be more than t- tilve feet
above normal. It dropped *V>ut four
inches by noon, but t' - extreme
stages of last night are 111 sly to bn
reached again this afternoon when
the tide comes in. With a strong
southeast breeze behind it. the tide
may reach unexpected proportions.
A dispatch from Cumberland today
said that the flood had subsided to a
point where trains were being gem
i out over the main railroads to de
termine whether traffic can be re
sumed. Troops still guard the sec
tions of the city that were inundated
and grave fear is felt that some of
the buildings have been underminec
by the waters to the point where
their collapse is not improbable.
t2,V00,V00 I.ow in Virginia.
Frederick and Hagerstown hau
been released from the flood, but
Hancock, on the Baltimore and Ohio
railroad, is isolated and the damage
is reported as heavy. The Janie- 1
River near Richmond was still rising
today, but reports from farther up
the river said it was gradually going
down. The flood damage in Vir
ginia alone is estimated at more than
$2,000,000
Although no deaths have been re
ported around Washington, fishermen
standing along the banks of the rivet
near Key bridge said they saw the
body of a woman float past. Ef
forts to reach it were unavailing
A group of persons on t. -r Highway
bridge saw- a live horse and a live
calf struggling in the grip of the
surging torrent, but before any at
tempt could he made to sate th w
animals they Were swept on down
the river, probably to their deaths
\(rrnn|, Escape* I>rafh.
Capt. Harry Brown, a well knot ,
figure along the Potomac River in the
vicinity of Georgetown, had -a. narrow
escape from death today when his boat
the Marion C, broke from Its moorings
at Key bridge and drifted down the
Potomac. Capt. Brown was aboard
and he stood on the deck signaling
frantically for help as his unmanage
able craft raced along on the bosom
of the roaring flood.
Capt. Jacob Stulz, commander of the
fireboat Fire Fighter, saw- the helpies-.-
boat drifting: toward certain destruc
tion against the heavy piles of High
way bridge. Ordering every man on
deck, he steamed at full speed after
the Marion C. caught her, and suc
ceeded in getting a line to Capt. Brow n
before his vessel was crushed against
the brrdge. Fortunately the current
there was not as strong as further up
the river, and the Fire Fighter suc
ceeded in towing the runaway boat lu
the safety of Washington Channel.
C. A O. Canal I.ikely Doomed.
It is doubtful whether the histora
Chesapeake and Ohio canal will evei
again be operated.' When large sec
tions of its banks were washed away
during the flood of last month, a simi
lar report became current, but the
operating company succeeded in re
pairing the breaks and traffic was re
sumed. This flood, however, has
swept down the Potomac miles of the
canal walls, from Harpers Ferry to
Washington, and it is understood n<>
further efforts to keep the canal in
operation will be made.
The Potomac and the canal have
merged virtually from Great Falls to
Chain bridge. In a dozen places in
that comparatively short distance the
banks have disappeared, and so seri
ous became the menace below Chain
bridge that the canal was ordered
drained early today. Great Falls has
disappeaied beneath the foaming
flood. The rocky sixty-foot gorge
down which it plunged has been
filled up by the flood, and even the
high island from which sightseers
viewed the cataract is submerged, the
river reaching all the way over to
the canal and even backing up into
the new conduit. i
Potomac Park Inundated,
Considerable of Potomac Park has
been inundated for the first time
since the sea wall was built. The
waters have leaped over the sea wall,
and the roadway down near Haiti s
Point is under water deep enough to
permit boatmen to take row boats
over iit. A similar condition prevails
in the vicinity of the Washington and
Potomac Oanoe Clubs and Demp
sey's boat -house. Not only haa the
water filled the first floors of all
three structures, but backed up over
the tracks of the Baltimore and Ohio
Tailroad tracks there, and canoeists
are paddling hack and forth across
the tracks, carrying valuables to
higher ground in anticipation of am
other rise.
Down at Highway bridge, me
amusement park and the grounds of
the National Capital horse show have
been Inundated. With the annual
horse show but a few days’ distant
It is not known whether a postpone
ment will he necessary. Operations
at both the Army and Navy air sta
tions at Anacostla have been entire
ly suspended.' The river has not
only 'swept into the hangars, but to
day had completely covered the fields
For awhile, water even found Its
way into the office of the command
(Continued on Page 4. Column 3.}

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